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DOCUMENT No.

SCOPE OF WORK & SUPPLY


(CIVIL-STRUCTURAL & ARCHITECTURAL) A747-302-81-41-SOW-8720
FOR WATER TREATMENT PLANT Rev. B
Page 13 of 14
(RWTP,RODM,CPU,ETP & STP)

7.0 ADDENDUM TO REQUIREMENT FOR DESIGN OF PIPERACK

For designing the pipe rack superstructure and foundation the following loads shall be
considered along with clause 4.5.1 of document no. A747-999-16-48-EDB-1001.

Vertical Loading:
Actual weights of pipes coming at each tier shall be calculated. In calculating the actual
weight of pipe, the class of pipe, material content and insulation, if any, shall be taken into
consideration. Minimum insulation density shall be taken as 2600N/m3. In case of gas/steam
carrying pipes, the material content shall be taken as one-third volume of pipe filled with
water. The total actual weight thus calculated shall then be divided by the actual extent of the
span covered by the pipes to get the uniformly distributed load per unit length of the span.
To obtain the design uniformly distributed load over the entire span, the uniformly
distributed load obtained as above and shall be assumed to be spread over the entire span.
However minimum loading for any pipe rack shall not be less than 1.25kN/m2. In case, the
calculated loading is higher than 1.25kN/m2, this shall be rounded off to the nearest multiple
of 0.25 (i.e. 1.50, 1.75, 2.0kN/m2). Vertical loads of flare pipes shall be taken as one-third
full of water for Process Unit piping and one-sixth full for offsite piping.

Friction Force (Longitudinal & Transverse):


Where the pipes are of similar diameter and service conditions, the friction force at each tier
on every portal both in longitudinal and transverse directions shall be 10% of the design
vertical loading of the pipes for four or more pipes supported on a tier, and 30% of the
design vertical loading of the pipes for single to three pipes supported on a tier. Longitudinal
friction force shall be considered as uniformly distributed over the entire span of the beam at
each tier and transverse friction force shall be considered as a concentrated load at each tier
level. Friction force on T-supports and trestles shall be taken as 30% of the vertical loading
in longitudinal direction and 10% of vertical loading in transverse direction acting
simultaneously, and vice versa. Both longitudinal and transverse friction forces shall be
considered to be acting simultaneously.

- Anchor and Guide Force (Thermal load)


a) Longitudinal → as per piping inputs.
b) Transverse → as per piping inputs.

Wind Force:
Transverse wind loading shall be calculated depending on the width of the Pipe Rack as
follows:

a) Wind pressure shall be considered as per clause 3.2.3 of document no. A747-999-16-
48-EDB-1001.
b) To calculate wind load in transverse direction of pipe rack, a projected height of
1.25m/1.5m/2.0m shall be considered on all tiers irrespective of height between two
tiers, of rack widths of 4m/6m/greater than 6m and up to 10m respectively. For pipe

Format No. EIL 1641-1924 Rev. 1 Copyright EIL – All rights reserved

Page 434 of 3585


DOCUMENT No.
SCOPE OF WORK & SUPPLY
(CIVIL-STRUCTURAL & ARCHITECTURAL) A747-302-81-41-SOW-8720
FOR WATER TREATMENT PLANT Rev. B
Page 14 of 14
(RWTP,RODM,CPU,ETP & STP)

racks of widths greater than 10m, the above projected height shall be taken as
0.8[diameter of largest pipe including insulation (m)] + tan 10° [width of rack (m)].
However, this shall not exceed the height between consecutive tiers.
c) For flare header or any other line supported on extended leg of pipe rack, the wind
force shall be considered separately.

Loading on Longitudinal Beams:


Longitudinal beams connecting portal columns shall be sufficiently strong to sustain a
minimum of 25% of the load on the transverse beams. This total load shall be assumed as
two equal concentrated loads acting at 1/3rd span. This load shall be in addition to the piping
loads transferred from the intermediate beams. Other longitudinal axial forces coming on it
from the design of the supporting system shall also be simultaneously taken into account in
the design of the longitudinal beam. Friction & Anchor Forces, if specifically given by the
Piping Specialist shall also be catered for in the design. Loads from monorails, when
supported from these beams, shall also be considered to be acting simultaneously along with
all other loads mentioned above.

Format No. EIL 1641-1924 Rev. 1 Copyright EIL – All rights reserved

Page 435 of 3585