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TUGAS BAHASA INGGRIS

Kelompok 3 :

Nurul Izzah Moedia 24117011


Sandra Emon Tambunan 22117034
Prita Anjani 22117039
Asri Suci Ningtias 24117016
Ummi Humaidatul Fikriyah H 22117037
Fathan Shidiq 24117018

INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI SUMATERA


2018
3D Printer

3D-printed materials commonly are soft and flexible during printing,


leaving printed walls susceptible to collapse or falling over. Akke
Suiker, professor in Applied Mechanics at Eindhoven University of
Technology, had a Eureka moment and saw the solution to this
structural problem. He developed a model with which engineers can
now easily determine the dimensions and printing speeds for which
printed wall structures remain stable. His formulae are so elementary
that they can become commonplace in the fast growing field of 3D
printing.

Conventional concrete deposited in formwork typically is allowed to


harden over period of several weeks. But 3D-printed concrete is not.
With no supporting formwork, it almost immediately has to bear the
weight of the subsequent layers of concrete that are printed on top of
it. Everybody can feel the tension rising in their body as the structure
gets higher.
Using his equations, Suiker is able to calculate how quickly he can lay
down printing layers, given the material curing characteristics and
wall dimensions -- of course without the structure collapsing. But he
can also calculate how to make the structure with as little material as
possible, and what the influence of structural irregularities is. Hence
the problem is tackled with a very elegant and insightful model.
When asked whether his results will be important for the field of 3D
printing, Suiker is without doubt. "They should be. The insights
provided by the model create essential basic knowledge for everyone
who prints 3D structures. For structural designers, engineering firms
but also, for example, for companies that print thin-walled plastic
prostheses of small dimensions, because that is where my equations
also apply."
Suiker validated his model with results of tests done with the 3D
concrete printer at Eindhoven University of Technology, carried out
by PhD student Rob Wolfs. He developed a computer model at the
same time as Suiker, with which he can also calculate the structural
behavior during the printing process, but based on the finite-element
method. It is reassuring for both researchers that the results from their
independently developed models mesh so well.
Wolfs' model is different in terms of application. It works well for a
detailed analysis of complex problems under specific printing
conditions, but due to the purely numerical character and the
requested computing time it is not so suitable for identifying the most
important effects of the printing process, and for mapping out overall
trends.

Text Analysis

1. Tenses

No Tenses Ket.
1. “Everybody can feel the tension
rising in their body as the
Simple Present Tense
structure gets higher”
(Paragraph 2)
2. “He developed a model with
which engineers can now easily
determine the dimensions and
Simple Past Tense printing speeds for which printed
wall structures remain stabl”.
(Paragraph 1)
3. ”Hence the problem is tackled
with a very elegant and insightful
Simple Past Tense model”. (Paragraph 3)

4. ”The insights provided by the


model create essential basic
Simple Past Tense knowledge for everyone who
prints 3D structures”.
(Paragraph 4)
5. “He developed a computer model
Simple Past Tense at the same time as Suiker”
(Paragraph 5)
2. Sentences

No. Sentence Ket.


1. “Wolfs' model is different in terms
Simple Sentence
of application”. (Paragraph 6)
2. “the problem is tackled with a very
Simple Sentence elegant and insightful model”.
(Paragraph 3)
3. “for companies that print thin-
walled plastic prostheses of small
dimensions, because that is where
Complex Sentence my equations also apply."
(Paragraph 4)

4. “When asked whether his results


will be important for the field of 3D
Complex Sentence
printing, Suiker is without doubt”.
(Paragraph 4)

3. References

No. Paragraph Refers To


1. 3D-printed materials commonly are soft
and flexible during printing, leaving
printed walls susceptible to collapse or
falling over. Akke Suiker, professor in
Applied Mechanics at Eindhoven
University of Technology, had a Eureka ● He refers to Akke
moment and saw the solution to this Suiker
structural problem. He developed a model ●His refers to Akke
with which engineers can now easily Suiker
determine the dimensions and printing
speeds for which printed wall structures
remain stable. His formulae are so
elementary that they can become
commonplace in the fast growing field of
3D printing.

2. Conventional concrete deposited in


formwork typically is allowed to harden
over period of several weeks. But 3D-
printed concrete is not. With no
supporting formwork, it almost ● It refers to 3D-
immediately has to bear the weight of the printed
subsequent layers of concrete that are
printed on top of it. Everybody can feel
the tension rising in their body as the
structure gets higher.
3. Using his equations, Suiker is able to
calculate how quickly he can lay down
printing layers, given the material curing
characteristics and wall dimensions -- of
course without the structure collapsing.
But he can also calculate how to make the ● His refers to Suiker
structure with as little material as ● He refers to Suiker
possible, and what the influence of
structural irregularities is. Hence the
problem is tackled with a very elegant and
insightful model.
4. When asked whether his results will be
● His refers to Suiker
important for the field of 3D printing,
●They refers to 3D
Suiker is without doubt. "They should be. Printing
The insights provided by the model create
essential basic knowledge for everyone
who prints 3D structures. For structural
designers, engineering firms but also, for
example, for companies that print thin-
walled plastic prostheses of small
dimensions, because that is where my
equations also apply."
5. Suiker validated his model with results of
tests done with the 3D concrete printer at
Eindhoven University of Technology,
carried out by PhD student Rob Wolfs.
He developed a computer model at the
same time as Suiker, with which he can ● His refers to Suiker
also calculate the structural behavior ●He refers to Rob
during the printing process, but based on Wolfs
the finite-element method. It is reassuring
for both researchers that the results from
their independently developed models
mesh so well.

6. Wolfs' model is different in terms of


application. It works well for a detailed
analysis of complex problems under
specific printing conditions, but due to the
purely numerical character and the ● It refers to Wolfs
requested computing time it is not so Model
suitable for identifying the most important
effects of the printing process, and for
mapping out overall trends.