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137621-120
S.E. (Mech.) (II Seni,) EXAMINATION, 2010
STRENGTH OF MACHINE ELEMENTS
(2008couRsE)
Time Four Hours Maxirnum Marks : 100
N.B. :- (i) Answer tffrreequestionsfrom Section I and.three questions
from Section II.
(li) Answers to the two Sectionsshould be written in separate
answer-books.
(ili) Neat diagrams must be drawn wherever necessary.
(iu) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
(u) Use of logarithmic tables,slide rule, Mollier charts, electronic
pocket calculator and steam tables is allowed.
(ui) Assume suitable data, if necessary.

SECTION I
I]MT 1
1. (a) Draw typical stress-straindiagramfor ductile material indicating
all salient features. 141
(b) A steel circular bar PQRS fixed rigidly at P and S bar is
subject6d to axial loads of 60 kN and 120 k N a t Q a n d R
as shown in Fig. 1. Find the loads shared by each part of

P.T.O.
the bar and the displacementof the points Q and R. Tale
E for steel 207 kN/mm". t6l

Fig. 1
(c) A rod 12.5 mm in diameter is stretched by 3.20 mm under
a steady loatl of 10,000 N" What siress would be produced
in the bar by a weight of 700 N falling through 75 mm before
commencing to stretch the rod if it is initially unstressed'
The value of E may be taken as 2.1 x 105 N/mm2' , t6l

Z, (a) Define and exPlain :


(1) Factor of safetY
(2) Margrn of safetY. t41
(b) A bar of steel is 40 mm x 40 mm in section and is 120
mm long. It is subjectedto a tensile load of 200 kN along
the longitudinal axis and tensile loads of 500 kN and 400 kN
on the lateral faces.
(1) Find- the change in dimensions of the bar and change rn
volume.
(2) Find also what axial longitudinal tensile load acting along
(1)' [6]
can produce the same longrtudinai strain as in
9
137621-120
(c) A steel bar is square in cross-sectionhaving side 4p mm,
'4 m long is heated through 75"C with its
ends clamp
.before heating. Calculate the thxust exerted by the bar on
clamps:

(i) If the clamps do not yield

(it) ll the clamps yield by 0.75 mm

Take E = 200 GPa a.nd cr = 11.5 x 104/'C. t6l


IINTT 2

3. (a) lihow that tbr a simply supported beam of length / subjected


to a central concentrated load W, deflection at mid span is
given by :

w3
" 48EI
method,
(6)

\c)

Fig.'2

. 13762)-120 o P.T.O.
' O r

4. \o') For the simply supported beam shown il Fig. 3, find


(i) Slope at each end
(ii) Deflections at C & D
Take E = 200 kN/mm2 and I = 6.50 x 108 mm4. tlol

48tN

zm--1.-- am*f.- 4m

(b) Draw shear force o-A handino momont diagram for the beam
shown in Fig. 4. t81

rskNm
10kN/m

Eio 4

T]NIT 3
5. (a) DiscussVon Mises criteria for failure in ductile materials' [6]
(b) . . TVo planes AB and BC' which are at right angles carry shear
stressesof intensity 17.5N/nm2 while theseplanesalso carry
a tensile stress of ?0 N/mmz and a compressivestress of
137621-120 4
r?.6N,/Erf,

r7.!x/Ed

Fig. 5
' O r

'bending
6. (a) shaft subjected to a moment of
torque of 16 kN.m. Design the diarreter of

225 MPa and factor


t8l

137621-120. P.T.O.
(b) At a point in a strained material, the principal stresses are
200 MPa (cornpressive) and 350 MPa (tensile)' Deternine the
intensity of normal tangentiai and resultant stresses on a plane
inctined at 38" to the plane carrying 200 MPa stress' Solve
bv .Mohr's circle method. (Ref. Fie' 6) 8

Iri d 6

SECTION II

UNIT 4

(a) Consitlerthe beamsubjectedto pure bendingby bendingmoment


M and radius, of cuwature of neutral layer R, MI' is I and
modulus of elasticity E' Derive an equation for magnitu$e of
tAl
bending moment M in terms of E,I.R.

(b) A steel beam of I sectionis 600 mm deep' Each flange is


250 mm wide and 25 mm thick. The beam sectionis subjected
to a shear force of 500 kN. Determine shear stress tlistribution

137621-t20
for the beam section when the web is horizontal. (Ref. Fig. 7) [10]

i
Fig. 7
Or
8. (a) For a hollow circular section whose external dia. is twice the
internal diameter, find the ratio of maximum shear stress to
average shear stress. t6l
(b) A horizontal beam of sectionis 3 m long an<lis simply supported
at the ends.Find the maximuniudl it can carry if the compressive
and tensile stress must not exceed55 N/mrn2 and 30 N/mm2
respectively.Draw a diagram showingthe variation of stress
over mid span section of beam. (Ref. Fig. 8) 1101

25mm 25mm
H

I
.l
trrrl

|7
13762.1-L20 P.T.O.
. IJNIT 6

9. (c) A bar of length 4 m is used as simply supported beam and

subjected to u.d.l. of 30 kN/m over the whole span, deflects

15 mm at centre. Determine buckling loads when it is used

as column with the followine end conditions :

(i) Both ends are pin jointed

(ii) One end fixed and other end hinged

(lii) Both ends ffxed. t8l

@) Comparethe weights of equal lengths of hollow and solid shaft

to resist sametorsionalmomentfor samemaximum shearstress.

Assume internal diameter 0.8 times the external diameter for

hollow shaft. l8l

Or

10. (a) State the limitations of Euler's formula. Hence derive Rankine

formula for long as well as short columns to overcomethe

limitations. t8l

(b) A 70 mm diameter steel rod ABC of 4 m length has brass

sleeve of I.D. ?0 mm and 10 mm wall thickness for portion

AB of 2 m length. Assuming secure bonding between rod and

sleeve, find torques T that can be applied at the ends in

t37621-120
not exceeded 110 MPa

between the ends of shaft limited to

TRl

Il. (a)

(b)

(c)

' O r
L2. (a) Explain any three of t]ne following terms in short for design

of simple machine parts :

(j) Creativity in design

(ii) Product life cycle

(iii) Selection of f.o.s.

(iu) Service factor. t6l


1s7621-120 o P.T.O.
(D) uesrgn a KnucKle .tornt for a tie rod of circular section for

a maximum pull of 70 kN'. Thd ultimate str'eagth of material

: I bgairist tearing.is 420 N/mmz. The shearing strength of material

is 396 N/mm?. Take f.o.s. = 6. ' ' t8l

(c) Write a short note on designof componentsubjectedto eccentrjc

'10