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NORME CEl INTERNATIONALE IEC INTERNATIONAL 61000-6-2 STANDARD Premibre éton First edition 1999-01 Compatibilité électromagnétique (CEM) — Partie 6-2: Normes génériques - Immunité pour les environnements industriels Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-2: Generic standards — Immunity for industrial environments © IEC 1999 Droits de reproduction reserves — Copyright - all rights reserved Intematona Electrotechnical Commission 23, 1ue de Varembe Geneva, Switzerand Telefax: 041 22919 0300 emai nmai@iec.cn IEC web ste hp:iwww iec.ch coveraX Ay Commission Electrotechnique internationale f i PRICE CODE International Electitechnieal Commission Monamaponvan Sromporeniowoctan Howwccnt es © Parca toscana 61000-6-2 © IEC:1999 FOREWORD INTRODUCTION Clause ‘Scope and object CONTENTS Page 1 2 Normative references at 3. Definitions. 13 4 Performance criteria. 15 5 Conditions during testing 15 6 Product documentation AT 7 Applicabitity 7 8 Immunity test requirements 17 Table 1 ~ Immunity ~ Enclosure ports 19 Table 2 — Immunity ~ Signal ports. aa Table 3 ~ Immunity ~ Input and output d.c. power ports.. 23 Table 4 — Immunity — input and output a.c. power ports. 20) Table § — Immunity ~ Functional earth ports : 27 61000-6-2 © IEC:1999 -5- INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - Part 6-2: Generic standards - Immunity for industrial environments FOREWORD ) The IEC (International Electiotechnical Commission) is a worldwide organization for slandardization comprising All national electrotechnical committees (IEC. National Committees). The object of the IEC is to promote International co-operation on all questions concerning standaraization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and in adation to other activities, the IEC publishes {In fenitusted 10 technical commitees: ary JEG National Commit Participate in this preparatory work. I faith the IEC also participate n this preparation. The TEC collaborates closely wih tho International Organization for’ Stangatdizavea (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined ‘by agreement between the. two organizations. 2) The formal decisions of agreements of the IEC on technical matiors express, as nearly as possible, an International consensus of opinion of the felevaat subjects since each technical commitiee has representation {Hom all interested National Committees. 3) The documents produced have the form ol recommendations for inter of standaras, toshnical reports or guides and they are accepted by the National Commit tional use and are publish in the form 4) In order to promote international unicaion, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC international ‘Standares transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional standards, Any vergence between the /EC Standard and the corresponding national of regional standard shall be clearly ‘ngieated inthe later 5) The IEC provides no matking procedure to indicate ts approval and cannot be rendered responsible for any ‘equipment declared fo ben confotmty wih one of ts standards, 6) Attention is drawn to the possibilty that some of the elements ofthis International Standard may be the subject ‘ol patent rights. The IEG Shall not be eld responsible for identiying any oral such patent rights International Standard IEC 61000-6-2 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 77: Electromagnetic compatibility. It takes into account the draft European Standard prEN 50082-2 (August 1996), drawn up by CENELEC technical committee 210: EMC. The text of this standard is based an the following documents: FoIs Report on voting 77208/FO1S THB T RVD Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on. voting indicated in the above table. 61000-6-2 © IEC:1999 INTRODUCTION IEC 61000 is published in separate parts according to the following structure: Part 1: General General considerations (introduction, fundamental principles) Definitions, terminology Part 2: Environment Description of the environment Classification of the environment Compatibility levels Part 3: Limits Emission limits Immunity limits (insofar as these limits do not fall under the responsibility of the product, committees) Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques Measurement techniques Testing techniques Part 5: Installation and mitigation guidelines Installation guidelines Mitigation methods and devices Part 6: Generic standards Part 9: Miscellaneous Each part is further subdivided into several parts, published either as International Standards or technical reports, some of which have already been published as sections. Others will be published with the part number followed by a dash and a second number identilying the subdivision (example: 61000-6-1) 61000-6-2 © IEC:1999 -9- ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) ~ Part 6-2: Generic standards — Immunity for industrial environments 1 Scope and object This part of IEC 61000 for EMC immunity requirements applies to electrical and electronic apparatus intended for use in industrial environments, as described below, for which no dedicated product or product-tamily immunity standard exists. Immunity requirements in the frequency range 0 Hz to 400 GHz are covered. No tests need to be performed at frequencies where no requirements are specified. Where a relevant dedicated product or product-tamily EMC immunity standard exists, it will take precedence over all aspects of this generic standard. The environments encompassed by this standard are industrial, both indoor and outdoor. Apparatus covered by this standard is intended to be connected to a power network supplied from a high or medium voltage transformer dedicated to the supply of an installation feeding manufacturing or similar plant, and intended to operate in or in proximity to industrial locations, as described below. Apparatus intended to be used in industrial locations are characterized by the existence of one or more of the following: = a power network exists powered by a high or medium voltage power transformer dedicated for the supply of an installation feeding manufacturing or similar plant; = industrial, scientific and medical (ISM)1 apparatus; — heavy inductive or capacitive loads are frequently switched; ~ currents and associated magnetic fields are high The object of this standard is to define immunity test requirements for apparatus defined in the scope in relation to continuous and transient, conducted and radiated disturbances, including electrostatic discharges. The immunity requirements have been selected to ensure an adequate level of immunity for apparatus at industrial locations. The levels do not, however, cover extreme cases, which may ‘occur at any location, but with an extremely low probability of occurrence. Not all disturbance phenomena have been included for testing purposes in this standard, but only those considered as relevant for the equipment covered by this standard. Test requirements are specified for each port considered. NOTE 1 - Salety consiserations are not covered by this standare NOTE 2 In spacial cases, stuations wil aise where the level of disturbances may exceed the levels speciieg in this stangare e.g. where an apparatus 1s installed In proximity to ISM equipment as delined in CISPR 11 or where fo in CISPR 11, ISM class A 61000-6-2 © IEC:1999 ae hand-held transmitter is used in close proximity to an apparatus. in these instances, special mitigation measures ‘may nave to be employed NOTE 3 ~ The industrial envisonment may be changed by special mitigation measures. Where such measures can be shown to produce an electromagnetic environment equivalent to the residential, commercial or light-industial ‘environment then the gonerie standard Tor this envionment, oF the relevant product slandara, should be applied. 2 Normative references The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this International Standard. For ‘dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undated references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of IEC and ISO maintain registers of currently valid International Standards. 1EC 60050(161):1990, International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Chapter 161: Electro- magnetic compatibility IEC 61000-4-2:1995, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ~ Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques ~ Section 2: Electrostatic discharge immunity test ~ Basic EMC Publication IEC 61000-4-3:1995, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ~ Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques - Section 3: Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test IEC 61000-4-4:1995, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques ~ Section 4: Electrical fast transientiburst immunity test ~ Basic EMC Publication IEC 61000-4-5:1995, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ~ Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques ~ Section 5: Surge immunity test IEC 61000-4-6:1996, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ~ Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques ~ Section 6: Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields IEC 61000-4-8:1993, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ~ Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques ~ Section 8: Power frequency magnetic field immunity test ~ Basic EMC Publication IEC 61000-4-11:1994, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques ~ Section 11: Voltage dips, short imerruptions and voltage variations immunity tests CISPR 11:1997, Industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) radio-frequency equipment ~ Electro- magnetic disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement CISPR 22:1997, Information technology equipment ~ Radio disturbance characteristics ~ Limits and methods of measurement 61000-6-2 © IEC:1999 -13- 3. Definitions Definitions related to EMC and to relevant phenomena are given in IEC 60050(161) and in other IEC and CISPR publications, The following particular definitions are used in this standard. at port Particular interface of the specified apparatus with the external electromagnetic environment (see figure 1) Enclosure port AG pomer port_ Apparatus Functional earth port DG power port_ Figure 1 ~ Examples of ports 3.2 ‘enclosure port physical boundary of the apparatus which electromagnetic fields may radiate through or impinge on 3.3 cable port port at which a conductor or a cable is connected to the apparatus. Examples are signal ports Used for the transfer of data 3.4 functional earth port cable port other than signal, control or power port, intended for connection to earth for purposes other than electrical safety 38 signal port port at which a conductor or cable carrying information for transferring data is connected to the apparatus. Examples are data buses, communication networks, control networks 3.6 power port point at which a conductor or cable carrying the primary electrical power needed for the operation (functioning) of an apparatus or associated apparatus is connected to the apparatus 61000-6-2 © IEC:1999 ~15- 4 Performance criteria ‘The variety and the diversity of the apparatus within the scope of this standard makes it difficult to detine precise criteria for the evaluation of the immunity test results, If, as a result of the application of the tests defined in this standard, the apparatus becomes dangerous or unsafe, the apparatus shall be deemed to have failed the test. A functional description and a definition of performance criteria, during or as a consequence of the EMC testing, shall be provided by the manutacturer and noted in the test report, based on the following criteria, 4.1 Performance criterion A The apparatus shall continue to operate as intended during and after the test. No degradation of performance or loss of function is allowed below a performance level specified by the manufacturer, when the apparatus is used as intended. The performance level may be replaced by a permissible loss of performance. If the minimum performance level or the permissible performance loss is not specified by the manufacturer, either of these may be derived from the product description and documentation, and from what the user may reasonably expect from the apparatus if used as intended. 4.2 Performance criterion B The apparatus shall continue to operate as intended after the test. No degradation of performance or loss of function is allowed below a performance level specified by the manufacturer, when the apparatus is used as intended. The performance level may be replaced by a permissible loss of performance. During the test, degradation of performance is however allowed. No change of actual operating state or stored data is allowed. If the minimum performance level or the permissible performance loss is not specified by the manufacturer, either of these may be derived from the product description and documentation, and from what the user may reasonably expect from the apparatus if used as intended. 4.3 Performance criterion Temporary loss of function is allowed, provided the function is self-recoverable or can be restored by the operation of the controls. 5 Conditions during testing The equipment under test (EUT) shall be tested in the most susceptible operating mode consistent with normat applications. The configuration of the test sample shall be varied to achieve maximum susceptibility consistant with typical applications and installation practice IW the apparatus is part of a system, or can be connected to auxiliary apparatus, it shall be tested while connected to the minimum representative configuration of the auxiliary apparatus necessary to exercise the ports in a similar manner to that described in CISPR 22. In cases where a manufacturer's installation instructions require the use of external protection devices or measures which are clearly specified in the user's manual, the tests shall be performed with the external protection devices or measures in place. 61000-6-2 © IEC:1999 -7- The configuration and mode of operation during the tests shall be precisely noted in the test report. It is not always possible to test every function of the apparatus; in such cases the most critical mode(s) of operation shall be selected. If the apparatus has a large number of similar ports or ports with many similar connections, a sufficient number shall be selected to simulate actual operating conditions and to ensure that all the different types of termination are covered, The tests shall be carried out within the operating ranges of temperature, humidity and pressure specified for the product. and at the rated supply voltage, unless otherwise indicated in the basic standard, 6 Product documentation If the manufacturer is using his own specification for an acceptable level of EMC performance or degradation of EMC performance during or after the testing required by this standard, this shall be stated in the product documentation available to the user. 7 Applicability The application of tests tor evaluation of immunity depends on the particular apparatus, its Configuration, its ports, its technology and its operating conditions. Tests shall be applied to the relevant ports of the apparatus according to tables 1 to 5. Tests shall only be carried out where the relevant ports exist. it may be determined from consideration of the electrical characteristics and usage of a particular apparatus that some of the tests are inappropriate and, therefore, unnecessary. In such a case, it is required that the decision and justification not to test be recorded in the test report. 8 Immunity test requirements The immunity test requirements for apparatus covered by this standard are given on a port by port basis. Tests shall be conducted in a well-defined and reproducible manner. The tests shall be carried out individually as single tests in sequence. The sequence of testing is optional. The description of the test, the test generator, the test methods and the test set-up to be used. are given in the basic standards which are referred to in the following tables. 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