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# BUDGET OF WORK

GENERAL PHYSICS 1
SECOND QUARTER
CONTENT The learner’s demonstrate an understanding of: 1. Moment of inertia , 2. Angular position, angular velocity, angular acceleration 3. Torque, 4. Torque-
STANDARD: angular acceleration relation, 5. Static equilibrium, 6. Rotational kinematics, 7. Work done by a torque 8. Rotational kinetic energy, 9. Angular
momentum, 10. Static equilibrium experiments, 11. Rotational motion problems
PERFORMANCE The learners are able to ; Solve multi-concept, rich context problems using concepts from rotational motion.
STANDARD
CONTENT Rotational equilibrium and rotational dynamics
LC CODES: STEM_GP12RED-IIa-1, STEM_GP12RED-IIa-2, STEM_GP12RED-IIa-3, STEM_GP12RED-IIa-4, STEM_GP12RED-IIa-5, STEM_GP12RED-IIa-6, STEM_GP12RED-IIa-7,
STEM_GP12RED-IIa-8, STEM_GP12RED-IIa-9, STEM_GP12RED-IIa- 10, STEM_GP12RED-IIa- 11, STEM_GP12RED-IIa- 12, STEM_GP12RED-IIa- 13
WEEK: WEEK 1
Week 1 1. Calculate the moment of inertia 1. Perform an experiment involving static 5. Determine whether a system is in 13. Solve rotational kinematics
about a given axis of single-object and equilibrium and analyze the data—identifying static equilibrium or not. and dynamics problems, in
multiple-object systems. discrepancies between theoretical STEM_GP12RED-IIa-5 contexts such as, but not limited
STEM_GP12RED-IIa-1 expectations and experimental results when 6. Apply the rotational kinematic to, flywheels as energy storage
2. Exploit analogies between pure appropriate. STEM_GP12RED-IIa-12 relations for systems with constant devices, and spinning hard drives
translational motion and pure angular accelerations. STEM_GP12RED- (STEM_GP12RED-IIa-13)
rotational motion to infer rotational IIa-6
motion equations (e.g., rotational 7. Apply rotational kinetic energy
kinematic equations, rotational formulae. STEM_GP12RED-IIa-7
kinetic energy, torque-angular 8. Solve static equilibrium problems in
acceleration relation) contexts such as, but not limited to,
STEM_GP12RED-IIa-2 see-saws, mobiles, cable-hinge-strut
3. Calculate magnitude and direction system, leaning ladders, and weighing a
of torque using the definition of heavy suitcase using a small bathroom
torque as a cross product scale. STEM_GP12RED-IIa-8
STEM_GP12RED-IIa-3 9. Determine angular momentum of
4. Describe rotational quantities different systems. STEM_GP12RED-IIa-
using vectors. STEM_GP12RED-IIa-4 9
10. Apply the torque-angular
momentum relation. STEM_GP12RED-
IIa-10
11. Recognize whether angular
momentum is conserved or not over
various time intervals in a given system.
STEM_GP12RED-IIa-11

## Specific Objectives DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4

Determine the moment of inertia Perform an experiment involving static Use the rotational kinematic relations Solve multi-concept, rich
about a given axis for single object equilibrium. for systems with constant angular context problems using
and multi-object system. accelerations concepts from rotational
motion. ( Performance
Standard)
Determine similarities between pure Identify discrepancies between Determine the systems whether it is in
rotational and translational motions. theoretical calculations and experimental static equilibrium by solving net torque.
results of static equilibrium system.
Determine magnitude and direction Determine angular momentum of
of rotational quantities using the rotational systems and Identify if
definition of torque as a cross product angular momentum is conserved.
Describe rotational quantities using
vectors.

CONTENT The learner’s demonstrate an understanding of: 1. Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation, 2. Gravitational field, 3. Gravitational potential energy, 4.
STANDARD: Escape velocity, 5. Orbits, 6. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
PERFORMANCE The learners are able to ; Solve multi-concept, rich context problems using concepts from gravitation.
STANDARD
CONTENT GRAVITY
LC CODES: STEM_GP12G-IIb-16, STEM_GP12Red-IIb- 17, STEM_GP12Red-IIb- 18, STEM_GP12Red-IIb- 19, STEM_GP12Red-IIb- 20
WEEK: WEEK 2
Week 2 1. Use Newton’s law of gravitation to 2. Determine the net gravitational force on a 1. Discuss the physical 1. Calculate quantities related to
infer gravitational force, weight, and mass given a system of point masses. significance of gravitational field. planetary or satellite motion.
acceleration due to gravity. STEM_GP12Red-IIb-17 STEM_GP12Red-IIb-18 STEM_GP12Red-IIb-20
STEM_GP12G-IIb-16 2. Apply the concept of
gravitational potential energy in
physics problems.
STEM_GP12Red-IIb-19

## Specific Objectives DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4

Derive gravitational force, weight, Calculate the net gravitational force on a mass given Determine the physical Calculate gravitational force,
and acceleration using Newton’s law a system of point masses significance of gravitational acceleration of planetary or
of gravitation field. satellite motion.
( Performance Standard)
Use Newton’s law of gravitation to Determine the direction and magnitude of Use gravitational potential
determine gravitational force, gravitational forces acting on mass from system of energy equation in solving
masses planetary motions.

CONTENT The learner’s demonstrate an understanding of: Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, Periodic Motion, Simple harmonic motion: spring-mass, system,
STANDARD: simple pendulum, physical pendulum.
PERFORMANCE The learners are able to ; Solve multi-concept, rich context problems using concepts from oscillations and gravity,
STANDARD
CONTENT GRAVITY
LC CODES: STEM_GP12G-IIc-21, STEM_GP12G-IIc-22, STEM_GP12G-IIc-23, STEM_GP12PM-IIc-24, STEM_GP12PM-IIc-25, STEM_GP12PM-IIc-26, STEM_GP12PM-IIc-27
WEEK: WEEK 3
Week 3 1. Apply Kepler’s 3rd Law of
planetary motion
2. For circular orbits, relate Kepler’s
third law of planetary motion to
Newton’s law of gravitation and
centripetal acceleration
3. Solve gravity-related problems in
contexts such as, but not limited to,
inferring the mass of the Earth,
inferring the mass of Jupiter from the
motion of its moons, and calculating
escape speeds from the Earth and
from the solar system
4. Relate the amplitude, frequency,
angular frequency, period,
displacement, velocity, and
acceleration of oscillating systems
5. Recognize the necessary
conditions for an object to undergo
simple harmonic motion
6. Analyze the motion of an
oscillating system using energy and
Newton’s 2nd law approaches
7. Calculate the period and the
frequency of spring mass, simple
pendulum, and physical pendulum

## Specific Objectives DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4

Illustrate Kepler’s third law of Solve gravity-related problems in contexts such as, Define amplitude, frequency, Use Newton’s 2nd law to
planetary motion. but not limited to, inferring the mass of the Earth, angular frequency, period, analyze motion of oscillating
inferring the mass of Jupiter from the motion of its displacement, velocity, and systems in determining it’s a.)
moons, and calculating escape speeds from the acceleration of oscillating systems displacement, angular velocity,
Earth and from the solar system
angular acceleration,
b.) frequency and period of
systems.
Relate Kepler’s third law of planetary Determine amplitude, frequency, Calculate the frequency and
motion to Newton’s law of gravitation angular frequency, period, period of a spring mass and
and centripetal acceleration displacement, velocity, and physical pendulum. (
acceleration of oscillating systems Performance Standard)
Determine conditions for the
object to undergo simple
harmonic motion

QUARTER: SECOND QUARTER
CONTENT STANDARD:
PERFORMANCE STANDARD
LEARNING COMPETENCIES: The learners;
1. Apply Kepler’s 3rd Law of planetary motion
2. For circular orbits, relate Kepler’s third law of planetary motion to Newton’s law of gravitation and centripetal acceleration
3. Solve gravity-related problems in contexts such as, but not limited to, inferring the mass of the Earth, inferring the mass of Jupiter from the
motion of its moons, and calculating escape speeds from the Earth and from the solar system
4. Relate the amplitude, frequency, angular frequency, period, displacement, velocity, and acceleration of oscillating systems
5. Recognize the necessary conditions for an object to undergo simple harmonic motion
6. Analyze the motion of an oscillating system using energy and Newton’s 2nd law approaches
7. Calculate the period and the frequency of spring mass, simple pendulum, and physical pendulum

## LC CODES: STEM_GP12G-IIc-21, STEM_GP12G-IIc-22, STEM_GP12G-IIc-23, STEM_GP12PM-IIc-24, STEM_GP12PM-IIc-25, STEM_GP12PM-IIc-26,

STEM_GP12PM-IIc-27
WEEK: WEEK 3
Instructional Objectives:
DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4
Illustrate Kepler’s third law of planetary Solve gravity-related problems in contexts Define amplitude, frequency, angular nd
Use Newton’s 2 law to analyze motion
motion. such as, but not limited to, inferring the mass frequency, period, displacement, velocity, of oscillating systems in determining it’s
of the Earth, inferring the mass of Jupiter and acceleration of oscillating systems a.) displacement, angular velocity,
from the motion of its moons, and calculating angular acceleration,
escape speeds from the Earth and from the
b.) frequency and period of systems.
solar system
Relate Kepler’s third law of planetary motion Determine amplitude, frequency, angular Calculate the frequency and period of a
to Newton’s law of gravitation and centripetal frequency, period, displacement, velocity, spring mass and physical pendulum. (
acceleration and acceleration of oscillating systems Performance Standard)
Determine conditions for the object to
undergo simple harmonic motion

QUARTER: SECOND QUARTER
CONTENT STANDARD: The learner’s demonstrate an understanding of: Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, Periodic Motion, Simple harmonic motion: spring-
mass, system, simple pendulum, physical pendulum, damped and driven oscillation, Periodic Motion experiment, Mechanical waves
PERFORMANCE STANDARD The learners are able to ; Solve multi-concept, rich context problems using concepts from oscillations.
LEARNING COMPETENCIES: The learners;
1. Differentiate underdamped, overdamped, and critically damped motion
2. Describe the conditions for resonance
3. Perform an experiment involving periodic motion and analyze the data—identifying discrepancies between theoretical expectations and
experimental results when appropriate
4. Define mechanical wave, longitudinal wave, transverse wave, periodic wave, and sinusoidal wave
5. From a given sinusoidal wave function infer the (speed, wavelength, frequency, period, direction, and wave number
6. Calculate the propagation speed, power transmitted by waves on a string with given tension, mass, and length (1 lecture)
LC CODES: STEM_GP12PM-IId-28, STEM_GP12PM-IId-29, STEM_GP12PM-IId-30, STEM_GP12PM-IId-31, STEM_GP12PM-IId-32, STEM_GP12PM-IId-33
WEEK: WEEK 4
Instructional Objectives:
DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4
Define damped motion Perform an experiment involving periodic motion Define mechanical wave, longitudinal wave, Calculate the propagation speed, power
and analyze the data. transverse wave, periodic wave, and transmitted by waves on oscillating systems
sinusoidal wave. given tension, mass, and length.
( Performance Standard)
Differentiate underdamped, Compare computational results to experimental Determine the speed, wavelength, frequency,
overdamped, and critically damped results period, direction, and wave number from a
motion given sinusoidal wave function

QUARTER: SECOND QUARTER
CONTENT STANDARD: The learner’s demonstrate an understanding of: Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, Periodic Motion, Simple harmonic motion: spring-
mass, system, simple pendulum, physical pendulum, damped and driven oscillation, Periodic Motion experiment, Mechanical waves
PERFORMANCE STANDARD The learners are able to ; Solve multi-concept, rich context problems using concepts from oscillations.
LEARNING COMPETENCIES: The learner’s;
1. Apply the inverse-square relation between the intensity of waves and the distance from the source
2. Describe qualitatively and quantitatively the superposition of waves
3. Apply the condition for standing waves on a string
4. Relate the frequency (source dependent) and wavelength of sound with the motion of the source and the listener
5. Solve problems involving sound and mechanical waves in contexts such as, but not limited to, echolocation, musical instruments, ambulance
sounds
6. Perform an experiment investigating the properties of sound waves and analyze the data appropriately—identifying deviations from
theoretical expectations when appropriate

LC CODES: STEM_GP12MWS-IIe- 34, STEM_GP12MWS-IIe- 35, STEM_GP12MWS-IIe- 36, STEM_GP12MWS-IIe- 37, STEM_GP12MWS-IIe- 38, STEM_GP12MWS-
IIe- 39
WEEK: WEEK 5
Instructional Objectives:
DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4
Determine relationship of intensity Relate the frequency and wavelength of sound Perform an experiment investigating the Solve problems involving sound and
of waves from its distance from the to the motion of the source and receiver. properties of sound waves. mechanical waves as applied to musical
source. ( Doppler Effect- Equations) instruments, ambulance sound, and
echolocation. (Performance Standard)
Describe superposition of waves.

QUARTER: SECOND QUARTER
CONTENT STANDARD: The learner’s demonstrate an understanding of: 1. Specific gravity, 2. Pressure, 3. Pressure vs. Depth Relation, 4. Pascal’s principle
5. Buoyancy and Archimedes’ Principle, 6. Continuity equation, 7. Bernoulli’s principle
PERFORMANCE STANDARD The learners are able to ; Solve multi-concept, rich context problems using concepts from fluids.
LEARNING COMPETENCIES: The learner’s;
1. Relate density, specific gravity, mass, and volume to each other
2. Relate pressure to area and force
3. Relate pressure to fluid density and depth
4. Apply Pascal’s principle in analyzing fluids in various systems
5. Apply the concept of buoyancy and Archimedes’ principle
6. Explain the limitations of and the assumptions underlying Bernoulli’s principle and the continuity equation
7. Apply Bernoulli’s principle and continuity equation, whenever appropriate, to infer relations involving pressure, elevation, speed, and flux
8. Solve problems involving fluids in contexts such as, but not limited to, floating and sinking, swimming, Magdeburg hemispheres, boat design,
hydraulic devices, and balloon flight
9. Perform an experiment involving either Continuity and Bernoulli’s equation or buoyancy, and analyze the data appropriately—identifying
discrepancies between theoretical expectations and experimental results when appropriate
LC CODES: STEM_GP12FM-IIf-40, STEM_GP12FM-IIf-41, STEM_GP12FM-IIf-42, STEM_GP12FM-IIf-43, STEM_GP12FM-IIf-44, STEM_GP12FM-IIf-45,
STEM_GP12FM-IIf-46, STEM_GP12FM-IIf-47, STEM_GP12FM-IIf-48

WEEK: WEEK 6
Instructional Objectives:
DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4
Determine relationship of specific Perform an experiment on buoyancy or fluid Use the Pascal’s principle in fluid Solve problems involving the different
gravity and density to mass and continuity equation. mechanics in analysing fluid physical principles of fluid mechanics (Continuity
volume. properties in different systems. and Bernoulli’s equation or buoyancy).
( Performance Standard)
Determine relationship of pressure Illustrate the limitation of Bernoulli’s principle Use the buoyancy principle and
to area and force and continuity equation in closed fluid dynamic Archimedes principles in determining
system.
physical properties of fluid in different
systems
Define pressure as a function of fluid Derive relationships of pressure, elevation,
density and depth speed, and flux to two different points in the
fluid system.

QUARTER: SECOND QUARTER
CONTENT STANDARD: The learner’s demonstrate an understanding of: 1. 1. Zeroth law of thermodynamics and Temperature measurement, 2. Thermal
expansion, 3. Heat and heat capacity, 4. Calorimetry
PERFORMANCE STANDARD The learners are able to ; Solve multi-concept, rich context problems using concepts from thermodynamics
LEARNING COMPETENCIES: The learner’s;
1. Explain the connection between the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, temperature, thermal equilibrium, and temperature scales
2. Convert temperatures and temperature differences in the following scales: Fahrenheit, Celsius, Kelvin
3. Define coefficient of thermal expansion and coefficient of volume expansion
4. Calculate volume or length changes of solids due to changes in temperature
5. Solve problems involving temperature, thermal expansion, heat capacity, heat transfer, and thermal equilibrium in contexts such as, but not
limited to, the design of bridges and train rails using steel, relative severity of steam burns and water burns, thermal insulation, sizes of stars, and
surface temperatures of planets
6. Perform an experiment investigating factors affecting thermal energy transfer and analyse the data—identifying deviations from theoretical
expectations when appropriate (such as thermal expansion and modes of heat transfer)
7. Carry out measurements using thermometers.
8. Solve problems using the Stefan-Boltzmann law and the heat current formula for radiation and conduction.
LC CODES: STEM_GP12TH-IIg-49, STEM_GP12TH-IIg-50, STEM_GP12TH-IIg-51, STEM_GP12TH-IIg-52, STEM_GP12TH-IIg-53, STEM_GP12TH-IIg-54,
STEM_GP12TH-IIg-55, STEM_GP12TH-IIh-56

WEEK: WEEK 7
Instructional Objectives:
DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4
Explain the connection between Define coefficient of thermal expansion and Perform an experiment investigating factors Determine the different modes of heat
temperature, Thermodynamic coefficient of volume expansion affecting heat transfer from different. transfer.
Laws and thermal equilibria mediums.
Convert temperatures to different Determine volume or length changes of solids due to Identify deviations of calculated data to Solve problems on heat transfer by
temperature scales. changes in temperature the experimental results. means of conduction, convection,

QUARTER: SECOND QUARTER
CONTENT STANDARD: The learner’s demonstrate an understanding of: 1. 1. Ideal gas law , 2. Internal energy of an ideal gas, 3. Heat capacity of an ideal gas
4. Thermodynamic systems, 5. Work done during volume changes, 6. 1st law of thermodynamics, Thermodynamic processes: adiabatic,
isothermal, isobaric, isochoric
PERFORMANCE STANDARD The learners are able to ; Solve multi-concept, rich context problems using concepts from thermodynamics
LEARNING COMPETENCIES: The learner’s ;
1. Enumerate the properties of an ideal gas
2. Solve problems involving ideal gas equations in contexts such as, but not limited to, the design of metal containers for compressed gases
3. Distinguish among system, wall, and surroundings
4. Interpret PV diagrams of a thermodynamic process
5. Compute the work done by a gas using dW=PdV.
6. State the relationship between changes internal energy, work done, and thermal energy supplied through the First Law of Thermodynamics
7. Differentiate the following thermodynamic processes and show them on a PV diagram: isochoric, isobaric, isothermal, adiabatic, and cyclic
8. Use the First Law of Thermodynamics in combination with the known properties of adiabatic, isothermal, isobaric, and isochoric processes
9. Solve problems involving the application of the First Law of Thermodynamics in contexts such as, but not limited to, the boiling of water, cooling a
room with an air conditioner, diesel engines, and gases in containers with pistons
LC CODES: STEM_GP12GLT-IIh- 57, STEM_GP12GLT-IIh- 58, STEM_GP12GLT-IIh- 59, STEM_GP12GLT-IIh- 60, STEM_GP12GLT-IIh- 61, STEM_GP12GLT-IIh- 62,
STEM_GP12GLT-IIh- 63, STEM_GP12GLT-IIh- 64, STEM_GP12GLT-IIh- 65
WEEK: WEEK 8
Instructional Objectives:
DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4
Enumerate properties of ideal gas Interpret PV diagrams of a thermodynamic process Differentiate the following thermodynamic Solve problems involving the application of
processes by showing them on a PV diagram: the First Law of Thermodynamics as applied
isochoric, isobaric, isothermal, adiabatic, and to the boiling of water, cooling a room with
cyclic. an air conditioner, diesel engines, and gases
in containers with pistons. (Performance
Standard)
Use ideal gas concepts in context Calculate the work done by a gas using dW=PdV. Use First Law of thermodynamics to
such as the design of containers for determine properties of adiabatic,
gases. isothermal, isobaric, and isochoric processes.
Cite thermodynamic boundaries State the relationship between changes internal
energy, work done, and thermal energy supplied
through the First Law of Thermodynamics

QUARTER: SECOND QUARTER
CONTENT STANDARD: The learner’s demonstrate an understanding of: 1. Heat engines, 2. Engine cycles, 3. Entropy, 4. 2nd law of Thermodynamics
5, Reversible and irreversible processes, 6. Carnot cycle, 7. Entropy
PERFORMANCE STANDARD The learners are able to ; Solve multi-concept, rich context problems using concepts from thermodynamics
LEARNING COMPETENCIES: The Learner’s
1. Calculate the efficiency of a heat engine
2. Describe reversible and irreversible processes
3. Explain how entropy is a measure of disorder
4. State the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics
5. Calculate entropy changes for various processes e.g., isothermal process, free expansion, constant pressure process, etc.
6. Describe the Carnot cycle (enumerate the processes involved in the cycle and illustrate the cycle on a PV diagram)

## LC CODES: STEM_GP12GLT-IIi-67, STEM_GP12GLT-IIi-68, STEM_GP12GLT-IIi-69, STEM_GP12GLT-IIi-70, STEM_GP12GLT-IIi-71, STEM_GP12GLT-IIi-72

WEEK: WEEK 9
Instructional Objectives:
DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4
Define heat engine and describe its Describe reversible and irreversible processes. Use the concept of 2nd Law of Enumerate the processes involved in the
properties. Thermodynamics to determine entropy Carnot cycle.
change for the thermodynamic processes
such as; isothermal process, expansion,
and constant pressure processes.
Calculate the efficiency of a heat Describe how entropy change is a measure of Describe the Carnot cycle engine.
engine. disorder of thermodynamic system.
State the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics Illustrate the cycle on a PV diagram.
QUARTER: SECOND QUARTER
CONTENT STANDARD: The learner’s demonstrate an understanding of: 1. Heat engines, 2. Engine cycles, 3. Entropy, 4. 2nd law of Thermodynamics
5, Reversible and irreversible processes, 6. Carnot cycle, 7. Entropy
PERFORMANCE STANDARD The learners are able to ; Solve multi-concept, rich context problems using concepts from thermodynamics.
LEARNING COMPETENCIES: The Learner’s
1. State Carnot’s theorem and use it to calculate the maximum possible efficiency of a heat engine
2. Solve problems involving the application of the Second Law of Thermodynamics in context such as, but not limited to, heat
engines, heat pumps, internal combustion engines, refrigerators, and fuel economy.

## LC CODES: STEM_GP12GLT-IIi-73, STEM_GP12GLT-IIi-74

WEEK: WEEK 10
Instructional Objectives:
DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4
State the Carnot’s theorem of Use Carnot’s theorem to calculate maximum Solve multi-concept, rich context
thermodynamic systems. possible efficiency of a heat engine. problems using concepts from Ideal Gas,
thermodynamic processes, 1st Law and
2nd Law of Thermodynamics.
(Performance Standard)
Determine conditions for engine to Solve the different states of Carnot cycle
attain maximum efficiency.