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S.E. (Mech./Mech S/w) EXAMINATION, 2011

(For Mechanical Branch-II Sem. and


For Mechanical Sandwich–I Sem.)

STRENGTH OF MACHINE ELEMENTS


(2008 PATTERN)
Time : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 100

N.B. :— (i) Answer three questions from Section I and three questions
from Section II.

(ii) Answers to the two Sections should be written in separate


answer-books.

(iii) Neat diagrams must be drawn wherever necessary.

(iv) Use of logarithmic tables, slide rule, Mollier charts, electronic


pocket calculator and steam tables is allowed.

(v) Assume suitable data, if necessary.

SECTION I
UNIT I

1. (a) Define the following terms : [4]

(i) Modulus of Rigidity

(ii) Margin of Safety

(iii) Poisson’s ratio

(iv) Statistically inderminate structures.

P.T.O.
(b) A rod of steel is 20 meters long at a temperature of 20°C.
Find the free expansion of the rod when the temperature is
raised by 65°C. Find the temperature stress produced :

(i) when the expansion of rod is prevented

(ii) when the rod is permitted to expand by 5.8 mm.

Take α = 12 × 10–6 per °C, E = 2 × 105 N/mm2. [6]

(c) A solid right circular cone hangs vertically and its diameter
base is hang at the ceiling as shown in Fig. 1. Derive the
expression for strain energy stored in bar due to its self
weight. Assume specific weight of the cone is γ and modulus
of elasticity as ‘E’. [6]

Fig. 1
Or

2. (a) Derive the equation for the relation between modulus of elasticity
and bulk modulus. [4]

(b) Calculate the modulus of rigidity and bulk modulus of a cylindrical


bar diameter 30 mm and length 1.5 meter if a longitudinal

[4062]-119 2
strain in the bar during a tensile test is four times the lateral
strain. Find the change in volume, when the bar is subjected
to a hydrostatic pressure of 100 N/mm2. Take E = 1 × 105
N/mm2. [6]

(c) Water under pressure 8 N/mm2 is suddenly admitted on to


a plunger of 80 mm diameter, attached to a rod of 25 mm
diameter, 2.5 meter long. Find the maximum instantaneous stress
developed and deformation of the rod. Take E = 210 GPa. [6]

UNIT II

3. (a) The shear force diagram for a beam is shown in Fig. 2. Identify
the location and nature of supports. Draw the loading and
bending moment diagrams and determine the position and
magnitude of maximum bending moment and position of any
point of contraflexures. [10]

195 kN

120 kN

⊕ ⊕

A B –
C D

165 kN
6m 2m

Fig. 2
[4062]-119 3 P.T.O.
(b) Derive the equations for slope and maximum deflection for
a simply supported beam ‘AB’ of length ‘L’ carrying a uniformly
distributed load ‘w’ N/m over its entire span, as shown in
Fig. 3. [8]

wN/m

Fig. 3

Or

4. (a) The beam ABC as shown in Fig. 4 is hinged to the wall at


‘A’. A vertical bracket ‘BD’ is firmly fixed to the beam at
‘B’ and ‘DE’ is hinged to the bracket at ‘D’ and the wall at
‘E’. Draw shear force and bending moment diagrams for the
beam ABC when it carries an uniformly distributed load of
30 kN/m over portion ‘AB’ as shown in Fig. 4 and a point
load of 30 kN at ‘C’. [10]

Fig. 4

[4062]-119 4
(b) A rolled steel joist 600 mm × 210 mm is simply supported

at its ends on a span of 10 meters and carries a uniformly

distributed load of 12.5 kN/m run including its own weight.

If the maximum deflection is not to exceed 20 mm and the

maximum stress due to bending is not to exceed 140 N/mm2.

Find the greatest value of an additional concentrated load which

may be added to the joist to the middle of the span. For

a joist, take IXX = 7.2868 × 108 mm4 and E = 2 × 105 N/mm2.

[8]

UNIT III

5. (a) Derive the expressions for normal and shear stresses on an

oblique plane of a rectangular body which is subjected to two

direct stresses in two mutually perpendicular directions as shown

in Fig. 5. [6]

σy

σx
σx

σy

Fig. 5

[4062]-119 5 P.T.O.
(b) A square pin is required to resist a pull of 40 kN and a
shear force of 15 kN. Derive a suitable section (i.e. side of
a square pin) according to strain energy theory. Maximum elastic
stress in tension is 350 N/mm2. Poisson’s ratio is 0.3 and factor
of safety of 2.5. [8]
(c) Define :
(i) Principle planes
(ii) Principle stresses. [2]

Or

6. (a) Explain : [8]


(i) Maximum principle stress theory
(ii) Maximum shear stress theory.
(b) Fig. 6 shows normal and tangential stresses on two planes.
Determine the principal stresses. [8]

D
F
2
26.8 N/mm
58.2
2 2
N/mm 107.5 N/mm

Fig. 6

[4062]-119 6
SECTION II

UNIT IV

7. (a) What is pure bending ? Write the assumption made in pure

bending for the beam. Derive an equation for bending moment

M in terms of Modulus of elasicity E, Radius of curvature

R and Moment of inertia I. [8]

(b) A ‘C’ section shown in Fig. 7 (a) is used as a beam of 1 m

length, fixed at one end and free at the other. It carries

90 kN vertical load at free end and a couple of 50 kNm

as shown in Fig. 7(b). Compute shear stresses at critical points


60 mm
in the section
90 kN-m 15 mm and plot the shear stress variation. [8]
50 kN-m
15 mm
1m 60 mm
90 mm
15 mm
A 0.5 m 0.5 m
C B
15 mm
15 mm
90 mm

15 mm

Fig. 7(a) Fig. 7(b)

[4062]-119 7 P.T.O.
Or

8. (a) A section used for machine component is as shown in


Fig. 8. The machine component is used as a simply supported
beam with 4 m length and carries a uniformly distributed load
throughout the span. If allowable stresses in tension and
compression are 25 MPa and 45 MPa respectively. Calculate
the intensity of uniformly distributed load. [8]

Fig 8
(b) A simply supported beam having I section as shown in Fig. 9
carries a central load ‘w’ kN over a span of ‘L’ m. If the
maximum shear stress is to be 45 N/mm2 when maximum bending
stress is 150 N/mm2. Calculate the value of central applied
load ‘w’ and span ‘L’. [8]

Fig 9
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UNIT V

9. (a) A composite shaft ABC is fixed at ends A and C as shown

in Fig. 10. It is subjected to 500 Nm torque at B. Determine

(i) Relative torque at A and B (ii) Maximum shear stress

in each material (iii) Angle of twist at B. [8]

Gsteel = 79 GPa
GBrass = 40 GPa
Fig. 10

(b) From the first principle, derive equation for Euler load PE

for a column with lower end fixed and upper end hinged.

Hence show that effective length of this column is 0.707L where

L is the length of equivalent pin ended i.e. column carrying

same load. [8]

Or

10. (a) A solid shaft of 160 mm diameter has the same cross-sectional

area as that of hollow shaft of the same material of inside

diameter 110 mm.

(i) Find the ratio of power transmitted by the two shafts

of same angular velocity

[4062]-119 9 P.T.O.
(ii) Compare angle of twist in equal lengths of these shafts

when stressed equally. [8]

(b) A solid circular bar 25 m long and 120 mm diameter was


found to extend 1.2 mm under tensile load of 52 kN. The
bar is used as strut. Determine crippling load and also safe

load taking F.O.S. 3 with the following end condition :

(i) Both ends are fixed

(ii) One end fixed and other end hinged

(iii) Both ends are pin Jointed.

Use Euler’s equation. [8]

UNIT VI

11. (a) Explain briefly the requisites of Design Engineer. [4]

(b) Explain briefly the various phases involved in the process of

design of machine elements. [4]

(c) A knuckle joint is subjected to an axial load of 25 kN. It

is made of plain carbon steel with yield strength in tension

380 N/mm2. Design the joint with factor of safety 2.5. Assume

the compressive strength of the material to be 20% more than

the tensile strength. Allowable shear stress is 0.577 of the

tensile strength of the material. [10]

[4062]-119 10
Or

12. (a) Write a short note on preferred size. [4]

(b) Explain the term ‘Design for Environment’. [6]

(c) A beam of circular cross-section of dia. 12 mm has its centre

line curved to radius 60 mm. Find the intensity of maximum

stress in the beam when it is subjected to a moment of 45

kN-mm. [8]

[4062]-119 11 P.T.O.