Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 51

Quartz School

11. Well for Well


Intervention Site
with Supervisors
Coiled Tubing

Module – 13
Work Over Operations

Schlumberger Private
Section – 10
Well Intervention
with Coiled Tubing

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 11: Operations with Coiled Tubing
1/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing

Contents

y Introduction
y Operations with Coiled Tubing

Schlumberger Private
y Equipment
y Well Control
y The Tubing
y Typical Applications
y Job Design

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
2/51
11. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing

Introduction

Schlumberger Private
Business Profile
Evolution

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 11: Operations with Coiled Tubing
3/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Business Profile
Schlumberger is the Largest Coiled
Tubing Company in the World
y Operates 30% of World Fleet

Schlumberger Private
with total of 300 CTU’s
y Operating in 40 Countries
y 34% Market Share
y $900 Million annual market
y
Performs in excess of 15000 CT Performance
Jobs annually
y Nr 1 on Schroders Value
y 65% Onshore Survey for 6th year.
y 35 % Offshore y Fastest growing service in
Schlumberger during the 2nd
part of the 90’s
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
4/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Evolution
y First introduced in 1963 for
through tubing sand cleanouts
y Quickly followed by Acid
Treatments and Nitrogen Lifts in

Schlumberger Private
the 70’s
y Larger OD tubing allowed for the
introduction of Downhole Tools
and more complex fluids in the
1980’s In 2003
y Dedicated R&D in late 80’s y Integral part of any well program,
allowed service to become including
complete Workover service in
the 1990’s for
y Subsea
y Drilling, Completion, y Intelligent Wells
Production and y Multilaterals
Abandonment y Extended Reach Wells
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
5/51
11. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing

Coiled Tubing Principles

Schlumberger Private
Operations with Coiled Tubing
Advantages of Coiled Tubing

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 11: Operations with Coiled Tubing
6/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Operations with Coiled Tubing
y Coiled Tubing offers the ability to do “Through Tubing Well Intervention”
y Rigless
y Completion installed
y Life Conditions

Schlumberger Private
y Applications
y Circulate Fluids
y Workover with mechanical
tools
y Data Acquisition
y Drilling

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
7/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Advantages of Coiled Tubing
Many advantages exist when compared to the alternatives
(Hydraulic Workover Units or Workover Rigs)
y Economics
y Much less equipment with smaller crews

Schlumberger Private
y Operations in days rather than weeks
y Safety
y Reduced pipe handling (no connections, no rig floor
operations)
y Safe handling of wellhead pressure rather than “pressure
prevention”
y Operations
y Small foot print with versatile equipment package
y Much faster rig up and trip speeds
y Ability to work on life wells
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
8/51
11. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing

Coiled Tubing Equipment

Schlumberger Private
Injector head
Reel
Power and Control
Well Control

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 11: Operations with Coiled Tubing
9/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing

Coiled Tubing Equipment

The basic configuration of a coiled tubing equipment package is


dependent on:

Schlumberger Private
y Operating environment
y e.g., offshore, arctic, desert
y Primary applications
y e.g., units prepared for CTD operations will typically be
larger than conventional service units
y CT string dimensions
y e.g., string length/OD and necessary reel dimensions

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
10/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Basic Equipment Configurations
y Schlumberger equipment fleet comprises CT units designed to
operate:
y Onshore

Schlumberger Private
y Paved road trucks (road legal for operating area)
y Off-road trucks (all-wheel drive, e.g., desert)
y Mobile mast units (special environment, e.g., arctic)
y Offshore
y Skid mounted units (crash-frame protected)
y Barge mounted units (permanent placement)
y Jacking barge/tender vessel

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
11/51
10. Well Intervention
Basic withPackage
Coiled Tubing Coiled Tubing
Control Cabin to
control operations,
Injector Head WC and Data
to pull/push Acquisition
tubing

Schlumberger Private
Stripper to
allow for “live”
operations Prime Mover to
provide Hydraulic
Reel to Power
Store Tubing

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
12/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Injector Head – Functions / Components
y Primary components/functions include:
1. Injecting and retrieving the CT string
(chain/drive system) 3

Schlumberger Private
2. Holding the CT string static (chains
and braking system)
3. Guiding the CT to the reel (gooseneck) 1 5
4. Tension/compression measurement
(weight indicator) 2

5. Depth/speed measurement (depth


4
system sensor)
6. Mounting place for primary pressure
barrier (stripper)
6
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
13/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Chain System
Typical chain system includes:
1
y Drive sprocket/system (1)

Schlumberger Private
y Inside tensioners (2)
2

y Outside tensioners (3) 3 3

y Lower idling sprocket (4)


4

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
14/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Chain Components
Chain link
pins

Schlumberger Private
Gripper block
Roller bearing

Chain link plate


and split pin

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
15/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Reel – Functions and Components
Typical reel components:
1. Storing and protecting the CT string
(drum) 5
2. Maintaining proper tension between

Schlumberger Private
reel and injector head (reel drive 3
system)
3. Efficiently spooling the CT string on to
the reel drum (level wind system)
1
4. Circulating fluids with the drum
rotating (swivel)
5. Application of protective coating or 4
inhibitor on tubing string (tubing
lubricator system)
6. Back-up depth measurement (reel
2
mounted counter)
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
16/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Reel Drum Capacity
Capacity of reel drum: Freeboard
L = (A + C) (A) (B) (K)

Where: A

Schlumberger Private
L = Reel capacity (ft)
A = Tubing stack height (in.)
B = Drum width (in.)
C = Core diameter (in.) C
K = Constant (tubing size dependent)
1-1/4 = 0.168
1-1/2 = 0.116
1-3/4 = 0.086
2 = 0.066
2-3/8 = 0.046 B
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
17/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Reel Models and Capacities

Reel Model / Configuration

Schlumberger Private
Tubing Size 1015 2015 3015 3020 4122

1-1/4-in. 15,000 22,500 25,000 25,000 25,000


1-1/2-in. 10,000 15,100 22,000 25,000 25,000
1-3/4-in. N/A 11,200 15,000 20,000 25,000
2-in. N/A 8,500 11,000 15,000 22,500
2-3/8-in. N/A N/A N/A N/A 15,300

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
18/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
“Levelwind” System
3
System components include:
2

Schlumberger Private
y Drive chain/system (1)

y Override motor (2)


1

y Spooling head (3)

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
19/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Reel Swivel and Manifold
Pressure Cable
bulkhead
Coiled tubing

Schlumberger Private
CT isolation
Jumper cable valve

Reel Reel Reel


collector axle swivel

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
20/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Power Pack/Control Cabin – Functions
Basic functions of the power pack/control cabin or equipment normally
mounted therein:
y Providing hydraulic power required by the CTU (engine and
hydraulic pumps)

Schlumberger Private
y Control and limitation on hydraulic systems (hydraulic control and
relief valves/system)
y Hydraulic accumulator storage for secondary well control
equipment (BOP accumulator)
y Enables control and monitoring
of all operating systems from a
single operators station (control
consol)
Layer 1 High Exhaust Low Oil Loss of
Temper
H ature
igh Coolant Temperature Pressure Coolant

Coolant Oil
Temperature Pressure

Engine
P
ermissive Tachometer
start

y Providing operations data to


Start
Engine Emergenc y
Kill Kill Air
Pressure

enable well site design and


monitoring
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
21/51
11. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing

Well Control Equipment for CT


Stripper
Blow Out Preventers

Schlumberger Private
Stacks

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 11: Operations with Coiled Tubing
22/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Pressure Control Equipment
Pressure control equipment associated with mobilization of a basic
CTU for routine service activities includes:
y Stripper

Schlumberger Private
y generally permanently mounted on the injector head
y Blow-out preventers
y quad configuration most common
y Riser, lubricator
y application dependent
y Ancillary equipment
y wellhead crossover(s), flow “T”, kill line and valves
y Downhole check valve
y preventing back-flow of wellbore fluids
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
23/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Stripper – Functions
The primary stripper typically performs
the following functions:
y Maintain a primary barrier
against wellbore pressure and
fluids

Schlumberger Private
y Secure and align the injector
head with the pressure control
and wellhead equipment
y Support the tubing between the
injector head chains and the
stripper seal
Design features enable:
y Servicing of consumables
(sealing elements) with CT in
place
y control/actuation of primary
seal without reliance on CTU
power pack engine
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
24/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Conventional Stripper – Components

Tubing support/top access

Schlumberger Private
Packing assembly

Hydraulic system

Mounting flange

Lower connection
Typical packing stack

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
25/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
BOP – Functions
The following functions and requirements typically apply to CT BOPs:

y Provide a secondary barrier against wellbore pressure and fluids

Schlumberger Private
(pipe rams and shear rams)
y Secure/support the tubing string against the operating weight or
snubbing force (slip rams)
y Shear the tubing string under operating conditions (shear rams)
y Provide wellbore access for fluid (kill port) and pressure
measurement (pressure port)
y Support the weight (and forces applied) of the CT equipment under
the rated wellbore pressure
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
26/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Quad BOP – Components

Upper flange/connection adapter

Schlumberger Private
Pressure port

Equalizing valve Blind rams


Shear rams
Kill port
Slip rams
Equalizing valve Pipe rams

Lower flange/connection adapter


Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
27/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Onshore Rig up

Quick latch

Schlumberger Private
body

Quad BOP

Lower BOP Injector head


adapter

Swab valve
and tree
y Stripper
Quick latch pin

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
28/51
11. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing

The Continuous (Coiled) Tubing

Schlumberger Private
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 11: Operations with Coiled Tubing
29/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
The Continuous (Coiled) Tubing
y CT properties
y In sizes from 1” up to 3-1/2”
y Most common sizes are 1-1/4” and 1-1/2”

Schlumberger Private
y Continuously milled to lengths of 25,000 ft
y 80,000 psi Yield grade is most common
y Over the live of the tubing it might be bend as much as 500
times into its plastic yield area.
y CT Life is dependent on
y Number of Bends
y Internal pressure while bending takes place
y The bending radius
y Tubing can be protected against acid and H2S corrosion
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
30/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Steel Grade & Manufacturing for CT
y Grades
y 70000, 80000, 90000, 100000 and 110000 psi Yield Materials
y Configurations

Schlumberger Private
y Butt Welded
y Continuous Milled (Bias Weld)
y Tapered Strings
y True Tapered Strings
y Manufacturers
y Precision Tube Technology - e.g. HS80 and HS80CM
y Quality Tubing - e.g. QT80 and QT800

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
31/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
CT String Construction

1965 250 ft strip lengths (Republic Tubing, USA)

Schlumberger Private
1983 1000 ft strip lengths

1985 1700 ft strip lengths

1986 3500 ft strip lengths (Japanese Suppliers)

1987 Tubing milled continuously

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
32/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
CT String Construction (2)
1989
1986 1988
1970 1978
1965

Schlumberger Private
3/4-in. 1-in. 1-1/4-in. 1-1/2-in. 1-3/4-in. 2-in.

1995

1992
1990
1989

2-3/8-in. 2-7/8-in. 3-1/2-in. 4-1/2-in.

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
33/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Biased Weld
Strips preparation

Schlumberger Private
Weld completed
and area
heat treated

Tube formed

Biased Weld Configuration

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
34/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Biased Weld

Longitudinal
weld profile

Schlumberger Private
Bias weld
profile

Biased weld and longitudinal weld forms

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
35/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Tapered String
Heavier wall Intermediate Lighter wall

Schlumberger Private
Butt weld or bias weld Butt weld or bias weld

Tapered String Configuration

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
36/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Material Specifications

Nom Min Nom Min Min Hydro Int


OD Wall Wall ID Weight Yield Tensile Test Yield
Inch Inch Inch Inch lbs/ft lbf lbf psi psi

Schlumberger Private
1.75 0.109 0.104 1.532 1.915 43800 47800 8300 9200
1.75 0.125 0.118 1.500 2.175 49800 54200 9400 10400
1.75 0.134 0.128 1.482 2.318 53100 57800 10100 11300
1.75 0.156 0.148 1.438 2.662 60900 66400 11700 13000
1.75 0.175 0.167 1.400 2.951 67500 73600 13100 14500
1.75 0.190 0.180 1.370 3.173 72600 79100 14100 15600
1.75 0.204 0.195 1.342 3.377 77300 84200 15200 16800

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
37/51
10. Well
CoilLIMIT Intervention
- Real Time with Coiled Tubing
Real Time Information

Schlumberger Private
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
38/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Stress / Strain Diagram for CT pipe

Schlumberger Private
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
39/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Low Cycle Fatigue

Schlumberger Private
Full Scale Fatigue Testing was conducted
during 1989, providing the basis for the
Dowell CoilLIFE Code

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
40/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Fatigue Monitoring
C urrent Life
C o ilLIFE
P rev. Life
W e ld
30

Schlumberger Private
25
Fatigue Life %

20

15

10

0
0 5000 10000 15000
Distance from CT Downhole End

(c ) S chlum berger D owell 1994-96

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
41/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Keeping Track of Fatigue

CoilCAT
CoilLIFE

16
Life
14

12

Schlumberger Private
10

6 Life - %
Fatigue

0
0 2000 4000 6000 8000
Distance from CT downhole end - ft
(c) Schlumberger Dowell 1994-96

1. CoilLIFE stored on reel

2. CoilLIFE transferred
to Data Acquisition system
CoilCAT
CoilLIFE
prior to job
16 Current Life
Prev. Life
14 Weld

12

10

6 Life - %
Fatigue

0
3. CoilLIFE Updated during job
0 2000 4000
Distance from CT downhole end - ft
6000 8000

(c) Schlumberger Dowell 1994-96

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
42/51
11. Well Intervention
Typical Applications of CTwith Coiled Tubing
Conveying Fluids
Downhole Tools
Electric Line
Drilling with CT

Schlumberger Private
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 11: Operations with Coiled Tubing
43/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Coiled Tubing Applications
y Conventional
y Washing and cleaning operations
y Intervention with mechanical tools
y Remedial Stimulation

Schlumberger Private
y Non-conventional
y Electric Line (pushing logging tools) Watch Jet Blaster DVD
y Scale Removal (Abrasive Jetting)
y Underbalanced Drilling
y Special Operations
y Multilateral Interventions Watch Discovery DVD

y Subsea Wells
y HPHT Wells

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
44/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Coiled Tubing Applications
y Conveying Fluids
y Circulating fluids in place under live conditions

Schlumberger Private
y Conveying Tools
y Performing mechanical work over tasks in the well.

y Electric Line
y Pushing logging tools and/or providing circulating capabilities

y Coiled Tubing Drilling


y For through tubing or underbalanced drilling operations

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
45/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Conveying Fluids
The most common use for Coiled Tubing is as a conveyance
method for fluids :

• Nitrogen Kick Offs

Schlumberger Private
• Wellbore Clean Outs

• Cementing thru CT

• Acidizing thru CT

• Scale and Paraffin Removal

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
46/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Nitrogen Kick Off
y Inducing well to flow by lowering
hydrostatic head through pumping
nitrogen gas.

Schlumberger Private
y System is optimum when :
y CT is at deepest point in well.
y Nitrogen rate is lowest
y Annulus allows for maximum
flow (Smallest CT)

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
47/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Conveying Tools

The use of Coiled Tubing to convey mechanical tools is an


essential part of most well intervention phases

Schlumberger Private
y Washing Subs
y Check Valves for Well Control
y Fishing
y Slickline
y Downhole Motors
y HP Jetting
y Pre-packed Gravel Pack Screens
y Bridge Plugs
y Inflatable Packers
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
48/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
High Pressure Jetting
y Use jetting energy to remove
scale by creating a pressure
drop across a DH jetting
nozzle.

Schlumberger Private
y Used with hard scale
y Used with ID variety
y Nozzle(s) need to cover 360
deg of ID by rotating head or
indexing.
y Process is sensitive to :
y Abrasives Loading
y Rate of Penetration
y Pressure Drop
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
49/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
Electric Logging with CT = CTL

y CTL definition
y The conveying of tools with Coiled Tubing whereby the

Schlumberger Private
downhole to and from surface telemetry occurs through
a wire

y Applications
y Pushing logging tools in high angle wells, pumping while
logging and logging while pumping.

Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
50/51
10. Well Intervention with Coiled Tubing
System Components - CT Logging
Coiled Tubing
with internal Cable

Schlumberger Private
Collector
Pressure
Bulkhead
Deployment
System

Logging Unit

CT Logging Head

Logging Suite
Quartz School. Module 13: Work Over Operations / Section 10: Operations with Coiled Tubing
51/51