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Proceedings of the

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENERGY,


ENVIRONMENT AND INDUSTRIAL SAFETY
(ICEEIS)

SALVATIO '18
Department of Applied Science and Technology
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai, India
February 22-23, 2018

Editors
Dr.J.Jayapriya, Dr.S.Kalaiselvam, Dr.S.Sivanesan

ISBN: 978-93-5291-459-3
International
Conference on
Energy, Environment &
Industrial Safety,
(ICEEIS)

SALVATIO ‘18

Organized by

DEPARTMENT OF APPLIED SCIENCE


AND TECHNOLOGY
AC TECH, ANNA UNIVERSITY
CHENNAI, INDIA
International Conference on Energy, Environment & Industrial Safety, ICEEIS 2018
SALVATIO ‘18
February 22-23, 2018
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
A.C.Tech, Anna University, Chennai- 25.

Organizing Committee, ICEEIS 2018

Chief Patron Vice Chancellor


Anna University, Chennai

Patron Dr. S. Ganesan


Registrar, Anna University, Chennai

Co – Patron Dr. S. Sivanesan


Dean, AC Tech,
Anna University, Chennai

Convener Dr.S.Kalaiselvam
HOD,DAST, AC Tech
Organizing Secretary Dr. J.Jayapriya
Associate Professor
DAST, AC Tech

Programme committee Dr.M.Dharmendira Kumar


Assistant Professor (SG)

Dr.V.Charles Augustine
Assistant Professor

Dr.C.Jayakumar
Teaching Fellow

Mr.R.Rajkumar
Teaching Fellow

Mr.I.Pragatheeshwar
Teaching Fellow

Mr.M.Bhuvanesh
Teaching Fellow
International Conference on Energy, Environment & Industrial Safety, ICEEIS 2018
SALVATIO ‘18
February 22-23, 2018
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
A.C.Tech, Anna University, Chennai- 25.
PROGRAMME SCHEDULE
DAY – 1 (22/02/ 2018)
TIME EVENTS
8.00 am
REGISTRATION
Venue: A.C.Tech
INAUGURATION
9.15 am - 10.30 am Chief Guest
Venue: Raman Mr. Ranganath N K
Auditorium Managing Director
Grundfos Pumps India Pvt. Ltd.
10.30 am - 11.00 am Tea Break

Invited Talk - 01
by
11.00 am - 11.45 am Mr. Rajesh Sankaranarayanan
Manager – Application Engineering (MC)
Venue: Raman
Auditorium
BASF Catalyst India Pvt. Ltd.,Chennai.
on
AUTO CATALYSTS - AIR POLLUTION CONTROL
Invited Talk – 02
by
11.45 am - 12.30 pm Mr.P.Sridhar
Territory Business Manager
Venue: Raman ABBOTT HEALTH CARE
Auditorium VadaPerumbakkam, Chennai- 600052.
on
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND HEALTH PERSPECTIVES
Invited Talk-03
by
12.30 pm - 1.15 pm Mr.Arjuna Perera
Founder-Director, Sepa (pvt) Ltd.
Venue: Raman 39/8, Edmonton Road,Colombo-
Road,Colombo 0500500,SRI LANKA
Auditorium on
SEPAES – A Rural Community Centered Terra-Forming
Terra Forming Industrial Ecology for
Re engineering Climate Change and Global Adversities.
Re-engineering
1.15 pm - 2.00 pm Lunch Break

TECHNICAL SESSION
2.00 pm - 5.00 pm
Venue : Raman
Session I- Solid Waste Management
Auditorium
Guest Lecture :Dr.P.Saiprasad, TNPCB,Chennai.
Session II- Renewable & Non Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation
Guest Lecture :G.Vaidyanathan, IGCAR, Kalpakkam.
Hall – 104
2.00 pm - 5.00 pm
Session III- Water pollution Control and Session III- Water pollution Control
Venue :
Treatment -A and Treatment -B
Umayal Ramanathan Hall - 106 Hall - 107
Teaching complex
Session IV-Frontiers of Chemical Sciences
and Engineering Session V-Environmental Impact
Assessment
Guest Lecture: Dr.S.P.Selvam,
PCRA, Chennai. Hall -110
Hall -108
3.00 pm - 5.00 pm
Session - POSTER PRESENTATION
Venue:
Hall – 111
Umayal Ramanathan
Teaching complex

DAY – 2 (23/02/ 2018)


TIME EVENT
Invited Talk – 04
by
Mrs. Sharmila Devadoss
9.15 am – 10.00 am
Managing Director, Medio Tek Health systems pvt ltd.
Venue :Raman Auditorium
on
DIGITIZING OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH SCREENING AND COMPLIANCE
Invited Talk – 05
by
10.00 am – 10.45am Mr. NV. Subba Rao
Chief Executive , Cholamandalam MS Risk Services.
Venue :Raman Auditorium
on
SAFETY IN PROCESS INDUSTRIES

10.45 am – 11.00 am TEA


Invited Talk – 06
by
11:00 am - 11:45 am Mr.K. Boopathi
Additional Director, Wind Resource Assessment & Offshore Unit
Venue : Raman
Auditorium National Institute of Wind Energy
on
WIND ENERGY SOURCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Invited Talk – 07
by
Mr.P. Rajmohan
11:45 am - 12:30 pm
DGM – HSE,
Venue : Raman
Auditorium
Toshiba JSW Power Systems Pvt. Ltd
on
ELECTRICAL RISK PREVENTION

Invited Talk – 08
by
Mr. R. Rammohan
12:30 pm-1:15 pm
GM – OHS,
Venue : Raman Renault Nissan Automotive India Pvt Ltd
Auditorium on
SAFETY CULTURE BUILDING AND BEHAVIOUR BASED SAFETY
1.15 pm – 2.00 pm LUNCH

2.00 pm – 5.00 pm Session VI –Risk Assessment and Control


Venue : Raman Guest Lecture :Mr.B. Arunachalam
Auditorium Expert Trainer in Safety Management System
Session VII – Catalytic Materials
Guest Lecture : Dr.G.Gopalakrishnan
UPES, Dehradun
2.00 pm –5.00 pm Hall – 104
Venue: Umayal Ramanathan
Teaching complex
Session VIII – Waste Recycling and Reuse Session IX – Air Pollution and Control
Hall – 106 Hall – 107
Session X- Environmental Toxicology and Biological Catalysis
Hall-108
5:00 pm – 5.30 pm
Valediction
Venue: Raman Auditorium
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SESSION I- SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

ICEEIS SWM - 01 ..................................................................................................23


NANOWASTE
Saravanan J*
ICEEIS SWM - 02 ..................................................................................................24
LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
OF MADURAI CITY
T.Divyasri* and T.Vel Rajan
ICEEIS SWM - 03 ..................................................................................................25
STABILIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL SLUDGE
N.Faustina* , T.Vel Rajan
ICEEIS SWM - 04 ..................................................................................................27
INTEGRATION OF CARBON FOOTPRINT IN FOOD WASTE: AN LCA APPROACH
P Krithiga* & G .Senthil Kumar
ICEEIS SWM - 05 ..................................................................................................28
MANAGEMENT OF NON-BIODEGRADABLE MATERIAL BY USING MICROBES IN
CLAY SOIL
Nandhini.K* and Viji.R
ICEEIS SWM - 06 ..................................................................................................29
INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT - A CASE STUDY ON DINDIGUL,
TAMILNADU, INDIA
Selvabharathi. G *, Jeeva Senrayan and Anbarasi Karunanithi
ICEEIS SWM - 07 ..................................................................................................30
ASSESSING MISMANAGEMENT OF SOLID WASTE IN THAMIRAPARANI RIVER
BASIN FOR BETTER RIVER HEALTH
M. Rajive , V. Punitha , E. Rajkumar, S. Gopikumar*
ICEEIS SWM - 08 ..................................................................................................31
ADOPTING ENVIRONMENTAL COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES FOR SOLID WASTE
MANAGEMENT IN URBAN SCHOOLS
Sunitha Kuppuswamy*
ICEEIS SWM - 09 ..................................................................................................32
ENERGY BALANCE ASSESSMENT ON MASS BURNING OF MUNICIPAL SOLID
WASTE
Manimekalai* and Kurian joseph*
ICEEIS SWM - 10 ..................................................................................................33
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SMART WASTE SEPARATION SYSTEM USING
PICK AND PLACE ROBO
K. Dhayalini*, R. Mukesh
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 11 ..................................................................................................34


FABRICATION OF NOVEL HIGH EFFICIENT SUPERCAPACITOS BASED ON
ACTIVATED CARBONS FROM NEEM LEAF WASTE
R.Poonguzhali*, M.Shanmugam, R.Gobi and G.Sivakumar
ICEEIS SWM - 12 ..................................................................................................35
VALORIZATION OF COCONUT SHELL ASH WASTE AS POTENTIAL RAW
MATERIALS FOR REINFORCED CERAMIC ELECTRICAL INSULATORS
M. Shanmugam*, G. Sivakumar, K.Mohanraj, M. Indhira and R. Elumalai
ICEEIS SWM - 13 ..................................................................................................36
COMPOSTING - AN EFFICIENT TECHNIQUE IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
R. Pavithra, R. Srimathy, M.Gokulakrishnan and K.Anbarasi*
ICEEIS SWM - 14 ..................................................................................................37
BIOFUEL PRODUCTION FROM FRUIT WASTE AND EXTRACTION USING IONIC
LIQUIDS
A.Brinda Lakshmi*, M.Hemalatha

SESSION II- RENEWABLE & NON RENEWABLE ENERGY AND


ENERGY CONSERVATION

ICEEIS ENERGY 01 .............................................................................................39


WIND POWER ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN
KASARAGOD, KERALA, INDIA
Gado, A.A*, Anbazhagi, M and Muthukumar, M1.
ICEEIS ENERGY 02 .............................................................................................41
OPTIMIZATION OF CIGS HETERO-JUNCTION THIN FILM FOR SOLAR CELL
APPLICATION
M.S.Revathy*, T.Prem Kumar and T.Chitravel
ICEEIS ENERGY 03 .............................................................................................42
DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF POULTRY INCUBATOR WITH PHASE CHANGE
MATERIAL USING RENEWABLE ENERGY
S.Sivakumar*, C.Velmurugan
ICEEIS ENERGY 04 .............................................................................................43
DESIGN OF HIGH EFFICIENT DC-DC CONVERTER FOR SOLAR BASED ELECTRIC
VEHICLE BATTERY CHARGING APPLICATION
J.Gopi*, C.Krishnakumar and L.Jebaraj
ICEEIS ENERGY 05 .............................................................................................44
BIODIESEL - SOLUTION FOR ENERGY CRISIS
Elsa Cherian, Ms.G Kalavathy, D Yazhini and Merlin Victor
ICEEIS ENERGY 06 .............................................................................................46
2
ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

GENERATION OF BIOENERGY FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER


M. Naveen Kumar*, K.Senthil Kumar, V.Chitra Devi, and S. Mothil
ICEEIS ENERGY 07 .............................................................................................47
INVESTIGATION TO IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE
USING PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL
P.Sarathkumar*, M.Raja
ICEEIS ENERGY 08 .............................................................................................48
PROSPECTS OF ENERGY RECOVERY FROM FOODWASTE USING BIOLOGICAL
BASED FUEL CELL
Shilpa, V, Gado, A.A, Muthukumar, M, Anbazhagi, S*
ICEEIS ENERGY 09 .............................................................................................50
PRODUCTION OF FATTY ACID METHYL ESTERS (FAME) FROM PAPAYA (CARICA
PAPAYA L.) SEED OIL FOR USE AS A BIODIESEL
Jeeva Senrayan and Sivakumar Venkatachalam*
ICEEIS ENERGY 10 .............................................................................................51
GREEN DIESEL PRODUCTION USING HYDROPROCESSING TECHNIQUE FROM
MADHUCA LONGIFOLIA SEED OIL
Yuvarani Mani and Sivanesan subramanian*
ICEEIS ENERGY 11 .............................................................................................52
VALORIZATION OF CARBON FOOTPRINT AND WASTEWATER VIA
PHOTOCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF MICROALGAE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF LIQUID
FUELS
P. Sundar Rajan, C. Femina Carolin, J. Arun, K.P. Gopinath*, K. Grace Pavithra, K. Pavendan,
and N. Vinitha
ICEEIS ENERGY 12 .............................................................................................53
LATENT HEAT THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM FOR SINGLE CYLINDER
FOUR STROKE DIESEL ENGINE USING HEAT EXCHANGER
N. Vijay Krishna, Venkateshwar. G, S.L. Joyal Raj, Praveen Kumar. P
ICEEIS ENERGY 13 .............................................................................................55
BIO GAS PRODUCTION FROM COCONUT RETTING POND WASTEWATER USING
ANAEROBIC REACTOR
K.A. Yasar Arafath, S. Gopinath, S. Sivanesan, P. Baskaralingam*,
ICEEIS ENERGY 14 .............................................................................................55
STUDY ON THE STABILITY OF PROTEASE RICH FISH PROCESSING WASTE
EXTRACT DURING STORAGE: FORMULATING PRESERVATIVES TO ENHANCE
SHELF LIFE
Sherin Paul, Saranya.R and Jayapriya.J*
ICEEIS ENERGY 15 .............................................................................................56
ENHANCED PHOTO GENERATION RATE OF MoS2 HETERO JUNCTION SOLAR CELL
3
ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

Parasuraman.R*, Rathnakannan.K
ICEEIS ENERGY 16 .............................................................................................57
OPTIMIZATION AND SIMULATION OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM PONGAMIA
PINNATA OIL USING SYNTHESIZED IRON NANOCATALYST THROUGH ASPEN
HYSYS SOFTWARE
M. Rengasamy*, N. Jaya*, B.Vinithkumar, R.Vinoth raj
ICEEIS ENERGY 17 .............................................................................................58
ACCLIMATION OF PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA MTCC 2582 FOR IMPROVED
ANAEROBIC DECOLORIZATION OF REACTIVE DYES IN MFC REACTOR
R Ilamathi, J Jayapriya*
ICEEIS ENERGY 18 .............................................................................................60
TRANSIENT THERMAL PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF PCM BASED FLAT PLATE
HEAT SINKS FOR ELECTRONICS COOLING APPLICATION
R. Dinesh, A. Ameelia Roseline, S. Kalaiselvam *
ICEEIS ENERGY 19 .............................................................................................61
DEVELOPMENT OF MICROENCAPSULATED EUTECTIC MIXTURE PHASE CHANGE
MATERIALS FOR THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE APPLICATIONS
S. Dhivya, P. Karuppasamy and S. Kalaiselvam
ICEEIS ENERGY 20 .............................................................................................61
DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF MICROBIAL FUEL CELL FOR
WASTEWATER TREATMENT
R.Jothibabu, J.Jayapriya *
ICEEIS ENERGY 21 .............................................................................................62
NUCLEAR POWER AND ENVIRONMENT
G.Vaidyanathan

SESSION III- WATER POLLUTION CONTROL AND TREATMENT

ICEEIS WPCT - 01 ................................................................................................65


BIOSORPTION OF CHROMIUM (III) USING DRIED SKIN OF
ALLIUM CEPA
Manivasagan. V, Saranya. K, Ramya. S, Karthika.S, Sangeetha.Y
ICEEIS WPCT - 02 ................................................................................................65
SYNTHESIS AND CHARATERIZATION OF CHITOSAN FOR ITS APPLICATION OF
As(v) ADSORPTION FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS:KINETICS AND ISOTHERM
STUDIES
N.Vijayanand*, G.Raja
ICEEIS WPCT - 03 ................................................................................................66
COMPARING THE REMOVAL EFFICIENCY OF MALACHITE GREEN FROM WASTE

4
ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

WATER USING NATURAL ADSORBENTS


Remya .P.K* and VishnuPrasad M.S
ICEEIS WPCT - 04 ................................................................................................67
REMOVAL AND RECOVERY OF TOXIC HEAVY METALS THROUGH ULTRA
FILTRATION USING CHITOSAN DERIVATIVE
E. Kavitha*, M.P.Rajesh, S. Prabhakar, Prince Jain, Khyati Parikh, N. Shanmuga Priya
ICEEIS WPCT - 05 ................................................................................................68
ADSORPTION STUDIES USING BIOSOLIDS FOR THE REMOVAL OF DYES
M.M.Jeeva Kumar* , Ms.S.Sivasangari
ICEEIS WPCT - 06 ................................................................................................70
TREATMENT METHODS OF HEAVY METALS FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATERS
R.Thilakavathi * and E.Poonguzhali
ICEEIS WPCT - 07 ................................................................................................71
A STUDY ON WASTEWATER TREATMENT USING ATTACHED GROWTH BATCH
REACTOR (AGBR)
Vijay Samuel G*, G. Saranya and A. Anitha
ICEEIS WPCT - 08 ................................................................................................72
DEGRADATION OF BASIC BROWN 4 DYES BY OZONATION AND H2O2/O3
PROCESSES IN A BATCH REACTOR
Chithra K*, Saranya C, Malathi A
ICEEIS WPCT - 09 ................................................................................................72
DECOLOURIZATION OF TOXIC HEAVY METALS FROM LEATHER INDUSTRY
EFFLUENT USING SURFACE MODIFIED EGGSHELL
A. Saravanan*, R. Gnanasekaran, D. Yuvaraj
ICEEIS WPCT - 10 ................................................................................................73
TREATMENT OF PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY WASTEWATER USING MIXED
ADSORBENTS
Lavanya. M*, Evany Nithya. S
ICEEIS WPCT - 11 ................................................................................................74
ASSESSMENT OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF THURAIYUR CHINNA
YERI
Sabitha.S* and .Evany Nithya.S
ICEEIS WPCT - 12 ................................................................................................75
MODELLING OF EROSION AND SEDIMENT YIELD OF CAUVERY BASIN WITH EPM,
USING GIS
Vinothini.V* and Viji.R

ICEEIS WPCT - 13 ................................................................................................76


ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY IN AN URBAN WASTEWATER
5
ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

DISPOSAL ZONE
R.Ramya* , S.Chandran
ICEEIS WPCT - 14 ................................................................................................77
INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENT TREATMENT BY PHYTOREMEDIATION
S.JoanSavitha* , T.VelRajan
ICEEIS WPCT - 15 ................................................................................................78
REMOVAL OF HEAVY METALS FROM THE REFINING OF COPPER ORE INDUSTRIAL
EFFLUENT USING NOVEL ADSORBENT
K. Senthil Kumar*, M. Naveen Kumar, K. Muthukumar, R. Keerthika
ICEEIS WPCT - 16 ................................................................................................80
UNCONVENTIONAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT USING SILVER NANOPARTICLE
INCORPORATED WITH CHRYSOPOGEN ZIZAMIOIDES
(VETTI VER )
K.Krishnadevi *, Arun V. Parwate and B.Sivanandhini
ICEEIS WPCT - 17 ................................................................................................81
WASTE WATER TREATMENT USING EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISMS FOR ENERGY
PRODUCTION
Deepika K* ,Hemalatha P, Dhivya Dharshini U and Lavanya N
ICEEIS WPCT - 18 ................................................................................................82
RISK ANALYTICS AND COGNITIVE DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR THE GROUND
WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT USING K-MEANS AND EXPECTATION
MAXIMIZATION CLUSTERING ALGORITHMS
N. Ayyanathan *, P. MuthuKumar, A. Shilpa Periyanayaki and A. Gopalan
ICEEIS WPCT - 19 ................................................................................................83
A STUDY ON THE TREATMENT OF DOMESTIC WASTEWATER IN A VERTICAL
FLOW CONSTRUCTED WETLAND IN BATCH MODE
K. Soundaranayaki*, R. Gandhimathi
ICEEIS WPCT - 20 ................................................................................................84
HUMAN IMPACTS ON ACCELERATING LAKE POLLUTION: A CASE STUDY FROM
WULAR LAKE, KASHMIR VALLEY.
Rayees Ahmad Shah* and Hema Achyuthan.
ICEEIS WPCT - 21 ................................................................................................85
SETTLING STUDIES OF COAGULATION PROCESS USING GREEN COAGULANT IN
INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
S.Vishali*, S. Sakthivel, R.Karthick, V.S. Gowsigan
ICEEIS WPCT - 22 ................................................................................................87
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON WATER HARVESTING USING MODIFIED DEW
COLLECTOR
Abiraham*, Suresh babu K , Balusamy T

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ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS WPCT - 23 ................................................................................................87


FLUIDIZED TYPE ELECTRODE REACTOR (FTER) FOR REMOVAL OF TOXIC Cr(VI)
IONS FROM REAL TANNERY INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER
K. Grace Pavithra, P. SundarRajan, P. Senthil Kumar*, Dr. V. Jaikumar*
ICEEIS WPCT - 24 ................................................................................................88
TREATMENT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER USING NOVEL MEMBRANE BIO-
REACTOR
V.P.Kamalakannan, N.P.Kavitha, Keerthi Praveen, N.Balasubramanian*
ICEEIS WPCT - 25 ................................................................................................89
INVESTIGATION OF GROUNDWATER POTENTIAL ZONE IN THIRUVANNAMALAI
DISTRICT USING WEIGHTED OVERLAY ANALYSIS WITH REMOTE SENSING AND
GIS
Jeeva.J* and Evany Nithya.S
ICEEIS WPCT - 26 ................................................................................................90
Fe(III)-Mn(III) OXIDE EMBEDDED ADSORBENT MATERIAL FOR EFFECTIVE
ARSENIC REMOVAL FROM WATER
N. Neethu, T. Choudhury, Shihabudheen M. Maliyekkal
ICEEIS WPCT - 27 ................................................................................................91
STUDY OF WATER POLLUTION, TREATMENT AND WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT
IN INDIA
M. Armstrong* , Shaju , Jothiraj. P, R.Sivananthan
ICEEIS WPCT - 28 ................................................................................................93
REMOVAL OF NICKEL ION FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING IONIC LIQUID &
COSOLVENT
A.Brinda Lakshmi*, R.Vijayalakshmi

SESSION IV-FRONTIERS OF CHEMICAL SCIENCES AND


ENGINEERING

ICEEIS FCSE 01 ....................................................................................................95


MODELING AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CONVENTIONAL AIRFOIL AND
WHALE FIN PROFILE BLADE
M.Muthukannan, S.AnanthaKrishnan* and S.VenkataKrishnan
ICEEIS FCSE 02 ....................................................................................................96
STRENGTHENING OF STEEL FIBRE REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS USING
EXTERNALLY BONDED STEEL PLATES
L. Ranjith Kumar*, S Senthamilarasu, M Kaviraj , S Preveen

7
ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS FCSE 03 ....................................................................................................97


BIOMASS SIZE REDUCTION USING BALL MILL
S.M.Mubashera, R.Saravanathamizhan*
ICEEIS FCSE 04 ....................................................................................................98
DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF MULTI OPERATION AUTOMATIC MACHINE
I.Rajkumar, Ramesh Babu.S, Nagulraaj.J, Alexander.M , Suresh Jayaraman
ICEEIS FCSE 05 ....................................................................................................98
PRODUCTION OF FUEL FROM MIXED WASTE STREAM OF USED COOKING OIL , BIO
OIL AND WASTE LUBRICATING OIL USING REACTIVE DISTILLATION
Hariprasad.VP*, Ramkumar.N and R.Perumal
ICEEIS FCSE 06 ....................................................................................................99
PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT OF STANDALONE PV SYSTEM BY SIMPLE
OPTICAL CONCENTRATOR WITH IR ABSORBED MATERIAL COATED REFLECTOR
Kalaiselvan Narasimman , Iniyan Selvarasan Sasikumar RC
ICEEIS FCSE 07 ..................................................................................................100
ELECTRO-MAGNETIC, OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF COMOO4 NANO-CATALYSTS FOR
SUPERCAPACITOR APPLICATIONS
K. Seevakan, A. Manikandan, P.Devendran and T. Alagesan,

ICEEIS FCSE 08 ..................................................................................................101


ANALYSIS OF HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT IN SHELL AND HELICAL COILED
TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER WITH INSERT
R. Periyasamy, M. Raja,
ICEEIS FCSE 09 ..................................................................................................102
DESIGN, FABRICATION AND EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF CONCRETE
COLLECTOR SOLAR WATER HEATER WITH USE OF THROTTLE TUBE
Dass S A * and Balusamy T *
ICEEIS FCSE 10 ..................................................................................................103
PERFORMANCE STUDIES ON SHELL AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER USING
INSERTS
G.Suthakar*, R.Balasubramani, V.Vedhagiri Eswaran
ICEEIS FCSE 11 ..................................................................................................104
SYNTHESIS OF TUNGSTOSILICIC ACID SUPPORTED ON ACTIVATED CARBON FOR
ESTERIFICATION AND TRANSESTERIFICATION OF OLEIC ACID AND NON EDIBLE
OILS
S. Gopinath, K.A. Yasar Arafath, S. Sivanesan, P. Baskaralingam*,
ICEEIS FCSE 12 ..................................................................................................104
SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MESOPORES SILICA BASED POLYMER
NANOCOMPOSITES.
Govindhan P and Dharmendira Kumar M
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ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS FCSE 13 ..................................................................................................105


SYNTHESIS, SPECTRAL CHARACTERIZATION AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY
EVALUATION OF 9-METHYL-4-(2-BROMONAPHTHALEN-6-YL)-2
(SUBSTITUTEDPHENYL)-2,3-DIHYDRO-1H-BENZO[1,5]DIAZEPENE
S.Sivagami and N.Ingarsal*
ICEEIS FCSE 14 ..................................................................................................106
PREDICTION OF TEMPERATURE VARIATIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL BUS DUCT
SYSTEM UNDER FORCED CONVECTION COOLING WITH VARIOUS ASPECT RATIOS
USING MATLAB.
Thirumurugaveerakumar.S.* and Naveen P.T
ICEEIS FCSE 15 ..................................................................................................107
CNT EMBEDDED OLEIC/LAURICACID EUTECTIC MIXTURE AS THERMAL ENERGY
STORAGE MATERIALS IN MODERN BUILDINGS
K.R.Suresh Kumar A. Ameelia Roseline S.kalaiselvam*
ICEEIS FCSE 16 ..................................................................................................108
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON EFFECT OF HEAT TRANSFER AND
THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF Al2O3 IN GLYCEROL/WATER MIXTURE NANO
FLUID
P.Karuppasamy, S.Kalaiselvam*

SESSION V-ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

ICEEIS EIA 01 .....................................................................................................111


VULNERABILITY PREDICTION OF SOIL EROSION IN SIRUMALAI USING REMOTE
SENSING AND GIS TECHNIQUE
Veera Vignesh Kumar.S* and Evany Nithya.S
ICEEIS EIA 02 .....................................................................................................112
CLIMATE CHANGE PREDICTION IN CUDDALORE DISTRICT
Sowmya Kumar* and Ilavarasan.N
ICEEIS EIA 03 .....................................................................................................113
WATER SECURITY IN THE STATE OF TAMIL NADU, INDIA IN THE CONTEXT OF
REGIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE: A CASE STUDY
N A Sivarajan*, Mohammd Rafiq and Anoop Kumar Mishra.
ICEEIS EIA 04 .....................................................................................................114
EXPLORING CHANGING CHARACTERISTICS OF SNOWFALL IN A WARMING
CLIMATE OVER HIMALAYAN REGION OF KASHMIR VALLEY
Mohammd Rafiq*, Anoop Kumar Mishra
ICEEIS EIA 05 .....................................................................................................115
9
ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

QUANTIFICATION OF THE IMPACT OF REGIONAL WARMING ON CHANGES IN


PRECIPITATION PATTERNS IN INDIA
Sagarika Chandra*, Anoop Kumar Mishra, Mohammd Rafiq and Nagaraju Vanganuru
ICEEIS EIA 06 .....................................................................................................116
DEFORESTATION AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON VELLORE
DISTRICT USING REMOTE SENSING AND GIS
Anitha.A* and Renganathan.M
ICEEIS EIA 07 .....................................................................................................117
RESPONSE OF MULTI-STOREY COMMERCIAL BUILDING AS PER OLD (IS 1893 PART
1:2002) & REVISED (IS 1893 PART 1:2016) SEISMIC VERSION
Onkar Deshpande, S Elavenil, Saurabh Butala, Rohan Hadgal
ICEEIS EIA 08 .....................................................................................................118
ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF JETTIES
Swaran K R*, S Elavenil, B Krishnakumar
ICEEIS EIA 09 .....................................................................................................119
A COMPUTATIONAL STUDY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF POWER GENERATION
FROM SOLAR POND USING HEAT PIPE AND THERMOELECTRIC GENERATOR
S. Santhia, Dr. S.Sivalakshmi,
ICEEIS EIA 10 .....................................................................................................119
EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS AND OPTIMIZATION OF SALT GRADIENT SOLAR POND
S. Prakash, M. Raja
ICEEIS EIA 11 .....................................................................................................120
DESIGN AND EXPERIMENTAL HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS OF SHELICAL HX
Ravikumar V *, Ashwin A, Jagadeeshwaran M , Ajey Santhosh C K, Dhanees Kumar K
ICEEIS EIA 12 .....................................................................................................121
OPTIMISATION OF BIOMETHANSATION OF POULTRY LITTER BY IMPROVING THE
C/N USING GREY RELATIONAL ANALYSIS
Balaji.S*, Senthilkumar.K, Sakthivel.M, Pasupathy S.A, Karthick Kumar k, Sukanya.G

SESSION VI –RISK ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL

ICEEIC RAC 01 ...................................................................................................124


SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK: ACHIEVING ZERO HARM THROUGH
OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE, SAFETY ENGINEERING & HEALTH SURVEILLANCE
Santhosh Kumar D K
ICEEIC RAC 02 ...................................................................................................125
THE STUDY ON HAZARDOUS IDENTIFICATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF
TRICHLOROETHYLENE (TCE) IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY, SOUTHERN COASTAL
10
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PART OF INDIA
Mathankumar T , Vignesh Ram S

ICEEIC RAC 03 ...................................................................................................126


FLOOD HAZARD AND RISK ASSESSMENT IN THANJAVUR DISTRICT USING
REMOTE SENSING AND GIS TECHNIQUES
Jamuna.V* and R.Viji*
ICEEIC RAC 04 ...................................................................................................127
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF TYRE PRESSURE MONITORING SYSTEM FOR
AUTOMOBILES
K. Dhayalini*, P. Parthasarathy
ICEEIC RAC 05 ...................................................................................................129
SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF BORON BLENDED FIREWORK MIXTURE
Azhagurajan* and L. Prakash
ICEEIC RAC 06 ...................................................................................................130
A STUDY ON RISK ASSESSMENT OF CROPS IRRIGATED USING WASTEWATER
J.Blessy*, R.K.C.Jeykumar
ICEEIC RAC 07 ...................................................................................................131
ADVANCED & AUTO DECTECTORS TO PREVENT WORKERS FALLING
FROM HEIGHT
Devanathan.S and Naveen Kumar.S
ICEEIC RAC 08 ...................................................................................................131
MANAGING HEALTH AND SAFETY THROUGH ERGONOMIC SOLUTIONS
A.Moulana Satham Hussain, R.Logendran
ICEEIC RAC 09 ...................................................................................................132
FAULT TREE ANALYSIS IN SUGAR PROCESSING INDUSTRY BY UTILIZING FUZZY
APPROACH
Rajkumar R*, Kalaiselvam S
ICEEIC RAC 10 ...................................................................................................133
A FAILURE MODE EFFECT ANALYSIS OF CREW INDUCED PROCESS DISRUPTION
RISK FACTORS IN DISRUPTING THE ONSHORE EXPLORATORY DRILLING PROCESS
Gowri Rajagopal*, Raju Ramasamy
ICEEIC RAC 11 ...................................................................................................134
USAGE OF FLYASH AND GRANITE WASTE AS REPLACEMENT OF CEMENT AND
SAND IN CONCRETE
Md.Ehraz Akhtar*, Elavenil.S*
ICEEIC RAC 12 ...................................................................................................135
SAFETY STRATEGIES WITH INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF
ROTATING INDEXER
11
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R. Pramoth, S. Kalaiselvam*
ICEEIC RAC 13 ...................................................................................................136
STUDY OF SPATIAL VARIATION OF PM2.5 AND NO2 AT INDUSTRIAL AND
RESIDENTIAL AREAS IN CHENNAI, INDIA
Pavanaditya Badida, Jayapriya Jayaprakash*
ICEEIC RAC 14 ...................................................................................................137
BORE WELL RESCUE MACHINE USING HYDRAULIC SYSTEM AND GRIPPER
Vignesh.K, Vishwanath Prathap Singh.S
ICEEIC RAC 15 ...................................................................................................138
AUTOMATIC SMOKE EXHAUST SYSTEM
Antony Jerome Babu A , Pradeep Kumar.K

SESSION VII – CATALYTIC MATERIALS

ICEEIS CM 01 .....................................................................................................140
PREPARATION AND CHARACTERISATION STUDIES OF PVDF BASED MEMBRANES
WITH CHANGE IN ANTI-SOLVENT FOR COAGULATION BATH FOR MEMBRANE
DISTILLATION STUDIES
Nanditha D*, Ashish Kapoor, S. Prabhakar
ICEEIS CM 02 .....................................................................................................141
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON THE BEHAVIOUR OF PET FIBRE REINFORCED
CONCRETE
P. Priya Rachel
ICEEIS CM 03 .....................................................................................................141
PREPARATION OF ECO - FRIENDLY FILM FOR PACKAGING APPLICATIONS
Praveena P L*, Nilofar nisha J and Srisugamathi G
ICEEIS CM 04 .....................................................................................................143
SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERISATION OF Cu-Ni MIXED OXIDE CATALYST FOR
THE OXIDATION OF CARBON MONOXIDE AND HYDROCARBONS
B. Gajalakshmi*, S. Induja and P.S. Raghavan
ICEEIS CM 05 .....................................................................................................144
ZnO@AgNP DOPED PVI NANOCOMPOSITES FORMED BY SURFACTANT MEDIATED
ROUTE: DEVELOPMENT OF AN ELECTRO-SPUN MAT WOUND DRESSING
MATERIAL FOR DIABETIC FOOT ULCER TREATMENT
D Santhanapanneer, B Ranjith, V. Vijayaraj. R Palanisamy, D NalluSamy,
ICEEIS CM 06 .....................................................................................................145
PREPARATION OF BIOMASS BASED CARBON FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY
12
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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

STORAGE APPLICATION
V.S.Harshini Priyaa, R.Saravanathamizhan*, N.Balasubramanian
ICEEIS CM 07 .....................................................................................................146
ENHANCING THE H2 STORAGE CAPACITY OF CARBON NANOTUBE (CNT)
DECORATED WITH POLYLITHIATED MOLECULES: DFT SIMULATIONS
P Panigrahi, T Hussain, R. Ahuja
ICEEIS CM 08 .....................................................................................................147
SYNTHESIS OF CARBON QUANTUM DOT FUNCTIONALIZED TiO2 NANOHYBRID,
CHARACTERIZATION AND ENERGY APPLICATION IN DSSC
Rajendran Kalimuthu and Rajendiran Nagappan*
ICEEIS CM 09 .....................................................................................................148
SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CARBON NANOPARTICLES FROM
BIOMASS
Mercy Jacquline B, Mathangi J B, Helen Kalavathy M*
ICEEIS CM 10 .....................................................................................................149
ROLE OF TITANIUM IONS ON THE STRUCTURAL, OPTICAL AND THERMAL
PROPERTIES OF POTASSIUM BORATE GLASS DOPED WITH TiO2
M.Indhira 1*, R. Ezhil Pavai2, M. Shanmugam1 and G. Sivakumar3
ICEEIS CM 11 .....................................................................................................150
PREPARATION AND PERFORMANCE OF BIOPOLYMER COATED HOLLOW FIBER
MEMBRANE
D Shanthana Lakshmi*, P.Maheswari, Santlal Jaiswar, Mayank Saxena, Franco Tasselli
ICEEIS CM 12 .....................................................................................................152
SINGLE ATOM ALLOY CATALYST OF Pt-Cu, A NOVEL APPROACH FOR THE
PRODUCTION OF 1, 3 BUTADIENE FROM NAPHTHA
M. Rengasamy*, N. Vedagiriswaran,V. Manikandan,G. Raam kumar
ICEEIS CM 13 .....................................................................................................153
DETECTION OF MICROBIAL CORROSION ON STAINLESS STEEL USING
ELECTROCHEMICAL NOISE TECHNIQUE
C.Chandrasatheesh, J. Jayapriya *
ICEEIS CM 14 .....................................................................................................154
PREPARATION OF METAL IMPREGNATED MESOPOROUS CATALYST AND KINETIC
STUDIES FOR SELECTIVE HYDROGENATION OF P-NITRO PHENOL
R.Palanisamy, J.Jayapriya*
ICEEIS CM 15 .....................................................................................................155
MANGANESE DOPED ZnO FOR HIGHLY SENSITIVE GAS SENSORS TOWARDS
AMMONIA
S.P.Subin David, A. Ameelia Roseline , S.Kalaiselvam,*
ICEEIS CM 16 .....................................................................................................156
13
ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

NANOENCAPSULATION OF MYRISTIC ACID PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL CORE


WITH Ag2O DECORATED ON SiO2 SHELL MATERIAL FOR THERMAL ENERGY
STORAGE
S. Imran Hussain, A. Ameelia Roseline, S. Kalaiselvam*
ICEEIS CM 17 .....................................................................................................157
EFFECT OF FIBER SURFACE TREATMENT ON THERMAL DIFFUSIVITY AND
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF LUFFA FIBER REINFORCED EPOXY COMPOSITES
K. Anbukarasi, A. Ameelia Roseline, S. Kalaiselvam*
ICEEIS CM 18 .....................................................................................................158
DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL- SYNTHETIC HYBRID BIOCIDES FOR INHIBITION OF
MICROBIAL CORROSION
SV.Vijetha, CS. Kavya Kameswari, C.Chandrasatheesh, J. Jayapriya *

SESSION VIII – WASTE RECYCLING AND REUSE

ICEEIS WRR 01 ..................................................................................................161


PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL FROM THE FRUITS OF MANGIFERA INDICA AND
IDENTIFICATION, ISOLATION AND ESTIMATION OF NOVEL ANTI-OXIDANT
MOLECULE
Praveena P L*, Harsha Nirmal Kumar M, Gokul T and Manikanda Prabu S.
ICEEIS WRR 02 ..................................................................................................162
PRODUCTION OF BIOETHANOL FROM A BLEND OF Prosopis juliflora AND WASTE
SHELL OF Arachis hypogaea – A WASTE TO WEALTH APPROACH TOWARDS
ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN
Ashwin Raj S*, Nilofar nisha J and Manissha SD
ICEEIS WRR 03 ..................................................................................................164
FEASIBILITY STUDY ON REUSE OF STP EFFLUENT OF MUNICIPALITIES FOR
IRRIGATION
Cibichakravarthy*
ICEEIS WRR 04 ..................................................................................................165
A NOVEL METHOD FOR THE RECOVERY AND REUSE OF SODIUM CHLORIDE FROM
EVAPORATOR REJECT GENERATED IN TEXTILE COMMON EFFLUENT TREATMENT
PLANT
Mugaishudeen.G *,.K.Saravanan, Pranav.S
ICEEIS WRR 05 ..................................................................................................166
A SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF THERPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF SERICIN
-A SILK INDUSTRY WASTE
Tamilselvan D*, Sanjay V N, Prasanth S
14
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ICEEIS WRR 06 ..................................................................................................167


USE OF WASTE FOUNDRY SAND AND GLASS POWDER IN CONCRETE
Rahima Shabeen S*, Akila C, Akila K B, Dineshbabu S and Elavarasan S
ICEEIS WRR 07 ..................................................................................................169
PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF LIGNIN PARTICLES FROM COIR PITH
Vishnu Prabha M, Vaideki K
ICEEIS WRR 08 ..................................................................................................170
BIOPLASTICS FROM THE NEWSPAPER BY USING TRICHODERMA RESSEI AND
ASPERGILLUS TERREUS
V.Jaikumar*, M Danish John Paul, Aalan Britto J, Jeevakumar A
ICEEIS WRR 09 ..................................................................................................171
PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL FROM WASTE STARCHY BIOMASS AND ITS
UTILIZATION IN ETHANOL STOVES
Jayati Dhara*, Payel Mondal, Amit Ganguly ,Partha pratim Gupta , Anup Kumar Sadhukhan
ICEEIS WRR 10 ..................................................................................................171
SYNTHESIS OF HYDROXYAPATITE NANOPARTICLES FROM BIO-WASTES IN THE
EVALUATION OF BONE CELL LINE
Ragini. B*, Sivabalan. C, Sowmiya. E. C
ICEEIS WRR 11 ..................................................................................................172
EXTRACTION CHARACTERIZATION PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF
CHITOSAN FROM PRAWN SHELLS CRAB SHELLS AND FISH SCALES
Sumathi.N*, Vignesh.R
ICEEIS WRR 12 ..................................................................................................173
BIOSYNTHESIS OF NANOPARTICLES USING LEAF EXTRACT OF ACALYPHA INDICA
FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION
Thiruselvi Devaraj, Sivanesan Subramanian*
ICEEIS WRR 13 ..................................................................................................174
A STUDY ON PRODUCTION OF BIOETHANOL FROM A BLEND OF BANANA PEEL
AND POMEGRANATE PEEL – A WASTE TO WEALTH APPROACH TOWARDS
ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN
Ashwin Raj S* ,Pavithra.V and Vignesh.V
ICEEIS WRR 14 ..................................................................................................176
OPTIMIZING BIOMETHANE YIELD FROM TANNERY FLESHING WASTE AND
ORGANIC WASTE USING ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
Amudha Thanarasu, Karthik Periyasamy , Kubendran Devaraj, Karthikeyan Velayutham ,
Thiruselvi Devaraj, Sivanesan Subramanian*
ICEEIS WRR 15 ..................................................................................................177
GRAPE STALK REUTILIZATION FOR ANTIOXIDANT SEPARATION USING SONO-
THERMAL EXTRACTION
15
ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

Pranav Sankaran, Kannan Kandasamy*,Rajaram Moorthy


ICEEIS WRR 16 ..................................................................................................178
A STUDY ON PRODUCTION AND PHYSIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BIOBUTANOL
FROM PINEAPPLE PEEL
Ashwin Raj S*, Gurmitha.M.K andRasika.T

SESSION IX – AIR POLLUTION AND CONTROL

ICEEIS APC 01 ....................................................................................................181


ZERO AIR POLLUTION CONTROL USING BIO-ETHANOL FROM SUGARCANE JUICE
L.Ranjith Kumar*, S.Abdul Wahab E Bharat Kumar, P. Indhiradevi
ICEEIS APC 02 ...................................................................................................182
E-IOT ENABLED REMOTE MONITORING OF AIR POLLUTANTS IN METROPOLITAN
CITIES
Shuprajhaa. T*, Barath Kanna C, K. Srinivasan
ICEEIS APC 03 ...................................................................................................183
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTELLIGENT SYSTEM FOR THE
ADULTERATION OF PETROL TO MINIMIZE AIR POLLUTION
K. Dhayalini*, A. Subramaniya Siva
ICEEIS APC 04 ...................................................................................................184
A STUDY ON EFFECT OF INJECTION PARAMETERS ON WATER COOLED DIESEL
ENGINE
Ayyappan.P.R.*, Dharsan Kumar.D and Anjay
ICEEIS APC 05 ...................................................................................................185
SYNTHESIS OF POLYVINYL BUTYRAL/ SILVER NANOPARTICLES (PVB/Ag)
MEMBRANES FOR AIR BORNE MICROBIAL POLLUTION
Aarcha Jayakumar and K.V.Radha*
ICEEIS APC 06 ...................................................................................................186
CARBON CAPTURE AND UTILISATION USING MARINE MICROLAGAE IN VERTICAL
ANNULAR PHOTOBIOREACTOR AND ITS POTENTIAL FOR BIOREFINERY
S.Suresh kumar*, Ramaiah Kumar , Yokesh RathnaKumar, T.Sivakumar
ICEEIS APC 07 ...................................................................................................187
DIURNAL AND NOCTURNAL MONITORING OF OZONE AND PARTICULATE
MATTER 2.5 IN CHENNAI
Mariselvam A K, Karthik P, Karthikeyan V, Amudha T, Thiruselvi D, Kubendran D,
Karthikeyan J,
ICEEIS APC 08 ...................................................................................................188
16
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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

GREEN HOUSE GAS ACCOUNTING THROUGH ENERGY OPTIMIZATION IN


EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES
Perarasu V T*, Vidhya Shankaran N R and Lakshmanan K
ICEEIS APC 09 ...................................................................................................189
EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT FUEL BLENDS ON THE PERFORMANCE
CHARACTERISTICS OF AN SPARK IGNITION ENGINE
P.P.SethuSundaram, P.Baskaran

ICEEIS APC 10 ...................................................................................................190


INVESTIGATION ON PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF
CALOPHYLLUM INOPHYLLUM BIODIESEL OPERATED DIESEL ENGINE
Senthil.R, Silambarasan R, Mozassanthosekumar J*.
ICEEIS APC 11 ...................................................................................................192
ENRICHMENT OF PILOTED DIESEL BY HYDROGEN IN A CI ENGINE WITH EXHAUST
GAS RECIRCULATION FOR OVERCOME ENERGY CRISIS
Balamurugan JP*, Balaji M
ICEEIS APC 12 ...................................................................................................192
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION
CHARACTERISTICS OF CASHEW NUT SHELL PYROLYSIS OIL AS FUEL IN DIESEL
ENGINE
Balaji M*, Balamurugan JP

SESSION X- ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND BIOLOGICAL


CATALYSIS

ICEEIS ETBC 01 .................................................................................................195


PRODUCTION, PURIFICATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND MEDICINAL
APPLICATION OF UROKINASE PRODUCED BY BACILLUS MEGATERIUM
Ramya G, Sugithra M, R. Ragunanthan*
ICEEIS ETBC 02 .................................................................................................196
EVALUATION OF PRETREATMENT METHODS OF USING DILUTE ACID AND CRUDE
ENZYME ISOLATED FROM NOVEL FUNGAL STRAIN ON TYPHA ANGUSTATA
M.Kirupa Sankar*, R.Ravikumar, R.Maheshwar, J.Jesinthara, B.Ananthi, A. Priyadharshini
ICEEIS ETBC 03 .................................................................................................197
ISOLATION OF BACTERIA FROM BUCCAL SWAB OF BLACK WATER SNAKE.
Sneka.S, Monisha.M* , Gowrishankar.B.A
ICEEIS ETBC 04 .................................................................................................199
17
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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ANTI-DIABETIC, ANTIMICROBIAL AND ANTI-CANCER ACTIVITY OF Cantharanthus


roseus PLANT EXTRACTS
Ramya.V, Aashika.A, R.Ragunathan* Ms.Jesteena Johney
ICEEIS ETBC 05 .................................................................................................200
PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF INTEGRATED BOSWELLIC ACID AND
PHYCOCYANIN NANOPARTICLE FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS
Ranganathan B.V, Ravikumar R *, Madhumitha B, Revathi S,
ICEEIS ETBC 06 .................................................................................................201
EFFECT OF LEAD CHLORIDE ON THE GROWTH AND MORPHOLOGY OF
ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA (BURM.F.)
Irfan Rashid Thokar and S.D.Singh
ICEEIS ETBC 07 .................................................................................................202
TOXIC EFFECT OF CADMIUM AND LEAD ON PROTEIN CONTENT OF TINOSPORA
CORDIFOLIA (WILLD)
Masrat Jan* and Mukta Shrivastava
ICEEIS ETBC 08 .................................................................................................202
ANTIBIOTIC AND HEAVY METAL RESISTANCE IN GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA
ISOLATED FROM TEXTILE EFFLUENT IN VANIYAMBADI, INDIA
P. R. Yaashikaa, P. Senthil Kumar*
ICEEIS ETBC 09 .................................................................................................203
BIOGENIC NANOPALLADIUM FORMATION BY CLOSTRIDIUM SP.: BIOHYDROGEN
PRODUCTION AND CONTAMINANT REMEDIATION
E. Suja, Y. V. Nancharaiah, V. P. Venugopalan*
ICEEIS ETBC 10 .................................................................................................205
ANALYSIS OF PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND STUDY ON ANTIMICROBIAL
ACTIVITIES OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF BUCHANANIA LANZAN (SPRENG.)
LEAVES AGAINST STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS (A DENTAL PATHOGEN).
Atoofa Habib, Mukta Shrivastava.
ICEEIS ETBC 11 .................................................................................................205
PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATIONS AND ANATOMICAL STUDY OF THE SIDA
ACUTA BURM.F.
MS.Mushraf Qureshi and Mukta Shrivastava
ICEEIS ETBC 12 .................................................................................................206
IMPROVEMENT OF BIODIESEL PROPERTY OF MICROALGAL LIPID BY REMOVING
UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS
Senthil Nagappan, A*

18
ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

SPECIAL SESSION
(INDUSTRIAL SAFETY AND HAZARDS MANAGEMENT)

ICEEIS – PP 01 ....................................................................................................209
DETERMINATION OF FIRE AND EXPLOSION INDEX FOR LIGHT MAGNESIUM
CARBONATE USING HIRA
D.Divya , M.Dharmendira kumar *
ICEEIS – PP 02 ....................................................................................................209
AN INNOVATIVE METHODOLOGY FOR MEASURING THE EFFECTIVE
IMPLEMENTATION OF AN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM IN SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES
Vinoth S T, S. Sivanesan *
ICEEIS – PP 03 ....................................................................................................210
VIBRATION ANALYSIS OF DRILLING MACHINE FOR VARIOUS INDUSTRIAL
APPLICATIONS
Vishnu Prakash, S.Kalaiselvam *
ICEEIS – PP 04 ....................................................................................................211
JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS IN CONSTRUCTION USING BOW TIE ANALYSIS
Kalaivani K, M.Dharmendira kumar *
ICEEIS – PP 05 ....................................................................................................212
HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND RISK MANAGEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL
EXPOSURE TO NOISE IN TEXTILE INDUSTRY USING GENETIC ALGORITHM
S.Manitha, J.Jayapriya *
ICEEIS – PP 06 ....................................................................................................213
RISK ASSESSMENT OF WORKERS’ EXPOSURE TO SILICA DUST IN STONE QUARRY
SITES, TAMIL NADU
Priyadharshini P, J.Jayapriya *
ICEEIS – PP 07 ....................................................................................................214
SYNTHETISATION OF COAL BY CHEMICAL PROCESSING TO ENHANCE WORKER’S
HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
Thilak Raj A C, R.RajKumar *
ICEEIS – PP 08 ....................................................................................................215
IMPROVEMENT AND ANALYSIS OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT IN
ENGINEERING INDUSTRY
Yogeshwaran, S.Kalaiselvam *
ICEEIS – PP 09 ....................................................................................................216
SAFETY ANALYSIS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS IN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

19
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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

R.P.Kesavapriya, S.Kalaiselvam*

ICEEIS – PP 10 ....................................................................................................217
WASTE UTILIZATION AS AN ALTERNATIVE RESOURCES INVENTORY
Ashok G. Matani , S. K. Doifode ,
ICEEIS – PP 11 ....................................................................................................218
SAFETY ANALYSIS OF DUST EXPLOSION IN COAL UTILIZING INDUSTRY
Ruban Richard, S.Kalaiselvam *
ICEEIS – PP 12 ....................................................................................................219
AVOIDING BOILER TUBE FAILURES IN THERMAL POWER PLANTS TOWARDS
ENHANCED PLANT SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION
S. K. Doifode, Ashok G. Matani , ,

POSTER PRESENTATION

ICEEIS – PP 13 ....................................................................................................221
MICROPLASTICS CONTAMINATION AND ANALYSIS: A REVIEW
M.Rinisha Kartheeshwari *, R.Saraswathi
ICEEIS – PP 14 ....................................................................................................222
OVERVIEW OF RISK ASSESMENT STRATEGIES UNDERGONE IN DIFFERENT
INDUSTRIES
Saifullah Baig.A
ICEEIS – PP 15 ....................................................................................................222
PLASTICS WASTAGE UTILIZATION IN ROAD CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES
TOWARDS ENHANCED ROAD QUALITY AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION
Ashok G. Matani , S. K. Doifode ,
ICEEIS – PP 16 ....................................................................................................223
SCREENING OF FILAMENTOUS NITROGEN FIXING CYANOBACTERIA FOR
BIODIESEL PRODUCTION
Lokapriya. D, Aishwarya. T, Subasree. S,Vardhini. A and Senthil Nagappan. A*
ICEEIS – PP 17 ....................................................................................................224
THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN DEPRIVATION ON LIPID AND OTHER BIOCHEMICAL
CONSTITUENTS OF FOUR MICROALGAE: A BIO-REFINERY PERSPECTIVE
Sruthi. R, Mahalakshmi. V, Suvedha. K and Senthil Nagappan, A*
ICEEIS – PP 18 ....................................................................................................225
A FEASIBILITY STUDY ON ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF FOUNDRY
INDUSTRY
Muthukumaran R*, Nithya M, G.K.Arunvivek, A.K.Priya R.Saravanakumar

20
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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS – PP 19 ....................................................................................................226
REFUSE DERIVED FUEL - A REVIEW
Siva abirami.A and Senthilkumar.G
ICEEIS – PP 20 ....................................................................................................227
ONSITE BIOREMEDIATION FOR VIRAGANUR REGULATOR
S.Ezhilarasi,.S.Chandran
ICEEIS – PP 21 ....................................................................................................228
SYNTHESIS OF SOLAR ENERGY HARNESSING MATERIALS (PURE AND Zn, Cd AND
Ni DOPED SnO2 NANOMATERIALS) AND ITS ELECTRICAL STUDIES
S.Chitra, S.Titus and M.Merlin
ICEEIS – PP 22 ....................................................................................................229
AN REVIEW ON CERAMIC WELDING BY FRICTION WELDING PROCESS
N.Panneerselvam*, T.Sekar
ICEEIS – PP 23 ....................................................................................................230
CFD ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF CI ENGINE USING
HYDROGEN WITH DIESEL
B.Priyanca, M.Dharmendirakumar and C. Jayakumar*
ICEEIS – PP 24 ....................................................................................................231
VAPOUR PHASE AROMATIC SIDE CHAIN ALKYLATION OVER CSY ZEOLITES
G.Vivekanandan, B.Viswanathan and S.Sivasanker

ICEEIS – PP 25 ....................................................................................................232
INTERLEAVED BOOST CONVERTER WITH VOLTAGE MULTIPLIER FOR
PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM
P.Getzial Anbu Mani*, A.K.Parvathy
ICEEIS – PP 26 ....................................................................................................233
SIMULTANEOUS TREATMENT AND BIOFUEL PRODUCTION OF GARCINIA
CAMBOGIA SPENT WASH USING CYANOBACTERIA
R.Ravikumar*, B.V.Ranganathan
ICEEIS – PP 27 ....................................................................................................234
MAGNETIC IRON OXIDE INCORPORATED COVALENT ORGANIC POLYMER AS A
CATALYST FOR CYCLIC CARBONATE SYNTHESIS
Pillaiyar Puthiaraj, Seenu Ravi, Wha-Seung Ahn*
ICEEIS – PP 28 ....................................................................................................235
REACTIVE EXTRACTION: AN ENHANCING APPROACH FOR SEPARATION OF
CARBOXYLIC ACID
Sourav Mukherjee*, Basudeb Munshi

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ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

SESSION I- SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Session Chair:
Dr.P.Sai Prasad
Deputy Chief Scientific officer, TNPCB, Chennai.

Session Co- Chair


Dr.V.Sivakumar
Associate Professor, Dept. of Chem.Engg
Anna University, Chennai.

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 01
NANOWASTE
Saravanan J*
Department of Civil Engineering,
Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai

Abstract
Nano pollution is a generic name for waste generated by nano-devices or during the
nanomaterials manufacturing process. Nanowaste is mainly the group of particles that are
released into the environment, or the particles that are thrown away when still on their products.
Nano materials, even when made of inert elements like gold, become highly active at nanometre
scale. The fact that they are still functioning and are so small is what makes nanowaste a
concern. It can float easily in the air and might easily penetrate animal and plant cells, causing
unknown effects. Since nanotechnology being a rapidly growing sector in various fields, it’s a
high time to have the frame work for proper monitoring and disposal of waste materials
containing nanomaterials. Earlier researches had been done with the preliminary study on
various theoretical and methodological explanations towards nanowaste and their effect on
human health and as well as on environmental health. They have shown that a lot of effort have
to be made on a large scale about characterization of different types of nanowaste in different
environmental medium such as water, soil and air. In any waste management framework,
quantification of the waste generation would be the initial stage. In case of nanowaste concept,
the size and shape of the nanomaterials would be a huge challenge for the waste quantification.
In this paper I have presented the basic technical facts about nano pollution (nano waste), the
existing knowledge in nanowaste management. I have focused on current status of technical
knowledge of India with respect to nanotechnology and stand on waste management standards
regarding nanowaste. I have also described certain conceptual ideas on possible nanowaste
disposal technique from the civil engineering perspective.
Keywords: Nanowaste, ENM (Engineered Nanomaterials), Nano pollution, Waste
Management, Industrial pollution.
Reference
[1] N Musee, Nanowastes and Environment: Potential new waste management paradigm,
Environment International 37, (2011) 112.
[2] N Nanoodpadow, Risk of Nanowastes, Engineering and Protection of Environment, Vol 19-
Issue 4, (2016) 469.
[3] N C Muller, B Nowack, Exposure Modelling of Engineered nanoparticles in the environment,
Environment Science and Technology, Vol 42-No 12, (2008) 4447.
[4] T Walser et al, Persistence of Engineered nanoparticles in a municipal solid waste
incineration plant, Nature Nanotechnology, Vol 7, (2012) 520.
* Corresponding author
Saravanan J
Assistant Professor,Civil Engineering,
Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. SagunthalaR&D Institute of Science and Technology,
Avadi, Chennai
saravananj@veltechuniv.edu.in , 9786665137.

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 02
LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM OF MADURAI CITY
T.Divyasri* and T.Vel Rajan
Department of Civil Engineering, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai.
Abstract
The Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) problem in India is expanding rapidly, with annual
waste production increasing at 8% per year, but sanitary landfill sites are still rare. The study
analyses different alternatives for municipal solid waste management that could solve the current
dilemma of overburden on landfill sites and enable the targets required by the authorities to be
achieved, which are related to recycling, reuse and reduction. The methodology applied to
evaluate the environmental performance of each alternative is Life Cycle Assessment (LCA).
Three alternative scenarios and one baseline scenario are chosen, and compared on the basis of
different impact categories through the SimPro model. Madurai City in Tamil Nadu has been
identified to examine how municipal solid waste is disposed of, what the differences among
these methods are, how far they negatively impact the environment, and how the waste could be
better managed in the future for the city. Current waste treatment technologies in Madurai only
employ land-filling and composting without energy recovery, which cannot satisfy the situation
of MSWs rapid growth. Moreover large quantities of energy and money are consumed in the
transportation, treatment and final disposal of MSW. The specific study includes an attempt to
provide a comprehensive review of MSWM for Madurai city in order to evaluate the current
status and to identify the problems of MSWM.
Keywords: Municipal Solid Waste Management; Life Cycle Assessment; SimaPro Model;
Landfill; Energy recovery.
References:
[1] McDougall FR, Hruska JP, The Use of Life Cycle Inventory Tools to Support an Integrated
Approach to Solid Waste Management, Waste Management & Resources, 18 (2000)590.
[2]Sunil Kumar, Assessment of the status of municipal solid waste management in metro cities,
state capitals, class I cities, and class II towns in India: An insight, Waste Management 29 (2009)
88

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

Graphical abstract

*Corresponding author
T.Divyasri,
Thiagarajar College of Engineering,Madurai.
divyasrit1903@gmail.com
9790921023

ICEEIS SWM - 03
STABILIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL SLUDGE
N.Faustina* , T.Vel Rajan
Department of Civil Engineering, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai.
Abstract
Rapid industrialization is creating lot of problems in present scenario; the total volume of
hazardous waste increases significantly which can adversely affect our environment and human
health. The dangerous character and eco-toxicity of industrial sludge is related to high
concentrations of leachable metallic species, particularly the transition metals like chromium,
nickel and copper. In recent years, with the rapid development of the electroplating industry,
electroplating sludge has reached much attention. Electroplating sludge contains heavy metals
such as nickel, copper, cadmium and chromium.To avoid these metals from leaching into the
ground water, solidification and stabilization method have been evaluated. Solidificaton and
stabilization method have been analyzed for electroplating sludge using different stabilizing
materials such as ordinary Portland cement, flyash, bentonite and kaolinte in different
proportions such as 10%,20% and 30% for flyash, bentonite, kaolinite and 2%,4%,8% for
ordinary Portland cement ,for a curing period of 7 days and 28 days. The immobilizing

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

characteristics of these stabilizing materials over metals such as chromium ,lead, copper, barium,
arsenic and aluminium were evaluated using USEPA method 1311(Toxicity characteristic
leaching procedure). Flyash of 30% and 28 days curing period have shown promising
immobilizing characteristics for all the metals under study .
Keywords: Industrial sludge; Heavy metals; Stabilization and solidification; Immobilization;
Removal efficiency
References:
[1] A.K. Minocha, Neeraj Jain, C.L. Verma, Effect of inorganic materials on the solidification of
heavymetal sludge, Cement and Concrete Research 33(2003) 1695.
[2] Shantanu K Dutta, V P Upadhyay , U Sridharan, Environmental Management of Industrial
Hazardous Wastes in India, journal of environ. Science & eng. 48(2006)143.
Graphical abstract

Identification of hazardous sludge

Analysis of sludge characteristics

Selection of suitable stabilizing agents

Stabilization and solidification of the sludge using different


stabilizing agents

Analysis of leaching behaviour by TCLP test

Fixing of the best stabilizing agent and optimum conditions

*Corresponding author
N.Faustina,
Thiagarajar College of Engineering,Madurai.
faustinanavilan@gmail.com
8870107737

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 04
INTEGRATION OF CARBON FOOTPRINT IN FOOD WASTE: AN LCA APPROACH
P Krithiga*1 & G .Senthil Kumar2
1
Department of Civil Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Erode, Tamil Nadu
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu
Abstract
A carbon footprint is a buzzing word which measures the total set of greenhouse emission
caused by an organisation, event, product or person. The carbon footprint is the sole application of
the LCA methodology that particularly focuses on greenhouse emission[1]. The life cycle
assessment is a tool to assess the environmental impact of the system throughout all the stages of
the life cycle of product or services. The LCA methodology has been used to evaluate the GHG
emission from the food waste[2]. The study is focused on the greenhouse emission of food waste
arising from the ten hostels in an institutional area is measured in terms of carbon footprint. Food
such as cabbage, okra, eggplant, potato, cauliflower, carrot, beans, beets, plantain stem, tomato,
onion, spinach, pumpkin, radish, rice, milk, flour, grains, chicken, fish and vegetables of the waste
food were examined. A Bottom up approach has been adapted for the present study to analyse the
carbon footprint of wasted food products. The emission from production, transport, cooking and
waste disposal were analysed in the food waste. The result from the theoretical estimation methods
are compared with the Experimental estimation of the carbon footprint. The Experimental
approach reveals an emission of 0.0365 kg CO2 per kg of food waste is lower of 0.165 kg CO2/kg
when compared with the prior studies, while the theoretical estimation shows an emission is
0.1135 kg CO2/kg of equivalents is much lower when of 0.991 kg CO2/kg when compared with the
previous studies which much higher than the 0.0365 kg CH4/kg of waste given by the Inter-
governmental panel on climate change.
Keywords: Carbon footprint; Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); Food Waste; Greenhouse Gas
(GHG); Climate Change.
References:
[1] Divya Pandey. Madhoolika,A. Jai Shanker Pandey, Carbon Footprint Current Methods of
Estimation,Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,Volume 178(2010), pp 135-
160.
[2] Kumar Venkat, The Climate Change and Economic Impacts of Food Waste in the United
States. International Journal on Food System Dynamics, Volume 2, No 4(2011), pp 431-446.

*Corresponding Author
P Krithiga
Department of Civil Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Erode, Tamil Nadu
krithipalanisamy@gmail.com
9750064779

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 05
MANAGEMENT OF NON-BIODEGRADABLE MATERIAL BY USING MICROBES IN
CLAY SOIL
Nandhini.K* and Viji.R
Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy
Abstract
Plastic is a material consisting of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic
compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects. During the past three
decades, plastic materials have been increasing used in food clothing, shelters, Transportation,
Construction, Medicals and recreation industries. Plastics are advantageous and they are strong,
light weighted and durable. The dis-advantageous are as they are resistance to biodegradation
leading to pollution, harmful to the natural environment. The plastic sheets and bags do not allow
water and air to go in to earth, which causes infertility of soil. In this paper Polythene and
Plastics degrading microbes are isolated from the clay soil. Biodegradation of polythene bags
and plastic cups to be analyzed after 2, 4, 6, and 9 months of incubation in the clay soil. The
microbial species found associated with the degrading materials were identified as five Gram
positive and two Gram negative bacteria, and eight fungal species of Aspergillus. The species
that were predominant were Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Micrococcus (Gram +ve),
Moraxella, and Pseudomonas (Gram –ve) and two species of fungi (Aspergillus glaucus and A.
niger). Efficacy of the microbial species in degradation of plastics and polythene to be analyzed
in shaker cultures. Among the bacteria, Pseudomonas species degraded 20.54% of polythene
and 8.16% of plastics in one-month period. Among the fungal species, Aspergillus glaucus
degraded 28.80% of polythene and 7.26% of plastics in one month period. This work reveals that
the clay soil is a good source of microbes capable of degrading polythene and plastics.
Keywords: Biodegradation; Polythene; Clay soil; Microbes
References:
[1]G.Gnanavel1,VP.Mohana Jeya Valli 2M. Thirumarimurugan.2 Degradation of Plastics Using
microorganism,(2015).
[2]K.Kathiresan Polythene and Plastics-degrading microbes from the mangrove soil, (2016).
[3]Pathak and Navneet Bioresour. Bioprocess. Current status of polymer degradation: a
microbial approach,(2017).

* Corresponding author
Nandhini.K
Department of Civil Engineering,
University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy
nandhinisbu@gmail.com
9444331952.

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 06
INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT - A CASE STUDY ON DINDIGUL,
TAMILNADU, INDIA
Selvabharathi. G *1, Jeeva Senrayan2 and Anbarasi Karunanithi 3
1
Department of Civil Engineering, SSM Institute of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul.
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, A C Tech, Anna university, Chennai.
3
Department of Petrochemical Technology, Anna university (BIT Campus), Thiruchirappalli
Abstract
Rapid growth of populación and urbanization has resulted in increasing the volume of
solid waste generation in the study area in particular and in India with 128.8 million tons/day.
The improper disposal of solid waste becomes a major menace to the urban area and their
surroundings. The management of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) has become an acute problem
to the society due to enhancement of economic activities and modernization. The composition of
MSW is 51 % organic, 17.5 % recyclables (paper, plastic, metal and glass). The composition of
MSW in the North, East, South and Western regions of the country varied between 50 and 57 %
of organics, 16–19 % of recyclables, 28–31 % of inserts and 45–51 % of moisture. In Tamil
Nadu, the estimated volume of solid waste is around 15404 tons/day and the per capita solid
waste generation is 1.71 kg. The development along with population growth resulted in the
accumulation of huge amount of solid waste including hazardous and toxic waste. The main
purpose of this paper is to give a view of the solid waste management, practices and its
implications on environment in Tamil Nadu.
Keywords: Solid waste management; Issues; Practices; Environment
References:
[1] Chandraleka S, Municipal solid waste management in India: a study on the current states and
issues, Sivam Publication, Tamil Nadu, India ( 2014), pp 30–40.
[2] Gidde MR, Todkar VV, Kokate KK, Municipal solid waste management in emerging
megacities: a case study of pune city. In: Proceedings, GCE 2008, Indo Italian conference on
green and clean environment, pp 441–450 (2008) 20-21.
[3] Central Pollution Control Board, “Guidelines and Check-list for evaluation of MSW
Landfills proposals with Information on existing landfills” ,Ministry of Environment & Forests,
Delhi, 2008.
[4] Sathewaran P, Service satisfaction in solid waste management, (2014) ,pp 144–151.

* Corresponding author
G.Selvabharathi
Department of Civil Engineering,
SSM Institute of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul
selthi2003@gmail.com
9962441301

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 07

ASSESSING MISMANAGEMENT OF SOLID WASTE IN THAMIRAPARANI RIVER


BASIN FOR BETTER RIVER HEALTH
M. Rajive , V. Punitha , E. Rajkumar, S. Gopikumar*
Department of Civil Engineering, SCAD College of Engineering and Technology, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu
Abstract
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of dumping municipal solid waste in
thamirabarani river bank by analyzing water quality. The municipal solid waste generated by
every individual is a kilo per day, which is being dumped without any cover material and is
allowed, exposed to weather and climatic condition. This scenario prevails along 120 km the
length of river between tirunelveli and tuticorin districts. Ten river basins, seven bore wells,
three streams were identified as sampling ports. The physico chemical analyses are carried as per
APHA during December 2017. The concentration levels of pH, TDS, BOD, COD and hardness
are exceptionally high in all spots exceeding the maximum permissible limit besides Cr, Pb and
Zn within the limits. Existing management of dump site should be revised in the entire study
region as an organic pollutant exceeds the drain rather than heavy metals.
Keywords: Thamirabarani river; Municipal solid waste; Water quality monitoring; Pollution
control.
References:
[1] A. John De Britto, P. Baskaran, Impact of industrial effluents and sewage on river
Thamirabarani and it’s concerns, Bioresearch Bulletin. 1 (2010) 16.
[2] K. Mophin Kani, A. G. Murugesan, International Journal of Environmental Protection.
Evaluation and classification of water quality of perennial river tamirabarani through aggregation
of water quality index. 5 (2011) 24.
Graphical Abstract

Dumping of solid waste in the river and is utilized for multipurpose activity.
* Corresponding author

Dr.S.Gopikumar
Department of Civil SCAD College of Engg and Tech
drgopikumarsrf@gmail.com
9940054409

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 08

ADOPTING ENVIRONMENTAL COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES FOR SOLID


WASTE MANAGEMENT IN URBAN SCHOOLS
Sunitha Kuppuswamy1*
Assistant Professor, Department of Media Sciences, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
Some of the science concepts are very difficult to understand using traditional
methods of teaching and hence students try to memorize the content in order to score good
marks. Though each student has to learn the concepts of basic sciences with best
understanding at the school level, somehow most of the schools fail to impart it in the best
manner possible. This is going to have direct as well as indirect effects on the environment
and health of each citizen and hence the development of our nation. Solid waste
management is once such science concept which is gaining importance due to its adverse
effects on health and environment.
With the technological boom in this 21 st century, Information and Communication
Technology (ICT) could be very well used in Science and Technology Communication. At
the school level, ICT could be used as a vital communication tool for attracting the attention
of students towards the science concepts. This research aims to find out various
environmental communication strategies and study the effectiveness of computer assisted
science learning with respect to solid waste management among urban school students using
experimental research method. The results show a significant difference between the
understanding levels of students using this method when compared with the conventional
methods of teaching.
Keywords: Environment; Awareness; Solid waste management; Computer assisted learning.

* Corresponding author
Dr. Sunitha Kuppuswamy
Assistant Professor, Department of Media Sciences,
CEG, Anna University, Chennai – 25.
sunithakuppuswamy@gmail.com
9994237111

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 09

ENERGY BALANCE ASSESSMENT ON MASS BURNING OF MUNICIPAL SOLID


WASTE
Manimekalai* and Kurian joseph*
Centre for Environmental Studies, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
Waste (MSW) to energy conversion has now been considering one of the optimal
methods to solve the waste management in a sustainable way. Mass burning of MSW is a
common method for waste reduction and energy recovery. The waste is burnt directly in a boiler
without processing it further to pellets or “fluff”. It requires waste with sufficient heating value
to sustain combustion. However, in India and other developing countries, this technology is not
much practiced.
This paper aimed to analyse energy balance on Mass burning of municipal solid
waste.Municipal solid waste collected in pit before processing rice husk is added along with
MSW in combustion Chamber.The consumption of rice husk for operation period of 30 days is
assessed.Moisture content of MSW from Scientific landfill and Collection & Transport is
assessed.The Municipal solid waste consumption and power generation in study área were
assessed for operational period of 30 days.The quantitification of boiler bottom ash and boiler fly
ash produced during the process is also done.
Keywords: Municipal Solid waste; mass burning; energy balance;
References:
[1] Atiq Uz Zaman, Life Cycle Environmental Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste to Energy
Technologies, Global Journal of Environmental Research, (2009) 155-163.
[2] Al-Salem S.M. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Municipal Solid Waste
Management in the State of Kuwait, European Journal of Scientific Research, Vol.34 No.3
(2009), pp.395-405
[3] Chalita Liamsanguan and Shabbir H. Gheewala, Environmental Assessment of Energy
Production from Municipal Solid waste Incineration, International Journal of LCA (2006) 529–
536.
* Corresponding author
Manimekalai
Assistant Professor,
Centre for Environmental Studies, Anna University, Chennai
manimekalai.me@gmail.com
9940363606

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 10

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SMART WASTE SEPARATION SYSTEM


USING PICK AND PLACE ROBO
K. Dhayalini*, R. Mukesh
Department of EEE, K. Ramakrishnan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappalli
Abstract
The paper provides an efficient and simple method for deterioration & non-deterioration
waste separation using pick and place robot. A simplest image processing technique for robotics
using Android mobiles is also a part of the work. In India, degradable and non-degradable wastes
in streets are separated by humans. Hence, human facing lot of communicable diseases. Android
mobile with apk file is used to detect the degradable (vegetables) and non-degradable (plastic
cover) objects and it will send that information to the microcontroller unit via Bluetooth module.
After receiving this information, microcontroller unit will drive the robotic arm for the particular
objects. When microcontroller unit receives ‘1’ means from the bluetooth will find the non-
degradable object and it will take and put it on to the separate box. Similarly when it receives ’0’
means robotic arm will find the degradable objects and it will take and put it on to the separate
box.
Keywords: Pick & Place; Image Processing; Degradable; Non-degradable;Android;Arduino
References:
[1] Elementary introduction to image processing- Ankur Agarwal, IIT-Kharagpur
[2] https://www.android.com
[3] http://www.thinklabs.in/resources
[4]http://www.intorobotics.com/overview-of-robotic-vision-object-tracking-and-image-
processing-software
[5] http://www.sourabh.sankule.com/tutorial/avr/uart.html

Graphical Abstract

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

* Corresponding author
Dr. K. Dhayalini
Professor, Department of EEE, K. Ramakrishnan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappalli.
dhaya2k@gmail.com
99528 77028

ICEEIS SWM - 11

FABRICATION OF NOVEL HIGH EFFICIENT SUPERCAPACITOS BASED ON


ACTIVATED CARBONS FROM NEEM LEAF WASTE
R.Poonguzhali1*, M.Shanmugam1, R.Gobi2 and G.Sivakumar3
1,*
PG & Research Department of Physics, Mahendra Arts & Science College, Kalippatti, Tamil Nadu, India.
2
Department of Physics, Arignar Anna Government Arts College, Namakkal, Tamilnadu
3
Centralized Instrumentation & Service Laboratory, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamilnadu,
Abstract
Activated Carbons derived from the most typical Neem Leaf Waste usually occurring
from Neem leaves which is mostly used to fabricate activated carbons (ACs) by high-
temperature carbonization technique using KOH as a solvent. The resulted ACs showed typical
amorphous nature with porous structures. The powder XRD patterns confirmed the formation
of hexagonal structure which is agreement with reference JCPDS data. The specific
capacitance of the ACs to be 178 Fg -1 with potential scan rate of 500 mVs -1 using cyclic
voltametric analysis. This result indicated the suitability of the prepared activated carbons for
the fabrication of Supercapacitors. The high electrochemical performance of the ACs is due to
its better electrical conductivity and high surface area. The desirable capacitive performances
enable the coffee husk waste to act as a new biomass source of carbonaceous materials as high
efficient, cost effective and high stable Supercapacitors.
Keywords: Coffee husk, Activated carbon, carbonization, Supercapacitors.

*Corresponding Author:
R.Poonguzhali
PG & Research Department of Physics,
Mahendra Arts & Science College (Autonomous),
Kalippatti,-637 501, Tamil Nadu, India.
kuzhaliphy@gmail.com
Tel. +91 8973591314

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 12

VALORIZATION OF COCONUT SHELL ASH WASTE AS POTENTIAL RAW


MATERIALS FOR REINFORCED CERAMIC ELECTRICAL INSULATORS
M. Shanmugam*1, G. Sivakumar2, K.Mohanraj3, M. Indhira4 and R. Elumalai5
1
PG & Research Department of Physics, Mahendra Arts & Science College, Kalippatti, Tamil Nadu,
2
Centralized Instrumentation & Service Laboratory, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar ,Tamilnadu,
3
Department of Physics, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu,
4
Department of Physics, Vivekanandha College of arts & Science for Women, Tiruchengode, Tamilnadu, 5
Government Ceramic Institute of Technology, Viruthachalam, Tamilnadu, India.
Abstract
Our aim is to attain the zero waste environments through recycling process in a
sustainable way. One of the agro waste material of coconut shell utilized in the present study.
The influence of coconut shell ash (CSA) used for the production of reinforced ceramic electrical
insulator (RCEs) to enhance the quality of the products. Different proportion of CSA subjected
in placed of quartz and the reinforced ceramic insulator manufactured as per industrial norms.
The reinforced insulators were characterized its physico-mechanical properties (shrinkage,
porosity, water absorption, bulk density and strength) and these were correlated with analytical
techniques of Thermal, Structural, mineralogical Characterizations. The electric insulating
parameters of the fabricated reinforced insulators were evaluated and improved with a 10% CSA
additions. The produced reinforced insulators were found to be good electrical insulators is safe
for use to the maximum of 5000V. The result indicates that the better performance achieved in
the CSA substituted insulator than the standard insulator. It can reach in an environmental and
eco-friendly route.
Keywords: Coconut Shell Ash (CSA), Quartz, Reinforced Electrical Insulators.
* Corresponding author
M.Shanmugam
PG & Research Department of Physics,
Mahendra Arts & Science College (Autonomous),
Kalippatti,-637 501, Tamil Nadu, India.
shanmuga2131@gmail.com
Tel. +91 9688268895

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ICEEIS SWM - 13

COMPOSTING - AN EFFICIENT TECHNIQUE IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT


R. Pavithra1, R. Srimathy1, M.Gokulakrishnan2 and K.Anbarasi1*
1
Department of Petrochemical Technology, BIT Campus, Anna University,Trichy
2
Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bengaluru
Abstract
Solid waste management is a major problem in urban areas due to generation of
enormous amount of waste. The collecting and disposing of wastes in dumping sites cause severe
environmental impacts. The generation of municipal solid waste is increasing year by year and
there are many options for handling and disposing of these wastes. Composting is the natural
biological process in which degradable part of waste is transformed to a stable material with
excellent characteristics for application on soils. Thus it requires a pre-treatment such as removal
of big fractions and other contaminants that could affect the composting process and final quality
of compost. Such type of technique must be effective efficient and less costly agricultural
application of composted Municipal Solid Waste, as nutrient source for plants and as soil
conditioner, is the most cost effective option of MSW management. Municipal solid waste
(MSW) compost is increasingly used in agriculture as a soil conditioner but also as a fertilizer.
Present study focuses on technique used for reducing the amount of solid waste being collected
and dumped. For this purpose fruit waste composting in grocery shops was studied. The results
of the study demonstrated that the composting period is reduced from 3 months to 1 month by
the use of sewage. If composting of fruit waste is carried out in backyards of shops, then the
amount of solid waste entering the dumping sites can be reduced by 30%, which is a substantial
reduction.
Keywords: Solid waste management; Composting; Fruit waste; Environment
References:
[1] Municipal solid waste management in Indian cities – A review Mufeed Sharholy a , Kafeel
Ahmad a,*, Gauhar Mahmood a , R.C. Trivedi b Waste mamgement 28 (2008) 459 – 467.
[2]Integrated Solid Waste Management: A Life Cycle Inventory By Forbes R. McDougall, Peter
R. White, Marina Franke, Peter Hindle.
[3]Municipal solid waste management challenges in developing countries – Kenyan case study
Rotich K. Henry, Zhao Yongsheng *, Dong Jun Waste mamgement 26 (2006) 92 – 100.
[4]Municipal solid waste characteristics and management in Allahabad, India Mufeed Sharholy a
, Kafeel Ahmad a,*, R.C. Vaishya b , R.D. Gupta b Waste mamgement 27 (2007) 490 – 496.
* Corresponding author
K.Anbarasi
Department of Petrochemical Technology,
BIT Campus, Anna University,Trichy-24.
anbarasikarunanithi@gmail.com
8508491377

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS SWM - 14

BIOFUEL PRODUCTION FROM FRUIT WASTE AND EXTRACTION USING IONIC


LIQUIDS
A.Brinda Lakshmi*, M.Hemalatha
Department of Chemical Engineering, A.C.Tech, Anna University, Chennai,
Abstract
In this study, biofuel production was performed with Orange and Banana fruit
waste. Pretreatment techniques were carried out to increase the biofuel production and ethanol
tolerance species Sacchromyces cerevisiae NCIM 3495 was used for fermentation. Fermentation
efficiency was 63.72% and 77.71% in orange and banana respectively. Trihexyl(tetradecyl)
phosphonium chloride was used as solvent and hexane was used as co-solvent. The extraction
parameters were incubation time, speed, speed time, temperature. Extraction efficiency was
76.64% and 78.99% for orange and banana, statistical optimisation was done using RSM Design
Expert 10, the optimised temperature 52.5o C, agitation speed 2550 rpm, agitation time 17.30
min and incubation time 42.30 min and distribution coefficient (α) was 3.28 and 3.76 for Orange
and Banana respectively.
Keywords: Biofuel; Pretreatment; Fermentation efficiency; Extraction efficiency; Optimisation
*
Corresponding Author
Dr.A.Brinda Lakshmi
Assistant Professor
Department of Chemical Engineering,
A.C.Tech, Anna University, Chennai
brindagrace@gmail.com

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

SESSION II- RENEWABLE & NON RENEWABLE


ENERGY AND ENERGY CONSERVATION
Session Chair
Dr.G. Vaidyanathan
Retired Director (FRTG),
IGCAR, Kalpakkam

Session Co-Chair
Dr.S.Iniyan
Professor, Institute for Energy studies,
Anna University, Chennai.

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ICEEIS ENERGY 01

WIND POWER ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION OF ELECTRICITY


GENERATION IN KASARAGOD, KERALA, INDIA
Gado, A.A*1,2, Anbazhagi, M1 and Muthukumar, M1.
1
Department of Environmental Science, School of Earth Science Systems, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod,
Kerala, India
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero, Kebbi
State, Nigeria
Abstract
Diurnal resource analysis is essential for continuous progress in wind power prediction and
addressing the intermittency effect of wind resources in electricity generation [1]. With rapid
development in installed wind power capacity in India, more accurate wind power predictions
may provide better opportunities in designing and building more efficient and robust wind
systems [2, 3]. The focus of this research is to investigate the wind speed availability and wind
power generation for comparison with typical household electricity demand using long term
hourly wind speed datasets (2002-2011) scaled to typical day across summer and monsoon
equivalent seasons. Spline interpolation is found to perform best in estimating the wind power
output at the hub height of the wind turbine [4, 1], based on the turbine power curve made
available by the manufacturers. The monthly wind resource analysis revealed that, highest wind
speed 4.5ms-1 at 25m heights is observed in the month of May while, the lowest wind speed
2.7ms-1 is recorded in the month of October. However, the results of the wind turbine
performance compared with the typical household electricity demand shows that, storage is
required for the system to deliver uninterrupted power to the end user. The results also
established that even with the storage option, an excess power of 0.49kW and 0.14kW can be
exported to the grid across summer and monsoon. The obtained results shows that Kasaragod has
an available wind energy potential that can be explored for generating electricity.
Keywords: Kasaragod; Typical day; Small-scale wind turbine; Kerala, Wind energy
References:
[1] A. Gado, M. Gwani, M. NaAllah, A. Musa. Wind Power Potential Analysis of Sokoto
Northwestern Nigeria. Int. J. Chem. Environ. Eng. 6(6) (2015) 369.
[2] Jordi Mazon, I. Jose, Rojas, Jordi Jou, Aaron Valle, David Olmeda, Carlos Sanchez. An
assessment of the sea breeze energy potential using small wind turbines in peri-urban coastal
areas. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aero. 139 (2015) 1.
[3] Abhishiktha Tummala, Ratna Kishore Velamati, Dipankur Kumar Sinha, Indraja V., Hari
Krishna V. A review on small scale wind turbines. Ren. Sus. Energy Rev. 56 (2016) 1351.
[4] Lydia M., Suresh Kumar S., Immanuel Selvakumar A. and Edwin Prem Kumar G. A
comprehensive review on wind turbine power curve modelling techniques. Ren. Sus. Energy.
Rev. 30 (2014) 452.

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Graphical Abstract
A novel approach is adopted for finding the potential of wind electricity generation in Kasaragod
Kerala, India. The results show that:
o Storage option is required for the wind system to supply uninterrupted power based on
the typical household electricity demand profile adopted

o Even with storage option, an excess power of 0.49kW and 0.14kW can be exported to the
grid across summer and monsoon equivalent seasons

o Wind resources in Kasaragod can provide a sustainable solution to the endemic electricity
problem faced by the district

* Corresponding author
Abubakar Gado Abubakar
Department of Environmental Science,
School of Earth Science Systems,
Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, Kerala, India
gadoabubakar@cukerala.ac.in
+919961889036, +2348032477194

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ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS ENERGY 02

OPTIMIZATION OF CIGS HETERO-JUNCTION THIN FILM FOR SOLAR CELL


APPLICATION
M.S.Revathy*1, T.Prem Kumar2 and T.Chitravel3
1
Department of Physics, School of Advanced Sciences, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education,
Krisnankoil, Virudunagar
2
Department of Physics, SN College, Madurai
3
Department of Physics, University College of Engineering, Ramanathapuram
Abstract
Recent development in thin film solar cells based on CIGS (CuInGaSe2 or Copper
Indium Gallium diselenide) is on its trail to mass energy production. An eventual novel
parametrical changes made in CIGS has led to make a remarkable transform of its efficiency to
over and above 20 %. However, an in-depth research is still in progress to reach the theoretical
efficiency limitation by incorporating parameters like controlling In and Ga ratio, n-type buffer
layer, texturing the molybdenum (Mo) back contact, controlling the Na participation, increasing
the transparency of TCO layer, grid pattern designing, and a suitable protection. In this
investigation, various deposition techniques were carried out for CIGS device, co-evaporation,
selenization, CBD, Sputtering and e-beam evaporation to fabricate CIGS thin film. A 50 𝑛𝑚 n-
type CdS thin film layer on CIGS absorber layer for p-n junction was coated by chemical bath
deposition, a high resistive intrinsic ZnO ~ 50 𝑛𝑚 to cover the whole p-n junction area, a
500 𝑛𝑚 Al:ZnO(AZO) for charge carrier collection and conduction were fabricated. The AZO
layer fabricated at different temperatures, showed a reasonable device performance difference
and the photo-generated carrier output was strongly influenced by the temperature growth
condition of AZO substrate. Finally, a device was completed with 1 𝜇𝑚 Al metal grid pattern.
The surface morphology, optical properties and charge carrier life time measurements were
investigated by Atomic force microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, Scanning
Electron Microscopy, Time resolved photoluminescence measurement and the device
performance was analyzed using I-V measurement.
Keywords: CIGS, Coevaporation, CBD, AFM, TRPL
References:
[1] A. Chiril, P. Reinhard, F. Pianezzi, P. Bloesch, A. Uhl, C. Fella, L. Kranz, D. Keller, C.
Gretener, H. Hagendorfer, D. Jaeger, R. Erni, S. Nishiwaki, S. Buecheler, and A. Tiwari, Nat.
Mater. 12, 1107-1111 (2013).
[2] A. Chirila, S. Buecheler, F. Pianezzi, P. Bloesch, C. Gretener, A. Uhl, C. Fella, L. Kranz, J.
Perrenoud, S. Seyrling, R. Verma, S. Nishiwaki, Y. E. Romanyuk, G. Bilger, and A. Tiwari, Nat.
Mater. 10, 857-861 (2011).
[3] M.S.Revathy, R.Suman, V.Muthu Priyal, T.Chitravel, T.Prem kumar, J.Ovonic Research, 12,
No.1, 23-26(2016).
[4] Werner, MR, Thin Solid Films, 480, 399–409 (2005).

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Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
M.S.Revathy
Assistant Professor, Department of Physics
School of Advanced Sciences
Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education
revz.vijay@gmail.coml. 9843482764

ICEEIS ENERGY 03

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF POULTRY INCUBATOR WITH PHASE


CHANGE MATERIAL USING RENEWABLE ENERGY
S.Sivakumar*1, C.Velmurugan2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore
Abstract
The main components involve a solar concentrator, collector tank, incubator, storage tank, and
pump. The solar concentrator concentrates the solar radiations on to the collector tank heating up
the water inside heating is done by using a thermal fluid. Here we use water as a thermal fluid.
The hot water flows from collector tank through the radiator coils of the incubator, thus heating
the space inside where eggs are kept for incubation. After heating up the incubator space hot
water flows through a storage tank which stores heat energy for heating during night time. At last
the low temperature water is re circulated back to the collector tank using a pump. Four factors
are of major importance in incubating eggs artificially: temperature, humidity, ventilation and
turning. The optimum conditions for incubation are 37.50 C temperature and relative humidity 84
% to 86%.50 W of power is required to incubate eggs at this temperature and our design is able
to facilitate the required conditions. The research on Thermal Energy Storage (TES) is very
essential for effective utilization of solar energy. Our project mainly aims for two goals, higher
egg hatchability and energy conservation. In normal hatching with broody hens there is only
50% hatchability and incubators ensure a hatchability of around 90%. But present incubators are
electrically heated. It is estimated that 50W power is required for hatching out 30 eggs. These
eggs are to be heated constantly for 21 days for them to hatch out. This consumes considerable

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

amount of power. Through our project we aim to substitute for this power with solar energy
which is a clean, renewable and sustainable source of energy.
Keywords: Solar energy; Poultry Incubator; Phase Change Material; Energy Conservation;
Hatchability
References:
[1] Bansal P, Sharma K , Islam S, Renewable Energy – Solar.Appl Energy 2010;87(5);562-1571
[2] Padmawar MN, Pawar AP, Performance Analysis of poultry incubator with phase change
material sci Ind Res 2004;63:323-9.
[3] Moffat R Describing the Uncertainities in experimental results.Exp Thermal Fluid Sci 2000;
1.3-17.
[4] Zheng W.Shia H,Chen S,Zhu M.Benefit and cost analysis of poultry incubator based on
ecosystem services,Ecol Econom 2009;68: 1626 -32.

*Corresponding author
Sivakumar.S
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore
sivakumar.s.mec@kct.ac.in
7667549572

ICEEIS ENERGY 04

DESIGN OF HIGH EFFICIENT Dc-Dc CONVERTER FOR SOLAR BASED ELECTRIC


VEHICLE BATTERY CHARGING APPLICATION
J.Gopi*1, C.Krishnakumar 1,2 and L.Jebaraj 2
1 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, M.I.E.T Engineering College,Trichy-620007.
1,2 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Saranathan College Of Engineering,Trichy-17.
2 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, M.I.E.T Engineering College,Trichy-620007.

Abstract
The solar powered dc-dc converter is used for electric vehicle battery charging with soft
switching technique and reduced switching losses. The optimization of battery charging system
is done to limit the overcharging issues of battery. The asymmetrical PWM switching is used to
attain zero voltage switching and it reduces the stress on switching devices, which makes reliable
operation of converter circuit, due to these additional features, the efficiency of the converter is
increased, the life time of the battery is increased because of limited charging current. The
converter works in continuous conduction mode due to inductance current. In continuous
conduction mode, the current is always positive and the input current ripples are small, thus it is
possible to get the desired value of charging voltage by simply controlling the duty cycle of the
converter.

Keywords: Solar energy ; Electric Vehicle; DC-DC Converter ; Battery Management System;
Optimized charging System.

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References:
[1] M.C. Falvo, D. Sbordone, I.S. Bayram, M. Devetsikiotis, “EV charging stations and modes:
International standards”, in International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives,
Automation and Motion, 2014, pp.1134–1139.
[2] R. Lowenthal, D. Baxter, H. Bhade,P. Mandal, “Network-Controlled Charging System for
Electric Vehicles”,United States Patent (US 8,432,131 B2), 2013.
[3] E. Sortomme ,M.A. El-Sharkawi, “Optimal Charging Strategies for Unidirectional Vehicle-
to-Grid”, IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 2, no. 1. pp. 131–138, 2011.
[4] K.M. Tan, V.K. Ramachandaramurthy, and J.Y. Yong, “Bidirectional battery charger for
electric vehicle”, in IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia, 2014, pp. 406–411.
*Corresponding author
J.Gopi
NO.14 A,Pensioner Street,
Kajapettai, Trichy-620001.
gopieng1984@gmail.com
9566408125

ICEEIS ENERGY 05

BIODIESEL - SOLUTION FOR ENERGY CRISIS


Elsa Cherian, Ms.G Kalavathy, D Yazhini and Merlin Victor
St.Joseph’s College of Engineering, Chennai
Abstract
Entire world is looking forward for an alternate energy source due to increased concern on
environmental pollution and energy security due to depleting non renewable fossil fuels.
Biodiesel offers a good solution to the present problem as an alternative fuel. It is a
biodegradable and non-toxic fuel, characterised by reduction in carbon dioxide emission. Due to
its superior characteristics like renewability, biodegradability, emission profile and high flash
points, it is a widely accepted bio fuel in the society. One of the important factor affecting the
economy of production is raw material cost. This can be reduced o larger extent by the use of
low cost acidic oil feed stocks like waste cooking oil, animal fats etc. The main reaction for
converting oil to biodiesel is called transesterification. In transesterification process, an alcohol
(like methanol) reacts with the triglyceride oils, forming fatty acid alkyl esters (biodiesel) and
glycerin. The reaction requires heat and a catalyst. The use of homogenous catalyst have proved
to have several drawbacks like equipment corrosion, formation of soap and total consumption of
catalyst . Presently, there are several heterogeneous catalysts available for biodiesel production,
which is more advantageous than homogenous catalyst. The use of nanocomposites as catalyst
offer higher catalytic activity and selectivity due to its nanodimension and morphological
structure. The present work reports the production of biodiesel from animal fat using
heterogenous catalyst.
Keywords: Bio fuel; Biodiesel; Animal fat; Nanocatalyst; Transesterification

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References:
[1] Haq Nawaz Bhatti, Muhammad Asif Hanif, Mohammad Qasim, Ata-ur-Rehman, Biodiesel
production from waste tallow, Fuel. 87 (2008) 2961–2966
[2] A. Arun Shankar, Prudhvi Raj Pentapati, R. Krishna Prasad, Biodiesel synthesis from
cottonseed oil using homogeneous alkali catalyst and using heterogeneous multi walled carbon
nanotubes: Characterization and blending studies, Egyptian Journal of Petroleum. 26(2017) 125–
133
Graphical Abstract

Animal Fat

Heterogenous
catalyst Transesterification Crude
Biodiesel

Refining
Biodiesel

*Corresponding author
Dr. Elsa Cherian
St.Joseph’s College of Engineering, Chennai-119
elschk@gmail.com

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

ICEEIS ENERGY 06

GENERATION OF BIOENERGY FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER


M. Naveen Kumar*, K.Senthil Kumar, V.Chitra Devi, and S. Mothil
Department of Chemical Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Erode
Abstract
Renewable energy will one day be a large portion of global energy production and usage.
Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) technology represents a new form of renewable energy by generating
bio-electricity from what would otherwise be considered as waste. In this technology.
Microorganisms act as a catalysts for producing electricity while treating wastewater.
Application of microbial fuel cell (MFC) for wastewater treatment is an attractive alternative to
reduce the cost of treatment of wastewater and simultaneous generation of electricity.
Experimental Studies were conducted in the small scale using MFCs without membrane for
treatment of industrial effluent. These MFCs performed well for COD and BOD removal from
the wastewater, demonstrating the effectiveness of this device for wastewater treatment with
COD and BOD removal efficiency about 90%. Using different electrodes in the MFCs the
significant amount of electricity was generated and the observations were made. Up to 10.23mA
current and 92.5 per cent of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) removal was obtained during 30
days of operation. Thus, energy can be produced from membrane less MFC using organic
matters from wastewater as source of energy. This technology of generation of electricity using
MFCs has leaded a great path of applicability from laboratory scale to industrial scale.
Keywords: Wastewater treatment; Microorganisms; Bioenergy; MFC; Tannery effluent;
References
[1] G.C. Gil, I.S. Chang, B.H. Kim, M. Kim, J.Y. Jang, H.S. Park, H.J. Kim, Operational
parameters affecting the performance of a mediator- less microbial fuel cell, Biosens.
Bioelectron.,18 (2003) 327 .
[2] K. Rabaey, P. Clauwaert, P. Aelterman, W. Verstraete, Tubular microbial fuel cells for
efficient electricity generation. Environ. Sci. Technol., 39(2005) 8077.
[3] M.M. Ghangrekar, V.B. Shinde, Performance of membrane-less microbial fuel cell treating
wastewater and effect of electrode distance and area on electricity production, Bioresour.
Technol., 98(2007) 2879.
[4] H. Moon, I.S. Chang, B.H. Kim, Continuous electricity production from artificial wastewater
using a mediator-less microbial fuel cell, Bioresour. Technol., 97(2006) 621.

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Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

Graphical Abstract

Influence of “Geobacter Sulfurreducens”


16000
14000
Power Density (mW/m2 )
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
0 102
123
126
147
170
173
194
211
214
234
237
253
256
270
0

99
30
45
51
54
75
78

Time in Hours

Figure: Influence of “Geobacter Sulfurreducens” on production of bio-electicity

* Corresponding Author:
M.Naveen kumar
Department of Chemical Engineering,
Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode-638060
er.naveenmanick@gmail.com
9442705121

ICEEIS ENERGY 07

INVESTIGATION TO IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE


USING PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL
P.Sarathkumar*, M.Raja
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Salem
Abstract
Solar photovoltaic cells can absorb up to 80% of the incident solar radiation obtained from the
solar band. However, only a small amount of this absorbed incident energy is transferred into
electricity depending on the conversion efficiency of the PV cells. The part of the remaining
energy increases the temperature of the PV cell. The higher solar radiation and ambient
temperature lead to an evaluated photovoltaic cell operating temperature, which affects lifespan
and power output adversely. Using of phase change material PCM is one of the ways to reduce
and regulate the temperature of PV panel and to increase its electrical efficiency. Results show
that adding a PCM on a back of a solar panel can maintain the panel operating temperature
nearly equal to the ambient temperature and it was shown that electrical efficiency of PV panels
has been increased by an average of 10% compare to the conventional PV panel.
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Keywords: Solar radiation; Photovoltaic cells; PCM; Electrical efficiency.


Reference:
[1] Ma T, Yang H, Zhang Y, Lu L, Wang X. Using phase change materials in photovoltaic
systems for thermal regulation and electrical efficiency improvement: a review and outlook.
Renew Sustain Energy Rev 43 (2015) 1273.
[2] M. Jun Huang, The effect of using two PCMs on the thermal regulation performance of BIPV
systems, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95 (2011) 957.
[3]Malvi C.S., Dixon-Hardy D.W., Crook R., Energy balance model of combined photovoltaic
solar-thermal system incorporating phase change material, Sol. Energy 85(2011) 1440.
[4] A. Hasan, S.J.J. McCormack, M.J.J. Huang, B. Norton, Evaluation of phase change materials
for thermal regulation enhancement of building integrated photovoltaic, Sol. Energy 84 (2010)
1601.

* Corresponding Author
P. Sarathkumar
PG Scholar, GCE Salem.
jsamsarathaero@gmail.com
9597643126.

ICEEIS ENERGY 08
PROSPECTS OF ENERGY RECOVERY FROM FOODWASTE USING BIOLOGICAL
BASED FUEL CELL
Shilpa, V1, Gado, A.A1, 2, Muthukumar, M1, Anbazhagi, S1*
1
Department of Environmental Science, School of Earth Science Systems, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod,
Kerala, India.
2
Department of Physics, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero, Kebbi State, Nigeria.
Abstract
In recent years, food waste has become global issue of environmental concern. Several studies
have been conducted across the literature on finding a sustainable solution of converting food
waste to electricity because of the rich indigenous redox mediators, carbon, as well as electrons
contained in the food waste, especially in consideration of global population increase as well the
acute electricity shortage across the globe. On per-capita basis, much more food is wasted in the
industrialized world (95-115 kg/year) than in developing countries like sub Saharan Africa and
Southeast Asia (6-11kg/year) which corresponds to approximately 1.3 billion tonnes of food
waste annually and equivalent to one third of the food produced in the world. Global electricity
consumption is directly proportional to population density and the global population is projected
to increase from 7.6 billion to 9.1 billion in 2040 which is an indication of increased electricity
demand. Biological based fuel cell shows a very good potential in generation of electricity from
food waste, because it use bacteria and several chemicals contained in the food waste for the
generation of electrical charges. Studies revealed that, maximum power output of
165,119GWh/Year has been successfully produced from 195000000 tonnes of food waste using
this technology. In this study, prospects of biological based fuel cell and existing technologies of
converting food waste to energy have been discussed as an attempt to providing sustainable way
out to increased food wastes and acute shortage of electricity across the globe.
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Keywords: Food waste; Renewable energy; Biological based fuel cell; Electricity demand:
Electric current
Reference:
[1] J. Gustafsson, C. Cederberg, U. Sonesson, A. Emanuelsson. (2013). The methodology of the
FAO study: Global Food Losses and Food Waste-extent, causes and prevention”-FAO, 2011
[2] K. Paritosh,S.K Kushwaha,M. Yadav,N Pareek,A. Chawade, V. Vivekanand. Food Waste to
Energy: An Overview of Sustainable Approaches for Food Waste Management and Nutrient
Recycling. BioMed Research International, 2017.
[3] M. Rahimnejad,A. Adhami,S. Darvari,A. Zirepour,S.E. Oh. (2015). Microbial fuel cell as
new technology for bioelectricity generation: a review. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 54(3),
745-756.
Graphical Abstract
Studies reveals that maximum power output of 165119 GWh/Year has been produced from
195000000 tonnes of foodwaste using biological based fuel cell

* Corresponding author
Dr. S Anbazhagi
Assistant professor
Department of Environmental Science, School of Earth Science Systems,
Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, Kerala, India
sanbazhagi@cukerala.ac.in
+919074306815

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ICEEIS ENERGY 09

PRODUCTION OF FATTY ACID METHYL ESTERS (FAME) FROM PAPAYA


(CARICA PAPAYA L.) SEED OIL FOR USE AS A BIODIESEL
Jeeva Senrayan and Sivakumar Venkatachalam*
Department of Chemical Engineering ,A C Tech Campus, Anna University,Chennai-600 025
Abstract
Renewable fuels from biological resources are receiving ever-increasing attention as a means to
reduce dependence on fossil fuels. Biodiesel, which is derived from vegetable oils, animal fats,
waste cooking oils, or potentially other triacylglycerol-containing feedstocks such as algae, plays
a prominent role among these fuels. The seeds are generally discarded in order to make more
efficient use of Papaya. It is important investigating the use of seeds as source of vegetable oil.
Oil was extracted from papaya seeds by soxhlet apparatus with n-hexane as a solvent. The fatty
acid composition of papaya seed oil was analysed by GC-FID and found that oleic acid was
dominant fatty acid about 73%. Trans-esterification reaction was used to produce Fatty acid
methyl ester (FAME) from papaya seeds oil at different experimental conditions. The
experimental parameters such as., mass ratio of ethanol to oil, reaction temperature, catalyst
concentration, and reaction time were investigated on yield of biodiesel production. The trans-
esterification reaction reduced to the viscosity of oil using base catalyst in the presence of
methanol. The properties of biodiesel such as density, acid value, iodine value and cetane
number were analyzed. The study shows that papaya seed oil has the potential to be used as
alternative feedstock for biodiesel production in the future prospects.
Keywords: Biodiesel; Papaya seed oil; feedstock;Fatty Acid Methyl esters; Trans-esterification.
References:
[1] Celina Therese S.P. Charvet, Ma. Ruby Joy V. Duya, Ana Vanessa G. Miller, Luis F.Razon.
Evaluation of the Biodiesel Fuel Properties of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters from Carica papaya L.
Philipp Agric Scientist. Vol. 94 No. 1, (2011).88-92.
[2] Elvianto D D, Erni J S . Rapid In Situ Transesterification Of Papaya Seeds To Biodiesel With
The Aid Of Co-Solvent. International Journal Of Renewable Energy Research. Vol.7,( 2017)
No.1.
[3] J. M. Encinar, J. F. Gonzalez, J. J. Rodrıguez, and A. Tejedor.2002.Biodiesel fuels from
vegetable oils: Transesterification of Cynara cardunculus L. Oils with ethanol. Energy and Fuels.
vol.16,( 2002) ,no. 2, pp. 443–450.

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Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Dr.V.Sivakumar
Associate Professor,Department of Chemical Engineering,
A C Tech ,Chennai-600 025.
drvsivakumar@yahoo.com
98427 23454

ICEEIS ENERGY 10

GREEN DIESEL PRODUCTION USING HYDROPROCESSING TECHNIQUE FROM


MADHUCA LONGIFOLIA SEED OIL
Yuvarani Mani and Sivanesan subramanian*
Department of Applied science and Technology, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
Increasing energy demands and mounting environmental concerns coupled with decline in
petroleum reserves has encouraged the evolution of bio fuels, an alternative to conventional fuel.
This uses renewable oil derived from biomass as feedstock for biofuel production.
Hydroprocessing technology is one of the routes to produce biodiesel and the process is
catalyzed by means of a hydrocracking catalyst. The biodiesel produced from hydroprocessing
technique is more commonly referred to as “Green diesel” or “Renewable diesel”. In this work
the mahua oil (Madhuca Longifolia) which is non-edible oil is chosen for biodiesel production.
The mahua oil was extracted from dried seeds and the yield of oil was 33%. The acid value of
neem oil was found to be 18.4 mg KOH/g of oil. Niobium oxide modified zeolite catalyst (Nb/H-
ZSM 5) was chosen and synthesized using wet impregnation for carrying out hydroprocessing of
bio-oil. The catalyst was characterized using SEM and XRD analysis. The hydro processed oil
(Green diesel) was characterized using FT-IR and H NMR analyses. The optimum operating
conditions for hydroprocessing of mahua oil were also determined in this study.
Keywords: Green Diesel; Hydroprocessing; Modified Zeolite; Optimization; Characterization.

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References:
[1] M. Yuvarani, D. Kubendran, A. R. Salma Aathika, P. Karthik, M.P. Premkumar, V.
Karthikeyan “Extraction and characterization of oil from macroalgae Cladophora glomerata,”
Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects. vol. 39, no. 23, pp.
2133–2139, 2017.
[2] Bambang V, Jae Young Han, Seok Ki Kim, Seung-Ah Hong, Young Jun Kim, Jonh Sung
Lim, Young-Wong Shu, Seong-Geunoh and Jaehoon Kim, 2011, Production of renewable diesel
by hydroprocessing of soybean oil: Effects of Catalysts, Fuel Vol.94 pp 578-585.
[3] Mustafa A and Jinwen Chen, 2010,Hydroprocessing of Biomass-Derived oils and their
blends with petroleum feed stocks: A Review, Energy fuels, Vol.26 pp 5373-53.
Graphical Abstract

Mahua seeds Mahua oil Nb-ZSM5 Hydroprocessing Green diesel


reactor
Mahua Seeds to Green Diesel Production

* Corresponding author
Sivanesan.S
Department of Applied Science And Technology, AC Tech
Anna University, Chennai.
sivanesh1963@gmail.com
04422359100

ICEEIS ENERGY 11

VALORIZATION OF CARBON FOOTPRINT AND WASTEWATER VIA


PHOTOCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF MICROALGAE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF
LIQUID FUELS
P. Sundar Rajan, C. Femina Carolin, J. Arun, K.P. Gopinath*, K. Grace Pavithra, K. Pavendan, and N. Vinitha
Department of Chemical Engineering, SSN College of Engineering, Rajiv Gandhi Salai (OMR), Kalavakkam,
Chennai
Abstract
In this study, a novel lab-scale hybrid loop airlift photobioreactor (HLALPBR) has been
designed and fabricated for the growth of three different algae Scenedesmus abundans,
Anabaena subcylindrica, Anabaena ambigua in wastewater with provision for continuous flow
of 5% CO2 enriched air. The parameters in relation with the wastewater treatment process have

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been studied. In this research work, the comparison was made between two configurations of
photobioreactors an internal airlift photobioreactor (IALPBR) and a hybrid loop airlift
photobioreactor using S. abundans species of microalgae containing high lipid content. Organic
matter was moderately removed under IALPBR configurations when compared to HLALPBR.
Both configurations were able to completely remove nutrients, however different mechanism
removals were responsible for the varying biomass growth. In terms of nitrogen recovery by
biomass assimilation, the IALPBR configuration attained approx. 88% whereas the HLALPBR
type presented approx. 94%. While for phosphate removal for IALPBR and HLALPBR averaged
82% and 91% respectively. In HLALPBR, the volumetric microalgae production was found to
be 0.076 g L-1 d-1, which was 1.41-fold larger than that in IALPBR. These finding suggest that in
terms of highest biomass yield and efficiency of nutrient removal, HLALPBR is found to be
more effective. Moreover, S. abundans showed higher lipid productivity. Since Scendesmus sp.
shows high lipid content, it was chosen to perform the hydrothermal liquefaction experiment. In
HTL process, bio-oil was obtained and analyzed using GC-MS. FTIR was performed to
determine the functional groups in the oil. Thus, this study realized the goal of converting the
polluting waste into bioenergy feedstock through microalgal cultivation.
Keywords: Bio-oil production; CO2 sequestration; Microalgae; Photobioreactor; Wastewater
treatment.

*Corresponding author
Dr. K.P. Gopinath
Department of Chemical Engineering,
SSN College of Engineering, Rajiv Gandhi Salai (OMR),
Kalavakkam, Chennai – 603110
gopinathkp@ssn.edu.in
7373066556

ICEEIS ENERGY 12

LATENT HEAT THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM FOR SINGLE CYLINDER


FOUR STROKE DIESEL ENGINE USING HEAT EXCHANGER
N. Vijay Krishna1, Venkateshwar. G2, S.L. Joyal Raj3, Praveen Kumar. P4
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SRM Institute of science and technology, Kattankulathur Tamil Nadu
Abstract
The gap between demand and supply of energy has resulted hike in prices of conventional
energy resources. It is known fact that exhaust gas from IC engine carries away about 30% to
40% of the heat combustion. The energy available in the exit stream of the exhaust gas goes as
waste heat. Thus energy storage and waste heat recovery plays an important role in improving
the overall efficiency of the system. Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage System (LHTESS) for
stationary C.I. engine exhaust is developed and integrated to the engine. A customized heat
exchanger is fabricated having diameter 440mm and length 715mm with 5 tubes having 4 turns
each of diameter 9.525mm was developed to store thermal energy. Paraffin Wax (CnH2+n) was
used as a phase change material. The Engine performance and Latent Heat Thermal Energy
Storage System performance parameters such as amount of heat stored, and charging efficiency
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were evaluated. At a load of 16kg, the maximum charging efficiency was found to be 57.23%
and the percentage of energy saved in the system is 14.39%.
Keywords: LHTESS;Exhaust gas; Heat exchanger;Paraffin Wax; Charging Efficiency;
References:
[1] Dheeraj Kishor Johar A, Dilip Sharma A, Shyam Lal Soni A, Pradeep K. Gupta, Rahul
Goyal,Experimental investigation on latent heat thermal energy storage system for stationary
C.I. engine exhaust,Appl.Thermal.Engg 104 (2016) 64–73.
[2] M. Hatami, D.D. Ganji, M. Gorji-Bandpy, Experimental investigations of diesel exhaust
exergy recovery using delta winglet vortex generator heat exchanger, Int. J. Therm. Sci. 93
(2015) 52–63.
[3] M. Hatami, D.D. Ganji, M. Gorji-Bandpy, A review of different heat exchangers designs for
increasing the diesel exhaust waste heat recovery, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 37 (2014)
168–181.
[4] M. Medrano, M.O. Yilmaz, M. Nogues, I. Martorell, Joan Roca, Luisa F. Cabezaa,
Experimental evaluation of commercial heat exchangers for use as PCM thermal storage
systems, Appl. Energy, 86 (2009) 2047–2055.

Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
N. Vijay Krishna
Assistant professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering,
SRM Institute of science and technology, Kattankulathur-603203, Tamil Nadu, India
nvijaykrishna06@gmail.com, 9043793903

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ICEEIS ENERGY 13

BIO GAS PRODUCTION FROM COCONUT RETTING POND WASTEWATER USING


ANAEROBIC REACTOR
K.A. Yasar Arafath, S. Gopinath, S. Sivanesan, P. Baskaralingam*,
Anna University, Chennai, India.
Abstract
Retting process involves the large production of wastewater which has been introduced into the
environment without proper treatment methods. This conventional method causes serious
environmental problems due to the emission of green house gases. The open retting practice
results in biodegradable COD and large quantities of non-biodegradable poly phenols in the
retting water bodies. Conventional physico chemical methods are not effective in the treatment
of retting wastewater due to low quality. The present study analyses the performance of an
anaerobic reactor (AR) in the treatment of retting wastewater. A laboratory scale Anaerobic
Reactor was fabricated and the efficiency of the system was evaluated by analyzing the
parameters like, alkalinity, pH, COD and total suspended solids (TSS) etc. The analysis indicated
positive atmosphere for anaerobic reaction within the reactor and the performance of reactor in
the treatment of retting wastewater was found to be satisfactory.
Keywords: anaerobic reactor, retting, wastewater, poly-phenols, coconut, sludge.

*Corresponding author
P. Baskaralingam
Department of Chemistry, CEG, Anna University,
Chennai-600025, India.
baskaralingam@gmail.com.

ICEEIS ENERGY 14
STUDY ON THE STABILITY OF PROTEASE RICH FISH PROCESSING WASTE
EXTRACT DURING STORAGE: FORMULATING PRESERVATIVES TO ENHANCE
SHELF LIFE
Sherin Paul, Saranya.R and Jayapriya.J*
Department of Applied Science and Technology, A.C.Tech, Anna University, Chennai, Tamilnadu

Abstract
Proteases account for about 60% of the total worldwide sales of enzymes. They have diverse
applications in a wide variety of industries such as detergent, food, pharmaceutical, leather, silk,
diagnostics and for the recovery of silver from used X-ray films. The resistance of the
catalytically active protein structure toward high temperatures, pH and other denaturing
influences is one of the most important criteria for commercialization and for industrial
application of the enzymes. The present study reveals that partially purified fish waste protease
retained more than 85% activity after 90 days at 4∘C. Among the formulations tested, glycerol
and Sawdust were found to be the best stabilizers with 80% residual activity. Optimizing
stabilizing parameters will not only lead to a more efficient enzyme but also will increase the
economic potential in existing enzymatic processes and in novel areas where enzymes have not
been used till now because of their instability. This study evaluates the stabilization efficiency of
various additives on the protease activity of partially purified enzyme. The experiment results
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revealed that the additives provided better long term storage stability at pH 8 and 30°C, without
significant loss in enzyme activity. The application of additives widened the pH and temperature
profile of enzyme activity, and shifted the activity optimum toward the region of more alkaline
pH and optimum temperature. Hence the partially purified protease from the fish processing
waste could be suggested that the stabilized protease extracted could be potentially applied for
various industries.

Keywords: Protease, Fish Waste, Stability, Shelf Life

References:
[1] Adinarayana, K., Ellaiah, P. and Prasad, D. S. (2003).Purification and partial characterization
of thermostable serine alkaline protease from a newly isolated Bacillus subtilis PE-11. AAPS
Pharmaceutical Science Technician 4, 56-63.
[2] Barberis, S., Quiroga, E., Morcelle, S., Priolo, N. and Luco, J. M. (2006). J Mol Catal B: Enz,
38: 95–103.
[3] Rainer J, 2000. Stability and stabilization of globular protein in solution. J
Biotechnol.,79:193–203.
[4] Serralha FN, Lopes JM, Lemos F, Prazeres DMF, Aires-Barros MR, Cabral JMS, Ribeiro
FR. Zeolites as supports for an enzymatic alcoholysis reaction. J Mol Catal B-
Enzym. 1998;4:303–311.

* Corresponding author
Dr.J.Jayapriya
Department of Applied Science & Technology
A.C.Tech, Anna University, Chennai 600025
Jayapriyachem@gmail.com
9962523696

ICEEIS ENERGY 15

ENHANCED PHOTO GENERATION RATE OF MoS2 HETERO JUNCTION SOLAR


CELL
Parasuraman.R*, Rathnakannan.K
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
In this paper a heterojunction solar cell based on Semiconductor molybdenum disulfide and
silicon has been proposed and modelled using a multi physics tool. An n+MOS2 deposited on
p+Si enhances a built-in electric field at MOS2/Si interface that helps in photo- generated carrier
separation for photovoltaic operation. The n+MOS2/p+Si-junctions can induce significant
charge-carrier recombination, which improves the conversion efficiency of solar cells through a
reduction in fill factor and open-circuit voltage. The recombination of electron has been
suppressed by adding optimum p- and n-type dopant diffusion layers and Al2O3-based
passivation layer at the n+MOS2 surface, which in turn improves the short current density. The
proposed approach exhibits an efficient collection of photo generated electrons at low electric
field with stability under absolute temperature

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Keywords: n+MOS2; Al2O3 passivation layer ; charge-carrier recombination;


References:
[1] Ankur Nipane, Debjani, Karmakar, Naveen Kaushik, Shruti Karande and Saurabh
Lodha,Few-Layer MoS2 p-Type Devices Enabled by Selective Doping Using Low Energy
Phosphorus Implantation,ACS Nano 2016, 10, 2128−2137.
[2] Kasidit Toprasertpong, Tomoyuki Inoue1, Amaury Delamarre,Kentaroh Watanabe,
Photocurrent Collection Mechanism and Role of CarrierDistribution in p-i-n Quantum Well
Solar Cells, IEEE 978-1-5090-2724-8/16/2016
[3] Marco M. Furchi, Andreas Pospischil,Florian Libisch, Joachi Burgdörfer, Thomas Mueller,
Photovoltaic Effect in an Electrically Tunable van der Waals Heterojunction
dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl501962c | Nano Lett. 2014, 14, 4785−4791
[4] Eric Singh, Ki Seok Kim, Geun Young Yeom, and Hari Singh Nalwa,Atomically Thin-
Layered Molybdenum Disulfide (MOS2) for Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells ACS Appl.
Mater. Interfaces 2017, 9, 3223−3245
* Corresponding author
Parasuraman.R
Research Scholar,Anna University
ram28020@gmail.com
9003482417

ICEEIS ENERGY 16

OPTIMIZATION AND SIMULATION OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM


PONGAMIA PINNATA OIL USING SYNTHESIZED IRON NANOCATALYST
THROUGH ASPEN HYSYS SOFTWARE
M. Rengasamy*1, N. Jaya*1, B.Vinithkumar1, R.Vinoth raj1
*1
Department of Petrochemical Technology, University College of Engineering- BIT Campus, Anna University,
Tiruchirappalli-620024
1
Department of Petrochemical Technology, University College of Engineering- BIT Campus, Anna University,
Tiruchirappalli-620024
Abstract
Aspen Hysys is a chemical process simulator used to mathematically model chemical
processes, from unit operations to chemical plants and refineries. Biodiesel is a clean-burning
renewable substitute fuel for conventional petroleum diesel which is made from vegetable oils or
animal fats by a monoalcoholic transesterification process. The transesterification reaction for
the conversion of triglycerides into fatty acid methyl esters was carried out in a reaction of oil
and Methanol. This paper describe how to utilize a Aspen Hysys optimizer to improve purity and
to reduce the cost of the production of bio-diesel from Pongamia pinnata oil (Non-edible oil)
using synthesized Iron Nano catalyst. Finally, Aspen Hysys is utilized to rate the whole process
and mimic the real plant operation.
Keywords: Bio-diesel, Pongamia pinnata oil, Iron Nanocatalyst, Transterification, Aspen Hysys

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References:

[1] M.Rengasamy, K.Anbalagan, S.Kodhaiyolii and V.Pugalenthi, “Castor leaf mediated


synthesis of iron nanoparticles for evaluating catalytic effects in transesterification of castor oil”,
RSC Advances., 2016, Vol. 6, PP. 9261–9269. DOI: 10.1039/C5RA15186D.
http://pubs.rsc.org//content/articlelanding/2016/ra/c5ra15186d/unauth#!divAbstract

[2] M.Rengasamy, S. Mohanraj K.Anbalagan, and V.Pugalenthi, “Synthesis of maghemite


nanoparticles, biodiesel and hydrogen: One pot sequential reactions”, Applied Catalysis A:
General, 25 September 2017, Vol. 546, PP. 22-29. DOI: 10.1016/j.apcata.2017.07.019.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926860X17303198

* Corresponding author
Dr.M.Rengasamy,
Assistant professor,
Department of Petrochemical Technology,
University College of Engineering BIT campus, Anna University,
Tiruchirappali-620024
Email:mrengasamy40@gmail.com, 9443533238

ICEEIS ENERGY 17

ACCLIMATION OF PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA MTCC 2582 FOR IMPROVED


ANAEROBIC DECOLORIZATION OF REACTIVE DYES IN MFC REACTOR
R Ilamathi1, J Jayapriya*1
1
Department of Applied Science and Technology, A.C.Tech, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
The variation of microbial activity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 2582 during
acclimation to treat reactive azo dyes: Reactive Orange 16 and Reactive Black 5, in an
anaerobic MFC batch reactor was studied. Initial enrichment in an MFC reactor followed by
shake flask enrichment technique, showed a reduction in dye decolorization time as
acclimation occurred. The influence of initial toxic concentration of dyestuff in MSM
medium to the microorganism was studied considering three sets as follows: 50, 100, and
200 mg/L. Decolorization time was reduced from 336 h to 48h for RO-16 and 360 h to 72h
for RB-5, in case of 200 mg/L. In both the dyes the complete decolorization was achieved
less than 48 h for the case of 50mg/L and 100 mg/L after acclimation process. After
successive acclimation, the decolorization ability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 2582
depicted improved decolorization at high concentrations of 750 mg/L for both the dye.
Accumulation of secondary metabolites in the anolyte, improved the electron mediating
capability in MFC. Mesophilic temperatures (25-35°C) and neutral pH (6.5-7.5) were most
favourable for reactive dye decolorization in MFC. Among the auxiliary carbon sources,
addition of glucose enhanced the rate of decolorization. It was also observed that the
acclimation increased the power production and reduced the inoculum volume in MFC.
Keywords: Acclimation; anaerobic decolorization; Reactive azo dyes; Pseudomonas
aeruginosa; MFC.
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References:
[1] Chen, Bor-Yann, et al. Feasibility study of simultaneous bioelectricity generation and dye
decolorization using naturally occurring decolorizers.. J. Taiwan Inst. of Chem. Engineers.
41.6(2010) 682.
[2] Ilamathi, R., Jayapriya. J. Microbial fuel cells for dye decolorization. Envi. Chem. Lett.
(2017) 1.
[3] Jayaprakash, J., Abinaya, P., Ramamurthy, V. Decolorization and degradation of monoazo
and diazo dyes in Pseudomonas catalyzed microbial fuel cell. Envi. Prog. & Sust. Energy.
35.6(2016) 1623.
Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Dr.J.Jayapriya
Department of Applied Science and Technology, A.C.Tech,
Anna University, Chennai.
jayapriyachem@gmail.com
9962523696

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ICEEIS ENERGY 18

TRANSIENT THERMAL PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF PCM BASED FLAT PLATE


HEAT SINKS FOR ELECTRONICS COOLING APPLICATION
R. Dinesh1, A. Ameelia Roseline2, S. Kalaiselvam *1
1
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Anna University, Chennai.
2
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Panimalar Engineering College, Chennai.
Abstract
In this study, the cyclic thermal performance of PCM based flat plate heat sinks were
experimentally investigated for various loading conditions. Attentions were paid to enhance the
heat transfer rate in effective convective cooling areas of the PCM filled heat sinks. Parametric
investigations were carried out on fin configurations favoring cooling time enhancement of the
heat sinks. The results showed that increasing PCM loading percentage on the heat sinks has
monotonously prolonged the critical time of the heat sinks without thermal shocks in the heat
sink base. The thermal performance enhancement of the PCM was achieved due to the buoyancy
effect in solid liquid interface. Increasing the number of fins with smaller dimensions reduced
the fan operating time by half. The CFD models helps in optimizing the cooling side heat
transfer of the heat sinks. Increasing the number of PCM partitions in the heat sinks uniformly
distributed the heat to the PCM and maintains the base temperature until the pcm melts with
thermal shocks air flow areas. CFD simulations clearly depict the thermal shocks along with
required regeneration time of the PCM. Research findings indicates that the use of myristic acid
PCM along with increasing finned partitions has uniformly distributed the heat flux and
achieved an enhancement ratio of 2.5 without temperature shout up in the base. The simulation
results are found to be in line with the experimental data’s.
Keywords: PCM; Flat plate heat sinks; Enhancement ratio; Regeneration time.
References:
[1] Xiao-Hu Yang, Si-Cong Tan, Yu-Jie Ding, Lei Wang, Jing Liu, Yi-Xin Zhoua, Experimental
and numerical investigation of low melting point metal based PCM heat sink with internal
fins,Int Commun Heat Mass. 87 (2017) 118–124.
[2] Adeel Arshad, Hafiz Muhammad Ali, Wei-Mon Yan, Ahmed Kadhim Hussein, Majid
Ahmadlouydarab, An experimental study of enhanced heat sinks for thermal management using
n-eicosane as phase change material. Appl Therm Eng. 132 (2018) 52-66.
[3] Saad Mahmoud, Aaron Tang, Chin Toh, Raya AL-Dadah, Sein Leung Soo, Experimental
investigation of inserts configurations and PCM type on the thermal performance of PCM based
heat sinks. Appl Energ. 112 (2013) 1349-1356.

*Corresponding author
S.Kalaiselvam
Head, Department of Applied Science and Technology
Anna University – Chennai.
nanokalai@gmail.com
044-22359220.

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ICEEIS ENERGY 19

DEVELOPMENT OF MICROENCAPSULATED EUTECTIC MIXTURE PHASE


CHANGE MATERIALS FOR THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE APPLICATIONS
S. Dhivya, P. Karuppasamy and S. Kalaiselvam
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech Campus, AnnaUniversity, Chennai
Abstract
In this paper a novel microencapsulated phase change material(PCM) has been developed and
tested for energy storage systems. Microencapsulated eutectic mixtures were prepared as
homogenized emulsion in three different weight ratios. Oleic acid and Myristic acid eutectic
mixture was encapsulated in Urea-Formaldehyde resin shell material were synthesized by in situ
polymerization act as latent heat thermal energy storage material for building applications.
Eutectic composition of the PCM was determined experimentally. The Fourier transform infrared
spectra confirmed that the Urea-Formaldehyde shell was successfully fabricated on the surface of
the core material. Thermo-physical property enhancement was depicted based on the results
obtained from the freezing /solidification, DSC and thermal diffusivity analysis. The results
obtained from the investigation conclude that the use of micro/nanoencapsulated eutectic PCMs
has increasing thermal performance and energy storage in the building systems.
Keywords: Phase change materials; micro/nanoencapsulation; passive cooling; eutectic mixture;

* Corresponding author
Dr. S. Kalaiselvam
Head, Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University
kalai@annauniv.edu
04422359219

ICEEIS ENERGY 20

DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF MICROBIAL FUEL CELL FOR


WASTEWATER TREATMENT
R.Jothibabu1, J.Jayapriya *1
1
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
A laboratory-scale cylindrical shaped biocatalyzed Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) was
investigated for its performance in decolourizing azo dyes and simultaneous bioenergy
production. The azo dye investigated in this study were methyl orange (MO). In anode chamber,
Sago wastewater and MO resulted in the highest power density (2.101mW m-2) with graphite
electrodes and a decolourization efficiency of 74% was achieved. In cathode chamber Phosphate
Buffer and MO resulted in the highest power density (18.803 mW m-2) with graphite electrodes
and a decolourization efficiency of 48.3%. The azo bonds were cleaved in the dye tested, and
their metabolites in the anolytes and catholytes were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy
and FTIR analyes.

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Keywords: Microbial Fuel Cell; Azo dye; Decolourization; MO;


References:
[1] J. Jayapriya, V. Ramamurthy, Use of non-native phenazines to improve the performance of
Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 2474 catalysed fuel cells, Bioresourse 124 (2012) 23-28.
[2] Liang Liu, Fang-bai Li, Chun-hua Feng, Xiang-zhong Li, Microbial fuel cell with an azo-
dye-feeding cathode, Appl Microbial Biotechnol 85 (2009) 175-183.
Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Dr.J.Jayapriya,
Associate Professor
Department of Applied Science and Technology
AC Tech, Anna University
jayapriyachem@gmail.com
996252369

ICEEIS ENERGY 21

Guest Address
NUCLEAR POWER AND ENVIRONMENT
By
G.Vaidyanathan
Former Group Director, IGCAR and Visiting Professor
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
SRM University
ganesan.vaidyanathan@gmail.com

Nuclear energy has played a major role in reducing the world's use of oil for electricity
generation over the past decades. A total of 443 nuclear power plants are currently operating in
32 countries around the world. Overall, nuclear-power plants provided approximately 17% of the
world's electricity production. Current estimates are that uranium resources will last some 400 to
500 years at the present rate of use. This resource base could furthermore, last some 50 times

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longer if breeder reactors are introduced. Thus, nuclear resource can be even considered as a
renewable source.
Emissions to the environment have been the principal focus of energy impact studies: the
quantity of toxic pollutants and waste generated from fossil-fuel plants are much more than the
quantities from other energy options. A 1000 MW(e) coal plant, without abatement technology,
produces annually an average of some 44,000 tonnes of sulphur oxides and 22,000 tonnes of
nitrous oxides and 320,000 tonnes of ash containing 400 tonnes of heavy metals - arsenic,
cadmium, cobalt, lead, mercury, nickel, and vanadium.
A 1000 MW(e) nuclear-power plant does not release noxious gases or other pollutants.
The direct emissions of CO2 from nuclear-power generation are very low. However, it releases
some CO2 if indirect processes are considered. Life Cycle carbon dioxide emissions are very low
for nuclear plants, ~ 2.7% of that of coal-fired power generation.
Waste from the operation of nuclear-power plants is probably the most studied waste in
the world. However, the amount of waste generated by nuclear power plants is very small
compared with the waste generated by electricity generation systems. The small quantities
permit a confinement strategy essentially isolated from the environment.
The extraordinary high energy-density of nuclear fuel relative to fossil fuels is an
advantageous physical characteristic. The energy densities of fossil and of nuclear fuels allows
for relatively small power plant sites of a few square kilometers. The low energy density of
renewables results in high land requirements.
All energy sources represent some risks: these are highly dependent on the different
countries' culture and economics. These risks must be assessed and minimized, and should be
part of an integrated view on the risks in the society.

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SESSION III- WATER POLLUTION CONTROL AND


TREATMENT

Session Chair
Dr.A.Sivasamy
Senior Principal Scientist
CLRI, Chennai.

Session Co-Chair
Dr.N.Balasubramanian
Professor,
Dept. of Chem. Engg
Anna University,Chennai.

Session Chair
Dr.Lima Rose Miranda
Professor,
Dept. of Chem. Engg,
Anna University,Chennai.

Session Co-Chair
Dr.K.Muthukumar
Associate Professor, Dept. of Chem. Engg
Anna University, Chennai.

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ICEEIS WPCT - 01

BIOSORPTION OF CHROMIUM (III) USING DRIED SKIN OF


ALLIUM CEPA
Manivasagan. V, Saranya. K, Ramya. S, Karthika.S, Sangeetha.Y
Department of Biotechnology, Adhiyamaan College of Engineering, Hosur
Abstract
Chromium is a naturally occurring heavy metal that is commonly used in industrial
processes and can cause severe health effects in humans. The long time exposure of trivalent
chromium will cause significant health effects to human. Biosorption is one of the major
techniques for the removal of heavy metals from various sources and it has attracted as a cost-
effective means for the treatment of metal-bearing water. In the present study, biosorption was
conducted at different conditions such as varying pH (3, 5, 7, 9,11), biosorption dosage (0.5, 1.0,
1.5, 2, 2.5 gm), shaking velocity (75, 150, 200) and concentration (50, 75, 150 mg/L) for the
biosorption of chromium by Allium cepa skin. From the study, it was found that the biosorption
dosage efficiency increases chromium adsorption concentration.
Keywords: Skin of Allium cepa, Biosorption, Health effects, Chromium, Metal-bearing water.
*Corresponding Author
Manivasagan. V,
Department of Biotechnology,
Adhiyamaan College of Engineering, Hosur
manivasaganv@gmail.com

ICEEIS WPCT - 02

SYNTHESIS AND CHARATERIZATION OF CHITOSAN FOR ITS APPLICATION OF


As(v) ADSORPTION FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS:KINETICS AND ISOTHERM
STUDIES
N.Vijayanand*, G.Raja
Centre for Applied and Environmental Research, Department of Chemistry, Paavai Engineering College,
Namakkal, Tamilnadu.
Abstract
Arsenic is a ubiquitous element, occurs naturally in both organic and inorganic forms.
Under aerobic condition it becomes poisonous in drinking water. Removal of arsenate (As(v)) by
biosorption with prepared shrimp shell chitosan is sensitive to solution pH. Batch experiments
were performed to investigate effects of various parameters such as contact time, pH, initial
concentration, temperature and adsorbents dosage. Kinetic data reveal that adsorption was rapid
at the beginning and equilibrium was achieved within 3 hrs. The adsorption data fitted Langmuir
isotherm at low temperatures, freundlich isotherm at high temperatures. The maximum
adsorption capacity calculated from Langmuir model was up to 32mg/g. The adsorption process
was well described by pseudo-second-order kinetics, and controlled by chemical process. FT-IR
analysis reveal the possible interaction between adsorbent and metal ions.SEM images confirmed
the adsorption of As(v) onto prepared chitosan through morphological observation. The

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adsorption capacity is comparable to results published by other authors, suggesting that the
prepared modified biosorbent has potential in remediation of contaminated waters.
Keywords: As(v) removal, Biosorption, Chitosan, Kinetics, Water/Waste water.
References:
[1] Catheriene Hui Niu, Bohumil Volesky, Daniel Cleiman, Adsorption of Arsenic on to
seashell, Water Research 41 (2007) 2473.
[2] Jaafarzadeh N, Mengelizadeh N, Takdastan A, Farsani MH, Aalipour M, Treatment of
Hazardous wastes by Adsorption, Int J Env Health Eng 4 (2015) 47.

Graphical Abstract

*Corresponding Author
N.Vijayanand
Centre for Applied and Environmental Research,
Department of Chemistry, Paavai Engineering College,
Namakkal, Tamilnadu.
vijayanandnagarajanpec@paavai.edu.in

ICEEIS WPCT - 03

COMPARING THE REMOVAL EFFICIENCY OF MALACHITE GREEN FROM


WASTE WATER USING NATURAL ADSORBENTS
Remya .P.K*1 and VishnuPrasad M.S1,2
1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Erode.
2
Shanfari rheochemie, Site engineer, Muscat.
Abstract
Malachite green is a toxic textile dye, the removal of which from waste water is a
difficult process. Natural adsorbents like de oiled soya, and residual tea leaves have shown
adsorbing properties towards malachite green. Applying the use of such natural waste material
will help to reduce the cost of operation. In this study the removal of dye using the adsorbents
has been analysed as a function of temperature, pH and amount of adsorbent. Spectrometer has
been used for the analysis, the results from which are fitted for Langmuir and Freundlich,
isotherm equations, and their parameters are calculated from the graph. The efficiency of dye
removal has been compared for residual tea leaves and soya waste and the operating conditions
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were optimized.
Keywords: Water treatment; Natural adsorbents; adsorption isotherms;
References:
[1] V.K. Gupta, C.K. Jain, I. Ali, S. Chandra, S. Agarwal, Removal of lindane and malathion
from wastewater using bagasse fly ash--a sugar industry waste, Water Res. 36 (2002) 2483.
[2] Adegoke KA, Bello OS, Dye sequestration using agricultural wastes as adsorbents, Water
Resour Ind 12 (2015) 8–24.
* Corresponding author
Remya P K
Department of chemical engineering
Kongu Engineering College,Erode
manjupk89@gmail.com, 9497752546.

ICEEIS WPCT - 04

REMOVAL AND RECOVERY OF TOXIC HEAVY METALS THROUGH ULTRA


FILTRATION USING CHITOSAN DERIVATIVE
E. Kavitha*, M.P.Rajesh, S. Prabhakar, Prince Jain, Khyati Parikh, N. Shanmuga Priya
Department of Chemical Engineering, School of BioEngg, Faculty of Science and Technology,
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai
Abstract
The aqueous effluent streams from various industries such as leather, electroplating,
mining, mineral processing etc. contain heavy metal contaminants, mostly in the order of a few
mg/litre. Environmental concerns both in terms of conforming to the prescribed stringent
standards and the consequent impact on the economics of the process have forced the stake
holders to look at options where all the components of spent streams could be recovered as value
either for reuse or economic benefit. Membrane processes which are module in nature lend
themselves to achieve this objective particularly through ultra-filtration in complexation or
colloid-generation mode. Reverse osmosis and Nano-filtration are theoretically capable of
removing heavy metal species but their utility is constrained by water recovery and energy costs.
Even though the concept of complexation-ultrafiltration is well reported by many researchers,
the present work represents the next stage by which the recovery of the heavy metal species is
demonstrated with the examples of copper and nickel using water soluble polymer from chitosan
derivative. The experimental studies carried out in the lab scale using Ultra-filtration membrane
module have indicated not only near complete removal but also near complete recovery.
Keywords: Membrane processes; Ultrafiltration; Heavy metal recovery; Nickel; Copper
References:
[1]M.A. Barakat , E. Schmidt, Polymer-enhanced ultrafiltration process for heavy metals
removal from industrial wastewater, Desalination, 256 (2010) 90.
[2] T. Chitambwe, E. Kavitha, S. Prabhakar, Separation of Cs-Sr through Ultrafiltration, IJSR, 4
(2015) 1921.

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[3] E. Kavitha, M P Rajesh, S Prabhakar, A Sowmya, Mohammed Abdul Raqeeb, S Sriram,


Prince Jain , Size Enhanced Ultrafiltration: A Novel Hybrid Membrane Process for the Removal
and Recovery of Heavy Metal Contaminants, RJPBCS, 8(3S) (2017) 191.
[4] Rafael Camarillo, Angel Perez, Pablo Canizares, Antonio de Lucas , Removal of heavy metal
ions by polymer enhanced ultrafiltration Batch process modeling and thermodynamics of
complexation reactions, Desalination, 286 (2012) 193.
* Corresponding author
E .Kavitha
Department of Chemical Engg, School of BioEngg,
SRM institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamilnadu 603203
kavitha.e@ktr.srmuniv.ac.in, +91 9445609098

ICEEIS WPCT - 05
ADSORPTION STUDIES USING BIOSOLIDS FOR THE REMOVAL OF DYES
M.M.Jeeva Kumar*1 , Ms.S.Sivasangari 2
Department of Civil Engineering, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai.
Abstract
Waste water containing high volume of dye has adverse impacts on water, soil and
environment hence it is necessary to develop a scientific solution of low cost materials for
removing the dye from the water. The aim of this study is to synthesis a low cost adsorption
material using biosolids (Secondary Sludge) and to evaluate its efficiency for removing
methylene blue, basic violet dyes by adsorption process. Batch experiments were conducted with
different dosage of adsorbent ranging from 0.5 to 2g and different contact time ranging from 0 to
180 minutes. Synthetic samples of adsorbate were prepared and the samples were analyzed under
different operational parameters like pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage. For Methylene blue dye
the optimum pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage was 2, 150 min, and 1 g/L respectively and
maximum removal efficiency was 93.5%, similarly for basic violet dye the optimum pH, contact
time, adsorbent dosage was 2, 120 min and 2g/L respectively and maximum removal efficiency
was 87.5%. Adsorption rate of Methylene blue and Basic violet dyes was found to be
considerably faster for chemically activated biosolid than unmodified biosolid. For both the dyes
Langmuir adsorption isotherm model fitted well. Based on the results it is concluded that
activated biosolid can be used effectively for the removal of methylene blue and basic violet
dyes from aqueous solution and cost effective.
Keywords: Biosolids; Dyes; Adsorption; Secondary Sludge; Removal Efficiency
References:
[1] M. Sarioglu, U.A. Atay, Removal of Methylene Blue by using Biosolid, Global Nest Journal
8(2006) 113.
[2] Muqing Qiu, Chengcai Huang, Removal of dyes from aqueous solution by activated carbon
from sewage sludge of the municipal wastewater treatment plant, Desalination and Water
Treatment 53(2015)3641.

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Graphical abstract

*Corresponding author
M.M.Jeeva Kumar,
Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Thiruparankundram,
Madurai-625015.
jeevasamu@gmail.com
9042208319

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ICEEIS WPCT - 06

TREATMENT METHODS OF HEAVY METALS FROM INDUSTRIAL


WASTEWATERS
R.Thilakavathi * and E.Poonguzhali
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Technology, SRM Institute of Science
and Technology, Kattankulathur
Abstract
Wastewaters almost always contain toxic pollutants which are carcinogens and lead to
serious health concerns by producing free radicals. The main source of this toxic pollutant is
coming from any anthropogenic industries, such as mining or natural forces: volcanoes,
earthquakes or storms. The toxic pollutants can be categorized into three major groups: organic,
inorganic, and biological particles. The purpose of this study is to concentrate on inorganic
groups containing heavy metal ions. Removal of heavy metals is necessary because they are
toxic substances with carcinogenic in nature, which should not to be discharged directly into the
environment. There are various metal ions such as arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury and
chromium which are considered to be highly toxic. In specific heavy metals like arsenic, copper,
cadmium, chromium, nickel, zinc, lead, and mercury are major pollutants of fresh water
reservoirs because of their toxic, non-biodegradable, and persistent nature. The industrial growth
is the major source of heavy metals introducing such pollutants into different segments of the
environment including air, water, soil, and biosphere. Heavy metals are easily absorbed by fishes
and vegetables due to their high solubility in the aquatic environments. Hence, they may
accumulate in the human body by means of the food chain. Various methods have been
developed and used for wastewater treatment to decrease heavy metal concentrations at its
permissible level. The methods are namely membrane filtration, ion-exchange, adsorption,
chemical precipitation, nanotechnology treatments, electrochemical and advanced oxidation
processes. In this paper, the various methods and their efficiencies in removal of heavy metals
are elaborated.
Keywords: Wastewater; heavy metal; treatment techniques.
References:
[1] Fenglian Fu, Qi Wang, Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: A review, Journal of
Environmental Management. 92 (2011) 407-418.
[2] K. Juttner, U. Galla, H. Schmieder, Electrochemical approaches to environmental problems
in the process industry, Electrochimica Acta. 45 (2000) 2575–2594.
* Corresponding author
R.Thilakavathi
SRM Institute of Science and Technology
thilakavathi.r@ktr.srmuniv.ac.in, 9840320175

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ICEEIS WPCT - 07

A STUDY ON WASTEWATER TREATMENT USING ATTACHED GROWTH BATCH


REACTOR (AGBR)
Vijay Samuel G*, G. Saranya and A. Anitha
Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Mechanical Sciences, Hindustan Institute of Technology &
Science, Padur, Chennai
Abstract
Discharge of untreated domestic and industrial wastewater to surface or groundwater
causes water pollution. Therefore treatment of any kind of wastewater to produce effluent with
good quality is necessary. In this regard choosing an effective treatment system is important.
Attached Growth Batch Reactor (AGBR) is a modification of Sequential Batch Reactor (SBR)
process which uses submerged granular media for the formation of biofilm. The process could be
applied for removal of high organic content in wastewater. The advantages of the process are
single-tank configuration, small foot print, easily expandable, simple operations and low capital
costs. Raw sewage feed water was collected from the River Coovam and it was filled in the
reactor tank. Sample from decantable volume was taken and its physical and chemical
parameters were analyzed. Physical parameters include total suspended solids, colour, odour and
appearance. Chemical parameters include biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand
etc. The AGBR offers all the features of the SBR and additional advantage by using biofilm
operation with 90- 99% reduction in organic contents, 20% reduction in total suspended solids
and increased DO levels.
Key Words: SBR, AGBR, Organic contents, DO

References

[1] H. Mahvi, Iranian Journal of Environment Health Science and Engineering. 2008. Vol. 5.
No.2. pp 79-90
[2] Vijay Samuel G., Dev Anand, P., Sudarshan Choudhary and Kumar Narasimhan .
International Journal of Information Research and Review. Wastewater Treatment using
Attached Growth Batch Reactor Technology. Vol. 02, Issue, 10, pp. 1228-1231 October, 2015

*Corresponding Author
Vijay Samuel G
Department of Chemical Engineering,
School of Mechanical Sciences,
Hindustan Institute of Technology & Science, Padur, Chennai.
gvijays@hindustanuniv.ac.in

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ICEEIS WPCT - 08

DEGRADATION OF BASIC BROWN 4 DYES BY OZONATION AND H2O2/O3


PROCESSES IN A BATCH REACTOR
Chithra K*, Saranya C, Malathi A
Department of Chemical Engineering, A.C. Tech, Anna University, Chennai, Tamilnadu
Abstract
In the present study, an attempt has been made to identify effects of ozonation and
combination of oxidizing agents such as H2O2 and ozone on degradation of Basic brown 4 dyes
in a batch reactor. The effect of ozone dose, initial dye concentration and solution pH on the rate
of decolonization was studied and the results were analyzed in terms of colour and COD removal
efficiency. The results showed that the complete decolourization achieved by combined process
and the colour removal, COD removal were found to be as 99.9% and 82% at pH 7. The
degradation kinetics was observed to be a pseudo-first-order reaction with respect to Basic
brown 4 dye concentration
Key words: Ozonation; Basic brown 4; degradation; H2O2/O3

*Corresponding Author
Chithra.k
Department of Chemical Engineering,
A.C. Tech, Anna University, Chennai, Tamilnadu
chithraakumaran@gmail.com

ICEEIS WPCT - 09

DECOLOURIZATION OF TOXIC HEAVY METALS FROM LEATHER INDUSTRY


EFFLUENT USING SURFACE MODIFIED EGGSHELL
A. Saravanan*, R. Gnanasekaran, D. Yuvaraj
1
Department of Biotechnology, Vel Tech High Tech Dr Rangarajan Dr Sakunthala Engineering College, Chennai,
Tamilnadu.
Abstract
In this study, an attempt was made to evaluate the use of eggshell as adsorbent material
for the removal of heavy metal ions. To upgrade the adsorption of heavy metals ions, surface
modification of eggshell was carried out by using concentrated sulfuric acid. The newly
synthesized surface modified egg shell was successfully utilized for the effective adsorption of
Cr(VI) ions from the aqueous solutions. The characterization studies of raw and surface modified
eggshell was performed by using FTIR and SEM analysis. The effect of factor influencing
parameters such as initial Cr(VI) ion concentration, adsorbent dosage, solution pH, contact time
and temperature were estimated. The equilibrium adsorption data were best described by
Langmuir model. The adsorption kinetics was best fitted with pseudo second order kinetic
model. The thermodynamic study illustrated that the adsorption process is endothermic and
spontaneous in nature. In general, the surface modification using sulfuric acid was an effective
method to prepare activated carbon with a high affinity for the sorption of heavy metals.

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Keywords: Egg Shell; Surface modification; Wastewater Treatment; Heavy metal ions;
Equilibrium
Graphical Abstract

*Corresponding Author
Dr. A. Saravanan,
Department of Biotechnology,
Vel Tech High Tech Dr Rangarajan Dr Sakunthala Engineering College,
Avadi, Chennai
sara.biotech7@gmail.com, 9003838356.

ICEEIS WPCT - 10

TREATMENT OF PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY WASTEWATER USING MIXED


ADSORBENTS
Lavanya. M*, Evany Nithya. S
Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy, Tamilnadu
Abstract
Growth of the industrialization leads to huge environmental pollution. Environmental
protection has become global concern. The paper and pulp industry is one of the major polluting
industrial sectors among all. All the available methods for treatment of Paper and pulp industry
wastewater have certain drawbacks. In this study, mixed adsorbent is used to treat the paper and
pulp industry effluent wastewater. Prosopisjuliflora leaf powder and silica gel is used as a mixed
adsorbents. The aim of this study is to find out the, efficiency of mixed adsorbents in removing
COD, Total dissolved solids, turbidity color from the paper and pulp industry wastewater. The
study was done by batch mode to determine effect of contact time , adsorbent dosage and pH.
The removal efficiency of COD, Colour, total dissolved solids and turbidity with mixed
adsorbents were found to be 90.27%, 82.29%, 88.37%and 82.78% respectively. The equilibrium
data of the investigation satisfied the Langmuir and freundlich isotherm models.
Keywords: Mixed adsorbents; Prosopisjuliflora; silica gel; adsorption isotherms.

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References :
[1] Vimal Chandra Srivastava, Indra Deo Mall, Indra mani Mishra, Treatment of paper mill
wastewater with poly aluminium chloride and bagasse fly ash ,Physicochem. Eng. Aspects 260
(2005) 17-28
[2] C.B. Shivayogimath, Navaneet B. Bhandari, Adsorption studies of paper mill effluent on
teakwood sawdust activated carbon, Int.Journal of Appl. Sci and Engg. Vol.3 Issue 5, (2014)
994-1004
[3] C.B. Shivayogimath, Chidamber Joshi , Removal of Organic Pollutants From paper and pulp
Effluent Using Mixed adsorbents, Int.Journal of Adv. Sci and Engg. Vol.3 Issue 3, (2015) 109-
113
*Corresponding author
M. Lavanya
Department of Civil Engineering,
University College of Engineering
(BIT) Campus, Trichy, Tamilnadu
erlavanyacivil@gmail.com, 8870658386.

ICEEIS WPCT - 11

ASSESSMENT OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF THURAIYUR CHINNA


YERI
Sabitha.S* and .Evany Nithya.S
Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy, Tamilnadu
Abstract
Tamilnadu is deficit in water resources where the per capita water availability is only
600 m³ against the national average of 4000 m³.The State has surface flow potential of 340
Million m³ of which about 333 Million m³ has already been harnessed.The rainfall is seasonal
and often erratic in timing and geographical distribution, resulting in frequent droughts and
occasional floods. To mitigate the adverse effects, serious attention is required to rehabilitate the
existing irrigation structures, canal systems, anicuts and tanks to make them functionally more
effective, conserve and utilize the water for optimum use.This paper deals with an assessment of
water quality parameters of ChinnaYeri(lake) situated at thuraiyur(tk) in trichy district in
Cauvery river basin. Samples have been collected at five different locations in Chinnayeri during
pre-monsoon period and post-monsoon.Then laboratory analysis is done and the results are
compared with BIS and WHO drinking water standards.”Inverse Distance
Weighting”(IDW)method is used for geostatistical analysis.Based on the results obtained
mapping of contaminants in lake is done by using ArcGIS software.According to the results
suitable solutions are given to treat the water in the lake.
Keywords: Chinna yeri water;BIS;WHO;IDW;ArcGIS
References:
[1] S.Somvanshi, P.Kunwar,N.B Singh, S.P. Shukla.S.P, V.Pathak, Integrated Remote Sensing
and GIS approach for water quality of Gomti river, Uttar Pradesh Int Jr of Env Sci. 3(2012) 62.
[2] N.R Prasad, J.M Patil, A study of physico-chemical parameters of Krishna River water
particularly in western Maharashtra, Rasayan.J. Chem, 1(4) (2008) 943.
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[3] R.Sudha, T.Sangeetha, Comparative study of water quality parameters of lake water (Chinna
Eri) with surrounding bore well water samples, Thuraiyur (Tk), Tiruchirappalli (Dt), Tamil
Nadu, Int. J. Curr. Res. Chem. Pharm. Sci, 4(7) (2017) 14.
*Corresponding author
Sabitha.S
Department of Civil Engineering,
UCE (BIT) Campus, Trichy -620002
sabithaselvaraju@gmail.com, 9965410659.

ICEEIS WPCT - 12

MODELLING OF EROSION AND SEDIMENT YIELD OF CAUVERY BASIN WITH


EPM, USING GIS
Vinothini.V*1 and Viji.R1,2
Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy, Tamilnadu
Abstract
Soil erosion is a serious problem arising from agricultural intensification, land
degradation and other anthropogenic activities. Assessment of soil erosion is useful in planning
and conservation works in a watershed or basin. The goal of this work is to estimate soil erosion
and sediment yield in Cauvery basin, Trichy by Erosion Potential Method, using Geographic
Information System (GIS). The study area taken for this study is Cauvery basin in Trichy district
from Mukkombu to Kallanai dam. The basin is divided into 8 sub basins and the distance
between Mukkombu to Kallanai dam is 34 km. The main factors in the EPM is slope, rock and
soil erosion, Digital elevation model were evaluated using GIS software. The slope map are
generated using DEM in ArcGIS software and the sub basin is obtained by GIS using slope map.
The soil map are taken from Soil Survey report and the Geology map are taken from Geological
Survey of India. The rainfall and temperature data are collected from Indian Metrological
Department from the year of 1984 to 2014 for this work.
Keywords: Cauvery basin; DEM; EPM; ArcGIS
References:
[1] S. Amini, B.Rafiei, S.Khodabakhsh and M.Heydari (2010), Estimation of Erosion and
Sediment Yield of Ekbatan Dam drainage basin with EPM, Using GIS. Iranian Journal of Earth
Sciences 2(2010) 173.
[2] Manjulavani K, Prathyusha B, Ramesh M (2016), Soil Erosion and Sediment Yield Modeling
Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques. Int Jrn Mgt App Sci, ISSN: 2394-7926.
[3] Narasayya Kamuju (2016), Soil Erosion and Sediment Yield Analysis Using Prototype and
Enhanced SATEEC GIS System Models in India. International Journal of Advanced Remote
Sensing and GIS, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp.1471.
*Corresponding Author
Vinothini.V
Department of Civil Engineering, UCE (BIT) Campus, Trichy
vinoambika2@gmail.com
9566873286

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ICEEIS WPCT - 13

ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY IN AN URBAN WASTEWATER


DISPOSAL ZONE
R.Ramya*1 , S.Chandran 2
Department of Civil Engineering, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai.
Abstract
Water is the basic element of social and economic infrastructure and it is essential for
healthy society and sustainable development. Groundwater is an important source of water for
Agriculture and the industrial sector. Groundwater contamination is mainly due to industrial,
agricultural and domestic waste. It is necessary to evaluate the groundwater resources and the
entire aquifer system. The present study is mainly concerned about the pollution of groundwater
at Avaniyapuram in Madurai Region. The reason behind the area is that a solidwaste dumpsite
and wastewater treatment plant is located near to the area. The objective of the study is to assess
the present status of groundwater quality and to check the level of contaminants in the specified
zone and predict the movement using a modelling tool. Groundwater samples from tube
wells/open wells were collected in and around over 5km of the study area. The objective is
achieved by analysing the samples as their physical and chemical parameters like pH, Turbidity,
Total dissolved solids, Dissolved oxygen and major cations as Calcium, Magnesium, major
anions such as Nitrate, Chloride were compared with the Indian standards of Drinking water
quality Specification. Results indicated that nearly all the parameter level is high around the
western region of the study area. The groundwater in these regions are not suitable for drinking
purposes, To conceptualize a model, input parameters and boundary conditions and run and
calibrate the model.
Keywords: Groundwater, Modelling, Parameters, Tube well/ bore well, IS of Drinking water
References:
[1] Fouepe Takounjou A., Gurunadha Rao V. V. S., Ndam Ngoupayou J., Sigha Nkamdjou L.
and. Ekodeck G. E. “Groundwater flow modelling in the upper Anga’a river watershed,
Yaounde, Cameroon”.African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. (2009)
[2] Kumar CP. “Numerical modelling of Groundwater flow using MODFLOW”. Indian Journal
of Science, Volume 2, Number 4. (2013)

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Graphical abstract

Conceptual Study

Data collection

Survey of study area

Base map preparation

Identification of sampling points

Collection of samples

Characterization of solid waste and analysis of samples

Modeling with contaminant using tool

Results and discussion

*Corresponding author
R.Ramya,
Thiagarajar College of Engineering,Madurai.
ramyaravi6495 @gmail.com
9600687138

ICEEIS WPCT - 14

INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENT TREATMENT BY PHYTOREMEDIATION


S.JoanSavitha*1 , T.VelRajan 2
Department of Civil Engineering, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai.
Abstract
The drawback of conventional technologies for wastewater treatment have led to serious
thinking on alternate, low cost, natural and energy saving technologies on water and wastewater
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treatment. At present a wide range of phytotechnologies have emerged to prevent environmental


degradation. Methods like phytoremediation which employs floating plants, constructed
wetlands etc. for the treatment of wastewater will be a better alternative to the conventional
technologies. Phytoremediation is the direct use of living green plants for in situ, or in place,
removal, degradation, or containment of contaminants in soils, sludges, sediments, surface water
and groundwater. Floating plants such as water hyacinth has a remarkable ability in treating the
polluted water. Hence, the current study is focused on the treatment of industrial effluent using
water hyacinth. The objective of the study is to determine the phytoremediation potential of
water hyacinth on industrial effluent treatment. Batch study have been employed to find the
pollutant reduction efficiency of water hyacinth. The results from the present study indicates the
ability of water hyacinth to degrade the heavy metals contamination. Removal efficiencies of
about 90-100% was achieved for electroplating wastewater. Thus, water hyacinth is found to be
an effective biological organism in removing pollutants in wastewater.
Keywords: Heavy Metals; Phytoremediation;Electroplating wastewater; Water Hyacinth
(Eichhornia crassipes); Removal Efficiency.
References:
[1] Abolanle S. Adekunle ,Removal of heavy metals from industrial effluents by water hyacinth
(Eichorniacrassipes, Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology,4(2012) 203.
[2] M. Delgadol, M.Bigeriego ,Uptake of Zn, Cr and Cd by water hyacinth,Water Resources
27(1993)269.
*Corresponding author
S.JoanSavitha,
Thiagarajar College of Engineering,Madurai.
joansavitha1994@gmail.com
9600593520

ICEEIS WPCT - 15

REMOVAL OF HEAVY METALS FROM THE REFINING OF COPPER ORE


INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENT USING NOVEL ADSORBENT
K. Senthil Kumar*, M. Naveen Kumar, K. Muthukumar, R. Keerthika
Department of Chemical Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode, Tamil Nadu.
Abstract
Adsorption is a cost effective technology for the removal of heavy metals from industrial
effluents. Various novel methods for minimizing toxicity of industrial effluent containing heavy
metals often involve technologies to meet technology-based treatment standards. Copper (Cu)
metal is one of the most important precious and prevalent metals used in the industries. There are
many techniques are available to treat various types of industrial effluent which are contaminated
with heavy metals like Copper. Copper metals are discharged to the atmosphere in different
forms through various industrial and man-made activities. In this paper, to overcome the
drawbacks of the conventional methods, an attempt has been made to study adsorption of Copper
ions from the refining of Copper ore industrial effluent using pretreated fish scales as an
adsorbent. Generally the adsorption process depends upon the physical and chemical

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characteristics of the adsorbent-adsorbate and their experimental conditions. In the present work,
an attmpt has been made to study the influence of pretreated fish scales on the removal of
Copper ions was investigated by varrying adsorbent dose, agitation speed, effluent pH, initial
concentration of effluent, temperature, etc. The kinetics and various adsorption isotherms for the
batch were also studied.
Keywords: Adsorption; Adsorbent; Isotherms; Kinetics; Fish scale.
References:
[1] S. Bamukyaye, W. Wanasolo, Performance of Egg-Shell and Fish-Scale as Adsorbent
Materials for Chromium (VI) Removal from Effluents of Tannery Industries in Eastern Uganda,
Open Access Lib. J. 4 (2017) 1.
[2] F. Kanwal, R. Rehman, T. Mahmud, J. Anwar, R. Ilyas, Isothermal and Thermodynamical
Modeling of Chromium (III) Adsorption by Composites of Po- lyaniline with Rice Husk and
Saw Dust. J. Chilean Chemical Soc. 57(2012) 1058.
[3] S. Dixit, A. Yadav, P.D. Dwivedi, M. Das, Toxic Hazards of Leather Industry and
Technologies to Combat Threat: A Review. J. Cleaner Produc. 87 (2015) 39.

Graphical Abstract

Influence of Initial Concentration of Effluent on % removal of Copper


ions
80
% removal of Copper ions

70
60 Initial Con. Of
50 Effluent 50ppm
40 Initial Con. Of
30 Effluent 100ppm
20 Initial Con. Of
10 Effluent 150ppm
0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
Contact time (min)

* Corresponding author
Dr.K.Senthilkumar
Associate Professor, Dept. Of Chemical Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai,
Erode-638060, Tamil Nadu
senthilkumar.chem@kongu.ac.in
9842844880

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ICEEIS WPCT - 16

UNCONVENTIONAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT USING SILVER


NANOPARTICLE INCORPORATED WITH CHRYSOPOGEN ZIZAMIOIDES
(VETTI VER )
K.Krishnadevi *, Arun V. Parwate and B.Sivanandhini
Department of Civil Engineering, CK College of Engineering and Technology, Cuddalore.
Abstract
The persistently changing today’s global technology as lead to the high priority in
focusing the problem unconventional waste water which is generated from various sources. This
unconventional waste water constitutes multiple biodegradable components and also some toxic
chemicals that cause high risk factors for human health and environment, which should be
handled properly as a bioremediation of waste water treatment. This article provides the impact
associated and the possible management of unconventional waste water generated from Sipcot
industrial estate Cuddalore using silver nanoparticle incorporated with Chrysopogen
zizamioides(Vetti ver ). These silver nanoparticles play a very important role in gaining huge
attention in recent year of waste water treatment. The study of bio environment nanoparticle
plays a large role on the catalytic properties. It acts as a heterogeneous catalyst which takes place
in the adsorption of the reactant with biological component to form the catalytic substrate. Thus
silver nanoparticle incorporated with Chrysopogen zizamioides (Vetti ver ) for the treatment of
unconventional waste water from the Sipcot industry which is an valuable alternative
methodology used traditionally and eco- friendly for making a sustainable environment.
Keywords: Unconventional; Silver Nanoparticle; Incorporated;Bioremediation; Chrysopogen
zizamioides.
References:
[1] K.Y. Foo, B.H. Hameed, Utilization of biodiesel waste as a renewable resource for activated
carbon: application to environmental problems, Renew. Sust. Energy Rev. 13 (9) (2009) 2495–
2504.
[2] E.A. Clarke, R. Anliker, Organic dyes and pigments, in: Handbook of environmental
chemistry, anthropogenic compounds, vol. 3, part A, New York, Springer–Verlag, (1980)181–
215.
[3] M. Maurer, D. Abramovich, H. Siegrist, W. Gujer, Kinetics of biologically induced
phosphorus precipitation in waste-water treatment, Water Res, 33(2) (1999) 484–493
[4] Edris Bazrafshan, Hossein Moein, Ferdos Kord Mostafapour, and Shima Nakhaie,
Application of Electrocoagulation Process for Dairy Wastewater Treatment, Journal of
Chemistry, (8) (2013) 640139.
* Corresponding author
K.Krishnadevi
CK College of Engineering & Technology, Cuddalore
krish18111988@gmail.com, 861006037

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ICEEIS WPCT - 17

WASTE WATER TREATMENT USING EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISMS FOR


ENERGY PRODUCTION
Deepika K* ,Hemalatha P, Dhivya Dharshini U and Lavanya N
Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute Of Technology, Sathyamangalam.
Abstract
Effective microorganisms (EM), a culture of coexisting beneficial microorganisms
predominantly consisting of lactic acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria, yeast that are claimed to
enhance the treatment of sewage or effluents. The EM Formulation was evaluated for Total
dissolved solids (TDS), Total suspended solids (TSS), Biological oxygen demand (BOD) and
Chemical oxygen demand (COD) of waste water under standard conditions. The potential of
using effective microorganisms (EM) is to purify waste water, including that of a sewage system,
for recycling purpose was evaluated. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that EM is
beneficial in reducing sludge volumes and to achieve a stable hydrogen production using
photosynthetic bacteria Rhodopseudomonas palustris. Hydrogen is produced by means of
culturing of photosynthetic bacteria which is one of the Effective microorganisms (EM) that is
used for treating waste water in a cost effective manner. Hence the hydrogen produced by the
treatment of waste water is estimated by using GCMS.
Keywords: Effective microorganisms; Waste water; Treatment; Hydrogen Production; GCMS;

References
[1] D. Das, T. N. Veziroglu, ‘Advances in biological hydrogen production
processes’International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 33 (2008) 6046–6057.
[2] S . Karthick Raja Namsivayam, G. Narendrakumar, J. Arvind Kumar, Evaluation of Effective
Microorganism (EM) for treatment of domestic sewage ‘, Journal of Experimental Sciences 2
(2011) 30-32.
[3] N. Basak , D. Das, ‘The prospect of purple non-sulfur (PNS) photosynthetic bacteria for
hydrogen production: the present state of the art’, World Journal of Microbiology and
Biotechnology 23 (2007) 31–42.

*Corresponding Author
Deepika K
Assistant Professor
Department of Biotechnology
Bannari Amman Institute of Technology
Sathyamangalam
Ph. 8526389291

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ICEEIS WPCT - 18

RISK ANALYTICS AND COGNITIVE DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR THE


GROUND WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT USING K-MEANS AND EXPECTATION
MAXIMIZATION CLUSTERING ALGORITHMS
N. Ayyanathan *1, P. MuthuKumar 2, A. Shilpa Periyanayaki 3 and A. Gopalan 4
1
Department of Computer Applications –MCA, Karpagam College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Karpagam College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India
3
Trainee Engineer, Cognizant Technology Solutions, Chennai
4
Department of Civil Engineering, Karpagam College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India
Abstract
Design and development of an intelligent system using unsupervised clustering
techniques for the assessment of ground water quality is the undertaken research work. The
related risk analytics for the living conditions in the habitation areas of Tamil Nadu is the
outcome of this research. The related works were reviewed systematically, and the respective
process metrics were opted for the deployment of appropriate machine learning algorithms based
on the requirement of the system design. The preprocessed data set was trained and tested with
K-means and EM clustering algorithms. The implementation was done with the data mining
research tool WEKA. The performance analysis was done and the experimental results are
interpreted. The comparative performance analysis reveals that EM algorithm performed better
with 15 clusters and log likelihood of - 23.34. The cognitive sequencing and process metrics of
the preprocessing and the algorithm implementation phases result in, as a quality expert system.
The machine learning clustering gives better insights on the quality degradation of ground water
quality in Tamil Nadu. The cognitive decision support system, thus designed and developed
reveals the specific characteristics of ground water quality degradation in Tamil Nadu state. This
expert system based on cognitive fit theory provides the necessary risk analytics and
comprehensive Business Intelligence solution for the improvement of the living conditions in
Tamilnadu state of India.
Keywords: Intelligent System; Risk Analytics; Water Quality; Clustering Techniques; EM
algorithm
References:
[1] Naik, B, Naik, PK and Pattanayak, SK, ‘Ground Water Quality Assessment Using
Canadian Water Quality Index Around Jurdi Mining Area, Odisha, India’, International Journal
of Current Research’, Vol. 9, Issue 08, August (2017),pp. 55434-55442.
[2] Witten, IH, Frank, Eibe, Hall, MA, ‘Data Mining-Practical Machine Learning Tools and
Techniques. Elsevier Publications. (2011), pp.287, ISBN: 978-93-80501-86-4.
[3] www.kaggle.com [ Last accessed 15-12-2017]
[4] Guptha, GK, Introduction to data mining with case studies’, (2011).pp.181, ISBN:978-81-
203,4326-9, Second Edition,
*Corresponding Author
N. Ayyanathan
Department of Computer Applications ,
Karpagam College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India
greencoffee2008@gmail.com, 9108289073
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ICEEIS WPCT - 19

A STUDY ON THE TREATMENT OF DOMESTIC WASTEWATER IN A VERTICAL


FLOW CONSTRUCTED WETLAND IN BATCH MODE
K. Soundaranayaki*, R. Gandhimathi
Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli
Abstract
The aim of this work was to study the pollutant removal efficiencies of three pilots-scale
vertical flow constructed wetland systems treating real domestic wastewater. All the systems had
identical configurations that were filled with sand at the top and middle layer was filled with
organic media (wood mulch) and inorganic media (pebbles) respectively, and bottom layer was
filled with gravel. One unit acted as a control wetland filled with sand and gravel. All the VF
wetland systems were planted with wetland plant Typha latifolia. The systems were operated
with real domestic wastewater at Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) of 5 and 3 days.
Simultaneous removals of TSS (85-95%), BOD (85-88%), COD (78-89%), NH4-N (72-81%),
NO2- N,(65-83%), NO3-N(85-93%), TP ( 68-78%) and Fecal coliform (93-99%) was obtained in
the organic media VF wetland system. Removal of TSS (82-95%), BOD (89-94%), COD (81-
93%), NH4-N (70-74%), NO2-N, (29-56%), NO3-N (64-69%), TP (57-68%) and Fecal coliform
(98-99%) was obtained in the inorganic media VF wetland system. The control wetland system
shows a removal efficiency of TSS (90-95%), BOD (70-89%), COD (90-92%), NH4-N (65-
69%), NO2- N,(56-73%), NO3-N(49-59%), TP ( 78-80%) and Fecal coliform (93-99%). Overall
the organic media VF wetland systems showed stable removal performances in the treatment
process and the selection of HRT plays a major role in the constructed wetland treatment system
especially under high pollutant loadings.
Keywords: Vertical flow constructed wetland; Domestic wastewater; Typha Latifolia; Hydraulic
Retention Time.
References:
[1] A. Yalcuk, A. Ugurlu, Comparison of horizontal and vertical constructed wetland systems for
landfill leachate treatment, Bioresources Technology 100 (2009) 2521– 2526.
[2] L. Songliu, H. Hongying, S. Yingxue, Y. Jia, Effect of carbon source on the denitrification in
constructed wetlands, Journal of Environmental Sciences 21 (2009) 1036–1043
[3] T. Saeed, G. Sun, A lab-scale study of constructed wetlands with sugarcane bagasse and
sand media for the treatment of textile wastewater, Bioresource Technology 128 (2013) 438–447
[4] T. Saeed, G. Sun, A comparative study on the removal of nutrients and organic matter in
wetland reactors employing organic media, Chemical Engineering Journal 171 (2011) 439– 447.
[5] Y.Q. Zhao, A.O. Babatunde, Y.S. Hu, J.L.G Kumar, X.H Zhao, Pilot field-scale
demonstration of a novel alum sludge-based constructed wetland system for enhanced
wastewater treatment. Process Biochemistry 46 (2011) 278–283.

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Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
K. Soundaranayaki
18.2ND Main road ,Kottur Garden,Chennai
soundariya31@gmail.com
+91 9442903997

ICEEIS WPCT - 20

HUMAN IMPACTS ON ACCELERATING LAKE POLLUTION: A CASE STUDY


FROM WULAR LAKE, KASHMIR VALLEY.
Rayees Ahmad Shah*1 and Hema Achyuthan1.
Department of Geology, Anna University, Chennai 600 025.
Abstract
Lake sediments preserve and provide historic records of the natural evolution and
anthropogenic influences on lake catchments and their watershed. Over the past several decades,
human activities have accelerated cycling the geochemical elements and have resulted in
elevated metal deliveries to the freshwater lake basins. Since urbanization has further led to an
increase in sewage output, land clearing, and the recreational and commercial use of lake
systems and surrounding, the Kashmir Himalayan lakes are becoming increasingly stressed. In
the present work, we have studied the Wular lake located in Bandipora district of Jammu and
Kashmir. With surface area of 189 sq. km, the Wular lake is the largest fresh water lake in India.
The lake is listed in the Ramsar Convention Wetland of international importance owing to its

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size and importance. More than 100000 people are directly or indirectly related to the Wular lake
for their livelihood. The lake serves as home for many bird species and is the main hub for
migratory birds, their breeding and stay during the summer in the Kashmir valley. For this study
we analysed thirty two Lake Floor sediment samples from the Wular lake in order to decipher its
present environmental condition and pollution status. The sediment samples were analysed for
organic element analysis, organic matter, CaCO3, sediment size, major oxide geochemistry, trace
elements and diatom analysis. The organic proxies and diatoms suggest very high organic
pollution in the lake floor sediments throughout the lake. The geochemical indices suggest
moderate weathering of the lake sediments. Concentration of trace elements in the sediments
show moderate to high pollution of metal like Cu and Ni. The other metal like Cr, Co, Zn, Mn,
Fe and Pb are in progressive stage of pollution. In order to access the temporal evolution of the
lake pollution due to increasing human population and growing technology, we have also studied
a lake core from the same lake. The chronology for the lake sediment core was established by
AMS 14C dating. The core sediment samples show a gradual increase of TOC %, N % and P% in
sediments starting from 20 cm depth (sediments deposited from early twenty century) towards
the surface. However, the trace elements show increase only in top 6 cm of the core sediments.
The results indicate acceleration of the lake eutrophication by the onset of twenty century due to
increasing human population in its catchment area, while the increase in inorganic pollution
occurred during past few decades only.
Keywords: environmental pollution; eutrophication; lake ecology, Paleolimnology;
* Corresponding author
Rayees Ahmad Shah
Department of Geology, Anna University, Chennai.
shahrayees04@gmail.com, 9677291730

ICEEIS WPCT - 21

SETTLING STUDIES OF COAGULATION PROCESS USING GREEN COAGULANT


IN INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
S.Vishali*, S. Sakthivel, R.Karthick, V.S. Gowsigan
Department of Chemical engineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, India,
Abstract
In this study, the potentiality of Cassia fistula was assessed by treating it against the
stimulated paint industry wastewater (SPIW). The colour and turbidity of the treated effluent was
investigated. The process of coagulation was done using standard jar test apparatus by changing
the operational variable like eluent type (NaCl, KCl, and distilled water), eluent concentration (1-
5 N), coagulant dosage (1-10 g), coagulant-eluate volume (20-120 mL), initial pH (5-11) and
initial concentration (1200, 1350, 1850, 2200, 2700 mg/L). The recommended conditions to treat
a litre of effluent was 160 mL of coagulant eluate prepared using 5 g of Cassia fistula and 2 N
NaCl, at its own initial pH (7.8-8.4). With the optimized value settling study, kinetic study and
adsorption isotherm was conducted and the result shows the ability of Cassia fistula as a
coagulant. The obtained results of Cassia fistula is compared with the chemical coagulant ferrous
sulphate. The results acknowledged that Cassia fistula a natural, eco-friendly, green coagulant,
could be a strong alternative to the chemical coagulant in the treatment of paint industry
wastewater.
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Keywords: Green coagulant; Cassia fistula; paint industry wastewater; coagulation; settling.
References:
[1] S.Vishali, R.Karthikeyan, A comparative study of Strychnos potatorum and chemical
coagulants in the treatment of paint and industrial effluents: An alternate solution, Sep. Sci.
Technol., 49 (16) (2014) 2510-2517.
[2] S.Vishali, R.Karthikeyan, Cactus opuntia (ficus-indica): an eco-friendly alternative coagulant
in the treatment of paint effluent, Desali. Wat. Treat. 56 (6) (2015)1489-1497.
[3] S.Vishali, R.Karthikeyan, S.Prabhakar, Utilization of seafood processing waste, as an
adsorbent, in the treatment of paint industry effluent using a fixed-bed column, Desalin. Water
Treat., 66 (2017a) 149–157.
[4] S.Vishali, A. Ayushi, Performance evaluation of Cyamopsis tetragonolobus (guar gum), as a
natural coagulant, in the treatment of paint industry effluent, Desali. Wat. Treat., 62 (2017b) 443-
448.
Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
S.Vishali
Department of Chemical Engg, SRMIST, Kattankulathur, Chennai 603 203
meet.vishali@gmail.com
91-9443883562

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ICEEIS WPCT - 22

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON WATER HARVESTING USING MODIFIED


DEW COLLECTOR
Abiraham*, Suresh babu K , Balusamy T
Government College of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering Salem, Tamil Nadu

Abstract
A passive condenser surface is made using the Low density polyethylene material
(LDPE). The condenser surface is placed 1 m above the ground on a metal frame and thermally
insulated with 25mm thick polystyrene foam. For effective collection of dew water, the
condenser surface is tilted to a 300 inclination from horizontal. The hallow part of the device
thermally insulated, faces the direction of the dominant nocturnal wind. The surface area of the
collector is of 0.72 m2. The complete setup is installed at study site is located in Salem, Tamil
Nadu, India which is represented by Latitude and Longitude 11º 39’ 51.5700”N, 78º
8’45.6396”E and readings are noted for amount of water collected every morning. Survey
reveals dewfall occurs eight months in a year while rainfall occurs four months at the study site.
For a One month reading, a 1.44 L/m2 per day yield were calculated. So, considerably large
amount of water can be recovered from air by this method. This paves the way for reducing the
water crisis in urban, arid and semi-arid regions and also reduces the fresh water demand
considerably.
Key Words: Low Density Polyethylene, Polystyrene Foam, Dew Water
*Corresponding Author
Abiraham
Government College of Engineering,
Department of Mechanical Engineering Salem, Tamil Nadu
abraham.rko@gmail.com

ICEEIS WPCT - 23

FLUIDIZED TYPE ELECTRODE REACTOR (FTER) FOR REMOVAL OF TOXIC


Cr(VI) IONS FROM REAL TANNERY INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER
K. Grace Pavithra, P. SundarRajan, P. Senthil Kumar *, Dr. V. Jaikumar*
Department of Chemical Engineering, SSN College of Engineering, Kalavakkam, TN, India.
Abstract
The toxicity of highly concentrated chromium ions affects living organisms due to its
non-biodegradability in nature. The conventional methods such as chemical precipitation, ion
exchange, membrane process, photo catalytic degradation, ultra filtration and solvent extraction
and the combination of above treatments results in lack of total recovery of polluted waste water
and in every treatment the pollutants are converted into another form by lagging in the
elimination of pollutants from our environment. For removal of high concentrated pollutants
electrochemical process provides a best solution where the direct reaction of species are occurred
at electrode surface and others involve production of active species at the electrode and further
reaction with targeted pollutants. A three-phase three-dimensional fluidized type electrode

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reactor (FTER) was designed in order to remove the toxic pollutants from wastewater. The
parameters like pH, electrical conductivity, temperature, turbidity, chromium and chemical
oxygen demand for the water samples from leather tanning industry at different time intervals are
analyzed. Optimization of influencing paramteres was done for maximum removal of toxic
pollutants. Contact time of 30 min, applied voltage of 3 V and particle electrode of 15 g were
considered as optimum condition for the present system and the particle electrode was
characterized using FT-IR analysis. Kinetic models such as Langmuir-Hinshelwood and pseudo-
second order kinetics fits well with the experimental data.
Keywords: Concentrated pollutants, electrochemical treatment, active sites, parameters,
optimization.
*Corresponding Author
K. Grace Pavithra,
Department of Chemical Engineering,
SSN College of Engineering, Kalavakkam-603110, TN, India
kirubanandampavithra@gmail.com, 9629852536

ICEEIS WPCT - 24

TREATMENT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER USING NOVEL MEMBRANE BIO-


REACTOR
V.P.Kamalakannan1, N.P.Kavitha1, Keerthi Praveen2, N.Balasubramanian1*
1
Department of Chemical Engineering A.C.Tech campus, Anna University, Chennai, India
2
Department of Chemistry, CEG Campus, Anna University, Chennai, India
Abstract
This work is mainly focused on electro-oxidation integrated MBR (IMBR) for
wastewater treatment under discharge limits. Electro-oxidation processes here engaged as pre-
treatment process for tannery wastewater. The applied electric field with various current
densities are in the range of 5 to 25 A/m2 under continuous mode. The initial COD was found to
be 5,500 mg/L & pH of 7 is treated in IMBR. The results of IMBR reactor is compared with the
Membrane Bio-Reactor (MBR) with various parameters such as % COD removal, current
density, electrode spacing and pH. IMBR shows 96 % COD removal at current density of 20
A/m2 with the neutral pH than MBR. The Biodegradability index of the water has been
remarkably increased in IMBR. IMBR results shows that the microbes present in the activated
sludge has the ability to withstand at the current density of 20 A/m2. The time required for
increase in permeate flux has been lower in IMBR than MBR & the fouling characteristics of the
membrane also decreased.
Keywords: Wastewater treatment; MBR; Membrane bioreactor; Membrane fouling; activated
sludge.
References:
[1] Keerthi, N. Balasubramanian, Fouling and mitigation strategies in membrane bioreactors for
waste water treatment, Res. J. of Chem. and Env., 18, (2014), 84-93.
[2] Keerthi, V. Suganthi, M. Mahalakshmi, N. Balasubramanian, Development of Hybrid
Membrane Bioreactor for Tannery Effluent Treatment. Desalination, 309, (2013), 231–236.

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[3] Keerthi, V. Vinduja, N. Balasubramanian, Electrocoagulation integrated Hybrid Membrane


processes for treatment of tannery wastewater. Env. Sci. and Pol. Res., 20, (2013), 7441-7449.
[4] Keerthi, V. Vinduja, N. Balasubramanian, Heavy metal removal by hybrid electrocoagulation
microfiltration process, Env. Tech., 34, (2013), 2897-2902.

Graphical Abstract:

* Corresponding author
Dr.N.Balasubramanian
Department of chemical engineering,
A.C.Tech campus, Anna University, Chennai
nbsbala@gmail.com, +91 944954151

ICEEIS WPCT - 25

INVESTIGATION OF GROUNDWATER POTENTIAL ZONE IN


THIRUVANNAMALAI DISTRICT USING WEIGHTED OVERLAY ANALYSIS WITH
REMOTE SENSING AND GIS
Jeeva.J* and Evany Nithya.S
Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy, Tamilnadu
Abstract
In this study, the assessment of groundwater zone at Thiruvannamalai district have been
generated with the help of remote sensing (RS) and Geographic information system (GIS)
techniques. The generation of groundwater potential zone of our study area depends on the
following surface hydrologic (exogenous) parameters such as geology, geomorphology, slope,
drainage density, lineament density, soil map, rainfall, groundwater depth and land use/land
cover. Satellite IRS P6 LISS III and LISS IV, Cartosat-I, Landsat TM digital and SRTM data has
been used in the present study to generate the above thematic maps. The created thematic layers
were integrated using weighted overlay analysis to generate groundwater potential map. The
suitable weightage factors were assigned for each thematic layer. For the different geomorphic
units, weightage factors were assigned based on their capacity to store groundwater. The same
procedure was repeated for all the further layers and the resultant layers were reclassified. The
reclassified layers were divided into five categories such as very poor, poor, moderate, good and
excellent zones. The groundwater potential zone map is helpful for planning and management of

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groundwater resource and to extract groundwater for urban and rural areas water supply in
Thiruvannamalai district.
Keywords: Groundwater potential, Thematic layers, Geographic Information System, Remote
sensing, Overlay analysis.
References:
[1] N.S. Magesh, N. Chandrasekar, John Prince Soundranayagam, Delineation of groundwater
potential zones in Theni district, Tamil Nadu, using remote sensing, GIS and MIF
techniques,GEOSCIENCE FRONTIERS 3(2) (2012) 189-196.
[2] M. Nagarajan, Sujit Singh, Assessment of groundwater potential zones using GIS technique,
J. Indian Soc. Remote Sens. 37:69-77 (2009).
[3] A. Chowdhury, M.K. Jha, V.M. Chowdary, Delineation of groundwater recharge zones and
identification of artificial recharge sites in west medinipur district, west Bengal, using RS, GIS
and MCDM techniques. Environmental Earth Science 59 (2010) 1209-1222.
[4] G.R. Senthil Kumar, K. Shankar, Assessment of groundwater potential zones using GIS,
frontiers in geosciences, vol. 2, (2014) No. 1, pp. 1-10.

*Corresponding Author
Jeeva.J
Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus,
Trichy, Tamilnadu
Jeevaj1995ee@gmail.com
7339372117.

ICEEIS WPCT - 26

Fe(III)-Mn(III) OXIDE EMBEDDED ADSORBENT MATERIAL FOR EFFECTIVE


ARSENIC REMOVAL FROM WATER
N. Neethu1, T. Choudhury2, Shihabudheen M. Maliyekkal3*
1
Environmental Engineering Division, School of Mechanical and Building Sciences, Vellore Institute of
Technology, Chennai
2
Dept. of Chemistry, School of Advanced Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai
3
Environmental Engineering Division, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati,
Tirupati, AP, India
Abstract
In this work a nanostructured adsorbent with Fe(III)-Mn(III) bimetal oxide immobilized
over chitosan matrix was produced by one pot synthesis method and the adsorbent was used in
the removal of As(III) and As(V) from water. Spectroscopic, microscopic techniques as well as
other characterization methods were performed to analyze the adsorbent before and after
adsorption. The FESEM image of the adsorbent showed the presence of chitosan fibers in the
adsorbent which could act as a reinforcing fiber connecting the metal oxides. Adsorption
isotherm studies conducted on As(III) and As(V) using Sips isotherm showed adsorption
capacity of 265.89, and 408.43 mg/g respectively. Reusability of the material was evaluated
using desorption studies with EDTA and NaCl as desorbent solution which showed that the
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adsorbent could be reused successfully. Benefits of this adsorbent include easiness of synthesis,
strength, hydraulical stablity, cost-effectiveness, and the material was found to be a potential
candidate for arsenic removal.
Key words: Adsorbent; arsenic removal; heavy metal; nanocomposites; water purification
Graphical abstract
Synthesis of Fe(III)-Mn(III) based nano
structured materials through one pot Dried. granulated ,
method sieved

Characterization

A(III), As(V) removal


studies

References
[1] D. D. Gang, B. Deng, L. S. Lin, As(III) removal using an iron-impregnated chitosan
sorbent, Journal of Hazardous Materials. 182 (2010) 156–161.
[2] S. Mandal, M. K. Sahu, R. K. Patel, Adsorption studies of arsenic(III) removal from
water by zirconium polyacrylamide hybrid material (ZrPACM-43), Water Resources and
Industry. 4(2013)51–67.
[3] S. Saha, P. Sarkar, Arsenic remediation from drinking water by synthesized nano-
alumina dispersed in chitosan-grafted polyacrylamide, Journal of Hazardous Materials.
227– 228(68-78).
*Corresponding Author
Neethu.N,
Department of Civil Engineering
Chennai-600127.
neethunalini@gmail.com, 8754466007

ICEEIS WPCT - 27

STUDY OF WATER POLLUTION, TREATMENT AND WASTE WATER


MANAGEMENT IN INDIA
M. Armstrong* , Shaju , Jothiraj. P, R.Sivananthan
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishnankoil,
Virdhunagar.
Abstract
Water, food and energy are the main sources which could made the living beings to get a
stable life and also these days it becoming a serious issues in India and as well as world. Water
bodies are getting polluted through various industrial and domestic waste disposal creates a need
for the removal of contaminants from various water sources. An estimated 38354 million litres
per day (MLD) sewage is generated in major cities of India, but the sewage treatment capacity is
only of 11786 MLD. Similarly, only 60% of industrial waste water, mostly large scale industries,
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is treated. India accounts for 2.45% of land area and 4% of water resources of the world but
represents 16% of the world population. India is rich in surface water resource. Average annual
precipitation is nearly 4000 billion cubic meter and average flow of river system is estimated to
be 1869 cubic km. Water sanitation coverage in various states of India includes Andhra
Pradesh(78.74 %), Bihar (39.68 %), Chhattisgarh (57.26 %),), Goa (90.48 %), Gujarat (86.07),
Jharkhand (46.03 %), Tamilnadu (82.49 %). Hence waste water treatment plays a major role in
eliminating this problems in many circumstances with some constraints. Waste water treatment
is a process of removing contaminants from wastewater and household water. It includes
physical, chemical and biological contaminants. Its main objective is to produce an
environmentally safe fluid waste stream and a solid waste suitable for disposal or reuse One such
use is returning water that has been used back into the natural environment without adverse
ecological impact. The processes involved in treating water for drinking purpose maybe solid
separation use as physical such as setting and filtration ,chemical such as disinfection and
coagulation. Biological processes are also employed in the treatment of wastewater and these
processes may include, for example, aerated lagoons activated sludge or slow sand filters. The
study in this paper dealt with the various water treatment process and the statistics of water
pollution across the states of India. For example :According to the Statistics taken from the
National Commission on Integrated water resource development in 2015, the metro city Chennai
contains the population of 4,752,974 people capacity with the waste water generated of (276.0
mld) have been collected with the capacity (257 of volume mld), reuse (257 mld), mode of
disposal in Agriculture to sea river with the common of waste water treatment process in effluent
treatment plants, sewage treatment plants, common and combined treatment plants, Multi-stage
flash distillation methods, Solar distillation, Electro dialysis and Reverse Osmosis.
Keywords: Water pollution; Sewage and domestic water treatment; waste water management;
Methodologies in India
Reference:
[1] Tripathi VK, Rajput TBS, Patel N,. Lata Rao AR, Chandrasekharan H. 2011. Dynamics of
Micro organisms under micro-irrigation system with municipal wastewater. pp. 95. International
Symposium on Water for Agriculture, 17-19 January 2011, Nagpur, India.
[2] Trivedy RK, Nakate SS. 2001. Treatment of hospital waste and sewage in hyacinth ponds.
pp.132 163. In: Trivedy, R.K., Kaul, S. (Eds.). Low Cost Wastewater Treatment
Technologies.ABD, Jaipur, India.
[3] Bhamoriya V. 2004. Wastewater Irrigation in Vadodara, Gujarat, India:Economic Catalyst
for Marginalized Communities. In: Scott CA, Faruqui NI and Raschid-Sally L. (Eds).
Wastewater Use in Irrigated Agriculture: Confronting Livelihhod and Environmental Realities.
CAB International in Association with IWMI: Colmbo, Sri Lanka, and IDRC: Ottawa, Canada.
[4] Bhardwaj RM. 2005. Status of Wastewater Generation and Treatment in India, IWG-Env
Joint Work Session on Water Statistics, Vienna, 20-22 June 2005.
[5] Billore, S.K., Singh, N., Sharma, J.K.,Nelson, R.M., Dass, P. (1999). Horizontal subsurface
flow gravel bed contructed wetland with Phragmites karka in Central India. Water Science and
Technology. 40: 163-171.

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* Corresponding author
M. Armstrong
Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Mechanical Department
armstrong@klu.ac.in, 9500331330

ICEEIS WPCT - 28

REMOVAL OF NICKEL ION FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING IONIC LIQUID


& COSOLVENT
A.Brinda Lakshmi*, R.Vijayalakshmi
Department of Chemical Engineering, A.C.Tech, Anna University, Chennai,
Abstract
In this study the nickel ion was extracted using nickel aqueous solution by solvent
extraction process using a combination of ionic liquid trihexyl(tetradecyl) phosphonium chloride
and an organic solvent,n-hexane. Equilibrium studies were performed to determine the
equilibrium time and it was found to be 30 minutes for nickel ion removal & the maximum
extraction efficiency obtained was 95.2%. The various other extraction parameters such as
Equilibrium time, pH, Agitation speed, Temperature, Feed concentration, Solvent volume (IL)
and treat ratio on the extraction efficiency of nickel ions were studied. The statistical optimum
conditions for the removal of nickel ions using ionic liquid with the co-solvent and the
interactions between the parameters were optimized by the Response Surface Methodology by
Design Expert software. The statistically optimized values given the RSM are pH-6, Agitation
speed- 400rpm, Feed Concentration- 7.5 ppm, Equilibrium time- 25 minutes and the optimized
response for the removal of nickel ions obtained was 95.6%
Keywords: Solvent Extraction, Ionic liquids, Nickel(II) removal, Response surface methodology,
experimental design
*
Corresponding Author
Dr.A.Brinda Lakshmi
Assistant Professor
Department of Chemical Engineering, A.C.Tech,
Anna University, Chennai
brindagrace@gmail.com

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SESSION IV-FRONTIERS OF CHEMICAL SCIENCES


AND ENGINEERING

Session Chair
Mr. S.P.Selvam
Additional Director,
Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA),
Chennai - 02.

Session Co- Chair


Dr.S.Renganathan
Professor, Department of Biotechnology,
Anna University, Chennai.

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ICEEIS FCSE 01

MODELING AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CONVENTIONAL AIRFOIL AND


WHALE FIN PROFILE BLADE
M.Muthukannan1, S.AnanthaKrishnan*1 and S.VenkataKrishnan2
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishnankoil
2
Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
The objective of the present numerical investigation is to find out the difference between
flow over conventional aero foil and whale fin profile blade for same operating condition and
comparing the results. In the present numerical investigation, the comparison has been done
with leading edge tubercles versus the conventional airfoil at different velocities and different
angles of attack. Parameters which are observed are co Coefficient of drag (C d), Co-efficient of
lift (Cl), Pressure contour and Velocity vector. The commercial package CATIA is used for
modeling purpose. ANSYS ICEM CFD meshing software is used for meshing complicated
design and FLUENT is used for analyzing the fluid flow. Pressure based solver, K-epsilon
Turbulence model, steady state method and second order upwind scheme has been adopted for
numerical investigation. It is found out that, wing with tubercles shows increase in lift by 20.6%
and increase in drag by 11.7% for low speed and for high speed it shows increase in lift by
14.4% and decrease in drag by 30%. The increased lift of the wing with tubercles arises from
higher pressure along the bottom surface. The tubercles delay, or reduce flow separation at
higher angles of attack and this leads to decrease in drag. The increased lift of the wing with
tubercles arises from higher pressure along the bottom surface. The tubercles delay, or reduce
flow separation at higher angles of attack and this leads to decrease in drag.
Keywords: Whale fin profile blade;Conventional blade;Lift forcé;Dragforce
References:
[1] S.M.A.Aftab,N.A.Razak,A.S.Mohd Rafie,K.A.Ahmad, Mimicking the humpback whale: An
aerodynamic perspective, ,Prog. Aerosp. Sci84 (2016) 48
[2].WeichaoShi,MehmetAtlar,RoslynnaRosli,BatuhanAktas,RosemaryNorman,Cavitation
observations and noise measurements of horizontal axis tidal turbines with biomimetic blade
leading-edge designs, Ocean Engineering, 121 (2016) 143
[3]WeichaoShi,MehmetAtlar,RosemaryNorman,BatuhanAktas,SerkanTurkmen,Numerical
optimization and experimental validation for a tidal turbine blade with leading-edge tubercles,
Renewable Energy, 96 (2016) 42
[4].WeichaoShi,RoslynnaRosl,MehmetAtlar,RosemaryNorman,DazhengWang, WenxianYang,
Hydrodynamic performance evaluation of a tidal turbine with leading-edge tubercles, Ocean
Engineering, 117 (2016) 246
* Corresponding author
S.AnandaKrishnan
Assistant Professor,
Mechanical Department,
Kalasalingam Academ of Research and Education
ananthakrishnan@klu.ac.in, 9514543071

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ICEEIS FCSE 02

STRENGTHENING OF STEEL FIBRE REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS USING


EXTERNALLY BONDED STEEL PLATES
L. Ranjith Kumar*, S Senthamilarasu, M Kaviraj , S Preveen
Department of Civil Engineering, Panimalar Engineering College, Chennai
Abstract
Concrete is good in compression but weak in tension as concrete is a brittle material. So,
in order to improve the tensile properties, short fibres are used. Addition of steel fibers also
enhances the flexural performance of concrete beams. Such beams at a later stage when have to
be strengthened, one of the options is to bond steel plates externally. This study aims to quantify
the influence of externally bonded steel plates in enhancing the flexural performance of steel
fibre reinforced concrete (SFRC) beams. Hooked-end steel fibres having 1 mm diameter and 50
mm length with aspect ratio of 50 were used in this study. Initially the optimum percentage
addition of steel fibres in concrete was determined. In order to accomplish this task, exhaustive
literature review was carried out and 1% volume fraction of steel fibre was found to give
optimum results. In the next step, the flexural behaviour of SFRC beams with the addition of
steel fibres has been carried out. Beams of dimensions 150 mm in width, 150 mm in length, and
750 mm in height were cast. Steel plates of thickness 1mm and 3mm and various configurations
were placed in the tension zone of the beam. Flexural tensile strength test have been carried out
on these beams. The optimum location for the placement of steel plates for flexural strengthening
has been found and quantified.
Keywords: Ductility; flexural strength; Fibre Reinforced Concrete; Steel fiber; Split tensile
References:
[1] Iqbal Khaleel Khan and M.S. Jafri (2008), “Behaviour of SFRC with Varying Mixes and
Percentages of Fibres”, International Journal of Research in Chemical, Metallurgical and Civil
Engg , vol. 2, no. 1, pp 54-63.
[2] Dwarakanath HV and Nagaraj TS. (1991), “Comparative Study of Predictions of Flexural
Strength of Steel Fiber Concrete”, ACI Materials Journal, Vol 88, No.73, pp.49-58.
[3] R.P. Dhakal and H.R. Song (2009) “Effect of bond on the behavior of steel fiber reinforced
concrete beams” ICI Journal, Vol.1, and No.4, pp 122-134
*Corresponding Author
L. Ranjith Kumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering
Panimalar Engineering College, Bangalore Trunk Road
Poonamalle, Chennai.
ranju.sp15@gmail.com, 7200507560.

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ICEEIS FCSE 03
BIOMASS SIZE REDUCTION USING BALL MILL
S.M.Mubashera, R.Saravanathamizhan*
Department of Chemical Engineering, A.C.Tech., Anna University, Chennai, Tamilnadu
Abstract
The particle size reduction is useful for storage, easy transportation and handling in
biomass based industries. The objective of this work is to reduce the size of the biomass (ground
nut shell) using ball mill and the various operating parameters such as grinding time, RPM and
ball loading on size reduction ratio and energy requirement for crushing using Response Surface
Methodology (RSM) has been studied. RSM is used to optimize the operating parameters to
obtain a maximum reduction ratio and energy requirement for crushing. The result shows that
particle size decreased with increase in ball loading (B), RPM(R), and grinding time (T). Further,
the statistical tool of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) by Box-Behnken design was used
to examine the influence of individual parameters and regression model for reduction ratio and
energy consumption has been studied. The regression model for reduction ratio and energy
consumption is given in equation (1) and (2)
Reduction ratio = 7.0396 − 0.2189T + 0.3220R − 1.4197B + 0.0068T 2 − 0.0011R2 +
0.0823B2 − 0.0039TR + 0.044TB − 0.0046RB (1)
Energy consumption = −63.52 + 5.94T + 12.74R + 35.111B − 0.195T 2 − 0.084R2 −
1.088B2 + 0.078TR + 0.057TB − 0.153RB (2)
It was observed that the model prediction matches well with experimental values with high
correlation coefficient for reduction ratio and energy consumption of 0.93 and 0.96
respectively.The reduction ratio 79.78 and its corresponding energy consumption 223.2 kJ were
observed for the optimized parameters of ball loading 7, RPM 70, and grinding time 30min.
Keywords: Biomass; Ball mill; RSM; size reduction; Energy consumption
References
[1] S. Sakthivel, B. Pitchumani , Optimization Of Operating Variables for Production of
Nanoparticles Using Response Surface Modeling, Chemical Engineering Communications, 200
(2013)289.
[2] L.G. Austin, K. Shoji, P.T. Luckie, The effect of ball size on mill performance, Powder
Technol,14(1976) 71.
[3] C. Eswaraiah, Experimental and simulation studies on milling of rice husk, Particulate
Science and Technology, 31(2013)443.
[4] N. Magdalinovic, Calculation of energy required for grinding in a ball mill, International
Journal of Mineral Processing, 25(1989)41.
*Corresponding author:
Dr. R. Saravanathamizhan,
Associate Professor,
Department of Chemical Engineering,
A.C.Tech, Anna University, Chennai-25.
rsthamizhan@gmail.com, 044-22359237.

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ICEEIS FCSE 04

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF MULTI OPERATION AUTOMATIC MACHINE


I.Rajkumar1, Ramesh Babu.S1, Nagulraaj.J1, Alexander.M1 , Suresh Jayaraman2
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kalasalingam University, Srivilliputtur, Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu,
2
Italia 2Components Suppliers, Narasimhanaickenpalayam, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Abstract:
The purpose of this research work is to design and construct an semi-auto machine doing
multiple operation in a single machine with loss of man power and resulting in minimum lead
time order to increase the production rate. Major work of the research is to design the machine in
minimum production cast with good efficiency and using pneumatic powers to drive the machine
rather using the electrical stepper motors in order to reduce the machine cast and also to save the
electrical energy. The machine is designed with use of Solidworks software as, to collect to
coolant oil and cycled again for the process, burrs produced is collected in the burr tank for the
re-usage of the coolant oil and to separate the burr easily. This chamfering, tapping machining
process are used to manufacture automatic machine. The chamfering is nothing but an essential
operation before thread cutting so that nut may pass freely on the threaded work piece, and
tapping is a process of cutting or forming threads using a tap. The main concept of this project is
to reduce to production time and easy to handle the small components which is not get easy for
man and also reduce the man power.
Keywords: Pneumatic power, Solidworks, Automatic machine, Cost efficient, Coolant oil.
* Corresponding author
I.Rajkumar
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Kalasalingam University, Srivilliputtur,
Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu,
Italiai.rajkumar@klu.ac.in, 7598356941

ICEEIS FCSE 05

PRODUCTION OF FUEL FROM MIXED WASTE STREAM OF USED COOKING OIL,


BIO OIL AND WASTE LUBRICATING OIL USING REACTIVE DISTILLATION
Hariprasad.VP*, Ramkumar.N and R.Perumal
Department of Petrochemical Engineering, JCT College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore
Abstract
The immediate global concerns in particular to developing countries are environmental
clean-up, alternate energy sources and control of genetically modified micro-organisms which
pose alarming danger . Non degradable plastic waste including the biomedical waste makes the
environmental clean-up complicated. E-waste management and the associated harmful chemicals
are the prime challenge. Depleting fossil fuel and petroleum resources necessitate the search for
alternate fuels. To overcome the environmental issues, and to innovate alternate energy sources,
an integrated approach is designed. Bio oil from the pyrolysis of plastic waste, used cooking oil
and waste lubricating oil are subjected to transesterification using enhancement agent solvent n-
hexane, methanol and a catalyst. The resulting bio diesel is subjected to fractional distillation to
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yield the required product stream. The novel idea of reaction and fractionation are done in a
reactive distillation unit. At steady state conditions, the solvent recovery was about 90%. The
product bio diesel has a density of 0.85kg/L with a viscosity 4.5 mm*mm/L. This project study
helps us to design commercial reactive distillation column particularly, the location of reaction
zone, fractionation zone and rectification zone. The innovative part of this study is the success in
producing fuel from hybrid waste stream using a single unit reactive distillation column.
Keywords: Reactive distillation; Transesterification; Bio oil; Waste cooking oil; Used
lubricating oil;
References:
[1] Avinash Kumar Agarwal, Lubricating Oil Tribology of a Biodiesel-Fuelled Compression
Ignition Engine, ICES. 609 (2003) 1.
[2] R.A Beg, M.R.I Sarker, Md. Riaz Pervez, Production of Diesel Fuel From Used Engine Oil,
IJMME-IJENS. 10 (2010) 1.
[3] F.Danane, A.Ahmia, A.Bakari, N. Lalaoui, Experimental Regeneration Process of Used
Motor Oils, Revue des Energies Renouvelables. 17 (2014) 345.
[4] N.B Selukar, S.M. Wagh, Gasoline and diesel Synthesis from Waste Lubricating Oils: A
Kinetic approach, IOSR-JAC. (2014) 22.
* Corresponding author
Hariprasad VP
Department of Petrochemical Engineering, JCTCET, Coimbatore-641105
hariprasadhpharish@gmail.com, 9544478144

ICEEIS FCSE 06

PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT OF STANDALONE PV SYSTEM BY SIMPLE


OPTICAL CONCENTRATOR WITH IR ABSORBED MATERIAL COATED
REFLECTOR
Kalaiselvan Narasimman1 , Iniyan Selvarasan1 Sasikumar RC2
1
Government College Of Engineering, Thanjavur.
2
Institute for Energy Studies, College of Engineering Guindy, Anna University, Chennai, India.
Abstract:
In the PV concentrator technology, the use of optical concentrator replace the expensive
of PV cells. Due to economy and reliability of Concentrator PV System (CPVS) will be suited
for rural electrification. In this paper a simple single axis monthly tilting coupled with linear
trough concentrator have been proposed as a alternative to reduce the final cost of the electricity.
This concentrator system is appropriate for PV application Since for certain optical parameters
like concentration Ratio(C), Tilt angle (Փ), trough angle(ψ) they provide more illumination on
the PV region where the panels are located. Thus the gain in terms of energy generated for
concentrator, provided with optimum trough angle (ψ) can be large than gain in normal collected
solar radiation. The optimum trough angle was simulated and compared, with various angle by
Trace –pro model and also the shading analysis and characteristic In the PV concentrator
technology, the use of optical concentrator replace the expensive of PV cells. Due to economy
and reliability of Concentrator PV System (CPVS) will be suited for rural electrification. In this
paper a simple single axis monthly tilting coupled with linear trough concentrator have been

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proposed as a alternative to reduce the final cost of the electricity. This concentrator system is
appropriate for PV application Since for certain optical parameters like concentration Ratio(C),
Tilt angle (Փ), trough angle(ψ) they provide more illumination on the PV region where the
panels are located. curves were simulated by PV-Syst software. Here the entire system was
experimentally tested with simple stand alone PV system (100Wp). Finally the electrical and
mechanical characteristics curve were compared with above model. As the result the
concentration ratio on PV module at optimum trough angle is more appropriate for concentrator
operation, it will increase the efficiency about 36% compared with all other model. The shading
loses of the module can be reduced 2% due to single axis tilting according to azimuth angel of
the location. The concentrated panel coupled with optimum tilting mechanism connected battery
takes lower time to charge compared with normal panel connected battery. The percentage of
power improvement is 45% for the concentrator PV system compared with un concentrated
panel. The heat generated on the concentrator module can be reduced by using IR absorber
coating mirrors.
Keywords: Concentrator PV, Trough angle (ψ), Tilt angle (Փ), Ray tracing pattern, Heat
dissipation.
References:
[1] Solanki, C.S., 2010 .Solar photovoltaic, fundamentals, technologies and applications.
Second Edition, PHI publications, Second edition.
[2] R.M.Swanson, The promise of concentrators Prog.Photovoltaics: Res.App.8 (2000) 93-111.
[3] A.Royne, C.R.Dey, D.R.Mills, “Cooling of photovoltaic cells under concentrated
illumination: a critical review,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 86, pp.451-483, 2005.
[4] M.C. Robert, “Concentrator Photovoltaic Technologies: Review and Market Prospects,”
Refocus 6/4, pp.35-39, 2005.
* Corresponding author
N. Kalaiselvan
AP/TF/EEE, Government College Of Engineering, Thanjavur
reshi89@gmail.com, 9751910639

ICEEIS FCSE 07

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC, OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF COMOO4 NANO-CATALYSTS


FOR SUPERCAPACITOR APPLICATIONS
K. Seevakan 1, A. Manikandan 2, P.Devendran3 and T. Alagesan 1, *
1
Department of Physics, Presidency College, Chennai - 600 005, Tamil Nadu, India
2
Department of Chemistry, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research
Bharath University, Chennai -600 073, Tamil Nadu, India.
3
Department of Physics, IRC, Kalasalingam UniversityKrishnankoil-626 126, Tamil Nadu, India.
Abstract
Cobalt molydate CoMoO4 nanoparticles was synthesized by simplistic one-pot
microwave combustion method using urea as the fuel. The formation of Nano crystalline
CoMoO4 was confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The functional group was
confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) analysis. The morphology of the sample
consists of particle-like rod shaped nanostructures and purity of the samples was confirmed by
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Scanning electron microscope (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis and high-
resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM) analysis. The optical and electronic
properties were confirmed by the ultraviolet visible absorption spectroscopy (UV- vis spectra)
and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The magnetic properties were studied by vibrating
sample magnetometer (VSM) analysis. Thermal properties of the samples were studied by
Thermo gravimetric analysis and Differential scanning calorimetric (TGA/DSC). The
nanoparticle chemical bondings were studied by Raman spectroscopy. The electrochemical
performance of the CoMoO4 nanostructures was examined using cyclic voltammetry (CV),
electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and galvanostatic charge - discharge analysis.
The CV curves showed the presence of redox pairs and, along with the EIS data (using Nyquist
and Bode plots), demonstrated the super capacitor nature of the synthesized CoMoO4. The
galvanostatic studies showed non-symmetric discharge curves, and a maximum specific
capacitance of ~133 F g-1 was obtained at a constant discharge current density (1 mA cm-2). The
cyclic stability tests demonstrated capacitance retention of about 84% after 1000 cycles,
suggesting the potential application of CoMoO4 in energy-storage devices.
Keywords: Nanoparticles; Combustion method; Optical properties; Magnetic properties; Cyclic
voltammetry.
* Corresponding author:
Dr. T. Alagesan
Assistant Professor ,
Dept of Physics,
Presidency college , Chennai - 05
talagesanphysics@gmail.com, 9941214006

ICEEIS FCSE 08

ANALYSIS OF HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT IN SHELL AND HELICAL


COILED TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER WITH INSERT
R. Periyasamy1, M. Raja2,
1
PG Scholar, Government College of Engineering, Salem
2
Assistant Professor, Government College of Engineering, Salem
Abstract
In present study, a shell and helical coiled tube heat exchanger is experimentally studied
in which a winged wire insert has been inserted into the helically coiled tube and baffles are
located along the shell side of the heat exchanger. Inside the shell of the heat exchanger the
baffles are placed around the coiled tube. The turbulator in the coiled tube is made of a wire on
which fin like extensions are provided which in-turn produces more turbulence. The thermal and
frictional characteristics of heat exchanger for the usage of turbulator in the coiled tube and the
baffles along the shell side are analyzed in this project. The fluid along the shell side is cold
water and along the coiled tube is hot water. The readings are taken by varying the flow rate of
the hot and cold fluids. The pressure differences are also taken into consideration and are
compared with Reynolds number. Here thermocouples are used for the measurement of
temperature at both the inlets and outlets of the shell and coiled tube. Findings showed that this
type of turbulator and baffles can be employed in the coiled tube and the shell respectively,
which significantly increases the overall heat transfer coefficient. Further another experiment is

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to be conducted without baffles on the shell side and compare it with the current findings and
conclude the better method to enhance heat transfer. Overall heat transfer coefficient,
effectiveness and NTU are evaluated and discussed.
Keywords: turbulator; baffles; overall heat transfer coefficient; thermocouple; NTU
*Corresponding Author
Dr. M. Raja
Assistant Professor, Government College of Engineering, Salem
raaj.nml@gmail.com

ICEEIS FCSE 09

DESIGN, FABRICATION AND EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF CONCRETE


COLLECTOR SOLAR WATER HEATER WITH USE OF THROTTLE TUBE
Dass S A * and Balusamy T **
*PG Scholar, Government College of Engineering, Salem
**Associate professor, Government College of Engineering, Salem
Abstract
To increase the usage of solar water heaters in India, a low-cost solar collector made of
concrete which is experimentally investigated in Salem, using the integrated concrete collector in
terrace. The abundant solar energy is used for the domestic purpose. The concrete slab consisting
metal fibers is placed in a wooden box, with immersed serpentine copper tube dimension is 1m x
1m x 0.05m. With an objective of improving the efficiency of the collector, a heat transfer
augmentation technique (throttle copper tube) is fabricated on water carrying serpentine tube.
Testing is carrying on the rainy, winter and summer season for a water flow rate is 0.004167 kg/s to
understand the working of collector. The effect of the throttle serpentine copper tube in integrated
concrete collector of the solar water heater is tested. Also the effect of the fully embedded of the
copper tube in the concrete collector is tested. Testing results show that the average temperature of
the collected water per day is 35°C–45°C. Further the experiment is to be conducted to determine
the effect of the throttle serpentine copper tube partially embedded in the concrete slab. Also,
detailed analysis environmental benefits of concrete collector solar water heater for India are
investigated.
Keywords: solar water heater, integrated concrete collector, throttle copper tube, fully
embedded copper tube, partially embedded copper tube
*Corresponding Author
Balusamy T
Associate Professor,
Government College of Engineering, Salem
balusamy t@yahoo.com

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ICEEIS FCSE 10

PERFORMANCE STUDIES ON SHELL AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER USING


INSERTS
G.Suthakar*1, R.Balasubramani1, V.Vedhagiri Eswaran2
1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Erode.
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, Kongu Polytechnic College, Erode
Abstract
The present paper deals attempt with the design and simulation of a shell and tube heat
exchanger (1, 2) in counter-flow arrangement. This project focuses the selection of different tube
inserts, and makes comparison on the heat transfer coefficient for the two most common tube
inserts: twisted tape and wire coil insert with and without baffles. In this research work, different
fluids are used to study the characteristics regarding shell and tube heat exchanger. With respect
to the quality of solution, it has been found that Simulation tool has a paramount position for the
following areas of study in the heat exchangers such as unequal fluid flow, pressure drop
,turbulence of fluid ,temperature difference between two fluid ,thickness of material ,flow rate of
fluid and thermal analysis in the design and optimization phase. Prosimulator tool is used to
carry out the simulation strategy pertain to shell and tube heat exchanger (1, 2). A CFD
(computational fluid dynamics) model HTRI has been used to predict the temperature
distribution in steady-state conditions in shell and tube heat exchanger as well as fluid
temperatures at exit of flow channels in transient condition. The simulated results obtained by
the CFD model have been compared with the experimental data from the literature, which shows
that the CFD model developed in this study is capable of predicting the steady-state and transient
performance of the shell and tube heat exchangers satisfactorily. Various design modifications
which are implemented and studied through simulation software or compared with experimental
and numerically. Heat exchanger has a wide variety of engineering applications like Power
generation and Waste heat recovery.
Keywords: Simulation; Heat Exchangers; Heat transfer coefficient; Inserts; Pressure drop
References:
[1] K.C.Leong, K.C.Toh, Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Software for Educational
Applications, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 53 (1998) 12.
[2] Yusuf Ali Kara, Ozbilen Guraras, A computer program for designing of Shell and tube heat
exchanger, Applied Thermal Engineering 24 (2004) 1797.
[3] R. Selbas, O. Kizilkan, M. Reppich, A new design approach for shell-and-tube heat
exchangers using genetic algorithms from economic point of view. Chemical Engineering and
Processing 45 (2005) 268.
[4] Zahid H. Ayub, A new chart method for evaluating single phase shell side heat transfer
coefficient in a single segmental Shell and tube heat exchanger, Applied Thermal Engineering 25
(2005) 2412.

* Corresponding author
G.Suthakar
Department of Chemical Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Erode-638060
sutha_gt@rediffmail.com
9789215825

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ICEEIS FCSE 11

SYNTHESIS OF TUNGSTOSILICIC ACID SUPPORTED ON ACTIVATED CARBON


FOR ESTERIFICATION AND TRANSESTERIFICATION OF OLEIC ACID AND NON
EDIBLE OILS
S. Gopinath, K.A. Yasar Arafath, S. Sivanesan, P. Baskaralingam*,
Anna University, Chennai-25, India.
Abstract
Tungstosilicic acid supported on activated carbon (STA/AC) solid acid catalysts were
synthesized by hydrothermal process. The catalysts were characterized by various
physicochemical techniques such as XRD, BET, FTIR, SEM, TEM, XPS and NH3-TPD.
STA/AC exhibited highest conversion in both esterification (98%) of oleic acid and
transesterification (96%) of vegetable oils at an optimized reaction conditions of 100 ͦ C, 21:1
methanol to reactant molar ratio, 5 wt% catalyst loading and 4 h reaction time. Higher
catalytic activity was observed due to the acidic sites generated due to the strong interaction of
heteropoly acid and activated carbon. The used catalysts might be recycled up to four cycles
with significant activity and stability. The activity is correlated with the characteristics of the
catalysts.
Keywords: mesoporous, transesterification, esterification, biodiesel, activated carbon,
heteropoly acid.
* Corresponding author
P. Baskaralingam
Department of Chemistry, CEG,
Anna University, Chennai-600025, India.
baskaralingam@gmail.com.

ICEEIS FCSE 12

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MESOPORES SILICA BASED


POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES.
Govindhan P and Dharmendira Kumar M
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Anna University, Chennai, India.

Abstract
The main objective of the study is to develop new polymer nanocomposites with newly
developed mesoporous silica based polymer and as epoxy raw materials with the current
methods that are having high thermal properties flame retardancy and good mechanical
properties. In current works, polymer matrix is attracted considerable interest due to their unique
thermal resistance, better mechanical and electrical properties. This study covers both the
properties of mesoporous and epoxy materials.Epoxy networks are among the commercially
successful thermosetting materials, especially as adhesives, coatings, encapsulation of electronic
components and of composite materials, etc. The extensive applications of epoxy networks
motivate intense studies having the objectives to prepare organic-inorganic nanocomposites with
novel and improved performances. The properties of the nanocomposites are expected to arise
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from a synergistic combination of individual organic-inorganic component properties when these


components are mixed intimately at the nanometer scale. In this works, epoxy curing reaction is
studied by DSC. The composite results show high thermal properties of epoxy/ nano-silica and
epoxy systems suspensions as well as morphology and mechanical properties of the
corresponding nanocomposites are studied. The material shows uniform mesoporous size result
the unique thermal resistance, better mechanical and electrical properties. The organic- inorganic
nanocomposites will be characterized by using FTIR, solid 13C NMR, SEM mechanical and
electrical analysis. This can be due to the mesoporous silica building blocks in the porous
structure without obvious alteration of the mesoporous silica structural characteristics in the
organic- inorganic polymer nanocomposite.
Keywords: Nano composites; mesoporous; epoxy materials; mechanical; electrical analysis.
References
[1]. Liangming Wei, Nantao Hu , Yafei Zhang , Synthesis of Polymer—Mesoporous Silica
Nanocomposites. Materials, 3(2010), 4066.
[2]. Feng Yang, Yuchun Ou, Zhongzhen Yu. Polyamide 6/silica nanocomposites prepared by in
situ polymerization. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 69(1998) ,355.
[3].Abdelhamid sayari, Safia Hamoudi, Periodic Mesoporous Silica-Based Organic−Inorganic
Nanocomposite Materials, Chem. Mater, 13(2001), 3151.
[4]. Min S. Cho,Hyoung J. Choi, Kyong Y. Kim, Wha S. Ahn, Synthesis and Characterization of
Polyaniline/Mesoporous SBA-15 Nanocomposite, 23(2002), 713.
* Corresponding author
Dr. M. Dharmendira kumar.
A.C.Tech.Anna university.Chennai-25
mdkumar@annauniv.edu
9444021946.

ICEEIS FCSE 13

SYNTHESIS, SPECTRAL CHARACTERIZATION AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY


EVALUATION OF 9-METHYL-4-(2-BROMONAPHTHALEN-6-YL)-2
(SUBSTITUTEDPHENYL)-2,3-DIHYDRO-1H-BENZO[1,5]DIAZEPENE
S.Sivagami and N.Ingarsal*
PG and Research Department of Chemistry, Rajah Serfoji Govt. College, Thanjavur-05.
Tamilnadu-India.
Abstract
Synthesis of novel series of 9-methyl-4-(2-bromonaphthalen-6-yl)-2-(substitutedphenyl)-
2,3-dihydro-1H-benzo[1,5]diazepene from 1-(2-bromonaphthalen-6-yl)-3-aryl prop-2-en-1-ones
with 3,4-diaminotoulene in the presence of base. The structure of the newly prepared compounds
were confirmed by IR and NMR spectroscopy. The purity of the compounds was confirmed by
TLC and the synthesized compounds showed excellent antibacterial and antifungal activity
against all tested strains.
Keywords: Synthesis, acetylnaphthalene, 1-(2-bromonaphthalen-6-yl)ethanone, antimicrobial
screening.

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Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Dr. N.Ingarsal
Assistant. Professor ,
Dept of chemistry, Rajah Serfoji Govt. College, Thanjavur-05.
ningarsaa@gmail.com, 8610437010

ICEEIS FCSE 14

PREDICTION OF TEMPERATURE VARIATIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL BUS DUCT


SYSTEM UNDER FORCED CONVECTION COOLING WITH VARIOUS ASPECT
RATIOS USING MATLAB.
Thirumurugaveerakumar.S.* and Naveen P.T
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore-49
Abstract
This paper presents an experimental and mathematical model of the heat transfer
processes in an electric bus duct system. Factors affecting the thermal model of the bus bar are
current carrying capacity of the bus bar, step changes of the electric load and cross selection area
of the bus bar. In this study the variation in aspect ratio is accomplished by varying the width of
the rectangular busbar having a constant thickness of 6mm. The aspect ratio (a1-a5) has been
selected in the range from 5 to 25. Proximity and skin effect are much controlled which leads to
the reduction of power consumption through thermal and electrical loading on electrical bus duct
system. An algorithm has been developed to predict and compare the sizes of the busbar with
materials like copper and aluminium using MATLAB. It has been found that the forced
convection along with perpendicular air flow reduces the power loss due to heat generation is
also reduced in the bus bar conductor. It is concluded that same ampacity level and variation of
steady state temperature at different air velocity and variation in aspect ratio of Copper and
Aluminium busbar are predicted within the allowable temperature rise. The obtained results
show that a variation in aspect ratio produces very satisfactory agreement between computed and
experimental data.
Keywords: heat transfer, air insulated bus bar, different air velocity, aspect ratio ampacity,
temperature rise.
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References:
[1] Bedkowski, M., Smolka, J., Banasiak, K., Bulinski, Z., Nowak, A. J., Tomanek, T., & Wajda,
A.. Coupled numerical modelling of power loss generation in busbar system of low-voltage
switchgear. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 82 (2014)122
[2] M. Bedkowski, J. Smolka, Z. Bulinski, A. Ryfa, Simulation of cooling enhancement in
industrial low-voltage switch gear using validated coupled CFD-EMAG model, international
journal of thermal science 111 (2017) 437
[3] M. Bedkowski, J. Smolka, Z. Bulinski, A. Ryfa, 2.5-D multilayer optimization of an
industrial switch gear busbar system, applied thermal modelling 101 (2016) 147

* Corresponding author
S.Thirumurugaveerakumar
Assistant Professor,
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Kumaraguru college of technology, Coimbatore
tmvkumar1978@gmail.com, 9865742425

ICEEIS FCSE 15

CNT EMBEDDED OLEIC/LAURICACID EUTECTIC MIXTURE AS THERMAL


ENERGY STORAGE MATERIALS IN MODERN BUILDINGS
K.R.Suresh Kumar1 A. Ameelia Roseline2 S.kalaiselvam1*
AC Tech campus, Anna University, Chennai1
Panimalar Engineering College, Chennai2
Abstract
In this work, the thermal property, stability and reliability of newly prepared oleic-lauric
acid/CNT eutectic phase change material were investigated. The theoretically calculated eutectic
ratio was compared with the experimental results. The size and morphology of the CNT
particles were examined with the help of scanning electron microscope. Using ultrasonication
technique, the CNT particles were embedded into the eutectic mixture. The properties of oleic-
lauric acid eutectic mixture and CNT embedded oleic-lauric acid eutectic mixture were
compared and tabulated. The differential scanning calorimetry results showed no secondary
phase transitioning peak and the eutectic melting point (9.8°C), latent heat (107.3 J/g) of the
eutectic mixture was found suitable for latent heat storage applications. The chemical stability
and thermal reliability of the eutectic mixture were tested using Fourier transform Infrared
Spectrometer and thermogravimetry analysis. The latent heat capacity and melting temperature
after 1000 cycles were found effective. The time taken for solidification and melting cycles of
CNT embedded Oleic/lauric acid was reduced when compared with the pure eutectic mixture.
The results were further affirmed by the increase in thermal conductivity measured with LFA
467 hyper flash apparatus. The results have indicated that the oleic-lauric/CNT eutectic mixture
is an effective and alternative thermal energy storage (TES) material to reduce building energy
consumption.
Keywords: Nanoparticles, Eutectic mixture, Heat transfer characteristics, energy storage
materials, efficient buildings.

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Acknowledgement
The authors gratefully acknowledge their indebtedness to the DST, Science and Engineering
Research Board for providing financial support to carry out this research work under the DST-
SERB project (DST sanction order No. SB/EMEQ-285/2013).
References
[1] Harikrishnan S, Magesh S, Kalaiselvam S. Preparation and thermal energy storage behaviour
of stearic acid–TiO2 nanofluids as a phase change material for solar heating systems.
Thermochim Acta. 2013;565:137–45.
[2] Mehrali M, Latibari ST, Mahlia TMI, Metselaar HSC. Preparation and properties of highly
conductive palmitic acid/graphene oxide composites as thermal energy storage materials.
Energy. 2013;58(628):634.

[3] Cai Y, Sun G, Liu M, Zhang J, Wang Q, Wei Q. Fabrication and characterization of capric–
lauric–palmitic acid/electrospun SiO2 nanofibers composite as form-stable phase change material
for thermal energy storage/retrieval. Sol Energy. 2015;118:87–95.
* Corresponding author
S.Kalaiselvam
Head of Departemnt
Department of Applied Science and Technology, A.C.Tech.,
Anna University, Chennai
nokalai@gmail.com
Mobile No: 944697169

ICEEIS FCSE 16

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON EFFECT OF HEAT TRANSFER AND


THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF AL2O3 IN GLYCEROL/WATER MIXTURE
NANO FLUID
P.Karuppasamy, S.Kalaiselvam*
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai, India.
Abstract
The present experimental work is to investigate the effect of introducing Al2O3
nanoparticles with different mass fractions (0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 %) in glycerol-water mixture (30:70
in mass %) as base fluid on heat transfer and thermopysical properties such as thermal
conductivity, specific heat capacity, and dynamic viscosity. The required stabilized nanofluid for
the present experimental work is prepared by ultrasonication process. In this work, scanning
electron microscope (SEM) image is used to characterize the size of Al2O3 nanoparticles. In this
experimental investigation work, the prepared nanofluid comprising different mass proportions
of Al2O3 nanoparticles in glycerol/water base fluid is passed at constant mass flow rate and
constant inlet temperature through the tube-in-tube heat exchanger experimental set-up
arrangement. This investigation shows that the significant enhancement of heat transfer with
increases of proportions of nano particles in both nano fluids compared to the base fluid.
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Furthermore, the experimental result reveals that the dynamic viscosity of the nanofluid
increases with an increase of Al2O3 nanoparticle concentration in the base fluid. The different
empirical correlations are used to obtain theoretical data for all different proportions of
nanoparticles and compared with the experimental data. For the past few years, ethylene
glycol/water mixture has been widely used as base fluid in nanofluids. In many water cooling
applications ethylene glycol has been added as anti freezing agent so as to reduce the freezing
point of water. Finally, it is found that the studied nanofluid in this investigation can be used as
an alternate coolant instead of glycol/water mixture based nanofluid in car radiators for the
effective dissipation of heat to be removed from the engine.
Keywords: Al2O3 nanofluid, Glycerol/water mixture, Heat transfer enhancement.
References:
[1] Ufeng Guo, Tongtong Zhang, Dongrui Zhang, Qi Wang, Experimental investigation of
thermal and electrical conductivity of silicon oxide nano fluids in ethylene glycol/water mixture,
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 117 (2018) 280.
[2] L. Syam Sundar, Manoj K. Singh, Antonio C.M. Sousa, Enhanced heat transfer and friction
factor of MWCNT-Fe3O4/water hybrid nano fluids, International Communication in Heat and
Mass Transfer 52 (2014) 73.

Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
S.Kalaiselvam
Head of Departemnt
Department of Applied Science and Technology, A.C.Tech.,
Anna University, Chennai
nokalai@gmail.com
Mobile No: 944697169

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SESSION V-ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT


ASSESSMENT

Session Chair:
Dr.R.Nagendra
Professor,
Department of Geology.
Anna University, Chennai.

Session Co- Chair


Dr.K.V.Radha
Associate Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering,
Anna University, Chennai.

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ICEEIS EIA 01

VULNERABILITY PREDICTION OF SOIL EROSION IN SIRUMALAI USING


REMOTE SENSING AND GIS TECHNIQUE
Veera Vignesh Kumar.S* and Evany Nithya.S
Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy
Abstract
Soil loss is a continuous problem; half of the top soil on the earth has been lost in last
hundred years. Soil erosion is a slow process, we cannot notice clearly. The main causes of soil
erosion are rainwater runoff, farming, slope of land, lack of vegetation. Continuous soil erosion
leads to loss of top soil, soil compaction, reduced organic and fertile matter, poor drainage,
change in acidity levels. So the major information on the soil loss is to support the natural
resource management. Therefore the assessment and mapping of soil erosion, is essential for soil
conservation. This study is aimed to estimate and map the annual soil loss in the sirumalai area
using GIS and Remote sensing techniques. Here we adopted Revised universal soil loss equation
model to predict the annual soil loss, and the layers include Rainfall Erosivity (R), Cover
Management (C), Soil Erodability (k), Slope length and Steepness (LS), and Support Practice
(P). The above parameters were used to determine the average annual soil loss in the sirumalai
region. Erosion maps generated with Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation Model and GIS can
serve as effective inputs in deriving strategies for planning in environmentally sensitive
mountainous areas.
Keywords: Soil loss, Soil Erodability, RUSLE model, Cover management, support practice.
References:
[1] R. Sakthivel, N. Jawahar Raj, V. Pugazhendi, S. Rajendran Remote Sensing And GIS For
Soil Erosion Prone Areas Assessment Of Kalrayan Hills, Part Of Eastern Ghats, Tamil Nadu,
India applied science research. 3(2011) 369.
[2] M. Kartic Kumar, R. Annadurai, P.T Ravichandran, Assessment Of Soil Erosion
Susceptibility In Kothagiri Taluk Using Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) And
Geo-Spatial Technology Int Jr of sci and research publication, vol 3(2014) 2250.
[3] V. Prasannakumar, H. Vijith, S. Abinod, N. Geetha Remote Sensing and GIS for Soil Erosion
Prone Areas Assessment: A Case Study From Kalrayan Hills, Part Of Eastern Ghats, Tamil
Nadu, India Geoscience frontiers. 3(2) (2011) 209.

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Graphical abstract

*Corresponding Author
Veera Vignesh Kumar.S
27, E.B.colony, aishwaraya nagar
Collectorate(po), Thiruvalluvar Vallagam
Dindigul – 624004
Veera94dgl@gmail.com, 7708595022

ICEEIS EIA 02

CLIMATE CHANGE PREDICTION IN CUDDALORE DISTRICT


Sowmya Kumar* and Ilavarasan.N
Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy
Abstract
Around the globe, seasons are shifting, temperature and sea level are rising which is due
to climate change. Thus the change in climate affects both biota and the non-biota in the earth.
Many scientists have broadly analysed these impacts and forecasted the climate change to be
cautious about the impacts. In this study metrological data have been analysed statically and
have been forecasted for Cuddalore district. The district is located near the coast of Tamil Nadu,
which has a drastic change in climate on the past few years. The changes in the metrological
parameters have been studied and the precipitation data is forecasted till 2050. A comparison is
made between the two models used. This present study paves a way to create awareness
regarding the protection of environment, which is mandatory to control the climate change.
Keywords: Biota; Non-biota; Temperature; Precipitation
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References
[1] J. Shukla and D. A. Mooley (1990)., “Emperical prediction of summer monsoon rainfall over
India”.
[2] Oluwafemi O. ilesanmi (2000)., “An empirical formulation of an ITD rainfall model for the
tropics”.
[3] K. Rupa kumar et al.,(1997) “pre-monsoon maximum and minimum temperatures over india
in relation to the summer monsoon rainfall.
*Corresponding Author
Sowmya kumar
1/24, south street, Palayasiruvangur (p.o),
Sankarapuram(t.k),Villupuram-606206.
vinireddy1401@gmail.com, 9629337201.

ICEEIS EIA 03

WATER SECURITY IN THE STATE OF TAMIL NADU, INDIA IN THE CONTEXT OF


REGIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE: A CASE STUDY
N A Sivarajan*, Mohammd Rafiq and Anoop Kumar Mishra.
Centre for Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology
(Deemed to be University), Chennai
Abstract

Water Security is "Reliable availability of an acceptable quantity and quality of water for
health, livelihoods and production, coupled with an acceptable level of water-related risks”.
Sustainable development cannot be achieved without a water secure world. Providing safe and
adequate drinking water to the burgeoning population continues to be one of the major
challenging tasks especially for developing countries. Domestic and agricultural water security
for the future will always depend on population stability, sustainability in economic and social
development, and integrated water resources management (IWRM) strategies. The present study
attempts to address the inter-district disparities in water security for domestic uses at village level
in the State of Tamil Nadu using Socio-economic data. A detailed field survey was carried out
for two blocks namely Pennagaram and Morappur by including about 300 persons using
Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) tool. These blocks have been identified as crtical and
overexploited by Central Ground Water Board (CGWB). We report increases of about 22% and
14% in population over Pennagaram and Morappur, respectively during last decade. Our results
reveal that the people in the area are shifting from agriculture due to water scarcity. We repot
that there is a decrease of about 50% in agricultural activities in the district from 1991(38%) to
2011(20%). These decreases are attributed to decrease in ground water level resulting from
decrease in precipitation over the region. We report a decreasing trend of about 19 cm in ground
water level in Dharmapuri district of these blocks during monsoon season. This decrease may be
resulted from decrease in precipitation reported over this district. We conclude that water
deficiency for agricultural purpose has resulted in shifting from agriculture to off-field work.
Results reported in this study highlight the importance of sustainability of water resources for
agricultural practices.

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Keywords: Climate Change; PRA Household Water security; Rural water supply;

References:
[1] Assayed Almoayied., Hatokay Z., Al-Zoubi R., Azzam S., Qbailat M., Ulayyan A., Saleem
M., Bushnaq S. and Maroni (2013), ‘On-site rainwater harvesting to achieve household
water security among rural and peri-urban communities in Jordan’, Resources,
Conservation and Recycling., Vol.73, pp: 72-77.
[2] Bakker Peter. (2012), ‘Pathways to improved water security in Worldwide’, Resources,
Aquatic Procedia., Vol.1, pp: 173-175.
[3] Buyukcangaz Hakan and Abdurrahim Korukcu (2011), ‘Integrated approach for water
resources and irrigation management in Turkey’, Water International., Vol.32, No.5, pp: 710-
719.
[4] Devasia Leelamma. (2010), ‘Safe drinking water and its acquisition: Rural women’s
participation in water management in Maharashtra, India’, International journal of water
resources development. Vol.14, No.4, pp: 537-546.
[5] Garg, S. K. (2011), Water Supply Engineering, Vol. 1, Environmental Engineering, Khanna,
Delhi.
[6] Gupta K. (2007), ‘Water governance in Gujarat State, India’, International journal of water
resources development. Vol.20, No.2, pp: 131-147.
[7] Ibnouf Fatma Osman. (2011), ‘Challenges and possibilities for achieving household food
security in the Western Sudan region: the role of female farmers’, Online Research Journal.,
Vol.3, pp: 215-231.

*Corresponding Author
N A Sivarajan
Centre for Remote Sensing & Geoinformatics
Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed to be University)
Jeppiar Nagar, Rajiv Gandhi Road, Chennai-600119
civilsivarajan@gmail.com, 7667467479, 9585696479

ICEEIS EIA 04

EXPLORING CHANGING CHARACTERISTICS OF SNOWFALL IN A WARMING


CLIMATE OVER HIMALAYAN REGION OF KASHMIR VALLEY
Mohammd Rafiq*, Anoop Kumar Mishra
1
Centre for Remote Sensing and Geoinfoprmatics,
Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamilnadu.
Abstract
We explored changes in snowfall patterns from last 3 decades over two mountain ranges,
outer Himalayan (Pahalgam) and inner Himalayan/Pir Panjal range (Gulmarg) over Kashmir
valley. The changes in the pattern of snowfall was quantified with other meteorological factors.
Minimum and maximum temperature over the region showed an increasing trends which is
consistent with rise in black carbon column mass density. Results suggest that there is shift of
snowfall from December- January to January- February. We also report that snowfall over the

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Pahalgam shows decreasing trend except for the month of February and January. There is a
significant decreasing trend of snow fall (48mm per decade) over Pahalgam for the month of
March and seasonal overall decrease of 15mm per decade. Pir Panjal mountain region shows an
overall decreasing trend of 15 mm per decade. These trends are consistent with the increase in
the minimum temperatures over outer Himalayan and Pir Panjal Mountains. There is decadal
increase of about 1.2ºC and 0.8ºC in minimum temperature over these two regions respectively.
We report that the outer Himalayan range shows a decrease of about 24.16% ±9.86% per degree
increase in minimum temperature. These shift and decrease in snowfall patterns are going to
effect the economy of the area which is dependent on the discharge of water from glaciers.
Glaciers show a negative mass balance due to decreases in temperature
Keywords: Kashmir Valley, Snowfall, Temperature, Climate Change, Black Carbon.
*Corresponding Author
Mohammd Rafiq
Centre for Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics,
Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, TN.
emidamls6@gmail.com
+91 9469183781

ICEEIS EIA 05

QUANTIFICATION OF THE IMPACT OF REGIONAL WARMING ON CHANGES IN


PRECIPITATION PATTERNS IN INDIA
Sagarika Chandra*, Anoop Kumar Mishra, Mohammd Rafiq and Nagaraju Vanganuru
Centre for Remote Sensing and Geo-informatics, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology
(Deemed to be University), Chennai
Abstract
Past few decades witnessed changes in precipitation patterns over globe. These changes
include an increase in heavy precipitation and decrease in light and moderate precipitation.
Global/regional warming has been attributed as one of the major factors causing observed
change in precipitation patterns. Past studies over Indian region have not focused much on
quantification of impact of warming on changes in precipitation patterns. Present research deals
with quantifying the impact of warming on precipitation patterns over Indian region. For this
purpose, rain gauge based high resolution gridded precipitation data from India Meteorological
Department (IMD) of 113 years during 1901-2013 has been utilized to link the changes in
precipitation pattern over India during South-West (SW) monsoon season with warming using a
new method which focuses on inter-annual differences rather than time series. It has been
reported that during SW monsoon period, there is an increase of about 51.85%±19% in top 10%
precipitation for each degree (K) increase in temperature. Decreases of about 15%-30% in low
and moderate precipitation have also been reported per decrease increase in temperature. Impact
of warming is more severe over Western and North-Eastern India and during months of July and
August. An increase in heavy rainy days of about 46.53%±14% per degree increase in
temperature has been reported over Indian region. Low and moderate rainy days shows a
decrease of about 24.67%±9.53% for a unit degree increase in temperature. Results reported in
this research confirm increasing trends in droughts and floods due to increased heavy
precipitation and decreased low and moderate precipitation in warming environment.

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Keywords: Global Warming; Precipitation; Monsoon;


*
Corresponding Author
Sagarika Chandra
Centre for Remote Sensing & Geoinformatics
Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed to be University)
Jeppiar Nagar, Rajiv Gandhi Road, Chennai-600119
chandrasagarika7@gmail.com
9861617020, 8249425131

ICEEIS EIA 06

DEFORESTATION AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON


VELLORE DISTRICT USING REMOTE SENSING AND GIS
Anitha.A* and Renganathan.M
Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy
Abstract
Environmental protection is faced critical problems due to several factors as the
increasing population, demolishing natural resources, environmental pollution , land use
planning as well as others. Unplanned land use have become a major problem. Most land use
changes occur without a clear and logical planning with any attention to their environmental
impacts. Major flooding, air pollution, deforestation, urban growth, soil erosion, desertification
groundwater extraction and unplanned mining activities are all consequences of a mismanaged
planning without considering environmental impact of development planes. The study area
selected is Vellore district. This hill is well known for various mining activities. Beside this there
are many environmental havocs created like Desertification of land near by agriculture lands
have their potential brought down drastically Increased air and noise pollution. The continuous
deforestation activity has increased the pollution levels, these adverse effects has produced a spot
light on this study area even though this gives many mineral resources economically it creates
great environmental hazards too. This controversial statement has made me to select this study
area. Remote sensing Technique in combination with GIS is utilized for groundwater analysis
which is influenced by land use conditions.
Keywords: Average rainfall calculation;GIS map for soil map;geology map
References:
[1] R.K. Trivedi, L.P.Churasia, D.K.Singh ,Application of Remote Sensing in the study of Geo
Environmental Aspects of Rajghat Dam Project, IJCTT, 3(6)(2012) 1.
[2] Munsi.M, Malaviya.S, Oina. G,Joshi P.K,A landscape approach for quantifying land-use and
land-cover change (1976–2006) in middle Himalaya,Reg. Environ.Chang,(10)(2009) 145.
*Corresponding Author
Anitha.A
Department of Civil Engineering,
University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy
anithajosli@gmail.com, 9566379852.

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ICEEIS EIA 07

RESPONSE OF MULTI-STOREY COMMERCIAL BUILDING AS PER OLD (IS 1893


PART 1:2002) & REVISED (IS 1893 PART 1:2016) SEISMIC VERSION
Onkar Deshpande1, S Elavenil2, Saurabh Butala3, Rohan Hadgal4
1
M Tech Student, Structural Engineering, VIT Chennai
2
Professor, Structural Engineering, VIT Chennai
3
Senior Engineer, Sterling Engineering Consultancy Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai
4
Senior Engineer, Sterling Engineering Consultancy Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai
Abstract
Earthquake and its effect on structures are catastrophic in nature & many regions in India are
prone to strong seismic activities. This compels to apply seismic analysis & design of structures
to avoid loss in life & utilities. From global observations on occurrence of earthquakes, great
amount of analytical, experimental and numerical studies are carried out for better understanding
of seismic characteristics, and effects of it on existing structural systems. There are specific
Indian codes for various structures to make them earthquake resistant. Considerable changes &
improvements in earthquake resistant design has been carried out in recent past and its provisions
are incorporated in the Indian standard codes IS 1893 & IS 13920. As a result of this, Indian
seismic code “Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures - IS: 1893:2002” has been
revised in year 2016 along with Ductile detailing code “Ductile Design and Detailing of
Reinforced Concrete Structures Subjected to Seismic Forces IS 13920:1993”.
This case study aims at comparing the behaviour of a multi-storey RCC structure with old (IS
1893:2002 & IS 13920:1993) and revised seismic code (IS 1893:2016 & IS 13920:2016) and its
impact on analysis & design. The study will be carried out using ETABS 2015 for G+27 multi-
storey commercial building. A dynamic 3-Dimensional analysis using Response Spectrum
Method will be carried out for this case study.
Keywords: Dynamic Analysis; Response Spectrum Method; IS 1893; IS 13920; Comparison;
References
[1] Medhekar, M.S., and Jain, S.K. "Seismic Behaviour, Design, and Detailing of RC Shear
Walls, Part II: Design and Detailing," The Indian Concrete Journal, Vol. 67, No. 8, (1993), 451-
457
[2] Jaswant N. Arlekar, Sudhir Jain, C.V.R. Murthy,“Seismic Response of RC building with soft
first storey”, IIT Kanpur, India, (1997)
[3] NEHRP, “NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings and
Other Structures”, Report No. FEMA P-750, Federal Emergency Management Agency,
Washington, DC, USA, (2009)
*Corresponding author
OnkarShashikant Deshpande
1950 E Ward, Rajarampuri 11th lane, Hrishikesh Apartment, Kolhapur-416008, Maharashtra
onkard459@gmail.com, 9923969929, 8830585680

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ICEEIS EIA 08

ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF JETTIES


Swaran K R*1, S Elavenil2, B Krishnakumar3
1
M Tech Student, Structural Engineering VIT Chennai
2
Professor, Structural Engineering VIT Chennai
3
DGM, L&T GeoStructures, Chennai
Abstract
There are a large number of inland waterways consisting of rivers, backwaters, creeks which
have the potential for efficient and effective inland water transportation in India. The aim of
paper is to make a comparison of the jettieswith different structural options and pros and cons are
analysed. The following models of jetties are considered for analytical comparison using SAP
2000 (i) jetty supported on vertical piles (ii) jetty with diaphragm walls (iii) jetty with diaphragm
wall and tie rod (iv) jetty with both diaphragm wall and vertical piles. The jetties are designed to
sustain9 million tonnes per annum of goods using 3000-ton barges.While analysis the
geographical and topographical factors of river Ganges are considered. To resist the loadings
various structural elements such as rectangular beam, T beam and main beams are provided.
Apart from the dead load, wheel load, seismic load, wind load, the loads such as current load,
berthing load, mooring load are considered during analysis and moments ,deflection, base shear
are compared
Keywords: Jetty; Vertical piles; Diaphragm wall; Tie rod
References
[1] G. T. Naidu, K. V. G. D. Balaji, M. Pavan Kumar and B. Siddharth Rao, “Study on the
Structural Behaviour of Berthing Structure due to Variable Stack Load”, Indian Journal of
Science and Technology9 (2016)45
[2] G. T. Naidu, K. V. G. D. Balaji, M. Pavan Kumar and L Manikanta “A study on behaviour of
structural elements of berthing structure with raker pile and anchored wall”International
Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology 8 (2017) 1111
[3] DeekshithShetty, Shashikanth P. Kodi , “An Approach on Optimization of Berth Structure at
Port Sectors for Handling Bulk Cargo and Containers”, International Journal of Engineering
Research & Technology 4 (2015)

*Corresponding author
Swaran K R
3,Green Leaves,Koorkanchery P O Thrissur, Kerala
krswaran@gmail.com, 9847085507

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ICEEIS EIA 09

A COMPUTATIONAL STUDY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF POWER GENERATION


FROM SOLAR POND USING HEAT PIPE AND THERMOELECTRIC GENERATOR
S. Santhia1, Dr. S.Sivalakshmi2,
1
PG Scholar, Government College of Engineering, Salem
santhiasivakumarmsk@gmail.com
2
Assistant Professor, Government College of Engineering, Salem
sivalakshmit@gmail.com
Abstract:
Solar pond offers an effective way to collect and store the heat energy from incident solar
radiation. This method is efficient due to its lower cost per square meter than other types of solar
energy equipment. In this paper, the performance of power generation from solar pond using heat
pipe is analyzed by computational fluid dynamics. This is a novel scheme of heat extraction from
solar pond. The heat energy extracted is transferred to the heat pipe and also a thermoelectric
generator (TEG) is proposed to remove the heat from the heat pipe and emf is produced due to
temperature difference. CFD analysis is done to simulate the two phase heat transfer mechanism
in heat pipe and solar pond. In CFD, Volume of fluid method is used for the analysis of heat pipe
and solar pond. The CFD results show the temperature profile, pressure profile, temperature and
pressure data of heat pipe and salinity gradient and temperature data of the solar pond. Further
this idea is to be implemented experimentally and the extracted heat energy is converted into
electricity using thermoelectric generator. The gravity assisted heat pipe is an effective heat
transfer device that utilizes latent heat of the working fluid, flowing under the influence of
gravity, to transport heat from the source to the sink. TEG is a device that converts heat flux
directly into electrical energy. The modeling and temperature analysis is done using the Ansys
15.0 (Fluent) software.
Keywords: Solar pond; heat pipe; volume of fluid method; CFD analysis; thermoelectric
generator (TEG).
ICEEIS EIA 10

EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS AND OPTIMIZATION OF SALT GRADIENT SOLAR


POND
S. Prakash1, M. Raja2
1
PG Scholar, Government College of Engineering, Salem
2
Assistant Professor, Government College of Engineering, Salem
www.ksp.mech@gmail.com
raaj.nml@gmail.com
Abstract
Salt gradient solar pond is one of the methods which absorbs and stores solar energy.
This study involves experimental optimisation of the performance of conventional and mixed
medium solar pond. The experiment was carried out in Salem, Tamil Nadu, India. This specific
geographical location has a high-level of solar radiation and is a tropical region. Readings were
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taken for a period of 30 days. The temperature distribution and salinity gradient were evaluated.
For comparison, two similar solar ponds of volume 0.02m3 and height of 0.32 m were built in
order to prevent heat escaping from the surface of the ponds, a layer of EPE with thickness of
2cm was used for insulation purposes Two layers of pebbles and welding spatter were used as
porous medium in the lower convective zone (LCZ) in one of the solar ponds. The temperatures
of the solar pond with porous medium and conventional solar pond were obtained as 600C and
550C respectively. Therefore, the solar pond with porous medium indicated an increase of 8.33%
in temperature. From the obtained parameters such as salinity gradient, density and temperature
gradient are used to optimize it and the porous medium solar pond is found to store more amount
of heat energy than the conventional solar pond.
Keywords: Temperature distribution, Salinity gradient, Optimisation, Porous medium,
Thermocouple.
ICEEIS EIA 11

DESIGN AND EXPERIMENTAL HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS OF SHELICAL HX


Ravikumar V *1, Ashwin A2, Jagadeeshwaran M2 , Ajey Santhosh C K2 , Dhanees Kumar K2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dhirajlal Gandhi College of Technology, Salem, Tamilnadu
Abstract
The main objective of this work is to provide a formidable thermal design of a heat
exchanger (HX) named shelical HX. It is fabricated as a replacement for the most preferred
shell-and-tube HX (STHX) which is used for the conversion and utilization of energy for heat
exchange between liquids. Also with a deliberation to provide an enriched heat transfer rate. The
design of shelical HX is a modification of STHX design by replacing its linear (straight) tubes
configuration by helical coils of same size i.e. bundle of tubes replaced by bundle of coils with
same bundle diameter. In this investigation, shelical HX configurations overall heat transfer
coefficient and heat transfer rate is experimentally analysed and compared with conventional
STHX configuration. The temperature difference in hot fluid is more than 48°c (inlet=80°c;
outlet=34°c) with a mass flow rate of 0.033kg/s and temperature difference in cold fluid is about
6°c (inlet=28°c; outlet=34°c) with a mass flow rate of 0.1kg/s.
Keywords: Heat exchanger; shelical HX; shell-and-tube HX; helical coils; helical heat transfer
rate;
References:
[1] Simin Wang, Jian Wen, Yanzhang Li, An Experimental Investigation of heat transfer
enhancement for a shell and tube heat exchanger, Applied Thermal Engineering, 29 (2009) 2433-
2438.
[2] C.P. Kodthandaraman, Fundamentals of heat and mass transfer, New Age International,
Fourth Edition, 2012.
[3] Zhnegguo, Zhang, Xutao, Fang Xioaming, Experimental Study on heat transfer performance
enhancement of a helically baffled heat exchanger combined with 3-D finned tubes, Applied
thermal engineering, 24.14 (2004)2293-2300.
[4] Manasa kishtapati, Meda kalyan kumar, Improvisation of shell side heat transfer coefficient
in STHX using different configurations- A mini review, International Journal of Engineering
Research and Technology, 4 (2015) 1125-1130
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Graphical Abstract

Fig. Schematic diagram of 1-1 Shelical HX


* Corresponding author
Ravikumar V
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Dhirajlal Gandhi College of Technology, Salem, Tamilnadu
deevravi@gmail.com, 9698980426

ICEEIS EIA 12

OPTIMISATION OF BIOMETHANSATION OF POULTRY LITTER BY IMPROVING


THE C/N USING GREY RELATIONAL ANALYSIS
Balaji.Sa*, Senthilkumar.Kb, Sakthivel.Mc, Pasupathy S.Ad, Karthick Kumar ke, Sukanya.Gf
a
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore India.
b
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Adhitya Institute of Technology, Coimbatore India.
c
Department of Mechanical Engineering, KL University, Andhra Pradesh, India.
d
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore India.
e
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore India.
e
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sri Krishna College of Technology, Coimbatore India.
Abstract:
In this study, the influence of process parameters on biogas production, during anaerobic
digestion (AD) of pretreatedpoultry litter was experimentally investigated and the process
parameters are optimized. The C/N of the poultry litter (PL) is very low compared to other
biomass feedstocks which suppress the biomethane potential of PL, this is due to the process
instability caused by the ammonia produced inside the digester[1]. The C/N of the PL can be
enhanced by reducing the nitrogen content in the PL[2]. Air stripping is an effective process to
remove the excess ammonia in the PL thereby improving the C/N[3]. The yield from the air
stripped PL seems to be significantly high compared to the raw PL. Using Taguchi based Grey
relational analysis, the optimal condition for ADafter pretreatment was established[4].Taguchi
technique was coupled with grey relational analysis to obtain a grey relational grade for
evaluating multiple outputs. A L16 orthogonal array was selected and designed for three
parameters namely solid concentration, pH and temperature and varied through four levels by
applying Taguchi’s design of experiments. The optimum value for the parameters are obtained
for AD of pretreated PL is solid concentration of 11% TS, temperature of 35 ℃ and pH of 7.2.
Percentage contribution of input parameters on output response were determined using ANOVA.

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The results showed that pH is the highly influencing parameter that contributes towards high
output responses followed by solid concentration and temperature. By controlling the pH,
temperature and solid concentrations in the optimum level the performance of the AD of PL can
be enhanced.
Keywords: Anaerobic digestion - Air stripping – Biogas - Grey relational analysis –
Carbon/Nitrogen ratio.
Reference:
[1] F. Abouelenien, Y. Kitamura, N. Nishio, Y. Nakashimada, “Dry anaerobic ammonia-
methane production from chicken manure,” Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., vol. 82, pp. 757–764,
(2009).
[2] M. Sakthivel, S. A. Pasupathy, P. Sivakumar, K. K. Arun, “Enhanced biogas production
from poultry litter by improving the carbon nitrogen ratio Selvaraj Balaji *,” vol. X, pp. 1–11.
[3] W. T. Mook et al., “Removal of total ammonia nitrogen (TAN), nitrate and total organic
carbon (TOC) from aquaculture wastewater using electrochemical technology: A review,”
Desalination, vol. 285, pp. 1–13, (2012).
[4] N. Senthilkumar, T. Tamizharasan, and V. Anandakrishnan, “An Hybrid Taguchi-Grey
Relational Technique and Cuckoo Search Algorithm for Multi-Criteria Optimization in Hard
Turning of AISI D3 Steel,” J. Adv. Eng. Res., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 16–31, (2014).
Graphical Abstract:

Corresponding Author:
Balaji.S
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore-641049.
balaji.s.mec@kct.ac.in, 9994575441

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SESSION VI –RISK ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL

Session Chair:
Mr.B.Arunachalam
Expert Trainer in Safety Management System

Session Co- Chair


Dr.M.Sivarajan
Senior Scientist, Chemical Engineering Divison
CLRI, Chennai.

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ICEEIC RAC 01

SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK: ACHIEVING ZERO HARM THROUGH


OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE, SAFETY ENGINEERING & HEALTH SURVEILLANCE
Santhosh Kumar D K
Department of Fire & Industrial Safety, IIPHS College of Fire & Safety Management, Chennai.
Abstract
Every day, People Die as result of Occupational Accidents or Work related illness - more
than 2.78 million deaths per year. Additionally, there are some more 374 million non – fatal,
work - related injuries and illnesses each year, many of these resulting in extended absences from
work (Lost Time Injuries). The Human cost of this daily adversity is vast and the economic
burden of poor Occupational Safety and Health practices is estimated at 3.94 percent of global
gross domestic product each year. The purpose of the paper is to create a global awareness of the
dimensions and consequences of work related injuries, diseases and to employee the Safety and
Health of global workers on the International Agenda.
Managing Safety and Health of an Employee in an Organisation not only achieves Zero
Injuries or Illness, but it also accounts to improve Employee Morale & Involvement towards
their occupation, which in turn increases the Work Progress and the Economical Development of
the Organisation too. This paper deals with the measures to improve health and safety at work.
Occupational Hygiene, Safety Engineering and Health Surveillance are the three basic key roles
to attain “ZERO HARM”, the ultimate motto of Safety and Health Professionals.
The purpose of the paper is to present what has gone wrong in the past and suggest what
Safety Measures & Health Surveillance techniques has to adapt in future at work place to attain
“ ZERO HARM”
Key words: Health and Safety; Safety Engineering; Health Surveillance; Occupational Hygiene;
Zero Harm.
References: Kaila H L, Industrial Safety and Human Behavior.
*Corresponding Author,
Santhosh Kumar D K
Department of Fire & Industrial Safety,
IIPHS College of Fire & Safety Management, Chennai.
santhoshkathiravan98@gmail.com

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ICEEIC RAC 02

THE STUDY ON HAZARDOUS IDENTIFICATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF


TRICHLOROETHYLENE (TCE) IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY, SOUTHERN COASTAL
PART OF INDIA
Mathankumar T , Vignesh Ram S
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Knowledge Institute of Technology, Salem, TamilNadu, India.
Abstract
“Chemicals in any form can be safely stored, handled, and used if their hazardous
physical and chemical properties are fully understood and the necessary precautions, including
the use of proper safeguards and personal protective equipment, are observed”. This paper
depicts the study held in the chemical industry at southern coastal part of India related to HIRA
on trichloroethylene (TCE), a solvent widely used as a degreasing agent, is a common
contaminant of air, soil, and water at manufacturing facilities. It is released into the air during
degreasing operations and is found in soils and surface water as a result of direct discharges, and
in groundwater from disposal operations. Acute effects - headaches, dizziness, and sleepiness,
nervous system effects related to hearing, seeing, and changes in the rhythm of the heartbeat,
liver damage. Chronic effects - scleroderma, decreases in sex drive, sperm quality, and
reproductive hormone levels. The evaluation procedure, where the industrial hygienist assesses
the degree of risk in the workplace, is based on the following factors:
a) Toxicity of the substance
b) Concentration in the breathing zone
c) Manner of use
d) Length of time of the exposure
e) Controls already in place and their effectiveness
f) Special susceptibilities on the part of the employees.
Samples were collected in the field and returned to the laboratory for analysis, they may be
collected and analyzed on the spot with direct-reading instrumentation. Both oral and inhalation
exposures have been evaluated in risk assessments for TCE.
Keywords: TCE; Degreasing agent; Hazard; Contaminant; Risk assessment;
References:
[1] T.A. Lewandowski, L.R. Rhomberg, A proposed methodology for selecting a
trichloroethylene inhalation unit risk value for use in risk assessment, Regulatory
Toxicology and Pharmacology 41 (2005) 39–54.
[2] H.A. Barton, C.D. Flemming, J.C. Lipscombb , Evaluating human variability in chemical
risk assessment: hazard identification and dose-response assessment for non-cancer oral
toxicity of trichloroethylene, Toxicology 111 (1996) 271-287
[3] Hansen, J., Raaschou-Nielsen, O., Christensen, J.M., Johansen, I, McLaughlin, J.K.,
Lipworth, L., Blot, W.J., Olsen, J.H., 2001. Cancer incidence among Danish workers
exposed to trichloroethylene.J. Occup. Environ. Med. 43 (2), 133–139.
[4] Henschler, D., Vamvakas, S., Lammert, M., Dekant, W., Kraus, B.,Thomas, B., Ulm, K.,
1995. Increased incidence of renal cell tumors in a cohort of cardboard workers exposed to
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trichloroethylene. Arch. Toxicol. 69, 291–299.

*Corresponding Author
Mathankumar T
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Knowledge Institute of Technology, Salem, TamilNadu, India
haimathan93@gmail.com , 9597455625

ICEEIC RAC 03
FLOOD HAZARD AND RISK ASSESSMENT IN THANJAVUR DISTRICT USING
REMOTE SENSING AND GIS TECHNIQUES
Jamuna.V* and R.Viji*
Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy
Abstract
Flood is the natural hazard on the Earth surface; it is a relatively high flow of water that
overtops the natural and artificial banks in any of the reaches of a stream. When the rainfall
intensity is greater than normal intensity it leads to occurrences of flood in that region. And also
urbanization is another reason for flood occurrences. The development of modern technology
Arc-GIS is a powerful tool for identifying the flood risks zone for planning and management
against this natural hazard. The goal of the project is flood hazard and risk assessment in
Thanjavur district using RS and GIS techniques. This flood hazard and risk assessment maps will
be useful for managing and mitigating the losses of lives, losses of economy and property from
recurrent flood disasters in Thanjavur District. Cauvery river basin is one of the major river
basins and it has many tributaries in Thanjavur district, TamilNadu, India. The main problems
encountered in Thanjavur district with respect to floods are inundation, drainage congestion due
to urbanization and bank erosion. The problems depend on the river system, topography of the
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place and flow phenomenon. Being a vast low lying area, the flood problems in Thanjavur. The
study area of the Thanjavur district’s toposheets is collected from Survey of India (SOI). Using
satellite (Landsat TM & DEM) image, base maps such as Drainage density, Slope and contour
map are prepared with the help of Arc GIS software. Other base maps geology and soil map are
collected from Geology survey of India and Soil Survey of India. The rainfall data are collected
from SWAT weather data. For the purpose of weighted overlay analysis, flood hazard and risk
assessment map the above mentioned base maps are prepared.
Keywords: Thanjavur; DEM; SWAT; Arc-GIS; Flood hazard and risk assessment.
References:
[1] G.D. Bhatt, Komal Sinha, P.K. Deka, Ajay Kumar, ”Flood Hazard and Risk Assessment in
Chamoli District, Uttarakhand Using Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques”,IJIRSET,
3(8)(2014) 15348.
[2] S.M.J.S.Samarasinghea, H.K.Nandalalb et al., “Application of remote sensing and GIS for
flood risk analysis: a case study at Kalu- Ganga river, Sri Lanka”, Arch of Photogrammetry RS
and Spatial Info Science, 38 (2010).
[3] Surajit Bera, Akash Bhandari,” Assessment of Flood Hazard Zone using Remote Sensing and
GIS-A case study of Subarnarekha river basin”, 5(9) (2016).
*Corresponding Author
Jamuna.V
Department of Civil Engineering, University
College of Engineering (BIT) Campus, Trichy
vjjamuna22@gmail.com,
9087073194.

ICEEIC RAC 04

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF TYRE PRESSURE MONITORING SYSTEM


FOR AUTOMOBILES
K. Dhayalini*, P. Parthasarathy
Department of EEE, K. Ramakrishnan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappalli .

Abstract
The paper proposes a method to implement Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) in
automobile. It measures the air pressure inside the pneumatic tyre. Inappropriate tyre pressure is
an important issue to be addressed in automobile with respect to safety measure and is often
ignored. The reduction of tyre pressure by few psi can result in the reduction of gas mileage, tyre
life, safety, and vehicle performance. To address this problem, an automated system that will
alleviate the need for actively maintaining tyre pressure was developed. The design process for
an on-board tyre pressure management system consisting of a centralized processor, air
compressor, air control valves and rotary seals near each wheel are taken into consideration. The
rotary seals allow the air line to transfer from the chasis to the wheel without entanglement. The
system takes periodic tyre pressure readings and makes adjustments according to the desired
pressure setting. TPMS comes with several pre defines tyre pressure settings and allows the user

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to enter their own pressure settings if needed. Pressure settings, current pressure and flat/ leak
notifications are all displayed on a LCD located in the dish. This system will take the
maintenance out of upholding tyre pressure and increase tyre life, fuel efficiency and vehicle
safety and performance.
Keywords: Tyre Pressure Monitoring System; centralized processor; air compressor; air control
valves; Pressure settings;
References:
[1] N. Normann, Tyre Pressure Monitoring System for all Vehicle Categories. Crane
Communications Inc.: ATZ Worldwide, 22 ( 2000) 445.
[2] Carl A. Fiorletta, Tire pressure monitoring system, U.S. Patent number: 5,289,160.
[3] L. Li, F.-Y. Wang, Q. Zhou, G. Shan, Automatic tire pressure fault monitor using wavelet-
based probability density estimation, in Proc. IEEE Intelligent Vehicle Symp., 3 (2003),80–84
[4] Sung Jin Jo, Chee Seong Chua, Tire pressure monitoring system, U.S. Patent number: 5,
883,305.
Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Dr. K. Dhayalini
Professor, Department of EEE, K. Ramakrishnan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappalli.
dhaya2k@gmail.com, 99528 77028

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ICEEIC RAC 05

SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF BORON BLENDED FIREWORK MIXTURE


Azhagurajan* and L. Prakash
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi, Tamilnadu .

Abstract
In Fireworks Industries, Aluminium is one of the main chemicals which exhibit excellent
performance towards display in fireworks. However, fine Aluminium powder is being used now-
a-days which has more fire hazards since it is associated with pyrophoric, highly exothermic
when mixing with water leads to detonation. In order to minimize the workplace accidents, the
explosive composition has to be modified with less hazardous chemicals without compromising
the quality of fireworks display. From literatures, it is found that Boron has suitable and
beneficial properties similar to Aluminium. Boron possess higher heat of combustion
(approximately twice that of Aluminium) and doesn’t have any affinity to water. Since Boron is
safe to handle, this paper suggests blending Boron with the existing composition by replacing
Aluminium. Here Boron is replaced for Aluminium in nine different proportions and the impact
sensitivity tests and friction sensitivity tests are conducted. The result shows some significant
changes when compared with the existing firework composition.
Keywords: Boron; Fireworks; Aluminium; Safety; Hazardous;
References:
[1] Timothy J. Myers, Reducing Aluminum dust explosion hazards: Case study of Dust inerting
in an aluminum buffing operation, Journal of Hazardous Materials 159 (2008) 72–80.
[2] Ashish Jain, S. Anthonysamy, K. Ananthasivan, G.S. Gupta, Studies on the ignition
behaviour of boron powder, Thermochimica Acta 500 (2010) 63–68.
[3] Lin-lin Liu, Guo-qiang He, Ying-hong Wang, Thermal reaction characteristics of the boron
used in the fuel-rich propellant, J Therm Anal Calorim (2013).
[4] Jesse J. Sabatini, Jay C. Poret, Russell N. Broad, Boron Carbide as a Barium-Free Green
Light Emitter and Burn-Rate Modifier in Pyrotechnics, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50 (2011) 4624 –
4626
*Corresponding Author
Azhagurajan
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi, Tamilnadu
clprakash@mepcoeng.ac.in,
9629745683

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ICEEIC RAC 06

A STUDY ON RISK ASSESSMENT OF CROPS IRRIGATED USING WASTEWATER


J.Blessy*, R.K.C.Jeykumar
Thiagarajar Colleage of Engineering College,Madurai.
Abstract
Continuing population growth, rapid industrialization, and expanding and intensifying
food production are all putting pressure on water resource which causes a significant increase of
wastewater .The uncontrolled disposal of the municipal, industrial and agricultural waste
constitutes one of the most serious threats to the sustainability by contaminating the water, land
and air pollution. Wastewater can be defined as the flow of used water discharged from homes,
industries, commercial activities and institutions. In other words, the wastewater is defined as a
combination of domestic effluent consisting of black water (excreta, urine and faecal sludge) and
grey water (kitchen and bathing wastewater), water from commercial establishments and
institutions, including hospitals, industrial effluent, storm water and other urban runoff,
agricultural, horticultural and aquaculture effluent, either dissolved or as suspended matter.
Among the use for wastewater, using in agriculture may be more important. Sewage effluent is a
source of nutrients for plants. The use of sewage will increase soil fertility and crop. The first
may affect soil productivity and fertility; the second may pose serious risks to the human and
environmental health. The objectives of this study are
• To characterize wastewater, and soil irrigated with treated & untreated wastewater at
Avaniyapuram.
• To assess the risk of heavy metal uptake in the edible crops irrigated using wastewater.
• To assess the potential risk involved in the edible crops irrigated using wastewater.
The samples of Treated wastewater and untreated wastewater, soil and plant are collected,
preserved and digested and it is analysed in ICP-OES. Some of the Parameters are tested in both
wastewater. The concentration of heavy metals like Cd, Ba, Cr, Zn, Fe, Ni, Pb are also analysed.
majority heavy metals did not show any significant differences, although the concentration of
Pb2+ and Cu2+ showed significant differences. The present study revealed that wastewater
irrigated soil was enriched in Cd2+ and Pb2+. In general, accumulation of heavy metals is
observed in the plant species irrigated with wastewater. This is because the plants take up
essential and non-essential elements from soils in response to concentration gradients induced by
selective uptake of ions by roots, or by diffusion of elements in the soil.
 The heavy metal concentration in plants is more than that of the safe limits, except Cd
and Cu which lie within the safe limits. Leafy vegetables tend to accumulate higher
amount of heavy metals compared to fruit vegetables.
 The higher uptake of heavy metals in leafy vegetables may be due to higher transpiration
rate to maintain the growth and moisture content of these plants.
 It is preffered to consume Leaves only without the stem.

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Keywords: Heavy metals, Wastewater irrigation, Risk Assessment.


*Corresponding Author
J.Blessy
Thiagarajar Colleage of Engineering College,Madurai.
blessyambi@gmail.com

ICEEIC RAC 07

ADVANCED & AUTO DECTECTORS TO PREVENT WORKERS FALLING


FROM HEIGHT
Devanathan.S and Naveen Kumar.S
IIPHS College of Fire And Safety Management
Abstract
Falls remain the largest source of injuries and death in the construction or industry. More
than 200 construction workers are killed each year fromfalls in ASAIN COUNTRIES alone.
These falls carry enormous costs to a business in the form of lost productivity and insurance
settlements. The height limit where fall protection required is 5 meter with convictable reason,
but used to be 1.5 meter asper work at height regulations. Fall protection can be provided by
guard rail system, safety net system, personal fall arrest system,positioning device system,
warning line system, static lines, sling webbing,rope grab with personal energy absorber,
kernmantle rope, temporaryhorizontal anchor line. Many falls are due to not fastening Properly.
Since the manager cannot visit the site and check whether theFastening every time. Sometimes
the worker himself not know whetherhe fastening the belt. In this case if he climbs more than 6
feet warningwill be given to the worker to fasten the belt by electronic mean. Thisaction makes
the management to warn the worker to wear ‘Harness’properly
Keywords: Safety harness; Fall protection; Guardrail system; Safeguards; Warning line system.
Reference: osha.gov,hse.gov.uk,safopedia.com,hse.ie,asse.org,nsc.org, safety.com
* Corresponding author
Devanathan.S and Naveen Kumar.S
IIPHS College of Fire And Safety Management, Chennai
devananthan007@gmail.com, 9677120512

ICEEIC RAC 08
MANAGING HEALTH AND SAFETY THROUGH ERGONOMIC SOLUTIONS
A.Moulana Satham Hussain, R.Logendran
Department of EHS, IIPHS College of Fire Engineering and Safety Management, Chennai
Abstract
This paper gives an overview of the theory of participatory ergonomics interventions and
summary examples from a range of industries, including health care, military, manufacturing,
production and processing, services, construction and transport. The definition of participatory
approaches includes interventions at macro (organizational, systems) levels as well as micro
(individual), where workers are given the opportunity and power to use their knowledge to
address ergonomic problems relating to their own working activities. Examples are given where
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a cost-effective benefit has been measured using musculoskeletal sickness absence and
compensation costs. Other examples, using different outcome measures, also showed
improvements, for example, an increase in productivity, improved communication between staff
and management, reduction in risk factors, the development of new processes and new designs
for work environments and activities. Three cases are described from Canada and Japan where
the participatory project was led by occupational health teams, suggesting that occupational
health practitioners can have an important role to play in participatory ergonomics projects.
Keywords: Interventions manual handling; musculoskeletal disorders; participatory ergonomics;
WRULD.
* Corresponding author
A.Moulana Satham Hussain,
Department of EHS,
IIPHS College of Fire Engineering and Safety Management, Chennai
moulanasatham@gmail.com, 7418845819

ICEEIC RAC 09

FAULT TREE ANALYSIS IN SUGAR PROCESSING INDUSTRY BY UTILIZING


FUZZY APPROACH
Rajkumar R*1, Kalaiselvam S
Department of Applied Science and Technology
A C Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai 600025
Abstract
Fuzzy logic is capable of combining linguistic and numeric variables and estimates the
subjectiveness involved in risk analysis and determines the acceptability of risk. In the traditional
method (FTA/ETA/FMEA) the input variables are treated as exact values and the exact outcome
are received by an appropriate mathematical approach. The aim of the present research is to carry
out fault tree analysis for a sugar processing industry and to obtain more precise results with the
application of fuzzy inference system. (FTA) is based mainly on failure probability of basic
events, which uses classical probability distributions for the failure probability of basic events. In
this paper triangular fuzzy numbers are used to represent the failure possibility of basic events
which is developed by an algorithm to find a single fuzzy number for a basic event, wherein
more than one fuzzy number is assigned to that particular event. Using this algorithm, we obtain
a single fuzzy number, having least variance from all fuzzy numbers assigned to the concerned
event. This approach can be widely used to improve the reliability and to reduce the operating
cost of a sugar cane industry
Keywords: Fuzzy logic, Fault Tree Analysis, Triangular Methods
References:
[1] Sanjay Kumar Tyagi, D. Pandey, Reena Tyagi, Fuzzy set theoretic approach to fault tree
analysis, International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology Vol. 2, No. 5, 2010, pp.
276-283

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[2] Julwan Hendry Purba, A fuzzy-based reliability approach to evaluate basic events of fault
tree analysis for nuclear power plant probabilistic safety assessment, Annals of Nuclear Energy
70 (2014) 21–29
ICEEIC RAC 10

A FAILURE MODE EFFECT ANALYSIS OF CREW INDUCED PROCESS


DISRUPTION RISK FACTORS IN DISRUPTING THE ONSHORE EXPLORATORY
DRILLING PROCESS
Gowri Rajagopal*, Raju Ramasamy
Department of Industrial Engineering, college of Engineering, Guindy, Anna University, Chennai, Tamilnadu.
Abstract
Petroleum drilling involves a multitude of risks that leads to process disruption. These
disruptions, in-turn impacts on the process by increasing the completion time, cost and resources
involved. Drilling crew is one such reason that could potentially lead to process disruption; but
they also play a very vital role in the successful completion of the drilling process. This study
tries to identify the drilling crew related factors that induce process disruption using a Root
Cause Approach and analyse the cause agents using Failure Mode Effect Analysis. Through
literature survey and expert interaction around 30 causes were identified. These cause agents
were categorized with the help of industry experts, under six crew induced process disruption
risk factors, using a cause and effect approach. The cause-agents were further analysed using
FMEA. From the analysis it was observed that the cause-agents “inability to identify issues /
problems” (C2- cognition induced risk), “Inadequate technical skills” (C11 – Technical prudence
induced risk), “Lack of understanding of crew’s capability” and “Doesn’t take ownership of
safety and activity”, (C27 and C29 - Leadership induced issues), indicate high potential of
disrupting the process. Similarly cognition induced risk cause-agent “Failure to prioritize tasks”
(C4) pose the least threat of process disruption. This study could help decision makers and
trainers in improving the risk awareness amongst the drilling crew and improve them to
proactively avoid risk.
Keywords: Disruption risk; drilling crew; FMEA; Process disruption; Root Cause analysis.
References:
[1] D. M. Kahan, H. J. Smith, D. Braman, Cultural cognition of scientific consensus, J Risk
Res. 14 (2011) 174.
[2] K. Mearns, T. Rundmo, R. Flin, R. Gordon, M. Fleming, Evaluation of psychosocial and
organizational factors in offshore safety: a comparative study, J Risk Res. 7 (2004) 561.
[3] T.W. Reader, P.O. Connor, The Deepwater Horizon explosion : non-technical skills , safety
culture , and system complexity, J Risk Res. 17 (2014) 424.
[4] R. Roberts, R. Flin , J. Cleland, J., “Everything was fine”*: An analysis of the drill crew’s
situation awareness on Deepwater Horizon’, J Loss Prevent Proc. 38 (2015) 100.

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Graphical Abstract

Conceptualization of Crew Induced Process Disruption Risk Factors (CIPDRF)

Expert View Literature


Review

Identification of CIPDFs using a Cause and Effect approach

Analyse the CIPDFs using Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA)

Prioritise the CIPDFs with respect to RPN value obtained in FMEA

Discuss and suggest mitigation measures for the risks

* Corresponding author
Gowri Rajagopal
Department of Industrial Engineering,
College of Engineering, Guindy,
Anna University,Chennai.
Gowri.rajagopal@gmail.com, 9940756053

ICEEIC RAC 11

USAGE OF FLYASH AND GRANITE WASTE AS REPLACEMENT OF CEMENT AND


SAND IN CONCRETE
Md.Ehraz Akhtar*1, Elavenil.S*2
1
Department of Structural Engineering, M.tech student, VIT, Chennai
2
School of Mechanical and Building Sciences, Senior Professor, VIT, Chennai.
Abstract
This paper describes the experimental studies on the use of Coir fibre as an enhancement of
concrete, Flyash as a partial replacement of cement and Granite powder as a partial replacement
of fine aggregate as an effort to reuse waste materials like flyash and granite powder to reduce
environmental issues. The addition of Coir significantly improved the engineering properties of
concrete such as flexural strength, the addition of Flyash is to enhance the performance of the
concrete by increasing its workability and the addition of Granite powder reduces the concrete
water-cement ratio and increases the compressive strength of the concrete. The Cement is
partially replaced with Flyash in different weight fractions (10%, 20% and 30%) with Fine
aggregate partially replaced with Granite powder in different weight fractions (25% and 50%)
and with addition of coir fibre in 1% volume to the cementitious material for 7 and 28 days
curing. The characteristics of the test specimens are defined and they are tested namely
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compressive strength test, flexural strength test and split tensile strength test. Then from the tests
we will find the percentage strength of replaced concrete from conventional concrete. From the
test results there will be an effort to find the percentage replacement mix that provides maximum
strength to the concrete and can act as the optimum mix.
Keywords: Replacement; Concrete; Compressive; Flexural; split tensile
References:
[1] Kanmalai Williams C, Partheeban P, Felix Kala T “Mechanical Properties Of High
Performance Concrete Incorporating Granite Powder As Fine Aggregate” International Journal
on Design and Manufacturing Technology, 2 (2008) 67-73.
[2] Felix Kala. T, “Effect of Granite Powder on strength properties of concrete”, International
Journal of Engineering and Science, 2 (2013) 36-50.
[3] R. Ilangovana, N. Mahendran, Nagamani, “Strength and durability properties of concrete
containing quarry dust as fine aggregate”, ARPN journal of engineering and applied sciences, 3
(2008) 32-36.
[4] Bahar Demirel, “The effect of the using waste marble dust as fine sand on the mechanical
properties of the concrete”,International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 5 (2010) 1372.
Graphical Abstract

ICEEIC RAC 12

SAFETY STRATEGIES WITH INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT FOR THE


MANUFACTURE OF ROTATING INDEXER
R. Pramoth1, S. Kalaiselvam1*
1
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
The jig and the fixture are also used to support and ensure that every part of the machined
work piece is designed within a specified tolerance in addition to the purpose of manufacturing.
Thus at machining process both enables simple, easiest, fastest and most profitable method for
mass production of various components. This paper focuses towards the innovative vice that
enables continuous and safe handling of drilling, welding and assembling of rotating indexer of
overhead conveyors with the combined principle of jig and fixture.
Rotating indexer operation of an Overhead conveyor is mostly used in a paint shop floor,
which enables friction free rotation of the connected component that tends uniform paint

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coatings on it. The conveyor indexer will move along the direction of flow of the conveyor chain
which is connected to the indexer. Indexer is an object that rotates 360 degrees in a paint shop
that will be useful for purposes of rotating component. The conveyor indexer consists of 5
different parts namely cylindrical block with V-top, Spacer, hexagonal headed cylinder, nut, and
legs with holes.
Appropriate bushings and clamping devices are selected and standardized to suit the jig.
The cost involved for the various components in the vice are calculated. The main agenda of the
device is to eliminate injuries such as abrasions, bruises, cuts, boils, burns and other similar
disorders in addition with time management to a system of précised engineering process of a
batch production in a small scale industry.
Keywords: Jigs, Fixtures, Overhead Conveyor, Rotating Indexer.
* Corresponding author
Dr.S.Kalaiselvam
Head of Department
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech Campus,
Anna University, Chennai – 600 025.
nanokalai@gmail.com, 044 2235 9220

ICEEIC RAC 13

STUDY OF SPATIAL VARIATION OF PM2.5 AND NO2 AT INDUSTRIAL AND


RESIDENTIAL AREAS IN CHENNAI, INDIA
Pavanaditya Badida1, Jayapriya Jayaprakash*1
1
Department of Applied Science and Technology, A.C.Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai-600025
Abstract
Air Pollution is a very serious environmental concern in the developing countries. One of
the important environmental risk factor for human health is the exposure to air pollution. The
main objective of this paper is to study the seasonal variations of aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5
(PM2.5) and Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) in Chennai Metropolitan city for three successive years
from 2015 to 2017. Data from three continuous ambient air quality monitoring stations installed
by CPCB was utilized to study the seasonal variations. The results show that NO2 concentrations
were below CPCB standards for all 3 years. The concentrations of NO2 are comparatively higher
in winter when compared to summer. The concentration of PM2.5 for all 3 years was found to be
the highest in summer season with a maximum of 196.1μg/m3 recorded in the year 2015. Even
though a decreasing trend in the PM2.5 pollutant concentration was observed, for all 3 years, the
concentration of PM2.5 exceeded the standards mandated by CPCB for Chennai. The results show
the need for detailed studies to investigate the sources of pollutants and appropriate adequate
measures to control these pollutants so that the mandated standards fixed by CPCB can be
achieved.
Keywords:
NO2; Particulate Matter 2.5; Chennai; Air Pollutants; seasonal variations;

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References:
[1] C.Wang, X.Wang, P.Gong, T.Yao, Long term trends of atmospheric of organo chlorine
pollutants and aromatic hydrocarbons over the southeastern Tibeta Plateau, Science of the Total
Environment. Vol. 624 (2018) 241-249
[2] O.Alizadeh-Choobari, A.A.Bidokhti, P.Ghafarian, M.S.Najafi, Temporal and Spatial
variations of particulate matter and gaseous pollutants in the urban area of Tehran, Atmospheric
Environment. Vol. 141 (2016) 443-453.
[3] R.Li, L.Cui, J.Li, A.Zhao, H.Fu, Y.Wu, L.Zhang, L.Kong, J.Chen, Spatial and Temporal
variation of gaseous pollutants in China during 2014-2016, Atmospheric Environment. Vol.161
(2017) 235-246.
Graphical Abstract

*
Corresponding Author
Dr.J. Jayapriya
Associate Professor
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
A.C.Tech Campus, Anna University
jayapriyachem@gmail.com, 9962523696

ICEEIC RAC 14

BORE WELL RESCUE MACHINE USING HYDRAULIC SYSTEM AND GRIPPER


Vignesh.K, Vishwanath Prathap Singh.S
Aset College of Fire And Safety Engineering, Maduravoyal, Chennai-95.
Abstract
The aim of this project is to give an innovative concept to handle the bore well rescue
operations. Nowadays child often falls down in the borehole which is left uncovered and gets
trapped. It is difficult and also risky to rescue the trapped children to aid in such rescue we
proposed a system of designing grippers to the rescue of a child in a borehole. The gripper
structure consists of power supply, switch pad, hydraulic cylinders, Oxygen concentrator, camera
and Micro controller. Simultaneously, it is lifted out of the well using a chain or Rope/steel. This
gripper type machine can rescue trapped body from the bore well in a minimum amount of time
and safety.

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Keywords:Digital camera, Oxygen Concentrator, PIC Microcontroller, gripper design, Safety


balloon or safety holder .
References:
Comparison of Different Bore Well Rescuing Operation
*Corresponding Author
Vignesh.K, Vishwanath Prathap Singh.S
Aset College Of Fire And Safety Engineering,
Maduravoyal,Chennai-95.
+91 9551011786,9629523748

ICEEIC RAC 15
AUTOMATIC SMOKE EXHAUST SYSTEM
Antony Jerome Babu A , Pradeep Kumar.K
Aset College Of Fire And Safety Engineering,Maduravoyal,Chennai-95.
Abstract
The fire-detection system today consists of an FACP (fire alarm control panel) This is
the system's brain, and it's capable of making rapid decisions. The detection devices detect the
presence of smoke or particles of combustion and then alert the fire alarm control panel about a
problem; the fire alarm control panel then decides what action to take.
In the current scenario , there is no significant alarm system having automatic smoke
exhaust system. Our team took a review about that and altered the fire alarm with inclusion of
this auto smoke exhaust system. As per the survey report says most of the fatal accident are
causing by suffocation due to smoke. so we are providing a clear passage to the trapped persons
at the time of emergency to escape.
We modify the fire alarm panel with relay and control all other electrical appliance inside
the room or area and started the smoke exhaust system at the time of emergency.
This system will run for a certain period and allow all the persons to escape, who are
trapped inside the room or area at the time of smoke or fire emergency. After words it will shut
off with a specific period
Keywords :Relay-transmit,smoke-fog,detector-indicator,hooter-siren,alarm-warning.
References
ANSI/UL 268, Standard for Smoke Detectors for Fire Alarm Systems, 2009.
NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code.
*Corresponding Author
Antony Jerome Babu A, Pradeep Kumar.K
Aset College of Fire And Safety Engineering,
Maduravoyal,Chennai-95.
91 7550394885,9655384990

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SESSION VII – CATALYTIC MATERIALS

Session Chairs:
Dr.G.Gopalakrishnan,
Senior Associate Professor, Department of Chemical
Engineering,UPES, Dehradun.

Session Co- Chair


Dr. M.Dharmendra Kumar
Senior Assistant Professor
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
Anna University, Chennai.

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ICEEIS CM 01

PREPARATION AND CHARACTERISATION STUDIES OF PVDF BASED


MEMBRANES WITH CHANGE IN ANTI-SOLVENT FOR COAGULATION BATH
FOR MEMBRANE DISTILLATION STUDIES
Nanditha D*, Ashish Kapoor, S. Prabhakar
Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Bioengineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology,
Kattangulathur
Abstract
Poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membrane has been prepared with N-Methyl-2-
pyrrolidone (NMP) as the solvent and polymer (polyethylene glycol ) (PEG) as the additive by
using different non-solvents in the coagulation bath by phase inversion method. The membranes
were prepared with varying concentrations of PEG. The morphology and performance of the
membranes were studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy, FT-IR Spectroscopy, Viscosity,
Porosity, Tensile Strength Test and Water Contact Angle Measurements. From the experimental
results obtained, it is observed that viscosity of the dope solutions and the tensile strength of the
fabricated membranes were found to progressively increase on increasing the additive
concentration. From the Contact angle measurement results, the hydrophobic characteristics were
greatly improved with the change in the non solvent coagulation bath. The morphology of the
membranes changed significantly using butanol as non-solvent. The characteristic FTIR peaks of
the membranes did not change with the addition of PEG and a higher hydrophobic surface was
observed when butanol was added to the coagulation bath. The present investigation revealed
that the PVDF membranes with varying concentrations of PEG in different non-solvent systems
could be used for various separations in the areas like Membrane Distillation, Pervaporation etc.
Keywords: Membrane Distillation; Poly vinylidene fluoride; Contact Angle; Hydrophobicity;
Phase Inversion;
References:
[1] Zheng, Libing, et al. "Preparation, evaluation and modification of PVDF- CTFE
hydrophobic membrane for MD desalination application." Desalination 402 (2017):
162-172.
[2] Fadilah, Md, Nur Izzah, and Abdul Rahman Hassan. "Preparation, Characterization and
Performance Studies of Active PVDF Ultrafiltration- Surfactants Membranes Containing PVP as
Additive." Adv. Mater. Res. Vol. 1134. Trans Tech Publications, 2016.
[3] Lalia, Boor Singh, et al. "A review on membrane fabrication: Structure, properties and
performance relationship."Desalination 326 (2013):77-95.
[4] Zuo, Dan-ying, "The influence of PEG molecular weight on Zuo, Dan-ying, et al. "The
influence of PEG molecular weight on morphologies and properties of PVDF asymmetric
membranes, Chin. J. Polym. Sci. 26.04 (2008): 405-414.
* Corresponding author
Nanditha D
Department of Chemical Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattangulathur
nanditha.d@ktr.srmuniv.ac.in
9841763121
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ICEEIS CM 02

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON THE BEHAVIOUR OF PET FIBRE


REINFORCED CONCRETE
P. Priya Rachel
Department of Civil Engineering , St.Peter’s College of Engineering and Technology, Avadi , Chennai, Tamilnadu

Abstract
The experimental work is carried out to prove the possibility of utilizing short plastic
fibres made from waste polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles as a structural material.
Generally the fibre tend to increase the property of hardened concrete. In order to verify the
performance capacity of PET fibre added concrete as a structural material experimental
investigation was carried out with recycled polyethylene terephthalate in volume fraction of 5%,
7.5 % and 10 % and it was compared with the performance capacity of control mix. The grade of
concrete is M30 designed by using codal provision of IS10262-2009 .The strength and ductility
capacities of PET fibre added concrete members were assessed by conducting several tests which
include compressive test, tensile test, and flexural test for variation of 5%, 7.5% and 10%
replacement of PET fibres. The findings revealed an increase in compression and tensile
strength. The replacement of fine aggregates with PET Fibres reduces the quantity of river sand
to be used in concrete.
Keywords: Fibre Reinforced Concrete, PET bottle, Concrete, Compressive strength
*Corresponding author
Dr. P. Priya Rachel
Department of Civil Engineering ,
St.Peter’s College of Engineering and Technology,
Avadi , Chennai, Tamilnadu
priya0603@gmail.com

ICEEIS CM 03

PREPARATION OF ECO - FRIENDLY FILM FOR PACKAGING APPLICATIONS


Praveena P L*, Nilofar nisha J and Srisugamathi G
1
Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam
Abstract
The development in the area of plastic and polymer had happened in an early 20 th
century. There are many different kinds of plastic used in glossary shops, restaurants mainly for
the food packaging applications and also for various purposes. Since plastics are man-made
materials from natural resources such as oil, fossil fuels, etc. These fuels cannot be replaced for
millions of years so they are called non-renewable resources. This led to the accumulation of
plastic waste in our environment it can also endanger the health of animal and sea life. Hence
there is a necessity to find an alternative for plastics to reduce the pollution. To obtain the
biopolymer the uses of lipids, proteins, and polysaccharides have been studied to eradicate
plastics. The biodegradable film made may consist of PVA, Wheat gluten, Agar-agar, etc.,
Wheat Gluten is non-toxic, elastic and biodegradable in nature this adds advantage to the
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biopolymer. At relatively high temperatures Agar-agar exhibits good gelling stability. The
biopolymer film prepared was solution cast and the research is mainly focused on evaluating the
physical (film thickness, biodegradability) and its mechanical properties (tensile strength,
elongation).
Keywords: Plastic; Wheat Gluten; Agar-agar; plasticizer; Biodegradable; Thermal stability;
References:
[1] Andrews. B.A.K , Welch .C.M ‘Efficient ester cross-link finishing for formaldehyde-free
durable press cotton fabrics’, American Dyestuff Reporter, vol.78,no.6, (1989), pp. 15–23.
[2] Alves. M.H , Jensen B.E.B , Smith. A,‘Poly(vinyl alcohol) physical hydrogels new vista on a
long servingbiomaterial,’MacromolecularBioscience,vol.11,no.10, (2011) pp.1293–1313.
[3] Brandenburg, A.H., Weller, C.L., Testin, R.F. Edible films and coatings from soy proteins.
Journal of Food Science, vol. 58, (1993)pp. 1086-1089
[4] Chen.L, Imam.S.H , Gordon .S.H, Greene .R.V, ‘Starch-polyvinyl alcohol cross-linked film-
performance and biodegradation’, Journal of Polymers and the Environment, vol 5 , (1997) pp.
111–117.

Graphical Abstract

*Coressponding Author
P L. Praveena
Assistant professor, Department of Biotechnology,
Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, Erode
praveena@bitsathy.ac.in, 8754362004

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ICEEIS CM 04

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERISATION OF Cu-Ni MIXED OXIDE CATALYST FOR


THE OXIDATION OF CARBON MONOXIDE AND HYDROCARBONS
B. Gajalakshmi*, S. Induja and P.S. Raghavan
Deparment of Chemistry, Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai
Abstract
The present investigation deals with Cu-Ni mixed oxides supported on calcium
phosphate-borophosphate for the oxidation of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons. The catalysts
were prepared via wet chemical method by varying the borate molar content in the catalyst
support. The mixed oxide catalysts were characterised by UV-Visible spectroscopy, XRD, SEM,
FT-IR techniques. The catalyst was found to be active with respect to CO & HC conversion at
relatively lower temperature of 150°C, which increased to 93% & 73%, respectively, at 450°C.
The stability studies for the optimized composition of the catalyst, revealed the retention in its
catalytic activity.
Graphical Abstract:

Key words: Cu-Ni catalyst; Calcium phosphate- borophosphate support; oxidation of CO &
HC; mixed oxides; SCaP-B
References
[1] Royer, S. Duprez, D, Catalytic Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide over Transition Metal Oxides,
Chem. Cat. Chem. 3 (2011) 24.
[2] R. Heck , R. Farrauto, Automobile exhaust catalysts, Appl. Catal. A 221 (2001) 443

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* Corresponding author
B.Gajalakshmi
Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai
bgajalakshmi@hindustanuniv.ac.in
9791225896

ICEEIS CM 05

ZnO@AgNP DOPED PVI NANOCOMPOSITES FORMED BY SURFACTANT


MEDIATED ROUTE: DEVELOPMENT OF AN ELECTRO-SPUN MAT WOUND
DRESSING MATERIAL FOR DIABETIC FOOT ULCER TREATMENT
D Santhanapanneer1, B Ranjith2, V. Vijayaraj2. R Palanisamy3, D NalluSamy4,
VR Pandiand4, Manikandan Dhayalan5*
1
Department of Polymer Science, Guindy campus, University of Madras, Chennai, Tamilnadu
2
Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University, Chennai, Tamilnadu
3
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Anna University, Chennai, Tamilnadu
4
Department of Biotechnology, Guindy campus, university of madras, Chennai, Tamilnadu.
5*
Department of chemistry, BHIER, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and research, Selaiyur, Tambaram,
Chennai, Tamilnadu
Abstract
Here in we report the synthesis of Zno/AgNp doped PVI nanocomposites material from
Surfactant mediated route and evaluation of therapeutically use in diabetic foot ulcer. The
synthesized Zno/AgNp doped PVI nanocomposites have been effectively studied in vivo and in
vitro condition to evaluate the efficacy of topical application (superficial foot ulcer) of diabetic
foot ulcer dressing materials in streptozotocin induce diabetic rat. The synthesized Zno/AgNp
doped PVI nanocomposites were thoroughly characterized by XRD, UV-Visible, FESEM, TEM,
DLS, TGA techniques. The anti-microbial properties of Nanocomposites were improved
significantly.
Keywords: Povidone-Iodine, Nanocomposites, diabetic foot ulcer, streptozotocin
References:
[1] Dhayalan, M., Jesse, M.I., Jegadeeshwari, A., Krishnan, K., & Gandhi, N.N. (2016). In vitro
Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Cytotoxic Potential of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles prepared using
Embelia ribes. Natural Product Research, 22(2016). 1-4.
[2] Eustis, S., Hsu, H-Y., & El-Sayed, M.A. Gold Nanoparticle Formation from Photochemical
Reduction of Au3+ by Continuous Excitation in Colloidal Solutions. A Proposed Molecular
Mechanism. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 109(11), (2005). 4811–4815.
* Corresponding author
Dr.D.Manikandan Dhayalan
Department of chemistry,
Bharath Institute of Higher Education and research( BHIER), Selaiyur, Tambaram, Chennai, Tamilnadu
manikandandhayalan88@gmail.com, 9840652695

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ICEEIS CM 06

PREPARATION OF BIOMASS BASED CARBON FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL


ENERGY STORAGE APPLICATION
V.S.Harshini Priyaa, R.Saravanathamizhan*, N.Balasubramanian
Department of Chemical Engineering, A.C.Tech., Anna University, Chennai-600025, India
Abstract
Electrochemical energy storage devices are used to store the produced energy and
discharge it at the time of use. Activated carbon is used as electrode materials for the electric
double layer capacitors. The activated carbon materials are prepared from Corn Cob biomass by
chemical activation using sulfuric acid, potassium hydroxide and ultrasonic assisted chemical
activation method and the samples are named as CA-CC, CAK-CC and UCA-CC respectively.
The samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction analysis, cyclic voltammetry,
galvanostatic charge and discharge test and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy methods.
The XRD result shows the turbostatic structure. The cyclic voltammetry tests were done at
various scan rates 5-100mV/s using 2M KOH and the values of specific capacitance were found
to be 24.67, 70.37 and 75.55 F/g at 5mV/s for CA-CC, CAK-CC and UCA-CC respectively.
From the galvanostatic charge and discharge tests the values of specific capacitance were found
to be 16.83, 18.80, 21.02 F/g at current density 1.552 A/g .The specific energy density values for
CA-CC, CAK-CC and UCA-CC were found to be 1.385, 1.73 and 1.80 Wh/kg respectively at
current density of 1.552 A/g. The power density values for the samples CA-CC, CAK-CC and
UCA-CC were found to be 1.259, 1.28 and 1.33W/kg respectively at 1.552 A/g. The
electrochemical impedence spectroscopy was done at low frequency between 1 to 148Hz. The
Nyquist plot shows semicircular plot because of the Warburg impedence due to diffusional
resistance at the electrode –electrolyte interface. Among the three methods of materials prepared
ultrasonic assisted chemical activated corn cob carbon material (UCA-CC) shows good physical
and electrochemical properties which can be further improved and modified for better
performance.
Keywords: Biomass; Capacitor; Carbon; Electrode.
References
[1] A. Saravanan, P. Senthil Kumar, R. Mugilan, Ultrasonic-assisted activated biomass (Fishtail
palm caryota urens seeds) for the sequestration of copper ions from wastewater, Res Chem.
Intermed. 42 (2016) 3117.
[2] K. Sun, H.Wang, H. Peng, Y. Wu, G. Ma, Z. Lei, Manganese oxide nanorods supported on
orange peel-based carbon nanosheets for high performance supercapacitors, Int. J. Electrochem.
Sci. 10 (2015) 2000.
[3] P. Lu , D. Xue , H. Yang, Y. Liu, Supercapacitor and nanoscale research towards
electrochemical energy storage, Int. J. Smart and Nano Materials 4 (2013) 2.
[4] W. Tang, Y. Zhangb, Y. Zhonga, T. Shena, X. Wanga, X. Xiaa , J. Tua, Natural biomass-
derived carbons for electrochemical energy storage, Mater. Res. Bull. 88 (2017) 234.

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* Corresponding author:
Dr. R. Saravanathamizhan,
Associate professor, Department of Chemical Engineering,
A.C.Tech,Anna University, Chennai-25.
rsthamizhan@gmail.com
044-22359237

ICEEIS CM 07

ENHANCING THE H2 STORAGE CAPACITY OF CARBON NANOTUBE (CNT)


DECORATED WITH POLYLITHIATED MOLECULES: DFT SIMULATIONS
P Panigrahi 1, T Hussain 2, R. Ahuja 2
1
Centre for Clean Energy and Nano Convergence (CENCON),
Hindustan Institute of Science and Technology (HITS), Chennai.
2
Physics Department, Uppsala University, Sweden.
Abstract
Hydrogen (H2) has emerged as an alternative energy carrier with a strong potential to
serve as a vibrant energy based economy for future particularly due to its application in
transportation sector. However, H2 economy outcasts challenges when it comes to fabrication of
solid-state material for H2 storage with high gravimetric/volumetric density and efficiency to
perform under ambient conditions [1,2].We report first principles density functional theory based
investigation on hydrogen storage efficiency of carbon nanotubes (CNT) decorated with
polylithiated molecules. Our calculation reveals the enhancement of H2 storage capacity of CNT
while functionalized with C-Lin groups (n-1, 2, 3) with different coverage effects. The energetics
of functionalized CNTs has been explored and the most favorable adsorption sites of C-Lin on
CNT have been predicted. Our investigations reveal that the C-Lin strongly binds to the CNT
with a binding energy of nearly 3eV, which is robust enough to hinder the Li-Li metal clustering.
The H2 adsorption energies fall within an energy window reasonable for practical H2 storage to
meet the current DOE target of the USA.
References:
[1] Schlapbach L and Zuttel A 2001 Nature 414 353-8.
[2] Crabtree G W, Dresselhaus M S and Buchanan M V 2004 Phys. Today 57 39-44.

* Corresponding author
P Panigrahi
Centre for Clean Energy and Nano Convergence (CENCON),
Hindustan Institute of Science and Technology (HITS), Chennai.
puspamitrap@hindustanuniv.ac.in

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ICEEIS CM 08

SYNTHESIS OF CARBON QUANTUM DOT FUNCTIONALIZED TIO2 NANOHYBRID,


CHARACTERIZATION AND ENERGY APPLICATION IN DSSC
Rajendran Kalimuthu and Rajendiran Nagappan*
Department of Polymer Science, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Abstract
In this paper, we report the synthesis and characterization of CQDs/TiO2 nanohybrid by a
so- called top-down approach. The synthesized CQDs from citric acid by using microwave
irradiation. TiO2 synthesized from Titanium tetra iso propoxide through sol gel method. TiO2 is
one of most studied semiconducting material, because of its physical and chemical stability, low
cost, non-toxicity, and have a superior electronic and optical properties in wide range of
applications. The synthesized CQDs/TiO2 nanohybrid were characterized by UV-Vis, FTIR,
XRD, SEM, TEM and PL. As prepared CQDs/TiO2 nanohybrid were spherical in shape with an
average diameter of 8 nm and emit bright blueish green photoluminescence. The CQDs/TiO2
nanohybrid exhibits extremely high luminescence and a high quantum yield (up to 14%) in
aqueous solutions. However, there is an obstacle in undoped TiO2 absorbed less than 5 % of the
sunlight. The doped TiO2 having large band gap and then the conductivity increased in the
performance of DSSCs. The results shows that significant improvement in efficiency can be
achieved through doping enhancement in optical properties of CQDs/TiO2 nanohybrid and the
dye absorbing capacity high in the CQDs/TiO2 nanohybrid.
Keywords: Carbon quantum dots; Titanium dioxide; CQDs/TiO2; DSSC; Nanohybrid.
References:
[1] W.T. Sun, Y. Yu, H.Y. Pan, X.F. Gao, Q. Chen, L.M. Peng, CdS, Quantum Dots Sensitized
TiO2 Nanotube-Array Photoelectrodes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 130 (2008) 1124.
[2] T.Y. Lee, P.S. Alegaonkar J.B. Yoo, Fabrication of dye sensitized solar cell using TiO2
coated carbon nanotubes, Thin Solid Films 515 (2007) 5131.
[3] Z. Weng, H. Guo, X. Liu, S. Wu, K. W. K. Yeung, P.K. Chu, Nanostructured TiO2 for
energy conversion and storage, RSC Adv., 3 (2013) 24758.
[4] X. Yu, D.Lin, P.g Li, Z. Su Recent advances in the synthesis and energy applications of
TiO2-graphene nanohybrids, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 172 (2017) 252.
* Corresponding author
Rajendiran Nagappan
Assistant professor,
Department of Polymer Science,
University of Madras, Guindy Campus,
Chennai-600 025, Tamil Nadu, India
nrajendiar@yahoo.com

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ICEEIS CM 09

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CARBON NANOPARTICLES FROM


BIOMASS
Mercy Jacquline B, Mathangi J B, Helen Kalavathy M*
Department of Chemical Engineering, A.C.Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai – 25
Abstract
Carbon nanoparticles were synthesized by Hydrothermal Carbonization using Citrus
limetta peel, Citrus limon peel and Musa paradisiaca pseudo stem as precursors. Waste biomass
of low calorific value and not of economical use was utilized as effective carbon sources. The
produced carbon nanoparticles were confirmed using luminescence emission, surface chemistry
and UV-Spectroscopy. Under dark room luminescence test, the carbon nanoparticles emit green
fluorescence which is due to the HOMO to LUMO transition. The bending and stretching
vibrations of carbon nanoparticles were analysed using Fourier Transform Infrared
Spectroscopy. The carbon nanoparticles were hydrophilic in nature; this is due to presence of
hydroxyl and carboxyl functional groups. From UV-Visible Spectrophotometer, the absorbance
peaks at a wavelength range between 230 – 370 nm exhibiting the presence of carbon
nanoparticles. The samples were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscope to study the
surface morphology. The synthesized carbon nanoparticles find wide range of applications such
as sensors (analysis of ions, molecules, cell and bacteria), catalyst in waste water treatment,
energy conversion / storage, bio imaging, drug delivery and diagnostics.
Keywords: Carbon nanoparticles, Biomass, Hydrothermal Carbonization, Synthesis,
Characterization.
References
[1] Prashant T. Dhorabe, Dilip H. Lataye, Ramakant S. Ingole, Adsorptive Removal of 4-
Nitrophenol from Aqueous Solution by Activated Carbon Prepared from Waste Orange Peels, J
Hazard Toxic Radioact Waste 21 (2017) 11.
[2] Peggy Zhen Zhen Ngu, Stephanie Pei Phing Chia, Jessica Fung Yee Fong, Sing Muk Ng
Synthesis of Carbon Nanoparticles from Waste Rice Husk used for the Optical Sensing of Metal
Ions, New Carbon Mater 31 (2016) 135.
[3] Qiangu Yan, Rui Li, Hossein Toghiani, Zhiyong Cai, Jilei Zhang , Synthesis and
Characterization of Carbon Nanospheres obtained by Hydrothermal Carbonization of Wood-
Derived and Other Saccharides, Tr Ren Energy 1 (2015) 119.
[4] B.Hu, K.Wang, L. Wu, S.H.Yu, M.Antonietti, M.M.Titirici, Engineering Carbon Materials
from the Hydrothermal Carbonization Process of Biomass. Adv Mater 22 (2010) 813.

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Graphical Abstract

*
Corresponding author
Dr. Helen Kalavathy M
Assistant Professor
Department of Chemical Engineering, A.C.Tech Campus, Anna University, Ch-25
helenkalavathy@gmail.com
9884694251

ICEEIS CM 10

ROLE OF TITANIUM IONS ON THE STRUCTURAL, OPTICAL AND THERMAL


PROPERTIES OF POTASSIUM BORATE GLASS DOPED WITH TiO2
M.Indhira 1*, R. Ezhil Pavai2, M. Shanmugam1 and G. Sivakumar3
1,*
Department of Physics, Vivekanandha College of arts and Science for Women, (Autonomous), Tiruchengode,
Tamil Nadu, India.
1
PG & Research Department of Physics, Mahendra Arts & Science College (Autonomous), Kalippatti, Tamil Nadu
2
Thiru Kolanjiappar Government Arts College, Virudhachalam-606001, Tamil Nadu, India.
3
Centralized Instrumentation & Service Laboratory, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar Tamilnadu,
Abstract
The aim of this work is to study the physical properties of TiO2 -doped Potassium
borate glasses have been synthesized by melt-quenching for photonic applications. Small
amounts of TiO2 are used to improve the structural and optical properties of borate glasses. The
produced glass samples are characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD) differential thermal
analysis (DTA) and density measurements. Thermal properties such as the glass transition
temperature (Tg), glass crystallization temperature (Tc), glass stability parameters (ΔT), glass
melting temperature (Tm), glass forming ability parameters (Tg/Tm) are calculated from DTA
thermograms. FT-IR transmittance spectra are used to investigate the structure of glass systems.
The optical properties of the glass samples were analyzed by UV-VIS spectroscopy within the
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wavelength range of 200–900 nm. The indirect band gap (Eopt) and Urbach energy (ΔE) values
are found with the help of absorption spectra. It is found that these parameters decrease with
increasing TiO2 content.
Keywords: TiO2, Borate Glass, Density, Urbach Energy.
*Corresponding Author:
M. Indhira,
Department of Physics,
Mahe Vivekanandha College of arts and Science for Women, (Autonomous),
Tiruchengode-637205,Tamil Nadu, India.
indhuphy15 @gmail.com, +91 9087819544

ICEEIS CM 11

PREPARATION AND PERFORMANCE OF BIOPOLYMER COATED HOLLOW


FIBER MEMBRANE
D Shanthana Lakshmi1*, P.Maheswari2, Santlal Jaiswar1, Mayank Saxena 1, Franco Tasselli1
1
Biotechnology and Ecology Division, Reverse Osmosis Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial
Research (CSIR),Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSIR-CSMCRI), G. B. Marg,
2 Head of the department, Department of Science and Humanities, Tagore Engineering College,
Chennai-600127

Abstract
Poly Acrylo Nitrile (PAN) hollow fiber membranes 294C, 310A, 310C and 315B were
prepared by dry-jet wet spinning method. These membranes were coated with ulvan biopolymer
to enhance the antimicrobial activities of the membranes. These prepared membranes were
characterized interms of morphology and pure water flux. Separation efficiency of the
membranes was analyzed by using 1000 ppm concentration of proteins such as Pepsin, Albumin
and Clay. The antimicrobial activity of the prepared membranes was tested against different
types of microorganisms including Gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis) and Gram-negative
bacteria (Escherichia coli). The adhesion of bacterial cells on the surface of the hollow fiber
membranes assessed through alcian blue staining and SEM study. Overall results showed that
310C ulvan coated PAN hollow fiber membranes showed better antimicrobial activities
compared to other membranes. Therefore, such biopolymer incorporated hollow fiber
membranes are more promising to be used in the field of biomedical applications and biological
water treatment.
Keywords: Ulvan; PAN; Hollow fiber membranes; Antibacterial; SEM

References:
[1] N. Oh, J. Jegal, K. Lee, Preparation and Characterization of Nanofiltration Composite
Membranes Using Polyacrylonitrile (PAN). II. Preparation and Characterization of Polyamide
Composite Membranes, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 80, (2001), 2729.
[2] Z. Wang, L. Wan, Z.Xu, Surface engineering’s of polyacrylonitrile-based asymmetric
membranes towards biomedical applications: An overview, J. Membr. Sci. 304 (2007) 8.

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[3] D Shanthana Lakshmi, S.Jaiswar, M. Saxena , F. Tasselli , H. D Raval, Preparation and


Performance of Biofouling Resistant PAN/chitosan Hollow Fiber Membranes, 3 Biotech 7
(2017) 224.
[4] K. Germic, R.H.B. Ebert, D. Bouma, Z. Borneman, M.H.V. Mulder, H. Strathmann,
Characterization of polyacrylonitrile ultrafiltration membranes, J. Membr. Sci. 132 (1997) 131-
145.
Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Name : Dr.D.Shanthanalakshmi
Address: Biotechnology and Ecology Division, Reverse Osmosis Division Council of Scientific and Industrial
Research (CSIR), CSMCRI
Email: lakshaluv@gmail.com
Mobile No: +91-7567955967

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ICEEIS CM 12

SINGLE ATOM ALLOY CATALYST OF Pt-Cu, A NOVEL APPROACH FOR THE


PRODUCTION OF 1, 3 BUTADIENE FROM NAPHTHA
M. Rengasamy*1, N. Vedagiriswaran2,V. Manikandan2,G. Raam kumar2
*1
Assistant Professor, Department of Petrochemical Technology, University College of Engineering BIT-Campus,
Anna University, Tiruchirappalli-620024
2
Department of Petrochemical Technology, University College of Engineering BIT-Campus, Anna University,
Tiruchirappalli-620024
Abstract

The enormous growth of FMCG (Fast Moving Consumer Goods) has led to a stable
increase in plastics and rubber economy. Sharp decline in crude prices and continued demand in
Synthetic rubber has led to a robust demand growth of 40% for Butadiene in 2015-16 and 26% in
the following years. 95% of the Butadienes are manufactured from selective hydrogenation of
propylene streams from steam cracked naphtha using Palladium and Silver as catalysts. Our new
approach suggests the use of single atom alloy of Platinum (Pt) and Copper(Cu), which is
recently discovered and proven to have high C-H bond activation with reduced cost for
production than the conventional catalyst used for segregation of Butadiene from Propylene
streams. These catalysts are prepared by dispersing Pt in Cu at a rate of Single atom of Pt for
bulk Cu. This could be achieved by soft landing method or wet chemistry method. In this catalyst
the Pt breaks the C-H bonds and the Cu helps to couple hydrocarbon molecules of different sizes.
Keywords: Butadiene, Single alloy atom, C-H activation, Pt-Cu, steam cracked naphtha.

References:
[1] Matthew D. Marcinkowski, Matthew T. Darby, Jilei Liu, Joshua M. Wimble, Felicia R.
Lucci, Sungsik Lee, AngelosMichaelides, Maria Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, MichailStamatakis, E.
Charles H. Sykes. Pt/Cu single-atom alloys as coke-resistant catalysts for efficient C–H
activation. Nature Chemistry, 2018; DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2915
[2]Felicia R. Lucci et al. Selective hydrogenation of 1,3-butadiene on platinum–copper alloys at
the single-atom limit, Nature Communications (2015). DOI: 10.1038/NCOMMS9550

* Corresponding author
Dr.M.Rengasamy
Assistant professor, Department of Petrochemical Technology,
University College of Engineering BIT campus, Anna University,
Tiruchirappali-620024
Email:mrengasamy40@gmail.com
Mobile No:9443533238

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ICEEIS CM 13

DETECTION OF MICROBIAL CORROSION ON STAINLESS STEEL USING


ELECTROCHEMICAL NOISE TECHNIQUE
C.Chandrasatheesh1, J. Jayapriya *1
1
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Anna University, Chennai-25
Abstract
Microbial corrosion of stainless steel was analysed using Electrochemical Noise (EN)
technique. In recent years EN technique have been widely used to detect and study the early
stages of localized corrosion. In the present work an attempt has been made to analyse the
electrochemical noise response involving microbial corrosion of stainless steel specimen
immersed in Micrococcus luteus inoculated 1% NaCl medium for 7 days. All the potential and
current noise data were transformed in the frequency domain using MATLAB software. Low
frequency (fn) and higher charge (qn) events were observed for the specimen after exposure of 1
week in microbial medium with 1% NaCl when compared to control. It indicates that pitting
corrosion of specimen was influenced by microbes which was also evidenced by Scanning
Electron Microscopy.
Keywords: Current Noise; Potential Noise; Microbial Corrosion.
References:
[1] RA. Cottis, Interpretation of electrochemical noise data, Corrosion. 57 (2001) 265.
[2] C. Chandrasatheesh, J. Jayapriya, R.P. George, U. Kamachi Mudali, Detection and analysis
of microbiologically influenced corrosion of 316L stainless steel with electrochemical noise
technique, Engg. Fail. Anal. 42 (2014) 133.
[3] HA.Videla, I.K.Herrera. Microbiologically influenced corrosion; looking to the future. Int.
Microbiol 8 (2005) 169.
Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Dr.J.Jayapriya
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai-25.
jayapriyachem@gmail.com, 9962523696

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ICEEIS CM 14

PREPARATION OF METAL IMPREGNATED MESOPOROUS CATALYST AND


KINETIC STUDIES FOR SELECTIVE HYDROGENATION OF P-NITRO PHENOL
R.Palanisamy, J.Jayapriya*
Department of Applied science & Technology ,A.C.Tech, Anna University ,Chennai-25
Abstract
p-Aminophenol is an important intermediate in the preparation of several analgesic and
antipyretic drugs such as paracetamol, acetanilide, phenacetin, and so forth. . It is also used as a
corrosion inhibitor in paints and anticorrosion-lubricating agent in fuels for two-cycle engines.
A major process for the preparation of p-aminophenol is via the hydrogenation of
nitrobenzene in the presence of strong acids such as sulfuric acid. The initial hydrogenation of
nitrobenzene leads to the formation of intermediate phenylhydroxylamine, which rearranges to p-
aminophenol in the presence of acid (Bamberger rearrangement). The major drawback of this
process is the formation of an almost equivalent amount of Fe-FeO sludge, which cannot be
reused and causes severe disposal problems.
The transitionn metal-catalyzed hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to p-aminophenol in the
presence of aqueous acid obviates the sludge formation problem. However, the nitrobenzene
hydrogenation route for p-aminophenol, either conventional or catalytic, has two major
drawbacks:
(1) the quantitative formation of side products such as aniline via further hydrogenation
of the intermediate phenylhydroxylamine, and
(2) the use of highly corrosive mineral acid. In view of the growing demands for p-
aminophenol, there exists a scope for the exploration of other efficient and greener catalytic
routes.
The direct catalytic hydrogenation of p-nitro phenol could be an attractive route for the
preparation of p-aminophenol. The direct catalytic hydrogenation of p-nitro phenol has been
done by NaBH4 using Ni imprégnated Ni-MCM-41 catalyst. The product p-amino phenol has
been characterized using FTIR, BET and TGA.
Keywords: Ni-MCM-41, p-nitro phenol, p-amino phenol, NaBH4.
References:
[1] Sunil P. Bawane, Sudhirprakash B. Sawant (2005) Hydrogenation of p-nitrophenol to metol
using Raney nickel catalyst: Reaction kinetics.
[2] Ajay Jha, Ajit C. Garade, Subhash P. Mirajkar, and Chandrashekhar V. Rode,(2012)
MCM-41 Supported Phosphotungstic Acid for the Hydroxyalkylation of Phenol to
Phenolphthalein.
[3] Manickam Selvaraj, Byong Hoo Kim, and Tai Gyu Lee (2005) FTIR Studies on Selected
Mesoporous Metallosilicate Molecular Sieves.
[4] Y. Du and R. Chen (2007) Effect of Nickel Particle Size on Alumina Supported Nickel
Catalysts for p-Nitrophenol Hydrogenation
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Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Dr. J.Jayapriya
Department of Applied science & Technology
jayapriyachem@gmail.com, 9962523696

ICEEIS CM 15
MANGANESE DOPED ZnO FOR HIGHLY SENSITIVE GAS SENSORS TOWARDS
AMMONIA
S.P.Subin David1, A. Ameelia Roseline2 , S.Kalaiselvam1,*
1
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai
² Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Panimalar Engineering College, Chennai
Abstract
In this work, the highly sensitive gas sensors based on manganese doped Zinc Oxide
(ZnO) were prepared by hydrothermal method and was examined towards the detection of
ammonia. The results show that the manganese doped has significantly improved the materials
sensitivity by multifold for the detection of ammonia even at low concentration and also
improves the selectivity for ammonia than pure ZnO. The prepared material shows high sensing
at around 300°C and also has high selectivity towards ammonia than other gases. A detailed
study was taken to know the material behavior for other gases such as nitrogen, acetone, and
methane. The obtained result shows the interruption due to other gases is very minimal which
proves the material has high selectivity towards ammonia. Their surface morphology and
chemical components were analyzed using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope
(FESEM), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Ultraviolet- visible Spectroscopy (UV-Vis), X-Ray
Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier- Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The
sensing test was performed using gas testing unit which has manual adjustment for the gas flow,
temperature and for maintaining internal humidity. The prepared sensing material was coated on
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a gold electrode plated ceramic tube with platinum wire. From the obtained detail results the
Mn/ZnO to be a promising material for ammonia gas sensor.
Keywords: Hydrothermal; Zinc Oxide; Manganese; Ammonia.
* Corresponding author
Dr.S.Kalaiselvam
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai – 600 025
nanokalai@gmail.com
044 2235 9220

ICEEIS CM 16

NANOENCAPSULATION OF MYRISTIC ACID PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL CORE


WITH Ag2O DECORATED ON SiO2 SHELL MATERIAL FOR THERMAL ENERGY
STORAGE
S. Imran Hussain1, A. Ameelia Roseline2, S. Kalaiselvam1*
1
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai.
2
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Panimalar Engineering College, Chennai.
Abstract
Myristic acid (MA) phase change material nanoencapsulated with Ag2O decorated on
SiO2 nanosphere shell by using interfacial hydrolysis and polycondensation of tetraethyl
orthosilicate (TEOS). MA has a melting and solidification temperature at 53.84, 50.05 °C with a
latent heat of 187.2, 179.6 J/g respectively. Field emission scanning electron microscope
(FESEM) results showed that nanoencapsulated phase change material (NEPCM) has a uniform
spherical morphology with an average particle size of 512 nm. The crystalloid phase, chemical
structure, and thermal stability of the NEPCM was characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD),
fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis. From the results
it can be seen that MA has successfully encapsulated in Ag2O decorated on SiO2 shell and there
is no chemical interaction between them also which shows a non-corrosiveness ability. The
differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results indicate that the melting and solidification
temperature are 51.67, 49.02 °C with a latent heat of 92.83, 88.17 J/g respectively. Of the
prepared NEPCM, MA encapsulation ratio was calculated to be 49.59 %, also it could maintain
their melting and solidification temperature perfectly after 1000th cycles, there is only slight
negligible deviation observed which confirmed good thermal stability and thermal energy
storage capacity. Laser flash analyzer results showed that the prepared NEPCM has better
thermal conductivity compared with pure MA. Moreover, the NEPCM exhibited excellent
thermo-physical properties, which could be used as a potential material for thermal energy
storage application.
Keywords: Nanoencapsulated phase change material; Myristic acid; SiO2 nanosphere; Thermal
energy storage; Thermal stability

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Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Dr.S.Kalaiselvam
Head, Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai – 600 025.
nanokalai@gmail.com, 044 2235 9220

ICEEIS CM 17

EFFECT OF FIBER SURFACE TREATMENT ON THERMAL DIFFUSIVITY AND


THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF LUFFA FIBER REINFORCED EPOXY
COMPOSITES
K. Anbukarasi1,2, A. Ameelia Roseline3, S. Kalaiselvam2*
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Thanthai Periyar Government institute of Technology, Vellore.
2
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai.
3
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Panimalar Engineering College, Chennai.
Abstract
In this paper the study of thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of untreated and
treated luffa reinforced epoxy composite as a function of fiber dimension and fiber volume was
carried out. Experimentally predicted thermal conductivity of composites was compared with
theoretical models such as Maxwell, Maxwell-Eucken, Halpin-Tsai and rule of mixture model.
Also, a regression model was developed to study thermal conductivity as a function of fiber
dimension and fiber volume. It is found that 0.5 volume fraction of single fiber reinforced
composite had the lowest thermal conductivity of 0.105 W/m-k with 1.34% of voids. Also the
experimentally predicted values had good correlation with Halpin-Tsai model, rule of mixture
and regression model (regression coefficient of 87.4%). It is confirmed that the thermal
conductivity and thermal diffusivity of composites were increased after NaOH treatment. Field
emission scanning electron microscopy studies revealed that treated luffa reinforced composites
had better interface adhesion, less porous and low voids than untreated luffa reinforced
composites. The composites were found to be light in weight, possessing good thermal insulating
property besides in economical. In order to decrease energy consumption, these developed
composites could be used as heat transfer reducer in an air-condition buildings and automobile
interior parts.
Keywords: Luffa; Thermal conductivity; Thermal diffusivity; Electron microscopy; Theoretical
model; Regression model.

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* Corresponding author
Dr.S.Kalaiselvam
Head, Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech Campus, Anna University,
Chennai – 600 025.
nanokalai@gmail.com, 044 2235 9220

ICEEIS CM 18

DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL- SYNTHETIC HYBRID BIOCIDES FOR


INHIBITION OF MICROBIAL CORROSION
SV.Vijetha, CS. Kavya Kameswari, C.Chandrasatheesh, J. Jayapriya *
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Anna University, Chennai.

Abstract
Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion (MIC) is a critical problem leads to huge economic loses
in many industries. This study approaches to control microbiologically influenced corrosion
(MIC) by formulating natural plant extract based hybrids. Mild steel corrosion by Pseudomonas
sp. for different durations with and without hybrids in diesel medium was investigated by weight
loss studies. The mild steel corrosion also investigated using potentiodynamic polarization and
electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques. Melia dubia leaf extract was found to be
effective in inhibiting the growth of the bacteria and thus help in preventing the biocorrosion.
The adsorption studies reveal that the adsorption of hybrid biocides obeys Langmuir adsorption
isotherm equation.
Keywords: Hybrid biocides; Weight loss studies; Microbial Corrosion.
References:
[1] Zhu XY, Lubeck J, Kilbane II JJ. Characterization of microbial communities in gas industry
pipelines. Appl Environ Microbiol 69 (2003) 5354.
[2] N. Muthukumar, S. Maruthamuthu, N. Palaniswamy, Role of cationic and nonionic
surfactants on biocidal efficiency in diesel–water interface, Colloid Surface B 57 (2007) 152.
[3] P. Wongsa, M. Tanaka, A. Ueno, M. Hasanuzzaman, I. Yumoto, H. Okuyama, Isolation and
characterization of novel strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Serratia marcescens possessing
high efficiency to degrade gasoline, kerosene, diesel oil, and lubricating oil. Curr. Microbiol. 49
(2004) 415.

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Graphical Abstract:

Control Microbial Hybrid- Biocide


system system

* Corresponding author
Dr.J.Jayapriya
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai-25.
jayapriyachem@gmail.com
9962523696

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SESSION VIII – WASTE RECYCLING AND REUSE

Session Chairs:
Dr. R.Aravindhan
Scientist, Leather Processing,
CLRI, Chennai
.

Session Co- Chair


Dr. A. Tamil selvi
Principal Scientist, CHORD, CLRI, Chennai.

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ICEEIS WRR 01

PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL FROM THE FRUITS OF MANGIFERA INDICA AND


IDENTIFICATION, ISOLATION AND ESTIMATION OF NOVEL ANTI-OXIDANT
MOLECULE
Praveena P L*1, Harsha Nirmal Kumar M2, Gokul T2 andManikanda Prabu S2.
Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam.
Abstract
Large volumes of native varieties of mangoes are being wasted day to day in the market due to
various reasons. Even after the development of mango drinks the amount of mango that is being
wasted is still huge. The work was started to cope up with this issue. Fermentation process for the
production of Ethanol, was identified as a unique way to counter this issue as it is a very simple
technique and also a very promising one, given the high reducing sugar content of the mango pulp. The
work mainly deals with the optimization of the fermentation process so as to study the effect of various
parameters on the fermentation process and also to obtain a considerable amount of ethanol in the
preliminary fermentation. The ethanol produced can be used for human consumption or can also be
used as biofuel. The process is a very simple one with each batch spanning a period of two weeks. The
amount of ethanol produced is estimated using potassium-di-chromate assay. The mango pulp puree is
used instead of the filtered mango juice for the fermentation process. Various parameters such as
Temperature, pH, Substrate concentration etc. were optimized and ethanol produced were estimated
and the results were in par with the previous results obtained by other authors.
Keywords: Magnifera indica; Ethanol; Temperature; Fermentation; Substrate concentration.
References:
[1] Chaudhary, N., Chand, S., Kaur, N., ‘Bioethanol production from fruit peels using
simultaneous saccharification and fermentation’, GSTF J. BioSci., (2014) Vol. 3, No. 1.
[2] Reddy, V., ‘Production of ethanol from mango (Mangifera indica L) fruit juice fermentation’,
R. J. Microbio., (2007) Vol. 2, No. 10, 763.
[3] Pandia, B., Stephen, K., Louise, W., ‘Texture and distribution of pectic substances of mango
as affected by infusion of pectin methyl esterase and calcium’, J. Sci. Food Agric. (2004)
Vol. 8, 1493.
[4] Janani K., Ketzi M., Megavathi S., Vinothkumar D., Ramesh Babu N.G., ‘Comparative
Studies of Ethanol Production from Different Fruit Wastes using Saccharomyces cerevisiae’,
Intl. J. Innov. R. Sci., (2013) Vol. 2, No. 12, 7161.

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Graphical Abstract:

*Corresponding Author:
Praveena P L
Assistant Professor, Department of Biotechnology,
Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam – 638401
praveena@bitsathy.ac.in, 8754362004

ICEEIS WRR 02

PRODUCTION OF BIOETHANOL FROM A BLEND OF Prosopis juliflora AND


WASTE SHELL OF Arachis hypogaea – A WASTE TO WEALTH APPROACH
TOWARDS ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN
Ashwin Raj S*1, Nilofar nisha J2 and Manissha SD2
1
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology,
Sathyamangalam
2
Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam
Abstract
Increasing demand of fuel has requisite towards Bio fuel production from economical
source especially from agricultural waste. The major source of fuel energy are diesel and petrol.
Bio ethanol is a renewable source of energy which is commonly produced by the fermentation of
carbohydrate. Lignocellulosic biomass can be utilized to produce ethanol, a promising alternative
energy source for the limited crude oil. The current work is focused on Bio ethanol production
using groundnut shell (GS) waste and karuvelam tree’s bark which is available in plenty in many
parts of the world. Karuvelam roots are able to grow to a great depth in search of water so it will
reduce the ground water level. There are mainly two process involved in the conversion-
hydrolysis of cellulose in the lignocellulosic biomass to produce reducing sugars and
fermentation of the sugars to ethanol.The cost of ethanol production from lignocellulosic
materials is relatively high based on current technologies and the main challenges are the low
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yield and high cost of the hydrolysis process. Pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials to remove
lignin and hemicellulose can be significantly enhances the hydrolysis of cellulose. Bioethanol
production is followed by pretreatment i.e acid hydrolysis of biomass using concentrated
sulphuric acid to breakdown polysaccharide into monosaccharide. Fermentation of carbohydrates
is done by adding the inoculum Sacchromyces cerevisaefrom the grown culture into the acid
hydrolyzed liquor. During fermentation the amount of ethanol produced and reducing sugar
content were estimated using potassium dichromate assay and DNS (di nitro salicylic acid)
assay.
Keywords: Lignocellulosic biomass; Sacchromycescerevisae; Fermentation; Bioethanol
References:
[1] S.P. Govumoni, K. Sravanthi, Y.K. Srilekha, S. Venkateshwar, R.L. Venkateswar, Evaluation
of pretreatment methods for enzymatic saccharification of wheat straw for bioethanol production,
Carbohydr. Polym. 91 (2013).
[2] A. Romani, G. Garrote, I. Ballesteros, M. Ballesteros, Second generation bioethanol from
steam exploded Eucalyptus globules wood, Fuel 111 (2013).
[3] R.A. Silverstein, Y. Chen, R.R. Sharma-Shivappa, M.D. Boyette, J.A. Osborn,A comparison
of chemical pre-treatment methods for improving saccharification of cotton stalks, Bioresour.
Technol. 98 (2007).
[4] S. Naseeruddin, K. Srilekha Yadav, L. Sateesh, A. Manikyam, S. Desai, L. Venkateswar Rao,
Selection of the best chemical pretreatment for Lignocellulosic substrate Prosopis juliflora,
Bioresour. Technol.136 (2013).

Graphical Abstract

Procuring of sample Shade drying

Sieve analysis Pulverization

Pre-treatment Fermentation

Extraction

Quantitative analysis(HPLC, GCMS)


Yield check &
Qualitative analysis(DNSA)
*Corresponding Author
Ashwin Raj S
Assistant Professor, Department of Biotechnology,
Bannari AmmanInstitute of Technology, Sathyamangalam.
9843956641
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ICEEIS WRR 03

FEASIBILITY STUDY ON REUSE OF STP EFFLUENT OF MUNICIPALITIES FOR


IRRIGATION
Cibichakravarthy*
Centre for Environmental Studies, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
India being a developing country with a fast growing population, it has a huge demand
for food resources to be satisfied. Therefore the agricultural productivity is needed to be
increased which consequently leads to increase in demand for water for irrigation. But in recent
years due to monsoon failure and long summer, the severity of droughts have become high. It
also lead to large scale depletion of available water reserves. In Indian towns the water usage
pattern is supply, usage, treatment and disposal. As a result a large quantum of water is being
disposed of into natural streams, which go off as waste. Thus a study on reuse of treated
municipal wastewater for irrigation is to be made to check its feasibility in terms of water quality
and economy. The study involves quality check of treated municipal wastewater and to assess
the need for further treatment to meet the requirements of CPHEEO standards for reuse of
treated wastewater for irrigation. Also a study to test the efficiency of various available tertiary
treatment processes in controlling the parameters such as Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR) and
Electrical Conductivity (EC) which are specific to reuse of treated wastewater for irrigation. The
economic viability of the project is also to be studied by performing cost-benefit analysis over
the realtime implementation of the project.
Keywords: Water-Demand; Reuse; Efficiency; Economy; Cost-Benefit Analysis;
References:
[1] Alon Ben-Gal, Avigail Kaner, Effi Tripler, Efrat Hadas, Feasibility of desalination as an
alternative to irrigation with water high in salts, Desalination, 416 (2017) 122.
[2] Atul K.Mittal, Priyanka Jamwal, Reuse of treated sewage in Delhi city Microbial evaluation
of STPs and reuse options, Resources Conservation and Recycling, 54 (2010) 211.
[3] Nalan Kabay, Samuel Bunani, Eren Yorukoglu, Umran Yuksel, Mithat Yuksel, Gokhan Sert,
Application of reverse osmosis for reuse of secondary treated urban wastewater in agricultural
irrigation, Desalination, 364 (2015) 68.

*Corresponding Author
Cibichakravarthy
Room No.: 107, Marutham hostel, CEG Hostels, Anna University, Chennai
cibi1395@gmail.com
9789540888

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ICEEIS WRR 04

A NOVEL METHOD FOR THE RECOVERY AND REUSE OF SODIUM CHLORIDE


FROM EVAPORATOR REJECT GENERATED IN TEXTILE COMMON EFFLUENT
TREATMENT PLANT
Mugaishudeen.G *,.K.Saravanan, Pranav.S
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Kongu Engineering College, Erode.
Abstract
Disposal of saline effluent from textile industries is an increasing problem worldwide
since the dyeing process involves usage of more inorganic salts. Saline effluent has long been
considered as waste brine and traditional approaches to its disposal have included evaporation
ponds, deep wells, and coastal discharge. However, such effluent is now being considered as a
saline resource. Reverse Osmosis and Multiple Effect Evaporator are the key techniques which
have been effectively used in the textile effluent treatment plants for the recovery of water from
secondary biologically treated wastewater. The membrane reject stream is evaporated in multiple
effect evaporator and solar evaporation pan. The evaporator reject (ER) stream from reverse
osmosis lacks reusable characteristics due to color and high contamination of inorganic salts. In
our study, we made an effort to remove color and separate sodium chloride from the saturated
solution of ER by the novel hybrid processes such as Ozonation and Selective Precipitation. In
selective precipitation the separation is made by the common ion effect in the presence of other
inorganic and organic contaminants, using hydrogen chloride gas. The process parameters for the
separation of sodium chloride through hybrid processes such as colour removal, energy
consumption, time, pH, temperature and concentration of ER solution were studied and
optimized.
Keywords: Selective Precipitation; Sodium Chloride Recycle; Evaporator Reject; Textile Waste
Water; Hazardous Waste.
References:
[1] R. Boopathy, A. Gnanamani, A. B. Mandal, and G. Sekaran. A first report for the selective
precipitation of sodium chloride from the evaporated residue of reverse osmosis reject salt
generated from leather industry. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 51 (2012) 5527–5534.
[2] Vijayaraghavan, K.; Murthy, D. V. H. Effect of toxic substances in anaerobic treatment of
tannery waste water. Bioprocess Biosys. Eng. 16 (1997) 151−155.
[3] Ranganathan, K.; Kabadgi, S. D. Studies on feasibility of reverse osmosis (membrane)
technology for treatment of tannery wastewater. J. Environ. Prot. 2 (2011) 37−46.
[4] Wiemann, M.; Schenk, H.; Hegemann, W. Anaerobic treatment of tannery waste water with
simultaneous sulphide elimination. Water Res. 32 (1998) 774−780.
* Corresponding author
Mugaishudeen.G
Assistant Professor,
Department of Chemical Engineering,
Kongu Engineering College, Erode.
g.mugaishudeen@gmail.com, 9842040470

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ICEEIS WRR 05

A SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF THERPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF SERICIN


-A SILK INDUSTRY WASTE
Tamilselvan D*, Sanjay V N, Prasanth S
Arunai Engineering College, Department of Biotechnology, Tiruvannamalai.
Abstract
India is the second largest producer of silk in the world and has the distinction of
producing all the four varieties of silk. Silk is a natural protein fiber mainly used in textile
industries. Silk is a continuous thread of two filaments forming the cocoon of silk worm, Bombyx
mori. In the formation of Silk filament, the cocoon is composed of two proteins namely Fibroin
and Sericin. Fibroin is utilized by textile Industry whereas Sericin is removed and excluded as
cocoon silk waste. Sericin is a macromolecular Globular protein that has various characteristics
including solubility, hydrophilicity, binding nature and healing properties. Sericin is also a rich
source of essential amino acids. There is no systematic work that has been undertaken on this
Sericin, this is the first report of free radical scavenging, antimicrobial and thrombolytic
activities. These results showed antimicrobial properties of Sericin over several gram positive
and gram negative bacterial strains and few fungal species like Aspergillus niger, Fusarium
oxysporum were observed. Minimum inhibitory Concentration for the microorganisms was
studied by Disc diffusion method. Sericin proved to be efficient against pathogenic organisms
such as Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterococcus faecalis and Salmonella typhi. Free radical
scavenging properties were also studied by DPPH assay. Antithrombotic analysis was performed
with extracted Silk Sericin. From these studies we conclude that Sericin possesses excellent
antimicrobial, antioxidant, Thrombolytic properties that can be used for various therapeutic
purposes with proper assessment. Due to these properties Sericin can be appreciated as equal as
Fibroin.
Keywords: Cocoon silk waste; Sericin; Antimicrobial; Antioxidant; Thrombolytic.
References:
[1] S.S Raje and V.D. Rekha, Man-made Text India, 41(6) (1998) 249-254.
[2] E.Rajasekaran, S. Jency and Panneerselvam K., Carbon profile of commercially important
sericin proteins of silkworm, Bombyx mori, J. Adv. Bioinfor. Appl. Res., (2011) 3 173-176.
[3] K. Tsubouchi, Y. Igarashi and Y. Takasu, Sericin enhances attachment of cultured human
shin fibroblasts, Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., (2005) 2 403-405.
[4] M.N. Padamwar and A.P. Pawar Silk Sericin and its application, Journal of Scientific &
Industrial Research, (2004) 323-329.
[5] B.C.Dash, B.B. Mandal, and S.C. Kundu, Silk gland sericin protein membranes: fabrication
and characterization for potential biotechnological applications. J Biotechnol. (2009) 144, 321–
329.

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Graphical Abstract:

*Corresponding author
D.Tamilselvan
Department of Biotech, Arunai Engineering college
Tiruvannamalai 606603 Tamilnadu.
tamilselvan1711@gmail.com, 9087810232

ICEEIS WRR 06

USE OF WASTE FOUNDRY SAND AND GLASS POWDER IN CONCRETE


Rahima Shabeen S*, Akila C, Akila K B, Dineshbabu S and Elavarasan S
Department of Civil Engineering, Anna University, Chennai, India
Abstract
Use of industrial waste in concrete will solve the twin problems of environmental waste
disposal and raw material shortage in construction industry. The objective of this paper is to
study the strength properties of concrete with (i) waste foundry sand and (ii) graded glass powder
as a replacement for river sand. M35 grade of concrete was cast with 5, 10, 15 and 20
percentages of foundry sand and 10, 15, 20 percentages of graded glass powder as replacement
for river sand. Foundry sand used for the project was obtained from Ambattur and used in
untreated form. Glass powder obtained was graded into various sizes. Fineness modulus of glass
powder was within the range of 2.3-3.1. Specific gravity of foundry sand and glass powder were
found to be 2.55 and 2.62 respectively. Mix design was done and concrete cubes and cylinders
were cast with varying percentages of waste foundry sand and graded glass powder. The
workability of fresh concrete and compressive strength of hardened concrete was found. It was
observed that workability of concrete with foundry sand and graded glass powder decreases by
15%-25% and 5%-10% respectively. Based on strength criteria, the optimum percentage for
foundry sand replacement is found to 10% and the optimum percentage for glass powder
replacement is found to be also 10%. Waste materials which would otherwise cause pollution
can be used in an effective way.
Keywords: Concrete; Waste; Foundry sand; Glass powder; Compressive strength.

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References:
[1] R Siddique, G. Singh, R. Belarbi, Kunal, Comparative investigation on the influence of spent
foundry sand as partial replacement of fine aggregates on the properties of two grades of
concrete, Constr. Build. Mater. 83 (2015) 216.
[2] G.G. Prabhu, J.H. Hyun, Y.Y.Kim, Effects of foundry sand as a fine aggregate in concrete
production, Constr. Build. Mater. 70 (2014) 514.
[3] A. A. Aliabdo, M. A. Elmoaty, A.Y. Aboshama, Utilization of waste glass powder in the
production of cement and concrete, Constr. Build. Mater. 124 (2016), 866.
[4] G.M.S. Islam, M.H. Rahman, N. Kazi, Waste glass powder as partial replacement of cement
for sustainable concrete practice, Intl. Jl. Sustain. Built Envir. 6 (2017) 37.

Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author

S. Rahima Shabeen
Department of Civil Engineering, Anna University
rahima@annauniv.edu
9176963137

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ICEEIS WRR 07

PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF LIGNIN PARTICLES FROM COIR


PITH
Vishnu Prabha M, Vaideki K
Department of Applied Science, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore
Abstract
Coir pith, a by-product of the coir fiber processing industry, is non-fibrous, fluffy and
light weight material constituting about 50-70 percent of the coconut husk [1]. Million tons of
coir pith per annum is obtained as waste by-product of the coconut industry, in India, leading to
assessment of manipulating coir pith efficiently as well as bio-friendly. Despite many advantages
and availability in large quantities, coir pith is not fully utilized for productive purposes and
every year large amounts of coir pith gets accumulated, causing severe disposal problems, fire
hazards and ground water contamination due to the release of phenolic compounds. Because of
high C: N ratio (112: 1) and lignin content (31%), under natural conditions its degradation and
mineralization rates are very slow. Therefore, it is very important to study new forms of its
utilization, such as production of bio-composite materials. In connection with this, coir pith was
subjected to oxidative delignification yielding black liquor which contains compounds like
lignin, cellulose, hemicellulose etc. From the black liquor, only lignin was extracted by acid
precipitation method whereas the leftover coir particles could be used as a medium for soil-less
agriculture and as a precursor material for the development of bio-fuel [2]. Extracted lignin
particles were subjected to FT-IR analysis to study the chemical nature of lignin and chemical
testing for parameter analysis.
Keywords: Oxidative-delignification, FTIR analysis.
References:
[1] Ajitha V., Rajathy Sivalingam, Rojith G. and Syamkumar R., Physico-Chemical
Characterization of Coir Pith Black Liquor and Coir Pith Effluent, International Research Journal
of Environment Sciences, 2015, Vol. 4(2), 46-49.
[2] G. Rojith, I. S. Bright Singh, Delignification, cellulose crystallinity change and surface
modification of coir pith induced by oxidative delignification treatment, International Journal of
Environment and Bioenergy, 2012, 3(1): 46-55.

* Corresponding author
Vishnu Prabha M
E-Block 1st Floor, Dept of Applied Science, PSG CT
vishnu.2989@gmail.com
0422- 4344453

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ICEEIS WRR 08

BIOPLASTICS FROM THE NEWSPAPER BY USING TRICHODERMA RESSEI AND


ASPERGILLUS TERREUS
V.Jaikumar*, M Danish John Paul, Aalan Britto J, Jeevakumar A
Department of Chemical engineering, SSN College of Engineering, Chennai.
Abstract
The main objective is to produce eco-friendly and bio-degradable polymers which can be
used in the place of the plastics that are produced from the fossil fuels. The bio-plastics are
produced from vegetable starch. Our suggestion is to produce it from waste paper, by using
micro organisms under certain conditions. In this paper we are dealing with the making of bio-
plastics from cellulose and for cellulose we will use waste papers as our raw material. In this
process cellulose is taken out from waste papers by decomposing them. Then cellulose is
decomposed into starch/glucose by process called Cellulolysis which is done with the help of
enzymes. Finally, bio-plastic is prepared in lab by starch/glucose. In this process, the waste paper
which is to be recycled is collected and then the waste paper is converted into the bio-plastic.
Firstly, the waste paper is converted into the pulp by shredding the waste paper into pieces and it
is then grinded well which is used to separate the lignin from the cellulose. This is called as pulp.
The cellulose can be extracted from the pulp by treating the pulp with 1-butyl-3-
methylimidazolium chloride. The mixture is kept in stirring conditions (60°C) where the paper
grade Kraft pulp will get separated from the cellulose. The cellulose is broken down into
dextrose in two stages. In stage one, using the cellulase Trichoderma ressei the cellulose is
converted into cellobiose. In the second stage the cellobiose is converted into glucose by using
the pure cellobiose produced by Aspergillus terreus. The dextrose which is produced from the
above method is then fermented as the fermentation of the alcohol where the lactic acid is
produced. This lactic acid produced is then heated to a certain temperature. This causes the lactic
acid to form the long chain polymers which is the polyactic acid – bio plastic.
Keywords: Bio-plastic; Waste paper; cellulose; dextrose; PLA.
References:
[1] Suraj Sharma, Igor Luzino,"Whey based binary bioplastics"; j.jfoodeng.2013.06.007
[2]K.Amulya, et.al,"Wastewater as renewable feedstock for bioplastics production:
Understanding the role of reactor microenvironment and system pH"; j.jclepro.2015.08.009
[3] Tajalli Keshavarz and IpsitaRoy, “Polyhydroxyalkanoates: bioplastics with a green agenda";
j.mib.2010.02.006
[4] Raaz maheswari, Bina rani, Sangeeths parihar, Anju Sharma. "Eco-friendly Bioplastics for
Uncontaminated Environment”, Research Journal of Chemical and Environmental Sciences
1 (April 2013): 44-49
* Corresponding author
Dr.V.Jaikumar
Department of Chemical engineering,
SSN College of Engineering, Chennai-603110.
mdanishjohnpaul@gmail.com
9092026830
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ICEEIS WRR 09

PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL FROM WASTE STARCHY BIOMASS AND ITS


UTILIZATION IN ETHANOL STOVES
Jayati Dhara*1, Payel Mondal1,2, Amit Ganguly2 ,Partha pratim Gupta1 , Anup Kumar Sadhukhan1
1
Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, India.
2
Energy Research Technology, CSIR - Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI) , Durgapur,
Abstract
Ethanol accounts for more than 90% of total consumption of biofuel after the rise in
petroleum price and other fossil fuels. Most biofuel production involves the conversion of starch
into glucose. Ethanol production from broken rice was investigated by simultaneous
saccharification using bakhar and enzyme individually. After fermentation in the presence of
yeast, all these combination (using individually bakhar, enzyme) produced ethanol in varied
concentration from 10 % - 80 %. Comparative analysis of ethanol production from different
combination, revealed maximum ethanol of concentration 80 % with enzyme used in
saccharification. So this process can be scaled up and used commercially as broken rice is a very
economic widely available substrate.
Keywords: Bioethanol pretreatment, Bakhar, Enzymatic hydrolysis, Fermentation.
References:
[1] A. Ganguly, P.K. Chatterjee, A. Dey, Studies on ethanol production from water hyacinth-A
review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy ,Reviews 16 (2012) 966.
[2] F.B. Pereira, P.M. Guimarães, J.A. Teixeira, L. Domingues, Optimization of low-cost
medium for very high gravity ethanol fermentations by waste materials. Journal of
Comprehensive Renewable Energy 5(3) (2012)217.
* Corresponding author
Jayati Dhara
National Institute Of Technology Durgapur, Mahatma Gandhi Avenue,Durgapur 713209, West Bengal, India
jayati92@gmail.com, 8609210928

ICEEIS WRR 10

SYNTHESIS OF HYDROXYAPATITE NANOPARTICLES FROM BIO-WASTES IN


THE EVALUATION OF BONE CELL LINE
Ragini. B*, Sivabalan. C, Sowmiya. E. C
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Karpaga Vinayaga College of Engineering Technology,
Kanchipuram
Abstract
The field of nanotechnology has gained attention in the recent past owing to a broad
spectrum of applications. Hydroxyapatite [Ca10(PO4)6(OH2)] is is a form of calcium apatite and
70% of bone is made up of Hap (Hydroxyapatite). The fundamental elements of HAp are
calcium and phosphorous, with a stoichiometries calcium and phosphate ratio of 1.667. Waste
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material obtained from food sources that have the potential source of energy is referred to as bio-
wastes (Fruit peel, Egg shell, Crab shell etc.). The rapid expansion of poultry production has
caused an increased production of poultry bio-wastes. Environmental concern about the
management of these materials is increasing. Egg shell is composed of 95.1% proteins, 1.6%
water and 93.6% calcium carbonate. Crab shell is composed of 40-70% of calcium carbonate. By
calcination, calcium oxide is obtained from the bio-waste. This calcium oxide is processed by co-
precipitation method in order to obtain HAp. HAp is characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD),
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) to determine their
nanostructure. HAp nanoparticles are then subjected to in-vitro analysis to assess their ability in
osteogenesis.
Keywords – Hydroxyapatite; Nanoparticles; Bio-waste; Calcination; Co-precipitation.
References
[1] Szcześ A, Hołysz L, Chibowski E, Synthesis of hydroxyapatite for biomedical applications,
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science. (2017).
[2] Himashukandelwel, Sathyaprakash, Synthesis And Characterization Of Hap Powder From
Egg Shell, Journal Of Mineral Material Characterization And Engineering (2016).
[3] Indha Raya, Erna Mayasari, Synthesis and Characterization Of Hap From Crab Shell
(Portunus Pelagius) And Its Potency In Safeguard Against Tooth Demineralization, Int. J
Biomaterials (2015).
[4] M.Gankar, AP.Chakraborty, Application and Characterization of Egg Shell, Journal of
Agriculture Science and Technology (2015).
*Corresponding Author
Ragini B
Assistant Professor,
Department of Biomedical Engineering
Karpaga Vinayaga College of Engineering and Technology
ragini.0511@gmail.com, 9176575287

ICEEIS WRR 11

EXTRACTION CHARACTERIZATION PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF


CHITOSAN FROM PRAWN SHELLS CRAB SHELLS AND FISH SCALES
Sumathi.N*1, Vignesh.R2
Karpaga Vinayaga College of Engineering and Technology ,Chinakolambakkam.
2
Madras Veterinary College , Chennai
Abstract
Chitin is the second most abundant material after cellulose. Chitosan is deacetylated form
of chitin. In this study Chitosan was extracted from prawn shells, crab shells and fish scales by a
sequence of chemical processes involving Demineralization, Deproteinization, Deacetylation.
The chitosan extracted from all the samples had been characterized using FTIR analysis. The
absorption band reveals the characteristic feature of chitosan polysaccharide and the degree of
deacetylation. The water binding capacity and fat binding capacity of the extracted chitosan has
been studied. The anti-oxidant activity was studied by DPPH scavenging assay. Among the three
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samples chitosan extracted from fish showed higher anti-oxidant activity. The Anti-microbial
activity was carried out by agar well diffusion method for the organisms viz. Escherichia coli,
Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus terreus.
Chitosan extracted from prawn showed higher zone of inhibition during the study. Cytotoxicity
analysis of chitosan was carried out using HeLa cell lines. The IC50 value was observed at
100μg/ml, 150μg/ml and 150μg/ml for prawn chitosan, crab chitosan and fish chitosan
respectively. This results show that the chitosan have property of suppressing proliferation of
cancer cells tested. The extracted chitosan has been analysed for its effects on seed germination.
Keywords: Chitosan; FTIR; Anti-microbial; Anti-oxidant; Seed germination;
References:
[1] F. Nessaa, Shah Md. Masum, M. Asaduzzaman, S. K. Roy, M. M. Hossain, M. S. Jahan, A
Process for the Preparation of Chitin and Chitosan from Prawn Shell Waste, Bang. Jour. Sci. Ind.
Res. 45 (2010) 323.
[2] Ming-Tsung Yen, Joan-Hwa Yang, Jeng-Leun Mau, Physicochemical characterization of
chitin and chitosan from crab shells, Carb. Pol. 75 (2009) 15.
[3] Zouhour Limam, Salah Selmi, Saloua Sadok and Amor El Abed, Extraction and
characterization of chitosan from crustacean by-products: Biological and physicochemical
properties, Afr. Jour. Biotec. 10 (2011) 640.
*Corresponding author
Sumathi.N
Karpaga Vinayaga College of Engineering, Chinakolambakkam.
sumathi0296@gmail.com, +91-9710432835

ICEEIS WRR 12

BIOSYNTHESIS OF NANOPARTICLES USING LEAF EXTRACT OF ACALYPHA


INDICA FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION
Thiruselvi Devaraj, Sivanesan Subramanian*
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
Recent advancement in nanotechnology and the effect of nanomaterials paved the way
for new method for synthesizing of NPs. Nanoparticles can be produced by physical, chemical
and biological methods. The metals thus produced exhibit unique characters like, electronic,
catalytic and optical properties than their bulk materials. In this study monometallic Fe and CO
nano particles have been synthesized using leaf extracts of Murraya koenigii as reducing and
stabilizing agent with molar ratio (1/2 and 2/1). Reducing the usage of chemicals like sodium
borohydrate as stabilizing agent reduces the toxic effects in the environment. In addition to this,
characterization was carried out using UV- spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infra Red
spectroscopy, X-Ray Diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscope with EDAX. The results
confirmed the nanoalloys produces efficient biogas and enriched methane content. Gas
Chromatography and mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) proved the enriched amount of methane
percentage in the biogas produced. Hence, this study confirmed the addition of biosynthesized

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nanoparticles showed a variation in the biogas production and also the sludge produced behaved
as a fertilizer with good NPK value.
Keywords: Biogas; Murraya koenigii; Biosynthesis; Nanoparticles; Iron
References:
[1] X. M. Feng, A. Karlsson, B. H. Svensson, and S. Bertilsson,Impact of trace element addition
on biogas production from food industrial waste - Linking process to microbial
communities, FEMS Micro. Eco., 74 (2010) 226–240.
[2] S. K. Patidar and V. Tare, Effect of nutrients on biomass activity in degradation of sulfate
laden organics, Pro. Bio. 41 (2006) 489–495.
[3] W. X. Zhang, Nanoscale iron particles for environmental remediation: An overview, J. of
Nano.Res.,5, no. 3–4, pp. 323–332, 2003
[4] X. Li, D. W. Elliott, and W. Zhang, Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles for Abatement of
Environmental Pollutants: Materials and Engineering Aspects, Cri.Rev.in S.Sta.Mat.Sci. 31
(2006) 111–122.

*Corresponding author
Sivanesan Subramanian
Department of Applied Science and Technology
A.C Tech, Anna University, Chennai
sivanesh1963@gmail.com

ICEEIS WRR 13
A STUDY ON PRODUCTION OF BIOETHANOL FROM A BLEND OF BANANA PEEL
AND POMEGRANATE PEEL – A WASTE TO WEALTH APPROACH TOWARDS
ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN
Ashwin Raj S*1 ,Pavithra.V2 and Vignesh.V2
1
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology,
Sathyamangalam
2
Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam
Abstract
In today’s world there is an increasing demand for petroleum and biofuels as an energy
resource due to industrial development and population growth. The major source of fuel energy are
diesel and petrol. Bioethanol when mixed with petrol act as oxygenate to burn hydrocarbons
completely reducing emissions, particulates and noxious gases. Bioethanol is a biofuel which is
merged with gasoline in fixed proportion and used as substitute to fuel like diesel and petrol.
Maximum of 20 % bioethanol can be blended with gasoline to be used as alternative fuel source in
same carbonator engine. Bioethanol is a renewable sources of energy which is commonly produced
by the fermentation of carbohydrate. The present study deals with the ethanol production from
waste fruit peels such as banana and pomegranate (waste from wealth) which consists of high
amount of carbohydrate source and in addition to solve the problem of disposal of waste from juice
industries. Both banana and pomegranate peels are very cheap resource and readily available.
Bioethanol production is followed by pretreatment i.e. acid hydrolysis of biomass using
concentrated sulphuric acid to breakdown polysaccharide into monosaccharide and finally
fermentation of the pretreated filtrate. Fermentation of carbohydrates is mainly done by adding the

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inoculum Sacchromycescerevisae from the grown culture into the acid hydrolyzed liquor. During
fermentation the amount of ethanol produced and reducing sugar content were estimated using
potassium dichromate and DNS (Di Nitro Salicylic acid assay). The produced bioethanol is further
purified and characterized for FTIR,HPLC and GC-MS.
Keywords:Sacchromycescerevisae, bioethanol, acid hydrolysis, fermentation.
References
[1] S.P. Govumoni, K. Sravanthi, Y.K. Srilekha, S. Venkateshwar, R.L. Venkateswar, Evaluation
of pretreatment methods for enzymatic saccharification of wheat straw for bioethanol production,
Carbohydr. Polym. 91 (2013).
[2] A. Romani, G. Garrote, I. Ballesteros, M. Ballesteros, Second generation bioethanol from
steam exploded Eucalyptus globules wood, Fuel 111 (2013).
[3] R.A. Silverstein, Y. Chen, R.R. Sharma-Shivappa, M.D. Boyette, J.A. Osborn,A comparison
of chemical pre-treatment methods for improving saccharification of cotton stalks, Bioresour.
Technol. 98 (2007).
[4] A.A. Brooks, Ethanol production potential of local yeast strains isolated from ripe banana
peels. Afr J Biotechnol., 7(2008).

Graphical abstract

Procuring of sample Shade drying

Sieve analysis Pulverization

Pre-treatment Fermentation

Extraction

Quantitative analysis(HPLC, GCMS)


Yield check &
Qualitative analysis(DNSA & K2Cr2O7)

*Corresponding Author
Ashwin Raj.S
Assistant Professor,
Department of Biotechnology,
Bannari Amman Institute of Technology,
Sathyamangalam-638401, Ph.No:9843956641
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ICEEIS WRR 14

OPTIMIZING BIOMETHANE YIELD FROM TANNERY FLESHING WASTE AND


ORGANIC WASTE USING ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
Amudha Thanarasu, Karthik Periyasamy , Kubendran Devaraj, Karthikeyan Velayutham , Thiruselvi Devaraj,
Sivanesan Subramanian*
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Alagappa College of Technology
Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu,
Abstract
The rapid growth of population of India coupled with the growing level of
industrialization poses a present a significant challenge to the sustainability of our environment.
Disposal of solid waste in our cities has become a source of concern and its poses serious
environmental pollution. Plenty of biogas plants feeding with different organic waste are
implemented throughout the world, it is alternative and sustainable method for waste
management. Nevertheless, many projects is conducted to maximize the biogas yield to
overcome the need of fossil fuels. The Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP) test was
investigated for Anaerobic digester containing Tannery Fleshing Waste (TFW) and Organic
Waste (OW) codigested with Sewage Sludge(SS) under different mixing ratios (100:25:25(R1),
25:100:25 (R2),75:0:75 (R3), 25:25:100 (R4), 50:50:50(R5)) at mesophilic temperature (37 ºC).
The maximum methane yield was obtained in reactor R2 followed by R5 and R4 after 30 days of
retention time. Parameter influences the biogas production such as pH, Total Solids (TS),Volatile
Solids (VS),Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA), Alkalinity, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total
Kjeldahl Nitrogen were monitored for every five days. The highest Specific Methane Activity
(SMA) and Volatile Solid reduction rate (VSr) of 88.02±0.35 and 90.56±0.54% were obtained in
the ratio of 25:100:25. From this study, it was revealed that tannery fleshing waste act as
nitrogen source to stabilize C/N ratio for enhancing biomethane production. Modified Grompertz
model showed better fit with experimental data.
Keywords: Tannery Fleshing waste; Organic Waste; Sewage Sludge; Anaerobic Digestion;
Biomethane Potential
References:
[1] Angelidaki, M. Alves, D. Bolzonella, L. Borzacconi, J. L. Campos, A. J. Guwy, S.
Kalyuzhnyi, P. Jenicek and J. B. van Lier, Defining the biomethane potential (BMP) of solid
organic wastes and energy crops: a proposed protocol for batch assays, Water Sci. Technol.
59.5(2009).
[2] Md. Anisur Rahman, Henrik B.Møller, Chayan Kumer Saha c,Md. Monjurul Alamc,
RadziahWahid ,Lu Feng, Optimal ratio for anaerobic co-digestion of poultry droppings and
lignocellulosic-rich substrates for enhanced biogas production, Energy Sustain Dev, 39
(2017) 59–66.
[3] C.Veluchamy, A. Kalamdhad, S.Ajay , Biochemical methane potential test for pulp and paper
mill sludge with different food / microorganisms ratios and its kinetics, Int. Biodeterior.
Biodegrad., 117 (2017) 197-204.

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[4] L.Nghiem , R.Wickham, D. Ohandja, Enhanced biogas production and performance


assessment of a full-scale anaerobic digester with acid phase digestion, Int. Biodeterior.
Biodegrad.124 (2017) 162-168.
*Corresponding Author
S.Sivanesan
Dean, AC Tech Campus
Anna University Guindy
Chennai -600025
sivanesh1963@gmail.com, 9444960106

ICEEIS WRR 15
GRAPE STALK REUTILIZATION FOR ANTIOXIDANT SEPARATION USING
SONO-THERMAL EXTRACTION
Pranav Sankaran, Kannan Kandasamy*,Rajaram Moorthy
Department of Chemical Engineering, Kongu Engineering College,
Abstract
Grape is a common fruit cultivated and consumed for multiple purposes in India. Four
variety of grapes are cultivated, out of which 3 varieties are consumed directly or as juice and
one variety is exclusively used for wine preparation. Tannius or grape stalk is a food waste, but it
consists of phenolic compounds with Anti-oxidant activity. Antioxidants are widely used in
dietary supplements and have been investigated for the prevention of diseases such as cancer,
coronary heart disease and altitude sickness. Antioxidants also have many industrial uses, such
as preservatives in food and cosmetics and to prevent the degradation of rubber and gasoline.
Grape stalks present high amount of phenolic compounds with antioxidant properties. The
extraction of these compounds may be considered a way to increase in value both agro-food by-
products. At present, simple extraction under elevated temperature is carried out, which
consumes much time and energy. Ultrasound is widely applied in extraction due to its cavitation,
micro stirring effects over the process. The oxygen scavenging activity has been evaluated by
hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity.
Keywords: Anti-Oxidant, Grape Stalks, Ethanol, Ultrasound, extraction
References:
[1] Liza Laroze, Carmen Soto, Maria Elvira Zuniga, Phenolic Antioxidants from raspberry
wastes assisted by enzymes EJB Universidad Católica de Valparaíso Vol13 (2010) issue6-
fulltext-12
[2] Ronald L. Prior, Xianli Wu, Karen Schaich, Standardized methods for the determination of
Antioxidant Capacity and Phenolics in Food and Dietary Suppliments J. Agric. Food Chem.
2005, 53, 4290-4302
*Corresponding Author
Kannan Kandasamy
Associate Professor,
Department of Chemical Engineering,
Kongu Engineering College,Erode
kannank@kongu.ac.in, 9842823432
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ICEEIS WRR 16

A STUDY ON PRODUCTION AND PHYSIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIESOF


BIOBUTANOLFROM PINEAPPLE PEEL
Ashwin Raj S*1, Gurmitha.M.K2 andRasika.T2
1
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology,
Sathyamangalam
2
Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam
Abstract
Increasing demand of fuel has requisite towards Bio fuel production from economical
source especially from agricultural waste. The major source of fuel energy are diesel and petrol.
Bio ethanol is a renewable sources of energy which is commonly produced by the fermentation
of carbohydrate. Pineapple skin is predominantly discarded as waste. This pineapple skin can be
dried and used for the extraction of biobutanol through fermentation process .The physical
parameters such as temperature and pHcan be monitored by thermometer and pH meter. The
turbidity of the waste can be analyzed by nephelometer.The reducing sugar can be measured by
alkaline 3, 5 dinitrosalicylic acid method (DNS A) andtotal sugar content can be measured by
anthrone method.Thus the skin waste is to be subjected for fermentation with different
concentration used as a substrate for biobutanol production by Clostridium acetobutylium. The
carbohydrate content and reducing sugar will be rapidly utilized for fermentation.The pineapple
skin containsreducing,non-reducingsugar, carbohydrates and proteins which is used as nutrient
medium for growth of microbes and fermentation using Clostridium acetobutylium to produce
biobutanol.After fermentation process the biobutanol produced can be estimated by potassium
dichromate method.Further the physio chemical properties of biobutanol is to be studied.
Keywords: Biobutanol, Pineapple waste, Fermentation,
References:
[1]Bellido, C., Loureiro Pinto, M., Coca, M., Gonzalez-Benito, G., Garcia-Cubero, M.T.,2014.
Acetone–butanol–ethanol (ABE) production by Clostridium beijerinckiifrom wheat straw
hydrolysates: efficient use of penta and hexa carbohydrates.Bioresour. Technol. 167, 198–205.
[2] Cheng, C.-L., Che, P.-Y., Chen, B.-Y., Lee, W.-J., Lin, C.-Y., Chang, J.-S., 2012. Biobutanol
production from agricultural waste by an acclimated mixed bacterialmicroflora. Appl. Energy
100, 3-9.
[3] Green, E.M., 2011. Fermentative production of butanol – the industrial perspective.Curr.
Opin. Biotechnol. 22, 337–343.
[4] Helmerius, J., von Walter, J.V., Rova, U., Berglund, K.A., Hodge, D.B., 2010. Impact of
hemicellulose pre-extraction for bioconversion on birch Kraft pulp properties.Bioresour.
Technol. 101, 5996–6005.

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Graphical abstract:

Procuring of the pineapple skin

Drying of the peel

Sieve Analysis

Pulverization of the peel

Monitoring of the weight

Fermentation

Separation of butanol from biomass

Physicochemical characterization of biobutanol

*corresponding author
Ashwin Raj.S
Assistant Professor,
Department of Biotechnology,
Bannari Amman Institute of Technology,
Sathyamangalam-638401
Ph.No:9843956641

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SESSION IX – AIR POLLUTION AND CONTROL

Session Chairs:
Dr.N.Nagendra Gandhi
Professor,
Department of Chemical Engineering.

Session Co- Chair


Dr.C.Lajapathi Rai
Sr.Principal Scientist, Head Pilot Plant,Chem Engg Div.,
CLRI, Chennai

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ICEEIS APC 01

ZERO AIR POLLUTION CONTROL USING BIO-ETHANOL FROM SUGARCANE


JUICE
L.Ranjith Kumar*1, S.Abdul Wahab1 E Bharat Kumar1, P. Indhiradevi2
Panimalar Engineering College, Chennai
KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore
Abstract
In developing countries like India, we are in need to find an alternative and
Environmental Effective fuel. The factors such as population explosion, growth of industries,
higher number of automobiles has resulted in energy crisi. This has increased dependence on
conventional fuel such as gasoline, which in turn causes more pollution. The knowledge on
effects of global warming, Green House Effect, Environmental Degradation, Ozone depletion
has pushed the people to move towards an alternative and a clean fuel. The ethanol produced
from agricultural stocks satisfies the above condition and hence will be a effective replacement.
Fermentation of glucose by yeast results in ethanol production. Saccharomyces Cerevisiae
(Yeast) is the cheapest strain available for the conversion of Bio-mass substrate. In the present
study, it is used for Bio-ethanol production from Sugarcane Juice. In this study, Fermentation of
Sugarcane juice is done to produce a mixture, from which Ethanol is effectively obtained
through distillation. Comparative study between two samples that is heated sugarcane juice and
normal one is done. The effect of heat on the fermentation sample is studied and percentage of
ethanol produced from each sample is compared. Obtained Ethanol is mixed with gasoline and
can be used as fuel. The effective Gasoline-ethanol ratio is obtained by trial and error method
and is tested for working.
Keywords: Bio-ethanol; Sugarcane Juice; Fermentation; Saccharomyces; Cerevisiae (Yeast);
References:
[1] Ai, FW., W.A. Anderson, M. Moo Young, 2008. “Ethanol fermentation technologies from
sugar and starch feed stocks”, Biotechnol Adv. 1, 89-105.
[2] Bothast. R.J., M.A. Schlicher, 2005 “Biotechnological processes for conversion of corn into
ethanol”, Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 67, 19-25.
[3] Dawson, L.R. Boopathy, 2007, “Use of Post-Harvest Sugarcane Residue for Ethanol
Production”, Bioresour echnol. 9, 1695-1699.
[4] Georgieva, T.I., B.K. Ahring 2007, “Potential of agro industrial waste from olive oil industry
for fuel ethanol production”, Biotechnol J. 12, 1547-1555
* Corresponding author
L.Ranjith Kumar
Department of Civil Engineering
Panimalar Engineering College, Bangalore Trunk Road Poonamalle, Chennai 123
ranju.sp15@gmail.com, 7200507560

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ICEEIS APC 02

E-IOT ENABLED REMOTE MONITORING OF AIR POLLUTANTS IN


METROPOLITAN CITIES
Shuprajhaa. T*1, Barath Kanna C2, K. Srinivasan3
Department of Instrumentation Engineering, Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai.
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Trichy.
Dept of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Trichy .
Abstract
In this modern era, with the ever growing pace of sophisticated advancements there has
been in equal pace an unprecedented growth in the environmental threats too. Environmental air
pollution is one serious hazardous issue that needs to be addressed meticulously. Monitoring of
pollutants in the metropolitan cities atmosphere would provide an overview of the alarming rate
of increase in the toxic content present in environment. Continuous online remote monitoring of
such gases which form the major source of air pollution would inevitably help to improve human
health and safety. The main objective of this paper is to develop an Environmental IoT (E-IoT)
based framework for remote monitoring of various hazardous pollutant gases that pose a serious
threat to environmental cleanliness. IoT serves as an internetworking link for this purpose of
remote monitoring which facilitates interactions between devices through sensor which could be
wired or wireless. Live streaming data from various hazardous gas sensors collected in real time
would be dynamically uploaded onto a server and hosted in the webpage. This E-IoT enabled
system deploying open source platform for data acquisition as well as real time monitoring
would facilitate the identification of alarming situations which would eventually help us to take
preventive measures beforehand.
Keywords: E-IoT, Sensor network, Data acquisition, Air pollution, Dynamic streaming.
References:
[1] Jayavardhana Gubbi, Rajkumar Buyya, Slaven Marusic, Marimuthu Palaniswami, “Internet
of things (IoT): a vision, architectural elements, and future directions”, Future Generation
Computer Systems, Vol. 29, Issue 7 (2013) 1645.
[2] Luigi Atzori, Antonio Iera, Giacomo Morabito, “The Internet of Things: A survey”,
Computer Networks, Volume 54, Issue 15 (2010) 2787.
[3] Sean Dieter Tebje Kelly, Nagender Kumar Suryadevara, Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay,
“Towards the Implementation of IoT for Environmental Condition Monitoring in Homes”, IEEE
Sensors Journal, Volume 13, No.10. (2013).
*Corresponding Author
Shuprajhaa T
Department of Instrumentation Eng.
MIT Campus, Anna University, Chennai
t.shuprajhaa94@gmail.com, 9600467836

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ICEEIS APC 03

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTELLIGENT SYSTEM FOR THE


ADULTERATION OF PETROL TO MINIMIZE AIR POLLUTION
K. Dhayalini*, A. Subramaniya Siva
Department of EEE, K. Ramakrishnan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappalli
Abstract
In the revolution of industries, the air pollution plays a vital role due to the increasing
usage of fossil fuels. In India, the major consumer of fuel are the automobile sector and which
leads to air pollution which cause an increase in the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere resulting
global warming, emission and the consequent harm effects on public health. In order to take care
of these effects the prevention of adulteration and monitoring of automobile fuel quality at the
distribution point is highly essential. Quantity and quality of petrol is ensured, as it plays a major
role in customer satisfaction. In addition, the petrol bunks require manual intervention for filling
the petrol and collecting the cash. This paper aims to address an intelligent system to ensure the
quantity and quality of petrol through, duration of switching on the pump arrangement and
voltage level of pH electrode. Concerning the benefit of the society based on the inflation, our
government have to take necessary action to introduce petro-cards which limits the per head fuel
consumption according to the type of customer needs. In this paper for modelling purpose three
different types of petro-cards were designed based on the fuel need and essential needs of the
public.
Keywords: Air pollution; Petrol; Adulteration; pH meter; Petro-cards;
References:
[1] S.Roy, Fiber optic sensor for determining adulteration of petrol and diesel by kerosene,
Sensors and Actuators, 55,(1999), 212-216.
[2] K. Doroodian, Roy Boyd, The Linkage between oil price shocks and the economic growth
with inflation in the presence of technological advances: A CGE model, Energy policy 31,
(2003), 989-1006.
[3] Zhang Yong-ning, Ding qian and Li Qi-jun, A study on monitoring of petroleum spill at sea
by satellite remote sensing, Journal of Dalian Maritime University, 25, (1999), 1-5.
[4] Camilla Brekke, Anne H.S.Solberg, Petroleum spill detection by satellite remote sensing,
Remote Sensing of Environment, 95,(2005),1-13.

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Graphical Abstract

Push buttons
Button 1 Button 2
Read mode Top up mode

FUEL TANK Petro card customer


name,month Balance
PUMP pH Amount
Electrod
e

PIC Microcontroller
OUTLET

LCD Display(Quality,Quantity,amount)

* Corresponding author
Dr. K. Dhayalini
Professor, Department of EEE,
K. Ramakrishnan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappalli.
dhaya2k@gmail.com

ICEEIS APC 04

A STUDY ON EFFECT OF INJECTION PARAMETERS ON WATER COOLED


DIESEL ENGINE
Ayyappan.P.R.*, Dharsan Kumar.D and Anjay
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore
Abstract
Clean air in the atmosphere are polluted by industrialization of the world. The major
cause of atmospheric air pollution are emissions from industries and automotive engines.
Scientists all over the world are working on reducing the air pollution from these sources. One of
the major contributor to the air pollution is emissions from diesel engines. There are many
techniques available to reduce the diesel engine emissions continuously and one of the
techniques is using electronic fuel injection systems in diesel engines. In the current study, a
water cooled diesel engine was modified into common rail direct injection system to explore the
engine exhaust emissions. Experiments were conducted by varying the injection parameters such
as fuel injection timing at higher fuel injection pressure than the conventional injection pressure .
The injection timing was varied from 23 degree bTDC to 15 degree bTDC. It is found from the
results that varying the injection timing at 300 bar injection pressure reduces the peak cylinder
pressure and NOx emissions. The effect of injection timing on engine performance and
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combustión were studied. Finally, the better condition in which the water cooled engine runs
with better efficiency and emissions are concluded.
Keywords: Diesel engine; Common rail; Fuel injection system; Emissions, Thermal efficiency
References:
[1] S.Natarajana, K.Akash Trasyb, N.Sriharic, S.Rajad, Effects of Injection Timing on CI Engine
fuelled with Algae oil blend with Taguchi technique, Energy Procedia, 105 (2017)1043.
[2] Saad aljamali, Sahrir Abdullah, Wan mohd faisal wan mahmood, Yusoff ali, effect of fuel
injection timings on performance and emissions on stratified combustion CNGDI engine,Appl.
Therm Engg, 109 (2016) 619.
* Corresponding author
P.R.Ayyappan
Assistant professor, Mechanical Department, Kumaraguru college of technology, Coimbatore
aiyyapphan@gmail.com, 9710075449

ICEEIS APC 05

SYNTHESIS OF POLYVINYL BUTYRAL/ SILVER NANOPARTICLES (PVB/Ag)


MEMBRANES FOR AIR BORNE MICROBIAL POLLUTION
Aarcha Jayakumar and K.V.Radha*
Department of Chemical Engiineering, A.C. Tech., Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
In the present study, silver nanoparticles immobilized polyvinyl butyral (PVB/Ag)
membrane was fabricated using electrospinning method. The silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) used
in this study were synthesized by green method using Crescentia cujete leaf extract. The
functional groups present in the plant leaf extract reduced the silver ions to AgNPs. Ethanol was
used to prepare different concentrations of PVB/Ethanol solution. The fabricated membranes
were characterized through Instrumental analysis using SEM, EDS and FTIR. The surface
morphology of the PVB/Ag in SEM analysis gave uniform distribution of the immobilized silver
nanoparticles with spherical morphology. This study was confirmed with EDS which shows the
silver nanopartilces incorporated predominantly on the surface. PVB/Ag membranes can be
effectively used for pollution through microorganisms namely Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus
subtilis and Psuedomonas aeruginosa. Studies were carried out for the same and it was found
that the PVB/Ag membranes were superior in filtering out microbes. The presence of silver
nanoparticles not only surfaced out the bacteria but also prevented membrane fouling due to the
formation of biofilm on the membrane surface over time as compared with polyvinyl butyral
membranes without silver nanoparticles. This proves that the fabricated PVB/Ag membranes are
excellent systems for pollution caused by air borne microbes. The filters can be attached to the
vents in chimneys in industries.
Keywords: Polyvinyl butyral (PVB); Silver Nanoparticles; Electrospinning; Antimicrobe; Air
pollution;

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References:
[1] L. Zhang, J. Luo, T. J. Menkhaus, H. Varadaraju, Antimicrobial nano-fibrous membranes
developed from electrospun polyacrylonitrile nanofibers, Jl.of Mem. Sci. 369 (2011) 499.
[2] N. L. Lala, R. Ramaseshan, L. Bojun, S. Sundarrajan, R.S. Barhate, L. Ying‐jun, S.
Ramakrishna, Fabrication of nanofibers with antimicrobial functionality used as filters:
protection against bacterial contaminants, Biotech. and Bioengg. 97 (2007) 1357.
Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Dr.K.V. Radha
Bio-Products Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering,
A.C.Tech., Anna University, Chennai, India
radha@annauniv.edu, 9444913530

ICEEIS APC 06

CARBON CAPTURE AND UTILISATION USING MARINE MICROLAGAE IN


VERTICAL ANNULAR PHOTOBIOREACTOR AND ITS POTENTIAL FOR
BIOREFINERY
S.Suresh kumar*1, Ramaiah Kumar1 , Yokesh RathnaKumar1, T.Sivakumar2
1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Anna University, Chennai.
2
Department of Applied science and Technology, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
Carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration using microalgae is receiving worldwide attention
due to the impact of increasing CO2 level in the atmosphere. The objective of the present study
was to explore the capacity of marine microalgae Nannochloropsis Occulata as a potential
candidate for carbon capture and sequestration. The microalgae was cultivated in a vertical
annular photobioreactor with a working volume of 4L for 10 days. The operating conditions of
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the study were initial biomass concentration -0.2 g/L, Temperature- 25*C, Light intensity of
4Klux with light/dark period of 16:8 hrs. Various parameters like pH, Biomass concentration,
CO2 removal efficiency, CO2 sequestration rate under elevated conditions of CO2 concentration
(2%, 5%, 10%, and 15%) under different aeration rate of 0.5-5L/min. The maximum biomass
concentration and CO2 sequestration rate were 2.9 g/L and 0.491 mg carbon/L/day. The
maximum CO2 efficiency obtained was 69.6%. The result showed that CO2 removal efficiency
and biomass concentration were related to CO2 concentration and CO2- air aeration rate.
Keywords: Sequestration; microalgae; photobioreactor.
* Corresponding author
S.Suresh Kumar
Dept of Chemical engineering, Anna university, Chennai.
sureshsarred@gmail.com, 7358457014

ICEEIS APC 07

DIURNAL AND NOCTURNAL MONITORING OF OZONE AND PARTICULATE


MATTER 2.5 IN CHENNAI
Mariselvam A K1, Karthik P1, Karthikeyan V1, Amudha T1, Thiruselvi D1, Kubendran D1, Karthikeyan J2,
Sivanesan S11Department of applied science and technology,AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai2SRM University,
Chennai
Abstract
Analysis of ground level ozone and particulate matter 2.5(PM2.5) were carried out in the
suburbs of Chennai to determine the lethal effects on human being. The Ozone levels in the city
were monitored during the month of August 2017. The ozone analyzer was used to comprehend
the concentration of ozone in the area of study comprising of Anna university, Anna nagar and
Nungambakkam. The observation was compared with relative humidity, temperature, rainfall,
wind speed and wind direction for a clearer conclusion.
Keywords: Ozone; PM2.5; Meteorological parameter; Chennai.
References:
[1] M. Pulikesi, P.Baskaralingam, D.Elango, V.N. Rayudu, V. Ramamurthi, S. Sivanesan, Air
quality monitoring in Chennai, India, in the summer of 2005, J. Hazard. Mater. 136 (2006) 589–
596.
[2] M. Pulikesi, P. Baskaralingam, V.N. Rayudu, D. Elango, V. Ramamurthi, S. Sivanesan,
Surface ozone measurements at urban coastal site Chennai, in India, J. Hazard. Mater. 137
(2006) 1554–1559

* Corresponding author
Dr S Sivanesan
Dean, AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai.
sivanesh1963@gmail.com

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ICEEIS APC 08

GREEN HOUSE GAS ACCOUNTING THROUGH ENERGY OPTIMIZATION IN


EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES
Perarasu V T*, Vidhya Shankaran N R and Lakshmanan K
Department of Chemical Engineering, AC Tech Campus, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
In the past century the planet had a great change climatically called as global warming.
Carbon dioxide emissions are the key contributor to the greenhouse effect which causes climate
change. Considering indirect emissions, Commercial buildings are the places where Energy
usage is the most and the educational institutes are the places where the abundant energy saving
opportunity is available. Greenhouse gas accounting also termed as carbon footprint. This work
focuses on the calculation of carbon footprints at academic institutions. Related issues, like
allocation of greenhouse gas emissions, information systems used for calculating the carbon
footprint and the uncertainty of calculations are also given consideration. The overall emission of
greenhouse gas from an educational institution is evaluated as 687 tons of Carbon dioxide
equivalent. The indirect emission is mitigated by taking energy audit as a tool and the overall
Green House Gas emission reduced about 60 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent.

Keywords: Carbon Footprint; Energy Optimization; Green House Gas;


References:
[1] A. Abdelalim, W. O’Brien, Zixioshi, Visualization of Energy & Water consumption &
GHG Emission: A case study of a Canadian University Campus, Energy & Building, 109
(2015) 334 - 352.
[2] A. Kumar, M. P. Sharma, GHG Emission & Carbon sequestition potential from MSW of
Indian Metro Cities, Urban Climate, 8 (2014) 30-41.

*Corresponding author
Perarasu V T
Department of Chemical Engineering,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
vtparasu@gmail.com
9894485665

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ICEEIS APC 09

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT FUEL BLENDS ON THE PERFORMANCE


CHARACTERISTICS OF AN SPARK IGNITION ENGINE
P.P.SethuSundaram, P.Baskaran
Department of Mechanical Engineering, M.Kumarasamy College of Engineering, Karur Tamilnadu
Abstract
Green house gas emissions and climatic changes happen in the environment because of
more fossil fuel consumption. For solving these adversities, we need to focus on the alternative
form of renewable energy sources, by improving the usage of renewable fuel in blended form
with conventional petrol fuel, as this Oxygenated fuel or Bio-fuel provides cleaner combustion.
The formation of deposits inside the combustion chamber space by the use of base fuel in SI
engines can be minimized by dosing the Multifunctional additives along with base fuel, so it can
be called as Additised fuel. In this experimental study the tests were carried out on 4stroke,
3Cylinder, 624cc, SI engine which runs at a constant speed of 2000rpm for all loads fuelled with
Petrol, Alcohol fuel, Additised fuel and additised alcohol fuel separately. Where Butanol which
is referred as a second generation renewable bio fuel is the alcohol fuel. The goal of this study
was to assess the performance characteristics of three different fuel blends by comparing with
that of base line reading. The results showed a maximum BTE for alcohol blend and least SFC
for additised alcohol fuel blend over Petrol.
Keywords: Butanol - gasoline blends; Deposit control additives; Combustion;
Combustion chamber deposits; Multi functional fuel additives;
References:
[1] F. N. Alasfour, Butanol - A Single-cylinder Engine study: Availability Analysis, Applied
Thermal Engineering. 17-6 (1997) 537.
[2] T. Venugopal, A. Ramesh, Experimental studies on the effect of injection timing in a SI
engine using dual injection of n-butanol and gasoline in the intake port, Fuel. 115 (2014) 295.
[3] J.Bennett, 7-Advanced fuel additives for Modern internal combustion Engines, Advanced
Fuel Additives. 301 (2014) 165.
[4] J.M.C. Pinto da Costa, R.F. Cracknell, L. Sarkisov, N.A. Seaton, Structural characterization
of carbonaceous combustion-chamber deposits, Carbon. 47 (2009) 3322.
*Corresponding Author
Dr.P.P.SethuSundaram
Professor,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
M.Kumarasamy College of Engineering,
Karur - District, Pin - 639113,
Tamilnadu State - India.
ppsethu63@yahoo.com
9486405205.

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ICEEIS APC 10

INVESTIGATION ON PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF


CALOPHYLLUM INOPHYLLUM BIODIESEL OPERATED DIESEL ENGINE
Senthil.R1, Silambarasan R2, Mozassanthosekumar J3*.
1
Associate Professor, 2Teaching Faculty, 3,PG student.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University college of Engineering, Villupuram
Abstract
Efforts are being made throughout the World to reduce the consumption of liquid
petroleum fuels wherever is possible. Biodiesel is recently gaining prominence as a substitute for
petroleum based diesel mainly due to environmental considerations and depletion of vital
resources like petroleum and coal. According to Indian scenario, the demand for petroleum
diesel is increasing day by day hence there is a need to find out an appropriate solution. In the
present work, biodiesel has been prepared from non-edible oils. As the properties of bio diesel
depend on the nature of the vegetable oil used, hence the properties of vegetable oil have also
been determined. As in India the non-edible oil like CalophyllumInophyllum oil are available in
abundance, which can be converted to biodiesel. Exhaustive studies for the preparation of
CalophyllumInophyllum biodiesel has been done. Study was carried out with important process
variables for optimization of esterification and transesterification reaction to achieve maximum
bio diesel production. The important process variables for esterification such as concentration of
acid catalyst, alcohol/oil ratio, reaction time, temperature, and % of excess alcohol; and for
transesterification; concentration of alkali catalyst, alcohol/oil ratio, reaction time, temperature,
% of excess alcohol are optimized.
The results of simulation experiment indicating that the prediction of model of biodiesel
yield function is in well agreement with the real process. Further the performance and emission
characteristics of CalophyllumInophyllum and their various blends with diesel have been
studied. Tests is carried out for analysing various parameters such as thermal efficiency, brake
specific fuel consumption (BSFC), emission of CO, CO2, HC and NOx gases in exhaust. The
performance of blended (lower blend concentrations) CalophyllumInophyllum oil are found to
be very close to mineral diesel. The test results indicate that the blend fuel B20 can be used in the
diesel engines without making any engine modifications. In addition, the cost of blend fuel (B20)
can be considerably reduced than pure diesel. The performance of blended CIB is found to be
very close to mineral diesel. It is found that the non-edible like CalophyllumInophyllum oil are
also potential raw material for preparation of biodiesel.
Key words
Calophylluminophyllum biodiesel, transesterification, performance and emission, diesel engine.

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Fig.1 performance curve

Fig .2 Emission curve

References
[1] Subramanian, A.K. Singal, S.K. Saxena, M.Singhal, S. Utilization of liquid biofuels in
automotive diesel engines: An Indian perspective. Biomass and Bioenergy 2005, 9, 65–72.
[2] Ma F, Hanna MA. (1999) Biodiesel production: a review. BioresTechnol, 70, 1–15.
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[3] Pramanik K, Srivani K, Chandra V “Catalytic studies on transesterification of jatropha oil for
use as diesel fuel”. Indian chemical engineering congress. (2000); Dec: 18-21.
*Corresponding author
Mozassanthosekumar j
PG student, University college of Engineering ,villupuram.
jmskumar143@gmail.com, 9944507769

ICEEIS APC 11

ENRICHMENT OF PILOTED DIESEL BY HYDROGEN IN A CI ENGINE WITH


EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION FOR OVERCOME ENERGY CRISIS
Balamurugan JP*, Balaji M
Department of mechanical engineering, University college of engineering Villupuram
Abstract
Environment issue is a principle driving force which has led to a considerable effort to
develop and introducing alternative fuel for transportation. Smoke, Oxide of nitrogen and
Particulate matter are high emission from the diesel engine. So research focus to low pollutant
fuel such us Hydrogen is the most promising among alternative fuel.It is clean burning
characteristics and effective performance attracts more claims compared to other fuels. This
paper about normal DI CI engine was converted to operate as gas engine. Hydrogen induced at
the intake manifold at pressure of 2 bars along with recirculates outlet gas and air. The
experimental investigation by enrichment of hydrogen without EGR, with 10% EGR and with
20% EGR. The rate of hydrogen was set constantly at 2 LPM. This paper provided a potential to
investigate the effect of the addition of H2 with EGR, without EGR ratio on the performance
such us Brake thermal efficiency and Specific fuel Consumption, on the combustion ignition
delay (Ignition postpone) and combustion duration and on the emission characteristics Oxide of
nitrogen , Carbon monoxide and Smoke on a CI engine.
Keywords: Green Energy, Zero Emission, Renewable Energy, Powerful fuel.
*Corresponding Author
Balamurugan JP
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University College of Engineering, Villupuram.

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ICEEIS APC 12

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION


CHARACTERISTICS OF CASHEW NUT SHELL PYROLYSIS OIL AS FUEL IN
DIESEL ENGINE
Balaji M*, Balamurugan JP
Department of mechanical engineering, University college of engineering Villupuram
Abstract
Nowadays pollution control and energy consumption are the main criteria lead the
researchers to identify the new alternative fuel for internal combustion engines. New alternative
fuel resource can be produced by using pyrolysis method. The major components of the
pyrolysis system are nitrogen cylinder, heating system, fixed bed reactor, condenser, oil collector
and temperature indicator. In this study, feedstock cashew nut shell produce the cashew nut shell
oil by fast pyrolysis method using fixed bed reactor. In this work, cashew nut shell oil blended
with diesel in 10%, 20% and 30% ratio using as fuel in single cylinder four stroke DI diesel
engine without any engine modification. This experiment will be carried out performance
characteristics like brake thermal efficiency, brake specific fuel consumption and Exhaust gas
temperature. The emission characteristics of CO, HC, NOX and smoke are also being measured.
Keywords:Pollution control, Alternative fuel, Pyrolysis method, fixed bed reactor, Cashew nut
shell
*Corresponding Author
Balaji M
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University College of Engineering, Villupuram.

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SESSION X- ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND


BIOLOGICAL CATALYSIS

Session Chairs:
Dr.T.Devasena
Associate Professor,
Centre For Nanoscience and Technology, Anna University,
Chennai.

Session Co- Chair


Dr.Shamal K Doifode
Head, Associate Professor - Chemistry
Govt. College of Engg. Amravati [M.H.] India.

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ICEEIS ETBC 01

PRODUCTION, PURIFICATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND MEDICINAL


APPLICATION OF UROKINASE PRODUCED BY BACILLUS MEGATERIUM
Ramya G1, Sugithra M1, R. Ragunanthan2*
1
Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, Tamilnadu
2
Centre for Bioscience and Nano science Research, Eachanari, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu
Abstract
Urokinase, also known as Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), is a serine
protease present in humans and other animals. The active plasmin is able to break down the
fibrin polymers of blood clots. In the study Bacillus megaterium is used in the production of
urokinase using soya bean powder. The optimum day was found to be on second day (1.13g/dry
weight). The specific activity was found to be 8.78 mg/ml. The enzyme was partially purified
using acetone precipitation followed by dialysis membrane and Sephadex A-50column
chromatography. The molecular weight of urokinase was determined by using SDS-PAGE was
found to be56 and 54 KDa. The crude and the column purified enzymes were used to remove
blood clot in vitro condition and the enzyme was efficient in removing the blood clot after 4
hours of incubation.
Keywords: Urokinase, Bacillus megaterium, purification, Plasminogen activator, Thrombolysis.
References
[1] Dubey R, J. Kumar, D. Agrawala, T. Char and P. Pusp. Isolation, production, purification,
Assay and characterization of fibrinolytic enzymes (Nattokinase, Streptokinase and urokinase)
from bacterial sources.10(2011),1408.
[2] Kunameni A, RavuriBD,SaishaV,Ellaiah P,Prabhakhar T .Urokinase- a very popular
cardiovascular agent. Recent Patent Cardiovac Drug Disc 3 (2008)45.
[3] Kumar A, Bansal V, Nandakumar KS, Galaev I, Roychoudhury PK, Holmdahl R, Mattiasson
B . Integrated bioprocess for the production and isolation of urokinase from animal cell culture
using supermacroporouscryogels. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 93(2006)636.
[4] Mohammad B, Hossein M, Mohammad R. Production and purification of streptokinase by
protected affinity chromatography. Avicenna J. Med. Biotechnol. 1(2009) 47.
* Corresponding Author
R. Ragunanthan
Centre for Bioscience and Nano science Research,
Eachanari, Coimbatore –21,
Tamilnadu.
cbnrcindia@gmail.com, 9629388728

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ICEEIS ETBC 02

EVALUATION OF PRETREATMENT METHODS OF USING DILUTE ACID AND


CRUDE ENZYME ISOLATED FROM NOVEL FUNGAL STRAIN ON TYPHA
ANGUSTATA
M.Kirupa Sankar*, R.Ravikumar, R.Maheshwar, J.Jesinthara, B.Ananthi, A. Priyadharshini
Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, Erode, Tamilnadu
Abstract
Typha angustata (TA) is a perennial plant breeding in shallow water of a pond or a
riverside and can be a promising feedstock for fuel ethanol production. Pretreatment of biomass
was carried out and compared using dilute acid and laccase enzyme produced from novel fungal
strains. A comparative study was performed using an optimization tool, Response surface
methodology, to investigate the effects of temperature, pretreatment agents’ concentration
(Enzyme and dilute acid) and hydrolysis time. Mass balances on total solids, total dissolved
solids and total suspended solids, cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin, and protein were performed
and sugar degradation products such as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), furfural and acetic acid
were monitored by following NREL protocol for compositional analysis. Scanning electron
microscopy was used to study changes in the physical structure of TA upon pretreatment. The
results revealed that pretreating capacity (total reducing sugars released) is more or less same in
both enzymatic and dilute acid pretreatment. Acid pretreatment increased the production
fermentation inhibitors HMF and Furfural, while enzymatic pretreatment shows the release of
less fermentation inhibitors. Pretreatment at optimum conditions for dilute acid is temperature =
120 oC, acid concentration = 0.66% (w/w) and hydrolysis time = 48.47 min and for enzymatic
pretreatment, temperature = 30 oC, enzyme concentration = 1.18% (w/w) and hydrolysis time =
60.47 min. Hence the enzyme from novel fungal strains proved to be a good alternative for dilute
acid pretreatment.
Keywords: Typha angustata; dilute acid hydrolysis; enzymatic hydrolysis; fermentation
inhibitors; optimization.
References:
[1] Adrika Raybarman, Kazi Atikur Rahman, Russel Miranda Vincent, Sayantani Chatterjee,
Upasana Sen, Arup Kumar Mitra, Sudeshna Shyam Choudhury, Riddhi Majumder, Isolation and
characterisation of lignin-degrading fungus from coir, IOSR-JESTFT 8 (2014) 2319.
[2] Sunil S. More, Renuka P. S., Pruthvi K., Swetha M., S. Malini, Veena S. M, Isolation,
Purification, and Characterization of Fungal Laccase from Pleurotus sp., Enzyme Research, 2011
(2011) 7.
[3] Hardik Patel, Shilpa Gupte, Mayur Gahlout, Akshaya Gupte, Purification and
characterization of an extracellular laccase from solid-state culture of Pleurotus ostreatus HP-1, 3
Biotech, 4 (2014) 77.
[4] Rehan A. Abd El Monssef, Enas A. Hassan, Elshahat M. Ramadan, Production of laccase
enzyme for their potential application to decolorize fungal pigments on aging paper and
parchment, Annals of Agricultural Science, 61 (2016), 145.

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Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
M.Kirupa Sankar
Assistant Professor,
Department of Biotechnology,
Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam,
Erode – 638401, Tamilnadu
kirupasankarm@bitsathy.ac.in, 9994624674

ICEEIS ETBC 03

ISOLATION OF BACTERIA FROM BUCCAL SWAB OF BLACK WATER SNAKE.


Sneka.S, Monisha.M* , Gowrishankar.B.A
Department Of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute Of Technology, Sathyamangalam
Abstract
Snake bite is a major health problem that is faced day to day life in rural and hilly region.
In India the most common poisonous snake species found are cobra (Najanaja), Krait
(Bungaruscaeruleus), Russell viper (Daboiarusselli) and saw-scaled viper ( Echiscarinatus ). The
first two belongs to the family of Elapidaeand the next two belongs to the family of Viperidae.
Snake venom is combination of complex organic mixtures. They are made up of proteins, toxins
and enzymes that assist them in capturing prey and digesting them. Snake bite is often readily
treated by traditional herbal medicines by rural population, especially in tropical and subtropical
countries including India. Snakes can digest even bones of human or any of its prey. They have
the prominent power of digesting anything they swallow. It is this point which has given rise to
such a project. The objective is to find out the enzyme which is responsible for its digestion and

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the bacteria which help in the digestion and also to differentiate between the bacterial types of
venomous and non- venomous snakes. The snake used for our project is Black water snake.
Keywords: Snake venom; Digesting power; digesting bacteria; Venomous and Non –
Venomous Snakes; Black water snake.
References:
[1] Meenatchisundaram S, Parameswari G, Subbraj T, Michael A, Anti-venom activity of
medicinal plants-a mini review,Ethnobot Leaflets 12 (2008)1218.
[2] Alam MI, Gomes A, Snake venom neutralization by Indian medicinal plants (Vitex negundo
and Emblica officinalis) root extracts,J Ethnopharmacol 86 (2003) 75.
[3] Soares AM, Januario AH, Lourenço MV, Pereira AM, Pereira, PS,Neutralizing effects of
Brazilian plants against snake venoms Drugs of the Future 29 (2004) 1105.
[4] Mahanta M, Mukherjee AK, Neutralisation of lethality, myotoxicity and toxic enzymes of
Naja kaouthia venom by Mimosa pudica root extracts, J Ethnopharmacol 75 (2001) 55.

Graphical Abstract

*Corresponding Author
Monisha.M* ,
Department Of Biotechnology,
Bannari Amman Institute Of Technology, Sathyamangalam
monisha.bt15@bitsathy.ac.in

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ICEEIS ETBC 04
ANTI-DIABETIC, ANTIMICROBIAL AND ANTI-CANCER ACTIVITY OF
Cantharanthus roseus PLANT EXTRACTS
Ramya.V1, Aashika.A1, R.Ragunathan*2, Ms.Jesteena Johney2
1
Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam
2
Centre for Bioscience and Nanoscience Research, Eachanari, Coimbatore
Abstract
Nithyakalyani (Cantharanthus roseus) is a main source of Vinca alkaloids. It contains
powerful Vinblastine chemical analogues of Vincristine and Reserpine that cuts the risk of
cancer and lowers blood pressure. The quantitative phytochemical analysis was performed with
collected plant extracts using water and acetone. The plant extract using water exhibited the
presence of phenol and tannins, sugar, saponine, quinines and steroids which concluded that
water showed comparatively higher presence than acetone. The Antioxidant potential was
estimated by DPPH, total phenol and FRAP. The Antibacterial activity assessed by well
diffusion method was tested against Bacillus subtilis and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Anti-diabetic
activity was performed by standard methods of inhibition of α-amylase and α-glucosidase
enzyme at 540nm. Results revealed that the inhibition activity was higher in water than acetone.
Extracts of Nithya kalyani showed Anti- Cancer activities 18.128% of dead cells in water and
13.381% of dead cells in acetone. In brief, water plant extract showed better anti-diabetic and
anti-cancer activity compared to acetone.
Keywords: Cantharanthus roseus; phytochemical analysis; antioxidant; antibacterial; anti-
diabetic; anti- cancer.
References:
[1] Manisha Modak, Priyanjali Dixit, Jayant Londhe, Saroj Ghaskadbi, Thomas Paul A.
Devasagayam, Indian Herbs and Herbal Drugs Used for the Treatment of Diabetes, Journal of
clinical biochemistry and nutrition 40(3) (2007) 163.
[2] V.Shanmugaraju , R.Bhakyaraj, Antimicrobial potential activity of leaf extracts of
Catharanthus roseus against human pathogens under laboratory conditions, International journal
of current research in biology and medicine 1(1) (2016) 35.
[3] Lorena Almagro, Francisco Fernández-Pérez, Maria Angeles Pedreño, Indole Alkaloids from
Catharanthus roseus: Bioproduction and Their Effect on Human Health, Molecules 20 (2015)
2973.
[4] A.Saravana Kumar, S.Kavimani, K.N.Jayaveera, Review on medicinal plants with potential
antidiabetic activity, International Journal of Phytopharmacology, 2(2) (2011), 53.

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*Corresponding Author
R.Ragunathan
Centre for Bioscience and Nanoscience Research,
Eachanari, Coimbatore

ICEEIS ETBC 05

PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF INTEGRATED BOSWELLIC ACID


AND PHYCOCYANIN NANOPARTICLE FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS
Ranganathan B.V, Ravikumar R *, Madhumitha B, Revathi S,
Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Erode District, India
Abstract
The integrated Boswellic acid and Phycocyanin nanoparticle has important medical
applications and major advantage than using individually. This study investigates various
properties of integrated nanoparticle in comparison with individual particles. The Boswellic acid
was extracted from Boswellia serrata and Phycocyanin from Oscilllatoria cortiana. The
compounds were purified using precipitation, dialysis and chromatography methods. The
characterizations of the purified compounds were done using SDS-PAGE, HPLC and FTIR. The
purified compounds were then integrated and characterized using SEM, Zeta potential
measurements, EDAX and cytotoxicity studies. The Boswellic acid extracted from Boswellia
serrata had a total organic content of 55%. The Oscillatoria cortiana gave high yield of 63% of
Phycocyanin. The integrated Boswellic acid and C-PC coated selenium nanoparticle had a size of

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210 nm determined using SEM and the stability was high with -50.0mV by Zeta potential
measurements compared to individual compounds. The elemental composition using EDAX
studies showed selenium 3.07% by weight and carbon 65.70% by weight along with oxygen,
nitrogen and negligible quantities of sodium and chlorine. The best IC50 was observed for
integrated Boswellic acid and C-PC coated selenium nanoparticle at 16.87μg/ml. The herbal
extracts find several medical applications and act as potential alternatives for various drugs. The
integration of poly herbal drug finds more advantage and efficacy when compared to that of the
individual compound. KEYWORDS: Boswellic acid, Phycocyanin, nanoparticle , selenium,
Oscillatoria cortiana
*Corresponding Author
Ravikumar R
Department of Biotechnology,
Bannari Amman Institute of Technology,
Erode District, India
ravichembit@gmail.com

ICEEIS ETBC 06

EFFECT OF LEAD CHLORIDE ON THE GROWTH AND MORPHOLOGY OF


ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA (BURM.F.)
Irfan Rashid Thokar and S.D.Singh
Department of Botany, Govt. M.V.M. College, Bhopal (M.P). India
Abstract
Andrographis paniculata , a well known medicinal plant was selected in order to investigate
the effect of Lead chloride on its growth and morphological attributes. Different concentrations
of the PbCl2 solution were given to the experimental plants for a particular period of time.
Results of this experiment showed that the doses of PbCl2 decreased the growth of the treated
plants and also caused various symptoms in the leaves like early leaf fall, chlorosis etc. Hence
PbCl2 has showed hazardous effect on the physiology of the Andrographis paniculata.

Key Words: Lead chloride ;Andrographis paniculata; growth; morphology


*Corresponding Author
Irfan Rashid Thokar
Departmentof Botany,
Govt. M.V.M. College, Bhopal (M.P). India
irfanthakur08@gmail.com, 7780853543

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ICEEIS ETBC 07

TOXIC EFFECT OF CADMIUM AND LEAD ON PROTEIN CONTENT OF


TINOSPORA CORDIFOLIA (WILLD)
Masrat Jan1* and Mukta Shrivastava2
Department of Botany, Govt. M. L.B. Girls P.G. (Autonomous) College, Bhopal. M.P. India.
Abstract
Heavy metals are one of the major pollutants which have caused very serious effects in
the environment. The toxicity of these pollutants alter the physiology of both plants and animals
by interacting with their functional enzyme system. In the present study pot experiment was
conducted to study the adverse changes in the protein content of Tinospora cordifolia that were
caused by giving the treatment of cadmium chloride and lead chloride solutions. In this
experiment the interested plants were treated with different concentration of these two heavy
metals for about 30 days. Results of this study showed that the protein content of plants was
decreased with the increase in the concentration of heavy metal doses. Cadmium proved more
toxic than lead for the physiology of Tinospora cordifolia.
Key Words: Cadmium chloride; Lead Chloride; Tinospora cordifolia; protein
*Corresponding Author
Masrat jan
Department of Botany, Govt. M. L.B. Girls P.G. (Autonomous) College,
Bhopal; 462002. M.P. India.
masratjan366@gmail.com, 8982720978

ICEEIS ETBC 08

ANTIBIOTIC AND HEAVY METAL RESISTANCE IN GRAM-NEGATIVE


BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM TEXTILE EFFLUENT IN VANIYAMBADI, INDIA
P. R. Yaashikaa, P. Senthil Kumar*
Department of Chemical Engineering, SSN College of Engineering, Chennai
Abstract
Natural contamination by poisonous substantial metals is spreading worldwide alongside
mechanical advance. The segregation and portrayal of microorganisms fit for opposing raised
groupings of overwhelming metals and in addition different sorts of anti-toxins are basic to the
improvement of a compelling bioremediation system for contaminated destinations. The
principle goal of this investigation was to decide the connection between the anti-microbial and
substantial metal resilience of culturable bacteria segregated from material modern waste. In
bacteria a metal might be characterized as bioavailable on the off chance that it crosses the
cytoplasmic layer to achieve the cytoplasm. Once inside the cell, particular metal resistance
frameworks might be activated. In this exploration, particular metal resistance qualities were
utilized to assess metal bioavailability in dregs microbial groups. In this examination, we initially
explored the transaction between overwhelming metals and the anti-microbial resistance of
ureolytic bacteria. The anti-toxin resistance designs uncovered that the overwhelming metal
resistance of these separates was nearly connected with their imperviousness to anti-microbials.
Keywords: Heavy Metal; Resistance; Bacteria; Antibiotic; Textile Effluent
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*Corresponding Author
Dr. P. Senthil Kumar,
Department of Chemical Engineering,
SSN College of Engineering,
Kalavakkam – 603 110, Chennai
senthilchem8582@gmail.com, 9884823425

ICEEIS ETBC 09

BIOGENIC NANOPALLADIUM FORMATION BY CLOSTRIDIUM SP.:


BIOHYDROGEN PRODUCTION AND CONTAMINANT REMEDIATION
E. Suja1, Y. V. Nancharaiah1,2, V. P. Venugopalan2,3*
1
Biofouling and Biofilm Processes Section, Water and Steam Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre,
Kalpakkam 603102, Tamil Nadu.
2
Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushakti Nagar, Mumbai.
3
Nuclear and Agriculture Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai.

Abstract

Recovery of palladium from waste streams attracts worldwide interest due to its scarce
existence in nature and growing demand in various industries. Microbial production of
nanopalladium is an eco-friendly process for the recovery and reuse of palladium metal and is a
potential alternative to the physical and chemical processes1,2. This paper reports (1) formation
of biogenic nanopalladium (bio-Pd) by superior hydrogen producing strain Clostridium sp. BC1
and (2) catalytic transformation abilities of the produced bio-Pd for attenuating the toxicity or
solubility of organic and metal pollutants. The reduction of Pd(II) to Pd(0) was instantaneous
and complete as soon as Pd(II) was added to a grown BC1 culture. Result shows Pd(II) to Pd(0)
reduction requires biogenic H2 as electron donor released from fermentative BC1 culture.
Subsequently, the catalytic activity of bio-Pd was demonstrated by quantifying the
transformation of p-nitrophenol (PNP) and chromium (VI). Bio-Pd catalyzed PNP
transformation to less toxic p-aminophenol (PAP) in two phases, an initial fast phase (0.57 mM.
h-1), followed by a slow phase (0.015 mM. h-1), depending on the availability of the biogenic H2.
However, PNP reduction by BC1 without bio-Pd was marginal. Bio-Pd catalyzed the reduction
of 0.25 mM of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) completely, as compared to BC1 culture alone, which showed
minimal reduction. This study shows the possibility of using BC1 fermentative culture for Pd
recovery as bio-Pd, and its reuse as catalyst for faster toxic contaminant transformation.

Keywords: Keywords- Clostridium sp.; chromium; palladium nanoparticles; p-nitrophenol;


biohydrogen.

References:
[1] D. Chidambaram, T. Hennebel, S.Taghavi, J. Mast, N. Boon, W. Verstraete, D. van der Lelie,
J.P.Fitts, Concomitant microbial generation of palladium nanoparticles and hydrogen to
immobilize chromate, Environ. Sci. Technol., 44 (2010)7635.

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[2] E. Suja,Y.V. Nancharaiah, V.P.Venugopalan, Biogenic nanopalladium production by self-


immobilized granular biomass: application for contaminant remediation, Water res. 65 (2014)
395.
Graphical Abstract

Glucose H2 BC1+Pd(II)

Bio-Pd(0)

Cr(VI)
Fermentative
BC1 culture 2H+
Cr(III)
Aminophenol Nitrophenol
formation reduction
Absorbance

200 300 400 500


Wavelength

* Corresponding author
V. P. Venugopalan
Nuclear and Agriculture Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai.
vpvenu@barc.gov.in.
9444409463

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ICEEIS ETBC 10

ANALYSIS OF PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND STUDY ON


ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF BUCHANANIA
LANZAN (SPRENG.) LEAVES AGAINST STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS (A DENTAL
PATHOGEN).
Atoofa Habib, Mukta Shrivastava.
Department of Botany, Govt. Maharani Laxmi Bai Girls P.G.(Autonomous) College,
Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to investigate the phytochemical constituents of
ethanolic extract of Buchanania lanzan and antimicrobial activity of this particular extract against
Streptococcusmutans. Agar well diffusion method was used to carry out antimicrobial test.
Different concentrations of the stock solution (100mg/ml) were poured in five wells. Each
concentration of the solution showed antimicrobial activity against the bacteria forming zones of
inhibition. The phytochemical analysis of ethanolic extract revealed the presence of alkaloids,
saponins, flavanoids, steroids, carbohydrate, tannins and phenolics. Results obtained justify that
the plant posses a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans and
thus access a new source of antibiotics for oral health and hygiene.
Keywords: Buchananialanzan; ethanolic extract; phytochemicals; antimicrobial activity.
*Corresponding Author:
Atoofa Habib
Department of Botany, Govt. Maharani Laxmi Bai Girls P.G.(Autonomous) College,
Bhopal, M.P. 462002. India.
atoofa.mir@gmail.com, 7746911315

ICEEIS ETBC 11

PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATIONS AND ANATOMICAL STUDY OF THE SIDA


ACUTA BURM.F.
MS.Mushraf Qureshi and Mukta Shrivastava
Department of Botany,Govt MLB Girls P.G.(Autonomous)college,Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Abstract
Plants and plant based products are the bases of many modern pharmaceuticals that are
currently in use today for various diseases.One such plant is Sida acuta belongs to the family
Malvaceae.Sida commonly known as Bala,known to have analgesic,anti-
inflamatory,hypoglycemic and hepatoprotective activity.The root infusion is given in nervous
and urinary diseases and also in disorders of blood.The present study was undertaken to analyse
the various active phytochemical constituents and to study detailed anatomical features of the
Sida acuta .A qualitative analysis was performed for detection of alkaloids,anthraquinone
derivatives,glycosides,terpenoids,steroids and flavonoids.High performance liquid
chromatography(HPLC)was used for quantitative analysis of vasicine and
vasicinone.Anatomical features of the plant parts were found useful for correct easy

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identification of commercial drug for ensuring purity while quantitative analysis helped in
identifying the elite genotypes of the Sida acuta present in the area of present study.
Key words: Sida acuta,phytochemical investigation,anatomical study
*Corresponding author
Mushraf Qureshi,
Department of Botany,Govt MLB Girls P.G.(Autonomous)college,
Bhopal;462002.M.P.India.
musharaf.qureshi9@gmail.com, 8109470560

ICEEIS ETBC 12

IMPROVEMENT OF BIODIESEL PROPERTY OF MICROALGAL LIPID BY


REMOVING UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS
Senthil Nagappan, A*1
*1Assistant Professor, Department of Biotechnology, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering
(Autonomous), Sriperumbudur Tk - 602 117, Tamil Nadu, India
Abstract
Microalgae can be an ideal source of biodiesel due to various features such as carbon dioxide
fixation, high growth rate, and higher lipid productivity than second generation biofuel crops. In
initial studies we have isolated Desmodesmus sp. MCC3, a species with high lipid productivity.
However, the biodiesel of Desmodesmus sp. MCC34 had only a marginally acceptable cetane
number of 41 and poor iodine value of 140 g I2 per 100 g biodiesel. In order to overcome this
problem, the unsaturated fatty acid was separated from crude biodiesel of Desmodesmus sp.
MCC34 using silver ion chromatography. As a result, the quality of biodiesel was improved with
increased cetane number of 54 and decreased iodine value of 94 g I2 per 100 g. Moreover
unsaturated fatty acid was found to be rich in pharmaceutical active agent, alpha linolenic acid,
which could be exploited commercially.
Keywords:
Microalgae; biodiesel; unsaturated fatty acid; cetane number; iodine value
References:
[1] N.H. Norsker, M.J.Barbosa, R.H.Wijffels, Microalgal production—a close look at the
economics. Biotech. Adv. 29 (2011) 24.
[2] I.L.Olmstead, D.R.Hill, Dias, G.J.Martin, A quantitative analysis of microalgal lipids for
optimization of biodiesel and omega‐3 production, Biotech. Bioeng. 38 (2013) 76.

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Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Dr. A.Senthil Nagappan
Department of Biotechnology, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Sriperumpudur - 602117
nagabio84@gmail.com
Mobile No: 08015068195

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SPECIAL SESSION
(INDUSTRIAL SAFETY AND HAZARDS
MANAGEMENT)

Session Chair:

Mr.Justin Shaji Francis


EHS-Manager, Bonfiglioli Transmissions Pvt. Ltd.,
Thirumudivakkam, Chennai.
.

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ICEEIS – PP 01

DETERMINATION OF FIRE AND EXPLOSION INDEX FOR LIGHT MAGNESIUM


CARBONATE USING HIRA
D.Divya , M.Dharmendira kumar *
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
The risk of fire and explosion index in chemical industry needs to be managed. The
objectives of the present study were to assess the risk of and fire explosion in chemical industry
using DOWS fire and explosion index and to study the influence of the controlling methods. It is
the latest version of DOW fire and explosion at process subunits. The important process subunits
in chemical industry were identified based on important affecting parameters such as hydration
boiler. The fire and explosion index was calculated for light magnesium carbonate reactor.
Suitable Preventive measures have been suggested for emergency evacuation.
Key Words: DOWS

*Corresponding author
Dr.M.Dharmendira kumar
Assistant Professor,
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai

ICEEIS – PP 02

AN INNOVATIVE METHODOLOGY FOR MEASURING THE EFFECTIVE


IMPLEMENTATION OF AN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES
Vinoth S T, S. Sivanesan *
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
The first target of the industries has to improve the implementation of Occupational Health and
Safety Management Systems, especially for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Safety
investments are uncompetitive if compared to other investments, especially for SMEs, due to
responsibility attribution management that does not guarantee the exemption of responsibility in
the case of unpredictable accidents and to an insufficient incentive policy for enterprises,
virtuous in safety investments. For SMEs safety investments are un-profitable also because the
individual SME has no real perception of accident risks due both to difficulties in assessing and
monitoring the real risk and to the small number of employees. The project has introduced an
index (Efficacy Index) to objectively quantify the effective implementation of an Occupational
Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS). The paper shows how the index can be
practically applied to a company and what kind of information can be collected and processed to
determine the effective implementation of the OHSMS. It helps to reduce the accident rate and
incident rate of SMEs, highlighting the safety awareness in SMEs from the management level to
the employee in order to improve the safety management in SMEs.

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Keywords: EFFICACY INDEX, SME,OHSMS, direct cost , indirect cost.


References
[1] Bianchini,A.,Pellegrini,M.,Peta,D.,Saccani,C.,2014. Economic invest evaluation of
investments for workplace safety. Chem. Eng. Trans. 36,
[2] Bocci, VM ,Cimarelli, M.,Dottori,.,Saracino, A., Spadoni, G.,Curcuruto, Guglielmi,
D.Violante, S., 2012. A new model for evaluating Occupational health and safety management
systems (OHSMS). Chem. Eng. Trans. 26, 519–524.
[3] Champoux,D.,Brun,J.-P.,2003.Occupational health and safety management in small size
enterprises: an overview of the situation and avenues for intervention and research. Saf. Sci.41,
301–318.
[4] Hasle,P.,Limborg, H.J., 2006. A review of the literature on preventive occupational
health and safety activities in small enterprises. Ind.
[5] Micheli, G.J.L., Cagno, E., 2010. Dealing with SMEs as a whole in OHS issues:
warnings from empirical evidence.Saf. Sci. 48, 729–733.

*Corresponding author
Dr. S. Sivanesan
Professor & Dean,
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai

ICEEIS – PP 03

VIBRATION ANALYSIS OF DRILLING MACHINE FOR VARIOUS INDUSTRIAL


APPLICATIONS
Vishnu Prakash, S.Kalaiselvam *
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
Unnatural postures and repetitive forceful exertion have been identified as risk factors for
hand/wrist injury problems. These factors may be reduced via design/redesign of the power or
non-power hand tool used. Examples of handle design are common in the literature. Hand tool
mechanisms designed to reduce the risk factors have seldom been studied. In this project the
design and numerical simulations of the vibrations were realized with software UNIGRAPHIX
AND ANSYS respectively. Obtain the values of acceleration of different shapes of hand grip
with respect to different materials. To examine the effect of relative structures on acceleration
distribution under vibration on portable drilling machines.
Keywords: DRILLING, VIBRATION, UNIGRAPHIX, ANSYS
References
[1] Imam dianat, MoeinNedaei(2012): The effect of tool handle shapeo hand performance,
suability and discomfort using masons‘ trowels
[2] Jurajkralik (2010): Through the model analysis, natural frequencies and corresponding
vibration modes of the structures.
[3] Kai Way Li(2013): Ergonomic design and evaluation of wire tying hand tools.

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[4] KarimHamouda et al(2016): investigated about Fingers vibration transmission


performance of vibration reducing gloves.
[5] Si-sand Qu,DanXu,Rui Kang(2013): Analysis of random vibration life of mechanical
parts of actuating cylinder based on the finite element.
[6] Tang Haili, Wu Zhaohua (2012): Examine the effect of relative structure parameter on
stress under random vibration.

*Corresponding author
Dr.S.Kalaiselvam,
Professor & HOD
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai

ICEEIS – PP 04

JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS IN CONSTRUCTION USING BOW TIE ANALYSIS


Kalaivani K, M.Dharmendira kumar *
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
Job- related injuries and fatalities occur every day in the workplace. These injuries often
occur because employees are not trained in the proper job procedure. One way to prevent
workplace injuries is to establish proper job procedures and train all employees in safer and
more efficient work methods. Improve job methods can reduce costs resulting from employee
absenteeism and workers compensation, and can often lead to increased profit. Logical models
for quantifying occupational risk owing to fall from height developed under the bow tie are
presented. First from a qualitative point of view the model helps in identifying the specific
factors that contribute to the risk by outlining the sequence of events that constitute an accident,
starting from the undertaking of an activity by a worker to the final undesirable consequence.
Second, from a quantitative point of view, a logic model allows for the quantitative assessment
of the risk of the particular activity to the workers allowing a rational ordering of the various
activities on the basis of quantified risk rather than on, the potentially misleading, number of
observed accidents. Finally find out the probability of fall occur from the scaffold. And then
suitable safety recommendation given for prevent from the center event.
Key Words: Scaffold
*Corresponding author
Dr.M.Dharmendira kumar
Assistant Professor,
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai

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ICEEIS – PP 05

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND RISK MANAGEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL


EXPOSURE TO NOISE IN TEXTILE INDUSTRY USING GENETIC ALGORITHM
S.Manitha, J.Jayapriya *
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
Increased noise level with the technological advancement becomes a serious problem in the
textile industry and it has become a crucial occupational hazard to its workers. In this paper the
hazards in textile industry have been identified and risk assessment has been done using HIRA.
Noise is found as one of the major hazards in textile industries as large number of machineries
are involved during process and most of the occupations are exposed to a very high level of
noise. As a consequence, practical solutions, ranging from protection aids to acoustic damping
and isolation, have occasionally been employed. These unplanned remedies do not necessarily
aim at higher risk locations. Hence a mathematical model is created in Matlab using Genetic
Algorithm and noise protection system is assigned to each operator with minimum cost. It was
concluded that, the high level of noise associated with each process were reduced to as low as
reasonably practicable (ALARP).
Keyword: Noise exposure; Genetic algorithm;
References
[1] Hamideh Razavi , Ehsan Ramezanifar , Jalal Bagherzadeh, An economic policy for noise
control in industry using genetic algorithm, Safety Science 65 (2014) 79.
[2] Dhruv Katoria1, Dhruv Mehta2, Dhruv Sehgal A Review of Risks to Workers Associated
with Fireworks Industry International Journal of Environmental Engineering and
Management, Volume 4, (2013) 259.
[3] R. SudheerBabu,S. KashifHussain ,Genetic algorithm for active noise control,
International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications ,Vol. 2(2012) 615.
[4] T.S.S.Jayawardana, M.Y.A. Perera, G.H.D.Wijesena, Analysis and control of noise in a
textile factory, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume
4(2014)1.
*Corresponding author
Dr.J.Jayapriya ,
Associate Professor,
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
jayapriyachem@gmail.com, 9962523696

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ICEEIS – PP 06

RISK ASSESSMENT OF WORKERS’ EXPOSURE TO SILICA DUST IN STONE


QUARRY SITES, TAMIL NADU
Priyadharshini P, J.Jayapriya *
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
Silica is a mineral found in sand, stone and soil which is eventually a common component in
industrial activities. Using crusher, driller and cutting equipments in stone, rock, concrete or
other earthy materials can expose workers to hazardous level of airborne silica. The primary
objective of this project is to determine the level of workers' exposure to crystalline silica dust in
stone quarry sites and assess their risk of developing silicosis or other chronic diseases. From the
assessment findings, the study intends to explore the limitations of existing control measures and
recommend appropriate engineering control measures to reduce workers’ exposure to silica dust.
The results showed the exposure level of workers’ in various processes and the hammer drill
process has the more exposure value (26.84± 8.132) to total dust and respirable dust, while the
jaw crusher workers’ had the lowest exposure (14.498±4.8822), both in case of total and
respirable dust. These values are compared with the PELs of OSHA and ACGIH and effective
engineering control measures were recommended with the reduction of 89.7% in hammer drill
process followed by 85.2 % in vibrating screen and 73.2% in jaw crusher process. Therefore
based on cost benefit analysis the future implementation of the engineering control may reduce
the level of total dust in workers’ breathing zone.
Keywords: silicosis; exposure level; respirable dust; Stone quarry;
References:
[1] Farideh GOLBABAEI, Ali BARGHI , Manouchehr SAKHAEI (Feb. 19, 2003)
Evaluation of workers’ exposure to total, Respirable and silica dust and the related health
symptoms in senjedak stone quarry, Iran.
[2] Mohammed Normohammadi, Hossein Kakooei, Leila Omidi, Saeed Yari, Rasul Alimi
(Feb. 9, 2015) have published Risk assessment of exposure to silica dust in building demolition
sites.
[3] Ali Omidianidost, Mehdi Ghasemkhani, Mansour R.Azari, Farideh Golbabaei (May 3,
2015) Assessment of Occupational Exposure to Dust and Crystalline Silica in Foundries.
[4] Mohammed Imani, Hamidroza Heidari, Hoda Rahimifard, Mohsen Mahdinia, Fahimeh
Haseli, Farahnaz Azizi, Sahar Mokhtari (March 22, 2015) Occupational Exposure to Silica dust
and Respiratory Effects in exposed Workers in one of the Ceramic Products Industry.

* Corresponding author
Dr. J. Jayapriya
Associate Professor,
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
jayapriyachem@gmail.com, 9962523696

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ICEEIS – PP 07

SYNTHETISATION OF COAL BY CHEMICAL PROCESSING TO ENHANCE


WORKER’S HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
Thilak Raj A C, R.RajKumar *
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
Coal used as a major raw material in various types of industries needs to face many
challenges during its storage due to its exposure effects. Hence, a study on coal gas and the
effects of coal has been studied. The study is based on the exposure effects of sulphur present in
coal having effects on workers and environment, and to provide it with eco-friendly coal by
reducing its toxicity.
The effects of coal gas on workers and environment were based on various accidents that
occurred in coal storage yard due to gaseous exposure has been studied. Thus, the concentration
of coal has been observed using X-ray fluorescence that shows the gases present in coal. The
toxicity of coal is reduced by autoclaving and various control measures were suggested for
storage of coal.
The concentration of gases present in coal has been observed and implementation of
batch autoclave reactor is done to reduce the toxicity of coal by reducing one of its gaseous
concentrations. Thus, various control measures has been suggested for coal storage.
Keywords: Exposure; X-ray fluorescence; Autoclaving
Reference:
[1] Bruce G. Miller, Clean Coal Technologies for Advanced Power Generation, – Clean Coal
Engineering Technology (Second Edition),(2017) Pages 261–308.
[2] Cheng Chung, Yashwanth Pottimurthy, Mingyuan Xu, Tien-Lin Hsieh, Dikai Xu,Yitao
Zhang, Yu-yen Chen, Pengfei He, Marshall Pickarts, Liang-Shih Fan, Andrew Tong, Fate
of sulphur in coal-direct chemical looping systems, – Applied Energy Vol. 208, (2017)
Pages 678-690.
[3] Ismi Handayan, Yustin Paisal, Syoni soepriyanto, Siti Khodijah Chaerun, Bio-
desulfurization of organic sulphur in tondongkura coal from Indonesia by multi-stage
bioprocess treatments, hydro metallurgy, Vol. 168, (2017) Pages 84-93.
[4] S.Meffe, A.Perkson, O.Trass, Coal beneficiation and organic sulphur removal, fuel,
Volume 75, Issue 1, (1996) Pages 25-30.
*Corresponding author
R.RajKumar
Teaching Fellow,
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
rajkumar.ramakrish@gmail.com

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ICEEIS – PP 08
IMPROVEMENT AND ANALYSIS OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT IN
ENGINEERING INDUSTRY
Yogeshwaran, S.Kalaiselvam *
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
Most of the injuries and fatalities in engineering industry is due to lack of proper personal
protective equipments procedure. In-order to overcome such bottle neck, redesign and
improvement of the personal protective equipments like gloves should be re-modelled. This can
be done by using ANSYS software. Implementation of such progress will minimize the death &
injury status and it will be helpful to improve safety for workers that tend to increase
productivity.
Key words: Bottle neck; ANSYS
References
[1] Siti Hana Nasir, Olga Troynikov (2016)- Influence of hand movement on skin
deformation: A therapeutic glove design.
[2] Xiuwen Sue Dong, Julie A. Largay, a Xuanwen Wang, a Chris Trahan Cain, a Nancy
Romano (2017) - The construction FACE database —codifying the NIOSH FACE
reports by Journal of Safety Research.
[3] Sibel Emir Diltemiz, kei kashara (2012) - 4-Aminophenyl boronic acid modified gold
platforms for influenza diagnosis by Materials Science and Engineering.
[4] Karim Hamouda, Subhash Rakheja a, Pierre Marcotte b, *, K.N. Dewangan (2016) -
Fingers vibration transmission performance of vibration reducing gloves by International
Journal of Industrial Ergonomics.
[5] Hongling Guo, *, K.N. Dewangan (2016) - Visualization technology-based construction
safety management.

*Corresponding author
Dr.S.Kalaiselvam,
Professor & HOD
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai

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ICEEIS – PP 09

SAFETY ANALYSIS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS IN BUILDING


CONSTRUCTION
R.P.Kesavapriya, S.Kalaiselvam*
Department of Applied Science and Technology, A.C.Tech., Anna University, Chennai-600025, India

Abstract

The developing construction business causes various complex Ecological impacts, and effects.
Ozone harming substance (GHG) discharges in the construction stage will be all the more
generally noteworthy after some time. Distinctive development strategies likewise conventional
and prefabrication construction method impact GHG outflows in the development stage. This
examination explores the distinctions of GHG outflows amongst construction and traditional
development strategies. A construction venture and a traditional development venture are utilized
for preparatory examination of the distinctions in GHG emanations. This investigation defines a
figuring limit and five emanation hotspots for the development procedure: exemplified outflows
of building materials, transportation of building materials, transportation of development waste
and soil, transportation of pre-assembled parts, the operation of gear, and development strategies.
A quantitative model is then settled utilizing a process based technique. A prefabrication
construction project and a conventional construction project are employed for preliminary
examination of the differences in GHG emissions. Results demonstrate that the prefabrication
construction strategy creates less GHG outflows contrasted compared to the traditional
development.
Keywords: Ozone harming substance; Construction; Environmental Impacts; Emission.

References:
[1] Yan, H., Shen, Q., Fan, L.C.H., Wang, Y., Zhang, L., 2010. Greenhouse gas emissions in
building construction: a case study of One Peking in Hong Kong. Build. Environ. 45, 949-955.
[2] Mao, C., Shen, Q., Shen, L., Tang, L., 2013. Comparative study of greenhouse gas emissions
between off-site prefabrication and conventional construction methods: two case studies of
residential projects. Energy Build. 66, 165-176.
[3] L. Wang, Calculation of CO2 emission of cement production enterprises, China Cement 11
(2009) 21–22.
[4] A. Andrew, Embodied Energy and CO2 Coefficients for NZ Building Materials, Centre for
Building Performance Research Report, 2003
*corresponding author:
Dr.S.Kalaiselvam,
Professor & HOD
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai

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ICEEIS – PP 10

WASTE UTILIZATION AS AN ALTERNATIVE RESOURCES INVENTORY


Ashok G. Matani1 , S. K. Doifode2 ,
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Amravati, Maharashtra.
2
Department of Chemistry, Government College of Engineering, Amravati
Abstract
Generally, the greater the economic prosperity and the higher percentage of urban population,
the greater the amount of solid waste produced. Reduction in the volume and mass of solid waste
is a crucial issue especially in the light of limited availability of final disposal sites in many parts
of the world. While there is an obvious need to minimize the generation of wastes and to reuse
and recycle them, the technologies for recovery of energy from wastes can play a vital role in
mitigating the problems. Besides recovery of substantial energy, these technologies can lead to a
substantial reduction in the overall waste quantities requiring final disposal, which can be better
managed for safe disposal in a controlled manner while meeting the pollution control standards.
This paper highlights the various sources of industrial wastes and its consequences on
environment degradation. This paper also highlights latest developments in utilization of waste
management software in different parts of the world
Keywords: Ozone layer, Molecular thermoelectric devices, combined heat and power plants
decentralized plants based on biomass.
References:
[1] Anil Ohri, Jyoti Ohri, Role of Information Technology in Energy Management,
Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2007,
WCECS 2007, October 24-26, 2007, San Francisco, USA, 2007, 12-17.
[2] Baines, T., Brown, S., Benedettini, O., & Ball, P. , Examining green production and its
role within the competitive strategy of manufacturers, J. of Ind Eng and Manage, 5(1),
2012, 53-87
[3] Chertow, Marian R. , Uncovering Industrial Symbiosis, J of Ind Ecology, 11(1), 209, :
12-19.
[4] Corbett, C.J., & Klassen, R.D. ,Extending the horizons: Environmental excellence as key
to improving operations. Manufacturing & Service Operations Manage, 8(1), 2012, 5-22.

*Corresponding Author
Dr. Ashok G. Matani,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Government College of Engineering, Amravati, Maharashtra.
dragmatani@gmail.com

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ICEEIS – PP 11

SAFETY ANALYSIS OF DUST EXPLOSION IN COAL UTILIZING INDUSTRY


Ruban Richard, S.Kalaiselvam *
Department of Applied Science & Technology, Anna University, Chennai-600025, India
ABSTRACT

Dust explosion is one of the serious problems in the process industries because of
its serious impact. This examination gives awareness about the dust explosion and the
properties about the parameters of the dust explosion. Here, we predominantly focused on
the coal utilizing industry. The standard strategy for finding the hazard performed
utilizing the process hazard analysis (PHA). The seriousness and outcome of the coal tidy
blast computed utilizing the explosion severity and ignition sensitivity. Further, the
recommendations are given to the decrease the effect or seriousness, for example such as
explosion isolation and explosion suppression systems. In addition to that, further
suggestions are given based on the standard methods.
Keywords: Explosion; Severity;

Reference:

[1]Amin N. Alameddin and Steven J. Luzik. -Coal Dust Explosions in the Cement
Industry 217-233.
[2] Jérôme TAVEAU - Dust explosion propagation and isolation. (2017), Pg.320–
330.
[3] Manju mittal - Limiting oxygen concentration for coal dusts for explosion
hazard analysis and safety. (2016), Pg. 1106-1112.
[4] Weiguo Cao, Qingfeng Qin, Wei Cao , Yanhua Lana, Teng Chen, Sen Xu , Xiong
Cao -Experimental and numerical studies on the explosion severities of
coal dust/air mixtures in a 20-L spherical vessel. (2017), Pg.17–23.
[5] Zhentang Liu , Song Lin , Songshan Zhang , Enyuan Wang , Guanhua Liu, -
Observation of microscopic characteristics of post-explosion coal dust samples.
(2016), Pg.378-384

*Corresponding author
Dr.S.Kalaiselvam, HOD,
DAST, A.C.Tech,
Anna University, Chennai

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ICEEIS – PP 12

AVOIDING BOILER TUBE FAILURES IN THERMAL POWER PLANTS TOWARDS


ENHANCED PLANT SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION
S. K. Doifode1, Ashok G. Matani2 , ,
1
Department of Chemistry, Government College of Engineering, Amravati
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Amravati, Maharashtra.
Abstract
Boilers are important processes in chemical and refinery industries:  they are normally operated
for an extended period of time, leading to (water / steam) tube leaks because of aging and
corrosion. To maintain production in normal and safe conditions, detecting the possible boiler
leaks in time is crucial. In the modern increasing competitive environment, an efficient
operating criterion for pulverised coal fired furnace is vital for the future of thermal power
station. Thermal power plants contribute about 75% to all India installed capacity of electric
power generating stations. In worldwide energy sector, total 37% of electricity is produced by
combusting coal. In the thermal power station, the boiler performance is a backbone for power
production. With ever increasing demand for electricity, it is very necessary for the power plants
to generate electricity without forced outages. The power plants are facing the problem of boiler
tube leakage and it is more critical when they are running on full load. It becomes one of the
critical reasons among numerous reasons of the energy crisis. Boiler tube failures might lead to
more serious problem, if left uncorrected. Managing boiler tube failures can help reducing forced
outages and thus improve plant availability and reliability. Plants which implement an effective
tube failure prevention program can minimize the risk of failures. This paper highlights the
importance of boiler tube leakage on the performance of the thermal power plant. This paper also
suggests various controlling mechanisms towards enhancing energy efficiency in thermal power
plants.
Keywords: Stress rupture, Fire side corrosion, Corrosion fatigue failures, Soot blower erosion,
Material defect and weld defects.
References:
[1] Anil Ohri, Jyoti Ohri, Role of Information Technology in Energy Management,
Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2007, WCECS
2007, October 24-26, 2007, San Francisco, USA, 12-17.
[2] Baines, T., Brown, S., Benedettini, O., & Ball, P. , Examining green production and its
role within the competitive strategy of manufacturers, J. of Ind Eng and Manage, 5(1), 2012, 53-
87
[3] Dhussa A.K., and Varshney, A.K. , Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste -
Potential and Possibilities, Bio Energy News, 4(2), 2009, 7-10.
[4] Gunasegarane, G.S. ,Energy from Dairy Waste, Bio Energy News, 6(3), 210, 26-29.
[5] Heeres, R., R., Vermeulen, W.J.V. Og de Walle, F.B., Eco-industrial park initiatives in
the USA and the Netherlands: first lessons, J of Cleaner Production, 12(3), 2004, 985–995
[6] Jacobsen, Noel Brings, Industrial Symbiosis in Kalundborg, Denmark - A Quantitative
Assessment of Economic and Environmental Aspects, J of Ind Ecology, 10(1), 2006, 21-29.

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POSTER PRESENTATION

Session Chair:

Dr.M.Palanivel
Associate Professor,
Department of Environmental Science,
PSG College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore

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ICEEIS – PP 13

MICROPLASTICS CONTAMINATION AND ANALYSIS: A REVIEW


M.Rinisha Kartheeshwari *, R.Saraswathi
Department of Civil Engineering, Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, India.
Abstract
Microplastics present challenges and oppurtunities to societies regardless of their sustainability.
In this paper, recent progress in concentrating over microplastic contamination and analysis is
reviewed. A special emphasis is paid on sources including Cosmetics, Clothing and Industrial
processes which occupies a great percentage of our daily single life-cycle microplastic products.
The major classifications that exists are the primary and the Secondary microplastics, and are
found to be exists in this environment at high levels, especially in aquatic and marine
ecosystems. Also, Microplastics are heterogenous due to their composition and
characteristics[3]. Microplastics, Since their size is < 5 mm in dia [1], they could easily penetrate
into the food chain, potentially causing serious harm to organism[2]. Currently ATR-FTIR
spectroscopy and Micro ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy are the tools for Chemical identification of the
microplastics. The recent investigations confirm the presence of microplastics in sewage[4] ,
freshwater, atmospheric fallouts and provide knowledge on the type, size distribution and the
contamination rate. Currently, Microplastics are significant global geochemical reservoir for the
organic pollutants which are persistant such as PCBs, Dioxines and DDT which are available in
oceans. Moreover Microplastics play an important role as chemical reservoirs even in small
scale. This paper gives a overview regarding the Morphological behaviour, Sampling and
Analyzing methodologies, and complete scenario of procrastinated contamination of
Microplastics.
Keywords : Microplastics; Contamination; Ecosystems; Spectroscopy; Organic pollutants
References:
[1] S. Surthy, E.V. Ramasamy, Microplastic pollution in Vembanad Lake, Kerala, India: The
first report of microplastics in lake and estuarine sediments in India, Environmental Pollution
(Elsevier), 222 (2017) 315.
[2] Steve A.Carr, Jin Liu, Arnold G. Tesoro, Transport and fate of Microplastic particles in
Waste water treatment plants, Water Research (Elsevier), 91 (2016) 174.
[3] Valeria Hidalgo-Ruz, Lars Gutow, Richard C. Thompson, Martin Thiel, Microplastics in the
Marine Environment: A Review of the Methods Used for Identification and Quantification,
Environmental Science and Technology (ACS), 46 (2012) 3060.
[4] Gerd Liebezeit, Fatehi Dubaish, Microplastics in Beaches of the East Frisian Islands
Spiekeroog and Kachelotplate, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
(Researchgate), 89 (2012) 213.
*Corresponding Author
M.Rinisha Kartheeshwari
Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore-14.
mrinisha94@gmail.com, 9585657091

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ICEEIS – PP 14

OVERVIEW OF RISK ASSESMENT STRATEGIES UNDERGONE IN DIFFERENT


INDUSTRIES
Saifullah Baig.A
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
Abstract
An analysis of risk has been asesed with the overview analysed by industries including
Mechanical,Chemical,Oil and Gas,Construction and demolition,Textile and other industries
concerned with the environment.Risk assesment has been formulated in a technically advanced
and simpler way.OH&S standards has been followed and proceedings has been undergone as per
its formulation.This paperdescribes various risk matrices in different industries with different
level of recommended standards as per international standardisation.An innovative risk analysis
model has been developed inorder to quantify and analyse the safety risk factors which are to be
considered in industries for the ensurement of occupational health and safety as well as the
reliability identity of the industry in the market scenario.
Keywords: Risk Assesment,Reliability,Severity,Risk management,Participatory marking.
*Corresponding Author
Saifullah Baig.A
Department of Applied Science and Technology, AC Tech,
Anna University, Chennai
saifmusics.org@gmail.com

ICEEIS – PP 15

PLASTICS WASTAGE UTILIZATION IN ROAD CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES


TOWARDS ENHANCED ROAD QUALITY AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION
Ashok G. Matani1 , S. K. Doifode2 ,
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Amravati, Maharashtra.
2
Department of Chemistry, Government College of Engineering, Amravati
Abstract
New methods of pavement design are being developed to improve the performance of roads.
New materials are being used to replace the old ones to improve the durability, strength,
aesthetics and economy. One of the promising ways is to use plastics in bituminous road
construction industry. Today, the availability of the waste plastics is enormous, as the plastic
materials have become part and parcel of daily life. If not recycled, their present disposal is
either by land filling or by incineration. Both these processes have certain impact on the
environment. Under this circumstance, an alternate use for the waste plastics is the need of the
hour. This paper highlights latest developments in various methods of disposal of plastic waste in
construction of roads.
Keywords: Bituminous road construction, land filling, incineration, biomedical plastic wastes

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References :
[1] Baines, T., Brown, S., Benedettini, O., & Ball, P. , Examining green production and its
role within the competitive strategy of manufacturers, J. of Ind Eng and Manage, 5(1),
2012, 53-87
[2] Chertow, Marian R. 2007. Uncovering Industrial Symbiosis, J of Ind Ecology, 11(1): 12-
19.
[3] Lu N, Zhou S.Gui, Zhuang L, Zhang J.-Tao, Ni J.Ren, Electricity generation from starch
processing wastewater using microbial fuel cell technology, Biochemical Eng J, 43(2),
2009, 246-251.
[4] [4] M. Azizul Moqsud, Kiyoshi Omine, Noriyuki Yasufuku, Masayuki Hyodo, Yukio
Nakata 2013. Microbial fuel cell (MFC) for bioelectricity generation from organic
wastes, Waste Manage , 33(11), 2013, 2465–2469
[5] Washington Logroño , Geovany Ramírez. Celso Recalde. Magdy Echeverría Ana
Cunachi 2015. Bioelectricity Generation from Vegetables and Fruits Wastes by Using
Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells with High Andean Soils, Energy Procedia , 75(8)
,2014, 13-20.

ICEEIS – PP 16

SCREENING OF FILAMENTOUS NITROGEN FIXING CYANOBACTERIA FOR


BIODIESEL PRODUCTION
Lokapriya. D1, Aishwarya. T1, Subasree. S1,Vardhini. A1 and Senthil Nagappan. A2*
1 rd
3 Year B.Tech student, Department of Biotechnology, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering (Autonomous),
Sriperumbudur Tk - 602 117, Tamil Nadu, India
2*
Assistant Professor, Department of Biotechnology, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering (Autonomous),
Sriperumbudur Tk - 602 117, Tamil Nadu, India
Abstract
Microalgae are potential source of biofuel due to high lipid content and growth rate. Blue green
algae, also called as cyanobacteria, are group of prokaryotic microalgae, in which some of the
species can fix nitrogen. This property can be advantage for mass cultivation for fuel purposes
since cost incurring nitrogen supplements can be avoided. In this scenario, screening of 14
cyanobacteria comprising Nostoc, Anabaena, Westeillopsis and Tolypotrix genera were screened
for lipid content and growth rate. Nostoc sp. G25 with 15.7 % lipid content and 0.39 µ day-1
specific growth rate was identified as potential nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria for biodiesel
production.
Keywords
Cyanobacteria; blue green microalgae; lipid; Nostoc; bioidesel
References:
[1] N.H. Norsker, M.J.Barbosa, R.H.Wijffels, Microalgal production—a close look at the
economics. Biotech. Adv. 29 (2011) 24.

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[2] I.L.Olmstead, D.R.Hill, Dias, G.J.Martin, A quantitative analysis of microalgal lipids for
optimization of biodiesel and omega‐3 production, Biotech. Bioeng. 38 (2013) 76.

* Corresponding author
Dr. A.Senthil Nagappan
Department of Biotechnology,
Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Sriperumpudur - 602117
nagabio84@gmail.com
Mobile No: 08015068195

ICEEIS – PP 17

THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN DEPRIVATION ON LIPID AND OTHER


BIOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF FOUR MICROALGAE: A BIO-REFINERY
PERSPECTIVE
Sruthi. R1, Mahalakshmi. V1, Suvedha. K1and Senthil Nagappan, A*2
1 rd
3 Year B.Tech student, Department of Biotechnology, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering (Autonomous),
Sriperumbudur Tk - 602 117, Tamil Nadu, India
*2
Assistant Professor, Department of Biotechnology, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering (Autonomous),
Sriperumbudur Tk - 602 117, Tamil Nadu, India
Abstract
The biodiesel from microalgae is a promising renewable fuel. But it is currently hindered
by high production cost. The bio-refinery approach is a possible solution to overcome this
problem. In the present study, the effects of nitrogen deprivation on biochemical properties of
four microalgal species were studied. It was observed that lipid and carbohydrate content
increased on day 20 of nitrogen deprivation in all the four species. The highest increase in lipid
content was observed for nitrogen deprived Desmodemsus sp. MCC34, while carbohydrate
increased a maximum of 1.5 times in nitrogen deprived D. tertiolecta. Apart from these
components, substantial amount of protein, chlorophyll and carotenoids were also found at end
of 20th day of nitrogen deprivation in all algae. This study suggests that along with biodiesel
production, the nitrogen deprived microalgal biomass can be valorised by co-producing
carbohydrate, protein and carotenoids.
Keywords:
Microalgae; biodiesel; biorefinery; lipid; carbohydrate
References:
[1] N.H. Norsker, M.J.Barbosa, R.H.Wijffels, Microalgal production—a close look at the
economics. Biotech. Adv. 29 (2011) 24.
[2] I.L.Olmstead, D.R.Hill, Dias, G.J.Martin, A quantitative analysis of microalgal lipids for
optimization of biodiesel and omega‐3 production, Biotech. Bioeng. 38 (2013) 76.

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Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Dr. A.Senthil Nagappan
Department of Biotechnology,
Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Sriperumpudur - 602117
nagabio84@gmail.com
Mobile No:08015068195

ICEEIS – PP 18

A FEASIBILITY STUDY ON ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF FOUNDRY


INDUSTRY
Muthukumaran R*1, Nithya M2, G.K.Arunvivek2, A.K.Priya2, R.Saravanakumar2
1
Industrial Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Anna University Regional campus, Coimbatore.
2
Department of Civil Engineering, KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore
Abstract
Foundries are the backbone of modern metallurgical industry. The Indian foundry industry
manufactures metal cast components for wide range applications in automotives, machine tools,
sanitary pipe fittings, defence, aerospace, pumps / valves, etc. Approximately 1500 units are
having International Quality Accreditation in India employing a total manpower of 5,00,000
directly and 150,00,00 indirectly. The foundry activities involve melting processes, development
of alloys and casting in different forms based on the request. The main factors having a
devastating impact on environment are gas and dust pollution from metallurgical processes,
moulding which includes core sand preparation processes and core making processes, heat
treatment process, fettling and cleaning process. As the foundry sector is highly labour intensive,
it is imperative to assess the environmental impact of pollution due to casting process in foundry
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industry. This article provides an overview of sources and characteristics of pollutants/waste


generated through various activities carried out in metal casting process which degrades the
human health and environment. The article also elaborates the assorted waste management
options (listed below) in foundry industry to eradicate environmental degradation; (a) regulatory
framework, (b) alteration in product/raw material (c) recycling/reuse (d) improving process
control/treatment methods.
Keywords: Foundry, environment, pollutant, waste management
References:
[1] M.Maj, J.Werrtz, J.Pieklo, Environmental protection versus foundry engineering practice,
Arch. of Foundry engg., 17 (2017) 202.
[2] D.Cirtina, N.Ionescu, L.M.Critina, Environmental impact assessment related to
metallurgical industrial activities, Metalurgija, 55 (2016) 481.
[3] N.Sehic-Music, S.Goletic, D.Pihura, Effects of foundry industry on the environment,
Metalurgija, 52 (2013) 533.

* Corresponding author
Name : R.Muthukumaran
3/353-E, Srinagar, Pattanam, Coimbatore
muthufs25@gmail.com, Mobile No: 7339545056.

ICEEIS – PP 19

REFUSE DERIVED FUEL - A REVIEW


Siva abirami.A and Senthilkumar.G
Department of Civil Engineering,Annamalai University,Chidambaram
Abstract
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) presently throws a formidable challenge to urban planners due to
its magnitude and because of its heterogeneity. Almost all the developing nations and major
cities in the world are facing the problem of waste management due to ever increasing quantity
and the dynamic nature of waste characteristics. Even among the developed nations the cost
involved in handling, transport, processing and ultimate disposal of waste is high. The options
for recycling the biodegradable portion of waste and using other recyclables for energy
generation are continuously being explored to achieve sustainable waste management. Open
dumping / Land-filling is one of the most common disposal methods for MSW in India. Existing
dump sites in India are filled up and overflowing due to the ever increasing waste generation
complimented by growth of economy, industries and population. Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF)
offers a solution for this alarming problem, as the waste consists of wide range of combustible
matter most of which have higher calorific values. As the studies related waste to energy is not
covered comprehensively, this paper explores the present status of RDF, options and techniques
available for possible use of waste as a source of energy and discusses the suitability of waste,
manufacturing, characteristics of RDF and it use.
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Keywords: Municipal Solid Waste; Refuse Derived Fuel; Sustainable Waste Management;
Landfilling; Calorific value.
References:
[1] Ganesh Thirugnanam, Vignesh Pragasam, Refuse Derived Fuel to Electricity, Research
Gate,September( 2013)
[2] Eva Thorin, Emilia Den Boer,olga Belous,Han Song,Waste To Energy-AReview,ICAE
(2012)
[3] Isabel Bras,Maria Elisabete Silva,Germana Lobo,Ana Corderio,Miguel Faria,Luis
Teixeria de Lemons, Refuse Derived Fuel From Municipal Solid Waste Rejected
Fractions-a Case Study,INFUB-11 energy Procedia 120(2017)349

*Corresponding Author
Siva abirami.A
Department of Civil Engineering,Annamalai University,Chidambaram
sivaabiramice@gmail.com, 8682063258
.
ICEEIS – PP 20

ONSITE BIOREMEDIATION FOR VIRAGANUR REGULATOR


S.Ezhilarasi1,.S.Chandran2
1
PG Student, Department of Civil Engineering, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai.
2
Professor,` Department of Civil Engineering, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai.
Abstract
Water is a limiting resource, and the pressure exerted on surface and groundwater resources
should be reduced or at best maintained, rather than increased, as the human population and
industrial development increase. Water recycling and reuse is thus of increasing importance, not
only in arid regions but also in cities and contaminated environments. When used water is
eventually discharged back into natural water sources, it can still have benefits to ecosystems,
improving stream flow, nourishing plant life and recharging aquifers, as part of the natural water
cycle. Wastewater reuse is a long established practice used for irrigation, especially
in arid countries. This can reduce demand and alleviate pressures on groundwater and other
natural water bodies. In developing countries, agriculture is increasingly using untreated
wastewater for irrigation - often in an unsafe manner. Cities provide lucrative markets for fresh
produce, so are attractive to farmers. In Countries like India, disposal of waste water is not
properly organized and there is no stringent rule for eliminating or minimizing the ill effects of
the disposal of waste water into rivers. The study is based selecting significant contaminated site
from a city as the study area and accessing feasibilities of adapting cost effective treatment
technologies like Bioremediation. Further study is proposed to be done to gain better insight
about the adoption of suitable reuse options of the waste water from the study area.
Keywords: Bioremediation, lucrative markets, arid regions, aquifers etc,

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*Corresponding Author
S.Chandran
Professor
Department of Civil Engineering,
Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai.
Email id : ezhil.tce@gmail.com', 7010524401

ICEEIS – PP 21

SYNTHESIS OF SOLAR ENERGY HARNESSING MATERIALS (PURE AND Zn, Cd


AND Ni DOPED SnO2 NANOMATERIALS) AND ITS ELECTRICAL STUDIES
S.Chitra, S.Titus and M.Merlin
Department of Chemistry Jeppiaar Engineering College, Chennai
Abstract
Greenhouse gas emissions and the demand for the fossil fuels have been reduced by using
renewable sources of energy (hydropower, geothermal, wind, and solar). Sun is the ultimate
source for all of the energy sources and fuels that we use today. People have been using the
sun’s rays to dry meat, fruit and grains. People now use many different technologies for
collecting and converting solar radiation into useful heat energy and to convert it into electricity
for a variety of purposes. The main limitations of solar energy are the amount of sunlight that
arrives at the earth's surface is not constant and the amount of sunlight reaching a square foot of
the earth's surface is relatively small, so a large surface area is necessary to absorb or collect a
useful amount of energy. Nanostructure based solar cell can be explained as a method of
increasing surface area and increasing the photon capture which, in this case, is a multiple nano-
solar cells. The result is a capability to increase the aggregate energy conversion efficiency
significantly more than conventional solar cell. In recent years SnO2 has attracted a lot of
interests because of its outstanding electrical, optical and electro-chemical properties of SnO2
enable applications in solar cells, catalytic support materials, transparent electrodes, and solid
state chemical sensors. In the present investigation, a simple microwave irradiated solvo-thermal
(MIS) method was used to synthesize highly stable un-doped and 5 mole % of Zn, Cd and Ni
doped SnO2 nanomaterials. Nanomaterials show the pronounced electrical property due to the
variation in the size. The variation of electrical properties of Pure and Zn2+, Ni2+, Cd2+
introduced as dopants in the SnO2 lattice with respect to temperature is discussed in this present
study. The dielectric constant (εr), dielectric loss factor (tanδ) and AC electrical conductivity
(σac) values were determined for pure and doped SnO2 samples at various temperatures ranging
from 30 to 150°C at constant fixed frequency 1 kHz. In the electrical studies with increasing
temperature, the DC conductivity of Cd2+ doped SnO2 nanomaterials was found to be higher than
other doped SnO2 nanomaterials. It revealed that the electrical parameters of Cd2+ doped SnO2
nanomaterials were found to be higher than the other doped SnO2 nanomaterials.

Keywords: SnO2 nanomaterials; Microwave irradiated solvothermal technique; Dielectric


constant (εr); Dielectric loss factor (tanδ); AC electrical analysis.

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References:
[1] Y. Wang, I. Ramos, JJ. Santiago-Aviles, ‘Synthesis of ultra-fine porous tin oxide fibres
and its process characterization’, Nanotechnology, 18 (2007) 295601.
[2] A. Dieguez, A. Romano-Rodriguez, J.R. Morante, U. Weimar, M. Schweizer-Berberich,
W. Gopel, Morphological analysis of nanocrystalline SnO2 for gas sensor applications, sens.
Actuators B: Chem. 31 (1996), 1.
[3] N. Kudo, Y. Shimazaki, H. Ohkita, M. Ohoka, S. Ito, Organic-inorganic hybrid solar
cellsbased on conducting polymer and SnO2 nanoparticles chemically modified with a fullerene
derivative, Solar Energy Materials Solar cells 91 (2007), 1243.
[4] J. Tauc, R. Grigorovici, A. Vancu, Optical properties and electronic structure of
amorphous Germanium, Phys. Status Solidib, 15 (1966), 627.
* Corresponding author
Dr. S. Chitra
Jeppiaar Engineering College, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Chennai
chitrachemjpr@gmail.com, 9003025980

ICEEIS – PP 22

AN REVIEW ON CERAMIC WELDING BY FRICTION WELDING PROCESS


N.Panneerselvam*1, T.Sekar2
1
Dhirajlal Gandhi College of Technology, Salem, Tamilnadu.
2
Thanthai Periyar Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamilnadu.
Abstract
The initial method of ceramic welding is, a mixture of ceramic and metallic particles is projected
with oxygen onto a hot refractory state. The exothermic reaction at the point of impact melts the
projected powder and the refractory surface creating a ceramic bond. The bond strength of
ceramic welding gives structural integrity to the original brickwork. This type of Ceramic
Welding is used to solve a range of coke oven refractory problems including cracks, spalls,
undercuts, joints, leaks from the chamber into the flue, roofs and charge holes. Also a Bead-on-
plate (BOP) technique was used to weld steel plates with high temperature ceramic fiber
insulating board. A post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) is required to improve the mechanical
properties. The effect of friction welding also can be performed by using of simulation
process to obtain the results of the temperature distribution, pressure distribution and
deformation distribution that takes place during the process. This paper mainly focused on the
various challenges involved in ceramic welding, alternate solutions and methods for
improvement. Also this paper investigates the effects of various influencing parameters on
welding strength and quality.
Keywords: Ceramic welding; Friction welding; Cracks; Bead-on-plate (BOP); post-weld heat
treatment (PWHT).
*Corresponding Author
N.Panneerselvam
Dhirajlal Gandhi College of Technology, Salem, Tamilnadu.
mechselvam1977@gmail.com
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ICEEIS – PP 23
CFD ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF CI ENGINE USING
HYDROGEN WITH DIESEL
B.Priyanca1, M.Dharmendirakumar2 and C. Jayakumar2*
1
Department of Chemical Engineering,
2
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Alagappa College of Technology,
Anna University, Chennai, India
Abstract
Hydrogen is being considered as a primary automotive fuel and as a replacement for
conventional fuels. Some of the desirable properties of like high flame velocity, high calorific
value motivates us to use an engine fuel. Most of the combustion features of hydrogen make it a
good fuel for internal combustion engines. A computational model is also being developed and
computational fluid dynamic analysis has carried out by using STAR -CD .The mixing
parameters like fluid flow , mixing , turbulence and back pressure was analyzed using CFD
.Obtained from the theoretical analysis are used to make necessary modifications in the engine .
To prevent the back fire of the flame after the combustion is over from the engine combustion
two safety devices will be installed in the system. One is plate type flame trapper and the other
one is water based flame arrester. Both of them are connected in series order to prevent backfire
.The experimental investigation is going on a single cylinder 4-S diesel engine, with hydrogen as
a fuel. Hydrogen is kept in a cylinder and is inducted by varying the quantity using pressure
regulator and a volume flow meter specially made for these purposes. The induction to the
engine is a small modification to the intake manifold through which the hydrogen is mixed with
inlet air to the engine. Combustion performance and emission parameters will be recorded and
analyzed at various flow rates of hydrogen.
Keywords: CI Engine, Hydrogen, CFD Analysis, Diesel, Combustion Performance, Emission
parameters.
*Corresponding Author
C. Jayakumar
Teaching Fellow
Department of Applied Science and Technology,
AC Tech, Anna University, Chennai
c_jayakumar73@yahoo.com

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ICEEIS – PP 24

VAPOUR PHASE AROMATIC SIDE CHAIN ALKYLATION OVER CSY ZEOLITES


*G.Vivekanandan1, B.Viswanathan2 and S.Sivasanker2
1
Department of Chemistry, AVC College(autonomous),Mannampandal,Mayiladuthurai,Tamilnadu,India,
2
National Centre for Catalysis Research(NCCR), Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology(IIT),
Madras,Tamilnadu,India
Abstract
The alkylation, described in this investigation, is the substitution of a hydrogen atom bonded to
the carbon atom of an aromatic ring, by an alkyl group. Electrophilic alkylation of aromatics can
be carried out often over the acidic zeolites using olefins, alcohols or the halogenated
hydrocarbons. Environmental concerns associated with the mineral acid catalysts have
encouraged the process changes and the development of solid based alkylation processes. The
intricate and unique structure of zeolites and the zeolite materials having potential active sites are
exploited widely in various commercial processes in chemical industries. The present
investigation, involves in carrying out the vapour phase side chain alkylations of the
mesitylene(symmetrical trimethylbenzene or the 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene) and the
pseudocumene(1,2,4-trimethylbenzene) with methanol in the 1:4 ratio over the CsY zeolite,
obtained by the ion-exchange method (using 0.5N aqueous solution of caesium nitrate) duly
dried,calcined and characterized, in a fixed bed vertical flow stainless steel reactor, at
atmospheric pressure in the temperatures of 450oC, 470oC and 490oC with a WHSV of 1.The
liquid products were analysed using a gas chromatograph(GC). Before carrying out the catalytic
transformations, the CsY catalyst was initially calcined at 450oC in a stream of nitrogen for 6h.
All reactions were performed in nitrogen atmosphere(20 ml/min.)
Keywords: Alkylation ; Zeolites; Mesitylene;Pseudocumene; WHSV ; GC
References:
[1] B.Viswanathan and Bindhu Jacob,” Alkylation,hydrogenation and oxidation catalysed by
mesoporous materials,” Catal.Rev.Sci & Engg., Alexis T.Bell, Kamil Klier(Eds.)., 47(1) (2005)
1-82
[2] K.Johnson, B.Viswanathan and T.K.Varatharajan,” Recent advances in basic and applied
aspects of Industrial catalysis”, Stud. Surf. Sci. & Catal., T.S.R. Prasada Rao ,
G.Muralidhar(Eds.), 113 ( 1998) 223-240
[3] G.Vivekanandan and S.Sivasanker,” Aromatic Side Chain Alkylation”, 19th National
symposium on Catalysis on” Catalysis for Sustainable energy and Chemicals”, National
Chemical Laboratory(NCL), Pune, January 18-21 (2009)
[4]S.S. Liu, C.S. Yin, S.X. Cai , Z.L. Li,” Structural vector description and estimation of normal
boiling points for 66 aromatic hydrocarbons”, Chinese Chemical Letters, 11(12) (2000) 1089-
1092

*Corresponding Author
G.Vivekanandan
PG and Research
Department of Chemistry,AVC College(autonomous),
Mannampandal 609305,Mayiladuthurai,Tamilnadu,India,
vavamirtha@gmail.com , 9443388162

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ICEEIS – PP 25

INTERLEAVED BOOST CONVERTER WITH VOLTAGE MULTIPLIER FOR


PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM
P.Getzial Anbu Mani*, A.K.Parvathy
Department of EEE, Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science University, Chennai
Abstract
Nowadays, high step-up DC-DC converters are used in the renewable energy system for
achieving better performance. Boost converters produces high outputs for low inputs. The
advantages of these type converters are low input current ripple, low conduction losses, high
efficiency and low voltage stress across switches. These converters output voltage can be
regulated by adjusting the duty cycle of switches. In this paper a comparative study of
conventional boost converter, interleaved boost converter, and interleaved converter with voltage
multiplier has been carried out by both simulation using MATLAB/simulink and mathematical
analysis.
Keywords: Boost converter, high gain, interleaved converter with voltage multiplier module,
renewable energy system.
References:
[1] Kuo-Ching Tseng , Chi-Chih Huang “High Step-Up High-Efficiency Interleaved Converter
with Voltage Multiplier Module for Renewable Energy System” IEEE transactions on
industrial electronics, vol. 61, no. 3, March.
[2]R. Puviarasi, Dr..D.Dhanasekaran, V.Prabhakaran “A Comparative Analysis of High Step up
DC-DC Boost Converters” International Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and
Development Issue 4, Vol.2 (March 2014).
[3] Mounica Ganta1, Pallam reddy Nirupa, Thimmadi Akshitha, Dr.R.Seyezhai “Simple And
Efficient Implementation Of Two-Phase Interleaved Boost Converter For Renewable Energy
Source” International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering (ISSN 2250-
2459, Volume 2,
(April 2012)
[4] J.S.Anu Rahavi, T.Kanagapriya, Dr.R.Seyezhai, “Design and Analysis of Interleaved Boost
Converter for Renewable Energy Source” 2012 International Conference on Computing,
Electronics and Electrical Technologies [ICCEET].
[5]C.H Sravan, D.Narashimharao “Interleaved Boost Converter with ZVT for Grid
Connected PV System” International Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and
Development,Vol.2,March 2012.

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Graphical Abstract

Simulated output voltage forInterleaved Converter with Voltage Multiplier

* Corresponding author
P.Getzial Anbu Mani
Department of EEE,
Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science University, Chennai
getzialam@hindustanuniv.ac.in, 8675367918

ICEEIS – PP 26

SIMULTANEOUS TREATMENT AND BIOFUEL PRODUCTION OF GARCINIA


CAMBOGIA SPENT WASH USING CYANOBACTERIA
R.Ravikumar*, B.V.Ranganathan
Bioenergy Research Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology,
Sathyamangalam
Abstract
Garcinia cambogia, a Malabar tamarind is a tropical fruit and popularly used as a weight-loss
supplement. The active ingredient Hydroxy citric acid present in this fruit is said to boost fat
burning and hence helps in weight loss. The active ingredient is extracted in the form of Calcium
or Sodium salts using water as the main extracting solvent. The water used in extraction of this
component is huge and after extraction, the spent wash water is left to the environment as such.
This wash water could be a good source for Cyanobacterial/ Microalgal species for its growth
and the cultivated microbial species can be used for lipid extraction which could be a fructified
way of treating spent wash water with simultaneous biofuel production using extracted lipid. In
the present study, four Cyanobacterial/ Microalgal species were isolated from the wash water
released site and the growth characteristics were analyzed. Among the four species, the algal
isolate 2 showed higher growth and higher treatment efficiency of 87 % compared to other algal
isolates and further it will be characterized for its identification and biofuel production.
Keywords: Garcinia cambogia; spent wash water; Cyanobacteria; Microalgae

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References:
[1] N. Abdel-raouf, A. A. Al-homaidan, I. B. M. Ibraheem, Microalgae and wastewater
treatment, Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 19 (2012) 257
[2] S. Cho, N. Lee, S. park, J. Yu, T. T. Luong, Y. K. Oh, T. Lee, Microalgae cultivation for
bioenergy production using wastewaters from a municipal WWTP as nutritional sources.
Bioresour Technol, 131 (2013) 515.
Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
R.Ravikumar
Professor & Head
Department of Biotechnology,
Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam
ravichembit@gmail.com., 9942247257

ICEEIS – PP 27

MAGNETIC IRON OXIDE INCORPORATED COVALENT ORGANIC POLYMER AS


A CATALYST FOR CYCLIC CARBONATE SYNTHESIS
Pillaiyar Puthiaraj, Seenu Ravi, Wha-Seung Ahn*
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Inha University, Incheon, South Korea
Abstract
Covalent organic polymers are an important class of nanoporous materials that are attracting
increased attention owing to their potential applications in gas adsorption/separation and
catalysis [1]. These materials possess many advantages compared with conventional zeolites and
metal organic frameworks, such as easy synthesis, high surface area, low density, and high
chemical stability in both aqueous and organic environment. In addition, incorporation of
nitrogen functionality on the surface of the polymer matrices can improve the support capacity
for holding metal NPs [2]. In this work, a uniformly dispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles supported on
covalent organic polymer was synthesized and used as magnetically separable catalyst for cyclic
carbonate synthesis via cycloaddition reaction of CO2 and epoxide. The catalytic activity for the
cycloaddition reaction by the covalent organic polymer was promoted by the introduction of
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Fe3O4, and at the same time the catalysts could be was separated using magnetic field. The
catalyst stability was confirmed by hot-filtering and recycling tests. The plausible mechanistic
pathway of the cycloaddition reaction with Fe3O4 supported covalent organic polymer was also
proposed.
Keywords: Covalent organic polymer; iron oxide, nanoparticles; cycloaddition; carbon dioxide.
References:
[1] P. Puthiaraj, S.-M. Cho, Y.-R. Lee, W.-S. Ahn, Microporous covalent triazine polymers:
efficient Friedel–Crafts synthesis and adsorption/storage of CO2 and CH4, J. Mater. Chem. A, (3)
2015 6792.
[2] P. Puthiaraj, K. Pitchumani, Palladium nanoparticles supported on triazine functionalised
mesoporous covalent organic polymers as efficient catalysts for Mizoroki–Heck cross coupling
reaction, Green Chem., 16 (2014) 4223.
Graphical Abstract

* Corresponding author
Wha-Seung Ahn
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Inha University,
Incheon 402-751, South Korea
whasahn@inha.ac.kr

ICEEIS – PP 28

REACTIVE EXTRACTION: AN ENHANCING APPROACH FOR SEPARATION OF


CARBOXYLIC ACID
Sourav Mukherjee*, Basudeb Munshi
Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Odisha, India
Abstract
Carboxylic acid is well known organic acid used widely in food and pharmaceutical industries,
as biodegradable polymer, substituted and renewable plastic materials, etc. Mainly carboxylic
acids are obtained from petroleum stock; the stock is depleted day by day. The alternative source
of carboxylic acid is bio-fermenter and bio-refinery. Reactive extraction is a new,
unconventional and economic process in the recovery of carboxylic acids from fermentation
broth. The equilibrium reactive extraction is parameterized by the distribution constant (KD),
loading, complexation constant etc. All these parameters vary with the concentrations of acid,
extractants and diluents and process temperatures. Stirring speed affects KD in the mass transfer
controlled reactive extraction process. The selection of extractant is very much important for the
efficient recovery of the acid from the aqueous phase to the organic phase. In general two kinds
235
ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Industrial safety, Feb 22-23,2018

of the extracts are used: phosphorous based and amine based. The mechanism of the transport of
carboxylic acids from aqueous phase to the organic phase is controlled by the type of extractant
and solvent, temperature and pH. Usually the required pH is greater than pKa for phosphorous
based extractant, whereas in case of amine-based extractants the solution pH should be
maintained below pKa. Effect of diluents on the recovery of carboxylic acids cannot be
neglected. The polar solvents result in the better recovery of acids due to the formation of
hydrogen bonding between solvent and acids. The kinetic study helps to estimate the mass
transfer coefficients, which are very much essential data to design the batch as well as
continuous reactive extraction process.
Keywords: Carboxylic acid; reactive extraction; extractant; diluent; distribution coefficient

References:
[1] A. S. Kertes, C.J. King, Extraction Chemistry of Fermentation Product Carboxylic Acids
,Biotechnology and Bioengineering 28 (1986) 269.
[2] [2] K.L. Wasewar, Reactive Extraction: An Intensifying Approach for Carboxylic Acid
Separation , International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications, 3 (2012)
249.

* Corresponding author
Sourav Mukherjee
National Institute of Technology, Rourkela
515CH1001@nitrkl.ac.in
9051808859/7980298127

***********

236
ISBN no: 978-93-5291-459-3
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Environment & Industrial Safety,
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