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Words Mass
Roman Missal, Third Edition
Canon of the Mass: The central part of Rite of Peace: The rite “by which the

he Mass follows a “funda- the Mass, also known as the Eucharistic Church entreats peace and unity for
mental structure which has Prayer or anaphora, which is the prayer herself and for the whole human family,
been preserved throughout of thanksgiving and consecration. It and the faithful express to each other
the centuries down to our own day” begins with the Preface Dialogue (i.e., their ecclesial communion and mutual
(Catechism of the Catholic Church, “The Lord be with you. . . . Lift up charity before communicating in the
no. 1346). Though the Mass is one your hearts. . . . Let us give thanks to Sacrament” (GIRM, no. 82).
unified act of worship, it consists the Lord our God”) and concludes with
a final Doxology (“Through him, and Fraction: “The Priest breaks the
of many parts, each with its own Eucharistic Bread. . . . The gesture of
with him, and in him”) and Amen.
purpose and meaning. The entries breaking bread done by Christ at the
in this article follow the order in Epiclesis: The prayer petitioning the Last Supper . . . in apostolic times gave
which the parts occur in the Mass. Father to send the Holy Spirit to sanc- the entire Eucharistic Action its name”
tify offerings of bread and wine so that (GIRM, no. 83).
they may become the Body and Blood
of Christ. Communion: Holy Communion, the
Introductory Rites: “The rites that pre-
reception of the Body and Blood of
cede the Liturgy of the Word, namely,
Consecration: The consecration is that Christ in the Eucharist.
the Entrance, the Greeting, the Peniten-
tial Act, the Kyrie, the Gloria in excelsis part of the Eucharistic Prayer during
which the priest prays the Lord’s words Concluding Rites: “To the Conclud-
(Glory to God in the highest) and Collect, ing Rites belong the following: brief
have the character of a beginning, an of institution of the Eucharist at the Last
Supper. Through this prayer the bread announcements . . . ; the Priest’s Greet-
introduction, and a preparation. Their ing and Blessing . . . ; the Dismissal of
purpose is to ensure that the faithful, and wine become the risen Body and
Blood of Jesus. the people by the Deacon or the Priest,
who come together as one, establish so that each may go back to doing good
communion and dispose themselves Anamnesis: From the Greek, meaning works, praising and blessing God; the
properly to listen to the word of God “remembrance.” We remember Jesus’ his- kissing of the altar by the Priest and the
and to celebrate the Eucharist worthily” torical saving deeds in the liturgical action Deacon, followed by a profound bow to
(General Instruction of the Roman Missal of the Church, which inspires thanksgiv- the altar by the Priest, the Deacon, and
[GIRM], no. 46). ing and praise. Every Eucharistic Prayer the other ministers” (GIRM, no. 90).
Collect: “The [opening] prayer . . . contains an anamnesis or memorial in
which the Church calls to mind the Pas- REFERENCES
through which the character of the
celebration finds expression” (GIRM, sion, Resurrection, and glorious return of Catechism of the Catholic Church (2nd ed.).
Christ Jesus. Washington, DC: United States Conference of
no. 54). This prayer literally “collects” Catholic Bishops (USCCB), 2000.
the prayers of all who are gathered into Doxology: A Christian prayer that General Instruction of the Roman Missal. Liturgy
one prayer led by the priest celebrant. gives praise and glory to God often in Documentary Series 14. Washington, DC:
USCCB, 2011.
Liturgy of the Word: “The main part a special way to the three divine Per-
of the Liturgy of the Word is made up sons of the Trinity. Liturgical prayers,
including the Eucharistic Prayer, tra- Excerpts from the Catechism of the Catholic
of the readings from Sacred Scripture Church, second edition, copyright © 2000,
together with the chants occurring ditionally conclude with the Doxology Libreria Editrice Vaticana–United States
between them. As for the Homily, the “to the Father, through the Son, in the Conference of Catholic Bishops, Washington,

Profession of Faith, and the Universal Holy Spirit.” D.C. Used with permission. All rights reserved.

Prayer, they develop and conclude it” Communion Rite: The preparatory Excerpts from the English translation of the
(GIRM, no. 55). General Instruction of the Roman Missal ©2010,
rites, consisting of the Lord’s Prayer, International Commission on English in
Creed: A brief, normative summary the Rite of Peace, and the Fraction, the Liturgy Corporation. (ICEL). Used with
lead the faithful to Holy Communion permission. All rights reserved.
statement or profession of Christian
faith. The Nicene Creed, which is recited (see GIRM, no. 80). The Prayer after Copyright © 2010, United States Conference
or chanted at Mass, comes from the Communion expresses the Church’s of Catholic Bishops, Washington, D.C. Gratis

Councils of Nicea (AD 325) and Con- gratitude for the mysteries celebrated permission is hereby granted to reproduce these
materials for nonprofit educational use, when
stantinople (AD 381). and received.
accompanied by the following acknowledgment:
“Copyright © 2010 United States Conference of
Catholic Bishops, Washington, D.C. Used with
permission. All rights reserved.”