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Working casts and dies

Presented by
Dr. Mohamed Abdel
Aziz
Lecturer of fixed
prosthodontics


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Die Preparation

The cast from which the die is made, is trimmed on a model


trimmer to remove all excess stone around the prepared tooth.

The cast is held by the base while cutting it down to form the
handle of the die, the handle of the die should be slightly large
i the
in th diameter
di t th
than th preparation.
the ti It sides
Its id should
h ld be b
parallel or slightly tapered toward the base, and should be
parallel to the long axis of the tooth, because if not parallel it
will be more difficult to adapt the wax pattern margins. The
handle is approximately one inch long

Trim the die gingival to the finish line of the preparation, this
area should be smooth and free from irregularities.
The contour of the die gingival to the finish line should
approximate that of the root to facilitate good axial contours in
the finished restoration.

. After the die has been trimmed, the finish line should be
highlighted with a sharp color bright red pencil, this facilitate
carving the margins of the wax pattern.

The die is then painted with a die strengthening material to


close the stone micro porosities , and harden it and decrease
scratching

. The preparation area of the die should be painted with a die


relief material to provide space for cement, a relief of 25 microns
is desired, the tooth preparation on the die is painted within 0.5
mm of the finish line.
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3-Di-Lok Tray

A snap-apart plastic tray with internal


orienting grooves and notches also can be
used to reassemble the working cast and die
•Pour the full arch impression with die stone, restricted
to u-shaped i.e., with no stone in the center, building up
to one inch.

•After setting, separate it from the impression. The u-


shaped cast, with an open lingual area must be trimmed
so that
th t it will
ill fit into
i t Di-Lok
Di L k tray.
t

•Trim the buccal side of the cast-on a model trimmer,


tapering toward the base, trim the lingual, then tray the
cast into Di-Lok tray to make sure that it will fit.
• One or two horizontal grooves are placed in the inner and
the outer aspects of the cast to provides undercuts for
holding the cast in stone in the tray, soak the base of the
cast in water for about 5 minutes. Mix yellow stone and
vibrate it into the tray until the tray is approximately three-
quarter full. Seat the cast into the tray. The cervical line of
the tooth should be about 4 mm above the edge of the tray
when the cast has been seated. d Remove excess stone.

• Remove the cast from the tray after complete hardening


Disassemble the tray, after the cast has been slightly
displaced, side it forward and remove it from the tray base.
• With the saw from the blade cut between the prepared
tooth and the adjacent tooth, starting from the
interdental papilla extend downward on a very slight
taper and approximately three-quarter of the way
through the stone base. Using finger pressure break the
die and attached teeth from the cast. Repeat the process
for every prepared tooth on the cast. Remove the excess
stone cervical to the finish line. And remove any stone
particles from the tray by brushing and dry it with
compressed air. Reassemble the dies and other parts of
the cast in the tray. Attach the tray to the articulator
using mounting plaster.
THANK YOU

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