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UCSP Lower class

Uses insights from anthropology, political science, and Composed of farm employees, skilled and unskilled
sociology to develop students' awareness of cultural, artisans, service workers, indigent families and informal
social and political dynamics, and sensitivity to cultural sectors
diversity.
Ethnicity
Society Refers to the expression of the set of cultural ideas held
Generally defined as an organized group of by a distinct ethnic or indigenous group
interdependent people who share a common territory,
language, and culture, and who act together for Ethnic group
collective survival and well-being. Refers to people who collectively and publicly identified
themselves as a distinct and unique based on
Politics distinguishable cultural features that set them apart from
Refers to the theory, art and practice of government the others such as shared ancestry and common origin,
language, customs and traditions
Political institution
A relatively stable cluster of statuses, general norms, and Religion
role behavior, which are involved in the acquisition and An organized system of ideas about the spiritual sphere
exercise of society of wide power and making decision of the supernatural, along with associated ceremonial or
ritualistic practices by which people tried to interpret
Society and politics and/or influence aspects of the universe otherwise
Essentials in understanding human behavior and social beyond human control
groups
Nationality
Gender The legal relationship that binds between a person and a
Refers to the socially constructed characteristic of being country
male or female
Culture
Socioeconomic class Beliefs, practices, values, attitudes, laws, norms,
Refers to the category of persons who have more or less artifacts, symbols, knowledge
the same socioeconomic privileges in a society
Politics
Upper class Regulate human behavior
Consists of elite families who are the most productive in
terms of resource generation and oftentimes very Traditional rich and nouveau rich 2 classifications of
successful in their respective fields of interests and upper class
endeavors, be it in agriculture, industry, business or
government Food taboos
Prohibition against consuming certain foods
Middle class
Composed of small business and industry operators Istambay
mostly owners and managers, professionals, office Favorite pastime of filipinos, a form of recreation that is
workers, and farm owners with income that is average not favorable
enough to provide comfortable and decent living
Padulas or lagay
When you bribe an lto officer
Political dynasty Cultural anthropology
Voting a certain person due to political lineage Also called social anthropology; it is the description and
comparison of the adaptations made by human groups to
Elections Diverse ecosystems of the earth
Corrupt voting in the philippines
Cultural anthropology: ethnography
Selfieing Focuses on one culture alone
Caused by narcissism and camera phones
Cultural anthropology: ethnology
Transnational families Studies different cultures in different societies
Parents consist of one filipino and one foreigner
Archeology
Youth volunteerism The systematic study of the remains of previous cultures
The youth volunteer to help for a good cause as a means of reconstructing the lifeways of people who
lived in the past
Video gaming
An issue mostly found in adolescent filipino boys who Linguistics
like to play computer games Study of language

Same sex partnership Political science


Homosexuality influenced by western culture Study of politics, systematic study of state and
government, focuses on power

Anthropology Power
Comes from the greek word anthropos (man) and logos Ability to make another person do something
(study of.)
The study of man (man referring to the human species in Influence
entirety) Includes cases when one party's desires affect the
behavior of another party
Studies all human groups, both cultural and biological
today and as they adapted and evolved in the past Authority
The right to exercise the power and influence of a given
Goals of anthropology position

Explain and analyze human culture similarities and Legitimacy


differences Means having the approval of others. It is the condition
Assess the cultural development of our species as of being regarded as correctly places in a particular role
revealed in the archeological record and carrying out the functions of the role correctly
Analyze the biological evolution of the human species as
evidenced in the fossil record Linkage
Explain human biological diversity today Refers to the way pressure groups, political parties and
electoral processes connect the general public with the
Biological anthropology leaders who make policy decisions
Also called physical anthropology; it studies homo
sapiens as biological beings both in the present and in Political ideology
the past Set of ideas/systematic group of concepts and beliefs of
culture that guides our political decisions
Capitalism Role
Rich gets richer, poor gets poorer. The government is The expected behavior of an individual who is accorded
controlled by private sectors with a particular status

Marxism Culture
Class struggle plays an important role in abolishing clan Consists of all the shared products of human groups;
oppression these products include physical objects such and the
beliefs, values, and behaviors shared by a group
Communism
Advocacy of classless society: distribution of wealth and Material culture
publicly owned government The physical things created by members of a society

Socialism Non-material culture


Advocacy of classless society: community as a whole The beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group
of people. (abstract human creations)
Alienation
Depersonalized activity Beliefs
Conceptions that people accept as true about how the
Sociology world operates and where individuals fit in
Considered the science of society and social behavior,
which is viewed as an aggregate of individuals Symbol
Any kind of physical phenomenon- a word, an object, a
Deals with social development in general and describes color, a sound, feeling, odor, movement, a taste to which
and analyzes social life in all its phases and complexities people assign a meaning or value
through all ages and climes
Language
Deals with the study of various activities of human The organization of written or spoken symbols into a
beings standardized system

Science of the origin and development, structure and Values


functions of social groups, their forms, laws, customs, Shared beliefs about what is good or bad, right or wrong,
constitutions, modes of life, thought and action of their desirable or undesirable
contribution to human culture and civilization
Norms
Society Shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in
A collection of interacting individuals sharing the same specific situations
way of life and living in the same territory
Folkways
Status Norms that lack moral significance
Refers to the position of a person in society
Mores
Ascribed status Norms that are widely observed and have great moral
Status that pertains to gender, race as well as age significance

Achieved status Characteristics of culture


Status that is attained through our own actions Shared, learned, dynamic, based on symbols
Ethnocentrism Rivers
The practice o comparing cultural practices with those of Provided enough water for large-scale agriculture,
one's own and automatically finding those other cultural enabling people to abandon a hunter-gatherer lifestyle
practices to be inferior and to grow and store surplus food

Ethnocentrism Other stuffs:


Evaluation of other cultures according to preconceptions
originating in the standards and customs of one's own Mesopotamia
culture. Greek for "land between the rivers"

Cultural relativism Mesopotamia


The idea that all norms, beliefs and values are dependent Most ancient civilization
on their cultural context and should be treated as such.
No one comes from a neutral position Mesopotamia
Also called fertile crescent because it is a crescent
Hominid shaped area between the tigris and euphrates rivers
The general term used by scientists to categorize the
group of early humans and other humanlike creatures Cunieform
that can walk erect during prehistoric times A system of writing developed by the sumerians that
used wedge-shaped marks made in soft clay
Homo habilis
Handy man. Direct ancestor of the modern human Egypt
because of its ability to produce tools Also known as the gift of nile

Homo erectus Hieroglyphics


Believed to be more intelligent and more adaptable System of writing in egypt
compared to the homo habilis. They are also manifested Yellow river valley
in cultural evolution because they used their intelligence This was settled by farmers in china
to invent and develop different technologies to respond
to their needs Xia dynasty
First chinese dynasty which arose and flourished during
Homo sapiens the prehistoric period
Considered as modern humans
Shang dynasty
Neolithic revolution The dynasty where arts and sciences flourished
Also called the agricultural revolution. Describes the
origin and impact of food production, plant cultivation Indus valley
and animal domestication Unique because it rose and fell, leaving only mysterious
ruins of this civilization
Cradles of civilization
A term that refers to civilization that emerged Cities
independently. All these civilizations developed around Were larger and more complex than villages
rivers
Writing
Enabled people to preserve, organize and expand their
knowledge
Specialization Essential ingredients of democracy
People in civilized societies were specialists - artisans,
merchants, priests, government officials and farmers Socialization
Refers to the process through which people learn the
Government rules and practices needed to participate successfully in
Composed of rulers who issued laws and officials to the culture and society. It is culturally specific
carry them out
Family
Religion The first source through which they commence their
Involved civilized societies which organized religions social communication
with a powerful, trained and wealthy priesthood
Schools
Sumerian civilization Fulfils the function of teaching children the values and
Developed important skills to learn how to use the river's customs of the larger society
waters. They planned canals and organized workers to
build and repair them. Peer group
A group of people of approximately the same age,
Egyptian civilization sharing similar interests and probably belonging to
Rivers made it easy to go from one village to another. similar backgrounds
Villagers were united into a large kingdom. Life here
was centered on religion. Mass media and technology
The strongest and most argued indirect agent of
Greece city states socialization
Discovered a new way of thinking about nature, society,
and purpose of life. They came to value the individual Workplace
human being to trust in the power of the human mind A group of people of different age groups belonging to
different social and cultural backgrounds
Roman republic
Adapted writing, military techniques, and styles of Religion
literature, art and architecture. They learned practical A collection of cultural systems, belief systems, and
skills in sanitation, road building, architecture and worldviews that relate humanity to spirituality and to
ceramics moral values

Democratization Government
A process by which democracy expands, within a state An indirect agent of socialization that does have an
or throughout the world impact on social life and well-being

Democracy Identity formation


Government by the people. A state in which all fully Relates to the understandings people hold on and believe
qualified citizens vote at regular intervals to choose, to what is meaningful to them as it may be sources from
among alternative candidates, the people who will be in gender, sexual orientation, nationality or ethnicity and
charge of setting the state's policies social class
Popular support of government
Political competition Social identity
Alternation in power Refers to the characteristics that other people attribute to
Popular representation an individual
Majority rule
Self identity
Refers to the process of self-development through which
an individual formulates a unique sense of ourself and
his or her relationship to the world around him/her

Norms
Social rules that specify appropriate and inappropriate
behavior in given situations

Values
Collective conceptions of what is considered good,
desirable, and proper or vice versa

Status set
Refers to all the statuses a person can hold at a given
time

Master status
Key or core status that carries primary weight in a
person's interaction and relationship with others

Role set
A number of roles attached to a single status

Conformity
Course of action that a majority favors or that which is
socially acceptable

Deviance
Course of action that is not socially acceptable or that
majority finds unfavorable

Dignity
Descriptive meaning pertaining to human worth. It refers
to our fundamental right that cannot be taken away
Rights
Legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or
entitlement

Common good
A notion that there are certain general conditions that are
equal to everyone's advantage