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CULTURA Y ECONOMIA REGIONAL DE ASIA

Tutor

Tutor: Juliana Correa Jaramillo

Derly Yineth Oliveros Código 1421028128

Carolina Diaz Pinzon Código 1411022112

BOGOTA

2019
Contenido
INDIA ................................................................................................................................................. 3
INDIAN CULTURE ....................................................................................................................... 3
INDIAN MUSIC ............................................................................................................................. 4
CUSTOMS OF INDIAN................................................................................................................. 4
RELIGION OF INDIAN................................................................................................................. 4
INDIAN FOOD ............................................................................................................................... 5
INDIAN ECONOMY ..................................................................................................................... 5
INDIAN POLICY ........................................................................................................................... 6
INDIAN CULTURAL AND BUSINESS LABLES ....................................................................... 7
TAIWAN............................................................................................................................................. 9
CULTURE OF TAIWAN ............................................................................................................. 10
MUSIC OF TAIWAN ................................................................................................................... 10
CUSTOMS OF TAIWAN............................................................................................................. 11
RELLIGION OF TAIWAN .......................................................................................................... 11
TAIWAN FOOD ........................................................................................................................... 11
ECONOMY OF TAIWAN ........................................................................................................... 12
TAIWAN POLICY ....................................................................................................................... 12
TAIWAN CULTURAL AND BUSSINESS LABELS................................................................. 13
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES ........................................................................................................... 16
CULTURE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES.................................................................................... 17
MUSIC OF THE ENITED ARAB EMIRATES ........................................................................... 18
CUSTOMS OF THE ANITED ARAB EMIRATES .................................................................... 19
RELLIGION OF UNITED ARAB EMIRATES........................................................................... 19
FOOD UNITES ARAB EMIRATES ............................................................................................ 20
ECONOMY UNITED ARAB EMIRATES .................................................................................. 20
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES POLICY ....................................................................................... 21
BUSINESS AND CULTURATE LABELS UNITED ARAB EMIRATES................................. 22
MATRIX ECONOMIC INDICATORS INDIA, TAIWAN AND ARAB EMIRATES................... 24
PRINCIPALES SOCIOS COMERCIALES ..................................................................................... 26
TAIWAN....................................................................................................................................... 26
ARAB EMIRATES ....................................................................................................................... 27
BIBLIOGRAPHY ............................................................................................................................. 30
INDIA

The history of India is an extensive journey plagued by invasions that shape today's India, full of rich
traditions and cultures. According to studies, the first Indian civilization dates from the year 3000
BC. At that time two great cities arose, Mohenjodaro and Harappa, where great temples were built.
The economy of these early civilizations was based on agriculture and trade. In the sixteenth century
BC the first invasion took place. This time the Aryans subjected the population and introduced the
iron armors and the Sanskrit language, which is the origin of almost all Indian languages. With the
wars of cavalry the empire went expanding to the north and the great empires arose.
The two great religions of India, Buddhism and Jainism, emerged in the sixth century BC, when a
great social and intellectual agitation took place. Already in the third century BC the first great Indian
empire arose, whose most famous emperor was Ashoka. In the fourth and fifth centuries of our era,
India had great splendor in mathematical, astronomical and medical studies. At that time the
Kamasutra was written. The invasion of the Huns was another important point in the history of India.
The great Indian empire came to an end and did not become unified until the arrival of the Muslims
in the year 700, bringing with it important social and cultural changes.
Another crucial moment for India was the arrival of Europeans, in 1687. During this invasion, the
British managed to dominate much of the Indian territory and introduce their customs and traditions.
At present, India continues to be a source of conflicts and disputes.

INDIAN CULTURE
The Indian culture is directly influenced by the religions that predominate in this region, with
Buddhism in the lead. The first artistic manifestations within the Indian culture, dating from the
beginning of the Harappa Culture, is in ceramics and engraved stamps. The Indian Literature was
present in the first steps of cultural formation of this country, it is affirmed that the first sacred books
date from the Vedic period, which have great cultural importance, such as the Mahabharata and the
Ramayana. While in the period of the Maurya Empire the growth of the artistic currents begins
Architecture is another significant link within the Indian culture, it presents as a fundamental material
the stone and the palmettes as decorative themes, zoomorphic capitals and lions that symbolized the
Buddha. Already for this time the fever of Buddhism begins and the constructions of this region with
veneration to this religion become typical. The representations of Buddha become common in the
facades of the constructions, the same one appeared of symbolic form or like human with the
discovered right shoulder and the extended hand in signal that there was not why to fear. The minarets
and vaults, together with the mandapas and arches of kudu, became typical Hindu because of the
Muslim invasion, which as they see left traces also in the cultural customs of the Hindus. The use of
white marble and precious stones in construction were customs rooted in the domination of the
Mongol Empire, who left parts of their culture for these lands. The union of cultures, the Islamic and
the Mongol gave way to significant works within Indian territory, such as the Taj Mahal and the Red
Fort of Delhi

INDIAN MUSIC
The origin of Hindu or Indian music is not well defined, but it could be said that the first musical
manifestations took place in the years 3000 and 1500 BC. In those times the musical instruments
consisted of a kind of wind instrument, similar to a trumpet (nadasuaram), accompanied by a kind of
drum (tavil). It can be said that the music of India is divided into two major groups: sacred and profane
music. The first of them consists of an extensive improvisation with a single melodic line, very similar
to the songs that were sung in the Western Middle Ages. For a long time in religious music only
hymns and texts of the so-called Veda, which is the sacred book of Hinduism, were sung
In the fourteenth century, India suffered the Muslim invasion, which brought with it a change in the
arts and music of the region. At that time the country was divided into two large groups: to the north
the first manifestations of Islamic-Hindu music (Hindustani) began, which was characterized by
greater freedom in style and greater elegance in its form; while in the southern part they continued
faithful to the musical tradition and began to compose a more austere (carnatic) type of music. The
musical instrument par excellence of the sacred music of India is the sitar, which consists of a sort of
lute, which is usually accompanied with tambourines. Currently, the music of India has spread to all
corners of the planet. Many recognized bands also make use of their main instrument, the sitar, to
accompany their melodies

CUSTOMS OF INDIAN
It is very difficult to know the customs or at least of most of them when you visit a country for the
first time. India is a country of deep-rooted customs, remember that this is a region with a millenary
culture. One of the most atypical examples of their customs is the greeting, which is expressed by
saying the word namaste and joining hands in front of the chest, under the cheeks, between a man
and a woman in this region is inappropriate to hug or shake hands, Not so in the case of the same sex,
it is common in this country to see two men walk with their hands taken, which would be rare in any
region of Europe or America
The matrimonial question is another one of the unusual customs already at this height of the life.
Marriages are arranged by the family of the couple, which is agreed between people of the same caste
and of similar status of life, social and economic level, accustomed to the family of the bride provides
the groom's some dowry. This civilization trusts that love comes after marriage

RELIGION OF INDIAN
For the region of India the oldest civilization dates from 2500 BC, this was developed in the last days
of the valley on the Indus creek, hence the provenance of the name that today has this nation. This
civilization does not have data containing any religious content, what is known for sure is that they
built towns and cities before the Mesopotamians and Egyptians. Among the first representations that
appeared in Hindu religious folklore is that of the goddess Shiva, this image appeared in Mohenjo-
Daro, in the capitals of the Indus valley. Although there is no assurance that this is the venerated
image of the current Shiva, only that it appears sitting in buddha position, like the Lotus, although it
must be understood that this position is taken by several religions
Already for the 1500 a.d.c. and for a thousand years the Vedic religion is developed in India. It is
called in this way by its sacred books, the Vedas, which are still used in the cults of the Hindu religion.
In Hinduism the ages of religion and life are divided into four and these are not measured in a linear,
but circular, so for example if we are now in a decadent era, a golden age awaits, ie the return to the
beginning of the new world and the return to peace and tranquility. In India there are countless temples
and gods, which are worshiped under the same Buddhist precepts

INDIAN FOOD
The food of India, like its culture and traditions, are the result of the mixture of several cultural
belonging to the different countries that have invaded the country through the centuries. The natives
and emigrants living in the country were incorporating culinary techniques and flavors, to conform
what is now known as Indian cuisine, known internationally as one of the most exuberant cuisines,
due to the use of spices and vegetables, which give it distinctive touch
The fundamental food that is never missing in the Indian table is the Chapatis, consisting of pieces of
flour, with water and without yeast, which are roasted supported by a pincer. This dish is used as a
complement for all meals of the day

INDIAN ECONOMY
The Indian economy has resisted better than other emerging countries to the slowdown in the global
economy, and has taken advantage of low oil prices in recent years. According to figures from the
IMF, the Indian economy grew 7.3% in 2018, which corresponds to the highest growth in two years,
and the strongest since the first quarter of 2016, driven by a rebound in industrial activity, especially
in manufacturing and manufacturing. construction, and an expansion of agriculture. The sectors that
registered growth above 7% include manufacturing; electricity, gas and water supply; construction,
and public administration and defense. India also registered the third highest growth in the world in
2018. It is expected that the growth continue to rise in the next two years, with figures of 7.4% in
2019 and 7.7% in 2020.
India's fiscal deficit was USD 101.93 billion at the end of November 2018. This corresponds to
114.8% of the budget set for that year, mainly due to lower income compliance and increased
spending, with a debt proportional to GDP that remains high. This corresponds to a slight increase
with respect to the previous year of the budgetary objective (112%). The inflation rate grew from
3.6% in 2017 to 4.7% in 2018. However, the economy seeks to move towards a more stable pricing
regime. In addition, in 2018 the government deficit was -6.6% of GDP, and this figure is expected to
continue in the following years. In 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi continued his program of
reforms with the aim of cleaning up public accounts, promoting investment and industrial
development, and improving the business climate. Since the elections, the government approved a
draft tax law on key goods and services (which seeks to transform the 29 states into a common market)
and increased FDI capital in some sectors, with different economic reforms focused on administrative
and government changes. In case Prime Minister Narendra Modi continues in power after the 2019
elections, the bases that underpin public policies should not change. Modi's biggest reform, with a
great impact of public finances, and the greatest tool against tax evasion, was introducing the tax on
goods and services. Another government decision was to declare unexpectedly that high-value
banknotes - corresponding to 86% of cash - would no longer have value, and that they should be
deposited in banks. This policy was developed to combat the informal economy. After an initial
period marked by some uncertainty, it is thought that the measure had a positive effect on the country's
economy (for example, since April 2017 more than twice as many Indians have delivered their tax
return compared to the same period of the previous year). However, the long-term challenges are
important, including: discrimination in India against women and young women, an inefficient system
of production and distribution of electricity, ineffective protection of intellectual property rights,
inadequate infrastructure for transport and agricultural, limited labor opportunities in the non-
agricultural sector, high spending and poorly focused subsidies, insufficient access to quality basic
and higher education, a constant rural exodus
India is expected to surpass China as the most populous country on the planet in 2024. It has the
largest youth population. That said, according to the OECD, more than 30% of the youth of India is
NEET (without employment, education or training). India is still a poor country: per capita income is
very low, almost 25% of the population is still living below the poverty line (about one third of the
world population that lives on less than 1.9 USD a day lives in India) and social inequalities are very
large: the richest 1% owns 53% of the country's wealth. According to ILO reports, the unemployment
rate was 3.5% in 2018 and should remain at that figure by 2019.
India is the fourth agricultural power in the world. Agriculture represents 15.5% of GDP and employs
41.6% of the active population. Both percentages decreased in recent years. The main crops are wheat,
millet, rice, corn, sugar cane, tea, potato and cotton. India is also the world's second largest producer
of cattle, the third largest in sheep and fourth in fisheries production.
The industrial sector employs almost a quarter of the labor force, and corresponds to 26.3% of GDP.
Coal is the main energy source of the country (India is the third largest coal producer worldwide).
Textile production plays a predominant role in the industrial sector. In terms of size, the chemical
industry is the second industrial sector. The service sector is the most dynamic part of the Indian
economy. It contributes to more than half of the GDP (48.9%), and employs almost a third of the
labor force. The rapid growth of the software industry stimulates services exports and modernizes the
Indian economy: the country has taken advantage of its large English-speaking educated population
to become a major exporter of workers in IT services, outsourcing of business services and
programming. However, according to a recent report by McKinsey & Company, more than half of
the 3.9 million employees in the IT sector in India could become "irrelevant" in the next three or four
years due to the increasing capacity of the machines machine learning to replace workers.

INDIAN POLICY
Form of government India is a federal republic based on a parliamentary democracy. Executive power
The President is the head of state and is elected by an electoral college formed by elected members
of the two houses of parliament and the provincial legislative assemblies for a term of five years. The
Prime Minister is the head of the Government and is elected by the parliamentary members of the
majority party after the holding of legislative elections to exercise for a period of five years. The
President, on the recommendation of the Prime Minister, appoints the ministerial cabinet. The
legislative power The legislative assembly is bicameral. The Parliament consists of the Council of
States and the Popular Assembly. The citizens of India enjoy a considerable number of political rights.
Main political parties-Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP): pro-Hindu right-wing party and nationalist
ideology, heads the National Democratic National Alliance (NDA). In the 2014 elections, it doubled
its number of deputies, achieving the first solitary majority in its history. -Party of the Indian National
Congress (CNI): one of the main Indian political parties, which was committed to the movement for
the independence of the country. He leads the United Progressive Alliance (UPA), currently in
opposition. The CNI has been affected by different corruption scandals and has been accused of
economic management problems. Its number of seats went from 206 to 44 in the 2014 elections

INDIAN CULTURAL AND BUSINESS LABLES


India has historically been marked by a considerable difference of classes, strictly confirmed during
centuries of history, but which, nevertheless, has managed to revert considerably during the last
decade. For more than 10 years, we have seen the emergence of an emerging middle class that has
captured many job opportunities and has diminished that cultural-economic-social difference between
a high and powerful class and a very low and no fixed employment. This is the reason why India has
adapted to Western customs and cultural ways when doing business, in order to offer a more attractive
market without barriers for all those who come from abroad and want to market with this Asian giant
The long-term index (Long-Term Orientation Index) shows that India has a persevering and
parsimonious culture when it comes to doing business. With respect to religions, what you need to
know about India is that it is predominantly Hindu, with 81% of its population practicing. Then the
Muslims occupy 12% of the citizenship. Negotiation Strategies
Most of the companies and companies in India are family, of several generations, and the rest belong
to the State, so the treatment and the way of doing business can sometimes be a bit bureaucratic. For
your negotiation to be successful, it is very important to keep in mind certain aspects:
- The Indians are a population fully open to new business opportunities, so it is not crucial to show
their credentials or those of their company repeatedly.
- Laws in India are very bureaucratic and different from those we commonly use in the West, so it is
recommended that you come to the negotiating table with an Indian lawyer to advise you.
- The hierarchy is very important at the business level, therefore, it can be very valuable to specify
your interview with someone from a high position in the counterpart company.
- In India, punctuality is not as relevant as in our culture, and you may notice that they do not always
arrive at the scheduled time for appointments. However, at the time of a business meeting try to get
punctual, because unpunctuality can be understood as lack of interest.
- It is very important not to introduce the topic of negotiation at the beginning of the meeting, but to
have a good time talking about generalities. Business relations are very important for the Indians,
they are not just a commercial activity, but they need a family contact with the counterpart.
- The Indian businessmen and negotiators deeply value the flexibility when it comes to agreeing
terms, prices and financing. Protocol Standards.
TAIWAN

At first, the island of Taiwan was inhabited by people from the Malay and Polynesian islands, until
the arrival of the Portuguese in the sixteenth century, who gave it in the name of Formosa (Beautiful),
shortly before the arrival of the Spanish. There were several conflicts between them over the
possession of the island, which were aggravated with the arrival of Zheng Chenggong, a Chinese
military leader who had intentions of colonizing the island. Despite this, Spain again sent an
expedition to Taiwan, who founded the city of San Salvador east of the island, which was currently
free of pirate attacks. From that moment, the island was baptized as All Saints, although its peace
would not last long, as the frequent conflicts with natives and Dutch eventually forced the Spanish to
withdraw in 1642. The period of Dutch domination would not prosper too much, since that the troops
of Zheng Chenggong expelled them definitively in 1662.
The government of the island was in charge of Zheng Chenggong until the year 1683, when his
constant struggles against the Qing Dynasty ended up weakening him so much that he was forced to
accept the surrender. During the next almost 2 centuries, Taiwan would continue to be ruled by the
natives, isolated and forgotten by all. In 1895, China ceded to Taiwan the Taiwanese territory, after
the end of the war between the two nations, but the inhabitants of the island did not agree with this
condition, so there was a revolt and the Independent Republic of Formosa was founded, It had a sad
ending 148 days after its birth, since the Japanese occupied Taiwan anyway. The conditions of
military repression (for 50 years) on the one hand and the influence of Japanese culture on the other,
led to an uncomfortable but effective development.
The island returned to China after World War II and after the defeat of Japan, curiously this new
change of power brought widespread discontent in Taiwan, and things came to the point that there
was a terrible massacre of aborigines in 1947, that reached almost 30,000 victims. After so many
changes of power, it is normal that Taiwan wants to claim its independence, but they have an
important obstacle, and it is the Anti-secession Law, for which China will intervene with arms in case
Taiwan wants to become independent. This law has been an important political constraint in recent
years, although in recent years there seems to have been an improvement in tensions between the two
institutions.
CULTURE OF TAIWAN
Counting on an incredible historical background, the culture of Taiwan has been influenced by non-
Chinese aboriginal groups that have mixed with societies as diverse as the Dutch culture and Spanish
culture, resulting in a surprising range of colors and varied customs. The culture of Taiwan is greatly
marked by diverse facets of a society whose origin goes back to about five thousand years ago, being
as old as other oriental civilizations like the culture of China, the culture of Japan and the culture of
Korea.
When you observe the diversity of customs and traditions that the culture of Taiwan has you can
appreciate a series of festivals and popular festivals, as well as a great variety of ceremonies
celebrated by the different beliefs that inhabit the country and that combine the traditional art with
the elements of modernism. The puppets are part of one of the most relevant cultural manifestations
that can be seen in traditional Taiwanese art, so contemporary with traditional Chinese art. To
elaborate these puppets that embody diversity of invented characters or known figures, different
materials such as wood and different types of fabrics are used. Who has not gone to a Chinese
restaurant and has seen that they put a small paper umbrella in their drink?.
Although this is merely decoration, these umbrellas are really inspired by the culture of Taiwan,
where they play a special role in the life of the jakas, where in addition to representing good luck, it
is also a pleasant and elegant sight. On the fifth day of the lunar month, the Fiesta de las Regatas
(Party of Regatas) begins, a celebration that is characterized as people use scented bags to represent
beauty and harmony. Being symbols of good luck, today they are still used and according to tradition
serves to keep away the evils and diseases. But besides this, it also has an ethical meaning because
they constitute a "memory of the past and longing for the old. These small figures so popular within
the culture of Taiwan are small characters made of rice flour mixed with wheat flour, which are
molded and heated and then painted with bright colors. These figures are really edible and are really
attractive for children and tourists who are very surprised by them.
In Taiwan, Mandarin Chinese is used as the official language, however many people speak
Minnanhua, a Chinese dialect that is used mainly in Fujian, as a result of which many people are
immigrants from this Chinese province. A part of the jakas and the aboriginal groups still conserve
their native tongues, which have an antiquity of approximately 5000 years.

MUSIC OF TAIWAN
Western ecclesiastical music came to Taiwan for the first time during the Dutch pre-sence in the
seventeenth century. The Spaniards, who occupied northern Taiwan around the same time, brought
music from the Catholic Church and military band instruments. In the second half of the nineteenth
century, several schools founded by Presbyterian pastors began to teach music, which was the
beginning of the education of Western music in Taiwan.
During the following Japanese colonial era, all the schools in Taiwan founded during that regime
taught Western music, in view of the fact that a Western educational system had already been adopted
in Japan. This created the framework for the first generation of Taiwanese musicians who received
training in Japan. Among them, Chang Fu-xing established the first Western music group of Taiwan,
the Linglong Society, in 1920. Taiwan's first public symphony orchestra (now the Taiwan National
Symphony Orchestra) was established in 1945 by the Taiwan Commando the Taiwan Garrison. After
that, the Taipei Symphony Orchestra and the United Experimental Orchestra of Taiwan (now the
National Symphony Orchestra) were founded in 1969 and 1986, respectively. Among all the musical
groups on the island, these three orchestras are the only privileged ones with the total support of
public funds. Today, many musical ensembles and community choirs can be found in almost every
major city in Taiwan; and school bands and choirs at all educational levels are thriving. The most
outstanding groups participate regularly in competitions or international music festivals, producing
wonderful results.
Due to certain historical factors, Taiwan's popular music has been deeply influenced by the United
States and Japan. Songs sung in Mandarin Chinese, Hoklo, English and Japanese cover the
mainstream of the pop music market today. Taiwan's first popular song was The Peach Girl, written
for a silent film film imported from Shanghai in 1932 with the same name. It marked the beginning
of the golden era of Taiwanese pop songs through which the people of Taiwan expressed their feelings
during colonial rule.

CUSTOMS OF TAIWAN
Due to a varied historical background, the culture of the island is very diverse and rich. In the
historical development of Taiwan, non-Chinese aboriginal peoples, primitive Chinese settlers from
Fukien and Jakhas, the Dutch, Spaniards, Japanese and modern Chinese from the mainland have
intervened. In Taiwan, as the traditional cultures have been preserved, you can see the aboriginal,
Chinese and Taiwanese culture, while there are historical remains left by the Dutch and Japanese.
In Taiwan the national language is Mandarin Chinese, but many speak Minnanhua (Chinese dialect
spoken in Fujian and other places), since a large part of the population comes from the Chinese
province of Fujian. A small part of jakas and aborigines, still retain their native languages. The most
used foreign language is English, compulsory in secondary education. Spanish is an increasingly
popular language among elective courses in high school and college. On the other hand, Taipei is an
important center for the study of Mandarin Chinese, with several schools, which each year, either in
summer or as a student exchange, attract more and more foreign students who thus better understand
Chinese culture.

RELLIGION OF TAIWAN
As far as religious beliefs are concerned, Taiwan is extremely diversified. They practice Buddhism,
Taoism, Christianity, Mormonism, Moon practices (Church for the Unification of Universal
Christianity), Hinduism as well as native sects such as Yiguandao and others.

TAIWAN FOOD
Being Taiwan an island, fish is abundant. That's why seafood is the most typical thing in Taiwan.
Also the rice, cooked, in soup, or porridge, is very typical accompanying tapas of vegetables or nuts.
What is typical of Taiwan's current food is its way of cooking. The flavors are rather smooth, with
many sweet and sour dishes. All types of cooking, such as steaming, baking, frying and sautéing, are
worth trying. The jaka cuisine is very special, with foods dried in the sun, and pickled. The jaka food
is stronger, a little more salty, being its typical dish a kind of scrambled tofu, vegetables, meat and
seafood sliced and sautéed, called "siaochao jaka".
Pork, seafood, rice and soy are very common ingredients. Veal is much less common, and some
Taiwanese (especially the older ones) continue to avoid consuming it. This is partly due to the fact
that some Taiwanese are Buddhists, to the traditional resistance to sacrificing livestock useful for
agriculture and to the emotional attachment to these farm animals. Interestingly, the Taiwanese
version of noodle soup with cow is still one of the most popular dishes in the country, despite this
traditional dislike. Vegetarian restaurants with a wide menu are also common, mainly due to the
influence of Buddhism.
Taiwanese cuisine has also been influenced by its geographical location. Living on an overpopulated
island, the Taiwanese had to search for protein sources outside the farms. As a result, seafood and
fish stand out in their cuisine, including from large fish such as tuna and grouper to sardines, and even
smaller ones, such as anchovies. Crustaceans, squid and cuttlefish are also consumed. Thanks to the
subtropical climate of the island, Taiwan has an abundance of diverse fruit, such as papaya,
carambola, melon and citrus. A wide variety of tropical fruit, both imported and native, is also
consumed in the country. Other agricultural products in general are rice, corn, tea, pork, poultry, veal,
fish and other fruit and vegetables.

ECONOMY OF TAIWAN
Taiwan, located in East Asia, has an area of 35,980 km2 with what is among the smallest countries.
Taiwan, with a population of 23,571,000 people, has a high percentage of immigration, is also in
position 56 of the population table, composed of 196 countries and has a high population density,
with 655 inhabitants per km2. Its capital is Taipei and its currency New Taiwanese dollars. Taiwan
is the 21st economy by GDP volume. Its public debt in 2017 was 180,797 million euros, with a debt
of 35% of GDP. Its per capita debt is € 7,415 per capita.
There are some variables that can help you to know something more if you are going to travel to
Taiwan or simply want to know more about the standard of living of its inhabitants.
The GDP per capita is a very good indicator of the standard of living and in the case of Taiwan, in
2018, it was € 21,189 euros, which is why it is ranked 38 out of the 196 countries in the GDP per
capita ranking. If the reason to visit Taiwan is business, it is useful to know that Taiwan is in 13th
place of the 190 that make up the Doing Business ranking, which classifies countries according to the
ease they offer to do business. As for the Corruption Perception Index of the public sector in Taiwan,
it has been 63 points, thus, its inhabitants have a low level of perception of government corruption.
In the tables at the bottom of the page you can expand information on the economy and demographics
of Taiwan and if you want to see information about any other country you can do it from economy
countries.

TAIWAN POLICY
Taiwan is governed according to the Constitution adopted in 1947 and amended subsequently. The
island is characterized by having a political system by which, although in practice all the characteristic
structures of a sovereign state have been developed, it formally constitutes one more province of
China. Furthermore, neither the nationalist government established on the island, heir to the former
government of the whole of China until its transfer to Taiwan in 1949, nor the People's Republic of
China have recognized their mutual existence. As a result, for many years in Taiwan, two levels of
government structure have survived: the administration existing in mainland China prior to 1949, and
transferred to the island, and the administration developed in Taiwan as of that date; the first had a
formal predominance over the second until the 1990s.
The executive power, The executive power of Taiwan falls on the president, who since 1996 is elected
by citizens by universal suffrage for a period of six years. The President, who is at the head of the
State, is assisted by the Executive Council, headed by the Prime Minister.
Legislative power, The most important legislative body is the Legislative Council (Li fa Yuan), which
at the end of the 1990s had 225 seats. The National Assembly (Kuo-MIn Ta-Hui), which until 1996
elected the president and approved the amendments to the Constitution, was composed of 900
members whose office was for life; but in 1991 these seats were abolished, and when the Assembly
was re-constituted it was made up of 325 new elected members and 78 titular members elected in
1986. After the elections to the National Assembly in March 1995, the chamber expanded to 334
number of deputies, whose members are appointed by the political parties according to the number
of seats obtained by them in the legislative elections.
The judiciary, Taiwan's highest judicial body is the Judicial Council, which oversees the functioning
of the Supreme Court, high courts, administrative courts, district courts and other courts. The Control
Council has a semi-judicial function: it controls the activities of high-level government officials and
has the right of veto.

TAIWAN CULTURAL AND BUSSINESS LABELS


Taiwan is predominantly Chinese, it is a country that was born from a part of the population emigrated
from China for political reasons, which makes its culture very similar to that of the Asian giant.
Despite being a small island, it has a population of 22 million inhabitants, which makes it a very
interesting and varied business market. Its economy is fully capitalist although it also has mixtures of
communism that reigns in China, it is a very complex economic-cultural-society. Taiwan has one of
the highest longevity indexes in the world, so you will notice that the vast majority of managers or
CEOs of companies are very old men. This is also because they believe in experience more than in
any other virtue.
There is no single religion in Taiwan, although all of them derive from the thoughts of the Chinese
philosopher Confucius, therefore, they all have things in common and the same ideological-spiritual
basis.
Negotiation Strategies
- It is a society dominated by the elderly, they always make final decisions in companies.
- The hierarchy is very important at the business level, therefore, it can be very valuable to specify
your interview with someone from a high position in the counterpart company.
- Business relationships are based on respect.
- It is likely that business meetings are interrupted by a phone call that should not be taken as
disrespectful, since for Egyptian culture is an accepted practice.
- When it comes to attaching written material, try to do it in English and in command, since both
languages are used in the same way and some speak some and others prefer the other.
- It is likely that the meetings extend too much, try not to show trouble, since it is a culture that works
hard and live for it.
Protocol Standards
- Men usually wear suits and ties for business, while women usually wear long suit pants instead of
skirts.
- It is very important that women wear long clothes and try to cover most of the body.
- Gifts are very important to generate a good impression of entry.
- Men should avoid wearing visible jewelry, especially around the neck.
- It is a very patient society, do not rush to resolve any issue.
- Presenting your personal card is always a plus at the beginning of the meeting.
- Take care not to touch the men of another person, it is considered highly inappropriate.
- Food is a good gift.
- For your negotiation to be successful, it is very important to keep in mind certain aspects.
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

The United Arab Emirates was formed from organized Arabian Peninsula sheikhdoms tribes along
the southern coast of the Persian Gulf and the northwest coast of the Gulf of Oman.
The rise of Islam, the arrival of the messengers of the Prophet Muhammad in the year 630 announced
the conversion of the inhabitants of the region to Islam. In any case, on the death of the Prophet in
632, a revolt was harshly suppressed by the first Caliph Abu Bakr. Already in 637 the Islamic army
used the city of Julfar, in the current Emirate of Ra's al-Khaimah, as an advance in its conquest of
Iran and then the entire region became a strategic area for the sovereigns of the caliphs of Abasí and
Ommeyad. Later, part of the nation was under the direct influence of the Ottoman Empire during the
sixteenth century. Portuguese and English presence for the Arab populations of the region the
consequences of the landing of the Portuguese in the Gulf were atrocious. The conquerors, with the
complicity of the local sheikhs, directly exploited the natural resources of the country, particularly
the fruitful fishing of large pearls. As the Portuguese explorer Pedro Teixeira will narrate, each year
a fleet of 50 boats departed from Julfar to reach the pearl banks throughout Europe. Faced with the
growing exaltation of Europeans by the pearls of the Gulf, the great Venetian jeweler Gasparo Balbi
went personally to Julfar in the year 1580 so as not to miss such a powerful source of wealth.
From the year 1790, the city of Abu Dhabi thus becomes an important political center of all Bani Yas
groups. The Sheikh of Abu Falah of the Al Nahyani family of Bani Yas, left Liwa to settle there. At
the beginning of the 19th century the members of the Al Bu Falasah tribe, a branch of the Bani Yas,
settled in the places of Dubai and established the kingdom of the Maktoum. After the defeat of the
powerful tribe of the Qawasim and the destruction of their fleet, the British concluded a series of
agreements with the sheikhs of each emirate, which consequently gave rise to the so-called states of
truce. Treaties agreed upon with Great Britain forbade the sheiks to establish independent relations
with foreign powers and forced them to accept the advice of the great power in certain well-defined
fields. It was in these conditions of peace that the Emirates began to export pearls not only to India
but also to Europe. The pearl industry continued to prosper between the late nineteenth and early
twentieth centuries, becoming the engine of development of the area and giving life to the populations
of the Arabian Gulf coast. At the political level, the government of Sheikh Zayed Bin Khalifa of Abu
Dhabi, called Zayed the Great, meant a period of great brilliance. In his more than 50 years of reign
(from 1885 to 1905) he managed to guarantee and increase stability and progress for his people. Hard
times the economic crisis of the late 20's, aggravated by the appearance of trade in Japanese cultivated
pearls, gave the coup de grace to the pearl industry already hard hit by the dramatic consequences of
the First World War.
In that period the local population had to face enormous difficulties, to which was added the
increasing aridity of the climate, which made survival even more difficult. Instruction, for example,
only for the privileged few, was limited to learning to read and write. Serious and unsustainable was
the absence of modern infrastructures, especially the streets and roads, the media and hospitals. The
oil age already in the early thirties the first explorers came to the territory to conduct preliminary
geological studies aimed at the discovery of oil fields. Almost 30 years later, in 1962, the first cargo
of oil left Abu Dhabi. With the progressive increase of oil revenues, Sheikh Zayed, elected governor
of Abu Dhabi on August 6, 1966, launched a gigantic program of construction of schools, houses,
hospitals, streets and highways. Then when in 1968 the British officially announced their retirement
from the Gulf area, Sheikh Zayed, with the help of Sheikh Rachid, proposed the creation of a
Federation that groups together the seven Emirates of the famous states of truce. After a period of
negotiation, the leader of the six emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Umm al-Qaiwain, Fujairah
and Ajman reached the historic agreement that led to the modern Federation, which on December 2,
1971 (National Holiday) It took the name of United Arab Emirates. Finally, on February 10, 1972,
the seventh emirate, Ra's al-Khaimah, joined the Federation.

CULTURE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES


The United Arab Emirates are part of the Khaliji tradition of the Persian Gulf, also known as Bedouin
folk music. The liwa is a type of music and dance played mainly in the communities that house
descendants of East Africans. During the celebrations singing and dancing can take place; Many of
these songs and dances have been transmitted from generation to generation, managing to survive
today. The young women dance by oscillating their hair and swinging their bodies to the rhythm of
the loud music. Young people recreate battles or successful hunting expeditions often using symbolic
swords or rifles repressed by sticks. Hollywood and Bollywood movies are popular in Dubai. The
United Arab Emirates has a very active musical environment, as musicians such as Amr Diab, Diana
Haddad, Tarkan, Aerosmith, Santana, Mark Knopfler, Elton John, Pink, Bon Jovi, Pink Floyd,
Shakira, Celine Dion, Cold Play, and Phil Collins have performed in this country. Kylie Minogue was
paid 4.4 million dollars to perform during the inauguration of the Atlantis hotel on November 20,
2008. The Dubai Desert Rock Festival (Dubai Festival of Rock {double meaning} Desert) is another
great celebration in the that Heavy Metal musicians and other rock artists perform.
Many emirates have established regionally renowned museums, the most famous of which is the
Sharjah emirate with its Heritage District which contains 17 museums, it was also the cultural capital
of the Arab world in 1998. The Abu Dhabi Cultural Foundation is also an important place for the
presentation of autochthonous and foreign art. In Dubai, the Al Quoz area has attracted a number of
art galleries. Abu Dhabi has taken great pains to become an international-level art center, through the
creation of a culture district on Saadiyat Island. Six major projects are planned for the island: the
Sheikh Zayed National Museum designed by Foster and Partners, the modern art museum
Guggenheim Abu Dabi, which will be built by Frank Gehry, the classical museum of the Louvre Abu
Dabi by Jean Nouvel, a Maritime museum by Tadao Ando, a Performing Arts Center by Zaha Hadid,
and a Biennial Park with 16 pavilions. In addition, Dubai plans to build a Kunsthal Museum of Art
and a district for galleries and artists.
The main themes in Emirati poetry include satire, chivalry, self-praise, patriotism, religion, family
and love, these can range from the descriptive to the narrative. Emirati poetry has a great influence
on culture, being an Arab country of the Persian Gulf where poetry has existed since the dawn of
time. The style and form of ancient Emirati poetry was widely influenced in the 8th century by the
Persian Gulf Arab scholar Khalil ibn Ahmad who consisted of 16 meters. This metric had a slight
modification (Al Muwashahat) during the period of Islamic civilization in Andalusia (Spain), where
"it was taken to a form consisting of two hemistichs, each with an equal number of feet and the second
hemistich with the same lyrics and sound in rhyme throughout the poem. " The strictly Arabic poetic
form was not spared from Western influence and, in the twentieth century, prose began to spread into
the local literary scene.
The first known Emirati poet is Ibn Majid, who was born between 1432 and 1437 in Ras Al Khaimah
from a family of successful sailors. Of him there are 40 compositions in total, of which 39 are in
verse. Another esteemed poet, in the literary environment of the seventeenth century, was Ibn Daher,
who was also born in Ras Al Khaimah, famous for his Nabati poems (Bedouin popular poetry) in the
vernacular colloquial dialect rather than classical Arabic. The greatest literary luminaries of the
United Arab Emirates of the twentieth century, especially in relation to classical Arabic poetry, were
Mubarak Al Oqaili (1880-1954), Salem bin Ali al Owais (1887-1959) and Ahmed bin Sulayem (1905
-1976). ); later three Sharjah poets, known as the Hira group: Musabah Khalfan (1923-1946), Sheikh
Saqr Al Qasimi (1925-1993), the former ruler of Sharjah and Sultan bin Ali Al Owais (1925-2000).
The works of the group were very influenced by neo-classical and romantic poetry.

MUSIC OF THE ENITED ARAB EMIRATES


Arabic music is the music of the Arab countries, which have the Arabic language and Islam in
common. It includes under this category genres of classical, popular, profane and religious music.
Arabic music has been in contact with other regional musics, such as Persian, Turkish, Indian, Berber,
Swahili, Andalusian and European. As in other areas of science or the arts, Muslims translated the
ancient treatises of music theory from Greek into Arabic, and assimilated the principles of the
enharmonic, chromatic and diatonic systems.
Arabic music is characterized by the primacy of melody and rhythm over harmony. The usual thing
is that the music is of monochrome texture, although there are also some examples of Arabic music
with a polyphonic texture. From the melodic point of view the Arabic musical system is based on the
octave divided into 24 quarters of tone, a system difficult to assimilate by the ears accustomed to
Western music, educated tonal and harmonic in an octave divided into 12 semitones and oblivious to
the microtonalism. To write Arabic music using western musical notation, outside the quarter tone,
the + and - signs are used. The + serves to indicate the elevation of a quarter of a tone and the sign -
to indicate the descent of a quarter of a tone. These signs, combined with the flat, sustained and
becuadro, facilitate the graphic representation of quarter tone intervals.
The Arabic maqam is a system of melodic modes used in Arabic music. The word maqam means
station. Each maqam is constituted in a determined scale and by a series of important notes, habitual
melodic phrases and by a melodic development and by a modulation determined by the tradition.
Both compositions and improvisations in traditional Arabic music are based on the maqam system.
The maqam can be played with either an instrument or with the voice and do not include the rhythm.
The musical instruments used in Arabic music are the following: arghul, bendir, the rattlesnakes,
darbuka, Arab lute, mazhar, mijwiz, mizwad, ney, the rabel, riq, the cup drum and zurna.
CUSTOMS OF THE ANITED ARAB EMIRATES
The dress code While Islamic is not mandatory, unlike neighboring Saudi Arabia, many of the older
and younger Emirati men prefer to wear the dishdash a white robe that reaches to the ankles, made
with wool or cotton, while Very few women wear black abaya on their other garments, which covers
most of the body. These tunics are particularly suitable for the hot and dry climate of the UAE
Western-style clothing is also quite popular, especially among young people. The label is an important
aspect in the culture and tradition of the E.A.U. and visitors are expected to comply. Recently, many
expatriates have not respected the laws being imprisoned for not wearing enough clothes on the
beaches, some have even been caught completely naked.

RELLIGION OF UNITED ARAB EMIRATES


Islam is the official religion of the state, as well as the largest religion in the United Arab Emirates.
According to the CIA World Factbook, 76% of the country's population is Muslim. Christians are the
largest minority community that represents approximately 9% of the country's population. Followers
of other religions represent the remaining 15% of the population. Among the other religions practiced
in the country, Hindus and Buddhists have the highest representation.
The majority of Muslims in the United Arab Emirates, around 85%, are Sunnis. The remaining
Muslim population consists mainly of Shia Muslims. Sufi influences are also visible in the country.
The Ibadi Muslims are mainly immigrants from Oman. Sharia courts have significant authority in the
United Arab Emirates. Punishments such as flogging, amputation, stoning, etc., are imposed on those
involved in adultery, alcohol consumption or other crimes that go against Islamic principles. Sharia
law also guides personal matters such as marriage, divorce, etc., in the country. The law applies
strictly to Muslim citizens of the Emirates and, in some cases, to non-Muslims. Apostasy is punishable
by death in the country. Homosexuality is also prohibited in the country.
Although most of the above laws apply to Muslim citizens of the United Arab Emirates, foreigners
must also respect the culture of the nation. Kissing in public can lead to deportation from the country.
Public dancing is not allowed. Drinking and eating between dawn and dusk during the months of
Ramadan is also illegal and the law applies to all visitors to the country. Both Catholics and
Protestants have a significant presence in the United Arab Emirates. The churches of 33 are active
here. A large part of the Christians of the UAE traces its origins to Asia. Hindu businessmen from
India had played an important role during the early days of Dubai's development. His contribution to
the growth of the city was recognized by a former Emir of the Emirate of Dubai who allowed the
construction of a complex of Hindu temples in Bur Dubai. Although Islam is the religion of the UAE
state, the government generally tolerates the practice of other religions. However, non-Muslims are
not expected to interfere in religious affairs and the laws applicable to Muslim citizens living in the
country. The use of means to spread knowledge about religions other than Islam is strictly discouraged
in the country. The Muslim citizens of the country must adhere strictly to the way of life and Islamic
cultural practices. The conversion of Muslims to other religions is a punishable offense.
FOOD UNITES ARAB EMIRATES
United Arab Emirates is known for being one of the best dining destinations with an incomparable
multicultural cuisine. You will be seductive your taste buds with a mix of Asian and Middle Eastern
influences. The Emirati cuisine constitutes several hearty dishes surprisingly seasoned with a variety
of dishes.
Traditionally the main dishes should eat in the UAE include the dates, camel dairy products, fish,
meat, rice, spices, etc. Bzar, that is, the Emirati spice mix is a test to this and also constitutes things
like cardamom, pepper, cilantro, nutmeg and ginger and soon. One can easily access other dishes that
come from international cuisine, ranging from Japanese sushi to Western-style pizza, and make it
easy to overlook local food. Large cities not only provide all the international cuisine but also offer
that, also, the big hotels have captured chefs from all over the world. The restaurants of typical food
of the Middle East serve the classics of Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia. In the UAE it is easier to eat
international food than Arab food but, if we are lucky enough to have access to it, it is a must. In the
UAE we find bottled water at a very good price, tap water, despite Desalination is impossible to take
because of its flavor. Fruit juices, all imaginable, even avocado. The coffee is drunk all day, even
perfumed with cardamom and previously sweetened.
Contrary to what one thinks alcohol is not totally prohibited, except in Sharjah. Its sale is controlled
and can only be purchased in hotels and restaurants. Foreign residents have a special permit and can
stock up in specialized stores.
Children under the age of 21 are not served and in the case of driving, "zero tolerance" applies.

ECONOMY UNITED ARAB EMIRATES


The UAE has an open economy with high GDP per capita and expressive trade surpluses. Successful
efforts to diversify the economy reduced the share of oil and natural gas in the gross domestic product
to only 25%. Since the discovery of oil in the UAE more than 30 years ago, the country has gone
through a profound transformation, from a region of poor principalities in the middle of the desert to
a modern country with a high standard of living. Government spending expanded the creation of jobs,
and the expansion of infrastructure increased the economic involvement of the private sector. The
territory of the Emirates is in its entirety desert. For this reason, traditional economic activities are
limited to the collection of dates, fishing and the raising of camels. In the mid-twentieth century the
whole of the Emirates was one of the poorest regions of the planet. However, oil exports discovered
significant oil and natural gas reserves in Abu Dhabi and Dubai.
These two emirates are the pillars on which the country's economy has been built, which saw its GDP
rise to the same level as the so-called developed countries. The large revenues derived from oil have
contributed to raise the standard of living of the population and have endowed the country with first-
rate infrastructure.
The ultra-modern Dubai testifies to the rapid development of the country, which is reflected in high-
level architecture. This city has the largest hotel in the world. It currently has an artificial island in
the shape of a palm tree and is building another larger one, it is also building a set of artificial islands
that form a world map. In the decade of 1090 the country initiated an ample program of investment
in education and investigation. In this way, the country took the lead in investing in research among
the Arab states. In the laboratories important advances take place to promote the agriculture adapted
to the desert.

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES POLICY


The seven emirs of E.A.U form the supreme council, the main governing body. These are elected
every five years. Although it is not official, the president of the country is by inheritance a sheikh of
the emirate of Abu Dhabi and the prime minister, a sheikh of the emirate of Dubai. The Supreme
Council is also in charge of electing the council of ministers, while a federal national assembly of 40
members, chosen from all the emirates, is in charge of reviewing the laws proposed by the
government. There is also a federal judicial system, all states except Dubai and Ras Al-Jaymah have
joined this federal system. All emirates impart Islamic and secular law for civil, criminal cases and
in the supreme court, in western terms we can equate this system with a constitutional monarchy.
Federal Constitution, The federal constitution of this State is characterized by delimiting the
competences of member emirates at the local and federal level, to each other, as each emirate of the
federation has its own government and will be governed by local issues according to its own design,
we can add that the local government of the emirates can historically be equated to what in the West
is called monarchy, or principality because the emir is the supreme head of the emirate and its function
is delegated via hereditary, even so once it is created the constitution creates a new nation and its own
federal institutions, the constitution of this state with respect to the emirates is referred to in this way.
Supreme Council, In a spirit of consensus and collaboration, the rulers of the seven emirates agreed
during the federation process that each of them would be a member of a Supreme Council, the highest
regulatory body in the new state. They also agreed that a President and a Vice President shall be
chosen from among their number to serve for a term of five years. The governor of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh
Zayed bin Sultan Al-Nahyan, was elected as the first president, a position for which he has been re-
elected at successive five-year intervals, while the Ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al
Maktum, was elected as the first Vice President, a post he continued to hold until his death in 1990,
at which time his eldest son and heir, Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, He was chosen to
succeed him
Federal National Council, Federal National Council (FNC) has 40 members from the emirates, with
eight for each of Abu Dhabi and Dubai, six for each of Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah, and four for
each of Fujairah, Umm al - Qaiwain and Ajman. The council is chaired by a President, or either of
the two Vice-Presidents, chosen from among their number, the FNC is responsible under the
Constitution to examine and, if it wishes, to modify, all the proposals of the federal legislation, and
is empowered to summon and question the any Federal Minister of the Ministry in relation to the
performance of his position. One of the main functions of the FNC is to discuss the annual budget.
They have been formed to assist the members of the FNC and to cope with the growing demands of
a modern government specialized subcommittees and a special Research and Studies Unit.
The Council of Ministers is the authority in charge of the Executive of the Union and is under the
supreme control of the President of the Union and the Supreme Council, which is responsible for
dealing with all national and foreign matters within the competence of the Union. according to its
Constitution and Union legislation.
Federal Judicial Power, The federal judicial power, whose independence is guaranteed by the
Constitution, includes the Federal Supreme Court and the First Instance Courts. The Federal Supreme
Court is composed of five magistrates appointed by the Supreme Council of Governors. The judges
decide on the constitutionality of the federal laws and arbitrate in the intra-community conflicts of
the emirates and the disputes between the federal government and the emiratos.
Local Governments, In addition to the link with federal institutions, as established in the Constitution,
each of the seven emirates also has its own local government, these differ in the size and complexity
of emirate to emirate, depending on a series of factors such as population, surface, and the degree of
development, but basically in essence it is the same an emir is the one who administers, which as said
is a figure very similar to what a king is, the position is hereditary and the Emir is in charge of the
entire organization of his emirate.
United Arab Emirates is a federal state formed by seven Emirates, in which each emirate has a strong
autonomy. In this way, each ruler chooses the pace of transition between a traditional state to another
of a modern economy.

BUSINESS AND CULTURATE LABELS UNITED ARAB EMIRATES


Requirements: 1. With these (3) countries already defined, each group must make a preselection
matrix (Excel), where each country registers the most recent figures for each of the following
macroeconomic variables: - Total GDP - Inflation - Rate of unemployment - Human Development
Index (HDI) - Doing Business (regulations to do business) - Exchange rate (Colombian pesos) -
International reserves - External debt / GDP (External debt over GDP) 2. Carry out an analysis of the
data obtained in the matrix, where the importance of each variable is evidenced with solid arguments.
According to the criteria of the group, select the country with the best and most competitive
macroeconomic figures presented (justify your choice).
MATRIX ECONOMIC INDICATORS INDIA, TAIWAN AND ARAB EMIRATES

INDIA

It is a country that has always been characterized by the world for its mysticism, religiosity and
cultural richness, however, in recent decades it has presented a new characteristic that is worthy of
admiration, an economic growth. The country has had an extraordinary development based on the
overexploitation of its inhabitants, which is possible since the Indian society is governed by a caste
system that allows the payment of denigrating wages despite the high degree of studies of its workers.
Inflation has also contributed greatly because, since the currency's purchasing power is very low, it
forces workers to do any type of work for intensive days, this, together with a massive migration to
large urban centers, concentrates the population and maximizes work, in addition to a series of liberal
reforms in the field of economy. India is positioned in comparison with the other advanced economies Commented [JCJ1]: Do you mean the seventh? As I see,
in sixth place worldwide (under the USA, China, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom and France), France is listed as the sixth according to your report.
in the case of the BRICS, it ranks second after China, since just two years ago it has just surpassed
Russia and Brazil, and is in first place in the South Asia region. This tells us about the good
performance of Indian GDP, however, this economic takeoff is only three years ago.
The poverty index, defined by the World Bank as the percentage of the population with a daily income
of less than 1.9 dollars, has been reduced to less than half. This sharp decline has contributed, along
with that of China, to the decline not only relative but absolute of the world population in precarious
situation..
IDH is an important indicator of human development that is elaborated every year by the United Commented [JCJ2]: HDI
Nations. It is an indicator that, unlike those previously used to measure the economic development of
a country, analyzes health, education and income.
If we order the countries according to their Human Development Index, India is ranked 130, that is,
its inhabitants are in a bad place in the ranking of human development. Similarly, it presents levels
of private debt, corporate debt accounts for 68.1% of GDP (and the share held by foreign investors is
small), while household debt accounts for 11% of GDP. A source of concern is that foreign direct
investment flows may not be sufficient to cover the current deficit, which implies greater reliance on
portfolio flows, which are more volatile and sensitive to changes in appetite for investor risk.
TAIWAN
Taiwan's economy currently shows slowed growth, due to lower demand from its trading partners,
and as a result of tensions between China and the United States. GDP grew 2.18%, it is the 21st
economy in the ranking of the 196 countries, exports of goods and services grew by 5.99 percent
compared to the previous year, exceeding an estimate made in May of an increase in 5.93 percent,
thanks to the emerging technological applications and the demand for machinery, says DGBAS.
The unemployment rate in Taiwan reached 3.7% in 2018, which represents a reduction of 0.05
percentage points with respect to the previous year and its lowest level in 18 years according to the
General Directorate of Budget, Accounting and Statistics. It is in the 13th place of the "Doing
Business" of the 196 that make up this ranking, which classifies the countries according to the ease
they offer to do business. In the last year Taiwan has improved its position, since the previous year it
was in the 15th, so it has become easier to do business and it is the second country where the opening
license is most easily obtained, after Hong Kong, in it it is quite easy to connect to the electricity
network compared to the rest of the countries.
Regarding international reserves, it reached $ 463,040 million dollars, which represents an increase
of 1,260 million dollars (1,118 million euros) with respect to the previous month, mainly due to gains
in the management of island currencies and appreciation. of the euro and other currencies in the
Taiwanese portfolio, guaranteeing financial stability.

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES


Today, the United Arab Emirates is known for having the largest oil reserve in the world and the
seventh largest natural gas reserve. The 2 most important cities are the capital Abu Dahbi and Dubai.
The country ranks 23rd in the world ranking, for its ease of doing business there, as measured by the
World Bank. It should be noted that the nation has the most diversified economy in the Middle East.
Regarding international reserves, it reached $ 463,040 million dollars, which represents an increase
of 1,260 million dollars (1,118 million euros) with respect to the previous month, mainly due to gains
in the management of island currencies and appreciation. of the euro and other currencies in the
Taiwanese portfolio, guaranteeing financial stability.
The country has a high-income economy, with the 19th highest nominal GDP in the world. Due to
the energy resources of the country, the United Arab Emirates enjoys a large annual trade surplus. It
has the second largest economy in the Arab world after Saudi Arabia.
United Arab Emirates has been successful in diversifying its economy. 71% of the country's total
GDP comes from income other than oil. In addition, there is a current growth in the increase of
projects valued above USD $ 350 billion. It is in the 11th position of the "Doing Business" of the 190
that make up this ranking.
PRINCIPALES SOCIOS COMERCIALES Commented [JCJ3]: Spanish ..?

TAIWAN
The main partners of export of Taiwan in 2017 were China, Hong Kong, United States, the European
Union and Japan. The imports were purchased mostly in China, Japan, United States, the European
Union and the Republic of Korea. Like the economy of Taiwan is very oriented to the export, depends
on an open situation to the international trade and is vulnerable to the fluctuations of the global
economy.
Taiwan exported 317,4 billion USD and mattered 259,5 billion USD in 2017 (OMC). The industry of
electronics is the main industrial state of export, and receives the greater investment from United
States. The membresía of Taiwan in the OMC in what independent economy has promoted his trade Commented [JCJ4]: WTO
from 2002. The country besides has an agreement of free trade with New Zealand.
Commented [JCJ5]: its
The exports of Taiwan increased a 16,7 % interanual in March, because of the strong world-wide
demand, reaching the figure of 29.990 million American dollars according to data published on 9
April by the Ministry of Finanzas (MOF).
The figures of export of March went back to offer positive data after registering a slight decrease
interanual in February, when there was less business days by the holidays of the Toño New lunar, Commented [JCJ6]: Careful with typos and translation
representing in March a growth of the exports to his main markets, with increases interanuales of
until 30,9% in the sales to China continental and Hong Kong, 1,6% to the Sudeste Asiático, 18,8% to Commented [JCJ7]: ???
Japan, 4,3% StatesJoined s and 15,1% to Europe.
Commented [JCJ8]: Spanish
The majority of the main basic products of Taiwanese export also registered a growth interanual of Commented [JCJ9]: This clearly is the result of bad copy-
sales to the outside in March. The exports of electronic pieces grew a 21,5%, the ones of products pasting and translation. Double check when editing a paper
related with the sectors of the information and lto communication 3,4%, the ones of mesuch basic work
18,6%, the ones of machinery 27,2% and the ones of materialis plastic 16,9%. Commented [JCJ10]: ???

During the first quarter of the 2018 the exports of Taiwan added 79.740 million dólares American, Commented [JCJ11]: Typos and bad translation
10,6% more than the year anterior, signal the data of the MOF. On the other hand, the imports
Commented [JCJ12]: Bad translation
increased a 10,4% interanual in March, reaching the 23.990 million American dollars, giving place
to a commercial surplus of six thousand millions. Commented [JCJ13]: Typo, misspelling

The demand of Taiwan is concentrated in four economies: Japan, China, United States and South
Korea. The products sued were fuels, organic chemical products, instruments for optics, foundry of Commented [JCJ14]: This is a word use for legal terms, I
iron and manufacturas of plastic. do not think it is the one you intended to use here.
Commented [JCJ15]: When looking for this type of info,
do not get it from such a long time ago. It is not very
relatable that the country maintains such a commercial
position as the one 10 or 11 years ago

The main products manufacturados in Taiwan are: chips, signposts LCD, semiconductors and other
electronic components, instruments of precision, machinery eléctrica, mechanical and electrical
devices, textile, plastics and other petrochemicals, iron and Steel.
Taiwan has important competitive advantages in the industry manufacturera and is the second world-
wide producing elder of hardware.
The small and medium enterprises, that represent almost 98% of all the companies of Taiwan, play
an important paper in the Taiwanese economy.
The Taiwanese companies are the greater providers of the world of monitors of computer and leaders
in the manufacture of computers, although now the greater part of the final setting of these products
produces in the outside, generally in China.
The manufacture of textile products and the pieces to dress continue displacing to countries of minor,
but keeps on being an important sector of the industrial exports and employs to some 200.000 people.

ARAB EMIRATES
The Arab Emirates Joined are the 32º greater economy of export in the world and the most complex
economy 54º in accordance with the Index of Economic Complexity (ECI). In 2017, the Arab
Emirates Joined exported $ 142 Billions and mattered $ 175 Billions, giving like result a negative
commercial balance of $ 34 Billions. In 2017 the GDP of Arab Emirates Joined was of $ 382 Billions
and his per capita GDP was of $ 73,9 Thousands.
The main exports of Arab Emirates Joined are Raw Oil ($39,9 Billions), Refinado of Oil ($21,2
Billions), Gold ($20,2 Billions), Diamonds ($8,22 Billions) and Gas of oil ($7,92 Billions), of
agreement to the classification of the System Harmonizado (HS). His main imports are Gold ($17,2
Billions), Jewellery ($10,5 Billions), Cars ($8,62 Billions), Diamonds ($8,32 Billions) and Refinado
of Oil ($8,16 Billions). Commented [JCJ16]: Bad translation
The main destinations of the exports of of Arab Emirates Joined are the Indian ($22,1 Billions), Japan
($18,8 Billions), China ($11,4 Billions), Oman ($10,1 Billions) and Switzerland ($10 Billions). The
main origins of his imports are China ($28,6 Billions), the Indian ($28 Billions), Germany ($12,2
Billions), the United Kingdom ($9,6 Billions) and Turkey ($9,2 Billions).
The Arab Emirates Joined limit with Oman and Saudi Arabia by earth and with Iran and Katar by
sea.
EXPORTS
In 2017 the Arab Emirates Joined exported $142 Billions, what is the 32º bigger exporter in the
world. During the last five years the exports of Emiratos Arab Joined have decrecio to a tax Commented [JCJ17]: Misspelling
anualizada of the -6,7%, of $181 Billions in 2012 to $142 Billions in 2017. The most recent exports
are led by the export of Raw Oil, that represents 28,1%of the total exports of Arab Emirates Joined,
gone on down Refinado of Oil, that represent 15%.
IMPORTS
In 2017 the Arab Emirates Joined mattered $175 Billions, what is the 25º importing bigger in the
world. During the last five years the imports of Arab Emirates Joined have decreased to a tax
anualizada of the -0,7%, of $179 Billions in 2012 to $175 Billions in 2017. The most recent imports
are led by Gold, that represents 9,8% of the total imports of Arab Emirates Joined, gone on down
Jewellery, that represents 5,94%..

Commented [JCJ18]: Again, the information is not


current
You missed the business culture of the country and the traits of the relation between the
country and the commercial partners.
BIBLIOGRAPHY

https://es.portal.santandertrade.com/establecerse-extranjero
https://es.portal.santandertrade.com/establecerse-extranjero
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isla_de_Taiw%C3%A1n
https://www.monografias.com/trabajos89/economia-india/economia-india.shtml
https://es.inflation.eu/tasas-de-inflacion/india/inflacion-historica/ipc-inflacion-india-2019.aspx
https://www.dinero.com/edicion-impresa/tendencias/articulo/crecimiento-de-la-economia-en-
india/260566

https://atlas.media.mit.edu/en/resources/data/

https://atlas.media.mit.edu/es/profile/country/twn/

https://www.comercioexterior.ub.edu/correccion/07-08/taiwan/sectorexterior.htm

https://wits.worldbank.org/CountryProfile/es/Country/ARE/StartYear/2013/EndYear/2017/TradeFl
ow/Import/Indicator/MPRT-TRD-VL/Partner/WLD/Product/Total