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ABBREVIATIONS

A.P Andhra Pradesh


AFL - CIO American Federation of Labour and Congress of Industrial
Organisations
AIR All India Reporter
BHEL Bharath Heavy Electrical Limited
BIAC Business Industry Advisory Committee
BIFR Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction
Bom. Bombay
BPO Business Process Outsourcing
Cal. Calcutta
CARICOM Caribbean Community and Common Market
CARICOM Caribbean Community
CCPR Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination
Against Women
CLRA Act Contract Labour ( Regulation and abolition) Act 1970
CNC Computer Numeric Control
COMESA Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa
Corpn Corporation
Del. Delhi
Dist District
DPSP Directive Principles of State Policy
E C Act Employees Compensation Act 1923
Edn. Edition
Eds. Editors
EEC European Economic Community
EFTA European Free Trade Area
EPFO Employees Provident Fund Organisation
ESI Corpn ESI Corporation
ESIC Employees State Insurance Corporation
EU European Union

iv
FB Full Bench
FLR Factories Law Reporter
FLR Factories Law Reporter
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
HAPP Heavy Alloy Penetration Project
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICCPR International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
ICESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights
ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
ID Act Industrial Disputes Act 1947
IDA International Development Association
IJIR Indian Journal of Industrial Relations
IJLC Indian Journal of labour Economics
ILO International Labour Organisation
IMF International Monetary Fund
ISBN International Standard Book Number
ISSN International Standard Serial Number
IT Information Technology
Lab I C Labour and Industrial Cases
LLJ Labour Law Journal
LLR Labour Law Reporter
Ltd Limited
Mad.H.C. Madras High Court
MNC Multi National Corporation
MSME Micro Small Medium Enterprises
NAALC North American Agreement on Labour Cooperation
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NCEUS National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised
Sector
NCL National Commission of Labour
NSSO National Sample Survey Organisation

v
OAS Organization of American States
OAU Organization of African Unity
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OEEC Organisation for European Economic Cooperation
OFT Ordinance Factory Tiruchirappalli
Pat. H.C. Patna High Court
Raj. Rajasthan
SADC Southern African Development Community
SC Supreme Court
SCC Supreme Court Cases
SCC ( L&S) Supreme Court Cases ( Labour & Services)
SCR Supreme Court Reporter
SICA Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1985
SPSS Statistical Package for Social Sciences
TUAC Trade Union Advisory Committee
UK United Kingdom
UN United Nation
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
US United States of America
Vol. Volume
W C Act Workmen’s Compensation Act 1923
WTO World Trade Organisation

vi
TABLE OF CASES

Sl.No Full title of the case with Citation Page Nos.

1. A Subbian v. Thiruvenkata Swami, 1971 Lab IC 1595. 204

2. A. Trehan v. Associated Electrical Agencies, (1996) 4 SCC 255 226

3. A.R SEB v. ESI Corpn., 1997 Lab IC 1107. 217

Abu Marble Mining Pvt., Ltd., v. Regional Director, ESI Corpn.,


4. 219
Mumbai, 2005 LLR 184 Bom.H.C.
Ahmedabad Municipal Corpn., v. Elivina Samulbhai Christian
5. 192
2000 LLR 267.

6. Ahmedabad Pvt., Primary Teachers Association (2004) 1 SCC 755. 135

Air India Ltd., v. Appellate Authority under the Payment of Gratuity


7. 191
Act and Regional Commissioner (Central) Bombay, 1999 2 LLJ 93.
Air India Statutory Corporation v. United Labour Union, (1997)9 SCC
8. 105, 135
377.

9. Airfreight Ltd. v. State of Karnataka (1999) 6 SCC 567 260

Ajaib Singh v. Sirhind Co-operative Marketing and Processing Service


10. 115, 141
Society Ltd., and Another, 1999 SCC (L&S) 1054.

11. Ajanta Offset & Packaging Ltd., v. RPFC, 2004 LLR 512. 205

Ajit Kumar Nag v. G.M. (PJ), Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., (2005)7
12. 130
SCC 764.

13. Allahabad Bank v. Canara Bank, 2000 (4) SCC 406. 207

Allahabad District Cooperative Bank Ltd. v. Vidhya Varidh Mishra.


14. 129
(2004)6 SCC 482.

15. Allahabad Jal Sansthan v. Daya Shankar Rai, (2005) 5 SCC 124. 132

16. Amrit Vanaspati Company Ltd. v. Khem Chand, (2006) 6 SCC 325. 131

Anand Bihari v. Rajasthan State Transport Corporation, Jaipur (1991)


17. 137
Lab IC 494 SC.
Anand Regional Co-operative Oil Seed growers Union Ltd., v.
18. 130, 136
Shailesh kumar Harshad bhai Shah, (2006) 6 SCC 548.
Ananthamma v. Managing Director, Cooperative Spinning Mills Ltd.,
19. 176
Raichur, 1991 I LLJ 1053.

vii
20. Annapurna v. GM. Karnataka SRTC, 1984 Lab IC 1355. 226

Assistant Engineer Rajasthan Development Corporation and Another v.


21. 111
Gitam Singh, (2013) 5 SCC 136.

22. Assistant Engineer, CAD v. Dhan Kunwar, (2006) 4 SCC 733. 132

Assistant Regional Director v. Model Mills, Nagpur Ltd., (1993)


23. 216, 223
Supplement (1) SCC 614.
Associated Cement Companies Ltd., v. Their Workmen, AIR I960 SC
24. 199
56.
Avinash Anand Vaidya v. Regional Provident Fund Commissioner,
25. 206
Sub-Accounts Office, Thane, 2006 I LLJ 489 Bom.H.C.

26. B. Radhakrishna v. Smt. Gouramma, 2000 LLR 520 Kar.H.C. 174

27. B. Srikanth Reddy v. K. Mahesh, 2005 LLR 30. 178

B. Srinivasa Reddy v. Karnataka Urban Water Supply & Drainage


28. 136
Board Employees Association, AIR 2006 SC 3106.
Bakshish Singh v. Darshan Engineering Works, (1994) 1 LLJ 197
29. 185
(SC).

30. Balmer Lawrie Workers Union v. Their Workmen, AIR 1985 SC 311. 121, 132

Bangalore Water Supply and Sewage Board v. A.Rajappa and others,


31. 115
AIR 1978 SC 548.
Barauni Refinery Pragatisheel Shramik Parishad v. Indian Oil Corpn.,
32. 133
Ltd., (1991) 1 SCC 4.

33. Basudeo Rao v. Jagarnath Singh, 1987 LIC 565. 178

Beed District Central Co-operative Bank Ltd., v. State of Maharashtra


34. 187
(2006) 8 SCC 514.

35. Bezarua v. State of Assam, AIR 1954 Assam.H.C.161. 114

36. Bharat Bank Limited v. Employees of Bharat Bank, AIR 1950 SC 188. 111

37. Bharat Forge Co. Ltd v. Uttam Manohar Nakate, (2005) 3 SCC 134. 129

38. Bharat Kumar KPalicha v. State, AIR 1997 Ker 291 268

39. Bharath Earthmoves Ltd., v. Bhagyamman by LR., 1975 ACJ 113. 174

Bharath Petroleum Corporation Ltd., v. Maharastra General Kamgar


40. 113
Union and others, 1999 SCC(L&S) 361.
41. Bharath Sanchar Nigam Limited v. Bhurmal, (2014) 7 SCC 177. 111

Bharati Gupta (Mrs) v. Rail India Technical and Economical Services


42. 233
Ltd., 2005 LLR 1108.

43. Bhartiben Babulal Joshi v. Administrative Officer, 2004 LLR 233. 233

Bhikusa Yamasa Kahatriya v. Sangamner Akola Taluka Bidi Kamgar


44. 261
Union, 1963 Supp (1) SCR 524.

45. Bhurangyan Coal Co. v. Sahebjan, AIR 1956 Pat 299. 175

46. Binny Ltd., v. Commissioner of Labour, 1981 (1) LLJ 178. 186

Birla Cotton Spinning and Weaving Mills Ltd., v. ESIC, 1977 Lab IC
47. 7, 222
119 (Del).

48. Birla VXL Limited v. State of Punjab, (1998)5 SCC 632. 141

49. Bombay Gas Co. Ltd., v. Gopal Bhiva, AIR 1964 SC 752. 207

50. Braithwaite and Co. v. ESI Corpn., AIR 1968 SC 413. 220

Bridge and Roof Company (India) Ltd., v. Union of India, 1962 (5)
51. 202, 203
FLR 423 (SC).

52. BSNL and Others v. Mahesh Chand, (2008) 3 SCC 474. 111

53. Buckingham and Carnatic Co. v. Venkatiah. AIR 1964 SC 1272. 202

54. C.T Suganaraj v. Syndicate Bank ,1992 Lab IC 1244. 266

Calcutta Port Shramik Union v. Calcutta River Transport Association


55. 115
1989 SCC (L&S) 106.

56. CEMENDA Company Ltd., v. ESIC, 1995 (1) Mh.LJ 243 . 220

57. Central Bank of India v. S.Satyam, AIR 1996 SC 2526 140

58. CESC Ltd., v. Subhash Chandra Bose, 1992 LLR 81. 219

Chandra Bhawan Boarding & Lodging V. State of Mysore AIR 1970


59. 254
SC 2042

60. Christian Medical College v. ESIC, 2001 LLR 60(SC). 214

61. Communist Party of India (M) v. Bharat Kumar, AIR 1996 SC 184. 268

xi
62. Cotton Corporation v. Union of India, 1993 LabIC 21. 201

63. Crown Aluminum Works V. their Workmen 1958. I. LLJ. 255

64. D N Banerji v. P R Mukherjee, AIR 1953 SC 58 4, 96

65. D.J. Yadav v. J.M.A. Industrial Ltd., 1993 SCC (L & S) 723. 113

D.K. Savitramma v. Anantapur District Co-operative Central Bank


66. 191
1991(2) LLJ 354.

67. D.S. Nakara v. Union of India, (1983)1 SCC 305 133

68. Daily Partap v. RPFC, AIR 1999 SC 2015. 202

Dainik Navbharat Jahangirabad, Bhopal v. Ayodhya Prasad Gupta,


69. 229
1999 LLR 574.

70. Dalip Kaur v. Northern Railway, (1992) 1 LLJ762. 178

71. Damodaran v. ESIC, 2003 II LLJ 55. 224

72. Delhi Transport Corporation v. Sardar Singh, (2004) 7 SCC 574. 129

73. Delhi Transport Corporation v. Shyam Lai, (2004)8 SCC 88. 128

74. Dena Nath v. National Fertilisers Ltd., 1992(1) LLN 53 SC. 104

Depot Manager, APSRTC, Bus Depot, Mahahooh Nagar Dist v. K.


75. 170
Lakshman, 2004 LLR 103.

76. Devshi Bhanji Khona v. Mary Burna, 1985 KLT 78. 171

Director, Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi v. Etwari Devi


77. 167
2003 II LLJ 784.
District Cooperative Central Bank Ltd., Jabalpur v Controlling
78. 185
Authority under Payment of Gratuity Ait, 1999 2 LLJ 1275.

79. District Exhibitors Association v. Union of India, 1991 Lab IC 1332. 199

Divisional Controller, MSRTC v. Sherkhan Chhotekhan, 2004 LLR


80. 230
600.

81. Divisional Controller, N.E.K.R.T.C. v. H.Amaresh, (2006) 6 SCC 187. 130

Divisional Managem, APSRTC v. P. Lakshmoji Rao, (2004)2 SCC


82. 142
433.

xii
83. Divisional Manager, APSRTC v. P. Lakshmoji Rao, (2004)2 SCC 433 111

Divisional Manager, Orissa Forest Development Corpn., Ltd. v.


84. 171
Janakalata Barik, 2002 ACJ 1187.

85. Durha Components Pvt., Ltd., v. M.A. Ansari, 2005 LLR 365. 190

E.K. Haj Mohammadmeera Sahib and Sons v. Regional Director, ESIC


86. 219
2003 I LLJ 1041.

87. EID Parry (I) Ltd., v. Omkar Murthy and Others, 2001 LLR 497. 187

Electronics Corporation of India Ltd., v. Service Engineers Union


88. 136
(2006) 7 SCC 330.
Employees’ State Insurance Corporation v. Cheeran’s Auto Agencies
89. 225
(1992) 1 LLJ704.
ESI C Sub-Regional Office, Hubli v. APS Star Industries Ltd.,Dharwad
90. 230
2003 III LLJ 41.

91. ESI Corpn., v. Apex Engineering (P) Ltd., (1978) 1 SCC 86 218

92. ESI Corpn., v. Apex Engineering Pvt., Ltd., (1998)1 SCC 86. 217

93. ESI Corpn., v. Bhagt Singh, 1989 II LLJ 126 228

ESI Corpn., v. Birla Cotton Spinning & Weaving, Mills Ltd., (1997) 2
94. 223
LLJ 420.

95. ESI Corpn., v. Gurdial Singh, 1991 Supp (1) SCC 204. 229

96. ESI Corpn., v. Kailash chandra, 1989 Lab IC 760. 229

97. ESI Corpn., v. M.M. Suri and Associates (P) Ltd., 1999 I LLJ 13 (SC). 217, 218

98. ESI Corpn., v. S.K. Aggarwal, (1998) 6 SCC 288 229

99. ESI Corpn., v. Victory Tile Works, (1973) 44 FJR 304. 217

ESI Corporation v. Jardine Henderson Staff Association, (2006) 6 SCC


100. 230
581.

101. ESI Corporation v. R.K. Swamy, 1994(1) SCC 445. 221

102. ESI Corporation v. Tiecicon Pvt., Ltd., 1996 I LLJ 504. 228

ESI Corporation, Bangalore v. Bhagatram and Sons, Bangalore, 2001


103. 213
LLR 1131.

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104. ESI Corporation, Indore v. Smt. Siayara, 1999 LLR 60. 229

105. ESIC v. Andhra Pradesh Paper Mills Ltd., AIR 1978, A.P. 18 (FB). 6

106. ESIC v. Andhra Pradesh Paper Mills Ltd., AIR 1978, A.P. 18 (FB). 222

107. ESIC v. Belgaum Milk Union, 2003 (III) LLJ 1042. 224

108. ESIC v. Bhagth Singh, 1989 11 LLJ 126. 214, 228

109. ESIC v. Clowndrodaya Mills Ltd.. 2003 111 LLJ 1039. 224

110. ESIC v. Harrison Malayalam Pvt. Ltd., AIR 1993 SC 2655. 219

111. ESIC v. M.M.Suri & Associate (P) Ltd., (1998) 8 SCC 111. 218, 208

112. ESIC v. M/s Hotel Kalpaka International, 1993 Lab IC 416 (SC). 225

113. ESIC v. R.K. Swamy, AIR 1994 S C 1154. 221

ESIC, Hyderabad v. AP Electrical Equipment Corporation, a Unit of


114. 220
ECE Industries Ltd., Visakhapatnam, LLR 2005 466.

115. Essen Deink v. Rajiv Kumar, (2002) 8 SCC 400. 111

116. Excel Wear v. Union of India, 1978 (4) SCC 224. 139

Executive Engineer, Rural Works Division, Mayurbhanj v. Addl.


117. 265
District Magistrate 2005 LLR 121 Ori.H.C.
Executive Engineer, ZP Engineering Division v. Digambara Rao
118. 101, 142
(2004)8 SCC 262.

119. Express News Paper Ltd. v. Union of India AIR. 1958. SC. 578 257

FCI v. Appellate Authority under Payment of Gratuity Act, 2005 LLR


120. 189
713.
G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology v. State of U.P.,
121. 133
(2000)7 SCC 109.

122. G.M., Haryana Roadways v. Rudhan Singh, (2005) 5 SCC 59. 132

Gangaban, w/o Chhaganbhai Harabhai v. Regional Director, ESIC


123. 169
1996 III LLJ (Supp) 901.

124. Gateway Auto Services v. ESIC, 1980 II LLJ 255. 228

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Gauri Mohan Pohoomul v. Regional Director, ESI Corporation
125. 215
2005 LLR52 Bom.H.C.
General Superintendent Talcher Thermal Station v. Smt Bijuli Naik
126. 172
76 (1993) CLJ 699.
Ghaziabad Development Authority v. Vikram Chaudhary, (1995) 5
127. 270
SCC 210.
Glaxo Laboratories (I) Ltd., v. PO, Labour Court, Meerut, 1984
128. 113
SCC(L&S)42.
Gopinathan v. Kerala State Road Transport Corporation, 2002 LLR
129. 203
504.
Gordon Woodrofe Agencies (P) Ltd., v. PO, Principal Labour Court
130. 132
(2004) 8 SCC 90.

131. Group 4 Securities Guarding Ltd., v. RPFC, 2004 LLR 140. 203

132. GSRTC v. Devendrabhai Mulvantrai Vaidya, 2006 I LLJ 324. 192

133. GSRTC v. Kirit Kumar Ponjalal Barot, 2003 III LLJ 247. 188

134. Gujarat Electricity Board v. Hind Mazdoor Sabha, 1995 (5) SCC 27. 105, 137

135. Gujarat Mazdoor Sabha v. Commissioner of Labour 2006 I LLJ 546 266

Gujarat State Electricity Board v. Hind Mazdoor Sabha, (1995) 5 SCC


136. 6
27.
Gurmail Singh v. Principal, Government College of Education, (2000)9
137. 141
SCC 496.

138. H Rajendra Pat v. Canara Bank, (1998) 78 FLR650. 193

139. H.R. Adyanthaya v. Sandoz (India) Ltd., (1994)4 SCC 164. 134

Handloom House, Ernakulam v. Regional Director, ESIC, 1999 I LLJ


140. 224
1319 (SC).
189, 215,
141. Harihar Polymers v. Regional Director, ESIC, AIR 1984 SC 1680.
223
Harinandan Prasad & Another v. Employer I/R to M/s. Food
142. 111
Corporation of India and Another, (2014) 7 SCC190.
Haryana Electronics Development Corporation Ltd., v. Mamni, (2006)
143. 143
9 SCC 434.
Haryana State Agricultural Marketing Board v. Subhash Chand, (2006)
144. 143
2 SCC 794.
Haryana Unrecognised School’s Association. v. State of Haryana
145. 262
(1996) 4 SCC 225

xv
146. Hind Art Press v. ESI Corpn., (1990)2 LLJ 195. 223

147. Hindu Jea Band v. Regional Director, ESIC, 1987 (2) SCC 101. 221

Hindu Jea Band, Jaipur v. Regional Director, ESIC, AIR 1987 SC


148. 221
1166.

149. Hindustan antibiotics Ltd., v. Workmen AIR 1967 SC 948 253

150. Hindustan Antibiotics Ltd., v. Workmen, AIR 1967 SC 948. 115, 253

Hindustan Hosiery Industries V. F. H. Lala and Others AIR. 1974. SC.


151. 255
526,

152. Hindustan Hosiery Industry v. F H AIR. 1974. SC. 526 257

Hindustan Motors Ltd. v. E.S.I. Corporation, 1979 Lab IC 852


153. 6, 222,223
Cal.H.C
Hindustan Steel Works Construction Ltd. v. Hindustan Steel Works
154. 101
Construction Ltd., Employees’ Union, (1995) 3 SCC 474.
Hindustan Steelworks Construction Ltd. v. Commissioner of Labour
155. 268
(1996)10 SCC 599.

156. Hindustan Times Ltd. v. Their Workmen 1963. I. LL. J. SC. 112 257

157. Hindustan Times Ltd. v. Union of India (1998) 2 SCC 242. 207

158. Hindustan Tin Works (P) Ltd. v. Employees (1979) 2 SCC 80. 131

HMT Ex-servicemen’s Association v. Union of India, 2001 LLR 697


159. 204
(Ker).
Hombe Gowda Educational Trust v. State of Karnataka, (2006) 1 SCC
160. 127
430.

161. HUDA v. Jagmal Singh, (2006) 5 SCC 765. 6, 111

162. Hyderabad Allwyn Metal Works Ltd., v. ESI Corpn., 1981 Lab IC 457. 223

Hyderabad Asbestos Cement Products Ltd. v. EI Court, (1978) 4 SCC


163. 212
194.

164. Hydro-Engineering Pvt. Ltd. vs. their workmen, 1969 AIR 182 SC 254

I.D.L Chemicals Ltd. v. Gattiah, DB Writ Appeal no. 16 of 1981,


165. 139
decided on 4.12.198.

166. Incharge Officer and Another v. Shankar Shetty (2010) 9 SCC 126. 111

xvi
Indian Banks Association v. Workmen of Syndicate Bank, (2001) 3
167. 136
SCC 36.

168. Indian Drugs & Pharaceuticals Ltd., v. ESI Corpn., (1997)9SCC71. 215, 223

169. Indian Railway Construction Co. Ltd., v. Ajay Kumar, 2003 LLR 337. 128

International Airport Authority of India v. International Air Cargo


170. 105
Workers’ Union, AIR 2009 SC 3063.
International Airports Authority Employees’ Union v. Airport
171. Authority of India, (1997) 10 SCC 754. 105

International Ore and Fertilisers (India) Pvt., Ltd., v. ESIC, 1987(4)


172. 221
SCC 203.
J K Cotton Spinning and Weaving Mills v. Labour Appellate Tribunal
173. 4, 96
AIR 1964 SC 737.
J P Michael D’ Souza v. Appellate Authority under PG Act, Bangalore
174. 192
2002 LLR7.

175. J.K. Synthetics v. Union of India, (1984) 48 FLR 125 (Raj). 139

176. Jagdish Chandra Nijahawan v. S.K. Saraf, (1999) 1 SCC 119. 194

Jagdish Narain Chopra v. Allahabad District Cooperative Bank Ltd.,


177. 195
2000 LLR 88.

178. JDPL v. Employees State Insurance Corporation 1997 (9) SCC 71. 224

Jhagrakhand Collieries (P) Ltd., v. Agarwal, Presiding Officer


179. 126
AIR 1975 SC 171.
Jivan Mal and Co. v. Secretary, Kanpur Loha Mills, AIR 1955 ALL
180. 113
581.
Jotindra Nath Roy v. Surendra Bikram Singh Agarwal (1996) 4 SCC
181. 187
403.

182. Jyothi Ademma v. Plant Engineer, Nellore (2006) 5 SCC 513. 172

Jyothi Home Industries v. Regional Provident Fund Commissioner


183. 200
1993 LabIC 2213.

184. Jyothi Home Industries v. State of Karnataka, 1983 ILLJ 201 263

K. Chennakesavalu v. Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation


185. 205
2005 LLR 56.
K. Rajendran v. Director, P & E Corporation of India Ltd., New Delhi
186. 139
(1992) Lab IC 909.

xvii
K. V. Rajendran v. Deputy Commissioner of Labour, Madurai
187. 139
(1980) 2 LLJ 275 (Mad).

188. K.C.P. Ltd. v. Presiding Officer and Others AIR 1997 SC 2334. 132

189. K.K. Saraswati v. Narayanaswami, 1985 ACJ 38. 167

Kadambari Enterprises P. Ltd. v. Mallikeswari, 1996 III LLJ (Supp)


190. 168
477.
Kalyanarama Company Mine v. Government of India, 1980 568 FJR
191. 263
79.
Kalyani P. v. Divisional Manager. Southern Railway I Personnel
192. 170
Branch Divisional Office, Madras. 2004 LLR 206.
Karnataka Agro Industries Corporation Ltd., Bellary v. Presiding
193. 195
Officer, Industrial Tribunal, Bangalore, 1984 LabIC 1358.

194. Karnataka Bank Ltd., v. A.L. Mohan Rao (2006) 1 SCC 63. 130

Kashibhai Rambhai Patel v. Shahabai Somabhai Patel 2000(I) LLJ


195. 180
1121 (SC).

196. KB. Verma v. Union of India , 1992 Lab IC 1039. 260

Kerala Electrical & Allied Engineering Co. Ltd., v Raveendran Pillar


197. 185
1999 2 LLJ 1001.

198. Kerala State Electricity Board v. Valsala K (1999) 8 SCC 254. 173

199. Kirloskar Brothers Ltd., v. ESI Corpn., (1996) 2 SCC 682. 212, 227

Kirloskar Brothers Ltd., v. Appellate Authority (under PG Act). 2003


200. 189
III LLJ 1035.

201. Kirloskar Consultants Ltd., v. ESIC. AIR 2000 S C 3718. 221


Kone Elevators India Ltd., v. Assistant Commissioner of Labour II,
Controlling Authority under PG Act, Chennai, decided 04/02/2005
202. 190
Coram The Honourable Mr. Justice P.K.Misra Writ Petition No.4003
Of 1998
Kothari (Madras) Ltd. v. Second Additional Judge-cum-Appellate
203. 267
Authority 1991 (1)LLJ107 Gau.H.C.
Krishnakali Tea Estate v. Akhil Bharatiya Chah Mazdoor Sangh,
204. 129
(2004)8 SCC 200.

205. KS. Vasantha v. Karnataka SRTC, (1992) 60 FJR 118. 226

206. Kuttappan v. C.K. Keshav 2002 LLR 34. 167

xviii
207. L.I.C. v. Raghvendra Seshagiri Kulkarni (1997) 8 SCC 461. 140

208. L.K.Verma v. HMT Ltd., (2006) 2 SCC 269. 130

Laloo Kashyap v. J.K.. Chemicals and Fertilizers Factory,


209. 167
Shahjahanpur 2003 II LLJ 66.
Lingegowd Detective and Security Chamber (P) Ltd. v. Mysore
210. 266
Kirloskar Ltd., (2006) 5 SCC 180.

211. M P. Electricity Board v. Hariram (2004)8 SCC 246. 6, 143

212. M.L.Sharma v. University of Rajasthan, (1998) 2 LLJ 203. 204

213. M.P. Electricity Board v. Hariram. (2004) 8 SCC 246. 111

M.P. Mineral Industry Assn. v. Regional Labour Commr, (1960) 3


214. 265
SCR 476;

215. M.P. State Electricity Board v. Jarina Bee 2003 LLR 848. 6, 131

M/s Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. v. State of Uttar Pradesh 2003 LLR
216. 134
817.
M/s Cochin Shipping Co. v. Employees’ State Insurance Corporation,
217. 221
1992 Lab IC 2577.
M/s Hind Art Press v. The Employees’ State Insurance Corporation
218. 6, 222
1990 Lab IC 744.
M/s International Ore & Fertilizers (India) Pvt., Ltd., v. ESIC.
219. 214
AIR 1988 SC 79.
M/s Karnalaka Slate Co-operative Marketing Federation v. Regional
220. Director, ESI Corpn., 222
2004 LLR 50.

221. M/s Shouris Duplicators Ltd. v. ESIC 1992 Lab IC 104. 222

M/s Southern Agencies Rajamundry v. Andhra Pradesh ESIC


222. 221
2001 LLR 93(SC).
M/s. Tata Engineering & Locomotive Co. Ltd., v. Their Workmen,
223. 132
AIR 1981 SC 2163.

224. M/s.S.K.Nasiruddin Bidi Merchant (P) Ltd. v. RPFC 1990 (2) LLJ 19. 200

225. Maghar Singh v. Jashwant Singh (1998) 9 SCC 134. 172

Mahadeo Dhondu Jadhav v. Labour Appellate Tribunal AIR 1955 Bom


226. 4, 253
394.

xix
Mahadeo Dhondu Jadhav vs Labour Appellate Tribunal AIR 1955
227. 253
Bom 394
Mahakoushal Kshetriya Gramin Bank v. Appellate Authority, 2005
228. 186
LLR 1125.
Mahavir Singh v. U.P State Electricity Board & Others, (1999)9 SCC
229. 141
178.

230. Mahindra and Mahindra Ltd. v. N.B. Narawade, (2005) 3 SCC 134. 129
Management of Agricultural Research Station, Tamil Nadu
231. Agricultural University, Kovilpathi v. Controlling Authority under the 189
Payment of Gratuity Act 2003 II LLJ 110.
Management of Central Theatre, Coimbatore v. Controlling Authority,
232. Payment of Gratuity Act, Office of the Commissioner of Labour, 194
Coimbatore, and D. Amirtha Murugan 2005 LLR 149 Mad.H.C.
Management of Kallayar Estate, Jaya Shree Tea and Industries Ltd,
233. Coimbatore v. Chief Inspector of Plantations, Madras 1999 (1) LLJ 234
180.
Management of M/s. Continental Construction Ltd. v. Workmen of
234. 129
M/s. Continental Construction Ltd., 2003 LLR 895.
Management of Nagammal Mills Ltd., Nagercoil v. Kumari Mavatta
235. 268
Noorppalai Thozilalar Munetra Sangam 1999 I LLJ 502;
Management of Pratap Press, New Delhi v. Secretary, Delhi Press
236. 199
Workers’ Union, AIR 1960 SC 1213.
Management of SIET Women’s College, Madras v. Mohamed Ibrahim
237. 185
(1992) 1 LLJ 91 (Mad).
Management of Sri Ahilandeswari Mills Ltd., Salem v. Assistant
238. Commissioner of Labour (Controlling Authority under Payment of 190
Gratuity Act, 1972), Salem 1999 LLR 576.
Management of the Needle Industries v. The Labour court,
239. 123
1986 (I) LLJ Mad. H.C 405.
Management, Shahdera (Delhi) Saharanpur Light Railway Co. Ltd., V.
240. 113
S.S.Railway Workers Union AIR 1969 SC 513.
Management. Konakundah Estate, Nilgiris v. Smt. Saguntlialn,
241. 190
2004 LLR 222.

242. Manager, Reserve Bank of India v. S. Mani, (2005) 5 SCC 100. 112

Managing Director, Badamba Coop Sugar Industries Ltd., Cuttack v.


243. 171
Smt. Bimala Routray, 2005 LLR 1002.

244. Mangalamma v. Express Newspapers Ltd., AIR 1982 Mad 223. 226

Mangalore Ganesh Beedi and Allied Beedi Factories Workers Assn. V.


245. 262
State of Karnataka. 2003 III LLJ 861
Mangalore Ganesh Beedi Works v. The Assistant Provident Fund
246. 203
Commissioner, Mangalore, 2003 (99) FLR 617 (Kar).

xx
247. Manganese Ore (India) Ltd. v. Chandi Lai Sinha , 1991 LabIC 524. 260

Mar Themotheous Birth Centenary Press v. Santosh Raj 2001 LLR 164
248. 177
(Ker).
May and Baker (India) Ltd., Bombay v. J.S. Coutinho, National Union
249. 190
of Commercial Employees, 1991 LLR 375.

250. MCD v. Nand Kishor 2003(II) LLJ 56. 195

251. Methur Industries Ltd. v. Velayut Mudaliar, (1961) 1 LL.I 279. 204

Midland Hospital and Research Centre (P) Ltd. v. Union of India, 2004
252. 198
LLR 431Gau.H.C.
Mitsui & Co. Ltd., v. Employees State Insurance Corporation 2005
253. 214
LLR 22.
Mizar Govinda Annappa Pat and Sons v. State of Karnataka. 1986 (68)
254. 263
FJR 77;

255. Modella Woolens Ltd., v. ESI Corpn., (1994) Supp (3) SCC 580. 215

Modistone Ltd., v. Deputy Commissioner of Labour, Mumbai 1999


256. 187
LLR 984.

257. Mohd Anis Mohd Elyea Khan v. Litiza and Company 2000 LLR 399. 169

Mohd Zaheeruddin Siddiqui v. Executive Council, Aligarh Muslim


258. 195
University 2000 LLR 458 (SC).
Mukesh K. Tripathi v. Senior Divisional Manager, LIC (2004)8 SCC
259. 137
387.

260. Mukri Gopalan v. C.P. Aboobacker, (1995) 5 SCC 5. 207

Municipal Corpn., of Delhi v. Dharam Prakash Sharma. (1998)7 SCC


261. 188
221.
Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Female Workers (Muster Roll) 2000
262. 233
LLR 449 (SC).
Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Prem Chand Gupta (2000)10 SCC
263. 141
115.
Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai v. K.V.Shramik Sangh
264. 105
AIR 2002 SC 1815.

265. Municipal Corporation, Faridabad v. Siri Niwas (2004)8 SCC 195. 6, 111, 142

266. Municipal Council, Samrala v Sukhwinder Kaur, (2006) 6 SCC 516. 143

267. Municipal Council, Samrala v. Raj Kumar (2006) 3 SCC 81. 143

xxi
268. Municipal Council, Sujanpur v. Surinder Kumar (2006) 5 SCC 173. 112

269. Municipal Council. Malta v. Bhagat Singh, AIR 1998 SC 1201 264

270. N.K. Jain v. C.K. Shah 1991 Lab IC 1013. 208

271. Nagappa v. Gurudayal Singh, 2003 ACJ 12 (SC). 178

272. Nagendranath De v. Suresh Chandra De, ILR (1932) 60 Cal 1. 207

273. Nandinee Travels Pvt., Ltd., v. RPFC, Goa, 2003 II LLJ 810. 200

274. National Engineering Industries v. ESIC, (1991) 63 FLR 277 (Raj). 6, 222

275. National Insurance Co. Ltd., v. Mastan, (2006) 2 SCC 641 at 648. 182

276. National Insurance Co. Ltd., v. R. Vishnu 1991 Lab IC 2172. 178

277. National Insurance Company Ltd., v. Maya Devi 1999 I LLJ 1016. 179

National Textile Workers Union v. PR. Ramakrishnan, AIR 1983 SC


278. 207
75.
Nav Bharat Rice and General Mills, Hanumangarh v. Rukma Devi
279. 173
1992 Lab IC 1109.
New India Assurance Co. Ltd., Cuttack v. Suka Sahoo 2005 LLR 161
280. 173
Ori.H.C.
New India Assurance Co. Ltd., Secunderabad v. Smt.P.Padmavathi
281. 171
2005 LLR 869 A.P. H.C.

282. New India Assurance Co. Ltd., v. Dalibai, 2000 LLR 378. 175

283. New India Assurance Co. Ltd., v. K. Yadaiah 2005 LLR 821A.P.H.C. 177

New India Assurance Co. Ltd., v. MohammadYusuf Inamuddin Pirjade


284. 181
2005 LLR 55 Bom.H.C.

285. New India Assurance Co. Ltd., v. Mohan Kumar Sahoo 2004 LLR 73. 168

286. New India Assurance Co. Ltd., v. Shiv Singh, 2000 (1) LLJ 1395. 180

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287. 178
761.
Nitinkumar Nathalal Joshi v. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd.,
288. 105
(2002)3SCC433.

xxii
289. Nityananda M. Joshi v. L I C of India, (1969) 2 SCC 199. 207

Non-Ferrous Rolling Mills (P) Ltd., v. Regional Director, ESI Corpn.,


290. 217
1977 Lab IC 1706.

291. North Orissa Workers’ Union v. State of Orissa 1971 LLJ 199 Ori.H.C. 122

292. Ore Fertilizers (India) Pvt. Ltd., v. ESIC. 1988 SC 79. 221

293. Oriental Insurance Co. Ltd. v. Thankappan 2005 LLR 957 Ker.H.C, 171
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295. 225
Lab IC 675.
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296. 126
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297. Pali Devi v. Chairman, Managing Committee (1996) 3 SCC 296. 262

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298. 178
SC 1273.
PC Agarwala v. Payment of Wages Inspector. M.P., 2005 LLR
299. 269
1073M.P.H.C
People ' s Union for Democratic Rights v. Union of India, AIR 1982
300. 266
SC 1443;
Ponni Sugar Chemicals Ltd., Pallipalayam, Erode v. Cauvery Sugar &
301. 202
Chemicals Ltd., 2002 LLR 25.
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302. 138
Lab IC 944 (Raj).
Prantiya Vidhyut Mandai Mazdoor Federation v. Rajasthan State
303. 202, 203
Electricity Board, 1992 (64) FLR 1051 (SC).
Prasanta Kumar Majhi v. Managing Director Orissa Mining
304. 176
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305. Pratap Narain Singh Deo v. Srinivas Sabata, (1975) 48 FJR 296 . 174
President, Cinema Workers Union Affiliated to Bharatiya Mazdoor
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648.
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308. Punjab SEB v. Darbara Singh (2006) 1 SCC 121. 143

xxiii
Qazi Noorul Hasan Hamid Hussain Petrol Pump v. Deputy Director,
309. 214
ESIC, Kanpur 2003 (II) LLJ 341 ALL.H.C.

310. R Ramakrishna Rao v State of Kerala. 1969 2 LLJ 682. 198

311. R.B. Moondra & Co. v. Bhanwari, AIR 1970 Raj 111. 175

312. R.K.Panda v. Steel Authority of India (1994)69 FLR 256. 104

313. R.M. Yellatti v. Assistant Executive Engineer (2006) 1 SCC 106. 112

Rajasthan Prem Krishan Goods Transport Co. v RPFC, New Delhi,


314. 197
(1996) 9 SCC 454.
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315. 198
662.
Rajasthan State Ganganagar S. Mills Ltd., v. Slate of Rajasthan
316. 6, 111, 143
(2004) 8 SCC 161.
Rajbir Singh v. S.K.S.Yadav, Commissioner of Workmen’s
317. 178
Compensation 1996 I LLJ 91.
Rajendra Deva v Addl. Labour Commissioner (Accounts) Kanpur,
318. 191, 195
(1999) 2 LLJ 211.
Rajendra Kumar Nangia v. Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilisers Ltd.,
319. 188
2000 LLR 267.

320. Rajendra v. State of Rajasthan (1999) 2 SCC 317. 101

Rajkamal Transport v. Employees’ State Insurance Corpn., (1996) 9


321. 227
SCC 644.
Rajkot Municipal Corpn., v Amrudh Fulshankar Shitkla, (1999) 2 LLJ
322. 191
830.
Raju Shankar Poojary v. Chambur Warehouse Company 2003 LLR
323. 128
1150 (Bom.H.C)

324. Ram Ashrey Singh v. Ram Bux Singh (2003)II LLJ 176. 6, 131

325. Ram Pershad v. CIT (1992) 2 SCC 696. 217

326. Ram Prasad v. State of Rajasthan (1992) Lab IC 2139 (Raj). 139

Ram Ranjan Mukherjee v. Mining and Allied Machinery Cotton Ltd.,


327. 194
2001LLR 297.

328. Ram Singh v. Union Territory, Chandigarh (2004)1 SCC 126. 135

Ramjilal Chimanlal Sharma v. M/s.Elphinstone Spinning and Weaving


329. 193
Mills Co. Ltd., 1984 Lab IC 1703.

xxiv
330. Range Forest Officer v. S.T. Hadimani 2002 Lab IC 987. 111

331. Rattan Singh v. Union of India (1997) II SCC 396. 131

332. Raveendran v. Jayasree 2005 LLR 908. 181

333. Raza Textile Labour Union v. Mohan 1964 (II) LLJ 65 All.H.C. 122

334. Rebali Gantayamat v. Haguru Sethi. 1986 (61) CLT 137. 167

Regional Commissioner, EPF v. M/s.Kamraj Textiles 1991 Lab IC


335. 208
306.
Regional Director, E.S.I Corporation v. M/s Malabar Cashewnuts and
336. 222
Allied Products 1993 Lab IC 2234.
Regional Director, ESI Corpn., v. Enfield India Ltd., (1997) II SCC
337. 223
752.

338. Regional Director, ESI Corpn., v. Francis De Costa, AIR 1997 SC 432. 172

Regional Director, ESI Corpn., v. Popular Automobiles (1997) 7 SCC


339. 216
665.
Regional Director, ESI Corpn., v. Ramanuja Match Industries, (1985) 1
340. 218
SCC 218.
Regional Director, ESI Corpn., v. South India Flour Mills (P) Ltd.,
341. 227
(1986) 3 SCC 238.
Regional Director, ESI Corporation v. Pradeep Kumar (2006) I LLJ
342. 231
544 Ker.

343. Regional Director, ESIC v. K.P. Vinod 1992 Lab IC 1077. 222

Regional Director, ESIC v. Margarine & Refined Oils Co. (P) Ltd.,
344. 217
1987 Lab I C 844.
Regional Director, ESIC, Mumbai v. Golden Gate Restaurant 2002
345. 218
LLR 341.
Regional Director, ESIC, Trichur v. Smt. Neela Karunakaran, 1992
346. 222
Lab IC 1069.

347. Regional Directory. P.B. Gupta 1993 Lab IC 2646. 222

348. Regional Manager, RSRTC v. Ghanshyam Sharma (2002) 10 SC 330. 130

349. Regional Manager. Rajasthan SRTC v. Sohan Lai, (2004)8 SCC 218. 128

350. Regional PF Commissioner v. Naraini Udhvogx 1996 2 LLJ 1063. 198

xxv
Regional Provident Fund Commissioner (III) West Bengal v.
351. 203
Vivekananda Vidya Mandir 2005 LLR 399 Cal.H.C.
Regional Provident Fund Commissioner v. Central Areca nut and Coca
352. 201
Marketing and Processing Co-op. Ltd., (2006) 2 SCC 381.
Regional Provident Fund Commissioner v. Management of Hotel
353. Highway Limited, Mysore 1992 Lab IC 1201. 200

Regional Provident Fund Commissioner v. S.D. College, (1997) 1 SCC


354. 207
241.
Regional Provident Fund Commissioner, Hyderabad v. Deepak
355. 206
Kulkarni, 2002 II LLJ 1.
Regional Provident Fund Commissioner, Jaipur v. Naratm Udyog,
356. 197
(1996) 5 SCC 522.
RG.I. of Medical Education & Research v. Raj Kumar (2001) 2 SCC
357. 131
54.

358. Rhone Poulene (India) Ltd. v. Anjali Devrukhar 2005 LLR 799. 186

359. Rita Devi v. New India Insurance Co. Ltd., 2000 (I) LLJ 1656 (SC). 175

360. Rohtas Industries Ltd., v. Its Workmen 1968(I) LLJ 710 Pat.H.C 122

361. Roshan Deen v. Preeti Lal 2002 LLR 71SC. 181

362. Royal Talkies Hyderabad v. ESI Corpn., AIR 1978 SC 1478. 219, 227

S.L. Srinivasa Jute Twine Mills (P) Ltd., v. Union of India (2006) 2
363. 199
SCC 740.
S.M. Nilajkar & Others v. Telecom District Manager, Karnataka 131, 142,
364.
(2003) 4 SCC 27. 143

365. Sadashiv Krishna Adke v. M/s Time Traders (1992) 1 Lab 877. 176

366. Sail Rourkela Steel Plant v. Rajesh Kisan, 1991 (1) CLR 326. 172

367. Sanjiv Kumar Mahapatra v. A.L. Alspukar 2003 LLR 204. 128

368. Sarjerao v. Gurindar Singh 1991 Lab IC 689. 175

369. Sathyabama v. M.Palamiswamy 2004 LLR 270. 205

370. Secretary, State of Karnataka v. Umadevi, (2006) 4 SCC 1. 112

xxvi
Senior Superintendent Telegraph (Traffic), Bhopal v. Santhos Kumar
371. 111
Seal and Others (2010) 6 SCC 773.

372. Shah v. Rajankutty 2005 LLR 503Ker.H.C. 177

373. Shantabai v. Sahadeo, 1985 ACJ 845. 174

Shivraj Fine Art Litho Works v. Regional Director, Regional Office,


374. 223
1974 Lab IC 328.

375. Shrirahathi M.A. v. NGEF Ltd., Bangalore (2003) II LLJ 1004. 188

376. Sindhu Hochtief v. Pradap Dialdas 1968 (II) LLJ515 Bmom.H.C. 122

Smt. Beer Bala Gupta v. 15th Additional Sessions Judge, Meerut


377. 194
2002 LLR 619.

378. Smt. Hira Devi v. Executive Engineer, Irrigation 2004 LLR II 19. 168

379. Sonu v. Municipal Corporation of Delhi 2005 LLR 778 Del.H.C 265

South India Surgical Company v. Regional Director, ESIC. Madras,


380. 220
(1997) II LLJ 396.
South Indian Cashew Factories Workers Union v. Kerala State Cashew
381. 131
Development Corporation Ltd., (2006) 5 SCC 201.
Sri Digvijay Woollen Mills Ltd., v. Mahendra Prataprai Buch, 1980 (1)
382. 190
LLN 417.
Srikanta Datta Narasimharaja Wodiyar v. Enforcement Officer, Mysore
383. 202
1993 LabIC 1359 (SC).
Standard Vacuum Refining Co. of India Ltd., v. Its Workmen. AIR
384. 263
1961 SC 895;
State Bank of India v. J.R.Surma, Presiding Officer, Central
385. 128
Government Industrial Tribunal 2003 LLR 124.

386. State Bank of India v. N. Sundaramoney (1976)1 SCC 822. 141

387. State Bank Staff Union v. State Bank of India 1991 LabIC 197. 267

State of Gujarat v. Rajendra Khodabhai Deshdia Junagadh 1992 Lab IC


388. 173
1259 at 1261.

389. State of Gujarat v. Savailal H.Shah 2003 II LLJ 641 264

390. State of Haryana v. Jasmer Singh (1996) 11 SCC 77. 269

391. State of Haryana v. K.N. Dutta, 1995 (3) SCC 144. 193

xxvii
392. State of Haryana v. Om Prakash (1998) 8 SCC 733. 140

State of Himachal Pradesh v. Smt Satya Devi 2005 LLR 673,P&H.


393. 179
H.C.

394. State of Kerala v. N.Ramani 1999 2 LLJ 485. 235

395. State of M.P. v. Arjunlal Rajak, (2006) 2 SCC 711. 143

396. State of Punjab v. Baldev Singh (1998) 9 SCC 325. 268

397. State of Punjab v. Jagir Singh, (2004) 8 SCC 129. 128

398. State of Rajasthan v. Ramesh Lal Gahlot (1996) 1 SCC 595. 101, 143

399. State of Rajasthan v. Sarjeet Singh (2006) 8 SCC 508. 101

400. State of U.P. v J.P. Chaurasia, (1989) 1 SCC 121; 270

Steel Authority of India Ltd, Rourkela Steel Plant v. Smt Jema, 2000
401. 175
LLR 356.

402. Steel Authority of India Ltd. V. Union of India (2006)4LLN 651. 105

Steel Authority of India Ltd., v. National Union Waterfront Workers 105, 134,
403.
(2001) 7 SCC 1. 135

404. Suchitra Devi v. Presiding Officer, Labour Court (1996)8 SCC 70. 173

Sudhakar Pani v. Assistant Provident Commissioner (Pension) 2005


405. 206
LLR 846 Kar.H.C.

406. Sunil Industries v. Ram Chander Pradhan 2001 LLR 64(SC). 169

407. Suresh Tulsidas Kilachand v. Collector of Bombay, 1984 Lab IC 1614. 229

408. Surinder Singh v. Engineer-in-Chief. CPWD, (1986)1 SCC 639. 110


Swadeshi Cotton Mills v. Assistant Labour Commissioner (Central)
409. and Controlling Authority under the PG Act, Allahabad, 2000 (1) LLJ 193
1221.

410. Swamalata Samal v. Choudhury Kanduri Charan Das, (1966) I LLJ 7. 168

411. Syndicate Bank v. Venkatesh Gururao Kurati, (2006) 3 SCC 150. 129, 130

xxviii
412. T.N.C.S. Corpn. Ltd., v. K. Meerabai, (2006) 2 SCC 255. 130

413. T1 Cycles of India, Ambattur v. M.K. Gurumani 2002 LLR57. 188, 189

414. Tata Tea Ltd., Bangalore v. ESIC, Bangalore, 2000 LLR 1038. 220

Tax Recovery Officer-II, Sadar, Nagpur v. Gangadhar Vishwanath


415. 207
Ranade, 1998 (6) SCC 658.

416. TCI v. ESI Corprn., 2000 SC 238. 221

417. Texma Co. Ltd., v. Roshan Singh, 2001 LLR 890. 193

Thrivandrum Port and Head load Workers Cooperative Society Ltd. v.


418. 167
Dhanesh Kumar, 2000 (4) LLN 453.
Trambak Rubber Industries Ltd. v. Nasik Workers Union (2003) 6
419. 134
SCC 416.
Transport Corporation of India Ltd. v. State of Maharashtra 1993
420. 261
LabIC 507.
Transport Manager, Kolhapur Municipal Transport Undertaking,
421. 195
Kolhapur v. Pravin Bhabutlal Shah 2005 LLR 503.
Travancore Plywood Industries Ltd., v. Regional Joint Labour
422. 193
Commissioner, 1996 (2) LLJ 85.

423. Travancore Titanium Products Ltd., v. Jerro. 2000 (1) KLT 643. 171

424. U.P Hotels Ltd. v. State of Rajasthan 1999 I LLJ 597. 198

U.P State Sugar Corpn Unit, Munderwa v. Ram Nain Singh 1999 LLR
425. 185
41.

426. U.P. Slate Electricity Board v. Shiv Mohan Singh (2004)8 SCC 402. 137

U.P. State Brassware Corporation Ltd., v. Uday Narain Pandey (2006)


427. 6, 132
1 SCC 479.
Union Bank of India v. Assistant Provident Fund Commissioner and
428. 207
Recovery Officer 2005 LLR 1018.
Union of India (Rep. by Divisional Manager South Central Railway,
429. 170
Vijayawada v. S.Mariyamina, 2004 LLR 814.

430. Union of India v. A.S. Amarnath 1999 I LLJ 1365. 198

431. Union of India v. Patna Tyre House Pvt. Ltd., 2004 LLR 468. 201

432. United India Insurance Co. Ltd. v. Alavix (1998) 1 KLT 951. 174

xxix
433. United India Insurance Co. Ltd. v. Smt. Susheela 2004 LLR 425. 170

United India Insurance Company Ltd. v. Rukmani Dhamil 2005 LLR


434. 181
886.
Universal Paper Mills Ltd. v. Regional Provident Fund Commissioner
435. 204
2000 LLR 41.

436. UP Cinema Exhibitors Federation v. Stale of UP, 1977 Lab 1C 993 263

437. UPSRTC Ltd., v. Sarada Prasad Misra (2006) 4 SCC 733 132

438. UPSRTC v. Mahendra Nath Tiwari (2006) 1 SCC 118. 130

439. UPSRTC v. Suresh Pal (2006) 8 SCC 108. 130

Uptron India Ltd., v. Shammi Bhan and Another 1998 SCC (L&S)
440. 100
1601.
V.U. Worrier v. Secretary Oil and Natural Gas Commission, (2003)II
441. 188
LLJ 918.

442. Ved Prakash Garg v. Premi Devi (1997) 8 SCC 1. 179, 180

443. Wazir Chand v. Union of India 2001 LLR 172 (SC). 194

444. Wellman (India) Pvt. Ltd. v. ESIC, AIR 1994 SC 1037. 202

445. Western India Plywood Ltd. v. P. Ashokan (1997) 7 SCC 638. 227

202, 220,
446. Whirlpool India Ltd. v. ESIC AIR 2000 SC 1190.
224
Workmen of the Canteen of Coates of India Limited v. Coates of India
447. 136
Limited (2004) 3 SCC 547.

448. Workmen v. Meenakshi Mills Ltd., 1992 (3) SCC 336. 139

449. Y.R. Shenoy v. Syndicate Bank 2003 II LLJ 977. 188

xxx
LIST OF TABLES

CHAPTER – I
INTRODUCTION

Table Page
No Title No
Population of Tiruchirappalli district comparison of 2001
1.1 20
and 2011 census report
1.2 Strength of labour force in the Tiruchirappalli District 21
Block wise distribution of major industries in
1.3 22
Tiruchirappalli
Block wise distribution of MSME in Tiruchirappalli
1.4 district 23
Percentage of samples collected on different nature of
1.5 industries 27

1.6 Number of samples achieved on the basis of gender 28

1.7 Marital Status of the valid samples 29

1.8 Age distribution of the valid samples collected 30


Distribution of samples on the basis of the Educational
1.9 Qualification 31

1.10 Distribution of the samples on the basis of category 32


1.11 Classification of the industry on the basis of strength of
employees 33

1.12 Nature of your engagement of the valid samples 34

CHAPTER III
ORIGIN AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE LABOUR
LAWS IN INDIA

Table No Title Page No


List of ILO Conventions and Protocols ratified`
3.1. by India 93

xxxi
CHAPTER - IV
IMPACT OF GLOBALISATION AND LIBERALISATION ON
INDUSTRIAL WORKERS RELATING TO
INDUSTRIAL RELATION LAWS

Table No Title Page No


Responses as to the present fixed term
4.1 employment system 102
Fixed term employment system & Nature of the
4.2 establishment Cross Tabulation 103
Comparison of the strength of regular work force
4.3 with contract labour 106
Comparison of regular work force with the
4.4 contract labour sector wise 107
Responses as to the present contract labour
4.5 108
system
Contract labour system & Nature of the
4.6 establishment Cross Tabulation 109
Comparison of permanent employees with the
4.7. casual employees 112
Responses on standing orders are formulated with
4.8 due consultation with the workers 114

4.9. Nil disputes pending in the establishment 116


Terms of employment related disputes pending in
4.10. the establishment 117
Service condition related disputes pending in the
4.11 establishment 118
Responses as to other non mentioned disputes
4.12 119
pending in the establishment of the target group
Collective Bargaining as a Mode of Settlement of
4.13 disputes in the establishment 121
Trade Union Intervention as a mode of Settlement
4.14 of disputes in the establishment 122
Voluntary Arbitration as a Mode of Settlement of
4.15 122
disputes in the establishment
Conciliation as a Mode of Settlement of disputes
4.16 in the establishment 124
Intervention of government as a Mode of
4.17 Settlement of disputes in the establishment 124
Adjudication as a Mode of Settlement of disputes
4.18 in the establishment 125

xxxii
Individual direct negotiation and settlement as a
4.19 Mode of Settlement of disputes in the 126
establishment
Changing trend in the judicial pronouncements
4.20 after 1991 144
The judicial pronouncements after 1991 sector
4.21 145
wise analysis
Awareness of the target group on Inspection by
4.22 the government authorities 147
Awareness of the target group on Confirmation of
4.23 permanent status 147
Awareness of the target group on employment
4.24 Safety 147
Awareness of the target group on right to be a
4.25 protected workman 148

4.26 Awareness of the target group on misconducts 148


4.27 Result of the global market economy changes 149
Impact of globalization on Indian labour market
4.28 leads to Casualization of labour 150
Impact of globalisation on Indian labour market
4.29 leads to Contractualization of labour 150
Impact of globalisation on Indian labour market
4.30 150
leads to a form of privatization of labour law
Impact of liberalization on Indian labour market
4.31 leads to Casualization of labour 151
Impact of liberalization on Indian labour market
4.32 leads to Contractualization of labour 151
Impact of liberalization on Indian labour market
4.33 leads to a form of privatization of labour law 151
Responses as to the present Government policies
4.34 towards labour 152
Responses as to change in attitude of the
4.35 enforcement and inspecting authorities under the 153
labour laws after globalization and liberalization
Result of changing attitude of the enforcement
4.36 and inspecting authorities under the labour laws 153
after globalization and liberalization
Need for the law relating to policy for recruitment
4.37 of probationers, apprentices, trainees and work at 154
home
Need for the law relating to duration probationers,
4.38 apprentices, trainees 155
Need for the law relating to training Cost of
4.39 155
probationers, apprentices, trainees

xxxiii
Need for the law relating to Confirmation / Job
4.40 Guarantee of probationers, apprentices, trainees 155
Impact of Globalization and Liberalization on
4.41a industrial workers in relating to the industrial 157
relation laws
Impact of Globalization and Liberalization on
4.41b industrial workers in relating to the industrial 158
relation laws

CHAPTER V
IMPACT OF GLOBALISATION AND LIBERALISATION ON
INDUSTRIAL WORKERS RELATING TO SOCIAL SECURITY
LAWS IN INDIA

Table No Title Page No


Awareness on Employees Provident Fund
5.1 236
Scheme
Awareness on Employees State Insurance
5.2 237
Scheme
5.3 Awareness on Gratuity 238

5.4 Awareness on medical benefits 239

5.5 Awareness on maternity benefits 240

5.6 Existing Social security Legal framework 241

Level of the knowledge, awareness & Nature of


5.7 242
the establishment Cross Tabulation
Awareness on Inspection by the government
5.8 243
authorities
Accident Compensation dispute pending in the
5.9 244
establishment
Medical benefit dispute pending in the
5.10 245
establishment
5.11 Gratuity disputes pending in the establishment 245
Maternity benefit dispute pending in the
5.12 245
establishment

xxxiv
Employees State Insurance disputes pending in
5.13 246
the establishment
Provident Fund disputes pending in the
5.14 246
establishment
Need to alter the existing labour laws on Social
5.15 247
Security
Unified scheme in the place of existing social
5.16 248
security schemes
5.17 Self certification in the place of the inspection
248
for social security schemes
5.18 Compulsory policies with the insurance company
248
for the social security benefits
5.19 Present scheme is good
249

5.20 Result of global market economy changes on


industrial workers 250
Impact of Globalisation and Liberalisation on
5.21 social security in relating to the industrial relation 251
laws

CHAPTER - VI
IMPACT OF GLOBALISATION AND LIBERALISATION ON
INDUSTRIAL WORKERS IN RELATING TO WAGE LAWS IN INDIA

Table No Title Page No


Wage fixation on the basis of individual
6.1 270
performance

6.2 Wage fixation linked to enterprise productivity 271

6.3 Wage fixation without any policy 272

6.4 Wage fixation by statutory orders 272


Impact of Globalisation and Liberalisation on
6.5 social security in relating to the industrial relation 273
laws

xxxv
CHAPTER - VII

CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

Table No Title Page No


Sector wise gender distribution of industrial
7.1 276
workers
Sector wise distribution of industrial workers on
7.2 278
marital Status
Comparison of sector wise distribution of
7.3 280
industrial workers on the basis of age
Sector wise distribution of industrial workers on
7.4 282
the basis of educational qualification
Sector wise distribution of industrial workers on the
7.5 basis of number of employees employed in the 284
establishment
7.6 Sector wise distribution of industrial workers on
286
the basis of nature of the engagement
Government policies and impact on the industrial
7.7 288
workers

7.8 Change in attitude of the enforcement authorities 290


Impact of global Market Economy on the
7.9 292
industrial workers
Alteration of the subject matter of labour in the
7.10 294
constitutional list
Impact of Globalisation and Liberalisation on
7.11 304
industrial workers

xxxvi
LIST OF FIGURES

CHAPTER - I
INTRODUCTION
Figure Page
No. Title of the Figures No.
1.1 Strength of labour force in the Tiruchirappalli District 21
Distribution of Industries in each block of
1.2 Tiruchirappalli district 23
Block wise Distribution of MSMEs in Tiruchirappalli
1.3 District 24
Percentage of samples collected on different nature of
1.4 industries 27

1.5 Gender difference of the samples collected 28


1.6 Marital status of the samples collected 29
1.7 Age distribution of the valid samples collected 30
Distribution of samples on the basis of the Educational
1.8 Qualification 31

1.9 Distribution of the samples on the basis of category 32


Classification of the industry on the basis of strength of
1.10 employees 33

1.11 Nature of your engagement of the valid samples 34

CHAPTER - IV
IMPACT OF GLOBALISATION AND LIBERALISATION ON
INDUSTRIAL WORKERS RELATING TO INDUSTRIAL RELATION
LAWS
Figure Page
No. Title of the Figures No.
4.1 Impact of the present Fixed Term Employment System 102
4.2 Impact of the present Fixed Term Appointment sector wise 104
4.3 Comparison of regular workforce with contract labour 106
Comparison of regular work force with the contract labour
4.4 107
sector wise
4.5 Impact of the present Contract Labour System 108

xxxvii
4.6 Impact of the present Contract Labour System sector wise 110
Comparison of permanent employees with the casual
4.7 employees 112

4.8 Nill Disputes Pending in the establishment 116


4.9 Terms of employment related pending disputes 118
4.10 Service condition related disputes 118
4.11 Other non mentioned disputes in the establishment 119
4.12 Comparison of Mode of Settlement of Disputes 126
4.13 Changing trend in the judicial pronouncements after 1991 144
The judicial pronouncements after 1991 sector wise
4.14 analysis 146

4.15 Awareness of the respondents 148


4.16 The result of global market economy changes 149
Impact of liberalisation and globalisation on Indian Labour
4.17 Market 152

4.18 Present Government Policies towards labour 153


Result of changing attitude of the enforcement and inspecting
4.19 authorities under the labour laws after globalisation and 154
liberalisation
Need on law relating to trainees, apprentices, home based
4.20 workers 156

CHAPTER V
IMPACT OF GLOBALISATION AND LIBERALISATION ON
INDUSTRIAL WORKERS RELATING TO SOCIAL SECURITY LAWS
IN INDIA

Figure No. Title of the Figures Page No.


Awareness on Employees Provident Fund
5.1 Scheme 237

5.2 Awareness on Employees State Insurance Scheme 238


5.3 Awareness on Gratuity 239
5.4 Awareness on Medical Benefit 239
5.5 Awareness on Maternity Benefit 240

xxxviii
Comparative analysis of different social security
5.6 benefits 241

5.7 Existing Social security Legal framework 241


Level of the knowledge, awareness & Nature of
5.8 the establishment 243
Awareness on Inspection by the government
5.9 authorities 244

5.10 Disputes Pending in the establishment 246


5.11 Need to alter the existing social security laws 247
Changes required in the existing social security
5.12 laws 249
Result of global market changes on the industrial
5.13 250
workers

CHAPTER - VI
IMPACT OF GLOBALISATION AND LIBERALISATION ON
INDUSTRIAL WORKERS IN RELATING TO WAGE LAWS IN INDIA
Figure
No. Title of the Figures Page No.

6.1 Wage Fixation as per the individual performance 270


6.2 Wage fixation linked to enterprise productivity 271
6.3 Wage fixation without any policy 272
6.4 Wage was fixed by statutory orders 273

CHAPTER VII
CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION
Figure Page
No. Title of the Figures No.
7.1 Sector wise gender distribution of industrial workers 277
Comparison of sector wise distribution of industrial
7.2 279
workers on marital Status
7.3 Comparison of sector wise distribution of industrial
workers on the basis of age 281
Sector wise distribution of industrial workers on the basis
7.4 of educational qualification 283

xxxix
7.5 Sector wise distribution of industrial workers on the basis
of number of employees employed in the establishment 285
7.6 Sector wise distribution of industrial workers on the basis
of nature of the engagement 287

7.7 Government policies and impact on the industrial workers 289


7.8 Change in attitude of the enforcement authorities 291
Impact of global Market Economy on the industrial
7.9 workers 293
Alteration of the subject matter of labour in the
7.10 constitutional list 295

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