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The

Internet
WHAT IS IT, REALLY?
The Internet was originally created for a project
known as ARPANET (Advanced Research
Projects Agency Network) whose goal was to
build a communications system that would survive
a nuclear attack.

Who's Responsible?The Internet Engineering


VINT CERF & BOB KAHN Task Force (IETF) is an
CREATED THE INTERNET, internet standards
BUT . . .  organization which reviews
Ownership of the internet is protocols, and other
divided between independently important Internet factors.
operated networks such as
internet service providers (ISP's)

HOW DOES IT WORK?


The internet uses binary information to communicate in the
form of packets. This information is defined as bits, which are
simply sets of 1's and 0's. These packets are sent along Wi-FI
routers and several switches, generally in separate routes.
This is known as packet switching. Due to its redundancy, the
network can continue sending packets even if something goes
wrong
INTERNET PROTOCOLS
The Internet is built off a set of protocols.
Some include:
Internet Protocol (IP) / "IP Address"
Domain Name Server (DNS)
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS)
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)

What are IP Helpful Features!


Addresses? HTML [Language used by
browsers and servers to
IP addresses follow a hierarchy, communicate
Cookies [Used by websites to
which, in order, goes from
remember who uses them]
country/network, to
SSL/TSL [Security protecting
region/network, to subnetwork, from tampering]
and finally to device Digital Certificates [Provided by a
website to show it is secure]
The original and current
URL [Website you're visitng]
IP addressing is called
Bandwidth [Maximum
IPv4, but a new IP transmission capacity of device[
addressing system in Bit Rate [# Bits that can be sent
the near future will be in a period of time]
called IPv6. IPv6 will Latency [Time taken for bit to
provide more than 840 travel 1 place to another]
undecillion unique IP Modem [What connects you to
addresses. the Internet]
Requests [2 Types: "Get" -
Sends information to the URL &
"Post" - Retrieves information
from URL]

HOW DO WE SEND
DATA THROUGH DNS Spoofing
THE INTERNET?
The DNS was originally created as an
THREE METHODS open public communication protocol.
However, it was led to its downfall by
Electricity
"DNS Spoofing," which replaced the IPs
Light of servers with the wrong ones.
Radio

WHAT ARE NETWORKS?


Two types of networks include LAN and WAN. LAN
(Local Area Network) monitors localized areas such as
homes, businesses, and schools, and is generally faster
than a WAN (Wide Area Network). WAN covers larger
areas such as cities.