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Accelerated Life Testing of De-frost Timers

Reliability Engineering
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Test Procedure : DFT are tested at the rated supply at high temperatures 80°C and 90°C. The De-frost and
Compressor timings are noted for each cycle by the LEDs.

Judgment Criteria: Timer Stops and Timings more than the specs is considered as failure.

Software Used in analysis : MINITAB for Data Analysis, Dplot for Graphs

Test Facilities :

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Test Data at 80°C

Sample Failed after


1 1
2 2
3 2
4 110
5 110
6 110
7 110
8 123*

* indicated censored Sample

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Test Data at 90°C

Sample Failed after


1 1
2 2
3 78
4 106
5 121
6 121
7 121 *

* indicated censored Sample

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For Data Analysis, the following are the parameters considered

1. Distribution : Weibull
2. Temp. Relation : Arrhenius
3. Approximation : Maximum Likelihood Estimation

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Probability Plot (Fitted Arrhenius) for Failure T


Weibull Distribution - ML Estimates - 95.0% CI
Censoring Column in Censor

80
99
90
95
90
Shape Scale AD* F/C
80
70 0.5906 56.195 6.50 8/1
60 0.5906 84.216 7.55 6/1
50
40
30
Design Value = 35.0000
Percent

0.5906 6.5756
20

10

3
2 Probability of
failure for 80°C is
1
more than 90°C
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 10 100 1000 10000100000
1000000
Failure T

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As the probability of failures in 80°C is more than 90°C, which is not suggested,
the data has to be modified.

Neglecting the early life failures (1 cycle failures) the data is again analyzed.

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Modified Test Data at 80°C

Sample Failed after


1 2
2 110
3 110
4 110
5 110
6 123*

* indicated censored Sample

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Modified Test Data at 90°C

Sample Failed after


1 2
2 78
3 106
4 121
5 121
6 121*

* indicated censored Sample

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Probability Plot (Fitted Arrhenius) for Failure T


Weibull Distribution - ML Estimates - 95.0% CI
Censoring Column in Censor

80
99
90
95
90
Shape Scale AD* F/C
80
70 1.2015 112.77 8.91 5/1
60 1.2015 109.82 8.59 5/1
50
40
Design Value = 35.0000
30
Percent

1.2015 129.80
20

10

3
2

0 0 1 10 100 1000 10000 100000


Failure T

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When doing accelerated life testing, you subject units to levels of an accelerating
variable far exceeding normal field conditions to accelerate the failure process. But
most likely, the information you ultimately want is, How do the units behave under
normal field conditions?

Ask Minitab to extrapolate information gained from the accelerated situation to the
design value, or common field condition.

Percentile is How long it takes for 10% of the units to fail, 20% of the units to fail,
20% of the units to fail............

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Test Data Extrapolated to use temperature 35°C

Percent Temp Percentile


10 35 19.95
20 35 37.25
So, The No. of Cycles required for
30 35 55.04
10 % of the samples to fail are 20 Cycles, for 40 35 74.21
50 35 95.67
50 % of failure is 95 Cycles and for 60 35 120.69
70 35 151.48
90 % of the sample to fail is 259 Cycles. 80 35 192.87
90 35 259.85

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Test Data Extrapolated to use temperature 27°C

Percent Temp Percentile


10 27 20.54
So, The No. of Cycles required for
20 27 38.36
10 % of the samples to fail are 20 Cycles, for 30 27 56.67
40 27 76.42
50 % of failure is 98 Cycles and for 50 27 98.52
60 27 124.29
90 % of the sample to fail is 267 Cycles. 70 27 156.00
80 27 198.63
90 27 267.60

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