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Supply Chain Management in Fishing Industry: A Case Study

The purpose of this study was to know the supply chain system involved in the fishing
industry starting from the local traders, fisherman to the consumer, the process involved in
distribution,transportation,market structure ,also the way the price of the graded fish are
determined. The overall fishing industry supply chain started by local traders who collect
fish from fishers then sell it to Arotdars ,Mahajans,Wholeseller,Distributor and lastly to
the consumer. As, fishing industry is playing a vital role in the economy of Bangladesh, so
it’s needed to analysis the overall supply chain process of the industry for its
competiveness, distribution of work procedures and the globalization of the industry.

Fishing Industry has become a global business and we are also exporting fishes like
shrimps, also the growing and effective sector in terms of contribution to the economy. In
SCM the primary objectives is to manage the sourcing, flow of goods and then comes the
distribution process. The fish market in Bangladesh are situated in a fixed place and in an
open air field. Buying fish from the fisherman the local traders take it to the market by
packing the live fish in drums and the dead one in box covering them with ice, After that
it reaches to the consumers by changing hands of Artdars,mahajans,distributors and also
some middle man nowadays influencing the fishing market.

The fish market is still running by the traditional rules and skillful middleman. The price
of fishes are not fixed by the government, for that the whole sellers are getting more profit
but not the fisherman. Also the middleman are misusing the overall process by setting
illogical pricing policy throughout different departments of the chain.
To conclude, the fishing industry is becoming huge day by day, so the government should
need to create rules regarding the pricing policy and also the issue of middleman. We also
have to consider the fact that our fisherman should not suffer. Lastly the road transportation
system is important factor for this industry so the planned transportation network should
be there for flawless distribution process.
Managing Green Supply Chain: Initiatives and Outcomes

The research paper describes the sustainable supply chain management practices adopted
by the world’s largest corporations. For example, Hewlett Packard, Coca Cola, Dutch
flower industry and Bank of America and how they have made huge profits as well as have
brought an even greater impact on the environment. It also highlights on the initiatives
taken in this field by Indian companies and how a major progress can be driven in this
perspective. In this regard, “GSCM is defined as integrating environmental thinking into
supply chain management, including product design, material sourcing and selection,
manufacturing process, delivery of the final product to the consumers, and end life
management of the product after its successful & useful life period”. Moreover, in the
recent past years, many companies started taking on sustainability practices for a variety
of reasons based on the industries & regions they operate. The main reasons for adapting
GSCM are financial benefit, Employee engagement, Customer demand, and Risk
management. Green supply chain management is the combination of both environmental
and supply chain management - is an established step to improve business performance
while condensing the company's impact on the environment. The green revelation sets off
with customer needs and comprises green programs the purchaser is prepared to pay for.
Greening the supply chain requires long-term dedication. Green supply chain
implementation is a multi-year program which requires considerable resource investment
even if companies have an eco-friendly culture. Reverse logistics denotes a set of planning
execution and flow control measures for raw materials and finished products, with the aim
of recovering and recycling the products or materials and ensures that the products are
returned from the user to the producer in order to be recycled. Energy costs can be reduced
by a reduction in consumption through increased usage of energy efficient and greener
equipment’s. We understand that the research is limited to companies’ self-reported
activities that have no priorities or quantitative measures. It is essential to develop a
validation mechanism or a quantitative measure that can be used to ensure what the reports
say is consistent with what actually happens. On the contrary, there also exists need for a
comparative study between geographical areas, over long period of time so that people can
understand about the changes and gaps have been and why they exist