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observation and calculation table

for 120°C
time from beginning of Temp. indicated by time constant τ
obs no. step change (sec) thermometer (°C) (sec)
1 0 120
2 7.58 116 162.9406159166
3 14.46 112 151.7151686177
4 22.88 108 156.0672427862
5 30.8 104 153.4852905606
6 39.15 100 151.8447630137
7 49.28 96 154.7477551194
8 59.39 92 155.0684110453
9 69.37 88 153.4785026231
10 80.77 84 153.5279604123
11 94.42 80 155.7736722428
12 108.18 78 166.7654757534
13 113.84 76 164.2364034548
14 119.78 74 161.9376938929
15 128.5 72 162.9764733766
16 136.62 70 162.6911503158
17 144.26 68 161.397532842
18 151.57 66 159.3835741394
19 162.9 64 161.0318833439
20 173.66 62 161.3731406028
21 187.33 60 163.5880843603
22 199.72 58 163.8069245714
23 214.65 56 165.2065043734
24 229.74 54 165.7223793469
25 243.63 52 164.4365910542
26 262.44 50 165.372261293
27 280.28 48 164.4113879793
28 307.93 46 167.5098931015
29 330.54 44 165.8979099282
30 370.02 42 170.1435599957
31 419.96 40 175.1369231025
32 475.67 38 177.120201301
33 557.06 36 180.217518331
τ average 162.4691515249
temp vs time
140

120

100

80

60

40

20

0
0 100 200 300 400 500 600
observation and calculation table
for 110°C
time from beginning of Temp. indicated by time constant τ
obs no. step change (sec) thermometer (°C) (sec)
1 0 110
2 7.16 106 136.0085906898
3 14.76 102 136.3969232613 120
4 24.19 98 144.8034033336
5 33.06 94 144.0055772898 100
6 42.15 90 142.2708854795
7 51.02 86 138.7450690231 80
8 61.15 82 137.5128170863
9 68.05 80 140.162522184 60
10 74.61 78 141.2887743743
11 81.23 76 141.8817063701 40
12 88.9 74 143.6096434487
13 95.85 72 143.5246845019 20
14 103.67 70 144.161774844
15 112.63 68 145.6692614764 0
16 120.08 66 144.6140128187 0 10
17 129.5 64 145.346728871
18 138.42 62 144.8648268112
19 150.02 60 146.4317890923
20 164.17 58 149.4339738353
21 175.52 56 148.9155016055
22 187.1 54 147.8272662863
23 201.76 52 148.2464922229
24 218 50 148.6697735735
25 236.25 48 149.136419225
26 256.17 46 149.1396831292
27 280.64 44 149.9303737666
28 306.48 42 149.2023070337
29 340.53 40 149.5344890965
30 386.49 38 150.6813375772
31 434.38 36 146.2354849921
32 522.79 34 142.6999326058

τ average 144.8694201905
temp vs time
120

100

80

60

40

20

0
0 100 200 300 400 500 600
observation and calculation table
for 100°C
time from beginning of Temp. indicated by time constant τ
obs no. step change (sec) thermometer (°C) (sec)
1 0 100
2 9.45 96 155.8772610345 120
3 20.48 92 163.6264439886
4 31.36 88 161.5195907801
100
5 43.04 84 160.4389785835
6 52.76 80 151.4756990555
7 61.88 78 158.3150008704 80
8 68.33 76 156.9656867278
9 74.03 74 153.6408225373 60
10 81.52 72 153.6292118575
11 89.07 70 153.0618701034
40
12 98.01 68 154.1064954739
13 105.07 66 151.5839679462
14 113.63 64 150.7485417228 20
15 122.62 62 149.845353867
16 130.12 60 146.6466037011 0
17 138.95 58 144.5271333921 0 100
18 150.12 56 144.144645892
19 161.97 54 143.5312250325
20 173.94 52 142.1339205752
21 190.59 50 143.3939096975
22 208.59 48 144.1614924263
23 224.89 46 142.2948821915
24 246.54 44 142.1306641283
25 279.65 42 145.8848668292
26 309.96 40 144.8366435053
27 348.32 38 143.4745147138
28 401.77 36 141.8071818851
29 487.71 34 138.3040663584
τ average 149.3609526742
temp vs time
120

100

80

60

40

20

0
0 100 200 300 400 500 600