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COURSE OUTLINE

COURSE NAME:

PERSONAL LAW - II

SEMESTER – VII

COURSE: B.A., LLB/ B.B.A LL.B


July 2019 TO November 2019

Course Instructor:

Mr. Owais Hasan Khan


Ms. Nikita Pattajoshi
Assistant Professors of Law
National Law University,
Odisha

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COURSE OUTLINE

Personal Law II

Introduction

Personal Law is one of the foundational subjects in legal studies. It consists


of that area of legal studies which has been a result of a direct interface
between law and religion. Accordingly, it is the combination of different
personal laws like Biblical Laws, Hindu Law, Islamic Law etc. concerning the
family/personal matters like marriage, adoption, inheritance etc.

The present syllabus has been drafted with the object to give students
conceptual, theological and foundational understanding about the personal
law from the perspective of different religious laws along with covering
different secular laws as to family matters.

The course Personal Law II is in continuation of Personal Law I studies and


focuses on the property aspects of personal law matters.

The perspective of Indian Constitution, the idea of gender justice, cultural


plurality and uniform civil code shall have a presence like a golden thread
throughout the framework of the present course.

Course Learning Outcomes:

On the completion of the course, students will be able to:

 Analyse the main religious and secular underpinnings and dimensions of


personal laws.
 Equipped with necessary legal aptitude in respect of all personal law
matters and skill thereof, to read and interpret the law and solve the
practical problem before them.
 Critically evaluate and synthesise on different aspects and dimensions of
personal laws as a study in law, religion and state.

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Teaching – Learning Methodology

Blended teaching learning methodology shall be used comprising of the


following basic methodologies:

1. Socratic method

2. Case-study Method

3. Problem Solving Method

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Units

Personal Law II

1. Introduction

a. Philosophical and conceptual contours of Property division and


family law
b. Gender Justice, Constitutional Claims and Property
c. Simone De Beauvoir- The Second Sex & Fredrick Engels- Origin of
Family

References:

 Flavia Agnes, “Law and Gender Inequality- The Politics of Women’s


Rights in India” Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1999
 Simone De Beauvoir, “The Second Sex” Vintage Classics, 1949
[Reprint 1997]
 Sandra Kemp & Judith Squires (Ed.), “Feminisms” Oxford
University Press, 1997
 Vanessa E Munro and Carl F Stychin, “Sexuality and the Law-
Feminist Engagement” Routledge-Cavendish, 2007
 Friedrich Engels, “The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and
the State” 1884
 Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, “Dear Ijeawele, or A Feminist
Manifesto in Fifteen Suggestions” Alfred A. Knopf, 2017

2. Joint Hindu Family Property

a. Mitakshara and Dayabhaga Schools


b. Formation and Incident under the Coparcenary Property under
Dayabhaga and Mitakshara: Extent
c. Karta of Joint Family: Position, Powers and Privileges
d. Women as Karta
e. Debts: Doctrine of Pious Obligation and Antecedent Debts
f. Partition and Reunion

Reference/s

 Sir Dinshaw F Mulla Ed. S A Desai, “Mulla Hindu Law”, LexisNexis


Butterworth, 2016
 Werner F Manski, “Hindu Law: Beyond Tradition and Modernity”
Oxford India Paperbacks, 2009

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3. Intestate Succession

a. Inheritance under Muslim Law


- General rules of Inheritance and classes of heirs
- Order of succession and shares
- Allotment of Shares
- Doctrine of Increase (Aul) and Return (Rudd)
- Distinction between Shia and Sunni Law on Inheritance of
Property

b. Inheritance under Hindu Law


- General rules of succession and Classes of heirs
- Order of Succession and Allotment of Shares
- Stridhan and Women’s estate

c. Intestate Succession under Indian Succession Act


- Rules of Intestate Succession
- Distributions where there are Lineal Descendant
- Distributions where there are Lineal Descendant

References:

 K Kanna, “ Paruck’s Indian Succession Act”, LexisNexis, 11th Edition,


2017
 Sir Dinshaw F Mulla Ed. S A Desai, “Mulla Hindu Law”, LexisNexis
Butterworth, 2016
 G.C.V Subba Rao, “Family Law in India”, NGC Publication, 2012
 Sir Dinshaw Fardunji Mulla, “Mulla Principles of Mohamedan Law”
LexisNexis Butterworths, 2014
 Asaf A. A Fayzee, “Outlines of Muhammadan Law”, Oxford University
Press, 2005
 Flavia Agnes, “Family Laws- I; Family Law and Constitutional Claims”,
Oxford University Press, Vol.1, 2011
 Syed Khalid Rashid, “Muslim Law”, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow,
2011
 Aqil Ahmed (Prof. I A Khan), “Mohammedan Law” Central Law Agency,
2010

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4. Gift

a. Introduction
b. Concept of Hiba under Muslim Law
c. Essentials of Valid Hiba and rules thereof
d. Gift Deed under Transfer of Property Act, 1882 and Registration
Act, 1908

References:

 Sir Dinshaw Fardunji Mulla, “Mulla Principles of Mohamedan Law”


LexisNexis Butterworths, 2014
 Asaf A. A Fayzee, “Outlines of Muhammadan Law”, Oxford University
Press, 2005
 Syed Khalid Rashid, “Muslim Law”, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow,
2011
 Aqil Ahmed (Prof. I A Khan), “Mohammedan Law” Central Law Agency,
2010

5. Testamentary Succession

a. Testamentary Succession under Hindu and Muslim Laws


b. The process of Testamentary Successions under different personal
laws.
c. Limitations on testamentary succession and rules thereof
d. Administration of Testamentary Succession.
e. Testamentary Succession under Indian Succession Act, 1925
(including Christian and Parsis)

References

 K Kanna, “ Paruck’s Indian Succession Act”, LexisNexis, 11th Edition,


2017
 Sir Dinshaw F Mulla Ed. S A Desai, “Mulla Hindu Law”, LexisNexis
Butterworth, 2016
 G.C.V Subba Rao, “Family Law in India”, NGC Publication, 2012
 Sir Dinshaw Fardunji Mulla, “Mulla Principles of Mohamedan Law”
LexisNexis Butterworths, 2014
 Asaf A. A Fayzee, “Outlines of Muhammadan Law”, Oxford University
Press, 2005
 Flavia Agnes, “Family Laws- I; Family Law and Constitutional Claims”,
Oxford University Press, Vol.1, 2011

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 Syed Khalid Rashid, “Muslim Law”, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow,
2011
 Aqil Ahmed (Prof. I A Khan), “Mohammedan Law” Central Law Agency,
2010

6. Religious and Charitable Endowment

a. Wakf under Muslim Law


- Concept, kind and legal incident of Wakf
- Creation of Wakf
- Administration of Wakf
- Mutawalli and his powers

b. Endowments under Hindu Law


- Meaning and essentials
- Math – Concepts and Kinds
- Powers and obligations of Mahant and Shebait
c. Charitable Endowment Act, 1890

References:

 Sir Dinshaw F Mulla Ed. S A Desai, “Mulla Hindu Law”, LexisNexis


Butterworth, 2016
 G.C.V Subba Rao, “Family Law in India”, NGC Publication, 2012
 Sir Dinshaw Fardunji Mulla, “Mulla Principles of Mohamedan Law”
LexisNexis Butterworths, 2014
 Asaf A. A Fayzee, “Outlines of Muhammadan Law”, Oxford University
Press, 2005

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Assessment Scheme

Assessm Descriptio Assessment Marks


ent n assigne
Criteria
d

Mid Written Conceptual understanding, critical 25


Semester Examinati aptitude and ability to solve practical
Examina on problems.
tion I
In the case of problem-solving, the
assessment would depend upon the
logical reasoning, legal provisions and
substantiation through judicial
pronouncements.

Total 03 Questions:-

01. Situation based/problem-solving.

(15 marks)

02. critical evaluation/theory question

(5 marks)

03. Short Answer Questions.

(2.5 marks x 2 = 5 marks)

Total: 25 marks

Project Research Critical evaluation, research aptitude and 20


Work Article writing skills. * marks
writing/
Project
Work

Viva Viva Voce Presentation Skill, knowledge of the 5 marks


Voce and content and critical/ analytical aptitude.
Presentati
on

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Total Marks: 50 marks (Internal)

Total: 50 marks (internal)+ 45 marks (Semester End Examination)+ 5 marks


(Attendance ) = Total 100 marks

Research Article/ Project Work

Each student or group of students (after prior permission) shall choose a


topic of her/his own interest. After the selection of the topic, the students
are required to register it with the course instructor on the notified date. No
identical or substantially similar topic shall be allotted to more than one
student.

In the case of a group submission, the strength of the group cannot be more
than 3 students and chosen topic must be of nature which requires group
efforts.

(Optional) Each group member can have her/his individual contribution


(properly marked and distinguished) in the compiled one submission.

Word Limit: 1500-2000 words, including footnotes and excluding


bibliography. (Roughly 5-7 pages) Anything above the word limit shall not be
subject to evaluation.

Evaluation Criteria for final submission:

Research Tools & Techniques- 5 marks

Analysis of Research Problem- 10 marks

Conclusion- 5 marks

Total Marks: 20

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Suggestive Project Topics/Themes

Sr. No. Topic Roll No.


1. Gender Justice and Property Division: Historical
Analysis and Evolution
2. Gender Justice and Property Division: Analysis of
Present Civil Laws
3. Constitutional Claims and Property Division
4. Gender Justice and Property Division: Historical
Analysis and Evolution
5. Mother’s Right: Review of JJ Bachofen’s work on
Gender Equality
6. Gender Justice and Property Division: Analysis of
Present Civil Laws
7. Constitutional Claims and Property Division
8. Analysis of Fredrick Angel’s Origin of Family
9. Analysis of Simone De Beauvoir’s The Second Sex
10. Gender Justice and Property Division: Historical
Analysis and Evolution
11. Gender Justice and Property Division: Analysis of
Present Civil Laws
12. Constitutional Claims and Property Division
13. Analysis of Fredrick Angel’s Origin of Family
14. Critical Analysis of Property Rights of Women in
Islam
15. Feminism in Islam
16. Female as Karta
17. Joint Hindu Family- A Critical Study
18. Analysis of Haq-e-shufa under Islamic Law
19. Comparative Analysis of the functioning of
Ecclesiastical Courts in Different Jurisdiction
20. Dar-ul-Qaza: Functioning and Feasibility
21. Idea of reclaiming religion and gender justice
22. Property Rights of Christian Women
23. Property Rights of Illegitimate Child under Personal
Laws
24. Affinity and Coparcenership
25. Alienation of undivided coparcenary interest
26. Redefining the concept coparcenaryship:- Inclusion
of relationship by affinity
27. Khasi and Garo Tribe of Meghalaya

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Prescribed Text Books:

K Kanna, “ Paruck’s Indian Succession Act”, LexisNexis, 11th Edition, 2017

G.C.V Subba Rao, “Family Law in India”, NGC Publication, 2012

S A Desai, “Mulla Hindu Law”, LexisNexis Butterworth, 2016

Flavia Agnes, “Family Law: Marriage, Divorce and Matrimonial Litigation”


Volume II, Oxford University Press, 2011
Poonam P Saxena, “Family Law Lectures: Family Law I” LexisNexis
Publication, 2016

Flavia Agnes, “Family Laws- I and II; Family Law and Constitutional
Claims”, Oxford University Press, Vol.1, 2011

Sir Dinshaw Fardunji Mulla, “Mulla Principles of Mohamedan Law”


LexisNexis Butterworths, 2014

Asaf A. A Fayzee, “Outlines of Muhammadan Law”, Oxford University Press,


2005

Syed Khalid Rashid, “Muslim Law”, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow, 2011

Srinivasan, “Special Marriage Act”, Law Publishers (India) Private Ltd., 2010

Kusum, “Family Law Lectures-Family Law-I”, LexisNexis Butterworths, 2014

Reference Books:

Simone de Beauvoir, “The Second Sex” Constance Borde (Translator), Sheila


Malovany-Chevallier (Translator), Vintage Publication, 2011

Prakash Shah, Marie-Claire Fobltes (Ed.) “Family, Religion and Law-


Cultural Encounters in Europe” Religare Publication,2016

Frederick Engels, “The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State”,
Penguin Classics

Reza Aslan, “Zealot: The Life and Times of Jesus of Nazareth”Harper Collins
Publisher 2013

Frank B Cross, “Constitutions and Religious Freedom” Cambridge 2014

Sumeet Malik, “Family Law Manual” Eastern Book Company, 2012

B D Metcalf, R Ahmed and M Hasan, “India’s Muslim” Oxford University


Press,2007

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Anver M Emon, “Religious Pluralism and Islamic Law- Dhimmis and others
in the Empire of Law” Oxford 2014

Burhan Al-Din Al Marghinani, “The Hedaya” Cambridge, Edition 1791


Reprint 2013

Tim Winter (Ed.), “Classical Islamic Theology” Cambridge 2014

Prof. Tahir Mahmood, “Laws of India on Religion and Religious Affairs”


Universal Law Publishing Co., 2008 (349.54 MAH)

Prof. Tahir Mahmood, “Amid Gods and Lords: Living through Labyrinths of
Religion and Law” Universal Law Publishing Co., 2014

V Dalmia and H V Stietencron (Ed.), “The Oxford India Hinduism Reader”


Oxford University Press, 2007

Reza Aslan, “No god but God: The Origins, Evolution, and Future of Islam”
Random House, 2011

S. Frederick Starr, “Lost Enlightenment” Harper Collins Publisher 2014

W.J. Wilkins, “Hindu Mythology” Rupa New Delhi 2013

K V Singh, “Hindu Rites and Rituals: Where They Come from and What They
Mean” Penguin 2015

Alf Hiltebeitel, “Dharma: Its Early History in Law, Religion, and Narrative”
Oxford University Press, 2014

Reza Aslan, “Zealot: -The Life and Times of Jesus of Nazareth”, Harper
Element, 2013

Lesley Hazleton, “After the Prophet: The Epic Story if the Shia-Sunni Split”
Anchor Book 2009

Garrison, Marsha (Ed.) “Marriage at the cross roads: law, policy and the
brave new world of twenty-first-century families” CUP, 2012.

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