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La publicite

The publicity (the activity of making certain that someone or something


attracts a lot of interest or attention from many people)
vous aimez voyager : you like to travel
visitez le coeur de France- Paris ! : visit the heart of France – Paris
la ville lumiere : The City of Lights

VOUS POUVEZ VISITER LES ENDROITS TOURISTIQUES A PARIS


YOU CAN VISIT THE TOURIST PLACES IN PARIS

La Basilique du Sacré-Cœur: THE BASILICA OF


THE SACRED HEART
c'est une e "pierre blanche contruite sur Montmartre, par M.Paul Abadie
It is a white stone built on Montmartre by M. Paul Abadie (1875-1914)

La basilique du Sacré-Cœur de Paris, plus connue sous le nom de Basilique du


Sacré-Cœur et souvent simplement Sacré-Cœur (basique du sacré-cœur) est
une église catholique romaine et une basilique mineure dédiée à la Sacré
Cœur de Jésus, à Paris, en France. Point de repère populaire et deuxième
monument le plus visité de Paris, la basilique se dresse au sommet de la
butte Montmartre, le point culminant de la ville. dédié publiquement au
Sacré-Cœur de Jésus, dévotion de plus en plus populaire depuis les visions de
sainte Marguerite-Marie Alacoque.

The Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris, commonly known as Sacré-Cœur


Basilica and often simply Sacré-Cœur (French: Basilique du Sacré-Cœur,
pronounced [sakʁe kœʁ]), is a Roman Catholic church and minor basilica,
dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, in Paris, France. A popular landmark
and the second most visited monument in Paris, The basilica stands at the
summit of the butte Montmartre, the highest point in the city. publicly
dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, which was an increasingly popular
devotion since the visions of Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque.
BASILICA is a large oblong hall or building with double colonnades and a semi
circular domed roof, used in ancient Rome as a law court or for public
assemblies.
*a building similar to a Roman basilica, used as a Christian church.
*the name given to certain churches granted special privileges by the Pope.
La tour Eiffel : The Eiffel Tower
La hauteur de la tour Eiffel est de 324 metres. Ce symbole ce'le'bre de la
France et le monument le plus visite' du monde est constuit par M.Gustave
Eiffel en deux ans (1887-1889)
The height of the Eiffel Tower is 324 meters. This famous symbol of France and
the most visited monument in the world is built by Mr. Gustave Eiffel in two
years (1887-1889)

La Tour Eiffel (/ towerafəl / EYE-fəl; français: tour Eiffel [tuʁ‿ɛfɛl]) Il porte le


nom de l'ingénieur Gustave Eiffel, dont la société a conçu et construit la tour.
Construit de 1887 à 1889 à l'entrée de l'Exposition universelle de 1889, il a
d'abord été critiqué par certains des plus grands artistes et intellectuels de
France pour son design. Il est toutefois devenu une icône culturelle mondiale
de la France et l'une des structures les plus reconnaissables au monde. . [3]
La Tour Eiffel est le monument payant le plus visité au monde. 6,91 millions
de personnes y ont accédé en 2015.
La tour mesure 324 mètres de haut, à peu près la même hauteur qu’un
immeuble de 81 étages, et est la plus haute structure de Paris.

The Eiffel Tower (/ˈaɪfəl/ EYE-fəl; French: tour Eiffel [tuʁ‿ɛfɛl] (About this
soundlisten)) is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris,
France. It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed
and built the tower.
Constructed from 1887 to 1889 as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair, it was
initially criticised by some of France's leading artists and intellectuals for its
design, but it has become a global cultural icon of France and one of the most
recognisable structures in the world.[3] The Eiffel Tower is the most-visited
paid monument in the world; 6.91 million people ascended it in 2015.
The tower is 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey
building, and the tallest structure in Paris.
Le musé'é du Louvre : The Louvre museum
C'est i'undes plus grands muse'es au monde et le plus grand muse'e de
France. Autrefois un palais royal et maintenant un muse'e qui conserve
enviorn 5500 peintures europe'ennes. La pyramide du Louvre a ete' construit
par Leoh Ming Pei.
La peinture celbre,(La Joconde) de Le'onard de Vinci est conserve'e au
Louvre.

It is one of the largest museums in the world and the largest museum in
France. Formerly a royal palace and now a museum that preserves about 5500
European paintings. The Louvre Pyramid was built by Leoh Ming Pei.
The painting popular , (The Mona Lisa of Leonardo da Vinci is preserved in the
Louvre.

L'e'glisede Notre-Dame: The church of Notre-Dame


C'est une cathedrale qui se trouve sur l'ile de la Cite'. Sa hauteur est de 69
me'tres : It is a cathedral which is on the island of the City. Its height is 69
meters.

Le muse'e d'Orsay :The Orsay museum


C'est un muse'e national situe' a' Paris sur la rive gauche de la Seine et dans
le quarter Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin. Les collections du muss'e presentent la
peinture et la sculpture occidentale de 1848 a'1914.Autrefois, ce muse'e
e'tait la gare d'Orsay.
It is a national museum located in Paris on the left bank of the Seine and in the
district of Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin. The museum's collections present Western
painting and sculpture from 1848 to 1914. In the past, this museum was the
Orsay train station.

Les Champs-É'lyse'es: Champs-Élysées


C'est un grand et célèbre boulevard de Paris. Il est considr're' comme la plus
belle avenue de la capitale. C'est aussi un des principaux lieux touristques de
Paris.
It is a big and famous boulevard (a wide street in a town or city, typically one
lined with trees )of Paris. It is considered as the most beautiful avenue of the
capital. It is also one of the main tourist places of Paris.
Voyager : travel TOURISTIQUES : TOURIST HAUTEUR : HEIGHT TOUR : TOWER

Le, La ,les : the DE : OF Vous: you EST : IS UN : A Et : and

ce'le'bré : popular MUSE'É : MUSEUM GRAND :Great ,Big Coeur :heart

SITUÉ : SITUATED Ville: city construite : BUILT PAR : BY Coeur: heart Lumiere: lights

aimez : like pouvez : can endroits: places

Qs. Qui a construit la tour Eiffel?

Ans. La tour Eiffel a été construite par M. Gustave Eiffel en deux ans (1887-1889).

Qs.Who built the Eiffel Tower ?

Ans. Eiffel Tower was built by Mr. Gustave Eiffel in two years (1887-1889)

Qs. Nommez le musée national de la France? ou 'est-il situe'?

Ans. Le musée d'Orsay, musée national de France, est situé à Paris sur la rive gauche de la Seine et
dans le quartier Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin.

Qs. Name the National Museum of France? Where is it situated?

Ans. The Orsay museum ,national museum of Franceis located in Paris on the left bank of the Seine
and in the district Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin.

Qs. Que savez-vous de la Notre-Dame?

Ans. L'e'glisede Notre-DameC'est une cathedrale qui se trouve sur l'ile de la Cite'.

Qs. What do you know about Notre Dame?

Ans. The church of Notre-Dame is a cathedral on the island of the city. Its height is 69 meters.

Qs. Que savez-vous de la basilique du Sacré'-coeur ?

Ans. La Basilique du Sacré-Cœur,c'est une e "pierre blanche contruite sur Montmartre, par M.Paul
Abadie.

Qs. What do you know about the Basilica of the Sacred Heart?

Ans. The Basilica of the Sacred Heart is a white stone built on Montmartre by Paul Abadie
Grammaire et Vocabulaire: Grammar and Vocabulary
La culture, les symboles de France, les adjectifs possessifs, les verbes :
régulier et irrégulier, les adjectifs démonstratifs, l’adjectif « tout »

The culture, the symbols of France, the possessive adjectives, the verbs:
regular and irregular, demonstrative adjectives, the adjective "all"
Expression Ecrite:
Créer une publicité, écrire une invitation / message, écrire / mettre en ordre
un dialogue sur les divers thèmes au contexte, écrire un mèl
Written expression:
Create an advertisement, write an invitation / message, write / put in order a
dialogue about the various topics to the context, write a message
LES PAYS FRANCOPHONES : FRENCH
SPEAKING COUNTRIES
Voila' le jour de la rentrée ! Les e'le'ves de l'ecole (cinq Continents) sont tr'es motivate car cette
anne'e scolaire il y a quelques nouveaux e'tudiants dans la classe.

Here is the day of the return! The students in the school (five Continents) are very motivated
because this school year there is some new students in the class.

Voila' Caroline ! Elle vient de Belgique. Elle a 11 ans et vit a' Bruxelles.Elle apporte pour ses
nouveaux commarades des gaufres belges.

Here's Caroline! She comes from Belgium. She is 11 years old and lives in Brussels. She brings Belgian
waffles for her new comrades.

Marc vient du Canada. Il a 10 ans et il habite a' Laval mais sa ville pre'fe're'e est Ottawa, la ville
capitale.Il apporte du sirop d'e'rable pour manager avec les gaufres belges.

Marc comes from Canada. He is 10 years old and he lives in Laval but his favorite city is Ottawa, the
capital city. He brings maple syrup to manage with the Belgian waffles.

Le'o est un peu en retard.Il a oublie sa fondue a' la maison.Il vient directement de Berne,la
capitale de la Suisse. Il a 12 ans et il aime la France.

Leo is a little late. He has forgotten his fondue at home. He comes directly from Bern, the capital of
Switzerland. He is 12 years old and he loves France.

Simona est roumaine,elle habite dans une ville a' quelques kilome'tres de Bucarest,la capitale.
Elle a 13 ans et elle de'file avec son petit drapeau bleu,jaune et rouge.

Simona is Romanian, she lives in a city a few kilometers from Bucharest, the capital. She is 13 years
old and she runs with her little blue, yellow and red flag.

Martha arrive toute souriante et bronze'e.Elle vient de la capitale de la Greece,Athens,pour


s'installer a' Nice et apprendre le francais. Elle a 12 ans.

Martha arrives smiling and bronze.She comes from the capital of Greece, Athens, to settle in Nice
and learn French. She is 12 years old.

Et voila’ Patricia,le professeur qui enseigner le francais cette anne’e. Elle vient du Mexique et
elle est une tre’s talentueuse institutrice.

And here is Patricia, the teacher who teaches French this year. She comes from Mexico and she is a
very talented teacher.
Dans la salle de classe
In the classroom

Patricia : Bonjour a' tous! Je suis votre professeure de francais. Bienvenue a' l'ecole (Cinq
Continents). Est-ce que vous aimez la France?

Patricia: Hello everyone! I am your French teacher. Welcome to school (Five Continents). Do you
like France?

Marc: Oui! J’aime bien la France,c’est un pays tre’s varie’ avec de beaux monuments et de beaux
muse’es.

Marc: Yes! I like France, it is a country very varied with beautiful monuments and beautiful
museums.

Simona : J’aime bien parler francais car c’est une langue tre’s interessante et polite. Et les
Francais,ils sont aussi tre’s gentils.

Simona: I like to speak french because it's a very interesting and polite language. And the French,
they are also very nice.

Patricia: Et toi,Caroline ! Comment trouves-tu le pays? Tu as des amis ici?

Patricia: And you, Caroline! How do you find the country? Do you have friends here?

Caroline: Non,je n’ai pas d’amis ici. Mais je veux connaitre ce pays et je vais rencontrer
beaucoup d’amis.

Caroline: No, I do not have any friends here. But I want to know this country and I will meet many
friends.

Patricia : Tre’s bien! Nous allons maintenant commencer le cours.

Patricia :Very good! We will now begin the course.

1.Dites vrai ou faux : Say true or false

a. L’e’cole ou les 5 amis etudient s’appelle (Cinq pays)


The school or the 5 student friends is called (Five countries)
b. Bruxelles est la capital de la Belgique
Brussels is the capital of Belgium
c. Marc vient Canada et il a 10 ans
Marc is coming from Canada and he is 10 years old
d. Le’o apporte de la fondue.
Leo brings fondue.
e. La capitale de la Roumanie est Athens
The capital of Romania is Athens.
f. Patricia est le professeur de francais.
Patricia is the french teacher.
2. Reliez les colonnes: Link the columns
a. Marc a i il a oublie' sa fondue a' la maison
a.Marc has i he forgot his fondue at home
b. La petite Carolina a 11 ans ii elle de'file avec son petit drapeau bleu,jaune et rouge.
b.Little Carolina is 11 years old ii she flips with her little blue, yellow and red flag.
c. Le’o est peu en retard iii et elle vient de Bruxelles
c. Leo is little late iii and she comes from Brussels
d.Elle a treize ans et iv 10 ans et il vient de Laval
d. And she is thirteen years old iv 10 years old and he comes from Laval
e. Elle vient du Mexique et v Elle est tre's talentueuse
e. She comes from Mexico and v She is very talented
https://www.lawlessfrench.com/grammar/a
djectives-vs-pronouns/
Grammaire
Rappelons-nous! : We recall !
1.Les adjectifs possessifs Possessive adjectives
Masculin Fe’minin Masculin/fe’minin
singular Singular pluriel
Je mon ma Mes
Tu ton ta Tes
il/elle son sa Ses
Nous notre notre Nos
Vous votre notre Vos
ils/ells leur leur Leurs

Male Female Male / female plural


singular Singular
I my my my
You your your your
he / she his her his
We our our our
You your your your
they / them their their their

Note : We put ‘mom’, ‘ton’, ‘son’, before the singular nouns starting with
vowels (irrespective of their gender). Let's start with the possessive
adjectives (les adjectifs possessifs). In French, they agree with the following
noun. But in the plural, there is no difference between masculine and
feminine.
Example -
Ton amie francaise est tre's belle: your French friend is very beautiful
 C'est le chat de Marie ; c'est son chat.
It is Marie's cat ; it is her cat.
 Mon père travaille dur.
My father works hard.
 Nous avons trouvé tes chaussures.
We have found your shoes.
 Nous gardons leurs enfants.
We are looking after their children.
2. Les verbes au pré'sent : The verbs in the present
A verb is a kind of word (part of speech) that tells about an action or a state. It is the
main part of a sentence: every sentence has a verb. In English, verbs are the only kind of
word that changes to show past or present tense. Every language in the world has verbs,
but they are not always used in the same ways.

Re'guliers Irré'guliers
(es verbes qui se terminent en-er,-ir et –re) ( the verbs that end in-er, -ir and –re)

Les verbes réguliers


_________________________________________________________________________________
ˡ ˡ ˡ
Invite (to invite) (Remove -er) Remplir (to fill) (Remove -r) Attendre (to wait) (Remove -re)
j'invite je remplis j'attends
tu invites tu remplis tu attends
il/elle invite il/elle remplit il/elle attend
nous invitons nous remplissons nous attendons
vous invitez vous remplissez vous attendez
ils/elles invitent ils/elles remplissent ils/elles attendent

(Endings: e,es,-e,-ons,-ez,-ent) (Endings: s,s,-t,-ssons,-ssez,-ssent) (Endings: -s,-s,-,-ons,-


ez,-ent)

Les verbes irréguliers


Le Venir Connaitre Savoir Pouvoir
Pronoun (to come) (to know some (to know some fact or (can/to be able to)
sujet place or person information)

Je Viens connais
Tu Viens connais
il/elle Vient connait
Nous Venons connaissons
Vous Venez connaissez
ils/elils/elles viennent
Vie connaissent

Je connais bien les Vincent I know Vincent well


( to know someone /something first hand)
Mais,Je sais bien nager dans la piscine. But, I can swim in the pool.
(to know /to do some thing)
Les adjectifs de’monstratifs
Demonstrative adjectives
The demonstrative adjectives are used to modify/describe nouns in order to
point at specific people or things.
ˡ ˡ ˡ ˡ
Ce Cet Cette Ces
(masculine (masculine singulier (feminin singulier) (masculine/ feminin
Singulier) devant une voyelle) pluriel)
before a vowel
Examples: Ce monsieur ne parle pas beaucoup
This gentleman does not speak much. (masculine singular)
Cet homme vient du Canada.
This man is from Canada. (Vowel)
Cette horloge ne marche pas.
This clock does not work. (feminine singular)
Ces femmes sont tre'š belles.
These women are very beautiful. (feminine plural)

L'adjectif tout
The adjective “all”
The “tout” adjective is used in French to mean all or whole. The “tout”
adjective agrees with the number and gender of the noun. The four forms of
“tout” are : tout(masculine singulier), toute(feminin singulier) , tous(masculine
pluriel) , toutes ( feminine pluriel) .
Exemples: Tout le monde (whole world)/everyone.
Tous les garcons (All the boys)
Toute la ville(whole city)
Toutes les femmes. (All the women)

NOTE : “Tout” Is always followed by definite articles or possessive adjectives


or demonstrative adjectives

https://www.tolearnfrench.com/exercises/exercise-french-2/exercise-french-13330.php
LES EXERCICES
1. Choisissez les bonnes réponses: Choose the right answers
a. Montre-moi tes/ta/ ton photos. Show me your photos.
b. Vous n'allez pas avec votre/mon/vos cousins. You are not going with your cousins.
c. Ma/Sa/Leur chef est très gentil. Their leader is very nice.
d. anne révise son/sa/ses lecons de francais avant de partir. anne revises her
/his french lessons before leaving.
e. Nous venons de Belgique avec notre/nos/ton parents. We come from
Belgium with our parents.
2. Changez les phrases suivantes comme dans Ï'exemple:
Change the following sentences as in the example:
Exemple: c'est un hotel cher-cet hotel est cher
Example: it's an expensive hotel-this hotel is expensive.
a. Ç'est un café' noir.
It's a black coffee.
b. Ce sont des bâtiments tr'es anciens.
They are very old buildings.
c. Ç'est un théâtre celebre.
It's a famous theatre.
d. Ç'est une maison blanche.
It's a white house.
e. Ce sont jardins publics.
These are public gardens.
3. Conjuguez les verbes entre parentheses au present:
Conjugate the verbs in parentheses (a word or phrase inserted as an
explanation or afterthought into a passage which is grammatically complete
without it, in writing usually marked off by brackets, dashes, or commas.)here:
a. Vous ____ les personnes qui habitent ici?Non,nous ne les
_______pas.(connaitre)
Do you ____ people who live here? No, we do not _______ not. (Know)
b. ______-tu les plat français?Oui bien sur. je les ______pour toi.
(apporter)
______- you french dishes? Yes of course. I ______for you. (to bring)
c. Est-ce qu'il ______ le numero de telephone de Denis? (composer)
Is he ______ the phone number of Denis? (compose)
d. Elle ____ du Japon et nous ____ d'Italie.(venir)
She ____ from Japan and we ____ from Italy. (Coming)
e. On______compter les stylos dans le sac.(pouvoir)
We count the pens in the bag.
f. _____ -vous quelque chose d'autre madame? (vouloir)
_____you something else madam? (want to)

4.É'crivez un petit dialog en utilisant ces verbes et jouez-le avec un de vos


amis:
Write a little dialogue using these verbs and play it with one of your friends:

réserver les billets : book tickets


Aller et jouer a' la plage,aller dans les petits resturants
Go and play at the beach, go to the small resturants
Voyager à' Marseille : Traveling to 'Marseille
Venir,rentrer après une semaine: Come, come back after a week
5. Conjuguer les verbes donnes au present
Conjugate the verbs given in this.
a. Nous (perdre)_________toujours aux jeux de cartes.
We (lose) _________ always play card games.
b. Vous (resoudre)________ ce proble’me difficle.
You (solve) ________ this problem is difficult.
c. (Remettre)____________ -tu ta robe aujourd’hui?
(Give back) ____________ -you dress today?
d. Je (metre)__________une e’charpe et des gants.
I (meter) __________ a scarf and gloves.
e. Les hirondelles(revnir)_________chaque anne’e au printemps.
Swallows (revnir) _________ each year in the spring.
f. Vous(sortir)___________a la tombe’e de la nuit.
You (go out) ___________ at the grave of the night.
g. Nous (sortir)________les poubelles.
We (go out) ________ the garbage cans.
h. Ils (dormer) a’ poings ferme’s.
They (sleep) have firm fists.
6. accordez les adjectifs: grant the adjectives:
i. Les enfants ont de (belle) poupe’es.
The children have (beautiful) dolls.
j. Les(nouveau) e’le’ves sont nombreux.
The (new) students are numerous.
k. Cette fillette est tre’s (villain) depuis ce matin.
This girl is very (villain) since this morning
l. Paul est (impoli) avec ses comarades.
Paul is (rude) with his comrades.
m. Ali a une (joli) robe rose.
Ali has a (pretty) pink dress.
n. La fille de ma sceur est (excellent) en Maths.
The girl of my sister is (excellent) in Maths.
o. Les e’le’ves de cette classe sont trop (bavard).
The students in this class are too (talkative).
p. La femme de Jules est vraiment(beau)
Jules's wife is really (beautiful)
q. Le chien du directeur est tre’s(poilu)
The director's dog is very (hairy)
r. Ce garcon est (imprudent),il risqué d’avoir un accident.
This boy is (reckless), he risked having an accident.
7. Mettez les phrases suivantes a’ la forme ne’gative
7. Put the following sentences in the negative form
a. Cette equipe de jeunes joue au balloon.
a. This team of young people plays balloon.

b. Il se’nferme tous soirs dans son bureau.


b. He locks up every night in his office.

c. Pendant la nuit,le be’be’ dort bien.


c. During the night, the baby sleeps well.

d. Le policer peut arre’ster le voleur.


d. The policeman can stop the thief.
8. Re'pondez au negatif:
8. Answer the negative:
a.Vous etes francais ?
a.You are French?
Non,
b.Vous habitez au Maroc?
b.You live in Morocco?
Non,
c.Ils sont e'trangers?
c.They are foreigners?
Non,
d.Elle a 18 ans?
Is she 18 years old?
Non,
e.Nous arrivons a 8 heures?
We arrive at 8 o'clock?
Non,
9. Mettez les phrases en ordre:
a. coupe/Maman/pour la soupe/les le'gumes

b. Il/son/de/renverse/bol/soupe.

c. au travail/pour se rendre/le train/Papa/prend

d.piano/Ce/joue/du/garcon/petit.

e.je/a la bibliothe'que/cherche/vais/livres/des/semaine/Chaque.

f. sont/Les/fenetres/maison/de/cette/ferme'es.

g. soin/dessin/avec/colorie/Elle/beaucoup de/ce

10. Complétez avec les adjectifs démonstratifs:


10. Complete with demonstrative adjectives:
a. Il faut jeter _________fleurs.
a. We must throw _________flowers.
b. Je prends ____________ route.
b. I take ____________ road.
c. Il fait quelque chose __________soir.
c. He's doing something.
d. Elle e'crit _______________ lettre a' ses cousins.
d. She writes _______________ letter to her cousins.
e. Je dois finir _________article pour demain.
e. I have to finish _________article for tomorrow.

11.Completez avec l'adjectif (tout)


11.Complete with the adjective (all)
a. __________ mes amis partent pour la soiree.lasse se tait.
a. __________ my friends leave for the evening.
b. Il doit travailler ________________ la semaine.
b. He must work ________________ the week.
c. Quand le professeur arrive ____________la classe se tait.
c. When the teacher arrives, the class falls silent.
d. Je prepare pour ___________ les examens.
d. I am preparing for ___________ exams.
e______________ le monde entre dans cet opera.
e______________ the world enters this opera.

12. E'coutez le dialogue et competez le texte suivant:

C'est un __________________de train ou' il y a deux amies qui

s'appellent Caroline et _______________. Elles sont e'tudiantes. Elles

e'tudient a'________________.Une autre fille,___________,entre dans

le comartiment.Elle va a' Paris. Elle e'tudie la___________.Les trois

filles bavardent. Coroline et ___________ sont e'tudiantes

de___________.

12. Listen to the dialogue and understand the following:


This is a train __________________ where there are two friends named
Caroline and _______________. They are students. They study at
________________ Another girl, ___________, enters the
comartiment.She goes to Paris. She is studying ___________ The three
girls are chatting. Coroline and ___________ are students
from___________.
Regular Verbs
Regular verbs are easy. We simply add ‘ed’ – ‘d’ if the verb already ends in an ‘e’ to turn the
verb from its base form to the past simple or past participle form. If the verb ends in a ‘y’ we
change the last letter to an ‘I’ and then add the ‘ed’. For example: ‘Marry – Married’. (We
still add ‘ing’ when we use the gerund, and add ‘to’ when turning it into).

Do, for example, the verb ‘call’ is ‘call’ in its base form, then ‘called’ in both the past simple
and past participle. The same is true for ‘arrive’, for ‘wait’ and so forth,

Regular verbs are easy to learn.

1. /id/
The /id/ sound that most students commonly want to use the most is actually
only used if the last consonants is a ‘t’ or a ‘d.’ Then by adding an ‘-ed’ to the
verb, you will make a sound like /id/. Examples of this would be verbs like
‘needed’, ‘wanted’, and ‘decided’.
2. /t/
The /t/ sound comes as a surprise to many students. It is a very soft ‘t’ sound
such as in ‘carrot.’ The same /t/ sound needs to be made with verbs that end in
the following consonants: ‘p’, ‘k’, ’f’, ‘s’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘x’ and ‘th’. Examples of this
are ‘washed’, ‘mixed’, ‘dropped’, and ‘watched’.
3. /d/
The /d/ sound is very easy for students to get used to. The same /d/ sound
needs to be made with verbs that end in the following consonants: ‘b’, ‘g’, ‘j’,
‘m’, ‘n’, ‘l’, ‘r’, ‘th’, ‘w’, ‘v’, ‘z’. Examples of this include ‘colored’, ‘called’ and
‘loved’.
Irregular Verbs
But these are not! Because, like oddly shaped piece of furniture which does not fit easily into
a room, so the 200 or so irregular verbs do not fit easily into a sentence.

A top tip is to learn irregular verbs in four separate groups. We have called each group by a
name which will help us to remember them. Sadly, there is no way beyond the hard grafts of
learning and practising because, as the name suggests, irregular verbs do not follow a pattern.

9. Put the sentences in order:


at. Cup / Mom / for soup / vegetables
b. He / sound / of / backward / bowl / soup.
c. at work / to get to / the train / Dad / takes
d.piano / It / plays / the / boy / little.
e. I / the library / search / go / books / des / week
/ Each.
f. are / the / windows / home / de / this / closed.
g. care / drawing / with / coloring / She / a lot of /
this

Dans u Magasin de ve’tement


In a Clothing store
Elsa et sa me’re font du shopping pour I’ anniversaire d’ Elsa.
Elsa and her mother go shopping for Elsa’s birthday.
Mamma: Ok Essaie d’abord robe fille pour ton anniversaire 1 D’accord
maman,mais je veux esayer dest t-shirts aussi.Maman Elsa
Ok,First try girl dress for your birthday .Ok Mom,but I want to try T-shirts
too.Mom Elsa

out Clothing in French


“Les vètements” means “clothes or garments” in general, and the
following short list of essential items will give you shopping power when
it comes to asking for what you want.
Les vêtements
Clothes or Garments
Les sous-vêtements
Underwear
Le pull
The sweater
Les chaussettes
The socks
Les chaussures
The shoes
Le pantalon
The trousers
La robe
The dress
Les bas
Hosiery, stockings and tights

You might want to add some descriptions to that list, and this is what that
would look like:
Les sous-vêtements pour homme
Men’s underwear
Les pulls en laine
Woolen sweaters
Les chaussettes pour enfants
Children’s socks
Les chaussures d’hiver
Winter shoes
Le pantalon chaud
Warm trousers

1. Repondez aux questions suivantes:


a. Pourquoi Elsa va-t-elle au magasin de ve'tements?
1. Answer the following questions:
a. Why is Elsa going to the clothing store?
Elsa va au magasin de vêtements pour acheter des jupes
et des t-shirts pour son anniversaire.
Elsa goes to the clothing store to buy skirts
and t-shirts for his birthday.
b. Quest-ce quelle a essayé d'abord?
What did she try first?
Elsa essaie une jupe rouge et un t-shirt noir d’abord.
Elsa essaie une jupe rouge et un t-shirt noir d’abord.
c. Qu'est-ce qu'elle a achet'e?
What did she buy.
Elsa achète une jupe rouge et un t-shirt noir.
Elsa buys a red skirt and a black t-shirt.
Dites (vrai) ou (faux) :
a.la robe d'els est de taille 42 : faux : non cest du 40
b. Elle a achete' la jupe jaune : faux : Elle a achete' la jupe rouge
c. Maman a aime la robe : vrai : Oui maman a aimé la robe

Chers amis
Salut ! J'ai une surprise pour quelqu'un que tu connais
Une grande fête est prévue
Vous êtes invités aussi!
Des jeux, des chapeaux de fête et des ballons feront de votre journée un moment
de plaisir,
Nous voulons donc que vous soyez ici lorsque la fête aura commencé!
ar friends
Hi ! I have a surprise for someone you know
A big party is planned
You are invited too!
Games, party hats and balloons will make your day a moment of pleasure,
We want you to be here when the party begins!

Imperative verbs are verbs that create an imperative sentence (i.e. a sentence
that gives an order or command). When reading an imperative sentence, it will
always sound like the speaker is bossing someone around. Imperative verbs
don't leave room for questions or discussion, even if the sentence has a polite
tone.

THINGS TO REMEMBER WHEN USING THE


IMPERATIVE
 There are two often-used forms of the French imperative, and these correspond
to tu and vous. The third form nous is only being used sometimes, and it works
the same way we say “let’s” in English.
 Unlike the other verb forms and grammatical moods, the imperative does not
use subject pronouns. Instead, object pronouns are being used.

 To form the present tense imperative, you simply use the present indicative
forms for tu, nous, and vous, but these pronouns are no longer being mentioned.
Example for -er verbs: donner
tu —–> donne
nous —–> donnons
vous —–> donnez
Donne-moi ça! (Give me that!)
Note: In the tu form of -er verbs, the last -s is dropped (i.e. donne instead of
donnes). But when tu is followed by en or y, the -s remains to make it easier to
pronounce. (example: Vas-y! Which means “Go on!” or Donnes-en à ton
frère which means “Give some to your brother.”)
Example for -ir verbs: finir
tu —–> finis
nous —–>finissons
vous —–>finissez
Finissez vos devoirs. (Finish your homework.)
Example for -re verbs: attendre
tu —–>attends
nous —–>attendons
vous —–>attendez
Attendons le bus. (Let’s wait for the bus.)
 There are two kinds of commands where the imperative is being used. These are
the affirmative commands and the negative commands. In English, the
affirmative command would be like “do this!” while the negative command is
the opposite “don’t do that!” In French, the object pronoun which accompanies
the imperative changes its position depending on the kind of command being
issued

formatio
1.
n
2. irregular imperatives
3. imperative of pronomial verbs
4. negative commands
5. pronoun object with imperatives

The imperative, (l'impératif in French) is used to give commands, orders, or


express wishes, like 'Stop!', 'Listen!' You may recognize the imperative from
commands such as 'Ecoutez' or 'Répétez'. It is one of four moods in the French
language. Unlike the other moods, the imperative is not divided into tenses.
Keep in mind that the imperative is a very direct way to give an order. It is often
replaced with more polite alternatives like the conditional.

formation
There are three forms of the imperative: tu, nous and vous. For all verbs, the
imperative is formed by taking the corresponding forms of the present
indicative, but without subject pronouns. The lack of a subject pronoun is what
identifies the imperative mood.

finir 'to finish'


present imperative translation

tu finis Finis finish (you, familiar)

nous finissons finissons let's finish

vous finissez finissez finish

The tu form is used to give an order to a child or when the speaker is on familiar
terms with the person addressed. The vous form is used to give an order to a
group of people or to address one person in the vous form. The nous form is
used to give an order that involves oneself as well as others, though it often
expresses a suggestion as its translation (Let's ... ) indicates.
Drop the final s in the tu forms of the imperative for -er verbs, including aller,
and -ir verbs like ouvrir and other verbs whose present indicative form
of tu ends in -es:

present imperative translation


tu regardes regarde look
tu ouvres ouvre open
tu vas va go

When these forms are followed by the pronoun y or en, the -s is reattached for
pronunciation purposes. For example:

Corey: Bette, va au Corey: Bette, go to the


supermarché! Vas-y! supermarket! Go there! And
Et achète de l'insecticide pour buy some insecticide for me
moi ... Tu ... Do you hear me? Buy
m'entends? Achètes-en pour some for me!
moi!
Bette: Imbécile, l'insecticide Bette: Imbecile, insecticide is
est dangereux pour les dangerous for cockroaches!
cafards! Paf! Pow!
Corey: Oh, Bette ... aide-moi Corey: Oh, Bette, help me
à me relever, s'il te plaît. back up, please.
Bette: Tu es vraiment trop Bette: You are really too
bête. Je m'en vais. stupid. I'm leaving.

irregular imperatives
There are several verbs that have irregular imperative forms.

avoir être savoir vouloir


aie sois sache veuille
ayons soyons sachons veuillons
ayez soyez sachez veuillez

imperative of pronominal verbs


For pronominal verbs, the subject pronoun is dropped and the object pronoun is
placed after the verb and is attached with a hyphen. Te becomes toi in this
situation.
se souvenir 'to remember'
present imperative translation
tu te souviens souviens-toi remember
nous nous souvenons-nous let's remember
souvenons
vous vous souvenez-vous remember
souvenez

negative commands
The forms of the affirmative imperative (an order to do something) have been
presented in the above charts. In negative commands (an order not to do
something), place the ne ... pas around the imperative, as in Ne regarde
pas ('Don't look'). In negative commands for reflexive verbs, the object pronoun
is placed in front of the verb.

Corey: Ne te moque pas de Corey: Don't make fun of


moi! me!
Joe-Bob: Ne nous moquons Joe-Bob: Let's not make fun
pas de Corey! of Corey!

pronoun object with imperatives


Other non-pronominal pronoun objects follow the same placement as objects of
pronominal verbs. As usual, the subject pronoun is dropped. In the negative,
the ne precedes the object pronoun and the verb. In the affirmative imperative,
the pronoun object follows the verb, and the
forms moi and toi replace me and te.

Corey: Aidez-moi, aidez-moi! Je n'arrive Corey: Help me, help me! I can't
pas à me relever. get back up.
Joe-Bob: Retournons-le! Allez, un, deux, Joe-Bob: Let's turn him. Let's go,
trois ... Doucement, doucement. Ne le one, two, three ... Slowly, slowly.
faites pas trop vite! Don't do it too fast!

Corey: Merci, tout le monde. Corey: Thanks, everybody.


Ça va beaucoup That's much better. Let's go
mieux. Allons à Barton to Barton Springs this
Springs cet après-midi. afternoon.
Joe-Bob: D'accord, Tammy: Okay, but listen,
mais écoute, d'abord je dois first I have to put on my
mettre mon maillot. swimsuit.
Corey: Oui, bien sûr, Tex: Yes, of course, but
mais dépêche-toi. hurry.
Joe-Bob: J'arrive. N'oublions Joe-Bob: I'm coming. Let's
pas l'insecticide. Il y a tant not forget the insecticide.
d'insectes empoisonnants en There are so many irritating
ce moment! insects now.
Corey: Eh moi alors? Corey: And me?
Joe-Bob: Oh, pas toi, Corey. Joe-Bob: Oh, not you, Corey.
Tu n'es jamais You are never irritating!
empoisonnant!