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(Approved by Secretary, Irrigation Department vide No. 2/3-SOT/2011, dated 27-09-2012)

1. Islamic Studies & Pakistan Studies

 Historic, Code & Biographic, Two nation theory.

2. Management:
 History of the organization, Composition of various units, Definition of a
public servant, Duties of officers and other staff, Service Rules,
Examinations and training, Working Hours & Leave Rules for staff &
gangs, Traveling allowance Rules, Complaints against Government
servants, Government servants conduct rules, Office routine and
administration, The system of four Ps and three Cs., Assembly questions
and resolutions, Law suits, Position of district management in regard to
canal administration, Interpretation of rules,
 Declaration of Assets, Charge Report Documents, Index Plan, Secretarial,
Zonal & Circle Offices, Government Records, Registers and Returns,
Register of Plant and Machinery, Instructions for the preparation of
Revenue Reports, Inspection of Sub Divisional Offices, Office Libraries,
Books of Reference, Standing Order Books, Record Books, Production of
Official Records in Law Courts, Rules for Occupation of Rest Houses, Fire
Protection, Common defects noticed in the matter of cleanliness of office
and remedial measures therefore, Dengue control.

3. Financial Management:
 Administrative approval and Technical Sanction, Preparation of estimates,
Various stages for execution of works, Specification of important works,
Planning Commission Performa’s, Accounts and Accounts Returns of Sub-
Divisional and Divisional offices, Custody of Cash and Method of making
payments, Treasure Guards and the Custody and Escort of Treasure,
Agreements with Contractors, Cash Transactions and their Record,
Demands and Recoveries of Rents of Buildings and Lands, Deposit works,
Deposit and Suspense Accounts, Payments to labourers, Payments to
Suppliers and Contractors, Works Abstracts, Contractors’ Ledger,
Manufacture Accounts, Workshop Accounts, Inter-Government and inter-
Departmental Transactions, Revenue Receipts and their check, Rules for the
maintenance of the overhaul Suspense Account of old excavators, Rules for
the working of Government Motor Lorries, Rates to be charged for the
private use of Government Motor Launches, Conveyances etc. , Payments
on Muster Rolls, Check of Distance Marks, Supplies to officers on Tour,
Rules and Orders under the Land Acquisition Act, Register of Buildings,
Accounting of stock and tools & plants, Check measurement and payment
for works, Custody and record of measurement books.

4. Canals:
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 Classification of Canals, Water Engineering Principles, the water allowance,
the controlling season, Chaks and their demarcation, Design & construction
of water course, Minor, Distributary, Main & branch canal, Capacity
statement, Draw off statement, Command statement, L-sections, Cross
sections, Distance marks, Boundary stones, Maintenance and remodeling of
channels, Weathering of banks, Berms, Spoil banks, Floating jungle, Cattle
ghats, Silt movement, H register, Gauges, Water theft, Maintenance of
gauges, Tools for a gangman, Work programme, flags and number plates,
Rotational closure, History of canals, Desert canals, triple canals project.
 Hydraulics applied to Irrigation, Classification of falls, Distribution of
surplus energy, Water Profiles, Control points, Characteristic curves,
Efficiency diagram, Pie diagram, Super elevation, Loses in the Canal
aqueduct, Cistern, Glacis, Falls and Meter Flumes, Fluming and Headless
Meters, Syphon Spillways and Hydratomats.
 Sediments: Sediment transport, Silt Sampling, Silting tanks, Silt vanes,
skimming plate form, Silt clearance.
 Outlets: Classes of outlets, Types of outlets, Selection of type, Silt
conduction, Proportionality and rigidity, Tilted pipe outlets, Tail clusters,
Proportional distribution.
 Introduction: Canal lining, Distributary Head Regulators and Distributors,
Water Power from Canal Falls. Modeling canals(computer), Drowned
bridges, Watching of channel, Rain harvesting, Canal telegraph, Well
measurement, Bench marks, Weed eradication, Canal breaches, Siphon,
Supper passage, Level crossing, Auto suction weirs, Borrowing Animals,
Inundation Canals, Performance of important canal system of the world,
Canal Plantation, Inundation Canals.

5. Drains:
 Natural drains, Storm water drains, Seepage drains, Storm water cum
seepage drains, Alignment, Capacity of drains, Design of slope and section,
Cunnettes, Gauging drains, Maintenance of Drains, Cross drainage works.

6. Discharge Observations:
 Method, Selection of site, Temporary and permanent gauges, Main Canal,
Disty, Outlet, Area and Velocity observation, Current meter rating, Meter
flume, Portable flume, Water course discharge observation, Velocity rods,
Telescopic discharge rods, Floats, Surface slope observation, I, II & III class
observations, Discharge observation on drains, Remote Discharge

7. Canal Regulation and Water Accord of 1991:

 General: Water accord and its history, Introduction to IRSA, Allotment of
water to various canals, Water availability forecast, Regulation, Distribution
plan, Kharif plan, Rabi Operations, Flood Routing, Reservoir operation and
sedimentation, Water management, Water accounts, Losses and gains,
Drought Management, Canal closure, Rotational programme.
 Introduction: Link operations, River delta maintenance, Bank storage.
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8. Indus Water Treaty:
 The treaty, Replacement works, Implementation of treaty, Present position,
Future of Pakistani waters, Indian river works, Linking of rivers by India.

9. Flood Management and Hill Torrents:

 General: Flood preparedness, Flood fighting plan & dry run, Monitoring,
Inspections, River survey report, Survey and Estimation of flood works and
quality assurance, Completion report writing and analysis of flood works,
Stone query & their location, Flood fore-cast, Flood warning, Flash flood
forecast, Estimating rain fall, Run off.
 Introduction: River and Rain gauging, Logging of Hydrologic data
interpretation, Evaluation and reporting of data, Breaching section and
their operation, Types of flood works, Reserve stock, Flood fighting
material, MEGA flood Project, (FPSP-I and FPSP-II Projects).

10. River Survey & Training:

 Object, Terminology, Cut offs and evulsions, Meanders and scours,
Waterways, guide banks, Impregnable heads, Spurs.

11. Barrages:
 General: History of Barrages, Design, Construction and Remodeling of
Barrages, Operation & maintenance of a selected barrage, Hydraulic jumps,
Erosion, Swirls, Regulation Rules, Flood fighting plan, Annual closure
 Design: Selection of Site, Layout, Types of Weirs, Afflux, Retrogression,
Water way for Weir, Effect of weir on the regime of river, Secondary Weir,
Under Sluices, Silt Control at Head works, Parallel Flow and its Effects,
Head Across, Gates, Pressure Distribution under floors, Practical Weir
Design, Determination of uplift Pressure, Theory of exit gradient, Curtain
and Cut off walls, Flared-out walls, Upstream and down stream floors.
 Introduction: Difference between Head works and barrage, Pond Level,
Divide wall, Fish Ladder, Head Regulator, Moveable Weir gates and
Shutters, Gauges and gauge well at Barrage, Sheet Piles.

12. Revenue Manual:

 Role of Canal Officers, Instruction for Guidance of the Canal Officers in the
Preparation and Modification of Warabandies, Sample warabandi, Principal
Crops Grown on the Canals in the Punjab, Rules for Extra Supply of Canal
Water for Gardens, Orchard and fish farm, Judicial Powers of Canal
Officers, Typical Chak Plan, Location Map.
 Acquisition of land for repair to banks of Canal, Command Statement, A
form, B form, Capacity Statement, Inclusion of New areas, Sanction of canal
water supply to new areas of existing canals, Form for Application of water,
Special charges for unauthorized Irrigation from damaged outlet, Charges
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for unauthorized Irrigation and waste of water, Breaches, Cuts, Instructions
on Co-operation between police and Irrigation Department.
 Canal Patwari: Introduction, Principal duties, Charge or “halqa”, Personal
register of Canal Patwaris, Waste Water and unauthorized irrigation, Crops
Year, Khasrah, , Shajrah, Lal Kitab, Najaiz and Abzai Register.
 Zilladar: Principal duties, Qualifications, Gauge and Discharge Registers,
Waste of water and unauthorized irrigation, Weekly weather report.
 Divisional Canal Officer: Relation between Divisional and Sub-Divisional
Officers, Duty of Divisional Officer to train Sub-Divisional Officers,
Necessity for watching the work of the Revenue Staff.
 Revenue Clerk: Duties of revenue clerk, English Office returns, Outlet
register, Check outlet register.
 Duties of Sub Divisional Canal Officer, Deputy Collector, Canal Collector,
Assessment Clerk, Vernacular Clerks and Lambardar.

13. The Canal & Drainage Act:

 Definitions of canal & canal officers under Revenue manual and canal Act,
Notification to issue when water-supply is to be applied for public
Purposes, Powers of Canal officers, Power to enter and survey, Adjustment
of claims between persons jointly using water-course, Special powers of
Divisional Canal Officer to initiate cases under Section 20, Procedure for
exercise of magisterial powers, Cutting of supply for any land not being
irrigated, Application for acquisition of land and construction of works
thereafter, Collector, Commissioner and a Canal Officer to have powers of
Civil Courts, Flat rate, Sample missals for Section 68 (all types) 68A, 20 etc.
 Liability when water is unauthorizedly taken from canal or water-course,
Power to prohibit obstruction or order their removal, Power to remove
obstruction after prohibited, Preparation of schemes for works of
improvement, Definition of labourer, Powers of Canal Officer to restore
interrupted supply, Power to summon and examine witnesses, Offences
under the Act, Power to arrest without warrant.
 Rules for the Remodeling of Channels & Outlets, Instructions on Survey.

14. PIDA:
 Scheme for Transfer of Irrigation Management to Farmers Organizations,
Legal and Regulatory Frame work for FOs, PIDA Act 1997, Farmers

15. Small Dams and Embankments:

 Introduction of Dam and Embankment: Zoning of Embankment, River
embankment, Shanks, Silting tank embankments, Protection of
embankment, Consolidation of dry earth, Puddling, Road crossing, Wave
action, Leakages, Breaches, Ecological and Environmental consideration,
Sedimentation assessment and control, Reservoir and catchment area
management, Dam Safety analysis, Dam operation and maintenance,
Seepage analysis and remedial measures, Storage Reservoirs and Tanks,
Hard pan, Methane emission.

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16. Building and Roads:
 Design, Construction & Maintenance, Building and Road Materials
availability, Annual Repairs, Special repairs, Office and residential
buildings, Seismic Zones in Pakistan, Types of soils, Latest concepts in
Building construction, Irrigation Rest House maintenance, Lime mortar
masonry and Jack arches. Culverts, Earthen roads, Shingle roads, Cause
ways, Lightening equipment, Energy Management, Energy Audit,
Architectural Aspects in Building construction.

17. Mechanical, Electrical works and Tube well:

 Gates and Gearings: Hydraulic gates, Functions, Types, Sliding type gates,
Intake bulk head gates, Draft tube head gates, Stop logs, Timber stop log,
Steel stop log, High pressure control and Emergency gates, Wheel and
Roller mounted gates, Spill way gates, Stony Roller gates, Hinged type
gates, Prime movers / Motors, Paints, Khanki Mixture, Repair and
Maintenance of machinery, Rising cell gates.
 Tube wells: Components, Selection Criteria, Turbines, Motors, Pumps,
Repair and Maintenance of Tube wells / components.
 New Technologies: Solar tube wells, Biogas tube wells, Shallow wells.
 Workshops: Manufacturing of gates and gearings, Manufacturing of Hoist,
wooden boats manufacturing, Motors Rewinding, Heavy Earthmoving
Machine Repair / Maintenance, Automobiles Engines etc, Types of earth
moving machinery with the department.

18. Miscellaneous Topics:

 Surveillance via internet, Indian states water issues, Remote sensing, GIS,
Flood fore-cast and Metrology, Disaster Management, Telemetry, Modeling
rivers (physical and computer), Deep penetration radars, Application of

 Class notes be prepared from the list of 36 Departmental Manuals and books attached.

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