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Public administration is the backbone of modern statehood.

No public policy can


conceivably be implemented without it. The nature and the performance of public
administration are thus key to both the understanding and the improvement of any
government activity. The present course introduces to the basic properties and roles of
public administration. This is done through both a systematic overview and readings of
classic contributions to the field. The chosen approach takes into account that, on the
one hand, public administration is an indispensable tool of government regardless of the
nature of the political system but that, on the other hand, some of its key-functions do
require robust state structures and standards of transparency that are inseparably
connected to constitutional democracy and the rule of law. Reliability, efficiency,
professionalism or law-based routines can only flourish in a corruption-free and non-
arbitrary political environment, let alone impartiality, responsiveness, responsibility,
neutral auditing and independent court control. Both those normative standards and
how to manage administrative bodies in an imperfect environment are topics to be
addressed. Subjects include public administration as a tool of government and a
political integrator, autonomy and responsiveness, accountability and responsibility,
public ethics, public administration as an arena and as organized anarchy or as a
learning and unlearning organization, variants of external and internal politicization as
well as types of bureaucrats and bureaucratization and the problem of organizational
complexity.

Public Administration (PA) is a progressing hunt for relevance, meaning, and strategy
towards a responsive and accountable management of public resource, where the
nation’s leaders and the bureaucracy and its working staff are always put on a rather
active test. Judging its performance based on a standard principle vis-à-vis the political
culture of the people, PA may always be put in a litmus test.
PA as a discipline is usually stressed up with many issues for effective governance and
management. The success of PA as a discipline and as practice, at least in the
Philippines, is on how it can blend and work out PA principles into the actual politico-
administrative setting in the like manner as they are contemplated and propounded in
existing literature abroad.
In truth, however, most PA theories and models are derived from Western and
European origin, and may not reside too well in the experiences of a developing political
economy like the Philippines. There are continuing efforts and strategies at indigenizing
PA principles for local adaptation that are believed to be workable and sensible.
Meanwhile, the University of the Philippines-National College of Public Administration
and Governance is leading the endeavor in relevant researches, building on feasible
local materials, and providing continuous experiments and case validation of PA
principles. Also, the university is working enormously with the private sector, the
government service, the NGOs, and other multilateral organizations to effect integrated
development mechanisms that may serve as model frameworks for community
organizing in the country, and the university’s campaign thrust for popularization of the
discipline among schools would all make pleasant attempts at strengthening Public
Administration in the Philippines.
Consequently then, this book is premised on the Principles and Practices of Public
Administration in the Philippines. Presented in a clear, descriptive, and illustrative
manner, this book would indeed fuel political and administrative interests among the
stakeholders of PA. At the same time, would help students and practitioners of PA to
understand and appreciate the whole PA system, processes, and dynamics of the
politico-administrative landscape of Philippine Public Administration in theory and
practice.
A simple yet compact guide for easy reference on Public Administration, from its
theories and principles to earlier development stages of PA, various issues and concept
discussions, operational models and objectives, developmental designs, institutional
frameworks of government and the society, the implementation of laws, policies and
regulations including innovative approaches of PA practices, and the workable
challenges confronting the future of PA locally and internationally. In this connection,
therefore, the Author lays down this early some of the highlights of the book, in no
particular order, which are:
• Organizational Theories and Management Approaches;
• Developmental Stages of Public Administration;
• Public Enterprise Management Through Privatization;

• Reorganization and Decentralization;

• Civil Society;

• e-Governance;

• Spatial Information Management/Strategic Management Approach;

• Voluntary Sector Management;

• Role of the Government;

• Functions of Regulatory Agencies;

• Constitutional Commissions;

• Nongovernmental Organizations;

• Public and Private Sector;

• Bureaucracy and Personnel Administration;

• Public Finance Accountability and Management;


• Politics and Administration Dichotomy and Nexus;

• Globalization and Technological Advancement;

• Corruption and Ethic in Public Service;

• Reengineering/Reinventing Government;

• Good Governance;

• Public Policy Administration;

• Benchmarking Approach;

• NEDA and MTPDP;

• Accountability and Transparency;

• Best Governance Practices;

• Local Governments and Regional Administration;

• Government-Owned and Controlled Corporations; and

• Sustainable Development and Human Development Approach.


The book also contains fresh and updated politico-administrative programs with issues
cropping out like mushrooms in the forest. Citations of the functions of concerned
government agencies, including the roles of top bureaucrats in the administration of
public services, and the presentation of pertinent tables and graphs make this book
vibrant, interesting, and worth reading. This book then aims to develop a transfer of
learning skills, and the acquisition of PA understanding as a notable endeavor for
human and societal organization as the Author of this book made a rather simple yet
concrete communication and transmission of necessary information about public
administration, both as a discipline and practice, down to the level of the ordinary
citizens. Truly, in reading this humble book, one may fi nd the relevance, meaning,
andstrategy for effective public administration, at least in the Philippines.