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Revision 2015-2016

Paper 1
2
1. Let f(x) = 8x – 2x . Part of the graph of f is shown below.

(a) Find the x-intercepts of the graph.


(4)

(b) (i) Write down the equation of the axis of symmetry.

(ii) Find the y-coordinate of the vertex.


(3)
(Total 7 marks)

2. Let f(x) = 7 – 2x and g(x) = x + 3.


(a) Find (g ° f)(x).
(2)
–1
(b) Write down g (x).
(1)
–1
(c) Find (f ° g )(5).
(2)
(Total 5 marks)

x+3
3. Let f(x) = e .
–1
(a) (i) Show that f (x) = ln x – 3.
–1
(ii) Write down the domain of f .
(3)

1
Solve the equation f (x) = ln  .
–1
(b)
 x
(4)
(Total 7 marks)

1
4. Let f (x) = x  4 , x  − 4 and g (x) = x2, x  .

(a) Find (g ◦ f ) (3).


−1
(b) Find f (x).
−1
(c) Write down the domain of f .
(Total 6 marks)

2x
=   .
x–1 1
5. Solve the equation 9
 3

(Total 4 marks)

6. Solve the following equations.

(a) ln (x + 2) = 3.
2x
(b) 10 = 500.
(Total 6 marks)

1
7. Solve the equation log9 81 + log9 + log9 3 = log9 x.
9

(Total 4 marks)

8. Consider the arithmetic sequence 2, 5, 8, 11, ....

(a) Find u101.


(3)

(b) Find the value of n so that un = 152.


(3)
(Total 6 marks)

9. Consider the infinite geometric sequence 25, 5, 1, 0.2, … .

(a) Find the common ratio.

(b) Find

th
(i) the 10 term;

th
(ii) an expression for the n term.

(c) Find the sum of the infinite sequence.


(Total 6 marks)
2
10. The following diagram shows part of the graph of f (x).

Consider the five graphs in the diagrams labelled A, B, C, D, E below.

(a) Which diagram is the graph of f (x + 2) ?

(b) Which diagram is the graph of – f (x) ?

(c) Which diagram is the graph of f (–x)


(Total 6 marks)

3
Paper 2

2
11. Let f(x) = 2x + 4x – 6.
2
(a) Express f(x) in the form f(x) = 2(x – h) + k.
(3)

(b) Write down the equation of the axis of symmetry of the graph of f.
(1)

(c) Express f(x) in the form f(x) = 2(x – p)(x – q).


(2)
(Total 6 marks)

13. Let f(x) = 3x, g(x) = 2x – 5 and h(x) = (f ° g)(x).

(a) Find h(x).


(2)

–1
(b) Find h (x).
(3)
(Total 5 marks)

x
14. Let f(x) = log3 + log3 16 – log3 4, for x > 0.
2

(a) Show that f(x) = log3 2x.


(2)

(b) Find the value of f(0.5) and of f(4.5).


(3)

ln ax
The function f can also be written in the form f(x) = .
ln b

(c) (i) Write down the value of a and of b.

(ii) Hence on graph paper, sketch the graph of f, for –5 ≤ x ≤ 5, –5 ≤ y ≤ 5, using a scale of 1
cm to 1 unit on each axis.

(iii) Write down the equation of the asymptote.


(6)

–1
(d) Write down the value of f (0).
(1)

The point A lies on the graph of f. At A, x = 4.5.


–1
(e) On your diagram, sketch the graph of f , noting clearly the image of point A.
(4)
(Total 16 marks)

4
kx
15. Let f(x) = Ae + 3. Part of the graph of f is shown below.

The y-intercept is at (0, 13).

(a) Show that A =10.


(2)

(b) Given that f(15) = 3.49 (correct to 3 significant figures), find the value of k.
(3)

(c) (i) Using your value of k, find f′(x).

(ii) Hence, explain why f is a decreasing function.

(iii) Write down the equation of the horizontal asymptote of the graph f.
(5)

2
Let g(x) = –x + 12x – 24.

(d) Find the area enclosed by the graphs of f and g.


(6)
(Total 16 marks)

2
16. Let f(x) = 3x . The graph of f is translated 1 unit to the right and 2 units down.
The graph of g is the image of the graph of f after this translation.

(a) Write down the coordinates of the vertex of the graph of g.


(2)

2
(b) Express g in the form g(x) = 3(x – p) + q.
(2)

The graph of h is the reflection of the graph of g in the x-axis.

(c) Write down the coordinates of the vertex of the graph of h.


(2)
(Total 6 marks)

5
17. Clara organizes cans in triangular piles, where each row has one less can than the row below. For
example, the pile of 15 cans shown has 5 cans in the bottom row and 4 cans in the row above it.

(a) A pile has 20 cans in the bottom row. Show that the pile contains 210 cans.
(4)

(b) There are 3240 cans in a pile. How many cans are in the bottom row?
(4)

(c) (i) There are S cans and they are organized in a triangular pile with n cans in the bottom row.
2
Show that n + n − 2S = 0.

(ii) Clara has 2100 cans. Explain why she cannot organize them in a triangular pile.
(6)
(Total 14 marks)

18. Portable telephones are first sold in the country Cellmania in 1990. During 1990, the number of units
sold is 160. In 1991, the number of units sold is 240 and in 1992, the number of units sold is 360.

In 1993 it was noticed that the annual sales formed a geometric sequence with first term 160, the 2nd
and 3rd terms being 240 and 360 respectively.

(a) What is the common ratio of this sequence?


(1)

Assume that this trend in sales continues.

(b) How many units will be sold during 2002?


(3)

(c) In what year does the number of units sold first exceed 5000?
(4)

Between 1990 and 1992, the total number of units sold is 760.

(d) What is the total number of units sold between 1990 and 2002?
(2)

During this period, the total population of Cellmania remains approximately 80 000.

(e) Use this information to suggest a reason why the geometric growth in sales would not continue.
(1)
(Total 11 marks)

6
4
19. (a) Expand (x – 2) and simplify your result.
(3)

3 4
(b) Find the term in x in (3x + 4)(x – 2) .
(3)
(Total 6 marks)

20. There were 1420 doctors working in a city on 1 January 1994. After n years the number of doctors, D,
working in the city is given by

D = 1420 + 100n.

(a) (i) How many doctors were there working in the city at the start of 2004?

(ii) In what year were there first more than 2000 doctors working in the city?
(3)

At the beginning of 1994 the city had a population of 1.2 million. After n years, the population, P, of
the city is given by

n
P = 1 200 000 (1.025) .

(b) (i) Find the population P at the beginning of 2004.

(ii) Calculate the percentage growth in population between 1 January 1994 and 1 January 2004.

(iii) In what year will the population first become greater than 2 million?
(7)

(c) (i) What was the average number of people per doctor at the beginning of 1994?

(ii) After how many complete years will the number of people per doctor first fall below 600?
(5)
(Total 15 marks)