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FRANÇAIS AVEC MARIA �

MOTS QUE TU UTILISERAS TOUT LE TEMPS

Hello – Coucou / Salut


Good day – Bonjour
Good evening – Bonsoir
Good night – Bonne nuit
Thank you – Merci
Thank you very much – Merci beaucoup
Sorry – Pardon
Bye – Salut
See you later – À toute à l'heure / À plus tard!

Poland – Pologne
Polish (nationality) – polonais / polonaise
Polish (language) – le polonais
Warsaw - Varsovie
England, English– Angleterre, anglais United States – États Unis
South America - Amérique du sud
University, student – l'Université (f), étudiant / étudiante (élève) Tourist – touriste

Yes – Oui
No – Non
And - et
Maybe – peut être
I don’t know – Je ne sais pas (sais pas)
Now – Maintenant
If - si
I don’t understand – Je ne comprends pas
With – avec
Without – sans
Alone – seul / seule
Together – ensemble
Always – toujours
Never – jamais
Sometimes – parfois, quelquefois, de temps en temps
I think so – Oui, je crois / je le pense
I want to… - Je veux…
Each – chaque
Here – ici
There – là, là-bas
Or – ou [u]
More – plus less - moins
In – dans / en / à
From – de To – à / pour
Just / Only – seulement
Already – déjà
Still – encore
Later – plus tard Before – avant (Avant de…) after - après
All the time – tout le temps
Everybody – tous / tout le monde
Something – quelque chose
Today – aujhourd’hui tomorrow – demain yesterday – hier
Then - ensuite

LES NOMBRES

The only time you add an s to the vingt-word is when you say 80 (quatre-vingts) �
LES VERBES

Présent
VERBES RÉGULIERS
I – Je // You – Tu // He – il // She – Elle // We – Nous // You (plural) – Vous // They (women)
– Elles // They (men) - ils

-ER -RE -IR


PARLER VENDRE FINIR
Je parle vends finis
Tu parles vends finis
Il /Elle/On parle vend finit
Nous parlons vendons finissons
Vous parlez vendez finissez
Ils/Elles parlent vendent finissent

Être, avoir, aller, faire, devoir, prendre, voir, pouvoir, savoir, dire, vouloir, venir, croire, lire, sentir,
dormir, sortir, mettre, comprendre, tenir, suivre, Connaître, permettre

LES VERBES IRRÉGULIERS LES PLUS COURANTS EN FRANÇAIS (’’PRESENT’’)

Être - be suis, es, est, sommes, êtes, sont


Avoir - have j'ai, as, a, avons, avez, ont
Aller - go vais, vas, va, allons, allez, vont)
Faire - do fais, fais, fait, faisons, faites, font
Devoir – have to/shall dois, dois, doit, devons, devez, doivent
Prendre – take prends, prends, prend, prenons, prenez, prennent
Voir – see vois, vois, voit, voyons, voyez, voient
Pouvoir –be able/can peux (but! “puis-je”), peux, peut, pouvons, pouvez, peuvent
Savoir – know sais, sais, sait, savons, savez, savent
Dire – say dis, dis, dit, disons, dites, disent
Vouloir – want to veux, veux, veut, voulons, voulez, veulent
Venir – come viens, viens, vient, venons, venez, viennent
Croire – believe crois, crois, croit, croyons, croyez, croient
Lire – read lis, lis, lit, lisons, lisez, lisent
Sentir – feel sens, sens, sent, sentons, sentez, sentient
Dormir – sleep dors, dors, dort, dormons, dormez, dorment
Sortir – go out sors, sors, sort, sortons, sortez, sortent
Mettre – put mets, mets, met, mettons, mettez, mettent
Comprendre – understand comprends, comprends, comprend, comprenons, comprenez, comprennent
Tenir – keep/hold tiens, tiens, tient, tenons, tenez, tiennent
Suivre – follow suis, suis, suit, suivons, suivez, suivent
Connaître – know/conhecer connais, connais, connaît, connait, connaissons, connaissez, connaissent
Permettre – permit permets, permets, permet, permettons, permettez, permettent

FUTUR COMPOSÉ

Conjugate the verb aller and then add the other verb. I.e: I will eat – Je vais manger
PASSÉ COMPOSÉ

-ER (PARLER) -IR (FINIR) -RE (VENRE)


Avoir + ___é Avoir + __i Avoir + ____u

Irregular verbs
Être - été
Avoir - eu
Aller – allé (Être)
Faire - fait
Devoir - dû
Prendre - pris
Voir - vu
Pouvoir - pu
Savoir - su
Dire - dit
Vouloir - voulu
Venir – venu (Être)
Croire - cru
Lire - lu
Sentir - senti
Dormir - dormi
Sortir – sorti suis
Mettre - mis
Comprendre - compris
Tenir - tenu
Suivre - suivi
Connaître - connu
Permettre – permis

17 verbs conjugated in passe compose with Être (and with the second verb in accordance to the
gender and number � )

Devenir (become) – devenu


Revenir (come back) – revenu
Mourir (die) – mort
Retourner (return) – retourné
Sortir – sorti
Venir (come) – venu
Arriver (arrive) – arrivé
Naître (born) - né
Descendre (descend) - descendu
Entrer (enter) - entré
Rentrer (return) - rentré
Tomber (fall) - tombé
Rester (stay, remain) - resté
Aller (go) - allé
Monter (go up) - monté
Partir (leave) - parti
Passer (pass by) -passé
SOME IRREGUALR VERBS IN THE PAST (“IMPERFECT”)

Être - j'étais tu étais il était nous étions vous étiez ils étaient
Avoir – j'avais tu avais il avait nous avions vous aviez ils avaient
Faire – je faisais tu faisais il faisait nous faisions vous faisiez ils faisaient
Dire – je disais tu disais il disait nous disions vous disiez ils disaient
Vouloir – je voulais tu voulais il voulait nous voulions vous vouliez ils voulaient
Pouvoir - je pouvais tu pouvais il pouvait nous pouvions vous pouviez ils pouvaient
Aller - j'allais tu allais il allait nous allions vous alliez ils allaient
Devoir - je devais tu devais il devait nous devions vous deviez ils devaient
Prendre - je prenais tu prenais il prenait nous prenions vous preniez ils prenaient
Voir - je voyais tu voyais il voyait nous voyions vous voyiez ils voyaient
Savoir - je savais tu savais il savait nous savions vous saviez ils savaient
Croire - je croyais tu croyais il croyait nous croyions vous croyiez ils croyaient
Lire - je lisais tu lisais il lisait nous lisions vous lisiez ils lisaient
Sentir - je sentais tu sentais il sentait nous sentions vous sentiez ils sentaient
Dormir - je dormais tu dormais il dormait nous dormions vous dormiez ils dormaient
Sortir - je sortais tu sortais il sortait nous sortions vous sortiez ils sortaient
Mettre - je mettais tu mettais il mettait nous mettions vous mettiez ils mettaient
Comprendre - je comprenais tu comprenais il comprenait nous comprenions vous compreniez ils
comprenaient
Tenir - je tenais tu tenais il tenait nous tenions vous teniez ils tenaient
Suivre - je suivais tu suivais il suivait nous suivions vous suiviez ils suivaient
Permettre - je permettais tu permettais il permettait nous permettions vous permettiez ils permettaient
Connaître - je connaissais tu connaissais il connaissait nous connaissions vous connaissiez ils
connaissaient

BASIC GRAMMAR
(by giving English but also Spanish as an example, cuz I think that’s the easiest way)

Indefinite articles:
Uma – “a”, feminine, singular (“una” in Spanish) Um – “a”, masculine, plural (“un” in Spanish)

Definite articles:
O – “the”, masculine, singular (Spanish “el”) Os – masculine plural (Spanish “los”)
A – “the”, feminine, singular (Spanish “la”) As – feminine plural (Spanish “las”)

Questions
How - Comment
When – Quand
Where – Où
Who – Qui
What – Quoi
How much – Combien
Why – Pourquoi
Which – Quel / Quelle
In the, feminine (Spanish “en la”)= na (em + a) . Ex: in Poland = na Polônia, on the streets – nas ruas
In the, masculine (Spanish “en el”) = no (em+o) . Ex: in Brazil = no Brasil
From the, feminine (Spanish “de la”) = da (de+a). Ex: From Poland – da Polônia. From the people:
das pessoas
From the, masculine (Spanish “de”)= do (de + o). Ex: From Brazil – do Brasil
From here = daqui (de + aqui)

Pretty, prettier, the prettiest: bonito, mais bonito, o mais bonito

This – isso (when asking “what is this? This is…” (O quê é isso? Isso é …) You can also say “isto”
(closer to you) or “aquilo” which is the English “that”. If you don’t want to complicate your life too
much then just use “isso”, (the most common one � )

This – when talking about something specific (this is a book). Este/esse (masculine), Esta/essa
(feminine). (again – don’t care about the difference between este and esse, I can explain it in more
details when we meet if you want but it’s really not very significant, Portuguese-speaking people use
it randomly)

That – aquele (masculine), aquela (feminine)

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

� Feminine Masculine Feminine Plural Masculine


Singular Singular Plural
Mine/ my a minha o meu as minhas os meus
Your/yours a tua o teu as tuas os teus
His/hers a sua o seu as suas os seus
Our/ours a nossa o nosso as nossas os nossos
Their/theirs - - delas deles

Brazilians also say: Her: dela, His: dele, Your: de você

Reflexive Verbs

Eu me chamo (or eu chamo-me)


Tu te chamas (or tu chamas-te)
Ele/Ela/ Você se chama (or você chama-se)
Nós nos chamamos (the pronounciation: nojs nus chamamus”. You can also say nós chamamos-nos)
Eles/Elas/Vocês se chamam (or eles chamam-se)

Eu chamo-me : more formal. Me chamo; much more common �

COLOURS

Red – rouge white – blanc purple - violet


Green – vert grey – gris dark – foncé
Blue – bleu black – noir bright – clair
Yellow – jaune brown – marron/brun
Orange – orange pink – rose
USEFUL PHRASES
Bom dia! Como você está? - Good day, how are you
Qual é seu nome? / Como você se chama? – what’s your name
Meu nome é… / Eu me chamo… – My name is…

Quantos anos você tem? – How old are you


Eu tenho .. anos. – I’m …

De onde você é? Você é da onde? – Where are you from


Eu sou de... – I’m from..
De onde você vem? – Where do you come from

Quanto costa isso? – How much does this cost


Onde fica a rua... – Where is the street….

Onde posso comprar a passagem para... – where can I buy the ticket to…
Como se diz "....." em português? - how do you say …. In Portuguese?
O quê significa isso? - what does this mean?

Quanto demora a viagem? – how long does the trip take?


O quê foi? – what happened?
Eu não entendi. – I didn’t understand

Você pode me ajudar em... – could you help me with…


Está longe daqui? – is it far away from here?
Eu cheguei uma semana atrás e vou ficar aqui mais duas semanas. – I arrived one week ago and I will
stay for two more week.
A que horas? - At what time?
às quatro e meia – At half past four.
De tarde – in the evening
De manhã – in the morning
De noite – at night

Tenho fome/ estou come fome - I am hungry


Tenho sede/ estou com sede - I am thirsty
Tenho medo/estou com medo - I am afraid

If I had – Se eu tivesse
If I was – Se eu fosse
I was going to do that – Eu ia fazer isso.

CURSE WORDS
Always good to know, so that you know if someone is angry or if someone is being rude to you �

Fuck – caralho, porra


Shit – merda
Fo fuck yourself – Vai se fuder
To fuck – fuder
Son of a bitch– filho de puta
Dick – cu/pau
Ass – bunda
Shut up – cala (a) boca

How to know thousands of words without actually knowing them:

…ity – ité (égalité)


…ary – aire (salary – salaire)
…ist – iste (tourist – touriste)
…ical – ique (identical – identique)
...ly – lement (generally – généralement)
…ent – ant
…acy – atie (democracy - démocratie)

…tion – tion (information – information)


…sion – sion (illusion)
…gion – gion (religion – religion)
…al – al (central – central)
…ance – ance (distance – distance)
…ble – ble (impossible – impossible)
…tion – tion (information – informacion)
…ct – ct (respect – respect)
…ent – ent (different – different)
…ence – ence (experience – expérience)
...ly – lement (generally – généralement)
…ent – ant
…acy – atie (democracy - démocratie)
COMMON REGULAR VERBS
Morar - to live (I live in Poland)
Demeurer – to stay, pozostać
Donner – to give
Vivir – to live (I live a happy life)
Comer – to eat
Gostar de– to like (I like to travel – eu gusto de viajar)
Ficar – to stay, to become, to hook up without being in a relationship,haha. Usually limited to kissing,
not sex. Brazilians use this verb a loooot, believe me… )
Abraçar - to hug �
Entender – to understand
Perguntar – to ask
Ensinar – to teach
Aprender – to learn
Viajar – to travel
se rendre compte de – uswiadomic sobie
Estudar – to study
Pagar – to pay
Demorar – when something takes a long time � (the travel takes a long time – a viagem está
demorando)
Tentar – to try
Explicar – to explain
Pronunciar – to pronounce
Dançar – to dance
Trabalhar – to work
Limpar – to clean
Lavar – to wash
Dirigir – to drive (a car)
Esperar – to wait
Cozinhar – to cook
Roubar – to steal
Tomar – to take, to take a drink (tomar um café – to take a coffee)
Pegar – to grab
Olhar – to look
Tocar – to touch
Tomar cuidado – to be careful
Escrever – to write
Odiar – to hate
Amar – to love
Escolher – to choose
Misturar – to mix
Confundir – to confuse
Mentir – to lie
Fingir – to pretend
Andar, Caminhar – to walk
Apporter – trazer in portuguese
Correr – to run
Doer – to hurt
Parar – to stop
Entrar – to enter
Chamar – to call
Chamar-se – “llamar-se” in Spanish, “nazywać się” in Polish. Me chamo Maria: My name is Maria
Pensar – to think
Lembrar – to remember
Esquecer – to forget
Gritar – to scream
Chorar – to cry
Rir – to laugh
Sorrir – to smile
Mostrar – to show
Usar – to use
Parecer – to seem
Aparecer – to appear
Nascer – to be born

COMMON ADJECTIVES

Lucky - chanceuse (f)


Grande - big
Pequeno – small
Bonito - pretty
Lindo - beautiful
Feio - ugly
Horrível - horrible
Maravilhoso – wonderful
Interessante - interesting
Chato – boring or ”not nice” (a person can be chato (not nice) and a lesson can be chato (boring) )
Forte - strong
Fraco - weak
Cheio – full, filled
Vazio - empty
Sujo - dirty
Limpo - clean
Curto - short
Alto - tall
Baixo – low (you use Baixo for describing short people)
Bom – good (masculine). Boa – good (feminine)
Mal – bad (masculine). Ma – Bad (feminine)
Cansado - tired
Negativo - negative
Positivo - positive
Difícil - difficult
Fácil - easy
Parecido / similar - similar
Diferente - different
Caro - expensive
Barato - cheap
Rápido - fast
Lento / devagar - slow
Velho - old
Jovem - young
Novo -new (also used to describe young people)
Quebrado - broken
Verdadeiro -true
Talentoso - talented
Inteligente - intelligent
Esperto - smart
Estupido - stupid
Irritante - irritating
Quente - hot
Frio - cold
Aberto - open
Fechado – closed
De graça/gratuito – for free
Preguiçoso - lazy
Impressionante - impressive
Apaixonado – in love
Amado – loved
Estranho - strange
Perto - close
Longe – far away
Rico -rich
Pobre - poor
Perigoso - dangerous
Seguro – safe
Bêbado- drunk
Doido, louco - crazy
Calmo - calm
Feliz - happy
Triste - sad
Zangado / com raiva - angry / very angry
Tranquilo - calm
Doente - sick
Saudável- healthy
Interessado - interested
Ciumento - jealous
Corajoso - brave
Estressado - stresses
Criativo - creative
Escuro - dark
Claro – bright
Gordo - fat
Magro - skinny
Alto – loud
silencioso - Quiet
Normal - normal
fantastic – fantástico
Fofo – cute
Doce – sweet (food)

COMMON NOUNS
A casa - house
O apartamento - apartment
O quarto - room
A praia - beach
A rua – road, street
A cidade - city
A capital – capital
O homem – man
A mulher – woman
A menina – girl
O menino, o cara – boy/guy
A criança – child
O namorado - boyfriend
A árvore - tree
O animal – animal
O cachorro – dog
O gato – cat
O cavalo – horse
A vaca – cow
O frango – chicken
O queijo – cheese
A música – music (can also mean “song”)
A passagem, o bilhete - ticket
A dança - dance
A família - family
O carro - car
A escola - school
A canção - song
A viagem – trip, travel
O avião – airplane
O voo – a flight
O passaporte - passport
O visto - visa
Os olhos - eyes
O dia - day
O mês - month
O ano – year
A data – date
O sonho - dream
O sentimento - feeling
O abraço - hug
O amor – love �
O medo - fear
A Taxi - taxi
O hotel - hotel
A comida - food
A bebida - drink
O prato - plate
O refrigerante – drinks like coca-cola, sprite, fanta, 7up etc
As frutas - fruits
As verduras - vegetables
As roupas - clothes
A camisa - T-shirt
As calças - pants
O celular – cell-phone
O livro - book
A caneta – pen
O caderno – notebook
O preço - price
O sol - sun
A chuva - rain
A neve - snow
A mesa - table
O centro - centre
A cadeira - chair
A perna – leg
O corpo - body
Os sapatos - shoes
A bicicleta - bike
O ônibus - bus
A janela - window
O lugar - place
O mar - sea
A água - water
A carne - meat
O arroz - rice
O feijão – beans
O pão – bread
O peixe – fish
O macarrão - pasta
A faca - knife
A ave - bird
A bolsa - bag
A mochila – back-pack
A bagagem - luggage
A irmã - sister
O irmão – brother
A mãe – mother
O pai – father
Os pais – parents (accent on the a)
O país – country (accent on the i)
A hora – time, hour
O relógio – clock
O tempo - time
O céu - sky
O banco - bank
A escola - school
O supermercado - supermarket
A loja - shop
O aeroporto - airport
O edifício - building
O mundo - world
a mapa - map
O cabelo - hair
A cabeça – head
O joelho - knee
O sentimento - feeling
O pensamento -thoughts
A coisa - thing
A vida - life
A morte – death
A festa - partyyy
A cozinha - kitchen
O instrumento - instrument
O banho - bath
A porta - door
O vento - wind
O suco - juice
O governo - government
A política - politics
A corrupção - corruption
O perigo - danger
A conversa - conversation
O estudante - student
A praça - square
A foto - picture
A flor - flower
A educação - education
A areia – sand
A pedra - stone
A floresta - forest
O troco - the chage
A moeda - coin
O jeito/ o modo – way (um modo/um jeito de fazer alguma coisa – a way to do something)
A cerveja - beer
Os óculos - glasses
O ladrão - thief
A letra – letter
A palavra - word
A pergunta - question
A frase - sentece
A ideia - idea
A ponte - bridge
A briga – a fight
A palmeira – palm tree
A vista - view
O turista – tourist
o amigo - a friend
O vizinho - neighbour
A internet - internet
A barriga - stomach
O horário -schedule
O tráfico - traffic
A sorvete - ice cream
A luz - light
A cifra – number (1,2,3…)