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CHAITANYA BHARATHI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

VIDYA NAGAR, PRODDATUR– 516 360

COURSE FILE

For

ENGI NEERING PHYSICS/ 15A56101

(AY 2018-19 I B.TECH CSE I Semester)

Department of

BASIC SCIENCE AND HUMANITIES

Prepared by

Mrs.D.PRATHYUSHA

Assistant Professor
INDEX
PART I

1. Syllabus
2. Course Information Sheet
3. Course Objectives, Course outcomes
4. Mapping onto PEO & PO
5. Lesson Plan
6. Lecture Notes
7. University Question Paper
8. Internal Question Paper’s With Key
9. Assignment Topics
10. Tutorial Sheets
11. Unit wise Question Bank
12. Gaps & Plans for Add-On Programs
13. Topic beyond the syllabus - References
14. Web References
15. Teacher Log Book/ Attendance Register
2015-2016

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ANANTAPUR

ANANTHAPURAMU

B.Tech. I - I Sem. (EEE) T Tu C

3 1 3

(15A56101) ENGINEERING PHYSICS

(Common to All Branches)

Objectives:

 To evoke interest on applications of superposition effects like interference and diffraction, the mechanisms of emission of
light, achieving amplification of electromagnetic radiation through stimulated emission, study of propagation of light
through transparent dielectric waveguides along with engineering applications.
 To enlighten the periodic arrangement of atoms in crystals, direction of Bragg planes, crystal structure determination by X-
rays and non-destructive evaluation using ultrasonic techniques.
 To get an insight into the microscopic meaning of conductivity , classical and quantum free electron model, the effect of
periodic potential on electron motion, evolution of band theory to distinguish materials and to understand electron
transport mechanism in solids.
 To open new avenues of knowledge and understanding semiconductor based electronic devices , basic concepts and
applications of semiconductors and magnetic materials have been introduced which find potential in the emerging micro
device applications.
 To give an impetus on the subtle mechanism of superconductors in terms of conduction of electron pairs using BCS theory,
different properties exhibited by them and their fascinating applications. Considering the significance of
microminiaturization of electronic devices and significance of low dimensional materials, the basic concepts of
nanomaterials, their synthesis, properties and applications in emerging technologies are elicited.
UNIT - I

PHYSICAL OPTICS, LASERS AND FIBRE OPTICS

Physical Optics: Interference (Review) – Interference in thin film by reflection –Newton’s rings –Diffraction (Review) - Fraunhofer
diffraction due to single slit, double slit and diffraction grating.

Lasers: Characteristics of laser – Spontaneous and stimulated emission of radiation – Einstein’s coefficients –– Population inversion –
Excitation mechanism and optical resonator – Nd:YAG laser - He-Ne laser – Semiconductor Diode laser - Applications of lasers

Fiber optics: Introduction - construction and working principle of optical fiber –Numerical aperture and acceptance angle – Types of
optical fibers – Attenuation and losses in Optical fibers –Block diagram of Optical fiber communication system – Applications of
optical fibers

UNIT – IICRYSTALLOGRAPHY AND ULTRASONICSCrystallography: Introduction – Space lattice –Unit cell – Lattice parameters –
Bravias lattice – Crystal systems – Packing fractions of SC, BCC and FCC - Directions and planes in crystals – Miller indices –
Interplanar spacing in cubic crystals – X-ray diffraction - Bragg’s law – Powder method.

Ultrasonics: Introduction – Production of ultrasonics by piezoelectric method – Properties and detection – Applications in non-
destructive testing.

UNIT – III

QUANTUM MECHANICS AND ELECTRON THEORY

Quantum Mechanics: Matter waves – de’Broglie hypothesis and properties - Schrodinger’s time dependent and independent wave
equations – Physical significance of wave function - Particle in one dimensional infinite potential well.

Electron theory: Classical free electron theory – Equation for electrical conductivity - Quantum free electron theory – Fermi-Dirac
distribution – Source of electrical resistance – Kronig-Penny model (qualitative treatment) – Origin of bands in solids – Classification
of solids into conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

UNIT – IV

SEMICONDUCTORS AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS Semiconductors: Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors (Qualitative treatment) –
Drift & diffusion currents and Einstein’s equation – Hall effect - Direct and indirect band gap semiconductors – Formation of p-n
junction.

Magnetic materials: Introduction and basic definitions – Origin of magnetic moments – Bohr magnetron – Classification of magnetic
materials into dia, para, ferro, antiferro and ferri magnetic materials (Qualitative treatment) – Hysteresis - Soft and hard magnetic
materials, applications of magnetic materials.

UNIT – V

SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND PHYSICS OF NANOMATERIALS

Superconductivity: Introduction - Effect of magnetic field - Meissner effect – Type I and Type II superconductors – Flux quantization –
Penetration depth - BCS theory (qualitative treatment) –– Josephson effects –Applications of superconductors.
Physics of Nanomaterials: Introduction - Significance of nanoscale and types of nanomaterials – Physical properties: optical, thermal,
mechanical and magnetic properties – Synthesis of nanomaterials by Top down and bottom up approaches: ball mill, chemical
vapour deposition, and sol gel –Applications of nanomaterials.

Text Books:

1. Engineering Physics – K.Thyagarajan, 5th Edition, MacGraw Hill Publishers, NewDelhi, 2014.

2. Physics for Engineers - N.K Verma, 1st Edition, PHI Learning Private Limited, New Delhi,2014.

References:

1. Engineering Physics – Dr. M.N. Avadhanulu & Dr. P.G. Kshirsagar, 10 th Edition, S.Chand and
Company, New Delhi, 2014.
2. Engineering Physics – D K Pandey, S. Chaturvedi, 2 nd Edition, Cengage Learning, New Delhi,
2013.

3. Engineering Physics – D.K Bhattacharya, Poonam Tandon, 1nd

Edition, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2015.

Outcomes:

 The different realms of physics and their applications in both scientific and technological systems are achieved through
the study of physical optics, lasers and fibre optics.
 The important properties of crystals like the presence of long-range order and periodicity, structure determination using X-
ray diffraction are focused along with defects in crystals and ultrasonic non-destructive techniques.
 The discrepancies between the classical estimates and laboratory observations of physical properties exhibited by
materials would be lifted through the understanding of quantum picture of subatomic world.
 The electronic and magnetic properties of materials were successfully explained by free electron theory and the bases for
the band theory are focused.
 The properties and device applications of semiconducting and magnetic materials are illustrated.
 The importance of superconducting materials and nanomaterials along with their engineering applications are well
elucidated.
AN ISO 9001:2008 CERTIFIED INSTITUTION
CHAITANYA BHARATHI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
(Approved by AICTE New Delhi,Affiliated to JNTUA,Anantapuram)
VIDYA NAGAR, PALLAVOLU (V), PRODDATUR-516360,Y.S.R (Dt),A.P

DEPARTMENT OF HUMANITIES AND SCIENCES


COURSE PLAN – ENGINEERING PHYSICS [15A56101]
Faculty Name : D.PRATHYUSHA Course : B.Tech
Subject with Code :ENGINEERING PHYSICS[15A56101] Semester/Branch : I-I CIVIL
Prerequisites: Nil
Objectives:

 To evoke interest on applications of superposition effects like interference and diffraction, the
mechanisms of emission of light, achieving amplification of electromagnetic radiation through
stimulated emission, study of propagation of light through transparent dielectric waveguides along
with engineering applications.
 To enlighten the periodic arrangement of atoms in crystals, direction of Bragg planes, crystal
structure determination by X-rays and non-destructive evaluation using ultrasonic techniques.
 To get an insight into the microscopic meaning of conductivity , classical and quantum free
electron model, the effect of periodic potential on electron motion, evolution of band theory to
distinguish materials and to understand electron transport mechanism in solids.
 To open new avenues of knowledge and understanding semiconductor based electronizc devices ,
basic concepts and applications of semiconductors and magnetic materials have been introduced
which find potential in the emerging micro device applications.
 To give an impetus on the subtle mechanism of superconductors in terms of conduction of electron
pairs using BCS theory, different properties exhibited by them and their fascinating applications.
Considering the significance of microminiaturization of electronic devices and significance of low
dimensional materials, the basic concepts of nanomaterials, their synthesis, properties and
applications in emerging technologies are elicited.
Learning Outcomes:

 The different realms of physics and their applications in both scientific and technological systems
are achieved through the study of physical optics, lasers and fibre optics.
 The important properties of crystals like the presence of long-range order and periodicity,
structure determination using X-ray diffraction are focused along with defects in crystals and
ultrasonic non-destructive techniques.
 The discrepancies between the classical estimates and laboratory observations of physical
properties exhibited by materials would be lifted through the understanding of quantum picture
of subatomic world.
 The electronic and magnetic properties of materials were successfully explained by free electron
theory and the bases for the band theory are focused.
 The properties and device applications of semiconducting and magnetic materials are illustrated.
 The importance of superconducting materials and nanomaterials along with their engineering
applications are well elucidated.

Syllabus:
UNIT - I
PHYSICAL OPTICS, LASERS AND FIBRE OPTICS
Physical Optics: Interference (Review) – Interference in thin film by reflection –Newton’s rings –
Diffraction (Review) - Fraunhofer diffraction due to single slit, double slit and diffraction grating.
Lasers: Characteristics of laser – Spontaneous and stimulated emission of radiation – Einstein’s
coefficients –– Population inversion – Excitation mechanism and optical resonator – Nd:YAG laser
- He-Ne laser – Semiconductor Diode laser - Applications of lasers
Fiber optics: Introduction - construction and working principle of optical fiber –Numerical
aperture and acceptance angle – Types of optical fibers – Attenuation and losses in Optical fibers
–Block diagram of Optical fiber communication system – Applications of optical fibers
UNIT – II
CRYSTALLOGRAPHY AND ULTRASONICS
Crystallography: Introduction – Space lattice –Unit cell – Lattice parameters –Bravias lattice –
Crystal systems – Packing fractions of SC, BCC and FCC - Directions and planes in crystals –
Miller indices – Interplanar spacing in cubic crystals – X-ray diffraction - Bragg’s law – Powder
method.
Ultrasonics: Introduction – Production of ultrasonics by piezoelectric method – Properties and
detection – Applications in non-destructive testing.
UNIT – III
QUANTUM MECHANICS AND ELECTRON THEORY Quantum Mechanics: Matter waves –
de’Broglie hypothesis and properties - Schrodinger’s time dependent and independent wave
equations – Physical significance of wave function - Particle in one dimensional infinite potential
well.
Electron theory: Classical free electron theory – Equation for electrical conductivity - Quantum
free electron theory – Fermi-Dirac distribution – Source of electrical resistance – Kronig-Penny
model (qualitative treatment) – Origin of bands in solids – Classification of solids into
conductors, semiconductors and insulators.
UNIT – IV
SEMICONDUCTORS AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS
Semiconductors: Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors (Qualitative treatment) – Drift & diffusion
currents and Einstein’s equation – Hall effect - Direct and indirect band gap semiconductors –
Formation of p-n junction.
Magnetic materials: Introduction and basic definitions – Origin of magnetic moments – Bohr
magnetron – Classification of magnetic materials into dia, para, ferro, antiferro and ferri
magnetic materials (Qualitative treatment) – Hysteresis - Soft and hard magnetic materials,
applications of magnetic materials.
UNIT – V
SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND PHYSICS OF NANOMATERIALS
Superconductivity: Introduction - Effect of magnetic field - Meissner effect – Type I and Type II
superconductors – Flux quantization – Penetration depth - BCS theory (qualitative treatment) ––
Josephson effects –Applications of superconductors.
Physics of Nanomaterials: Introduction - Significance of nanoscale and types of nanomaterials –
Physical properties: optical, thermal, mechanical and magnetic properties – Synthesis of
nanomaterials by Top down and bottom up approaches: ball mill, chemical vapour deposition,
and sol gel –Applications of nanomaterials.

PO Mapping with Course Outcomes:


CO1- 1, 2, 8, 10
CO2- 1, 2, 3,4,8,10
CO3 – 1, 2, 3,8,10
CO4 – 1, 2, 8,10
CO5 – 1, 2, 8,10

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Engineering Physics – K.Thyagarajan, 5th Edition, MacGraw Hill Publishers, NewDelhi, 2014.
2. Physics for Engineers - N.K Verma, 1st Edition, PHI Learning Private Limited, New Delhi,2014.
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1.Engineering Physics – Dr. M.N. Avadhanulu & Dr. P.G. Kshirsagar, 10 th Edition, S.Chand
and Company, New Delhi, 2014.
2.Engineering Physics – D K Pandey, S. Chaturvedi, 2 nd Edition, Cengage learning, New
Delhi,2013 Edition, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2015
3. Engineering Physics – D.K Bhattacharya, Poonam Tandon, 1 nd learning, New Delhi,2013
Edition, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2015
Web References:
http://web.physics.udel.edu/undergraduate/courses/phys-313-physical-optics
http://www.arb.ca.gov/cc/semiconductors/semiconductors.html
http://www.kheper.net/cosmos/quantum_physics/quantum_physics.html
http://www.magnet.fsu.edu/education/students/kidswebresources.html
http://serc.carleton.edu/research_education/crystallography/xldatabases.html
http://www.virlab.virginia.edu/nanoscience_class/Nanoscience_teaching.html

Assignment topics:
1.Newton’s rings
2.He-Ne laser
3.Production of ultrasonic by piezoelectric method
4.Bhor magneton
5. Hysterisis
6. BCStheory

Missing topics: Teaching Methodology Mapping


CO PO
Law of mass action Lecture 3 PO1,PO2
Teaching Methodology: Lecture / Assignment / Industrial visit / project /Experiment / others (specify)

Topics beyond the syllabus: Teaching Methodology Mapping


CO PO
Seminar
Defect in Topics:
solids 4.Hall effect
Lecture
1.Laser characteristics 5. Soft&hard magnetic materials
2 PO1,PO2
2.Bravais lattice-crystal
systems
3.Fermi-Dirac
Seminars are given by students during Departmental Association Activities hour

Assessment:
1. 30 marks for internal evaluation +70 marks for university examination.
2. Student feedback on the course (scale of 1-5)

(D.PRATHYUSHA) (HOD)
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

COURSE OBJECTIVES, COURSE OUTCOMES


SUBJECT: ENGINEERING PHYSICS (15A56101)
OBJECTIVES:
To evoke interest on applications of superposition effects like interference and diffraction, the
mechanisms of emission of light, achieving amplification of electromagnetic radiation through
stimulated emission, study of propagation of light through transparent dielectric waveguides
along with engineering applications.

 To enlighten the periodic arrangement of atoms in crystals, direction of Bragg planes,


crystal structure determination by X-rays and non-destructive evaluation using
ultrasonic techniques.
 To get an insight into the microscopic meaning of conductivity , classical and quantum
free electron model, the effect of periodic potential on electron motion, evolution of band
theory to distinguish materials and to understand electron transport mechanism in
solids.
 To open new avenues of knowledge and understanding semiconductor based electronizc
devices , basic concepts and applications of semiconductors and magnetic materials
have been introduced which find potential in the emerging micro device applications.
 To give an impetus on the subtle mechanism of superconductors in terms of conduction
of electron pairs using BCS theory, different properties exhibited by them and their
fascinating applications. Considering the significance of microminiaturization of
electronic devices and significance of low dimensional materials, the basic concepts of
nanomaterials, their synthesis, properties and applications in emerging technologies are
elicited.

LEARNING OUTCOMES:
 The different realms of physics and their applications in both scientific and
technological systems are achieved through the study of physical optics, lasers and
fibre optics.
 The important properties of crystals like the presence of long-range order and
periodicity, structure determination using X-ray diffraction are focused along with
defects in crystals and ultrasonic non-destructive techniques.
 The discrepancies between the classical estimates and laboratory observations of
physical properties exhibited by materials would be lifted through the understanding
of quantum picture of subatomic world.
 The electronic and magnetic properties of materials were successfully explained by free
electron theory and the bases for the band theory are focused.
 The properties and device applications of semiconducting and magnetic materials are
illustrated.
 The importance of superconducting materials and nanomaterials along with their
engineering applications are well elucidated.

Mapping onto PEO & PO

PO Description CO1 CO2 CO3 CO4 CO5


PO: 1 An ability to apply knowledge of YES YES YES YES YES
mathematics, science and engineering.
PO: 2 An ability to design and conduct YES YES YES YES YES
experiments, as well as to analyze and
interpret data.
PO: 3 An ability to design a system, component or YES YES
process to meet desired needs.
PO: 4 An ability to function on multi- disciplinary YES
teams.
PO: 5 An ability to identify, formulate and solve
engineering problems.
PO: 6 An understanding of professional and
ethical responsibility.
PO: 7 An ability to communicate effectively.
PO: 8 The broad education necessary to YES YES YES YES YES
understand the impact of engineering
solutions in a global and societal context.
PO: 9 Recognition of the need for, and an ability
to engage in life-long learning.
PO: 10 Knowledge of contemporary issues. YES YES YES YES YES
PO: 11 An ability to use the techniques, skills, and
modern engineering tools necessary for
engineering practice.
PO: 12 An ability to engage in independent and
life-long learning in the broadest context of
technological change.

AN ISO 9001:2008 CERTIFIED INSTITUTION


CHAITANYA BHARATHI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
(Approved by AICTE New Delhi, Affiliated to JNTUA, .Anantapuram
VIDYA NAGAR, PALLAVOLU (V), PRODDATUR-516360,Y.S.R (Dt),A.P

DEPARTMENT OF HUMANITIES AND SCIENCES


LESSON PLAN – Engineering Physics(15A56101) 2018-2019
Faculty Name : D.PRATHYUSHA Course : B. Tech

Subject with Code : Engineering Physics(15A56101) Semester/Branch : I-II ECE(A&B)

No. of Cumulative Delivery


S.
Name of the Topic Ref text book Periods no. of
No Method
Required Periods

UNIT-I
Chalk & talk
1 Interference review T1(1.1-1.2) 1 1

Interference in thin film by T1(1.2-1.4)


2 1 2 Chalk & talk
reflection

T1(1.4-1.12) Chalk& talk


3 Newton’s rings 1 3
ASSIGNMENT

Fraunhoffer diffraction-single T1(2.3-2.6)


4 1 4 Chalk & talk
slit

Fraunhoffer diffraction- double T1(2.6-2.9)


5 1 5 Chalk & talk
slit

T1(2.9-2.14)
6 Diffraction grating 1 6 Chalk & talk

T1(3.1-3.3) Chalk & talk


7 Characteristics of lasers 1 7
Seminar

Spontaneous and stimulated T1(3.3-3.5)


8 1 8 Chalk & talk
emission

9 Einstein’s coefficients T1(3.6-3.7) 1 9 Chalk & talk

10 Population Inversion T1(3.7-3.8) 1 10 Chalk & talk

Excitation mechanism and


11 T1(3.9-3.11) 1 11 Chalk &talk
optical resonator
R1(721-722)
12 Nd-Yag laser 1 12 Chalk & talk

T1(3.13-3.15) Chalk &talk


13 He-Ne laser 1 13
Assignment
T1(7.24-7.25)
14 Semiconductor diode laser 1 14 Chalk &talk

T1(3.15-3.18)
15 Applications of lasers 1 15 Chalk & talk

Construction & working of Chalk & talk


16 T1(4.1-4.4) 1 16
optical fibre

Numerical aperture and T1(4.5-4.7)


17 1 17 Chalk & talk
acceptance angle

Chalk & talk


18 Types of optical fibres T1(4.7-4.9) 1 18

19 Attenuation and losses T1(4.10-4.11) 1 19 Chalk &talk

Optical fibre communication-


20 T1(4.12-4.23) 1 20 Chalk & talk
Application of optic fibres

UNIT-II
Introduction -Space lattice, unit T1(5.1-5.5) Chalk & talk
21 1 21
cell, Lattice parameters

Crystal systems-Braviase Chalk & talk


22 T1(5.5-5.10) 1 22
lattices Seminar
23 Packing fractions-Sc, Bcc, Fcc T1(5.1-5.16) 1 23 Chalk & talk
24 Direction and planes T1(5.22-5.23) 1 24 Chalk & talk
25 Miller indices T1(5.19-5.22) 1 25 Chalk & talk
26 Interplanar spacing T1(5.23-5.24) 1 26 Chalk & talk
x-ray diffraction and Bragg’s
27 T1(5.25-5.26) 1 27 Chalk & talk
law
28 Powder method T1(5.27-5.29) 1 28 Chalk &talk
29 Introduction to ultrasonics T1(5.36) 1 29 Chalk & talk

Production of ultrasonics by Chalk & talk


30 T1(5.37-5.38) 1 30
piezoelectric method Assignment
Properties and detection
31 T1(5.36-5.39) 1 31 Chalk & talk
technique of ultrasonics
32 Non-destructive testing T1(5.39-5.46) 1 32 Chalk & tal

UNIT-III
33 Introduction to matter waves T1(6.1-6.2) 1 33 Chalk & talk
Debroglie hypothesis and
34 T1(6.2-6.4) 1 34 Chalk & talk
properties

Schrodinger’s time dependent Chalk & talk


35 T1(6.8-6.9) 1 35
wave equation

Schrodinger’s time independent Chalk & talk


36 T1(6.6-6.7) 1 36
wave equation

Physical Significance of wave T1(6.9)


37 1 37 Chalk & talk
equation

Particle in one dimensional


38 T1(6.10-6.14) 1 38 Chalk & talk
infinite potential well
Classical free electron theory- T1(6.14-6.17)
39 equation for electrical 1 39 Chalk &talk
conductivity
T1(6.19-6.22)
40 Quantum free electron theory 1 40 Chalk &talk

Chalk&talk
41 Fermi-dirac distribution T1(6.22-6.33) 1 41
Seminar
42 Source of electrical resistance (6.23-6.25) 1 42 Chalk &talk
43 Kroing-penny model T1(6.25-6.30) 1 43 Chalk & talk
T1(6.30)
44 Origin of bands in solids 1 44 Chalk & talk

Conductors, semiconductors,
45 T1(6.31-6.40) 1 45 Chalk & talk
insulators

Intrisic and extrinsic


46 T1(7.1-7.10) 1 46 Chalk & talk
semiconductors

Drift and diffusion currents and T1(7.10-7.14)


47 1 47 Chalk & talk
Einstein’s relation

Chalk & talk


48 Hall effect T1(7.14-7.16) 1 48
Seminar
49 Formation of p-n junction- T1(7.16-7.20) 1 49 Chalk & talk
direct and indirect band gap
Introduction and Basic
50 T1(8.1-8.3) 1 50 Chalk & talk
definitions of magnetism

Origin of magnetic moment- Chalk & talk


51 T1(8.3-8.6) 1 51
Bohr magnetron Assignment
Classification of magnetic
52 T1(8.6-8.13) 1 52 Chalk & talk
materials
Chalk & talk
53 Hysteresis T1(8.13-8.14) 1 53
Assignment

Soft and hard magnetic 1 Chalk & talk


54 T1(8.14-8.19) 54
materials Seminar

Applications of magnetic Chalk & talk


55 T1(8.15) 1 55
materials

UNIT-V
Introduction –effect of magnetic
56 field- Meissner effect- T1(9.1-9.5) 1 56 Chalk & talk
penetration depth
Type-I and type-II T1(9.5-9.10)
57 superconductors- Flux 1 57 Chalk & talk
quantization
T1(9.12-9.14) Chalk & talk
58 BCS Theroy 1 58
Assignment
T1(9.10-9.12)
59 Josephson effect 1 59 Chalk & talk

T1(9.14-9.18)
60 Applications of superconductors 1 60 Chalk & talk

T1(10.1)
61 Introduction 1 61 Chalk &talk

significance of nano scale and T1(10.2-10.4) Chalk & talk


62 1 62
types of nonmaterial

Physical properties: optical, T1(10.4-10.7)


63 thermal, mechanical, magnetic 1 63 Chalk & talk
properties
64 Ball mill- chemical vapour T1(10.8-10.11) 1 64 Chalk & talk
deposition
Sol-gel – applications of nano
65 T1(10.11-10.20) 1 65 Chalk & talk
materials

Text Books:
T1.Engineering Physics – K.Thyagarajan, Maac Graw Hill Publishers,Newdelhi,2014.
T2.Physics of Engineers – N.K.Verma,1st edition ,PHL Learning private limited, NewDelhi,2014
Reference Books:
1. Engineering physics – Dr.M.N.Avadhanulu&Dr.P.G.Kshirsagar,10th edition, S. Chand and
company,New Delhi,2014.
2. Engineering Physics –D.K.Pandey,S.Chathurvedi.2nd edition, cengage learning ,New
Delhi,2013.
3.Engeenering physics- D.K. Bhattacharya, Poonam Tandon,1ST edition, oxford university
press ,New Delhi,2015.

Web References:
http://web.physics.udel.edu/undergraduate/courses/phys-313-physical-optics
http://www.arb.ca.gov/cc/semiconductors/semiconductors.html
http://www.kheper.net/cosmos/quantum_physics/quantum_physics.html
http://www.magnet.fsu.edu/education/students/kidswebresources.html
http://serc.carleton.edu/research_education/crystallography/xldatabases.html
http://www.virlab.virginia.edu/nanoscience_class/Nanoscience_teaching.html

(D.PRATHYUSHA) (HOD)