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GLOSSÁRIO

ÁREA: SIDERURGIA
SUB-ÁREA: LAMINAÇÃO

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro


Departamento de Letras / CCE
Curso de Formação de Tradutores Inglês-Português (2005)
Disciplina: Terminologia
Professora: Adriana Ceschin Rieche

Alunos: ALESSANDRA GOULART


JOSÉ PEDRO ALVIM
LILIA CRISSIUMA PALHARES
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Termo L1 Definição L1 Contexto Termo L2 Contexto Observações

1 AGC (acr.) Automatic Gauge Control - “The horizontal stand is controle “Dessas causas, a primeira Em
This system makes use of equipped with a screw down automático de e a terceira são as mais português, a
large hydraulic cylinders to system (electrical gap espessura (SN) fáceis de serem controladas forma por
apply corrective force to control); back-up roll pelo Controle Automático extenso é
the back-up rolls in order balancing system; work roll de Espessura (AGC), por mais
to maintain an even gauge bending system; hydraulic ocorrem uma única vez ou comum,
on the strip steel being gap control with AGC de forma relativamente sendo o
rolled. AD S1 (automatic gauge control); lenta durante o acrônimo
THC (thickness control); and processamento.” menos
DPC (dynamic profile control) S3 usado.
function.”
S2
2 alloy steel (np) An iron-based mixture is “Typically, alloy steels are aço-liga (s.m.) “Aço-liga: considera-se um
considered to be an alloy designated by distinct AISI aço-liga quando a
steel when manganese is (American Iron and Steel porcentagem máxima dos
greater than 1.65%, silicon Institute) four-digit numbers. elementos de liga que
over 0.5%, copper above The first two digits indicate contém excede um ou mais
0.6%, or other minimum the leading alloying elements, dos limites seguintes:
quantities of alloying while the last two digits give manganês: 1,54%; sílica:
elements such as the nominal carbon content of 0,6%; cobre: 0,6%.”
chromium, nickel, the alloy in hundredths of a S6
molybdenum, or tungsten percent.”
are present. S5
S4
3 back-up roll It is usually a set of two “Past approaches to cilindro de “Nos laminadores quádruos Em L1 usa-
(np) rolls, one on top and one improvements in back-up roll encosto (SN) de produtos planos é se o
on bottom of the two work design have been based necessário retificar acrônimo
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

rolls, which apply pressure primarily on a combination of periodicamente a superfície BUR


and reduce the flexing of experience, the available de seus cilindros de
the work rolls. empirical data and trial and encosto para se eliminar a
error.” camada subsuperficial
ADS7
S8 encruada, que foi gerada
pela sua co-rotação com os
cilindros de trabalho.”
S9

4 bar (n.) Semi-finished square “This comprehensive guide is barra (s.f.) “A Metalinox fornece barras Sinônimo em
section with round or useful when designing, de aço inoxidável nas L1: billet (n.)
rounded corners produced specifying, purchasing and dimensões e características
by hot rolling or manufacturing these versatile que atendam às
continuous casting. S10 products. It describes in detail necessidades específicas
various grades, properties de cada cliente.”
and qualities of billet and bar S12
steel products.”
S11

5 blank (n.) A section of sheet steel “Smorgon Sheet Metal blank (s.m.) “Os blanks oferecem Em L2 usa-
that has the outer supplies have one of the most grande vantagem ao cliente se o termo
dimensions of a specific advanced Multi-blanking lines por serem peças que são de L1
part but has not yet been in Australia which can utilizadas diretamente em
stamped by the end user. process from 0.40mm to processamento na linha de
S13 8.00mm in thickness and produção, em seu tamanho
which impresses with the original, gerando economia
ability to cut multiple blanks de tempo e custos,
with a high degree of flatness eliminando processos
and accuracy.” intermediários.”
S14 S15

6 burr (n.) The very subtle ridge on “After completing the welding rebarba (s.f.) “O excesso de rebarba
the edge of strip steel left step, the traveling burr- dificulta o processo de
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

by cutting operations such removing machine 25 soldagem e a montagem


as slitting, trimming, conducts burr-removal while dos rotores e
shearing, or blanking. For moving. FIG. 2 shows a burr- transformadores elétricos ,
example, as a steel removal cycle of 12 sec. prejudicando a eficiência de
processor trims the sides including 6 sec. for burr- operação destes elementos,
of the sheet steel parallel removal and 6 sec. for além de aumentar o perigo
or cuts a sheet of steel returning.” de acidentes de trabalho, já
into strips, its edges will S17 que as rebarbas são
bend with the direction of verdadeiras navalhas.”
the cut. S18
S16

7 coil (n.) Steel that has been “The innovative construction bobina (s.f.) “Laminação a quente – a
wound. Coils are the most allows both ends of the coil to placa é reaquecida e depois
efficient way to store and remain stationary after de ser processada nos dois
transport sheet steel. shearing, ensuring an laminadores esboçadores
S19 accurate fit-up for proper vai para o laminador de
welding. The design requires tiras a quente onde é
less space in line than transformada em uma tira
traditional coil joiners and can comprida e enrolada em
be positioned close to the bobina.”
straightener, flattener, mill or S21
other machinery. “
S20

8 coil car (np) Unit that the coil sits on. “Other applications include carro de bobinas “8462.39.10 ‘Ex’002 -
Used to move a coil to the coil cars, side guide (SN) Unidade integrada para
entry or from the delivery positioning, down coilers, and corte transversal de aço,
side of the mill. continuous casting position composto por: tesoura
S22 control.” oscilante de corte rotativo e
S23 aparamento de borda; carro
de bobina para retorno;
carro de bobina; carro de
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

entrada; desbobinador;... e
empilhador com elevador.”
S24

9 cold rolling Term applied to the “The JB and S Lees production laminação a frio “A unidade de laminação a
(np) operation of passing facility at West Bromwich, (SN) frio e galvanização nasceu
unheated metal through Birmingham houses various da vontade estratégica do
rolls for the purpose of types of annealing furnaces grupo Usinor (agora
reducing its gauge. and a number of cold rolling Arcelor) de desenvolver no
S22 mills - two of them high- Brasil um segundo polo de
performance mills that are produção e de exportação
used for the main rolling de aço.”
production.” S26
S25

10 continuous A process that “The modern steel industry lingotamento “Na saída do lingotamento
casting (np) continuously casts molten uses continuous casting, contínuo (SN) contínuo, após lingotadas
steel into a semi-finished which is more efficient.” as placas, também são
product such as slab. S27 retiradas amostras das
S22 mesmas para avaliação de
sua qualidade interna,
através da investigação da
existência de trincas.”
S28

11 crown (n.) The difference in “For example, a strip crown coroa (s.f.) “Essa preocupação se deve
thickness between the (strip thickness distribution in ao fato do laminador
edge and center of the the width direction) can be também se deformar
strip changed by adjusting the durante o processo de
amount of axial displacement laminação o que leva a uma
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of the intermediate rolls.” situação como mostrada na


S29
S30 figura 1, que resulta numa
forma abaulada da seção
reta transversal da tira,
abaulamento esse chamado
de COROA (CROWN).”
S31

12 DDS (acr.) Deep Drawing Steel: “The usual metallurgical aço para “Produzimos peças Significado
Sheet of this designation approach is to provide DDS estampagem estampadas em aço do acrônimo
should be used when as a low carbon/low profunda (SN) estrutural (como o NBR em L1: deep
Drawing Steel will not manganese steel chemistry 6655 LN 28, NBR 6656 LNE drawing
provide a sufficient degree combined with low amounts 38 LNE 50), aço para steel (np)
of ductility for fabrication of residual elements.” estampagem profunda e
of parts having stringent S33 média (NBR 5906 EM, EP e
drawing requirements. EEP) e aços diversos (SAE
S32 1010 e 1020, NBR 6650 CF
21, SAC 50, ASTM A 36,
entre outros).”
S34

13 deflector roll A roll used to change the “Typically, a deflector roll rolo defletor “O laminador tem também
direction of the strip. transfers the strip across an (SN) um medidor de planicidade
(np)
S35 exit deflector table at a localizado entre a cadeira
predetermined speed.” quatro e o rolo defletor da
S36 enroladeira.”
S37

14 electrostatic A device used to apply a “We offer a comprehensive oleadeira “Autoriza o Estado do Rio
oiler (np) thin coating of oil to the line of standard and eletrostática de Janeiro a conceder
strip. customized electrostatic (SN) isenção do ICMS …
S38 oilers designed for your rigid ANEXO ÚNICO
production requirements.” ...
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

S39 Oleadeira eletrostática


contínua controlada por ...
imersão a quente.”
S40

15 finished steel Steel that is ready for the “June 2001 imports of aço acabado “China: As importações de
(np) market without further finished steel products were (SN) aço acabado caíram para
work or treatment. down 28 percent compared to apenas 460.000 t no mês
S41 June 2000 while semi- de agosto (representando
finished steel imports were um novo mínimo em 20
down 25 percent.” meses).”
S42 S43

16 finishing stand The last stand in a rolling “The cross sectional shape of trem de “Seguidamente as placas Também
(np) mill, which determines the a work product exiting from a acabamento são laminadas com o conhecido
surface finish and final finishing stand of a multi núcleo ainda líquido até 67 como trem
gauge. stand steel mill is dependent mm de espessura, depois acabador
S44 upon the accuracy of the laminadas a quente até 20 (SN.)
profile existing in the rollers of mm, reaquecidas por
the mill stand.” indução e laminadas num
S45 trem de acabamento até
1,2 mm de espessura, com
largura máxima de 1.350
mm."
S46

17 fish tail (np) The condition on the tail “If, during an edging pass, for rabo de peixe “Depois esta é
end of the strip from the example, the edger rolls (SN.) encaminhada para a
Hot Strip Mill. operate with a constant tesoura volante, onde será
S41 screw-down u (Figure 9), the eliminado o rabo de peixe,
strip ends show a significant que é um empenamento
under-width s as compared to que ocorre na extremidade
the middle parts, the strip da placa e após ela passa
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ends after edging resemble a para o quebrador de


‘fish-tail’.” carepas secundários.”
S47 S48

18 gauge (n.) The thickness of sheet “Using hydraulic roll force bitola (s.f.) “Estrutura totalmente
steel. Better-quality steel systems, steelmakers have soldada sendo quadro
has a consistent gauge to the ability to control precisely frontal e traseiro, teto e
prevent weak spots or their steel sheet’s gauge base em chapa de aço
deformation. (thickness) while it is traveling bitola 18.”
S49 at more than 50 miles per S50
hour through the cold mill.”
S44
19 guide (n.) Device for holding the “Other applications include guia (s.f.) “8462.39.10 ‘Ex’002 -
metal in the proper coil cars, side guide Unidade integrada para ...
position, during rolling, or positioning, down coilers, and guia lateral; rolo de
slitting. continuous casting position medição; correia de
S49 control.” rejeição; carro de rejeição;
S51 lavadora e filtro de óleo
removíveis;”
S52
20 high strength A specific group of steel in “High-strength low-alloy aço microligado “O controle de qualidade foi O acrônimo
low alloy (np) which higher strength, and (HSLA) steels, or (SN) também estendido aos utilizado
in some cases additional microalloyed steels, are aços microligados (HSLA) tanto em L1
resistance to atmospheric designed to provide better e resultou também em como em L2
corrosion or improved mechanical properties and/or economias de elementos de é HSLA
formability, are obtained greater resistance to liga (da ordem de EUR
by moderate amounts of atmospheric corrosion than 170.000/ano).”
one or more alloying conventional carbon steels in S54
elements such as the normal sense because
columbium, vanadium, they are designed to meet
titanium, used alone or in specific mechanical
combination. properties rather than a
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

S44 chemical composition.”


S53

21 hot rolling (np) A steel production process “The process of hot rolling laminação a “Já a superfície dos
in which steel is heated, takes a 9 “ slab and rolls it quente (SN.) cilindros de encosto é
pressed and shaped into into a 3500 feet coil of hot relativamente preservada
the required form. rolled sheet steel.” durante o processo de
S55 S56 laminação a quente, uma
vez que ela somente entra
em contato com o cilindro
de trabalho, que se
encontra relativamente frio.”
S57

22 hot strip mill A mill that rolls reheated “A major upgrade of the hot laminador de “Laminação a quente – a HSM é o
(np) slabs into a coil of strip mill was recently tiras a quente placa é reaquecida e depois acrônimo
specified thickness; the concluded, with the project (SN.) de ser processada nos dois utilizado L1
whole processing is done increasing computerization laminadores esboçadores e LTQ em
at a relatively high and upgrading the electrical vai para o laminador de L2.
temperature (when the system.” tiras a quente onde é
steel is still "red") S59 transformada em uma tira
S58 comprida e enrolada em
bobina.”
S21

23 hot-dip (np) In steel mill practice, a “The American Galvanizers imersão a “A zincagem por imersão a
process whereby ferrous Association (AGA) is a non- quente (SN.) quente, também conhecido
alloy base metals are profit trade association como galvanização a fogo é
dipped into molten metal, dedicated to serving the o processo mais eficiente
usually zinc, tin or tern, for needs of after-fabrication para a proteção do aço ou
the purpose of fixing a rust galvanizers, fabricators, ferro fundido contra a
resistant coating. architects, specifiers, and corrosão.”
S32 engineers, providing technical S61
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support on today's innovative


applications and state-of-the-
art technological
developments in hot-dip
galvanizing for corrosion
control.”
S60

24 interstitial free A recently developed “However, high strength sheet aço IF (sn.) “Exportar mais aço IF para Em L1 usa-
steel (np) sheet steel product with with excellent formability has os Estados Unidos significa, se IF steel;
very low carbon levels that been developed based on na prática, ser bem mais em L2, usa-
is used primarily in interstitial free (IF) steel and ágil do que os concorrentes, se aço IF
automotive deep-drawing this material is experiencing a segundo explicou o diretor-
applications. steadily increasing demand.” comercial da Cosipa,
S32 S62 Renato Vallerini Júnior.”
S63

25 long products Classification of steel “As the only dedicated produtos não- “Os produtos não-planos
(np) products that includes bar, supplier of semi-finished planos (SN.) em geral são produzidos
rod and structural stainless steel long pelas siderúrgicas de menor
products, that are "long", products, Degerfors porte, as miniusinas, em
rather than "flat". Stainless offers the flexibility forma de barras, perfis ou
S64 required to provide a much fio máquina.”
enhanced level of service.” S66
S65

26 OD (acr.) Outside diameter (of coil). “The outside diameter of the diâmetro “Fabricação: As bobinas de
S67 coil is read below. If the arbor externo (SN.) aço fornecidas pelas Usinas
size and outside diameter are de todo o país são
known, the pounds per inch of processadas pelo sistema
coil width is shown in the left.” de Corte Longitudinal
(Slitters)......
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

S68 Dimensões: As bobinas


podem ter ... larguras de
1000, 1200 ou 1500 mm. O
diâmetro interno da bobina
é de 500 mm. O diâmetro
externo máximo é de 1500
mm.”
S69

27 pass line (np) Measurement used to “It is therefore necessary to linha de passe “Eliminação das
level all rolls. 2) The travel control upward and downward (SN.) dificuldades de manter
direction through which a fluctuations of the strip pass- linha de passe de
strip is processed. When line within ±0.1 mm, and limit processo. (Acerto do rolete
out of alignment, it the gap between the de escora que estava fora
requires adjusting so that detecting head and the strip 10mm abaixo desde a
the coil can be properly surface within 0.5 mm.” inauguração do laminador -
processed. S71 1979).”
S70 S72

28 payoff reel (np) Reel on which the coil to be “To prevent tension scratching desbobinadeira “... é necessária a Em (L1) o
processed is loaded. This at the uncoiler (or payoff reel), (s.f.) realização de controles por termo é
reel is sometimes referred processors must uncoil with meio de alinhadores de tiras ainda
to as the entry end reel. about the same amount of nos seguintes pontos do conhecido
S73 tension that was used processo: por uncoiler
originally to wind the coil.” • na desbobinadeira, para (n);
S74 que a tira esteja alinhada ao
entrar na linha de processo,
mesmo que ela seja Em (L2)
proveniente de ...” admite-se
S75 também os
termos
desenroladei
ra (sf) e
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

desbobinado
r (sm).
29 pickling (n) Removal of oxide films “Scale must be removed from decapagem (sf) “Antes do aço sofrer
from metals by immersion the strip surface prior to cold trefilação a frio, para
in hot acid. The process is rolling. This is achieved melhoria de suas
applied particularly to through mechanical (scale propriedades, esta película,
scale removal from metal breaking) and chemical denominada carepa de
prior to such operations as (pickling) processes.” laminação, deve ser
cold rolling, wire drawing S77 removida por processos
and electroplating and in físicos, do tipo
general is carried out in decalaminação, ou
dilute solutions of the químicos, do tipo
mineral acids often with decapagem com ácidos.”
additions of organic S78
material (inhibitors) to
restrain the rate of attack
on the metal.
S76

30 pinch roll (np) 1) Roll used to jog the “The fully hydraulic pinch rolo puxador “8462.39.10 ‘Ex’002 -
strip forward and roll, located upstream of the (SN) Unidade integrada para
backward, and to hold the coiler mandrel, is equipped corte transversal de aço,
strip stationary. 2) Motor- with high-speed position and composto por: ... duplo rolo
driven rolls used to assist pressure control.” puxador; mesa guia de
in threading coils. S80 entrada; guia lateral; rolo de
S79 medição; correia de
rejeição; carro de rejeição;
lavadora e filtro de óleo
removíveis;”
S81

31 plate (n.) Sheet steel with a width of “U.S. Steel will continue to chapa (s.f.) “Outros produtos de menor
more than 8 inches, with a provide customers with hot valor unitário, como chapas
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

thickness ranging from one strip mill plate produced at laminadas a frio e
quarter of an inch to more Gary Works in Gary, Ind. and revestidos, também
than one foot (see sheet sold through the company’s apresentaram incrementos
steel) Midwest Sales office.” superiores à média. Já no
S64 S82 caso de laminados planos a
quente, o volume sempre
relativamente pequeno das
importações atesta a
competitividade do aço
brasileiro nesta faixa de
mercado.”
S83

32 reversing mill The stand of rolls used to “Steel Warehouse Company laminador “Antecipando em seis
(np) reduce steel sheet or plate has awarded Industrial reversível (SN) semanas as previsões
by passing the steel back Automation Services (IAS) an iniciais, a planta
and forth between the order to design, supply and paranaense produziu no
rolls; the gap between the commission a replacement último dia 4 de dezembro as
rolls is reduced after each hydraulic gap control and primeiras bobinas na Linha
pass. automatic gauge control de Decapagem e no
S84 system for a Single Stand Laminador Reversível a
Reversing Mill.” Frio, que uma vez em
S85 operação, marcam a última
etapa de implantação do
contrato firmado há três
anos entre a CSN e o
consórcio constituído pela
Siemens, SMS Demag, Pro
Eco e Ross Enginnering,
entre outras empresas.”
S86

33 roll grind (np) The uniform ground finish “Roll Grinding Reports are retificação de “O algoritmo aqui usado
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

on the work rolls which is produced by the RMS cilindro (SN) para a determinação da
imparted to the sheet or Reporting Module. These profundidade ideal para
plate. include: currently ground rolls; retificação de cilindros de
S87 grinding history for a specific encosto foi proposto por
roll; roll grinding history for an Nambu (Nambu, 1986),
operator; roll grinding history incluindo-se a contribuição
for a grinding machine; all de vários outros autores
grinds between user specified (Nakagawa, 1975,
dates ...” Nakagawa, 1976,
S88 Nakagawa, 1982).”
S89

34 rolling mill (np) Equipment used for rolling “The diagram below shows laminador (s.m.) “No caso de falha da
down metal to a smaller the layout of a rolling mill, unidade de processamento
size or to a given shape with thick steel going in one responsável pela execução
employing sets of rolls tie side, and thin steel coming do sistema de geração de
contours of which out the other.” referências, a operação do
determine or fashion the S91 laminador fica
product into numerous comprometida e necessita-
intermediate and final se de um modo de
shapes, e.g., blooms, operação emergencial.”
slabs, rails, bars, rod, S92
sections, plates, sheets
and strip.
S90

35 roughing The first rolling stand “The roughing stand is the trem “Os tarugos entram no trem
stand (np) through which metal first part of the rolling mill. desbastador desbastador onde são
passes during hot rolling. The large semi-finished (SN) pressionados,
Once reduced by the product is often passed sucessivamente, entre
roughing stands, the metal backwards and forwards cilindros, sofrendo redução
continues on to the through it several times. Each em sua seção, com o
finishing stands where pass gradually changes the conseqüente aumento de
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

smoother rolls with a shape and dimension of the comprimento.”


smaller gap are used to steel closer to that of the S95
complete the hot roll required finished product.”
process. S94
S93

36 scale (n.) Layers of iron oxide “Scale must be removed from carepa (s.f.) “Antes do aço sofrer
formed on the surface of the strip surface prior to cold trefilação a frio, para
hot steel when oxygen rolling. This is achieved melhoria de suas
from the atmosphere through mechanical (scale propriedades, esta película,
combines with iron from breaking) and chemical denominada carepa de
the steel. (pickling) processes.” laminação, deve ser
S96 S97 removida por processos
físicos, do tipo
decalaminação, ou
químicos, do tipo
decapagem com ácidos.”
S98

37 scarfing (n) Cutting the surface of “L-TEC’s cold scarfing escarfagem (s.f.) “Nos processos de
slabs, ordinarily by using a machines are remotely laminação do aço, placas,
gas torch, to remove controlled machines ... Two lingotes e barras contêm
surface defects prior to types are available: defeitos de superfície que
rolling at the Hot Mill. ‘overhead’ machines for devem ser removidos. O
S99 scarfing the top and one chamado processo de
edge of a slab in one pass escarfagem que permite
and "pass- through" machines essa remoção é semelhante
for scarfing the four sides of a uma operação oxi-
slabs in a single pass.” combustível de goiva. A
S100 escarfagem nas Usinas
Siderúrgicas é feita manual
e mecanicamente. O aço
inox pode ser escarfado
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

com pó de ferro da mesma


forma que o corte.”
S101

38 semi-finished Steel products such as “June 2001 imports of aço semi- “A máquina, que faz a
steel (np) blooms, billets, or slabs finished steel products were acabado (SN.) produção das placas (aço
that are then rolled and down 28 percent compared to semi-acabado), deverá
processed into beams, June 2000 while semi- entrar em operação no fim
bars, sheets, etc. finished steel imports were de 2007, informou Rinaldo
S102 down 25 percent.” Campos Soares, presidente
S103 da Usiminas durante
comentários sobre o
balanço do terceiro
trimestre.”
S104

39 service center A catchall name for an “High Steel Service Center centro de “Por meio de um completo
(np) operation that buys steel Inc., a steel service center serviço (SN) Centro de Serviços, com
often processes it in some located in Lancaster, sede em Guarulhos e filial
way and then sells it in a Pennsylvania, has installed a em Taubaté, uma equipe
slightly different form. A High Speed Multi-Cut altamente especializada,
service center is Blanking Line and a High um grande estoque de
distinguished from an end- Speed Slitting Line from Red produtos e os mais
user by the fact that, Bud Industries, Red Bud, modernos equipamentos, a
unlike an end-user, a Illinois.” Rio Negro oferece
service center sells steel, S106 vantagens no fornecimento,
not a fabricated product. manuseio, processamento e
S105 beneficiamento do aço.”
S107

40 sheet steel (np) Steel that is thin, flat-rolled “The final product from the chapa fina de “A norma NBR 5004 –
in a coil. It is created in a facility is coiled sheet steel, aço (SN) Chapas finas de aço de
hot strip mill by flattening a though some steel is sold as baixa liga e alta resistência
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

slab, but keeping the side cast slabs or unfinished coils.” mecânica, Associação
dimensions the same. The S109 Brasileira de Normas
steel will lengthen as it is Técnicas – ABNT, ... fixa
rolled. The most common condições exigíveis para
differences among steel encomenda, fabricação e
bars, strip, plate and sheet fornecimento de chapas
are merely their physical finas, laminadas a quente
dimensions of width and ou a frio, de aço de baixa
thickness. liga e alta resistência
S108 mecânica, para uso
estrutural.”
S110

41 slab (n.) The most common type of “Steel slab includes all placa (s.f.) “A Companhia Vale do Rio
semi-finished steel. grades of refined metallic Doce e o conglomerado
Traditional slabs measure steel in a slab form. When alemão Thyssen Krup vão
10 inches thick and 30-85 listing Steel Slab please state construir no Rio de Janeiro
inches wide (and average clearly the. grade quality and uma usina de placas de
about 20 feet long), while the size, shape and weight of aço, de olho nos mercados
the output of the recently the metal.” das...”
developed "thin slab" S112 S113
casters is approximately
two inches thick.
Subsequent to casting,
slabs are sent to the hot-
strip mill to be rolled into
coiled sheet and plate
products.
S111

42 slitting (n.) Cutting a sheet of steel “Full listing of Slitting corte “Em 1990 o projeto de
into narrower strips to Machines manufacturer and longitudinal instalação da unidade de
match customer needs. supplier on line. We have a (SN.) corte longitudinal foi
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Because steel mills have broad range of slitting concluído, tendo iniciado as
limited flexibility as to the machines and services which operações em outubro,
widths of the sheet that can be sourced by this mudança da nossa filial na
they produce, service comprehensive vertical web Grande Porto Alegre para
centers normally will cut portal dedicated to helping sede em Gravataí.”
the sheet for the global buyers searching and S115
customer. purchasing from Taiwan and
S111 China slitting machines
manufacturers.”
S114

43 sliver (n.) (defect) Loose metal piece “On Tuesday, October 10, a lasca (s.f.) “A resistência mecânica
rolled down onto the continuous mining machine superior é outro fator que
surface of the metal during helper was assisting a coloca o aço inoxidável
the rolling operations. mechanic in the removal of a como o mais indicado para
S111 traction planetary drive from a a fabricação de caixas
continuous mining machine. d’água. Ao contrário de
The mining machine helper, outros materiais, ele não
using an 8 pound trinca, não tem lascas, não
sledgehammer, attempted to solta resíduos, resiste às
free and remove the drive hub intempéries e às variações
from the crawler pad. On the bruscas de temperatura,
second blow of the hammer, sem comprometer sua
a steel sliver flew off the hub performance nem alterar
and penetrate the helper’s sua rigidez e dureza.”
lower throat area. The steel S117
sliver lacerated an artery in
the upper chest area causing
fatal internal hemorrhaging.”
S116

44 SPC (acr.) Statistical Process Control “Statistical Process Control controle “Assim, o Controle O acrônimo
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

- A technique used to (SPC) involves using estatístico de Estatístico de Processo em L2 é


predict when a statistical techniques to processo (SN) (CEP) é uma das CEP
steelmaking function's measure and analyze the ferramentas mais clássicas
quality may deteriorate. By variation in processes. Most na área de qualidade e com
tightly monitoring the often used for manufacturing certeza uma das mais
product's variance from processes, the intent of SPC comprovadas e
specifications, the is to monitor product quality empregadas no meio
operator can determine and maintain processes to prático. Desde seu
when to apply fixed targets.” surgimeno tem sido
preventative maintenance S118 aplicada aos mais diversos
to a machine before any processos, situações e
low-quality (secondary) regiões em todo o mundo.”
steel is produced. S119
S111

45 stand (n.) Sets of rolls; some are “A.K. Engineering has gained cadeira (s.f.) “No equipamento LB2 Também
four rolls; two backup rolls a 2 million pounds contract for (Laminação de Bobinas 2) conhecida
and two work rolls. Some machining and test são utilizados cilindros no como gaiola
are work rolls only. assembling a 5 m wide steel interior da cadeira de (s.f.)
S120 finishing mill stand, destined laminação, responsáveis em
for China, which will weigh executar a redução de
over 1,000 tons when fully espessura do material
erected.” conforme a solicitação do
S121 cliente.”
S122

46 steel (n.) An iron-base alloy, “Steel production in the aço (s.m.) “Aço Inox é um tipo de aço
malleable in some Northwest Indiana/Chicago contendo pelo menos 11 %
temperature range as area, the nation's second- de cromo.”
initially cast, containing largest steel producing region, S124
manganese, usually was 493,000 tons during the
carbon, and often-other week ending Dec. 3, up from
alloying elements. the 457,000 tons made during
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

S111 the week prior, according to


the American Iron and Steel
Institute.”
S123

47 strip (n.) A thin, flat piece of steel “There are 4 principal hot tira (s.f.) “As tiras laminadas a
that is generally narrower rolled finished flat products: quente são usadas na
than sheet steel and the bars, plate, hot rolled strip produção de tubos que
gauge is monitored more and hot rolled sheet. requerem boa soldabilidade
carefully. It may be cut Dimensions particularly e tenacidade, e na indústria
from a steel sheet with a thickness and width are the automotiva, que exige aço
slitting machine. principle bases of de boa conformabilidade.
S108 classification.” São produzidas em
S125 laminadores contínuos de
tiras a quente.”
S126
48 structural steel Steel product group that “Structural shapes distributed aço estrutural “O uso do aço estrutural
(np) includes I-beams, H- by L.B. Foster Piling are (SN) na construção civil no Brasil
beams, wide-flange beams rolled to conform to the latest – embora mais recente e
and sheet piling. These ASTM Structural Steel em pequeno volume,
products are used in the Specification. Rolling and quando comparado ao que
construction of multi-story cutting tolerances shown in ocorre nos Estados Unidos,
buildings, industrial this catalog are in Japão e países da Europa –
buildings, bridge trusses, conformance with ASTM vem crescendo de forma
vertical highway supports, A6/A6M.” consistente.”
and riverbank S127 S128
reinforcement.
S111
49 temper mill A type of cold-rolling mill, “A temper mill rolls the strip laminador de “O material é recozido,
(np) usually with only one or with controlled extensions to encruamento processo que irá garantir a
two stands, that finishes improve flatness, remove (SN.) boa conformabilidade, e
cold-rolled, annealed yield point elongation and depois passa pelo
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

sheet steel by improving provide a uniform surface. laminador de encruamento


the finish or texture to S130 (LE) responsável por elevar
develop the required final um pouco as características
mechanical properties. mecânicas e de conferir um
S129 bom acabamento
superficial.“
S131
50 tensile The greatest longitudinal “The developed cast steel limite de “Os aços de alta resistência
strength (np) stress steel can sustain had a tensile strength over resistência à e baixa liga são utilizados
without breaking. 650N/mm2 and a Charpy tração (SN) toda vez que se deseja:
S132 energy absorption of more elevar a relação do limite de
than 100J at 0 °C. The new escoamento para o limite
cast steel was put through de resistência à tração,
trial production verification sem perda apreciável da
tests for application to the ductilidade.”
super-mega frames of S134
buildings.”
S133
51 tin plate (np) Thin sheet steel with a “The unexpected growth of folha-de- “Folha-de-flandres para Também se
very thin coating of the tin plate industry after flandres (SN) produção de embalagens usa apenas
metallic tin. Tin plate is 1890 was due chiefly to the para alimentos e bebidas é flandres
used primarily in can cheapening of the o principal item consumidor (s.m)
making. fundamental raw material, de estanho metálico,
S129 sheet bars.” equivalente a cerca de 45%
S135 da oferta do metal.”
S136
52 width The lateral dimension of “Because steel mills have largura “A morfologia vista nessa
rolled steel, as opposed to limited flexibility as to the figura foi semelhante à
(n.) (s.f)
the length or the gauge widths of the sheet that they observada em todos os
(thickness). If width of the produce, service centers pontos ao longo da largura
steel strip is not controlled normally will cut the sheet for da tira (operação, centro e
during rolling, the edges the customer.” motor), a qual se mostra um
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

must be trimmed. S111 tanto quanto diferente das


S137 observadas nos laminados a
quente de aços
convencionais de baixo C.”
S138
53 work roll (np) Two smaller rolls of a four- “Prediction of temperature cilindro de “São vários tipos de
high stand of the Weirlite distribution within work rolls trabalho (SN) cilindros de laminação,
Mills, Tandem Mills, and during the hot strip rolling sendo que os envolvidos
the Temper Mills. These process is of great importance nesse projeto são os
rolls, through the use of to mill designers because of chamados cilindros de
hydraulic pressure, are the significant role it plays in trabalho para laminadores
responsible (along with the products dimensional de tiras (de aço) a quente.”
the backup rolls) for the accuracy and roll life.” S141
shape of the steel. S140
S139
Informações gramaticais:
L1: n. = noun L2: m. = masculino
a. = adjective f.= feminino
v. = verb s. = substantivo
np = noun phrase a. = adjetivo
acr. = acronym v. = verbo
SN = sintagma nominal
acr. = acrônimo

Outras abreviaturas:
AD: definição adaptada da referência bibliográfica indicada

REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS:

Fontes dos termos em L2:


Dicionário Metalúrgico – James L. Taylor – ABM – 1993

Sites – Visitados em novembro e dezembro de 2005


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S2: http://www.industry.siemens.com/metals/en/news/newsletter/mm_02_2005/default.htm
S3: www.cimm.com.br/noticia/CUR22.HTM
S4: www.steel.org/Content/NavigationMenu/ LearningCenter/SteelGlossary/Steel_Glossary.htm
S5: www.efunda.com/materials/alloys/alloy_steels/alloy.cfm
S6: www.gasbrasil.com.br/tecnicas/glossario
S7:www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=B
S8: immpetus.shef.ac.uk/imm/newsletters/2002_1.pdf
S9:www.gorni.eng.br/rem_022003_gorni.pdf
S10: www.tenaris.com/en/dalmine?Glossario.asp
S11: http://www.asminternational.org/Template.cfm?Section=Search&template=Ecommerce/ProductDisplay.cfm&ProductID=12398
S12: www.metalinox.com.br/produtos/barras/barras.html
S13: www.stainless-steel-world.net/glossary/a_index.asp

S14: www.smorgonsteel.com.au/sheetmetalsupplies/products/group.cfm?GroupID=6www.smorgonsteel.com.au/sheetmetalsupplies/
products/group.cfm?GroupID=6
S15: www.panatlantica.com.br/Portugues/blank.html
S16: www.steel.org/Content/NavigationMenu/ LearningCenter/SteelGlossary/Steel_Glossary.htm
S17: www.patentstorm.us/patents/6089441.html
S18: www.unip.br/.../engproducao/artigos/doc-pdf/ Carvalho%20P.S.G.;%20Landgraf%20%20F.J.G.;%20%20Cescon%20T.pdf
S19: www.mesteel.com/cgi-bin/w3-msql/goto.htm?url=http://www.mesteel.com/dictionary/c.htm
S20: www.metalcenternews.com/Products/Packaging.htm
S21: www.juresa.com.br/produtos_chapas.asp
S22: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=C
S23: //64.233.187.104/search?q=cache:ya8plm39YUYJ:www.carlencontrols.com/products.html+side+guide+%22steel+mill%22&hl=pt-BR
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S26: www.vegadosul.com.br/imprensa/press_release.htm
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S28: www.cst.com.br/frame.asp?t=/flash_4.shtml&c=/produtos/placas/qualidade/controledequalidade/tecontrole.shtml
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S30: www.patentstorm.us/patents/6868707.html
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S32: www.mesteel.com/cgi-bin/w3-msql/goto.htm?url=http://www.mesteel.com/dictionary/d.htm
S33: www.ussautomotive.com/auto/tech/grades/dds.htm
S34: www.magius.com.br/produt.htm
S35: www.weirton.com/glossary/H.html
S36: www.patentstorm.us/patents/54d41212.html
S37: www.revistametalurgia.com.br/apresenta2.php?pag_id=290
S38: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=E
S39: www.gfg.us/gfg_oilers_fl.htm
S40: www.sef.rj.gov.br/legislacao/tributaria/convenios_ ajustes_protocolos/confaz/convenios/1998/icms98111.shtml
S41: www.mesteel.com/cgi-bin/w3-msql/goto.htm?url=http://www.mesteel.com/dictionary/f.htm
S42: www.americanrecycler.com/09imports.html
S43: www.abmbrasil.com.br/news/clipping/clipping_por_data.asp?dia=27&mes=9&ano=2004
S44: www.steel.org/Content/NavigationMenu/LearningCenter/SteelGlossary/Steel_Glossary.htm
S45: www.patentstorm.us/patents/5911784.html
S46: www.cimm.com.br/noticia/CUR22.”htm
S47: www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/mac/MaynoothSummerSchool/TrespSteel.pdf
S48: www.meusite.mackenzie.com.br/carlosmonezi/seminarios/1o_semestre/1_2002/laminacao/laminacao.htm

S49: www.mesteel.com/cgi-bin/w3-msql/goto.htm?url=http://www.mesteel.com/dictionary/g.htm
S50: www.netplus.com.br/home.asp?ver=detalhe&codigo=101
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S52: 216.239.51.104/search?q=cache:2DcoziBm1xsJ:www.sdaergs.com.br/reso23.htm++%22rolo+puxador%22+site:br&hl=pt-BR
S53: www.key-to-steel.com/Articles/Art62.htm
S54: www.abmbrasil.com.br/cgi-local/news/mostrar.pl?83.dat
S55: www.steelservicecenters.com/info/steelservices centers/def.htm
S56: www.crc4mse.org/MEL/AUTO/STEEL/hot_rolling.html
S57: www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0370-44672003000200007
S58: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=H
S59: www.wcisteel.com/operations/hsm.html
S60: www.galvanizeit.org/
S61: www.mangels.com.br/txt_gal_2.html
S62: www.us.cbmm.com.br/english/sources/techlib/info/hs/EDDQ/hs/EDDQ.htm
S63: www.manutencaoesuprimentos.com.br/conteudo.php?codigo=7
S64: www.mesteel.com/cgi-bin/w3msql/goto.htm?url=http://www.mesteel.com/dictionary/p.htm
S65: www.outokumpu.com/pages/Page____5510.aspx
S66: www.cbmm.com.br/portug/sources/uses/use&user.htm
S67: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=o
S68: www.allfoils.com/technical-coilweight.html
S69: www.triches.com.br/prod_slitter.html
S70: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=P
S71: www.patentstorm.us/patents/6266983.html - 101k
S72: www.indg.com.br/emc/resultados/result.asp?32 -
S73: www.engnet.us/tips/glossary.aspx?word=Payoff+Reel
S74: 216.239.51.104/search?q=cache:izypG0eBSLMJ:www2.thefabricator.com/Articles/Printer_Friendly_Article.cfm%3FID%3D677
+strip+steel++%22payoff+reel%22&hl=pt-BR
S75: 216.239.51.104/search?q=cache:jl3CQ8eh8PIJ:www.emh.com.br/cont_alin_tiras.htm+tira+desbobinadeira&hl=pt-BR
S76: www.smorgonsteel.com.au/sheetmetalsupplies/resources/glossary/index.cfm
S77: www.nzsteel.co.nz/nz/go/about-new-zealand-steel/student-information/the-art-of-pickling
S78: //216.239.51.104/search?q=cache:pKQTNP4S99gJ:www.ecivilnet.com/artigos/corrosao_de_armaduras.htm+decapagem+carepa&hl=pt-BR
S79: www.engnet.us/tips/glossary.aspx?word=Pinch+Roll
S80: www.vatech.at/view.php3?f_id=15510&LNG=EN
S81: 216.239.51.104/search?q=cache:2DcoziBm1xsJ:www.sdaergs.com.br/reso23.htm++%22rolo+puxador%22+site:br&hl=pt-BR
S82: www.ussteel.com/corp/products/plate.htm
S83: www.finep.gov.br/PortalDPP/relatorio_setorial/ impressao_relatorio.asp?lst_setor=33

S84: www.mesteel.com/cgi-bin/w3-msql/goto.htm?url=http://www.mesteel.com/dictionary/r.htm
S85: www.processingtalk.com/news/ind/ind112.html
S86: mediaibox.siemens.com.br/upfiles/1439.pdf
S87: www.engnet.us/tips/glossary.aspx?word=Roll+Grind
S88: www.metrologysystems.co.uk/rmsgrinding.htm
S89: 64.233.161.104/search?q=cache:hLex5J1T338J:www.scielo.br/scielo.php%3Fscript%3Dsci_arttext%26pid%3DS0370-
44672003000200007%26lng%3Des%26nrm%3Diso+retificacao+cilindro+laminacao&hl=pt-BR
S90: www.advantagefabricatedmetals.com/metalformingglossaryr.html
S91: csd.newcastle.edu.au/simulations/roll_sim.html
S92: www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/3/3139/tde-10122004-004129/
S93: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=R
S94: www.uksteel.org.uk/stlmake6.htm
S95: www.belgomineira.com.br/pro/belgo5060.pdf
S96: www.smorgonsteel.com.au/sheetmetalsupplies/resources/glossary/index.cfm
S97 www.nzsteel.co.nz/nz/go/about-new-zealand-steel/student-information/the-art-of-pickling
S98: 216.239.51.104/search?q=cache:pKQTNP4S99gJ:www.ecivilnet.com/artigos/corrosao_de_armaduras.htm+decapagem+carepa&hl=pt-BR
S99: www.weirton.com/glossary/H.html
S100: products.esabna.com/index.html/session_id/0999fc061e17d504755b94d65145e840/screen/steel_industry_secondary/
category_id/id43412e36739401.14658118
S101: www.torch.ind.br/br/aplicacoes/escarfagem.htm
S102: www.stainless-steel-world.net/glossary/a_index.asp
S103: www.americanrecycler.com/09imports.html
S104: www.ibs.org.br/noticias_exibe.asp?Codigo=1124&Refresh=20051113155244
S105 www.scrapconnect.net/default.asp?SID=&section=home
http://www.scrapconnect.net/
S106: www.redbudindustries.com/customer/install/highsteelinst.htm
S107: www.rionegro.ind.br/empresa/
S108: www.steinless-world.com/glossary/a_index.asp?Letter=S
S109: www.epa.state.il.us/public-nptices/2004/united-states-steel/index.pdf
S110: www.manualdepericias.com.br/abnt/NBR5004.asp_p
S111: http://www.mesteel.com/cgi-bin/w3-msql/goto.htm?url=http://www.mesteel.com/dictionary/s.htm
S112: www.metalworld.com/specs/gr200179.html
S113: www.superavit.com.br/colnnas.asp?id=4409
S114: www.manufacturers.com.tw/machinery/Slitting_Machines.html
S115: www.dova.com.br/historia.asp
S116: www.wsha,gov/FATAL5/1995/FAB95C34.HTM

S117: obracadabra.com.br/releases200308.asp?id=154&ACT=58content=16298mnu
S118: reliability.sandia.gov/Manuf_Statistics/Statistical_Process_Control/statistical_process_control/.html
S119: www.numa.org.br/conhecimentos/conhecimentos_port/pag_conh/capabilidadev4.htm
S120: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=S
S121: www.subcontractingtalk.com/news/akh104.html
S122: www.indg.com.br/emc/resultados/result.asp?32
S123: www.steel.org/
S124: www.acesita.com.br/interno.php?area=faq_inox
S125: www.stormpages.com/loreto/typesofsteel.htm
S126: www.cbmm.com.br/portug/sources/uses&user.htm
S127: www.lbfoster.com/piling/structuralsteel.html
S128 www.acominas.com.br/br/produtos/aplicacoesmercadopf.asp?flag=N
S129: http://www.mesteel.com/cgi-bin/w3-msql/goto.htm?url=http://www.mesteel.com/dictionary/t.htm
S130: www.ussteel.com/corp/sheet/hr/pmtmill.htm
S131: www.meincol.com.br/web_meincol/templates/sac.htm
S132: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=T
S133: www.kobelco.co.jp/technology-review/ english/vol51_1_sum.htm
S134: www.cbca-ibs.org.br/acos_estruturais.asp
S135: www.scripophily.net/amtinplcobeu.html
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S137: www.mesteel.com/dictionary/w.htm
S138: www.gorni.eng.br/COLAM_2004_AAG.pdf
S139: www.scrapsite.net/SS_Information/glossary.cfm?target=W
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S141: inventabrasilnet.t5.com.br/cilaco.htm