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ints Power Chess a Kee Rea A unique training course to improve your chess a oo aa Lovers® ilo seer ‘fe are group ofchess ane whoa prosueng new chess moteral We rave memes nom al sou" te ‘ward, ebgrg te diferenl cubs ard epesking deen languages, al ofus red by cur commons {arerleastie nope ya vt enoy ouraecee FFyou as irsreses njanigus st end sy certs stop usar email at casa ivetsi@yarn com. DBestregartst Hone ase Seno m gro do fiatvoe dja, que comms endo do podu ansve meal soma ote desurlinia demas popctr © det, Temes mtnbe & ditmsies rks de mau, prmenanie ee (dice outs, iotnn faa Kngune. eos yor ems pie yorel otal, Enron gu eure {ste oraoe set Sieiguen ete inte oi] gro spin cei ens Ime conn Sate! Casta Lavere Fist published in 1998, ‘© Nigel Davis 1998 ISBN 0713484152 [Bris Libary Caaloguing-in Publication Data. ‘aaloge record fortis book is availabe fom the Bish Library Allright reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, by aay means, without prior permission ofthe publisher. ‘Typeset by Ocean View Graphics Printed an bound in Great Britain by (Creative Pint and Design Wales For the publishers BY Batsford Li, 583, Fulham Road [London SW6 SBY Proofted by Alexander Mey] ‘A BATSFORD CHESS BOOK Gonoral Manager David Cummings -Adusore: Mark Dvoeesty, Raymond Keene OBE, Danie! King, Jon Speelms, Chris Ward ‘Contents Symbols Introduction 1 Aspects the King 2 The Remarkable Pook 3 The Beautiful Bishop 4 The Noble Knight 5 The Mighty Queen 6 The Soulful Pawn 7 The Classical Cente 8 Hanging asens 9 The lsoated Paes 10 Doubled Pawns 11 Backward Pass 12 Semi-Backward Pawns 18 Key Move Solutions 14 Analysis Pesition Solutions 23 3 55 1 87 ‘os 19 13s 151 167 183 199 2 Symbols we a G OL iz G Web ch Fett ‘Wen td mH 10 Cheek Dubie check Mate Good ave Excollent move Batmnve ‘Blunder Interesting move Dubious more Swe wine Black wins Draw ‘Championship Olympiad Zonal {nero Canaidates event ‘World championship ‘Team championship ranean lam championship ‘World eam championship Junior event Women's event Rapid game Ponal game ‘ntvmnateh game Diagram follows Introduction Vint i hat makes 9 song cine player ni nimowledge ening hry (a many Pele stem in ble) or ptaps beg ‘Siiocacstemoremovesabead tha the open? Aik ee etapa wil wor Trough my work ata cess uni ve sre sce sor sierra naga males chore pod hs, tal of tha vy se As er (iat rst st ply sith sind aowat of te a Kn hn ec to prove With se hogs inn se stout developing ating pe tam ch oul ge eo ‘unncasiwhich tng ply fr dango themselves The fr i thet bly to 60 shad ley and dcply an be abl to rake dpc cael. Te ‘Sond is esopiing pe numberof sep pats being abe apy to ar poston wih poodle and “he Peer Chess Program sa oye cose ini ont trol pes dite stg Shomer an aver ne tn bk thivup wih beat tetpstons ‘opatne adr stnely ae 11 is only throvgh this active volvement thatthe state ies really it home, simply reading tout them i not enough! Tave arranged the chapters in terms of weeks and “months” the aim of encouraging a reguar ‘weekly study sesion of about 3-5 hours. Fr each weeks lesson yak sould fray read hrowgh the ates tnd then se about the test potions, “These positions re dived nto two types. The “key move" posi- ions are fairy lightveight and you right allow yourself around. 10 minutes each to fin the next move, ‘The analysis postions are much snore diffi and t suggest you Spend around 30 minutes on these recommend tat you do no take more than the alloted ime soas {Vou fustation and encourage ‘ick, disciplined decisions also "Sigg ti youtrynotto move the pices as this will help develop vis alison skal "You should also note that thse postions are nol necessarily tet= fal forced wins. Sometimes i is © ood positional move that i ‘uired, sometimes you may be called onto find the best chee i 2 losing position. This conforms ‘uel inore tthe rea of chess than the standard twormovers we 6 Iowroduction see all the time in newspapers ‘These lack any kind or challenge because you know there i some thing thee! Tvl ot tid you that this course isan easy option and thal ‘merely opening this book will m= prove your ebess. Several of my Studenishave fallen he wayside aera few months. ‘What I can say 6 that everyone who has persevered and worked systematically through thas expe rienced an upswing their esl, Sometimes a quite damstic im provement ‘The Power Chess Program can also be studied in conjuxction ‘with 3 personal tuition package. For details visit my website at ‘woe checkers 20a Te semaine for me 10 wish you ‘well withthe Power-Cess Por gam aad eave you with the words of fobn F. Kenneds “There are costs and sks 10 a program of action, but they are ir Tees tha te long ramge sks and casts of eomforable inaction” GM Nigel Davies, Manchester, ‘November 1998 1 Aspects of the King 1 goes without saying that dhe king ithe most valuable piece on the board, yet relatively lite aten- tion ie given ois handing Tn this ‘onth's step theme section I ‘will examine Four diferent aspects of the king: attacking uncated kings, piese attacks on casted kings pavn tors and the ative ing Month 1/Week 1: Attacking Uncastled Kings Ienever ceases to amaze mehow even some strong Grandmasters fam leave their King in the centre too long. OF course such players ‘now only t00 well the possible dangers of doing so, yet neverthe- less they sometimes neglect king safety when they gt caried away wih other schemes “The players fat often seem to fet caught like thie are sophist= United Sites and Mark Tsimanov fof Russia, These players can Find ‘xwaoninarly deep concepts Yet ‘ceasionally this type of focus sens hl hey mis he Wood for 19851 participated in small losed toamament in Lisbon with Toimanov an I took gretimterest {nthe opening to his game with the Portuguese player Jorges Guise raes, Guimaraes Taimanov went ssollows: Tet c5 2 243 «6 3 dd exdd 4 xd D6 § Ded a6 6 Led Ager “Taimanon’s own variation 700 Dds eral e698 In this posion the natural move seemed to be 10 g3 sacrificing the expan, and afte 10. 2ixe2 | ‘quel calculate the variation LL (Bgs 1612 Sr4 Dal 13 BhS+ 26 a xg6+bxg6 15 Wags 87 16 65 65.17 Wer6r a7 18 Wk ‘Ded 19 WHT, White picks up the Jinight on ¢2 and emerges vo pawns up. Tescadof this Guimaraes played 10 Wa2 which I later found out was “they” and had even bee played by Karpov. So later inthe Tournament I ied to reach the % Aspen ofthe King same position in my game with “Taimarey pat the oldmaesteo sider stepped this wih 6. We Esrly the following year Jim Plasket got the very same position as White against Bill Hartson, Feat 10 gs! over the board and pt the move 9. ,DbA out of bsi- ‘Although | didn’t manage to catch Taimanow this time, did fate that he was inclined to leave his king inte cee. Seven years later was ableoexploecisinow ‘game in Gaul in Norway: ‘Taimanoy - Davies ‘Gaustat 1992 1203 O62 43 45 3.2 664 eh gh $3 a0 6 WAP Diva 7 gte58g5 e494 As 10.283 wer Allowing White to avin a pawn but Thad foreseen tha Black gets good counter play. seems tha 10 O-0;sa beter wey to giveup ie ‘material but ater ian 11 Sd? Wrd7 12 xe5, White can do nach beter sth 11 WS! M1 Sindy Wheat 12 xcs 00 13a3 Bias 14 ba eT 15 Bxe72t Relatively best was, 15 340, bu after 15. 4511643 a6 17 a2 {I Block has compensation for the pawn 15. We? 16 wre? Finally seeing the danger to bis king, Taimanov's nerve goes and heures to exchange qusers. Yet the endgame ofrs ite relief the forthcoming ack along the &= and Files resembling an oldsyle ‘King’s Gambit, 16. W417 ext aed 18 Gt 62 19 43 6 20 Des fp 2 ng8 O18 2 bg? Cat 28 sel ‘Atcrthe game Taimanov redo Finda way to bail out for White ‘wi 23 Bat bot ater 23. sel 24 Gel xc? 25 Bal a6} Black keeps his ari, 23 a BiG 24 el Hel 25 Dat 28 36 Bhs Oixhd 27 cb ae 28 Bed Oi 29 He? Bye 30 ZL 31S 31 g6 Kag6 32 202 207 39 05 [BiyS 34 Ee2 He6 35 He? Eh ost So if the likes of Taimanov ca leave the king dangerously placed inthe cee, thik clear not 8 ‘se jus Tor begiers. One ofthe eteresting things about the above game Was that the opening ofthe ‘efile with 12 BxeS was very use Filo Back because allowed the ‘ook to get involved inthe attack. Infact rook pay isakey fearte of attacking cess hess itera ‘contains some Beauiful examples ‘of sacrifices to open lines for the rooks. Here is one of my favourite fgaames showing the late Nicolai Rossolimo producing sheer bei= lance with his patented 3 265 against the 2, le Sicilian: Rossolimo -O°Kelly de Galway Oldenburg 1949 Lobes Black's king often gos caught in the centre in the Sicilian De~ fence, whichis not very suprising ‘when You think about i. His fist ‘move, |. 6S, stakes out terrain ‘om the qucensiée end in the cen ee, but does very tle for Blak’ evelopment. OF curse the Sici= ‘an isan excellent defence, but it does require exremely accurate tteatmentby Black because ofthe Potential danger of his slow ae ‘elopment, 200 2.063.205 9640-0 287 scbeer Aspect ofthe King 9 “Too slow, and in conjunction with Black's overanaitious 7th rtove this proves disasterous Black should develo a pece with 5.2, 6 dd exdd Texas DO? Very greedy. Black plays to win 44 pawn by attacking both the bishop on S and the d-pawn, but ‘what shout his development? I is hardy suprising that bis king ets ‘aught inthe cei Sat! eddy Det! Outs 10 Wao e711 Biss 12 Quest! Les 13 Zac Hs After 13. there would 1 low 14 Bra Wer 15 Hecs Bros 16 xa et, 1 Beh! Wae8 15 205 16 16 Aste Oxl6 (7 ite Zam 18 west hore was an even quicker win with 18 West us 19 1 tek Rossolime's choice is effective «noush. 18. ds 19 Wys+ eb 20 er AB 21 WeS+ WeT 2? BeaTH ET 23 e6+ eB 24 207 20 10 Aspects of he King MUL: 1) Black pay KMI/I: 2) Black o play Month UWeek 2: Attacking Castled Kings With Pleces “The most common type oF aack ‘on wcaaled king is conducted with pies alone. Once again the key is make some sort of breach inthe king's pawn cover and ths can be schieved either by weakening the pan shiold (forcing a weakness fuch a h7-B6 or g7-g6) oe wreck- ing the enemy pawn shield with serie. Here ava couple of examples of the violent approach at work Fea yesteryear. The fist features @ Classic secrificial attack by a Youthful Emmanuel Lasker. Lasker - Bauer Amsterdam 1889 16445 263 04633 064.802 Le7 5 4.43 B66 e3 £0778 ina 8 0.0 0409 Deres 1023, White's massive build-up of Pieces om the kingsde should re= ally have set his opponent's alarm belis ringing. Plying Black | would probably have eliminted ‘he d-ishop wih 9. eS, even ‘hough this would lead toa Strengthening of White's paven Wer 11 Des Ores 12 Axes Bes 13 Wer a6 14 OAS ans Allowing beautiful cmbina- Vion, bur Black could not have Arpect ofthe King 11 saved himself in any case. Thus 14 Dek would be met by 15 Sxg7 Gag? 1 Wes ce 1S Sixh7+1 Gexh7 16 Wanse sys 17 ag? “This second bishop sucriice rps vay what is lef of Black’s kings side pawn cover. Va ag? 18 Wigs GhT 1S EBS oS 20 Bhs Wh6 21 Hxhor ‘Sane 22 Wa7 “The final poi 22. 41623 Wab7 dig BNL ‘abs 25 Ba7 Bras 26 Wipes 27 IxeS Ag 2806 2729 Wigs 16 30 Exl6r dso 31 Be6r es 32 Whe er 33 yTH EO The second game isa rather lightweight example of Carl Schlecters sil, ‘Schlechter was a val of Lasker and actualy drew a World Cham pionship match with him in 1910. tn fact Lasker oni held on 0 the ttle when he dramatically wom the tenth an last gee 12 Aspect of he King Schlechter - Wullf Vienna 1894 ede 20448323 O64 Be eT §.Ax16 2x16 6218 00765 Ae78 203 RATING IG Black's opening treatment has ben rather co-operaive and now he should velly have seen what ‘was about to happen to him. A beter dence was 9 6 10 Das! igs Bary exh7 2 begs Segh 13 BSH! 7 “Taking the rook is fal because of 14 Wht followed by 1S a6 14 WHSe 6 15 WHT Geb 16 Wig6e ‘Those two games were really too casy forthe likes of Laster and Sehlecher. These days i very “ical find someone ho wil wotely allow Schlechter's 10 {gS and U1 exh such i the spread of knowledge and tec rigoe: tn spite ofthis, i 38 sill Possible launch barnstormingai- tacks 4s the following game 1 sue- ceded in bringing off a ferocious piece attack against the Mexican GM Hlemandez. In his defence | should point out that this was @ Fapidplay game with 45 minutes per player, which Teft him ela- ively lite ime tofu the attack. Hernandez Davies Chicago Open 1998 1 of d6 2-44 96.3 De3 97 4 ged D6 § es 216 6 13 8 7 20-08 00-0 279 g4vSI? ve played suc pawn sacrifices fon previous neeasions, the most notable being xguinst Godena (Bur Aapest 1993) when I needed vit ‘wih Black for my” second GM form. J cannot guarantee that "Deeper Ble’ would vouch forts comrcinessin very variation butt cemed to fer reasonable com pensation. When White captres | ‘ring a r00k to bear on his king 10 2xbs HD8 11 Gas A slightly unnatural looking re- trea bat probably the best, White lends extn protection io the of Square and creates the option of | fensive maves suchas 62-3, Tw exdd 12 Dxdd Dd 13 Bot ‘Avery commit move in tha it severely compromises Black's pave sractae, When {played this ‘way Tn that there was no tar ing back and Thad already envis- aged the following sacrifice, 14.0b3 Sage is [Sfagtismetby 15... xed and after 16 We? tere follows 16 Baad 176661 WI 18 £48 1803 Dare} 19 bve3 Oxcd+ 20 e2 Dad is als good for Black) 18 Daci+ 19 xe Bock 20 bxcd Wret+ 15. eb 1613 Aer he game iy opponent n= dicated hatpethaps he shouldhave played 16 Bxe3 at this point. T {arnt clint have work it out in detail bot my intention Was to answer this With 16. We8 17 Exot fre6(!) moving 18 £xas ‘with 18 -- Dxed. My fling is that Black would have excellent allacking chances in any ese oS Once again this was @ move base largely om instinct. After 17 ‘dS foe that both 17» Dads Snd 17. R58"? would give Block Avery stongattack. After White's cual reply, had foreseen the fl lowing queen sacrifice 17 2xes dxedt This isnotimeforhalfmeasurest ‘Actually the queen sacrifice is very sttong, 18 Buds Zag 19 Dad After 19 Qxb4 Hxd4 20 Des ‘yet the hal diagal is opened wa disastrous consequences for White. Aspects ofthe King 1 19. Oxad+ 20 geb1 Dede 21 eat 21 a Denest Sacrificing enoter piece tabilise the postion of White's [knight on d4. Once the ‘Modern" bishop on g7 stats to work, terest ‘shisiory. 22 xed Pinel 25 We7 Ded 24 06? ‘This loses om the spot. After 24 ye6 Ne 25 Wres nite 25 (Exp? 263 ddD 27 98+ 049 26 Bek Ba2t 29 bl nor 25 ‘Bxb2+ 26 aD 14427 We xa 38 dad give anything cleat. Bat ‘the position must surely be good fo Black who already has a mate- rial equivalent for te queen. ‘ean dish 25 Gad 0,25 Sb! desea 25 2.634 26:H1 Ded O21 ‘Thar ino defence against the wea of 27. D2 74 Aspect ofthe King KMI2. 1) White play KML2:2) White l play M12: 3) Black to play KMI2:4) White to play AL/2:6) White to play Month 1/Week 3: ‘The Pawn Storm “The pawn storm s one of themes ffetive atacking weapons, but ‘lo enals great risk When suc- cesfl he aivancing paves canbe ted Lo beach th enemy king posi- tion, opening lines for the pies to follow through The negative side is ‘hat advancing pavns also leave smping holes in he attacker's own poston which the opponent can fen exploit, mast typically with 2 outro inthe cen. "The fllosving example, Kelov- Spassky, Riga 1958, features lassic case of White advancing ie kingside pawns without having sufficient central conta Spassky uncorked the beillist ‘rine 20. Obxa5t! 21 exds xbt and after Kotov's 22 Og ould have npned White'sposition apart with 22» et, White wold Ihave had to pay deat for his i= timed pain storm, Inthe next game, Boris Spaseky ‘ames out a pasenslorm But, on Aspect ofthe King 15 like Kotov, makes sure that his conte is secure The brilliant move 143! was played in oder to fore= stall possible counterattack nthe Spasshy - Geller Candidates Match, 1968 of 65 2 Ded d6 3 63 Deb 4 92 96 5 dB 29761416728 (0-08 0.0 5b8 93 bs 10.3, ‘An interesting moment. White, ‘unsually, makes a pawn move wt the side of the board where tis ‘opponent i attacking. Normally thisisreganded asa dubious oli, asitmakes it etsier for your oppo" rent to open lines. Bat here ‘Spasky has reasoned tht his tern porary coatol of the afile will Slow down Black's counterplay fon the quecnsde 10 a5 11 eS bo 12 axbé axbd 13 De2 67 14038 Tn my view the most remarkable rmovwofthe game. Theideaistostop 2 Black coumeratack om White's nize with bare proceeding withthe Kings asa 16, Aspect ofthe King 1 wa 18 Set a2 16 gat Fiaally sounding the charge! 16. aS 17 Wet Was 18 WE a7 19 15 Abs 20 segs hxgs 21 gS a3 22 Wd Bes 23 Batt exf624 Wn7+ 82S, “xf Exe? 1625... xF7 they 26 h6 Hes 27 Oi Hye? 28 BM would yield ‘winning tack 26 Aine! Byer 27 vet sexs 2WWegT= e829 95 1530 Wag GAT BN WHTs deb 32 aS 10 ‘White will exchange queens on 167 before marching his pawn to victory. ‘The most usual scenario for awa storm i one whet the play Ershavecastledon opposite wings In this eas, throwing pavers or= ward against the opponents ing ho longer weakens Your own king's protection. Then again, one sould earefully ote tha the best ‘ofence toa lak attack 9 cour lerblow in the entre this not Teasble, victory will prbeby go to the player so firs takes the iniuigave by creating serious threats against he enemy king ere are wo examples of pen storms by former World Chimp fons. The first features Boris Spassky agin, his time ling rip against Laery Evans of the United Stats, ‘Spassky - Evans Varna Olympiad 1962 14 26 2.4 63.03 974 e665 “Te Sisch variation, which i characterised by tis move #38 & exter favourite of Spassky. The plan White adopts inthis particular game of 6 e3, 7Wa2.nd 80-00 followed by a pawn storm on the kingsde needs very accurate de> fence fom Black. Similar allacking methods are seen in White's play against the Sieiian Dragon (I 4 c3 2.018 d6 Sd cud dxdt 503 266 ed 27 705 00 § We with ideas of 49 and b ee) and also ‘he Pte Defence (14 46 244 3 G3 6 4 fet followed by 5 War and 600-0), Su 06 6 Bed a6 7 BaD DS 8 0.0.0 bxc4 9 xed 0-0 10 hat oS 11 Abs ded (D) 12451 Losing no time in opening the efile Daext 13 axg6 hxg6 14 2N6 fug2 18 ht (nee again not counting the cast in pawns The important ting the attack, and White's queen is poised o jump tothe he sua, 1S Zgh U6 ding? xg 17 Wag? Ono 180 ‘One of the hallmarks of great attacking players is that even inthe ‘nidstofaviolent onslanght against the opposing ing. they never for- fet 10 play ith al heir pieces Localsed numerical supe is ‘one ofthe preconditions of 2 suc- xsful tack. 18. D5 19 2 do 20 Des 7 2 Ged We7 2 Hat Zgs 1622... QB then 23. x77) would be decisive 2S ENT i 24 DafTe eh 25 ‘Wags! ves 26 ZN 1:0 ‘The last game of he section fea- ‘ures Mika! Botvinni in aon ‘mployinga diferentkindofpavn storm. This ime there no king= Side fianehetto to attack and Bovvinni advances his g-pawn in ‘order uy and crete an even breach, Aspects ofthe Kine 17 Botvinnik - Alatortsev ‘Moscow 1934 Las 9264 dS300.2e74D3 65 5g50-06 e546 7 exd5 ext 8 Sd3 269 Wed ps7 10 es ‘A vey strng ove. Wit hs the dein of LN Da UD 93, wining the brpawn, If Buck were oes with 10 He then 11-2 flowed by 1365 srl open the il. Revely estou hve bee 10-6, bt dhs oo would leave Blak ing rerio las ioe Frat the worst of Blak’s totes arom hekingieis very ey damaged jose mar tn bore White's pie find ther woy i TH dant ns 12.£14 a6 19 4243 Eng 14 ple 15 Bes Eas 160.00 n6 19 Ea eo teas “Ths oversigh tasters the end sensor wastrel foibetveas of 190 he {9 aai5 Dut 20 410 1 Aspect ofthe King KMU: 1) White play MIB: 2) Whitt play “Month 1/ Week 4: "The Active King Wilhelm Steinitz once com- rented that the king is a strong piece well eapable of ooking afer Finselt. Stentz even went on to try and prove bis point with the Sleiniz Gumi, of eS 2 ext 3.28, arguing that after 3. Bat 4@e2 White will drive away Black's queen with § QP, build a strong ceire with 6 64 and then ‘march his king sary inthe sub- equent early middlogame. (Noses to say, Sin’ view ‘ore subject has no gained wide approval It should, however, be Sept in ming that he king really is strong piece, and that ifhissafesy iso longer «problem, be ean be used to grea effect. The king's Fieing power i roughly equve- leat 10 that of a rook. In the caudgame in paricular he not only Should but must be used efTeer tively Examples of king play in the midalegame ate rather less fe ‘quent, but they neverthles do oc- cut If ere to pick out a World Champion, following Stent, that specialized in king play, 1 would have to mention “ron Tigran” Peresian, i his day hile a the ‘most dificult player inthe work to Inthe following game Ptrosian tuilds up clear advaniage and "hen matehes his king across the Aspect ofthe King 19 board before beginning decisive Petrosian - Unaicker USSR - West Germany 1960 144 2962.06 06 3 95 a84 e466 5 Wed 67 6.3 000 73 6 8 Lt “Opa7 9 end exds 10 ALaa6 110.05 1244 13.02 Beg 14 Del a8 15 G3 a6 16 xa6 Bas (7 Was a7 18 Ziel as 19 xa: ‘The knight as en route i oso {cis better to eliminate it now. 19. exd6 20 eg 0821 Bed a7 22 Bact bg 23 WS De 24 Dad Gud2 25 Head Wa 26 ‘ide? 4827269628 3 247 (D) Petosian’s systematic positional play ha left Blackina very passive partion, bu the problem he now Faxed was how to conver this a= vaniage ino sm actual Win, Black's postion is very solid and there is ho pont at which White can pene tao on thee. So the anser is 10 open up a second front which 20 Aspcteofthe Kine Jack’ passive pieces wil not be ble to cover “The second font i the kingside, ‘nut howe ean one break through ‘here? The only possibility is a pave stor, butsurly that must Be {oe isky with White'sking placed By reasoning in this way Poesia finds a brian! solution. He firs evacuates his king 1 the squeenside and only then opens Ties on the aber side ofthe boar 29 S11! Sg8 80 nA nS 31 Bed wh 32 ier gh 33 set W734 Get ceg8 35 1 nT 36 Wer W737 Hel 4738 OS lias rather Spica of Pevosian to tack wo and fo in tis manne. ‘Should Black exchange queensthe tendgame wos be lost for him, because ofthe passed b-pain 38 on Wa8 39 (4 HT 40 Wer WoT ai gst Finally achieving the long-em jective. I trns out that Black's passive pieces are unable to lend Protection to their king and the fame is decided within a few 4 a xg 42 Wg eT 43 WS Wis dasha And nol 4 hxg6t because 44 "Wr Would exchange qucens 44. Gg 45 Igo Bags 46 Whd Lev a7 We ams as Oar b7 49 03, Getting a beter idea, 49. Ba 80 Wh? Af6 S1 Bek 12a7 2 DS bb 53 xb3 Ha 54 {51 6+ $5 cba? 1:0 ‘Whit wil win material with 56 bart, ‘Tho nex game issncluded more for ight enteraiament than any= thing se does at east show that the King is not an easy piece to rate, even if my king march tole Place more by accident than de~ Sig’ Readers need no write into demonsirate stronger continue ations for White! Hennigan - Davies Wretham 1996 Leb eS 209 D6 3a exalt § Dads Les § Axe breb 6 Las Det This semed like a good idea at the time but now Pan ot so sue. “The development ofthe knight on Tellows White's queen ake up residence on BS. Tan Dg6 8 23 267 9 0-0 0-0 1014 ao11 Was ‘Already White is developing a menacing build-up on the ig side, 11. Heb 12.944 £07 13 OE Wes 1415 D0 15 eA? ‘Apparently very sitomg but this skoweakens White skingside. 15 ‘gs woul have pt Black dese i its Beeaose 15. Axes VerdexgSf6 17 Rode ha 18 Sto 2x6 19 WHT is crshing 1S x Ebi 16 202 416 17 Bet 6.18 hs as! "This and the following moves were played ith the courage of de sai If Black does not do some: ‘hg be wil simply get taken par (9 exd5 Ze! 20 fag6 hxg6 21 gs Raptr 22° pT Axpacts ofthe Reng 21 Trapping White’ queen, which jn fact is what my opponent had in rind! 23 Wepre dexg7 BAIT ds 25 Deg g5 26 16+ 2g6 27 243 West ‘Notenly defendingthe knighton 136 but envisaging an eventual ounter-attack, The queen also stares atthe pawn on dS which is ‘only covered by the knighton 26, 28 Dixgs Wxd5+ 29 D434 ns 303 gh 31 Bed Bes 32 297 Hind 23 dg Hve2 0:1 ‘White has run out of attacking pivees 22 Aspe ofthe King MIM; 1) White to play MIM: 2) White play KIM: 3) White play MIM: 4) White to play Air: 9) White to play Ali: b) White to play 2. The Remarkable Rook “Te rook is Sometimes seen as 2 rather du pees, pezhas because [moves only in straight ines. Ye if you look behind the facade, you wl ind tat the rook is in act, ‘uly remarkable Iplays there jor rle in Very many aspects of planning, in Tact the whol dea of having open files is 10 provide highways for your rooks, Last ‘month examined the pasen stom, feof themaindeasoF whichis ‘ring rooks imo play against the ‘posing monarch, Tn the fst week ofthis month's notes I willy to show some rather exciting rook play. Week two is about the rook's happiest hinting ‘round, the Tthand th ranks, week three if about cen files and in ‘week four Twi address one ofthe ‘Key plans in ches, the proces of ‘aking halfopen file fally open witha minority attack Month 27Week ts ‘The Raging Rook The fact that sh rook moves in ‘cig ines tends to make it more dangerous on openterain nich there are relatively ow obstaclesto 5s freedom of movement, Ils svength will therefore normally n> ese a more pawns and pices are exchanged, and inthe endgame it ean ofen be 4 match for two minor pieces. Usually is role in the opening snd early middie game is no such Snactive one, 8 engaging in hand- Corhand fighting at close quarters ould mea its 1ss to a plece af lesser vale, Yet occasionally we right oe great player make dar~ ing use of his Y00ks in the thick of smiddlegame combat. “The late Ukrainian, GM, Leonid Ste could breathe life into his Pieces and nunch the most daring tacking plans. In the following positon mast players would be thinking abou how to use White's ‘extra pawn but Stein found a way of transforming his material ad- anlage into an atsck against Black's king. Stein = Tarve Parnw 1971 24 The Remarkable Rook 223 ptt Waa 24 at Wed Ses Ws 26 Has WHT 27 foe! Sas 127 . 6 then 28 Be. De ining the sacrifice brings no grt relief 0 Black eh The speed at which White's ‘s00ks nave Been brought bear on The enemy kingsie is remarkable 29 gS Zags Mow arts than tbe mundane 50 xc 30 Dag 31 Sxh6e sogT 32 WagS? de 33 ag 0 ‘The following game is an even rove speeacular example of 00k playby Steinaginst formes World Champion, Vasily Srysiov. Watch how his ings rok comes into the stack from soins quae Stein -Simysov Moscow 1972 1 ef £6 2 2e3 06.3.0 06 4. 4 oT e2"? Aelaively new ide at the ine, which Viktor Korcbxoi later sdopiod in his 1954 Candidates f- ‘al match against Anatoly Karpov. (One ofthe ideas sto case tong, 5. Rb4 6S gh 7 ds d68 a3 Sn65+9 bxe3 eT 10 at "Aiming «9 make Black's king- side uninhabitable whilst develop- ing the rook om hI. Smslov tries to counteratac inthe centre, but fon his Iithmove he might have been beter advise fo halt White's Iepawn ith 11 6, 10.47 11 HS x03 12 Es deeS 136 gah 14 Axhboxdd 1S ‘Bg7 Hy8 16 Zeb7? “The ook emes directly fom its home square into the attack. Stein's initiative grows whilst his ‘own king sts dangerously in the centee. I only recommend this strategy toexperenced andbrave) players! 16 o- O45 17 Sind eS 18 gt xd 19 gus 5 20 Was B48 71 cxtd Ee8 22 Ea WeT 23 Sg? gS 24 WD7 Bact 25 dues Wes 26801 WHS 27 gl Wes ‘The Remarkable Rook 25 fer 27. Kegs White can win exd48 Dads Dds 9 Was vhs wwith28Webs e729 Bes7+ax87 10 DxdS 00 11 ApS No 12 nd Jo BadT# ete, But how is be 10 HeB 13 Radi Qa7 14 Sine? Fixe7 proceed after the exchange of 18 We3 Hes! 16 26 ‘ven? 16 Dxe7 West wins a piece, 28 Bxeb Exes 29 Zs! while 16 We? Bxbs 17 Wrdé ‘ila solution, winning 2 End> 18 Gad? Gxd7 19 Zxa7 pioee: afer 29». Hah8 30 Sxc6 cB! and Back s eller, White picks up the knighton 67. 16... est Smsov's choice does net Help Pating te rook into the danger sh either zone. Tarraseh stems t0 tH, yet weakens his own postin. 17 Ws be 18 66 6 19 WES ‘Beh 20.63 a5 213 a8 22 bd Zot ‘Moving farther ino enemy te ‘ory 23 g3 Bd8 24 Hes o5 25 Dds exbS 26 Bxd6 ‘Tarasch had though this would refute Lasker's cheeky play, but ‘here ifaw in his ealulations. 26.26 2765 Ew 29. Bg6 30 (x36 Huh8 31 2c6 — Kapow!! Bgh 32 Sra7? Ge 33 2 fags MM Har 6 38 3 BES 0 {In case you think such rok pa is a modem phenomenon, ake Took at the following game in which the World Champion of 27 years duration, Dr. Emanuel Lasker, bamboazied his 1908 eon- ender, Dr Tanasch, witha cele- brated rook manoeusre 28 putt Wg6~ 29 G1 Wie 30 ‘Varvaseh - Lasker hyp Ba2=31 Heo Wra2 32 x0 ‘World Championship 1908 Wxd2~33y3 a3 3466 Wel 35 hg WeeG 36 6S Wel 37 Dad Vebes2 9063. AS O64 a2 38 Hd! DAS 39 Wad xed 40 OOd6Sds.2d76%e3.2677Hel Wes nT AT ns al HH) (0 126 The Remarkable Rook KM2/ 1) White t play ‘kaa 2) White play KM2/1: 3) Black o play KM2/t 4) Black to play rect ADIL: 3) White to play Ads: b) Whitt play ‘Month 2/Week 2: “The Th and 8th Ranks {aro manages 1 penetrate the enemy defences it can literally Sireak hae, atonal bunting ing te Th and St ranks ‘Gn he Teh rank itean tie down the ‘opposing king whilst gorgng itself on pawns. On the Sth rank ean pose an even more dest heat “Te followine exemple isthe ost famous ilostation of the Weakness of the back rank Adams- Torre [New Orleans 1920 1.06 05 219 d6 3 dd exdd 4 Badd Deo 5 Ans L47 6 xcs xe6 73 1G 80-0279 OS ‘Bxd$ 10 exd5 0.0 11 Ag5 06 {athe particular case t would be good eat interpolate 1 M6 “The reason becomes patently clear inthe subsequent play. ef oxd5 13 cxdS a5 14 fet ‘eb 15 Het Hes 16 Zael Wa7 17 x16 B66 18 Wyat The Romertable Rook 27 “The rst ina series of queen sac- rice, Her majesty is immune to capture because of 19 HreS+ fo- Towed by mate, and ther is only ‘one reasonable square 18. Ws 19 Wet? The briliance continues. White could not pay 1924 because of 19 ‘Wed 20 Hxe2 Hel mating, ‘a7 20 Wer! fering the qucen in the most, spectacala manner Yet AS usa 'S immune to capture because of themate one, 20. 5S. ‘Should White now play 20x67 the answer would be 21. Wxe2! Bucthere sa belie way. 20 941 Wand 2 Het! HS 28 The Romarleble Rook 23 Wabr! 0 The forth an final queen sari= fice, to which there i no defence lacks queen no longer has & square ftom which it ean defend the rook one ‘took on the ih rake ends to be more intrested in a possible paw harvest and resting the ‘movement of the opposing king than in diet atackng seme. Bt, thee ar, nevertheless, spe tary bea xamples ote ‘ono ook omaiting ayer ‘onthe In the next example Carlos “ome, the vsti of Adams spse™ tacular coup inthe previous game, brings of fem victory of is wn agoinst Emmanvel Lasker ‘The ype of eanbinatin used has the spose me “The Mil” ‘Torre Lasker Moscow 1925 1d 162 293 06 3 DS 5 4 ‘Beqdd 5 end £e7 6 Dba? 467 3 Dbd7 8 Bd 69 4 207 10 Wer Wer 11 0-00-012Fe1 Stes 13Ead 2g 4 el Dds 15.095 ‘The young Mexican thinks in terms of attack without giving dive consideration to Lasker's counter lay on the quoensige 15 2a} a6 16 22 was more sound, 1S BS 16 2a D6 17 ext Dadi 1s Wns aes 19 aes nd 20 Es Was 21 bewIS imprecise, Thecorectmove wa 21. Was aferwhich 22 g37 he 23 Lego 4 Wxd5 Axa5 would fost White a bishop. He should therefore py 22 We ater hich 22. e$ would give Black the ir 2253 W623 Des Was 24 Des wos? Allowing the following beautiful combination. 24... Wald was mar datory. 25 61 Wns 26 Expr seks 27 Ext y8 28 Hg? ds 29 Exh? dogs 30 Bg7 sone 31 gS h7 32 Bhs 6 ‘After the brilliant 25 Sf, ceverytirg was forced. Black re ‘covets te piece but remains three ‘evens down, The rest requires no Furor comment ‘33 EHS Sx16 34 Dah ys 38 hs Bebs 36 Het t6 37 R= ys 38-23 aS 39 bxaS Tras 40 Ded Has 41 Bis a7 «2 Bes bg 43 gh 10 {nthe inal example we will look a the ore usual advantage of 2 rook on the 7th rank. In the aagame tea use the Th rane 201 ny to harvest pawns bu 10 keep ‘he opposing king tod downto he kak, "Tigran Petrosian makes a deli- ately jndged pawn sari ino tlertopenetate tothe Teh rank with hisrook Nota specaclar game bat snow impressive than many conven tionalbiances. proved tobe the ‘devsve moment inthe match be= een hese vo great players. Petrosian -Portich Palma de Mallorca 1974 1068 d5 2a4063 04 2464 es eT $23 0.0 6 Eel b6 7 bs ins #exds nds 9 Oxds exds 10 xeT Wine7 11 g3 a6 12 oS 13 Brag Oxaé 14 000 2e7 1503 ‘Each 16 Zel BGR 17 hd De 18 Ba We 19 Sed exd 20 exds ‘xed 21 vet 4?! Poritch use this tick ory and wing his queen to ef or gt with Dressure on White's. king, Pesrsian’s reply must have come sa shock, The Remarkable Rook 20 22 gafd! Ota 23 43 Oras 246Be3 Obs ‘The renowned Soviet endgame expert, Yuri Averball,sggested ‘that Black rnght draw abs point with 24. Db. Pechaps this was a better continuation, but White would recover his pawn with good postion after 25 Be? 35 26 B95 1527 Deb oe 25 a3 Si 26 b4 08? Probably theloiag move allow ing White's ook tothe Thank for fee, Beter as 26... Zd7 as afer 27 Bos h7 28 bs Oe7 29 Des e730 G6 Ba7 31 Ona? Des "Back has a tenable game 2737 a5 280s a7 29 S44 ns 29. allows 30hS followed by 31 Gib with a bind 3025 O48 Black could not afford to ex- change Joights a5 30. 2xeS 31 ‘Gxe5 pives White a winning rook snd pas endgame S1Eb71632 2c6 Dg6+ 33g B64 Sxb6 Seo 35 Shee 8 36 Sad Het 37 a8 G7 38 b6 Eb1 3967 07 40 Seas 1:0 30 The Remarkable Root M22: 1) Waite to play KM22:2) White play ei Sm Wal a A 5, M22: 3) Black to play ‘Maia: 4) Whiteto play Month 2Week 3: ‘Open Files Having seen the have that rook ean rete cet real no ‘Bemy lines, the next question ow t gett here The most cme tnomimeans through conte ofan fle, “Tin chapter one we saw rooks comesnt action agatst the opps ing king by means of pawn sors. Nov am going ss yousome fares vient examples of sin ‘ie poioal presse ats in which cond of an openfile hes precedence over ‘er fectrs mos commonly oe- cringuee's pan opening r= ingaler 8 and? of These give fhe to very Bigh incidence of ‘file bales i which these Lo ‘xinconol ofthis ile wil gain an average Heres to clic examples, the ist ering the ella A candor Alethine who ones the “unbestable™ Cuban, Jose aoa! Capablanca, in theie Wold ‘Championship match of 1927, Alekhine - Yates London 1922 1442620406300 4403 8075 8g5 0-06 3 ba 7 Bel 66 8 Wed Hes 9 Las axed 10 xed Das 11 Des 5? A serious positional mistake in fact after nis weakening of eS ‘The Remarkable Rook 31 Alekhice considered Black's game “srapiclly lost". OF course it eid play ofthe highsst clas 10 exploit sch a mistake tothe fl 12-Bxe7 Wre7 13 Ded2 bs? Afler this second mistake [lack’s game dterioats sil fu ther, The best chance vas 13 Dsb6, though bis position would bbe por in ny case 14 Syd exd 150-008 1603 a4 17 Des OixeS 18 ees Wes 19 xcs bs 20 fet £4621 Des! Achieving picts of position ‘Should Black now challenge o0ks lntheeilehe would lose material Immediately 21 . e822 BneB+ aeg 22 Exod ek 24 Deb threatens both De and the pawn 21. Heb8 22 1703 23 23 N624 ent ‘Bringing the King up to partie pate, We saw lst moth that such things ae possible if the king is safe fom attack, 724 on GWT 28 4 Beh 26 segs [E0827 He7 bs 28 ies Bas 29 506 He8 30 14 gh 31 St 32 The Remardabie Rook 24 82 3 a6 38 D7 nT 34 Bec? 34 gh 35 Dat ‘Commencing the decisivemsno= cee Black's reply is freed, 35 a. he 36 M6! Bet 37 BagTit Bofo 38 es! 120 ‘An clegant finale, Whether Black rete the tacked 100k 19 £8 or brings its compatriot over 19 this square vo suppor him, White mates with 39 887+ followed by 40 e817, ‘A game of unsurpassed ele= ‘gs though one might argue that Yates was rather coroperative in Uh erly sages ofthis game. This Fs not the casein the following example, in which Saviely Tartake tower has to wore much barder to keep te edge and maintains it do- spite exc resistance from his op ponent. Ret Tartakower Hastings 1926-7 1B H {62485340643 2675 gS h6 6 2x16 2x16 703 0.0 8H3AxC49 Lxch eS LO dxes dT H Det Brest A litle combination wich ee= covers the pawn In ast Black even setsastighintiatve as his pieces are better placed to operate on the open efile 12 2inf6r Wal 13 Wer bo 14 0.40 ib7 15 Gas Backt ‘The xray vision #f the rook ‘makes White's queen very uncon fortble on 2, 16 Wed e517 D3 bs! (nly shus does Black ra hosp the embers of his initiative slive. The point is that [8 SxbS an be met by 18. xb3 19 axb3 ‘Wes which wins ater other 20. ed or 20.04 xed 21 1 Hed 22 fre Hxed 28 Ane? Wot = 18 xe Hives 19.203 ‘One last point of the bra’ 17 bt is har 19 Sixb5 can bo met by 19. Wg asin the previous not Bast Stepping up se pressure on the quenside: Challenging for the & file wi 20 el? is refed by 20 ‘We 2 ef Rle8121 Had 04 22 25 ao! This fr from obvious decision to eave White's bishop on 5 But twit only major pisves on the board the position would be beavis 123 Wed bd 24 Bel Ret Filly reaching the 7h an, ter which Black's initiative ‘umes menacing proportions, The fnmedint theeals are 0 the 00K ‘nfl andthe bpm, 25 Sx? Hxet 26 bt Zea! Inning th pressure: bok 27°Wes and 27 Wal lowe the awn aera? 2s 27 81s dal 29 Tet Habe 29 ‘Gate gus 0 Zeb eg 31 KY 26152 8 a3! ‘Winning a won game reguices seat preison, andthe fet move bisa wonder pointin mind The immediate 32-8339 «224 Bab a2 35 ot caves Black unable toques his pan Saett The point This combinatveso- ution Cts trough the testa The Romorkahle Rook 33 problems to a clear win, © esser Player might have chosen 33 ‘Bxad which leads to a drawn endgame afar 34 Sa? Brad 35 [Bx al 3656424237 2at Bel {otherwise there comes 38 13) 38 Had Bred ‘Afler 33 bl, 34 x3 xa wins bishop and 34 axb3 a2 33 [a Sot 36 Axod HD+ 37g? 41(@) 38 Hxal Bal leaves Black the exchange up with an easy win 134 Bubb Hxb3 35 xb3 Bixed 6 2 15 37 get A 38 ed e ‘Observing one of the golden rules of endgames, not to hur. ‘Aller he precipitous 38. e639 ‘xe6 e640 E13 shg6 41 shed the advantage has changed bands 39 hg Bye 40 seyt 152 41 thd fo 02 Be2 1643 Obs 27 44 LT O07 45 sags segs O21 A magnificent achievement by ‘Tartakower, who rated this a5 one cofhisbest games. isvery dificult to maintain control throughout such a game. JH The Remarkable Rook KM2/3: 1) White play 27:2) White play M2: 3) Whitt play KM20: 4) White to play Month 2Week 4: ‘The Minority Attack ‘The soralled minority attack i the procedure by which one wes a pwn lever in order t render 3 FalPopen ile fll opens most onamonly sociated withthe Ex- Shange Variation of the Queen's Gant Doclned (1 84 dS 208 06 3 Bc3 Dib 4 exd5 exdS and now 5 ‘igs 07 663 007 £3 Ob7 & Wer 06 9 HY Hes 10 00 0 is ‘ypicl) in which White aims t0 [vse open the e-file withthe ade Yranse b> bbs. “The Exchange Variation of the ‘Queen's Gambit might be consid- ‘ere the clase frm, buts by no ‘mean the only type of minority attack. Woceurs in many different ‘openings and typifies much ofthe ‘ategethoughtin the Scien De- fence, for example: Black's main Source of ounterplay in Open Si- cilian ies n extending is control ‘of the half-open e-file, often by ‘advancing his b-pawn. White, on ‘he other hand, will often try to Prise open the defile withthe ad- Vinee oe, tithe 1991 World Junior Chamn- Pionships in Gaurapauva, I was the trainee ofthe English contingent. Whilst my charges were locked in ‘mortal combat I spent the aftr= "ns taking shop wilh IM Jeremy Silman and GM Anatoly Lein and ‘it was fom the Russian trained “ein that Pesmed ft of ideas ‘The Romarkoble Rook 35 shout minority attack play, Lain fumed autto bea comic of te struc aising Fam the QGD Ex change and showed that Black's counter pliy onthe kings was ot tobe sneered at. He kept binging a rook othe third rank and from here itprieted his woak epawn whilst lreatening White's kingside, much a in the following game: Flohr - Apscheneek Kemeri- Riga 1939 1b as2.4063.2e3 0164 S95 eT $3 0.0 6 DM 06 7 Be? Biba7 #exds exdS 9 Le Hk 10 0.0 I 11 Des Dg 12 Oras ‘hd 13 Bxe7 WreT 14 a3 Bad 1S Bfel Bas 16 202 26 17 23. Bod 18 BA Commencing the minority attack by playing for Black's next move is interesting, preparing to exchange as mich othe queens as possible, lest he i left with 2 second weak pawn on that side 18 ws a6 19 Habl We7 20 a4 a7 31 eet 21622 Ost e423 536, The Remarkable Rook “Tas White completes is ate sie ti and Bao forced 0 ae= op sone pawn weakness, Yet Blac shows that they zen 2- essanly fatal and be goes on 10 develop strong countcr-pay gaint Wat's hinge 23. axbs 24 axb5 7252 Was 36 mes x06 27 ADS Tes 28 Lac6bxc6 29 2530 2be2 Bar sri oa ‘The atac begins in camest-The immediate teat is 32-83 and a Stcifce aginst gi iso iv ae 2S 11S 33 Oh Was 34 Dp 5.3514 9hS 36265 0937 Be ‘Discretion isthe hole par nf valour White could ave wom 8 pawn with 37 Hxe6 Hed 38 Ws but ater 38-- AT eis left xing serious teats 1 hi on king 37-8 8:62 4739 Dae6 2g3 (Uhreatoning 44 . Wels and 45h) mate) 44 08 Wal 4s Hed Wht 45 H—2 Wale er, 40 Hxe3 41 Qxbs Wyre 42 seh Bel 14 White cannot avoid perpetual beck. “This kind of kingside covnter- play is ane ofthe mala metbos of answering the minority atack. Many players of the black side sake the mistake of playing Yoo passively, 2 in the next game Reshevsky’- Miagmarsuren SousseInterzonal 1967 1 dd 06 2 04 dS 5 G3 O16 4 sxdS exdS $ 95 47 6630-07 as 06 8 Wer Oda7 9 OE Bes 100-0218 11 Ste Axo 12 bs ‘White's 11 x6 allowed bm to getthisin immediatly. LLeavingtheroakonb8 tits fate. ‘Afr 0 @xb8 Black can draw at least with 40. Bah 41. exh Wyse a2 dal Weel 43 See 12 Sigs 13 Bsn Bet 14 ES Axis 15 Ws 467 ‘A passive continuation in that it blocks the route fora Black rok 10 come to 86. A more dyaamiosret- ment wa Seen in Euwe-Guimard, New York 1951: 15. e717 16 abl a6 17a a 18 371 Rest 19 Bro i620 ds B62 4 gst swith a tack, 16 Was Was 17 Boot 27 18, ‘a4 Qd7 19 Za? Ee6 20 Hed Zeek 21.23 216% Black should try t lever open the e-file with 21... 1519 Now Reshevky gradually engineers his breakthrough. 2Eh3 b623 Det Lh6 24 Ded Dh 25 bs! WaT 26 bx Zx06 27 "Ws Beck 28 Eel 8e7? 29 gs 2630 Wxa6 26 31 Oxd5 Zaxgs 32 Exo6 Wd 33 Was 0 ‘After 33... g7 34 Bxgos, lack loses a whole queen To restore the balance, the last ‘gue is a Black win, In this game theexchange ofligh-squaredbish= ‘ops gives Black contol of the ef suare. Inkiow- Vusupov A Dubal Otympiad 1986 14 a5 266 63 20 06 4263 6 5 exds exds 6 We2 Re? 7 gS 268 x16 0669 03 15 10 a3! xd3 11 Wrd3 207 120-0 e713 Hab as 14230-0152 “Ld6 16 bs axa 17 axb4 D6! 18 bse White proceeds with the usual forma ut Black's knight shoald have been stopped from coming 19 F, The right move was 18 22, ‘The Remarkable Rook 37 18 . Ded 19 at We7 20 xcs Wrest ‘Well played! Rather than play= ing theavtomatic 20. bxe6, Ys ow Sos that his passed brpawn fan bacome a poteat force. The ‘Weak b7- and dSpawns are inac= cosible atthe moment. Tkior’s next move slows Black to tke charge. He should stop the Brpavin with 21 WS afr which 21 Bfes 22 Haas Baad 23 Dos keeps contol 21 e8? Hxat 22 Zeal Dbo 23, Ws Hes 24 Dex"? Sensing his growing positional infenority, White plays Focompl- cations but Artur Yusupov isa dif fiewit' man (o swindle. The onistent line of play was 24 Dads bat ater 24. Dxd525 ends Wels 26 Wal Wed 27 hl Beas 28 Wd bs! (Yasupov and Deore sky) tho passed pawn is very da Tous. Dudes 25 digs HT 26 n4? Det 27 Wha ho 28 hs Bast 29 ‘Za 87 30 hxg6 WagS 31 gx? “ext 32 a5 Bsds 83 4206 34 Wahe Daas 35 WHT sees OF | The Remarkable Rook M2: 1) White to pay KM2/4: 2) White to play 3. The Beautiful Bishop “The srengths and weaknesses of the bishops i ches gine have a major nipact on pawn scare and fr saegy. The unigue fete of this pees of course that i an ‘opertoon squares fen onecolau, "When # bisop is active, it can strike out across the board with frat effet and in week I we wll fee examples of active bishops having a decisive influence on the game. In week 2 we see the bishop being inhibited by its own pawns, the soralled “bad bishop”. In woxk 3 we examine some “bishop Pir” seenarios and in wee some postions in which the players have bishops of apposite colours. [Month 3/Week t= The Good Bishop Bishops, in contast ro knights, preferopen positions which thet influence is not inhibited by bocked pawn chains. The activi, ‘of x bishop therefore reaches iis Dali postions in which the cen- "rl pawn structure hasbeen pay 5 flly dissolved Certain oping. ‘aiaions ead to se-ps ia which the activity ofa particular bishop fan be the Key factor. One such ‘pening is the King’s Indian De- fonce. in which Black's dark squared bishop ca, under height conditions, breathe fire, as in the following encounter: Zita Bronstein Prague 1946 1 of 0S 2 D3 O46 3.21 a6 $ 42d $43 966.842 297704) On gh3 co9 n27! ‘Thoory later decided that 9 of was beter, inorder to develop this bishop one, w Be¥ 10 of ext 11 Dadd Wns 12 Wares 12044 We" 13 We2wasabeter way 10 pay it for White, Now ack sees the initiative Bay. De 13 Biel af 14 Bal ad 18 Balm ‘White seems blissfully unaware of the gathering storm. He cold have tied to complicate matters with Reuben Fine's suggestion of 15 lad? afer which 1S .. Dxad al lows 16a Baad 17 nc Bs (or 17. bxe6 18 Bf with a dis= ‘covered stack onthe Black qusen) Tes. VS.. axb3 16 axb3 gat 17 3 (0) 11s Thetistinasercs of hundarbos ‘tha unleash the power of Black's dark squared King’s Indian bishop. ‘White's epy is evidently forced, 40) The BeutfilBichop 18 Beal xe! “This second sceifce isthe point ofthe fis 19 eb White ties fold his postion ‘ogether by locking the b6-g1 die agonal, but now Black gains = fond pawn for the exchange, leaving Whi’ position in ates. 119 WP? the 19. a3 iso ‘stating whilst 19 x02 Ob. 29.. Ohi 20 hd O12 “The knight turns to threaten 21h, 21 BAS Dexed 22 WES Dight 23, ohn st Cementing the positon of the Black pices inthe cenre. White's ‘game is hopeless, 24 Dyed xed 28 Was Bade 26 Wg HS 29 Had 5 28 Wa a ‘The second game was played by Alerander Alekhine few years before bis death le features ‘another opening in which the king's bishop can have a decisive influence, the Ruy Lopez or Span- ish Opening: Alekhine - Junge Lublin 1942, Vol eS 22019 e6 3 2S 06 4 a4 2ie 50.0 £e7 6 Ber The so-called Worrall Atack, 8 favourite of Alokbine’s which ‘was later used by Nigel Short in i 1992 match victory over Ana” toly Karpov, One of the ideas is to make room for r00k ond, and therby intensify the pressure on the df, 6. DST Abs 0.08 3 459.43, ae The opening of the dle is ventgenos to White. The ets! Tings 9... intending to meer 10 edd in gambit style with 10 Best Tred gd 113 ANS 12.Ly5 Alekhine commenied that hs prevents 2...aS which vould be refuted by 13 g¢ ge 14 Ores, ‘winning apavin. In this way White keeps is bishop on b. The. Geb 13 dixe7 x03 ‘After tbe immediate 13... xe? white would again win the eps with 14 get 14 Wats Cxe7 15 Bat Da to a2 es ‘Alekhine fet that 16. Eb was beter in order to pay the aggre Sve [7 » 8 should White play 17 on 1701 We7 18 att ‘The opening ofthe efile intensi- fies White's pressure 18 = Eads 19 Og3 Dec8 20 axhS axb5 21 O48! ‘White must humy as Black in- sends 1 interrupt the bishop's di- agonal with 21. Ob6 and 22 ‘Phot, Should Black now capture on #5 with 21. Dxf5, White ‘would obtain a new attacking ‘weapon with 22 ex), thestening (o disrupt Black's king’s postion 3a 2622 Wes! atening not only 23 Wes! ints 24 ext5 7 25 Bd! Bd? 26 f6 go 27 Bhs, with mate to follow, but aso simply 23 @xd6 Exds 24 Bxd6, picking up the The Beoutf Bishop 41 knight ar 66. Should Black aterm to defend with 23... Ded, Alek fine claimed that White would have a deisive positional advan- lage ater 29 Axes bxot 24 Wes! 22.. DxfS23 exf5 cS ‘Afler 23. there fllows 24 (WH 2625 with decisive pre ‘ice onthe Kingsid, 2446! ext ‘The threat was 25 gs. 256 Iuissiuing tha the decisive blow shouldbe delivered by this bishop. 26. Wat 1626. Soe? then 27 Wah7+ Picking up the queen, or if 26 [Ex then 27 Wp5 Wins the rook ond’. 27 Exds Das Once again 27 . xd 28 Wys+ ‘wins the ook on 8 Dest 1 1128... x8 shen 29 a leads to mate 28. Bud i refed by 29 Wyss and 28.83 allows rate on 2 The Bentiful Bohop KM3/I: 1) Whitt ply KM/L: 2) White play A¥/I: 4) White t play A3/I:b) White to play ‘Month 3/ Week 2: ‘The Bad Bishop. Ababishop icone whichis shut in by sf ovm pawns. This is why the textbooks often advise puting ‘yur ates onthe opposite colour to your bishop if you have only fone of them lef you have, say, (light squared bishop and your pawns of light squares too, you ‘ay Find you dark squaresare ule erable UiFAndersson discovered this to his cost in the following game agaist Tony Miles. Your bishops 4nd pawns should cooperate rather ‘han duplicate each ohers work Miles - Andersson ‘Las Palmas 1980, gb 8 2 By? De6 3.49 964 SagTsatexdd bexdtds7 ead 68 At Dge7 9 Wa ‘An intresting plan to initiate active pley on the kingside and ‘exchange Black's “good” dark squared bishop with 6. Th ‘would leave him with @ bad” bishop on e8 which is blocked in by the light-square pawns ‘Black should meet tis plan én ‘eically with 9. QS 10 Dis 0-011 g6 Spats 13 Dias Orde 13 @xddes 14 hed exdd IS.Lxd xd 16 Whdb afer which the weakness of je compensates for ‘he isolated &-pawn The Beau Bishop 43 9. 0.021 10 LNG Sxh6 11 Wane ys 12 War b6 13 Rat a6 14 hd 14.005? AA poor move which decental> {ses the knight. Probably Anders- Som had aspecfic tactical variate based on et in mind when playing this move. hat it does nat Seem to woke There were lage umber oF good altematives it~ nding 14 8, 14. WY and ven Id. I? or Ms 15 e4 Da White can meet 15... of with the calm 16 Wel 86 1763. 16S WIG 17 hxg6 Jt The Boo Bishop 17 fags 1677. bxg6 thon 1825 We) (or 18, We7 19 Wr threatens Des 4164) 19 Bit 7 20 West fo 21 xfs x6 22 xd is deadly 1806 507 “There eno real altrmative. 118, Wg) there is 19 Wag? xg720 gs, 18... WIT met by 19 Bs thzealening 20 gS and 18. eT 19 es ie no beter 198! Big7 20 Des Wan The endgame is horrible for Black but 20 .. BAB? 21 Od wins immediately. 21 Sane Eats 22 a7 RET 23 6+ SH 24 M3! ek 124.5 then 25 Bats exfS 26 a2 Goss 27 del bs (or 27 ‘e828 Rai oc? 29 Dek) 28, ‘Buhl 97 29 hs wins. 25 had! Zg7 26 141 Te was nt f00 late to messi up by overlooking the treat of 26 2 picking up the s-pawe 26" Eb8 27 Bhi got 28 sbd3 Bbb7 29 03 Da3-30 ett ddaet M1 Deved Dyed 32 xed Dabs (Or 32. Hbe7 33 hes £67 34 hg He! 35 B15 Hel+ 36 hed et 33 eS Ebe7 34.201 1:0 After 34. @e7 35 23 theres rin defence tothe threat of 36 age! ‘The next example also features a “bad bishop but in this ea8e it sides the game in its owner's favour The great differences thx the bishop becomes ative ouside Black's pawn chain and plays @ ‘major pain the tack on White's ine Krogtas- Stein USSR 1960 1 ug 246 204 g6 3.23 bg 4 6 00 5 Sie? d6.6 2G eS 7 a5 ng?! 8 0.921 n7 9 Get 47 10 a3 #8 10 14 12 4 RIT 3 «5 a6 14 66 nrc? 15 dxc6 Se 1608.08 17 26 The middlegame position we have reached leaks very song for White, in view of the imminent rival of one of his knights ond. Tn particular, Black's bishop om 18 looks Tike miserable piose but this is about to chsage drama cally, The folowing series of sac- rifices sets the board fie and Black's dark-squared bishop be- comes the key attacking piece 17050 18 Doxa Aller 18 exd5 25 19 3 hs Black threatens. xd followed by os BeSt and oo Ded with & rating tack is LcS+ 191 OAS 20Wel agit “This mast bave come as an un- pleasant shock, as Krogius no oubt thought he had prevented this move 21 hxg3 WS 2294 hS 23 93 “Making room forthe king on 2. “Thor sno time to drive the "bad bishop” one fom ts magnificent poshcg 2 Gathapt 26 es gS leads to mate 23. ng 24 sey? a |Asely amazing follow up tothe ‘orgy of Violence we have just wit nested, After sacrificing the piece, Stein continues to quietly bald his attack White's king position ean be prised open at almost ny momen, but Black needs to bring wp the ‘eserves before be can count on ‘success the ensinghand to hand Feng, 25 a2 Whe 26 Zt We7 27 xfs ext 28 Bal g5t The Beoutul Bishop 4 Preparing a furtherkingside ad vance with... exE* fllowed by 4 29.5 Wne5 30 fxg Krogius may now have been ex: pecting 30. dixd5+ 31 Dads Wrast 32 Aes Wraa 33 Wes ‘when White has suddenly taken the intative. Stein's next move must Ihave come as shock. the immediate resi ofthe queen, ‘After 31 ne? Bids 32 212 (or 32 Bf 9 53 digs dott) 32 hf, Black theatens .-h7*, BM of 2BHB EB ‘Material pity has finaly been restored, hue positionally sping ‘ates are fa fom equal. Black's tesive rok nd bishops ae ter= bly stong, and Whitenow stars to tnload material ina vain attempt ‘ed of the threats ‘SBE Lag 34 Ded BNI+3S pha Hath M6 Exit Gall 37 2xe5 EAD 38 gh Bad? 39 Dxc7 h3 40 ad Byte 41 hd D6 42 a8 igh a3 Bed Hed 0:1 40, The Beaute Bishop M32: 1) White play M22: 2) White o play ‘Month seek 3: ‘The Two Bishops ‘Two bishops harmonise very ‘well, 38 they cover squares ofboth Colours and can strike outat every partof the board, When one player fis the bishop pair ani the oer 3 diferent Set of minor pices, this ‘ean often constitute 4 big, and Sometimes even a decisive advan axe ‘As with a single bishop, the bishop pair fonctions mos eTee~ tively in open postions. 1 would like to daw particular attention to their value nthe endgame. The following two examples feature ‘vo great players, Smyslov and Flohr, working to enbance the value ofthe bishops by gradually prising the postion ope. Bondarevsky -Smyslov USSR Ch, Moscow 1946 Fob e5 2018 D6 3 AS 06 4 ad 216 50.0 207 6 cs ‘An unuealcontinuston which sis compromise Black's pawn simtue,Thedrawback, ofcourse, is tht i surrenders the to bish= ops (4x06 7 et DA7 8 aM ext 9 as 0-0 1046 05 11 Bas Anas 12.23 st ‘A very strong and instructive ‘ove, Black want o open up the Peston for is two bishops. Inthe ‘ame, White takes the oppoetanity The Beausful Bishop 47 1o establish @ pased epawn, but when this fesches e5 it can be firmly blockaded, and it then aso imhibns the activity of White's ask-squaed bishop. ‘White should now have played 13 Bgl, when Smysov gives the line 13. Bes 14 2g 6 15 Bot 16 pred fred 17 Dxet 25 with equality 1865 eb 14 La? gst ‘The start ofa kingside pawn ad= ‘vance, which in dition gaining Space, prevents White from ex- changing Black's powerful block- ding e6-knight with Oe3-e24 White's coming difficulties stem from te fact that he has no stong point im the cente on which to Post he pices 15 Deh eS 16 3 BSt Having gained space on the king sie, Smysiov advances his queen- side pawn majority as well. The immediate hrstis 17.9 182 ‘bd wining apiece. So far Black's mighty bishop pair have been doving gay om 48. The Bautfil Bishop ‘he backank, but hey are about to come into their ve, 173 7 18.23 ga 19 Od {07 20 Ons wT Black's king will lo take part in the struggle; as we saw in chap- tee The can adopt an aggressive role in the game’ once his safety isn'ta problem, By coming 1 36 he will not only support the pawn but also arass White's Knighton bs. 21 Dt digs 22 26 ads 23, Sadi Bxdt 24 Exdi Bas 25 Eads a8 “Thesimplification brought about by the exchange of rooks has not eased White's problems. The pos- Silty of 2d is a deply dis- turbing one for White's knighton 45, a8 would then be deprived of| the latent protection of te bishop onc’, "26s #41 White evidently missed this ‘move, his knighton e3 i forced 10 ‘go back as bath 27 Sexgt Sand 37 Bie o6 would costs pice. 27 at Sxf6 Finally giving up th bishops in ‘onder to win material, ‘2B exf6 Led 29 2 D4 Depriving White's knight of the Sesquare ia higher priority than ‘winning the c2-pawn Infact White loses apiece after 3103 Sed! 3013 hye? 31 OP gx 32 gx abt ‘Wining a second ven becase 3840 pel by 33 Red, 33 De4 xa? Md? 95352 Ohad 36 Bas exds 37 ed Ses 38 has es 39:2 Black also wins easily after either 39 et a 40 dnb divs or 39 Dott seas 40 nas bl ‘39-440 brad cS 41 a5 of 42 a6 a3 0:1 ‘Black wine afer either 43 ed] 3 44 a7 LAS or 43 ho eae a, ‘kexa2 ond? 45 47 61(H) 46 a8 (8) bree, Flohe- Botvinnik [USSR (math) 1933 In this endgame position White's ‘wo bishops mean ite forthe mo- ment. The position is relatively closed and the symmetrical pawn Structure makes it difficult for ‘ither side to crete passed nen, ‘Thislast facts is especial’ mmpor- tant since the player with 0 tsb ops often has good winning chances if e can eeat # passed pn, otberwise the esl sikely tobes daw Flot bans the positon with yet hil eadully proving ates and atm open thing Be bib 25 e726 es 8 37 Gel Ger 282 e529 aed?! ising his fis opprniy to crete mts forthe ki on End thy prevent White from Imaking rhe progress on the Choeraide Whit old have de tho hi opponent a scond chance By plying 0 58 "abes” pe 3 ea Obaret Thkwasthlatchanoe for} {Oat and 32. BS. Now White stops reve. Bat Oe 3 as Having the pan on a has dt nitty stented White's pos tions He has increased his nage in trina now he Gan open up the quetie witha inter Beh whencrer be kes, Sh Oba? 94 hel dh 38 aha Ban 36 sian Oe 37 ed e738 be 0539 nA Oe Having iis i pace a> vonage onthe qvenside, White now this tenon oe thr ‘ving. Wt abo lamin Yo beings bishop to the fftve SSepost fom wha i ony eye the sbsqare wich would five access tothe pv on Sons Deb Ato 12 AS 6 sans her Tnorderto meet 41S wih 8 Swit along Waite force The Beoutfil Bishop 69 1a passed pawn by exchanging on es. 44 fet gt 45 feet dues 14S... @xeS 46 Se8 is good or i aS «yes 46 eS WS 47 Ras ‘ees 48 6 wins a poce S46I9HSA7 Les a6 48 HS De8 49 94 hgh 50 dhagd De? BL Aes ONS 62 Ged eT 3 Threalening $4 ded followed by $5 LeS+, Now Blick no longer has any satisfactory defence since 53. 2S Sb dhe threstens $5 LAT and 54. B07 is met by $5 Bese, 153 (5 $4 exfS gx 55 Sixt Dxds 56 Sd? ONG 57 ded es 58.g6 ‘White's pawn isthe decisive factor. ‘Sn bS+ 59 ded3 De7 et Deas 61 gs Ons 62 13 Des 63 Lat! dedo 64 ps D665 hes Bo 66 el ef 7 chad DghS OF AIS 6 69 a2! 120 Further resistance would be pointless 50) The Beautiful Bishop KM/S: 1} White o play KM3/3: 2) White t play KM32:3) Black wo play KM3/5: 4) Whitt play Month 3Week 4: Opposite Coloured Bishops When opposite coloured bishops areon te board, each side willend {o dominate the squares contolled tyits own bishop This nam can sve te game a very special char- see Endgames with opposite cor ‘ured bishops, and no the pieces, tue notoriotsiy drawish, Even if tne side is several pans up there {Sa danger that his pawns wil be blockaded. th the midategame, on the other und, he presence of apposite col- cured bishops usually favours the ‘de withthe inttive, since one bishop ean preseurize squares that ‘the enemy bishop cannot cover. Lok for example atthe folowing ‘ematkablystlar examples from Mikhail Borvinnk's praxis. Innei= ‘her game was White able to op pose Black's pressure onthe hf ‘iagona. Medina -Batvinni alma de Majorca 1967 The Basal Bishop $1 In spite ofthe fact that several pieces have been exchanged. ‘Whie'spasitin dificult Infact ‘he has no real counter to the pres ste on the hE-a? diagonal and lack i treatning 21. We fol lowed by 22. WE. White tras 0 prevent this by occupying the 7th ‘ak, bu Botinn has prepared & tactical finese: 121 a7 Had8 22 hat x7 23, Bed Wet 24 a “The main point is that 24 Bal isrefited by 24. xh2+, White ‘was now hoping tae Black would immediately capture on 62 as af ter 24, Axb225 ded he woold be able to eject Black's queen with 26 Hal and his king wonld be relatively safe, Bur Botvinnie hee another finesse which pre= vents White from co-ordinating inthis way. 24... WH 25 as Weis 26 Be ‘Mer 26 de Black could ake the bopawe woot White Sing ‘Bletaanoer with 27823 nit sey be prevots White from co Siting his pees 26. il 7 90 Wes 38 GOT s Black has bth 4 msi and positnal advantage there inno Tenge any ub abo the even sare 29 Wes Bude 0 Ger Wess 31 inns pny ae ss er aad Sezes Wess 35 Wal et 36 a cox ot 52 The Beoussl Bishop Matulovie - Botvinnie USSR vs Rest of the World, Belgrade 1970 ‘his positon is remarkably sim lartothe previous oe, though here White i slightly beter off since there ate Knights onthe board and Black's queenside pawn push is slightly slower. In fact White should now play 22404723 81, laying to weaken Black's king aa ‘xchange queens 122 2qga?t hs 23 eS ves 24 WH &ig7 25 Bet £16 26 3 5 ‘The pawns trundle Forward and ‘White has no way to challenge Black om the dark spares, 26 'WxIA would have been quite the ‘rong idea becase of ether 27 93 027 Bre6, 127 ad xd 28 g8, 2 he was beter, for if White's prawns are on dark squares they ‘ay wel prove vulnerable later 28..c429 he? b4BDaxbbaxbé sh exbd 6 Not the most accurate method, According to Botvinnik, Black shoul play 31. Wa and ater 32 SL either 32, Wee 33 wes Wy 34 Wes Wiz or 32. Bas 38s Wa 34 Wad Bel 35 ba Wel 32 at Wxba? Another slp. Here Black should play 32. ed after which 3 Was 'WaI2 would bea better chance for Whi than 33 Ba Wb 34 US Eels ete 33 tas Who 34 dl xa 35 Was WH 36 cher Abo 37 4 Wes 38 Wed at 39 18 39 Qf might have held on. 39. gris @xtS He3~a1 dnt gis 42 Ger Bins 8 shar Wg a4 ten Weds 45201 Wags 46 Wns Swot In this week's final example, Analy Karpov provides a model ‘erBlack’shngcomestohs) andihe vital pawn on 63, which stops ‘Blac’ kang from entering via ct ‘35 15 36 td gg 97 edt ‘According to Karpov, White could have drawn with 37 gxht (hs 38 dats 3 39 in? Bas 40 Bet A741 bo dhe 42451 ce, He might sill bave eid the raw with ula-pecise play but in pratioe this every hard ‘BT GS 38 LG gS Svadenly Black threatens a win- ning breakcrough with 39 14 40) gxtt gi! 41 fees Sxei. So ‘Woie's king must ret. 3960 a2 40.403.Ab1 Aer a2 2 bel e680 Leg ‘The Boswil Bishop 53 vase White cracks under the pressure 44 e2 a6 45 hes (45 bz hx? 446 bxgs £447 gxfs gxft 48 del bps 49 62 Gh S0kr Bas) 45. £4 46 ext gd 4715 wonld raw according to Karp. 44 exdS 45 di 4246 gas ‘Alfor 46 s+ yg Black's king isen route for theo square via c& snd. 46..g847 092 AIS 48oRextd 49 Ses Bete 50 U2 wgd St ane “Ther is nothing els tobe done, ‘White i in zugzwang. Sh afl 82 els sig $3 A266 54 Let hs In ord fo win Bak mst po his opponent in zagzwang ‘8 byl go 56 da? ahs $7 Bet aiost ‘Once agsin White’sobigation'o move seals his fate: $8 Bhi gs 59 yo tS 60 G2 det or $8 ‘Bb? cepa 59 weer 0+ 60 G2 ‘F4 both spel the end S$ The Beoutif Bishop M3: 1) White to play KM3/4: 2) White to pay 4 The Noble Knight “The idiosyncratic hopping move ofthe knight pies itquitediffeent sharactensties to any other pice Unlike the bishop, it 6 noted squares of one colour, ver itis une she o ross the boa in a single ep. These festres makes it par~ tsularly suitable Tor shor-range var Before moving ont examine its characteristics in more detalles Tis soe the knight in ll ow: Month 4/Week ‘The Cavalry C have aay had a sft pot for ‘he knight, perhaps ever since my school days wien T spent many ‘happy hours, during mathematics lessons, working out the famous Jenight tour puzzle inthe back of iy exetise book From an academic poistof view thiswas not a good de, but twas Useful for develping & quick eye for knight moves, Some twenty years later, f played my most spectacuiar “night” game, bringing my «0 knights tothe &8 and 68 squares ‘a game against young Nore~ sian player. I don't know of any other game which ended quite like ts, Davies Tomning Gausdal 1994 1 dS 216 2 ef 963 g3 B97 4 Bg? d6 5 25 0.0 6 0.) bo77 es eSB of 66 9 3 HN (0 Zel exdd 11 Dudd De "The first in a series of dubious moves whic, though superficially active, donot tthe equrement of theposiion, After defending against the immeiste teats, White man agesto push his opponent back. fal 12s 19 BaD WeT H des eG 1S BAD UOT NITE Daring the gue feoneidered 17 abst) ea Te ahs We? 19 xd6 ch i also good for ‘Wise The knights ater show ti apresiton fry ison ato stn tem 1) na 18 4 De6 19.3 Preventing the move 7-5, which won ate ome one 56. The Noble Knight play onthe queenside. White's ‘ber ene priority in such positions the singrestion of the appone's play. Aer this is extra space and The eakness of df should grado ally stat to make itself fe. 19. Det 20 Gh1 Db6 21 ast A nice way to defend the keight also pressurises Black's ‘queenside from this square, eyeing the ob and 87 sauares, 21.1522 Add Elimiwting Black's most vahi- ‘bie piece, hs bishop on g7- In this parucular positon this wil mean that Black wil indi very iia to generate any counte-play to com ens hi for bs Weaknesses, 22, Le6 23 xg? oxy? 24 wi ik7 255 axes 26 Wes The position as olarsfied with White now tesening to invade with is ihts by means of 27 pst and 28 D6 Blak prevent this by moving his queen, but ben pursue aminoniyalck with b-. 126 wm BIT 27 DS! OH 28 extS exf5 29 Wad “And not 29 bob because of 29 6 29..exb5:30 D4b7 3831 Das ‘A most unesual post for aight, ur very song nevertheless. The impertinent invader subjects iaek's pices to all sor of tact- cal heats, and this from the heart ‘this ow tines. 31 g6 32 Wes 6.33 Bers Ror 34 Wes Wag’ 38 Dast Wh his ag joining the fey, ‘he game is immediately decided, 35.7 A ie dpe move whic pers an artistic nal postion 35 xds 36 Exe? xe? 37 xe sg 38 Hd costs Black ‘most of his pieces, 360 N64 Sh8 37 Well e838 High Wyo 29 Deb! 1:0 Black's position hasbeen hope less foe several moves but it as considerate of him to resign when he did. The final position #8 the ‘most unusual Ihave had Trenent game isoneor the most remarkable Lajgh?” games Ihave seen and am fil sure that you wwllagre. It features the colour fim Bogolyubov playing White against a young German player ‘who was later fo become a Grande "The fantastic despertdo me oeuvres ofthe knights give this game acharacier all oitsown, and At almost looks like sites en- counter between to amateurs al 2 chess café rather than a game be- fovee wo Grandmasters: ogoljubov - L-Schaxi ad Pyrmont 1949 1 obe5 201 0063294 id oxd8 5 nas Des? ‘cite amazing move which is probably tore spetaclg han Some. 6 Suede? POS Sed bas 0-0 gies White more than enough fr ee sacrificed PC neh Ores 7 Qxd8 Dxdl 8 oxen 9 ahs Dahl 10 ba es Seah 0 1 A 6 3 kas rs 14 gs 14 a2 Oi followed by 15 £26 would alow Black to e3p6 witout ham. 14 gh 157 Tho dovisive mistake and & suprising err of juga! fo & Player‘ Bogojubo's ik. He Soul have exc Ais knight With 18-265 followed by ge with dew as he hel et The Noble Knight 57 15. De 16 S02 B45 17 095 Baad 18061 Ser 19 Dues *Petaps White was expecting 1 adeeS 20 e3 with an egal ‘bame. But once again the desper do kight takes him by sapase 20 Ange deh 21 Qe6 a7 ‘fir 2... xal 22xc7+ a7 23 Gras eS 24 igs bs 25 indo dhrak 26 08 White ob- tains two passed pawns for the piece and makes things dificul 22 Od Cixal 23 Sxp6 He 24 AD Ded 25 14 D4 0: highly oxiginal game. in which both sides knights had ald day 6 The Noble Knight KM&Il: 1) Black to play KMS/1: 2) Whitt pay Month Week 2: Finding 4 Good Stable The knight's preference for shoeange Work means tat it has fo bein the thick ofthe aeton to ‘work mast effectively. The idea ie to have safe square near the front ling an oxtpost, andthe location of ‘his sapport point can be of great sgnifisanee. The close the knight isto enemy territory, the more dan serous tis In the following game White es- lablises anit onthe sixth rank, fom wine it effectively paralyses his opponent's game, Lasker - Capablanca Ste Petersburg 1914 of €5 2.265 D6 3.205 06 4 Bact Brilliant psychology. Ca pablanca only needed ad 0 be virtually certain of first place. Lasker's choice ofthe Exchange Variation leads to positions ia Which Blk should energetically Irytouse bis bishop pairraer an attempt to simpy. White's seve> ‘ural advantage wil come more important with every piece that is exchange. 4 w dxeb $ dd exdd 6 Wadd Wad TOsad ‘A closer look at his position re= veals the ingemuty of Lasker's Strategy. Ifwe remove the remain ‘ng pieces it has been shown that The Noble Knight 58 the pure pawn endgame i ctally wom for White. This is because Black's quceaside pawn mass can- not yield a passed pavyn whereas White's kingside majority ean Fae 806.8 3 D7 9 00 0-0 1018 ee Black could proceed more ace sively wi 10.8 with stategy similart the Bondarevsky-Sinys- lo game frm the previous chap- 11 Obs 6 Once agin 1 15 was good, nsbe The stant of a poor plan. 12 2d7 was a betlar move and Rei recommended 12 .. gS! ting sway the £4 suave som White's pieos and meeting 13 x6 Drags 14 Ext wily 14 eS followed by - Bx and. Bot recover ing the pavin with an equal pos- 13.04 oT? Contining tie Falty sratesy sich is starting to got Black into real ouble. 13... xf 4 Bx ‘a7 followedty 15. ad would Sal have given good chances of ‘Theexchange on d6 has undou- bled Black's pawns but now the ‘backward black d-pawn is instead 4 serious lability. ARer 1S ‘Bos White wins the d-pavn with 16 adi followed by Bd2 and eat 1624 (0 The Noble Knight ing. on a superd square Thisknight will dominate proceed ings forthe rest ofthe game. a7 17 Rad Dee 182 $19 Bd2 Zae7 ‘A preliminary 19 .. b¢ weld have offered Black better pros pects of resistance 20 bal 2721 a3 Aas 22 12 a7 23 g6 W624 23 a5? Black's Firs! active move somewhat vnfortunate, as White ‘would want to open te ile him self witha later ta and axis, 25 hf axbé 26 axbd Zac 27 SEES Zh 28 Sd g6 29 Zg3 gS 29. gxfS 30 exf3 would not solve Black's problems 38 White would then play De2-d4 and Regi. 30D! 30 hxgS aps 31 GS is not good for White bat here is 0 need 9 open the bey, 3 ODE A good ry, hoping for . De and. ese 231 bags gs 32 h3 a7 {Black hadnot opened ail he could now have played 32.04 Asis, this moveismet in 33 Hb7+ bed 34 Halt 26735 Der a7 36 Bret xe? 3? a7 Hb 38 Bab ete. 133 digs eb M Bah £67 asest The decisive moment, White sacrifices pain inorder bring his second knight into a domsinat ing position, The combined asst ‘of White's eatirearmy proves ire- sistible 35 260s ‘Leving its beauifil post to per form the last ites 137. dich 38 Dad7 xd7 39 3h7 Hoy 40 Rat ay 1 Zak eh 42 De5t 1 Tes ising that the last move should treten mate by a kaight landing onthe ef square. “The next game features Bobby Fischer getting a Laight estab~ lished on the Sth rank following & ‘beaut exchange scrifce, 1 dee 36 Ded QS 37 Fischer - Najdort Varna Olympiad 1962 1 ef 65 2 B18 d6 3 44 cxas 4 Ded D6 Oe 26 63 7h playable move though 2ot a sexy good one. Fischer probably Jeltuncomforable playing against hisown favourite defesce=aprob- Teen foc many payer. 6 DS 7 Od5 7 77 xo leds to unclear com- plications afer 8 WE SONI gxf6 9 cf Deed 10 Bezel Ssed 11 00 dS 12 Bel! eS Fisher felt that 12. dxed 13 Exot BAS 14 WTS 06 was best. 13 Bade! a7 14 xe! A beautifl exchange saritie, "he point af which isto obtain an ‘posto f.From here the night exer a decisive influnce 4 deed 18 245! Black might have been hoping for 15 Wh, which gives Black thunoes to hang on afer 15. Ws lo.Betr> au The Noble Knight 1 1S a, BeS 16 Ogret sbe7 17 ors Repeating the position but with ‘Black having los his casting rights, 17a eh 18-263 Bed 19 feed ‘wre 20 zal ‘eter thin 20 Axt7+ dhsf 21 |Bal Ws which leaves White with no immediate forced win, 20. a7 lack seems o be hanging on as either 21 Bxt7> sed8or 21 Oude ‘BeTleave White with no clear win 21 Bast ‘Tightening the grip sith crust- ing effec. 21. Was Fischer gave the ines 21 . We? 22 x6 and), xb? 22 int a8 23 WaSt eb far 23. Me? 24 Hep) 24 Dore bs 25 Debt a8 26 Dna? ot 22. xt 23 ExdT Bxd7 24 Wyd> ge 25 We7+ i526 eo 22 Wha e723 drm eas (0-29, 218 24 Bhs, 24. es 120 ‘Black has had enough, 1624 {BbT then 25 Was. {462 The Noble Knight Ma: 1) White o play KMa?2: 2) White play KeMlan: 3) Whi play M42: 4) Black o play |Ad2: 8) White to play ‘AaD2:b) White to play ‘Month 47Week 3: Kolght Manoeuvres “The knights peculiar move can ‘ake it dificult to roach squares ‘which are apparently quite close from a geomeric point of view. ‘This makes the enigmatic knight Inter more dificult handle than Some of the more "Staightor ward” pices. ‘The following games feat beautiful knight manoeuvres by two great masters. The ist i> volves the future World Cham= pion, Alexander Alekhine. The Second sees the original thinker and strategist Aaron Nimzowitech at work Alekhine -Tarrasch ‘Mannheim 1914 Let eS 22De63 hes eS WoT sds Lb660-0d6 7 a4 a6 Bed 2g 94528 1035 Axed 1 fxed 26 12 Dbd2 Dba 13 Wet Des 4 Wo1 Sek Te would have been beter 19 castle kingside. After the tex, Black's position becomes very Shs Qca7 16Dne ‘This knight destined for sreatness Should Black now de~ Tend against the theeat of 17 tS with 16. 8, White could of fectvely open up the queenside with 178, The Noble Knight 65 16 «96.17 Wel o6 18 he xd 19 exd5 of 2gst ‘A quite unexpected and bril- liane idea. The obvious move is 2024, placing the knight on the ‘contral outpost. Black could then biain asatisfactory game, how ‘with 20. e521 BF 0-0, when the expan is immune be cause of 22 Dgxet Dues 23 Bxot (5 o¢ 221s Dads. These Variations stem ftom Alekhine himelt 20 6 Alekhine slo clined a clear ad vantage for Wine after 20 es 21 bay BIS 22 a> srs 23 ‘2, tacking the e pawn, 21 ns Wes Black overestimates the strength of his counterattack. 21 ‘Des was relatively bes after ‘wich 22 ts IS 23 3 BS 24 ‘3 o8 25 t followed by De2- ‘44 would give White the bet prospects. 22el! Qed ‘56 The Noble Knight ais eads oa futher weakening ‘of Black's position Relatively best was simply 22. 0. 123 Dis gS 2413 Os 24.-gxft 25 exf4 would be dis- aseous for Blac. 25 Der xd 26 Ards Weds are Finally reaching the best square, but with Black having consider ably weakened his position ‘Alekhine pointed ou that Blac would osehis queen after 27..0-0 28EYS eS (or 28. Wa 29 Bal e230 Det) 29 of and 27-18 ied bocause of 28 We2 Ses 29 4 Wes 30 5 A551 6 bxce 32 Bo, 24 2d Was 29 4S1/D) Deadly, 29 .. Wxod then 30 “Dxa6t wins Black's queen, 29... Sh 30 fsd6 Hh 31 ‘zai ties 32 aa! Simpler than any combination involving @x17. Black has no 132 m6 33 axb6 47 34 Das Nimzositsch - Rubinstein Dresden 1926 Leb eS 21 243 Ded a5 4 cxdS TndS 5 ef D4 6 ded e6 Many’ yeas later 6. 06 be came the fashionable theorecal line with complex pay 76.0 286 8 a3 as ‘Ths lets White plug the “hole™ ‘on dd bat Black fl itrecessary to ‘ake toom on 6 for is other 9 Oxdd cxdd 10 Ded a6 27 gs a6 12 140-6 13 HS Seas 14 haz 45 15 Hael 6 16 Bed wo ‘Afr the immediate 16 .. Ree White could answer with 17 xed bu now Biack actally threatens 17. fred 18 Ded es 19 Bed act 20 dred Wred se. So the times come fo White to clarify the ental tension Texts ex How should White improve his position? It seems that Black wil Simply complete his development and pot is rooks on the eve ingen ston of he mo teraahe night moves in ts hsry f he fame The ptt of this amazing ri hat the knight to be Sovgit o bb tn gf ia he sa! 8 d7 190 Bees te musa ee cas ta 8 White plays 2218s e722 Waa) Ben, 22. 29 Ws g626Whe spaenie her 25 6 White woud oy 30 binning cd The fede 2 8 falar afer 2 hes 27 bt dyed 38 bes Bois 2onel eee 26bé i 27 Sd Seb Ais ine given by Raymond Keene” in ht book about ingowiach 27» 8 28 16 29 Bb7? ete. oes 2s 7 leans 2905 Bresthen 30%: 31 8 mae Buc reso keop White's ght ‘The Noble Knight 65 ‘out of gS with 28.6, White an lake aan opener to Black's king= side with 29 gas 29. fxg 3015 WWres leade to mate aller 3) 16+ Ware 32 Wis. 29 x17 Wa17 30 Dgs Wes 31 ‘Beeb xe 32 Wel £0633 WET che Tf 33. EWG then 34 Deo is 004. ‘The slag is now set for an ele- gant finale, Ninzowiseh brings nother piece info theattack witha ‘neat pawn actif. 345! 8e7 Going into a hopeless endgame ‘bur Black will lose in ay case, The two main points are that 34 BxbS Toses to 15 Wib> We7 36 Wrb6 snd 34. exbs allows 35 Des b5 36 Wiss h7 37 Des Ph 38.dh hs 39 RY ses 40 2 ollowed by mate. 35 WagT+ Sng 36 bxo6 bc 37D 8 38 SieS eT 39 Diet I 40 g3 as 41 Bas 67 42 ‘eT soe 43 Ob W644 4 95 45 ins g4 46 es 486. The Noble Keight M03: 1) White to play KM42-2) Blac to play Month Week 4: Kights against Bishops In the lst sction we saw how ste bishop wil usually ope the eight in open positions. This ‘month the boot son the oes foot! In positions in which the Kaights ca gain seeure outposts, they ean fftenriumph over the longer tep- ping bishop, The following ames Fane 40 knights ouplaying the tations ally bighl valved bishop pair. The Firs shows Alba Rubinstein, nor ‘mally thought of asa bishop man, sing the Aaight pair wih great foc. Wolf Rubinstein ‘Teplits-Shoenau 1923 Nebe5 201363 D3 O46 4 5 Shs 50-00-0643 d67 gs ‘Axes & bxe3 Wer 9 Het Das 10 (G4 igs 113 AhS 12 4 6 13 Dh hs 14-267 This leads toa favourable posi= Yio foe Black because he obtains The Noble Knight 67, ‘he H4 square as an outpost fr his sighs, Theright way for White to play was with 14 QS! Sts 15 ‘Bato! Wai6 16 exf5 which John ‘Nom claims is beter for White it his monograph on the Four Knights Game, 14. fag 15 det nT 164 estes O17 ‘We have arived at «poston in which White has the traditional “advantage” of vo bishops against two knights. Buti hispar~ Neular ease it might be tha the igh are actualy better: Black asa juicy outposton 4 which will ‘act a. base for operations. White ‘doesn’t recognise the danger until itis oo lat 18 B13 aes 19 Wes b6 20 Abs? White plays a superficially ae- tive move but the strategic fea tures of the position start to favour Black. He should have probahy been thinking about ex: changing his light-squared bishop for Black's knight on 17 He should then defend bis king= side with 2-F5 and Wgl-g? and lop off Blsek’s remaining koight when it arrives on £4, With jst ‘major pieces on the board he would have good drawing hanes, 20 58 21 a4 Dist Not festing the opsning of the fle 22 aS Og6 23 13 re 24 ft one 25 Bats ‘6 The Noble Knit This exchange of bishop for leight 8 not 80 good, because ‘White's remaining bishop is “ead”, a§ we saw last month, [Now Black bas a definite edge 25... gxld 26 WD gS 27 as? White voluntarily puts arother parm onthe same coloursquare as Bis bishop and romowes the posi- bili of eter pay on the file Ine was hoping to draw by sealing up the position he was 000 tobe isappointed 27... W828 ig? ig7 29 Wer the 30.12 ‘The line 30 Wes saps 31 Wha Sas 32 7 Hibs 33 Wes bras show’ that the teat othe pawn ‘snot ea 3. Ha8 34 ebt 24732 805 Inegd 33 xg es 34.5h1 Bh ‘Anexcellent vay of eling up the efile, When Waite captres tis rook, Black gine a passed hepavn, ‘35 ahs exh 36 203, iakck was threatening 36. 3S a7 disks Whe 38 e2 Weds winning 36. ba Gaining 2 passed a-pawn to add to is hes trump. This guy R> Piston knew howto play. 37 8x05 37 Hxa5 06 38 1 WES would tsa give Black a decisive advange, ‘3m WS 38 Zb1 Zb8 39 Te 6 40 died Bo 41 Wal go 42 chan west Protesting the h-pawe and pre~ venting counterplaybased ong Bs 43h 14 has then 43. 844 Was (44 sed Wa7) 44 Wa 45 Was 247 46 Wad xt 47 xs WD would win, White does’ lock the arpaw in these lines it would advance decisively. 43. WHS HL Hiais Kmoct, in his book about Rubinstein, gave 44 Se} Exbl+ 45 Whi nl 46 ansiber Be This he Whi chances 38 en Bacar SS al ee We wan eco ay oad Papal he SD si! 403 bs! ad dag thn es 3 2b wnt a0. to Siergeaunedan es Signa ss wae Bel te sun ter aes? Pons aly soci 4 et woud iene Whit ote Inge spesokndone her “awn~tei a Brees or 48 etiesuseuasas Str heel ine mato copie tn ppv, Tre Yaga tute: Vv died hat Bek could old wes “wo Bags ied #7 ag ete 48 etaaee sn tia s0 tase Suestasctsa ape buss3 96 Eneststesssarasounss Sacer 1 thy te eben 58 eset Sethe 8a? Bar souen ens. owen Biss) co bare SP er se Brcko ase 74 The Mighty Queen KMS/I: 1) Black to play KMSil: 2) Black play ‘Month Week “The Queen Offside Just as every strength caries svi an inberent weakness, he {queen's immense power bring its ‘own problems. The fst and most, ‘common ofthese isthe danger of this invaluable piece being en sare by pieces ofa smaller value. ‘Thiemakes tof paramount impor lance to send the queen into the thik of atl wit great cae. The fist ofthis week's games is a: ‘other Tal effort which graphically istates this point “The second game was played by the gret Alexander Alekhine and shows what happens if the queen dit away fom te sene a bat en fact Nakhine is abl to sae- Fille two rook in order to get the snemy queen offside. Hodos Tal USSR 1962, 14 a8 2 ef dxed 3 O13 016 4 shes “Tony Miles has recently stared playing this again, Ve ans i's a ‘oli ne 5 xed 06.603 Whether oF mot one should Satoh arpa with ourqueen is ‘one of the thoes sues om the ‘chessboard, Beginner's books 2c- ‘amend that you should never do ‘it but in scaly thsi far too sim Plistic. The Poisoned Pawn Vari- The Mighey Queen 75 ton ofthe Sicilian Najdor (1 et £52093 d63d8exds 4 Dxd4 Sdcda66 hes e6 711668 Ha2 ‘xh2) has staddomly resisted al temps at refation, 6 x13 7 x03 Od 8 Wab7 59g ‘After this its difficult for White's king to find longer se- curity. 9 Ze is beter, after which 9). exdt 1Oendd do 11 Ot ix 4 possible sequel. Another possi biliy 36 9 0-0 intending ta give back the pawn with 9. exd 10 96 10 03 eT! 1 axes. Aer 1] 45 05 (2 S65 rs 13 dues Hibs, White is unable o defend against te fork on 3. Tan ixeS 12 Wee?! ‘The queen gets ino trouble on this aguare. All the same Black wouldve good compensation for hispavn after WS" GP dueto ‘White's ing’ problems. 12. 28 Perhaps White was expecting 12 hfe after which 13 1 gives ‘hie the #5 ssuare for his queen 1 The Mighty Queen and takes away eS from Black's Pgh, it And not 13 04 BeB 14 hot bps 15'S Bos 16 Ws bs when White loses his quen, 13 Set 1s a6 Soppins Black srok omingo cf 14 Oe inmesby 4 Bet 1S Wis (is Hhaos Week 16 Banos Wes 17 BbS.£16) 15 06+ 14. 28 “There Was a good seratve in 14. ied 1S be} bs 163? oS 7b (17 aes Byes BM dacs) 17 rab 15 Qxed Zhe 16 Wek Whitehad no doo been relying com this move But even aft the ‘Sheiange of guens i difclios persist. Shamhovich posted ost that by sarcing he queen ih 1 byes! yes 17 nas Haas 18 Daas West 19.2 ra6 20-2 5ig8 21 0-007 21. ral? ie ony the unpleasant 2316) 2 Sissy, Write could make i et for Black oi 36. x08 17 Bue8 Dyed Bad Hoping to get in 19 aS which would give his bishop a ial eseape squat at b7 or a6. White's bishop {208 Uapped afer citer 18 Dest or 1 a3 eT 19-LUT DESI oe 18. ings 19 ded e529 es Hoping get in 21 Hoes, OF courte Has eis hopele botnet dy7 bl 2 Wats acd 29 gb 24 263 Hass qu opt Alekhine Lowentsch St Petersburg 1912 tases Alekhine had a rather dim view ofthe Benoni and {have sy that {share his pinion. White gels a ‘pemanent space advantage afer ods, 245 D163 03 d6 44 268.14 bar? ‘A very serious mistake as Black's knight on 5 wit need this square sehen White plays of, Black shoul play 5.7 628.06 “The eason for this mow i that 6 up ABT 705 dyes 8 Tres Ded 9 6 Bide 10S deprives Black feasting rights and leaves im trith a horible game. This is an tnfortunate consequence of Black's mistaken 5. Qb7 Te dues 8 feeS Higa 96! Ripping Black's pos 9. Qdes 10.864 Daf AS Alekhine pointed out, 10 A g7 wouldalsobedeepty wnples fant afer 11 We Dnt? 12 gx 16 13 ext? dxt7 14 00-0 ee, tis posible that Black was now hoping for 11 WxP37! fee6! 12 rad eS which is quite playable foci. Alekhine's next move de- ‘troy his illusions 1 gx03t 216 (D) 12 Best Even stongee than the immediate cape on 17, a case of te threat ‘being suonger than the execution 12. fxe6 13 dues WO6 ‘The exchange of quesns would fot ease Black's defence: 13 Wale 14 xd g7 15 67 00 16 6 is the extremely pain line pointed out by Alene. The Mighty Queen 77 14 Wen! Wao, Had Black been hoping escape with 15 d2 Os 16. Bes hor 17 3 Best 18 B06 dB, he ‘was reckoning without Alekhine's genius for combinations. 1sQpstt A brilliant soltion tothe prob- lem, 15 .axbS is answered by 16 xbs+ de 17 dls, 15... Weal 16.62 Wxht 17 Der as 19 Wad a7 9exd7 10 ‘White threatens 20 Qe6 mate andieither 19... ad 20 6 nor 19 2520 Deb ie? 21 ac) xii 22 Wad8 17 23 Osxt8 ‘g7 24 Wer would help. 18 The Mighty Queen KMS/2: 1) White to play KMS/2:2) White roplay Month S/Week 3: ‘The Queen Sacrifice “The great value of the queen rks the queen scrfce oe of the Inostaactve concepts on hechess board Tam not talking abou the Kind of pscado-scrfie in which ‘here is clear variation leading to @ swim [have in mind ideas that give {the queen fora variety of material and positional compensation which ‘cannot be caleulted during play The frst oF his week's games srauably the most beau game ‘von against the Cuban macsto Capablanca, The second fetures fone ofthe most bila combina tive players in history, Rashid Nezkmettinos. Lilienthal - Capablanca Hastings 1934 144.246 264.0633 A443 The Staisch Variation is one of the sharpest methods of play ‘gaint the NimzorIndian, White immediately gain the two bishops and hopes to build upa broad pawn ‘ene i subsequent play. “4. xed § bxe3 b6 A good reply, the moder inter Dretation of which st lay siege to et with. ha followed by 26 and. Bas. On his next move, Capablanca renounces this in fe Your of t rather more oldfash- ined treatment The Mighty Queen 79 615.457 Lys n68 Bnd 269 of ‘This pawn sacrifice was first used by Alekhine the yar beforein his game against Blskases The points that 9. dxed 10 fred gS 1 fig) ned 12 eS followed by 138A or 13 Wed gives White strong atack, Dw dexed 10 xed dyed 11 Wad WaT 12 Wxes Wes Inthe abovementioned Alekhine + Eliskases game Black obtained a atisfactory position with 12.6 3 ed Fas 14 We Hes 15 00 0-0-0 16 Eabl g5 17 2g3 Os (8 £45, White might aloo ty 16eS!? 185 Texto gxhd 18 Wes according to Lilienthal, 13Wa3 Qha7 14 Der Eas Capablanca prepares to meet ‘White's intended 1508 with 15 eS, In Lillenas view, 14 (040-0 would not achieve this be- cause of 15 of es 16 We3 Dxet 17 Bel bs 18 a4 a6 19 0-0 2072! 20 axbs axbs 21 Ws, winning ‘uicklydvetothethreatof22 2. 150-035 80 The Mighty Queen Waite opens the position to his vantage aftr IS. 2es 16 2 “ot 1788 secon to Lilet, 16 Wer Intending 17 04 on his next ‘move, but Lilienthal pointed out that White could als play his n= mediately. 16 e4! ies 17 Wes Bych ismet by 18 Bael BS 1924! 16 1, Wed 1714 Beh 1815 e519 ves Wet In view of what ftlows, several sommanasors late suggested the fine 19... Wes= 20 da Ces 21 B16 gxf6 with an edge for Black. But White docs much beter with 20 8.0! Wes 21 a4 Wed 22 ‘Wrodt Gixok 25 Rig? HHT 24 ot or 21 ., We7 22 05 ZneS 23 Digs (0-0 (23 .. 147 24 £6) 24 Bael ‘7 25 16 gx 26 hs, ileal himself fee that 9) nes was elatively fest bu then 20084 G7 21 Bal 0-022 O45 threatens 23 DeT+ and 231. 20 exf6t Wixc2 21 fag? gh 22 a Black's quen is tacked and a eadly check on el is threatened 22. Wediemetby 23 Lael+ Des 24 BxeS+ sea7 25 Hast es 26 Belt and 22... Wxc3 by 23 Hel eS 24 Zxes+ dd? 25 Bes ds 26 Dost ec 22... Wed 23 Hael Des 24 Bret Oued 25 Led Exg7 26 Exett ded 10 ‘Capablanca tendered his resig~ ation without waiting for White'snextmove,27 eT a6 28 16 followed by 29 Bes is crushing. Polugacvsky - Neshmetdinoy USSR Ch, Sochi 1988, 144 216 2 €4 463 Deh 5 44 xd 5 Wiad Deb 6 Wd? 9673 BgT 8 Bh? 00 9-43 Ops 10 Oger what ‘Aer this energetic linge Blac. obtains excellent play. Probe ‘White should have prevented this move with 102, 11 2g3 SigeS 120081 After the atiitve-looking 12 gd, White had devised the re imarkable 13 b3 Qu? (4 Wxi2) Ras 15 Waser Dxdt 16 ds, sacrificing the queen 10 obtain & devastating atack. “Long diago- ‘nal combinations ike his do crop ‘up gute fequenty. BB 13H igmetby 13. Bet 13... An6 14 Wal 1415 Oger es 162ds gs ‘Threatening 17. gh 18 AB “Babst. Since 17 figd Gop is ‘clearly rather good for Black, Fougaevsky is forced to ake radi- al measures, 1793? fag 18 hg nS 1964 “This senders the Knight on eS immune because of 20 fxeS?? ads 21 exds Beds-+, 19 | is bad because of 20 $2 ‘Whar 21 dest making Whie’s king se and threatening 22 Zt. 20 eo? B21 aN? ‘Withhis casted positon disine- sxating, White's king decides 10 Pea for he bills 21 Wh2s 22 shes vas 23 ads "And not 29 ex Heft. 23... 0h 24 Eh ae 24. Eater Iniiating a stunningly bestia combination involving the sicr- fice of Black's queen. This is what Neshmeudinow sid tout this on S=Pt “Obviously could notcaleu- late tl probabies at the board The combination was intuitive and The Miely Queen 81 this is precisely why I found it so dificult to tke the plunge.” 2s Exh 1f25 Dnt then 25. neds. 25 ‘fis met by 25 ate 26 Bxit (26 thas WI 26 edt and 25 Bxe5 by 25 G+ 26 a4 w+ 25. BB+ 26a ‘An amazing position that Black fund to assess Sn his preliminary ealeulations, White's king is caught in a net, bu tis no easy to Se how 10 land ion the seve: neither 26. Shed 27 Se} nee 26 ©8427 dxob bxo6 28 3 lead ‘oa clear win for Black, ie ‘Thiatening27_.b5 followed by 28... @ec6 mate. White bas only ‘me way to pay tis. 127 ad 5-28 dxe6 bxe6 29 243 Dewi 30 seed a: 30... b2+ would also win be this eads to mate ‘BH exd5 exd5=32.8b5 58-33, a5 Geo 34 a6 leaves Black with a choice of mates in one 12 The Might Queen MSI: 1) Black to play KMS/3: 2) Black o play KMS/: 3) White to play KMS/3: 4) White to play ASB: 4) White 19 ASP) Black wo play lay ‘Month s/Week 4: ‘Oucenless Middlegames Many amateur players tend t0 avoid the exchange of ens like the plague. There ate a number of ‘reasons fr thi the man one being that the widely understood method of wianing a game with a mating stack is rendered much more dit= ficult without the queens on ‘The problem with the “keep queens on” approach is that the logical line of play often involves the exchange of queens and the purely positional exploitation ofan [ndvanage in the endgame, Keep” ing the queens on a al costs may therefore mean paying for compl cations a the expense of postion, ‘hich i not good for ones devel. lopment a player: Inthe following two games 1 hope to show that chess can be every bit as allo interesting com binations without the presence of queens. They bot feature Mikhail Tal one win and one los. Mukhin = Tal Moscow 1972 144 216 2 04 6.3.3 44 300 5 De2 45.6 a3 £77 OK 6 8 Las dxcd 9 xed dT 10 Da3 5 11 dxes Dred 12 Dred Ayes 13 Wad Eras ‘A quiet opening has produced a ‘symmetical and indeod dawish The Mighty Queen 83 position in which one might expect {he players to split the point and shake hands at any moment. Yet even this position cas lead to bea ‘ful combinative ideas. 148 Afler 14 she? folloved by 15 2d), further simplification would follow and even Tal would have Aitficulty in squeezing some life ‘ut of the position. White's [ast ‘move seems to suggest that White considered the game easily drawn, in fact stip rather careless and ‘weakens squareon the c-file Tan eT 1562 S47 16 seed In principle mis ea good move, asthe king betongs inthe cere in the endgame But inthis ease the ‘game stil bs many middle-game features, Witeshouldhaveplayed 1600, 16... ach 17 a3 White's postion 8 becoming uneomiiable 17263 would be ret by 17. es 18.8 ds! 17-206 1818 dT! ‘This move i tactically justified bythe fat that 195 gives Black» {4 The Mighty Queen cle average after 19 e820 bce ndh 2 exb? Black’ tha of 19 eS i ot 10 met 9 Det 1B cis 20 bs s0+ 21 cisively. 29. bét 30 Zxa 1650 Wel Has 31 Wras Was! 32 Was Brad Black's rok would penetate doisvly inthe endgame. ‘30. bxe3! 31 Ene eZ? The brilliant point i that the yn must guoer "32 Ea 7 33 0 (By On Delt Threatening smothered mate wth 35 0 8 ‘52h? Wet “This tine theatening a mating aac with 36. bs. White is ompelied io sacrifice the ex change. ‘6 Sb Js 37 Exbs Wxbs 38 D419 Bt ef AO gals ‘Aer dO gS Black would obtain too ited passed pawns afer 0 move which place, White in zugawang. If 41 ‘D3 Det oe 41 Zi then 41 xga ving. And 41 BAS oF 41 hl arealsometby 41... Od with ‘mate on g2 should White espace So ater a couple of useless pawn ‘moves, Whites compelled 10 lose satel 41-5 soy8! 42 nS hE 43 of Dixed 44 Dred Weed 45 eo xd 46 16 gxlo 47 Bd2 Wer? Yet another quees sacrifice 19 force a winning endgame. “48 xed feed 49 ext = SO sbxtl eg 51 Ge G7 SEED BG 53 Wet a+ 0:1 In the above game Alekine’s passed pawns arose rather unex postal, while the following fa mote spiel example of 1 White passed d-pavn emerging from a Standard opening set-up. Spay uses this pas oe up the enemy forces, and combines thie with treats against the bis king, ‘Spas - Persian Moscow (World Ch} 1969 1 of 26 2 Des 06 3 213 a5 4 4 68 5 exdS Oxd5 6 of Dac 7 boxed exd 8 exdé ib4= 9 Lar Asad 10 Wea? 0-0 11 Led Des 120-0 b6 13 Saat? £67 14 Ztel e8 15 dS! exd5 16 xa 205 17 Gra Wer 1B Ws vas Afteruaving been oupayedinthe opening Persian no doubt realise he wat in trouble and thought twenty minutes over this move. He ‘was no doubt loathe to give White poeta passed d-pavn but 18. ‘i619 S57 ab? 20 Ra eT 21 edt isnot very traci, 19 exds We White gain astong stack after 19 Red 20 Zags go 21 Wh bs 22Ges 623 H5+Hg7 24S ana 19. Wd6 20 gs Wes 21 ‘Brgo nego 22 66057 25 a7 Heads 24 He7 Des 25 Ea gives Black homie endgame. 20 Wea Wa? 24 a6 Hoag 22.47 The pawn’s arival on the 72h ‘rank spalsthebepinning of the end ‘The Soul Pawn 95, fo Black. is pieces wil shortly hebound hand and foot, whichpre- ‘wets them from defending their eng, 28 22 Wed 23 WIS N6 Black could also ty’ 23 ., Wes but then 24 Zs Web 25 We? fol- lowed by 26 Weis decisive 24 Hel Wab 25 He7 5 26 ds 6 Petrosian could have defended ‘ore tenaciously with 26 .. Wa6 27 Bass Wa 28 Bl bs. 29 Boa? Qt 30 Gxt hed 31 257 {26 32 WDs dig7, bur White would fventually win by opening up Black's kingside, 27 Bek! O07 “Thor se longer any defence, 27. Wyld is met by 28 Bad Bxdb 29 ess, 27_ baby 288! Wroe 29 Ext ef 30 Bass inTB 31 WeSH! res 32 48M snd 27. pb by 28 Bad Was 29 Bybs, Dies ds Black's ast ty, but Spasthy as propared an elegant Fine 29.2xd8! Dats 30 26 1:0 94 The Soul Pawn M62: 1) Black to play KaM62: 2) Black play AG? ) White to play ‘A602: Black wo play ‘Month Week 3: Locking Up The Criminals Acoonding tthe highly original chess thinker, Aaron Nimzo- ‘witch, “the passed pawn is @ Criminal that mast be Kept dar Tock and key”. Wehavesen inthe previous two sections just how Uangerous these criminal pawns canbe. The way to lock them up is to plata piece firmly infront of them a a blockade, "The piece best suited tothe role of blockader is te knight, whose tivity isnot ciminished by such ‘task and even benefits by being Shielded fom frontal attack. Bis opsalso make good blockaders but rooks and queens do not. Major pieces are too valle to be en- aged ina muinly defensive day ‘nd thei lateral activity is severely reduced The following game is & master pie ofblockad by that allower oF Ninzowitsb, Tian Pevosian. His bean 250 mae stops vo men acing White pawns in their ek Reshevsky = Petrosian Zarteh (Candidates) 1953 144216 2 0406.3 23.24 4 3005 243 d8 0.00 5700 eG 8 a Sixc3 9 bx hg 10 xd exdS 11 02 ef 12 REP Bet 13 Wel ed 14 a2 Dua? 15 Wad h5 16 15 g6 17 of WaT 18 Bact dyes The Soul Pawn 9S An interesting _momeat Petosian presents White with two connected pawns inthe cente but ‘wily to reste thes further ad- ‘vance, and hopefully ange an eventual Doskade 19 txe4 Bes 20 Ws Should White try 19 resuain Black's queenside majosity with 2004, Black can pay 20... 21 a3 543 22 Bxsdendd 23 Bid ‘x24 according to Bronstein, 20.8 21-21 Rerouting te bishop to et with view toa futher advance of his central pawns 21 eT 2 Sgt We 295 a5 24 Beh a 28 fet ‘White snow thebening a break rough with 26 6, which looks very dificult for Black to meet, Pettosan finds a brian. reply in ‘order to ainsi the Blockade. 25... bt! ‘A really besutfel move. Black calmly puts the rook en pris in ‘order o fee €7 fr his nigh. This intum sen route forthe weonderfi) ‘Sesquare when White's central 9% The Soulful Pawn pwns will be firmly blockaded Possibly White would have done beter now with 26 8 intending to tack Black's kingside with 2745 ‘and 28 Hg3. Reshesky, however, hes take the material and win, 26a De? 26.-b427 dS Bnd 28 B06 Fes 29 Wot was proboy what Rshev- ‘ky had in mind, but Petrosian icks to his stategy of blockade. 27 Sixe6fee6 28 GE 28 WP dS 29 BES bh ie ane lesan! for Whit 24.045 29 E63 Las 30 aed ‘Whites have any chance of winning then be must start chal Tenging forthe light squares 30 - exd3 31 Wed bs aexbt In time-troubie, Reshevsky. hoases the simplest move, 32 of ips 33 el Goa 34 Ba Hb and Sd exdS MoS ad 38 hades 36181 Web aregivenby Bronstein 32. axbt 32 7 ixbA was also possible 33 a5 a8 34 Zal We 35 Let WeT 36 a6 Wh6 37 a7 48 38 ‘Wed ng 39 3 bo 40 3b1 sens 4¢ Rel is ‘lac’ position is sight sope- ‘ioe bat daring the adjourament he found no way to win. A very nter= esting srugge ‘Nimaawitsch had a saying with regard theartof blockade: “Firs, resin, nex! blockade and lastly estoy The following game isa ‘marvelous illustration ofthe three stages ofthis process: wwe Pik Anisterdam 1950 144 2,62 4463 2305 4exas DadSs Ag? Ay7 6 e467 Der £58.45 0-09 0-06 10 Abe3 Oss 11 04 es 12 2462 Dest Bick’ top priory sto block ade Whi’ passed pawn and on 6 this kright will also exer pres- sure agains the pawn oe White should challenge this idea with 13 Dost Bd 14 ec3 We 15 a4 oe 13 De? 14 Wed! 13632206 14 Led bo 152 Not so much to avoid the ex: change of daresquared bishops, 8 ‘esraint agains! White's ext move 16 White should content himself with 166 followed by 17 El 16. 2e7 7D? ‘This is very serovs mistake which presents Black with the eS- Savare: Black would get © good ston anyway with 26 and ‘DMS, it it would not be as ‘Serious as inte game. V7anextit 8. axtd White bas to concede eS a5 18 gxft Qxed 19 xed xed 20 ‘Dot Bal loses a pan. Te dat 18 God 19 x04 xed 20 Oixet xsl 21 O28 is no longer 00d, White would have an ire sist atack,| 195el We mgd Lest ‘The blockading pieseson 6 and 65 prove tobe immensely strong, 21 hxes Wes 22 O37 White shuld ry to regi con= ‘olofeswith22 le ofthe boar, on and foc ‘example, sknownasactasialeen- tre, The benefits of such cena fr- feaons are manifol, one ofthe sin ones being tha it enables you {post your pieces more efectvely ‘han those of you opponent. thas Tong been known cht centralised pieses are generally stronger than those atthe eg, and a strong pawn ‘lr willdeny the opponent cetal Squares on whic wo post is pices “Therarea numberof openingsn which a player wil ry to elisha tas pawn cere fom he out Set Ts month we wil be aking Fook at games from four different ‘openings to see how tease cote dynamics work in prctial ply. “The ist two weeks covertheven~ rable and romantic King's and Evans Gambits which remain popu lac to this dy. In weeks thee and four we willbe loking at wo med «emopeaings in whic White sets up canta pawn do, tbe Bxchange Grifeld ‘and the Petosian Var akon ofthe Queen's Indian Defence. ‘Month 7)Wesk I: ‘King's Gambit ‘The King’s Gambit isthe most, ‘omante of all ches openings nd ‘enjoyed is peak popularity over a fenauy ago. Today itis seen beng risky proposition, but iis ‘occasionally played by cotrpe ing Grandmasters sucha Spas, Bronstein, Shirov, Hebden, G Ingher, and most recently, Niget Short One ofthe main ides of themove 2 fis to wench Black's epain tsi fom te centre and pen the ‘le. White will fen be able to build an atack along the Fle, a5 oe example inte folowing game Bronstein - Dubinin USSR Ch, Leningrad 1947 rebe5 214 [AG the time of this game the King's Gambit was, Bronstein's daring. He has maintained i fection for it throughout his carer. Dn exft! 3213 gS hd Prabably the best move, White ives Black no ime to consolidate his pawn suture with 6 and This move defines the Kies sentzky Gambit, White coald also try the Allgsier Gambit with Sg er which 5. W6 forces White 10 ive upa piece with 6 x17 dxt7, Which was for many years thought Wh The Classeal Conre lo be inadequate. Spanish GM Miguel Hleseas has, however, e- vive it with he move 7 23 ‘Thesocalled “long ssion which was disredited by this ‘game. The modem preference is foreithor 5. Sg or $ . Ob Ges Rb7I 4 SNS DIDO 9 Gin? Bixf7 10 Sixt x7 11 axis! 19... SxS 20 SIT Oxf 21 ‘Black orcedhisopponentiosac- artes tnwean Meat Rade tifiee on £7, but his further saci- te 24 Wats Gh7 25 WISt fice must have been most h626 WxdS Sige 27 @a7 1:0 unexpected and unweleome, ‘White prises open the Fle, afer The following game feature an- which Black's king comes under other great King's Gambitcer, ‘serious pres, Boris Spassky. The epening goes brady fe White bathe caunes prob Joms withthe inherent advantage oft strong centre. Spassky - Portisch ‘Budapest 1967 Lob e524 ext 3 O13 a6 “The socalled “Fischer Defence” which he great Bobby once mstak- nly claimed was a “refutation” of 11. Saxfd 12 0.0 Wehd 13 homme 3 OD. The modem ani Bxt6e ig7 14 Want ote is 4d gS Sit p46 Da Tey move Whicvanieshs “4 AetnGSa4gS6B38 ent? «queentoa dark square nd prepares move was ater exited by tedouble rooks onthe le wit) ye teoncang tarah na toe 15 Zafl to bean easier ing to do wi he We 6 1S Bal DAR 16 DAS bene of night ised ofthis Ad iTestdveS 1BaveS 26196! 7.7.0 7 8 eyed was sugpested Preparing the final assault fy’ with very complex play in prospect prising openthee-h8 diagonal for "7 g4 igh Wha 9 NT M6 the queen. Wed gs! a aa The storm clouds are gatbering around White's king and he only escapes atthe cost of mate 11 yp pub 12 Bah? Rah 13 oh Wend ‘Winning the exchange, but vari= ‘ous commentators later claimed ‘hat Black should instead play 13 "We3, maintaining tne atack. Yet iis also snot very clear after, for couample, 14 Se? Ded 15 Bret Died To Was Wea 17 exd3 Daud 16 O45 040-0 19 ed BS 20 e2 wit pressure forthe pawn. Mca? Od 15 West After 15 $g2 Oe3+ 16 12 ‘ud White wood have 1 mise place his queen's knight when re- Black has won marl uti is safer easy forint realise his advantage. White's "King's Gan bi?” contre makes i difficult Toe Black to asiate his pices 172. Be 18 D3 AG 19 La as 20 Gags Tags 21-01 es 22 Ans 3723 a5) The Classical Cen 105 Resting Black’ knight 23... Bh4 24 2A Be 25 25, ‘Hogh 36 3 1971 InbisefTorsowin, ontisch sac rifices a pay, but hei starting to take serious risks. 26 . 16 on the ther hand 8 eranly not worse for White after 27 M2 yh 25 Ph 27 29 Bs as is poses ae sping ino #5 and 6 27 exfS! eB 28 5A 6 29 xcs yes Ton’ tlk this sites contol of dS and e6. Instead, I think be Should prefer the modest 29 bxe6 intending. d6-dS followed By acaing te gt vi “So aessers an 24672 31 1 x2 looks bell. Now White star to tke ver S2Bd3 nS 3 Hed Hed 34 De2 35 ig Beh36 25063723 {Det Seb Deh 39 ef 07 40 DER DIGSN HAS AMA LAA oO 43 be ‘roa of elas. Bee playing eseh White Hirst improves Poston oth maximum extent “= dB 44 a8 6 48 Ott Now White swing 45. Oye 46 Axe? Ons 47 ga Gnd a8 Ses eT Grst. Dxtte 49H Ores 0 ese. “9 Lt abt 0 Bes Das $1 bho hes 52 ound Saad 8316 Bes $4 RAs G7 55 17 OI 56 ast 108 The Clawsice! Centre KMT/L: 1) White o play MIN: 2) White to play MTV: 3) Whit to play MM: 4) White to play ANI: 8) White to play -AT/= 6) White to play mth TWeek 2: Evans Gambit “The Evans Gambit a romantic fopenitg of the stme ilk as the King’s Gambit. After the moves 1 eS 2243 Deb 3 os Res White sclera hisplan of playing 43 tnd 5d by giving Black a pawn Te looks like a mad and reekless thing 0 do with one’s pawns bat the Evans is «serious opening. It ‘has been adopted by two of the greatest player inthe story ofthe teams, Bobby Fischer and Gary Kas “The Evans used to feature hea Sty in top evens its merits having been debated by Mikhail Chigorin fd Wilhelm Stentz in thei 0 CChanapionship matches. Chigorin -Stenitz World Ch. Havana 1889 LebeS 213 De63 Led eS. bf Axbisc3 95 60.0 816 Wilhelm Seni stubbornly pre= ferred this move, despite some rather poor fesulis with it His ‘eventual successor, Emanuel Lasker, would lata introduce the ational 6» d67 3 WAT 8 des 266, giving back the pawn for ‘reader, 74ST gS WI69d5 248 10 Wad £6 11 a3 Wes This poston i aleady very ur Pleasant for Black, 11.36 12 2b3 Ahreatens 13 Des and 1. g6 ie The Cleseal Centre 107 met by 12.05 WS 13 e3 06 14 ‘Bxbs exbs 15 xb5.On 11-06, CChigorin pointed out the line 12 adi f6 13 dxe6 Wreo 14 2s! fags 15 Ones Wes 16 do 17 x7! threatening mat 12 Byer sexe 13 One HG 4 14. Waed? Suicide cess. Black should play 14. d6 afer which 1505 dxeS 16 xe eR (and ne 16 eS 17 acl 18 18 gt) 17 Hac! g6 ‘out then 18 2b? 2g7 19 Obs a6 20 Qi leaves Black with a dit- alt positon Seeause of his awk ‘ward pace pieces 1SeS! of As Chigorin himself noted, “Black fas no moves that coald help develop his game". 15. dis ety 16 exis exd 17 Biel Teds 17 3st A ory strong move which al- ews the transfer of White's queen sie Kingside. art gs 19 Was 57 Wes i ot good, 19. aa 20 aa ii The Classeal Centre And nt 20g 2.847 Atcmpting 0 bil ot by ex careaganes ino eb covey meth 2 Wa g22 cb hg? 23 Biel. eet aba 2 ob Gxeh 22 Axe6 tas 23 £5 was given Stents beng ven tongs, bt Bogolybov Pinedo that Black can anwer {hi wih 23 gh 20 0 ga ineding 25 "es. Ber? 21 Geb was more tenacious ccoring to Steinitz 22 2icas We “Thy threat was 23 Be? and 22 and 23 xd followed by 2-8 ‘wold ave led oa massacre 23 Wigs hs ‘Theline 23. es 24 Be2bS 25 3 ha 26 Wess was piven by Stentz, but Rogotysbov pointed oul that 24 245+ and ef god, 24 DS S18 25 Wags Wags 26 hag ne Stentz aso gave 26 .. e6 27 Duet fre6 28 le? BHI 29 St a 30 xok Ba 31 £4 31732 B15 33 But5+ oxf5 34 ate 27 GL ENS 28 £4 eb 29 gat Inxg8 30 ng Kh 31 Oet7 AIT 3215 Web 3 fre6 deb 34 Ded “Thethreatis simply 38 26+ and i348 then 35 47+ xa 7 36 Dado he 37 BETH or 34. dT 35 Qitbe bi 36 gs hes 37 47, The following game is one of those in which Kasparov brought hack the Evans Gambit, much to tho suprise ofthe chess world. His demolition of a player of the strength of Jeroen Pket shows that itis an opening not o be sneezed Kasparov Piket Amsterdam 1995 ebeS 2013 B63 Led eS ba Bb6 Deecining the gambit may seem like a safe option, but it gives ‘White good game without mater rial invesment SadaS@b5 447 Dxa4 dead Bed Ab69 dd exaert Giving up the cert lke this is nota vty good idea, Piket might have been hoping for 10 cxa4 ds 11 xd et (12 2e3 66) hat he 'sinfora disappointment. The not ‘mal way to play it would be with 9 Wer followed by 10. ds, strong pointing the e5 square 10000! 7 The Classical Centre 109 Desiting that discretion is the 20 BixeS) though one can under beterpart of valour. ‘tnd Pike's desire co get casted! 1! gst h6 12 Lee? Wre7 13 Black's queen now gets chased xd Bae ‘rom ilar to post. Tf Pikes imagined be would be 1748 HeS 18 Eel! 6 able to get aay wih snatching This loses, but what else can White's d-pawn ke thishe wasn Black do? Aer 18 6 Kasparov forabig diappoiniment. Afterthe gavethe ine 19 Subs Wa7 205307 superioe |3...Wos, Kayparovgive eS 21 WxeS when nether 2 143 0-0 15 Wd dS 16 end (or oh 22 Ht? Bxt7 23 Wess 7 maybe 16 xd5!7 Badd 17Wxds 24 WeT= nor 21. Les 22 06 ‘ANG 18 Bad eS 19De4) 15... Wok 23 De7+ HE 24 Reem ‘B47 17 De2 Wide 18 Bed, when wou beng say joy ‘being pawn up is beter than be- 19 Ba ings pawn dow, Another good move was 19.63 14 est dna after which Kasparov gave 19 Aller I4 xd Kasparov gave Wa 206 bs 21 27 d5.22exd6 shespectauiar Sasi Wrot(1S 24723 Rel, Wes!?) 16 Rel a2 17 Bxc7) 19. Wad xc7 18 Oxc7+ e7 and now 19 Neithercould Blacksavehimself ‘Dxa8 46 20 We'=- looks like the by giving uphis queen, Kaspacon's most convincing way. An equally analysisran 19. Wye 2081 spectaculae reply awaits Pike's exd821 Bxas de 22 exa eb 25, choice “Bxb7 Habs 24 We7ERAER 25 Bcd 15st Bval 16 Wat [Bye§ 26 Wacss dhxck 27 bo bi 28 d7 Sxd729 67 witha corona tion inthe offing. After 19 a7 White would win wih 2096 38 21 Det Ghe 22 Wes JS 23 exdor 2026 Kasparov also gave some lengthy analysis to show that 20 ‘He31? was also good. Buthisactl ‘hoice seems towin fairly conine= ingly. 16...0.07 20. d5 21 Dna8 G8 22 Os AccordingioKasparovthis isthe te6 23 83 a8 24 bxe6 buco 25 Aecisive mistake (he gave 16..% Zed Wid 26 Eaeo Hb8 27 nds VT exb6 18e5 25 19 Het dds Wend 28 Bel Wad 29 ded 120 110. The Clasical Contre M2: 1) Whitt play M772: 2) White play KM7/2:3) White play M72: 4) White t pley A172: 2) Whitt play A728) White to play ‘Month T7Week 3: Exchange Grinfld In the 1920s and 30s, a number sf'young masters came to question ‘sions classical notions, including thenecessity of occupying the cen tee th pawns. They argued that contolling it with pieces was ‘equal valid, and that in some cases $00 could actualy let your ‘opponent occupy the cenre and ‘hen spend time attacking it Inthe igh ofthese new ideas the so-called “Hypermoderns" or "Neo-Romintce” worked out whole range af exciting new open ings. Defences such asthe Nimzo~ Indian (I'dé O46 2 ef e6 3 ied Bibs) contol th cenze wit pieces ‘whilst the Alene (14 26) and Grinfeld( 4 2f6 204 g63 03 45) invite White tose up pawn conte withthe deathat itil hen De subject to attack “These last two openings have been subject to continual debate and controversy, thei sky nate leading many theoreticians to claim “refutations™ at ons time ot another. In spite ofthis, beth these openings ar stil going stong, the Grinfeld in pancarenjoymg the patronage of some ofthe Wesld’s leading players to this ay Kasparov, Kamsky, Ivanchuk snd Timman, to name but afew, 22 smog the ilusrous players wo Include the opening in hee reper The Clasical Conve 11 At the present time I want to concentrate mainly the mentsof having the central pawns. Knaak - Uhlmann East German Ch 1978 1 db 216 2 of p63 D3 a5 4 exdS nds 5 of “Thedlvect acceptance of Black's Inviation to oeeupy the centre is clearly one ofthe cia lines. tis this line eich has caused Black his most awkward moments S..2ine3 6bxe3 ig7 7.20400 sae ‘An interesting twistin the mover order by Koa tis designed 20 fora more aggresive set-up than usual should Black play one ofthe early B6 lines nb After § .. 05 9 D2 the game ‘would retam 10 normal ines but now Kraak gets chance to imple- tment the idea behind 8 9 hat? 267 10 West Using the rather slow pace of Black's development o launch an ‘immediate tack, Knaak is widely Feared for his direct attacking style W.. 847 1 Der The immediate 11 BS? is met by 1 Wes 11 RS 12 gS 26 13-4061 Aer 13 . 085 Kraak gave 14 xg6 xok 15 Bxe7? Was 16 ixeT Bie8 17 g5 and on 13 ‘7 he intended 14 Zh xs 15 Wrist pS 16 Eis. 112 The Clasieal Conve taal! Qa 15 Las os? ‘The Gainfld has featured heav= After defending with great ci ily inthe championship matches cumspection, Uhlmann allows a between Karpov and Kasparov, decisive sutiticia) breakthrough. which shows the high regard is Black had to try 15, Wes! Which Kasparov holds this de- fence. Unfortiataly for him, the resus have favoured Karp pat~ Weuaey in the Exchange Varie Aion. Here ste Thgame of their 1990 match Karpov - Kasparov Lyons World Ch. (17) 1990 1 ad 216 2 4 36.3 Ded aS 4 cxdS xd e4 D303 6bxe3 Ag? Thes eS8WA200920 Spa 10 16. 6 also gives White a wine ningattackafer 17 Ext6- 2x6 18 ‘B76 S08 19 Wt 520 5 HS 21 age 17 A Sto 18 ate Bas Ager 18. Bte8 19 Bh3 es 20 AES! White has eveats suck as ‘Bis and 5. 19 HG 16 After 19. 5 (intending 2023, 4 o¢ 20 Wxes H7) Knaak gave 20 Wa6+ ins 21 Wyhs Sg (or 21 og? 22 Bhs 128 eS) 22 xf ext5 22. We? 2316 Bxi% A very interesting ide, avoid= 24 Bis) 25 Bigor hb 24 Whor ing the exchange ofthe valuable 825 Axis ec knight on #3. After 10 h6, 20 B gor en 21 e515 ‘White wants obit the bishop on AAfter1.. e7 White wins with g with II 83, and when it re 22 Whor segs 23 Bh3 B17 24 treat he will calmly drop the g3+ Hg 25 Wh according to knight back to #3. Kat, 10. exdt 11 exds Des 22 Whos sigh 23 Eh3 G7 24 After the ensuing sad rete, the a8 10 move 9. gd oaks rather point less, The way to try and justify i ‘was with Efim Gelle's intresting Suggestion of 161? 123 bxgs [haps WaT! (Aer 13... e614 ld} Wa7 15 Se? Black would be ‘unable to intease the pressure on (44) 14 Me? Ma 15 al Was 16 ‘Da6! of 16... 6? 1765 Hac. 1283 a7 13 Eb1 Kasparov’s next move makes hisatack on 7 seem less relevant ‘would thereforehave been beter toplay 1328, 13 Hea! 1420 (On 14 Bxb7 Kasparov had pre= pared 14. Daas nd xd 16 Bxda Bers 17 a2 Bal 18 xa) Bate 14. a5 15 La3 6 16 00 With White completing his e- velopment, we ean take a look a the prospects for the forthcoming rmidélogame. White has maine ned his pawn duo on and o but Black's grip onthe of square ives him compensation, 16. ded 17 Edt bs 18 pS 6 19 Bet Zxd3 29 Breck aes 21 Was Eek? ‘Astrange and passivemove afer ‘which Black's position becomes espera. The Immediate 2b U7 is bower. 22He1 WH723 ds Dea 24 Dart Byexchangingthisknight White manages to svade Gn the open ¢ file 24... Dad ‘While sao in cont afer 24 1025 Bi gS 26.893 x82 27 The Clasical Centre 118 Het of 27 Wyd2 Bes 28 Hecht Wack 295, 25 dxdt! ‘After 25 Wxd2 Black would get, some play with 25 «ba 25 1 Bet 26 eb! ‘The decisive move, from a star legie point of view. By gaining a0 ‘outpost on he cle White ensures hat he wil contol Blgck gets mated after 26 5x6 27 cb Wes 28 Wa 29 6 ec, 27 edt ADS 27. Be} 28 Wx} Breo 29 Wace a7 30 05 GI 31 Wess 5247 32 do gives White a winning «queen and pawn ending. 28 Ba £629 as 466.3083 Heh 31 a3 ceg7 3248 e533 eS hhS 34 e7 Lat 35 24 a7 36 Be? WaN 37 dot gS 3847 ZI 39 BaD eS 49307 1:0 ‘Bick is defenceless, one of the threats being $1 ast 40. sep then 41 We is good. 114 The Clusia! Conre MT: 1) White play M78: 2) White to play M73: 3) Whitt play KOMI: 4) Whitt play A713) White ta play Month 7Week 4: 433 Queen's nian When Potosian used tplay 493 ‘aginst the Queen's Indian De- fence nobody 100k it very seri fusly, But when Garry Kasparov first appeared on the scone and started sing this move © anhi- Tate his opponents, it soon became high fasion “The ides is very logical. White ‘wants 10 fight for che of and ds Sues with Db -<3, without hav Ing to woery about hie kh being pinned with bt, Hes wing to Invest tno in order to do his Te has now become fay well established that the main ine rns Vdd 06 2 of o6 345 b6 4 23 BHT 5 Be} ds 6 oxds Bnd ater ‘which Whi often obiains alas alpawn cone, Blackeaqueenside pawn majority. ‘One ofthe greatest exponents of 4423 is Boris Gelfand. In the fl lowing game he shows us how to win witha passed é-pawn Getfana- Lerner Norilsk 1987 144096 2e4063.2100642¢3 267523 45 6 ends DndS TE ‘rather modern refinement on theold7e8. Whiteintends acre “apawn cenre with # et and he eat also castle queens, Tar eT 8 ef Dneh 9 x3 00 10.243 65 11040 exalt Phe Clssical Contre 115 suspect that 11. 12 We Lisbisthemas precise moveorder ven 13 562 would not be good bocause of 13. Bxd3 14 Weds Was 15 Wad Snap 16 DeS Bis. The exchange of queens inreases the importance of Black's queen- side major Having sad thay, 13 28 lao very reasonable. Sokaew ~ Alter= ‘man, USSR 1978 continued with 13. xd} 14 Bas Wa 15 Wed a 16 HG Bost 17h xd 18 cxdt 6 19 BA with the fose ‘game for White 12 cxcd We 13 Wed a6 14 aba 14 4 is also possible, bot White ses the ct tha Black has atready exchanged pavins on 410 Post his bishop on a more ative fiagonl Ta, Bxdd 15 Bas Wa6 16 war Fier 17 dsexd5 18exd5s 26 19446 ixb2 20 Wb? “The gamereaches aposition very ‘auch akin to the Spasshy ~ Petosian encounter in [ast month's notes In sch postions White's 116 The Clasiat Centre classic plan io use the advanced {-pawntotic upBlack's foreesand the erate threats onthe kingside 20S 21 Had Hfe8 22 dS ‘Babs 23 Eta Wes 24 hat Commencing action against [Black's kingside, the Further ad- vance of this pawa will create weaknesses. Black's queenside ‘jority relatively inetTetve in {his position, the creation of @ passed pawn will ake too much 24 w a6 25S ‘White could also consider 25 25 g6 26S, with strong pressure gaint Blacks king 25 W626 ‘Very insiutive. Black's knight is an ideal Blockade because its stig i in no way inhibited by the depawn, A queen would be much worse anda rook worse stil 26 ue GnesS 27 HxeS WaT 28 ‘Bdet Hog 29 Bxe6 tres 30 Wes ‘Bd¥ 31 Eat a5 32 23 ‘The immediate 32 Wes! was sironger. White finds this idea Slightly ae. 32 Meh 33 ha Leh 346 West ‘The passed pawn on d6 is so strong that White maintains his d- vantage even alr the sacrifie of the pawn on 2. The most impor tant thing for Whites to activate his king. 34. HaI2 35871736 WaT ‘White couldalso keep the advan- tage wit 36 Was. ‘36. xd 37 gst Thekingis “enroute” for eS and in ft there is no way {0 Sop it reaching this square. 37 . eS 38 Gigs 17 39 8f5 of 01d 4 (Hes 2 42 Hel Hab 43 ds Het 4447 Hed 45 dba wins for White 37 on BIT 38 td Ged 39 hes BET s0 es Blac would draw cay afer 40 ines? Ber 41 hes sed. Afr Geland’s 40 Be3, 40 .. a7 4 cP 8 42 des would win for Whit 4 $2841 xe6 D4 4 axds axbd'43 Bg3! EDT? “Afr his Black finds himselfn zugewang. $3. B64 Wes BE vas necessary “44 Higa es 45 Zed os 45. a8 46 403 47 Had ZS 48rd hes 49 7+ the winning procedure once gain 46207 03 Or46 1847 07+ digs 4847 3 49 Bf ec, 47 xg? sow a8 ET gs 9 27 b2 $0 AT aig 51 ZbI bor 52 Set Hh? $3 deh i ‘An nsiructive gum by Gelfand “The next oe is 8 more dramatic example in which White ses the tue 10 launeh bis pieces pwn eon 7 Int he 8k Cebal - Miralles “Marseilles 1986 144 216 2 64 063 O13 b6 4 3 ADT § D3 aS 6 exdS xd 7 Wer 65 84 Zxe3 9 bxe3 247 10 a is important to prevent 10 Wer as 10-3 Wer 11 Ab? exdd 1 exdd Wie? 13 fixed Las gives Black equal 10. ex TH exdd Ze 12 Was er ‘After 12 . HG White should play 13 Wes Wg6 14 a3 and 12 ‘xcs is dangerous for Black er eter 13 hae e2 14 00 0° 13 bs, a3 0-0 13-461? hits of before White can defend it with fel. White ‘ould keep an edge with 1 s+ BUT 1S Des bs 16 Labs+ bs 17 Poetry formore with 14.2b5+ rs 154307, 140-0 28 15 adi h6 16 fet Deb 17 as! D5 18 Wad ends 18 Bes there follows 19-46, i620 05 xf 21 gxt8 gs 22 463 which eaves Black paralysed 19 exds ud (D) 20 exh mamencing a sctifcial attack hic is especially impressive be= ‘nuse of Black's counter chances The Clssieal Contre 117 20. 06 i306 thon 21 Wt ps 22 WES wins easily enough bat 20 ‘Det demands accurate play by ‘Write. He would have to find 21 051 Oh 22 We! BF 23 bi xa 24 WES g6 25 Das ee 21 Wigs eB 2 Heh Web 23 BIS 26 24 WHT Ss ‘Black has defended against the fist wave ofthe attack but his po- sition has been reveely sompro- ‘ised White should now play 25 ‘2951 intending Wh and xg. 25 a2 D3 26 B14 Bay 27 el e528 Se? Bast 29 hd eT 30 gS WB 31 Fixe Dxe6 37h Eat 33 dled es 34 he gxh6 35 ‘3 M6 36 inh Wh? “The final mistake. 36... Wes 37 1 p8 Was would hod on 37 Wes Wek 8 Wha Foscing Black's king nto the ‘open and winning rater "Ma eS 39-0 6 1x06 40 3 a8 41 Anes+ Wes 42 Wed a6 UNI 19 118. The Conical Conre MT/4: 1) White play KMTH: 2) White o play ae a Ae) at Pn rote ie] KMTH: 3) White to pay MIM: 4) White play 8 Hanging Pawns 1 pan du, ith no support fiom colleagues on eter hee for igh, are known as hanging ps. Sanding side by side, they En have al ofthe advantages of {he broad pavn cen in that hey cover awierange of squares. The isadvantage hal hey ae more ‘uneableoatisck, Should one of them be freed fo advane, holes wl appear whic en be cccupid by the opposing frees in the fist fvo wesks we will look a the most sul conn whith the hanging pases stand on the dan -le and come unde pressure long these halFopen Fes, In weeks tree and four we wil ok at hanging cence pawns ‘Month Week t= ‘Hanging Pawn Heaven Justa witha united ent, hang ing os can represent a poe acing, Tene of fores ‘sed bind the ca sely Seles with devas force sed te pial dds tht ors ‘ie nd te agi The fit game this week vas lye y Pl Keres, one of the Songon player ney become ‘Wort Chaion. The second was *spsctcua for by one of he greatest champions, Garry Kaspar, Keres Taimanov USSR Ch, Moscow 1981 1c 246 2.218 63 Ded dS 4 3 e753 040 6 2 bo 7 a4 ANT#LA3 dye49 Dxed 5 10000 exalt 11 exdd 6 12 Be2 Seting a trap which Black sees through. After 12. Dxdd? White win with 13 x84 Wad 14 DAdst Wes 15 R361 Lf (or |S. elo 16Wesisbhs i7 Whats 18axe7) 16 Wes. [Neverteless White should have played 12 Ze] so that after 12 ‘Ds his bishop could retreat to bt without shurting in his ook onal 12 ea?! 12 @bat was better after which 13. &b1 x0 14 Ws Wxat 15 03 Dab 16 WHT L661 17 Wra6 dixhds at leat draws, Keves| recommended either 14 gxf3!? ‘Wadd 15 Qe of 13 AAI? Qna3 lax, 13 Bld Zh 14 Bact Wes According to Keres, 14 .. bs 1S Abr Ss 16 Wt? Baod 17 Sexd5 1843 D6 19 Ba? Hes 20, Dad gives dangerous atacking hanes, 15.21 We 120, Hanging Pawns ‘DibdT would have een a beter defence, but even so the positions ‘dangerous aftr 20 eS" 20 Det! xed 21 Bxed Hes 22 Wascs Bhs 22. g6 was beter afer which White should avoid 23 Was 16 24 2g5? Wat He should play ether 2st O47 25S oF 23 Dg eT 24 Whd WS (24. ho 25 fxg? least ‘xg? 26Wxn6+!) 28 Dea Was 26 Unleashing White's pieces in QO Wh 27 B45 Ses 28 Was ype aye threatening 29 Bx 1 ecg 17 end 23 gst a6 Kes toport! at he ao yen! And 209624 lime consideing 17x45 Dxd5 134 247 28s 246 26 BT ‘exdS 5 19 de Hxed 20 exb7 In time-touble, afew erors ap ‘which would alse have been song, pear 60x77 x7727 Web ts Buthechasethestnpiccontiuation 28 Wd sg 29 Wes* wns 30, ‘ofthe game bocase he was unable d6*- i simpler. ‘ofl ealeulate the consequences, 26. 6 17. O68 Aer 26. Wits 27 Win? ee ‘Afle 17.83 hereis 8 dxo6! White shovld play 28 Bel! g6 20 xed 19 exb Fe and 17. a8 18 DxFTHeT(or29 WR 30HG 14 Wa6 19 We leavesthe knight Wb 31 Wie= W722 Wxd6r) 30 outof pay Bobs! duet 31 Qdo+ Wad (3 19 ad Wage 19 Heat 208? bas 32 Wxc7H!) 32 nest swith a winning aac, 27 x7 Wet 27... xf was better when White wins with 28 WaT? seg8 O28 B57 2946 Set 308 xe7 ys Si Whar 298d Bel 30S BoB 31 xo! Wrel 32h? ‘HRD 33 Gres IT 34 do ‘2 Whxh7s ds29 Dxd6 Peat 30sbh2 Was 31 Oab7 Best 32 3.e733 Ws 17 $4H5! x7 ‘Taimanov underestimated the A8WhT=se6 36 Wxb7 nS 37 strength of White's next move, 19. ey 10 Kasparov -Portiseh Nike 1983, 1d D624e63O0 H64D3 DTS a3 dS 6 exd5 OxdS 7 Dixes 8 bxe3 eT 9 As 06 10 Bd 05 11 00 G6 12 Sb? Hes 13182 00 14 at We7 15 o$! ‘An excellent move which, a opts hanging pen. fn an ear ‘pame, Polugaevsky played 15 of $Bas 16 Hfel against Porisc but offered draw because of Black's courterplay onthe eile 15. exdd 16 exd4 a8 17 68! Afi 17. Duca 18 Wed g6 19 Bxot Wrct 20 Wes £621 Web 1B17 29 ct a6 23 6 (and nt 23 db" BS} White obtains avery ‘rong attacking position, TWeadS xd 19 Gxh7+ Sxh7 Hed gs ‘sensible precnuton against he stueatoF 21 Wed seg8 225, but ‘he position about to explode anyway. After 20, 92 there is 21 BaD Wes 22 QS 21 Sgt ag? 22 Dest Bas Hanging Pawns 120 “The only move tha does tose imumediately according wo Kasparov. Afler 22.15 there is 28 Ba @es 24 Dds, 22. Wh can be maby 23 Wigs! Git 24 Wes t625 Rel! Deb (or 25 Wel 26 ad) 26 Date AT 37 Bxet+ eT 28 Wate shes 29 Bhs and 22 Wer is answered by 23 Weds bh? Bd Boo 25 Wise! ee 23 Bige Srm 24 WS 6 After 24... S36 White starts 2 ‘mating tack with 25 WIG! e826 Wes te 27 Wor es (27 be8 28 Hel) 28 igs Heading for the hils wih 25. es 26 gb Ee8 doesn't help after 27 Hel+ a7 28 Het! eG 29 Hac? (nc7 30 WRIT and 31 ba, 25 a7! Not 25 @ig6+ sogr (25 . hes? 26 WAS) 26 Dt Eads 27 Bg6+ ‘Gs which gives White draw st best. 25. Bxd7 (025 .seg7 26 Bat oe 26 Hxa7 Wes 27 847 27 Wh3 HeT 28 Bd was rather ote precise 27 «eT! 28 Bhs! 38 Bas WarDeit 29 dx Bess 30 bg Huh? leads toa de 28 1729 BS Ded 30 Ztal Ons? 30 6 was suonger though 3186S eo 31 Was? 32 xd Bix 33 + 32 Bis ull very ood for White ‘ST WH7+ e632 Wyk 1S 33 pe OH MEA eR IS WH LO 122 Hanging Pons KMB/1 1) White to plsy MI: 2) White play KMB/I:3) White play KMB/I: 4) White to play ABIL: 3) Bok play ABIL: b) Waitt play ‘Month Week 2: Hanging Pawn Hell Jost as every silver Hining has a clon, hanging pawns have their ‘downside too. IF one of them is forced to advance, serious weak nests can shoe up. Hanging pawns wil fend to be swore of a ibility as pieces are exchanged, as there are ess atack- ing pieces to unleash and their cramping effect om the opposing camp wil be less noticeable ‘The following two games show diferent aspects of the hanging pwns in defence. in the fist game Bobby Fischer exploits them in classic syle and inthe second Ti- fan Pexosian defends their hon- fur agains ess than perfect play boy hs opponent Fischer Spassky Reykjavik 1972 Let 6 209 dS 344016403. 2e7 5.45 0-06 63 67 Lh4 D6 “The Tariakower Defence tothe Queen's: Gambit was a firm f ‘vourite of Spassky's and ater An ‘oly Karpov. Themes oF hanging pawns are often debated in this opening Bexds Am altrative weatment with 8 Be2 L479 6 BAI6 10 cxas ‘xd5 was subsequently debated vite heavily in the 1984-5 Heanging Pawns 123, Kasparov - Karpov Word Cham pionship Match Fischer's play in {his game, hen analysed in dai, oes not trouble Blake Ba Dd 9 Lxe7 Wxe7 10 xa exdS 11 Hel! Les 12 Was eS 13 Was! Zo8 14 st ‘Whites directing his fire against, the eS-pawa, and this move aims‘ hind the development oF Black's knight by introducing the idea of exchanging it Black therefoee re Sorts to some contorted manoet- ‘res 10 eect the bishop before feveloping his knight 14 a6 Black later tied 14 .. WO? co threaten 1504 IF While caprares the pawn on eS with 15 dec bees 16 xe Bes 17 Wee theres 17 Dus 18 Bxa6 Was 19 Wad o4-20 Wes and now 20 . sar 21,00 Es or 20. 8? 1S dueS bxeS After 5. ixeS White could aso simply caste as both the rook on ‘nd pan on a6 rain pinned 160.0 a7?! “The superior 16. a! 17.98 a$ 18 Was 7 19 ft Habs 20 ‘xd? Wind? 21 83 of gave Black ‘counterpay in Makaryehev Stir ‘ut, Moscow 1979 17 Ret a7 18 Dads WH? ‘This leds to an unpleasant pos sion. He should fave tied 18 6 19.20 of 20 Bye) Hse7 21 Das eth an infosor bat tenable endgame. 19 Des! Fischer was highly dep ature ing one kind of advantage into an other. Here he gives Black's hanging pawn do the soppot ofa pawn on 6, seving ha in his par Tewlar case the elimination of Black's bishop is more immpertan 19 ~ fk06 20 eft “The point ofthe previous move. IF Black now played 20 .. dees ‘hen 2 Bos sets aboot attacking a oF Black’ weak pawns 20nd Giving White heed square withe fut a fight 20 . 26 31 e§ 7 (21-04 2215)22 Hwoulhave oe ete. ‘£4 WeT 22 51 Fixing the weakness on e6. If ack ies 2. 6 then 25 83 5 24 £5 would give White a sremendous aiek 22 EOS 23 ea dhs 1735 26 then 26 WHS! but now the bishop on c# combines ‘vith pressure onthe Fle 6 com rence a deadly attack. 243 208 253 2526/8 ext 27 BxlS Oh7 28 Zell Was 29 {gS He7 30h EbOT IL 6! Setting up a varity of treats including Hxe5, BY? and Wes Black has oral defence Mon He? $2 We We 33 ast Both 33.6 34 Ha ox6535 aft and 33 . gS 34 327 give ‘White winning attack, 34 21 Wed 35 E20 Wate 36 a ies 37 West This would also have been the angwer to 36.» Hob, White now threatens a forced mate staring with 38 Bi 137 6 38 Ef! gxf6 39 B16 pp 40 Lea he at Bite 0 Ta. 8 then 42 Wxb6 or 42 Wess dhs 43 Wes, Szabo -Petrosian ‘Zaarch (Candidates) 1953 1b 046 204063 23 d54 9s 2675 630.0621 467 284 b6 8 249.85790-0ba7 Wet 8 11 ‘We2 a6 12 exdSexds 13 dxeS cS 14 gt ek 15 Len WO 16 3 ‘Acconing 10 Bronstein, Black should have avoided gis parieular banging pawn scenario with either Hoanging Powns 125 11 w-dtod 12 Bxe4 Det or 12. The kaight returns om its next ‘Bax. Here i what he sid about move, so this was probably based this position: “Black's hanging on a migealcultion, paves have tured outto beweak, 20 S21 Zed Was 22 26 find Szabo carried out the typical @af6 23 bxed dxed 24 a2 manoeuvre 2e2-b3 ia order to White's plan to take the pawn ‘ra either pawn forwaré, whichis way too ambitious. He should snakes the other one weaker and have played to mae a draw ith fives White an important stong 24 Eds bd 25 Exod sixc3 26 point in the centre.” Hixe3 @xc8 27 Byes Hac} 283 according to Bronstein. 24.0625 yet?! e726 Da 26 @1 intending 27 D2 was beter chant. V6.0 17 Bad Be6 18 Bxc6?! According to Bronstein, Szabo would ave done much belle combine theeats against Black’s hanging pawas with pressure gaint his king wit 182 Habs 27 Sad? 19 Sat Gat 20 Zb1.This would _ 27 @ab6 Hxb6 28 Dxbé @xcl leave Black facing serious threats 29 @xo8 We might have drawn, Sich e DS ad. 3. [Now the pin on the e-file proves 18. Bxc6 193? decisive. This attempt to undermine 27..08 28 of 21629 65 xe Biack’shangingpawnstasthema- 36 Ee4 @i6 31 Dab6 Jor drawback that it weakens a 31 3xeS xed 32Bxot We 33 whole group of dark squares in Will (or 33 xcs xed) 3. White's queenside. According to Wxad makesno difference Bronstein he should have played _ 31... Bxb6 32 Exes He6.33 eT sither 19 4, intending QS, or xed 34 Hel Wes 35 3 Bel 36 '9 Re2 followed by oe? Exel Welt 3702 Wet 3880 19.2 Bach 20 Ga8 Wear 126, Hanging Fons KMW?2: 1) White o play KMB/2: 2) Black to play KMB?2: 3) Black o play M824) White play A824) White to play A8/2:b) Black play Month Week 3: Attack ofthe Hanging Centre Inpositions with hnging cone, the Sakes ae even higher than with hanging d and eyewns. The dar sersofadvancing conte pawns were tae prey clear last om, and ‘wihalfopenc-and les thereean be even more serious atacking chances Fr the owner othe ent {nthe following two games, vi Jent struggles come about as the hanging central pawns sound the charge. ‘van Scheltinga - van der Tol Lecuwarden 1946 ef 06 2 dd d5 3.05 5 4 dues eG 523 res 6 Las 157 ex6 Dats 80.000 Black has sigh the beter de- velopment but tis is enough to rake the hanging centre a formi- Able force. The threat isto posh rward with. e25 and White is tard pressed to defend agaist this ‘became ofthe pressure agninst 2 Hanging Pans 127 After 9 £64 there is 9... Des 10 Bret died 11 Wed8 Ded and 9 Wercanbemarty 9.25 10exes yes 11 Bees Bes witha strong Debes! A sharp but highly effective blow, the banging pawns make their fare nthe face of enemy ir. la the skirmish that follows, White is |eftwoefily behind in development Wexds es! Black hd planned this highly Aisrypaive move when he played 9 5. He could hardly consider 10 Was 1x3 010. xd | es 11 aco east And 30 IT end? 12 83+ BIT(12... hf 13 exb?) 13.Des, which compltey tars the tables. 12@xas 12 eS Wr 13 Hdl x 14 \dx?2 gt ial beter for Black. Tavexd DS? ‘The devsive mistake ina difi- cul postion, White ato play 13, es bxe6 14 Dad do 15 Bes Which offers reasonable Fghting chances, a6 he ean ater 10 blockade the advancing pawns on dar squaes. 13. bxob 14 Ona Bat Black's pieces are taking up -mencing posts andthe imamestite ‘problem for White js how to deal With 15... a6 16 Bat Hod threatening 17 -- xd 18 Exe xf amongst other things ‘Whites ex pens ite como. 128 Hanging Pawns 15 Bed Bxe3 16 03 Bast crushing blow. White's devel- ‘opment is oo poor for him to or anise any kind of resistance, 17 dl Zad8 18 202 Sxl +19 Qual Dea! 20 HA x01 In the following gine the hang ing conte is once again on the arc, this time in the bands of| iain’s frst Grandmaster, Tony Miles. His opponent, Viastimit Hoon, was atthe time one of the World's cite, and was pally svare ofthe noe to ake very en egeie measures against them Hort - Mites “Master Game’ 1979 ob e523 0163 65 D5 4d xd 5 Bead “This move went out of fashion largely a8 result of Tony Miles’ bilan ninth move improvement in this game. Today's 2 ©3 expo- nents refer either 825 or simply 5 -exd8 al this point. 5 n.€6 6 DE Deb 7 Bed 1 8 ext6 x16 9 Wh eS! Miles thought up thisstrong new ‘move at the board. in previous ‘games Black hai played 9. Se? fr 98S without noticeable suc- cess. Miles reasoned that dealing wih 10 3, intending 6, 8 Black's auier one priority. He ‘wants to meet this with (9 65 10 M43) 10. ef! {1 Bxed We and a7, winning a piece 6 gs a5! (Once again preventing 11 63, because of 11. ed! Suddenly Black’s hanging central pawns have become very dangerous, and Hort understood only too well that thes to atlack them in sme way. 11 bs Ba 12 et White mast wy 0 stke quickly before Black completes his devel ‘opment, Over the next Few moves sharp struggle ensves 12.040 13 00 64 HexdS More orlesstheonly move a Bxe6 bxe6 15 2a emer by 1S ‘Ws and 14 22 rane nto 14 Dae 14 sex 18 dx fg 165882 byxe6 17 Let he “The last few moves were vrs ay freed and have left White in ‘A stilial postion dae ta the expor Sure of bis king. White has some compensation for thei terms af his active pieces, bor Blase must stand better in an objective sense. 1823 W719 Zaat 267 ‘Tae bishop tums out tn be poorly placed on thissquae. Black should play 1925 inorder to prevent [White fom establishing his bishop con the bI-87 diagonal. This would be sufficient to maintain Black's advantage. 20 dst Daas AAfer 20. eS? 21 Bxf6 wx 22 xh? Wai 23 Waa? ah? 2adeT+ Whitepieks upthe bishop (on b7 and emerges a pawn tothe food. Miles avon this patcalar feck but snfrtunately fr him be fils fora similar ide om his next 21 AS 2659? A blunder afer which Black's position quickly disintegrates. He Hanging Pawns 129 should probably play an immediate 21. eS bat he can hardly iim lo hold an edge any more. White has developed quite serious pres ‘se against Black's king poston 22 AxhT! eS There is no way cut as 22 Dub ismet by 23 Hts and 22 [Bxdl by 23 IS+ sips 24 Leos te, So Miles i reduced io swin- lng ties. BEd Another valiant attempt t0 snuddy the waters but White sin ply wins the exchange 24 Dl exdé 25 S+ Gig 26 eG B17 27 Det x Sst e+ “The game is effectively over as 29. Wrofismet by 308NS mate. Mics ties a few final wieks but they are carcflly and by Hot. 30 hi afte 31 Ex Bay 32 ga Weds 33 WI Wyse 34 Putting pid to any further win ling temps. 35. ngs 35 Bag 1:0 130 Hanging Pane lack o play M823: 1) White to play Mg: 2) Black t play ‘Month Week ¢: ‘Restraint ofthe Hanging Centre “The best way 10 fight against hanging central pavns is witk Nimzowitsch's patented thee Sage method: First ofall the pavers fst be retained, the net step is blockade and then they must be destroyed. This stategy 1s ills: trate in classi tle by the great ‘Aba Rubinsein inthe following legantly played masterpiece ‘Rabinstein- Lowenfsch Karlsbad 1911 1dse6 206d53 063.2164 Bes eT S.e5 O47 6 SxeT Wee? 7 Ba20-08 1659.1 67 ‘The modem preference i for 9 cb and after 10 O04 Viktor eco hes patented 10... 9 6 i ess good as Whit ean resin ad then blockade the hang ing pawns hat Black oguires. “The frst stage in Rubinstein’ plan. Black tries to Keep his Hlarying Pans 131 ven tt with 10. gf then 11s strong, 10. Wai 11 3 Stage ones restraint and besides protecting the Fpawn this lat "nove prepares o develop White's bishop on g2. This is highly ef Tective method of restraining Black's cone pawns asthe prese sure onthe d5-pawn wil blige the cb-pan to tay where tis. Black. ‘would dearly love tobe able to free his game with .e6e. Mn ie6 1204.0 267! Afierthisslow move Whit’'sad> vantage becomes cleat. 12. ex 13 Gxt Ds 14 203 a7 1S a3 Mack 16 Khe! h6 17 bd was ‘only slightly beter for White inthe ‘game GheorsiveMiitelu, Roma- nia 1962. 13.gt Ope Ale the apparently logical 13. bbs White has a neat combination in 14 des Sines 15 Aina! exdS 16 WxdSt Web 17 gst which wine con the spot 14 Ehel! Dot 15 Wa vs 16 axes! 182 Hanyang Pas ‘This seems to expose White's Stagethrearrives;both hanging borsquate to danger, be Rubin- pans ae destoyed stein had seen verycleary through 28. Hue 29 Bxoee! 1 the following complications. ‘A ive finale The second pawn 16 Oxbz 17 Ab? b4 18 fllsané White wins the exchange at byes 19 salt 29. Rxe6 30327), “The pint, which Rubinstein ad ‘oseewhenhe played issiteenh Inthe final example this non, ove. White's king escapes tothe we wil Finish ona hanging pawn omer ang now the hanging pawns high noe, a game fom the Cand _gesecurely blockaded ates Match between Smyslov and 19. vad Fiber, Despite the fet that the TF19.La7?then202 esos pans str seit hanging creer 21 6 Web 22 Loa steady, 2 ant d3, they nevertheless peo 20 Wea hs ide the springs or anata 20 — 247 was 8 slighy beter defence, hoping for 21 Bx x6 Smyslow- Hibner 22 Bxd5 eo, But White should Velden (Candidates) 1983 reply with 21 eS and Black would sillhave problems. 12 £46 24053 2e8 De64 DES Es 345 SexdS Dud 6 ig? De7 7 13.05 8 D2 LAT 9 04) eT 10 Bet In some games Black bas saci= ficed the epawn with 10. 0-Oafer which 11 dxe6 B06 225 he ves him long-sem competion, de to he Light square weaknesses sound White's king 1114 DS 12 ied He8! 13 Deas Duds 14 Zyxd5 00 15 fue5 Ones “Thehanging pawns appearone2 snd, Andinot 22 fxgS because of 22... 16 £4 D6 17 af bd 18 Hel WH. White's poem on FS ime Le 19 f $6 20 Led Das ‘une now as ater 22. xf#23 According to Smyslov, the d= EXT4 WH he has 24.853” pawn shoud have heen blvkaded 22 a pelt 29 geld a7 24.06 with 20 .. Os, Jn his notes he Wadd 25 Gadd Leh 26 £N3 BIG gave?! Arasexds 22 Bred Wreh 27 7 eB 28 Buds! 23 a2 7 as equal avast ‘The advance of the hanging pans liberates White's pieces Smystov mentioned that 21. exdé 22 Hrc8 Wre8 23 Wadd threaten- ing both the a7 pawn and 26 Dabs good for Whit, so Hib- ner ties for counterplay with @ ‘queensde pawn majority. 2 nw cf 22 DM 47 23 Wed (Wes 24 Boel 2h3 25 hr Gh 263 Be7 ‘Black should probably have riod 26. AnF427 pnt but then 28 bee} xe} 29 Wha 5 3045 Ads 3 exds Hed 32 d6 gives White ‘more than encugh campesation ‘oe the paw because of his passed -pawe ares Opening the Mood gates. The potential energy of White's pieces is suddenly released with Aevastating effect. This move should be compared tothe 44-05 thrust whi featured heavily in week one, Hnging Powne 128 27 fxe5 28 dxeS x05 29 Let ‘Smyslovelaimed that 29.630 Deb Axes 31 xt Wa 32 Wre6 s much beus for White 30 igo at? 30... Wes+ was beter, ater hic Smyslov gave the fine 31 Eph Sigh 32 ed Br 33 Sxds cabs 34 23 SxKl4 38x01 pT fand not 35. 17 36.2 9737 es) 36 WE witha sight edge. 31 gh gS 32 Bah7 Bah 33, Dg6r sig? 34 WaT KIT 35 ExT x17 36 Des WAS 37 Wrat Ens 38 Dxt7 Wxf7 39 d+ eds 40 Wras o7 41 Weds seg? 42 S11 Wate «3 ZR! Wes “The line 43 .. Byhd 44 Wes bh 15 Wess dit7 46 WIS es 47 exh? simpy doesnot work. a4sbr1 34S bnet bres 46We6! wes ‘After 46 .- eS White has 47 {RET 8 48 Ws whic nreatens ‘mate whilst denying Black any seul chooks 47 BET he 48 Wet 134 Honging Pawns KMB/4: 1) Whitt play KMs/: 2) White co pay 9 The Isolated Pawn |A pawn without a colleague to ithe his right ole is known as fn isolated pawn. fa theory, this pwn is weak, as it must be peor fected by pices and there wil so be a strongpoint for an opposing Piece directly in front of it. Yet Isolated pawns ate one of the thomist ses on the chessboard and the fact that they emerge fom So many diferent openings makes an understanding of their proper ties very valuable. 'By far the most common type of isolated pawn isthe isolated d+ avi. Inthe fst week we will lok a cases ofthis pawn charging into ‘he enemy ines. This is closely ‘elated to the examples involving ‘hanging pawn thrusts, In week two we se the pawns ability to pro- vide a suppor square inthe centre. In week three we will se the downside of having an isolated pawn, and in weak four we will Took at sigh less common soe ratios which ea nevertheless ase ‘oa many standard openings. ‘Month 9Week ts Isolated Pawn Pushing AAs in the case with banging pens, the isolated pawn can pro= Vide a strong point nthe centre behind wich ts possbieo mass ‘one’s forces of more active ‘Squares than those of ones oppor rent. There are many cases in Which the later advance of this pavin releases this energy with evasaing effect. Stein - Krogius| hilt 1966 tofe620c3d5344 0464 xs Dsd5 5 2A 6 6 3 D6 7 cd cd 8 exd4 Le7 90-00-0 10 Zel A tthe passive plan which tars cout badly. 10 16 11 Ded b6 12 {85.67 15 Wa es 14 Ds gs ‘gS Wa 16 Had ee? ve Black a solid positon in Tal Patsian, USSR Club Ch, 1966, Tad M6 Hn $6 was stil possible though afer 12 Sted b6 Black's 136, The isolated Powe squeenside pans are wesker than they would have been had he not played 10.26 12-28 a7 And this i alo probably wrong Black should rule out d4-88 by White by playing 12. Db 13 Wed Hew 14 Baa Das 1615. Obst then 15 Des Obs 16 Sent Qe 17d follows any- way. 15 xdst Giving Black the temporary ad~ ‘vanage of the swo bishops, be- feause he sees that he ca force nigh dl-d5 creat effect 5. Sg 16 ded £16 17 a Unleashing White's actively pace feces Black's main poem Fsthathisqueen cannot easly escape the xray effect ofthe rook an dl 17 o-exd5 18 DydS es 1 iia wer aoe de fence against 19 Dat, 19.24 6 lawas ener to play 19.9720, Wa} 6 21 Dxe6 fxes (not 21. Web? 22 xg6) eventhough its also leads to Black having & weak pawn one. 20 2rse6 feeb 21 Wes Ate this, i becomes clear that ‘Back should have chosen 19, Fe? ‘Blac now forced to play 21 ho. 21. ghee is 22 dg yg 22 Wing followed by 24 207 21 N62 Wa! Sting about reversing the pos tions os queen andbishop onthe I-A? diagonal 22 Hee 22 eS would have deen a tougher defence, vacating #8 for ‘he king 25 e2 Ws 24 Was Has 28 7+ G17 26 go ys 27 Eads ‘Dads 28 Ral Wb? 29 hat Decisive. After making ae for bis king, White can invade di his rook 29, $6 30 Hb Wag 31 Bxb7 ae After. DeTihereis32 WHT 86733 Spo mate. 32 seo hi 33 Ws 34son2 Wear 35:en3 6 Wel Petrosian -Spassky Moscow 1971 144 ds 2 of xed 3 08 O46 4 3065 dined eS 60.006 724 Deb 8 Wed eT 9 Hal cxdd 10 exalt 001133 Das Black should blockade the d= pawn a quickly ax possible. 11 bt 12 dys a7 13 45 ext (13 pea5? 14 fixe7 One 15 Des Bids 16 Oxds Bnd 17 Las exd5 18 Bad gd 19 Wet) 14 nds Dads 15 Binds Oxd5 16 ExdS Sigs 17 Sog3 6 18 B02 hing 19 Bxd7 Wr 20ENb7 won a pwn, but notte game, Bot pik Petrsian, Moscow 1963, Wet “The usual move is 12 a3 ater which 12 eb 13.1 leads 0 2 position in which White has t- tacking chances on the kings and might even being hs ook on a1 into the stack Via 3. Black ould andshould mete texteon- tisuation with 12. 06 when Whie as nothing beter than to retreat the queen to <2- Then che?! 18 DS Ba A szange mee bu Black already has cities. Afar 13. 6 there 1514.26 Ane 15 xd exdS (Or 1S. R67 163) 16 i rif 3 26 then 14 WE is song. In ‘every cate Whites batter, 14.23 216 18 Wad bo 16 Wigs RUT 17 Sino Qe 18 Zack the 1D) 19 881 ‘The thematic breakthrough ‘Black's postion collapses ater 19 6 20 dxes te The bolted Pown 137 19. ex85 20 ed Ba Aller 20 .. Bes there is 21 DxdSt Sxd5 22 Brest bxed 23 shxeS te 21 Ded a6 This time 21. eS would be amet by 22 Gast Sixed 23 Oxb7 WoT 24 Wyes Brb7 25 Beds 22. xb6 ‘And not 22 xb6? OS 23 Wh Ded 28°xe3 dt. 22. W823 Da5 4524 Weds ‘Baxbi 25 Oxb72ixb7 26 a5 Black has survived into the ‘endgame but his prospects are agin. White's bishops are very 22> fave and dS is weak 26. gS 27 Ebi ds 28 Das 6 28. QadS 29 BdS a7 30 Bot wine te pawn, 29 find Het 30 £4 D007 30-6 31 gf De3 (Or 31 {2fe7 32 Bxe7 ixe7 33 Boel) 32 ‘Dyed deed 3595 is equally bad or lack 31 belt Zebs 32 fags Daas 133 eG Hxb6 34 axb6 Pied 35 ‘b7t Dixeh 36 Sad g6 37 4 Og7 [38 Budd Deb 39 Ea" 158 The old Pawn KM9/t: 1) Whitt play KM9/1:2) White pay ry 2 a an KM9/L: 3) Black o play KM9/l: 4) White play - ‘Month 97Weck 2: Support of a Square A good strategy to adopt against nieoated pawns ily lock ade it, preferably wih «knight ‘his should entre thatthe pawn es not wreak havoe by avane= ing, though it can sil give atack= ing chances to its ewner.Isolaed ‘pawns will usually provide a suppor point in the ete, w ‘White this il be eS [Naldorf-Reshevsky Buenos Alres 1983, 1 a6 046 204063 43 LDA 4 e800 5 hd3 «5 609 a5 7008 Beg Wad duct 9 dxcs ext 10 ext 7 11 el b6 12-404 267 Thar en ‘Alough an immediate 14 aS would leave the poston equal a ted ends 16 Od Od 16 ‘teas Bas, Black sould never theless pan his knighton hed seine with 13. Os. "as @a7 is Haat Oats The Wolated Pawn 139 “The ight idea atthe wrong ime, Now Whit an force a weaning of Black's king poston. 1641 9617 Sho Le8 18 Des Setting about patting pressure on the newly weakened f6-square “The other point this move is that it avoids the exchange of pieces, ‘whichis generally a sound policy for the possessor of the isolated pawn, ar Black seeks exchanges, bu this bishop iw forte defence ofthe dark squares, He should have tried to exchiaue knights with 18 216, 19 QxT8 Bat 20 Dest An unpleasant move for Black to face, a8 20 eS 21 dxe5 con ‘eos both the dé and 6 squares. ‘he meantime the knight takes up threatening position 20. We7 21 Wigs Beak 22 Dest ‘Already threatening & decisive sacrificial breakthrough with 23 Gixh7 sexh7 24 Sings tags 25 Wager i 26 245 ec 140 The irolatad Pawn 22.1629 84 Now tthe is 24 x6 ns 2ST we 23. Ones 24 nes 8462573 seg 36203 Zn ‘Aker 26 - RS the presi is inceaed wih 27g Brewing 8 Ox. The ent defends te i nein det tthe pan ba tow Blk ook on i ets cut ofthe game TUNG igh 28 hat? Switching the atc tothe 6 wn sas 28. 829 7 207, a5 39 ads ads 31 1 HES 39 Bats pats 2 en 33.6) 59 eS very vlan ch expan Blak pvesup Todeeo Ads. axa Exa532 whorsgh TWN aT ute Susan in muta! timesrouble, White repeated th postion an Black mused achantotocaim ade by rept. Gen eT 3600 Was? 361 BS od ge ene 37 Whos Gp 38 zel wr 39 ‘Wie Ons 40 Wer Sy a Ber Une decisive {ts oye 42 Bhe Has 43 g3 “ote 4 ES a 48 Wer he 86 hes OMe7 Heo! Das 48.Rea7 ‘Eho 49 Sco 0 Bepe ne Gye Bg7 82 Was 98 53 Bag Bay7 54 5 a6 55 Wet Hs 56 Wes igs $7 Sah ‘The next game is slightly um ual in that it features Anatoly Karpov defending the honour of the isolated pase rather than play~ ing against it Again we see the strength ofthe knight anchored on 5, and later on the dvd break comes into it 8 Well. Karpov -Timman “Moscow 1981 of 65 2.015 eG 3 63 O16 4 D3 e6 § dd dS 6 exdS Od 7 ‘Ba Le7 80-0 0-0 923 exalt 10 ‘xd 611 Sed Deo? Black's last two moves consti= tule an excellent plan of defence, ‘sablshing a tough grip over the Ssquare ‘The most usual way for Black to defend h7 is with 12. gb bot Timman's move also has its points, Te avoids weakening the Sark squares around Black s king and takes g5 away from White's pieces: On the downside White ‘may be able to blast open Black's The trolated Pawn 14 deenoes witha later x6 and it ‘aly lest the pss of Mtr 6. 1326 Intending 14 2g when te pos sibiliy of sacrifice on 6 looms Inge 13 Gaed 4 Bie res of course maby 16 nes and 15 Weds 14.245 15 hed a6 ‘There was 8 more dive con Despite the fact that White con tinitionn26 82728. Ws wats double anisole pawns, 27 Ags age 28 Ses 6 29 1S. Ded 1653 kaos 17 dues Wy eT SOB bus 3Ld5Be7 isso highly beter forhim. — 32:47-)27 ge HHS 28 WS ee. ean 26.6? Karp ejected 16ue2bvcause 26” e777 ig Bhs 2819S tlie (6.0617 OD GIS 18 xa 29 Wot Boas 30 Be3 26 des 9 gxfS AMk2t Th text would have oqualved (Kaew). sms fr qucenide presse 27-03 7 16. 07 17 What 2s Algo afer 17 Be? 18-3, White maintains the prestre on Black's ame. 18 Kiel a8 19 Whos x6 20 ndl 25 21 hed Oxes 2 Bed Was 23 2 Stas “The ine 25 . Was 24.203 Wes 25 dS Wres 26 Wres eS 27 ExcSexd 28 BexdS would lsobe ‘pleasant for Black beass othe 2sast 24 Wed Hack D) ‘Theproblem with 12.6 shows itself now, since 24 . 96 would reale one weakness oo many and Black is mated after 28. exdS encourage a sacrificial break- 29,474 Bad? 30 Wht ‘trough. So Black's king has to 29 dxe6 Endl 30 @ig6+ 1:0 head forthe ils. ‘Once agnin mate follows ater30 25 Wh7= ty 26 hs go 3 eT xe? 32 Wise 142 The looted Pawn KM92: 1) White to play ora: 2) White to play Month 9Week Blockade and Destroy So far we have seen the positive sie ofthe isolaied pawn, this week ‘we wil look at less favourable pests. Once again Nimzowisch's lassi formula applies, fist re- "tram, next blockade and finally ‘destroy. Yer even in defence the ‘solated pawn can prove to be & tough nt to rack Flohr - Capablanca ‘Moscow 1935, Tab dS 204063 2e3 D164 O13 Dba $ ps e763 007TH cS Bends ind 9 eT Wxe? 10 Dads exdS 11 Ld3 xd 12 xd Whee 13 Wa2 2S 14 Lbs Weare 15 xd? a6 Black has played a passive line hich gives lim chances to make daw at best Whites the ad- ‘vantage of “good knight". "bad bishop with the isolated pawn = quiring constant protection. Bu is ‘his enough vo win? The elated Pown 143 16.3 206 17 Zact With only’ one open fle, itis almost inevitable tarall the Yooks willbe exchanged 17m. BfeR 18 Hed Dxd3 19 ead He? 20 27 ON Las 2 eax? “The last chance to say on the board was 28 2h. Wed 29 hd eS 30sehI gf 31 gt ro: 138 Doubled Pawns M102: 1) Black play KMI02: 2) Black to play KMIO2: 3) Black wo play KMi072: 4) White o play (Month 10/Week 3: Doubled Pawn Weakness ‘One of the most obvious prob Jems with doubled pawns i that sometimes they are unable to rely ‘on colleagues for protetion, This is especially tre when the pavns sar isolated and doubled in which tae they ean be very Weak. ‘Sich postions arise quite often, bactwouldbeamistaketoassume that they are easy to play. Most players will only accept doubled pawns af they thereby gain some Eompensation, sich asthe bishop prio active pieces, Goller-Smystov Amsterdam 1956 14 216 2 0 €6.3 23 Abs 4 3 “The Simisch Variation of the NimzorIndian has been desribed by David Bronscin as 4 gambit ‘opening, because White shouldbe prepared to give uphispawnoncd, Al the ime of this game it was 2 Geller favourite “don xed § buch cS 6 03 B67 cd Do 8 O43 0-09 a Sas 104 Dest ‘Awelhknown prophylactic idea, By withdrawing the knight, Black accomplishes several things! First he prevents a dangers pin with 1-5, secondly he prepares to meet a subsequent (2-4 by White with A745, which would Deubied Powns 159 stop the father advance of the f pawn. A thd idea behind the [rights reeat st bring i to d6 ‘o pot further pressure on the pawn. 11 es 1185 is more promising, imme= diately pening up the bI-h? di- agonal 11. QaS 12 Wed 12 Ge byes 13 xcs 6 14 43 xed would be excellent for Black. 12. es 13 a5 What ‘A very fine move. The queen looks exposed hee bi prevents ‘White's queen from taking up an aggressive post on the kingsde, and exerts lateral pressure against 4.13. d6ieinfeiorbecaure of 14 eS Gat 15 Whs a6 16 WG Sixes 17 Bhs Ong? 18 be ee 140-0246 15 Zadl Geller’s last move was very crafty. After 15. dbxot 16 xe both 16. axed and 16... Ddvet 17 Bel leave Blak’ sknights mis- 16 dxe6 ses 160) Doubled Pawns And 16 bee of 17 Rsk 18.5 Daves 9 Bats Sirs 30 eo Be? 1 Ws go 22, ‘age gs 23 Wags ahs 24 tec Mens ex 880 Anteateea was 181 ater whch ut 19 aaa! stow Be pont or We Blak Sil heer ly 8 Beds 19 de, whcn ack wl wine pm sil ce soe rd teed 18 xed 9 Bret Dac 20 ‘214 would once aps lene Blac’ knights ry pla. I3'e14 Bie 2021 et Notan othe 2 423 nie 2B Onot fet 2 ®t 5 23 mirninas dit dcovealtece Simplicatn aerwhch Wii's postion fi apa Baticeat Ebr? Blac wa enningtowinthe exchangoi 22 bsnl ploy te vouied by White 22 Sic proves adequate she 22 Pgh 2s be Ors One dbus Be Oi 35 ed Wet 36 ies Watt 27 nf Sac 28 is 2 der oh 22 Bay 33 Oats eo 24 gt Ean 35 Ca gs 30 gh E27 wht note dan te 3D is Zan 90.209 Wren tan ens ce Thtometine 2 ‘BT ismore pss afer ich 334 ce will enable Black to gin tempo fon White's queen with... De7 and Oe. 33g r34 S42 was beer after which 34 DoT epuld be met by 35 ‘After the game continuation, 35 2S wins tempo. 134. e735 3 D6 36 Wh 237 Wret 385 Ha 39 ct 1f39 px thee is 39. Bxh6 40 Wigs Waste! 41 dxf Bhi mate gy Be enomCAT eS ‘Ariliant move which threatens ing atack with 42,187. 42 Bret ede 43 GA Ange 4 ‘el Bhs 45 ad Zot wins most of White's poses 142 std Weed Wald ats 45 Bel ad 45 eb seh7 46 dest a6 47 g4 Bums 48 Hes Svcd 19 sy? 1649 9S then 49 . ha, 49 2 bS 50. ba SH g5 Ed 52 Axgét (0-52 Bago Bret 53 BS6% 7 54 fret ete 12a S753 igh Mad St Le 1358 g6 Eds $6 Ze 0:1 [Aer 56,.S216 57 7 Zre8 58 Bxeb doxg7 the win i easy ‘The following game isa favour: ite of mine because Petrosian's highly riginapay i very logical 1am partially fond of his bil lian 13th rove which sraightens (ut Black's doubled paws in onder to develop a more effetve tack against the resulting backward pawn is object lesson in rea Five ess sate, though I do not yeoummend that you ty this kind of thing at home! Petrosian - W.Schmit ‘Skopje Olympiad 1972 04 2462 D3 53 ext Dads 498 96 5 dig? De 6 a3 Sg? 7 est ‘ sublle move which later be- ‘ame fashionable. White prepares 8c! fllowedby 9.8h6and even, bos should Black castle Tt also keeps open White's king's bishop's diagonal, the point of ‘which becomes dar next move D6 8 hreb+! bxeb 9 Wet hi 10 23 An3 11 Bet? ‘ThissiopsthethreatoF I. e2 12.Mgl Bx and threatens to em tana ihe bishop with ee, Te dig 12 Odz Sd5 13 na ‘A really biliant move in my opinion, Petrosian actually Sraightens out Black's pane in lode 19 Keop the presse on the Doubled Pawns 161 half open e-file and agains the backward pawn on 7 13 £5 tas been suggested by several com= ‘mentators bat | belive this would be less accurate. After 13 xc} 14 bxe3 the crfile would be blocked and the weakness of Black's doubled pawns becomes arly perceptble 13 as exd5 14 23 Was 15.0 a7 te att Zhe? 16. BS 17 $2 5 would have boen etter. The rook does nothing on the bile, 17S hs 18 Bd 8 19 dues Sxe5 20 Wed (621 a7 The punishment for Black's hai 21 6022 act He 28 nes Wred 24 gel Has ‘Aer 24,» oi there is 25 We, timinating any counterplay. 28 ae? Wed 26 dy? Ha7 27 Wa6n428 grhd 8.629 2e3 WHE 30 a8 a7 31 Ws a4 32 a3 ‘xb 33 Bans Wa 34 8002 G7 38 Hw eS 36 Wg 15 37 WES es 38 W16 120 ‘3 Slg7 39 We leads to mat 162 Doubles Pawns M102: 1) White o play M1003: 2) Whitt play ‘Month 107Week 4: Doubled And Immobile Ine final seton tis month, we wil look at anor problem ith doubled pawns, the lack of mobil- iy. Thiscan be paticulrprobiem im certain typos of endgame, in ‘hic a pawn majorgy maybe une able to yield passed pavn due to the presence of doubled ava. “The most Tamous opening in which this structire oecurs i the Exchange Variation of the Ruy Lopez which arisesafter the moves VobeS 207 Doh 3 bs a6 + sob deb, If White laterplayste advance d2-d4 and Black ex anges his epawn fori, we get the following pawn stctre Black's quoensidepavmsarcun- able to praduce 2 pasand pawn, whilst White's kingsde pawns ean dd so with ease. The simple pawn cdgume is atually fost for Black because ofthis ‘Black's satgy in the Exchange Variation is therefore easy 10 ur derstand. Hemustusehis a bish- Doubled Powns 163 ops effectively and avoid unneces- Sry simplification like the plague This is easier said than done of ‘Bobby Fischer was the man who ‘brought the Exchange Varition back into prominence after many years of neglect. Here i one of his ‘wins with agsinst the Hungarian Grandmaster Lajos Ports, Fischer -Portiseh Havana Olympiad, 1966 Hef eS 21 B63 205 a6 4 Bx06 d306 50.0 Tis is the move that breathed now lifeintothe Exchange, The old moves were Sie} and $d ‘Sn £66 08 exdd 7 Dd 5 8 Dbs Wad 9 Exar 262! Nowadays Black normally pre- fermeither9...2a7 or9 ps 10 Badr Wo Dast White was teatening 11 a and after the bisho moves then 12 ‘24 would be highly unpleasant, 108 Doubled Pawn Parish therefore defends 08 with his bepawn but hen his eSpawn Decomes a target. Ta Inter game, Bagirov~Keres, USSR Team Ch, 1967, Black played 10 .. 26 11 xh xh 12 @e 27 and soon equalised Bu this was probably mre wo do withthe fat thatthe youre Bagi- row was playing against a famous Grandmaster rather than ay par Vicular merits of his position. The two bishops do not compensate lock for his shattered pans. 10. dig 116-040 12e5! von a piece in the game Hor Zheliandianaw, Havana 1967. oi Fixing the weakness on eS after Which the position becomes very dangerous for Black. So Porisch hastens to eeate counter pay be- fore his game slips away. TH a e712 Bed #5 13 D3 6 Macs "An instructive moment which re- minds me of the Petrosian ~ ‘Sil encounter in thai trades ‘one form of advange fr another. Fisener eliminates Black's dou- bled epawas but estimates that his sad in development will create even mare problems foe Black. 14 xed 15 eS ed 16 boxed Bags 17 26 Se 18 exbs axbs 19.247! ‘An elegant move which wins the bsp, Teves, oeoinapbrase, mar of ehnique to someone (Fiscer. Bat he goes on a win 19 a BbR 20 abl 7 21 Qxbs Ehd8 22 Hb xa? 23 Oixe7 Red 24 htt ‘An excellent multi-purpose ‘move. White makes h2 availble for his king nd thus threatens the bisbop on a2. He also threatens Black's pawn with b6-hS fol lowed by Eta 2. Bed 25 £6 13 26 est Ret 27 hs Bas 28 HS Des 29 Bier e730 Za HeR31 Les 216 32 Edo 1S 33 Br4e es 34 Ext 10 In he next game we see the for ser Britsh Champion Bran Eley, tulopta diferent defence tothe Ex- change against the young Andras ‘Adorjan. Buen he slighty mise play ihe winds up with 2 lost Position astonishingly quickly. ‘Adorjan - Eley "Teeside 1973 Fel eS 208De6 3 205 a6 4 rob dre6 50-0166 a4 digs Apopularaltemativeto6..exd4 but here 100 Black can get into ‘rouble beease ofthe permanent ‘weakness othe doubled queenside pawns, “Taees Wadi 8nd 40593 a6 10 Did? 46 11 Ded ‘This immediate capaue leaves ‘White withthe advantage. A more cise way to play itis with 11 050 12 Giees ed 13 Bed nce 18 Bed es afer which 15 Be2 Baek 16 se} Hot was a gume Stean~ Geller from the European ‘Team Championships held in Bath in 1973. game Ribii- Matanovie From the same tournament varied with 15 Bel Bac 16 Ses ines 17 Res Bxed and in both cases Black aebieved equality and drew. 12 2ye5 eb 13 1 ves 14 Gixes eS 15 Hed 0.00 16 Rel is Te was essential 0 play 16 Bheb though there too White ould be better Doubled Pawns 165, 17803 17 7 is ineective because of 17 Bha8 ut the text is very strong. Any knight move would be set by 18 27 30 Black's reply is Torced V7 oo StdS 18 SxeSt ae5 19 04 Poting Black's rook cut ofthe game. The folowing moves are very instructive with White ad ‘ancing his kingside pass whilst Black's crippled queenside offers no chance ofcounterplay 19 8 0408 21 g4 6 22 nat Bs 25 03 8 24 HS Bek 25 a bxed 26 bxed ald 27 2! ‘An exellent move which sops any enunter-play. White would meet 27 xt with 283 when both of Black's rooks and his bsp would been prise 27 gO 28 hag hxgh 29 Za 10 ‘After 29...xdl 302xdl g531 gS gatas 32 sex the advance fof White's g-pawn decides mat- 16 Daubled Pawns KMLO4 1) White play M014: 2) White to play 11 Backward Pawns A pawn is “backorar i it has teen lft behind by its neghbour- ing pawns and can no longer be sppored by them. Inthe diagram below, Black's a-pawn and ‘White's Fpawn can both betermed “packard pawns. ‘As with the isolated pawn, the ‘main problem with such creatures ‘not the fact that they wil easily succumb 10 a direct attack. Te is move the weakness ofthe square in font of that sth curse, a his can provide a haven for an oppor ing piece. Te the fist wesk ofthis month's noes we Wil ane the problems ss0~ ‘ated with backovare pawns, hough as vec vo wil ho ssh pans ‘often bring compenssting advan- ‘ages fn weeks thee and four we ill se vo typieal backvand pasa Struc inthe.o5 Sila andthe ‘Stonewall truce Month 11/Week t2 Backward and Bad More often than not, the back ward pawn does constitute aweak- nes. the following game we see Vassily Smysiov in ation, first blockading the pawn and then ac tually winning it in true Nimzawitseh sje Smystov - Denker USGR-USA, Moscow 1946 VeteS203 26398 964 ig? Lagi Sd3 066 63 D447 Deed? ‘A strong move which put 6 ‘a out of business. 7. xe? & yet Bixb? 9 bl Was 10-a? Wrad 11 Bxb2! Wab? 12-23 is _g00d for White Ton 6 #63 26 9 A exad 10 xd Dads 11 Brad eS ‘The backward d-pavn proves to be a problem in the subsequent play Black should try 11. sf. Tr bed Gey 13 Det 09 4 0-0 eG 18 a2 We7 IF 15 .. dS then 16 eS costs material, For ‘his reason Black has no chance to liuidate Sis backward pawn, 16 zt Avery fine more. White wants to nal Black's pawn to 46 with 168 Backward Pane 17 of and if Black prevents this can no longer protect 6 because with 16. S there is 1724 617 31. eo is met by 32 a2 BAT brad | 6 xada5 19 cal teat 3365 bxeS 44 DS cons b2-b4) 1B Hl Had (18 [BLS 19 axb anbS 20 a8 Daas 2 Wad6 and 18.23 19 Was Wxd6 20 Hxd6 xat 21 Set {threatening 62-63] both favour White) 19 axbsaxbS 20 a7, V6.5 1704 fed 1B D3 OMS Smalov pointed etthatthe com Plicatonsansingatier 18... x49 ‘axed d5 20 2g5 d8 21 D6 deed 22 1Wxe3 a6 1 Dui 7 (Or23 aS 24 Buds Dxd5 25 Wes _ Mw. Be7 32 Dxd6 Suds 33 Eni 26 Whale S627 Hdl) 24 Brd6 HalW 34 WreS Held 3S ul Dds 25 Wh BUS 26 Gage! Ear HT 36zekT+ e737 ZA hng627 SS nas 28HidSWads Hg? 38 Wed g5 39 WR eps 40 29 Bal! favour White Slot 7 41 Whe Wes 42 Za 19 Qixed xed 20 xed h6 21 Wes Ad shy2We7 da Eten As at Bras Wes 6615 96 47 E12 WeT 4s DL Axo 22 acl! sets up a We HyS 49 Her WP $0 Wed Be? ‘very dangerous pin onthe bishop. $1 WaS+ 7 52 es 1 22 Hac Sach 2363 b6 243 ‘Avery stong movesimingtoex- tn the next game we see another change off Black's lightsquared dark side tothe backward pawn, in bishop with 24 245, Black could the way itean inhibi the mobility havenvoidedthiswith 24.27 but ofa pawn majory tis one of ny then 25 dot? would teaien MAS own games, (026 is followed by 27 Be. ‘hy «Davies 24 Wed 28 LAS ENT 26 Reb Sy Daves Wyo6 27 Ras He7 28 Beat ET ebaviv Black's attompt to get some Ve4 eS 201 Deb 3 bs 06 4 counlerplay onthe File will fil ad 246 S 00 e7 6 Zel BS 7 ‘ive to White's overall control of BS d6 «3 0-09 a gs 10 dS, the positon. Das 11 Led o6 1243 Leb 13x06 29 ed LI830AS ByA31 1G We7 14 har Weg Sad L716 Not 31 @ixd6 because of 31. AM W717 ba? Axd6 32 Bxd6 Grdl+ 33 Hadi A serious misake. White tkes on xdl+. ARerthe text move, Black a bacoward pawn on 3 bt unlike Black’s version on d6, this one can be firmly blockaded. In te sub- soguent play, we see Whites ma- jnty of pains on the quceride ving litle bearing on the me, vst Black eventally develops & noble pawn mass the Kingside adi 20 De 96 21 95 dS! Black's backward pawn moves forward, after whic I gainaking- sie pawn majority. White's ma- Jority, on the other hand, is handicapped by the backward pawn oa ©3 and will no easily eld a passed pawn, 22 WES dyed 23 xed nes 24 xed WeT 25 xe? Bre7 26 Eadl_Sio6 27 Haat Wad8 28 ‘Eat 247 29 a7 @xa7 30 Was ‘Waa 31 Bxa3 a6 Twas more relvctan tallow the ‘xchange.of White's bishop formy knight as White might later have been able o force though the e3- cf advance oF petaps bring his nigh toc, 32 gt dg 33 er 15 34 axis 8x15 35 248 6 36 2 eS 37 Backward Pawns 169 Qb3 Axhs 38 Das Det 39°63 xed 40 Des deat With # passed White pawn shout to emerge, Black must get his ow passed pawn(s as quickly ‘The decisive mistake? 41 2 e842 Dxas Dal 43 ed ex 44 dl hg 45 Des 246 he? ‘fg? ican elegant win for Bl bout have yet to find anything clear after 42 26+ deS 43 Qe7 The only route by which White «an hope fo top Black's pawns, 43-1448 216 1345 igh 0 46 a6 25 Coming back 10 stop White's raven. 46.03 47 One} xed 48 f1 Oe2 49.07 Dgd+ SO chy! also wins 797 Det 48 Dh bt Denying White's knight access oss 149 bd 3 50.01 43 S1 Ded ee SL e2? there is S282 ed 53 Delt al $42c3+ ete and SI a2 ip met by 52 D+, So Black's king head ford. 52 AS 2 $3 Ddd= bar 84 QxL8 el + $5 Darel sexed 6 egd ed $7 yd ced 58 soy? ha 59:3 od ota xb ot ‘igs Wes 62 ahs ba 63 Sb 64 a8(H) Daa8 65 WS 2 66 ho DIG) 67 dig? WD 68 sees Wn3+ 69 Gy7 Wise 021 170. Backward Paves MIU: 1) White to play KMII/: 2) White to pay Month 11/Week 2: ‘Beautifully Backward The backward pawn often has compensating advantages. The dy= fumie appreciation of such weak: ‘esses really appeaed after World ‘War Il when tae "Soviet School” started playing positions which the ‘lasiists would have condemned as hopeless. think tht a good way of look ing ata weakness isto see ifitcan be successfully exploited. In the ‘ise ofa backward pawn we must fee i the square in Font of i an be effetively occupied by an op posing piece Smyslov-Suetin USSR Ch, Maseow 1982 04062 93d53.292 06400 dred § Watt a7 6Wxed 2067 Wer Dd7 80-065 98 eS 10 800 11 ett ‘An excellent move by Smyslov White akes on a backward d-pawn in a position in which Black's Pieces are no appropriately placed {o exploit it. Meanwhile it soon becomes apparent that White's awn on ef impedes Black's queen's bishop and Black's Leight wl find virally impose sible to route themselves towards the hole on 48. White susequerty ‘operates onthe ele and is able. ‘gin space om she Kingsige with Pot ‘Backward Pawns 171 11 teh 12 Best Securing dil farther. I"Black captures on e3 White would gain a halFopen fileandastong central pan mas 12, We? 13 act Zads Both 13. Dd and ae bad because of 14 245, 14.04 WI 15-DI £6 16.43 PreparingtomeetI6...e5 ith 7d xd 18 Hed, raping the knight. Black could obtain three pens for this piece with 18 Eixbd 19 axbé Wabs but this ‘would notbe enough. White would usehisexte pice to attack Black's King whieh Would cary Far more weight than Black's queenside pawn mas. V6 mgs 17 xb Debs 177 aXb6 looks like & beter move tome sna aw 19 £41 Gaining ¢ lot of space on the kingside which creates the pccon ditions for an atack, 19 ext 1976 20 fees BxeS 21 dt Rees 22 d5! would witness On 172, Bachward Pawns ‘quick secleration of White's in 20 gxld g6 21 2g3 Wese2t 22 eh p7 23 bat Gaining ime to pst hisqueen on tho al-A8 disgonal 28 Was 241 a6 White was threatening 25 bs (25 a7 26 Deed but now Black loses by force. Probably it was Black's mistaken queen manoee- sre with 21. WeS* followed by 23... Wa which hastened his de- ‘nis, the queen is 4 mos unsuit- insseur blockader ofthe 25 Deed WaT 26 Wb? Threatening both 27 followed. by 28 ob and 27 DISH exf5 28 Zach AS IT. al 8 met by 28 Exe, Black loses a pawn, 7 in SB 28 Bxch byob 29 ‘Bxe6 Ba 80 52 Ba7 31 311 hs 32 Hg? W738 06 O05 34 Des ne35 WH Wa 36 Zen Sg 37 dd Bas 38-De5 Bade 3951 5 40 16> n6 41 Cixa6 06 42 Ser Bach 43 0e5 0144442 47 45 Det Di 46 bd D6 47 Dxpst Dgs 48 Hats 26 49 es Za8 80 {Ed3 Ha7 St £h3 2e7 82 6 fx 53 dines OS $4 17 ROR $5 gs ual $6 gh Zand $7 ed De? ‘8 eT Dad $9 He6+ 1:0 Inthe next game we see a far ‘more dynamic fight forthe square in front ofthe backward pawn, ‘Tartakower- Prins Zandvoort 1936 11405215 063 exd6 Bde 4 OP f6 5 93 nS 6a White gives himself a backwant e-pavnin avery unusual and sharp postion, The fortieoming suse revolves around ef, Sacha 7 pub 17 Dba then 7 Det would bea very unpleasant reply Toned 8 as LES 16 , Sv then 9 gst, 9 is: ‘The fist in a series of strong moves whieh win the batt for of Both 9 2c3 Bhd 10 dips Axes 11 WS ix 12 Wt Bx? 13 Wed) Sta and SHS LdTleave White in trouble 9 on ge 97. dixh3 10 Wrest v8 11 Rg! would leave Whie with two xtra pawns and Black's king in danger att rvisaging the ensuing ex change sacrifice. Without tis pos- Silty, White's position would be dieu 10. eT ‘Afi 10. 6 theres 1 s+ and 10. xh is met by 11 Exg6 gb 12-igs ngs 15-2xh4 ahs 14 Bxh3 oe ‘White now wins the bate forthe crucial ef square by sacrificial 11 Bagot fag 12.03 Aer 12 Bis? Black coul play 12, Baha, Black now plays 12. dba there follows 13 gs Digs 14 Dags Exhd 15 Wags+ Ge 16 Ot 12. Zine3 13 bed 13 Wag6r was also. good but Tartakower is playing for the t= lack. 13. 0.08 14 Wag6 He Aer 14. xP Tartakower ine ‘ended the bilant 15 e607! Backward Pavone 173 16 451 West 1783 (And not 17 ©-00%epR or 17 1 a7) 17 ry 1seyN Zn 19 shane ee 20 ee) WHS 21 4 Wags 22 WS e923 wIDs duo 245+ bee25 Wess 47 26 WaT 153 a7 O15. ed 16 Wed Hees 17 Red rests in a devise gin of sna Togs 6 Or 16. BIB 17 Bob One6 18 7+ die 19 Was 7 b= Shs 1617 8 then 1881S oF 17 Web heres 18 Gxe6 06 19 ‘igs Hct 20 Beto ext 270-00 asim tuat 8AT> gs 19-23 Threatening 202e5+ 820 ‘gm 21 gs) 21 Dor 7 2 DW She 25 WHI Axh7 24 20281 1:0 ‘There is litle that can be dane shout the threat of 21 Digs, 174 Backward Pawns EMI: 1) Black to play KMII/2: 2) Black play Month 11AWeek 3: Backward Silians ‘One ofthe structures mast com monly associated with backward pwns arises fom the Sin with 25. In fact both this and the Stonewall are important enough to rmerit section each It was Boleslaveky who frst showed that such strcturee were layable fr Black The mos ew 3 Tator in these Sciin posi= ‘ion is wher or not White ean ‘stablih kaght on dS. nthe fist ofthis week's games he achieves this, inthe second he does no ‘Smyslov - Rudakovsky Moscow 1985 1 ef eS 200 06 3 a cxdd 4 xd O16 § 3 d6 6 Led eT 70-00-08 Le3 De6 915 WET 10 Wel Dad 11 dixdd eS 12 Le est ‘A modem player would play 12 ext with perfectly satisfactory position. tte time that this ame vas played, such stuctures were presumed to be poor for Black, 30 Smyslov ecommended 12. d7 with te idea of 1. te 18 bes Continuing with » eather poor plan Black should ave ted! for ounterplay with 13 a7 144 “e615 LS dS 16 end of 17 rvs AedS though White would ‘mainain an edge after 18 2d achoard Pawns 175 14 Sixed Bixed 15 Sgt Avery instructive mave White sets about exchanging his bishop Tor the knight om Thich Black needs to defend the dS-square, Once Whites knight becomes es- tablished on d5, Black will face seat difficulties, and inthis game White transforms his advantage inoadiretatack on Black's king. 1S a, Bfeh 16 sxf6t ste 27 as bas 17, hed 18 BP Wes 19 Be followed by De7 would win the ‘exchange for no compersation 18 e3 bS 19 b3 Bes 20 ht 821.26 ns 17% Bockvant Pawns Black could, and probably sould have tied 2-7 a tis Point apeevent Whit from break {ng ip his ing In view of Whie's massive postions alta tue, ough, tis dob at be said have saved te game in the et A pial and very song thst woh rear up the pan cover ‘ound Backs ting Aer 66 White con play 25842 nending 20° 30 Black Bas very ile ‘option but cate on Ye Bo eo Nficr22. x06 23 Dus gre 28 he Has 28 Orso Bg? 26 ig) HeS 27 al ere wou be 2 transposition back ino the game. 23 Wd Xg8 24 Dale Zg7 25 Rg “Threatening mate with both 26 ‘ex? Hah? 27 gs and 26 Exp? shag? 27 Wah? dxf 28 [Brie dic? 29 Wa. So Blackehas Title choice bu to capture the knight 25. Bxf6 26 Wx16 Ege 27 ar Finally ning his attention to Black's vlnerable d-pawn. With Black's poston in tatters there is nothing 49 Be done to help this pawn 37.45 28 Bag! 23° Rag? 29 ds threatens both Black's queen and mate with as Unzicker- Bronstein Goteborg lterzonal 1988 1 of 05 2.018 d6 3 a4 exalt 4 Dxdd 16 5 Ded 26 6 Ler eS 7 ens ‘Afler 7 © Black would play the instructive move, 76. This prevents 8 SS which would ex- change one ofthe defenders oF 4, Tone? Black no longer neds to prevent, 18.5 as his could be met by 8 Dixeit 9 Bxe7 Ones! ee 80-0 0-0 9 ed WT 10 a4 D6 11 Waa 6 12 Beal Ze By puting pressure onthe ile, ‘Black aims to prevent OS. Ane other possibility was 12. Db, 13 The star ofa cbios plan, afer Which Black gts the beter of i White should iy to route hisknight fon b3 towards the 65 square sar~ ing with 13 Del! after which White wants to play a2-b4 For ths reason it might have ten beter for Black to play 12 Sin sotia 13 canbemetby 13 ‘id and 14 Del by 14 cS inning 15 dS. This would vee taaly force Waite to play 15 es afer which 15 ,. ad 16 exdS ‘Ba would leave Black with aot igo worry abou, beause dS ca rot be occupied by a Whit piece, 13 Wb7! (4 the2 a7 And not 14. xed? 15 Bxes Brot 16.81 of 14. dS? 15 exdS xd5 16 0. Unfortunately for ‘White he can no longer prevent the Hberating move 15 5, a8 if 15 Badl there is 15 Byes! 16bxe3 Dot 17-8 dB 1S Bed dros followed by. fS with nemendous compensation forthe exchange 15. The backward pawn finally moves fora with very unplease ant consequences for White fa the ‘esting position Black maintains ‘is extra cena pawn on eS but oes not need to Worry about the Sackward depawm any more. 16 exds Ded 17 Duds xa Wadi 16 Backward Pawns 177 Alteagy threatening to win 4 pow with 18. He2! 19 Bye? Buns 19294 20182 e521 Les boxes Im addition to the pressure against White's kingside, Black ‘ow hasan open file cn which 10 apply pressure. 22 Wes Eek 214 of Further cramping White's posi- sion and intodueing the possiblity of 24. c8!9 2S yes 25 8xe3 63) 25... Bac8. White makes a bid for {reedom but this only erates more weaknesses 24 b3 EacS 25 a3 6 26 2 Wer Putting pressure on the f= avin, which in tury i ped 9 ‘White's king Facing severe pres- stein any case, White stars to 27 Bas aS 28 bres fixed 29 by Axe? 30 We? eat ‘Very unpleasant ined, The im rediate threat is 31 he, wine ring te £4 pawn, Meanwhile the e-pawn is becoming a toner oF stent SI Rodd et 32 WE Syst By bringing the krigh! to 6, Black intensities she presaire on the 4 pawn, lack has 2 decisive advange 339g D6 34 Zot nst38 WES gS 36 Baeb+ Sxe8 37 Wes scr 38 Eas o2 39 Zags el) 40 xg7+ nN 1 gS Wag Wag? Bez ost 17% Boshoard Pawns MILB: 1) White to play KMILA: 2) Black o play Month 11/Week 4: “The Stonewall Formation As with dhe 5 Sicilian, this is aver important rype of backward pawn structure, The traditional Stonewall set-up features: Black rating pawns on dS, e6 and 1S o¢ ‘white seting them up on di, «3 and 4. Tere isals0 a sister forma tion pioneered by Botinesk in wich he pat pawns on eS, d6 and (Sas Black and with Whit placed them on ef, 8 and of ‘Once again he main problem with thistcward pan ite guar front of i Can this be occupa by an oppesing piece or no? Then comes the problem of actually bectching this srctire which can ‘every dificultevenwaen youkave occupied the weak square The traditions methods ofatack against the Stonewall involve Aqueenside pawn advances to open fle in this sector. This week how ver, we will be looking ta more eet means of ying oexpoithe backward pawn = with a direct font attack Inthe fst game the great Yugo Slew Grandmaster Svetovar Gi fori lakes the Stonewall Dutch Apart in classic sy Giigorte- Hug Skopje Olympiad 1972 Na e6 204 183.00 O16 495, £75,242 0.060-0.6 7b3 a5 Backward Pawns 179 AA clever move order by Black who avoids ..d7d8 unit White can no longer exchange dark Squared bishops with a3 ‘82 e3.d59 Ab? £47 1003 es 11 Ge! ‘A typial and noteworthy ma oeuvre by Whit, Hiskaightis not well paced on o3 50 he sats to bring i im contact with the eS square Ton 46 12-044 WeT 13 Wer ed Tg Des a7 15 1 Des 16 ‘tas 7 17 xa xa7 18 Over the lat few moves Black hs succeeded in protecting the ‘hoe” on eS but has not managed to adequately protect himself agaist this dgeetbrskrough in the cen. He now makes matters much worse by attempting 0 shoo: his way out of trouble, rather than tryingtohang tough with 18. fre 19 fees gs 18 . 5? 19 5 LT 20 oxds exd5 2 axes 25 Presumsbly Black could not have avecooked the fact thal 21 Dyes lass apiece afar 22 Bt 180. Backward Paens The text move aims to bring the ight to e6 where it would be swell placed, so Gligore prompily Prevents this idea, 2214 Ded 23 Had Bas 24 £26 25 net fret 26 We2 Wes 1626... pt thee is 27 WES, 27Wes hs 28E Md This looks like an attacking owe, butts White who ends up oceupying the open efile 29 gah! a8 30 5 Zhe 31 23 Hah 32 Sexd7 Waa 7 33 ig 15 4 Wes ENT 35 wt Forcing & wining endgame, Al though White's bishop on ook bad, the pavins which presently shut i out OF the game-vill soon move forward, Blk, means, hasa lotof weak pawns, especially the one on dS 35. SEh7 36 Hat g6 37 Wats Bhat 38 £3 26739 53 ‘And not the immetate 39 Eds bce 39 25 40 xg577 IT), 39 dd 40 Badd ues 41 ret saxts ‘An ingeioas move, which nev~ sstheless fads alos endgame, 42 BXfd Lede 43 Heed Bats 44 e6 B08 45 €7 Bek 46 82g? 47 e217 48 ed a 48 ae? thee follows 49 stxe7+ xe? 50 shed which wins Biack's pan 99x04 De I lack no doubt realized that af ter 50 BxeT+ x07, White plays SI Shed ded6 52 05 e7 $3 hd ek 58 dbs Wes $5 a5 wad 56 6 rab 57 Gnas, cate Black's ‘pawn and then promotes the pawn on h tne next game Whiteadoptsall Atyce ofthe most typical methods of playing against the Stonewall Dutch Fist e routes his knights sound so thal they eome into con- tact withthe wealness on e§, he then advances his queenside pawns, ard finally he breaks ‘hough inthe centre Gealler- Szabo Budapest 1952 14 06200 153 93 C464 ig? 2750.0 040 6.04 d5 7 Dbddes 855 Dpa7 9.43 The plan of posting the knights fon the d3 and 6 squares makes i ‘vey dificult for Black to engineer akingside ack. Overthe next few moves, Geller creates more weaknesses in Black's camp by advancing his aqueenside pars, 9. Wes 10 ergs After 10... 46 White could play 11 QF Bod 12 4 Bt 13 {xf leaving em in command a8 According 0 Bovinniy 1.6 was suonger T2EDI AIG 13 Bd DS 1405 aS isa ‘A solid move, after which White will be unable fo open the queen= side but has the chance of peomis- ‘ng ental action with a ler 2-5, ‘ade-e4, Back hs good counter Play afer either 15 tua Baas 16 es nes 17 axes WeT 18 1B Denes 19 Ba? nd 20 Seas Dues or 15 a4 a6 activating the previously “bad bishop". TS. axb4 16 axbs gf 17 Dies Oues ‘Alter 17.67 thee would flow 1 97 19 xg dng 202. IWdxes 28 19:2N6.207 20.1 20 85 (0) A\ather desperate course of ac ‘in, bu Black sin serous wouble, 20. gx 21 exf3 QS 22 a wins the kght Bochword Powns. 181 21 gS Dags 22 fag 27 ‘As 22 fxgh 23 225? is met boy 24 ger Black ines to activate tall oss. 23 gx exfS 24 Wa2 O17 24, ed 25 Wh isso deeply pleas. 251814 Bad ‘Once agin Szabo plays the most, ive move, 25 .. HeT 26 Zal Hxal 27 Bral Sixes 28 Ones [BxeS 29 3 would be followed by adecisive invasion onthe fle 26 Wes WeT 27 Ans Des 28 xtsat na lst position, Blak Fels he right a well throw in the kitchen sink. Geller’ careful play neurl- ses the danger and finally itis White who plays some sparkling chess. 29 aad Hxe2 30 Bve8 Baa? 31 br Bees 32 Bat Hed 33 ‘Baz Zxa2 34 Waa? Ged 35 Bia! xb? 6 e+! 120 ‘An elegant finale, After 36 Wxc6Whie delivers mate with 37 HBF and 36 «dog? Hs met by 37 Wess dn Ieret rif 37. D1 shen 38 WS 12 Boshward Pawns KMI1/4: 1) Whitt play KMLL/4: 2) Black o play 12 Semi-Backward Pawns Last month we examined posi tions in which a backward pan had gat influence onthe course tthe game. [have sed the tem ‘omisbactoard pawn to describe 2 pn whichis ot fly beckward, Yeti unable to safely advance be {aus of cae oF {WO Opposing pens restcting its movement “Sach semi-backoward pawns can also become targets if, asin the postions we sul be looking {heysitonan open ile Inany ess, they tend to be very fic to get and there are compensating fea- Players started to experiment swith this type of positon in the post-war er by taking on a semi= backward dpa in the King’s n= dia, 2 setup we will review in weak one. tn eck two we Wil be looking a another type of position that cores into this ategory, the Scheveningen and Paulsen Sicilian formations. Tn wooks three and foer we will be examining the popular and m= portant hadeetog formation which came high fashion in the late 197% and erly 1980s when twas Adopted by players like UIT An- Aerson,Ljubomir tjubojevic, Lev Peaks, Mihai Suba and Istvan som. ‘The following diagram shows the tough and dynamic for~ ‘atc Black ais fr, which has ected many moders Grandmas- “Month 127Week ‘The KID d-pawn Shortly after the second World War, the sealed Sosset School of Chess emerged Priding them selves on their dynamic an crea live style of play, the young Ruusians challenged a number of established views on weak pawns. The following variation fof the King’s Indian Defence shocked and suprised many radi sionals Reshevsky - Bronstein “Zarich 1953, 1.08 O46 2 04 g6 3 p3 O97 4 2g20.05 03 466-13 ObA77 84 Semi Backward Pawns O-0eS8e4 eng nd exds 10d Deh 11 Het a5 12 We? 6 This last move ereates what seems like a weakness on 46 yet appearances ae deceptive. Tis is what Bronstein wrote about this ype of poston: "Mere it seams high time t r= veal to the reader the secret of Black's d-pawn i the King's I~ ian. Although te pawn sands on fan open file and is sobect 0 con- Sant pressure It proves to be a tough nut to crack This is because {isnot easy to get a the pawn It ‘would appear tat here was noth Ingsimpler tanto movethekight sway ffom dé so a8 pres on the pawen, but the poin is that the knight is badly needed at 4 where i has the ase of observing the squares 5,6, <6 and 8,8 elas neutralising Black's fanchetoed bishop. The knight ean realy only rove aay when Whit has safe- “guarded himself rom such attacks 5.83, S46 ad. Shy Black. Meanwhile, however, Blick too hs Tolycxpanised bit position, Hence the weakness of the Black