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FRENCH
BY PODCAST
AUDIO PODCASTS
FOR LEARNERS
OF FRENCH Lesson
7
AS A FOREIGN
LANGUAGE

Talking about
the future

Plus Publications
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Ireland
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Lesson 07: Tuesday, June 27th, 2006
Level: beginner.
• visiter, rendre visite à
• “–re” verbs
• le Futur immédiat
• le Futur simple
Dialogue

Hello once again, and welcome to Learn French by


Podcast. My name is Hugh Nagle and here with me is
Amélie Verdier. Welcome back, Amélie !
Bonjour !

Today, we’re going to talk about…


… le futur / les projets / l’avenir.

… that is, « the future ». So, Amélie, tell us about what you
do in general during the summer holidays. Parle-nous de
ce que tu fais en général pendant les grandes vacances.
En général, je reste chez moi au mois de juin parce
que j’ai beaucoup de choses à faire à la maison. Je
pars souvent deux semaines en juillet pour rendre
visite à mes parents. Ils habitent à la campagne et Note…
j’aime beaucoup y aller pour prendre l’air. Au mois
d’août, mon petit ami et moi partons souvent à la Why “… partons” in this case?
montagne ou à la mer pendant une semaine. C’est This is the 1st person plural of
l’occasion de se détendre et de passer de bons the verb “partir”. We must use
moments ensemble. the “nous” part of the verb because
Amélie is talking about herself and
her boyfriend going away together.
Let’s hear that again a second time… In other words, she is saying “We
En général […] leave…”.

And one final time… partir [= to leave]


En général […]
je pars
tu pars
Now, first you told us what you do « … in June ». You en juin, il / elle / on part
said… au mois de juin nous partons
vous partez
Je reste chez moi en juin.
ils / elles partent

We can say simply « … in juin », which is :


… en juin.

Or, « … in the month of June », which is :


Remember!
… au mois de juin. C’est l’occasion de…
= It’s an opportunity to…
« … au mois de… », that is, « … in the month of… ».
This expression is followed by the
In July, you visit your parents, right ? infinitive of a second verb:
Oui, en juillet, je rends visite à mes parents qui C’est l’occasion de passer de bons
moments ensemble.
habitent à la campagne.

Bon, ça c’est en juillet, et enfin, au mois d’août, qu’est-ce


que tu fais ?
Au mois d’août, mon petit ami et moi, nous partons qui
souvent à la montagne ou à la mer.
… mes parents qui habitent …
= my parents who live …
So, let’s stress that point once again, in a particular
month is simply en, followed by the month. If we wish to
be slightly more emphatic, using the expression in the
month of, we say…
« … au mois de… ».

 © Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved.


Lesson 07: Tuesday, June 27th, 2006
Level: beginner.
• visiter, rendre visite à
• “–re” verbs
• le Futur immédiat
• le Futur simple
Dialogue

And let’s not forget that the s at the end of le mois is


silent.

Now, you said that, generally, you stay at home in June… rester
Oui, je reste chez moi.

Je reste… , that’s the verb rester. We should note that this


verb has nothing to do with « resting » ! (That’s a different
verb – se reposer or se détendre.) Now, « he stays in Paris
for a week at Christmas » would be…
Il reste à Paris pendant une semaine à Noël.

And, one more example : « We stay at home on Monday


nights » :
Nous restons chez nous le lundi soir.

Another expression you used was « I have a lot to do… » avoir des
or, « I have a lot of things to do… ». Now that’s an essential choses à faire
phrase. You said…
J’ai beaucoup de choses à faire…

So, « Marie can’t come because she has lots of things to verb
do… » would be…
Marie ne peut pas venir parce qu’elle a beaucoup pouvoir [= to be able]
de choses à faire. je peux
tu peux
Now, tell us again what you do in July… visiter, il / elle / on peut
nous pouvons
Je rends visite à mes parents. Ils habitent à la rendre visite à vous pouvez
campagne. ils / elles peuvent

Let’s pause here and look again at that expression…


Je rends visite à mes parents.

When we’re talking of visiting a place, we can use the


verb visiter. For example, “The tourists visit the Louvre
Museum” would be…
Les touristes visitent le Musée du Louvre.

Stéphanie and Caroline visit Notre Dame Cathedral…


Stéphanie et Caroline visitent la Cathédrale de
Notre Dame.

The verb visiter is an easy one: it’s another of those “–re” verbs
regular –er verbs. On the other hand, when we’re talking
about visiting people, we use a different expression in rendre [to make, to do, etc]
French: that’s … je rends
… rendre visite à. tu rends
il / elle / on rend
nous rendons
In other words, “to pay (or make) a visit”. So, we’ll need to “–re” verbs vous rendez
learn the conjugation of rendre – a regular “–re” verb. ils / elles rendent
(We have already met –er verbs: for now, let’s just be
Remember the formation of “– re”
aware that there is also a group of “–re” verbs which have verbs.
a common conjugation. Some other “–re” verbs would

© Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved. 


Lesson 07: Tuesday, June 27th, 2006
Level: beginner.
• visiter, rendre visite à
• “–re” verbs
• le Futur immédiat
• le Futur simple
Dialogue

include…
perdre.

That’s “to lose”.


Vendre.

“…to sell”.
Apprendre.

… which means “…to learn” – or “to teach” – depending on


the context. So, to come back to the expression “rendre
visite à quelqu’un” (“to visit someone”), let’s try a few
examples:

I visit Carole.
Je rends visite à Carole.

Here, let’s not forget the preposition à before Carole.


That’s an important element of the sentence.
Note!
He visits his grandparents.
Il rend visite à ses grand-parents. Don’t forget the “à”:
• Je rends visite à Pierre.
• Nous rendons visite à nos
They visit me. grands-parents.
Ils me rendent visite.

Let’s just be aware, in this last example, of the object


pronoun “me” which comes in front of the verb: “Ils me
rendent visite”, that is, “They visit me”.

Now, on a different point, you said your parents live in the à la campagne
country… à la montagne
Oui. Ils habitent à la campagne. à la mer
en ville
“… à la campagne.” Now, “… in the mountains” would
be…
… à la montagne.

And, “… by the sea” or “… near the sea” would be…


… à la mer.

Let’s remember those: “… à la campagne”, “… à la


montagne”, “… à la mer”. Now, there’s a notable exception
which we find when we’re talking about people living “in
the city” or “in town”. “My friends live in the city” would
be…
Mes amis habitent en ville.

“… en ville”: let’s remember that expression.

 © Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved.


Lesson 07: Tuesday, June 27th, 2006
Level: beginner.
• visiter, rendre visite à
• “–re” verbs
• le Futur immédiat
• le Futur simple
Dialogue

So, Amélie, we’ve been talking about what we do in


general during the summer. What about this summer ? Où Note!
vas-tu partir en vacances ?
… au bord du lac ou dans les
En juillet, je vais aller à la campagne chez mes bois.
parents pendant une semaine. Je vais faire du vélo, That is, “… by the lake or in the
je vais nager à la piscine et je vais me promener au woods.”
bord du lac ou dans les bois.

Let’s hear that once again…


En juillet […] verb
And one more time… aller [= to go]
En juillet […] je vais
tu vas
Let‘s look closely at the following expressions you used: il / elle / on va
• Je vais aller à la campagne… nous allons
vous allez
• Je vais faire du vélo… ils / elles vont
• Je vais nager…
• Je vais me promener… To express the Immediate Future, that
is, to say what you are going to do,
Do you notice the pattern? Each of these expressions “Immediate just add a 2nd verb in its infinitive
consists of the verb “aller” (which means “to go”), Future” form after aller.

followed by a second verb in its infinitive form. In


other words, we have “I’m going…”, followed by “to go”,
“to swim”, “to walk”, and so on. It’s an easy formula and
provides us with an easy way of discussing the future. We Note!
need to make sure that we know the verb “aller”. Then, we
can simply put the infinitive form of any verb after it. Let’s J’ai prévu …
try some more examples: “John is going to go climbing”… That is, “I have planned …”. This
John va faire de l’escalade. is an example of the Perfect tense
– le passé composé. It’s called the
Thérèse is going to go shopping. “composed past” as it consists of two
parts: (1) the auxiliary verb “avoir”,
Thérèse va faire les courses. and (2) the past participle (“prévu”,
in this case).
Danielle is going to paint the house.
Danielle va peindre la maison. You can find out more about “le passé
composé” in lesson number 4.

This form of the Future tense is known as the Immediate


Future or…
… le Futur immédiat. Note!
Je ferai …
Of course, it only requires a slight modification in the
= the future tense of faire: I will do.
negative: “Thomas is not going to work today”…
Thomas ne va pas travailler aujourd’hui.
J’irai …
= the future tense of aller: I will go.
Great. Now,
������������������������������������������������
to wrap up this lesson, Amélie, what about
travelling abroad ? Aimes-tu partir à l’étranger ?
Oui, bien sûr. J’adore voyager ! J’ai d’ailleurs prévu
de partir l’année prochaine en Thaïlande. Je visiterai
Bangkok. Je ferai du vélo et j’irai à la plage. Je Note!
passerai la journée sur ma serviette ! Je nagerai et je
me ferai bronzer ! Ce sera formidable ! Je me ferai bronzer …
Literally, “I will make myself tan”, that
is, “I’ll get a [sun-]tan”.

© Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved. 


Lesson 07: Tuesday, June 27th, 2006
Level: beginner.
• visiter, rendre visite à
• “–re” verbs
• le Futur immédiat
• le Futur simple
Dialogue

Tell us once more about your planned trip to Thailand…


Je visiterai […]

And one more time…


Je visiterai […]

Now, this time you were also talking about events in the Simple Future Remember!
future, but you used a different formula: you said, for
example… The Simple Future – le Futur simple
• Je visiterai… – requires a set of suffixes, as follows:
• Je ferai…
visiter [to visit (a place)]
• Je passerai… je visiterai
• Je nagerai… tu visiteras
il / elle / on visitera
This is a second way of discussing the future in French. nous visiterons
Remember that, in English, there are two ways of doing vous visiterez
ils / elles visiteront
this also: for example, we say “Jack is going to play
football” and “Jack will play football”. We have a similar Watch out for these distinctive endings
situation in French. which apply to a wide range of verbs.
The second way in which the future is formed in There are exceptions, however, most
notably être (je serai), avoir (j’aurai),
French consists of taking the infinitive form of the verb, aller (j’irai).
for example…
visiter

… and adding specific endings. In the first person, we’ll


have…
Je visiterai…

You’ll find the full set of Future tense endings in our PDF
Guide, downloadable from our website at
www.learnfrenchbypodcast.com. Let’s hear one or two
more examples. Amélie: “She’ll visit the Eiffel Tower”…
Elle visitera la tour Eiffel.

We’ll visit the Sacré-cœur…


Nous visiterons le Sacré-cœur.

Regarding this second formation of the Future Tense,


we must be aware that there are quite a number of
exceptions: the verbs être, avoir and faire, for example,
are not formed according to the pattern above. We’ll point
out these exceptional forms of the Future as we meet
them during our lessons.
So, in general, let’s remember: there are two forms of
the Future tense. The Immediate Future is composed of
« aller » in the Present tense, plus the infinitive. The Simple
Future, on the other hand, is composed of the Infinitive
form with a special set of suffixes.
Now, if all of this sounds a little complicated, don’t
worry. You’ll find it all in our PDF Guide, available from our
website.

 © Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved.


Lesson 07: Tuesday, June 27th, 2006
Level: beginner.
• visiter, rendre visite à
• “–re” verbs
• le Futur immédiat
• le Futur simple
Dialogue

Once again, Amélie, we’ve covered an amount of new


vocabulary and useful grammar points today. To our
listeners, don’t forget that all of this lesson’s content can
be found in a comprehensive PDF Guide, downloadable
from our website at www.learnfrenchbypodcast.com.
Until next time !
À la prochaine !

If you understood our lesson, then you should be ready for… Vocab extra!
• août.......................August
• avenir (m)..............future
1. They stay at home in the month of July.
Now it’s your turn…

• bois (m)..................wood
• d’ailleurs................furthermore
2. We have a lot to do.
• détendre, se ~.......to relax
3. She visits me. • ensemble...............together
• formidable.............fantastic
4. In Toulouse, I visit Jacques. • journée (f)..............day
• nager......................to swim
5. They live by the sea.
• occasion (f)............opportunity
6. Paul and Jacqueline live in the city. • parce que...............because
• partir......................to leave
7. I’m going to work today. • peindre...................to paint
• piscine (f)...............swimming pool
8. John is not going to work on Mondays.
• prendre..................to take, to get
• prochain.................next
• projet (m)...............plan, project
• promener, se ~......to [go for a] walk
• Qu’est-ce que..........What…?
click! • reposer, se ~..........to rest
• semaine (f)............week
• serviette (f)............towel
See the answers at http://www.learnfrenchbypodcast.com/FTEW_pages/answers.htm
• vélo (m)..................bicycle
• venir.......................to come
• ville (f)...................city

Any questions?…

Submit them to us at http://www.learnfrenchbypodcast.com/FTEW_pages/question.htm click!

Any comments?…

Submit them to us at http://www.learnfrenchbypodcast.com/FTEW_pages/feedback.htm click!

© Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved.