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January 2002

Process Industry Practices


Electrical

PIP ELIGD000
Grounding Installation Details
PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES

In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these
technical requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and
engineering costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While
this Practice is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users,
individual applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take
precedence over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and
particular matters or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering
situations should not be made solely on information contained in these materials. The
use of trade names from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of
preference but rather recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the
same specifications are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All
Practices or guidelines are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and
regulations including OSHA requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines
should conflict with OSHA or other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or
regulations must be followed. Consult an appropriate professional before applying or
acting on any material contained in or suggested by the Practice.

This Practice is subject to revision at any time by the responsible Function Team and
will be reviewed every 5 years. This Practice will be revised, reaffirmed, or withdrawn.
Information on whether this Practice has been revised may be found at www.pip.org.

© Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The


University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin,
Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any
kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written
authorization of PIP.

PIP will not consider requests for interpretations (inquiries) for this Practice.

Not printed with State funds


January 2002

Process Industry Practices


Electrical

PIP ELIGD000
Grounding Installation Details
Table of Contents

1. Introduction .................................. 5 ELIGD102 – Structural Column - Crimped


1.1 Purpose ............................................. 5 Connection #2 AWG Ground
1.2 Scope................................................. 5 Connection without Protective Sleeve
ELIGD103 – Structural Column - Crimped
2. References ................................... 5 Connection #2/0 AWG Ground
2.1 Industry Codes and Standards .......... 5 Connection with Protective Sleeve
ELIGD104 – Structural Column - Crimped
3. General Information..................... 5 Connection #2/0 AWG Ground
3.1 Category Index................................... 5 Connection without Protective Sleeve
3.2 User Guidance................................... 6 ELIGD113 – Structural Column - Bolted
Compression Connection #2 AWG
Ground Connection with Protective
Sleeve
List of Details ELIGD114 – Structural Column - Bolted
ELIGD082 – Building Column - Bolted Compression Connection #2 AWG
Compression Connection to Column Ground Connection without Protective
Web Sleeve
ELIGD083 – Building Column - Bolted ELIGD115 – Structural Column - Bolted
Compression Connection to Column Compression Connection #2/0 AWG
Flange Ground Connection with Protective
ELIGD084 – Building Column-Welded Tab Sleeve
and Bolted Compression Connection ELIGD116 – Structural Column - Bolted
ELIGD086 – Grounding Pad Set in Compression Connection #2/0 AWG
Concrete Ground Connection without Protective
ELIGD101 – Structural Column - Crimped Sleeve
Connection #2 AWG Ground ELIGD117 – Fire Proofed Structural
Connection with Protective Sleeve Column - Bolted Compression
Connection #2 AWG Ground
Connection with Protective Sleeve

Process Industry Practices Page 1 of 6


PIP ELIGD000
Grounding Installation Details January 2002

ELIGD118 – Fire Proofed Structural ELIGD222 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding


Column - Bolted Compression of 1-1/4" Conduit with Grounding
Connection #2 AWG Ground Bushing to Cable Tray or Channel by
Connection without Protective Sleeve Cable
ELIGD119 – Fire Proofed Structural ELIGD223 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
Column - Bolted Compression of 1-1/2" Conduit with Grounding
Connection #2/0 AWG Ground Bushing to Cable Tray or Channel by
Connection with Protective Sleeve Cable
ELIGD120 – Fire Proofed Structural ELIGD224 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
Column - Bolted Compression of 2" Conduit with Grounding Bushing
Connection #2/0 AWG Ground to Cable Tray or Channel by Cable
Connection without Protective Sleeve ELIGD225 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
ELIGD202 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding - of 2-1/2" Conduit with Grounding
Bonding of Channel to Tray by Cable Bushing to Cable Tray or Channel by
ELIGD206 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding - Cable
Bonding of Cable Tray by Cable ELIGD226 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
ELIGD210 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding - of 3" Conduit with Grounding Bushing
1/2" Conduit Bonded to Cable Tray by to Cable Tray or Channel by Cable
Conduit Clamp ELIGD227 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
ELIGD211 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding - of 4" Conduit with Grounding Bushing
3/4" Conduit Bonded to Cable Tray by to Cable Tray or Channel by Cable
Conduit Clamp ELIGD228 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
ELIGD212 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding - of 1/2" Conduit with Grounding Clamp
1" Conduit Bonded to Cable Tray by to Cable Tray or Channel by Cable
Conduit Clamp ELIGD229 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
ELIGD213 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding - of 3/4" Conduit with Grounding Clamp
1-1/4" Conduit Bonded to Cable Tray to Cable Tray or Channel by Cable
by Conduit Clamp ELIGD230 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
ELIGD214 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding - of 1" Conduit with Grounding Clamp to
1-1/2" Conduit Bonded to Cable Tray Cable Tray or Channel by Cable
by Conduit Clamp ELIGD231 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
ELIGD215 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding - of 1-1/4" Conduit with Grounding
2" Conduit Bonded to Cable Tray by Clamp to Cable Tray or Channel by
Conduit Clamp Cable
ELIGD216 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding - ELIGD232 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
2-1/2" Conduit Bonded to Cable Tray of 1-1/2" Conduit with Grounding
by Conduit Clamp Clamp to Cable Tray or Channel by
ELIGD217 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding - Cable
3" Conduit Bonded to Cable Tray by ELIGD233 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
Conduit Clamp of 2" Conduit with Grounding Clamp to
ELIGD218 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding - Cable Tray of Channel by Cable
4" Conduit Bonded to Cable Tray by ELIGD234 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
Conduit Clamp of 2-1/2" Conduit with Grounding
ELIGD219 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding Clamp to Cable Tray of Channel by
of 1/2" Conduit with Grounding Cable
Bushing to Cable Tray or Channel by ELIGD235 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
Cable of 3" Conduit with Grounding Clamp to
ELIGD220 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding Cable Tray or Channel by Cable
of 3/4" Conduit with Grounding ELIGD236 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding
Bushing to Cable Tray or Channel by of 4" Conduit with Grounding Clamp to
Cable Cable Tray or Channel by Cable
ELIGD221 – Cable Tray Bonding - Bonding ELIGD239 – Metallic Cable Tray Bonding -
of 1" Conduit with Grounding Bushing Cable Tray with Expansion or
to Cable Tray or Channel by Cable Adjustable Splice Plate

Page 2 of 6 Process Industry Practices


PIP ELIGD000
January 2002 Grounding Installation Details

ELIGD250 – Power Transformer with ELIGD408 – Compression Tap Connection


Ground Pad #2/0 Connection with #2/0 Run - #2 Tap
Protective Sleeve ELIGD409 – Compression Tap Connection
ELIGD251 – Power Transformer with #2/0 Run - #2/0 Tap
Ground Pad #2/0 Connection without ELIGD410 – Compression Tap Connection
Protective Sleeve #4/0 Run - #2 Tap
ELIGD252 – Power Transformer with ELIGD411 – Compression Tap Connection
Ground Pad #4/0 Connection with #4/0 Run - #2/0 Tap
Protective Sleeve ELIGD412 – Compression Tap Connection
ELIGD253 – Power Transformer with #4/0 Run - #4/0 Tap
Ground Pad #4/0 Connection without ELIGD413 – Compression Cross Section
Protective Sleeve #2/0 to #2/0
ELIGD257 – Lighting Transformer with ELIGD414 – Compression Cross
Grounding Electrode Connection at Connection #4/0 to #4/0
Panel and with Protective Sleeve ELIGD415 – Compression Connection to
ELIGD258 – Lighting Transformer with Rebar #2 Wire to 3/8" - 1/2" Rebar
Grounding Electrode Connection at ELIGD416 – Compression Connection to
Panel and without Protective Sleeve Rebar #2 Wire to 5/8" - 3/4" Rebar
ELIGD259 – Lighting Transformer with ELIGD417 – 1" Ground Rod with
Grounding Electrode Connection at Compression Connection
Transformer and with Protective ELIGD418 – Ground Well with Mechanical
Sleeve Connection, 1" Ground Rod and
ELIGD260 – Lighting Transformer with Polyethylene Pipe Well
Grounding Electrode Connection at ELIGD419 – Ground Rod with
Transformer and without Protective Compression Connection, Two
Sleeve Ground Wires and 1" Ground Rod
ELIGD303 – Motor Bonding Jumper #2 ELIGD420 – Ground Well with Mechanical
without Protective Sleeve Connection, Two Ground Wires, 1"
ELIGD304 – Motor Bonding Jumper #2/0 Ground Rod and Polyethylene Pipe
without Protective Sleeve Well
ELIGD313 – Motor Bonding Jumper #2 with ELIGD421 – 1" x 10' Ground Rod
Protective Sleeve Compression Connection to
ELIGD314 – Motor Bonding Jumper #2/0 #2/0 - #4/0 AWG Wire
with Protective Sleeve ELIGD422 – Multiple Ground Rod
ELIGD400 – 3/4" Ground Rod with Installation with Compression
Compression Connection Connection to #2/0 - #4/0 AWG Wire
ELIGD401 – Ground Well with Mechanical ELIGD423 – Ground Well with Mechanical
Connection, 3/4" Ground Rod and Connection, 3/4" Ground Rod and
Polyethylene Pipe Well Clay Tile Well
ELIGD402 – 3/4" Ground Rod with ELIGD424 – Ground Well with Mechanical
Compression Connection and Two Connection, Two Ground Wires, 3/4"
Ground Wires Ground Rod and Clay Tile Well
ELIGD403 – Ground Well with Mechanical ELIGD425 – Ground Well with Mechanical
Connection, Two Ground Wires, 3/4" Connection, 1" Ground Rod and Clay
Ground Rod and Polyethylene Pipe Tile Well
Well ELIGD426 – Ground Well with Mechanical
ELIGD404 – 10' Ground Rod Compression Connection, Two Ground Wires, 1"
Connection to #2/0 - #4/0 AWG Wire Ground Rod and Clay Tile Well
ELIGD405 – Multiple Ground Rod ELIGD450 – Ground Bus Bar Attached to
Installation with Compression Structural Steel 12" Long with Drillings
Connection to #2/0 - #4/0 AWG Wire Only - Not Isolated
ELIGD406 – Compression Splice ELIGD451 – Wall Mounted Ground Bus Bar
Connection #2/0 to #2/0 18" Long with Drillings Only - Not
ELIGD407 – Compression Splice Isolated
Connection #4/0 to #4/0

Process Industry Practices Page 3 of 6


PIP ELIGD000
Grounding Installation Details January 2002

ELIGD452 – Wall Mounted Ground Bus Bar


24" Long with Drillings Only - Not
Isolated
ELIGD454 – MCC and Switchgear Ground
Bus #2/0 Ground Wire
ELIGD455 – MCC and Switchgear Ground
Bus #4/0 Ground Wire
ELIGD456 – Ground Bus Bar Attached to
Structural Steel 12" Long with Service
Post Connectors-Not Isolated
ELIGD457 – Wall Mounted Ground Bus Bar
18" Long with Service Post
Connectors - Not Isolated
ELIGD458 – Wall Mounted Ground Bus Bar
24" Long with Service Post
Connectors - Not Isolated
ELIGD460 – Ground Bus Bar Attached to
Structural Steel 12" Long with Drillings
Only-Isolated
ELIGD461 – Wall Mounted Ground Bus Bar
18" Long with Drillings Only - Isolated
ELIGD462 – Wall Mounted Ground Bus Bar
24" Long with Drillings Only - Isolated
ELIGD466 – Ground Bus Bar Attached to
Structural Steel 12" Long with Service
Post Connectors-Isolated
ELIGD467 – Wall Mounted Ground Bus Bar
18" Long with Service Post
Connectors - Isolated
ELIGD468 – Wall Mounted Ground Bus Bar
24" Long with Service Post
Connectors - Isolated
ELIGD500 – Pad Mounted Vessels and
Equipment #2 Ground Connection with
Protective Sleeve
ELIGD501 – Pad Mounted Vessels and
Equipment #2 Ground Connection
without Protective Sleeve
ELIGD502 – Pad Mounted Vessels and
Equipment #2/0 Ground Connection
with Protective Sleeve
ELIGD503 – Pad Mounted Vessels and
Equipment #2/0 Ground Connection
without Protective Sleeve
ELIGD601 – Fence Grounding - 2" Post,
Fabric and Barbed Wire
ELIGD602 – Fence Grounding - 2-1/2"
Post, Fabric and Barbed Wire
ELIGD603 – Fence Grounding - Gate
ELIGD604 – Fence Grounding - 2" Post
ELIGD605 – Fence Grounding - 2-1/2" Post

Page 4 of 6 Process Industry Practices


PIP ELIGD000
January 2002 Grounding Installation Details

1. Introduction

1.1 Purpose
The purpose of this Practice is to provide the typical information needed for
construction of grounding systems in chemical and refining facilities. The bonding
and grounding design and installation shall be in accordance with the National
Electrical Code.

1.2 Scope
These installation details include power system and equipment grounding, static
grounding protection for equipment in classified locations, grounding electrode
connections, and step and touch potential grounding.
Not included in the scope of this Practice are lightning protection, computer and
control system grounding, and cathodic protection.

2. References
Applicable requirements in the latest edition (or the edition indicated) of the following
industry codes, standards, and references shall be considered an integral part of this Practice.

2.1 Industry Codes and Standards

• National Fire Prevention Association (NFPA)


– NFPA 70 - National Electrical Code (NEC)

3. General Information

3.1 Category Index


Detail Number Grounding Detail Category
ELIGD060 – ELIGD099 Buildings
ELIGD100 – ELIGD149 Structural Columns
ELIGD150 – ELIGD199
ELIGD200 – ELIGD249 Cable Tray
ELIGD250 – ELIGD299 Substations and Transformers
ELIGD300 – ELIGD349 Motors
ELIGD350 – ELIGD399
ELIGD400 – ELIGD449 Earth Terminals
ELIGD450 – ELIGD499 Ground Bus
ELIGD500 – ELIGD549 Vessels, Tanks, and Pipelines
ELIGD550 – ELIGD559
ELIGD600 – ELIGD649 Fences
ELIGD650 – ELIGD699 Miscellaneous

Process Industry Practices Page 5 of 6


PIP ELIGD000 STEERING TEAM BALLOT
Grounding Installation Details 2/29/00

3.2 User Guidance


The details are provided for specific cases. They are unique for specific wire and
conduit sizes, with or without protective sleeves, etc. The intent is that the details be
referenced individually as required and that only the needed details be issued to the
field. The details applicable to a particular project should be selected.
The title block can be modified to add project reference information. The
manufacturer’s name and catalog number, code numbers, and/or materials of
construction may be added to the bill of materials table on each detail.
PIP does not permit the figures in these details to be modified unless the PIP logo
and all references to PIP are deleted from the detail. PIP’s intent is to prevent
modification of these details through both the software used, when practical, and
through exercise of its copyright control of the use of the documents.

Page 6 of 6 Process Industry Practices