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Volume 136

JUNE
2016

SLEUTHING FOR
PHILIDOR´S GRAVE

Finding
Philidor in
St.James's
By Gordon Cadden

16th Bangkok
Chess CLUB Open
ONE KNIGHT
IN BANGKOK
By GM Stephen Gordon

A journey into
the world of
Blindfold Chess
by GM Timur Gareyev

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IN BANGKOK
Jimmy Adams and Josip Asik By GM Stephen Gordon

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335 A journey into the world of
Vladimir Vuksan
Blindfold Chess
Photography by GM Timur Gareyev
David Llada, Harald Fietz,
Ray Cannon, Stephen Cannon, 341 the double queen´s gambit
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324 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

FINDING PHILIDOR
IN St.JAMES´S
François-André Danican Philidor (1726-1795)
was by far the strongest chess player of the 18th
century and only 23 years of age when his pioneering
L'analyze des échecs was published in the high class
district of St James’s in London.
It was in this book that Philidor emphasised the
importance of pawn play, thereby heralding the
advent of positional chess. Two further editions,
translated into English, quickly followed and
remained the standard work on chess until Howard
Staunton’s endeavours some seventy five years later.
Coincidentally it was in the same parish of St James’s
that Philidor was to spend a great part of his later life.
From 1774 until his tragic death he was engaged for
five months of each year as house professional for the
prestigious London Chess Club in St James’s Street,
where he gave lessons and played casual, simultaneous
and blindfold games against some of the most
distinguished members of the British establishment.
Yet, astonishingly, despite Philidor’s status and the fact that he spent so much of his time in the
company of high society, the circumstances of his death in 1795 and final resting place were to remain
obscure for the next two hundred years.
But now all this has changed thanks to the efforts of Gordon Cadden, who in this issue invites BCM
readers to accompany him on his voyage of discovery in Sleuthing Philidor’s Grave.
In view of the well-publicised re-establishment of headstones to the neglected gravesites of Howard
Staunton and Johannes Zukertort, the question now arises as to whether Philidor should be similarly
honoured. However, there is one major difference: Philidor was buried in a pauper’s grave in St
James’s Gardens in Hampstead Road, originally an overspill cemetery for St James’s Church, and
this is currently earmarked as a construction site to accommodate the new H2 high speed rail link.
Royal assent to the project is expected to be given by the end of the year, after which St James’s
Gardens will come under threat from JCB diggers.
It can only be hoped that Philidor’s remains will be exhumed with dignity and reinterred elsewhere
in London or even returned to his ancestral home of Dreux, some 40 miles east of Paris.
Jimmy Adams

COVER PHOTO by Stephen Cannon  For over 150 years historians thought that Philidor was buried in the grounds of the
parish church of St James, Piccadilly, near to the Chess Club of the same name and where he was the house professional.
The bust of Philidor was created by French sculptor Augustin Pajou.

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 325


06/136

ONE
KNIGHT IN
BANGKOK

16th Bangkok Chess Club Open

A strong line-up heading the entry list meant that there would be
The a chance to play against some famous names in the chess world.
grandmaster England’s Nigel Short was the most heralded participant, joined by
Spain’s best ever player, Paco Vallejo Pons, and one of the legends
to suffer the of Dutch chess, Loek van Wely, just to name a few of the favourites.
first blow The tournament attracted an overall entry of around 300 players
was… me! and did not use accelerated pairings, so anyone who made a
good start had a chance of playing against stronger opposition
My time had and potentially face one of the titled players.
elapsed...
With such a big entry, you’d think the top seed would surely make
a smooth start and after chalking up a few wins in controlled
326 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE
June 2016

by GM Stephen Gordon
fashion have plenty of energy left for the
heavyweight clashes later on. However,
those fortunate enough to pair up with
the big names didn’t always stick to the
script and there were quite a few upsets.
The grandmaster to suffer the first blow
was… me! In the second round, a lapse
of concentration had led to making my
38th move without realising that my time
had elapsed – and I only noticed this
after I had pressed the clock. This has
never happened to me before and hopefully it will not happen again. I was simply too
focussed on trying to find the best move in the remaining 45 seconds of my allotted
time. I’d like to use jet-lag as an excuse, but that wasn’t the problem, my downfall was
simply due a complete loss of awareness.
In round 3 it was Short’s turn to drop a full point. After dominating for most of the
game, his lower rated opponent pounced on an opportunity to create counterplay and
then hold his nerve to force Nigel’s resignation when a winning chance cropped up.
In the midway stage of the tournament it was no surprise to see that the most
impressive players were Ganguly, Van Wely, and Vallejo Pons. They really did
display classy chess. Just look at the following fantastic sacrificial play to which
Vallejo treated us a little later on in the tournament…
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 327
06/136

Paco Vallejo Pons – Wynn Zaw Htun At this stage it’s clear that the stake on
every move is very high. One slip from
Round 7, Bangkok Open 2016 White and his attacking chances could
diminish. However, as is often the case
1 e4 c5 2 ¤f3 d6 3 d4 cxd4 4 ¤xd4 ¤f6 in my favourite Sicilian system, one slip
5 ¤c3 a6 6 ¥g5 e6 7 f4 ¥e7 8 £f3 £c7 by Black might well be terminal. I spoke
9 0–0–0 ¤bd7 10 g4 b5 11 ¥xf6 ¤xf6 briefly with Vallejo after the game and he
12 g5 ¤d7 13 f5 ¤c5 told me he felt there should be something
XIIIIIIIIY serious for White at this point. And after 30
minutes thought he found ...
9r+l+k+-tr0
9+-wq-vlpzpp0 18 ¦e1!? This looks rather strange as the
rook already appears to be taking part in
9p+-zpp+-+0 the action from the d1 square. However the
9+psn-+PzP-0 point will be seen on the next move.
9-+-sNP+-+0 18...¤d7? Another ambitious move, trying
9+-sN-+Q+-0 to relocate to e5, but this was a step too far.
9PzPP+-+-zP0 Paco had clearly anticipated this attempt
and the first full on punch was about to
9+-mKR+L+R0 land The following lines give us a clearer
xiiiiiiiiy picture of the point of the ¦e1 move;
It was a brave decision for Wynn Zaw Htun 18...¥d7 looks natural but allows White
to adopt the Black side of the Najdorf against to get fantastic compensation for a piece
the Spanish number one, who is noted for his after 19 ¤d5 exd5 20 exd5+ ¢d8 21 ¦g7!
attacking style of play. Moreover, 13...¤c5 when it’s inadvisable to capture 21...¥xg7
is a very provocative and ambitious line. as 22 fxg7 ¦g8 23 £xf7 would be time
Black allows his opponent to plant a pawn to shake hands and run away.; 18...¤a4
on the f6 square so as to reduce the pressure would be an interesting attempt to try and
on the e6 square, thereby leaving him with remove one of White’s attackers but again
an apparently solid pawn front covering
his king. Black’s hopes lie in surviving the
middlegame. Surely the two bishops and the
dark squared weaknesses White has created
will tell if the second player can parry the
AN EU ITEM !
attack?; 13...¥xg5+ is the main line. For the last two years I cherished the idea
of travelling to Thailand with my girlfriend
14 f6 gxf6 15 gxf6 ¥f8 16 ¦g1 h5 17 a3 ¦b8 French WGM Sophie Milliet and competing in
XIIIIIIIIY the Bangkok Open.
9-trl+kvl-tr0 We had heard positive comments about the
tournament from previous participants, so this
9+-wq-+p+-0 year we made the decision to travel halfway
9p+-zppzP-+0 across the world to find out what chess was
9+psn-+-+p0 like in this exotic Far Eastern country.
9-+-sNP+-+0 In fact our arrival at the hotel was very
reassuring. It was situated in an excellent
9zP-sN-+Q+-0 location, right in the heart of Bangkok, with
9-zPP+-+-zP0 access to both skyline and underground
9+-mKR+LtR-0 to make it easy for the participants if they
wanted to explore the city. It was also the
xiiiiiiiiy
328 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE
June 2016

XIIIIIIIIY
this would be sidestepped with 19 ¤d5
which again offers excellent compensation,
9-trl+-vl-tr0
leaving Black skating on very thin ice. 9+-+nmkP+-0
XIIIIIIIIY 9p+-zpp+R+0
9-trl+kvl-tr0 9+pwq-+-+p0
9+-wqn+p+-0 9-+-+P+-+0
9p+-zppzP-+0 9zP-sN-+Q+-0
9+p+-+-+p0 9-zPP+-+-zP0
9-+-sNP+-+0 9+-mK-tRL+-0
9zP-sN-+Q+-0 xiiiiiiiiy
9-zPP+-+-zP0 22 ¦xe6+!! The icing on the cake. Just
look at that poor e6 square! The square
9+-mK-tRLtR-0 that Black hoped to reinforce by provoking
xiiiiiiiiy White’s pawn to advance f6, the square
19 ¤xe6! What a difference a couple of moves covered by Black’s proud team-member on
can make! That seemingly well protected f7, the square where all Black’s hopes and
black king now has nowhere to hide... aspirations rested, has been turned into a
launching pad for a deadly assault.
19...fxe6 20 f7+ ¢e7 20...¢d8 21 ¦g8 ¦h6
22 £g3 doesn’t do much to prolong the fight. 22...¢xe6 23 ¤d5 With the king completely
exposed and mate threats all over the place,
21 ¦g6 Paco mentioned to me that he’d the hard work for the Spanish No. 1 was
spotted this rook incursion when coming up over.
with 18 ¦e1 and he couldn’t see a defence.
He was right. There simply isn’t one. 23...¤f6 The only move to prolong the
game, although White now regains the
21...£c5 sacrificed material with interest.

Sophie Milliet collecting her prize for best woman player


tournament venue and probably
the best hotel I’ve ever stayed in
for a chess event. Quite simply
everything had been put in place
to help the players relax and
focus on their chess.
So this ideal location gave
us the chance to get out and
about in the Thai capital. In
fact, on our spare day before
the start of the tournament, we
took the opportunity to visit the
famous Golden Palace, see the
Golden Buddha and take in the
distinctive culture and hustle
bustle of the Chinatown district,
as well as other city sights.
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 329
06/136

24 £xf6+ ¢d7 25 £xh8 ¥b7 26 ¥h3+ 34...¦c5 A seemingly solid move  but
¢c6 27 £f6 a5 28 £e6 ¥c8 29 £e8+ 1-0 one which is in fact extremely committal.
Here Black had to judge correctly that the
A brilliant attacking display and a rather brutal ensuing pawn endgame is drawn. On the
hit against this line of the Najdorf. Black does other hand my job was to assess my chances
face difficult questions in all variations with an of victory. Even though I wasn’t 100% sure
early ...¥e7 against 6 ¥g5. I doubt whether I could win, it was an easy decision for me
many players will be keen to defend the cause to make since all the alternatives seemed
of this line after seeing this game. to lead to a draw. 34...b6 would have been
a far more sensible move. Though Black
Predictably, the tournament ended with the will have to remain passive for the time
strongest players finishing in the leading being, White has no clear targets, and so
positions and Vallejo and Ganguly tieing for a Black should have few problems holding
well-deserved first place, defeating Short and the game from here.
Van Wely respectively in their decisive games.
Although both these players justly deserved 35 ¦xc5! Objectively best. Now Black is in
to take the winners’ trophy, the debatable trouble. The white king can advance to the
Buchholz system in fact gave Ganguly the title. fourth rank but, more importantly, White
possesses more “passing” moves than
Here, I’d like to show two of my games Black, thanks to the nature of the queenside
from the Bangkok Open  played in the pawn structure. This may not look very
first and last rounds. significant at this moment, but it will
become apparent in the next few moves.
In Round One I was facing an opponent graded Personally, I have found that king and
exactly 500 rating points below me. However pawn endgames occur extremely rarely in
the course of the game showed without a competitive play, and my lack of experience
doubt that the difference in strength was not in them made me rather apprehensive in
even close to what the ratings suggested. My case I had assessed the situation incorrectly.
rather uninspiring conduct of the middlegame Nevertheless I was very happy to enter a
had allowed my resourceful opponent to play position that I considered to be study-like.
a sequence of highly effective moves to
neutralise the small advantage I had gained 35...dxc5 36 ¢f3 ¢f7
from the opening, and I had rather reluctantly XIIIIIIIIY
entered the following rook ending.
9-+-+-+-+0
Stephen Gordon – Neil Markovitz 9+p+-+k+p0
9-+-+-+p+0
Round 1, Bangkok Open 2016
XIIIIIIIIY 9zp-zp-+-+-0
9-+r+-+-+0 9-+P+-+-+0
9+p+-mk-+p0 9+P+-+KzP-0
9-+-zp-+p+0 9P+-+-+-zP0
9zp-+R+-+-0 9+-+-+-+-0
9-+P+-+-+0 xiiiiiiiiy
The distant opposition. It is absolutely the
9+P+-+-zP-0 correct idea to be able to face-off the white
9P+-+-mK-zP0 king when it reaches the fourth rank. However
9+-+-+-+-0 in this scenario, it is the “passing” moves that
will decide who ultimately has the opposition.
xiiiiiiiiy
330 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE
June 2016

37 ¢g4 ¢g7 If 37...¢f6 38 ¢f4 b6 39 g4. superfluous shuffling, I had now reached the
scenario I was looking for when commiting
38 ¢g5 Although not necessary, it made to the rook exchange. White will maintain
a lot of sense to me to advance my king the opposition due to the queenside passing
in this way. The idea was to provoke ...h6 moves he has at his disposal. White has
in order to weaken Black’s light-squared also ensured that the potentially passing
control, principally the g6 and f5 squares. move ...¢d6 will not enable Black to put
The reason this is desirable for White is up resistance for much longer.
that in a scenario where the white king
reaches e4 and the black king reaches e6, 43...¢d6 44 h5 gxh5 45 gxh5 ¢e6 Now
with a pawn on g6 the black king can move it all becomes absolutely clear. The passing
to d6 without the white king being able to moves on the queenside make all the
penetrate. Therefore, from a practical point difference.
of view, it was a useful idea to soften up
g6, so that the f5 square will no longer 46 a3!
permanently be under Black’s control. XIIIIIIIIY
38...h6+ Allowing the white king to 9-+-+-+-+0
advance further by 38...¢f7 would only 9+p+-+-+-0
make matters more straightforward for me:
39 ¢h6 ¢g8 40 g4 ¢h8 9-+-+k+-zp0
XIIIIIIIIY 9zp-zp-+-+P0
9-+-+-+-mk0 9-+P+K+-+0
9+p+-+-+p0 9zPP+-+-+-0
9-+-+-+pmK0 9-+-+-+-+0
9zp-zp-+-+-0 9+-+-+-+-0
9-+P+-+P+0 xiiiiiiiiy
46...¢f6 It was also essential to calculate
9+P+-+-+-0 a long time beforehand the following line
9P+-+-+-zP0 of play. The scenario is almost identical to
that which occurs in the game: 46...b6 47 a4
9+-+-+-+-0 ¢f6 48 ¢d5 ¢g5 49 ¢c6 ¢xh5 50 ¢xb6
xiiiiiiiiy ¢g5 51 ¢xc5 h5 52 ¢b5 h4 53 c5 h3
41 h3! Again this is not absolutely necessary 54 c6 h2 55 c7 h1£ 56 c8£.
but it would nevertheless be an excellent
practical decision. (41 h4 is also winning 47 ¢d5 ¢g5 48 ¢xc5 ¢xh5 49 ¢b6
but White has a lot more calculation to do XIIIIIIIIY
after 41...¢g8 42 h5 gxh5 43 ¢xh5 ¢f7
44 ¢h6 ¢f6 45 ¢xh7 ¢g5 to be sure of 9-+-+-+-+0
the win.) However, advancing the h-pawn 9+p+-+-+-0
one square only ensures that the black 9-mK-+-+-zp0
king remains passive after the following
sequence 41...¢g8 42 h4 ¢h8 43 h5 gxh5 9zp-+-+-+k0
44 ¢xh5 ¢g7 45 g5 ¢f7 46 ¢h6 ¢g8 9-+P+-+-+0
47 g6 hxg6 48 ¢xg6. From here on it’s
very clearly over. 9zPP+-+-+-0
9-+-+-+-+0
39 ¢g4 ¢f7 40 ¢f3 ¢e7 41 g4 ¢f7 9+-+-+-+-0
42 ¢e4 ¢e6 43 h4 After some rather
xiiiiiiiiy
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 331
06/136

49...¢g6 A blunder which makes White’s by ¥c4, resulting in a queen ending with
task simpler. 49...¢g5 offers more the extra pawn. The third is to exchange
resistance, but after 50 ¢xb7 h5 51 c5 h4 on d8 and take the pawn, leaving queens
52 c6 h3 53 c7 h2 54 c8£ h1£+ 55 ¢b6 and the bishops on the board. I felt that
Black will lose the a5 pawn, e.g. 55...£f3 my opponent had good chances to hold the
56 ¢xa5 and now if 56...£xb3 57 £c5+ queen ending, given that my king would
forces a queen exchange, thereby deciding not have ideal protection without the light-
the game. squared bishop, so this narrowed down the
options to just the first two. After further
50 ¢xb7 h5 51 c5 h4 52 c6 My opponent consideration I played...
resigned here, because of the following XIIIIIIIIY
simple sequence: 52...h3 53 c7 h2 54 c8£
h1£+ 55 £c6+. 1–0 9-+-tr-+k+0
9+p+-+-zp-0
A very tough fight in the first round and
a great way to activate my brain for the 9-+ptRlwq-zp0
remainder of the tournament. 9+-zP-+p+-0
Now I must remind the reader that I’m not
9p+-+p+-+0
exactly Mark Dvoretsky (!), but hopefully 9zP-+-zP-zP-0
the next fragment will provide something 9-zPQ+-zP-zP0
of an insight into how I approached what
should be a winning ending. 9+-+-+LmK-0
xiiiiiiiiy
25 ¦xd8+ 25 ¦xe6 £xe6 26 ¥c4 ¦d5
Stephen Gordon – D.Yashas 27 £xa4 ¢h7 28 £b3 ¦d1+ 29 £xd1 £xc4
is likely to be winning but the possibility of
Round 9, Bangkok Open 2016 Black making a draw by perpetual made it the
XIIIIIIIIY least attractive option from a practical point
of view. With hindsight 25 £xa4 is probably
9r+-+-+k+0 the strongest continuation. After 25...¦xd6
9+p+-+-zp-0 26 cxd6 the d6 pawn is not really vulnerable
and therefore will tie the black pieces down to
9-+ptRlwq-zp0 defensive duties. White will surely then make
9+-zP-+p+-0 progress by advancing the queenside pawns.
9p+-+p+-+0 25...£xd8 26 £xa4 ¢h7 27 £d4 Played after
9zP-+-zP-zP-0 quite a lot of thought. I wasn’t 100% confident
9-zPQ+-zP-zP0 that the queenless ending was winning but
judged that it would be better to go for it rather
9+-+-+LmK-0 than allow the black queen to become active.
xiiiiiiiiy It should be noted that the computer disagrees
This position arose in my last round game. with this approach, but when it shows a bishop
Here my opponent must give up the a4 pawn ending as += or +  I’m not sure I should be
in order to avoid losing further material due led by such assessments. When a game reaches
to the threat of ¦xe6 and ¥c4. that stage of the ending we should be talking in
absolute terms.
24...¦d8 And now I have three options. The
first is to leave the rook on d6 and capture 27...£xd4 28 exd4 g5 28...¥b3 was a
on a4, likely leaving a passed pawn on d6. move suggested by my opponent after
The second is to capture on e6, followed the game. It slows down the advance of

332 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

to me that Black still had


quite a lot of resources
and my subsequent moves
would by no means be
automatic.

34 ¥b5 f4 35 ¢f1 ¢e6


36 ¢e2 ¢e7 37 ¢e1
¢e6 38 ¢d2 h5 39 ¢e2
A small but valid point
is that 39 gxf4 was more
accurate, so as not to miss
the chance to fix the black
h-pawn on a light square
after 39...gxf4 40 h4. This
would have adhered to
strict endgame principles.

39...h4 40 gxf4 gxf4 41 f3


Stephen Gordon in play against D. Yashas from India. After the game, my
Photo by Josip Asik opponent told me that he
thought I’d made rather a
the white queenside pawns but allows the meal of the endgame by playing this move,
white king to quickly join in the action after whereas putting the king on c3 followed by
29 ¥e2 followed by 30 f3. ¥c4 would have completed the job quick
and easy. He was right, but White still has
29 b4 ¢g6 29...¥b3 was possible, preventing to be very accurate at the critical moment
the game continuation, but unlikely to save and I simply didn’t foresee this in advance.
the situation after 30 b5 cxb5 31 ¥xb5. Here is a sample line of what I think my
opponent had in mind 41 ¢d2 ¢e7 42 ¢c3
30 a4 ¢f6 30...¥b3 is now too late as then ¢e6 43 ¥c4 ¥xc4 44 ¢xc4 f3!.
comes 31 b5 ¥xa4 32 b6 with ¥a6 to follow. XIIIIIIIIY
31 b5 cxb5 32 axb5 ¢e7 33 b6 ¥d5 9-+-+-+-+0
XIIIIIIIIY 9+p+-+-+-0
9-+-+-+-+0 9-zP-+k+-+0
9+p+-mk-+-0 9+-zP-+-+-0
9-zP-+-+-zp0 9-+KzPp+-zp0
9+-zPl+pzp-0 9+-+-+p+-0
9-+-zPp+-+0 9-+-+-zP-zP0
9+-+-+-zP-0 9+-+-+-+-0
9-+-+-zP-zP0 xiiiiiiiiy
This was the move which made me reject
9+-+-+LmK-0 the whole approach. Though 45 c6?? may
xiiiiiiiiy look the most natural, in order to queen a
I had seen this kind of scenario from when pawn as quickly as possible, we now see
deciding to make the queen exchange and the point of 44...f3. Black can continue
judged it to be winning. However it seemed 45...e3 46 cxb7 exf2 47 b8£ f1£+ after

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 333


06/136

which the game is drawn. Nevertheless, my 46...¢f6 47 ¥e4 ¥c8 48 ¢e2 ¢f7
position is still winning after 45 d5+! ¢e5 XIIIIIIIIY
(Otherwise White plays ¢e4, followed
by c6) and this time wins because the 9-+l+-+-+0
promotion on b8 comes with check. 9+pzP-+k+-0
41...e3 42 c6 This idea has been on the 9-zP-+-+-+0
cards ever since the white pawn reached b6. 9+-+-+-+-0
42...¢e7 43 ¥a4 Unnecessary, but not
9-+-zPLzp-zp0
spoiling anything. 9+-+-zpP+-0
43...¥c4+ 44 ¢e1 ¥d5 45 c7 ¥e6 46 ¥c2 9-+-+K+-zP0
XIIIIIIIIY 9+-+-+-+-0
9-+-+-+-+0 xiiiiiiiiy
9+pzP-mk-+-0 49 ¢d3 49 d5 was also good enough:
49...¢e7 (49...¢f6 50 d6 ¢e6 51 d7 was
9-zP-+l+-+0 another, more flashy, way of achieving
9+-+-+-+-0 the same objective) 50 ¥g6 ¢d6 51 ¥h5
9-+-zP-zp-zp0 ¢xd5 52 ¥g4 ¢c6 53 ¥xc8 ¢xb6 54 ¥h3
¢xc7 55 ¢d3 ¢d6 56 ¥f1 ¢d5 57 ¢c3
9+-+-zpP+-0 and slowly but surely White will pick up
9-+L+-+-zP0 the black pawns.
9+-+-mK-+-0 49...¢f6 50 ¢c3 ¢f7 51 ¥d3 Now, with
xiiiiiiiiy the white king joining the action, it really is
I had seen that if I can get the bishop to the end for Black.
g4 then everything becomes quite simple.
However my opponent finds the most 51...¥h3 52 d5 ¢e7 53 ¢d4 ¢d6 54 ¢e4
tenacious defence. ¥c8 55 ¢xf4 ¢xd5 56 ¥f5!

Surya Ganguly has many tournament


triumphs to his credit in the Asian zone

16th Bangkok Chess Club Open


30 April-11 May 2016
(198 players, 9 rounds)
1-2 S.Ganguly IND, F.Vallejo Pons ESP 7½;
3-8 B. Bok NED, I. Khairullin RUS,
Sunilduth Lyna IND, J. Gustafsson GER,
Photo by Josip Asik

V. Sipila FIN, S. Gordon ENG 7;


9-15 L. Van Wely NED, O. Dimakiling PHI,
P. Roy IND, P. R. Hirthickkesh IND, K. Stokke
NOR, A. Kunte IND, M. Gotel PHI 6½;
Nigel Short ENG and Sophie Milliet FRA
were among 20 players on 6 points.
334 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE
June 2016

XIIIIIIIIY
9-+l+-+-+0 The cleanest and most accurate. Black
queens first but it doesn’t matter. On the
9+pzP-+-+-0 other hand 56 ¢xe3 is an example of how
9-zP-+-+-+0 matters were not totally under control for
9+-+k+L+-0 White. Even though that move might still
be winning there is still work to do after
9-+-+-mK-zp0 56...¢c6 57 ¢f4 ¢xb6.
9+-+-zpP+-0
56...e2 57 ¥xc8 e1£ 58 ¥xb7+ ¢d6
9-+-+-+-zP0 59 c8£ £e5+ 60 ¢g4 £g7+ 61 ¢h3 1-0
9+-+-+-+-0
xiiiiiiiiy

A journey into the


world of
Later this year I will face 47(!) players in a
blindfold simultaneous display and in order Blindfold
to prepare for this ultimate challenge I
have been immersed in practicing my craft
in smaller events around the world against
Chess
10-15 players at a time.
Although I feel like I am only just starting
by GM Timur Gareyev

to master the discipline, I have now


played blindfold exhibitions in 16 states
of the USA and, so far, also another five
countries, with three more scheduled,
including the Czech Republic where I
am aiming to break the world record for
number of games played simultaneously
blindfold in December this year.
Some of the more exotic places for my
displays have included the magic island
of Hawaii, Iceland, and Chicago Cook
County Jail! To keep the blood flowing
and to express my passion for linking
body and mind, I introduced the idea of
pedalling a stationary bike as I play! At a
recent event at the Bay Area Chess Club
I pedalled the bike for four hours, rode
27 miles, and burned up 1300 calories.
The first time I used a stationary bike
was during a display at a scholastic
Photo by Josip Asik, Honolulu 2015
tournament in Colorado. I pedalled
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 335
06/136

for about seven hours and won most unleash the ultimate power of initiative
of the 40 blindfold blitz games that I and tactics, playing blindfolded truly
played. After the event a chess parent fascinates me, especially as it would
approached me. He said: “What you seem that the blindfold master should
did with the blindfold chess was pretty rather take the safer approach and
good, but the biking part was what really play a more predictable game than in
impressed me!” complicated over-the-board play.
I enjoy creating associations and This safer way may have worked well
metaphors. When mastering any for George Koltanowski who used a
discipline in life you might well benefit more solid approach in his exhibitions.
from the skill involved in blindfold I enjoy taking risks – riding the waves of
chess and its need opportunity and exploring open positions.
for visualization. For As the game becomes complex, my
I feel that example I love going
skydiving. A couple of
opponents, with an average rating of
1500, generally get overwhelmed and
blindfold years ago I was working suddenly start to make mistakes. As I go
on getting my A-licence for their king, I stand to finish the game
chess is more so I can jump on my quickly which speeds up the display and
own. As we took off and enables me to focus more intently on the
a matter of the plane started to gain remaining matches.
altitude, the instructors
meditative encouraged me to
practice practice visualizing my
jump. I would see in
My blindfold chess mind is my
biggest friend, allowing me to
my mind the important visualize, let go, and bring each
aspects and how I position back into focus when
would succeed in carrying out the my turn comes around. Playing
critical steps. Simple maths starts to colourful, sensational games
work in your favour – so visualize your aids the mind in remembering
dreams and they will become a reality the game. Engaging in active
in your life! open games is fun and the
statistics so far have turned out
I love sharing my inspiration as I take overwhelmingly in my favour.
a continuous journey to mastery.
Competitors, chess friends, and
parents, as well as people who hardly However, luck is not always on my
know how to play the game, come in side. At times I may see chess ghosts
to witness the act of blindfold chess. in my visualization and make terrible
Frequently I have to answer the number blunders! Sometimes I get outplayed
one question “How do you do this!?” in a tough game. But more often
In short, I like to think of the idea of than not, focus and patience are
meditation versus performance. I feel enough to avoid serious mistakes
that blindfold chess is more a matter of and overcome the opposition in tough
meditative practice rather than forcing games. To present an overall picture
your mind into remembering. of blindfold play, here I am including
some examples of my own a miniature
Quick dynamic games give me a lot of win, a spectacular blunder, and a
pleasure as I embrace the attacking tough game I played earlier this year.
spirit of Paul Morphy, Alexander Let’s start us off with the dessert and
Alekhine, and Mikhail Tal. Being able to experience some romantic chess!
336 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE
June 2016

XIIIIIIIIY
A miniature game 9r+-+-+-tr0
9zp-sn-+-+k0
9-+psNn+p+0
The first game is from the blindfold simul I 9+pzP-wQp+p0
played against ten competitors to kick off 9-wq-+-+-zP0
the University of Maryland Baltimore County 9+-+L+-tR-0
(UMBC) Spectacular.
9PzP-+-zPP+0
9+K+R+-+-0
Timur Gareyev – Mustapha
xiiiiiiiiy
28 £xf5! Oh...finally!
UMBC Spectacular, April 2016
28...¤f4 Or 28...gxf5 29 ¥xf5+ ¢h6
1 e4 d5 2 exd5 ¤f6 3 ¤f3 ¤xd5 4 d4 g6 30 ¤f7 mate.
29 £f7+ 1–0
5 c4 ¤b6 6 ¤c3 ¥g7 7 c5 ¤d5 8 ¥c4 c6
Black resigned since if 29...¢h6 then
9 £b3 e6 10 h4 h5 11 ¥g5 ¥f6 12 ¤e4
30 ¦xg6+ ¤xg6 31 ¤f5 mate.
¥xg5 13 ¤d6+ ¢f8 14 ¤xg5 f6 15 ¤ge4
There is a win here by15 ¤gf7! £a5+
16 ¢f1 ¦h7 17 £c2 (or 17 £g3) 17...¦xf7
18 £xg6 etc.
15...¤d7 16 0–0–0 b5 17 ¥e2 £a5 18 ¢b1 A blunder
£b4 19 £g3 ¢g7 20 ¦h3 e5
XIIIIIIIIY
9r+l+-+-tr0 Vignesh – Timur Gareyev
9zp-+n+-mk-0 35 board simul, Santa Clara, March 2016
9-+psN-zpp+0 XIIIIIIIIY
9+pzPnzp-+p0 9-+-+r+k+0
9-wq-zPN+-zP0 9+-+q+rzpp0
9+-+-+-wQR0 9lzp-vlN+-+0
9PzP-+LzPP+0 9zp-+-+p+-0
9+K+R+-+-0 9-+-zp-zP-+0
xiiiiiiiiy 9+-+-+-wQP0
21 ¥d3? Here 21 £xg6+!! was a move 9PzPPzP-+P+0
I calculated for a couple of minutes but
did not play! 21...¢xg6 22 ¦g3+ ¢h7 9tR-vL-tR-mK-0
(22...¢h6 23 ¤f5+ ¢h7 24 ¦g7 mate.) xiiiiiiiiy
23 ¥d3 f5 24 ¤g5+ ¢g7 25 ¤h7+!! is the 21 ¤g5 ¥xf4?? This is one of those
idea I missed. Then 25...¢xh7 26 ¥xf5+ typical “blindfold chess blunders”. Aside
¢h6 27 ¤f7 is mate. from the opening stage, it is always tough
21...¤f8 22 dxe5 f5 23 e6! ¥xe6 If to remember the tiny little pawn moves
23...fxe4 then 24 £e5+ ¢h7 25 ¤xe4 like h3 or a3. And at times this comes
¤xe6 26 ¦g3 ¦g8 27 £xh5+!! gxh5 back to bite you. Out of the 2000 moves
28 ¤f6+ ¢h8 29 ¦xg8 mate. played in this 35-player blindfold simul,
24 £e5+ ¢g8 25 ¤g5 ¤c7 26 ¤xe6 ¤fxe6 not remembering the move 11 h3 cost me
27 ¦g3 ¢h7 the game. I could have played 21...¦xe1+

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22 £xe1 ¦e7 23 £h4 h6 24 ¤f3 ¦e2 12...¥g4 13 ¦h4 ¥xf3 14 ¥xf3 a5! 15 ¦d1
25 d3 ¥b7 when once again White is tied a4 16 ¤c1 a3 17 b3 ¦c8 18 ¥g4 ¦c7
up and can`t develop his queenside and in 19 ¥e2 ¤b4?! 20 ¦h3! ¤c6 21 ¤d3?
the meantime he will be mated on the other As soon as I played this move I realized
side of the board. I had just blundered. Levan is a powerful
22 ¦xe8+ £xe8 23 £xf4 £e1+ tactician and did not miss the opportunity
Unfortunately this is not leading to mate... to strike. White would have remained
24 ¢h2 Surprise surprise! slightly better after 21 ¢f1 due to Black`s
24...¦f8 25 £xd4 ¥b7 26 £e3! White uncastled king.
is smart when it comes to realising his 21...¥xc3! 22 £xc3 ¤d4 23 £d2?
material advantage. I should have tried 23 ¤c5!? dxc5 24 ¥c4
26...£xe3 27 dxe3 After having to trade e6 25 ¢f1 ¦d7 26 £g3 £c7 although
off the queens I continued to resist but my Black is still clearly on top.
opponent played well and converted the 23...¦c2 24 £b4 ¦xe2+ 25 ¢f1 £xb4
edge with precision. 1–0 26 ¤xb4 ¦xe4 27 ¤d5 ¤c6 28 b4
XIIIIIIIIY
A tough game 9-+-+k+-tr0
9+p+-zpp+p0
9-+nzp-+p+0
UMBC invited me once again, this time to
compete against the top grandmaster scholars 9+-+N+-zP-0
in a knockout event. Truly a spectacular event 9-zP-+r+-+0
where all the participants were blindfolded. I 9zp-+-+-+R0
was paired with IM Levan Bregadze. As I won
the coin-flip I could choose whether to fight 9P+-+-zPP+0
for a win with White or take the draw odds 9+-+R+K+-0
defending with Black. As you can see, I chose
to live adventurously! xiiiiiiiiy
After a poor start I was looking to create
any kind of play to keep the game going.
Timur Gareyev – Levan Bregadze Tough spot since even a draw was not going
to help!
UMBC Spectacular, April 2016
... And after many moves...
1 d4 ¤f6 2 ¥g5 ¤e4 3 h4!? This is the XIIIIIIIIY
second time I was experimenting with this
surprise line. 9-+-+-+-+0
3...c5 4 dxc5 ¤xg5 4...¤a6 was played by 9+-+-+-+-0
my countryman Jahongir Vakhidov in the
recent Colin Crouch Celebratory Masters: 9-+-+-mK-+0
5 £d4 ¤exc5 6 e4!? (6 ¤c3 f6 7 ¥e3 e5 9+-+-+-tR-0
8 £d2 b5!? offers chances for both sides 9r+-+-+-+0
but even better is 8...d5).
5 hxg5 £a5+ 6 ¤d2?! White should prefer 9+-+-+kzP-0
6 ¤c3 e6 (6...g6? 7 £d4+) 7 £d3 ¤c6 9-+-+-+-+0
8 e3 (but not 8 ¦xh7? ¤e5 9 £h3 ¦xh7
10 £xh7 ¤c4 which favours Black.). 9+-+-+-+-0
6...£xc5 7 ¤gf3 g6 8 c3 ¥g7 9 e4 ¤c6 xiiiiiiiiy
10 ¥e2 d6 11 ¤b3 £b6 12 £d2 If 12 ¦h4 My opponent has defended well and it’s
h5! with a slight advantage to Black. a dead draw now. But here a draw was

338 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

equivalent to a loss. 18...0–0


105 ¦a5!? A last try! XIIIIIIIIY
105...¦xa5 This was one of those tough
and imperfect games you sometimes get in 9rwq-+-trk+0
blindfold play. 0-1 9zpp+l+pzpp0
This was another tough game, the more so that 9-+nvl-+-+0
it turned out I was facing not just one but six 9+L+N+psN-0
opponents consulting on this board! 9-+Q+-+-+0
9+-+-zP-+-0
Vahak Mandijan – Timur Gareyev 9P+P+-zPPzP0
35 board simul, Santa Clara, March 2016 9+-+RtR-mK-0
xiiiiiiiiy
1 d4 d5 2 ¤f3 ¤f6 3 ¥f4 c5 4 e3 £b6 19 ¥xc6? 19 £h4 h6 20 ¤f6+! gxf6
5 ¤c3 ¥d7 6 dxc5 £xb2 7 ¥e5 £a3 21 £xh6 ¥xh2+ 22 ¢h1 fxg5 23 £xg5+
7...¤c6 8 ¦b1 £a3 9 ¤b5 £a5+ 10 ¥c3 ¢h7 24 ¦xd7 £e5 25 ¥d3 £g7 26 £xf5+
£d8 11 ¥xf6 gxf6 12 £xd5 £a5+ ¢g8 27 ¢xh2+.
13 £d2 £xd2+ 14 ¤xd2 0–0–0. 19...¥xc6 Now Black is fine.
8 ¥xf6 exf6 9 ¤xd5 £xc5 10 £d4 £d6?! 20 £h4 h6 21 ¤f6+ This idea is no longer
10...£xd4 11 ¤xd4 ¢d8². promising for White since Black does not
11 £e4+! The game started to look tough have to capture the knight.
for me as White seized the initiative. 21...¢h8 22 e4 ¥xh2+ 22...¥e5
11...¥e6 12 ¦d1 f5! 13 £a4+ ¥d7 23 ¢h1 £f4 23...¥e5
14 ¥b5 ¤c6 15 0–0 £b8 15...¦d8 16 ¦fe1 24 £xf4 ¥xf4 25 ¤h3 ¥e5 26 ¤d7 ¦fe8
16 e4! 27 exf5 ¥c7 27...¥c3
16...¥c5 17 £c4 ¥d6 18 ¤g5!? 18 e4! 28 ¤c5 ¥b6 29 ¤b3 ¥e4 30 f6 g5 31 f3
My opponent failed to execute this simple ¥xc2 32 ¦xe8+ ¦xe8 33 ¦d7 ¢g8
idea opening up the game. 34 ¦xb7 ¦e6 35 ¦b8+ ¢h7 36 ¦c8 ¥f5

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 339


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37 ¦c3 ¢g6 38 g4 ¦e1+ 39 ¢g2 ¥b1


40 ¤c5 ¦e2+ 41 ¢g3
A grandmaster duel
XIIIIIIIIY
9-+-+-+-+0 The final game was played as part of a
9zp-+-+p+-0 spontaneous mini-match on playchess.com.
9-vl-+-zPkzp0 Richard was playing as Wizard96. I was
9+-sN-+-zp-0 proud that I did well, especially considering
that I was not only facing a Junior World
9-+-+-+P+0 Champion and a wizard of blitz, but also,
9+-tR-+PmKN0 unbeknownst to my opponent, I did so
blindfold. Unless...unbeknownst to me he
9P+-+r+-+0 played blindfold as well!
9+l+-+-+-0
xiiiiiiiiy Timur Gareyev– Richard Rapport
41...¥a5! 42 ¦c1 ¥e1+ 43 ¦xe1 ¦xe1
44 ¢f2 ¦d1 45 ¢e2 ¦d6 46 ¤a4 ¥xa2 Rated game, 3 minute chess, 2015
47 f4 ¥c4+ 48 ¢f2 ¦d2+ 49 ¢g1 ¦d1+
50 ¢f2 ¢xf6 51 ¤c3 ¦d2+ 52 ¢e1 ¦d3 1 d4 ¤f6 2 ¤f3 d5 3 c4 dxc4 4 ¤c3 c6
53 ¤e4+ ¢g7 54 ¤hf2 ¦e3+ 55 ¢d2 gxf4 5 e4 b5 6 e5 ¤d5 7 a4 e6 8 ¥e2 ¥b7
0-1 9 0–0 ¤d7 10 ¤e4 h6 11 ¥d2 ¥e7 12 b3
cxb3 13 £xb3 a6
The most impressive part of the
blindfold exhibition! XIIIIIIIIY
9r+-wqk+-tr0
9+l+nvlpzp-0
9p+p+p+-zp0
9+p+nzP-+-0
9P+-zPN+-+0
9+Q+-+N+-0
9-+-vLLzPPzP0
9tR-+-+RmK-0
xiiiiiiiiy
14 ¤e1! My pet line with which I have
won several practice games as well as
others in tournaments. The queen can now
be transferred over to the kingside where it
will be menacingly placed.
14...0–0 14...c5!?
15 £g3 ¥h4 If15...¢h8 16 £h3!.
16 £g4 f5 17 exf6 ¥xf6 18 ¤f3 18 ¤d6!
is winning.
18...¢h8 19 ¤d6! £c7 20 £xe6 ¤7b6
21 ¥d3 Stronger is 21 ¤e5!.
21...¥c8 22 £e4 g5 23 ¤e5 ¥xe5 24 dxe5
£g7 25 h4 ¤f4 26 hxg5 ¤xd3 27 £xd3
¤d5 28 gxh6 £xe5

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XIIIIIIIIY 29 ¤xc8 Stronger is 29 axb5! £xd6


9r+l+-tr-mk0 30 ¥c3+ ¦f6 where 31 ¥b2! winning.
9+-+-+-+-0 29...¦axc8 30 axb5 axb5 31 ¦a7 ¦c7
31...£f5 would be met by 32 £g3.
9p+psN-+-zP0 32 ¦xc7 Here 32 ¦e1! is strong, then if
9+p+nwq-+-0 32...£xe1+ 33 ¥xe1 ¦xa7 34 £d4+.
9P+-+-+-+0 32...£xc7 33 ¦e1 £f7 34 f3 £f6 35 ¦e4
¦g8 36 ¥e1 £xh6 37 ¦h4 ¦xg2+ 38 ¢f1
9+-+Q+-+-0 If now 38...¤e3+ 39 £xe3 wins. There
9-+-vL-zPP+0 followed a couple of dozen more moves in
a time scramble before I finally won.
9tR-+-+RmK-0 1–0
xiiiiiiiiy

The Double Queen`s


Gambit
I am currently writing a basic
book on the Queen`s Gambit,
which will introduce this opening
to lower-rated players. All of the
main lines will be covered, but in
a general way. However, I am still
wondering what to say about the
“Double” Queen`s Gambit.

P. Friedrich – M. Zaitsev
by IM Andrew Martin
Herne Open 2016

1 d4 d5 2 c4 c5
XIIIIIIIIY Here it is. I have before me a very interesting
9rsnlwqkvlntr0 book by Alexey Bezgodov, recently
9zpp+-zppzpp0 published by New In Chess. There are a lot
of pages. Can there really be so much to say
9-+-+-+-+0 about this tricky line? It turns out that there
9+-zpp+-+-0 is plenty to say. The first impression is that
if 2...c5 is so good, why isn`t everyone
9-+PzP-+-+0 playing it? The second thought is one of
9+-+-+-+-0 confusion. What do I do now?
9PzP-+PzPPzP0
In actual fact, 2...c5 is not a bad move at all.
9tRNvLQmKLsNR0 It was analyzed by Haberditz and Muller a
xiiiiiiiiy
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 341
06/136

XIIIIIIIIY
few decades ago and I seem to remember 9-+r+kvl-tr0
that GM Heikki Westerinen liked to dabble 9+l+n+pzpp0
with the line on an occasional basis. O’Kelly
de Galway was another fan. Among modern 9p+-+p+-+0
GM`s Mamedyarov has played 2...c5. 9+-+-+-+-0
9N+-+P+-+0
I think the truth is that 2...c5 is a very good 9+-+-vLP+-0
surprise weapon, but that if White knows 9-zP-+L+PzP0
his stuff, he can oblige Black to be very
careful just to stay on the board. 9+K+R+-+R0
xiiiiiiiiy
3 cxd5 ¤f6! 3...£xd5 4 ¤f3 cxd4 5 ¤c3 20...e5?! Soysal has become impatient
£a5 6 £xd4 ¤c6 7 £d5! may be a little with his lack of counterplay and loosens
uncomfortable for Black, so this is why his position. (Black should just play the
they play 3...¤f6. modest 20...¥e7 and accept that he is
4 ¤f3 cxd4 5 £xd4 £xd5 Better timing. uncomfortably but not terminally worse.)
6 ¤c3 £xd4 7 ¤xd4 a6 To stop ¤b5 and 21 ¦d3! The rook is very mobile on d3.
to prepare later expansion with ...b7-b5 21...¥b4 (21...¥e7 22 ¦hd1±) 22 ¦b3
However 7...a6 is not the only try and both a5 23 ¥b5 ¦c7 24 ¤b6 ¥c6 25 ¦c1 1–0
7...¥d7 and 7...e5 are also being closely M.Oleksienko  S.Soysal, Ordu 2016.
examined in the present day. 8 g3! ...also tests the opening idea, because
8 ¥f4 The lower-rated player is on his own even if Black neutralises the fiachettoed
now and so he plays a natural move. I don’t bishop, as he does in our game, he is still
think the bishop accomplishes much on f4, worse: 8...e5 9 ¤b3 ¥d7 10 ¥g2 ¥c6
but such a move is impossible to refute. 8 e4 11 0–0 ¥xg2 12 ¢xg2 ¤c6 13 ¥g5
¤bd7 9 f3! is rather better, when White keeps White is ahead in development and has
some options open for his bishops. This is the specific threat of ¥xf6 followed
one of lines that I think can become testing by ¤d5. 13...¤d7 14 ¤d5 ¥d6 15 ¤d2
for Black, as he lacks a good square for his (15 ¦fd1! looks strong.) 15...¦c8 16 ¤c4 ¥c5
bishop on c8. 9...e6 10 ¤b3 ¤c5 11 ¤a5 17 ¥e3 ¦d8 18 ¦ac1 0–0 19 ¤xe5 ¥xe3
XIIIIIIIIY 20 ¤xc6 ¥xc1 21 ¤xd8 ¥xb2 22 ¤xb7±.
9r+l+kvl-tr0 The exchanges only increased White’s
advantage in Tomashevsky  Durarbayli,
9+p+-+pzpp0 Skopje 2015.
9p+-+psn-+0 8...¤bd7 9 ¤f3 e6 10 a3 b5 11 g3 ¥b7
9sN-sn-+-+-0 12 ¥g2 ¥e7 13 0–0 0–0
9-+-+P+-+0 XIIIIIIIIY
9+-sN-+P+-0 9r+-+-trk+0
9PzP-+-+PzP0
9tR-vL-mKL+R0 9+l+nvlpzpp0
xiiiiiiiiy 9p+-+psn-+0
11...b5 (11...b6 12 ¤c4 b5 13 ¤b6 ¦b8 9+p+-+-+-0
14 ¤xc8 ¦xc8 15 ¥e2 leads to a small 9-+-+-vL-+0
pull for White and the problem for Black
is that he can hardly win such a position 9zP-sN-+NzP-0
if White plays even half-sensibly.) 12 ¥e3 9-zP-+PzPLzP0
¤fd7 13 a3 ¤b7 14 ¤c6 ¤d8 15 ¤xd8
¢xd8± 16 0–0–0 ¥b7 17 ¢b1 ¦c8 18 a4 9tR-+-+RmK-0
bxa4? (18...b4 19 ¤a2 ¢e8 20 ¥e2²) xiiiiiiiiy
19 ¤xa4 ¢e8 20 ¥e2 It looks as though the game is going to

342 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

fizzle out to a draw, but this is precisely 35 f4? Such moves stem from dissatisfaction.
where the master starts using his technique 35 ¤e3 ¤e5 36 ¦d1
to outplay a weaker opponent. XIIIIIIIIY
14 ¦fd1 ¤b6 Eyeing c4 and d5. Friedrich 9-+-+-+k+0
offers another exchange.
15 ¤d2 ¥xg2 16 ¢xg2 ¦ac8 17 e4 ¤fd7 9+-+-+p+-0
18 ¦dc1 ¦fd8³ 9-+-+pvl-+0
Black is a bit better. White’s bishop has 9+pvL-sn-+-0
nothing to do and ...¤c4 is a worrying 9-zP-+P+p+0
positional threat. Friedrich plods on. 9+-+-sN-zP-0
19 ¤d1 ¤c5 20 ¥e3 ¤bd7 21 b4 ¤d3µ
White is being outplayed. Black obtains the 9r+-+-zP-+0
c-file by force. 9+-+RmK-+-0
22 ¦xc8 ¦xc8 23 ¤b3 ¤7e5 24 ¢f1 g5 xiiiiiiiiy
25 h3 36...¥g5! (36...¤f3+ 37 ¢f1 ¤d2+ 38 ¢g1
XIIIIIIIIY ¤xe4 39 ¤xg4 ¥g7 40 ¦d8+ ¢h7 41 ¥d4
keeps White in the game.) 37 ¢f1 ¢h7
9-+r+-+k+0 38 ¦c1 ¥xe3 39 ¥xe3 ¤c4 leads to a
9+-+-vlp+p0 cheerless defence from White’s perspective,
but he might draw.
9p+-+p+-+0 35...gxf3 36 ¦xf3 ¥g5
9+p+-sn-zp-0 XIIIIIIIIY
9-zP-+P+-+0 9-+-+-+k+0
9zPN+nvL-zPP0 9+-+-+p+-0
9-+-+-zP-+0 9-+-+p+-+0
9tR-+N+K+-0 9+pvL-+-vl-0
xiiiiiiiiy 9-zPn+P+-+0
25...h5 Excellent!. Black would like to put
his knight on f3 and reinforce it with ...g5-g4! 9+-+-+RzP-0
After that the white king feels hemmed in. 9r+-+-+-+0
26 ¤c1 ¤xc1 27 ¦xc1 ¤c4 28 ¢e2 ¦a8!
29 ¦c3 a5 30 ¥c5 axb4 31 axb4 ¦a2+ 9+-+NmK-+-0
32 ¢e1 ¥f6 Black’s position improves xiiiiiiiiy
move by move, whereas White continues 37 ¥d4 37 ¤f2 is more stubborn.
to have nothing whatsoever to do. 37...¥d2+ 38 ¢f1 ¥xb4 39 ¦d3 ¤d2+
33 ¦d3 g4 34 hxg4 hxg4 0–1
XIIIIIIIIY I enjoyed this game, a fine display of
technique by Zaitzev.
9-+-+-+k+0
9+-+-+p+-0 In the next BCM I will deal with alternative
9-+-+pvl-+0 lines, citing references exclusively from
2016. This shows how 2...c5 has become
9+pvL-+-+-0 a modern move, designed to ambush an
9-zPn+P+p+0 unsuspecting opponent.
9+-+R+-zP-0
9r+-+-zP-+0
9+-+NmK-+-0
xiiiiiiiiy
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 343
Ben Kingsley (Bruce Pandolfini) and Max Pomeranc
(Josh Waitzkin) starring in the 1993 movie version.
06/136

Searching for
Bobby Fischer by Theo Slade
TAoL is a book by Josh Waitzkin. Does that name sound
WIM Jen Hansen familiar? You may have heard of him because he was
recently gave me a the protagonist in the book and film Searching for Bobby
Fischer. The book was written by Josh’s father, but
book called The Art of the film uses artistic licence (as do many chess films),
Learning (TAoL). Her particularly overstating his success.
husband, GM Lars Bo Americans love winners – recently I played in a
Hansen, is my coach, tournament in the US, and I played really well. I went into
but I also get a lot Sunday on 3/3, drew as Black against the top seed in
round four, and finally, in the last round I needed a draw
of help from Jen on to tie for first place, and as it turned out a draw would
psychological aspects have won me the tournament on tiebreaks. I had what
of chess as not only seemed to me an overwhelming advantage, and was not
content to merely share first place if I drew, so naturally I
is she a very strong pushed for the win. However, at one point the position got
chess player in her own extremely complicated and although there was a winning
continuation, I blundered and lost. However, what was
right, she is also an even more frustrating for me was that after that game
educational psychologist. it was almost as if I had not played in the tournament at
all. It was all about my final round opponent who beat me
to win the tournament. This is nothing against him – we
are friends – but I found it incredibly annoying that no
one even consoled me after the tournament; all anyone
wanted to do was take pictures of the winner with the
trophy, and I was a mere afterthought.
June 2016

Anyway, going back to TAoL, although it is true that Josh was


an eight-time US Junior Chess Champion, he was not as
successful on the world stage. In fact, he never even made
GM (his peak rating was 2480), but this did not come across
at all in his book. However, in 1994, he did come very close
to becoming World U18 Champion. “Entering the final round I
was tied for first place with the Russian champion, Peter Svidler.
He was an immensely powerful player and is now one of the
top Grandmasters in the world, but going into this game I was
very confident. He must have felt that, because Svidler offered
me a draw after just an hour of play.” Unfortunately, I do not
know how late “just an hour of play” is into the game in terms of
moves, but I would imagine that it is somewhere in the opening,
where White is better simply because Svidler employed the
Pirc in this game. “All I had to do was shake hands to share the
world title – it was unclear who would win on tiebreaks. Shake
hands! But in my inimitable leave-it-on-the-field style that has
won and lost me many a battle, I declined, pushed for a win,
and ended up losing an absolute heartbreaker.”

Josh Waitzkin – Peter Svidler be excused due to the importance of the


occasion. However, now Josh loses the
World Under-18 Championship, Szeged 1994 thread. He plays 22 ¤b7 which as far as I
can see does not make too much sense. He
1 e4 d6 2 d4 ¤f6 3 ¥d3 g6 4 ¤f3 ¥g7 attacks the d8-rook, but after the obvious
5 c3 0–0 6 0–0 ¤bd7 7 ¤bd2 e5 8 dxe5 22...¦b8
dxe5 9 b4 ¦e8 10 ¤c4 ¤h5 11 ¦e1 ¤b6 XIIIIIIIIY
12 ¤a5 ¤f4 13 ¥f1 £f6 14 ¥e3 ¥g4
15 ¤xb7 ¦ab8 16 ¤c5 ¦bd8 17 £c2 9-tr-+rvlk+0
¤xg2 18 ¥xg2 ¥xf3 19 ¥xf3 £xf3 9zpNzp-+p+p0
20 £e2 £h3 21 ¦ad1 ¥f8
9-sn-+-+p+0
XIIIIIIIIY 9+-+-zp-+-0
9-+-trrvlk+0 9-zP-+P+-+0
9zp-zp-+p+p0 9+-zP-vL-+q0
9-sn-+-+p+0 9P+-+QzP-zP0
9+-sN-zp-+-0 9+-+RtR-mK-0
9-zP-+P+-+0 xiiiiiiiiy
9+-zP-vL-+q0 White has to think about how to extricate
9P+-+QzP-zP0 his knight. However, objectively not too
much harm has been done, because White
9+-+RtR-mK-0 could now play a couple of moves which
xiiiiiiiiy would leave Black with only a small
Without going into too much detail, thus edge. You could argue that 22...¦d1 was
far the game has ebbed and flowed a bit, a tad more accurate than the game, but
with both players making some small during such tense encounters sometimes
inaccuracies, but I suppose that this can you make more psychological than good

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 345


06/136

moves, and here it looks to me like


Svidler wanted to ask Josh where
he wanted to retreat his knight.
23 ¤a5 23 ¦d3 is one of the moves
which seems more in keeping with
Josh’s style of making the game as
complicated as possible, but the other
was 23 ¤c5, an admission of defeat
which is particularly uncomfortable
to make in what may have seemed
the most important battle of Josh’s
life at this point. Perhaps this
explains why Josh went for 23 ¤a5,
but in purely chess terms this makes
very little sense. Black will put his
b8-rook back on d8 after hitting the
c3-pawn with ...¤a4. Then if ¦c1,
Black gains control of the d-file and
if he defends it with his queen then
the king becomes very weak. Overall,
I would say that White`s position Josh playing a junior match game against
is structurally quite weak but the Cathy Forbes
engines have shown that it is possible
to hold it together with accurate play, but if I would much rather be Black, Stockfish is
you do not play in the most accurate way only giving a slight advantage.
(22 ¤b7 and 23 ¤a5), then all of a sudden 24 ... £g4+ 25 ¢f1 £h3+ 26 ¢g1 ¤xc3
you are lost. 27 £xc3 ¥xb4 28 £xc7 ¦bc8 29 £b7
23...¤a4 ¥xa5 30 ¦f1 £g4+ 31 ¢h1 £f3+ 32 ¢g1
XIIIIIIIIY ¦c4 33 £b5 ¦ec8 34 £xa5 £g4+
35 ¢h1 £xe4+ 36 f3 £xe3 37 ¦de1
9-tr-+rvlk+0 £f4 38 £xe5 £xe5 39 ¦xe5 ¦c2 40 ¦a5
9zp-zp-+p+p0 ¦b8 41 ¦xa7 ¦bb2 42 ¦a1 ¦xh2+ 43 ¢g1
h5 44 ¦a4 ¦bg2+ 45 ¢f1 ¦g3 46 ¦f4
9-+-+-+p+0 ¦xf3+ 47 ¦xf3 ¦h1+ 48 ¢e2 ¦xa1 49 a3
9sN-+-zp-+-0 ¦a2+ 50 ¢d1 ¢g7 51 ¢c1 g5 52 ¢b1 g4
9nzP-+P+-+0 0–1
9+-zP-vL-+q0 However, Josh did manage to become
9P+-+QzP-zP0 World Champion eventually ... in Tai Chi
Chuan Push Hands! Josh stopped playing
9+-+RtR-mK-0 chess at the age of 23 and started practising
xiiiiiiiiy martial arts. In the book, Josh discusses
24 £c2?? However, after this blunder, his chess career and his martial arts career,
Black is just winning in a number of ways. but what I found most fascinating was how
For the rest of the game I am sure that Josh similar the two activities are!
fought as hard as he could, but against
the future seven-time Russian champion, On the face of it, chess and Tai Chi are
it never looked like being enough. Even totally different. However, Josh discovered
here not all was lost as Josh could have that his chess education helped him
played the very exact 24 ¥d2! followed enormously in his Tai Chi pursuits. Without
by 24...¦bd8 25 ¦c1³, when even though wanting to write a boring book review, I will

346 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


May 2016

“it has been my observation that the greatest


performers convert their passions into fuel
with tremendous consistency. There are
examples in every discipline. For basketball
fans, think about the Reggie Miller/Spike
Lee saga. Lee is New York’s No. 1 Knicks
fan. Reggie Miller was the star of the Indiana
Pacers from 1987 to 2005. Throughout the
1990s, the Knicks and Pacers repeatedly met
in the playoffs and Lee would be sitting in his
courtside seat in Madison Square Garden for
every home game. Time and again he would
heckle Miller until Miller started to respond.
At first this looked like a good situation to
Knicks fans. Spike was distracting Reggie
from the game. Sometimes it seemed that
Reggie was paying more attention to Spike
than to the Knicks. But then it became
apparent that Miller was using Lee as fuel
for his fire. Over and over, Reggie would
banter with Spike while torching the Knicks
with unbelievable shooting. After a while
Knicks fans just hoped Spike would shut up.
The chess prodigy grows up The lesson had been learned  don’t piss off
...and becomes a Tai Chi World Champion!
Reggie.”

give you a flavour of it instead. Once you Overall, I really enjoyed reading Josh’s
get into the book, it is actually very useful book, which demonstrates his remarkable
and entertaining. ability to reinvent himself from a top
chess player, to a Tai Chi Chuan Push
The first thing that struck me is a concept Hands World Champion, to an author and
that Waitzkin likes to call The Soft Zone. motivational speaker, but was he the next
Josh writes in his book that when he was Bobby Fischer...? Over forty years since
younger he used to get distracted when Fischer was World Champion and eight
playing chess and do all in his power to years since his death, it seems we are still
eliminate the distraction. However, as he Searching for Bobby Fischer...
learned more about distraction, he realized
that he could never fully eliminate it. He
talks about this in the Making Sandals
chapter. He writes, “to walk a thorny
road, we may cover its every inch with
leather or we can make sandals.” This is
what The Soft Zone is. He learned to use
the distractions to his advantage to drive
him into a heightened state of awareness.
The final step of this learning process was
to create the distractions internally to put
himself in the best possible state, without
there being any need for external distraction.

Later, he elaborates on this point even more:

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 347


06/136

Chess Questions Answered


by IM Gary Lane

The Maze
How can you make life dangerous for Black
in the Sveshnikov? Tom Grayson from
Glasgow has some experience of playing
the standard moves in main line Sicilians
but is looking for something different. He
has apparently tried a trick involving £f3
and ¤c7+, which resulted in a resounding
loss so needs some inspiration. There is a
move-order that I often use on the Internet
that catches people out and will prove to
be dangerous to those who trot out opening
theory without really understanding the
opening. The following game should be an
inspiration:

Johnny Hanssen – Edit Machlik


an assumption by Black that it will soon
Harstad 2011 transpose to the main line. In fact, it is not
so easy for the unwary and the line is usually
1 e4 c5 2 ¤f3 ¤c6 3 d4 cxd4 4 ¤xd4 ¤f6 barely mentioned in Sveshnikov books. In the
5 ¤c3 e5 6 ¤db5 d6 7 ¥g5 a6 8 ¥xf6 game Grayson – Brown, Internet 2016, White
gxf6 9 ¤a3 b5 10 ¤d5 f5 11 c3!? went for a tricky line starting with 11 exf5
XIIIIIIIIY ¥xf5 12 £f3?! which can be good if your
opponent fails to work out the complications
9r+lwqkvl-tr0 but results tends to favour Black: 12...¤d4!
9+-+-+p+p0 XIIIIIIIIY
9p+nzp-+-+0 9r+-wqkvl-tr0
9+p+Nzpp+-0 9+-+-+p+p0
9p+-zp-+-+0
9-+-+P+-+0 9+p+Nzpl+-0
9sN-zP-+-+-0 9-+-sn-+-+0
9PzP-+-zPPzP0 9sN-+-+Q+-0
9tR-+QmKL+R0 9PzPP+-zPPzP0
xiiiiiiiiy 9tR-+-mKL+R0
This is a sly move that allows Black to go xiiiiiiiiy
astray due to a move-order trick. I have 13 ¤c7+ £xc7 14 £xa8+ ¢e7 (14...¥c8
won many games on the Internet with is also reasonable) 15 ¦d1 (15 c3 is the usual
this continuation, partly because there is reply but 15...b4! gives Black the superior

348 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

chances) 15...¥g7! 16 £d5 ¥e6 17 £e4 In the next game Black goes astray
b4 18 ¦xd4 exd4 19 ¤b1 d5 20 £d3 ¦c8 again, this time with 11...fxe4 which has
21 ¢d1 a5 with an excellent game for Black devastating consequences:
because White`s pieces lack harmony.
11...¥e6? A natural reply where numerous
players blindly carry on with 12 ¤c2 but Elshad Orujov – Vladimir Menshov
it is just wrong. The main alternatives
11...fxe4 and 11...¥g7 are examined in Tula 2014
other illustrative games.
12 exf5 ¥xf5 Instead 12...¥xd5 does 1 e4 c5 2 ¤f3 ¤c6 3 d4 cxd4 4 ¤xd4 ¤f6
little to relieve Black’s angst in view of 5 ¤c3 e5 6 ¤db5 d6 7 ¥g5 a6 8 ¤a3 b5
13 £xd5 ¤e7 14 £f3 d5 15 ¤c2 with 9 ¥xf6 gxf6 10 ¤d5 f5 11 c3
bright prospects. A tricky line similar to the main game starts
13 £f3! The big difference with the similar with 11 ¥xb5, intending to upset the black
line mentioned on move 10 is that White king`s safety, but after 11...axb5 12 ¤xb5
has a pawn on c3 which cancels out the ¦a4!
reply ...¤d4. It means that Black is already XIIIIIIIIY
on the brink of defeat.
13...¥d7 9-+lwqkvl-tr0
Also possible: 9+-+-+p+p0
a) 13...¥g6 14 ¤xb5 axb5 15 ¥xb5 ¦c8
16 ¤b4 winning. 9-+nzp-+-+0
b) 13...¥e6 14 ¤xb5 ¦c8 (or 14...axb5 9+N+Nzpp+-0
15 ¥xb5 ¦c8 16 ¤b4 wins) 15 ¤f6+ 9r+-+P+-+0
¢e7 16 ¤e4 ¢e8 17 ¤a3 is just good for
White, who is a pawn up, and Black can no 9+-+-+-+-0
longer castle, leaving his king badly placed. 9PzPP+-zPPzP0
14 ¤f6+ ¢e7 15 ¤d5+!? I also rather
like 15 ¥d3 but White is spoilt for choice 9tR-+QmK-+R0
when the black king is being embarrassed xiiiiiiiiy
by occupying the e7 square. ...the attack against the e4 pawn means
15...¢e8 16 ¦d1 the position is double-edged and practical
XIIIIIIIIY experience indicates that Black usually
ends on top. For instance:
9r+-wqkvl-tr0 a) 13 ¤bc7+ ¢d7 14 0–0 ¦xe4 15 £h5 It
9+-+l+p+p0 looks terrible for Black but the test of time
has shown that a knowledgeable player
9p+nzp-+-+0 with the black pieces should survive the
9+p+Nzp-+-0 onslaught: 15...¤d4
XIIIIIIIIY
9-+-+-+-+0 9-+lwq-vl-tr0
9sN-zP-+Q+-0 9+-sNk+p+p0
9PzP-+-zPPzP0 9-+-zp-+-+0
9+-+RmKL+R0 9+-+Nzpp+Q0
xiiiiiiiiy 9-+-snr+-+0
16...¦c8?! A sensible reply is 16...¥g7 9+-+-+-+-0
to rule out the prospect of another ¤f6+ 9PzPP+-zPPzP0
although White is still on top. 9tR-+-+RmK-0
17 ¤f6+ ¢e7 18 ¤e4 b4 19 ¤xd6 f6 xiiiiiiiiy
20 £h5 ¥e8 21 ¤f5+ ¢e6 22 ¥c4+ 1–0 16 c3 (or 16 £xf7+ ¢c6 17 ¤b4+ ¢b7

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06/136

18 ¤b5+ £d7 19 £d5+ ¢b6 and the king Kanellopoulos, Nikea 2001.
is relatively safe) 16...¤e2+ 17 ¢h1 ¢c6 13 ¤xb5 ¥e6 Black prepares to take back
18 b4 ¢b7 when Black has managed to on a8 with the queen, while alternatives
secure his king`s safety in the short-term, lead to instant ruin:
Nieuwenhuis  Reinderman, Dutch Team a) 13...£g5 14 ¤bc7+ ¢d8 15 ¤xa8 £xg2
Championship 2016; 16 ¦f1 ¥a6 (16...¥h3 17 ¤e3 £f3
b) 13 0–0 ¥g7 14 ¤dc3?! (instead 14 ¤dc7+ 18 £d5 wins) 17 ¤e3 £xh2 18 £b3!
¢f8 15 c3 maintains the tension) 14...¦d4! ¥xf1 19 £b6+ and Black can resign,
15 ¤xd4 ¤xd4 16 ¦e1 0–0 when I would Sharp  Henner, Albany 2014;
prefer to be Black due to the well placed b) 13...¦a5? 14 ¤bc7+ ¢d7 15 £g4+ f5
pieces and safe king; 16 £xf5 checkmate.
c) 13 b4 £h4 14 0–0 ¦g8 15 f4 ¢d8 16 ¤b6 14 ¤bc7+ ¢d7 15 ¤xa8 ¥xd5 16 £xd5
£h3?! (or 16...¦xb4 17 ¤xc8 ¢xc8 XIIIIIIIIY
18 £d5 ¢d7 when the game is roughly
equal) 17 ¦f2 with good chances, Safarli  9N+-wq-vl-tr0
Mamedov, Shamkir 2014. 9+-+k+p+p0
11...fxe4?!
It should be noted that 11...f4?! also 9-+nzp-+-+0
falls victim to a strong continuation for 9+-+Qzp-+-0
White beginning with 12 ¥xb5! with the 9-+-+p+-+0
advantage.
12 ¥xb5! 9+-zP-+-+-0
XIIIIIIIIY 9PzP-+-zPPzP0
9r+lwqkvl-tr0 9tR-+-mK-+R0
9+-+-+p+p0 xiiiiiiiiy
16...£xa8 17 £xf7+ ¤e7 After 17...¥e7
9p+nzp-+-+0 18 £f5+ ¢c7 19 £xe4 White is doing well.
9+L+Nzp-+-0 18 0–0–0 £c6?! Grandmaster Dorfman has
9-+-+p+-+0 tested 18...¦g8!? but 19 £f6! is a top reply.
For example: 19...¦g6 20 £xe5 when
9sN-zP-+-+-0 White still has a strong initiative.
9PzP-+-zPPzP0 19 ¦he1 ¥h6+ 20 ¢b1 ¦f8 21 £xh7
¥g5 22 h4 ¥f6 23 £xe4 1–0
9tR-+QmK-+R0
xiiiiiiiiy Now I like to think that everyone playing
White seizes on the chance to exploit Black will fall for the move-order tricks but
Black`s faulty move-order. The difference then again a few might opt for the main
with the line outlined on move 11 is that line. I cannot hope to refute that but here
with a pawn on c3, the usual counterattack is a recent game that shows that White can
with ...¦a4 is no longer a safe option. exert a lot of pressure straight from the
12...axb5 Black accepts the sacrifice opening:
but plenty of players have tried to
defend the position with 12...¥d7, when
the material level might be even but Alexander Markgraf –
Black’s position is poor. For instance: Viktor Polischuk
13 ¥a4! ¥g7 (13...¦b8 14 ¤c4 ¦g8
15 0–0 is excellent for White) 14 ¤c4 Hamburg 2016
0–0 15 ¤cb6 ¦b8? (or 15...¦a7 16 ¤xd7
£xd7 17 ¤b4! with a big advantage) 1 e4 c5 2 ¤f3 e6 3 d4 cxd4 4 ¤xd4 ¤f6
16 ¤xd7 £xd7 17 ¥xc6 1–0 Fercec  5 ¤c3 ¤c6 6 ¤db5 d6 7 ¥f4 e5 8 ¥g5

350 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

a6 9 ¤a3 b5 10 ¥xf6 gxf6 11 ¤d5 f5 21 ¦fe1 ¦e5 22 ¤e3 £f6 23 £e2! (an
12 c3 ¥g7 The right way to respond improvement on an old game where
to White’s devious line by aiming to 23 £h5 was preferred) 23...¥xf5 24 ¤xf5
transpose to main lines. £xf5 25 ¦xd6 ¤b8 26 ¦b6 gives White
13 ¥d3 ¥e6 a slight edge.
XIIIIIIIIY 19 £g4 ¦e8 20 ¦ad1 ¦e5 21 ¤e3 £f6
22 ¤c4 ¥xf5 After 22...¦xf5 the line
9r+-wqk+-tr0 23 ¤xd6 ¦e5 24 £g3 favours White.
9+-+-+pvlp0 23 £g3
9p+nzpl+-+0 XIIIIIIIIY
9+p+Nzpp+-0 9-+r+-+k+0
9-+-+P+-+0 9+-+-+pvlp0
9sN-zPL+-+-0 9-+nzp-wq-+0
9PzP-+-zPPzP0 9+L+-trl+-0
9tR-+QmK-+R0 9P+N+p+-+0
xiiiiiiiiy 9+-zP-+-wQ-0
14 ¤xb5!? It seems extreme to give away 9-zP-+-zPPzP0
a piece but in return White soon earns three
pawns and, more importantly, imposes a 9+-+R+RmK-0
grip on the position. xiiiiiiiiy
14...axb5 15 ¥xb5 ¥d7 23...d5?! Black wants some activity but
In a game Lupulescu - Kharlampidi, the it backfires. Perhaps 23...£e7 is more
grandmaster playing White swiftly benefited secure when 24 ¤xe5 (also 24 ¤b6 ¦c7
from applying constant pressure, 15...¦c8 25 ¤d5 £d8 26 ¤xc7 £xc7 27 ¦d2 is
16 £a4 ¥d7 17 exf5 0–0 18 0–0 £e8? a decent alternative, which offers equal
19 f6! ¥h6 20 £h4 1–0 Lupulescu  chances) 24...¤xe5 25 £f4 with a level
Kharlampidi, Korinthos 2004. position.
16 exf5 e4 17 0–0 0–0 18 a4 24 ¤xe5 ¤xe5 25 ¦xd5 White gains
XIIIIIIIIY another pawn, tipping the game heavily in
his direction as the three connected pawns
9r+-wq-trk+0 on the queenside suddenly look rather
9+-+l+pvlp0 ominous.
25...h5 26 h3 ¢h7 27 a5 ¦g8 28 a6!
9-+nzp-+-+0 ¤f3+ 29 ¢h1 ¥h6 30 a7 ¦xg3 31 fxg3
9+L+N+P+-0 £g5 32 ¦xf5 One also has to be careful
9P+-+p+-+0 as 32 a8£? looks obvious, but amazingly
Black is winning after 32...£xg3 33 gxf3
9+-zP-+-+-0 £xh3+ 34 ¢g1 ¥e3+ 35 ¦f2 £g3+
9-zP-+-zPPzP0 36 ¢h1 £h4+ 37 ¦h2 £e1+ 38 ¢g2
£g1 checkmate.
9tR-+Q+RmK-0 32...£g8 33 ¦xf7+ ¢g6 34 ¥c6 1–0
xiiiiiiiiy
18...¦c8 The rook supports the knight If anyone plays 11 c3 and wins then please
to free up the light squared bishop in e-mail me the game.
order to put pressure on the f5 pawn.
Instead 18...¦e8 has also been tested by
the Greek grandmaster Kotronias. For
instance 19 £g4 ¢h8 20 ¦ad1 ¦c8 garylanebcm@y7mail.com
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 351
06/136

Final 4NCL Weekend


by IM Tom Rendle in Birmingham
The final weekend of the 2015–16 4NCL season took place over
Photo by John Saunders

the May Day bank holiday weekend at the Birmingham Airport


International Hotel. Going in to the final weekend both Guildford 1
and Cheddleton were on 100% from their 8 matches and it looked
to be heading for a last day finale between the two teams. White
Rose 1 had other ideas however as they edged out Cheddleton
with wins from Palliser, Emms and Gourlay on the middle boards.

Richard Palliser – Tamas Fodor jr.


4NCL, Birmingham 2016
40...£xa4?! A brave decision but
We join this game with Black having one ultimately this gives White the time he
final move to make before the time control needs to get going on with a kingside
and Fodor decides to grab the pawn on a4 attack. This, combined with the strength
XIIIIIIIIY of his central pawns, proves too much for
9-+-+-+-+0 Black to handle.
9zpp+q+-+-0 40...cxd4! 41 cxd4 (or 41 £xd4 £c7 and
Black has the better chances) 41...£xa4
9-+-+r+k+0 makes all the difference as now White is
9+-zp-zPp+-0 tied to defending d4  for example 42 ¦f1
9P+-zPp+p+0 £d7 and White can no longer play £f4 as
the d-pawn drops.
9+-zP-+-zP-0 41 ¦f1 ¦e8 42 £f4 £d7 43 d5! Now this
9-+-wQ-+-zP0 pawn is untouchable as Black cannot afford
to let White take on f5.
9+-+R+-mK-0 43...c4 44 h3! gxh3 45 g4
xiiiiiiiiy
352 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE
June 2016

XIIIIIIIIY
9-+-+r+-+0 in G.Jones  L.D’Costa, 4NCL 2015.
10 a4 ¤d5 11 ¦e1 b6 12 £e2 ¦a7
9zpp+q+-+-0 XIIIIIIIIY
9-+-+-+k+0 9-+lwq-trk+0
9+-+PzPp+-0 9tr-+nzppvlp0
9-+p+pwQP+0 9-zpp+-+p+0
9+-zP-+-+p0 9zp-+n+-sN-0
9-+-+-+-+0 9P+-zP-+-+0
9+-+-+RmK-0 9+-zPL+N+-0
xiiiiiiiiy 9-zP-+QzPPzP0
45...¦f8? This overlooks White’s final
move but the position was already very 9tR-vL-tR-mK-0
tough to defend. xiiiiiiiiy
45...¢h7 was the only chance but after 13 h4! White’s pieces are all well placed
46 e6 (46 ¢h2!? may also be strong) but with no obvious weaknesses to attack
46...£xd5 47 gxf5 ¦g8+ 48 ¢h2 ¦g2+ what should he do? This h-pawn push aims
49 ¢xh3 ¦g7 50 e7! Black is in real trouble to undermine Black’s kingside and increase
 forced is 50...£d7 51 ¢h2 £e8 52 £h4+ the pressure.
¢g8 53 ¦g1 ¦xg1 54 ¢xg1 ¢f7 55 f6 13...¤7f6 14 ¤e5 ¦c7?! This leaves
and now my feeling is that White should be the queen loose on d8, although for the
winning, although there is definitely work moment it’s not obvious why that should be
to be done. a problem... 14...£d6 15 ¥d2 h6 16 ¤gf3.
46 gxf5+ ¦xf5 47 £g4+ ¦g5 48 ¦f6+ 15 h5 ¤xh5? Overlooking Sam’s
1–0 devastating reply. 15...e6 had to be preferred
but White is still in complete control after
Meanwhile Guildford won fairly 16 hxg6 hxg6 17 ¥d2.
comfortably 6–2 against Barbican 1, XIIIIIIIIY
although Barbican did take a surprising
early lead with this quick victory from Sam 9-+lwq-trk+0
Collins over Nigel Short. 9+-tr-zppvlp0
9-zpp+-+p+0
Sam Collins – Nigel Short
9zp-+nsN-sNn0
4NCL Birmingham 2016 9P+-zP-+-+0
1 e4 c6 2 d4 d5 3 ¤d2 dxe4 4 ¤xe4 9+-zPL+-+-0
¤d7 5 ¤g5 ¤gf6 6 ¥d3 g6 7 ¤1f3 ¥g7 9-zP-+QzPP+0
8 0–0 0–0 9 c3 a5 9...h6 instead must be
considered critical. Perhaps Sam was 9tR-vL-tR-mK-0
drawing inspiration for his opening from a xiiiiiiiiy
member of the opposition, Gawain Jones, 16 £xh5!
who won with this line last season. 10 ¤xf7 A thunderbolt!
¦xf7 11 ¥xg6 ¤f8 (11...¦f8 12 ¥c2 and 16...h6 16...gxh5 17 ¥xh7+ ¢h8 18 ¤exf7+
White has a dangerous initiative and two ¦xf7 19 ¤xf7+ ¢xh7 20 ¤xd8 simply
pawns for the piece – but perhaps this is leaves White the exchange and a pawn ahead.
the key line for Black players to examine?) 17 ¤exf7 ¦xf7 18 ¤xf7 18...¢xf7
12 ¥xf7+ ¢xf7 13 £b3+ £d5 14 c4 £f5 19 £xg6+ ¢f8 20 ¥xh6 is completely
15 ¦e1 and White had a clearly better position hopeless for Black. 1–0

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 353


05/136

An entertaining miniature from IM Sam 17 a3!


Collins but definitely a game Nigel will XIIIIIIIIY
want to forget.
9-+lwqr+k+0
At this point I’d like to quickly turn my 9+-+-trpvl-0
attention to the battle to avoid relegation.
My own team, Grantham Sharks 1, 9-+-zp-snpzp0
started the weekend with only 3 points 9+-zpP+-+-0
and we knew that we needed to win 9-snN+-+-vL0
all three of our remaining matches to
guarantee staying up. We strengthened 9zP-sN-+-+-0
our team and won 6½-1½ against White 9-zP-+LzPPzP0
Rose 2 before the crunch match against
3C’s in round 10. This back and forth 9tR-+Q+RmK-0
encounter featured seven decisive results xiiiiiiiiy
(and a quick draw by yours truly), but 17...¤a6 Bauer spent a long time over this
eventually the Sharks emerged victorious move. I’m sure he wanted to do something
by the smallest of margins. Perhaps the more active but unfortunately nothing
key result was a fine win on top board by really worked.
Simon Pardo, playing in his first weekend For example, 17...g5 18 axb4 cxb4 19 ¤b5
for Grantham. gxh4 20 ¤bxd6 ¦xe2 21 ¦a8! £c7
22 ¦xc8 ¦xc8 23 £xe2 and White is a
Simon Pardo – Christian Bauer pawn up with a winning position; also bad
for Black is 17...¤bxd5 18 ¤xd5 ¦xe2
4NCL Birmingham 2016 19 ¤xf6+ ¥xf6 20 ¥xf6 £xf6 21 ¤xd6.
18 ¥g3 ¦d7 19 ¥f3 White has consolidated
1 d4 ¤f6 2 c4 c5 3 d5 b5 4 cxb5 a6 5 bxa6 his extra pawn and went on to win after 78
g6 6 ¤c3 ¥g7 7 e4 0–0 8 a7 ¦xa7 9 ¤f3 e6 moves. 1–0
10 ¥e2 exd5 11 exd5 d6 12 0–0 ¤a6 13 ¤d2
¤b4 14 ¤c4 ¦e8 After 14 moves Christian Grantham Sharks eventually secured their
Bauer has typical Benko compensation for place in Division 1 next season with a last
the sacrificed pawn but over the next few round victory over Oxford. Elsewhere Sussex
moves White starts to take control. Martlets and White Rose 2 looked to be
15 ¥g5 h6 16 ¥h4 heading for Division 2 and they were joined by
XIIIIIIIIY Cambridge 1 and Spirit of Atticus. The latter
two played each other on the final day of the
9-+lwqr+k+0 season with Cambridge needing any victory to
9tr-+-+pvl-0 ensure their survival whereas Spirit of Atticus
needed a big win to be have any chance. In the
9-+-zp-snpzp0 end a narrow victory for SoA helped neither
9+-zpP+-+-0 of them but I’m sure they will both be back
9-snN+-+-vL0 fighting for promotion next season.
9+-sN-+-+-0 A 4NCL weekend is always tiring and
9PzP-+LzPPzP0 the final 3-day climax is obviously more
exhausting and nerve-racking than normal
9tR-+Q+RmK-0 so the alarm that woke the players staying
xiiiiiiiiy in the hotel at 4 30 a.m. could hardly have
16...¦ae7?! been timed worse! Even though there were
Better was 16...¥b7 17 ¦e1 £d7 18 ¥xf6 many tired faces to be seen, Cheddleton
¥xf6 19 ¤e3 with only a slight edge for White. gave it their all against Guildford, needing

354 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

an almost impossible 5½ points to win 31...¥f6 31...£a7! was more critical. 32 h5


the Division, but unfortunately it was a ¥xd4+ 33 ¢h2 looks very scary for Black
case of missed chances for the challenging but he seems to be more than holding on
team. David Eggleston drew a tricky game after 33...h6! 34 ¤e4 ¤xe4 35 ¥xe4 g5.
against Romain Edouard and missed a good 32 h5! Now White’s attack is very
opportunity for a win right at the end. On dangerous.
board 8 Antoaneta Stefanova was perhaps 32...£g7 33 hxg6 hxg6 34 ¦e5!? ¥xe5
lucky to edge past Fiona Steil-Antoni. The 35 dxe5 ¤b5 36 ¦f2 ¤xc3 37 £xc3 ¦b8
most interesting game was probably Simon 38 ¥c2 ¦bd8 39 £e3 c3 40 ¦h2 ¦d7
Williams vs Jean-Pierre Le Roux. XIIIIIIIIY
Simon Williams – Jean-Pierre Le Roux
9-+-+-trk+0
9+-+r+-wq-0
4NCL, Birmingham 2016
9-+-+p+p+0
XIIIIIIIIY 9zp-+lzP-sN-0
9-+-+rtrk+0 9-+-+-zPP+0
9zp-wq-+-vlp0 9+-zp-wQ-+-0
9-zp-+p+p+0 9P+L+-+-tR0
9+-+l+nsN-0 9+-+-+-mK-0
9-+pzP-zP-+0 xiiiiiiiiy
9+-zP-+-+-0 After a chaotic time scramble Black
9P+-vL-wQPzP0 emerges the exchange ahead but here
White has an opportunity to really cause
9+LtR-tR-mK-0 problems, but he must do so straight away.
xiiiiiiiiy 41 ¦h4? Looking to double on the h-file
After 22 moves the position is perhaps a but unfortunately it comes too late.
little better for White and the “GingerGM” 41 f5! would really have thrown the cat among
decides it’s time to roll the dice with a the pigeons  one possible line is 41...exf5
kingside attack. 42 gxf5 gxf5 43 ¦h7 £xh7 44 ¤xh7 ¦xh7
23 g4!? 23 ¤e4 ¤d6 24 ¦e2 may be better 45 £xc3 with a draw by perpetual looking
for White but it’s hard to see a clear way like the most likely result here: 45...¦h1+
to continue. 46 ¢f2 ¦h2+ 47 ¢e1 ¦h1+ 48 ¢d2.
23...¤h6 24 £g3 b5 25 ¤f3 ¤f7 26 ¦f1 41...¦b7! 42 £g3 ¦b2 43 ¦h7 or 43 £h2
a5 27 h4 £b7 28 ¦ce1 b4 29 £h3 bxc3 ¦xc2 44 £xc2 ¦xf4 and White’s position
30 ¥xc3 ¤d6 31 ¤g5 collapses.
XIIIIIIIIY XIIIIIIIIY
9-+-+rtrk+0 9-+-+-trk+0
9+q+-+-vlp0 9+-+-+-wqR0
9-+-snp+p+0 9-+-+p+p+0
9zp-+l+-sN-0 9zp-+lzP-sN-0
9-+pzP-zPPzP0 9-+-+-zPP+0
9+-vL-+-+Q0 9+-zp-+-wQ-0
9P+-+-+-+0 9PtrL+-+-+0
9+L+-tRRmK-0 9+-+-+-mK-0
xiiiiiiiiy xiiiiiiiiy
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 355
06/136

43...£xh7! Black can afford to give up his 31...£d7?! A final mistake in a very tough
queen as the c-pawn, combined with back position. 31...¦c6 was more stubborn but
rank mating threats, ensure an easy win. White should still be close to winning after
44 ¤xh7 ¦xc2 45 £h4 ¦g2+ 46 ¢f1 32 ¦c3 ¦xc3 33 £xg6+ ¢d7 34 ¥xc3 as
White resigns without waiting for 46...c2 the two bishops are completely dominant
0–1 for White here.
32 £h8+ ¥f8 33 £e5+ £e6 Or 33...¢f7
The nicest finish of the match goes to 34 ¦c7.
Gawain Jones for the following attack 34 £b8+ ¢f7 35 ¦c8 Also winning is
against Tamas Fodor. After sacrificing 35 ¦c7+! ¥e7 36 £h8.
the exchange in the opening for a strong 35...¥d6 36 £xb7+ ¥e7 37 ¦h8 ¦c6
initiative, Gawain has restored material XIIIIIIIIY
equality with an ongoing attack.
9-+-+-+-tR0
Gawain Jones – Tamas Fodor jr 9+Q+-vlk+-0
4NCL, Birmingham 2016 9-+r+q+p+0
XIIIIIIIIY 9zp-+p+-zp-0
9-+-wq-+-+0 9-sn-+-+-+0
9+p+-vlksnQ0 9+-+-+LzP-0
9r+p+-zpp+0 9-+-+PzP-zP0
9zp-+-+-+-0 9vL-+-+-mK-0
9-sn-zPN+-+0 xiiiiiiiiy
38 £b8! Offering up the bishop on a1 but
9+-+-+LzP-0 Jones has calculated to the end.
9-+-+PzP-zP0 38...¦c1+ 39 ¢g2 ¦xa1 40 ¦h7+ and
Black resigned as he gets mated after
9vL-+-+RmK-0 40...¢f6 41 £h8+ ¢f5 42 g4+ ¢f4 43
xiiiiiiiiy £d4+ £e4 44 e3 mate. 1–0
With the black rook completely out of the
game on a6, Jones now decides it’s time to In the end the score of 5½-2½ perhaps
finish things by opening up the centre.. flattered Guildford 1 a little bit, but
28 d5! cxd5 28...£g8 is of no help as White Cheddleton can at least console themselves
is easily winning after 29 £xg8+ ¢xg8 with second place in the Championship
30 d6 ¥d8 31 ¤xf6+ ¥xf6 32 ¥xf6. Pool ahead of Barbican 1, Wood Green
29 ¤g5+ fxg5 30 £xg7+ ¢e8 31 ¦c1 and White Rose 1. Congratulations also
XIIIIIIIIY to James Adair and Yang-Fang Zhou
for achieving GM norms, as well as
9-+-wqk+-+0 James Jackson, Matthew Wadsworth and
9+p+-vl-wQ-0 David Fitzsimons for their IM norms. So
Guildford 1 are crowned champions again
9r+-+-+p+0  can anyone stop them in the future?
9zp-+p+-zp-0 Perhaps an improving Cheddleton team or
9-sn-+-+-+0 a revived Wood Green? I guess we’ll find
out next season!
9+-+-+LzP-0
9-+-+PzP-zP0
9vL-tR-+-mK-0
xiiiiiiiiy
356 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE
Photo by Ray Cannon
June 2016

By Gordon Cadden

SLEUTHING FOR
PHILIDOR´S
GRAVE

I first became interested in the whereabouts of François


André Danican Philidor’s grave after borrowing a
book from my local library in Hampstead. This was
a scholarly work entitled The Life of Philidor, written
by George Allen, a Professor of Greek, and published
in 1863. After the first hundred pages, the detailed
biography then reached a climax in Chapter Six with
an attack on George Walker for unjustly charging the George Allen – Greek
London Chess Club with negligence towards Philidor, scholar who wrote a
when he was in desperately poor health and dire biography of Philidor
financial straits. There were also varying citations and also a book on the
regarding the date of Philidor’s death, with Allen Automaton Chess Player
believing the contemporary writer Richard Twiss in
stating that Philidor died on 24 August 1795.
In Chess and Chessplayers, London 1850, George
Walker wrote: “Philidor died almost literally in a garret.
During his last hours he was chiefly indebted for support
to the assiduities of one kind friend, and he passed from
life in such obscurity that I have never yet been able to
discover the spot where he was buried”. George Walker
lived in the heart of the capital, in Soho Square, where
his father ran a bookshop, so I was convinced that
Philidor did not have a memorial on his grave.
Nevertheless I found it hard to believe that a grave could
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 357
06/136

Howard Staunton –
Pajou’s bust of
Philidor (top right)
looks down on
Staunton playing
St Amant in 1834.
Howard Staunton
was greatly
influenced by
Philidor's emphasis
on pawn play
and positional
manoeuvring
and as a result
introduced flank
openings and
fianchettos to
British play.

vanish without a trace in Central In 1842, the Australian William Harris travelled to
London and in the late 1990’s I England to visit the graves of Alexander McDonnell
set out to find the precise location and Louis-Charles La Bourdonnais, after which he
of Philidor’s final resting place, wrote to Howard Staunton, complaining, “I would also
researching material by historians have visited the grave of the immortal Philidor. But alas!
and writers, past and present. Where is it? To the disgrace of English amateurs, the
place of his interment is unknown”.
Contrary to Allen, Howard Staunton
had already stated correctly in the Over the coming years, Philidor’s date of death continued
Chess Players Chronicle for 28 to be given incorrectly. For example, in his Amusements
August 1841 that Philidor died on in Chess published in London 1855, Charles Tomlinson
31 August 1795. stated: “On Saturday, 29 August 1795, the following
sad intelligence appeared in the Daily Papers: Mons.
Philidor, the Chess-Player... On Monday last, the 24th
August, etc, etc.”
George Walker – A great
promoter of the royal game Even the highly respected Harold Murray, in his scholarly
but he was unable to locate History of Chess, Oxford, 1913, erroneously gave
Philidor's grave. Philidor’s date of death as 24 August 1795, quoting only
The Life of Philidor as his source.
To mark the bi-centenary of Philidor’s birth, John Keeble,
the Norwich problemist, former chess editor of the Norwich
Mercury and stalwart of the Norwich Club, wrote an article
on Philidor for the October 1926 British Chess Magazine.
Giving Philidor’s date of birth as 6 April 1726 was not a good
start but this was quickly corrected to one day later by G.H.
Diggle in the November issue. However, Keeble did expose
the falsehood that 24 August was the date of Philidor’s death,
and was the first historian to question the integrity of Twiss.
He cited Samuel Tinsley, who said that Philidor’s death was
reported in The Times on Wednesday, 2 September 1795.
Tinsley was the chess editor of that newspaper.
358 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE
June 2016

Keeble then gave the chess world the “wonderful


news” that Philidor was buried in the graveyard of
St.James Church, Piccadilly. He had seen the old
Burial Register and the entry for 3 September, 1795:
“François Andrék (sic) Danican Philidor”, followed
by “M”, which he said stood for man (it stood for
male). He further stated that Philidor’s address was
10 Ryder Street, in the parish of St.James. And for
broadcasting all this inaccurate news on the radio,
Keeble was given a special vote of thanks by the
French Chess Federation.
Charles Michael Carroll’s dissertation for his thesis
was devoted to Philidor’s life and achievements in
both chess and music. Excerpts were published in
four issues of the British Chess Magazine in 1961,
under the heading Philidor in London. Carroll was the
first to point out that Philidor was buried in the grounds
behind St James Chapel in Hampstead Road, but he St James Church was Philidor’s
did not query the purpose of that Chapel nor indicate local parish church, but not his
the precise burial spot, merely stating that “the grave place of burial.
was not marked and soon lost”. Carroll also said that
Philidor had been a member of St.James Church
ever since he had begun his annual journey from of St.James Church, Piccadilly, because
Paris to London in 1775, but in actual fact it would it had been consecrated a century
have been very surprising if Philidor had regularly earlier, on 13 July 1684, and so was
attended this Anglican Church as he was a Catholic. full long before Philidor died. However,
the Burial Register is still available for
Contrary to what is stated in so many sources, inspection at St.James Church and
Philidor could not have been buried in the graveyard gives Philidor’s name, date of death, but
not place of burial.
St James Chapel has long been demolished In fact a second burial ground had
but it performed an important role in society in already been opened in nearby Soho,
earlier times between Poland Street, Broadwick
Street and Marshall Street. Ominously,
the St.James Workhouse was later built
on a section of this site...
Moreover a third burial ground was
acquired by an Act of Parliament, on 30
September 1789. A lease of 99 years
was granted on a four acre site, a former
brickfield lying Eastward before the
Turnpike on Hampstead Road. A Chapel
was then constructed, facing West towards
Hampstead Road and to the designs of
Thomas Hardwick. This was followed by
the building of St.James Parsonage, on the
North side of the Chapel, to accommodate
the Reverend John Armstrong and his
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 359
06/136

A burial fee of one Guinea was paid, with a request for


Prayers. Burial Plot Reference: g18 Ground 3.
The Catalogue listed a plan of the burial ground, which
was withdrawn in 1800. I examined the plan, again
with an Assistant Archivist standing nearby.
The burial ground was laid out like a giant chessboard.
Each burial plot had the same dimensions, 8 feet x
6 feet. From South to North, the rows of burial plots
were numbered A through to W. Row J was used as
a carriage drive, with a circular shrubbery to enable
the Hearse and Carriages to turn around. The rows I
will call files. Each file had 118 burial plots. The plots
I will call ranks, the low numbers, commencing by
the Chapel, West to East. 64 burial plots were on the
graveyard chessboard.

James Christie the Younger – son


Most of the burial plots around the Chapel were
of the founder of the world famous full and even an early chess historian was on that
auction house, wrote a book on chess chessboard: James Christie the Younger, son of
in 1801. James Christie, the famous Auctioneer. In 1801 his
book, entitled Inquiry into the Antient Greek Game,
was published by Bulmer of St.James in a limited
family. He was to remain the incumbent
Chaplain until his death on 17 August
1835. A second house was built on Christie Memorial –
the South side of the Chapel. This A listed monument
dedicated to the family
provided space for Administration and of James Christie, the
Burial Ledgers, as well as storage for celebrated auctioneer.
the Sexton and Gravedigger, and a
Reception area for the Mourners.
I visited the Westminster Archives
Department where I searched the Ledger
Index for St.James Chapel of Ease. After
being informed that the required Ledger
had been withdrawn from the public
shelves because it needed conservation,
an Assistant Archivist brought it to my
table and watched while I looked for
the burial entry, 3 September 1795. All
the entries had been made in brown ink
and in the same handwriting, that of the
Reverend John Armstrong.
The Ledger was divided into Columns:
Name: François Andrék (sic) Danican
Philidor. Address: 8 Little Ryder Street. Philidor’s final resting place in St James Gardens,
Age: 69 years. Date of Death: 31 August which stretches back on the grass in line with the
1795. Cause of Death: Decline. M. circled litter bin. Photos by Ray Cannon

360 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

edition of only 40 copies, according and required a signed and sealed parchment document,
to George Walker. By a remarkable issued by the Bishop of London. Nevertheless, to
coincidence Christie was buried in be absolutely sure, I subsequently examined all
the ‘Greek Sacrifice’ burial plot h7. exhumation documents for the burial ground and can
confirm that the name of Philidor was not listed.
Philidor had apparently been laid
to rest on the adjoining file, burial The last interment was for Eleanor Griffiths, who was
plot g18, which stood on its own, laid to rest in 1796.
away from the occupied burial plots
around the Chapel. As all the burial In the early 19th century, Philidor’s eldest son, André, is
plots were the same size and aligned believed to have searched for his father’s grave, so it was
with the St James Chapel, I used a possible that he placed a memorial to his father inside
tape measure and arrived in front of St.James Chapel of Ease. But when I checked the London
the park bench shown in the photo. County Council’s extensive survey of the St.James Parish,
Measuring 20 yards from the edge of published in 1960 and listing all the memorials inside the
plot g7 led me to plot g8. Chapel, there was no mention of Philidor’s name. Certainly
the Anglican Church would not allow a memorial to be
But Philidor was not alone in the burial placed directly on a pauper’s grave.
plot. The first interment there was for
Ann Hughes, 17 October 1794. On 8 May 1879, following the demolition of St.James
Chapel, a Foundation Stone was laid for the new
The second interment provided me London Temperance Hospital. The hospital car park
with important information. This now occupies the site of the former Chapel. During the
related to Ann Tipper, who was buried 1880’s, an Act of Parliament also secured one acre of the
on 2 September 1795. I searched burial ground for the North Western Railway Company,
her records and discovered that she to enable the widening of Euston Rail Station and the
was 88 years of age, and had been construction of Cardington Street. This necessitated
removed from the St. Marylebone
Workhouse. A burial fee of one
guinea was paid, with a request for Hospital – The National Temperance Hospital
prayers. This was the standard fee closed in 1990 after which the building was used
for a pauper’s funeral service and for administrative purposes. Today it is rather
subsequent burial. derelict but houses the HS2 offices in anticipation
of the proposed expansion of Euston Station
It was at this point that I experienced and development of a new high speed train from
London to the north of England.
the most dramatic moment in my
search for Philidor’s grave. On the
plan I noticed a blank space where
there should have been a name.
I placed a magnifying glass over
it and could see the faint outline of
two words: François Philidor. My
hands were trembling, the attendant
thought I was crazy, but I kept
shouting “It’s Philidor! It’s Philidor!” I
was not allowed to take a photograph
as the document was very fragile.
Possibly lemon juice had been
used to remove Philidor’s name.
Exhumations were very expensive,
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 361
06/136

and General Evening Post. The Whitehall Evening


Post did likewise but indicated the wrong date of
death. Instead of “same day”, the newspaper should
have written “yesterday”.
The Times and The Oracle and Public Advertiser
made their announcement on 2 September, and The
Sun and The Star on 3 September.
The Gentleman’s Magazine and Historical Chronicle
also appeared in September, with an extensive
obituary of Philidor.
The members of the London Chess Club placed nothing
St James Gardens – The former on record with regard to Philidor’s grave. There was a
cemetery was opened to the public wall of silence. Embarrassed silence, since they had
as a recreation ground in 1887. allowed the greatest chess player of the 18th century and
Photo by Ray Cannon
an important composer, to be buried like a pauper. Hence
their endeavour to erase his name from the register.
the exhumation of the high numbered
burial plots and the reinterment of their The Anglican Church, represented by the Reverend
remains at St. Pancras Cemetery. But William Parker, Provost of St.James Church, Piccadilly,
Philidor’s gravesite was not disturbed. in 1795, must also share some responsibility for the
cover-up over Philidor’s burial.
On 17 August 1887, the St. Pancras
Vestry opened the ground for public
recreation, naming it St.James
Gardens. Many of the standing
gravestones had been removed to
the perimeter and one or two layers
of soil placed over the burial sites.
The vaulted tombs, including one for
the Reverend John Armstrong, and
his mother, remained in situ.
In 1961 the BCM
published a series
of authoritative
So, to conclude: All the London articles on ‘Philidor in
newspapers reported Philidor’s death London’ by Charles
as occurring on the Monday 31 August Carroll.
1795. The date of 24 August, given by
Richard Twiss and often repeated by
later writers, was incorrect; he was not
telling the truth when, in his Miscellanies,
vol.II, p.110, he said that he had the
original newspaper before him.
The Morning Post was the first
newspaper to record Philidor’s William Cozens'
death, on Tuesday 1 September. drawing of Philidor
This was also published later that which accompanied
same day in the St.James Chronicle Carroll’s article.

362 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

find
the way
to win
XIIIIIIIIY XIIIIIIIIY
Solutions on page 381.
XIIIIIIIIY
9-+-+-+-+0 9-+r+k+-+0 9-+-+rtr-wq0
9+-+-+Qzpk0 9+-+-+-zpr0 9zp-zp-sn-mkp0
9p+-+-+-zp0 9p+nvLP+-+0 9-+p+Q+p+0
9zP-vl-+-+-0 9+p+-+p+p0 9+-sN-+-zP-0
9-+-+pzPn+0 9-+q+-+-+0 9-+-+-zP-+0
9+-zPp+-+P0 9+-zP-+-+-0 9+-zpL+-+-0
9-zP-vLlwqP+0 9P+R+-+-zP0 9PzP-+-+-zP0
9tR-+-tR-+K0 9mK-+Q+-tR-0 9+-+-tR-mK-0
xiiiiiiiiy xiiiiiiiiy xiiiiiiiiy
1) Arnold – Chigorin 2) Chigorin – Caro 3) Chigorin – Schiffers
Blindfold Simul, St. Petersburg 1885 Vienna 1898 4th Match, St. Petersburg 1880
Black to move White to move White to move
XIIIIIIIIY XIIIIIIIIY XIIIIIIIIY
9r+-+-vl-tr0 9-+-tr-vl-mk0 9-+-+r+k+0
9zppzplmkLzpp0 9+pzpqsnP+-0 9zp-+-+pzpp0
9-+n+-+n+0 9-+-+-+pzp0 9l+-+-+q+0
9wq-+-+p+-0 9zp-+-zp-+-0 9+-wQN+-+-0
9-+-zPp+-+0 9-+-+P+-+0 9-vL-+-zPP+0
9+QzP-+-+-0 9zP-+P+Q+R0 9zP-+-+-+-0
9PzP-sN-zPPzP0 9-zP-+KzP-+0 9-zPP+r+-zP0
9tRNvL-+RmK-0 9+-+-+-+R0 9+-mKR+-+-0
xiiiiiiiiy xiiiiiiiiy xiiiiiiiiy
4) Chigorin – Gossip 5) Chigorin – Schiffers 6) Chigorin – Znosko-Borovsky
New York 1889 3rd Match, St. Petersburg 1879 3rd All Russia Championship,
White to move White to move Kiev 1903
White to move
XIIIIIIIIY XIIIIIIIIY XIIIIIIIIY
9-+-tr-+-+0 9-+ktr-+-tr0 9-+r+r+-+0
9+p+qvlpmk-0 9wQpzp-sn-zp-0 9zp-+-+-zpk0
9p+n+-+-zp0 9-+l+-zpp+0 9-+-vLQsn-zp0
9+-zprzpP+-0 9+-+-vl-+-0 9+-+-+-+q0
9-+-+N+Pzp0 9-+-+-+-+0 9-+-+-+-+0
9+-zP-+P+-0 9+-+-+-sN-0 9+-+-+-tR-0
9PzPQ+R+K+0 9PzPP+-zP-+0 9P+-+-zPPzP0
9tR-vL-+-+-0 9tR-vL-+RmK-0 9+R+-+-mK-0
xiiiiiiiiy xiiiiiiiiy xiiiiiiiiy
7) Chigorin – Zinkl 8) Schiffers – Chigorin 9) Chigorin – Bird
Berlin 1897 6th Match, St. Petersburg 1897 New York 1889
White to move Black to move White to move

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 363


06/136

Test Against
The Best!
Another chance to out-solve the world’s for each study if you find it all. In the
top solvers. Four studies that were set to answers, I’ll show you where these
solvers in major solving championships: points are awarded. You need to find the
two from the final of this year’s British composer’s main line; you can also write
Chess Solving Championship and two down sidelines if you’re not sure what the
from the International Solving Contests main line is, but only the main line moves
of 2015 and 2016. The ISC is an event earn points. So look for the most artistic,
held simultaneously across the globe  elegant line.
solvers go to a local venue in their own
country but the same set of problems and The first and third are (relatively!) easy.
studies are distributed to each venue by Hats off to you if you get the second
an overall Tourney Director. or fourth right. Like many of the other
competitors in these events, I successfully
There’s a World Solving Cup which solved the easier two, got half of the
combines solvers’ scores from major Roxlau and made a complete hash of the
events, such as national championships second Minski... oh, well, there’s always
and international events like the ISC and next year... I wasn’t so disappointed when
the World and European Championships. I discovered that super-strong solvers
You can follow the results year round; like John Nunn and Piotr Murdzia both
the scores and standings are shown on dropped some points on those two. No-
the website of the WFCC, the World one got full points on the Roxlau and only
Federation for Chess Composition. You one solver got full points on the second
can also find the problems and studies Minski. If you got any points on those,
set to the competitors (and the solutions make sure you enter the next British
if you need them!) at www.wfcc.ch under Chess Solving Championship! The first
News or under Competitions/Solving. So two stages are done by post/e-mail and
when you’ve done the four in this column, the final is held in the magnificent venue
you can do as many more as you want. of the main hall at Eton College, thanks
to the sponsorship of Winton Capital.
Use the same solving rules as in last The first stage is a straightforward two-
month’s column: To compare yourself mover problem, published in many chess
with the top GMs, you’ll need to set magazines and national newspapers in
up the positions on a board. In solving June and July, and also on the British
events, you are given a chess set and you Chess Problem Society website
can move the pieces to try and help you www.theproblemist.org .
solve. You solve against the clock, so give
yourself an average of 30 minutes for
each one. You write down your solutions
and they are marked by the competition’s
controller. Points are awarded according
to how much of the composer’s solution Solutions on page 380
you find, with five points available

364 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

Endgame Studies
by Ian Watson ian@irwatson.demon.co.uk

1 2
XIIIIIIIIY
9N+-+-+-+0
9tr-+k+-zP-0
9-+p+-+-+0
9+-+-+-+K0
9-+-+-+-+0
9+-+-+-+-0
XIIIIIIIIY
9N+-+-vlk+0
9wq-+p+pvLp0
9-+-+-+-zP0
9+-+-+P+-0
9-zP-+-+-zP0
9+-+-+n+-0
9-+-+-+p+0 9-zp-+-+Rzp0
9+-+-+-+-0 9+-+-+-+K0
xiiiiiiiiy xiiiiiiiiy

3 4
M. Minski M. Roxlau
BCSC 2016 Krivogo Roga JT 2000
Win Win

XIIIIIIIIY XIIIIIIIIY
9-+-+-+-+0 9-+-+-+-+0
9+p+-mk-mK-0 9+-+-zp-zp-0
9-zP-+-zp-+0 9pmkp+-+P+0
9+-tR-+-+-0 9tr-sNp+-+-0
9-+-+-+-+0 9P+p+-+-+0
9+-zP-+-+-0 9K-+-+-+-0
9-+L+p+-+0 9P+-+-+-+0
9+-+-+-+-0 9+-vL-+-+-0
xiiiiiiiiy xiiiiiiiiy
A. Pikulik M. Minski
USSR Champ. 1960 Suomen Tehtavaniekat 2016
Win Win

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 365


06/136

News from the


british isles
BLACKPOOL: This ever popular Summers, Dominic Gibbs 5.
Congress was staged 11-13 March. Minor: Jake Hurley 6; Muhammed
Open: Oleg Korneev, Matthew Sadler 4½ Binesmael 5½.
each won over £1,000 for their share of
first prize. Then followed Mark Hebden, COULSDON: Results in the Easter
Joseph McPhillips 4. Congress:
Major: Philip Zabricki 5; Mick Riding, Open: Phil Brooks 4/5; Gavin Lock 4;
Henrik Fabri, James Moreby, Tom Vout 4. Philip Bonafont, Sam Porter, Anantha P.
Intermediate: John Altham, Glenn Cross 4½. Anilkumar, Ranesh Ratnesan 3½; John M.
Minor: Peter Edhouse, Andrew Zigmond 4½. Bennett, Robin Haldane, Paul Batchelor 3
Standard: Will Vout 5; Arya Parnian 4½. Under 1750/Under 140: Dominic Warner
4½; Geoffrey D Brown 4.
BOLTON: 84 competed in the Easter Under 1500/Under 107: Les Denford,
Congress, held at the Bolton Ukrainian Sarah Hastilow 4.
Social club.
FIDE Open: Stephen Jones 5/5; Mike CRAWLEY: The e2e4 Gatwick
Surtees 4½; Joseph McPhillips, Ali Congress 27-30 May, took place at the
Jaunooby, Michael Duke, Bob Newton 3½. Crowne Plaza, London-Gatwick Airport,
U-2000 Grading Prize: Andrew Sainsbury 3. Langley Drive, Crawley, RH11 7SX.
Major: (U 170): Dean Hartley 4. Open: IM Richard Bates, GM Peter Wells,
Knights: (U135): Jason Widdup 4½. GM Mark Hebden 5½/7 (each sharing
U-100 Grading Prize: Paul Doherty 3 £283.33)
Busy Persons Blitz: Andrew Horton 8/8; IM Gediminas Sarakauskas LTU 5; Martin
Stephen Jones 7. Burrows 4½; Geoffrey Moore 4.
Under 2050: Hendrik Brackmann GER
BOURNEMOUTH: As at 13th June 6/7; Hanna Kyrkjebo NOR 5½; Richard
entries for the forthcoming British Jennings SCO, Julien Shepley 5.
Championships (all sections) in Under 1850: Greg Murray Willett, Jacques
Bournemouth are 470. The Championship Tivillier, K Azizur Rahman 5½
itself (58 entries) has ten GM`s including Under 1650: Patrick Sartain 6.
Michael Adams, David Howell, Gawain
Jones, Nicholas Pert and Mark Hebden. Stephen Dilleigh (2074) – Gediminas
Not entered, so far, is the current British Sarakauskas (2416)
Champion, Jonathan Hawkins.
1 ¤f3 ¤f6 2 c4 e6 3 ¤c3 c5 4 g3 b6 5 ¥g2
CARDIFF: Leading scores in the Welsh ¥b7 6 0-0 d6 7 d4 cxd4 8 £xd4 a6
Championship, 25-28 March, were: 9 ¦d1 ¤bd7 10 ¥g5 £c7 11 ¤d2 ¥xg2
Tim Kett 6; FM Sven Zeidler 5½; Juan 12 ¢xg2 h6 13 ¥xf6 ¤xf6 14 ¤de4
Talavera Rodriguez, Thomas Brown, Peter ¤xe4 15 ¤xe4 ¦d8 16 ¦ac1 ¦d7 17 f3
Ehsandar, David Jameson, Ben Thomas h5 18 h4 ¦h6 19 ¤g5 ¦g6 20 £e4 ¥e7
4½. 21 f4 £b7 22 £xb7 ¦xb7 23 ¤e4 ¢d7?
Open: Matthew Turner 7; Charles Right square, wrong piece; 23...¦d7! and

366 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

Black is fine. 25...¤xc3 26 £xc3 £e4 27 ¤e1 ¥g5 0–1


XIIIIIIIIY Congratulations to Sean Hewitt for
9-+-+-+-+0 another well-run event fielding a total
9+r+kvlpzp-0 of about 150 players and with very good
prize money in all sections. The next e2e4
9pzp-zpp+r+0 event will be the Crawley Summer Bank
9+-+-+-+p0 Holiday Congress, 26-29 August 2016
9-+P+NzP-zP0 at the Arora Hotel, Southgate Avenue,
Crawley, RH10 6LW.
9+-+-+-zP-0
9PzP-+P+K+0 ECF: The ECF have announced the
England teams for the 42nd FIDE
9+-tRR+-+-0 Chess Olympiad. The first round starts
xiiiiiiiiy on September 2 in Baku, Azerbaijan.
24 c5! ¦c7 25 cxd6 ¦xc1 26 ¦xc1 ¥d8 Open: Michael Adams, David Howell,
27 ¢f3 f6 28 ¦d1 ¦h6 29 ¦d3 ¦h8 Nigel Short, Luke McShane, and
30 ¤c3 g6 31 e4 e5 32 b4 ¢e6 33 b5 Gawain Jones. The non-playing captain
axb5 34 ¤xb5 f5 35 fxe5 ¢xe5 36 ¦d5+ will be Malcolm Pein. Women: Jovanka
¢e6 37 ¤d4+ 1–0 as 38 e5+ and 39 e6 Houska, Dagne Ciuksyte, Akshaya
will prove to be too strong. Kalaiyalahan, Sarah Longson, and
Kanwal Bhatia. The captain/trainer will
In round three, British Women`s be Jon Speelman.
Champion Akshaya Kalaiyalahan achieved
a draw against Mark Hebden and a 2303 EXMOUTH: The 69th West of England
rating, making her eligible for the FM title. Easter Congress was held at the Royal
The top board clash in the final round: Beacon Hotel.
Open: GM Keith Arkell 6½/7;
Alan Merry – Mark Hebden CM Richard McMichael 5; Thomas
Broek NED, Stephen Dilleigh, Jeremy
1 d4 ¤f6 2 c4 g6 3 ¤c3 ¥g7 4 e4 d6 5 Fallowfield, Jeremy Menadue, FM Andrew
¤f3 0-0 6 ¥e2 e5 7 0-0 ¤bd7 8 ¥e3 P Smith IRL 4½; Roger de Coverly,
¦e8 9 d5 ¤h5 10 g3 ¥f8 11 ¤e1 ¤g7 IM Jack Rudd 4.
12 ¤d3 f5 13 f3 ¥e7 14 £d2 ¦f8 15 ¦ac1 Major: Ivor Annetts 5½; James Forster
¤f6 16 c5 h5 17 cxd6 cxd6 18 ¤b5 fxe4 RSA, James McDonnell IRL 5.
19 fxe4 ¥h3 20 ¦f2 ¤xe4 21 ¦xf8+ Minor: Jed Stone 7; Reece Whittington 5.
£xf8 22 £b4 £f5 23 ¤xa7 ¦f8 24 ¤b5
¤e8 25 ¤c3 JERSEY: The Polar Capital
XIIIIIIIIY International Chess Tournament was
held at St Clement`s Bay, 10-16 April.
9-+-+ntrk+0 Leading scores in the 23 player Open
9+p+-vl-+-0 were: GM Mark Hebden 7½/9; GM
9-+-zp-+p+0 Simon Williams 6½; GM Tiger Hillarp
Persson, IM Jovanka Houska, FM Alan
9+-+Pzpq+p0 Merry, IM Alina L`Ami 6, FM Laurence
9-wQ-+n+-+0 Webb 5½. So, yet another tournament
victory for the busy Mark Hebden, but
9+-sNNvL-zPl0 also a great performance by Jovanka
9PzP-+L+-zP0 Houska who scored a win against Simon
9+-tR-+-mK-0 Williams and a draw with Tiger Hillarp
Persson. WGM Alina L`Ami also had an
xiiiiiiiiy
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 367
06/136

excellent result, defeating Jovanka in the weekend of 1-3 April at the Cedar Court
last round. Hotel.
Open: (44 players): GM Mark Hebden
INTERNET: A recent online game 5/5; Daniel Abbas 4½; Martin Brown,
between Hikaru Nakamura (White) and John Jarmany 4, FM Peter Sowray, FM
David Howell: Alexander Longson. David Spence, WFM
Sarah Longson, Jim Burnett 3½.
1 e4 e5 2 ¤f3 ¤c6 3 ¥b5 ¤ge7 4 0-0 Major: (48 players): Mark Whitehead,
¤g6 5 d4 exd4 6 ¤xd4 ¥c5 7 ¥e3 ¥xd4 Mitchell Burke, Richard Porter, Darren
8 ¥xd4 ¤xd4 9 £xd4 £g5 10 ¤c3?? Laws 4
XIIIIIIIIY Minor: (34 players): Chris Fraser, Keith
Emerton 4½; Ian Haley, Neil Griffiths 4.
9r+l+k+-tr0
9zppzpp+pzpp0 A first round upset on board 3.
9-+-+-+n+0 John Garnett (2001) – Martin Brown (2245)
9+L+-+-wq-0 Round One, 8th 4NCL Congress, Wakefield 2016
9-+-wQP+-+0 1 d4 ¤f6 2 ¥g5 d5 3 e3 c5 4 ¥xf6 gxf6
9+-sN-+-+-0 5 c4 dxc4 6 ¥xc4 cxd4 7 ¤c3 ¤c6 8
9PzPP+-zPPzP0 £h5 ¤e5 9 ¥b5+ ¥d7 10 exd4 ¥xb5
11 dxe5 ¥c6? Correct was 11...¥c4!
9tR-+-+RmK-0
xiiiiiiiiy XIIIIIIIIY
10...¤h4! 0–1 Mate or loss of the queen is 9r+-wqkvl-tr0
inevitable. 9zpp+-zpp+p0
LONDON: The 134th Oxford v 9-+l+-zp-+0
Cambridge match took place at the 9+-+-zP-+Q0
Royal Automobile Club, Pall Mall, on 5 9-+-+-+-+0
March. Cambridge University, fielding
higher rated players, won convincingly 6-2 9+-sN-+-+-0
and in the long history of this competition 9PzP-+-zPPzP0
have now achieved 59 wins to Oxford’s
53, with 22 matches drawn. 9tR-+-mK-sNR0
xiiiiiiiiy
ST ALBANS: 225 players attended the 12 e6! £d6 13 exf7+ ¢d8 14 ¦d1 ¥xg2
Congress on 9-10 April. This was up 32 15 ¦xd6+ exd6 16 £g4 ¥xh1 17 £g8
from last year and the best for more than ¢e7 18 £xh8 ¢xf7 19 £xh7+ ¥g7
20 years. 20 £h5+ ¢f8 21 f3 ¦e8+ 22 ¢f2 ¦e5
Open: Richard Bates 4½; Richard Pert, 23 £g4 ¥h6 24 £c8+ ¦e8 25 £xb7
John Pigott 4. ¥e3+ 26 ¢f1 ¦e5 27 ¤ge2 d5 28 ¤xd5
Challengers: Philip Bonafont 4; Martin ¥xf3 29 £b8+ ¦e8 30 £b4+ ¢g7
Cutmore, Krzysztof Jamroz, Steve Moore, 31 ¤xe3 ¦xe3 32 ¤g3 ¦e5 33 £a3 1–0
Leo Sanitt, Christian Tandy, Andy Waters 3½.
Major: Vladimir Bovtramovics 5.
Intermediate: Stephen Chadaway 5.
Minor: Nadia Jaufarally 5; James Corrigan 4½.

WAKEFIELD: The 8th 4NCL FIDE


Rated Congress was held over the

368 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

News from
Abroad
News 0-0 5 a3 ¥e7 6 e4 d6 7 ¥d3 c5 8 d5
AZERBAIJAN ¤bd7 9 0-0 e5 10 b4 a5 11 bxa5
¦xa5 12 ¤b3 ¦a6 13 a4 ¤h5 14 g3 g6
The third annual tournament, in memory 15 ¤e1 ¤g7 16 ¤g2 ¤f6 17 f3 ¥h3
of Vugar Gashimov, was held in Shamkir 18 ¦f2 ¤d7 19 ¤e3 f5 20 ¥f1 ¥xf1
between May 26 and June 4, 2016. Scores: 21 £xf1 ¥g5 22 exf5 ¥xe3 23 ¥xe3
Shakhriyar Mamedyarov AZE and Fabiano ¤xf5 24 ¥d2 ¤d4 25 ¤xd4 cxd4
Caruana USA 6, Anish Giri NED 5½, Sergey 26 ¥b4 £b6 27 ¦b2 d3+ 28 ¢h1
Karjakin RUS 5, Rauf Mamedov AZE 4½, £d4 29 ¦b3 e4 30 ¥c3 £xc4 31 ¦xb7
Pentala Harikrishna IND, Teimour Radjabov £xc3 32 ¦xd7
AZE and Eltaj Safarli AZE 4, Pavel Eljanov XIIIIIIIIY
UKR 3½, Yifan Hou CHN 2½. Shakhriyar
Mamedyarov won the play-off. 9-+-+-trk+0
9+-+R+-+p0
News 9r+-zp-+p+0
BELGIUM 9+-+P+-+-0
Sponsored by YourNextMove, event 2 of the
9P+-+p+-+0
2016 Grand Chess Tour was held in Leuven 9+-wqp+PzP-0
from 17-20 June 2016 with two days of rapid 9-+-+-+-zP0
chess then two days of blitz. Rapid: Carlsen
6/9, So 5½, Anand and Aronian 5, Caruana 9tR-+-+Q+K0
4½, Vachier-Lagrave, Giri and Topalov 4, xiiiiiiiiy
Nakamura and Kramnik 3½. Blitz: Carlsen 32... e3 33 ¦b1 ¦b6 34 ¦xb6 e2 0–1
11/18, Aronian 10, Anand, Nakamura, So
9½, Kramnik, Vachier-Lagrave 9, Caruana
8½, Giri 8, Topalov 6. Final combined News
results (Rapid points count double): Carlsen FRANCE
23 points, So 20½, Aronian 20, Anand
19½, Caruana 17½, Vachier-Lagrave 17, The first event of the 2016 Grand Chess
Nakamura 16½, Kramnik, Giri 16, Topalov Tour was held in Paris from 6-9 June,
14. Two more Grand Chess Tour events still 2016 with two days of rapid chess then
to be played this year are the 4th Sinquefield two days of blitz. Rapid: Nakamura
Cup, 4-16 August 2016, and the London 7, Carlsen 6½, So, Vachier-Lagrave 5½,
Chess Classic, 7-19 December 2016. After Kramnik 5, Giri, Aronian 4½, Fressinet
two events, Magnus Carlsen leads the tour 2½, Topalov, Caruana 2. Blitz: Carlsen,
on 23 points ahead of Nakamura and So, 17. Nakamura 11½, Vachier-Lagrave 11,
Aronian, Caruana 10, Giri 9, So 8½,
Maxine Vachier-Lagrave – Magnus Carlsen Topalov 8, Kramnik 5½, Fressinet 5. Final
Leuven Blitz 2016 combined results (Rapid points count
double): Nakamura 25½, Carlsen 24½,
1 d4 ¤f6 2 c4 e6 3 ¤f3 ¥b4+ 4 ¤bd2 Vachier-Lagrave 22, So 19½, Aronian

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 369


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19, Giri 18, Kramnik 15½, Caruana 14, Rapport HUN, Shakhriyar Mamedyarov
Topalov 12, Fressinet 10. AZE, Sergei Movsesian ARM, Francesco
Rambaldi ITA, Sergey Grigoriants RUS,
Hrant Melkumyan ARM, Nils Grandelius
Vladimir Kramnik – Wesley So
SWE, Aryan Tari NOR 7½;
Paris Blitz 2016
12 – 22 Gawain Jones ENG, Alexander
1 ¤f3 d5 2 g3 g6 3 c4 dxc4 4 £a4+ Shabalov USA, Tania Sachdev IND, Marc
¤c6 5 ¥g2 ¥g7 6 0-0 e5 7 ¤xe5 ¥xe5 Esserman USA, Alejandro Ramirez
8 ¥xc6+ bxc6 9 £xc6+ ¥d7 10 £e4 USA, Alexander Beliavsky SLO, Gabriel
f6 11 f4 ¥f5 12 £c6+ ¥d7 13 £e4 ¥f5 Sargissian ARM, Jonas Lampert GER,
14 £e3 £d4 15 fxe5 £xe3+ 16 dxe3 fxe5 Sabino Brunello ITA, Hjorvar Steinn
XIIIIIIIIY Gretarsson ISL, Thorben Koop GER 7.
9r+-+k+ntr0 A nice win by Gawain Jones from Round 4.
9zp-zp-+-+p0
9-+-+-+p+0 Henrik Danielsen - Gawain Jones
Reykjavik Open 2016
9+-+-zpl+-0
9-+p+-+-+0 1 f4 g6 2 g3 ¥g7 3 ¥g2 c5 4 d3 ¤c6
5 ¤f3 ¤f6 6 0-0 0-0 7 ¤c3 d6 8 ¤h4
9+-+-zP-zP-0 ¦b8 9 a4 a6 10 f5 ¤d4 11 e4 b5 12 axb5
9PzP-+P+-zP0 axb5 13 fxg6 fxg6 14 ¥g5 ¥g4 15 £d2
b4 16 ¤d1 ¤h5 17 ¦xf8+ £xf8 18 ¦a7
9tRNvL-+RmK-0 ¤e2+ 19 ¢h1
xiiiiiiiiy XIIIIIIIIY
17 e4 ¥xe4 18 ¤c3 ¥c6 19 ¥g5 ¦b8
20 ¦ad1 h6 21 ¥f6 ¦h7 22 ¥xe5 ¦xb2 9-tr-+-wqk+0
23 ¦f4 ¦e7 24 ¥h8 ¦c2 25 ¦df1 ¢d7 9tR-+-zp-vlp0
26 ¦xc4 ¥b7 27 ¦f8 ¦e8 28 ¦xc7+ ¢xc7
29 ¦xe8 1–0 9-+-zp-+p+0
9+-zp-+-vLn0
News 9-zp-+P+lsN0
ICELAND 9+-+P+-zP-0
9-zPPwQn+LzP0
The Reykjavik Open, 8-16 March
2016, saw a double Indian success with 9+-+N+-+K0
GM Abhijeet Gupta winning the main xiiiiiiiiy
event and IM Tania Sachdev scoring 19...¤hxg3+ 20 hxg3 ¤xg3+ 21 ¢g1 ¤e2+
her second GM norm. After reaching 22 ¢h1 ¤g3+ 23 ¢g1 ¥d4+ 24 ¥e3
an undefeated plus four score in round ¤e2+ 25 ¢h1 £f6 26 £e1 ¥e5 0–1
six she finished with draws against
strong grandmasters: Dmitry Andreikin,
Gawain Jones, Sergei Movsesian and News
Alexander Beliavsky. She was close to INDIA
a win against Movsesian in round nine,
where the draw secured her norm. A ten-year-old boy, 10 years, 10 months
and 19 days to be precise, from India,
1 Abhijeet Gupta IND 8½; R. Praggnanandhaa, has qualified for the
2 Dmitry Andreikin RUS 8; FIDE title of International Master, the
3-11 Ivan Cheparinov BUL, Richard youngest ever to do so. He made his third

370 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

XIIIIIIIIY
norm at the KiiT International Chess 9r+-wq-trk+0
Festival in Bhubaneswar, India with a
score of 7/10 and a TPR of 2536 which will 9zpp+-+-+p0
bring his rating up to 2415 after a 46.8 Elo 9-+-+-zpn+0
gain. His previous norms were achieved in
Cannes and Moscow. He has been trained
9+lzPpzp-+-0
for the last three years by Grandmaster R.B. 9-zP-+-zP-+0
Ramesh. 9zP-+-+-zP-0
India`s media have reported that the 9-wQ-sN-mKLzP0
former Indian U12 chess champion, 9+-tR-+-+R0
Yuzvendra Chahal, has been selected by
M. S. Dhoni for the Indian T20 cricket team
xiiiiiiiiy
to tour Zimbabwe. He represented India 21 £b3 exf4 22 a4 ¥e8 23 ¤f3 fxg3+
in the 2003 Asian Youth Championship 24 hxg3 f5 25 ¦cd1 f4 26 g4 ¥f7 27 £c3
and the Under-12 World Youth Chess £e8 28 ¦he1 £xa4 29 ¤d4 ¦ad8 30 c6
Championship in Greece and still sports a a5 31 c7 1-0
1956-Elo rating on his FIDE card.
News
News KAZAKHSTAN
INDONESIA
The Eurasian Blitz Chess Cup (101
Indonesian Grandmaster Herman players – 56 grandmasters  11 double
Suradiradja passed away on 6 June. He rounds) was played 18-19 June, 2016 in
was born on 14th October 1947 and was Almaty. It was won by Farrukh Amonatov
the first GM from his country to win the TJK on tie-break over Ian Nepomniachtchi
title. Has it ever happened before that two RUS; both scored 16/22. Some selected
grandmasters died on the same day, as was scores: 5th Sergey Karjakin RUS 15, 6th Peter
the case with Suradiradja and Korchnoi? Svidler 15 RUS, 12th Rustam Kasimdzhanov
UZB 14, 14th Boris Gelfand ISR 14, 20th
Alexander Grischuk RUS 13, 26th Gawain
News Jones ENG 12½, 29th Hou Yifan CHN 12½.
IRELAND

Ireland`s popular Bunratty International News


Chess Festival was staged 19-21 February KOSOVO
2016. In the Masters tournament, the top
scorers were: GM Nigel Short 5½; GM There was a clear winner in the European
Oleg Korneev, Leopold Le Ruyet, IM Individual Championship, 12-23 May
Richard Bates, GM Gawain Jones 4½. 2016, which fielded 245 players in a 11
round tournament.
Nigel Short – Pierre Villeagas
1. E.Inarkiev RUS 9,
Round 2, Bunratty Masters 2016
2. I.Kovalenko LAT 8½;
1 e4 c6 2 d4 d5 3 e5 c5 4 dxc5 e6 5 a3 3-5. B.Jobava GEO, D.Navara CZE,
¤c6 6 ¤f3 ¥xc5 7 b4 ¥b6 8 ¥b2 ¤ge7 F.Vallejo Pons ESP 8;
9 ¤bd2 ¤g6 10 g3 0-0 11 c4 f6 12 exf6 6-26. A.Wojtaszek POL, K.Piorun
gxf6 13 ¦c1 ¤ce5 14 c5 ¤xf3+ 15 £xf3 POL, L.Fressinet FRA, A. Goganov
¥c7 16 ¥g2 ¥e5 17 £b3 ¥d7 18 f4 ¥xb2 RUS, D.Dubov RUS, N.Vitiugov RUS,
19 £xb2 ¥b5 20 ¢f2 e5 I.Cheparinov BUL, E.Najer RUS,

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R.Hovhannisyan ARM, S.Zhigalko BLR, Magnus Carlsen – Nils Grandelius


M.Palac CRO, I.Salgado Lopez ESP, Stavanger 2016
A.Dreev RUS, Anton Guijarro ESP,
K.Stupak BLR, D.Nisipeanu GER, A.Tari 1 e4 c5 2 ¤f3 ¤f6 3 e5 ¤d5 4 ¤c3 ¤xc3
NOR, An.Demchenko RUS, S.Ter- 5 dxc3 ¤c6 6 ¥f4 £b6 7 £c1 f6 8 ¥c4
Sahakyan ARM, C.Lupulescu ROU, g5 9 ¥g3 g4
O. Bortnyk UKR 7½. England’s Gawain XIIIIIIIIY
Jones and David Howell scored 6½.
23 players qualified for the next World Cup 9r+l+kvl-tr0
in Tbilisi 2017. 9zpp+pzp-+p0
9-wqn+-zp-+0
News
9+-zp-zP-+-0
NORWAY 9-+L+-+p+0
The Norway Chess tournament in 9+-zP-+NvL-0
Stavanger, held 18-30 April 2016, was 9PzPP+-zPPzP0
sponsored this year by the Norwegian
telecommunications company, Altibox. 9tR-wQ-mK-+R0
Unlike last year it declined to be part of xiiiiiiiiy
the Grand Chess Tour with St Louis and 10 exf6 gxf3 11 £f4 fxg2 12 ¦g1 ¤a5 13 f7+
London. Sergei Karjakin was originally ¢d8 14 ¥d5 ¥h6 15 £e5 ¦f8 16 ¥h4 ¦xf7
scheduled to play but withdrew at the last 17 ¥xf7 ¤c6 18 £g3 £xb2 19 ¦d1 £xc2
minute and his place was taken by Li Chao. 20 ¥d5 £f5 21 ¦xg2 ¥f4 22 £f3 ¢c7

The event was introduced by a blitz tournament


XIIIIIIIIY
between the grandmaster participants. This 9r+l+-+-+0
was won by Magnus Carlsen 7½/9, ahead 9zppmkpzp-+p0
of Anish Giri 6½, Maxime Vachier Lagrave,
Vladimir Kramnik 6, etc. 9-+n+-+-+0
9+-zpL+q+-0
After failing to win any of the previous three 9-+-+-vl-vL0
Norway Chess tournaments from 2013-
2015, Magnus finally emerged victorious, 9+-zP-+Q+-0
despite losing one game in the penultimate 9P+-+-zPRzP0
round to second placed Aronian.
9+-+RmK-+-0
1 Magnus Carlsen NOR 6; xiiiiiiiiy
2 Levon Aronian ARM 5½; 23 ¦g5 £f8 24 ¥g3 e5 25 ¦h5 a5 26 ¦xh7
3-5 Maxime Vachier-Lagrave FRA, ¦a6 27 ¦f7 £e8 28 ¢f1 ¥xg3 29 hxg3
Veselin Topalov BUL, Vladimir Kramnik £h8 30 ¢g2 ¤d8 31 ¦f8 £g7 32 ¦h1
RUS 5; ¦h6 33 ¦xh6 £xh6 34 £f6 £xf6 35 ¦xf6
6-7 Li Chao CHI, Pentala Harikrishna d6 36 ¢f3 b5 37 g4 ¢d7 38 ¦h6 1–0
IND 4½;
8 Anish Giri NED 4;
News
9 Pavel Eljanov UKR 3;
10 Nils Grandelius SWE 2½. ROMANIA

The following game from the third round The European Individual Women’s Chess
sees the versatile world champion in Championship was held in Mamaia, from
tactical mood: 27 May - 7tJune, 2016. Former Women`s

372 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

World Champion Anna Ushenina (UKR) 5½/8, D. Jakovenko 1/5, S. Rublevsky


and Sabrina Vega (ESP) tied for 1st on 8½/11 4½/8, A. Korobov 2½/6, D. Kokarev 3/5,
with the former being declared champion and D. Bocharov 2½/3)
gold-medalist on tie break. The bronze medal
went to Antoaneta Stefanova (BUL) who The following game featured a most
scored the same as Lilit Mkrtchian (ARM) unusual version of the Greco sacrifice.
8. In 14th place and gaining qualification
for the Women`s World Cup was Ketevan
I. Nepomniachtchi – S. Sjugirov
Arakhamia-Grant (SCO) 7, but in 23rd
Russian Team Championship 2016
position and, just missing out, was Jovanka
Houska ENG 7. Others: Hertford player and 1 e4 e5 2 ¤f3 ¤f6 3 ¤xe5 d6 4 ¤f3 ¤xe4
ECF member Svetlana Sucikova SVK 4, 5 c4 ¥e7 6 d4 0-0 7 ¥d3 ¤g5 8 ¤c3
Meri Grigoryan ENG 3½. 112 played. ¥g4 9 ¥xg5 ¥xg5 10 ¥xh7+ ¢xh7

News XIIIIIIIIY
RUSSIA 9rsn-wq-tr-+0
9zppzp-+pzpk0
The traditional Aeroflot Open took place
in Moscow, 1-9 March 2016. Leading 9-+-zp-+-+0
scores in the 9-round “A” group were: 9+-+-+-vl-0
1-2 E.Najer, B.Gelfand ISR 6½; 9-+PzP-+l+0
3-10 M. Barte POL, S. Sjugirov,
D. Dubov, G.Kamsky USA 6, V. Fedoseev, 9+-sN-+N+-0
M.Matlakov, V. Zvjagintsev 6; 9PzP-+-zPPzP0
11-20 A. Predke, E. Inarkiev, I.
Nepomniachtchi, R. Jumabayev KAZ, 9tR-+QmK-+R0
A. Motylev, A. Bachman PAR, xiiiiiiiiy
A. Rakhmanov, Bu Xiangzhi CHI, 11 h4 ¥d2+ 12 £xd2 ¦e8+ 13 ¢f1 ¥xf3
K. Sasikiran IND, A. Moiseenko UKR 5½. 14 £d3+ ¢g8 15 £xf3 ¤d7 16 ¦d1 £f6
Players are Russian unless otherwise stated. 17 £xf6 ¤xf6 18 f3 d5 19 c5 b6 20 cxb6
A grand total of 244 players competed in axb6 21 ¢f2 b5 22 a3 b4 23 axb4 ¦ab8
three groups 24 b5 c6 25 ¦he1 cxb5 26 ¦xe8+ ¦xe8 27
¦c1 ¦a8 28 ¤xb5 ¦a4 29 ¦c8+ ¢h7 30
13 out of the top 14 Russian players competed g4 ¦b4 31 ¤d6 ¦xd4 32 ¢g3 1–0
in the Russian Team Championship,
staged in Moscow, 30 April-11 May 2016.
Leading scorers in the five team double News
round premier division were: SPAIN
1 The Bronze Horseman, Saint Petersburg
13 (P. Svidler 3½/7, L. Dominguez Perez Grandmaster Arturo Pomar died on 26
3½/8, N. Vitiugov 4/6, Bu Xiangzhi 5½/8, May aged 84. He was born 1 September 1931
M. Matlakov 4/6, M. Rodshtein 3½/6, in Palma de Mallorca and, as a child prodigy,
V. Fedoseev 3/3, I. Khairullin 2½/4); he played against such famous names as
2 Legacy Square Capital, Moscow 12 Alekhine, Tartakower and Bernstein, and
(S. Karjakin 1/3, I. Nepomniachtchi 5/7, at the age of 11, in his first international
E. Inarkiev 4½/6, E. Najer 3½/6, V. Zvjaginsev tournament at Madrid 1943, he even defeated
4½/7, D. Dubov 4½/6, V. Malakhov 4½/8, Samisch. Pomar was awarded the IM title
I. Popov 4/5); in 1950 and that of GM in 1962. Spanish
3 Siberia, Novosibirsk 10 (V. Kramnik Champion seven times, he represented his
4/5, A. Grischuk 4/8, E. Tomashevsky country in Olympiads from 1958 to 1976.

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 373


06/136

News News

SWITZERLAND UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

It is very sad to report that former world 18th Dubai Open, 11-19 April 2016 (195
title challenger Viktor Korchnoi passed players, 9 rounds)
away on 6 June. A tribute to this very great
player will be paid in the next BCM. 1-2 Gawain Jones ENG, Vladimir
Akopian ARM 7½;
News
3=8 B. Savchenko RUS, A. Fier BRA,
S. Vidit IND, P. Darini IRI, L. Bruzon
UKRAINE Batista CUB, M.Al Antipov RUS 7;
9-18 Ivan Sokolov NED, G. N. Gopal IND,
World Women`s Championship, Lviv, L. Pantsulaia GEO, G. Sargissian ARM,
March 2016 E. Safarli AZE, Y. Kuzubov UKR, M.
Tabatabaei IRI, Ch. Sandipan IND,
Chinese grandmaster Hou Yifan regained B. Amin EGY, E. Can TUR 6½;
the women`s world title by defeating 19-32 S. Gagare IND, B. Adhiban IND,
Ukrainian Maria Muzychuk with three Mustafa Yilmaz TUR, S. P. Sethuraman
wins, six draws and no losses. IND, I. Cheparinov BUL, D. Ghosh IND,
D. Anton Guijarro ESP, B. Jobava GEO,
Yifan Hou ½1½½½1½½16 A. Das IND, Ch. Aravindh IND,
Maria Muzychuk ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 3 K Haznedaroglu TUR, S. Nitin IND, M. Ezat
EGY, Antoaneta Stefanova BUL 6, etc
Hou Yifan – Mariya Muzychuk
Gawain Jones gained victory on tie-break
Game 2, World Championship 2016
in an exciting last round by defeating the
1 e4 e5 2 ¤f3 ¤c6 3 ¥b5 a6 4 ¥a4 ¤f6 leader Boris Savchenko.
5 0-0 ¤xe4 6 d4 b5 7 ¥b3 d5 8 dxe5
¥e6 9 ¥e3 ¥e7 10 c3 0-0 11 ¤bd2 £d7
Gawain Jones – Boris Savchenko
12 ¥c2 ¤xd2 13 £xd2 ¥g4 14 ¥f4
18th Dubai Open 2016
¥xf3 15 gxf3 ¦ad8 16 ¦fd1 £e6 17 £e3
¦d7 18 ¥g3 g6 19 a4 ¤d8 20 axb5 axb5 1 e4 c5 2 ¤f3 ¤c6 3 ¥b5 d6 4 00 ¥d7
21 f4 f6 22 exf6 £xf6 23 £e2 c6 24 £g4 5 ¦e1 ¤f6 6 c3 a6 7 ¥c4 ¥g4 8 d4 e6
¦b7 9 d5 ¤e5 10 ¥e2 ¤xf3+ 11 ¥xf3 ¥xf3
XIIIIIIIIY 12 £xf3 e5 13 a4 g6 14 ¤a3 ¤d7 15 ¥e3
¥e7 16 ¤c4 b6 17 ¥h6 £c7 18 £h3 ¥f8
9-+-sn-trk+0 19 ¥xf8 ¢xf8 20 £h6+ ¢e7 21 f4 ¦af8
9+r+-vl-+p0 22 ¦ad1 b5
9-+p+-wqp+0 XIIIIIIIIY
9+p+p+-+-0 9-+-+-tr-tr0
9-+-+-zPQ+0 9+-wqnmkp+p0
9+-zP-+-vL-0 9p+-zp-+pwQ0
9-zPL+-zP-zP0 9+pzpPzp-+-0
9tR-+R+-mK-0 9P+N+PzP-+0
xiiiiiiiiy 9+-zP-+-+-0
25 f5 ¥d6 26 ¦a6 ¦g7 27 fxg6 ¥c5 28 ¢g2 9-zP-+-+PzP0
hxg6 29 ¦xd5 ¥xf2 30 ¥b3 ¤e6 31 ¦d6 9+-+RtR-mK-0
¥c5 32 £xe6+ 1–0
xiiiiiiiiy
374 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE
June 2016

23 ¤xe5 dxe5 24 d6+ £xd6 25 ¦xd6 ¤xd5 26 ¥xd5 ¥xa4


¢xd6 26 fxe5+ ¤xe5 27 £d2+ ¢c7 XIIIIIIIIY
28 £d5 ¤c6 29 axb5 axb5 30 £xc5 ¦e8
31 ¦a1 ¦a8 32 ¦f1 ¦hd8 33 ¦xf7+ ¦d7 9-mk-+-+-tr0
34 ¦xd7+ ¢xd7 35 £xb5 ¢c7 36 £c4 9+p+-vl-+-0
¦d8 37 b4 1–0
9p+-zp-+-+0
Gawain Jones also made a winning score 9+-+Lzp-+-0
of 9½/11 in the 129-player blitz tournament, 9lwq-+Pzp-zp0
which was held on 15 April, the rest day of
the main event. 9+-+R+-+-0
9-zPP+-wQPzP0
News 9+-+-+R+K0
USA xiiiiiiiiy
27 ¦a3 h3 28 c3 £b5 29 b3 ¥h4 30 bxa4
The United States Chess Championship, £d3 31 g3 1–0
took place in St Louis, 13-29 April 2016.
Final scores were: Fabiano Caruana 8½; Ultimate Blitz Challenge, April 2016
Wesley So, Hikaru Nakamura 7½; Ray Time Control: 5 minutes + 3 seconds
Robson 7; Alex Onischuk 6; Jeffrey Xiong increment per move.
5½; Gata Kamsky 5; Alex Lenderman,
Vladimir Akobian 4½; Sam Shankland, Hikaru Nakamura 11; Wesley So 10; Garry
Alex Shabalov 4; Akshat Chandra 1½ Kasparov 9½; Fabiano Caruana 5½.

A decisive game from Round Four: The players contested a mini-match of


six games against each other. Nakamura
defeated So by 4-2 but, in turn, So defeated
Fabiano Caruana – Hikaru Nakamura
Kasparov by the same margin.
USA Championship 2016
1 e4 c5 2 ¤f3 d6 3 d4 cxd4 4 ¤xd4 ¤f6
Wesley So – Garry Kasparov
5 ¤c3 a6 6 f3 e6 7 ¥e3 h5 8 a4 ¤c6 9 ¥c4
Ultimate Blitz Challenge, Saint Louis 2016
£c7 10 £e2 ¥e7 11 0–0 ¤e5 12 ¥b3 ¥d7
13 f4 ¤eg4 14 ¢h1 ¤xe3 15 £xe3 £c5 1 ¤f3 g6 2 e4 ¥g7 3 d4 d6 4 c4 ¥g4
16 ¦ad1 g6 17 £e2 0–0–0 18 f5 e5 19 ¤f3 5 ¥e2 ¤c6 6 ¤bd2 e5 7 d5 ¤ce7 8 h3
XIIIIIIIIY ¥d7 9 c5 dxc5 10 ¤c4 f6 11 d6 ¤c8
12 ¥e3 b6 13 0–0 ¥c6 14 dxc7 £xc7 15 b4
9-+ktr-+-tr0 cxb4 16 ¦c1 ¤ge7 17 £b3 h6 18 ¦fd1 b5
9+p+lvlp+-0 XIIIIIIIIY
9p+-zp-snp+0 9r+n+k+-tr0
9+-wq-zpP+p0 9zp-wq-sn-vl-0
9P+-+P+-+0 9-+l+-zppzp0
9+LsN-+N+-0 9+p+-zp-+-0
9-zPP+Q+PzP0 9-zpN+P+-+0
9+-+R+R+K0 9+Q+-vLN+P0
xiiiiiiiiy 9P+-+LzPP+0
19...gxf5 20 ¤g5 f4 21 ¦d3 ¢b8 22 ¤xf7 9+-tRR+-mK-0
h4 23 ¤xh8 ¦xh8 24 £f2 £b4 25 ¤d5
xiiiiiiiiy
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 375
06/136

19 ¤cxe5 fxe5 20 ¥xb5 ¦b8 21 ¥a4 8½/11 followed by Tatev Abrahamyan 8,


£b7 22 ¦xc6 ¤xc6 23 £e6+ ¤8e7 Anna Zatonskih 7, Katerina Nemcova and
24 ¥c5 ¦c8 25 ¥xe7 1–0 Sabina-Francesca Foisor 6½, Irina Krush
6, Ashritha Eswaran 5½, Jennifer Yu 5,
At the same time and same venue the Carissa Yip 4½, Akshita Gorti 4, Agata
2016 US Women’s Championship was Bykovtsev 3, Alisa Melekhina 1½.
played. It was won by Nazi Paikidze with

WINTON BRITISH CHESS SOLVING


CHAMPIONSHIP 2016-2017
Organised by the British Chess Problem Society

John Nunn won the 2015-2016 title, and generous prize fund. The ultimate winner
the 2016-2017 competition starts here. We of this final will win the right to represent
continue with the successful format enabled Great Britain at the World Chess Solving
by our generous sponsorship from Winton. Championships 2017.
Juniors are welcome to compete, though
will need to solve the same problems. WBCSC Starter 2016-2017

All readers are invited to enter by solving


XIIIIIIIIY
the chess problem below (the starter 9N+Rsn-+-+0
problem). White, playing up the board, is to 9+-+-+-+-0
play and force mate in two moves against
any Black defence. There is no entry fee, 9-+-zP-+-+0
and the competition is open to British 9+r+kzP-zp-0
residents only. Competitors need only send 9-+-vl-+Lsn0
White’s first move, known as the key move.
9+p+N+-+-0
Entries can be made in one of two ways: 9-+-wQ-+-+0
(1) By post to Nigel Dennis, Boundary
House, 230 Greys Road, Henley- 9+-+-tR-+K0
on-Thames, Oxon RG9 1QY xiiiiiiiiy
(2) By email to winton@theproblemist.org White to play and mate in two

All entries should be postmarked or Readers can find out more about the BCPS,
emailed no later than 14th August 2016. chess problems in general, and problems from
Please mention in your entry that you saw earlier Solving Championships at the BCPS
the starter problem in the BCM. After the website www.theproblemist.org
closing date, all competitors will receive
the answer to the starter problem, and those Readers will also be able to follow the
who get it right will also receive the postal course of the present competition from this
round, which will contain 8 more difficult same website.
and varied problems. In due course the
best competitors from the postal round Nigel Dennis
will be invited to the final at Eton College Controller
on Saturday 18th February 2017 with a Winton British Chess Solving Championship

376 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


Problem
June 2016

World
by Christopher Jones
Grandmaster of
Chess Composition
Solutions are given on page 382

1 2
XIIIIIIIIY
9-tRl+-+-+0
9vlpmkNvL-+-0
9p+-zp-+-+0
9sNp+P+-+-0
9-zP-+-+L+0
9+-+-+-+-0
9-+-+-+-+0
XIIIIIIIIY
9-+-vL-+-+0
9+-+LtrPtR-0
9-+-mk-+PtR0
9+-sN-zp-+-0
9-mK-+P+-+0
9+-+-+-+-0
9-+-+-+-+0

3 4
9+-+-+K+-0 9+-+-+-+-0
xiiiiiiiiy xiiiiiiiiy
Colin Russ (Folkestone) John Rice (Surbiton)
Mate in 2 Mate in 2
Original Original
XIIIIIIIIY XIIIIIIIIY
9-+-+-+-+0 9-+r+-+-+0
9+-+-+-+-0 9+l+-sN-+-0
9-+-vL-+-+0 9-+n+-mK-+0
9+-+-+-+-0 9+-+-+-+-0
9-+-+-+-+0 9-+ksn-+-+0
9+pmkL+-+-0 9+-+-zP-+-0
9-sN-tR-+-+0 9-+-+-+-+0
9+-+K+-+-0 9+-+-+-+-0
xiiiiiiiiy xiiiiiiiiy
Eugene Fomichev (Russia) Geoff Foster (Australia)
Mate in 4  2 solutions Helpmate in 4.5  2 solutions
Original Original

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 377


06/136

Tournament Calendar for july

July 1–3: 1st North Wales FIDE Open (incorporating 3rd Colwyn Bay Congress)
St David’s Room, Llandudno, Conwy LL30 1BB Contact: Syringa Camp. e-mail: northwaleschess@aol.com
This year the Colwyn Bay Congress is moving to the lovely Venue Cymru in Llandudno. There will be three
sections – FIDE-rated Open, Major (U160/1900) and Minor (U120/1600). All sections will be both ECF and
WCU graded events, and the Open will be FIDE-rated. Play starts with the first round at 7pm on Friday 1st July,
with two rounds on each of Sat and Sun at 10am and 3pm. Total prize fund of £1,625.00.
July 1–3: Whitby Chess Congress
Whitby Conservative Club, Upgang Lane, Whitby, North Yorkshire YO21 3DT Contact: Noel Boustred. e-mail:
nboustred@yahoo.co.uk Website: http://noelschess.weebly.com 1st Prize in Minor of £150 no matter how
many points you get. Open 1st, 2nd, 3rd and grading prize are respectively as follows: 35%; 15%; 10% and 10%
of Open section fees to enter, discounting amount paid for grading fee for ECF Bronze or non-ECF members.
2 sections for comfort in a welcoming venue with good facilities, and in a beautiful place. It is on top of the
hill overlooking Whitby and the harbour on one side of the hill, whilst on the other side of the hill you can see
Whitby beach. Easy to get to – next door to one of two Whitby petrol stations.
July 2–3: 41st Hampstead Congress
Henderson Court Day Centre, 102 Fitzjohn’s Avenue, London NW3 6NS An Under 2200 (ECF 200) / Under
1900 (ECF 160) / Under 135 (ECF graded not FIDE rated) congress every month! NOW IN SECTIONS. All
moves in 60 minutes each PLUS 30 seconds a move throughout. £150 1st, £75 2nd in each section PLUS
rating prizes. Space STRICTLY limited space, so enter early! http://www.hampsteadchess.blogspot.co.uk for
details of times and fees (ECF Gold Membership required for ENGLISH players).
July 2: CCF Summer Rapidplay
84-90 Chipstead Valley Road, Coulsdon, Surrey, CR5 3BA @ 10:15 am – 6:30 pm Contact: Scott
Freeman. e-mail: chess@ccfworld.com Tel: 020 8645 9586 Web:http://www.ccfworld.com/Chess/Adult%20
Competitions/Rapidplay Summer.html – starts 10:15AM ends 6:30PM. FIDE rated Rapidplay – Open section
plus as many others as numbers allow.
July 2: Greater London Chess Club Summer Rapidplay
Upper Vestry House, 6 Little Russell Street, London WC1A 2HR 10:30 am – 5:30 pm Contact: Nigel Blades.
e-mail: tournaments@glcc.org.uk Website: http://www.glcc.org.uk/summer_rapid.html – five round rapidplay
open to all players, rate of play 25 minutes per player + 5 second increment. Open, U-150 and U-120 sections.
Prizes in each section: 1st £50, 2nd £25.
Jul 3: South Shields 150th Anniversary Celebration Rapidplay One Day Congress
The Customs House, Theatre & Restaurant, Mill Dam, South Shields, Tyne and Wear NE33 1ES 9:30 am –
4:30 pm Contact: Eddie Czestochowski. e-mail: eddie@southshieldschessclub.co.uk
Web: http://www.southshieldschessclub.co.uk
The event is a 9 round Rapidplay tournament. Each game will be 10 minutes + 5 seconds increments. The
event has been arranged to mark the 150th Anniversary year of South Shields Chess Club. More details are
available on club website. Entry fee – £10.00 (£5.00 for juniors).
July 7–13: 13th South Wales International Open
Park Inn Hotel, Circle Way East, Llanedeyrn, Cardiff, Cardiff CF23 9XF Contact: Kevin Staveley. e-mail:
kevin.staveley@btinternet.com Web: http://www.southwaleschess.co.uk 10 Round FIDE International –
guaranteed minimum prizes £1000, £600, £400, £250. Best non-GM £200, plus other prizes (see website
for full details). Rate of play: 40 moves in 90 minutes, followed by 30 minutes to finish the game, with an
increment of 30 seconds per move from move one.
July 7 Hendon ‘First Thursday’ Blitz Chess Tournament
Golders Green Unitarians Church, 31½ Hoop Lane, Golders Green, London NW11 8BS 7:30 pm – 10:00
pm Contact: Adam Raoof. e-mail: adamraoof@gmail.com Web: http://www.hendonchessclub.com/blitz/ One
section, Swiss system tournament. 1st prize £20, 2nd Prize £10 and £10 prize for the highest Hendon Chess
Club member.
July 8–10: 9th 4NCL FIDE Rated Congress
Park Inn Birmingham West, Birmingham Road, West Bromwich B70 6RS 4NCL FIDE Open, FIDE U2000
(ECF U175), ECF U135. Information – www.4ncl.co.uk/fide/information_09.htm
July 9: 4th DeMontford Bell Kings Place Festival
Kings Place, 90 York Way, Kings Cross, London N1 9AG @ 10:30 am – 6:00 pm Contact: Adam Raoof.
e-mail: adamraoof@gmail.com Web: http://www.kingsplace.co.uk/chess Open (for more experienced

378 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

players), Major Under 170, Minor Under 145, Amateur Under 120, My First Chess Tournament Under 85. The
top four sections are FIDE (Internationally) rated and all sections are ECF graded. Six games of tournament
chess – ECF graded, no membership of a chess club is required; ideal for your first foray into the world of
competitive chess. Get a grade in one tournament!
July 9–10: Weald Congress
The Sports Centre, Effingham Lane/Mill Lane, Copthorne, Crawley, West Sussex RH10 3HR Contact: Carol
Graham, e-mail: info@wealdchesscongress.org Web: http://www.wealdchesscongress.org 5 round Swiss in
4 sections; Open, Major (U175), Intermediate (U140), Minor (U110). Early entry discount before 26th June.
July 9–17: The 123rd Scottish Championship and International Open
Strathclyde Student Union, 90 John Street, Glasgow G1 1JH. One of the oldest continually running
tournaments in the world with events for all standards. The main event is the International Open which
includes the Scottish Championship which will provide players with the opportunity of obtaining Grandmaster
and International Master norms. There are 7 round events for players rated U1750 and U1500 from 9-15
July and there are 5 round tournaments over the weekend of 15-17 July. These are an Open, U1750 and
U1400. Further information: http://www.scottishchesschamp.co.uk/index.html Details can be obtained from
the championship organiser Alex McFarlane scottishchamps@ChessScotland.com
July 10: Stockport Blitz
The Guildhall, 169-171 Wellington Rd South, Stockport SK1 3UA @ 1:00 pm – 6:15 pm Contact: Peter Taylor.
e-mail: pht@rover12.wanadoo.co.uk 8 round Swiss. Each player has 10 minutes for all moves. One section
for all players. Prizes first £60, second £40. At least 2 grading – £30 each. Enter before the day by post or by
email or on the day before the start.
July 15-17: 5th Leeds Chess Congress
Wellington Hill Residents Association Club House, 21-23 Ringwood Drive, Leeds, West Yorkshire LS14 1AR
Contact: Philip Higgins. e-mail: congress@leedschessclub.co.uk Web: http://congress.leedschessclub.co.uk
Friday start is 7pm to 10.30pm. Saturday is 10am to 5.45pm. Sunday is 10am to 5.45pm, with prize-giving
6pm or earlier.
July 16: Golders Green FIDE Rapid Tournament
Golders Green Church Hall, West Heath Drive, London NW11 7QG Contact: Adam Raoof.
e-mail: adamraoof@gmail.com Web: www.goldersgreenchess.blogspot.co.uk/
Open, Under 170, Under 145 and Under 120 sections, 6 round Swiss open, £700.00 prize fund.
July 20: CCF Daytime Chess – Summer Event
84-90 Chipstead Valley Road, Coulsdon, Surrey, CR5 3BA 2:00 pm – 6:00 pm
Contact: Scott Freeman. e-mail: chess@ccfworld.com Tel: 020 8645 9586
Web: http://www.ccfworld.com/Chess/ChessClubHome/ChessClubSeniorsIndex.htm – starts 2:00PM ends
6:00PM. Wednesday afternoons aimed at senior players (but allowing others who happen to be available).
Players have a minimum of 5 matches (recently 7-8) during each tournament cycle (there are 3 per year).
July 23: Poplar Rapidplay
Langley Hall, St. Nicholas Church Centre, Ettrick Street, Poplar, London E14 0QD.
10:30am-6:00pm. Contact: Norman Went. e-mail: DocklandsChess@yahoo.co.uk
Web: http://www.spanglefish.com/docklandschessclub 6 round Swiss seeded rapidplay tournament with two
grade banded sections – Minor, Under 130 and Major Under 171.
July 23-August 6: British Chess Championships
Bournemouth Pavilion, Westover Road, Bournemouth BH1 2BU Contact: Kevin Staveley / Alex Holowczak.
e-mail: manager.british@englishchess.org.uk Web: www.britishchesschampionships.co.uk Includes – the
British Championships, the British Seniors Championships, the British Graded Championships, the British
Junior Championships, Major Open, Open Morning and Afternoon Tournaments, the English Open Rapidplay,
the British Blitz and Weekend Tournaments – all details on the website.

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 379


06/136

Endgame Studies
(See page 364)

The moves in bold are what you had to £d3+ 17 ¢g2 £e4+ 18 ¢f2 £f5+; 9 h5?
give. You get each point if you have given ¢f8 10 h7 £g7.
everything up to there correctly. 9...¢h8 10 ¤c7 £b6 11 ¤e6. 10 ¥c3?

1
£e7 11 ¥d4+ ¢xg6 12 h8£ £e4+
13 ¢xh2 £e2+ 14 ¢g3 £d3+ 15 ¢f2
Minski – BCSC: £c2+ 16 ¢f1 £d3+ 17 ¢e1 £e4+ 18
¢d1 £f3+ 19 ¢d2 £g2+ 20 ¢c3 £f3+
1 ¤b6+ (1 point) ¢d6 2 ¤c4+ 21 ¢b2 £e2+ 22 ¢a3 £a6+ 23 ¢b3
(+ 1 point = 2) ¢c5 3 g8£ £c4+ 24 ¢b2 £e2+ draws.
(+1=3) ¦h7+ 4 £xh7 11 h6? £a1+ 12 ¥xa1. The final position

3
(+1=4) g1£ 5 £a7+ (+1=5). could continue 11...£b6 12 ¤b5 or ¤e6.
1 g8£? ¦xa8 2 £f7+ (2 £xg2
¦h8+ or 2 £xa8 g1£) 2...¢d6 Pikulik:
3 £g6+ ¢c5 4 ¢h6 ¦a2.
1...¢ other 2 g8£. 1 ¦c4 (1 point) f5 2 ¥xf5 (+
2 ¤c8+? ¢e5 3 g8£ ¦h7+ 4 £xh7 g1£. 1 point = 2) e1£ 3 ¦e4+
2 g8£? ¦h7+ 3 £xh7 g1£. ¢d8 4 ¢f8 (+1=3) £e3
3...¦a8 4 £xa8 g1£ 5 £a7+. 5 ¢f7 (+1=4) £xb6 6 ¦c4
Martin Minski composed this specially for £b3 7 ¥e6 (+1=5).

2
the British Chess Solving Championship. 4 ¢f7? £e3 5 ¦e6 £e5

4
6 ¦xe5 stalemate.
Roxlau:
Minski – Suomen T:
1 ¥e5+ ¥g7 2 ¦xg7+ (½
point) ¢h8 3 ¦xf7+ (+ ½ 1 ¥h6 (1 point) ¢xc5
point = 1) ¢g8 4 ¦g7+ 2 ¥xg7 ¢d6 3 ¢b4 ¦c5
(+½=1½) ¢h8 5 ¥xb2 4 ¥d4 (+ 1 point = 2) a5+
(+½=2) ¤d4 6 ¦g2 5 ¢c3 (+1=3) ¢e6 6 a3
(+½=2½) d5 7 ¦g6 (+½=3) (+2=5) and if 6...¢f5 7 g7
hxg6 8 fxg6 (+½=3½) ¢g8 9 h7+ winning.
(+½=4) ¢g7 10 h5 (+½=4½) ¢h8 1 ¥b2? c3 2 ¤d7+ ¢c7 3 ¥xc3 ¢xd7
11 ¤c7 (+½=5). 4 ¥xa5 e5 draws. 1 ¤d7+? ¢c7 and
7 ¦g6 is an astonishing move, and very hard 1 ¤e6? d4 are also draws.
to find; none of the competitors found it. 1...¦xc5 2 ¥xg7 c3 3 ¥d4 c2 4 ¥xc5+
Lots of lines that you didn’t have to give, ¢xc5 5 ¢b2 wins. In the main line, 2...d4
but which you needed to see to find the 4 ¥h6 wins, as does 3...c3 4 ¢xa5 e5
correct solution: 3 ¥xb2? ¤d4 4 ¤c7 5 ¥f6 c2 6 ¥g5 ¢e6 7 ¢b4 e4 8 ¢c5.
£xc7 5 ¥xd4 f6 draws. 4...¢f8 5 ¥d6+ Also, 4 ¥e5+? ¢xe5 5 g7 c3 6 g8£ ¦c4+
¢e8 6 ¦g8+ ¢f7 7 ¦f8 mate. 6...d6 7 ¢b3 c2 draws. 4...e5 5 ¥xc5+ ¢e6
7 ¤c7 wins. 7 ¦g7? £a4; 7 ¤c7? £a1+ 6 ¥d6 wins. 5 ¢a3? ¢e6 6 ¥xc5 ¢f6
8 ¢xh2 £g1+ 9 ¢g3 £e3+ 10 ¢h2 7 ¥b6 ¢xg6 8 ¥xa5 ¢f5/f6/f7 9 ¥d8
£g1+; 7 ¦xh2? £xa8 8 ¦g2 £a1+ 9 ¢h2 ¢e6 10 a5 ¢d7 11 a6 ¢c8 draws. 6 ¥xc5?
£g1+ 10 ¢xg1 stalemate. ¢f6 draws, as does 6 ¢c2? c3 7 ¥xc5
9 ¤c7? £xc7 10 h7+ ¢g7 11 ¥xd4+ ¢f6. A morass of variations!
¢xg6 12 h8£ £c1+ 13 ¢xh2 £c2+
14 ¢g3 £d3+ 15 ¢f4 £e4+ 16 ¢g3

380 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

Solutions to
Find The Way To Win (page 363)

1) White is the double exchange and a Play continued 1...b6? 2 ¥e3? ¤f5? and
pawn up but here the bishops are stronger the game ended up as a draw. Instead, the
than the rooks. 1...£xg2+! 2 ¢xg2 ¥f3+ way to win is 1...¦h1+!! 2 ¤xh1 ¥h2+!
3 ¢f1 or 3 ¢g3 ¥f2 mate. 3...¤h2 mate. 3 ¢xh2 ¦h8+ 4 ¢g3 or 4 ¢g1 ¦xh1
mate 4...¤f5+ 5 ¢f4 ¦h4 mate.
2) 1 ¦xg7! 1-0 If 1...¦xg7 2 £xh5+ ¢d8
3 £h8+ ¦g8 4 £xg8 mate or 1...¦h8 9) 1 ¦xg7+! The start of a good old-
2 £xh5+! ¦xh5 (2...¢d8 3 ¦d7 mate.) fashioned king-hunt with a sacrifice that
3 ¦g8 mate. had to be calculated accurately because of
White’s first rank vulnerability.
3) The misplaced queen on h8 occupies a 1...¢xg7 If 1...¢h8 2 £xf6 ¦e6 then
necessary flight square for the black king. 3 ¦h7+! will mate quickly.
1 £xe7+! ¦xe7 2 ¦xe7+ ¦f7 or 2...¢g8 2 ¦b7+ ¢g6 3 £f7+ ¢f5 3...¢g5
3 ¥c4+ ¦f7 4 ¦e8+ ¢g7 5 ¤e6 mate. 4 ¦b5+ ¢g4 5 f3+ ¢h4 6 ¥g3 mate.
3 ¤e6+ ¢g8 4 ¦e8+ ¦f8 5 ¦xf8 mate. 4 ¦b5+ ¢e4 4...¢g4 5 f3+ ¢h4 6 ¥g3 mate.
5 f3+ ¢e3 5...¢d4 6 ¦b4+ ¢d3 7 £b3+
4) Black has not found all the best moves ¢e2 8 £b2+ ¢d3 9 ¦d4+ ¢e3 10 ¥f4 mate.
in reaching this position from the Ponziani 6 £b3+ ¢e2 6...¢d2 7 ¥f4+ ¢e2 (7...¢e1
Opening (1 e4 e5 2 ¤f3 ¤c6 3 c3). 8 £b1+ ¢e2 9 £f1 mate) 8 £b2+ ¢d3
1 ¤c4! £a6 No sensible alternatives were 9 £d2+ ¢c4 10 ¦b4+ ¢c5 11 £d6 mate.
to be found and now there is a forced 7 £b2+ ¢d3 8 £b1+ ¢e2 9 ¦b2+
mate. If 1...¥e6 2 ¥xe6 £a6 3 ¥g5+ White wants the king not the queen!
¢e8 (3...¢xe6 4 ¤b6+ ¢d6 5 £d5 mate) 9...¢e3 10 £e1+ ¢d4 11 £d2+ ¢c4
4 ¥xf5 wins. 2 ¥g5+! ¢xf7 3 ¤d6 mate. 12 ¦b4 mate.

5) 1 ¦xh6+ ¥xh6 or 1...¢g7 2 ¦h7 mate.


2 f8£+ Exploiting the pinned bishop.
2...¦xf8 or 2...¤g8 3 ¦xh6+ £h7 4 £3f6
mate. 3 £xf8+ ¤g8 3...¢h7 4 ¦xh6 mate. SOLUTION TO PROBLEM
4 ¦xh6+ 1-0
BY GM Stuart Conquest (May BCM):
6) 1 ¤e7+! ¦8xe7? This allows a forced mate XIIIIIIIIY
but after 1...¦2xe7 2 £xe7! £c6 (or 2...£e6 9R+-+-+-sN0
3 £xe6 fxe6 4 ¦d7 with an easy endgame 9+-+-zpr+-0
win.) 3 ¦d8 £h1+ 4 ¥e1 £xe1+ 5 £xe1 9-+-+k+-tr0
¦xd8 6 £a5 ¦d6 7 £c7 wins. 2 ¦d8+ ¦e8 9+-+-+pwQR0
3 £f8+! 1-0 3...¦xf8 4 ¦xf8 mate. 9-mK-+-+-+0
9+-+-+-+-0
7) 1 f6+! ¥xf6 2 ¥xh6+! ¢xh6 After 9p+-+-+-vL0
2...¢g6 3 ¤xc5+ ¢xh6 4 ¤xd7, White 9+-+L+-+-0
gains a queen for two minor pieces. 3 ¤xf6 xiiiiiiiiy
1-0 Since after 3...£e6 4 £h7+ ¢g5
5 £g7+ ¢f4 6 ¤h5 is mate. Mate in two:

1.£c1
8) This is the one that got away, twice!

BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 381


06/136

Solutions to See page 377


Problems
A traditional 2-mover also an instructive try: 1 ¥c2?!. After this
...bxc2+ fails to 2 ¢c1 ¢b3 3 ¦d3+ ¢a2
The first of this month’s problems is an 4 ¦a3; but 1...¢xb2! refutes. The first key
excellent old-fashioned 2-mover, which is 1 ¢c1!. Technically this isn’t Zugzwang
you may like to have a go at solving as if Black could pass we’d have 2 ¥c2
before reading further. Black is very and 3 ¦d3. But of course in any case
tied down, but it is difficult for White to Black must play 1...¢d4 and there follows
threaten anything  1 ¤c6 fails simply to 2 ¥f5+! ¢e3 3.¤d1+ (the square vacated
...bxc6. Would a waiting key move work? by the w¢) ¢f3 4 ¦f2. The other key,
As matters stand, Black can play ...b6 or 1 ¢e2!, is a Zugzwang. Now we have
move the a7¥ anywhere with impunity... 1...¢d4 2 ¥c2+! (changed play) ¢c3
That may suggest the key: 1 ¤b6!. No 3 ¥a3 bxc2 4 ¦d3. I do like 2 ¥c2 
threat, but Zugzwang  ...¢xb6 2 ¥d8; Black has to have something to play on
...¢xb8 2 ¥xd6; ...¥xb6 2 ¦xc8; ...¥xb8 move 3, and the b§ then blocks c2.
2 ¤a8; and c8¥ anywhere 2 ¦xb7. All the
white officers pull their weight! Back to the murky world of
helpmates
Waiting around again...
As you will recall, in helpmates White
John Rice’s 2-mover may put you in and Black collaborate to enable White
mind of Colin’s: Black tied down, but to deliver mate in the number of moves
White unable effectively to threaten mate stipulated. In Geoff’s problem White is
(1 f8¤ threatens 2 ¤b7 but is refuted to play first and to mate on his 5th move.
by ...¦xd7!  and 1 f8£ is stalemate). Two-solution form is much more common
Another waiting-move key beckons. If we in helpmates than in direct-mates, indeed
try a waiting move by the g7¦ to either h7 is the prevalent format, and usually
or g8, then the f7§ proves its value after there is a pleasingly close relationship
...¦e8 2 fxe8¤; and having vacated g7 we between the solutions. Geoff’s problem
meet ...¦xd7 by 2 g7; and we have ...¦xf7 is a reminder that there is an alternative
2 gxf7. But we have no mate after ...¦e6!. possibility: a pleasingly distant relationship
So we go back to the possibility of moving between solutions. Here we have two
the f§ and find that the key is indeed sequences of moves that are utterly
1 f8¦! (still no threat!). Now after ...¦e6 different and make utterly different use of
(blocking e6) the g7¦ guards the d7¥ and the material to arrive at utterly different
so 2 ¤b7 mates. The key exposes the g7¦ mates (both of them ideal mates  that is
to capture but ...¦xg7 is met by 2 ¦f6  to say, every potential flight is blocked or
as is ...¦xd7 (a change from the try play). guarded just once, and every unit on the
And ...¦f7 still is answered by 2 gxf7. All board participates in the mate). Here’s
very neat! how the solutions go (although in this
problem White plays first, the convention
Two ways to skin a cat? in helpmate solutions is to show White’s
moves as though they were Black’s; don’t
It is unusual to have more than one ask...)  1...¤f5 2 ¢d5 ¢f7! (a waiting
solution to a direct-mate problem, but move) 3 ¤e5+ ¢e7 4 ¦c5 ¤d6 5 ¥c6 e4
in Eugene’s 4-mover there are two and 1...exd4 2 ¢b5 d5 3 ¢b6 dxc6 4 ¢c7
instructive lines of play. In fact there’s cxb7 5 ¢d8 bxc8£.

382 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


June 2016

A fine old gentleman, the granddaddy


of all the top chess magazines around
today, is back - fresher than ever and
just waiting for you. So hop on board and
renew your journey through the best the
chess world has to offer!

www.chessinformant.org
BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE | 383
06/136

Few things in life are better


than successfully
conducting a blistering attack
on your opponent’s King!

NEW!

After the immense success of his award-winning classic Chess Strategy for Club
Players, IM Herman Grooten has now written an equally accessible follow-up primer
on attacking chess. He concentrates on training the most valuable skills: visualizing,
structuring, anticipating, calculating, memorizing and other mental aspects.

This is not just another collection of useful thematic moves and motifs but a complete
and highly structured course of attacking techniques. And with fantastic new examples,
clear explanations and lots of instructive exercises.

384 | BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE


available at your local (chess)bookseller or at newinchess.com