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# CH1.

1 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 6

A sequence in which the ratio between the subsequent terms is the same is called a geometric
progression.

## The sum of the infinite terms of a G.P. is:

 Step 2 of 6

If a ball bounces of the height of its previous bounce, then the successive heights are in a
geometries sequence.

## The height of the second drop is .

So, to determine the height of the tenth rebound, take the term .

 Step 3 of 6
Consider the first term as ‘a’ and the common ratio as ‘r’:

## Consider for the geometric sequence:

So, after the tenth bounce, the height reached is calculated as shown below:
Hence, the height of the tenth rebound is .

 Step 4 of 6

The distance traveled till the tenth bounce and the tenth drop is determined as the sum of the expression
shown below:

 Step 5 of 6

## Evaluate the above expression to determine the total distance:

Hence, the total distance traveled by the ball .

 Step 6 of 6

## Compare the distance as shown below:

Hence, the total distance travelled by the ball is times the distance travelled after the tenth
bounce.

CH1.2 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 2

321-1.2-1P SA Code:

SR Code: 0049

 Step 2 of 2

Let
Therefore the limit of the given sequence is 1.

CH1.4 1P
Chapter: Problem:

 Step 1 of 1

where

and

here and
Now

CH1.5 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 2

Where,

 Step 2 of 2

## Since the terms of the infinite series do not tend to zero.

Therefore By preliminary test .this series diverges and no further testing is needed.

CH1.6 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 1

For

For

For

For

## By mathematical induction, prove that the condition is true for

Multiply both sides by

CH1.7 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 3

To test the following series for convergence, use the method of alternating series:

 Step 2 of 3

## Suppose that a series and either , where for all . So,

• is a decreasing sequence.

Since, .

Rewrite it as:

So, .

Here, and .

 Step 3 of 3

Now, check .

## Thus, the required result is found.

CH1.9 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 2

Let clearly

Now

Take

## and we know that is divergent

 Step 2 of 2

Since tends to a finite limit and is divergent, by special comparison test is divergent.

is divergent.

CH1.10 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 6

Objective is to determine the interval of convergence for the following power series:
.

## Also investigate the endpoints of the interval.

Apply the ratio test to find for what values of x this series is convergent. For this find the following ratio:

Where .

 Step 2 of 6

 Step 3 of 6

## 2. If , the series diverges.

Thus, by the ratio test converges when and diverges when . So, series will
converge when .

 Step 4 of 6

The endpoints of the convergence interval are . For these endpoints, when , the series will be:
Note that . So, by the preliminary test one can conclude that series diverges.

 Step 5 of 6

## When , the series will become:

Obtained series is an alternative series. Since , therefore by the test for alternating series
one can conclude that series diverges.

 Step 6 of 6

## Hence, the interval of convergence of the power series is .

CH1.12 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 5

Let
Continue this process we get

 Step 2 of 5

Let
 Step 3 of 5

Let

 Step 4 of 5
 Step 5 of 5
Let

CH1.13 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 4

## Consider the binomial series

Where is any real number, positive or negative and is a binomial coefficient

 Step 2 of 4

## The series converges if and diverges if and fail if

Where

Use the ratio test to show that a binomial series converges for

 Step 3 of 4

To find :
 Step 4 of 4

To find :

## Since , by the ratio test, the binomial series converges.

CH1.14 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 2

## If is an alternating series with

That is we are proving alternating series is convergent and error made in stopping at

Any term is not greater than the absolute value of next term

## is a bounded monotonic increasing sequence and thus has limit S

 Step 2 of 2

Also

Thus partial sum of the series approach the limit S and the series converges

## The error made in stopping after 2M terms is

And is this non-negative and less than or equal to , the first term which is omitted

## Which is non-positive and greater than

CH1.15 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 5

## The power series representation of is,

and

Now, replace x by ,

At ,
 Step 2 of 5

Also,

Replace x by ,

At ,

 Step 3 of 5

At
 Step 4 of 5

## Now see the answer by using Maple software,

Maple input:

exp(arcsin(0.3e-3))

Maple output:

>

Maple input:

ln((1-0.3e-3)/exp(1))

Maple output:

>

 Step 5 of 5

Maple input:

exp(arcsin(0.3e-3))+ln((1-0.3e-3)/exp(1))

Maple output:

>

## The value the function using computer is, .

The value the function using the series of the functions is around

.
Both the values are not equal.

Therefore, any computer carrying fewer digits will lose all accuracy in the simplification.

CH1.16 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 7

(a)

To show that the sum of these setbacks is a divergent series, use the figure:

 Step 2 of 7

## The figure is:

From the above diagram, the distance from the right end is

 Step 3 of 7

## Find the series is divergent series.

Using p-test, this series is divergent.
Hence, the total sum will be anything till infinite.

## The required solution is:

 Step 4 of 7

(b)

To find the sum of terms of the harmonic series, use the Maclaurin series:

 Step 5 of 7

## Take these values one-by-one.

For ,

For ,
For ,

For ,

For ,

For ,
Hence, the sum of terms

of is .

## The required solution is:

 Step 6 of 7

(c)

To find the number of books needed for an overhang of 2 books, 3 books, 10 books and 100 books:

 Step 7 of 7