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Total No. of Cases: 51c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). 3 3


3 3 of 3  c c
. Velusamy Appellant(s) versus . Patchaiammal
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  /3/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markandey Katju and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice T. S. Thakur .
Subject Index: Criminal Procedure Code,7 ² section 3
² claim for maintenance ² petition filed under ² by the
respondent alleging that the appellant deserted the
respondent two or three years after marrying her in .
However, the appellant alleged that he was married
according to the Hindu Customary Rites with one Lakshmi
out of which a male child was born who is studying in an
Engineering college ² the Family Court and the High Court
held by the judgement that the appellant was married to the
respondent and not to Lakshmi ² appeal ² this Court opined
that since Lakshmi was not made a party to the proceedings
and no notice was issued to her hence any declaration about
her marital status visavis the appellant is wholly null and
void as it will be violative of the rules of natural justice.
Also, no finding in the judgment of the learned Family Court
Judge on the question whether the appellant and
respondent had lived together for a reasonably long period
of time in a relationship which was in the nature of marriage
² impugned orders set aside and remand the matter to the
Family Court Judge to decide the matter afresh in
accordance with law ² appeals allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: CIVIL APPEAL No.  3


of 3  With C.A. Nos.   3,  3 ,  74
 ,of 3  c c
M/s. Gurugobind Singh Refineries Ltd.
Appellant(s) versus Punjab State & others Etc. Etc.
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  /3 /3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice G.S. Singhvi Hon'ble Mr.
Justice Asok Kumar Ganguly.
Subject Index: Land Acquisition Act, 4 ² section 4 r/w
section 7, sections  and  ² notification and declaration
under ² for acquisition of land ² fixation of market value of
the acquired lands ² in challenge ² the Government of
Punjab acquired various parcels of land ² the Land
Acquisition Collector passed award for payment of
compensation to the land owners. However, the Reference
Court clubbed the land classified as Nehri/Chahi with Barani
and tube well irrigated land and fixed market value thereof
at Rs.. lacs per acre ² challenged ² the learned Single
Judge declined to interfere with the valuation of the land
and belting method adopted by the Reference Court but
remanded the matter for reconsideration of the issue
relating to categorization of the acquired land ² appeal ²
this Court viewed that the Reference Court was not justified
in deciding the issue relating to fixation of market value of
the acquired land by presuming that irrigation facilities are
available throughout the State of Punjab either through
canals or through tube wells ² the matter remanded to the
Reference Court with the direction that it shall pass fresh
award after giving opportunity to the parties to produce
additional evidence on all the issues. Further held that the
land owners shall be entitled to withdraw the amount
deposited by the Company after furnishing appropriate
security to the satisfaction of the Presiding Officer of the
Reference Court ² appeals disposed.c

3  SCCL.COM 74Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). 3 of


3 c c
Van Vibhag K.G.N. Sahkari Sansthan, Maryadit
Appellant(s) versus Ramesh Chander & others
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice G.S. Singhvi and Hon'ble r.
Justice Asok Kumar Ganguly.
Subject Index: Limitation Act ² Article 4 ² limitation bar ²
Civil Procedure Code,  ² Order , Rule 7 ² application
under ² for amendment of pleadings ² timebarred ² the
respondent No.  alongwith 3 others entered into an oral
agreement with the appellant to sell their respective land to
the appellant. The agreement to sell was executed and
signed by all three farmers. Thereafter, the first respondent,
issued a public notice in a local daily, that he is the owner
and in possession of the disputed land, and any action taken
by the appellant over such land would not affect the rights
of ownership and possession of the first respondent over the
land ² appellant filed suit for declaration of ownership of
the suit land ² dismissed ² the appellant moved an
application for amendment of pleadings for inclusion of the
relief of specific performance of contract ² dismissed ²
appeal ² whether the appellant has a cause of action to file
a suit for specific performance ² this Court held that the
refusal by the first respondent to acknowledge the right of
the appellant over the land in its public notice in 
definitely furnishes the appellant with a cause of action to
file a suit for Specific Performance but it has not filed such a
suit within the period of limitation prescribed for filing such
a suit. The suit filed by appellant, therefore, is hit by the
provisions of Order 3 Rule 3 of the Civil Procedure Code ²
appeal dismissed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7 Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). 7 of


3 c c
Vithal Laxman Chalawadi & Etc. Appellant(s) versus State of
Karnataka Rep. By P. Prosecutor Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markandey Katju and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice T. S. Thakur .
Subject Index: Indian Penal Code,  ² Sections  3/4,
3 ² punishment of murder and simple hurt ² conviction
and sentence under ² in challenge ² an altercation between
the two parties in the course whereof accused is alleged to
have assaulted the deceased with a knife. PWs  &  were
also assaulted and PW is alleged to have received a
chappal blow from accused No. on her face ² chargesheet
was filed ² the trial Court acquitted 4 accused and convicted
only 3 of them u/secs.3 and 34 and held that the
prosecution had failed to prove the charge of murder against
the accused. However, the High Court viewed that the
prosecution had established its case against accused  to 4,
for the commission of an offence punishable under Section
 3 read with Sec. 4 IPC and were sentenced accordingly
² appeal ² the relationship between the two families was
strained on account of the refusal of the deceased to marry
the elder sister of the appellant and in preference tying the
knot with the younger sister of the accused without their
consent has been sufficiently established by the material on
record ² the deceased died a homicidal death having
suffered as many as 7 injuries ² this Court found the
version given by the injured eyewitneses PW &  as
credible that the appellant took the knife to inflict injuries
on the body of the deceased ² accused No. gave a chappal
blow to PW and no other overt act attributed to him who
appears to have joined the melee when tempers ran high
conviction and sentence of appellant, for the offence under
Section  3/4 IPC affirmed while conviction of A u/sec.
3 maintained and sentence reduced to the period already
undergone. A3 acquitted of all the charges on benefit of
doubt ² appeals disposed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7 4Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). 


of 3 c c
State of Orissa & another Appellant(s) versus Sangam
Keshari Misra & another Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.V. Raveenderan and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice H. L. Gokhle.
Subject Index: Charge Memorandum and Corrigendum ²
quashing of ² in challenge ² the State Government issued a
charge memorandum against the first respondent, an officer
belonging to IAS cadre ² the first respondent filed writ
petition ² the High Court stayed the enquiry in pursuance of
the charge memorandum. When the said interim stay was in
operation, Government of Orissa issued a corrigendum to
the charge memorandum amending the words "Misc. Case
No.3 of 3  "wherever it appears by the words "Misc.
Case No. 3 of 3 " ² the first respondent initiated
contempt proceedings and the High Court quashed the
charge memorandum and corrigendum ² appeal ² whether
the High Court was justified in quashing the charge
memorandum and corrigendum thereto ² Yes ² whether
the High Court was justified in making adverse remarks
against the officers of the State Government in regard to
issuance of corrigendum ² no ² the High Court held that if
the corrigendum had to be ignored as it was issued in
violation of the interim order of stay, the charge would be
false and incorrect as admittedly the first respondent did not
receive the copy of the order in Misc. case No.3/3 , as
there was no proceedings with the number "Misc. case No.
3/3 ". However, the High Court while quashing the
charge memorandum and the corrigendum reserved liberty
to the Government to deal with the matter in accordance
with the law ² the issue of a corrigendum without the leave
of the court, when there was a stay of the enquiry in
pursuance of the charge, was clearly a step taken in the
disciplinary enquiry. Even if it was correction of a genuine
error, it would still be technically a violation of the order of
interim stay ² this Court held that the High Court was
justified in closing the contempt proceedings. But the High
Court was not justified in expressing disapproval and
issuing a warning to the senior officers of the State
Government, therefore, deleted the later half of the
impugned order.c

3  SCCL.COM 7 Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). of


3 c c
Jabalpur evelopment Authority Appellant(s) versus V.V.
Shrivastava & another Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice G.S. Singhvi and Hon'ble r.
Justice Asok Kumar Ganguly.
Subject Index: Civil Procedure Code,   ² Order 4, Rule
37 ² permission to adduce additional evidence ² Madhya
Pradesh Nagar Tatha Gram Nivesh Adhiniyam, 7 ²
section  , ² noncompliance of ² the appellants
approved the Town Planning Scheme covering an area of
 4.3 hectares including the land of the respondents and
notification was published under section  (7). After
acquiring the major portion of the land by agreement
several multistoried buildings have been constructed and a
housing colony has also been developed ² after almost 
years of the publication of notification under Section  (7)
the respondents filed suit for declaration and permanent
injunction ² the trial Court decreed the suit primarily on the
ground that the defendant (appellant herein) has failed to
prove that the draft scheme was published under Section
 () and was approved under Section  (4). The lower
appellate Court affirmed the orders of the trial Court ² the
appellant filed second appeal and also filed an application
under Order 4 Rule 37 CPC for placing on record documents
marked `A' to `H' to show that the Scheme has already
been implemented ² rejected ² appeal ² this Court held
that the High Court committed an error by not entertaining
the application filed by the appellant under Order 4 Rule 37
CPC for producing additional evidence to show that the
possession of the major portion of the land covered by the
Scheme was taken after paying compensation to the land
owners and the Scheme has been implemented ² impugned
order set aside and the matter remitted to the High Court for
deciding the second appeal of the appellant afresh ² appeal
allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). 73 of


3 cc
Balkrishna S. alwale () by Lrs.
Appellant(s) versus Vithabai C. Rathod () by Lrs. & others
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice P. Sathasivam and Hon'ble r.
Justice B. S. Chauhan.
Subject Index: Compromisecumpartition deed ² validity of
² in question ² the respondents/original plaintiffs
permitted the appellant/ original defendant to occupy the
suit premises out of love & affection. After sometime, the
original owners sent a notice to appellant to vacate the said
premises which was resisted by the appellant claiming his
ownership ² suit was filed ² the trial Court dismissed the
suit holding that appellant was not the licensee and
therefore, question of revoking the licence and further
asking the court to evict him could not arise. However, the
First Appellate Court held that the purported compromise
cumpartition deed was unregistered, unstamped and not
signed by the appellant as a party but merely as a witness.
Thus, the said document did not create any right and title in
favour of the appellant nor the said document was
admissible in evidence ² appeal ² this Court found that the
said document does not create any legal title in favour of the
appellant. Appellant had signed the said document as a
witness and not as a party. The said document had neither
been exhibited nor was admissible in evidence. Further held
that the appellants being the descendants of the original
defendant cannot take the benefit of such magnanimity
shown by the original plaintiffs to the original defendant ²
appeal dismissed ² no cost.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal No. 74 of 3 


(With Civil Appeal No.74/3  & 7 /3 )cc
M/s. Kothari Industrial Corporation Ltd.
Appellant(s) versus Tamil Nadu Electricity Board & another
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markendey Katju and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice T.S. Thakur.
Subject Index: Tamil Nadu Revision of Tariff Rates on Supply
of Electrical Energy Act, 7 ² the appellants were
sanctioned the power supply by the respondents ² the
appellants alleged that they were attracted by the tariff
concession given under the Act that new industries were to
be given the benefit of concessional tariffs for the first five
years of production, therefore, on the basis of said promise
the appellants proceeded in setting up their projects and
established their industrial units which commenced
production. Thereafter, the respondents by revising the
tariff introduced a new condition to the tariff concession,
that the said concession was not to apply from the year
when the industry starts earning profits. In pursuance
thereto, the appellant was been served notice to pay
Rs.3, ,4/ to avoid disconnection of power supply ² this
Court gave direction to place the matter before Hon'ble the
Chief Justice of India for constitution of a larger bench to
decide the issue as to whether the principles of promissory
estoppel and legitimate expectation are applicable in this
case.c

3  SCCL.COM 3Case No: Civil Appeal No. 4 of


3 cc
Sant Lal Gupta & others Appellant(s) versus Modern Coop.
G. H. Society Ltd. & others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice P. Sathasivam & Hon'ble Mr.
Justice B.S.Chauhan.
Subject Index: elhi Cooperative Socities Act, 73 and
Rules, 7 ² Rule () ² procedure for expulsion of
members ² the appellants were the members of the
respondentSociety. The Society sent a proposal to the
Registrar for expulsion of 37 members including the
appellants, by its Resolution and meanwhile it enrolled new
members, whose approval was also sought ² the Registrar
passed an order rejecting the approval of the expulsion of
the appellants and other members. The Financial
Commissioner affirmed the the said orders. However, the
High Court through its judgement, set aside the impugned
orders of the statutory authorities ² appeal ² the High
Court found fault with the orders of the Registrar and the
Financial Commissioner basically on the grounds of delay
and laches without realising that the writ petition was not
against the orders passed by the Registrar after inordinate
delay of 7 years. Even, the High Court has not recorded any
finding of fact as to when the demands had been made from
the members and as to whether there was any progress in
the construction work of the Society ² impugned orders of
the High Court set aside while orders of the statutory
authorities restored ² appeal allowed ² no costs.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Civil Appeal No (s).7 of


3  c c
Manoj Mahavir Prasa Khaitan Appellant(s) versus Ram Gopal
Poddar & another Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice V. S. Sirpurkar and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice Cyriac Joseph .
Subject Index: Indian Penal Code,  ² Section 7 ²
punishment of theft ² cognizance of the offence under ²
CrPC,7 ² Section 43 ²petition under ² challenging the
whole criminal proceedings ² dismissed ² the police
officers and the appellant went to the house of respondent
No.  in connection with the criminal prosecution instituted
by the daughterinlaw of respondent No. , who was the
sister of the accused/appellant. The accused/appellant
forced ASI to take search of cupboards for seizing the
passport of daughterinlaw of respondent No.Thereafter,
respondent No. filed criminal complaint for the offence
punishable under Section 7 IPC against the appellant
alleging that the appellant had stolen some gold ornaments
during that raid ² the Judicial Magistrate took cognizance
and issued process against the appellant ² The appellant
challenged the order issuing process by way of a Criminal
Revision before the Sessions Judge which was withdrawn.
The High Court also dismissed the concerned petition ²
appeal ² this Court observed that it is absurd to think that
the appellant who was present with the police party would
venture to pocket the bangles in their presence. Further,
admittedly, after locking the locker, the keys were handed
over to the respondent No. . Neither is it known nor has it
been made clear as to when the respondent No.  opened
the locker again to find that the two gold bangles were
stolen ² no complaint against the two accompanying police
officers therefore, the complaint wholly lacks the bona fides
and it was obviously with the indirect motive for hounding
the appellant who was none else but the brother of the
daughterinlaw of respondent No.  who had started the
criminal proceedings ² impugned order of the High Court
set aside and the criminal proceedings quashed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7 Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). 7 of


3  c c
Maharashtra State Electricity istribution Co. Ltd. & another
Appellant(s) versus atar Switchgear Ltd. & others
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice .K. Jain and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice H.L. attu.
Subject Index: Indian Penal Code,  ² sections 3, 
r/w section 4 ² fabricating false evidence with common
intention ² complaint filed for the commission of offence
under ² CrPC, 7 ² section 43 ² petition under ² to
quash the complaint ² dismissed ² various contracts
entered into between the parties. uring the validity period
of the contract, various disputes arose between respondent
No. and MSEB and respondent No. terminated the contract
in entirely ² dispute referred for arbitration ² the Arbitral
Tribunal passed the final award whereby it directed MSEB to
pay damages to respondent No., and pay interest. On the
basis of the arbitral award, respondent Nos.  to  filed
criminal complaint ² the Judicial Magistrate took
cognizance of the said complaint and issued summons
against all the accused named in the complaint. The High
Court observed that a prima facie case has been made out
against the accused and the complaint clearly establishes
the joint action of the accused to attract vicarious liability
under the IPC ² appeal ² no allegation in the Complaint
that appellant No. 3 had personally participated in the
arbitration proceedings or was monitoring them in his
capacity as the Chairman of MSEB. Even the Board
Resolution, adduced by the complainant, does not establish
that appellant No.3 was involved in the alleged fabrication
of false evidence or adducing the same in evidence before
the arbitral tribunal ² this Court held that the complaint
does not indicate the existence of any prearranged plan
whereby appellant No. 3 had, in collusion, with the other
accused decided to fabricate the document in question and
adduce it in evidence before the arbitral tribunal, thus, no
prima facie case has been made out against appellant No.3
in respect of charges under IPC ² impugned order of the
Magistrate taking cognizance against appellant No. 3 in
criminal complaint is quashed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7 Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). 7 of


3 c c
M/s. Suraj Mal Ram Niwas Oil Mills (P) Ltd.
Appellant(s) versus United India Insurance Co. Ltd.&
another Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice .K. Jain and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice T.S Thakur .
Subject Index: Stock insurance ² open transit policy ²
repudiation of claim ² the appellant dispatched 4 tins of
oil valued at ` ,4,7 / from Jaipur to haramnagar by
rail and from haramnagar to Agartala by road to the
consignee ² the railway wagon carrying the said goods met
with an accident resulting in extensive damage to the
consignment ² claim was filed ² rejected by the Insurance
Co. ² complaint was filed ² the State Commission directed
the respondents to pay `4,,7/ with interest at the rate
of 3 per annum and `3, / as costs. However, the
National Commission set aside the orders of the State
Commission and dismissed the complaint ² appeal ² this
Court opined that the claim of the appellant must fail on the
short ground that there was a breach of the special
condition incorporated in the cover note. The appellant was
obliged to declare "each and every consignment" before it
left the appellant's factory premises and there is nothing in
the policy to suggest that the insured had the liberty to pick
and choose the dispatches which they wanted to declare to
the insurer ² held the repudiation of the claim of the
appellant by the respondents was justified and valid ²
appeal dismissed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7 Case No: Civil Appeal No (s).  of


3 7c c
Gurbux Singh Appellant(s) versus Harminder Kaur
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice P. Sathasivam and Hon'ble r.
Justice B.S. Chauhan.
Subject Index: Hindu Marriage Act,  ² section  ²
petition filed under ² for a decree of divorce ² against the
respondent/wife ² on the ground of cruelty ² on the
ground of cruelty ² both the courts below have rejected the
claim of the appellant on the ground that he has failed to
prove `cruelty' sufficient for grant of a decree of divorce ²
appeal ² this Court observed that making certain
statements on the spur of the moment and expressing
certain displeasure about the behaviour of elders may not
be characterized as cruelty. Mere trivial irritations, quarrels,
normal wear and tear of married life which happens in day
to day life in all families would not be adequate for grant of
divorce on the ground of cruelty ² held no interference with
the orders of the Courts below ² appeal dismissed ² no
costs.c

3  SCCL.COM 7 Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). 7 of


3  c c
Oil & Natural Gas Corp. Appellant(s) versus M/s. Wig
Brothers Builders & Enginnr. P. Ltd. Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.V. Raveendran and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice H.L. Gokhale .
Subject Index: Arbitration Act, 4 ² sections  &  ²
petition under ² challenging the arbitral award ² the
appellant entrusted a construction work to the respondent
² certain disputes arose between the parties ² claims
referred to a sole arbitrator ² the arbitrator passed arbitral
award in favour of the respondent/claimant and also
awarded 3 pendente lite interest and  from the date
of the award/decree. The High Court upheld the judgment of
the civil court making the award the rule of the court,
subject only to one change, by reducing the rate of pendente
lite interest from 3 to  per annum ² appeal ² the
arbitrator held that the delay in completion was due to the
fault of both the contractor and ONGC and that both are
equally liable for the delay of  months, thus, the
contractor was entitled to compensation at the rate of Rs.
lakh for a period of  ½ months ² this Court held that as per
clause  A of the contract in the event of the work being
delayed for whatsoever reason, that is even delay which is
attributable to ONGC, the contractor will only be entitled to
extension of time for completion of work but will not be
entitled to any compensation or damages, therefore, the
award of the arbitrator in violation of the bar contained in
the contract has to be held as one beyond his jurisdiction ²
the judgement of the Courts below making the award the
rule of the court is partly set aside in so far as it relates to
the award of Rs.. lakhs under claim No.() and the award
of interest thereon ² appeal partly allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7 Case No: Criminal Appeal No.  of


3  c c
Ram Ratan Appellant(s) versus State of Rajasthan
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Aftab Alam and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice R. M. Lodha.
Subject Index: Indian Penal Code,  ² sections  7, 3
and 34 ² attempt to murder and punishment for causing
greivious hurt ² conviction and sentence under ² the High
Court disposed of the appeal by a brief order and while
confirming the conviction of the appellant, reduced the
sentence from 7 years RI to  years RI ² this Court found
the High Court was rather cavalier in disposing of the
appellant's appeal, therefore, the impugned order set aside
and the appellant's appeal restored before the High Court
for a fresh hearing and decision in accordance with law ²
appeal allowed ² no cost.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). 74


77 of 3 4cc
State of Karnataka & Others.
Appellant(s) versus Munikadirappa & Others. Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markandey Katju and Hon'ble
r. Justice T. S. Thakur .
Subject Index: Land Acquisition Act, 4 ² determination
of the Compensation ² occupancy rights ² granted in favour
of the respondents ² by the Land Tribunal ² challenged ²
while the writ petition was still pending the lands in
question were acquired by the Bangalore evelopment
Authority ² the High Court concluded that the Land Tribunal
was right in holding that the respondents were cultivating
the land in question as tenants and in granting occupancy
rights to them. Further, taking note of the fact that the lands
in question stood acquired the learned Single Judge directed
that compensation payable for the lands in question shall be
apportioned between the petitionerserstwhile owner and
the tenantsoccupants. However, the ivision Bench held
that since the respondents were found to be in cultivating
occupation of the land on the appointed date, they shall be
deemed to be so even on the date of acquisition and that
they shall be entitled to claim full compensation payable for
the land acquired from them ² appeals ² this Court held
that while grant of occupancytenancy rights in favour of the
respondents qua the parcels of land in their respective
possession as on the appointed date shall stand affirmed,
the question as to who is entitled to what compensation for
the acquisition of said lands in question is left open to be
determined in appropriate proceedings under the Land
Acquisition Act, 4 ² appeals disposed.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: WRIT PETITION (Crl.) No. 


of 3  cc
Mahamudul Hassan Petitioner(s) versus Union of India &
others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markandey Katju and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice T.S. Thakur.
Subject Index: Constitution of India,  ² Article 3 ²
petition under ² Foreigners Act ² conviction under ² the
petitioner, a Bangladesh national was convicted for illegally
entering India and sentenced to undergo two years rigorous
imprisonment and to pay a fine of Rupees ten thousand ²
hence, the petition ² this court opined that if the petitioner
has a grievance against that judgment, he has a right of
appeal to the High Court on the judicial side or can also
approach the concerned executive authority under Section
43 Cr.P.C. or to the Governor under Article  of the
Constitution of India ² petition dismissed.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal No(s). 4 of


3 3cc
All Sikkim Youth Asson. & another
Appellant(s) versus H.R.Subba & others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice alveer Bhandari and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice eepak Verma.
Subject Index: Misappropriation of funds ² an article was
published that the Sikkim Public Works epartment had
indiscriminately defied the Rules and that there had been
grave irregularities by the Public Works epartment in
repair of roads and bridges ² a writ petition was filled
seeking for a direction of investigation by a competent
investigating agency to investigate into the acts of
commission or omission of the officials of the PW, Roads
and Bridges ² the High Court concluded that it was not
necessary to refer the matter for investigation by the
Central Bureau of Investigation or Central Vigilance
Commission and the writ petition filed by the appellants was
dismissed ² appeal ² the appellants could not point out any
breach of the Sikkim Financial Rules, 7 or
misappropriation of funds by the respondents ² held no
interference with the impugned orders ² appeal dismissed.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). 4 of


3 3cc
Sri Ramakrishana Mutt Rep. By Manager
Appellant(s) versus M.Maheshwaran & others
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice V. S. Sirpurkar and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice Cyriac Joseph .
Subject Index: Hindu Succession Act,  ² Section 4()
² applicability of ² the original owner executed 
settlement deeds wherein, he had created a life interest in
favour of his second wife with a stipulation that after her
demise, the property would go in favour of the
appellant/plaintiff ² the appellant / plaintiff filed suit for
claiming the property ² all the three Courts below dismissed
the suit of the appellants and held that Kumudammal (the
second wife) had become absolute owner of the property
under Section 4() of the Hindu Succession Act as she was
in possession of those properties on the date when the
Hindu Succession Act came on the anvil ² appeal ² this
Court found that Kumudammal was given the possession of
property and was also given the right to enjoy the property
by collecting rents of the same right even during the lifetime
of her husband who was only managing the properties on
her behalf. Thus, Kumudammal was in possession of the
property in pursuance of her preexisting right of
maintenance on the date on which the Hindu Succession Act
came into force ² held that the constructive possession of a
female Hindu is sufficient for the application of Section
4() of the Hindu Succession Act ² appeal dismissed ² no
costs.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: CRIMINAL APPEAL No.(s).


 of 3  cc
Asoke Basak Appellant(s) versus State of Maharashtra &
others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice . K. Jain and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice H. L. attu.
Subject Index: Indian Penel Code  ² Sections 4 , 4 
r/w Section 4 ² criminal breach of trust with common
intention ²charges under ² CrPC, 7 ² Section 43 ²
petition filed under ² to quash the criminal complaint ²
dismissed ²certain disputes arose between MSEB and
respondent No. 3.The respondent No.3 sought immediate
refund of the amount of Rs. lakhs However, the Chief
Engineer (istribution), MSEB informed respondent No.3
that the deposit of ` lakhs had been adjusted by MSEB
against the dues payable by respondent No.3 to MSEB ²
respondents No.34 filed complaint ² the Judicial Magistrate
took cognizance and issued summons against all the
accused named in the complaint. While affirming the said
orders, the High Court observed that a prima facie case has
been made out against the accused ² appeal ² nothing
mentioned in the complaint to suggest that the complainant
had entrusted any property to the appellant or that the
appellant had dominion over the said money of the
complainant, which was dishonestly converted by him to his
own use, so as to satisfy the ingredients of Section 4  of
the IPC. Even the complaint, does not reveal any preconcert
or preplanning whereby all the accused had decided to
misappropriate the said amount ² this Court concluded that
the ingredients of Section 4  IPC are not satisfied against
the appellant, the question of his acting in concert with
others does not arise, therefore, no prima facie case has
been made out against the appellant ² impugned orders set
aside ² complaint quashed ² appeal allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM 73Case No: Civil Appeal No(s).7  of


3 c c
Ram Krishna Singh & others Appellant(s) versus Thakurji
Shivji Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  /7/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Aftab Alam and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice Chandramauli Kr. Prasad .
Subject Index: Uttar Pradesh Urban Buildings (Regulation of
Letting, Rent and Eviction) Act, 73 ² suit for eviction and
arrears of rent ² against the original tenant ² decreed ex
parte in favour of the landlord ² CPC,  ² Order IX, Rule
 ² application under ² for recall of exparte decree ²
dismissed. However, the Additional istrict Judge allowed
the revision and set aside the exparte decree ² the Small
Causes Court decreed the suit of landlord for recovery of
arrears of rent but dismissed it in regard to the relief for
eviction whereas, the Revisional Court held that the
appellantstenant were liable to be evicted for nondeposit
of the arrears of rent and passed the order of eviction. The
High Court affirmed the said orders ² appeal ² the writ
petition was first dismissed for default. It was dismissed for
a second time, once again for default but was again restored
by order and it was finally dismissed on merits by the
impugned order ² this Court held that the appellants have
conducted the proceedings with complete lack of
seriousness and in a highly cavalier manner ² appeal
dismissed.c

3  SCCL.COM  Case No: Criminal Appeal No. of


3 cc
Samjuben Gordhanbhai Koli Appellant(s) versus State of
Gujarat Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  /7/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markandey Katju and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice T.S. Thakur.
Subject Index: Constitution of India,  ² Articles 73,
 ² CrPC, 7 ² Section 43 ² pardon or remission of
sentence ² in terms of ² conviction upheld ² the appellant
prayed for remission of the rest of her sentence ² this Court
opined that remission can only be granted by the executive
authorities. However, the appellant will be free to seek
appropriate redress from the appropriate Government by
making a representation praying for pardon or remission of
sentence in terms of Section 43 of the Code of Criminal
Procedure or under Articles 73 or  of the Constitution of
India.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Civil Appeal No (s). 444 of


3 cc
State of Uttranchal Appellant(s) versus Sandeep Kumar
Singh & others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  /7/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice B. Sudershan Reddy and
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Surinder Singh Nijjar.
Subject Index: Appointment ² post of Assistant Professor ²
respondents applied for ² as scheduled caste reserved
category candidates ² the respondents were successful in
the selection conducted by the University. However, the
University withdrew the appointment letters of the
respondents under the instructions of the State Government
on the ground that they do not belong to scheduled caste
category of State of Uttaranchal ² the respondents filed writ
petition ² allowed ² appeal ² whether a person belonging
to a scheduled caste in relation to a particular State would
be entitled or not, to the benefits or concessions allowed to
scheduled caste candidate in the matter of employment, in
any other State ² whether Presidential Order issued under
Article 4() or Article 43() of the Constitution has any
bearing on the State's action in making provision for the
reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any
backward class of citizens ² this Court opined that the
extent and nature of interplay and interaction among
Articles (4), 4() and 43() of the Constitution is
required to be resolved, therefore, the registry is directed to
place the papers before the Hon'ble the Chief Justice of
India for appropriate directions.c

3  SCCL.COM 4Case No: Civil Appeal No (s).  of


3  cc
Sri Chanmuniya Appellant(s) versus Virender Kumar Singh
Kushwaha & another Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  /7/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice G. S. Singhavi and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice Asok Kumar Ganguly .
Subject Index: Criminal Procedure Code, 7 ² section 3
² Claim for maintenance ² Hindu Marriage Act,  ²
Protection of Women from omestic Violence Act, 3  ²
explanations of the provisions of ² the appellant was
married off to the first respondent as per the customs and
usages prevalent in the Kushwaha community where after
the death of the husband, the widow was married off to the
younger brother of the husband. After some time the first
respondent started harassing and torturing the appellant,
stopped her maintenance and also refused to discharge his
marital obligations towards her ² the appellant filed 3 suits
for maintenance and for restitution of conjugal rights ² the
trial Court decreed the suit for restitution of conjugal rights
in favour of the appellant. However, the High Court opined
that the essentials of a valid Hindu marriage, as required
under Section 7 of the Hindu Marriage Act, had not been
performed between the first respondent and the appellant
and held that the first respondent was not the husband of
the appellant and thus reversed the findings of the trial
Court ² hence, the petition ² this Court requested the
Hon'ble Chief Justice to refer the questions to be decided by
the larger Bench ² (i) whether or not presumption of a
marriage arises when parties live together for a long time,
thus giving rise to a claim of maintenance under Section 3
Cr.P.C., (ii) whether strict proof of marriage is essential for
a claim of maintenance under Section 3 Cr.P.C. having
regard to the provisions of omestic Violence Act, 3 
(iii)
whether a marriage performed according to customary rites
and ceremonies, without strictly fulfilling the requisites of
Section 7() of the Hindu Marriage Act, , or any other
personal law would entitle the woman to maintenance under
Section 3 Cr.P.C. ² a broad and expansive interpretation
should be given to the term `wife' to include even those
cases where a man and woman have been living together as
husband and wife for a reasonably long period of time, and
strict proof of marriage should not be a precondition for
maintenance.c

3  SCCL.COM 7 3Case No: Civil Appeal No (s).  


7  of 3  c c
State of Haryana & others Appellant(s) versus Kashmir
Singh & others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markandey Katju and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice T. S. Thakur .
Subject Index: Indian Police Act,  ² Punjab Police
Rules, 4 ² provisions under ² interpretation of ²
transfer orders ² in challenge ² on the ground that in view
of the Punjab Police rules so far as Constables, Head
Constables and Exemptee Constables are concerned, they
could not be transferred outside the district, and so far as
ASI and SIs are concerned, they could not be transferred
outside the range ² the relevant provisions of the Police Act
and the Rules clearly shows that the entire police
establishment under the State Government is one integrated
police force, though for better administration the State has
been subdivided into districts/ranges. Further, a plain
perusal of the Punjab Police Rule shows that transfer can be
done from one district to another district or even to another
range, and there is no absolute prohibition for doing so ²
impugned judgement of the High Court set aside and the
writ petitions dismissed ² appeals allowed ² no cost.c

3  SCCL.COM 4Case No: CRIMINAL APPEAL No. 7 of


3 7cc
Santosh Kumar Singh Appellant(s) versus State Thr. CBI
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Harjit Singh Bedi & Hon'ble Mr.
Justice C.K. Prasad.
Subject Index: Indian Penal Code,  ² Sections 7/ 3
² punishment of rape and murder ² conviction and
sentence under ² on the completion of the investigation by
the CBI, the appellant was charged for offences punishable
² under ² the trial court, on the basis of findings recorded
held that the case against the appellant could not be proved
and acquitted him. However, the High Court reversed the
judgment of the trial court and awarded a death sentence to
the appellant² appeal² a few days before the murder, the
appellant had been continuously harassing the deceased and
this allegation has been proved by ocular and documentary
evidence² the CBI had fairly secured the documents which
could prove the appellant's case whereas, no evidence in
defence to prove the documents or to test their veracity, had
been produced² the medical evidence clearly supports the
version that the injury had been sustained by the appellant
during the course of the rape and murder. The recovery of
the helmet with a broken visor and the recovery of glass
pieces apparently of the visor from near the dead body and
the fact that the appellant himself sustained injuries while
mercilessly beating the deceased with his helmet and
causing  injuries including three fractured ribs, are other
circumstances with regard to the murder² this court found
that no suspicion can be raised with regard to the sanctity of
the samples. Further ample evidence produced on record to
suggest that the blood samples had been kept in the
hospital in a proper way, thus, no possibility of the samples
having been contaminated or tampered with² the motive
stood proved beyond any doubt ² conviction of the
appellant maintained while the sentence awarded to him is
commuted from death to life imprisonment under Section
 3 of IPC ² appeal dismissed² sentence modified.c

3  SCCL.COM 7 7Case No: Civil Appeal No (s).  of


3  c c
Kanwar Natwar Singh Appellant(s) versus irector of
Enforcement & another Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice B.Sudershan Reddy and
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Surinder Singh Nijjar.
Subject Index: Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA),
 and Rules, 3 ² Rule 4 ² interpretation of ² section
 () ² complaint filed under ² whether a noticee served
with show cause notice under Rule 4() is entitled to
demand to furnish all the documents in possession of the
Adjudicating Authority including those documents upon
which no reliance has been placed to issue a notice
requiring him to show cause why an inquiry should not be
held against him? ² the appellants along with others, jointly
and severally, without general or special permission of the
RBI dealt in and acquired Foreign Exchange totaling US $
,, 37.7 in respect of two oil contracts with SOMO of
Iraq and transferred Froeign Exchange being the payment
and commission to the credit of specified account to persons
resident outside India, in fulfillment of precondition imposed
by SOMO for allocation of oil under aforesaid two contracts,
in contravention of the provisions of FEMA ² the
Adjudicating Authority issued a notice to the appellants
under the provisions of FEMA read with the Rules, requiring
them to show cause why an inquiry should not be held
against them. The Authority, however, declined to furnish
copies of other documents and decided to hold an inquiry in
accordance with the provisions of FEMA and the Rules ²
being aggrieved, the appellant No.  filed writ petition ²
dismissed ² appeal ² whether the Adjudicating Authority
even at the preliminary stage is required to furnish copies of
all the documents in his possession to a noticee even for the
purposes of forming an opinion as to whether any inquiry at
all is required to be held ² no ² the inquiry against the
noticee is yet to commence. The evidence as may be
available upon which the Adjudicating Authority may place
reliance, is required to be furnished to the person proceeded
against at the second stage of inquiry into allegations of
contravention ² the appellants are not sure as to whether
they are asking for the copies of the documents in
possession of the Adjudicating Authority or in possession of
authorized officer who lodged the complaint ² this Court
held that the only object in making such demand is
obviously to obstruct the proceedings, therefore, the
Authority is directed to make inquiry into the allegations
made in the complaint strictly in accordance with the law ²
appeals dismissed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Civil Appeal No. 7 3 of


3 cc
Bharti Cellular Ltd. Appellant(s) versus Union of India &
others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markandey Katju and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice T.S. Thakur.
Subject Index: Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act,
7 ² Section  ² appeal filed under ² computation of
licence fee ² licence agreement ² between the parties ² to
provide cellular mobile telephone services for elhi Metro
area ² the appellant claimed that although it commenced
commercial services only from th November 
however, the respondents, treated 3th September  i.e.
the date when the interface/service clearance was given as
the date of commencement of the Licence Agreement and
computed the licence fee dues, interest, penal interest,
liquidated damages etc. with reference to the said date ²
the Tribunal upheld the computation of licence fee
demanded and realized by the respondentUnion of India in
terms of the Licence Agreement executed between the
parties and concluded that the appellant gave its
unconditional acceptance to the entire Migration package on
37th July , thus, the appellant was not entitled to raise
any issue that related to the premigration period. Further
held that it was open to the respondent to charge simple
interest on the overdue amount for keeping the licence valid
instead of terminating the same on the ground of default ²
appeal ² this Court observed that once the petitioner
appellant had specifically and unconditionally agreed to
accept the Migration Package and given up all disputes
relating to Licence Agreement for the period upto st July
, it was not open to it to turn around and agitate any
such dispute after availing of the Migration Package ² held
no interference with the orders passed by the Tribunal ²
appeal dismissed ² no costs.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Civil Appeal No.7 of 3  cc


S. Chandramohan Nair Appellant(s) versus George Joseph &
others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice G.S. Singhvi and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice Asok Kumar Ganguly.
Subject Index: A) Consumer Protection Act,  ² section
(A) ² appointment ² of the appellant ² as member of
the State Commission ² under challenge ² the learned
Single Judge quashed the appointment of Shri K.V. Thomas
by observing that even though name of the appellant was
recommended by the Chairman and two members, the State
Government ignored the same without assigning any
tangible reason and appointed Shri K.V. Thomas, whose
name was recommended only by two members. However,
the ivision Bench of the High Court set aside the orders of
the ld. Single Judge ² Respondent No., who had nothing to
do with selection and appointment of the members of the
State Commission filed Writ Petition and prayed for
quashing the appointment of the appellant on the ground
that his name had not been recommended by the Selection
Committee ² the ivision Bench of the High Court treated
the writ petition filed by respondent No. as a writ of quo
warranto and held that the appellant could not have been
appointed as member of the State Commission ² appeal ²
the name of the appellant had been recommended by entire
body of the Selection Committee i.e., the Chairman and the
Members. Neither of the 3 Members lodged any objection
nor sent any communication to the State Government.
Therefore, the contrary observations made by the ivision
Bench cannot but be termed as erroneous and the same
could not have been relied upon for quashing the
appointment of the appellant ² impugned order of the
ivision Bench set side ² appeal allowed B) Appointment ²
of judicial and other members ² the State Government
cannot arbitrarily ignore or reject the recommendations of
the Selection Committee. If the appointment made by the
State Government is subjected to judicial scrutiny, then it is
duty bound to produce the relevant records including
recommendation of the Selection Committee before the
Court to show that there were valid reasons for not
accepting the recommendation.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Civil Appeal No.474 of


3 cc
Man Kaur () By Lrs. Appellant(s) versus Hartar Singh
Sangha Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.V. Raveendran and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice Aftab Alam.
Subject Index: Specific Relief Act,  ² section (c) ²
noncompliance of the provision of ² suit for specific
performance ² an agreement of sale was entered between
the parties for the suit property ² the plaintiff/ respondent
averred that he was always ready and willing to perform his
part of the contract and get the sale deed registered by
paying the balance consideration
and that in spite of a
notice calling upon the defendant to complete the sale, the
defendant had failed to execute the sale deed ² the trial
court decreed the suit and held that the time was not of
essence of the contract
that defendant had failed to prove
that the agreement was rescinded
that the plaintiff had
proved that he was ready and willing to perform his part of
the contract
that the suit was not barred by time
that the
Reserve Bank's permission was not necessary for obtaining
a decree for specific performance, but was required only for
execution of the sale deed in pursuance of a decree for
specific performance
and therefore plaintiff was entitled to
specific performance. The High Court affirmed the said
orders ² hence, the appeals ² the plaintiff who ought to
have given evidence never appeared and gave evidence. As
his attorney holder PW had no knowledge of the
transaction, the plaintiff solely relied on the evidence of the
property dealer (PW3) to prove the execution of the
agreement who was not an attorney holder acting on behalf
of plaintiff. Though PW and PW3 gave evidence about his
readiness and willingness there was no acceptable or valid
evidence of such readiness and willingness of plaintiff to
perform his part of the obligations in terms of the contract
² this court held that a person who fails to aver and prove
that he has performed or has always been ready and willing
to perform the essential terms of the contract which are to
be performed by him is barred from claiming specific
performance ² the material on record shows that the
respondentplaintiff committed breach. Therefore, the
earnest money stood forfeited and respondent is not
entitled for refund of the earnest money ² impugned order
of the courts below as set aside ² suit for specific
performance dismissed ² appeal allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM 77Case No: SLR (Criminal) No.7 of


3 4cc
Thanu Ram Petitioner(s) versus State of M.P. (Now C.G.)
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Altamas Kabir and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice A.K. Patnaik.
Subject Index: Indian Penal Code,  ² sections 4A
and   ² abetment of suicide and cruelty upon a woman
by her husband or the relative of husband ² conviction and
sentence under ² the deceased wife of the petitioner
committed suicide in her matrimonial home by sprinkling
kerosene upon herself and setting herself on fire ² the High
Court acquitted the petitioner's father from the alleged
charges while the conviction and sentence of the Petitioner
and his mother were confirmed ² hence, the petition ² the
deceased committed suicide in the 4th year of her marriage
when she was six months' pregnant ² the dying declaration
stated in clear and simple language that the victim had been
treated with both mental and physical cruelty and the victim
has stated quite candidly how she poured kerosene on her
body and set herself on fire ² the element of instigation
duly satisfied ² this court observed that the evidence of
P.Ws.3, , 7, ,  and  is sufficient to establish the
prosecution case against the Petitioner under Section 4A
IPC and Section   IPC ² held no interference with the
impugned judgment of the High Court or the Trial Court ²
petition dismissed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Civil Appeal No.73 of 3 cc


Shyam Telelink Ltd. now Sistema Shyam Teleservices Ltd.
Appellant(s) versus Union of India Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markandey Katju and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice T.S. Thakur.
Subject Index: Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, 7
² section () ² appeal under ² computation of liquidated
damages ²a licence agreement was executed between the
parties that, inter alia, required the appellant to start
commercial operations within twelve months from the date
on which the agreement was executed ² the appellants
sought permission of the respondents to commence
commercial operations which were denied on the ground
that certain technical deficiencies remained to be removed
² the respondent demanded the outstanding licence fee and
a sum of Rs.7. crores payable towards liquidated damages
that were provisionally determined. Further, amount of
Rs.7 lakhs were demanded as liquidated damages for the
delay in the commissioning of the service ² aggrieved by
the demand of Rs. Crores, the appellant approached the
Tribunal for redress ² dismissed ² appeal ² the fact that
the appellant was not ready to commence commercial
operations in February  is evident from its own letter in
which the appellant had clearly admitted that the system
was not yet ready for such operations, therefore, it is not
open to the appellant to argue that it was ready to start
commercial operations in February  ² the computation
of the liquidated damages for noncommencing of the
services as well as limiting the same to a total amount of
Rs. crores was in conformity with the licence conditions
executed between the parties ² this court held that the
unconditional acceptance of the terms of the package and
the benefit which the appellant derived under the same will
estop the appellant from challenging the recovery of the
dues under the package or the process of its determination
² appeal dismissed ² no costs.c

3  SCCL.COM 74Case No: Criminal Appeal No.3 of


3 cc
State of Maharashtra Appellant(s) versus Abu Salem Abdul
Kayyum Ansari and others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice P. Sathasivam and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice R.M. Lodha.
Subject Index: Cr.PC, 7 ² sections  ,  7 &   ²
tender of pardon to accomplice ² TAA Act, 7 ² section
 ² appeal under ² whether the accused has a right to
cross examine an accomplice who has been tendered in
evidence by the prosecution as approver but later on pardon
tendered to him was withdrawn on a certificate of the Public
Prosecutor ² no ² the salutary principle of tendering a
pardon to an accomplice is to unravel the truth in a grave
offence so that guilt of the other accused persons concerned
in commission of crime could be brought home ² no
provision militates against the proposition that a pardon
granted to an accomplice under Section   or  7 Cr.P.C.
protects him from prosecution and he becomes witness for
prosecution but on forfeiture of such pardon, he is relegated
to the position of an accused and his evidence is rendered
useless for the purposes of the trial of the coaccused. There
is no question of such person being further examined for the
prosecution and, therefore, no occasion arises for the
defence to cross examine him ² appeal allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Criminal Appeal No. 7 of


3 cc
Narayana Appellant(s) versus State of Karnataka
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Harjit Singh Bedi and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice C.K. Prasad.
Subject Index: Prevention of Corruption Act,  ²
sections 7/()(d) r/w Section 3(3) ² conviction and
sentence under ² the appellant visited the shop premises
belonging to PWs and 3 on three or four occasions for
collecting illegal tax ² trap was prepared ² the appellant
was caught red handed taking bribe money ² the Trial Court
on consideration of the evidence acquitted the appellant.
However, the High Court reversed the judgement of the trial
court and accordingly convicted the appellant for the
commission of offence ² appeal ² the evidence of the
PWs. and 3 categorically speak about the demand and
these witnesses alongwith PW7 speak about the recovery
of the tainted money as well ² appeal dismissed.c

3  SCCL.COM 73Case No: Civil Appeal No.7 of 3 4cc


V. Ramakrishna Rao Appellant(s) versus Singareni Collieries
Company Ltd., & another Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice G.S. Singhvi and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice Asok Kumar Ganguly.
Subject Index: Land Acquisition Act, 4 ² section 3A()
² redetermination of the amount of compensation ²
whether the application filed by the appellant under Section
3A() for making a reference to the Court was
maintainable and the High Court committed an error by
quashing the proceedings ² acquisition proceedings held ²
the Reference Court fixed market value of the two
categories of land at Rs. , / and Rs., / per acre
respectively ² the appeals filed against the order of the
Reference Court were pending before the High Court. In the
meantime, the appellant who had not invoked Section  of
the Act filed an application under Section 3A() for
payment of enhanced compensation at par with other land
owners ² allowed ² the appellant filed an application under
Section 3A() of the Act for making a reference to the
Court for fixing the fair market value of the acquired land ²
the respondent No. filed writ petition which was dismissed
by the ld. Single Judge. However, the ivision Bench set
aside the order of the learned Single Judge and held that a
person who gets benefit of higher compensation under
Section 3A() cannot file an application under Section
3A() ² appeal ² this court held that the appellant cannot
be denied right to seek determination of fair market value
which has to be at least at par with market value fixed by
the Reference Court. The mere fact that the application filed
by the appellant under Section 3A() remained pending for
more than  years cannot be made a ground to deprive the
appellant of his legitimate right to seek further
enhancement in the amount of compensation ² impugned
judgement of the ivision Bench set aside ² application
filed u/sec. 3A() maintainable ² appeal allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM  Case No: CIVIL APPEAL Nos. 44


of 3  with CIVIL APPEAL Nos. 474 of 3  with CIVIL
APPEAL Nos. 4 of 3  cc
M/s. Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporation Limited
& Anr. Appellant(s) with M/s. Ion Exchange India Limited
Appellant(s) versus M/s. oshion Veolia Water Solutions (P)
Limited & others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  /4/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Altamas Kabir & Hon'ble Mr.
Justice A.K. Patnaik.
Subject Index: Bidding±tender notice invitationby the
IRCTC/appellant ² for turnkey project for design,
engineering, supply, installation, commissioning, operation
and maintenance of the packaged drinking water bottling
plant ² the respondent quoted a total price of Rs. .
Crores, whereas Ion Exchange quoted a total price of Rs.
. Crores and had also quoted a discount of  on the
quoted price ² the Accepting Authority of the IRCTC
accepted the majority recommendation of the Tender
Committee that the  discount offered in the bid of Ion
Exchange can be considered, thus, letter of acceptance was
issued to Ion Exchange ² the respondent filed writ petition
on the ground that the offer of discount on the quoted price
made by Ion Exchange was in violation of Clause . of the
Instructions to Bidders, therefore, prayed for restraining
IRCTC from taking any step in furtherance of the tender²the
ivision Bench allowed the Writ Petitions of the appellant
and quashed the acceptance of the offer of Ion Exchange ²
appeal ² whether the offer of  discount on the quoted
price made by Ion Exchange was in breach of any essential
term of the tender notification or the tender format as held
by the High Court±no±whether the High Court was right in
coming to the conclusion that by not indicating the excise
duty amount in rupees in its offer, Ion Exchange committed
breach of an essential term or condition of the tender
notification or the tender format ± no ± no express
stipulation found in the Instructions to Bidders or the
Special Terms and Conditions or in the Prescribed Price
Schedule prohibiting the tenderer from quoting a discount
on the price offered by him ² this court held that if on the
recommendation of the Tender Committee, the Accepting
Authority did not find the deviation from Clause (ii) of the
Note by Ion Exchange very material and has accepted the
offer of Ion Exchange, the ivision Bench of the High Court
could not have held that Ion Exchange committed a breach
of an essential term by not mentioning the excise duty
amount in rupees in its offerimpugned orders of the
ivision Bench of the High Court set aside ² appeal filed by
the appellant allowed  no costs.c

3  SCCL.COM 3Case No: Special Leave Petition No.


44 of 3  cc
State of Jharkhand & others Petitioner(s) versus Krishna
Pradhan & others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy):  //3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markandey Katju & Hon'ble Mr.
Justice T.S. Thakur.
Subject Index: Inordinate delay ² in filing writ petitions ²
practice often adopted by the officials of various State
Governments ² this court gave direction to the Chief
Secretaries of all the States so that effective action may be
taken in this regard.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Civil Appeal Nos.433433 of


3 4cc
A.P. Housing Board Appellant versus K. Manohar Reddy and
others Respondents
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): / /3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble r. Justice Mukundakam Sharma and
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Anil R. ave, J..
Subject Index: Land Acquisition Act, 4 ² sections
4,,,3(A) & 3(3) ² fixation of the market value of the
acquired land ² the Reference court fixed the market value
of the land acquired at Rs.  / per square yard and also
awarded  per cent solatium on the market value and a
further sum of 3 per cent additional market value in terms
of the Section 3()(A) of the Act. However, the High Court
held that the respondentsclaimants are entitled to
compensation at the rate of Rs. 7/ per square yard for the
acquired lands after deducting /rd from the said amount,
along with other benefits as awarded by the Civil Court ²
hence, the appeals ² the evidence on record showed that
the land is agricultural land and therefore would require
extensive development to be utilised as a residential site ²
the High Court interfered with the rate of market value fixed
by the reference court and raised it to Rs. 7/ per square
yard from Rs.  / per square yard. However, no cogent
reason given for increasing the aforesaid rate from Rs.  /
to Rs. 7/ ² the sale deeds were executed in proximity to
the date of acquisition, therefore, such an increase without
any supporting reasons cannot be said to be valid and legal
² this court fixed the market value of the land at Rs.  /
per square yard as on the date of the notification and direct
that /rd of the awarded amount shall be deducted from
the aforesaid valuation towards development charges ²
appeals allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Civil Appeal Nos.434 of


3  with Civil Appeal No.74 of 3  cc
R.. Gardi Medical College and another
Appellants versus State of M.P. and others Respondents
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): / /3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markandey Katju and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice T.S. Thakur, J..
Subject Index: Admissions ² for MBBS course ² found
irregular ² reduction of seats from the Management quota
of the appellant college ² under challenge ² for the
academic session 3 3 7 the appellant admitted to the
first year of MBBS course as many as  students who had
not secured  marks in the examination conducted by
the APMC ² the admissions were declared illegal ² this
court directed that an equal number of seats shall be
reduced from the management quota of the college for the
academic session 3 3  ² a writ petition was filed
alleging that the allocation of seats between the
management and the State was not proper nor was the
reduction of 3 seats from the management quota given
effect to as directed by this Court ² the High Court opined
that calculation and allocation of seats required to be
surrendered by the college, was wrong and that the
appellant had been permitted to fill up the seats in violation
of the orders passed by this Court, thus,  seats out of the
seats filled by the APMC and  seats wrongly filled in the
NRI quota, in total  seats was directed to reduce out of
the management quota of the appellantcollege for the
academic session 3  3  ² appeal ² this court held that
the reduction of seats had to be only from the management
quota, for it was the management who had committed an
irregularity which it was directed to correct by surrendering
an equal number of seats to the State ² the High Court
rightly held that unfilled NRI seats to be shared equally
between the college and the management and as the
appellantcollege had utilized the unfilled NRI seats all by
itself it had committed clear irregularity justifying reduction
of the excess seats during the session 3  3  ² appeals
dismissed with costs of Rs. , /.c

3  SCCL.COM 7 Case No: Civil Appeal No.43 of 3  cc


Smt. Bimla evi Appellants versus State of H.P. and others
Respondents
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): / /3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.V. Raveendran and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice J.M. Panchal, J..
Subject Index: Appointment ² for the post of Instructor ²
nonselection of the appellant ² challenged ² the Tribunal
dismissed the application filed by the appellant on the
ground that the third respondent (Subordinate Services
Selection Board) constituted by the State Government had
found that the fourth respondent possessed the requisite
qualifications and had also found that the National Trade
Certificate in Cutting & Tailoring held by the fourth
respondent was equivalent to a National Trade Certificate in
ress Making
and that in the absence of any mala fides or
other irregularities in the process of selection, there could
be no interference. The High Court affirmed the said orders
² appeal ² whether the difference between the two courses
is so material as to invite interference with the decision of
the Tribunal affirmed by the High Court ² no ² this court
held that if the Selection Board bona fide proceeded on the
basis that a Trade Certificate in Cutting & Tailoring is
equivalent to a Trade Certificate in ress Making, and on
that basis made the appointment, and that has been
accepted by the Tribunal and the High Court as proper, no
interference after  years, even if appellant has made out
some difference between the two trades ² appeal
dismissed.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal Nos.7 7 of


3 4 with Civil Appeal Nos. 777 of 3 4 and Civil
Appeal No. 744 of 3 4cc
Iyasamy and another Appellants versus Spl. Tahsildar, Land
Acquisition Respondent
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): / /3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble r. Justice Mukundakam Sharma and
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Anil R. ave, J..
Subject Index: Land Acquisition Act, 4 ² sections
3(A), 3(3) ² additional compensation and interest on
solatium ² determination of the valuation of acquired lands
² the appellants not satisfied with the compensation
awarded by the Land Acquisition Officer, filed petition
before the Reference Court ² the Reference Court enhanced
the compensation and fixed it at the rate of Rs. / per sq. ft
² the High Court in its impugned judgment and order
enhanced the market value of the land to Rs. / per sq. ft.,
and deducted / towards development charges and
ultimately the compensation was fixed at Rs. / per sq. ft.
The High Court also rejected the claim of interest on
solatium u/s 3 (3) and additional compensation u/s
3(A) of the Act ² appeal ² no interference with the
quantum of compensation awarded by the High Court,
however, this court held that the appellants would entitle to
receive interest on solatium under section 3 (3) and
additional compensation under Section 3 (A) of the Act ²
appeal partly allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: CIVIL APPEAL No. 4 OF


3  with CIVIL APPEAL No. 43 OF 3  cc
Amarjit Singh & others Appellant(s) versus State of Punjab
and others Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): /3/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.V. Raveendran, Hon'ble Mr.
Justice R.M. Lodha & Hon'ble Mr. Justice T.S. Thakur.
Subject Index: Land Acquisition Act, 4 ² Sections 4, ,
3() ± Punjab New Capital (Periphery) Control Act, 3 ±
constitutional validity of ² under challenge ² Punjab
Regional and Town Planning and evelopment Act,  ²
Section 7(3) ± exemption notification under²acquisition
proceedings held ² while a majority of the land owners did
not find fault with the proceedings, some of the owners
representing around  of the total area notified for
acquisition, questioned the same ² the High Court upheld
not only the constitutional validity of the impugned
enactments but also the notification issued under the Land
Acquisition Act ² appeal ² whether the exemption of the
land under acquisition from the provisions of Section 4 and
Chapters VIII, X and XII of the Act,  in terms of
notification issued under Section 7(3) of the said Act
suffers from any legal infirmity  no  whether the
acquisition under challenge is rendered bad for non
compliance with the provisions of the Act aforementioned 
no  whether the absence of any rehabilitation measures
renders the acquisition in question legally bad. If not,
whether the `Land Pooling Scheme' can be made applicable
to the acquisition of the land acquired from the appellants.
The notification granting exemption was never challenged in
the writ petitions filed by the appellants ² the Government
decided to invoke its powers U/sec. 7(3) as the
compliance with the provisions of the Punjab Regional and
Town Planning and evelopment Act,  was found to be
impracticable primarily because of the tremendous pressure
on land in and around Mohali for housing purposes
especially because the township has witnessed phenomenal
growth over the years. Thus, the Government issued
exemption notification and prevented such haphazard and
unplanned development ² the 'Land Pooling Scheme'
envisages a kind of publicprivate partnership in the
development of areas involving acquisition of large extents
of land which can be done only when an acquisition is
tailored according to the scheme, therefore, the scheme
cannot be introduced after the acquisition and even
allotment process is over ² appeals dismissed ± no costs.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal Nos. of


3 cc
Arvind Kumar Mishra Appellants versus New India
Assurance Co. Ltd. and another Respondents
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): /3/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice Aftab Alam and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice R.M. Lodha, J..
Subject Index: Motor Vehicle Act,  ² section  ²
claim application under ² for assessment of loss of earnings
² the appellant was seriously injured as a result of a truck
being negligently driven . He was certified 7 permanent
disablement ² the Tribunal allowed the total compensation
of Rs. 3, , / along with the interest @  per annum
to the appellant and held that the accident occurred due to
rash and negligent driving of the truck, therefore, the owner
of the vehicle and the insurer were liable to pay the
compensation to the appellant. The High Court increased the
amount of compensation to Rs. , , / ² appeal for
enhancement of compensation ² this court opined that
since the appellant suffered 7 permanent disablement
and was about 3 years of age at the time of accident, thus,
the operative multiplier would be . The compensation
awarded by the High Court in the sum of Rs., , /
enhanced to Rs. , , / with simple interest @  p.a.
plus cost of Rs., / to the appellant ² appeal allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Civil Appeal No. of 3 cc


Union of India and others Appellants versus Narinderjit
Singh Sidhu Respondents
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): /3/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice J.M. Panchal and Hon'ble Mrs.
Justice Gyan Sudha Misra, J..
Subject Index: Promotion ² to the rank of Major General in
Army Aviation Corps ² not considered ² the respondent
submitted a nonstatutory complaint to the Chief of Army
Staff against nonconsideration of his name for promotion to
the next rank of Major General in the Army Aviation Corps,
since he was the senior most Brigadier in the Army Aviation
Corps (Permanent Cadre) ² rejected ² on the ground that
no appointment of Major General was authorized to Army
Aviation Corps (Permanent Cadre) ² the respondent filed
writ petition ² the ivision Bench directed the appellants to
consider the case of the respondent for promotion to the
rank of Major General in accordance with the Rules and his
service profile in the Army Aviation Corps ² appeal ² the
appellants invited applications for conversion to Army
Aviation Corps and in response thereto the respondent was
permanently converted to the Army Aviation Corps ² the
post of Major General had been earmarked and specified for
Army Aviation Corps to which sanction of the President of
India was granted and conveyed ² the documents on record
nowhere suggest that Army Aviation Corps had no specified
vacancy in the rank of Major General. After creating a
permanent cadre and specifying the post of Major General in
the Army Aviation Corps, the appellants were treating the
same as an unspecified vacancy to be manned by an officer
to be brought from the other Corps, which was erroneous
and not justified ² held no interference with the impugned
orders of the High Court ² appeal dismissed ² no costs.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal No.37 of 3 cc


K. Manorama Appellant versus Union of India rep. by Genl.
Manager Southern Railway and others Respondents
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): /3/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.V. Raveendran and Hon'ble
Mr. Justice H.L. Gokhale, J..
Subject Index: Seniority ² entitlement to ² the appellant
filed O.A. and stated, that since Respondent No.  had been
selected on merits for the post of 'Assistant Law Officer' he
should not be considered as occupying a Scheduled Caste
seat. He contended that if a Scheduled Caste candidate
competes for a nonreserved post and is selected, he should
not be counted against the quota reserved for Scheduled
Castes ² the Tribunal declared that the selection of
Respondent No.  was in an unreserved vacancy on his own
merit and directed Respondents Nos.  and 3 to empanel the
appellant in the reserved category provided that she was
qualified according to the marks and seniority in the
selection made, and if there was no SC candidate above her
either on marks or in seniority. However, the High Court set
aside the order of the Tribunal ² appeal ² the first point in
the roster was meant for a reserved candidate. Since, in the
year , it was a single post cadre, it had been treated as
unreserved. When the single post cadre became a multipost
cadre, and consequently two seats became available in
4, they had to treat one out of the two seats as a
reserved seat, therefore, the selection of respondent no. as
a Schedule Caste Candidate cannot be faulted ² this court
held that the principle that when a member belonging to a
Scheduled Caste gets selected in the open competition field
on the basis of his own merit, he will not be counted against
the quota reserved for Scheduled Castes, but will be treated
as open candidate, will apply only in regard to recruitment
by open competition and not to the promotions effected on
the basis of senioritycumsuitability ² no interference with
the judgement and order of the High Court ² appeal
dismissed.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal Nos.773 of


3 3 with Civil Appeal Nos.4  of 3 3cc
State of Himachal Pradesh and another
Appellants versus Shri Siri utt (ead) by L.Rs. and others
Respondents
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): /3/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice G.S. Singhvi and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice Asok Kumar Ganguly, J..
Subject Index: Himachal Pradesh Village Common Lands
Vesting and Utilization Act, 74 ² section  ² claim of
ownership ² suit for ² the respondents prayed for
correction of the revenue entries, cancellation of the illegal
allotments and for restraining the appellants from
interfering with their ownership and possession ² the trial
Court negatived the respondents' claim of ownership and
declared that by virtue of Section ()(c), all the rights, title
and interest of the land owners stood extinguished and the
land vested in the State Government. Further found that the
respondents were in possession of 7. bighas only and
accordingly declared that their possession cannot be
disturbed unless they are paid compensation under Section
(). The lower appellate Court reversed this part of the
judgment of the trial Court and held that payment of
compensation was not a condition precedent for
dispossessing the respondents ² the learned Single Judge
did not disturb the concurrent finding of the two courts on
the issue of ownership of the suit land and vesting thereof in
the State but held that they cannot be dispossessed without
following due process of law ² appeal ² whether payment
of compensation is a condition precedent to the taking over
of possession of the land vested in the State Government
under Section () ² no ² the respondents' did not adduce
any evidence to prove that they were in continuous and
uninterrupted possession for more than  years. The
entries contained in the jamabandis also do not prove open
and uninterrupted possession of the respondents over the
suit land ² this court held that as per the provision of
Section (), the State Government is obliged to pay
compensation to the land owners whose rights are
extinguished under Section (), but such payment is not a
condition precedent to the taking over of possession ² the
impugned judgments set aside and those passed by the
lower appellate Court restored ² appeals allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal Nos.4 of


3  cc
Mohd. Yunus Khan Appellants versus State of U.P. and
others Respondents
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): /3/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice P. Sathasivam and Hon'ble r.
Justice B.S. Chauhan, J..
Subject Index: Removal from service ² on the ground of
charge of disobedience ² a person who initiated the
disciplinary proceedings against the appellant for disobeying
his own orders
appointed his subordinate as an inquiry
officer
appeared as a witness in the proceedings to prove
the charges of disobedience of his orders
accepted the
enquiry report
and further passed the order of punishment
 i.e. dismissal of the appellant from service. Whether such a
course is permissible in law? ² the appellant filed petition
against his dismissal ² the Tribunal dismissed the petition
on the ground that the absence from duty for 3 minutes
was bona fide and permissible under Rule 3 of the Guard
and Escort Rules, however, not obeying the order of
punishment was a case of gross indiscipline and thus, order
of termination of his services was justified. The High Court
affirmed the said orders ² appeal ² no person could be a
judge in his own cause and no witness could certify that his
own testimony was true. If a person appears as a witness in
disciplinary proceedings, he cannot be an inquiry officer nor
can he pass the order of punishment as a disciplinary
authority ² this court opined that the initiation of
disciplinary proceedings against the appellant and the
conclusion thereof by the imposition of the punishment by
the Commandant, who had himself been a witness, was in
flagrant violation of the principles of natural justice and
thus, stood vitiated ² held the order of punishment is null &
void ² this court gave direction that the appellant be paid
 of the wages from the date of removal from service till
the date of reaching the age of superannuation and he be
granted retiral benefits in accordance with law ² appeal
disposed ² no costs.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal No. 3 of


3  cc
Alka Gupta Appellant(s) versus Narender Kumar Gupta
Respondent(s)
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): /37/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.V. Raveendran and Hon'ble
Mrs. Justice H.L. Gokhle.
Subject Index: Civil Procedure Code,   ² Section  and
Order 3, Rule 3 ² applicability of ² the parties entered into
a partnership deed to run an Institute for preparing
students for competitive examinations. Further the
appellant entered into an "agreement to sell" and she
executed a sale deed in regard to the immovable property
and that the respondent promised to pay the balance of
Rs.3 lakhs in regard to the other rights and interest agreed
to be sold under agreement of sale ² the appellant filed suit
for recovery of Rs.3 lakhs under the said agreement which
was decreed in favour of the appellant. Thereafter the
appellant filed another suit for rendition of accounts in
regard to the partnership firm of Takshila Institute
constituted under deed of partnership ² the ld. Single Judge
affirmed the orders of the trial Court dismissing the second
suit and held that the suit was barred by Order 3 Rule 3 of
the Code and that the appellant had settled all her claims
with the respondent under the Bayana Agreement it was not
necessary to decide upon the question as to whether the
partnership deed could be enforced in a court or not. The
ivision Bench also affirmed the said orders ² appeal ²
unless the defendant pleads the bar under Order 3 Rule 3 of
the Code and an issue is framed focusing the parties on that
bar to the suit, obviously the court cannot examine or reject
a suit on that ground ² the cause of action for the first suit
was nonpayment of price under the agreement of sale
whereas the cause of action for the second suit was non
settling of accounts of a dissolved partnership constituted
under deed, thus, held the two causes of action are distinct
and different ² no plea of Constructive resjudicata taken,
nor had the appellant plaintiff an opportunity to meet the
case based on such plea ² held that the second suit is not
barred by Constructive resjudicata ² impugned orders set
aside and suit restored to the file of the High Court with a
direction to decide the same in accordance with law ²
appeal allowed.c

3  SCCL.COM Case No: Civil Appeal No.3 of 3 cc


Mahender Singh Appellants versus Union of India
Respondents
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): /37/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice P. Sathasivam and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice R.M. Lodha, J..
Subject Index: Swatantra Sainik Samman Pension Scheme,
 ² pensionary benefits ² grant of ² the appellant filed
application for pension under the Scheme introduced by the
Government of India to living freedom fighters and their
families² rejected ² the appellant filed writ petition ² the
learned Single Judge directed the Government to grant
pension to the appellant under the Scheme with costs at
Rs. , /. However, the ivision Bench set aside the
order of the ld. Single Judge ² appeal ² on the particulars
furnished by the appellant, the State Screening Committee,
Bihar recommended the case of the appellant for payment of
pension under the Central Scheme. However, the Central
Government in the absence of any authenticated records
particularly the details about "underground suffering" for a
minimum period of six months and finding that the
certificate issued is not sufficient rejected the claim of the
appellant ² the appellant had merely indicated that he
remained underground from 43 to 4 and did not
indicate the details of the case in which he had gone
underground ² though the appellant had given an
opportunity to furnish the name of coaccused in the same
case, who are presently getting pension. the appellant was
unable to furnish such details ² this court concluded that
the appellant has failed to establish his claim for freedom
fighter pension in terms of the Central Scheme ² appeal
dismissed ² no costs.c

3  SCCL.COM 7Case No: Criminal Appeal No. of


3 7cc
Paramjeet Singh @ Pamma Appellant versus State of
Uttarakhand Respondent
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): /37/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice P. Sathasivam and Hon'ble r.
Justice B.S. Chauhan, J..
Subject Index: Indian Penal Code,  ² sections  3,  7
² punishment of murder and attempt to murder ²
conviction and sentence for the offences under ² the
offence has been committed by the appellant, killing three
persons and injuring three other persons who were
members of his own family. The alleged motive had been
annoyance because of the denial of his share in the
immovable property by his father ² PWs  & 3 admitted that
they suffered the injuries at the hands of the appellant. It
was at a later stage that they have denied any role of the
appellant. Their statements to that effect are not
trustworthy for the simple reason that they failed to offer
any explanation for why they assigned the said role to the
appellant in their statements under Section  Cr.P.C. ²
the medical report corroborated the case of the prosecution.
Even it was the appellant at whose behest the gun was
recovered ² the view taken by the courts below, that the
eyewitnesses turned hostile because of the decision taken
in the Panchayat, pardoning the appellant, not interfered ²
this court held that an unwarranted attitude on the part of
the witnesses disentitles any benefit to the appellant, who
has committed a heinous crime ² appeal dismissed.c

3  SCCL.COM 4Case No: Criminal Appeal No.373


of 3 3cc
Ganpat Appellants versus State of Haryana and others
Respondents
ate of ecision(mm/dd/yy): /37/3  .
Judge(s): Hon'ble Mr. Justice P. Sathasivam and Hon'ble Mr.
Justice R.M. Lodha, J..
Subject Index: Acquittal ² appeal against ² Indian Penal
Code,  ² sections 4,  3, 3, 34, 3 r/w section
4 ² offences under ² a dispute between the accused and
the complainant party regarding the payment of price of
crackers. As per the PWs, the accused attacked on them
causing death of one and inflicting injuries to others ² the
trial court convicted the accused and awarded substantive
sentences of imprisonment to them. However, the High
Court allowed the appeals and acquitted all the eleven
accused persons of the charges framed against them ²
appeal ² whether there is any ground for interference
against the order of acquittal by the High Court ² held no ²
no proper explanation by the prosecution about the injuries
sustained by the accused. Further, there is no definite
evidence as to the place of occurrence ² the assertion by A
3 and the evidence of PWs 3,  as well as PW/octor
about the injuries sustained by the persons belonging to the
complainant's and accused party, the conclusion of the High
Court that the complainant party was the aggressor cannot
be ignored ² material on record showed that two groups of
people clashed inter se with weapons causing injuries to
each other ² this court held that the complainant party was
the aggressor and in the absence of definite material and
explanation from the prosecution side, the High Court is
right in acquitting all of them ² appeals dismissed.c

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