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CH1.

1 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 6

A sequence in which the ratio between the subsequent terms is the same is called a geometric
progression.

The general term of a G.P. is:

The sum of the infinite terms of a G.P. is:

 Step 2 of 6

If a ball bounces of the height of its previous bounce, then the successive heights are in a
geometries sequence.

The height of the first drop is .

The height after the first rebound is .

The height of the second drop is .

So, to determine the height of the tenth rebound, take the term .

 Step 3 of 6
Consider the first term as ‘a’ and the common ratio as ‘r’:

Consider for the geometric sequence:

So, after the tenth bounce, the height reached is calculated as shown below:
Hence, the height of the tenth rebound is .

 Step 4 of 6

The distance traveled till the tenth bounce and the tenth drop is determined as the sum of the expression
shown below:

Hence, the distance travelled after the tenth bounce is .

 Step 5 of 6

Determine the total distance traveled by the ball.

The total distance travelled is the expression shown below:

Evaluate the above expression to determine the total distance:


Hence, the total distance traveled by the ball .

 Step 6 of 6

Compare the distance as shown below:

Hence, the total distance travelled by the ball is times the distance travelled after the tenth
bounce.

CH1.2 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 2

321-1.2-1P SA Code:

SR Code: 0049

 Step 2 of 2

Let
Therefore the limit of the given sequence is 1.

CH1.4 1P
Chapter: Problem:

 Step 1 of 1

where

and

here and
Now

CH1.5 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 2

Consider the infinite series

Write above series as


Where,

 Step 2 of 2

Continuation to the above

Since the terms of the infinite series do not tend to zero.

Therefore By preliminary test .this series diverges and no further testing is needed.

CH1.6 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 1

The objective is to prove that for all

For

For

For

For

By mathematical induction, prove that the condition is true for


Multiply both sides by

CH1.7 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 3

To test the following series for convergence, use the method of alternating series:

 Step 2 of 3

Alternating Series Test:

Suppose that a series and either , where for all . So,

• is a decreasing sequence.

We have to check the series for convergence.

Since, .

Rewrite it as:

So, .

But the series is an alternating series.


Here, and .

 Step 3 of 3

Now, check .

Both the conditions of alternating series are satisfied.

Hence, the given series is convergent.

The required solution is:

Thus, the required result is found.

CH1.9 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 2

Let clearly

By preliminary test, we must test further


Now

Take

and we know that is divergent

 Step 2 of 2

Since tends to a finite limit and is divergent, by special comparison test is divergent.

is divergent.

CH1.10 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 6

Objective is to determine the interval of convergence for the following power series:
.

Also investigate the endpoints of the interval.

Apply the ratio test to find for what values of x this series is convergent. For this find the following ratio:

Where .

 Step 2 of 6

Substitute n by in and get . Then the ratio will be:

Apply the limit in the ratio and get

 Step 3 of 6

According to the ratio test,

1. If , the series converges,

2. If , the series diverges.

Thus, by the ratio test converges when and diverges when . So, series will
converge when .

 Step 4 of 6

The endpoints of the convergence interval are . For these endpoints, when , the series will be:
Note that . So, by the preliminary test one can conclude that series diverges.

 Step 5 of 6

When , the series will become:

Obtained series is an alternative series. Since , therefore by the test for alternating series
one can conclude that series diverges.

 Step 6 of 6

Hence, the interval of convergence of the power series is .

CH1.12 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 5

Let
Continue this process we get

 Step 2 of 5

Let
 Step 3 of 5

Let

 Step 4 of 5
 Step 5 of 5
Let

CH1.13 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 4

Consider the binomial series


Where is any real number, positive or negative and is a binomial coefficient

 Step 2 of 4

The ratio test:

The series converges if and diverges if and fail if

Where

Use the ratio test to show that a binomial series converges for

 Step 3 of 4

The series is where

To find :
 Step 4 of 4

To find :

Since , by the ratio test, the binomial series converges.

CH1.14 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 2

If is an alternating series with


That is we are proving alternating series is convergent and error made in stopping at

Any term is not greater than the absolute value of next term

Sum of series up to 2M terms is

Quantities in parenthesis are non negative .we have

is a bounded monotonic increasing sequence and thus has limit S

 Step 2 of 2

Also

Thus partial sum of the series approach the limit S and the series converges

The error made in stopping after 2M terms is

And is this non-negative and less than or equal to , the first term which is omitted

Similarly the error made in stopping after 2M+1 terms is

Which is non-positive and greater than


CH1.15 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 5

Consider the function,

The power series representation of is,

and

Now, replace x by ,

The power series representation of is,

At ,
 Step 2 of 5

Also,

The power series representation of is,

Replace x by ,

At ,

 Step 3 of 5

So, the power series representation of is,

At
 Step 4 of 5

Now see the answer by using Maple software,

Maple input:

exp(arcsin(0.3e-3))

Maple output:

>

Maple input:

ln((1-0.3e-3)/exp(1))

Maple output:

>

 Step 5 of 5

Maple input:

exp(arcsin(0.3e-3))+ln((1-0.3e-3)/exp(1))

Maple output:

>

The value the function using computer is, .

The value the function using the series of the functions is around

.
Both the values are not equal.

Therefore, any computer carrying fewer digits will lose all accuracy in the simplification.

CH1.16 1P
Chapter: Problem:
 Step 1 of 7

(a)

To show that the sum of these setbacks is a divergent series, use the figure:

The graph is:

 Step 2 of 7

The figure is:

From the above diagram, the distance from the right end is

So, these are the even terms,

Let these terms are up to .

Thus, the distance from right end would be .

 Step 3 of 7

Find the series is divergent series.


Using p-test, this series is divergent.
Hence, the total sum will be anything till infinite.

The required solution is:

 Step 4 of 7

(b)

To find the sum of terms of the harmonic series, use the Maclaurin series:

 Step 5 of 7

Find the sum of .

Take these values one-by-one.

For ,

For ,
For ,

For ,

For ,

For ,
Hence, the sum of terms

of is .

The required solution is:

 Step 6 of 7

(c)

To find the number of books needed for an overhang of 2 books, 3 books, 10 books and 100 books:

 Step 7 of 7

Find the number of 5 books.

Hence, the sum of 5 books is .

The required solution is:

Thus, the required result is found.