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Internet of Things (IoT) basically refers to internetworking and interconnection of

computing devices, machines, objects, that are usually embedded with unique
identifiers and have the ability to transfer data over a large and wide network. It is
referred to as the connection of millions of physical devices via Internet usually used for
collection and sharing of data. IoT primarily involves conversion of human intelligence
towards digital intelligence by just merging the digital world and physical devices. The
internet of things integrates the interconnection of the human culture with the digital
information systems. The main concept of IoT was implemented with the arise of
wireless internet that became more pervasive. The devices that we use in our day to
day lives such as connected thermostats, ATM machines, wearable gadgets and even
traffic lights all make up the IoT.

Why Internet of Things has become more relevant and important..?

Through IoT, all physical devices are connected with internet and hence it can be more
beneficial in streaming of data used for collection & sharing of data. browser Some of
the main reasons due to which IoT has become an important part of our developing
economy are as follows:-

• Automation in transport systems:-

IoT when implemented in the transport systems especially in traffic monitoring systems
has all the more improved in reducing the traffic flows, consumption of fuels, and hence
will result in saving many lives.

• Education combined with IoT:-

With the advent of IoT in education sectors, it has enabled to bolster the security of the
campus, enhancement of the educational institutions to manage their key resources,
and also provide a better access of information to teachers, parents, and students.

The use of some automated software which mainly aim at the easy management of the
entire school administration by connecting several networks to a single database server
will be more efficient. This can be implemented with the help of school ERP softwares
such as CampusCare which is one of the prime tool mainly used for the hi-tech
education system.

• Ensures Security & Safety of Students:-

The IoT has proved itself efficient in ensuring security of students inside the campus.
The RFID technology is combined with IoT to track and easily access information
regarding the student's real-time location while being on-site which is a major benefit for
parents & teachers to ensure about their child's safety. Some of the effective devices
that can be used by students includes the RFID wristbands and Smart ID-cards by
which their exact location can be tracked at any time.

• Cost Savings & Increased Energy Efficiency:-

Inside the school & college premises use of IoT technology can be made more efficient
to the educational administrations by reducing cost of heating, air-conditioning and
lighting. Smart temperature sensors can be easily installed inside the classrooms and
also the industrial sectors, by connecting these sensors to heating systems to monitor
the temperature conditions. Through IoT system connected to heating systems,
windows will automatically open & close, turn up & down the radiators and also will
control the heating systems thus ensuring a balanced & normal room temperature and
no wastage of energy.

• Financial & Accounting Sectors:-

The IoT can help the school administration internet in case of tallying the accounts by
just connecting the payment system to a central database server and then monitoring &
reporting of accounts can be automatically without any manual intervention.

• Enhances student performance:-

The use of IoT in the field of education provides a student-centered approach where the
wearable gadgets and muse headbands are devices used by students that can have a
potential far beyond the daily routine documentation. Thus, it will help in monitoring the
heart rate and brain signals and therefore benefits teachers and parents to receive alert
notifications of any distracted thoughts and thus keep their children stay focused.

Along with the positive side of the use and implementation of IoT system, there are also
some of the challenges faced and they are as follows:-
• Lack of Financing:-

The wearable gadgets and smart devices are sources of hi-tech technology that are not
easily available at cheap rates and hence are very expensive. Hence, there needs to be
a large financial support for the implementation of such devices.

• Implementation:-