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Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
Region V – Bicol
Division of Camarines Norte
Jose Panganiban

Summative Assessment 1.2

I. Read each questions carefully. Write the letter of your best answer in a separate answer sheet.
1. What is the hottest layer in the Earth?
a. Mantle c. Outer Core
b. Crust d. Inner Core
2. What layer is made of mostly iron and nickel?
a. Core c. Mantle
b. Crust d. All of these
3. What layer is a solid because of the pressure of overlying rocks?
a. Crust c. Outer core
b. Mantle d. Inner core

4. What layer has convection currents?

a. Inner core c. Crust
b. Mantle d. Outer core

5. What layer has properties of both a solid and a liquid?

a. Mantle c. Inner core
b. Outer core d. Crust
6. What layer has 2/3 of Earth's mass?
a. Outer core c. Mantle
b. Crust d. Inner core
7. What causes the plates to move?
a. Ocean currents c. Large machines
b. Movement in the core d. Convection in the mantle
8. What are the pieces of the Earth's crust called?
a. Rocks c. Plates
b. Puzzle pieces d. Continents
9. Oceanic crust is
a. Thinner but less dense c. Thinner but denser
b. Thicker but less dense d. Thicker and denser
10. Continental crust is
a. Thinner but less dense c. Thinner but denser
b. Thicker but less dense d. Thicker and denser

11. How do seismologists study the Earth’s interior?

a. We have sent robots down to the core
b. We have giant ex-ray machines
c. Earthquakes /seismic waves
d. We have sensors that can take pictures of the layers
12. The ability of solid to flow is called
a. Solidity c. Plasticity
b. Density d. Fluidity
13. The boundary that separates the crust and the mantle is called;
a. Mohorovicic Discontinuity c. Asthenosphere
b. Cretaceous d. Mid-oceanic Ridge
14. It happens when the North Pole is transformed into a South Pole and the South Pole becomes the North
a. Pangaea c. Sea-floor Spreading
b. Continental Drift d. Magnetic Reversal
15. Which of the following is NOT an evidence of Sea-floor Spreading?
a. Magnetic Stripes near the Mid ocean ridge
b. Molten Rocks
c. Drilling Samples
d. Creation of new bodies of water
16. Where is the Earth’s magnetic field generated?
a. in the crust c. in the mantle
b. in the outer core d. in the inner core
17. The lithosphere includes:
a. Crust and uppermost, rigid mantle
b. Outer core and inner core
c. Asthenosphere and inner core
d. Outer core and lower mantle
18. What is the most abundant element in the crust?
a. Oxygen c. Carbon
b. Iron d. Silicon
19. This theory states that Earth’s crust and rigid upper mantle are broken into enormous slabs which move
in different directions.
a. Tectonic Plate Theory c. Sea-floor Spreading Theory
b. The theory of Pangaea d. Continental Drift Theory
20. The theory of _____________ states that new ocean crust is formed at ocean ridges and destroyed at
deep-sea trenches.
a. Seafloor spreading c. Tectonic plates
b. Pangaea d. Continental drift
21. The theory of sea-floor spreading supports ideas that?
a. the earth is expanding
b. the earth is contracting
c. new crust is being made along oceanic trenches
d. new crust is being made along mid-ocean ridges
22. Who were the two scientists who proposed the theory of seafloor spreading?
a. Charles Darwin and James Hutton
b. Harry Hess and Robert Dietz
c. John Butler and Arthur Smite
d. F. Vine and D. Matthews
23. Who proposed the continental Drift Theory?
a. Alfred Wegener c. Harry Hess
b. James Hutton d. Robert Deitz
24. The name of Supercontinent that existed 250 million years ago was.,
a. Eurasia c. Pangaea
b. Laurasia d. Gondwanaland
25. The process in which the old ocean floor return to the Earth interior in convergent boundaries is called,
a. Moho c. Continental Drift
b. Subduction d. Seafloor spreading
26. How does Convection current occur?
a. Less dense particles rise and cool dense particles sink
b. Cool less dense particles rise hot dense particles sink
c. Both hot and cool dense particles sink
d. All of the above
27. All of the following can cause Plate Tectonics Theory except;
a. Seafloor spreading c. Continental Drift
b. Convection Current d. Magnetic Reversal
28. Where can you find the youngest rocks?
a. Near the subduction region
b. In continental plates
c. In oceanic plates near the mid ocean ridge
d. Near mountain areas
29. All of the following support the idea of Continental Drift, except,
a. Edges of the continents c. Coal deposits
b. Seafloor spreading d. Subduction
30. Why does the oceanic crust sink beneath the continental crust at the subduction Zone?
a. The oceanic crust has a greater density
b. The oceanic crust is pulled downward by Earth’s magnetic field
c. The continental crust has a denser composition
d. The oceanic crust is pushed from the ridge

II. Describe the following briefly.

1. Seafloor Spreading Theory(3 pts)
2. Continental Drift Theory (3 pts)
3. Draw and label the Earth’s interior (4 pts)