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RESEARCH PAPER

The Effects of TRAIN Law on the Sales of Micro-businesses as Perceived by the

Business Owners

In partial fulfillment of the requirements in

INQUIRIES, INVESTIGATION AND IMMERSION

Submitted by:

ABM 12-04

Group 3

Members:

Condonar, Maria EloisWinchel C.

Cordero, Zyrel V.

Corpuz, Lance Kristoffer B.

Corral, Alodia Marie Antoine D.

Cortez, John Francis Q.

Submitted to:

Ms. Bea Joy P. Marquez

Completion:

August 2018 – March 2019


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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First and foremost, the researchers of the study would like to express the sincere

gratitude and appreciation to the people who exert effort to have a successful quantitative

research.

Moreover, the researchers will not be able to have the research successful if not

because of patience, hard work, and cooperation. To the people who contribute for the

success of this research the researchers would like to extend their deep gratitude to Inquiries,

Investigation and Immersion (III) teacher, Ms. Bea P. Marquez, for giving us the opportunity

to do research and providing guidance throughout this research. It was a great concession and

prestige to work and acquire under her supervision.

To all those who have been part of this research, respondents and validators, co-

researchers who supported, prayed and worked hard to complete the study, the researchers

are deeply overwhelmed and grateful. Lastly, to God who have been the greatest part to

complete the study with His almighty guidance.


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ABSTRACT

TRAIN Law is a newly implemented law that focuses on imposing tax on certain

products and providing assistance on upcoming businessmen and entrepreneurs. It has been a

non heated debate as whether it should still be imposed or not as price increase have been

deemed by everyone as a negative impact on businesses. This study aims to determine the

impacts of TRAIN Law on micro-businesses within Molino 3. The study used descriptive

research design with descriptive statistics to analyze the data. A survey questionnaire was

used that consisted of five questions and researchers garnered 100 micro-business owners as

the respondents of the study, the results showed inconclusive results as it became

contradictory , yet matches Prospect Theory which is the theoretical framework of the study.

Following this, the data shows some link between strategy implementation and sales as it

directly impacts the profitability of the businesses. For future researchers, the proponents of

this study advices to improve the study by utilizing different research design and different

location. Also, considering extraneous variables is advised.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE ........................................................................................................................................ i


ACKNOWLEDGEMENT .................................................................................................................... ii
ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................................................ iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................................................... iv
LIST OF FIGURES .............................................................................................................................. v
DISCLAIMER ................................................................................................................................... vii
ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS........................................................................................................ vii
CHAPTER 1: THE PROBLEM AND REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Background of the Study ................................................................................................................... 1-2
Research
Objectives………………………………..…………………………………………………...2
Review of Related Literature ............................................................................................................. 2-6
Theoretical Framework ........................................................................................................................ 6
Conceptual Framework ........................................................................................................................ 7
Significance of the Study................................................................................................................... 7-8
Scope and Limitation............................................................................................................................ 8
CHAPTER 2: METHODOLOGY
Research Site ..................................................................................................................................... 8-9
Respondents of the Study ..................................................................................................................... 9
Research Design and Data Collection ............................................................................................. 9-10
Data Analysis ..................................................................................................................................... 10
Research Instrument ........................................................................................................................... 10

CHAPTER 3: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION.......................................................................... 11-14


CHAPTER 4: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Conclusion .................................................................................................................................... 14-15
Recommendation ........................................................................................................................... 15-16
References ..................................................................................................................................... 17-18
Appendices .................................................................................................................................... 19-22
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LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1………………………………………………………………………………………7
Figure 3.1.1………………………………….………………………………………………11
Figure 3.1.2………………………………….………………………………..…………......11
Figure 3.1.3……………………………………….………………………………………....12
Figure 3.2.1………………………………………….…………………...…………….…....13
Figure 3.3.1……………………………………………….…………………………………13
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DISCLAIMER

The study has been made the product of hard work of the researchers. It has been

approved and accepted by the panel of reviewers. Hence, no part of this paper may be used

without proper citation or approval from the authors.


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ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS

This survey is intended to find out your views about the TRAIN Law and its effects on your

business. This is part of our performance task in Practical Research 2, a subject of grade 12

students. Bearing this in mind, we respectfully request your participation by filling out this

survey. The first part aims to elicit information on your background, while the second part

requires your insights on different aspects of the TRAIN Law itself. By signing your name on

the conformed below, this would mean that you consent to responding to this survey. We

assure you that the information disclosed here shall not be used for any other purposes except

for the ones mentioned above.


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I. Introduction

A. Background of the Study

Republic Act No. 10963 or widely known as Tax Reform for Acceleration and

Inclusion (TRAIN) Law is the first package of the Comprehensive Tax Reform Program of

the Duterte’s Administration. It aims to give a brighter future for all Filipinos by increasing

gross revenues through raising taxes (Department of Finance, 2017). In this law, Filipinos

with an annual income of Php250,000 and below will be excluded in paying taxes and the

income rate will be upgraded while all products with high sugar content will increase its

price because the Value Added Tax will be raised. TRAIN Law was approved last December

19, 2017 by President Rodrigo Duterte and ran effectively by the start of 2018. Filipinos still

continues to comment their perception on the law.

Outgrowing comments regarding the law has been all over the media because of its

platforms that include tax reform on products having sugar content. About 94.08% of the

Filipinos view the law negatively and 5.92% hope that TRAIN will have a positive outcome

in the long run (Research and Tech Lab, 2018). Another thing, manufacturing business has

lowered performances from January 2018 to February 2018 (De Vera, 2018). Lowered

demand by the consumers and pressure upon microbusiness owners to fire employees to cut

budget are the reasons of the dropped performance of these enterprises.

Comments may have been viewed negatively the said law has still its own advantages

that will benefit micro and small businesses.According to Jiao (2018) businesses earning

Php250,000.00 will be exempted from paying their taxes as their annual income is already
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low. Also, income of the white and blue collared employees will also be raised.These mean

that there are still benefits amidst of the negative perception of the Filipinos upon the said

law. Due to this reason, the researchers of this study are interested about the law’s aftermath

to microbusinesses. Since most of small businesses along localities sell products with sugar,

this study is about how this law affects a certain aspect under political and economic ground

which is the microbusinesses and this study will also analyze and forecast how this research

would help on determining the probable effects of TRAIN Law to the country’s economy.

B. Research Objectives

The study specifically aims:

 To determine the longevity of microbusinesses and the physical changes that occurred

after the implementation of the law

 To identify the changes in the sales of microbusinesses in Molino 3, Bacoor City

 To determine the strategies made by the business owners to cope up with the law

C. Review of Related Literature

I. TRAIN Law

As the Philippines go about with its everyday life, the current President Rodrigo Roa

Duterte implements what is known as the Republic Act 10963 as a part of the

Comprehensive Tax Program. This TRAIN Law aims to give individuals and families to take

higher income pay by lowering income tax that they have to pay; downside of this is that

there will be an increase with daily commodities as compensation to the lowered income tax
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that the taxpayers are mandatorily paying. These commodities include sweetened beverages,

fuel, estate, and excise in automobiles, tobacco, coal, and cosmetic procedures. These

implications then received mixed views not only from people from the field of business but

also citizens that gets to experience the law first hand. In a recent study by the Research and

Tech Lab or RTL (2018), out of 861 recorded sentiments from online netizens, 94.8%

deemed the TRAIN Law to be useless and calling it as anti-poor.

Even though the law has been viewed by the masses negatively, the law still has

benefits to offer towards its people. The main benefit from this law is that individuals can

have a bigger income due to lowered income tax. The TRAIN Law reduces the burden that

the Filipinos face because of high income tax that individuals have to pay (Contreras, 2018).

The Bureau of Internal Revenue also perceives this law as a way to control and know the

small and medium business have been properly paying their tax (Pelayo, 2018). With the

lowered income tax implemented towards everyone, each individual will now pay in

accordance to their respective business and the designated amount that they were required to

pay as it will no longer be a burden towards them. Another benefit of the law is that micro,

small, and medium enterprises are favorable in terms of the law, businesses earning

Php250,000.00 will be exempted from paying their tax as their annual income is already low

(Jiao, 2018). Aside from that, this law can benefit everyone as the targeted good of the law is

only exclusive to sweetened products. This could mean that individuals would start to

practice healthier living.


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II. Inflation

The TRAIN Law has built itself a reputation for being viewed negatively by the

Filipinos. One of the reasons of the TRAIN Law being viewed as negative is because of the

inflation on sweetened goods as they now require higher tax than previous years. The past

two years leading up to the implementation of the TRAIN Law has caused inflation not only

in basic goods but also in fuel (Ballajaran, 2018). This could mean that consumer’s demand

will lower as higher prices can lead to consumers looking for other alternatives and can

possibly abandon goods and as such will cause disastrous effects on business that sells

products containing sugar. Another negative effect of the law is the demand of the masses.

III. Micro-manufacturing businesses

According to Beni De Vera (2018), manufacturing business has lowered

performances from January 2018 to February 2018. This is due to lower demand by the

consumers and as such some businesses are forced to fire some employees in order to cut the

budget. This is a problem as manufacturers that make sugar-based products and makes use of

fuel such as coal or petroleum will now have a hard time maintaining demand from

consumers and at the same time losing workers for their business as their budget is no longer

cut enough (Banzon, 2018). This would also mean high unemployment rates in the future.

Synthesis

As of January 2018, TRAIN Law was ran effectively, most of the enterprises

increased their prices of selling products, exempted at paying taxesand consumers’ demand

has lowered thus, giving positive and negative impacts to the businesses. As of the gathered
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related literatures, there are three variables namely TRAIN Law, Inflation and Micro-

manufacturing business. These three variables are seemingly connected with how the

mentioned law affects the microbusinesses in the country.

The first variable is the law itself it has advantages and disadvantages that led people

to think that this law is anti-poor. TRAIN Law is made to increase the year’s budget by

means of boosting the amount of value-added taxes on commodities like products with high

significant sugar content, fuel, estate, and excise in automobiles, tobacco, coal, and cosmetic

procedures. To compensate the increasing prices of commodities, legislative officers made

wages and salaries increased. Microbusinesses and individuals who earn an annual income of

250,000 pesos will be exempted at paying taxes. This law affects the sales of a certain

enterprise in a positive and negative way. Inflation, the second variable, aroused on the

previous years but was heightened when TRAIN law got implemented. Sweetened products’

prices were increased and this could mean that consumer’s demand will lower as higher

prices can lead to consumers looking for other alternatives. To summarize, inflated products

affect the sales of the firms.The last variable is the micro-manufacturing business. These

enterprises lowered in performance as of the first two months of 2018. It dropped to the point

that entrepreneurs lose workers and customers. Demands of consumers has had lowered thus,

affecting the business.

In those variables mentioned above, there are no statements indicating TRAIN Law’s

impacts to the smallest enterprises in the country. Experts only explained what the law is and

what it will cover and how it will affect the economy and the citizen’s sentiments. Hence,

this study will occupy the gaps of the previous research studies that will lead into collecting
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the positive and negative aftermath of the law on the sales of the micro-manufacturing

businesses and what are the entrepreneurs’ perceptions on the law as it has covered their

enterprises.

D. Theoretical Framework

The study will be utilizing Prospect Theory by Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman,

the said theory links to how individuals make decision between perceived gains and losses

from the business. It was formulated in 1979 and further developed in 1992. It is also known

as Loss Aversion Theory wherein if the individual is going to choose over two equal options

which is the probable gain and possible loss, the individual will choose the former. Prospect

Theory is associated with the psychological impacts of loss to individuals who run a

business. Thus, the certainty effect would be, businessmen will choose certain outcomes that

are only probable and avoid taking risk where prospect of gain is dominant than loss. The

closed effect would be, businessmen will cancel out similar information from same outcome

of profit or loss to lighten the cognitive load and the conclusions will vary depending on how

the options are made.

Relating Prospect Theory to the impacts of TRAIN Law to microbusinesses would

mean positive and negative effects will definitely affect the individuals and the business

itself. The effects of the mentioned law would make either positive or negative psychological

impacts to individuals wherein they will not plan better because they are mentally aggravated

and will just risk the business by deciding how will the business recover without thinking

properly or discover and negate similar data to lighten the load and plan better on how will

the business adapt to economic changes.


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E. Conceptual Framework

Figure 1.0 Conceptual Framework

As shown on the figure above, negative perception on the large pursuit of influence

nowadays, the social media and the benefits of TRAIN Law together with the inflation and

lowered performances of manufacturing enterprises affect the sales of the microbusinesses

and the insights of the business owners are also affected with how their business is changed

by the law. All in all, these data will be analyzed, interpreted and will eventually lead to the

positive and negative effects of TRAIN Law on the manufacturing microbusinesses.

F. Significance of the Study

This study will provide the effects of TRAIN Law to microbusinesses that will help to

create changes in the Philippines. The outcomes of this study which are the positive and

negative effects of TRAIN Law will help the government officials in contemplating to

whether they would continue implementing the law or not. These effects will serve as basis

for such critical decisions for the congress. Aside from the government officials,
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businessmen can also benefit from this study as the study will enumerate the positive effects

that are favorable for the business owners. Another benefactor will be the customers as they

are also affected by the law firsthand.

G. Scope and Limitation

The scope of the study is the microbusinesses inside Molino 3 vicinity. These

microbusinesses are the small enterprises that manufacture and sell foods or beverages with

sugar content which are mainly affected by the TRAIN Law. It scopes the owners of these

businesses who are the respondents of this study as they will give the precise effects of the

law. The study does not include small enterprises that are not licensed to operate or those

who have not completed legal compliance and those microbusinesses that are indirectly

affected by the law. It only focuses on the businesses that offer products with high sugar

content.

II. Methodology

A. Research Site

The research site selected for the said study was Barangay Molino 3, Bacoor City,

Cavite. Barangay Molino 3 was the chosen site whereas it has estimated of moreover 100

registered small businesses such as sari-sari store, eatery, bake shop, etc. These entrepreneurs

from the said barangay were the ones who provided the clear effects of TRAIN Law on the

sales of their business. However, the entrepreneurs will receive survey questionnaire that will

be used to contribute to answer or prove the research.


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The data collection was distributed by the owners of microbusinesses that is suffering

or experiencing big effects of the TRAIN law. Moreover the estimated participants are 100

owners within the Barangay of Molino 3 and are aware with the mentioned law.

B. Respondents of the Study

The study utilized simple random sampling to get the sample size of the estimated

population of microbusinesses in the vicinity of Molino 3 which is only 104. The researchers

used a confidence level of 95% and a margin of error of 2% therefore getting a 100 sample

size of microbusinesses which is only applicable for the study. The sampling technique was

employed to select 100 owners with the different businesses from the barangay of Molino 3

in Bacoor, Cavite.

C. Research Design and Data Collection

The researchers of the study made use of descriptive-survey approach. This

quantitative approach was used to objectively describe the status of the respondent’s business

in terms of their sales. Since the study focuses on the effects of the said law to the

microbusinesses, it is only appropriate to use descriptive-survey as the paper is concentrating

on how the law affected the business in terms of sales. With this, descriptive analysis was

also used to indicate and describe the results that were based on the data gathered.

After establishing the instrument, site, and designs of the research, the researchers

then proceeded to the collection of the data. They went to the research site and gathered the
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respondents that were needed. With the use of survey questionnaires, they have gathered the

necessary data that will then be used to process and to know the outcome of this study.

D. Data Analysis

The researchers made use of descriptive analysis wherein the data would be gathered

and analyzed for the purpose of determining the sales of the microbusinesses after the

establishment of TRAIN Law. After garnering the necessary data, the researchers used

descriptive statistics to analyze and determine the effects of the TRAIN Law on sales of

microbusinesses. To that extent, by employing the said process describes the possible effects

of sales of microbusinesses.

E. Research Instrument

The study utilized survey questionnaires to collect the data needed. This survey

questionnaire is composed of five questions mainly aiming to execute the effects of TRAIN

Law from the entrepreneurs. These questions are multiple choice-type of questions and

dichotomous questions. These short, multiple type questions are made on purpose to not

perturb and consume respondent’s time. The questions will show how the law affects the

business, if it caused good or bad, it will show how the law changes the day to day operations

of a certain business.
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III. Results and Discussion

Objective 1. To determine the longevity of microbusinesses and the physical changes that

occurred after the implementation of the law

Figure 3.1.1 Knowledge of the Microbusiness Owners

As seen above, 84% of the respondents were knowledgeable about the TRAIN Law and its

implication towards their businesses, while 16% were not aware on what it really is and its

implications.

Longevity of the Business

Few Weeks
Few Months
Few Years

Figure 3.1.2 Longevity of Business


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The graph above shows how long has been the business established. 65% of the respondents

have been established for a few years while 34% have been around for a few months and 1%

for a few weeks.

Changes in Business as Perceived by the


Business Owners

Increase in Price of Goods


Fewer Customers
More Customers
Higher Income
Lower Income
Loss of Profit

Figure 3.1.3 Changes in Business

As seen above, 43% experienced increase in price of goods, 18% had fewer customers, 15%

experienced higher income, 13% had lower income, 10% had more customers and 2% loss

profits.

Objective 2. To identify the changes in the sales of microbusinesses in Molino 3, Bacoor

City
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Changes in Sales as Perceived by the


Business Owners
Decrease in 10%-30%
Increase in 10%-30%
Increase in 40%-60%
Decrease in 40%-60%
Decrease in 70%-100%

Figure 3.2.1 Changes in Sales

As shown in the graph, 43% of the respondents had 10%-30% decrease in sales, 37% had

increased their sales for about 10%-30%, 16% had 40-60% increase in sales, 3% decrease in

sales for about 40%-60% and 1% decrease for about 70%-100%. This shows how TRAIN

Law has directly impacted the microbusinesses in Molino3.

Objectives 3. To determine the strategies made by the business owners to cope up with the

law

Strategies Implemented

No Action Taken
Created Substitutes
Cut Off Ingredients
New Variants in Products
Increase in Price

Figure 3.2.1 Strategies Implemented


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As shown above, some microbusinesses had to adapt strategies on how they managed to

adapt with the changes that happened. 42% increased prices on their products, 28% did not

change the way they operated, 16% created substitutes, 8% did not change the price but cut

off some ingredients, and 6% created new variations of products.

IV. Conclusions and Recommendations

Conclusions

With the implementation of TRAIN Law, the majority of people deemed it as a

menace to the society as it increases certain taxes for particular products. Most of the time,

people tend to overlook and see the bigger picture on what TRAIN Law really is and its

implication towards the business industry. With this study, it aims to determine the impact of

TRAIN Law on microbusinesses as they have an interesting part in this circumstance. Based

on the outcome, 51% of microbusinesses know what TRAIN Law is and its implications

within their businesses while 6% have no general idea on what the said law is nor its

implications. 82% of the respondents felt drastic changes within their businesses. 43%

experienced increase in price of goods while 18% had fewer customers that purchased their

product. 15% experienced higher income while 13% had lower income. 10% had more

customers buying their goods and 2% loss their profit within the business. Aside from that,

businesses also had a major change in their sales per month. Based on the findings, 43% had

10%-30% decreased in sales while 37% had increased sales for about 10%-30%. 16% had

40%-60% increase in sales with 3% decrease in sales for about 40%-60% and 1% decrease
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for about 70%-100%. Business owners were also asked if they made changes or implemented

strategies to cope up with the implications of the TRAIN Law. 42% increased prices on their

products while 28% did not change the way they operated. 16% created substitutes while 8%

did not change the price but cut off some ingredients to cope up and 6% created new

variations of products. The results were inconclusive as there is a contradiction between 43%

and 37% of the respondents, but this relates to the Prospect Theory. Based on observations,

those businesses that adapted to the TRAIN Law had higher chances than those who didn't.

According to the theory, people would rather choose a certain risk that would give them a

favorable outcome regardless in what the risk is than losing something. Majority of the

respondents made changes to their business that gave them an ace towards those who chose

to remain the same. With this in mind, TRAIN Law does pose as a problem to microbusiness

but can be adapted into. Changing the nature of the business is one way to adapt into the

changes it imposes and risk taking factors in with the survivability of the business.

Recommendations

TRAIN Law is a newly implemented law that already lasted for a year, yet not so

much is studied about its role within the economy and how it affects other aspects of the

business industry. The researchers would suggest to future researchers to look into the

MSMe's and macrobusinesses to see how it is affected with the said law. Since it affects also

aspects of business, it would have different results per business aspect. They also suggest to

delve into specific business types like manufacturing and merchandising and what are the

problems that have come up within those fields. Changing the type of research is also
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recommended as different designs could potentially yield different outcomes. Looking for

extraneous variables within this research is also ideal as they could help in finding out on

how it affects businesses along with TRAIN Law. They would also suggest to teachers on

giving ideas like TRAIN Law to students so that they may be aware on what it really is and

how it plays into the economy. The researchers would recommend to the Congress to look

into these kinds of researches in order to see if TRAIN Law does impose a hard situation for

business. With TRAIN Law being scrutinized by politicians and the masses, studies like this

proves to people on what it really implies and how does it really affects the businesses.
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References:
Ballaran, J. (2018). Economic Expert Warns TRAIN Law can Deliver Negative

Effects to the Economy. Retrieved from http://business.inquirer.net/243644/economic-

expert-warns-train-can-deliver-negative-effects-economy-train-tax-reform-ibon-foundation-

africa-dof-economics/

Banzon, D. (2018). How will the PH TRAIN Law Affect Business. Retrieved from

http://www.innov8tivedd.com/how-will-the-ph-train-law-affect-business/

Cabuenas, J. (2018). Most Filipino Netizens View TRAIN Law Negatively. Retrieved

from http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/money/economy/647483/most-filipino-netizens-

view-train-law-negatively-study/story/

Contreras, A. (2018). The TRAIN Law and the poor. Retrieved from

https://www.manilatimes.net/train-law-poor/377248/

De Vera, B. (2018). Manufacturing Growth Continues to Slow Down Because of

TRAIN Law. Retrieved from http://business.inquirer.net/246818/manufacturing-growth-

continues-slow-due-train/

Jiao, C. (2018). Small Businesses are Big Winners of the Tax Reform. Retrieved from

http://cnnphilippines.com/business/2018/01/08/MSMEs-tax-reform.html

Manhit, D. (2018). TRAIN: “Risk or Oppurtunity?” Retrieved from

http://opinion.inquirer.net/110447/train-risk-opportunity/
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Maxine, F. (2018). A Month with the TRAIN Law: Reviewing, Changes,

Implications, and Applications. Retrieved from http://thelasallian.com/2018/02/22/a-month-

with-the-train-law-reviewing-changes-implications-and-experiences/

Pelayo, R. (2018). BIR hopes TRAIN Law will Encourage Small Businesses to Pay

Proper Taxes. Retrieved from https://www.untvweb.com/news/bir-hopes-train-law-will-

encourage-small-businesses-pay-proper-taxes/
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Appendices:

Dear Respondents:

This survey is intended to find out your views about the TRAIN Law and its effects on your

business. This is part of our performance task in Practical Research 2, a subject of grade 12

students. Bearing this in mind, we respectfully request your participation by filling out this

survey. The first part aims to elicit information on your background, while the second part

requires your insights on different aspects of the TRAIN Law itself. By signing your name on

the conformed below, this would mean that you consent to responding to this survey. We

assure you that the information disclosed here shall not be used for any other purposes except

for the ones mentioned above.

Respectfully,

Condonar, Elois

Cordero, Zyrel

Corpuz, Lance

Corral, Alodia

Cortez, John Francis

Part I. Personal Information

Name:

Gender:____ Age: _____ Civil Status: __________


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My signature would mean that I have understood the aims of this survey and I allow the

researchers to use my responses as part of the investigation. Likewise, I consent to the use of

my responses solely for research purposes and shall be assured that my identity shall not be

disclosed.

______________________________

Signature of Respondent

Part II. This section attempts to determine your views on the different aspects of the TRAIN
Law.
Check the box that will correspond to your answer. This questionnaire is composed of 5
questions.

1. How long have you been managing your business?


A few weeks A few months A few years

Specify:
2. Are you aware of the implications of the TRAIN Law?

Yes No

3. Are there any drastic changes within your business since the
implementation of the TRAIN Law?

Yes No

If yes, what are they?

Increase in price of goods More Customers buying goods

Fewer Customers buying goods Higher Income

Lower income Loss of Profit

Others Specify:
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4. Since the implementation of the TRAIN Law, how much have


your income increased/decreased based on percentage?

Increased 10%-30 Decreased 10%-30% Increased 40%-60%

Decreased 40%-60% Increased 70%-100 Decreased 70%-100%

5. What is your strategy to cope up with the TRAIN Law’s


implications?

No Taken Action New Variants in Products

Created Substitutes Increase in Price

Cut off ingredients


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FOR : Business Owners of Molino 3 Bacoor, Cavite

FROM : JOHN FRANCIS Q. CORTEZ


ABM 12-04

SUBJECT : LETTER OF REQUEST

DATE : November 21, 2018

Greetings!

We are Group 3 of ABM 12. As part of our academic requirement, we are conducting a
research study entitled The Effects of TRAIN Law on the sales of Micro-businesses. In this
regard, we are respectfully requesting permission to conduct a survey/interview among
businessmen and entrepreneurs, in which will be conducted here in your
company/organization/office. We are requesting to have our data gathering on December 3-7.
Thank you for your kind consideration!

Respectfully yours,
CORTEZ, JOHN FRANCIS

CONDONAR, MARIA ELOIS

CORDERO, ZYREL

CORPUZ, LANCE KRISTOFFER

CORRAL, ALODIA

Group 3, ABM 12-04

Endorsed by:

MS. BEA JOY MARQUEZ


English and Research Department Faculty

Recommending Approval:

MR. HOLDEN KENNETH G. ALCAZAREN


Research Coordinator, Basic Education Department