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# Balance de Materiales para torre de Absorción

## 1. Los datos propuestos son los siguientes:

𝑌𝐴1 = 0.018 ; %𝐴𝐵𝑆 = 80%; ∆𝐻0 = 48 𝑐𝑚𝐻2𝑂 ; 𝑃𝑚𝑎𝑛 = 1 𝐾𝑔𝑓; %𝐸𝑋𝐶 = 70%

2. Cálculo de 𝑌𝐴2

%𝐴𝐵𝑆 80
𝑌𝐴2 = 𝑌𝐴1 ∗ (1 − ) = 0.018 ∗ (1 − ) = 0.0036
100 100

𝐿
3. Cálculo del valor de (𝐺𝑠 )
𝑠 𝑀𝐼𝑁

## 𝐿𝑠 𝑌𝐴2 − 𝑌𝐴1 0.018 − 0.0036

( ) = 𝑀𝐴𝑋 = = 1.006993
𝐺𝑠 𝑀𝐼𝑁 𝑋𝐴 − 𝑋𝐴2 0.0143 − 0

## 𝑃 = (585 + 35.3058)𝑚𝑚𝐻𝑔 = 620.3058𝑚𝑚𝐻𝑔

𝑘𝑔
𝑃 ∗ 𝑃𝑀 620.3058𝑚𝑚𝐻𝑔 ∗ 28.8 𝑚3
𝛿𝐴𝑖𝑟𝑒 = = 𝑘𝑚𝑜𝑙 = 0.9607
𝑅𝑇 𝑚𝑚𝐻𝑔 ∗ 𝑚3 𝑘𝑔
62.3636 ∗ (25 + 273.15𝐾)
𝐾𝑚𝑜𝑙 ∗ 𝐾

∆𝐻0 𝐿𝑡
𝑄𝐴𝑖𝑟𝑒 = 104√ = 735.085
𝛿𝐴𝑖𝑟𝑒 𝑚𝑖𝑛

𝐿𝑡 𝑔𝑟
𝑄𝐴𝑖𝑟𝑒 ∗ 𝛿𝐴𝑖𝑟𝑒 735.085 𝑚𝑖𝑛 ∗ 0.9607 𝑙𝑡 𝑚𝑜𝑙
𝐺𝑠 = = 𝑔𝑟 = 24.52
𝑃𝑀 28.8 𝑚𝑖𝑛
𝑚𝑜𝑙

## Calculo del Flujo mínimo de Absorbente 𝐿𝑠𝑚𝑖𝑛

𝐿𝑠 𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝑚𝑜𝑙
𝐿𝑠𝑚𝑖𝑛 = ( ) ∗ 𝐺𝑠 = 1.0069 ∗ 24.52 = 24.69
𝐺𝑠 𝑀𝐼𝑁 𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑖𝑛
Calcular Flujo de Operación

%𝐸𝑋𝐶 70 𝑚𝑜𝑙
𝐿𝑠𝑂𝑝 = 𝐿𝑠𝑚𝑖𝑛 ∗ (1 + ) = 24.6947 ∗ (1 + ) = 41.9810
100 100 𝑚𝑖𝑛

𝑚𝑜𝑙 1 𝐾𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝑘𝑔 1 𝑙𝑡
𝐿𝑠𝑂𝑝 = 41.9810 ( ) (18 )( ) = 0.7578
𝑚𝑖𝑛 1000 𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝑘𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝑘𝑔 𝑚𝑖𝑛
0.99713
𝑙𝑡

𝑙𝑡
2.1 → 100%
𝑚𝑖𝑛

𝑙𝑡
0.7578 →𝑥
𝑚𝑖𝑛

𝑥 = 36.08%

## 6. Cálculo del flujo del soluto (amoniaco) 𝐺𝐴1

𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝑚𝑜𝑙
𝐺𝐴1 = 𝑌𝐴1 ∗ 𝐺𝑠 = 0.018 ∗ 24.52 = 0.4414
𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑖𝑛

## Ecuación de calibración del rotámetro.

𝑃𝑓
𝑄𝑁𝐻3 = 41 ∗ √
𝑇𝑓
A condiciones standard:

𝑆𝑇𝐷
760 𝑚𝑚𝐻𝑔 𝑙𝑡
𝑄𝑁𝐻 = 41 ∗ √ = 65.8583
3
21.4 + 273.15 𝑚𝑖𝑛
7. Corrección a condiciones de operación

𝑂𝑝 𝑃𝑂𝑝 𝑆𝑇𝐷
𝑃 𝑆𝑇𝐷
𝑄𝑁𝐻 ∗ = 𝑄𝑁𝐻3 ∗
3 𝑇 𝑂𝑝 𝑇𝑆𝑇𝐷

𝑂𝑝 𝑆𝑇𝐷
𝑃 𝑆𝑇𝐷 ∗ 𝑇 𝑂𝑝
𝑄𝑁𝐻 = 𝑄𝑁𝐻 ∗
3 3
𝑇𝑆𝑇𝐷 ∗ 𝑃𝑂𝑝

## 𝑂𝑝 𝑙𝑡 760 𝑚𝑚𝐻𝑔 ∗ 298.15

𝑄𝑁𝐻 = 65.9031 ∗( ) = 38.3656
3 𝑚𝑖𝑛 294.55 𝐾 ∗ 1320.5592 𝑚𝑚𝐻𝑔

## Convertir a gasto molar:

𝑃𝑉 = 𝑛𝑅𝑇

𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝑚𝑚𝐻𝑔 𝐿𝑡
𝐺𝑛𝑅𝑇 (0.4414 𝑚𝑖𝑛) (298.15 𝐾) (62.3636 𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝐾 ) 𝑙𝑡
𝐺𝑉 = = = 6.21
𝑃 1320.5592 𝑚𝑚𝐻𝑔 𝑚𝑖𝑛

𝑙𝑡
35.3656 → 100%
𝑚𝑖𝑛

𝑙𝑡
6.21 →𝑥
𝑚𝑖𝑛

𝑥 = 16.2%