In this paper, a study was carried out to aid in
adequate allocation of resources in the College of Natural
Sciences, TYZ University (not real name because of ethical
issue). Questionnaires were administered to the highranking officials of one the Colleges, College of Pure and
Applied Sciences, to examine how resources were allocated
for three consecutive sessions(the sessions were 2009/2010,
2010/2011 and 2011/2012),then used the data gathered and
analysed to generate contributory inputs for th

© All Rights Reserved

0 vues

In this paper, a study was carried out to aid in
adequate allocation of resources in the College of Natural
Sciences, TYZ University (not real name because of ethical
issue). Questionnaires were administered to the highranking officials of one the Colleges, College of Pure and
Applied Sciences, to examine how resources were allocated
for three consecutive sessions(the sessions were 2009/2010,
2010/2011 and 2011/2012),then used the data gathered and
analysed to generate contributory inputs for th

© All Rights Reserved

- SAS Simulation Studio
- SEN301
- MB0032-Operations Research [SOLVED] SET-2
- cse-vi-operations_research_-10cs661--notes_unlocked.pdf
- Linear problem
- Lifetime Communication
- 9955_ACCO_User_Manual_4.15.3
- Red Brand Sol
- AN APPLICATION OF OPTIMAL SOLUTION CHOOSING METHODS IN PLANETARY GEAR TRANSMISSION OPTIMIZATION
- Linear Programing
- shish mba sams ibm varanasi pom
- syallabus
- Apollon eManufacturing Experiment
- Operation Research Finale
- rahman
- PUBLISHED PAPER.pdf
- Decision Analysis
- BETTER PERFORMANCE OF SIMPLEX METHOD ON TRANSPORT NETWORK WITH NON ? INTEGER EDGE CAPACITIES.
- IntroductionEnergyModeling(Yamaguchi)
- b 02402012022

Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 7

www.ijemr.net https://doi.org/10.31033/ijemr.9.1.10

University Systems

Onanaye, Adeniyi S.

Senior Lecturer, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Industrial Mathematics Programme, Redeemer’s University, Osun

State, NIGERIA

In this paper, a study was carried out to aid in problem: a problem that limits a cloud system’s ability to

adequate allocation of resources in the College of Natural execute and deliver a project as originally planned. In

Sciences, TYZ University (not real name because of ethical their own view, Connor and Shah (2014) argued that to

issue). Questionnaires were administered to the high- schedule a project effectively [4], project planners must

ranking officials of one the Colleges, College of Pure and

select appropriate costing and resourcing options. This

Applied Sciences, to examine how resources were allocated

for three consecutive sessions(the sessions were 2009/2010, selection will determine the duration of the project. In

2010/2011 and 2011/2012),then used the data gathered and most cases, projects have multiple costing and resourcing

analysed to generate contributory inputs for the three basic options which lead to multiple due dates [5].

outputs (variables)formed for the purpose of the study. These resources may be raw materials, machine

time or people time, money or anything that is in limited

These variables are: x1 represents the quality of graduates

supply. The best or optimal solution may mean profit

produced; x2 stands for research papers, Seminars, maximization, cost minimization or achieving the best

possible quality. Resource allocation may be decided by

Journals articles etc. published by faculties and x3 denotes using computer programs applied to a specific domain to

service delivery within the three sessions under study. automatically and dynamically distribute resources to

Simplex Method of Linear Programming was used to solve applicants. It may be considered as a specialized case of

the model formulated. automatic scheduling and this is especially common in

electronic devices dedicated to routing and

Keywords-- Optimal, Mathematical Model, Linear communication. For example, channel allocation in

Programming, Resources, Allocation, Management, wireless communication may be decided by a base

Redeemer’s University. transceiver station using an appropriate algorithm.

The College of Natural Sciences is one of the

Subject Classification Codes: 2010: 90C90 colleges in the Redeemer’s University. It is made up of

four departments which are: Mathematical Sciences,

Biological Sciences, Chemical Sciences and Physical

I. INTRODUCTION Sciences. If the resources given to the College of Natural

Sciences are well allocated, it would make the learning

Linear Programming is a basis with which we process in the college more efficient and also make the

can manipulate and control various activities in order to college to achieve better outputs. A wide range of

achieve optimal outcome for any problem. It deals with successful applications of optimization have been

the optimization (maximization or minimization) of a developed by businesses, governments, universities,

function of variables known as objective functions [1]. industries and any other groups. Many large companies

Optimization problems consist of maximizing or have reported saving billions of (Naira) Dollars using

minimizing a real function by systematically choosing optimization.

input values from within an allowed set and computing For an allocation of resources to be optimal,

the value of the function [2]. It includes finding the best some conditions that must be met are that:

available values of some objective function given a well- It must be an efficient allocation.

defined domain. An optimization problem in general is The distribution of such allocation must be

referred to as a linear mathematical programming equitable (i.e. fair)

problem and as such, many real world and theoretical It must be simple and not complex. etc.

problems can be modelled into a linear mathematical In using an optimizer (iterative software tools), the

program. user must build a model that species the:

In the application of optimization such as in the Resources to be used (using a decision variable)

allocation of resources, optimizer or solvers are tools that The limit of resource usage (constraints)

help users find the best way to allocate those resources The measure to optimize (objectives).

[3]. According Huankai et'al (2013), resource allocation

108 This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Engineering and Management Research e-ISSN: 2250-0758 | p-ISSN: 2394-6962

Volume- 9, Issue- 1, (February 2019)

www.ijemr.net https://doi.org/10.31033/ijemr.9.1.10

The optimizer finds values for the decision Guptar and Hira in 1985defined operation

variables that satisfy the constraints while optimizing research (OR) a study that encompasses a wide range of

(maximizing or minimizing) the objective [3]. problem-solving techniques and methods applied in the

Iteration is defined as the procedure that pursuit of improved decision-making and efficiency, such

involves repetitive steps in order to achieve the desired as simulation, mathematical optimization, queuing theory

outcome. Sometimes iteration is often referred to as a and other stochastic-process models, Markov decision

loop. In constructing an iterative model as an approach processes, econometric methods, neural networks, expert

for solving optimization in allocation of resources, a good systems, decision analysis, and the analytic hierarchy

iterative model must possess the following process [8]. Operation research gives executives the

characteristics: power to make more effective decisions and build more

i. It should be communicable, productive systems based on more complete data,

ii. It must not be too complex to understand, it consideration of all available options, careful predictions

should be simple and of outcomes and estimates of risk and the latest decision

iii. It should be able to give feedback as a tools and techniques. Guptar and Hira again in 1985

measure of its progress [3]. described linear programming (LP or linear optimization)

Joiner in 2009 developed a mathematical model to as a mathematical method for determining a way to

determine the optimal structure (dollars, space) for achieve the best outcome (such as maximum profit or

allocating resource packages when recruiting new faculty, minimum cost) in a given mathematical model for some

based on expected financial returns from those faculty list of requirements represented as linear relationships. It

using the University of Arizona College of Medicine as is the process of taking various linear inequalities relating

an illustrative case study (the model was applied there to some situation, and finding the "best" value obtainable

from 2005 to 2008), according to her, the model is a under those conditions. More formally, linear

simple and flexible approach that can be adopted by other programming is a technique for the optimization of a

medical schools irrespective of the magnitude of the linear objective function, subject to linear equality and

resources allocated [6]. Tarek in 1999 proposed linear inequality constraints [8]. According to Robert

improvement to resource allocation and levelling (2007), a model is a miniature representation of

heuristics using the Genetic Algorithms (GA) to search something, a pattern of something to be made, an

for near-optimum solution, considering both aspects example for imitation or emulation, a description or

simultaneously. According to his work, the improved analogy use to help visualize something [9].

heuristics, random priorities were introduced into selected Mathematically a model is a description of a system using

tasks and their impact on the schedule is monitored [7]. mathematical concepts and languages, the process of

According to Zhu and Cipriano (2002), in their developing a mathematical model is called mathematical

work on using mathematical optimization approach for modelling. Robert in 2007 defined Simplex method is an

resource allocation in large scale data centres using iterative procedure for solving Linear Programming

Hewlett Packard laboratory, Palo Alto as a case study Problems (LPP) with a finite number of steps [9]. This

centre. According to them, they addressed the resource method provides an algorithm which consist of moving

allocation problem (RAP) for large scale data centres from one vertex of the region of feasible solution to

using mathematical optimization techniques given a another in such a manner that the value of the objective

physical topology of resources in a large data centre, and function at the succeeding vertex is less or more as the

an application with certain architecture and requirements, case may be than the previous vertex. The procedure is

so as to determine which resources in the physical repeated and since the number of vertices is finite, the

topology should be assigned to the application method leads to an optimal vertex in a finite number of

architecture such that application requirements and steps or indicates the existence of unbounded solution.

bandwidth constraints in the network are satisfied, while According to Okonta and Chikwendu in 2008, said that

communication delay between assigned servers is also sensitivity analysis deals with finding out the amount by

minimized [8].Okonta and Chikwendu in2008used an which we can change the input data for the output of our

iterative model for optimum allocation of government linear programming model to remain comparatively

resources to the less privilege in Ethiope West Local unchanged [1]. This helps us to determine sensitivity of

Government Area of Delta State of Nigeria. In their the data we supply for the problem. If a small change in

methodology, four principal projects which are the input produces a large change in the optimal solution

Education, Electricity, Water supply and Health care for some model, and a corresponding small change in the

were put into key considerations. Budgeted amount and input for some other model doesn’t affect its optimal

the actual expenditure between the year 2001 and 2006 solution as much, we can conclude that the second

were key parameters used by them making use of the problem is less sensitive to the changes in the input data.

Simplex Method of the linear programming problems to A typical example of LP Model can be expressed as

generate their iterative model [1]. follows:

109 This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Engineering and Management Research e-ISSN: 2250-0758 | p-ISSN: 2394-6962

Volume- 9, Issue- 1, (February 2019)

www.ijemr.net https://doi.org/10.31033/ijemr.9.1.10

n

Maximize Z: j 1

Cj X j

X j 0 , i 1, 2,..., m

where: X j are the output variables from the system been modelled,

aij are the input coefficients of X j as contributions to the objective function, Z .

bi are the quantities of expectations in each of the processes,

C j arethe marginal values of resources (inputs) available.

inequalities in (1) above do changed to greater than or

equal to (≥). Data generated by questionnaire were used to

formulate the iteration model used for the study. The

II. PROBLEM STATEMENT mainstream resources allocated and available at the

College of Natural Sciences of the University include

Allocation of resources (resources such as academic and non-academic staff strength; library

capital, time, land, personnel, facilities etc) in an facilities and journals; lecture halls; laboratories;

organization is not a small job. Correct allocation of such transportation; utilities, furniture, office and residential

resources adequately in such a way that every accommodations; internet and intercom services and as

department/unit is sufficiently satisfied cannot be over such. The questionnaire were administered to the high

emphasized. Therefore, we want to make room for the ranking officials such as the Dean of the College, Head of

best allocation of resources to the College of Natural Departments (HOD’s) and the College Officer based on a

Sciences in Redeemers University, Nigeria so that the three-session academic school calendar (i.e. 2009/2010,

college can carry out her duties more efficiently. In order 2010/2011 and 2011/2012 sessions were used for this

to do this, we developed an iterative model for optimal study). The generated information from the questionnaire

allocation of those resources to the different departments was defined as the primary data while the journal articles,

in the college of Natural Sciences. personal observations and interviews were defined as the

2.1 Aim and Objectives secondary data for the study. The model generated from

The aim of this paper is to aid in adequate and the available information was solved by using an iterative

correct allocation of resources in the college of Natural tool called Simplex Method (SM) of the Linear

Sciences in the Redeemers University and by extension to Programming model.

other colleges/departments/units in the University and 3.1 Formulated Mathematical Model

any other organisations both in public and private. Linear programming problems (LPP) of the

To achieve the above aim, we carried out the following Simplex method involves the optimization of a linear

objectives: function, called the objective function which is subject to

Based on existing model of resource allocation some linear constraints, which may either be equalities or

method, a new model was designed to improve inequalities in the unknowns.

the existing one in resources allocation. The objective function is of the form:

We recommend areas that should have more

input of resources so that the College would

achieve better outputs.

n

Maximize Z: j 1

C j X j (2)

Subject to: a ij X j bi

X j 0 , i 1, 2,..., m

where X j is the output based on the iteration University calendar; aij is the input allocated resources

model derived from the three sessions academic based on the information from the questionnaire.

110 This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Engineering and Management Research e-ISSN: 2250-0758 | p-ISSN: 2394-6962

Volume- 9, Issue- 1, (February 2019)

www.ijemr.net https://doi.org/10.31033/ijemr.9.1.10

C j is the marginal value of resources available being derived by ranking in order of needs.

a j and bi were obtained as the objective and subjective allocated resources respectively.

Thus, the linear function to be maximized is mathematically given as:

Max Z C1 X1 C2 X 2 C3 X 3

Subjects to the constraints:

A11 X 1 A12 X 2 A13 X 3 b1

A21 X 1 A22 X 2 A23 X 3 b2 (3)

A31 X 1 A32 X 2 A33 X 3 b3

where:

X 1 = Quality of graduate produced from the college

X 2 = Research papers, journals and seminars e.t.c

X3 = Service delivery e.t.c

X j = Output

For the quality of graduates produced from the bi = calculated final points based on the inputs

college; the following were considered as input:

the staff strength based on qualifications, resources from the primary data.

productivities and years of experience including 3.2 Theorems

non-academic supporting staff; access to data Theorem 1

base of high quality Journals for different areas The set of all feasible solutions to the linear

of disciplines and access to internet; programming problem (LLP) is a convex set.

laboratories/equipment/consumables and hostel (Source: Okonta and Chikwendu, 2008)

accommodations. Theorem 2

If for any basic feasible solutions

For quality of researches done, journals articles

published and seminars presentations; the X 0 ( X10 , X 20 ,..., X m0 , the conditions Z j C j 0

following were considered as inputs: access to

(ie. C j Z j 0 ) hold for j 1, 2,..., n , then a

data base of high quality Journals for different

areas of disciplines, access to internet, maximum feasible solution is has been obtained.

laboratories/equipment/consumables, research (Source: modified version of Okonta and Chikwendu,

funds, and conducive office accommodations 2008)

provided within each session

For service delivery, the following were IV. SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM

considered as inputs: transportation, residential FORMULATED

accommodations, stationeries, computer

systems, internet facility, and other utilities After analysing the input based for the proposed

provided within each session. outputs, we were able to formulate the objective function

C j = Marginal value of resources which is been derived to be considered and solved as shown below:

based on the ranking of resources allocated

subject to the constraints:

19 x1 14 x2 14 x3 78

18 x1 15 x2 19 x3 84.2 (4)

18 x1 152 17 x3 83.1

Hints: From the above optimization model, it should be noted that:

111 This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Engineering and Management Research e-ISSN: 2250-0758 | p-ISSN: 2394-6962

Volume- 9, Issue- 1, (February 2019)

www.ijemr.net https://doi.org/10.31033/ijemr.9.1.10

bi = calculated final points based on the inputs The individual constraints analysed above were

based on highest ranking from the respective

resources from the primary data (i.e catchment areas (Departments, College).

questionnaire),

In other to remove the inequalities signs in (4)

95.5, 75 and 88 were marginal values (i.e

above, we introduce slacks (dummy variables),

C1 , C2 , and C3 ) of high ranking from the total S1 , S2 , and S3 which now made us to re-write

or summation of inputs that contribute x1 , x2 , x3 (4) as follows:

and as outputs respectively.

Subject to the constraints

19 X 1 14 X 2 14 X 3 S1 0S1 0S1 78

18 X 1 15 X 2 19 X 3 0S1 S 2 0S1 84.2 (5)

18 X 1 15 X 2 17 X 3 0S1 0S1 S 3 83.1

For non-negativity condition, it implies that:

X1, X 2 , X 3 0

We now construct the initial tableau for the simplex method as follows:

Column ci 95.5 75 88 0 0 0

row ci Solution X1 X2 X3 S1 S2 S3 P0

1 0 S1 19 14 14 1 0 0 78

2 0 S2 18 13 19 0 1 0 84.2

3 0 S3 18 15 17 0 0 1 83.1

zj 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

ci-zj 95.5 75 88 0 0 0

Since the entries in ci-zj row in the above table solution column because it has the highest value of

contains elements that are positive, [that is for us to have coefficient in the objective function in (4) above. We also

optimal solution all none of the entries in the ci-zj row

must positive (ci-zj< 0 or =0)] it shows that table is not for

determined the slack to be removed for x1 by dividing

optimal solution. We therefore introduced x1 into the all entries in P0 by all the entries in x1

78

4.105 ………………( s1 )

19

84.2

4.678 ……………..( s2 )

18

83.1

4.617 ………………( s3 )

18

We remove the slack s1 in the solution column because of its lowest ratio.

Based on this, we then reconstruct the simplex tableau as follows:

112 This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Engineering and Management Research e-ISSN: 2250-0758 | p-ISSN: 2394-6962

Volume- 9, Issue- 1, (February 2019)

www.ijemr.net https://doi.org/10.31033/ijemr.9.1.10

Column Ci 95.5 75 88 0 0 0

row Ci Solution X1 X2 X3 S1 S2 S3 P0

1 95.5 X1 1 0.737 0.737 0.052631579 0 0 4.1052632

2 0 X3 0 -5 109 -18 19 0 195.8

3 0 X2 0 33 71 -18 0 19 174.9

Zj 95.5 70.37 73.37 5.026315789 0 0 392.05263

Ci - Zj 0 4.632 17.63 -5.02631579 0 0

Again the entries in ci-zj row in the above table same procedures as mentioned in the first iteration until

still contains some elements that are positive, it shows optimal solution was reached after the fifth iterations and

that table is not yet for optimal solution. We repeated the the final Simplex tableaus shown below:

Column Ci 95.5 75 88 0 0 0

row Ci Solution X1 X2 X3 S1 S2 S3 P0

1 95.5 X1 1 0 0 0.307692309 0.134615384 -0.40384615 1.775

2 88 X3 0 0 1 -0.17307692 0.158653846 0.024038462 1.85625

3 75 X2 0 1 0 -0.17307692 -0.34134615 0.524038462 1.30625

Zj 95.5 75 88 1.173077232 1.216346371 2.850961562 430.83125

Ci - Zj 0 0 0 -1.17307723 -1.21634637 -2.85096156

Since all entries in ci-zj 0 , then the iterations for better outputs in future and further research on the

in the table had produced the optimal solution. subject matter to cover the entire University.

Interpretation of Result

Considering the final or optimal tableau above, REFERENCES

the optimal values for decision variables are x1 =1.775, [1] Simon D. Okonta & C.R. Chikwendu. (2008). An

x2 =1.30625, and x3 =1.85625 with value of objective iterative model for optimal allocation of government

resources to the less privileged. Publication of the

function as Z=430.83125. From the above analysis we ICMCS, 4, 89-100.

can then say that x3 has the highest value of quality of [2] Jan Kolowski. (1992). Optimal allocation of resources

output which connotes that services delivery has greater to growth and reproduction, TREE, 7(1), 15-19.

[3] Richards Mason & Burton Swanson. (1979).

input of resources followed by x1 and then x 2 in that Measurement for management and decision. Available at:

order respectively. For the best or optimal allocation of https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2307/41165309.

[4] Huiankai Chen, Frank Wang, & Na Helian. (2013). A

resources, the values of x1 , x2 and x3 are meant to be cost-efficient and reliable resource allocation model

at equilibrium or almost equilibrium. This implies that the based on cellular automation entropy for cloud project

management of the College had reasonable resources that scheduling. International Journal of Advanced Computer

were evenly distributed among the four Departments and Science and Application, 4(4), 7-14.

the College Office. However, we strongly recommend [5] Connor Andy M. & Shah Amit. (2014). Resource

that the University, through the office of the Dean of allocation using metaheuristic search. Available at:

College of Natural Sciences, should deploy more https://airccj.org/CSCP/vol4/csit41930.pdf.

resources for better outputs in future and that this study [6] Joiner Kate. (2009). A mathematical model to

could be extended to the entire University to test the determine the optimal structure for allocating resource

effectiveness of allocation of resources vis-a-vis her packages: A case study. Publication of Journal on

outputs. Academic Medicine, 84, 13-25.

[7] Tarek, Hegazy. (1999). Optimisation of resource

V. CONCLUSION allocation and leveling using genetic algorithms. Journal

of Construction Engineering and Management, 125(3),

In conclusion we were able to analyse the 167-175.

existing model, identifying near optimal allocation of the http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-

available resources by the management of the College, 9364(1999)125:3(167) )

and we also recommended hat more resource should be [8] Connor, A.M. & Tilley, D.G. (1999). A tabu search

deployed in the College by the University management method for the optimisation of fluid power circuits.

IMechE Journal of Systems and Control, 212(5), 373-

381.

113 This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Engineering and Management Research e-ISSN: 2250-0758 | p-ISSN: 2394-6962

Volume- 9, Issue- 1, (February 2019)

www.ijemr.net https://doi.org/10.31033/ijemr.9.1.10

[9] Elbeltagi, E., Hegazy, T., & Grierson, D. (2005). [10] Feng, C.-W., Liu, L., & Burns, S. A. (1997). Using

Comparison among five evolutionary-based optimization genetic algorithms to solve construction time cost trade-

algorithms. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 19(1), off problems. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering,

43-53. 11(3), 184-189.

APPENDIX

1) Proof of Theorems

k

Proof of Theorem One: In general, let i

i 1, 2,..., k such that a1 a2 ... a3 1 where x a1 x1 , then it implies that Ax ai Axi ai b

where x0.

Proof of Theorem Two: let

n

P0 yi Pi (i)

i 1

and

n

Z 0 yiCi (ii)

i 1

where Z is the corresponding value of the objective function. Therefore, by hypothesis if Z j C j 0

(ie. C j Z j 0 ) Z j C j then Z 0 = y0 Z j Z .

Using equations (i) and (ii) to obtain the equation below, it implies that:

n n n

y10 X 11Pi y20 X 12 Pi ...) y XPi P0 (iii)

i 1 i 1 i 1

Since, P1 , P2 ,..., Pm are linearly independent, we can equate the co-efficient of equation (iii) which becomes:

x10c1 x20c2 ... x0c0 Z

114 This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

- SAS Simulation StudioTransféré paraminiotis
- SEN301Transféré parshyrazkhan
- MB0032-Operations Research [SOLVED] SET-2Transféré parvikaskandhu
- cse-vi-operations_research_-10cs661--notes_unlocked.pdfTransféré parNagarjuna J
- Linear problemTransféré parBhuvana Vignaesh
- Lifetime CommunicationTransféré parsafaahah
- 9955_ACCO_User_Manual_4.15.3Transféré parp030206
- Red Brand SolTransféré parmahnath
- AN APPLICATION OF OPTIMAL SOLUTION CHOOSING METHODS IN PLANETARY GEAR TRANSMISSION OPTIMIZATIONTransféré parJelena Stefanovic Marinovic
- Linear ProgramingTransféré parSalmizam Izam
- shish mba sams ibm varanasi pomTransféré parShish Choudhary
- syallabusTransféré parSuraj Mysore
- Operation Research FinaleTransféré pary2j_incubus
- Apollon eManufacturing ExperimentTransféré parEuropean Network of Living Labs
- rahmanTransféré parAhmed Nagy
- PUBLISHED PAPER.pdfTransféré parMounica Rayeneni
- Decision AnalysisTransféré parYuchen Luo
- BETTER PERFORMANCE OF SIMPLEX METHOD ON TRANSPORT NETWORK WITH NON ? INTEGER EDGE CAPACITIES.Transféré parIJAR Journal
- IntroductionEnergyModeling(Yamaguchi)Transféré parDisyon Dx
- b 02402012022Transféré parinventionjournals
- 1-s2.0-S0263822316300319-main.pdfTransféré parDaniel
- OR QPRTransféré par29_ramesh170
- Scheduling of Crude OilsTransféré parnckpourlas
- Nap Article ETransféré pardrsh81
- along[1]Transféré parHazna Ena
- A mixed 0-1 integer programming for inventory model.pdfTransféré parastariwulandari
- Annexe_1_2.docxTransféré parhidou2013
- irp-costallocationTransféré parPanji Wira Manggala
- BBA_4th_ORTransféré parA G
- Introduction to nothingTransféré parJose Daniel Asuncion

- Empowerment and its Relation with the Job Performance Among the Bank Employees in the Kingdom of BahrainTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Staff Empowerment as a Tool for Increasing Orgarnizational Performance: A Study of Non–Academic Junior Staff in Federal Polytechnic of Oil and Gas BonnyTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Statistical Modelling of Drying Characteristics of Unripe Plantain (Musa Paradisiaca) SlicesTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Time History Analysis of Circular and Rectangular Elevated Water Storage Tank using Baffle WallTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Micro, Small, and Medium Sized Enterprises’ (MSMEs) Participation in Peacebuilding: Motivators and BarriersTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Artificial Intelligence based Pattern RecognitionTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Prisoners, Their Rights and ReformationTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- The Effect of Implementing of Six Sigma Approach in Improving the Quality of Higher Education Institutions in BahrainTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Using Virtual Reality Technology in Oil and Gas IndustryTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Air Bearing and its StabilityTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- An Analysis of the HRD Mechanisms Employed by the Submersible Pump Manufactures in Coimbatore CityTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Development of WC-Feal Composite by Stir Casting MethodTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- An Analysis of Indian Foreign Trade in Present EraTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Management Control in Contemporary Organization: Opportunities, Challenges and Research DirectionsTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- The Impact of Spirituality on Alcoholics in Select De-Addiction Centres in Tiruchirappalli District, TamilnaduTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Factors Affecting the Preference for Living Arrangement of the Overseas Filipino Workers in BahrainTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Indonesia’s Oil Palm Bioenergy Sustainability Assessment System using Indonesian Bioenergy Sustainability Indicators (IBSI)Transféré parIJEMR Journal
- A Framework to Achieve Quality and Excellence in Higher Education: A Literature ReviewTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Cost Implication of Inventory Management in Organised SystemsTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- The Impact of Brand Image and Marketing Mix on Buying Decision for Toyota CalyaTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Analysis on Challenges Small Business Face in using the MBanking/Payment Services in Kericho Town, KenyaTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Integrated Energy Management of Residential Halls at University of Dhaka by Using Energy Efficient Appliances and Solar PV SystemTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Development of Lecture Attendance System for Staff Performance Rating in a Tertiary Institution using Fingerprint TechnologyTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Solving the Pose Ambiguity via a Simple Concentric Circle ConstraintTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- A Study of Job Satisfaction among College Teachers with Special Reference to Constituent Colleges in Patna DistrictTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Logistics Management and the Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Selected States of Northern NigeriaTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Supplier Selection and Evaluation by Fuzzy-AHP Extent Analysis: A Case Study RMG Sector of BangladeshTransféré parIJEMR Journal
- Design & Implementation of a Low Cost Data Logger for Solar Home SystemTransféré parIJEMR Journal

- N5615_1Transféré parprasannakumar_7
- NUCLEAR POWER PLANT DESIGN ANALYSISTransféré parBharath Ram
- MS12-TB01Transféré parmasrawy2015
- tj_11_2017_1_2_7_13Transféré parAish
- Concrete StrengthTransféré pardanielsu87
- webbsdokTransféré parapi-284370848
- is.10262.2009Transféré paraswathy
- Estrategia de Decisión en Sistemas DinámicosTransféré parfatty_mv
- Electric_Hybrid_and_Fuel-Cell_Vehicles_Architectures_and_Modeling-1l7Transféré parSumayya Tabassum
- 3213484Transféré parElisa Marques Coutinho
- 1-s2.0-S1000936114000867-mainTransféré parkkkraja
- Linear Controller DesignTransféré parTran Trung Thanh
- PI in the sky (14)Transféré parsudo5
- GOOD Notes for System Identification and Parameter EstimationTransféré parsumatrablackcoffee453
- Conversion de Energia Electromagnetica - MitTransféré parneoslayfer
- Manual de Referencia Técnico de HEC-HMSTransféré parconhidra
- 3_A method for Tuning Models in DIgSILENT.pdfTransféré pariswadihr
- Load Forecasting using Fuzzy Logic Tool BoxTransféré parGRD Journals
- Power System Dynamics ModellingTransféré parjandaz
- Maths Titles J&BTransféré parMuhammad Kamran
- Chap1 ModelingTransféré parJj Aiteng
- Desjardins Et Al (2004)Transféré parPatricia Hoch Ressia
- Week01_Introduction to Numerical (1)Transféré parInunHazwaniKhairuddin
- evolutionary ecology of plant-plant interactionTransféré parMinh Nguyen
- 1b0. Intro to M and STransféré parIvan Eric Olea
- Water Coning in Horizontal WellTransféré parSarjan Muda
- brakes_analytical_auc03_delphi.pdfTransféré parhimanshu Arora
- Curtis 2019Transféré parpato
- msmsoftTransféré parmsmsoft
- ACS6001 - GP - L1-9 Single FileTransféré parDiablo