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# Total No. of Questions—12] [Total No.

of Printed Pages—8+3
[4062]-119
S.E. (Mech./Mech S/w) EXAMINATION, 2011

## (For Mechanical Branch-II Sem. and

For Mechanical Sandwich–I Sem.)

## STRENGTH OF MACHINE ELEMENTS

(2008 PATTERN)
Time : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 100

N.B. :— (i) Answer three questions from Section I and three questions
from Section II.

## (iv) Use of logarithmic tables, slide rule, Mollier charts, electronic

pocket calculator and steam tables is allowed.

SECTION I
UNIT I

## (iv) Statistically inderminate structures.

P.T.O.
(b) A rod of steel is 20 meters long at a temperature of 20°C.
Find the free expansion of the rod when the temperature is
raised by 65°C. Find the temperature stress produced :

## Take α = 12 × 10–6 per °C, E = 2 × 105 N/mm2. [6]

(c) A solid right circular cone hangs vertically and its diameter
base is hang at the ceiling as shown in Fig. 1. Derive the
expression for strain energy stored in bar due to its self
weight. Assume specific weight of the cone is γ and modulus
of elasticity as ‘E’. [6]

Fig. 1
Or

2. (a) Derive the equation for the relation between modulus of elasticity
and bulk modulus. [4]

## (b) Calculate the modulus of rigidity and bulk modulus of a cylindrical

bar diameter 30 mm and length 1.5 meter if a longitudinal

[4062]-119 2
strain in the bar during a tensile test is four times the lateral
strain. Find the change in volume, when the bar is subjected
to a hydrostatic pressure of 100 N/mm2. Take E = 1 × 105
N/mm2. [6]

## (c) Water under pressure 8 N/mm2 is suddenly admitted on to

a plunger of 80 mm diameter, attached to a rod of 25 mm
diameter, 2.5 meter long. Find the maximum instantaneous stress
developed and deformation of the rod. Take E = 210 GPa. [6]

UNIT II

3. (a) The shear force diagram for a beam is shown in Fig. 2. Identify
bending moment diagrams and determine the position and
magnitude of maximum bending moment and position of any
point of contraflexures. [10]

195 kN

120 kN

⊕ ⊕

A B –
C D

165 kN
6m 2m

Fig. 2
[4062]-119 3 P.T.O.
(b) Derive the equations for slope and maximum deflection for
a simply supported beam ‘AB’ of length ‘L’ carrying a uniformly
distributed load ‘w’ N/m over its entire span, as shown in
Fig. 3. [8]

wN/m

Fig. 3

Or

## 4. (a) The beam ABC as shown in Fig. 4 is hinged to the wall at

‘A’. A vertical bracket ‘BD’ is firmly fixed to the beam at
‘B’ and ‘DE’ is hinged to the bracket at ‘D’ and the wall at
‘E’. Draw shear force and bending moment diagrams for the
beam ABC when it carries an uniformly distributed load of
30 kN/m over portion ‘AB’ as shown in Fig. 4 and a point
load of 30 kN at ‘C’. [10]

Fig. 4

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(b) A rolled steel joist 600 mm × 210 mm is simply supported

[8]

UNIT III

## direct stresses in two mutually perpendicular directions as shown

in Fig. 5. [6]

σy

σx
σx

σy

Fig. 5

[4062]-119 5 P.T.O.
(b) A square pin is required to resist a pull of 40 kN and a
shear force of 15 kN. Derive a suitable section (i.e. side of
a square pin) according to strain energy theory. Maximum elastic
stress in tension is 350 N/mm2. Poisson’s ratio is 0.3 and factor
of safety of 2.5. [8]
(c) Define :
(i) Principle planes
(ii) Principle stresses. [2]

Or

## 6. (a) Explain : [8]

(i) Maximum principle stress theory
(ii) Maximum shear stress theory.
(b) Fig. 6 shows normal and tangential stresses on two planes.
Determine the principal stresses. [8]

D
F
2
26.8 N/mm
58.2
2 2
N/mm 107.5 N/mm

Fig. 6

[4062]-119 6
SECTION II

UNIT IV

## as shown in Fig. 7(b). Compute shear stresses at critical points

60 mm
in the section
90 kN-m 15 mm and plot the shear stress variation. [8]
50 kN-m
15 mm
1m 60 mm
90 mm
15 mm
A 0.5 m 0.5 m
C B
15 mm
15 mm
90 mm

15 mm

## Fig. 7(a) Fig. 7(b)

[4062]-119 7 P.T.O.
Or

## 8. (a) A section used for machine component is as shown in

Fig. 8. The machine component is used as a simply supported
beam with 4 m length and carries a uniformly distributed load
throughout the span. If allowable stresses in tension and
compression are 25 MPa and 45 MPa respectively. Calculate
the intensity of uniformly distributed load. [8]

Fig 8
(b) A simply supported beam having I section as shown in Fig. 9
carries a central load ‘w’ kN over a span of ‘L’ m. If the
maximum shear stress is to be 45 N/mm2 when maximum bending
stress is 150 N/mm2. Calculate the value of central applied
load ‘w’ and span ‘L’. [8]

Fig 9
[4062]-119 8
UNIT V

## in each material (iii) Angle of twist at B. [8]

Gsteel = 79 GPa
GBrass = 40 GPa
Fig. 10

(b) From the first principle, derive equation for Euler load PE

for a column with lower end fixed and upper end hinged.

## L is the length of equivalent pin ended i.e. column carrying

Or

10. (a) A solid shaft of 160 mm diameter has the same cross-sectional

## of same angular velocity

[4062]-119 9 P.T.O.
(ii) Compare angle of twist in equal lengths of these shafts

## (b) A solid circular bar 25 m long and 120 mm diameter was

found to extend 1.2 mm under tensile load of 52 kN. The
bar is used as strut. Determine crippling load and also safe

UNIT VI

## is made of plain carbon steel with yield strength in tension

380 N/mm2. Design the joint with factor of safety 2.5. Assume

[4062]-119 10
Or

## stress in the beam when it is subjected to a moment of 45

kN-mm. [8]

[4062]-119 11 P.T.O.

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