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A. April 17, 1941

B. April 27, 1521 ❤

C. May 27, 1521

D. May 17, 1941

2. Leader of the revolt in TARLAC.

A. Francisco Dagohoy

B. Francisco Makabulos ❤

C. Raja Sulayman

D. Raja Humabon

• 3. First Woman Fighter in Panay.

A. Trinidad Tecson

B. Teresa Magbanua ❤

C. Marina Dizon

D. Agueda Esteban


A. Melchora Aquino ❤

B. Gabriela Silang

C. Gregoria de Jesus

D. Teresa Magbanua

5. Pasong Tirad

A. Marcelo H. Del Pilar

B. Gregorio Del Pilar ❤

C. Antonio Luna
D. Juan Luna

6. The commander of the American and Filipino forces in Bataan?

A. Gen. Edward King ❤

B. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright

C. Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur

D. Gen. Arthur Mac Arthur

7. Ecosystem is the relationship between the physical and biological environment s in a certain plain.
Among desert ecosytems, the world's largest ecosystem is_________.

A.Sahara ❤




8. If Bukidnon.. Lanao are/ is plateau, Zamboanga is more of a/an?

A. Island

B. Valley


D. peninsula ❤

9. The aurora borealis and aurora australis are cause by the interaction between charge particles and
Earth's magnetic field. What layers of earth’s atmosphere contains these particles?

A. Exosphere

C. Ozonosphere

B. Mesosphere

D. Thermosphere ❤

Thermosphere- the region of the atmosphere is bombarded with highly charged particles. Thesr atoms
and molecules form fascinating auroras.

10. The approximate distance of the earth from the sun.

A.146.9 million cm
B.149.6 million km ❤

C. 149.6 million cm

D. 146.9 million km

11. An element which is widely used in industry as a purifier.



C.carbon ❤


12. Refers to a disorder which muscular control and coordination are impaired due to brain damage.


B.celbral palsy ❤



13. Is believed to be the most important metallic element in industry.

A.iron ❤




14. He computed the height of the great pyramid in egypt.




D.thales ❤

15. What is the most abundant inorganic compounds?


C.water ❤


15. Sinong tauhan sa Noli Me Tangere ang

sinasabing alam niya ang lahat ngunit hindi niya

ginawa ang kanyang sinabi?

A. Padre Damaso

B. Crisostomo Ibarra

C. Pilosopong Tasyo ❤

D. Maria Clara

16. The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform and cooperatives are meant to?

A. Eradicate poverty in the country

B. To make all citizens equal

C. To improve on the country's literary rate

D. Bridge the gap between the rich and poor ❤

17. The Philippine archipelago is located between _____and _____.

a. Japan-Korea

b. Vietnam - Thailand

c. Taiwan - Borneo ❤

d. South Korea – Japan

18. Hair and fingernails are made up of what substance ?

a. Sorotonin

b. Melanin

c. Keratin ❤

d. Melatonin
19. He was considered as the first teacher in ancient china?

a. Lao Tzu

b. Mo-Tzu

c. Shintoism

d. Confucius ❤

20. The father of computer science.

a.ada lovelace

b.alan turing ❤

c.albert einstien

D.georg cantor

21. Ano ang pangalan ng Satellite Na ginawa ng Pilipinas?

A. Diwata 1 ❤

B. Bulalakaw Uno

C. Hiwaga 1

D. Pilipinas 1

22. "Your right ends when my right begins". This statement is _______?

A. True ❤

B. False

C. It depends

D. Can't distinguish

23. Is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen.


b.calcium carbonate

c.nitric acid

d.ammonia ❤
Amonia, a colorless pungent gas that is highly soluble in water. Use: refrigerant, manufacture of
fertilizers, explosives, and plastics.

Formula: NH3

24. A deformity involving one foot or both.

a.cerebral palsy

b. spermarch

c.club foot ❤







26. All are characteristics of mammals, except;

A. Endothermic

B. Egg-laying

C. Feathered ❤

21. Born in Sta. Cruz, Manila on august 2, 1799 ; he was the parish priest of Bacoor, Cavite at the time he
was involved in the Cavite Mutiny of 1872

A. Andres Urdanete

B. Vicente Garcia

C. Jacinto Zamora

D. Mariano Gomez ❤

1799 gomez died at 72

1835 zamora died at 35

1837 burgos died at 36

22. Kingdom plantae includes which organism

A. Prokaryotes

B. Magnolidae ❤

C. Fungi

D. Protozoa

23. She is known for the love sonnets she wrote

A. Paz benitez

B. Gilda fernando

C. Edith tiempo

D. Ophelia dimalanta ❤

24. Imprisoned for 27 years, Nelson Mandela realized his dream of a free and non-racial South Africa by
forgiving his oppressors and negotiating in good faith for peaceful transition to democracy.

Nelson Mandela demonstrated his trait of ____.

A . Friendliness

B. Determination

C. Forgiving ❤

D. Loyalty

25. The right invoked in the writ of habeas data is

A. The right to info privacy ❤

B. The right to gather info

C. Right of suffrage

D. Right to due process

27. Ang may-akda ng kauna-unahang aklat na nilimbag sa Pilipinas, ang ''Doctrina Kristiana''.

A. Fr. Domingo de Nieva ❤

B. Fr. Modesto de Castro

C. Fr. Miguel Bustamante

D. Fr. Jose Gomez

28. Who is NOT an impeachable officers?

A. President of the Phils.

B. Vice President

C. Congressman ❤

D. Ombudsman

29. USA is a TOP DOG.

a. Richest

b. A fighter

c. Most infuential ❤

30. I worked like a TROJAN all day. This means

a. Work quickly

b. Work hurriedly

c. Work hard ❤

31. Complete the sequence: 5, 11, 23,41, 65, 95, ______?

A. 121

B. 131 ❤

C. 141

D. 151

Correct Answer: B. 131

Rationalization: To solve the sequence, you can use the long addition method by adding
5+6=11+12=23+18=41+24= 65+30=95+36= 131.

32. When America decided to drop the atomic bomb to Nagasaki in order to stop the land invasion of
Japan, what degree of moral certitude can describe this decision of USA?

A. Doubtful

B. Certain ❤
C. Perfexed

D. Callous

33. Isang dulog pampatikan na kung saan ang pagpapakahulugan sa isang tekstong binasa ay nakapokus
sa sariling panlasa ng mambabasa at kilala rin sa katawagan na reader-response theory.

A. Impresyonista ❤

B. antropolohiya

C. Patalambuhay

D. pansikolohiya

33. In how many ways can five boys be seated in a row of five seats

A. 72

B. 98

C. 102

D. 120 ❤

34. 6. What is the greatest common divisor of 24 & 40?

a. 3

b. 2

c. 5

d. 4 ❤

36. What pitch level must be used in starting a sentence ?

a. 1

b. 2 ❤

c. 3

d. 4

1- End

2- Start

3- Stress
4- Extreme situation

37. Precious is 15 years old. Joana is one-third older. How many years ago was Joana twice as old as

A. 3

B. 5

C. 7. 5

D. 10 ❤

38. Who composed the Philippine national anthem ?

A.Rafael palma

B.Antonio Molina

C.Jose Palma -titik@

D.Julian Felipe -himig

39. In a box, there is 5 blue balls and 3 red balls. If two balls are drawn at random in one occassion and
without returning the balls, what is the probability that two balls are blue?

A. 5/14 ❤

B. 6/14

C. 7/14

D. None of these

40. The proponent of Tabula Rasa:

A.John locke ❤

B. Erick Erickson

C. Piaget

D. Bandura

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TIM - Technology Integration Matrix

Entry- Teachers have the SOLE and DIRECT access to technology tools. (Teacher-centered)

*Si teacher lang ang gumagamit at nagmamanipulate ng technology tools para magtransfer ng
info/learning sa students. (MAKINIG LANG KAY TEACHER)

Adoption- Students opportunities to use technology tools are limited and controlled. Teachers choose
what tools to use, when to use it, and how to use it. (Conventional/Procedural use of technology tools)

*Si teacher pa rin ang masusunod pero may opportunity na si student na makagamit ng technology tool.

Adaptation- Teacher facilitates. Students independently use technology tools in conventional ways.
Students have freedom to utilize TEACHER's chosen tools.


*of course may knowlege na sila kung pano gamitin ang tools bago sila pabayaan.*)

Infusion- The teacher provides the learning context, and the students choose the technology tools to

teacher kung tama ba ang piniling tool ni student sa task na pinagagawa nya*)

Transformation- Gives emphasis to the importance of technology tools. Tools are use to facilitate higher
order learning activities that may not have been possible without the use of technology.Students are
encouraged to use technology tools in unconventional ways and are self-directed in combining the use of

bahalang pumili ng MGA technology tools na gagamitin. )



Rule 1 - Singular subjects take singular verbs. Plural subjects take plural verbs.

1. The bee BUZZES every night.

2. The bees BUZZ every night.

3. She HAS a new book.

4. We HAVE many things in common.

5. He IS our mentor and adviser.

Note: The Pronouns I and You always take a plural verb.

1. I ENJOY being with my friends.

2. You ARE so beautiful.

3. I LIKE you a lot.

Rule 2 – Compound subjects or subjects joined by “and” take a plural verb.

1. My father and my brother VISIT me every year.

2. Juan and Ana SERVE in their lunch.

3. Charles and James WERE busy last week.

Rule 3 – When the subject words are joined by or, neither/nor, either/or & not only/but, the verb agrees
with the subject closest to it.

1. Your father or your sisters ARE going to take care of Anna.

2. Your sisters or your father IS going to take care of Anna.

3. Either her friend or her mother HAS the money.

4. Neither her uncle nor her aunts HAVE the money.

Rule 4 – The indefinite pronouns: no one, anyone, everyone, someone, anybody, everybody, somebody,
nobody, anything, everything, something, are always singular. They take singular verb.

1. No one IS above the law.

2. Everyone HAS the right to education.

3. Everything HAPPENS for a reason.

While indefinite pronouns like both, many, several, few, others, are always plural.

1. Many singers FIND it easy to release their stress.

2. Several of the trees WERE cut down.

3. Few of our members DON'T want to participate.

Some indefinite pronouns like all, any, more, most, none, & some can be singular or plural depending on
what the indefinite pronoun refers to.

1. All of the people clapped THEIR hands.

2. Some of the newspaper WAS soaked.

3. Most of the cars WERE stolen yesterday.

Rule 5 – When a group of words or modifiers separate the subject and the verb, locate the subject word
to determine whether to use a singular or plural verb.

1. The fowers in the pot on the balcony NEED watering.

2. The rock at the top of the hill LOOKS amazing.

Rule 6 – phrases like together with, along with, as well as, accompanied by, in addition to, do not affect
the subject.

1. Rica, together with her friends, GOES to a party every weekend.

2. Danna and Gemma, together with their father, GO to church every weekend.

Rule 7 – Modifiers between the subject and the verb does not affect the number of the subject.

1. Juan, who is a father of four, IS currently working as a firefighter.

2. A dog, which lives on the street, HAS the tendency to have rabies.

Rule 8 – Some nouns (collective nouns) can be used as a singular or plural depending on the context and

1. Rica’s family PLANS to go on a vacation this summer.

2. The staff HAVE gone their separate ways after the meeting.

Rule 9 – Uncountable nouns or nouns that can’t be counted takes a singular verb.

1. Too much sugar WAS put in this coffee.

2. Money IS the root of all problem.

3. Honesty IS the best policy.

Rule 10 – There are nouns that end in s that are always considered as singular.

1. The news about her death IS spreading very fast.

2. Mathematics IS a very difficult subject.

3. Diabetes IS not a curable disease.

Rule 11 – Fractional expressions half of, part of, portion of, may take singular or plural verbs depending if
the noun that is being referred to is countable or not.
1. Half of the audience ARE asleep because of his boring speech.

2. A portion of his wealth WAS donated to cancer patients.

Rule 12 – In inverted sentences especially those that use “here” and “there”, the subject follows the

1. Here ARE the towels that you need.

2. A good snack IS a salad.

3. There ARE houses under the bridge.






Could, Should, and Would are Auxiliary verbs. Past tense sila ng Can, Shall and Will respectively. Ano yan
e, Posible vs Kailangan vs Gusto.

Could - past tense of Can. Tagalog: Maaari

*Ginagamit ang Could sa pagsasaad ng posibilidad.

Example: That could be Ned's diary. (Maaaring diary ni Ned iyon.)

*Ginagamit din sa pagrerequest.

Example: Could you pass me the rice. (Maaari mo bang ipasa ang kanin sa akin.)

Should - past tense of Shall. Tagalog: Dapat

*Used to express something that is probable.

Example: He should be here by now. (Dapat ay naririto na sya.)

*To ask if you need to do something.

Example: Should we turn left? (Dapat ba tayong lumiko sa kaliwa)

Shouldn't you be getting dressed? (Hindi ba dapat ay nagbibihis ka na?)

*To show obligation, give opinion, or give recommendation.

Example: You should change your child's diaper first. (Dapat ay palitan mo muna ng lampin ang anak mo)

We should go to the clinic tomorrow. (Dapat na tayong pumunta sa clinic bukas)

You should try this wine. (Dapat mong subukan ang wine na ito)

Would - past tense of will. Tagalog: Ibig/Nais

*To ask

Example: What would you do? (Ano ang ibig mong gawin?)

*To make a request

Example: I would like to speak to your manager. (Nais kong makausap ang inyong manager)

*For hypothetical situations

Example: If I have a lot of money I would build a mansion. (Kung mayroon akong maraming pera, nais
kong magtayo ng mansyon.)

*To ask for a preference

Example: Would you like a cup of coffee or tea? (Nais nyo po ba ng kape o tyaa?)


Same sa HAS, HAVE, HAD na explanation ko.. Has & Have is Present. Had is Past Tense. So, dagdagan ng
BEEN. Been is an indication of a Perfect Tense. So, HAS BEEN & HAVE BEEN are both in a PRESENT

HAS BEEN - used in he, she, it, who, and singular nouns/pronouns. In present perfect tense.

HAVE BEEN - used in I, you, we, they, and plural nouns/pronouns. In present perfect tense.

*Ang HAS BEEN at HAVE BEEN ay parehong present perfect tense. Ginagamit ito sa pagdedescribe ng
action na nangyari recently na relevant parin hanggang ngayon o nangyayari parin hanggang ngayon.

Example: She has been to the US many times.

I have been dreaming about you lately.

HAD BEEN - used in both singular & plural nouns/pronouns. In past perfect tense.

*Ang HAD BEEN ay ginagamit kapag nagdedescribe ng action na nangyari in the past na nangyari bago
ang isa pang pangyayari o nangyari in the past at naresolba o natapos/nagbago.
Example: They had been living in Paris before they moved here.


Pareho lang po sila. Contraction o mas pinaiksing version lang ang Can't. Parang Don't at Do not.


WHERE refers to a location, or direction.

Example: Where is the restroom? (Nasaan ang palikuran?

WERE ay plural past tense form. Kumbaga past tense sya ng "ARE"

Example: I thought they were going to swim? (Akala ko ba ay lalangoy sila?)

WE'RE ay contraction ng WE ARE o WE WERE.

Example: We're going to Japan tomorrow. (Kami ay pupunta sa Japan bukas)

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Aklan - Oldest province in the Philippines

Cebu City- Oldest City in the Philippines

Davao City - Largest City in the Philippines

Iloilo - Province with most number of barangays

Negros Occidental - Province with most number of cities

Palawan - Largest Province in the Philippines

Sablayan, Occ. Mindoro - Largest Municipality in the Philippines

Miagao, Iloilo - Municipality with most number of barangays, Onion Capital of Visayas

Nueva Ecija - Rice Granary of the Philippines

Pampanga - Culinary Capital of the Philippines

Marinduque - Heart of the Philippines

Iloilo City - The First queen City of the South, City where the Past is always present
Dumaguete - City of Gentle People

Cagayan de Oro - City of Golden Friendship

Quezon City - City of Stars and New Horizons

Manila - Ever Distinguished Loyal City

Roxas City - Seafood Capital of the Philippines

Antique - Province where the mountain meets the sea

Bacoor - Band Capital of the Philippines

Gen. San City- Tuna Capital

Isulan - Oil Palm Capital of the Philippines

Pangasinan - Saltmaking Capital

Negros Occidental - Sugar Bowl

Romblon - Marble Capital

Rizal - Cradle of Philippine Arts

Cavite - Cradle of Phil. Revolution

La Union - Surfing Capital of the North

Biliran - Shipyard of Antiquity

Camiguin - Island Born of Fire

Siquijor - Island of Fire

Makati - Manhattan of the Philippines

Marikina - Shoe Capital of the Philippines

Cebu - Gateway to a Thousand Journeys

Masbate - Great Wild West of Phil.

Tarlac - Melting Pot of Central Luzon

Bataan - History Hub of Central Luzon

Bulacan - Manila's Gateway to the North

Palawan - Philippines' Last Frontier

Guimaras - Mango County of Visayas

Manduluyong - Shopping Capital

Muntinlupa - The Emerald City

Valenzuela - The Only Divided City

Lanao del Sur - Cradle of Muslim Art

South Cotabato - Conference Capital of Mindanao

Dinagat Island - Mystical Province of Love

Surigao del Norte - Surfing Capital

Eastern Samar - Gateway to Phil. Discovery

Cam Sur - Wakeboarding Capital

Lanao del Norte - Land of Beauty and Bounty

Pateros - Balut Capital

San Juan - Tiangge Capital

Navotas - Fishing Capital of Greater Manila

Laguna - The Silicon Valley

Batangas - Diving and Shipping Capital

Batanes - Land of True Insulars

Quirino - Forest Heartland of Cagayan Valley

Zambales - Chromite Capital

Aurora - Land of Golden Sunrise

Zamboanga del Norte - Province of South's Twin City

Bukidnon - Pineapple Capital

Catanduanes - Land of the Howling Wind

Maguindanao - Seat of Muslim Mindanao

Sitangkai, Tawi Tawi - Venice of the South

Cotabato - Land of Mightiest Mountain

Neg. Oriental - Whale and Dolphin Haven

Paranaque - Fashion Capital

Pasay - Travel Capital

Lucena, Quezon - Biofuel & Biopalm City

Samar - Spelunking Capital

Davao del Norte - Durian and Banana Capital

Baguio City - Summer Capital/ City of Pines

San Fernando, Pampanga - Lantern Capital

Misamis Occ - Christmas Capital of Mindanao

Benguet - Salad Bowl of the Philippines

Kalinga - White Rafting Capital of the North

Isabela - Rice Granary of the North

Nueva Vizcaya - Watershed Haven of Cagayan Valley

Ilocos Sur - Heritage Haven of the Far North

Oriental Mindoro - Harbor Gateway to the South

Agusan del Norte - Land of Antiquated Finds

Tacloban City - City of Hope

Tagbilaran - City of Peace and Friendship

Tuguegarao - Premier Ybanag City

Butuan - Timber City of the South

Gingoog - City of Good Luck

Davao - Fruit Basket and King City of the South

Dapitan - Shrine and Historic City of the South

Pagadian - Little Hong Kong of the South

Zamboanga City - Asias Latin City, Sardines Capital, City of Flowers

Mati - Coconut City of the South

Catbalogan - City of Captivating Contrast

Tagum - Music Capital of the South

Sulu - Land of Exotic Fruits

Bacolod - City of Smiles

Passi - Sweet City at the Heart of Panay

Antipolo - City in the Sky

Calbayog - City of Waterfalls

Las Pinas - Salt Center of Metro Manila

Taguig - The ProvinSyudad

Valenzuela - Vibrant City of Discipline

Maasin City, S. Leyte - The Religious City

Lingayen - The Most Romantic Place

Alimodian, Iloilo - Banana Capital of Panay

Dagupan - Bangus Capital

La Trinidad, Benguet - Strawberry Capital

Cauayan, Isabela - Mushroom City of the North

Donsol, Sorsogon - World's Whale Shark Capital

Legazpi - City of Fun and Adventure, ATV capital

Naga - Bicols Queen City

Mandaue, Cebu - Furniture Capital

Borongan - King City of the East

Dipolog - The Phil. Orchid City

Gutalac, Zamb. Norte - Pebble Capital

El Salvador, Mis Or - City of Divine Mercy

Iligan - industrial City of the South

Pototan, Iloilo - Christmas Capital of Visayas

Lantapan, Bukidnon - Vegetable Basket of Mindanao

Malaybalay, Bukidnon - Summer Capital of the South

Oroquieta - City of Good Life

Digos - Clay Capital of Mindanao

Malita - Banana Capital of Davao

Samal - Phil. Island Garden City

Kidapawan - City at the foot of Mt Apo

Koronadal - Ilonggo City of the South

El Nido - Heaven on Earth

Puerto Galera - Poors man Boracay

Puerto Princesa - EcoTourism Capital

Cainta, Rizal - Bibingka Capital

Calamba - Hot Spring Capital

Imus - The Philippine Flag Capital

Lipa, Batangas - City of Pride

Molo, Iloilo - Athens of the Philippines


Enculturation -- learning culture from one's group.

Acculturation -- process of learning some new traits from other culture.

Assimilation -- changing of current culture by means of adopting other.

Amalgamation -- adopt your beliefs, socialities of your partners/group/friends.

Immersion -- complete involvement.

Gemeinshaft -- community shared experiences, instead of individual (collectivism)

Geselleshaft -- needs of individual instead of group (individualism)

Authoritarian -- make demands on weild manner power but lack of warmth.

Authoritative -- establish restriction and explain with what is the reason why.

Clue: Specialization begins

Gr. 7 - Beginning of exploratory TLE

Gr. 8 - End of exploratory TLE

Gr. 9 - Beginning of Elective or Specialization

Gr. 10 - End of Elective or Specialization

Gr. 11 - NC I

Gr. 12 - NC II


*HENLY- " I am the master of my fate, I am the captain of my soul" poem of INVICTUS

*KEATS- " A thing of beauty is a joy forever"

*MARK TWAIN- American greatest humorist

*EPIC- a long narrative poem dealing with persons of heroic proportion & actions of great significance

*EDGAR ALLAN POE- considered the father of the modern american short story

*HAIKU- Japanese poem w/ 17 syllables

*ANTHOLOGY- collection of literary pieces

*SONNET- 14 iambic pentameter lines

*MAHABHARATA- longest epic

*FOLKTALES- stories that refect people's beliefs & are handed from generation to generation

*FABLES- these are not tales making use of animals as characters

*MARCELO H. DEL PILAR- his pen name "Dolores manapat"

*QUEZON- "like the molave" his source of inspiration

*ELEGY- a poem lamenting the dead

*SOLILOQUY- a speech by a person who reveals his thoughts

MANUEL ARGUILLA- author of "how my brother Leon brought home a wife"

*JOSE RIZAL- he wrote the famous letter " to the women of malolos"

*URBANA AT FELIZA- a kind of literary piece w/c moralizes & was written in letter between 2 sisters
dwelling in the city& the other in the province

*WASHINGTON- author of " the legend of sleppy hollow"

*RHODORA- "if eyes are made for seeing, the beauty is its own excuse for being"- is taken from the

*THE ILLIAD OF HOMER- A great epic poem whose plot centers around the anger & wrath of Achilles
against Agamemnon, a great Leader

*LEONARDO DA VINCI- famous work monaliza

*JUAN LUNA- famous painting "'spolarium'

*MICHAEL ANGELO-created " the statue of David


❣Social Science pa rin tayo❣


1. Anthropology – The science of the origins and development of human beings and their cultures. The
word anthropology is derived from two Greek words: anthropos meaning “man” or “human” and logos,
meaning “thought” or “reason.”
2. Archaeology – Archaeology is the study of things that people made, used, and left behind. The goal of
archaeology is to understand what people of the past were like and how they lived.

3. Economics – Economics is the study of the economy, or the part of a society that creates wealth.
Wealth is not just money. Wealth comes from the production of goods and services.

4. Geography – Geography is a science that deals with the Earth’s surface, its physical features, such as
mountains, deserts, rivers, and oceans. Geography also studies the ways that people affected by the
natural world.

5. Government – Government is the organization that defends the country from outside enemies, helps
to keep order, and it provides services for its people. In return, the people of the country must pay
money called taxes to the government.

6. History – History is the study of the past. The study of history helps make sense of humankind. It also
helps people understand the things that happen today and that may happen in the future.

7. Law – All governments have sets of rules called laws. Laws are based on ideas about what is right and

8. Philosophy – The word philosophy comes from the Greek language. It means “love of wisdom.”
Philosophy is the study of some of the most basic questions about human life. For example, what can
people really know about life? Or, are human beings basically good or evil?

9. Psychology – Psychology is the scientific study of the ways that people think, feel, and behave.
Psychologists study the human mind and emotions to try to understand the reasons behind people's

10. Religion – Religion is the study of the worship of a god or gods or some other type of supernatural
being. One thing that all religions have in common is that they help their followers to find meaning in the

11. Sociology - Sociology is the scientific study of human societies, or groups. Sociology is one of the
social sciences.


❣Social Science pa rin tayo❣


1. Anthropology – The science of the origins and development of human beings and their cultures. The
word anthropology is derived from two Greek words: anthropos meaning “man” or “human” and logos,
meaning “thought” or “reason.”
2. Archaeology – Archaeology is the study of things that people made, used, and left behind. The goal of
archaeology is to understand what people of the past were like and how they lived.

3. Economics – Economics is the study of the economy, or the part of a society that creates wealth.
Wealth is not just money. Wealth comes from the production of goods and services.

4. Geography – Geography is a science that deals with the Earth’s surface, its physical features, such as
mountains, deserts, rivers, and oceans. Geography also studies the ways that people affected by the
natural world.

5. Government – Government is the organization that defends the country from outside enemies, helps
to keep order, and it provides services for its people. In return, the people of the country must pay
money called taxes to the government.

6. History – History is the study of the past. The study of history helps make sense of humankind. It also
helps people understand the things that happen today and that may happen in the future.

7. Law – All governments have sets of rules called laws. Laws are based on ideas about what is right and

8. Philosophy – The word philosophy comes from the Greek language. It means “love of wisdom.”
Philosophy is the study of some of the most basic questions about human life. For example, what can
people really know about life? Or, are human beings basically good or evil?

9. Psychology – Psychology is the scientific study of the ways that people think, feel, and behave.
Psychologists study the human mind and emotions to try to understand the reasons behind people's

10. Religion – Religion is the study of the worship of a god or gods or some other type of supernatural
being. One thing that all religions have in common is that they help their followers to find meaning in the

11. Sociology - Sociology is the scientific study of human societies, or groups. Sociology is one of the
social sciences.




MOVEMENT/MOVEMENT MANAGEMENT THRUST – proceeding without assessing

DANGLING – hanging activity by giving another

TRUNCATION – leaves activity

FLIP-FLOP – returns to a left activity while currently doing an activity

STIMULUS-BOUND – distracted

OVERDWELLING –overtime in one topic

OVERLAPPING – multitasking results negatively

DOUBLE EFFECT – sacrifice for the good or bad

FORMAL COOPERATION – cooperation with will

LESSER EVIL – choice of the less one from two bad things

MATERIAL COOPERATION – cooperation without will

CENTRAL TENDENCY -Central (middle location) Tendency

MEAN – Average MODE – most occurring

RANGE – highest score minus lowest score

LOW SD–Homogenous, scores near to mean(almost same)

HIGH SD – Heterogenous, scores far to mean (scattered)

DECILE – 10 grps (D1…D10)

QUARTILE – 4 grps (Q1…Q4)


REVOKATION –condition


0-0.20 VERY DIFFICULT (reject)

0.21-0.40 DIFFICULT (revise)

0.41-0.60 MODERATE (retain)

0.61-0.80 EASY (revise)

0.81-1.00 VERY EASY (reject)

POSITIVELY SKEWED (LEFT FOOT) low scores, mean greater than mode
NEGATIVELY SKEWED (RIGHT FOOT) high scores, mean is lower than mode

HORN/HALO EFFECT overcoming other trait, either bad/good


� VACUUM TUBES (1940-1956)

� TRANSISTORS (1956-1963)


� MICROPROCESSORS (1971-present)



1. ATTENTION SEEKER – “teacher, notice me”

2. REVENGE – “teacher, I am hurt”

3. POWER-SEEKING – “teacher, may I help?”

4. INADEQUACY – “teacher, don’t give up on me”


1. TRUST VS. MISTRUST (0-12 months) infancy

2. AUTONOMY VS. SHAME/DOUBT (1-3 years old) Early childhood

3. INITIATIVE VS. GUILT (3-6 years old) Late childhood

4. INDUSTRY VS. INFERIORITY (6-12 years old) School age

5. IDENTITY VS. ROLE CONFUSION (12-18 years old) Adolescence

6. INTIMACY VS. ISOLATION (early 20s-early 40sYoung adulthood

7. GENERATIVITY VS. STAGNATION (40s-mid 60s)Adulthood

8. INTEGRITY VS. DESPAIR (mid 60s-death) Maturity


1. SENSORY – senses

2. PRE-OPERATIONAL - imagination
3. CONCRETE - tangible/real

4. FORMAL – theoretical base


� ENACTIVE (0-1 yrs. old) – action-based information

� ICONIC (1-6 yrs. old) – image-based information

� SYMBOLIC (7+) – code/symbols such as language


• ORAL (0-1 yrs. old) – Infant

• ANAL (1-3 yrs. old) – Toddler

• PHALLIC – Preschool

• LATENCY – School Age

• GENITAL – Adolescense

• OEDIPUS – son to mom

• ELECTRA –daughter to dad



• Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment Orientation

• Stage 2: Individualism and Exchange


• Stage 3: Good Interpersonal Relationships

• Stage 4: Maintaining the Social Order


• Stage 5: Social Contract and Individual Rights

• Stage 6: Universal Principles

✔John Locke — tabularasa , empiricism:"Father of Liberalism"

✔Francis Bacon — "Father of scientific method" "Father of empiricism"

✔Jean Jacques Rousseau -- "Hollistic education"(physical, moral, intellectual): nature of child.

✔Edgar Dale - "Cone of Experience" aka "Father of Modern Media in Education"

✔Erik Erickson — Psychosocial development Theory

✔Edward Lee Thorndike = “satisfaction” “the law of effect”." Father of Modern Educational psychology;

✔Friedrich Frobel — "Father of kindergarten"

✔Johann Herbart — founder of pedagogy as an academic discipline.

✔Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi — symmetrical and harmonious devt of child: motto " Learning by head,
hand and heart"


✔Sigmund Freud — psychosexual , psychoanalytic

✔William Sheldon – Physiological

✔John Dewey – Learning by doing: education for all.

✔David Froebel – Father of kinder garten

✔Wilhelm Woundt = german psycologist “father of modern psychology’.

✔Ivan Pavlov = classical conditioning: involuntary behavior

✔Burrhus Frederic Skinner — operant cond.

✔Jean Piaget —cognitivist/ Cognitive dev’t Theory, info processing , dynamic interrelation.

✔David Ausubel — meaningful learning theory, graphic organizer, assumption

✔William Kohler — insight learning theory

✔Lawrence Kohlberg — moral dev’t theory

✔Albert Bandura —Modeling: Social learning Theory,"bobo doll" experiment, neo – behaviorism

✔Robert Gagne — Cumulative Learning Theory: sequence of instruction

✔Abraham Maslow — hierarchy of needs , motivation theory

✔Brofenbrenner's - Ecological System Theory (microsystem, mesosystem, exo, macro and chrono)

✔Benjamin Bloom — bloom’s cognitive taxonomy

✔David Krathwohl — affective domain

✔Simpsons / Anita Harrow — psychomotor domain

✔Jerome Bruner — Discovery Learning Theory/Inquiry method: Scaffolding Theory :constructivist, spiral
curr, instrumental conceptualism

✔Lev Vygotsky — constructivist :Social Constructivism; Zond of Proximal Development (ZPD) : More
knowledgeable others (MKO)

✔Edgar Dale — cone of exp. (20% remember)

✔John Locke — tabularasa , empiricism:"Father of Liberalism"

✔Howard Gardner — multiple int.

✔John Flavel — metacognition

✔John Watson — behaviorial theory: “Father of Behaviorism”, psychological school of behaviorism.

✔Kurt Lewin - The Father of Social Psychology; his work pioneered the use of scientific methods to study
social behavior.

✔Charles darwin = theories to mental characteristics as human think, feel & behave(” evolutionary

✔Max Wertheimer = gestalt psychology

✔Wolfgang Ratke — used vernacular for approaching the class.

✔Edward Tolman — purposive behaviorism and goal oriented

✔Plato --- Idealist/Idealism(own ideas) nothing exist except in the mind of a man.

✔Aristotle-- Realist/Realist (experience) mastery of organized subject matter.

✔Cunfucios – Great philosopher, analects, golden rule, society, name (essence) rule.

✔Mencius — idealistic wing of confucianism; love covers all (good, right)

✔Hzun tzu — realistic wing of confusianism

✔Lao tzu — taoism: Go with the fow.


● Naturalism – Thales; Anaxinander

�natures reality:

�harmonize yourself;

�learn how to adapt themselves in the environment.

● Idealism - Plato (own ideas)

� Mental and spiritual

�nothing exist except in the mind of a man/ what we want the world to be GOD, Spiritual values

�what’s in the mind is the only reality.

● Realism – Aristotle; St. Thomas Aquinas

� To see is to believe

�Put into action

�Actualize it into reality

�Physical objects

� fully mastery of knowledge ( concerns with what is real, actual, concept, imparted)

● Pragmatism – William James

�Constant practice

� Habitual doing

�Changing world (things are constant changing)

● Existentialism - Kierkegaard; Sartre; (Learner-centered)

�Freedom of choice, uniqueness and individuality

�Focuses on self/individual: (subjectivity of selfhood )

● Language analyst

� Communication

● Perennialism - Robert Hutchins (Teacher-centered)

�Permanent, constant, unchanged

�focuses on unchanging/universal truths (great books, humanities, history and bible)

�have survived the test of time

�curriculum like this contains values that are constant and universal.

● Progressivism - John Dewey (Learner-centered)

�Process of development (learning by doing)

�Change and development

�Emphasizes the needs and interests of the children

�Active participation

�problem solving activity /experiment, learning never stops,


● Essentialism – William Bagley (Teacher-centered)

�Focuses on basic skills and knowledge: (advocates curricular reform basic 3RS reading, writing

� Traditional method(lecture, drills, memorization, paper and pencil assessment)

● Social Reconstructionism - Theodore Bromeld: George Counts

�Change the society

�Various social and economic problems that require urgent solutions

�Schools are the agent of change.

● Behaviorism - Pavlov: Skinner

�Learning environment

�A theory of learning based on idea that about all the behavior.

● Constructivism – David Ausubel / Lev Vygotzky (Learner-centered)

�Learners who will construct their own learning

�meaningful learning (prior knowledge)

� Scaffolding/Guide on the side.

�moment of refection , past experience, "Learning is the process of retrieving prior

learning", (Constructivist)


� Glorification of the state


�Pleasure, engagement, happiness and YOLO


�Form of Hedonism

● Empiricism


● Rationalism


�Creating new idea connecting (old-new)

● Humanism

�Wholeness (loving oneself)

�Full potential ( Cognitive, affective and psychomotor)

�Stresses to “live life to the fullest”. making the most of your life”

LAWS IN EDUCATION PRC BR 435 – Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers PD 1006 – Decree
Professionalizing Teachers

• RA NO. 1425 – inclusion of the works of Jose Rizal

• RA NO. 4670 – “Magna Carta for Public School Teacher”

• RA 7722 – CHED

• RA 7796 – “TESDA Act of 1994”

• RA 7836 – Phil. Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994

• RA 9155 – BEGA (Basic Educ.) or DepEd Law

• RA 9293 – Teachers Professionalization Act

• RA 10533 – K-12 Law ACT NO. 2706 – “Private School Law” COMMONWEALTH ACT NO. 578 – “persons
Wika (Balagtas,Mr29-Ap4) PROKLAMA BLG. 186 – Linggo ng Wika (Quezon,Ag13-19) PROKLAMA BLG.
1041 – Buwan ng Wika (Ramos) PHIL. CONSTITUTION ACT 14 – ESTACS mRA 1079 – no limit of Civil
Service eligibility

• RA 6655 – “Free Public Secondary Educ. Act of 1988”

• RA 6728 – “Act Providing Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education

• RA 7277 – Magna Carta for PWD

• RA 7610 – Anti-Child Abuse Law (Amendment: RA 9231)

• RA 7743 – establishment of public libraries

• RA 7877 – “Anti Sexual Harassment Act of 1995”

• RA 7880 – “Fair and Equitable Access to Education Act”

➡ACCULTURATION - learning other culture; the passing of customs, beliefs and tradition through
interaction and reading.

➡ENCULTURATION - the passing of group's custom, beliefs and traditions from one generation to the
next generation

➡Convergent questions - are those that typically have one correct answer.

➡Divergent questions - also called open-ended questions are used to encourage many answers and
generate greater participation of students. Higher order thinking skills; to think more creatively.

The acronym SMART is used in goal setting to call attention to the five components of a well written goal.
The five components are:

S: Specific

M: Measurable

A: Attainable

R: Reasonable

T: Time-Bound

●Formative testing - kind of test is for mastery of learning in a certain subject.

●Criterion reference testing - Test designed to measure student performance against a fixed set of
predetermined criteria or learning standard; may include multiple-choice questions, true-false questions,
“open-ended” questions. EX. NEAT/NSAT

●Aptitude testing - evaluates how you accomplish tasks and react to situations you face in your daily
environments. The tests include questions about your interests, talents and hobbies.

●Norm reference testing - Test refers to standardized tests that are designed to compare and rank test
takers in relation to one another

#SanaMayMagThankYou � God bless �


1. Herminigildo Flores- "Hibik ng Pilipinas sa Inang Espanya"

2. Marcelo H. Del Pilar- "Dasalan at Tocsohan," "Caiingat Cayo","Sagot ng Espanya sa Hibik ng

Pilipinas:","Ang Cadakilaan ng Diyos".

3. Jose Rizal- "Sa aking mga Kababata," "Liham sa mga Babaeng Taga-Malolos," "Junto al Pasig', Noli Me
Tangere at El Filibusterismo.

4. Graciano Lopez Jaena- "Fray Botod"

5. Antonio Luna- "Por Madrid,""Impressiones,""La Tertulia Filipina"

6. Pedro Paterno- Ninay, Sampaguita y Poesias Varias

7. Andres Bonifacio- "Katapusang Hibik ng Pilipinas," " Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa"

8. Emilio Jacinto- "Kartilla ng Katipunan," "Liwanag at Dilim"

9. Pio Valenzuela- "Catwiran"

10. Apolinario Mabini- "El Verdadero Decalogo"

11. Jose Palma- "Himno Nacional Filipino"


1. Jose Corazon de Jesus- Huseng Batute, Ang Makata ng Puso, "Isang Punongkahoy"

2. Lope K. Santos- Makata ng Buhay, manunulat, gobernador, senador, guro, "Mga hamak na
Dakila,""Puso at Diwa".

3. Benigno Ramos- Ang Bahag ng Diyos

4. Pedro Gatmaitan- pinaksa ang lipunang feudal,"Salamisim"

5. Inigo Ed Regalado- Ang Pinagbangunan

6. Florentino Collantes- Ang Lumang Simbahan

7. Julian Cruz Balmaceda- Kung Mamili ang Dalaga

8. Valerio Hernandez Pena- Luha ng Panulat


1. Lope K. Santos- Banaag at Sikat

3. Patricio Mariano- Pinuno ng Tulisan

4. Roman Reyes- Bulaklak ng Kalmpang

5. Inigo ed Regalado- Madaling-Araw


1. Severino Reyes- Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang," "Walang Sugat", Gran Compana de Zarsuela Tagala

2. Hermogenes Ilagan- Dalagang Bukid,"Ilagan Films

3. Pascual H. Poblete- Amor Patria

4. Juan K. Abad- Tanikalang Ginto

5. Jose Ma. Rivera- Ang Mga Kamag-anak

6. Juan Crisostomo Sotto- Ang Kasalanan ng Patay

7. Juan Matapang Cruz- Hindi ako patay

8. Aurelio Tolentino- Kahapon, Ngayon, at Bukas

2. Faustino Aguilar-




Achelois - One of the moon goddesses.

Achelous - The patron god of the river.

Aeolus - (a.k.a. Aeolos, Aiolos, Aiolus, Eolus) God of air and the winds.

Aether - (a.k.a. Aither, Akmon, Ether) God of light and the atmosphere.

Alastor - God of family feuds.

Alcyone - One of the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione.

Alectrona - Early Greek goddess of the sun.

Amphitrite - (a.k.a. Salacia) The wife of Poseidon and a Nereid.

Antheia - Goddess of gardens, fowers, swamps, and marshes.

Aphaea - (a.k.a. Aphaia) A Greek goddess who was worshipped exclusively at a single sanctuary on the
island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf.

Aphrodite - (a.k.a. Anadyomene, Turan, Venus) Goddess of love and beauty.

Apollo - (a.k.a. Apollon, Apulu, Phoebus) God of the sun, music, healing, and herding.

Ares - (a.k.a. Enyalius, Mars, Aries) God of chaotic war.

Ariheavens.- (a.k.a. Aristaios) Patron god of animal husbandry, bee-keeping, and fruit trees.
Artemis - (a.k.a. Agrotora, Amarynthia, Cynthia, Kourotrophos, Locheia, Orthia, Phoebe, Potnia Theron)
Goddess of the moon, hunting, and nursing.

Asclepius - (a.k.a. Aesculapius, Asklepios) God of health and medicine.

Astraea - The Star Maiden - a goddess of justice, included in Virgo and Libra mythologies.

Até - Goddess of mischief.

Athena - (a.k.a. Asana, Athene, Minerva, Menerva) Goddess of wisdom, poetry, art, and the strategic
side of war.

Atlas - The Primordial Titan who carried the weight of the heavens on his back.

Atropos - (a.k.a. Aisa, Morta) One of The Fates - She cut the thread of life and chose the manner of a
persons death.

Attis - The (minor) god of rebirth.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - B

Bia - The goddess of force.

Boreas - (a.k.a. Aquilo, Aquilon) The North Wind. One of the Anemoi (wind gods).

Brizo - Protector of Mariners.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - C

Caerus - (a.k.a. Kairos, Occasio, Tempus) The (minor) god of luck and opportunity.

Calliope - One of the Muses. Represented epic poetry.

Calypso - (a.k.a. Kalypso) The sea nymph who held Odysseus prisoner for seven years.

Castor - (a.k.a. Castore, Kastor) One of the twins who represent Gemini.

Celaeno - The name of a wife of Poseidon.

Cerus - The wild bull tamed by Persephone, made into the Taurus constellation.

Ceto - (a.k.a. Keto) a sea monster goddess who was also the mother of other sea monsters.

Chaos - (a.k.a. Khaos) The nothingness that all else sprung from.

Charon - (a.k.a. Charun) The Ferryman of Hades. He had to be paid to help one cross the river Styx.

Chronos - (a.k.a. Chronus, Khronos) God of time.

Circe - (a.k.a. Kirke) A goddess who transformed her enemies into beasts.
Clio - One of the Muses. She represented History.

Clotho - (a.k.a. Nona) One of the Fates - Spun the thread of life from her distaff onto her spindle.

Crios - The crab who protected the sea nymphs, made into the Cancer constellation.

Cronus - (a.k.a. Cronos, Kronos, Saturn) God of agriculture, father of the Titans.

Cybele - (a.k.a. Agdistis, Magna Mater, Meter, Meter Oreie) Goddess of caverns, mountains, nature and
wild animals.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - D

Demeter - (a.k.a. Ceres, Demetra, Tvath) Goddess of the harvest.

Dinlas - Guardian of the ancient city of Lamark, where wounded heroes could heal after battle.

Dionysus - (a.k.a. Bacchus, Dionysos, Liber) God of wine and pleasure.

Doris - A Sea Nymph, mother of the Nereids.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - E

Eileithyia - (a.k.a. Eileithyiai, Eilithia, Eilythia, Eleuthia, Ilithia, Ilithyia, Lucina) Goddess of childbirth.

Eireisone - The deity who embodied the sacred ceremonial olive branch.
Electra - (a.k.a. Atlantis) One of the seven Pleiades.

Elpis - (a.k.a. Spes) The spirit of Hope.

Enyo - (a.k.a. Bellona) A (minor) goddess of war, connected to Eris.

Eos - (a.k.a. Aurora, Eosphorus, Mater Matuta, Thesan) Goddess of the Dawn.

Erato - One of the Muses - represents Lyrics/Love Poetry.

Erebus - (a.k.a. Erebos) God of darkness.

Eris - (a.k.a. Discordia) Goddess of strife, connected to Enyo.

Eros - (a.k.a. Amor, Cupid, Eleutherios) God of love, procreation and sexual desire.

Eurus - (a.k.a. Euros, Vulturnus) The East Wind - One of the Anemoi (wind gods).

Euterpe - One of the Muses - represents Music/Lyrics/Poetry.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - G

Gaia - (a.k.a. Celu, Gaea, Terra) Goddess of the Earth, also known as Mother Earth.
Glaucus - (a.k.a. Glacus, Glaukos) A fisherman turned immortal, turned Argonaut, turned a god of the

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - H

Hades - (a.k.a. Aita, Dis Pater, Haidou, Orcus, Plouton, Pluto) God of the Dead, King of the Underworld.

Harmonia - (a.k.a. Concordia) Goddess of Harmony and Concord.

Hebe - (a.k.a. Juventas) Goddess of youth.

Hecate - (a.k.a. Hekat, Hekate, Trivia) Goddess of magic, witchcraft, ghosts, and the undead.

Helios - (a.k.a. Sol) God of the Sun.

Hemera - (a.k.a. Amar, Dies, Hemere) Goddess of daylight.

Hephaestus - (a.k.a. Hephaistos, Vulcan, Sethlans, Mulciber) God of fire and blacksmithing who created
weapons for the gods.

Hera - (a.k.a. Juno, Uni) Goddess of goddesses, women, and marriage and wife of Zeus.

Heracles - (a.k.a. Herakles, Hercules, Hercle) An immortal hero of many Greek legends, the strongest
man on Earth.

Hermes - (a.k.a. Pyschopompus, Mercury, Turms) God of commerce and travel, and messenger of the
Hesperus - (a.k.a. Hesperos, Vesper) The Evening Star.

Hestia - (a.k.a. Vesta) Greek goddess of the home and fertility. One of the Hesperides.

Hygea - (a.k.a. Hygieia, Salus) Goddess of cleanliness and hygeine.

Hymenaios - (a.k.a. Hymenaeus, Hymen) God of weddings.

Hypnos - (a.k.a. Somnus) God of sleep.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - I-L

Iris - Goddess of rainbows.

Khione - The goddess of snow and daughter of the North Wind (Boreas)

Kotys - (a.k.a. Cotys, Cottyto, Cottytus) A Dionysian goddess whose celebrations were wild and liscivious.

Kratos - A god of strength and power.

Lacheses - (a.k.a. Decima) One of the Fates. Measured the thread of life with her rod.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - M

Maia - (a.k.a. Mya, Fauna, Maia Maiestas, Bono Dea) One of the seven Pleiades, Goddess of fields.

Mania - (a.k.a. Mania, Manea) Goddess of insanity and the dead.

Melpomene - One of the Muses - represented Tragedy.

Merope - One of the seven Pleiades, married to king Sisyphos.

Metis - Titan goddess of wisdom.

Momus - (a.k.a. Momos) God of satire, writers, and poets.

Morpheus - God of dreams and sleep.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - N-O

Nemesis - (a.k.a. Rhamnousia, Invidia) Goddess of retribution (vengeance).

Nereus - (a.k.a. Phorcys, Phorkys) Titan God who Fathered the Nereids. God of the Sea before Poseidon.

Nike - (a.k.a. Victoria, Nice) Goddess of victory.

Notus - (a.k.a. Auster) The South Wind. One of the Anemoi (wind gods).

Nyx - (a.k.a. Nox) Goddess of night.

Oceanus - Titan god of the ocean.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - P

Pallas - A giant who was one of the ancient Titan gods of war.

Pan - (a.k.a. Faunus, Inuus) God of woods, fields, and focks. Also a Satyr.

Peitha - (a.k.a. Peitho, Suadela) Goddess of persuasion.

Persephone - (a.k.a. Persephassa, Persipina, Persipnei, Persephatta, Proserpina, Kore, Kora, Libera)
Goddess of the Spring who lives off-season in the Underworld.

Pheme - (a.k.a. Fama) Goddess of fame and gossip.

Phosphorus - (a.k.a. Phosphor, Lucifer) The Morning Star.

Plutus - God of wealth.

Pollux - (a.k.a. Polydeuces) One of the twins who represent Gemini.

Polyhymnia - One of the Muses - represents sacred poetry and geometry.

Pontus - (a.k.a. Pontos) Ancient god of the deep sea.

Poseidon - (a.k.a. Neptune, Nethuns, Neptunus) God of the sea and earthquakes.

Priapus - (a.k.a. Priapus, Mutinus, Mutunus) A (minor) god of gardens and fertility, best known for having
an enormous penis.

Pricus - The immortal father of sea-goats, made into the Capricorn constellation.

Proteus - An early sea god before Poseidon.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - R-S

Rhea - (a.k.a. Cybele) Goddess of nature.

Selene - (a.k.a. Luna) Goddess of the Moon and the 'mother' of vampires.

Sterope - (a.k.a. Asterope) One of the seven Pleiades, who bore a child of Ares.

Styx - A Naiad who was the first to aid Zeus in the Titan war. (Not to be confused with the river Styx).

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - T

Tartarus - (a.k.a. Tartaros, Tartarizo) God of the depths of the Underworld - a great storm pit - and the
father of Typhon.

Taygete - (a.k.a. Taygeti, Taigeti) One of the seven Pleiades, a mountain nymph.
Terpsichore - One of the Muses - represented Dancing.

Thalia - One of the Muses - represented Comedy.

Thanatos - (a.k.a. Mors) God of death.

Themis - Ancient goddess of divine order, law, and custom.

Thetis - Leader of the Nereids, a shapeshifter, and a prophet.

Triton - Trumpeter of the sea and messenger of the deep.

Tyche - (a.k.a. Fortuna, Nortia) Goddess of fortune and prosperity.

Typhon - (a.k.a. Typhaon, Typhoeus, Typhus) God of monsters, storms, and volcanoes. Challenged Zeus
for control of Mount Olympus.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses - U-Z

Urania - One of the Muses - represented Astronomy and Astrology.

Uranus - (a.k.a. Ouranos, Caelus) God of the sky and the heavens. Father of the Titans.

Zelus - The god of zeal, rivalry, and jealousy.

Zephyrus - (a.k.a. Zephyros, Favonius, Zephyr) The West Wind. One of the Anemoi (wind gods).
Zeus - (a.k.a. Dias, Jupiter, Tinia, Jove, Jovis Pater) Leader of the Olympic gods, and god of lightning,
thunder, and the heavens


☯Perimeter of a Square - P = 4s

☯Perimeter of a Rectangle - P=2l+2w

☯Circumference of a Circle - C = 2πr OR πd

☯Area of a Square - A=s²

☯Area of a Rectangle/ Square - A=lw

☯Area of a Parallelogram - A=bh

☯Area of a Trapezoid - A=½(b₁+b₂)h

☯Area of a Circle - A=πr²

☯Surface Area of a Rectangular Prism - SA = 2lw + 2wh + 2lh

☯Surface Area of a Circular Prism (Cylinder) - 2pR² + 2pRH

☯Surface Area of a Triangular Prism - bh + (S1+ S2 + S3)H

☯Base shape: Triangle: base 'b', height 'h', and sides S1, S2 and S3

☯Area of base: ½b×h

☯Perimeter of base: S1+ S2 + S3

☯Surface Area of a Cone - SA=πrl+πr²

☯Surface Area of a Sphere - SA=4πr²

☯Volume of a Cube - V=s³

☯Volume of a Prism - V =Bh

☯Volume of a Pyramid - V=⅓Bh

☯Volume of a Cone - V=1/3πr²h

☯Volume of a Sphere - V=(4/3)πr³

☯average = sum of terms / number of terms

☯average speed = total distance / total time

☯mode = value in the list that appears most often

☯median = middle value in the list

☯Area of a Trapezoid - A=½(b₁+b₂)h

☯Slope Formula - m=y₂-y₁/x₂-x₁

☯Slope-Intercept Form - y=mx+b, where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept of the line.

☯Point-Slope Form - y-y₁=m(x-x₁), where m is the slope and (x₁,y₁) is a given point on the line

☯Standard Form (Linear Equations) - Ax + By=C, where A, B, and C are not decimals or fractions, where A
and B are not both zero, and where A is not a negative

☯Standard Form (Quadratic Equations) - ax² + bx + c = 0

☯Quadratic Formula - x = -b ± √(b² - 4ac)/2a

☯Standard Form (Quadratic Functions) - y=ax²+bx+c

Intercept Form (Quadratic Functions) - the form y=a(x-p)(x-q), where the x-intercepts of the graph are p
and q

☯Vertex Form (Quadratic Functions) - y=a(x-h)²+k

☯Exponential Growth Formula - y = a (1 + r), r is a decimal value for the percent increase

☯Exponential Decay Formula - y = a(1 - r), r is a decimal value for the percent decrease

☯Arithmetic Sequence Formula - a₁+(n-1)d

☯Geometric Sequence (Definition and Formula) - a sequence that can be defined recursively as An =

☯Simple Interest Formula - I=Prt

☯Compound Interest Formula - A = P(1 + r/n)^(n x t), r is the rate, n is the number of times
compounded, t is time

☯Distance Formula - d = √[( x₂ - x₁)² + (y₂ - y₁)²]

☯Midpoint Formula - (x₁+x₂)/2, (y₁+y₂)/2

☯Distance Traveled Formula - d=rt

☯1 kg (kilograms) --> lbs - 2.2 lbs (pounds)

☯1 kg (kilograms) --> grams - 1000 g (grams)

☯1 g (gram) --> milligrams - 1000 mg (milligrams)

☯1000 mcg (micrograms) --> milligrams - 1 mg (milligram)

☯1000 mg (milligram) --> gram - 1 g (gram)

☯1000 mL (milliliters) --> liters - 1 L (liters)

☯30 mL (millilters) --> ounces - 1 oz (ounce)

☯30 mL (milliliters) --> tablespoon - 2 tbsp (tablespoons)

☯5 mL (milliliters) --> teaspoon - 1 tsp (teaspoon)

☯15 mL (milliliters) --> tablespoon - 1 tbsp (tablespoon)

☯DO NOT WRITE - trailing zeros ex: 5.0

☯DO WRITE - leading zeros ex: 0.5

☯Linear Function Format - Y = mx + b

☯Identity function format - F(x) = x

☯Square function format - Y = x^2

☯Cube function format? - Y = x^3

☯Square root function format? - Y = (x)^(1/2)

☯Exponential Function format? - y = e^x



If x + 10 = 15, solve the equation 2x² + 3x - 5= n.

First step, solve the value of "x" of the first equation.

Alin ang first equation sa problem? Yung x + 10 = 15.

So, x + 10 = 15

x = 15 - 10

I transposed 10 from the left side of the equal sign to the right side. Note that kapag naglipat tayo ng
number from the other side of the

equals, magbabago ang sign nito. Kaya naging -10 (negative ten or you can say naging 15 -10 ang right

So, x = 15-10 = 5


Ngayong nakuha na natin ang value ng "x" sa first equation, pwede na natin i-solve ang second equation.

2x² + 3x - 5 = n

Yung mga "x" sa equation, papalitan natin ng "5" since 5 yung value ng x sa first equation. Dito, papasok
ulit ang PEMDAS/MDAS rule.

Let's do it now.

2(5)² + 3(5) - 5 = n

Unahing i-solve ang may exponent.

2(25) + 15 - 5 = n

50 + 15 - 5 = n

60 = n


n = 60 (the final answer)


PERMUTATION with solutions ✔✔✔


1. From a group of 7 men and 6 women, five persons are to be selected to form a committee so that at
least 3 men are there on the committee. In how many ways can it be done?

A. 564 B.645 C.735 D.756 E.None of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D


We may have (3 men and 2 women) or (4 men and 1 woman) or (5 men only).

Required number of ways = (7C3 x 6C2) + (7C4 x 6C1) + (7C5)

= 7 x 6 x 5 x 6 x 5 + (7C3 x 6C1) + (7C2)


= 525 + 7 x 6 x 5 x 6 + 7 x 6


= (525 + 210 + 21)

= 756.


2. In how many different ways can the letters of the word 'LEADING' be arranged in such a way that the
vowels always come together?

A. 360 B. 480 C.720 D.5040 E.None of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C


The word 'LEADING' has 7 different letters.

When the vowels EAI are always together, they can be supposed to form one letter.

Then, we have to arrange the letters LNDG (EAI).

Now, 5 (4 + 1 = 5) letters can be arranged in 5! = 120 ways.

The vowels (EAI) can be arranged among themselves in 3! = 6 ways.

Required number of ways = (120 x 6) = 720.

3. In how many different ways can the letters of the word 'CORPORATION' be arranged so that the
vowels always come together?

A. 810 B.1440 C. 2880 D. 50400 E. 5760

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D


In the word 'CORPORATION', we treat the vowels OOAIO as one letter.

Thus, we have CRPRTN (OOAIO).

This has 7 (6 + 1) letters of which R occurs 2 times and the rest are different.

Number of ways arranging these letters = 7! = 2520.


Now, 5 vowels in which O occurs 3 times and the rest are different, can be arranged

in 5! = 20 ways.


Required number of ways = (2520 x 20) = 50400.


4. Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2 vowels can be formed?


210 B.



25200 D.



None of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C


Number of ways of selecting (3 consonants out of 7) and (2 vowels out of 4)

= (7C3 x 4C2)



= 210.

Number of groups, each having 3 consonants and 2 vowels = 210.

Each group contains 5 letters.

Number of ways of arranging

5 letters among themselves = 5!


= 120.

Required number of ways = (210 x 120) = 25200.


5. In how many ways can the letters of the word 'LEADER' be arranged?


72 B.



360 D.



None of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C


The word 'LEADER' contains 6 letters, namely 1L, 2E, 1A, 1D and 1R.

Required number of ways = 6! = 360.


6. In a group of 6 boys and 4 girls, four children are to be selected. In how many different ways can they
be selected such that at least one boy should be there?


159 B.



205 D.



None of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D


We may have (1 boy and 3 girls) or (2 boys and 2 girls) or (3 boys and 1 girl) or (4 boys).

Required number

of ways = (6C1 x 4C3) + (6C2 x 4C2) + (6C3 x 4C1) + (6C4)

= (6C1 x 4C1) + (6C2 x 4C2) + (6C3 x 4C1) + (6C2)

= (6 x 4) + 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 + 6 x 5 x 4 x 4 + 6 x 5


= (24 + 90 + 80 + 15)

= 209.

7. How many 3-digit numbers can be formed from the digits 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 and 9, which are divisible by 5
and none of the digits is repeated?


5 B.



15 D.


Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D


Since each desired number is divisible by 5, so we must have 5 at the unit place. So, there is 1 way of
doing it.

The tens place can now be filled by any of the remaining 5 digits (2, 3, 6, 7, 9). So, there are 5 ways of
filling the tens place.

The hundreds place can now be filled by any of the remaining 4 digits. So, there are 4 ways of filling it.

Required number of numbers = (1 x 5 x 4) = 20.


8. In how many ways a committee, consisting of 5 men and 6 women can be formed from 8 men and 10


266 B.



11760 D.


None of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C


Required number of ways = (8C5 x 10C6)

= (8C3 x 10C4)

= 8 x 7 x 6 x 10 x 9 x 8 x 7


= 11760.


9. A box contains 2 white balls, 3 black balls and 4 red balls. In how many ways can 3 balls be drawn from
the box, if at least one black ball is to be included in the draw?


32 B.



64 D.



None of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C


We may have(1 black and 2 non-black) or (2 black and 1 non-black) or (3 black).

Required number of ways = (3C1 x 6C2) + (3C2 x 6C1) + (3C3)



= (45 + 18 + 1)

= 64.


10. In how many different ways can the letters of the word 'DETAIL' be arranged in such a way that the
vowels occupy only the odd positions?


32 B.



36 D.




Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C


There are 6 letters in the given word, out of which there are 3 vowels and 3 consonants.

Let us mark these positions as under:

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

Now, 3 vowels can be placed at any of the three places out 4, marked 1, 3, 5.

Number of ways of arranging the vowels = 3P3 = 3! = 6.

Also, the 3 consonants can be arranged at the remaining 3 positions.

Number of ways of these arrangements = 3P3 = 3! = 6.

Total number of ways = (6 x 6) = 36.

11. In how many ways can a group of 5 men and 2 women be made out of a total of 7 men and 3


63 B.



126 D.




Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A


Required number of ways = (7C5 x 3C2) = (7C2 x 3C1) = 7 x 6 x 3 = 63.



12. How many 4-letter words with or without meaning, can be formed out of the letters of the word,
'LOGARITHMS', if repetition of letters is not allowed?


40 B.



5040 D.


Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

'LOGARITHMS' contains 10 different letters.

Required number of words = Number of arrangements of 10 letters, taking 4 at a time.

= 10P4

= (10 x 9 x 8 x 7)

= 5040.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum


13. In how many different ways can the letters of the word 'MATHEMATICS' be arranged so that the
vowels always come together?


10080 B.



120960 D.

None of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C


In the word 'MATHEMATICS', we treat the vowels AEAI as one letter.

Thus, we have MTHMTCS (AEAI).

Now, we have to arrange 8 letters, out of which M occurs twice, T occurs twice and the rest are different.

Number of ways of arranging these letters = 8! = 10080.


Now, AEAI has 4 letters in which A occurs 2 times and the rest are different.

Number of ways of arranging these letters = 4! = 12.


Required number of words = (10080 x 12) = 120960.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum


14. In how many different ways can the letters of the word 'OPTICAL' be arranged so that the vowels
always come together?


120 B.



4320 D.



None of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B


The word 'OPTICAL' contains 7 different letters.

When the vowels OIA are always together, they can be supposed to form one letter.

Then, we have to arrange the letters PTCL (OIA).

Now, 5 letters can be arranged in 5! = 120 ways.

The vowels (OIA) can be arranged among themselves in 3! = 6 ways.

Required number of ways = (120 x 6) = 720.

a a�

❣Rules of Integers:➕✖➗
Positive + Positive = Positive

Negative + Negative = Negative

Negative + Positive =subtract then Copy the sign of the bigger number

Positive × Positive = Positive

Negative × Negative = Positive

Negative × Positive = Negative

Positive ÷ Positive = Positive

Negative ÷ Negative = Positive

Positive ÷ Negative = Negative.

Oh ayan na mga Teachers para di kayo malito�

❣General Science Keywords❣

1. Is the relationship between an organism and a host where neither is benefited nor harmed.


2. Living and feeding on leaves by caterpillar is an example of _____.


3. NOT used in the manufacture of food by green plants.


4. Josef weighs 65 kilos on the ground. How much is the force of gravity on him?


5. During respiration, green plants take in?


6. A root may perform all the following functions except?


7. Ang kutsilyo ni Mang Atong ay kinalawang pagkatapos ng ilang buwan. Ano ang sanhi nito?

8. Alin ang nagpapakita ng kemikal na pagbabago?


9. Ito ang pagtaas ng likido sa maliit na tubo.


10. Ito ang paulit-ulit na pagbabagosa pagtaas at pagbaba ng tubig sa mga baybayin.


11. To lessen vehicular air pollution, the government should?


12. Developing mines require getting a DENR clearance. Which clearances are required?


13. The latest discovery in biological science as applied to animal industry, is widely used in?


14. Agricultural centers have found lately varieties of coconut propagation. Through what means were
the coconut varieties get discovered and distributed?


15. Food preparations are handled well to avoid spoilage caused by _____ in the preparation and
processing of the food products.


16. The DOH warns the public about preservatives being used in vegetables. What advice could you give
with regards ensuring safe vegetables?


17. School feeding and milk rationing programs to school children are being implemented by the
government. The project is designed to?


18. Food, plants and other animal wastes should be segregated in waste disposal because?


19. People on earth experience day and night regularly every 24 hours. Why is this so?


20. Acid rain cause fish kills, destroy buildings,dissolve river nutrients, etc. Which cause acid rain?


21. What would be the best way to prevent soil erosion in a hill?


22. Tge application of specific concepts and principles.


23. What causes the feeling of coolness after experiencing perspiration?


24. A weather disturbance having a 50 km/ hour center winds is called?


25. Environmental pollution is classified as violence that is now termed as?


26. There are some insects or animals that can walk on water surface. This is made possible by?


27. Is a group of interacting plants, animals and humans in a particular area.


28. Excessive presence of CO^2 in the air trapping heat near the earth's surface causing a rise in the
temperature in the environment.


29. The earth's shield against the sun's harmful radiation.


30. The use of products with _____ is discouraged because they contribute to the depletion of _____.

�CFC's ; ozone layer

31. Is a condition in which the excessive number of organisms may result in unhealthy living conditions
and lower quality of life.


32. Branch of science that deals with the study of the relationship between plants, animals and other
living things found in their habitats.


33.is NOT a biodegradable waste material.


34. These are substances disposed of after use or by-products brought about by certain processes.


35. A change in the shape or size of an object can be classified as?


36. Process that occurs when CO^2 as solid, changes CO^2 as gas.


37. It is the space between the sun and the planets of the solar system.


38. Iron sheet is coated with _____ to prevent rusting.


39. The sudden change in the genetic composition of an organism which can either result in a
wholesome or unwholesome by-product.


40. He evolved the theory of evolution in his book "Origin of Species".


41. The relationship between give-and-take of living organisms in the biosphere is a balance of nature
called _____.


42. Process in removing excess odor in water.


43. Which of the following statement is CORRECT?

�As altitude increases, atmospheric pressures correspondingly decreases

44. The earth rotates on its axis from west to east. This causes the sun to _____.

�Rise from the east and sets in the west

45. Has the greatest gravitational pull.


46. It is the law explains why one can pull a piece of paper without toppling a glass in a quick motion.


47. NOT a source of energy.


48. Which instrument will one use to convert mechanical energy to electrical energy?


49. Sun's energy is generated by?


50. Application of energy is called _____.


51. Within a large population, which factor helps to maintain a constant gene pool?


52. The sum of all the heritable alleles for all of the traits in a given population.


53. All the members of the group of organisms are considered to belong to the same species if they?

�Interbreed to produce fertile offspring

54. A contributing factorto the formation of new species.

55. Many group of insects have developed resistance to DDT and other insecticides as a result of?


56. This group of plants is sensitive to airborne chemicals and is often used to indicate presence of


57. During the process of photosynthesis, oxygen is given off as a by-product. The oxygen comes from?


58. NOT a function of transpiration?


59. Green plants are considered autotrophs because they?


60. Fatima uses information that she gathered so that she can decide what might happen in the future.
She is said to be?


61. Which of the following procedures is said to check the presence of starch?


62. Which distinguishing characteristics does a mammal possess?


63. A humid day is a condition in which the air is?


64. One major problem involved in organ transplants


65. Rolando wants to know the mass of a piece of metal. What instrument should he use?



R.A 53 - Press Freedom Law is known as Sotto law

R.A 265 - Establishing The Banko central of the Phil

R.A 1124 - Act prohibiting all beerhouse near school facilities

R.A 1524 - Act providing for enforcement of condition of pardon

R.A 3019 - Anti Graft and corrupt practice

R.A -3815 Penalizing Government official for receiving Bribes and malversation of public funds R.A- 4136
Land transportation and traffic code

R.A- 4200 Anti wire taping law

R.A 5487 Private Security Agency law

R.A 5921 The pharmacy Law

R.A 6235 Anti Hijacking Law/Anti highway robbery law

R.A 6425 Dangerous drug act of 1972

R.A 6539 Anti carnapping Act of 1972

R.A 6713 Code of conduct and ethical standards for a public official and employee R.A 6975 The Dilg act
of 1990

R.A 6981 Witness protection. Security and Benefit act

R.A 7080 Anti plunder Act

R.A 7160 Local government code

R.A 7394 Consumer Act or Right of Consumer

R.A 7438 An act defining Certain right of the person arrested detained or otherwise under custodial R.A
7610 Special protection of children against child abuse exploitation and discrimination act R.A 7658 An
act prohibiting the employment of children below 15 years of age in public or private Undertakings R.A
7659 Death penalty law

R.A 7877 Anti sexual Harassment act of 1995

R.A 8042 Migrant workers and overseas Filipino act of 1995

R.A 8043 Inter country adoption act of 1995

R.A 8049 Anti Hazing law

R.A 8177 Act designing death penalty by lethal injection

R.A 8203 Special law on counterfeit drugs

R.A 8239 Philippine passport act of 1995

R.A 8293 Intellectual property code of the Philippines

R.A 8353 Anti Rape law 1997

R.A 8493 Speedy trial on a criminal case

R.A 8505 Rape victim assistance and protection act

R.A 8551 PNP reform and reorganization act of 1996 (PNP modernization act) R.A 8552 Domestic
adoption act of 1996

R.A 8749 Clean air act

R.A 8961 PRC modernization act of 2000

R.A 9003 The ecological solid waste management act of 2000

R.A 9105 An forgery act of 2001

R.A 9147 Wildlife resources conservation act

R.A 9165 Comprehensive Drug act of 2002

R.A 9160 Anti Money laundering act of 2001

R.A 9208 Anti trafficking in person act

R.A 9231 Child Laboring act (Amending the provision of R.A 7610 on child labor) R.A 9262 Anti Violence
Against Women and their children act of 2004 R.A 9221 Tobacco Regulation Act

R.A 9263 Bureau of fire and Bureau of jail management and penology professionalization act of 2004 R.A
9372 Human Security act of 2007 took effect July 15, 2007

R.A 9275 Clean water act

R.A 9344 Juvenile justice welfare act ( May 4, 2006 )

R.A 9346 June 24, 2006, An act prohibiting the imposition of the death penalty in the Phil R.A 9360
Amending the election modernization act

R.A 9406 known as the PAO law 2007

R.A 9514 Comprehensive Firecode of the Phil

R.A 9745 Anti torture law of 2009

R.A 9775 Anti child pornography act of 2009

R.A 9953 Phil coastguard law of 2009

R.A 9995 known as the ANTI PHOTO AND VIDEO VOYEURISM ACT OF 2007 FEB 2010 R.A 10071
Prosecution service act 2010

R.A 10070 Magnacarta for disable person

R.A 10121 Phil disaster risk reduction management act of 2010

R.A 10175 Cyber crime prevention act of 2012

R.A 10591 The comprehensive firearms and ammunition regulation act (Approve May 29, 2013)


R.A. 10928 or the Philippine Passport 10-Year Validity

An act extending the validity of Philippine passports from 5 years to 10 years signed August 2, 2017. It is
an amendment to Section 10 of R.A. 8239 or the Philippine Passport Act of 1996.

R.A. 10932 or the Anti-Hospital Deposit Law

An amendment to Batasan Pambansa 702, the law prohibits demand of deposits or advance payments
for the confinement or treatment of patients in hospitals and medical cases. Signed on August 3, 2017,
the law allows the attending physician to transfer the patient to a facility providing appropriate care in
case of “inadequacy” of medical capabilities of the hospital or medical clinic. It also mandates local
government units where the hospital or medical clinic is located to allow the free use of its emergency
vehicle if there is no ambulance available for use for the emergency transfer of the patient.

It provides stiffer penalties to any hospitals and medical clinics that will refuse to administer appropriate
initial medical treatment and support in emergency serious cases. Violators will face imprisonment of six
months to not more than two years and will also face a fine of not less than P100,000 but not more than

R.A. 10929 or the Free Internet Access In Public Places Act Of 2017

An act that provides free internet access in public areas nationwide across the country. Signed August 2,
2017, the measure provides the public free access to internet in “national and local government offices;
public basic education institutions; state universities and colleges, and technology institutions; public
hospitals, health centers, and rural health units; public parks, plazas, libraries and barangay reading
centers; public airports and seaports; and public transport terminals.”
The law also provides that no fees shall be collected from users to connect to the public Internet access

R.A. 10930 or Extending the validity period of drivers’ licenses from 3 years to 5 years An act rationalizing
and strengthening the policy regarding driver’s licenses. It amends Section 23 of RA 4136 or the Land
Transportation and Traffic Code. Signed on August 2, 2017, the amended law mandates the Land
Transportation Office (LTO) to extend the validity period of drivers’ licenses to five years, except for
student permits. It charges P20,000 fine to the applicant for a driver’s license who has willfully
misrepresented his application; connived with the officer in the irregular conduct of examinations or
issuance of license; falsified documents; and cheated during examinations.

R.A. 10931 of the Universal Access to Quality Tertiary Education Act of 2017

The law covers the tuition and fees of students enrolled in 112 state universities and colleges (SUCs), 78
local universities and colleges (LUCs), and all technical-vocation education and training (TVET) programs
registered under the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) beginning the school
year 2018 to 2019.

Signed on August 3, 2017, the measure also specifically provides free miscellaneous and other school
fees; affirmative action programs for minorities such as the Lumads, the Muslims, the indigenous
peoples (IP), persons with disabilities (PWD), and students from public high schools and depressed areas.
It also allows students who have the financial capacity to volunteer to opt out of the free higher
education provision or avail of the free tuition but also contribute a specific amount to the higher
education institution (HEI). It provides tertiary education subsidy and student loan programs for tertiary
students. The law also specifies no increase in tuition fees in the next 5 years.

R.A. 10951 or the Anti-Fake News Act of 2017

An act amending amounts and fines imposed in the Revised Penal Code. The measure charges those
guilty of spreading or publishing fake news of penalties of “arresto mayor” or imprisonment of one
month and a day to six months, and a fine ranging from ₱40,000 to ₱200,000. The penalties also apply to
those who deliver speeches that encourage disobedience to the law, those who publish an official
document without proper authority, and those who will publish pamphlets anonymously. Signed on
August 29, 2017, the amended law also provides sky-high fines for sedition from the previous P10,000 of
the Revised Penal Code to up to P2M pesos. The leader will also be imprisoned from six years to eight
years. Meanwhile, those who will conspire will be punished by imprisonment of two years to four years
and fined not exceeding ₱1 million, from the previous ₱5,000. Those who will incite others to sedition
will be fined up to ₱400,000 and imprisoned from four years to 12 years. The amended law also
increases the fine for libel by means of writings or similar means from the previous ₱200 to ₱6,000 to
₱40,000 to ₱1.2 million. Those guilty of slander or oral defamation will now be fined not exceeding
₱20,000 from the previous ₱200 of the Revised Penal Code.

R.A. 10962 or the Gift Check Act of 2017

An act regulating the issuance, use, and redemption of gift checks. Signed on December 19, 2017, the
measure prohibits the issuance of gift checks that bear expiry dates as protection of consumers against
deceptive and unfair sales or act. The new measure applies to all issuers of gift checks, gift cards or
certificates, may they be in the form of paper, card, code, or other devices.



Signed on December 19, 2017, the law is the first package of the Duterte administration’s
Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP) which seeks to redesign the Philippine tax system effective
January 1, 2018. The new law provides for the increase in take-home pay of salaried Filipino by reducing
income tax rates while increasing and rationalizing tax rates in other goods such as oil and sugary
beverages as well as services and adjustments in spending and consumption patterns.

R.A. 10969 or the Free Irrigation Service Act of 2017

An act amending R.A. 3601, the law exempts all farmers from paying irrigation fees for landholdings of
eight hectares and below. Signed on February 2, 2018, the measure also nulls all unpaid ISF and
corresponding penalties, as well as loans and past due accounts and corresponding interests and
penalties of the irrigator associations (IA) from the records of the National Irrigation Administration

R.A. 11032 or the Ease of Doing Business Act

The law amends the Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007. The amended law simplifies business procedures on the
national and local levels. The law requires government agencies to act on applications within 3 days for
simple transactions, 7 days for complex ones and 20 days for the highly technical. Signed on May 28,
2018, the measure also mandates the adoption of a unified application form for local tax and building
clearances and sanitary and zoning clearances, among others. It requires automation of permit and
licensing procedures to local government units.

R.A. 11035 or the Balik Scientist Law

The law institutionalizes the Balik Scientist Program which provides incentives and assistance to
returning Filipino experts, scientists, inventors, and engineers with the Department of Science and
Technology (DOST) as the main implementing agency. The measure allows a returning scientist to enjoy
various forms of compensation, such as tax and duty exemptions; free medical and accident insurance;
reimbursement of expenses for baggage related to scientific projects; special working and non-working
visas and DOST-subsidized visa application; exemption from local travel tax; and relocation benefits, such
as support in securing job opportunities for the spouse and in admitting children into preferred schools.
They can also enjoy monthly housing or accommodation allowance. Signed on June 11, 2018, the law
mandates the utilization of the expertise of science, technology or innovation experts of Filipino descent.

R.A. 11036 or the Philippine Mental Health Law

Landmark legislation, the law provides Filipinos better access to mental health services down to the
barangay level and integrates mental health programs in hospitals.

It also seeks to improve mental health facilities and to promote mental health education in schools and
workplaces. Signed on June 20, 2018, the measure calls on the government health insurance provider
PhilHealth to cover not just hospitalization or confinement but also psychiatric consultations and
medicines. It also mandates the opening of units dedicated to patients with mental health care needs to
be attended to by health workers.

R.A. 11037 or the “Masustansyang Pagkain para sa Batang Pilipino Act”

The law that institutionalizes a national feeding program for undernourished Filipino children. A school-
based feeding program shall be implemented for undernourished public school children from
kindergarten to Grade 6 students. Children under this program shall also receive one fortified meal for a
period of not less than 120 days in a year. Implementers of the law are the Department of Education and
the Department of Social Welfare and Development.

Signed on June 20, 2018, the law also provides for a milk feeding program and the creation of the
National Nutrition Information System, which shall be utilized in monitoring the health and nutrition of
all Filipino children, especially those covered by the program.

R.A. 11052 or the Food Technology Act

The law creates the Professional Regulatory Board of Food Technology which regulates the practice in
the Philippines Signed on June 29, 2018, the law “shall develop and nurture competent, virtuous,
productive, and well-rounded professional food technologists whose standards of practice and service
shall be excellent, world-class, and globally competitive through honest, effective, relevant, and credible
licensure examinations” in recognition of the importance of professional food technologists in nation-
building and development.

R.A. 11053 or the Anti-Hazing Act of 2018

The law amends the Republic Act 8049 or the Anti-Hazing Act of 1995. The amended law totally bans all
forms of hazing among fraternities, sororities and any school organization, offices, and uninformed
learning institution.

Signed on June 29, 2018, the amended law expanded the definition of the term “hazing” to include
“physical or psychological suffering, harm or injury inficted on a recruit, neophyte, applicant or member
as part of an initiation rite or a requirement for continuing membership in a fraternity or sorority or
organization.” It covers acts ranging from paddling to whipping, beating, exposure to the weather, forced
consumption of any food, liquor, beverage, drug or other substance or any brutal treatment or forced
physical activity likely to adversely affect the physical and psychological health of a recruit. The amended
law also provides harsher penalties as those who planned or participated in the hazing will face a penalty
of reclusion perpetua and a P3M fine if the hazing resulted in death, rape, mutilation or sodomy, thus
amending the previous measure which merely regulates it. Also, the new law penalizes attempts to cover
up the hazing activities.

s s


❣Notable Names in Education❣

*Socrates - "know thy self"

*Plato - wrote the "Republic"

*Aristotle - Father of Modern Sciences

*Cicero - Wrote the "Oratore"

*Quintillian - Wrote "Institution Oratoria" He was a famous grammaticus

*Anselm - father of scholasticism

*Abelard - spearheaded Conceptualism

*St Thomas Aquinas - wrote "Summa Theologiae"

*Eramus - suggested that education be in accordance with the needs of society, he was a humanist who
advocated the importance of studying the character of the child

*Ascham - wrote the "Schoolmaster" condemning brutal punishment in English schools during his time.

* John Amos Comenius - father of modern education, he wrote the first picture book "Orbis Sensualium

Francis Bacon - wrote the " The New Atlantis"

Mulcaster - said that " Education should be in accordance with nature"

*John Locke - "tabula rasa" (Blank sheet)

*John Jacques Rosseau - wrote "Emile" (Education should be in accordance with the nature of the child)

*Pestallozi - defined education as natural, symmetrical and harmonious development of the faculties of
the child

* Herbart - conceived education as aimed towards the development of morality and virtue. He is the
famous for the Herbatian Method in psycology

*Froebel - Father of kindergarten

*John Dewey - "Education is not a preparation for life, it is life"

*St. John Baptiste de la Salle - patron saint of teachers

*Maria Montessori - advocated the child - centered education and prepared environment.

� �


Philippines – Pearl of the Orient, comprises more than 7,100 islands.

1898 – The Spanish-American War ended.

Martial Law – imposed by President Ferdinand E. Marcos.

Pearl Harbor- the Japanese surprise attack in America

Clark field in Pampanga- bombing mission of Japanese in the Philippines.

Hiroshima & Nagasaki – City in Japan wherein the American Air Force drops a Nuclear Bomb.

People Power Movement – 4 day protest in Manila, in EDSA

Ferdinand Magellan – 1st recorded European contact with the Philippine Island.

Cebu – Island of ZUGBO, Humabon in waging a battle against a rival chieftain, Lapu-Lapu of Mactan. The
Capital of the new Spanish colony.

1565 – 1st Spanish settlement in the Philippines was established on cebu by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi.

Rajah Soliman – controlled an area of Luzon. The NEW Capital of the Spanish colony.

KKK – kataastaasan kagalang galang na katipunan ng mga anak ng bayan, KATIPUNAN, organized by
Andres Bonifacio.

Biac-na-bato – a place that in negotiated truce.

Treaty of Paris – Peace negotiation between spain and the United States.

William Howard Taft – President of United States appointed General MacArthur to rule and govern the

Deep-water harbor – at subic bay, major anchorage for the US naval feet.

Jones Act – instituted an elected Philippine senate and compromised eventual independence.
Franklin D. Roosevelt – New President of US who supports the Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934 stipulated
that the Philippines would become an independent republic on July 4, 1946.

HUKBALAHAPS- hukbong ng bayan laban sa hapon

1944 – Osmenia succeeded Quezon, who died in the US.

April 1946- Roxas became the 1st president of the new republic.

April 1948 – Roxas died and was succeeded by Vice President Quirino, who won presidency in 1949.

Luis Taruc – HUKS Leader.

1953- Magsaysay was the clear winner in the presidential election.

March 1957 – Magsaysay died in plane crash and was succeeded by his vice president Carlos Garcia, and
was elected president in his own right in November 1957.

1961 - Diosdado Macapagal win the presidency.

1965 – election gave to presidency to Ferdinand E. Marcos. The 1st president who win a second term.

September 21, 1972 – President Ferdinand E. Marcos Proclaimed Martial Law by virtue of Proclamation
No. 1081.

EDSA – epifanio de los Santos Avenue

Mendiola Massacre – government security forces opened fire on the protester and killed 20 people.


The Philippine National Hero:

Dr. Jose Rizal

The Great Plebian: Andres Bonifacio

The Father of the Katipunan: Andres Bonifacio

Hero of the Tirad Pass Battle: Gregorio Del Pilar

President of the First Philippine Republic:

General Emilio Aguinaldo
Brains of the Philippine Revolution: Apolinario

Martyred Priests in 1872: GOMBURZA

Brains of the Katipunan: Emilio Jacinto

Co-founder of La Independencia: General

Antonio Luna

Mother of Balintawak: Melchora Aquino

Tandang Sora: Melchora Aquino

Filipino Orator of the Propaganda

Movement: Graciano Lopez- Jaena

First Filipino Cannon-maker: Pandar Pira

Managing Editor of La Solidaridad: Mariano


Lakambini of Katipunan: Gregoria de Jesus

Poet of the Revolution: Fernando Ma. Guerrero


Diplomat of the First Philippine

Republic: Felipe Agoncillo

First University of the Philippines President:

Rafael Palma

Greatest Filipino Painter: Juan Luna

Greatest Journalist of the Propaganda
Movement: Marcelo H. del Pilar

First Filipino Poetess: Leona Florentino

Peace of the Revolution: Pedro Paterno

Founder of Philippine Socialism: Isabelo Delos


Viborra: Artemio Ricarte

Author of the Spanish lyrics of the Philippine

National Anthem: Jose Palma

Chief of Tondo: Lakandola

The Last Rajah of Manila: Rajah Soliman

Fiancée of Jose Rizal: Leonor Rivera

The maker of the First Filipino Flag: Marcela


Co-founder of Katipunan: Galicano Apacible

Leader of the Ilocano Revolt: Diego Silang

First Filipino Hero: Lapu-lapu

Leader of the Longest Revolt in Bohol: Francisco

The Man of Many Talents: Epifanio Delos Santos

Prince of Tagalog Poets: Francisco Baltazar

Visayan Joan of Arc: Teresa Magbanua

Mother of Biak-na-Bato: Trinidad Tecson

Wife of Artemio Ricarte: Agueda Esteban

Leader of the Tarlac Revolt: Gen. Francisco


Composer of the Philippine National Anthem:

Julian Felipe

Spaniards born in the Philippines: Insulares

Leader of Magdalo: Baldomero Aguinaldo

Leader of Magdiwang: Mariano Alvarez

Founder of La Liga Filipina: Jose Rizal

Painter of the Spolarium: Juan Luna

Professional Education


1.Wilhelm Wundt=Father of modern psychology

2.Sigmund Freud=Father of psychoanalysis,
psychosexual Theory

3.Johann Heinrich=Father of education and


4.Ivan Pavlov=classical conditioning

5.Burrhus F. Skinner=operant conditioning(in

6.Edward Lee Thorndike=Law of learning (law of

readiness, the law of exercise & law of effect)

7.Albert Bandura=social cognitive learning


8.David Ausubel=meaningful learning

9.Jerome Bruner=Discovery Learning, Spiral


10.Wolfgang, Kohler, Kurt Kuffka, Max

Wertheimer=Gestalt Theory

11.Kurt Levin=life space concept

12.Kohler=problem solving by Insight

13.Urie Brofenbrenner=Ecological Theory

14.Sandra Bem=Gender Schema Theory

15.Howard Gardner=Theory of multiple

16.Elliot Turriel=Social Domain Theory

17.Robert Sternberg=TriarchicTheory

18.Lawrence Kohlberg=Moral Development


19.Erik Erikson=Psychosocial Development


20.Ma. Montessori= Transfer of Learning

21.Edward Paul Torrance=Creative Problem


22.Chomsky=Linguistic Aquisition Development


23.Jean Piaget=Cognitive Learning Theory

24.John Watson=Behavioral Theory

25.Edward Tolman=Purposive Behaviorism

26.Bernard Weiner=Attribution Theory

27.Daniel Goleman=Emotional Intelligence

28. Ebbinghaus = law of forgetting

29. John Locke = association

30. Thorndike = belongingness

31. Peterson = intent to know

32. Weiner = attribution theory

33. David McClelland = need achievement theory

34. Murray = need achievement

35. Victor Vroom = expectancy theory

36. Vygotsky = sociocultural theory/ ZPD

A. Non-Verbal Intervention

1. PLANNED IGNORING--- is based on reinforcement theory that if you ignore a behavior, it lessens and
eventually disappears

2. SIGNAL INTERFERENCE--- is any type of non-verbal behavior that communicates to the student
without disturbing others, that his behavior is not appropriate. Signal behaviors must be clearly directed
at the off-task student. There should be no doubt in the student mind that the teacher is aware of what
is going and that the student is responsible for the behavior.

3. PROXIMITY CONTROL--- is any movement towards or taking up a position in the vicinity of the
thedisruptive student. Proximity control combined with signal interference results in a very effective
non-verbal control technique

4. TOUCH CONTROL--- is a light non-aggressive physical contact with the student that the teacher
disapproves of the disruptive behavior.

B. The Verbal Intervention

1. ADJACENT REINFORCEMENT---it is placed first in the hierarchy because it gives the student chance to
control his own behavior without any intervention on the part of the teacher that call attention to the
student on his behavior.

2. CALL ON THE STUDENT NAME-DROP---when a student is behaving inappropriately, the teacher may
redirect the student to appropriate behavior by calling on the student to answer a question, if asking a
question is a part of the lesson.

3. HUMOR---humor that is directed at the teacher or at the situation rather than at the student can
diffuse tension in the classroom as well as redirect students to appropriate behavior

4. QUESTION AWARENESS OF EFFECT---sometimes students who disrupt learning are genuinely not
aware of the effect of their behavior on other people. Making them aware of how their behavior affects
other people is a powerful technique for getting students to control their behavior
5. DIRECT APPEAL--- another technique that is very useful for instances in which a teacher enjoys
referent or expert power base is a direct appeal. Direct appeal means requesting in a courteous way that
students stop disruptive behavior

6. POSITIVE PHRASING--- many times parents and teachers fall into the trap of putting more emphasis on
the negative outcomes of misbehavior than the positive outcome of appropriate behavior.

7. “ARE NOT FORS”--- of all the verbal interventions, the “are not fors” is the most in use. It is
implemented primarily when elementary or preschool children misuse property or materials and is
generally effective behavior in a very positive way.

8. REMINDERS OF THE RULES--- when the teacher has established a clear set of classroom guideline of
rules early and has received students’ commitment to the rules, misbehavior frequently may be curbed
by merely reminding disruptive students about the rules.

9. GLASSER’S TRIPLETS---Glasser proposes that teacher ask disruptive student three questions in order to
direct the students to appropriate behaviors; a. What are you doing? b. Is it against the rules? c. What
should you be doing

10. EXPLICIT REDIRECTION---consist of an order to stop the misbehavior and return to acceptable
behavior. The redirection is made in the form of a teacher command and leaves no room for student

11. CANTER’S BROKEN RECORD--- has developed a strategy for clearly communicating to the student that
the teacher will not engage in verbal bantering and intends to make sure the student resumes
appropriate behavior. Canter labeled this method “the broken record” because the teacher behavior
sounds like a broken record to the student


If the students continually misbehave even after all the preventive intervention techniques have been
appropriately employed but they disrupt learning, interfere with the work of others, challenge teacher
authority and often try to entice others to misbehave on a fairly consistent basis, these could be done.

1. BEHAVIOR CONTRACTING---a behavior contract is a written agreement between the teacher and
student that commit the student to behave more appropriately and provides a specified reward for
meeting the commitment.

2. ANECDOTAL RECORD KEEPING---it can be used for remedying chronic behavioral problems. This
method has been used successfully by veteran teachers to handle a variety of chronic discipline
problems. Anecdotal record keeping is an interactionist approach to controlling classroom behaviors.

The above- mentioned interventions could be applicable to some but not to everyone, so it is in the
discretion of the teacher to what intervention she will apply for a certain disruptive student or students.
But at the end of the day, one could realize that being an effective Classroom Manager is not a talent
which some people just have or others do not but it is a set of skills and an attitude learned through
patience and practice.

Pres.Manuel Roxas (1946-1948)

-Bell trade Act

- War Damage Act

Pres.Elpidio Quirino (1948-1953)

- Amnestiya sa rebeldeng huk

- paghalili sa mga inaangkat

Pres. Ramon Magsaysay (1953-1957)

-Economic Dev. Cor.( pagmamay-ari ng lupa )

- Land Reform Act

- Agricultural Tenancy Commission at Court of Agrarian Relations.

- National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Act ( NARRA)

- Farmers Cooperative Marketing Association

Pres. Carlos Garcia (1957-1961)

- "Pilipino Muna"

- Austerity ( pagtitupid sa mga gastusin ng pamahalaan).

- Retail Nationalization Trade Act

Pres. Diosdado Macapagal (1961-1965)

-Emergency Employment Administration

-Kodigo ng Reporma sa Lupa (Agosto 8,1963)nagbigay ng pag-asa sa maliliit na magsasaka na magmamay

-ari ng sinasakang lupa.

Pres. Ferdinand Marcos (1965-1986)

- 20yrs pres.


- Pebrero 22-25 1986 ( nagwakas ang panunungkulan ni pres. marcos sa rebolusyon sa edsa)
Pres. Corazon Aquino (1986-1992)

-panumbalik ng demokrasya

-Gross National Product

- Asset Privatization Trust(kontrolado ng pamahalaan upang mapahusay ang serbisyo at paglilingkod).

- Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP)

Pres. Fidel Ramos (1992-1998)

- Newly Industrialized Country ( industriyalisasyon at pakikipagkalakalan sa lbas ng bansa.)

- Subic Bay Freeport ( dating base-militar)

- Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation(APEC)

- Expanded Value Added Tax ( EVAT)

Pres . Joseph Ejercito Estrada (1998-2000)

- " erap para sa mahirap"( layunin ito ang pagsugpo sa kahirapan.)

-nilagdaan niya Executive Order No. 193 ; Economic Coordinating Council ( ECC )

Pres.Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2001-2010)

- Strong Republic Nautical Highway( magkarygrong sa mga kapuluan sa pamamagita ng pagbukas ng roll
on : roll-off(ro-ro) ports at terminal.

The Father of Philippine Folklore - E. Arsenio Manuel, Manuel, E. Arsenio

The Father of Tagalog Zarzuela and The Father of Philippine Zarzuela – Hermogenes Ilagan

The Father of Cebuano letters & The Father of Cebuano Language – Vicente Sotto

The Father of the Tagalog Short Story - Deogracias Rosario

The Father of Tagalog comics – Antonio “Tony” Velasquez

The Father of Ilocano literature - Pedro Bucaneg

Father of Modern Tagalog Poetry & Father of Modern Tagalog Prose - Alejandro abadilla

Father of Philippine Linguistics- Cecilio Lopez

Father of Filipino-American Literature - Carlos Bulosan

Father of Philippine National Anthem - Julian Felipe

Father of Philippine Journalism & Father of Philippine Masonry - Marcelo del Pilar

Father of Philippine Revolution & the Father of the Katipunan - Andres Bonifacio

Father of Philippine Independence, Father of the Philippine Republic, & Father of the Philippine National
Language - Manuel L. Quezon

Father of Philippine Local Autonomy & Father of the Local Government Code and the Cooperative Code -
Aquilino "Nene" Pimentel, Jr.

Father of Geothermal Development - Arturo Alcaraz

Father of the Philippine Archipelagic Doctrine - Arturo M. Tolentino

Father of Philippine Endocrinology - Dr. Augusto D. Litonjua

Father of Overseas Employment - Blas Ople

Father of the Filipino First Policy - Carlos P. Garcia

Father of R.A. 7171 (Tobacco Excise Tax Law) - Chavit Singson

Father of the Philippine Constitution - Claro M. Recto

Father of the Philippine Trade Union Movement - Crisanto Evangelista

Father of the Philippine Career Foreign Service Corps - Diosdado Macapagal

Father of Philippine Photography - Eduardo Masferre

Father of Philippine Industry - Elpidio Quirino

Father of the Philippine Army Special Forces - Fidel Ramos

Father of Tagalog Dialect & Father of the Tagalog Poem - Francisco Balagtas

Father of Poultry Science in the Philippines - Dr. Francisco M. Fronda

Father of Modern Philippine Ophthalmology - Dr. Geminiano T. De Ocampo

Father of Philippine Cinema - Gerardo de Leon

Father of Philippine Surgery - Dr. Gregorio Singian

Father of Rehabilitation Medicine in the Philippines & Father of the College of Allied Medical Professions
- Guillermo Damian

Father of Philippine Retailing - Henry Sy, Sr.

Father of Public Health in the Philippines - Hilario Lara

Father of Philippine Landscape Architecture - Ildefonso Santos

Father of Philippine Labor Union Movement, Father of the Philippine Socialism, & Father of Ilocano
Journalism - - Isabelo de Los Reyes

Father of Pinoy Rock - Joey "Pepe" Smith

Father of the Philippine Workmen's Compensation Law - Jose Avelino

Father of the Philippine Pharmaceutical Industry - Jose Y. Campos

Father of Philippine Movies - Jose Nepomuceno

Father of Philippine Nationalism, Father of Modern Tagalog Orthography, & Father of Philippine
Children’s Literature - Jose Rizal

Father of the Masses - Joseph Estrada

Father of Philippine Liberalism - Jovito Salonga

Father of the Nationalistic Film - Julian Manansala

Father of Philippine Pharmacy - Dr. Leon Ma. Guerrero

Father of Philippine Jazz - Lito Molina

Father of Manila City Charter - Macario Adriatico

Father of Philippine Independence, Father of the Philippine Republic, & Father of the Philippine National
Language - Manuel L. Quezon

Father of Modern Philippine Sculpture - Napoleon Abueva

Father of Philippine Sonata - Nicanor Abelardo

Father of the Philippine Rice Breeding Program - Dr. Pedro Escuro

Father of Filipino America - Philip Vera Cruz

Father of Anesthesia in the Philippines - Dr. Quintin J. Gomez

Father of Modern Arnis - Remy Amador Presas

Father of Philippine Email - Roberto Verzola

Father of Philippine Housing - Rodolfo Biazon

Father of Philippine Franchising - Samie Lim

Father of Philippine Neurosurgery - Dr. Victor A. Reyes

Father of the Philippine Internet - William Torres

The Father of Trigonometry - Hipparchus of Nicaea

The Father of Oceanography and Naval Metereology - Matthew Fontaine Maury

The Father of Zoology - Aristotle

The Father of Logic - Aristotle

The Father of Mathematics - Archimedes

The Father of Ecology - Alexander von Humboldt

The Father of Botany - Theophrastus

The Father of Ethics - Socrates

The Father of Ancient Greek Philosophy - Thales of Miletus

The Father of Periodic Table - Dmitri Mendeleev

The Father of Biology – Aristotle

The Father of Anatomy - Herophilus of Alexandria

The Father of Modern Medicine - Hippocrates

The Father of Geometry – Euclid

The Father of History – Herodotus

The Father of Trigonometry - Aryabhata Hipparchus

The Father of Genetics – Gregor Mendel, William Bateson

The Father of Microbiology - Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

The Father of Neuroscience - Santiago Ramón y Cajal

The Father of Taxonomy - Carolus Linnaeus

The Father of Modern Biochemistry - Carl Alexander Neuberg

The Father of Early Chemistry - Jabir ("Geber") ibn Hayyan

The Father of Modern Chemistry - Antoine Lavoisier, Robert Boyle, Jöns Berzelius, John Dalton

*HENLY- " I am the master of my fate, I am the captain of my soul" poem of INVICTUS
*KEATS- " A thing of beauty is a joy forever"

*MARK TWAIN- American greatest humorist

*EPIC- a long narrative poem dealing with persons of heroic proportion & actions of great significance

*EDGAR ALLAN POE- considered the father of the modern American short story

*HAIKU- Japanese poem w/ 17 syllables

*ANTHOLOGY- a collection of literary pieces

*SONNET- 14 iambic pentameter lines

*MAHABHARATA- longest epic

*FOLKTALES- stories that refect people's beliefs & are handed from generation to generation

*FABLES- these are not tales making use of animals as characters

*MARCELO H. DEL PILAR- his pen name "Dolores manapat"

*QUEZON- "like the molave" his source of inspiration

*ELEGY- a poem lamenting the dead

*SOLILOQUY- a speech by a person who reveals his thoughts

MANUEL ARGUILLA- author of "how my brother Leon brought home a wife"

*JOSE RIZAL- he wrote the famous letter " to the women of Malolos"

*URBANA AT FELIZA- a kind of literary piece w/c moralizes & was written in a letter between 2 sisters
dwelling in the city& the other in the province

*WASHINGTON- author of " the legend of the sleppy hollow"

*RHODORA- "if eyes are made for seeing, the beauty is its own excuse for being"- is taken from the

*THE ILLIAD OF HOMER- A great epic poem whose plot centers around the anger & wrath of Achilles
against Agamemnon, a great Leader

*LEONARDO DA VINCI- famous work monaliza

*JUAN LUNA- famous painting "'spolarium'

*MICHAEL ANGELO-created " the statue of David'

sGod bless


⭐JK Rowling

Author of the Harry Potter book series

⭐Johnny Depp

This actor plays Captain Jack Sparrow

⭐Kylie Jenner

Who is the youngest Kardashian/Jenner


Which Nickelodeon TV show did Ariana Grande star in

⭐Lonzo Ball

What college basketball player's dad created the Big Baller Brand selling his shoes for over $450

⭐James Corden

late night host that does Carpool Karaoke

⭐Mannequin Challenge

In 2016 this fad went viral by keeping people motionless

⭐Moe's Southwest Grill

Most popular fast food restaurant for Mexican and Tex Mex in 2016-17

⭐Alec Baldwin

Plays Donald Trump on Saturday Night Live

⭐Shape of You

The #1 song of 2017 so far according to the Billboard Charts


Highest grossing movie of all time based on cumulative worldwide box office

⭐Beauty and the Beast

Won best movie at the 2017 MTV Movie Awards


Won the Grammy for the album of the year entitled "25"


Which 2017 Teen tv show is based on the "Archie" comics


Clothing company that started in Columbus that specializes in vintage t-shirts, hoodies, and other
apparel now sold all over the U.S.


Best selling video game of all time (


The year Super Mario Brothers was released


most watched show on Netflix in Ohio

⭐Cristiano Ronaldo

Highest paid athlete in 2016

⭐Chris Evans

Actor that plays Captain America in the Marvel movies

⭐Benedict Cumberbatch

Actor that plays Sherlock in the BBC series

⭐13 Reasons Why

Most popular Netflix series ever

⭐The Chainsmokers

2017's most popular musical artist(s) so far according to the Billboard Charts

⭐Game of Thrones

Most popular show in the world in 2016

⭐The New England Patriots

Won the Superbowl this season

⭐Yeezy Boost 350

shoes by Kanye West and Adidas

⭐J.R.R. Tolkien

Author of the Hobbit and Lord of the Rings


Name of Simba's dad in the Lion King

⭐Anakin Skywalker

Darth Vader's real name in Star Wars

⭐Can't Stop this Feeling

Justin Timberlake's song from Trolls

⭐Ohio University Marching 110

What band came out of a shipping container in downtown Cleveland wearing troll wigs and playing
songs from the Trolls soundtrack

⭐Texas Roadhouse

According to Business Insider this was the best chain restaurant in 2016

⭐Orlando, FL

Most visited US city in 2016

⭐Ric Flair

John Cena and this man are the only 16 time world wrestling champions


This musical artist passed away in 2016 and is known for songs such as "Little Red Corvette" and "Purple

⭐Paul McCartney

This Beatles legend has a role in Pirates of the Caribbean 5

⭐Steve Jobs

was one of the founders of Apple Inc.

⭐Magnavox Odyssey

considered the first video game console


Most watched YouTube video of all time

⭐Ellen Degeneres

voice of Dory from Finding Nemo and Finding Dory


The best Disney villain of all time according to E News

⭐Emmanuel Macron

New president of France

⭐Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson

Highest paid actor in 2016

⭐Jennifer Lawrence

Highest paid actress in 2016


Number of Fast and the Furious movies released in theaters

⭐VIII: The Last Jedi

The next star wars film in the saga will be Episode what?

⭐Darius Rucker

This country singer once had a rock band called Hootie and the Blowfish

⭐One Sweet Day

According to the Billboard Charts what song has the most weeks in the #1 spot (all time)

⭐Imagine Dragons
What band sings the songs "Demons" and "I Bet My Life"


The name of Elvis Presley's estate


Year Michael Jackson died

⭐Floyd Mayweather

Boxer that may be fighting UFC's Conor Mcgregor which will result in a major money making fight

⭐Morgan Freeman

Played South African President Nelson Mandela in the movie "Invictus"

⭐Steven Ervin

Former Alexander student and soccer player that has recently appeared in 2 McDonald's commercials


City with the highest population in the world


Only state in the US that starts with a P


World's largest ocean

⭐Keanu Reeves

Plays John Wick

⭐Will Ferrell

Plays the character Ricky Bobby

⭐New York City

Most populated US City

⭐The Witcher 3

The most awarded video game of all time

⭐Tom Hanks

Who played Forest Gump

⭐"Thriller" by Michael Jackson

Best selling album of all time (32 million)


Most downloaded app of 2016

⭐Garth Brooks

Highest grossing musician


Capital city of Nebraska

⭐Malia and Sasha

the names of President Obama's daughters

⭐Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

Disney's first fully animated feature film

⭐Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

Most visited place in Ohio

⭐I'm the One

The current top of the charts song on itunes under the Hip Hop genre

⭐Sam Hunt

sings the popular country song "Body like a Back Road"

⭐Backstreet Boys

Sang the song "I want it that way" released in 1999 and called the pop ballad of the year

⭐Total Request Live (TRL)

TV show on MTV that featured a live audience and was hosted by Carson Daly who would count down
the day's top 10 music videos

⭐Destiny's Child
Music group that Beyonce was a member of before she started her solo career

⭐Bob Barker

Long time host of the day time television game show "The Price is Right"

⭐Larry the Cable Guy

Voice of Mater in the Cars movies

⭐Allstate Insurance

Commercials feature a character called Mayhem causing destruction for the owners of vehicles and


What night is Monday Night Football on


Largest state by area in the US

⭐Los Angeles

What city is nicknamed the City of Angels?

⭐Las Vegas

What city is nicknamed Sin City?


What city is nicknamed the Windy City?

⭐New York City

What city is nicknamed the Big Apple?


What state is nicknamed the Golden State?


What state is nicknamed the Lone Star State?


What state is nicknamed Aloha State?


What color are Mickey Mouse's shorts?


What edible substance do bees make?


How many innings make up a professional baseball game?


Which country would you visit if you wanted to see the Leaning Tower of Pisa?


Which famous monster was created by a doctor?

⭐pot of gold

According to myth, what is found at the end of the rainbow?


If you needed braces, what kind of doctor would you visit?

⭐The Beatles

Which band produced the hit song "Yellow Submarine"?

⭐Peter Piper

According to the rhyme, who picked a peck of pickled peppers?

⭐English Channel

What body of water separates France and England?


What is the name of the Disney movie about Rapunzel?


What pigment gives leaves their green color and absorbs light that is used in photosynthesis

Which of the planets in our solar system is closest to the sun?


What is the collective noun used to describe a group of lions?

⭐a joey

What is a baby kangaroo called?

⭐a kid

What is a baby goat called?


What is a baby lion called?

⭐the bat

What is the only mammal that can fy?


In Lord of the Rings, what is Frodo and Bilbo's last name?


What falling fruit supposedly inspired Sir Isaac Newton to discover the law of gravity?

⭐George Washington

Who was the first President of the United States?


How many strings are on a standard guitar?


What type of grass do pandas eat?

⭐Mt. Everest

What is the world's highest mountain?


What is Superman's weakness?

⭐the iris

What is the name for the colored part of an eye?


What piece on a chess board moves in an L-shape?

⭐red, yellow, blue

What are the three primary colors?


What is the square root of 144?


What is the square root of 81?


What is 2 cubed, or 2 to the third power?


In which country would you find the Eiffel Tower?


In which country would you find the Great Pyramid of Giza?

⭐a pumpkin

What was Cinderella's coach made from?


What letter represents 5 in Roman numerals?

⭐the ostrich

What is the world's largest bird


How many sides does an octagon have?

What is the shortest month of the year?


How many weeks are in a year?

⭐Greg Heffley

Who is the main character in Diary of a Whimpy Kid?


What is the name of the crab in Disney's "The Little Mermaid"?

⭐Buzz Lightyear

What special toy does Andy receive for his birthday in the original "Toy Story" movie?

⭐Katniss Everdeen

Who is the main character in The Hunger Games

J⭐K Rowling

Who wrote the Harry Potter series?

⭐string, brass, woodwind,percussion

What are the four sections in an orchestra?


What country is the Taj Mahal located in?

⭐Atlantic Ocean

If you few from New York City to London, what ocean would you cross?

⭐Neil Armstrong, in 1969

Who was the first man to walk on the moon?

⭐the Civil War

In what war did the United States fight itself?


In what year did the Titanic sink?


What is the northernmost state in the United States?

⭐the Pacific Ocean

What is the largest ocean in the world?

⭐Amelia Earheart

Who was the first female pilot to fy solo across the Atlantic Ocean?

i⭐gneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic

Name the three types of rock.


How many teeth does an adult human usually have?


What does a fire need to keep it going?

⭐the piano

If you're a "master of the ivory keys," what instrument do you play?

⭐the Man of Steel

What is Superman's nickname?

⭐the Dark Knight

what is Batman's nickname?


Who is Peter Parker's secret identity?

⭐Iron Man

What superhero owns Stark Industries?


How many periods are in an ice hockey game?

What is the number for a "Baker's Dozen"?


What is the number of months that have exactly 30 days




Ito ay tawag sa kita na galling sa multa ng pagkukumpiska, at pagbebenta ng mga pag airing pampubliko?

Mga di- inaasahang kita-

Nagpapababa ng halaga ng ating piso.


Nagtatala ng utang ng Pilipinas sa loob at labas

Department of Finance-

Kapag sila ay may ginawang krimen sa kanilang bansang tinutuluyan maaari silang dakpin, litisan at
gawaran ng parusa ng bansang kanilang tinutuluyan.


Sino ang naging kinatawan ng bansa sa kasundunag United Nations?

Carlos Romulo-

Itinataguyod nito ang kagalingan ng mga bata, nutrisyon para sa mga ina at anak, pagsugpo sa mga sakit
at pagtulong sa mga batang biktima ng kahirapan.


Nagbibigay ng pandaigdig na tulong teknikal at puhunan pangkalakalan.


Nagsasanay sa mga dalubhasa sa larangan ng agham at teknolohiya.


Tumutulong sa pangangalaga sa pagmimina, at pagkakaroon ng programang hihikayat sa pangagalaga ng

mga yamang lupa at yamang mineral.

Kilala din bilang “Manila Declaration” noong 1992

Declaration on the South China Sea-

Sino si “Lola Basyang”?

Severino Reyes-

Siya si “Huseng Batute, Pusong Hapis, Luksang Paruparo.”

Jose Corazon de Jesus-

He is also known as the father of horror stories.

Edgar Allan Poe-


Epiko ng Lano – DARANGAN

Epiko ng Hindu – MAHABHARATA – Katulad ng kuwento ng diyos ng mga Ifugao

Epiko ng mga Ilokano – BIAG NI LAM ANG – batay sa balankas ng hindu

May 3, 1493 – Papa Alejandro Borja VI kumilala sa karapatan ng Espanya sa lahat ng lupain ng Amerika

June 7, 1494 – Kasunduan ng Tordesillas

April 18, 1521 – pagdaong sa dalampasigan ng Mctan

1587-88---Pag aalsa sa Tondo

1621 Rebelyon ng mga Gaddang

1621-1622 Rebelyon nina Bancao at Tamblot

1643 Pag aalsa ni Ladia

1649 -1650 Rebelyon ni Sumoroy (Juan Sumoroy)

1660-61 Rebelyon ni Maniago (Francisco Maniago)

1660-1661 Rebelyon ni Malong (Andres Malong) Lingayen Pangasinan

1661 Rebelyon ng mga Ilokano (Pedro Almazan)

1663 Pag aalsa ni Tapar

1744 – 1829 Rebelyon ni Dagohoy (Francisco Dagohoy) pinakamatagal na rebelyon

1762-1763 Rebelyon ng mga Silang(Dec 14, 1762) Miguel Vicos pumatay kay Diego silang noong Mayo
28, 1763

Sept/ 20, 1763 Pinatay si Gabriela Silang

1762-1764 Rebelyon ni Palaris (Juan de la Cruz Palaris) Nov. 3, 1762

Sept 16, 1807 Pag aalsa laban sa Monopolyo sa Basi (Pedro Mateo)

Nobyembre 1841 – Pagdakip at pagbitay kay Kay Apolonario De la Cruz (Hermano Pule)

Pebrero 17, 1872 Pagpatay sa tatlong paring martyr (GOMBURZA)

1872 – Pag aalsa sa Cavite

“Mga alyas”

Jose Rizal – Laong laan, Dimasalang

Antonio Luna – Taga ilog

Jose Ma. Panganiban – JOMAPA

Francisco Baltazar – BALAGTAS – Florante at Laura

Pebrero 15, 1889 – Paglathala ng La Solidarudad sa Madrid

June 26 1892 – Pagbalik ni Rizal sa Pilipinas

July 3, 1892 pagtatag ng La Liga Filipina bahat ni Doroteo Ong-Juco (Unus instar omnium o Isa tulad ng

Ambrosio Salvador –Pangulo

Agustin de la Rosa – piskal

Bonifacio Arevalo – ingat yaman

Deodato Arellano – kalihim

La Liga Filipina ay isang sibikong kapisanan na naghahangad ng Kataas taasang Konseho (Supreme
Court) , Provincial Council at Popular Council

July 6, 1892 Pagdakip kay Rizal at kinulong sa Fort Santiago

July 4, 1896 namatay si Marcelo H. Del Pilar

Emilio Jacinto – Sumulat ng Kartilya ng Katipunan

Gregoria de Hesus – Lakambini ng Katipunan

1896 – pag uusap ni Rizal at Dr. Pio Valenzuela

Manuel Sityar – nagsuumbong sa mga espanyol tungkol sa KKK (Tenyente ng Guwardia sibil sa Pasig)

August 3, 1896 – Nagsumbong din si paring Agustin Fernandez kay Don Miguel Luengco

August 19, 1896 nabunyag na ang lihim na samahan (KKK)

Teodora Patino – nagsiwalat kay padre Mariano Gil

August 23, 1896 Pagtatag ng SIGAW SA PUGAD LAWIN

Juan A. Ramos pagpulong ng mga katipunero sa bahay niya

August 30, 1896 pagsalakay sa bodega ng pulbura (Bonifacio at Jacinto)

Gobernador Heneral Ramon Blanco – nagsailalim ng batas military sa Pamp, Nueva Ecija, Maynila,
Bulacan, Laguna, Cavite, Tarlac Batangas. (Sumasagisag sa Watawat ng Pilipinas)

Sept 12, 1896 pagpatay sa labintatlong martir

Heneral Camilo de Polavieja – Lumagda ng hatol na kamatayan ni Rizal

Dec 30, 1896 pagbaril kat rizal sa bagumbayan (luneta)

MAGDALO – Baldomero Aguinaldo

MAGDIWANG – Mariano Alvarez

March 22, 1897 – pagpupulong sa Tejero

Koronel Agapito Banzon – Namuno sa pagdaikp kay Bonifacio

May 10, 1897 – pagbaril sa magkapatid (Bonifacio at Procopio) sa bundok buntis Maragondon

July 7, 1897 nanawagan si Emilio Aguinaldo na pagpatuloy ang pakikipaglaban sa mga espanyol

Nov. 01, 1897 Pagtatag ng Republika ng Biak na Bato

Dec 14-15 1897 nilagdaan ang kasunduan sa biak na bato

Dec 27, 1897 nagtungo sa hongkong si EA bilang exile php 400 000 na bigay ng mga espanyol

Pedro A. Paterno – pilipinong nag aaral sa Espanya na mamagitan sa espanyol at Pilipino

Biak na Bato – naglagda gobernador heneral Primo de Rivera at Aguinaldo

April 21, 1898 pagdating s hongkong ng NAVAL FLEET ng amerika. Pinuno- George Dewey

Spencer Pratt Konsul ng Amerika sa Singapore

May 1, 1898 Napasok nila Dewey ang Maynila

May 19, 1898 pagbalik ni Aguinaldo sa Pilipinas

July 12, 1898 pagpapahayag ni Aguinaldo ang kalayaan ng Pilipinas

Marcela Agoncillo – nagtahi ng watawat ng Pilipinas

August 13, 1898 naganap ang pagkukunwaring labanan ng mga Amerikano at Espanyol

Sept. 15, 1898 pinasaya ang Kongreso ng Malolos

Felipe Calderon namuno sa paghahanda ng saligang batas

Sept 29, 1898 pinagtibay ng kongreso ang kasarinlan na ipinahayag sa kawit cavite

Dec. 10, 1898 nilagdaan ang kinatawan ng Amerika at ng Espanya ang KASUNDUAN SA PARIS

Jan 23, 1899 Pagpasinaya sa Unang Republika ng Pilipinas

Sept 29 1898 paglabas ng unang sipi ng El Heraldo dela Revolucion

Gaceta de Filipinas – Pinaka huling ginamit na pahayagan

Oct. 1899 pagtatag ng Iglesia Filipina Independiente

Pebrero 4, 1899 pagsimula ng labanan ng mga Pilipino at Amerikano

Kayle Sociego Sta. Mesa Manila – pagpapaputok ng isang amerikano sa tulay

Antonio Luna – Pinunong Hukbong Pilipinas sa Caloocan

Heneral McArthur – namuno sa pagsalakay sa Guiguinto, Bulcan

March 31, 1899 nabihag nila ang Malolos

Gregorio del Piliar – nagwagi sa pakikipaglaban sa KINGWA o Plaridel (24 yrs old) (bayani ng Tirad pas)

Heneral Licerio Geronimo – nakapatay sa amerikano na si Heneral Henry Lawton

Dec. 2, 1899 napatay si del pilar


101. Kauna-unhang Pilipinong Olympian.

Sagot: David Nepomuceno

102. Sino ang nagdesinyo ng Rizal Monument?

SAGOT: Richard Kissling

103. Sino ang kauna-unhang Pilipino na recording artist?

Sagot: Maria Carpena

104. Sino ang tinaguriang “Matapang na Pilipinong Heneral” nag-iwan ng katagang “Paalam! Mabuhay
ang Republika at maaring ipanganak ang ating kalayaan sa hinaharap! Mabuhay ang Pilipinas!

Sagot: Macario Sakay

105. Ano ang itinuturing na pinakaunang anyo/alpabeto ng pagsusulat sa Pilipinas at ito ay binubuo ng
17 na titik, 3 katinig at 14 na patinig?

Sagot: Baybayin

106. Sino ang nagdala ng relihiyong Islam sa Pilipinas bago pa dumating ang mga dayuhang mananakop
sa Pilipinas?

Sagot: Makhdum

107. Sino ang pinaniniwalaan ng mga Pilipino na Siyang may pinakamataas na kapangyarihan at may
likha ng mundo o ano ang tawag ng mga sinaunang Pilipino sa kanilang panginoon?

Sagot: Bathala

108. Ang mga kabataang Pilipino noon ay kadalsan lamang nag-aaral. May isang pormal na paaralan na
matatagpuan sa Pulo ng Panay sa Visayas. Ano ang tawag ng kanilang paaralan?

Sagot: Bothoan

109. Pagkatapos ng mga Negritos, ano ang pangalawang pangkat ng tao na dumating sa Pilipinas sa
pamamagitan nang paglalakbay sa dagat. Mga 3000-8000 na taon na ang nakalipas?

Sagot: Indonesians / Indians

110. Ano ang tawag sa tradisyon, paniniwala at relihiyon ng tao?

Sagot: Kultur

1. Nagsimula ang sigalot sa pagitan ng Espanya at Estados Unidos ng lumubog ang bapor ng Estados
Unidos habang ito ay nahimpil sa Look ng Havana, Cuba. Dito pinagbintangan ng mga Amerikano ang
mga Espanyol ang dahilan ng pagkalubog nito. Nagalit ang mga Espanyol at dito nagsimula ang digmaang
Espanyol – Amerikano. Anong barko ng Estados Unidos ang lumubog?

Sagot: USS Maine

2. Dahil sa alitan sa pagitan ng Espanya at Estados Unidos inutusan si Komodor George Dewey na
hanapin at was akin ang mga plota ng Espanya sa Pilipinas. Sino ang nag-utos nito?

Sagot: John Long

3. Ang plota na pinamumunuan ni Admiral Patricio Montojo ang unang sinalakay at winasak ng grupo ni
George Dewey. Habang naganap ang pangyayaring ito, saan lugar lumusob ang pangkat ni Emilio

Sagot: Intramuros

4. Ang kasunduang ito ay tanging sina Heneral Wesley Merritt, Komodor George Dewey at Gobernador-
heneral Fermin Gaudenes ang nakakaalam kung saan ang sundalng Amerikano at Espanyol ay
maglababan para dayain si Aguinaldo. Ano ang pangyayaring ito?

Sagot: Mock Battle of Manila

5. Ano ang dahilan ng pagbagsak ng Maynila sa kamay ng mga Amerikano na nangyari noong Agosto 13,

Sagot: Mock Battle of Manila

6. Ilang taon ang pananakop ng Espanya sa Pilipinas?

Sagot: 333 na taon (1565-1898)

7. Ano ang patakarang nagsasaad na ang mga Amerikano ay magsisilbing kaibigang mangangalaga sa
kaligtasan, kapayapaan at kaunlaran ng mga mamamayang Pilipino?

Sagot: Benevolent Assimilation

8. Sinong pangulo ng Amerika ang nagpapahayag ng patakarang Benevolent Assimilation noong

Disyembre 21, 1898?

Sagot: William McKinley

9. Sino ang Pilipinong lumahok sa Kasunduan sa Paris noong ika 10 ng Disyembre, 1898 kung saan
nabunyag ang tunay na layunin ng mga Amerikano sa Pilipinas?

Sagot: Felipe Agoncillo

10. Kung ang mga Kastila ay may layuning palaganapin ang Kristyanismo sa Pilipinas, ano naman ang
relihiyon na gusting palaganapin ng mga Amerikano sa bansa?

SAGOT: Protestantismo
11. Nagalit ang mga Pilipino sa tunay na layunin ng mga Amerikano sa bansa. Sa tingin ng mga Pilipino ay
nadaya kaya sumiklab ang digmaang Amerikano-Pilipino. Kailan sumiklab ang digmaan sa pagitan ng
Amerikano at Pilipino?

Sagot: Pebrero 4, 1899

12. Sino ang Amerikanong sundalo na nagpaputok sa dalawang Pilipino habang nagpapatrolya sa
Sampaloc na siyang naging daan sa pagsisimula ng maraming labanan laban sa Amerikano at Pilipino.

Sagot: William Walter Grayson

13. Dahil sa lakas ng pwersa ng mga Amerikano, nagpalipat-lipat ang pangkat nina Aguinaldo at noong
Setyembre 6, 1900 dumating sila sa Palanan, Isabela kung saan nakilala niyang ang isang batang heneral
na ipinagtanggol siya. Sino ang batang heneral na ito?

Sagot: Gregorio del Pilar

14. Siya ang bayani sa Pasong Tirad na humarang sa mga Amerikano na naghahabol kay Aguinaldo noong
Disyembre 2, 1900?

Sagot: Gregorio del Pilar

15. Nakakita ng isang lihim na daan patungo sa tuktok ng paso sa tulong ng isang Igorot na
nagngangalang Januario Galot na siyang dahilan ng pagkagapi ng mga sundalong Pilipino at pagkamatay
ni Gregorio del Pilar. Sino ang namuno sa grupo ng mga Amerikano na sumalakay sa Tirad Pass?

Sagot: Major Peyton March

16. Sino ang nakahuli kay Emilio Aguinaldo noong Abril 1, 1901?

Sagot: Koronel Frederick Funston

17. Isa sa pinakatanyag na labanan sa panahon ng Amerikano ay ang labanan sa Balangiga Massacre
noong Setyembre 28, 1901 sa Samar kung saan napatay ang 40 na mga sundalong Amerikano. Sino ang
namuno sa labanang ito?

Sagot: Heneral Vicente Lukban

18. Bilang ganti ng mga Amerikano sa ginawa sa Balangiga Massacre, humawa ng kontra-opensiba ang
mga Amerikano kung saan pinapatay nilang lahat ng batang lalaking gulang sampu pataas na may
kakayahang humawak ng baril. Sino ang namuno sa kontra-opensiba na ito?

Sagot; Koronel Jacob Smith

19. Tumagal ng mahigit apat na taon ang digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano. Nagwakas lamang ang digmaan
ng sumuko ang isang Pilipinong heneral sa mga Amerikano noong Abril 16, 1902. Sino ang heneral na
Sagot: Heneral Miguel Malvar

20. Ito ay kasunduang nilagdaan noong Agosto 20,1898 kung saan nakasaad na igagalang ng mga
Amerikano ang pangongolekta ng buwis ng Sultan ng Jolo at kilalanin ang kapangyarihan ng Amerika sa
kapuluan. Ano ang kasunduang ito sa pagitan ng Sultan ng Jolo at ni Heneral John Bates?

Sagot: Kasunduang Bates

21. Ilang taon ang pananakop ng mga Amerikano sa Pilipinas?

Sagot: 48 taon

22. Ano ang tawag sa mga matatalinong Pilipino na pinadala sa Amerika at nakapag-aral ng libre?

Sagot: Pensiyonado o Pensiyonadong Iskolar

23. Anong hospital ang ipinatayo ng mga Amerikano noong 1901 na nakatulong ng Malaki sa pagsugpo
ng mga nakakahawang sakit dahil sa makabagong medisina?

Sagot: Philippine General Hospital

24. Ang mga Amerikano ay naghatid ng kaunlaran sa transportasyon at kmunikasyon ng bansa tulad ng
sasakyang pamhimpapawid. Anong kompanya ang unang nagpalipad na komersyo?

Sagot: Philippine Aerial Taxi Company

25. Dahil sa matinding impluwensiya ng mga Amerikano sa mga Pilipino ay unti-unting nabago ang anyo,
hilig at pamumuhay ng mga Pilipino. Dahil dito binansagan tayo ng mga Amerikano ng _____________.

Sagot: Little Brown Americans

26. Anong pamahalaan ang itinatag ng mga Amerikano sa bansa na pinamumunuan ng mga gobernador-
heneral simula Agosto 14, 1898 hanggang Hulyo 4, 1901?

Sagot: Pamahalaang Militar

27. Isa sa mga kiols na nagpapakit ng kalupitan ng mga Amerikano ay ang ginawang pagpapatapon sa
Guam noong Enero 1901 sa mga kilalang Pilipino na patuloy na nakikipaglaban para sa kalayaan ng bansa
tulad nina Apolinario Mabini, Artemio Ricarte, Pablo Ocampo at Melchora Aquino. Ang tawag ng mga
Amerikano sa mga ipinatapon sa Guam?

Sagot: irreconcilables

28. Saan nangyari ang unang halalang idinaraos para sa pinunong pambayan?

SAGOT: Bulacan
29. Sino ang unang naging gobernador-heneral sa pamahalaang military na ipinatupad ng mga
Amerikano sa bansa?

Sagot: Wesley Merritt

30. Sino ang huling goberndaor-heneral sa pamahalaang military na ipinatupad sa Pilipinas na nag-iwan
ng mga katagang “I shall return”?

Sagot: General Arthur MacArthur

31. Ano ang tawag sa halalan kung saan ipinahahayag ng mga mamamayan ang kanilang desisyon hinggil
sa isang isyung kalimitang sinasagot ng oo o hindi lamang?

Sagot: Referendum

32. Ano ang tawag sa mga gurong Amerikano sa dumatig sa Pilipinas sakay ng barkong SS Thomas upang
turuan ang mga Pilipino?

Sagot: Thomasites

33. Upang matiyak na maayos at magkaroon ng gabay ang pamahalaang Amerikano sa bansa, bumuo si
Pangulong McKinley ng mga pangkat na magmamasid, magsisiyasat at mag-uulat tunngkol sa Pilipinas.
Ano ang tawag sa pangkat na ito?

Sagot: Komisyon ng Pilipinas

34. Kailan itinatag ang Komisyon ng Pilipinas na siyang pinakaunang komisyon ng Pilipinas?

Sagot: Enero 20, 1899

35. Sino ang namuno sa unang komisyon ng Pilipinas o tinatawag na Komisyong Schurman kung saan ang
layunin ay siyasatin ang kalagayan ng bansa at magrekomenda ng pamahalaan na angkop sa bansa?

Sagot: Jacob G. Schurman

36. Ano ang pangalawang komisyon na binuo sa bansa?

Sagot: Komisyong Taft

37. Sino ang namuno sa pangalawang komisyon na binuo sa bansa?

SAGOT: William H. Taft

38. Anong komisyon na inatas ni Pangulong McKinley na paunlarin ang kabuhayan ng mga Pilipino at
ituro ang Wikang Ingles sa mga paaralan. Nakagawa rin ito ng mga batas hinggil sa pagkakaroon ng
serbisyo sibil, pagtatag ng pamahalaang panlalawigan at pambayan at ang pagpapatayo ng mga
paaralang pampubliko.
Sagot: Komisyong Taft

39. Anong susog (amendment) ang nagmungkahi na dapat palitan ang pamahalaang military ng isang
pamahalaang sibil na inamindahan ni Senador John Spooner?

Sagot: Spooner Amendment

40. Kailan pinasiyaan sa Maynila ang unang pamahalaang sibil ng Pilipinas?

Sagot: Hulyo 4, 1901

41. Sino ang unang gobernador-sibil sa pamahalaang sibil sa Pilipinas?

Sagot: William H. Taft

42. Dahil sa pagbabago ng pamahalaang unang military sa pagiging pamahalaang sibil, ang gobernador
heneral ay napalitan ng gobernador sibil. Kailan nangyari ang pagpapalit na ito?

Sagot: Pebrero 6, 1905

43. Anong batas ang naaprobahan noong 1902 na nagbigay ng sandigan sa Pilipinas at nagkaroon ng
dalawang kinatawang Pilipino sa kongreso ng Estados Unidos bilang paghahanda sa pagsasarili ng bansa?

Sagot: Batas Cooper o Batas Pilipinas

44. Sino ang unang punong mahistrado ng Pilipinas?

Sagot: Cayetano Arellano

45. Sino ang unang Kalihim ng Pananalapi at Katarungan sa ilalim ng pamahalaang sibil?

Sagot: Gregorio Araneta

46. Anong department ang nalikha sa panahon ng pamahalaang sibil ng Pilipinas na nagbibigay halaga sa
kalinisan ng kapaligiran lao na sa lungsod ng Maynila?

Sagot: Department of Sanitation and Transportation

47. Ano ang patakaran ni William Taft na nagging dahilan ng pagiging malapit nito sa mga Pilippino at
nagpatibay na kanyang katapatang matulungan ang mga Pilipino?

Sagot: “Ang Pilipinas ay para sa Pilipino”

48. Sino ang huling namuno sa pamahalaang sibil sa Pilipinas?

Sagot: William C. Forbes

49. Anong kilalang parke na ipinangalan kay William C. Forbes kung saan ito ay isa ng komunidad ngayon
sa Lungsod ng Maynila na tinitirhan ng mga pinakamayamang tao?
Sago: Forbes Park

50. Kailan idinaos ang unang pambansang halalan sa Pilipinas para sa mga kinatawan ng Pambansang

Sagot: Hulyo 30, 1907

1.) How do hormones work?

Answer: By controlling cell chemistry

2.) Name the male and female sex hormones.

Answer: Sperm cell and ovum

3.) The unit of measurement of energy in a given amount of food.

Answer: Kilo

4.) Nitrogen compounds known as the building blocks of proteins.

Answer: Amino Acids

5.) The growth of roots towards water is an example of?

Answer: Hydrotropism

6.) DNA means?

Answer: Deoxyribonucleic acid

7.) What are 3 products of oxygen when it has been burned?

Answer: Energy, water and carbon

8.) In fowering plants, fertilization takes place in the?

Answer: ovules

9.) The development of egg without fertilization.

Answer: Parthenogenesis

10.) Which of the following is a source of energy needed for photosynthesis?

Answer: Light

11.) They connect roots and leaves and serve as passageway and storage for food minerals and water
from the soil.
Answer: Stem

12.) The process by which plants produce food using carbon dioxide and water, sunlight and chlorophyll.

Answer: Photosynthesis

13.) Process by which plants reproduce asexually by using their parts such as roots, stems and leaves

Answer: Vegetation reproduction

14.) The smallest part of a living thing which performs all the processes a living organisms does.

Answer: Cell

15.) A group of tissues working together to perform a complex task.

Answer: Organ

16.) Male and female reproductive part of a fower.

Answer: Stamen and pistil

17.) In the human body, the cell that most nearly resembles a one-celled animal.

Answer: White blood cell

18.) The main energy source of a plant-eating animal.

Answer: Cellulose

19.) These are cellular secretions which help regulate the breakdown and building up of various
substances in the body.

Answer: Hormones

20.) It is the energy source of the cell which it uses for growing, reproducing and other activities.

Answer: Adenosine Triphosphate(ATP)

21.) It is a segment of DNA molecule which controls the appearance of a given trait.

Answer: Genes

22.) Group of similar cells performing similar functions together.

Answer: Tissue

23.) The diffusion of water through a semi-permeable membrane.

Answer: Osmosis
24.) It shows the complex food relationships of organism in a given area and the cyclic fow of food
through organisms.

Answer: Food Web

25.) Which of the following does NOT occur to both respiration and fermentation?

Answer: Alcohol ism formed

26.) The genetic information in a DNA is coded in the _____?

Answer: Sequence of Nucleotides

27.) What will cause the process of respiration to stop?

Answer: Absence of oxygen

28.) What relationships exist between a bangus and tilapia in the fishpond?

Answer: Competition

29.) Taxonomy is the study of the classification of organism based on their?

Answer: Evolutionary History

30.) A specie is said to be _____ when its number is so few that it will most likely disappear altogether
unless given proper protection.

Answer: Endangered

31.) Some bacteria are classified as saprophytes because they organism which?

Answer: Feed on dead organic matter

32.) In humans, food is moved down the esophagus into the stomach by means of?

Answer: Peristalsis

33.) The Structure outside the nucleus in animal cells that is involved in mitosis.

Answer: Ribosome

34.) Coordination and integration of the body activities of man are under the direct control of the
______ ?

Answer: Nervous and endocrine system

35.) Genetic engineering has been utilized for the production of ______ ?

Answer: Human growth hormones


Philippines – Pearl of the Orient, comprises of 7,641 islands.

1898 – The Spanish-American War ended.

Martial Law – imposed by President Ferdinand E. Marcos.

Pearl Harbor- the Japanese surprise attack in America

Clark field in Pampanga- bombing mission of Japanese in the Philippines.

Hiroshima & Nagasaki – City in Japan wherein the American Air Force drops a Nuclear Bomb.

People Power Movement – 4 day protest in Manila, in EDSA

Ferdinand Magellan – 1st recorded European contact with the Philippine Island.

Cebu – Island of ZUGBO, Humabon in waging a battle against a rival chieftain, Lapu-Lapu of Mactan. The
Capital of the new Spanish colony.

1565 – 1st Spanish settlement in the Philippines was established on cebu by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi.

Rajah Soliman – controlled an area of Luzon. The NEW Capital of the Spanish colony.

KKK – kataastaasan kagalang galang na katipunan ng mga anak ng bayan, KATIPUNAN, organized by
Andres Bonifacio.

Biac-na-bato – a place that in negotiated truce.

Treaty of Paris – Peace negotiation between spain and the United States.

William Howard Taft – President of United States appointed General MacArthur to rule and govern the

Deep-water harbor – at subic bay, major anchorage for the US naval feet.

Jones Act – instituted an elected Philippine senate and compromised eventual independence.

Franklin D. Roosevelt – New President of US who supports the Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934 stipulated
that the Philippines would become an independent republic on July 4, 1946.

HUKBALAHAPS- hukbong ng bayan laban sa hapon

1944 – Osmenia succeeded Quezon, who died in the US.

April 1946- Roxas became the 1st president of the new republic.

April 1948 – Roxas died and was succeeded by Vice President Quirino, who won presidency in 1949.
Luis Taruc – HUKS Leader.

1953- Magsaysay was the clear winner in the presidential election.

March 1957 – Magsaysay died in plane crash and was succeeded by his vice president Carlos Garcia, and
was elected president in his own right in November 1957.

1961 - Diosdado Macapagal win the presidency.

1965 – election gave to presidency to Ferdinand E. Marcos. The 1st president who win a second term.

September 21, 1972 – President Ferdinand E. Marcos Proclaimed Martial Law by virtue of Proclamation
No. 1081.

EDSA – epifanio de los Santos Avenue

Mendiola Massacre – government security forces opened fire on the protester and killed 20 people.


51. Sino ang nahalal na ispiker sa unang pambansang halalan ng Pilipinas?

Sagot: Sergio Osmena

52. Sino ang nahalal bilang lider ng mayorya sa unang pambansang halalan?

Sagot: Manuel L. Quezon

53. Ano ang unang batas na nagpatibay ng Asemblea na naglaan ng pondo para sa pagpapatayo ng mga
paaralan sa Pilipinas.

Sagot: Batas Gabaldon

54. Anong batas ang binuo noong Agosto 16, 1916 na naglalayong mabigyan ng kasarinlan ang Pilipinas
sa sandaling magkaroon ng matatag na pamahalaan ang bansa?

Sagot: Batas Jones

55. Sa Batas Jones, nagkaroon ng kapulungan o senado at mababang kapulungan ang pamahalaan ng
Pilipinas. Pinagtibay rin ditto ang pagkakaroon ng tatlong sangay ng pamahalaan, ehekutibo, lehislatibo
at hudikatura. Ilang senador ang bumubuo sa mataas na kapulungan na inihalal ng mga Pilipino?

Sagot: 24 senador

56. Kailan ang unang halalan para sa 24 na senador?

Sagot: Octubre 3, 1916

57. Sino ang kauna-unahang nahal na pangulo ng senado?

Sagot: Manuel L. Quezon

58. Sino ang kauna-unahang nahalal na ispiker sa kongreso ng Pilipinas?

SAGOT: Sergio Osmeña

59. Anong misyon ang pinamumunuan nina Sergio Osmena at Manuel Roxas noong 1931 na nagpatibay
ng Hare-Hawes-Cutting Bill kung saan ipinagkaloob sa Pilipinas ang kalayaan matapos ang 10 taong
paghahanda, pagtatag ng base military ng Estados Unidos sa bansa at pagtatakda ng bilang ng mga
Pilipinong dayuhan sa Estados Unidos?

Sagot: Misyong OsRox

60. BATAS TYDINGS-McDUFFIE- nilagdaan ni Pangulong Franklin D. Roosevelt noong Marso 24, 1934

� Layunin: pagtatag ng sampung taong pamahalaang Commonwealth sa Pilipinas bilang paghahanda

� Pagkakaroon ng kumbensiyong gagawa ng Saligang Batas

� Pagdaraos ng halalan ng magpapatibay ng saligang Batas

� Pagkilala ng kasarinlan ng Pilipinas sa ika-4 ng Hulyo

61. Sino ang nanguna sa Constitutional Convention o ConCon noong Hulyo 10, 1939 matapos tinanggap
at pinagtibay ang Asamblea ng Pilipinas ang Batas Tydings-McDuffie?

Sagot: Claro M. Recto

62. Sinong pangulo ng Amerika ang lumagda sa isinulat na saligang batas na pinagtibay noong Pebrero 8,

Sagot: Franklin Roosevelt

63. Ano ang tawag sa Saligang Batas na inaaprubahan matapos ang halalan noong Mayo 14, 1935 at
ipinatupad hanggang taong 1971?

Sagot: Saligang Batas ng 1939

64. Anong Batas ang nagpapatibay sa hindi pagbabayad ng buwis ang mga produktong nanggaling sa
Pilipinas ngunit may takdang dami ang pagluwas nito sa Estados Unidos?

Sagot: Batas Payne-Aldrich

65. Anong batas ang nag-alis ng quota ng pagluwas ng produktong tulad ng abaka at tabako na nagging
dahilan ng mas mataas na kita ng bansa?

Sagot: Batas Underwood-Simmons

66. Isang samahan ng mga negosyanteng Pilipino na nanguna sa programang “Made in the Philippines
Week” upang higit na mahikayat ang mga Pilipino na tangkilikin ang sariling produkto.

Sagot: Philippine Chamber of Commerce

67. Ano ang itinatuguyod ng pamahalaan upang mahikayat ang mga Pilipino na tangkilikin ang sariling
produkto sa panahon ng mga Amerikano at magsuot nga barong tagalog at saya; at nagging bantog ang
slogan na “Buy Philippines”?

Sagot: NEPA (National Economic Protectionism Association)


1. Ano ang tawag sa pamahaan kung saan ang layunin ay sanayin ang mga Pilipino na mamahala sa bansa
sa loob ng sampung taon?

Sagot: Pamahalaang Komonwelt

2. Kailan naganap ang halalan para sa pamahalang Komonwelt kung saan ang nanalong pangulo ay si
Manuel L. Quezon at pangalawang pangulo si Sergio Osmeña?

SAGOT: Setyembre 17, 1935

3. Kailan itinaas ang bandila ng Estados Unidos at Pilipinas sa labas ng Legislative Building sa Luneta
bilang hudyat ng pagsisimula ng pamahalaang Komonwelt?

Sagot: Nobyembre 15, 1935

4. Sino ang Arsobispo na taga Cebu ang nanguna sa panalangin sa pagtatalaga ng pamahalaang

Sagot: Arsobispo Gabriel M. Reyes

5. Ano ang kauna-unahang batas na pinagtibay ng pambansang Asemblea sa pamahalaang Komonwelt

kung saan ang layunin ay bubuo ng sandatang lakas na siyang mangangalaga sa kapayapaan at kaligtasan
ng bansa mula sa loob at labas nito?

Sagot: Batas ng Tanggulang Pambansa

6. Sino ang hinirang ni Manuel L. Quezon bilang tagapayong military ng bansa?

Sagot: Heneral Douglas MacArthur

7. Siya ang “Ama ng Wikang Pambansa”?

Sagot: Manuel L. Quezon

8. Ilang pangunahing wika sa bansa ang pinagpilian na maging Pambansang Wika?

Sagot: 8 wika

9. Saan nakapaloob sa Konstitusyon ng bansa ang pagkakaroon ng Pambansang Wika?

Sagot:Artikulo XIII ng Konstitusyon

10. Ano ang batas o tawag sa surian ng Wikang pambansa?

Sagot: Komonwelt Act Bilang 184

11. Sino ang nagging pangulo sa surian na naatasang mag-aral at magsiyasat ng isang wikang pambansa?

Sagot: Jaime C. de Veyra

12. Anong kautusan kung saan pormal na inilabas ag wikang tagalog na pambansang wika

Sagot: Kautusan Blg. 134

13. Ano ang pambansang wika ng Pilipinas?

SAGOT: Wikang Filipino

14. Ang mga babae noong una ay walang karapatan bumoto. Sa panahon na pamahalaang Komonwelt ay
nabigyan ang mga babae ng karapatan na bumoto. Kailan nangyari ang unang pagboto ng mga
kababaihan upang malaman ang kanilang saloobin?

Sagot: Abril 30, 1937

15. Siya ang nanguna sa kampanya ukol sa pagbibigay ng karapatan nsa mga kababaihang makaboto?

Sagot: Dr. Maria Paz Mendoza

16. Sino ang kauna-unahang babaeng konsehal ng bansa?

SAGOT: Carmen Planas

17. Siya ang kauna-unahang babaeng nahalal sa Mababang Kapulungan ng Kongreso.

Sagot: Elisa Ochoa

18. Siya ang kauna-unahang babaeng pangalawang pangulo.

Sagot: Gloria Macapagal Arroyo

19. Siya ang kauna-unahang babaeng pangulo.

SAGOT: Corazon Aquino

Kauna-unahang nobelang tagalog?

Walang Sugat: Severino Reyes************

_______: Pascual Poblete

Pag ibig sa tinubuang Lupa-*****

Unang guro ng mga Pilipino?


“Paalam, Pilpinas.”

Macario Sacay-********

Pangalawang Pangulo ng Kumbensiyon sa ilalim ni Claro M. Recto

Repuerto Montinola -********

“And so, by these Providences of God – and the phrase is the government’s, not mine – we are a World

Mark Twain -*****

Nagpalabas ng kautusan na nagpapababa ng sahod ng mataas na pinuno at pinagbabawal sa kanila ang

magmay-ari ng anumang negosyo.

Francis Harrison-********

Nagpahayag na mayroon nang kapayapaan at kaayusan ang Pilipinas.

Theodore Roosevelt -******

Layunin nito na makamit ang kalayaan ng Pilipinas sa lalong madaling panahon.

Lapiang Nasyonalista -*******

Siya ang pinaka mahusay na manunulat sa wikang Ingles.

Carlos Romulo -****

“Philippine Autonomy Act.”

Batas Jones -*****

Isang Gawain ng komisyon ito ay ang pangalagaan nang matalino at maayos ang buhay at ari-arian

Komisyong Schurman -*********

Batas na pinagtibay ng Estados Unidos para maalis ang quota sa mga iniluluwas na produkto ng Pilipinas
sa Amerika.
Simmons- Underwood -*******

Kinilalang duyan ng Sibilisasyon.

Kuweba ng Tabon sa Palawan -**********

Who is the author of Gitanjali?

Rabibdranath Tagore –*******

Right to vote and right to be vote – Suffrage******

The ifugao epic “HUDHUD” immortalized the hero _____?

Unang nagging tagapamahala ng National Council of Education na nilikha noong Pebrero 19, 1936 sa
pamamagitan ng Executive order. 19

Rafael Palma-*********

Nagtatakda na ang school year ay mula Hulyo hanggang Marso

Educational Act of 1940-*******

“Tagalog ang pagbabatayan ng wikang Pambansa”

Executive order 134- dec30 1937***********

Kauna-unahang babaeng nahalal sa Konseho ng Maynila

Carmen Planas -*******

Unang babae na nahalal sa Mababang Kapulungan ng Konseho

Elisa Ochoa-*****

Pinuno ng KALIBAPI

Jose Bargas-********

Pinamahalaan niya ang KALIBAPI

Benigno Aquino, Sr-***

Alin sa mga sumusunod ang HINDI katangian ng Saligang Batas 1943.

Ang Pangalawang Pangulo ang magiging kalihim ng Pangulo -************

Spiker ng Pambansang Asemblea sa ilalim ng hapon noong Setyembre 20, 1943

Jose P. Laurel-***********
“Magiging dakila muli ang Pilipinas.”

Ferdinand Marcos -****

Pangalawang Pangulo noong Disyembre30, 1965

Fernando Lopez -*****

Sino ang kinilalang Kampeon ng Masang Pilipino?

Ramon Magsaysay ---

Siya ang nagpatupad ng Austerity Program.

Carlos Garcia ---

Isang kasunduan na nagsasaad na pagsama-samahin ang kanilang puwersa laban sa mga bansang

Manila Pact-july 1960

“Land Tenure Law”

Ramon Magsaysay-

“Filipino First Policy”

Carlos P. Garcia-

Ama ng sarsuelang tagalog.

Inego Ed Regalado-

Which of the following is a men Filipino traditional headgear?


First Filipino who meted the death penalty using electric chair?

Marcial Ama-

The total number of bullet hit to Dr. Jose Rizal when he was died at Bagumbayan by firing squad?


What is the first province in the Philippines that is fully certified by International Standardization
Organization (ISO)?

Petsa kung kalian nasawi ang 20 scouts at apat na Scouter na delgado ng Pilipinas sa 11th World
Jamboree sa Greece.

July 18, 1953-

Epiko ng mga Ilokano.

Biag ni Lam-ang

Mango Capital of the Philippines


The first person who win two noble prize in science.

Marie Curie-

The Rizal Day celebration remind us about heroes worth ____ ?


The first Filipino who effectively repelled Spanish aggressor was ____?

Lapu Lapu –

Promoted sociology as a science and structural functionalism as a perspective with his emphasis on
social facts explaining other social facts for example in his classic study, SUICIDE.


Filipino as a language blossomed during the time of the ____?


Kauna-unahang actor na nagpalaganap ng mga palabras na kahawig ng isang sarswela.

Fernando Poe Jr.-

Petsa ng brutal na pagpatay sa fallen44.

Jan 26, 2015-

Pangulong may pinakamalking nautang sa loob lamang ng isang taon.

Gloria Arroyo-

Pagpatay sa dating Senador Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino ay naganap noong____ ?

Agosto 21, 1983-

Ilang araw ang itinagal ng payapang rebolusyon na dahilan ng pagbagsak ng diktadoryang pamumuno ni

Apat na araw-

*Ang rebolusyon ay nagsimula noong Pebrero 22, 1986 hanggang Pebrero 25, 1986

Sa petsang ito nagpatawag si Marcos ng isang Snap Election para patunayan na mabuti ang kalagayanng

Pebrero 7, 1986-

Saligang Batas na nagbigay ng Malaki at malakaw na kapangyarihan kay Marcos.

Saligang Batas 1973-

Sino ang nagpalabas ng “Saligang Batas ng Kalayaan o Freedom Constitution.”

Corazon Aquino-

Unang pagpupulong ng komisyon na babalangkas sa SALIGANG Batas ng 1987 ay naganap noong?

Hunyo 2, 1986-

Ang Konstitusyon ng 1987 ay pinagtibay noong?

Pebrero 02, 1987-

Sino ang namuno ng pinaka madugong kudeta noong Disyembre 1989?

Gregorio Honasan-

Layunin nito na matugunan ang dahilan ng pag aalsa at pagrerebelde ng mga komunista at mabigyan sila
ng alternatibo para makabalik sa tahimik na pamumuhay.

National Reconciliation and Development Program- dec24,1986

Nagbibigay ng libreng edukasyon para sa mataas na paaralan.

Free Secondary Act Education of 1986-

Kailan itinatag ng Pamahalaan ni Cory Aquino ang International Peace Accord (IPA) ?

Mayo 30, 1990-

Isang eksampol nito ay ang paghihikayat ng mga establisimento namagtrabaho sakanila ang mga mag
aaral tuwing bakasyon.

Ikalabindalawang Pangulo ng Pilipinas.

Corazon Aquino-

Corazon Aquino:Day Care Law Fidel Ramos: ___________?

Special Zone of Peace and Development in Southern Philippines-

Pagtaas ng halaga ng mga bilihin.


Sino ang nagreklamo kay Pangulong Joseph Estrada na nagging dahilan ng pagharap nito sa

Chavit Singsong-

Saan nanumpa si Pangulong Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo?

EDSA Shrine-

Who was the last Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines?

Diego Delos Rios-

What is the Highest mountain in the Philippines?

Mt. Apo-

Tawag sa kabuuang halaga ng mga produkto at serbisyon ng iba’t ibang sector.

Gross national product-

Pilipinas: Ferdinand Marcos ________:Adolf hitler


May ideya ng Komunismo.

Karl Marx

Ilan lahat ang Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas magmula noong 1898 hanggang 1987?


Sino ang sumulat sa Saligang Batas ng 1898 na kilala bilang Konstitusyon ng Malolos na naaprubahan
noong Nobyembre 29, 1898?

Felipe Calderon-
Isa sa mga kwalipikasyon ng gusting tumakbo bilang Pangulo.

40 taon gulang-

Kanino nakasalalay ang Kapangyarihang Tagapagbatas?


Ilan mambabatas ang bumubuo sa kapulungan ng mababang Kongreso?


Ang “Magdeklara ng digmaan” ay isa sa mga kapangyarihan ng Kongreso?


Ilan ang bumubuo sa katas taasang Hukuman (Supreme Court)?


This court can be found in Mindanao.

Shari’a District Court-

May Kapangyarihang mag-imbestiga ng mga kaso ng pagnanakaw at panunuhol sa pamahalaan.


Edad na kailangang mag retiro ang mga kasapi sa Korte Suprema


Ito ay binubuo ng isang Mahistrado at apatnapu’t siyam na Kagawad na Mahistrado na hinihirang ng


Court of Appeals-

Tawag sa kaso na lupa na hindi maaaring pagpasiyahan ng pambayang hukuman.


Ano ang tatlong komisyong konstitusyonal?

Commission on Human Rights-

Ang salitang budget ay hango sa salitang pranses na “bougette” na ang ibig sabihin ay?



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