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Problem 1.

17 [Difficulty: 2]

Given: Basic dimensions M, L, t and T.

Find: Dimensional representation of quantities below, and typical units in SI and English systems.

Solution:
Energy Force × Distance F⋅ L
(a) Power Power = = =
Time Time t
M⋅ L
From Newton's 2nd law Force = Mass × Acceleration so F=
2
t
2 2 2
F⋅ L M ⋅ L⋅ L M⋅ L kg⋅ m slug⋅ ft
Hence Power = = =
t 2 3 3 3
t ⋅t t s s
Force F M⋅ L M kg slug
(b) Pressure Pressure = = = =
Area 2 2 2 2 2 2
L t ⋅L L⋅ t m⋅ s ft⋅ s

Force F M⋅ L M kg slug
(c) Modulus of elasticity Pressure = = = =
Area 2 2 2 2 2 2
L t ⋅L L⋅ t m⋅ s ft⋅ s

Radians 1 1 1
(d) Angular velocity AngularVelocity = =
Time t s s
2 2 2
M ⋅ L⋅ L M⋅ L kg⋅ m slug⋅ ft
(e) Energy Energy = Force × Distance = F⋅ L = =
2 2 2 2
t t s s
2 2 2
M ⋅ L⋅ L M⋅ L kg⋅ m slug⋅ ft
(f) Moment of a force MomentOfForce = Force × Length = F⋅ L = =
2 2 2 2
t t s s
L M⋅ L kg⋅ m slug⋅ ft
(g) Momentum Momentum = Mass × Velocity = M ⋅ =
t t s s

Force F M⋅ L M kg slug
(h) Shear stress ShearStress = = = =
Area 2 2 2 2 2 2
L t ⋅L L⋅ t m⋅ s ft⋅ s
LengthChange L
(i) Strain Strain = = Dimensionless
Length L
2 2 2
M⋅ L M⋅ L kg⋅ m slugs⋅ ft
(j) Angular momentum AngularMomentum = Momentum × Distance = ⋅L =
t t s s