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# Logic & Islam

## Prof. Dr. Magd Abdel Wahab

The use of logic flowcharts

##  Oval mirror blocks  start or

the end of the logic flowchart
 Rectangular block  a process,
 Diamond block  decision
making with two options: yes or
no.
The use of Laws of Logic

## The Law of Identity  a statement has been

determined to be true, then the statement is true  a
statement telling a fact is a true statement and any
other statement telling the opposite to this fact
violates the Law of Identity and is a not logical
statement.
The Law of Non-Contradiction  nothing can both
be and not be  two statements contradicting one
another cannot be both true at the same time  if an
idea is described by two contradictory statements,
then it violates the Law of Non-Contradiction and is
not logical.
Logic flowchart 1: Existence of Almighty God

## What is the logic in

the existence of
Almighty God?

Example 1: A building
Logic flowchart 2: Existence of Almighty God

## What is the logic in

the existence of
Almighty God?

Example 2: Machine
elements
Logic flowchart 3: Existence of Almighty God

the existence of
Almighty God?

## Example 3: Why don’t

we see Almighty God
Logic flowchart 4: Nature

Is nature god?

Example 1: Nature
Logic flowchart 5: Nature

Is nature god?

Example 2: Time

Nature depends on
time  Time has a
beginning and an end
Logic flowchart 6: Nature

Is nature god?

Example 3: Nature

Nature is only
physical  God
should be physical
and spiritual
Logic flowchart 7: Design of life
Can life be designed by chance or without a designer?

Example 1: Sun,
earth and moon

Larger or smaller
distance between earth
and sun  changes in
temperature  life is
not possible
Smaller distance between
earth and moon  huge
tidal forces and flood 
life is not possible
Logic flowchart 8: Design of life
Can life be designed by chance or without a designer?

Example 2: Oxygen
and density of
water

## % oxygen in air (20.95%)

 if higher  fires
 irregular respiration

## Density of water is in its solid

state, ice, less than in its
liquid state  if opposite,
rivers and seas consolidate
Logic flowchart 9: Design of life
Can life be designed
by chance or without
a designer?

Example 3: DNA
code

## A computer program code

 110010101011000

DNA code 
CGTGTGACTCGCTCCTGAT
Logic flowchart 10: Design of life
Can life be designed
by chance or without
a designer?

Example 4: Genome

## A genome consists of 3.2

billion bases of DNA repeated
in specific sequences

## Every person has a unique

genome, i.e. unique DNA
sequences

## The probability to arrange DNA

in the correct order is
approximately 1/(3×10)9!=
1/1×2×3×….×(3×10)9 ≈ 10-27
Logic flowchart 11: Who created Almighty God

Example 1: Is god
created by
another god?
Logic flowchart 12: Who created Almighty God

Example 2: is god
begotten?
Logic flowchart 13: Only one god

Example 1: Every
living thing is based
on water

## Water in an adult human body

is estimated as 60%
A cell contains most of
water in a human body
All cells in all living things
have the same structure
Logic flowchart 14: Only one god

Example 2: Similarity
in creations

## At atom level  electrons

revolve around the nucleus

At astronomical level 
planets revolve around the
sun, stars revolve around
the centre of galaxy

## More than one god 

disagree  fight  destroy
the whole universe
Logic flowchart 15: Creation of life
Whom should we serve?

Example 1: Everything
is serving us

## Humans  the master of the

heavens and earth  everything
is subservient and beneficial to us

## All plants, trees and palms

for our use
Animals, both on earth and in
sea  made for our benefit

## Sun, moon, starts and galaxies

 subservient for us  know
time and directions
Logic flowchart 16: Creation of life
Does Almighty God need us?
Example 2: Completeness
of Almighty God
Logic flowchart 17: Creation of life
Does Almighty God need us?
Example 3: Completeness
of Almighty God
Logic flowchart 18: Creation of life

Example 4: Humans’
Lives

## A baby in the mother’s womb

of his mother  7 to 9
months
This life  70 – 100 years

life

## For spirit, it is only one

continues endless life
Logic flowchart 19: Creation of evil
Why has Almighty God
created evil?

## Example 1: Human’s test

Logic flowchart 20: Creation of evil
Why has Almighty
God created evil?

not eternal

## Without death or evil 

Life has no end  paradise
Logic flowchart 21: Creation of evil
Why has Almighty
God created evil?

Example 3: Importance
of good

## How would we know the

importance of health, if there
was no illness?

## How would we know the

importance of peace if
there were no wars?
Logic flowchart 22: Creation of evil
Why has Almighty God created evil?

Example 4: Completeness of
Almighty God
Logic flowchart 23: Science does not create
Can science create?

Example 1: Human’s
fabrication

## A real creation  make

things from nothing  without
materials, substances,
machines and equipment

## Almighty God  creates

universe from nothing  big-
bang theory  infinitesimally
tiny matter million billion
billion times smaller than a
single atom.
Logic flowchart 24: Science does not create
Can science create?
Example 2: Genetic
engineering

Producing a living
organism from non-
living organism 
materials and
equipment should be
used  fabrication
experiment of an
organism
Logic flowchart 25: Science does not create
Can science create?

Example 3: Human’s
soul
Logic flowchart 26: Science does not create
Can science
create?

Example 4: The
greatest being is the
creator

In science and in
mathematics  no
greater being could
be imagined
Logic flowchart 27: The soul
What is the
difference between
the soul and the
spirit?
Example 1: Soul and
spirit

## The difference between

the soul and the spirit is
not in the identity, but
rather in the characteristic
Logic flowchart 28: The soul

## Does the Soul exist?

Example 2: Independence
of the physical body

## Dreams during sleeping  without

physical body  with spiritual soul
Logic flowchart 29: The soul

## Does the Soul exist?

Example 3: Restriction to
time and space
Logic flowchart 30: The soul
Does the Soul
exist?
Example 4: Relativity
of motion

## We cannot see the

motion unless we are
outside of it

## Our physical part cannot feel

the time unless a part of us is
outside the time  the
spiritual soul
Logic flowchart 31: The soul
Which one controls the other;
physical body and spiritual soul?
Example 5: Soul
controls body

## When we decide to fast  the outer body is

hungry and wants to eat  the inner soul
decides not to eat

## When we wake up in the morning  the inner

soul starts to plan the day  the outer body
follows the plan during the day

## In the time of war, a solder may decide to

sacrifice his outer body by the command
from his inner soul

## Brain is a part of the physical body  a mediator

between the physical body and the soul
Logic flowchart 32: The proof of the hereafter
What is the proof of the
hereafter?
Example 1: human's
cells

## Human body  37.2 trillion cells 

dying and being replaced in a period of
7 to 15 years

## Spiritual soul  no changes  same

knowledge, ideas, concepts, style, etc.
 feeling the same person
Logic flowchart 33: The proof of the hereafter

## What is the proof of

the hereafter?
Example 2: The need
for justice
Logic flowchart 34: The proof of the hereafter

## What is the proof of

the hereafter?
Example 3: The need
for justice
Logic flowchart 35: The paradise and hell
hell exist?

Example 1: Human’s
test
Logic flowchart 36: The paradise and hell

Example 2: Creation

## We practise the paradise and hell in

each moment in our daily life
Logic flowchart 37: Non-Muslims
Will non-Muslims be in
Example 1: Different
circumstances

## Only Allah SWT decides over

his creatures and judges
between them.

## His judgement on any person

will be based on all the unique
factors associated with that
person
Logic flowchart 38: Non-Muslims
Will non-Muslims be

Example 2: Different
tests

## Different tests  different

Logic flowchart 39: Non-Muslims
Will non-Muslims be in paradise or hell?
Example 3: Types of non-
Muslims
Logic flowchart 40: Non-Muslims
Will non-Muslims be in paradise or hell?

Example 4: Level of
tests
Logic flowchart 41: Non-Muslims
Will non-Muslims be in
Example 5: Level of
tests
Logic flowchart 42: The destiny
Do we choose our deeds or are they written for us?

Example 1: Human’s
life
Logic flowchart 43: The destiny
Do we choose our deeds or are they written for us?

## Example 2: This life

versus the hereafter
Logic flowchart 44: The destiny
Do we choose our
deeds or are they
written for us?

Example 3: Human’s
evaluation
Logic flowchart 45: The destiny
Do we choose our
deeds or are they
written for us?

Example 4: Human’s
judgement
Logic flowchart 46: The holy Quran
Has prophet
Mohammed PBUH
copied Bible and
Torah?
Example 1: Modern
science
Bible  earth and the heaven were created
in six days  a day is 24 hours

## Holy Quran  only six days  a day is a

period of time of the past
Bible  creation  day and night  stars and
sun
Bible  two sources of light  sun and moon
Holy Quran  sun is the source of light 
moon is a reflected light
Logic flowchart 47: The holy Quran
Why is there
similarity between
the holy Quran,
Bible and first
testament?
Example 2: Similarity
Logic flowchart 48: The holy Quran

the holy Quran?

Example 3: Holy
Quran’s language

## Challenge  about the rhetorical,

literary and scientific miracles in
the holy Quran

## Style of the holy Quran 

knowledge's, secretes and perfect
Arabic language  beyond human
being.
Logic flowchart 49: The holy Quran

## Has prophet Mohammed

PBUH written the holy
Quran?
Example 4: Prophet's
life

his life

## Holy Quran  blame and

correct actions of the
prophet PBUH
Logic flowchart 50: The holy Quran
What is the proof that the
holy Quran is revealed by
Almighty God?
Example 5: Holy
Quran’s predictions
Holy Quran  predicted victory for
Muslims
Holy Quran  predicted victory of
Roman Empire over Persian empire

## Holy Quran  predicted more

than 50 scientific facts
Probability for guessing 50 scientific
facts correctly  every fact has 4
possibilities  0.2550= 7.89×10-31
Logic flowchart 51: The Islam

## Why Islam as religion?

Example 1: Original
message
Logic flowchart 52: The Islam

## Why is Mohammed PBUH

chosen to be prophet?

Example 2: Prophet
Mohammed PBUH
Logic flowchart 53: The Islam
Why is prophet
Mohammed
PBUH the last
messenger of
Almighty God?

## Example 3: The last

prophet
Logic flowchart 54: The Islam

of worshiping
stones?

## Example 4: The Tawaf

At atom level  electrons
revolve around the
nucleus.
At astronomical level 
planets revolve around the
sun, stars revolve around
the centre of galaxy.

## Revolving around the

Kaaba  a symbolic sort
of praying  submitting
to Almighty God