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N AT U R E O F

C O M M U N I C AT I O N
NATURE OF
COMMUNICATION

-COMUNICARE
-COMUNIS
C O M M U N I C AT I O N

• to create something in
common

• to establish convergence

• to reveal divergence
CONVERGENCE

THERE IS
MUTUAL
U N D E R S TA N D I N G
DIVERGENCE

THERE IS NO
MUTUAL
U N D E R S TA N D I N G
DIVERGENCE

• positive= for the purpose


of showing the difference
in a positive note

• negative= is when
speakers separate from
the rest negatively
COMMUNICATION HAS TO HAVE

COMMON FRAME OF REFERENCE


COMMON FRAME OF REFERENCE

LANGUAGE
COMMON FRAME OF REFERENCE

MEANING
COMMON FRAME OF REFERENCE

C U LT U R E
COMMON FRAME OF REFERENCE

LANGUAGE- A SYSTEM
COMMON FRAME OF REFERENCE

LANGUAGE- ARBITRARY
COMMON FRAME OF REFERENCE

LANGUAGE- VOCAL SYMBOLS


COMMON FRAME OF REFERENCE

L A N G U A G E - D E V E L O P E D B Y C U LT U R E
COMMON FRAME OF REFERENCE

L A N G U A G E - E V O LV E S T H R O U G H T I M E
LANGUAGE AS
A SYSTEM

• sound

• letters/characters

• words

• phrases

• clauses

• sentences

• paragraph

• discourse
N AT U R E O F
C O M M U N I C AT I O N

• not all communication has


to be human
communication
N AT U R E O F
C O M M U N I C AT I O N

• not all communication


requires an audience
member
N AT U R E O F
C O M M U N I C AT I O N

• not all communication is


situated in one location
N AT U R E O F
C O M M U N I C AT I O N

• not all communication


requires physical presence
NATURE OF COMMUNICATION

C O M P O N E N T S O F C O M M U N I C AT I O N
COMPONENTS OF COMMUNICATION

SENDER
COMPONENTS OF COMMUNICATION

MESSAGE
COMPONENTS OF COMMUNICATION

RECEIVER
COMPONENTS OF COMMUNICATION

CHANNEL
COMPONENTS OF COMMUNICATION

FEEDBACK
COMPONENTS OF COMMUNICATION

NOISE
TYPES OF
NOISE

• Physical Noise

• Psychological Noise

• Physiological Noise

• Semantic Noise

• Factual Noise
COMPONENTS OF COMMUNICATION

CONTEXT
MODES OF
C O M M U N I C AT I O N

• verbal

• non verbal
MODES OF
C O M M U N I C AT I O N

• verbal

• words

• meaning

• connotative meaning

• denotative meaning
TYPES OF
MEANING

• Phonological Meaning

• Semantic Meaning

• Syntactic Meaning

• Pragmatic Meaning
SEARLE’S SPEECH
ACT THEORY

• locutionary

• illocutionary

• perlocutionary
MODES OF
C O M M U N I C AT I O N

• non-verbal

• proxemics

• haptics

• chronemics

• artifacts

• kinesics

• silence

• paralanguage
TYPES OF COMMUNICATION

1. INTERPERSONAL
2. INTRAPERSONAL
INTERPERSONAL

• dyadic

• small group

• group

• public

• mass
T U R N - TA K I N G
TA S K S I N
C O N V E R S AT I O N S

• Topic Initiation

• Topic Development

• Topic Maintenance

• Topic Shift

• Topic Termination
LEVELS OF
FORMALITY

• Frozen Style

• Formal Style

• Consultative Style

• Casual Style

• Intimate Style
INTRAPERSONAL

• introjection

• examination of conscience

• self-check
OTHER TYPES OF COMMUNICATION

S Y M B O L I C C O M M U N I C AT I O N
OTHER TYPES OF COMMUNICATION

T R A N S A C T I O N A L C O M M U N I C AT I O N
OTHER TYPES OF COMMUNICATION

I M P E R S O N A L C O M M U N I C AT I O N
OTHER TYPES OF COMMUNICATION

V I S U A L C O M M U N I C AT I O N ( P E R C E P T I O N )
OTHER TYPES OF COMMUNICATION

C R E AT I V E C O M M U N I C AT I O N
OTHER TYPES OF COMMUNICATION
O R A L C O M M U N I C AT I O N ( U S E O F M O U T H A N D S P O K E N
MEANINGFUL UTTERANCES
OTHER TYPES OF COMMUNICATION

W R I T T E N C O M M U N I C AT I O N
MODELS OF COMMUNICATION

- LINEAR MODEL
MODELS OF COMMUNICATION

- INTERACTIVE MODEL
MODELS OF COMMUNICATION

- TRANSACTIONAL MODEL
“Effective communication is built on the cement of
trust. And trust is based on trustworthiness, not
politics.” – Steven R. Covey
.”
“How, when, and where you say something can
actually be more important than the message
itself.” – Anne Bruce & James S. Pepitone
“How well we communicate is determined not by
how well we say things but how well we are
understood.” - Andrew Grove