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# PRACTICE PROBLEMS FOR LESSON 3.5 AND 3.

6
RATES OF CHANGE
1. A hot air balloon started rising vertically from the ground and after 10 seconds, it
was observed to be at an altitude of 40 feet from the ground. 30 seconds after it
left the ground, it was found to be 100 feet from the ground. On average, what
was its speed between the 10th and the 30th second?
2. A bactericide was introduced to a nutrient broth in which bacteria were growing.
The bacterium population continued to grow for some time but then stopped
growing and began to decline. The size of the population at time t (hours) was
P =106 + 104 𝑡 − 103 𝑡 2 . Determine the growth rates at t = 0, t = 5 and t = 10
hours.
3. A ladder 24 ft. long rests against a vertical wall. Let θ be the angle between the
top of the ladder and the wall and let x be the distance from the bottom of the
ladder to the wall. If the bottom of the ladder slides away from the wall, how fast
does θ change with respect to x when x = 12√ 3 ft.?

RECTILINEAR MOTION
1. A particle moves along a horizontal coordinate line in such a way that its position
at time t is specified by s(t) = t 3 − 12t 2 + 36t − 30 where s is measured in feet
and t in seconds.
a) Find the instantaneous velocity v(t) and the instantaneous acceleration
a(t).
b) Describe the position and motion of the particle in a table that includes
the intervals of time when the particle is moving to the left or to the right,
when the velocity is increasing or decreasing, and when the speed is
increasing or decreasing.
c) Show the motion of the particle schematically.
d) Determine the total distance traveled by the particle during the first 7
seconds.
2. A ball was thrown from the edge of a cliff such that its directed distance from the
ground after t seconds is given by s(t) = −16t 2 + 32t + 128 feet. Determine:
a) the acceleration of the ball at t = 3.
b) the maximum height the ball will attain.
c) the velocity at which the ball was thrown.
d) how long it would take the ball to hit the ground.
e) the speed at which the ball would hit the ground.

*Note: Other problems are in the handouts that Ms. Burdeos provided.

RELATED RATES
1. A ladder 10 meters long is leaning against a wall. If the bottom of the ladder is
being pulled horizontally towards the wall at 2 m/s, how fast is the top of the
ladder moving when the bottom is 6 meters from the wall?

## 2. An automobile traveling at a rate of 20 ft/s is approaching an intersection. When

the automobile is 100 ft. from the intersection, a truck traveling at the rate of 40
ft/s crosses the intersection. The automobile and the truck are on roads that are
at right angles to each other. How fast are the truck and the automobile
separating 2 seconds after the truck leaves the intersection?

3. Water is pouring into an inverted cone at the rate of 8 cubic feet per minute. If
the height of the cone is 12 feet and the radius of its base is 6 feet, how fast is the
water level rising when the water is 4 feet deep?

4. A particle is moving along the curve y = √ x. As the particle passes through the
point (4, 2), its x-coordinate increases at the rate of 3 cm/s. How fast is the
distance from the particle to the origin changing at this instant?

5. A woman standing on a cliff is watching a motor boat as the boat approaches the
shoreline directly below her. If the woman’s eyes are 250 feet above the water
level and if the boat is approaching at 30 feet per second, how fast is the angle of
depression of the boat from the woman’s eyes changing when the boat is 250
feet from the shore?

6. A baseball diamond has the shape of a square with sides 90 ft long. A player 60 ft.
From the second base is running towards the Hard plate of 28 ft/s. At what rate
is the player’s distance from the base changing?

7. Shan, who is 5 ft. tall is approaching a post that holds a lamp 15 ft. above ground.
If he is walking at speed of 4 ft/s, how fast is the end of his shadow moving when
he is 17 ft away from the base of the lamp?

## 8. Newton is travelling eastward at 20 km/hr while Leibniz is travelling North-

ward at 10 km/hr at 1 pm, Leibniz is located 50 km south of Newton. At what
rate is the distance between Newton and Leibniz changing at 3:00 pm?

9. A right circular cyclindrical balloon is being inflated in such a way that the radius
and height are increasing at 1 in/s and 3 in/s respectively. What is the rate of
change of the surface area when r=20 in and h=50 in?

“Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for
the Lord, not for human master.”
Corinthians 3:23