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Bolt Depot - Bolt Grade Markings and Strength Chart http://www.boltdepot.com/fastener-information/Materials-and-Grades/...

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Nominal Mechanical Properties


Grade and Size
Head Marking Proof Min. Yield Min. Tensile
Material Range Load Strength Strength
(inches) (psi) (psi) (psi)

US Bolts

1/4 thru 3/4 55,000 57,000 74,000


Grade 2
Low or medium Over 3/4 thru
carbon steel 33,000 36,000 60,000
1-1/2
No Markings

1/4 thru 1 85,000 92,000 120,000


Grade 5
Medium Carbon
Steel, Quenched Over 1 thru
74,000 81,000 105,000
and Tempered 1-1/2
3 Radial Lines

Grade 8
Medium Carbon 1/4 thru
Alloy Steel, 120,000 130,000 150,000
1-1/2
Quenched and
6 Radial Lines Tempered

40,000 Min. 100,000 –


1/4 thru 5/8 80,000 – 125,000
90,000 Typical Typical
18-8 Stainless
Stainless markings
Steel alloy with 100,000
vary. Most stainless is 3/4 thru 1
17-19% Chromium 40,000 Min. Typical
non-magnetic
and 8-13% Nickel 45,000 – 80,000 –
Above 1 70,000 Typical 90,000
Typical

Nominal Mechanical Properties


Class and Size
Head Marking Proof Min. Yield Min. Tensile
Material Range Load Strength Strength
(mm) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa)

Metric bolts

All Sizes 640 800


Class 8.8 below 16mm
580
Medium Carbon
Steel, Quenched
16mm -
and Tempered 600 660 830
8.8 72mm

1 of 2 15-Feb-10 03:35 PM
Bolt Depot - Bolt Grade Markings and Strength Chart http://www.boltdepot.com/fastener-information/Materials-and-Grades/...

Class 10.9
Alloy Steel, 5mm - 940 1040
830
Quenched and 100mm
Tempered
10.9

Class 12.9
Alloy Steel, 1.6mm - 1100 1220
970
12.9 Quenched and 100mm
Tempered

Stainless markings
vary. Most stainless is A-2 Stainless
210 Min. 500 Min.
non-magnetic. Steel alloy with 17- All Sizes thru 450 Typical 700 Typical
19% Chromium 20mm
Usually stamped A-2 and 8-13% Nickel

Tensile Strength: The maximum load in tension (pulling apart) which a material can withstand before
breaking or fracturing.

Yield Strength: The maximum load at which a material exhibits a specific permanent deformation

Proof Load: An axial tensile load which the product must withstand without evidence of any permanent set.

1MPa = 1N/mm2 = 145 pounds/inch2

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2 of 2 15-Feb-10 03:35 PM