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The only Rh antigen routinely tested for:

a. D
b. C
c. E
d. All of the above

2. When do ABO ANTIBODIES begin to develop?

a. 6th week of fetal life
b. 3 years of age
c. 1 year post-partum
d. 3rd week of fetal life

3. ABO ANTIGEN levels are approximately ____ % at birth

a. 100
b. 75
c. 50
d. 25

4. The most immunogenic non-ABO blood group:

a. Rh
b. Kell
c. Duffy
d. MNSs

5. Blood groups often implicated in Erythroblastosis fetalis

a. ABO
b. Lu
c. MNS
d. Le

D. Secretor

6. Blood groups often implicated in delayed hemolytic

transfusion reactions except:
a. Fy
b. Lu
c. Kd
d. K
B. MNS, Kidd, Duffy, Kell are commonly implicated in delayed
HTR. Lu is implicated in HDFN

7. Most common cause of HTR:

a. Rh incompatibility
b. Multiple transfusions
c. Unexpected antibodies/autoantibodies
d. Clerical error

8. Tests which can be used to investigate HTR:

a. Centrifugation
b. DAT
c. Urinalysis

D. Centrifugation detects hemolysis (acute hemolytic transfusion

reactions) or icterus (delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions).
DAT detects in vivo sensitization. Urinalysis can detect

9. How are genes written?

a. Italics
b. Underlined
c. Both
d. Superscript

C. Genes are written in italics or underlined if the latter is

unavailable (e.g. A). Alleles are written in superscript (e.g.
A1). Antigens are written in regular type (e.g. A1).