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Department of Education

LIBERTAD NATIONAL VOCATIONAL SCHOOL


Libertad, Antique

PERCEPTION IN THE USE OF NON-PLASTIC MATERIALS IN SELLING AND IN

PACKAGING PRODUCTS

CYRENZ BERNABE

SHEILA MAE S. ESPILLO

MERY JEAN S. ESTOCADO

SHYLA LAINE C. ORCASITAS

MA. ANDREA S. TAMBOONG

PRESENTED TO MR. RENE BOY CALCANA, TEACHER OF PRACTICAL RESEARCH II OF

LIBERTAD NATIONAL VOCATIONAL SCHOOL

PRESENTED IN PARTIAL FULLFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PRACTICAL

RESEARCH II IN THE LIBERTAD NATIONAL VOCATIONAL SCHOOL

2018-2019

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Department of Education
LIBERTAD NATIONAL VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
Libertad, Antique

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The researchers would like to thank to Mr. Rene Boy Calcaña (Teacher in Practical
Research II) for being patient and understanding in teaching his subject and coaching the
researchers in this study, helping the researchers academically and to make a study
effectively and efficiently.

To Ms. Joan Alojipan, thank you for helping this study in correcting grammars,
sentence structures, syntaxes and errors because of that the researchers have learned from
their mistakes.

To Mr. Rex Espiridion thank you for correcting the calculations, charts and tables
of this study and thank you for the suggestion that you have given to this study.

We, the researcher’s would like to thank also to our classmates who help us in
formulating the other parts of this study. Also we would like to thank to all our friends who
are always there to support and encourage us to keep doing what is right and thank you for
sharing us words of encouragement that made us, the researcher to finalize this study.

As well as to all Libertadnon, thank you for participating and to all people who
responded to this study in order to complete our data.

The researchers dedicated this study to their parents as well as to all their families
and the researchers are thankful for providing them financially and supporting the
researchers morally and emotionally in the journey in making this study.

And from the bottom of our hearts thank you to our Almighty God who always
there to guide us, for providing the researchers needs, to keep us safe in making this
research or this study to happen, and we are really thankful to God who had given us
wisdom and strength in finishing this study.

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Department of Education
LIBERTAD NATIONAL VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
Libertad, Antique

ABSTRACT

The researchers conducted this study entitled “Perception in the use of non-plastic
materials in selling and in packaging products in the Municipality of Libertad. The
participants or the respondents in this study were Libertadnon sellers and consumers.
Points that are discussed in this study will be exploring the views and opinions of the
Libertadnon sellers and consumers about the effects of plastic in using it in selling and in
packaging products. Additionally, this study was explored the insights of Libertadnon
sellers and consumers regarding on how many are agree in using plastic materials as
packaging in products and what is the reason why the sellers and consumers use plastic in
selling and packaging. The researchers used survey method to obtain the needed data and
to determine the overall totality of how many consumers are agreeing in using non-plastic
materials in selling and in packaging products. The researchers also used descriptive
analysis to investigate the data taken from 100 Libertadnon sellers and consumers
respondents from the main barangays of Centro Weste and Este, from barangay Union and
Pajo. After investigating the data gathered by the researchers, the findings of the study
showed that mostly all Libertadnons are agree in using non-plastic materials in selling and
in packaging products. So it is necessary to improve the prohibition of banning plastic
materials in selling and in packaging products for its harmful effects in the year 2019 and
to the future. Consequently, the researchers concluded that the municipality of Libertad
possesses a great chance to become an eco-friendly town and to all residence of Libertad to
become creative in making alternative bags such banig bag, so it will help the environment
and especially to the producers of banig, to help them financially and to promote the
nativity of Municipality of Libertad.

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Department of Education
LIBERTAD NATIONAL VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
Libertad, Antique

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ii

ABSTRACT iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS iv

CHAPTER I – INTRODUCTION

A. Background of the Study 1-2

B. Statement of the Problem 3

C. Hypotheses of the Study 4

D. Theoretical Framework 5

E. Conceptual Framework 6-7

F. Significance of the Study 8

G. Definition of Terms 9

H. Scope and Limitations 10

CHAPTER II – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

A. Economic Impact 11-12

a) The rise of plastics 13

b) The life Cycle of Plastic Bags 14

And The Problem with Plastics

c) Plastics in San Diego 15

And The Problem with Plastic Bags in San Diego

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Department of Education
LIBERTAD NATIONAL VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
Libertad, Antique

d) Plastic Bag Bans – History 16

B. Bag Alternatives 17

C. Sachet Water Use and Environmental Impacts 18

D. Stakeholder Participation, Public Education and Awareness 19

E. Sachet Waste Management and the Informal Sector 20-21

F. Legarda file bills to ban micro plastics, single-use plastics 22

And Hontiveros files a bill banning of straws and stirrers

G. Litter Trends at Home and Abroad 23-24

H. The Origin of Retail Bag Policies 25-28

I. Chief Alamo’s program- “Small gift, Big hope” 29

J. ANALYSIS 30-31

CHAPTER III – METHODOLOGY

A. Methodology 32

B. Research Design 33

C. Sampling Design 34

D. Data Gathering 35

E. Data Analysis 36

CHAPTER IV – RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

A. Results of sellers from barangay Centro Weste and Centro Este 37-38
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Department of Education
LIBERTAD NATIONAL VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
Libertad, Antique

B. Results of consumers from barangay Centro Weste and Pajo 39

C. Result of T-test and One way Anova on sellers 40-41

D. Result of T-test and One way Anova on consumers 42

E. Results of T-test and One way Anova on sellers and consumers 43-44

F. Sellers and consumers preferences in selling and packaging products 45

G. Sellers and consumers perception 46

CHAPTER V – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION and RECOMMENDATIONS

A. Summary 47-48

B. Conclusion 49

C. Recommendations 50

APPENDICES

A. Survey questions for sellers 51

B. Survey questions for consumers 52

C. Bibliographies and References 53

D. Photos 54

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Department of Education
LIBERTAD NATIONAL VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
Libertad, Antique

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