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DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN ENGLISH VI

I. Objectives:
1. Identify the figures of speech used in the sentence ( Simile, Metaphor, and
Personification).
2. Construct sentences using different types of figurative language (Simile,
Metaphor, and Personification).
3. Appreciate Mother nature.

II. Subject Matter:


A. Topic: Identifying Figures of Speech ( Simile, Metaphor, and Personification)
B. PELC II 3
English For All Times, Reading 6, pp. 144- 147
Fun in English, Reading 6, pp. 136-139
C. Materials: Picture of a cloud, charts, flaglets,
D. Values: Love for nature

TEACHER’S ACTIVITY PUPILS’ ACTIVITY

A. Preparatory Activities:

 Good afternoon class.  Good afternoon ma’am.


 Who are absent this afternoon?
 ( The pupils will report the absents).
 Are you now ready for our lesson
this afternoon?  Yes ma’am.

1. Stretching Drill
Lip Stretching – 16 counts
Tongue Stretching – 16 counts
( The pupils will do the stretching ).
Jaw Stretching – 16 counts
Kiss your palm

2. Review:
 Before we proceed to our lesson
this afternoon, let’s have a short
review of your previous lesson,
about prepositional phrase.
 Again, what is a prepositional  A prepositional phrase is a group of words
phrase, class? that begins with a preposition and ends
with a noun or a pronoun which is the
object of preposition.
 Very good.
 I have here sentences. What
you’re going to do is to underline
the prepositional phrases, and
draw a circle around each
preposition.
1. The girl in the red costume won first
1. The girl in the red costume won
place.
first place.
2. I came before you did.
2. I came before you did. 3. The stranger disappeared through the
3. The stranger disappeared through
the woods. woods.
4. The boy climbed over the wall.
4. The boy climbed over the wall.
5. People went out during the
5. People went out during the intermission.
intermission.

3. Unlocking of Difficulties:

 I have here a puzzle. You’re


going to fill up the correct words
that will solve the puzzle.
Choose the words from the box
below.
Across:
 Lambs
1. A young sheep.
3.The beginning of day; the first light  Dawn
in the east.
4.Wanting or taking one’s own way.  Wilful
6.An animal except man, especially a  Beasts
four- footed animal.
7.A tiny stream; a little brook.  Rills

Down:
2. Low grassy land by the bank of the  Meadows
stream.
5 . Extremely large.  Huge
8. Shining; bright; beaming.  Radiant
9. A drop of salty water coming from
the eyes.  Tears
10. Sign or hint.
 Clue

dawn lambs
beasts radiant
meadows huge
clues rills
willful tears

4. Motivation:
 Have you looked up the sky this  Yes, ma’am.
morning, class?
 What did you see?
 I will show you a picture.  Clouds, birds,etc.....
 What can you see in the picture?  Picture of a cloud.
 What can you say about the
picture? How would you describe  The cloud is white, soft and beautiful.
a cloud?
 I have here a poem entitled,
“Clouds”.
5. Motive Question:

 After reading the poem, be able


to answer this question.

 “To what are clouds being


compared to in the poem”?

B. Developmental Activities:
1. Presentation:

 One of your classmate will read


the poem for us.

 While your classmate is reading  Listen attentively.


the poem, what will you do?  Understand what is being read.
 Do not talk with your seatmates.

“ CLOUDS”

Clouds all like silver lambs


On low green hills,
Feeding on blue meadows
Watered by rills.
Clouds are like snowy dawn
Playing with winds;
Clouds are small, willful clues
With playful minds.

Clouds are huge butterflies


Radiant with rays;
Clouds are beasts of the wilds
On stormy days.
Clouds are the sky giants
Their tears are rain
Dropping on leafy plants
Down the plain.

C. Comprehension Check up:


 Clouds are compared to silver lambs,
 To what are clouds being
compared to in the poem? snowy dawn, small, willful clues, beasts
of the wilds, huge butterflies, sky
giants.
 In the first two lines of the poem,
 To a silver lamb.
what are clouds being compared
to?  Yes, ma’am.
 Have you seen a lamb, class?
 It’s fur or skin covering is white in
 How does it look like?
 What characteristics of a clouds color.
make them silver lambs?
 Their colors are both white.
 Give the similarities of the clouds
and the lamb.
 Very good. Clouds are being
compared to a silver lamb
because of its white color.
 To a huge butterfly.
 To what are clouds being
compared to in the 9th line of the
poem?

 Why is cloud being compared to a  They are both colorful and give life and
huge butterfly? What common beauty to our dull nature.
characteristics of a cloud is also
present to a butterfly?

2. Discussion:
 What are the unlike things  Lambs, dawn, clues, butterflies, beasts and
compared to clouds in the poem? giants.

 We compare two things.


 What did we do just a while ago?
 We compare two different things.
 Very good. What did we
compare?  Figures of Speech.
 What do you call to the
comparison made between two
unlike things?

 Ok. What is again a figure of  The comparison between two unlike


speech? things.
 Alright. A figure of speech is a
group of words that expresses a
comparison between two unlike
objects.
 There are different types of
figurative language.
Study the following lines taken from
the poem.

1. Clouds are like silver lambs.


2. Clouds are like snowy dawn.
3. Clouds are huge butterflies.
4. Clouds are beasts of the wilds.
5. The cloud is feeding on the
meadow.
6. The cloud is playing with the
winds.

 Examine lines 1 and 2.


 Clouds are being compared to
what?  Lamb and a dawn.
 Are they unlike/ different things?  Yes, ma’am.
 What word is used to compare the  The word like.
two things?
 What other words are used in  The word as.
making a comparison?
 What do you now call to the  Simile
comparison made in these lines?
 What is a simile?
 Very good. Simile is a figure of  It is the comparison of two unlike
speech that expresses a things with the use of like and as.
comparison between two unlike
objects having similar
characteristics with the use of “
like “ or “ as “.
 Who can give me a sentence using  She sings sweetly like a bird.
simile?  Her skin is as smooth as silk.

 Examine lines 3 and 4.


 Did it use the words like and as in  No, ma’am.
making a comparison?
 Why do you think so?  Because it is a direct comparison of two
unlike things.
 What do you call to the figures of  Metaphor.
speech used in these lines?  It is a comparison of two unlike things
 What is a metaphor? without the use of like or as.
 Very good. Metaphor is a figure of
speech that expresses a
comparison between two unlike
objects having similar
characteristics without the use of
“ like “ or “ as “.
 Anyone who can give me
sentences using metaphor?  The sun is a ball of fire.

 Examine lines 5 and 6.


 Does the cloud has the capacity
of feeding and playing?  No, ma’am.
 Why not?
 Because they are nonliving things.
 Who do you think is the only one
who can do these things?  We human beings.
 What type of figures of speech is
 Personification.
used in these lines?
 What is a personification?
 Very good. Personification is a
 It gives human characteristics to
figure of speech that gives
human characteristics to non- animals, objects, and ideas.
human things like animal,
objects, and ideas.
 Give me now sentences using  The leaves swayed gently with the
personification.
winds.
3. Group Activity:
 To better understand our lesson
this afternoon, we will have a
group activity.
 I will divide you into three
groups. Each group will select a
leader who will present your
output.

 Before we proceed to our group  Follow instructions correctly.


activity, let us recall the  Cooperate and share ideas with the group.
standards for you to follow  Do not make unnecessary noise.
while performing your tasks.  Finish work on time.
 ( The teacher will explain the
temperature chart in following
the group activity).
 I will only give you ten minutes
to complete your tasks.

Group I
 Use the following words in a
meaningful sentence using simile
as a figure of speech.

1. rainbow
2. flowers
3. star
4. ocean
5. birds

Group II

 Copy the sentences that


expresses metaphor.

1. The English language is like


a bankbook account of a
million words.
2. The dictionary is the  The dictionary is the bankbook that
bankbook that helps us use helps us use the words.
the words.  The clouds are frisky puppies in the
3. The flowers danced happily
sky.
with the wind.
 The wind is a cat that prowls at night.
4. The clouds are frisky
puppies in the sky.
5. The wind is a cat that prowls
at night.

Group III
 Tell what human characteristics
do these sentences have.

1. The stars look down at the


little Baby in the manger.  Look
2. The brook whispers softly as
 Whispers
it touches the river banks.
3. The cool wind gently kissed  Kissed
the flowers.
 Bow
4. The leaves bow down their
heads.  Stood
5. The tall trees stood mightily
against the howling winds.

 (Presentation of the group


output.)
 ( Corresponding clap with the
group).

4. Value Integration:
 What could we get from Mother
 Food, shelter and other basic needs.
nature?
 As a grade six pupil, how could
you show your love with her?
 I will not abuse her.
 I will throw garbage in the proper place.
 I will plant more trees.
 I will join campaigns that save Mother
nature.
 That’s nice to hear from
you,class.

5. Generalization:
 What have you learned this
afternoon,class?  About figures of speech.
 Again, what is a figure of speech?  A figure of speech is a group of words
that expresses a comparison between
two unlike objects.
 How about its types?  Simile is a figure of speech that
expresses a comparison between two
unlike objects with the use of “ like “
or “ as “.
 Metaphor is a figure of speech that
expresses a comparison between two
unlike objects without the use of “
like “ or “ as “.
 Personification is a figure of speech
that gives human characteristics to
non-human things.
 Very good children. It seems that
you really learned from our
discussion this afternoon.

C. Post Activity:
1. Application:
 I will read lines from poems.
You’re going to clap your hands if
the figures of speech mentioned is
a simile; you will stump your feet
if it is a metaphor and whistle if it
is a personification.
 Are you now ready, children?

 Zooming across the sky,


Like a great bird you fly,  Clap
Airplane
Silvery white
In the light.
 Little sampaguita
With the wondering eye,  Whistle
Did a tiny fairy
Drop you where you lie?

 The sun is an orange dinghy


sailing across a calm sea.  Stump
It is a gold coin
dropped down a drain in
heaven.

 The moon, like a flower


In heaven’s high bower  Clap
With silent delight
Sits and smiles in the night.

 Clouds are angry monsters


With a water hose.  Stump
They can make me cold and
wet
They can plug my nose.

2. Enrichment Activities:
 I have here another sets of lines from
a poem. Identify whether the lines
expressed simile, by raising red flaglet,
metaphor by raising blue flaglet, and
personification by raising a yellow
flaglet.

 Gentle as a feather
Softer than snow  Red flaglet
Quiet as a cat
Comes
The evening breeze.

 The candles screamed with


fury.  Yellow flaglet
Her tears trickled down her
face.
With figure slumped,
She slowly dwindled into
shadows.
Darkness!

 Clouds are like waves


Rolling into the sky’s blue  Red flaglet
cave.

 The turtle is a tidy boy!


When he is tired of play,
 Blue flaglet
He folds himself carefully
And puts himself away.

 The night was creeping on the


 Yellow flaglet
ground!
She crept and did not make a
sound.
IV. Evaluation:
Identify the figures of speech used in the sentences,whether it is simile, metaphor or
personification.

1. The bamboo trees swayed from left to right.


2. Her face is like a garden full of flowers.
3.The rich fields were the farmer’s treasure.
4. The stream was like a silver ribbon over the green plains.
5. The fat comedian is as plump as a pillow.
6. The north wind swings his whistling whip.
7. The traffic jam was a sea of metal.
8. The baby is as meek as a lamb.
9. The sun is a ball of fire.
10. The leaves whisper their secrets to one another.

V. Assignment:
Copy the sentences below. Identify the figures of speech used in the sentence. Write S
for simile, M for metaphor and P for personification.

1. His lips were as white as vinegar when he broke her mom’s favorite vase.
2. The infant’s smile was a ray of sunshine to the whole family.
3. The moon faithfully controls the tide’s ebb and flow.
4. The contestant was a nervous butterfly o n the stage.
5. Her hair shines like twinkling stars in the night.

Prepared by:

MA. CATHERINE M. VALERIO


Mentee

Checked by:

FRANCIA B. GIMENEZ
Mentor