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µ dynamic viscosity.

ν kinematic viscosity µ/ρ.

Reynolds number:

Froude number:

Re = inertial forces viscous forces

Fr =

inertial forces

gravitational forces

(1)

(2)

Richardson number (for gravity Ri = 1/F r 2 ):

Ri = potencial energy kinetic energy

(3)

Galilei number number (for viscous flows):

Ri =

gravity forces viscous forces = gL

ν 2

3

(4)

Strouhal number (oscillating flow mechanics):

St = frequency of the phenomena timescale of the flow

=

f

u/L

Mach number:

Prandtl number:

Ma =

Fluid velocity

sound velocity

Pr = momentum diffusivity thermal diffusivity

=

Schmidt number:

Sc = momentum diffusivity mass diffusivity

=

ν

α =

ν

D =

µ

k/c p

µ

ρD

Lewis number:

Le = thermal diffusivity mass diffusivity

α Sc

=

D =

Pr

1

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

P´eclet number (X = D for mass, X = α for heat):

Pe = advection rate of something diffusive rate of something

mean free path

= uL

X

=

Knudsen number:

Kn =

characteristic length of the flow

λ

L

(10)

(11)

Stokes number for a particle (it follows streamlines or not):

Stk = characteristic time of the particle characteristic time of the flow

Weber number for multiphase flows:

Capilatiry number:

We =

Ca =

inertial force

surface tension force

viscous force

surface tension force

Nusselt number (fluid only):

Nu =

Convective heat transfer

Conductive heat transfer

Biot number solid+fluid:

Bi =

heat transfer by conduction within the solid

heat transfer by convecction solid-fluid

Rossby number:

Ekman number:

Ro =

Ek =

inertial force

Coriolis force

viscous force

Coriolis force

Taylor number (for Taylor-Couette):

Ta =

rotation force

viscous force

2

(12)

(13)

(14)

(15)

(16)

(17)

(18)

(19)

Eckert number:

Ec =

Kinetic energy

Enthalpy

Darcy number porous media:

Da =

permeability of the medium

cross-area of the medium

Archimedes number:

Ar =

buoyancy force in a solid

viscous force

Grashof number:

Rayleigh number:

Gr =

buoyancy force

viscous force

Ra = Gr · P r

3

(20)

(21)

(22)

(23)

(24)