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What is linguistics?

Linguistics is the study of the natural language in a scientific way. People who engage

in this are called linguists. Linguistics also reaches into other scines like psychology or biology.

Linguists are not investigating only in in grammar, but also the history of the language and how

it’s connected to the other sciences.

Linguistics’ method are similar to the other sciences’: construct a hypothesis, support it

and test it by evidences. This is how to verify the hypothesis. Just like sciences, linguistics is

descriptive and explanatory. How language is attained, how does it look like in the speaker’s

mind and where-how does it came from are the goal of linguistics.

We live a world where we communicate with other people everyday, using language.

That is what differenciates us, humans, from animals. That makes us humans and linguistics is

the science what wants to understand the nature of it.

Talking about language, the first and one of the most interesting question that arises is

that how language got into our mind/head, because nobody is taught for their first language.

Babies are the best examples, because when thy are born they can’t speak any languages but at

around the age of five they become fluent speakers of their first language. The question how

children can do that is the central question of linguistic theory. Until the 1950’s behaviourists

thought that children are immitating their parents and the other adults. This theory predicted

that children only know what they have experienced or been taught. But these ideas had many

“holes” in them. These holes were filled by Noam Chomsky and other linguists. They created

a hypothesis which was called the Innateness Hypothesis. This theory claimed that humans are

biologically equipped with knowledge of certain universal elements of language structure. They

presented in their works that children has an innate unique language acquisition device which

enables the faculty of language, universal grammar and the creative construction of mental

grammar. Every child has such a device and they do not need teaching to construct sentences.
The hypothesis states that language acquisition is an innate ability which does not need teaching

and it predicts creative language use.

Summarising theses things, linguistics is the study of the human language and it is

important, because in the way language makes us humans, we should understand it’s nature.

That is the reason of the seriousness of this field of science and we have to find the answer for

the arising questions.