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Engineering Drawing/ Unit 4 / Orthographic Projection and Projection of Points

Problem Set

1. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw FV, SV And TV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

SV And TV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method V 2. Pictorial Presentation Is

V

2. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw FV And TV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 3. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw FV And TV Of This

3. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw FV And TV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

FV And TV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method 4 . Pictorial Presentation Is

4. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw Three Views Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 5 . Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw FV And SV Of

5. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw FV And SV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

FV And SV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method Examples 1. Pictorial Presentation Is

Examples

1. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw Three Views Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

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Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 2 . Pictorial Presentation Is
Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 2 . Pictorial Presentation Is

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2. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw Three Views Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html [ Top ] 3 . Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw Three
Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html [ Top ] 3 . Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw Three

[Top]

3. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw Three Views Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 4. Pictorial Presentation Is Given
Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 4. Pictorial Presentation Is Given

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4. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw Three Views Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

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Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 5. Pictorial Presentation Is Given
Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 5. Pictorial Presentation Is Given

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5. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw Three Views Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 6. Pictorial Presentation Is Given
Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 6. Pictorial Presentation Is Given

file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html

6. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw Three Views Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 7. Pictorial Presentation Is Given
Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 7. Pictorial Presentation Is Given

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7. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw Three Views Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 8. Pictorial Presentation Is Given
Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 8. Pictorial Presentation Is Given

file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html

8. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw FV And TV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 9. Pictorial Presentation Is Given

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 9. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw FV And SV Of This

9. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw FV And SV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

Presentation Is Given Draw FV And SV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method 11

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 1 0 . Pictorial Presentation Is

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10. Pictorial Presentation Is Given Draw FV And SV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method

Presentation Is Given Draw FV And SV Of This Object By First Angle Projection Method 12

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html 11. A Point in the First Quadrant

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11. A Point in the First Quadrant A point A is 2.5cm above HP and 3cm in front of VP. Draw its projection

2.5cm above HP and 3cm in front of VP. Draw its projection STEPS: 1 . Draw

STEPS:

1. Draw the reference line.

2. Through any point O in it, draw a perpendicular.

3. On the perpendicular, mark a point a′ above XY such that a′o = 2.5cm.

4. Similarly, mark a point a′ above XY so that ao = 3cm.

5. a′ and a are required projection.

12. A Point in the Second Quadrant Draw the projections of the point B which is 50 mm above the HP and 30 mm behind the VP.

Draw the projections of the point B which is 50 mm above the HP and 30

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Solution

hb = +50,

Refer Fig.

Given,

db = –30

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As h b is (+) and d p is (–), the point B lies in the second quadrant. Therefore, FV and TV, both will be seen above XY at a distance of 50 mm and 30 mm respectively. This is because when the HP is rotated in a clockwise direction about XY, the TV on the HP will go up on the side of the FV.

13. A Point in the Third Quadrant

the HP and 30 mm behind the VP.

Draw the projections of the point C, 50 mm below

the VP. Draw the projections of the point C, 50 mm below Solution Given, Refer Fig.

Solution Given,

Refer Fig.

As h c and d c both are (–), the point C is in the third quadrant. Therefore, FV will be seen 50 mm below XY and TV will be seen 30 mm above XY.

h c = –50,

d c = –30

14. A Point in the Fourth Quadrant Draw the projections of the point D which is 50

mm below the HP and 30 mm in front of the VP.

D which is 50 mm below the HP and 30 mm in front of the VP.

Solution

Given,

h d = –50,

d d = +30

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Refer Fig.

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As hd is (–) and dd is (+), the point D lies in the fourth quadrant. Therefore, FV and TV both will be seen below XY at a distance of 50 mm and 30 mm respectively. When the HP is rotated in a clockwise direction about XY, the TV on the HP will go down on the side of the FV.

15. A Point in the VP and Above the HP Draw the projections of the point E in the

VP and 50 mm above the HP.

projections of the point E in the VP and 50 mm above the HP. Solution Given,

Solution

Given,

h e = +50,

d e = 0

Refer Fig.

As he = +50, FV will be seen above XY. As de = 0, TV will be seen on XY.

16. A Point in Both the RPs Draw the projections of the point I which lies in both the

RPs.

the projections of the point I which lies in both the RPs. Solution h i =

Solution

h i = 0,

Refer Fig.

If the point I lies in both the RPs then it lies at the intersection of the two RPs, i.e., on XY. Hence, its FV and TV both will coincide on XY.

Given,

d i = 0

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Notes

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Module 4

Orthographic projection and Projection of points

Module 4 Orthographic projection and Projection of points Perspective View 16 of 31 12/19/2011 6:50 PM

Perspective View

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Projection :The figure formed by joining, in correct

Projection :The figure formed by joining, in correct sequence, the points at which these lines meet the plane

Projectors: The lines or rays drawn from object to plane are called projectors

Plane of projection : The Transparent on which the projection are drawn

Orthographic Projection

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html •When Projectors are perpendicular to the plane on which
Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html •When Projectors are perpendicular to the plane on which

•When Projectors are perpendicular to the plane on which projection is obtained , it is called orthographic projection. •Observer at Infinity so rays are parallel to each other and parallel to front surface of the object and plane.

Horizontal Plane

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Orthographic Projections Important Terms of Orthographic

Orthographic Projections

Important Terms of Orthographic Projections

1. Quadrants

2. Planes

3. Methods of drawing Orthographic Projections

Quadrants

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Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Planes 20 of 31 12/19/2011 6:50 PM

Planes

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Planes 20 of 31 12/19/2011 6:50 PM

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Methods of Drawing Orthographic Projections

Methods of Drawing Orthographic Projections First Angle Projection The Object Is Assumed To Be Situated

First Angle Projection

The Object Is Assumed To Be Situated In First Quadrant Means Above HP & Infront Of VP.

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Pattern Of Planes & Views (First Angle Method) 22 of 31

Pattern Of Planes & Views (First Angle Method)

Pattern Of Planes & Views (First Angle Method) 22 of 31 12/19/2011 6:50 PM
Pattern Of Planes & Views (First Angle Method) 22 of 31 12/19/2011 6:50 PM

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name

Subject/Unit Name/Module Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html A) Hp Is Rotated 90 0 Downward

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A) Hp Is Rotated 90 0 Downward

B) PP, 90 0 In Right Side Direction.This Way Both Planes Are Brought In The Same Plane Containing VP.

Third Angle Projection

In The Same Plane Containing VP. Third Angle Projection [ Top ] In This Method, The

[Top]

In This Method, The Object Is Assumed To Be Situated In Third Quadrant ( Below Hp & Behind Of Vp. )

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Actual Pattern Of Planes & Views Of Third Angle
Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Actual Pattern Of Planes & Views Of Third Angle

Actual Pattern Of Planes & Views Of Third Angle Projections:

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First and Third Angle Projections

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Angle Projections file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Types Of Lines 25 of 31 12/19/2011 6:50 PM
Angle Projections file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Types Of Lines 25 of 31 12/19/2011 6:50 PM

Types Of Lines

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Third angle projection 26 of 31 12/19/2011 6:50 PM

Third angle projection

Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Third angle projection 26 of 31 12/19/2011 6:50 PM

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Orthographic Projections (Of Points, Lines, Planes, And

Orthographic Projections (Of Points, Lines, Planes, And Solids)

To Draw Projections Of Any Object,One Must Have Following Information

A) Object

{ With It’s Description, Well Defined.}

B) Observer

{ Always Observing Perpendicular To Resp. Ref.Plane}

C) Location Of Object

{ Means It’s Position With Refference To H.P. & V.P.}

Notations

Following Notations Should Be Followed While Naming Different Views In Orthographic Projections.

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Same System Of Notations Should Be Followed Incase Numbers,

Same System Of Notations Should Be Followed Incase Numbers, Like 1, 2, 3 – Are Used.

Projections Of Points

A point represents a location in space. It is a dimensionless geometrical entity which has simply position but no magnitude.

Projections of points have no practical significance. However, it serves the basis for projections of lines, projections of planes and projections of solids.

of lines, projections of planes and projections of solids. This Quadrant Pattern, If Observed Along X-y

This Quadrant Pattern, If Observed Along X-y Line ( In Red Arrow Direction) Will Exactly Appear As Shown On Right Side And Hence, It Is Further Used To

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Understand Illustration Properly.

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Projections Of A Point In First Quadrant

Projections Of A Point In First Quadrant Location Of Points In Different Quadrant 29 of 31
Projections Of A Point In First Quadrant Location Of Points In Different Quadrant 29 of 31

Location Of Points In Different Quadrant

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Name file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html Queries, Comments and Complements can be mailed

Queries, Comments and Complements can be mailed ajitrgukt@gmail.com

Principle of projection

If straight lines are drawn from various points on the contour of an object to meet a plane, the object is said to be projected on that plane. The figure formed by joining, in correct sequence, the points at which these lines meet the plane, is called the projection of the object. The lines from the object to the plane are

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called projectors.

[Top]

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projectors. [ Top ] file:///E:/RGUKTContent_E1/content/ED/ED_1.4/index.html RGUKT 2010 31 of 31 12/19/2011 6:50 PM

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