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# 9th Class Physics

## 1st Year PHYSICS

CHAPTER NO.01 (Measurements)

## Q. Types of physical quantities?

A- Base (7) (length, mass, time, temperature, current, amount of substance, light)
B- Derived

Q. Types of Units

## A- Base (meter, kg, second, K, mole, Ampere, Candela)

B- Derived (newton, joule, watt)

## A- To check homogeneity of equation

B- To derive a possible formula

## Q. What are dimensions of pressure and density?

Pressure = [ML-1T-2]
Density = [ML-3]

## Q. What are significant figures

In any measurement, Number of known digits and first doubtful digit are called as
significant figures.

In rounding off, if place of digit after decimal is odd, one is added. If it’s even, it is
retained. (Answer me last digit even chahye boss)

## 43.750 rounded off as 43.8

43.650 rounded off as 43.6

Radian is a plane angle (2D) between two radii of the circle when length of arc is

## Steradian is a solid angle (3D) subtended at the center of a sphere by an area of

sphere equal to square of its radius.

## Q. What is light year?

Light year is the distance light covers in one year. It’s a unit of distance.

For MCQS
http://www.pakone.pk/class-11/physics-mcqs/chapter-1-measurements.asp

## CHAPTER NO.02 (Vectors)

Q. What is vector?

The physical quantities which are represented by magnitude and direction both
are called vectors. E.g Torque.

A = A /!A!

## Similarly, A vector of zero magnitude is called null vector.

Q. What are equal vectors?

Those vectors of same magnitude and direction are equal vectors. E.g parallel
vectors are equal vectors if magnitude is same.

A = ai + bj + ck

## Q. Resolution of vectors formula?

Fx = Fcosθ
Fy = Fsinθ
F = sqrt (Fx2 + Fy2)

A.B = ABcosθ

A.B = B.A

## Work = F.d = Fdcosθ is scalar product example.

Angle b/w two vectors can be determined by dot product.

AxB = ABsinθ

## Multiplication is done by matrix method.

Torque = R x f = Rfsinθ is vector product example.
Direction of vector product is determined by right hand rule.

Q. What is Torque?

## 1. Sum of all forces acting on body ΣF = 0

2. Sum of all torques acting on body Σ Torque = 0

## Q. What are types of equilibrium?

1. Stable (Rest)
2. Dynamic (Moving)