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Historical Foundation of Physical Education and sports

The brief history of physical education would start in just about 1820 when schools focused on
gymnastics, hygiene training and care and development of the human body. By the year 1950, over 400
institutes had introduced majors in physical education.

The Meaning of Physical Education

Physical Education is "education through the physical". It aims to develop students’ physical competence
and knowledge of movement and safety, and their ability to use these to perform in a wide range of
activities associated with the development of an active and healthy lifestyle. It also develops students’
confidence and generic skills, especially those of collaboration, communication, creativity, critical
thinking and aesthetic appreciation. These, together with the nurturing of positive values and attitudes
in PE, provide a good foundation for students’ lifelong and life-wide learning.

Legal Bases of Physical Education

The legal basis of physical education in the Philippines can be found In the Philippine constitution Of
1987,Article 14 ,Section 19.It states that: 1)The states shall promote physical education and encourage
sports programs, league competitions ,to foster self-discipline, teamwork, and excellence for the
development of a healthy and alert citizenry.2)All educational institutions shall undertake regular sports
activities throughout the country in cooperation with athletic clubs and other sectors.

Value of Physical Education

Physical Education (PE) develops students' competence and confidence to take part in a range of
physical activities that become a central part of their lives, both in and out of school. A high-quality PE
curriculum enables all students to enjoy and succeed in many kinds of physical activity.

Health benefits of Exercises and Physical Activity

Regular physical activity can help protect you from the following health problems:

• Heart Disease and Stroke.

• High Blood Pressure.

• Noninsulin-Dependent Diabetes.

• Obesity.

• Back Pain.

• Osteoporosis.

• Self Esteem And Stress Management.

• Disability
The Four types of Development

1. Physical development is the obvious type of development within a PE lesson. Physical exercise is a
very important part of life to keep us fit and healthy into our old age. If physical activities are
incorporated into the lives of people from a young age, it is much more likely they will carry it on when
they get older.

2. Socially, physical education helps people develop bonds with others; particularly whilst participating
in team sports. The act of working together as part of a team and using team mates as a support
network.

3. Emotionally and mentally, physical education can be a form of therapy for individuals. Using up
unused energy can help release stress and tension. The sense of achievement after completing a
physical education session can also boost self esteem; particularly after performing well in competitions
or simply reaching a personal goal.